Folios ccxliii - cclii: Sept 1389 -

Pages 344-354

Calendar of Letter-Books of the City of London: H, 1375-1399. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1907.

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Folio ccxliii.

Eleccio vicecomitum.

Tuesday the Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.], 13 Richard II. [A.D. 1389], in the presence of Sir Nicholas Twyford, Knt. the Mayor, William Cheyne, the Recorder, Nicholas Extone, William More, William Venour, Hugh Fastolf, Thomas Austyn, one of the Sheriffs, John Shadworth, John Walcote, Adam de St. Ive, Adam Bamme, John Fraunceys, and Henry Bamme, Aldermen, and Adam Karlille, the other Sheriff, and an immense Commonalty summoned for the election of Sheriffs, the aforesaid Mayor elected John Loveye and the Commonalty John Walcote to be Sheriffs for the year ensuing.

Auditores comp' i Camerar' et pontis London'.

The same day Adam Bamme and John Shadworth, Aldermen, and Thomas Extone, Robert Dane, Thomas Garnet, and Robert Somerset, Commoners, were elected auditors of the accounts of the Chamberlain and Wardens of London Bridge.

Admissio David Berteville in attornatum.

Saturday the 2nd Oct., 13 Richard II. [A.D. 1389], before Nicholas Twyford, Knt., the Mayor, and the Aldermen, David Bertevylle admitted an attorney to practise before the Mayor, Aldermen, and Sheriffs, and sworn.

Abbrocarius Pellipar'.

6 Oct., the same year, John Wysebeche, skinner, elected broker of the mistery of Skinners and sworn and admitted before the Mayor and Aldermen.

Retornum mandati predicti in precedenti folio.

Return made to writ in error (supra, fo. ccxlii b) in common form. (fn. 1)

Exon' acio custodie pueror' Alic' Mareys.

28 Oct., 2 Henry IV. [A.D. 1400], came Thomas and John, sons of Alice "Morice" or "Mareys," and, being of full age, received their property from Stephen Speleman, the Chamberlain. (fn. 2)

Folio ccxliii b.

Custodia Edmundi filii Joh' is Halstede.

Saturday, 18 Sept., 13 Richard II. [A.D. 1389], a return made by jurors, viz., William Picot, John Normantone, John Raye, Robert Brook, Thomas Ferrour, Walter Devyas, John Hay, Richard Hay, John Bokeler, William Lathe, John Large, and Thomas Donyng, as to the value of certain tenements in the parishes of St. Dunstan "Est" and St. Katherine Colman, inherited by Edmund, son of John Halstede, a minor. The said tenements committed to Edmund Halstede, merchant, in trust for the said orphan, the guardianship of the orphan himself being committed to Thomas Newetone, merchant. Sureties for the said Edmund, viz., Richard Morelle and Thomas Evesham, merchants, he being also guardian of John, Isabella, Lucy, Margaret, and Johanna, other children of John Halstede.

Afterwards, viz., on the 28th April, 18 Richard II. [A.D. 1395], the above Edmund Halstede, the guardian, having died, leaving no executors, the orphan's property was taken into the hands of Stephen Speleman, the Chamberlain, until the 23rd March, 1 Henry IV. [A.D. 1399-1400], when the orphan, then being of full age, came and claimed his property. An account was thereupon taken by John Walcote and John Warner, Aldermen, John Lane and Henry Julyan, Commoners, as auditors, and the orphan satisfied.

Folio ccxliv.

Indentur' int' Nich' m Twyford Maiorem et co' itate [m] London' ex parte una et Ric' m Odyham ex altera.

Indenture reciting how a sum of £500 had been borrowed for the City's defence from the money left for charitable purposes by John Biernes, mercer, of which sum only £300 had been expended; and how fifty Aldermen and Commoners had entered into bond for repayment of the same; (fn. 3) how, nevertheless, the money had remained unpaid, and how the Common Council on Wednesday after the Feast of St. Margaret [20 July], 13 Richard II. [A.D. 1389], had pledged the City's rents, &c., coming into the hands of Richard Odyham, pepperer, executor of the said John Biernes, until he should be satisfied of the said sum of £300, (fn. 4) and confirming the said grant. Dated the Feast of St. James [25 July], 13 Richard II. [A.D. 1389].

Folio ccxliv b.

Masters of Misteries sworn.

Cutlers: Richard Twyford, Robert Austyn, Richard Pulle, Matthew Godard, sworn 28 July, 13 Richard II. [A.D. 1389], to rule their mistery, and to present defects to the Mayor, Aldermen, and Chamberlain, &c.

Tapicers: William atte Lathe, William Tanner, John Werdeman, John Kelleseye, sworn 5 Oct., the same year.

Barbers: Richard Geddynge, John Theyr, sworn 22 Sept., the same year.

Shearmen: Henry Beneyt, Philip Mery, John Bryt, Richard Bernard, sworn 4 Oct., the same year.

Sporiers: Ralph Node, Richard Surby, sworn Friday after the Annunciation [25 March], 12 Richard II. [A.D. 1389].

Cordwainers: Thomas Kyngkesbrigge, Alan de Walsyngham, Robert Jolyf, Adam Loseye, sworn 3 Nov., 13 Richard II. [A.D. 1389].

Pynners: John Chapman, William Bokeler, sworn the same day.

Fullers: Thomas Mydone, Geoffrey Bristowe, William Owmfrey, William Stafford, sworn 4 Nov., the same year.

Butchers: William Boketot, Stephen Bene, John Tekyl, John Spakeman, sworn 16 Nov., the same year.

Foreign Weavers: Ralph Clofhamer of Flanders, Peter Egeleye of Brabant, sworn 20 Nov., the same year.

English Weavers: John de Bathe, junior, John Rede, sworn 22 Nov., the same year.

Girdlers: Thomas Fysshe, John London, Stephen Wasthous, sworn 25 Oct., the same year.

Glovers: William Cok, John Burtone, Walter Crane, sworn 16 Feb., 13 Richard II. [A.D. 1389-90].

Folio ccxlv.

Particulars of expenses incurred at the Parliament at Cambridge by Adam Bamme, Henry Vanner, William Tonge, and John Clenhond. (fn. 5) Sum total, £112 7s.

Folio ccxlv b.

Qe nulle enqueste denditement soit prise forsqe en presence de xii Aldermans et qe lenditement soit ensealle devaunt eux.

Tuesday after the Epiphany [6 Jan.], 12 Richard II. [A.D. 1388-9], an ordinance made in the presence of Nicholas Twyford, the Mayor, John Hadle, Nicholas Extone, Thomas Austyn and Adam Karlille, the Sheriffs, William Venour, William More, Hugh Fastolf, Henry Bamme, John Rote, John Fresshe, John Shadworth, John Fraunceys, Thomas Wilford, and William Sheryngham, Aldermen, to the effect that no one of the City shall be indicted except by inquests taken in the presence of twelve Aldermen at the least, who shall fully hear all the circumstances of such indictment and shall be present when it is sealed with the seals of the jurors and take care that no alteration be made. (fn. 6)

Qe le Mair en presence de xii Aldermans eslise certeines bones gentz pur la co' e conseil en chescun garde ment eiant regard de quel mestier qils soient.

The same day it was agreed by the said Mayor and Aldermen to the effect that — whereas great controversy had arisen touching the Common Council, some wishing it to be elected in future by the Misteries and others by the Wards—whenever a Common Council should become necessary, the Mayor, in the presence of twelve Aldermen at least, should elect a certain number from each Ward according to its size, as he may think necessary, without respect of their particular mistery.

Also that no one should be Mayor for more than one year at a time, but may be re-elected after an interval of five years.

Folio ccxlvi.

Ordinacio q'd vicecomites eant per aquam et non dent vesturam nisit' m officiar' civitat' contra presentaco' em eor' coram baronib' de Scaccario.

Wednesday the Feast of Translation of St. Edward [13 Oct.], 13 Richard II. [A.D. 1389], in the presence of Nicholas Twyford, Knt., the Mayor, John Hadle, Nicholas Extone, William Cheyne, the Recorder, Hugh Fastolf, John Hende, Adam Bamme, John Loveye, John Walcote, John Shadworth, Henry Bamme, Thomas Austyn, Adam de St. Ive, William Wottone, John Fraunceys, William Sheryngham, Thomas Wilford, and John Pynchon, Aldermen, and an immense Commonalty assembled for the election of a Mayor, an ordinance was made to the effect that— whereas men of divers misteries were accustomed to be clothed in a new suit of clothing and to hire horses and incur other expenses at the presentation of the Sheriffs before the Barons of the Exchequer on the morrow of St. Michael [29 Sept.], and again to incur similar expenses shortly afterwards when the Mayor rode to Westminster on the morrow of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.]—the Sheriffs in future should only give clothing to the City's officers and their own serjeants, and that they should no longer ride, but go to Westminster by water or on foot, and that those of the misteries who were willing to accompany them should go in their last clothing and not have new clothing given to them, under penalty of 100 marks to the Chamber. (fn. 7)

Eleccio Maioris.

Afterwards, on the same day, William Venour was elected Mayor (fn. 8) for the year ensuing.

Commissio ad delib' and' prisones [sic] in Neugate.

Letters patent appointing Walter Cloptone, Robert Cherltone, William Venour, the Mayor, John Cassy, William Thirnyng, William Rykhille, and William Cheyne, or any six, five, four, three, or two of them (the Mayor being one), to be Commissioners for gaol-delivery of Neugate. Witness the King at Westminster, 6 Nov., 13 Richard II. [A.D. 1389].

Presentacio cantarie in capella infra Crepulgate per abb' em de Gerendone.

Letter from Thomas, the Abbot of the monastery of St. Mary de Gerendon, to the Mayor, asking him to admit Thomas de Grantham, a monk of the said monastery, to the chantry in the chapel near Crepulgate, established for the souls of Aymer de Valence, Earl of Pembroke, and Mary his wife. (fn. 9) Dated in the monastery of Gerendon, 20 Nov., A.D. 1389.

Thereupon the said Thomas was admitted to the same by William Venour, the Mayor.

Folio ccxlvi b.

Ordinances des foundours reneuvez.

Petition to the Mayor and Aldermen by good men of the mistery of Founders that certain ordinances for governing the mistery may be approved. (fn. 10)

Folio ccxlvii.

Consimiles bille misse fuerunt cuil't Aldr' o etc.

Precept to the Aldermen that they hold their Wardmotes as soon as possible, so that defaults found may be viewed at the Guildhall on Monday next after the Epiphany [6 Jan.], according to ancient custom, any one not attending on summons without good cause to be fined 4d.; also that they keep an armed watch in each Ward at Christmas, according to custom. Dated 4 Dec. [A.D. 1389].

Consi' les bille misse fuerunt cuil' t Aldr' o pro servisia vendenda.

Precept to the Aldermen to see that the assize of ale and bread be kept in their respective Wards.

Proclamacio de servisia vendenda pro jd. ob' et allece et de vino.

A proclamation regulating the price of ale and herring, white or red, roast or boiled (rosty ne boilly), and for keeping old and new wine apart in cellars.

Br' e de eligend' iiij cives ad parliamentum.

Writ to the Sheriffs for the election of four citizens to attend a Parliament to be held at Westminster on Monday after the Feast of St. Hillary [13 Jan.], (fn. 11) touching the state and defence of the realm and the English Church. [No date].

Pursuant to the above writ the following were elected, viz., William More and John Shadworth, Aldermen; Adam Karlille and William Bramptone, Commoners.

Exon' acio Benedicti Cornwaille ab assisis.

10 Jan., 13 Richard II. [A.D. 1389-90], Benedict Cornwaille, draper, discharged by William Venour, the Mayor, and the Aldermen from serving on juries, &c., owing to increasing age.

Judicium de corrupt' piscib' viz. anguillis et pykes invent' in cellar' cujusdam merceri.

Tuesday, 18 Jan., 13 Richard II. [A.D. 1389-90], an inquisition ordered to be made as to who had caused unwholesome fish to be stored in a cellar near to the "Herber." (fn. 12) A jury of six fishmongers report as to the condition of the fish, and declare that it was the property of Salamon Salamon, a mercer, who had already been found responsible for stinking fish found at the bottom of a well near "Wallokesbernes." (fn. 13)

Folio ccxlvii b.

Inquisicio ad extendend' ten' Ric' i filii Joh' is Brykelesworth pro Joh' a filia ejusdem Ric' i orphane.

Precept to John Wykes, Serjeant of the Chamber, that he summon twelve good men of the venue of Bassieshawe and the Poultry to appear before the Mayor and Aldermen on Saturday after the Feast of St. Nicholas, Bp. [6 Dec.], 13 Richard II. [A.D. 1389], to make an extent of the value of certain tenements formerly belonging to Richard, son of John Brykelesworth. The jurors, viz., Geoffrey Lambrok, John Bokelsmyth, Geoffrey Dene, John Sandone, Thomas Woubourne, and Thomas Beneyt, of the venue of Bassieshawe, and Richard Outre, Robert Parys, Gamelin Mot, William Ketylthorpe, John Sevesterre, and Michael Dundalk, of the venue of the Poultry, return the clear value as £16 12s. 9d. One-third of the said tenements by view of Richard Odyham, the Chamberlain, and the City's sworn masons and carpenters, was thereupon delivered to Katherine, widow of the said Richard Brykelesworth, by way of dower, and the residue to Johanna, his orphan daughter.

Custodia Joh' e filie Ric' i Bry kelesworth.

Afterwards, viz., on Saturday before the Feast of St. Valentine [14 Feb.], the same year, the guardianship of the said orphan and of her property was committed to Henry Vannere. Surety, viz., John Cornwaleys.

Ordinacio facta contra abra carios [sic].

Qe chescun vendour estraunge paie la moite de la corectage a la Chambre.

Nota de Skawange.

Wednesday, 26 Jan., 13 Richard II. [A.D. 1389-90], ordinance by William Venour, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, that no alien or denizen intermeddle with brokerage until he has been received and sworn before the Mayor and Aldermen, as recorded in Letter-Book G, fo. cccviii; (fn. 14) that no bargain be made without the purchaser and vendor being brought together, and that the terms of every bargain be notified to the Mayor and Aldermen when required; that every vendor stranger pay half the brokerage to the Chamber at the Guildhall for the clothing of the Mayor, Aldermen, and Recorder, when they are clothed in one livery; (fn. 15) that the said strangers pay one-half of "la skawange," (fn. 16) which their hosts were accustomed to take to help defray the expenses of the Mayor during his Mayoralty, and also of the livery aforesaid. Also that none shall thenceforth be host to strangers unless he keep them in his hostel at table, as of old accustomed.

The above ordinance to take effect on the Feast of the Purification [2 Feb.] next.

Folio ccxlviii.

Consimiles bille misse fuerunt cuil' t Aldr' o ad eligend' Aldermannum.

25 Feb. [A.D. 1389-90], precept for the election of Aldermen, regardless of their having already been Aldermen, and to return their names to the Guildhall by Wednesday before the Feast of St. Gregory [12 March] next.

Exon' acio Ric' i Knoweslee ab assisis etc.

16 March, 13 Richard II. [A.D. 1389-90], Richard Knoweslee, "draper," discharged by William Venour, the Mayor, and Aldermen from serving on juries, &c., owing to increasing age.

Judicium collistrigii pro Joh' e Berkyng utente magica arte.

Tuesday, 1 March, 13 Richard II. [A.D. 1389-90], John Berkyng, late a Jew, charged with practising soothsaying and with having falsely accused William Shedewater, servant of the Duke of York, and also Robert Mysdene and John Gayte of theft Condemned to the pillory and imprisonment until further orders. On Saturday, 19th March, he abjured the City. (fn. 17)

Exon' acio Ade Hamond Brewere et Petri Grubbe piscenar' ab assisis etc.

22 March, 13 Richard II. [A.D. 1389-90], Adam Hamond, brewer, discharged by William Venour, the Mayor, and the Aldermen from serving on juries, &c., owing to increasing age.

The same day Peter Grubbe, fishmonger, was similarly discharged.

Exon' acio Walt' i Botulstone wheler.

6 Aug., 14 Richard II. [A.D. 1390], Walter de Botulstone, "wheler," similarly discharged.

Folio ccxlviii b.

Election of Aldermen.

Castle Baynard: William Venour.

Aldrychesgate: Sir Nicholas Twyford, Knt.

Lymstret: John Hadle.

Billingesgate: Nicholas Extone.

Tower: William Baret.

Bridge: William Bramptone.

Douegate: William Wottone.

Vintry: William More.

Queen Hithe: Thomas Welford.

Cordewanerstrete: John Fresshe.

Bredestrete: William Sheryngham.

Farndone: John Fraunceys.

Chepe: Adam Bamme.

Walbroke: John Walcote.

Candelwykstrete: John Heende.

Langebourne: Thomas Austyn.

Bassieshawe: John Shadworth.

Colmanstrete: Henry Bamme.

Bradestrete: Adam de St. Ive.

Algate: Adam Karlille.

Bisshopesgate: John Chircheman.

Crepulgate: John Loveye.

Cornhulle: John Pynchon.

Ordinacio de carectis ferreis non utend'.

6 June, 14 Richard II. [A.D. 1391], agreed that the ancient ordinance (fn. 18) forbidding carts bringing water, wood, victuals, &c., to the City to be bound with iron (lie de ferre) shall be proclaimed and observed.

Admissio et sacr' m Magr' or' Cirugic'.

Monday, 10 April, 13 Richard II. [A.D. 1390], Master John Hynstok, Master Geoffrey Grace, Master John Brademore, and Master Henry Sutton admitted in the Chamber of the Guildhall, before William Venour, the Mayor, and Aldermen, and sworn as Master Surgeons of the City. (fn. 19)

Folio ccxlix.

Securitas facta pro £xx filiab' Walt' i Buk' pertinent'.

28 June, 14 Richard II. [A.D. 1390], came Walter Strete, mercer, Robert Chesterford and Alan Walsyngham, cord wainers, into Court and acknowledged that they had in hand the sum of £20 belonging to Johanna and Margaret, daughters of Walter Buk. Thereupon a day was given by William Venour, the Mayor, for them to bring in the money or find security, &c.

Afterwards, viz., on the 20th Sept. following, the said Walter, Robert, and Alan delivered £10 of the money to Stephen Speleman, the Chamberlain, for the use of the above Johanna, which was afterwards given to her and her husband Robert Faun, skinner.

Afterwards, viz., on the 27th April, 2 Henry IV. [A.D. 1401], the said Walter, Robert, and Alan delivered another sum of £10 to the aforesaid Chamberlain, who gave it to John Frensshe, skinner, who had married the above Margaret.

Folios ccxlix-ccl b.

Statute of Westminster the First, anno 13 Richard II. [A.D. 1389-90]. (fn. 20)

Folio ccl b-cclii.

Statute of Westminster the Second, anno 13 Richard II. [A.D. 1389-90]. (fn. 21)

Folio cclii.

Des liverez appellez liverez de compaignie.

Writ to the Sheriff to make proclamation of an ordinance restricting the distribution of liveries by great lords and others to those of their immediate retinue, and to see the said ordinance duly observed. (fn. 22) Dated at Westminster, 12 May, 13 Richard II. [A.D. 1390].

Consimiles Bille misse fuerunt cuiibet Aldermanno xxiij die Septembr' pur la peas ni'e s r le Roy garder.

Precept to the Aldermen to see that a proper watch and ward be kept every night during the coming revels and jousts, lest through their negligence the City incur damage and dishonour. (fn. 23)

Folio cclii b.

Licencia construendi conductum apud eccl' iam Sc' i Mich' is ad bladum cum condicione.

14 July, 14 Richard II. [A.D. 1390], came Thomas Pantone, goldsmith, Bartholomew Castre, goldsmith, John de Doncastre, "copersmythe," Thomas Bonere, Leonard Nortone, and William atte Gate, and gave security for the removal of a water-conduit which (at the request of good men of the Ward of Farndone Within and others) the Mayor and Aldermen had given permission to be laid near the church of St. Michael le Quern in Westchepe, the same being supplied from the Great Conduit opposite the church of St. Thomas de Acon, in the event of the pipes becoming injurious to the Great Conduit. (fn. 24)

Exon'acio £xl legat' Elizabeth' nuper filie Joh' is Lightfoot.

Tuesday, 2 Aug., 14 Richard II. [A.D. 1390], came William Kyrtone and Elizabeth his wife, a City orphan and daughter of John Hadde, called "Lightfoot," and presented a petition to the effect that the said John Hadde bequeathed the sum of £40 to the said Elizabeth, and a like sum to John, then in the womb of Katherine his wife, the portion of either of them deceased to go to the survivor; that John the son had died, and that the petitioners had been unable to recover the sum of £80 due to them from Henry Yevelee and the aforesaid Katherine, now his wife, John Warner and William Jordan, executors of John Hadde They therefore prayed a remedy.

Thereupon all parties were summoned to appear before the Mayor and Aldermen on the following day, when the petitioners acknowledged they had received satisfaction.


  • 1. See 'Cal. Letter-Book F,' pp. 64, 90.
  • 2. Cf. supra, p. 341.
  • 3. Supra, p. 287.
  • 4. Supra, pp. 342-3.
  • 5. 'Memorials,' pp. 511-12.
  • 6. The above ordinance is recorded as having been made in order to put a stop to indictments being made by inquests of fraud and malice, upon which complaint had frequently been made of late. See remarks as to Usk's appointment as Under-Sheriff for Middlesex, supra, p. 316, no 2.
  • 7. 'Memorials,' pp. 515-16.
  • 8. Venour was a grocer, and his election was hotly contested by Adam Bamme, a goldsmith, the old factious spirit not yet being dead in the City. See Higden, ix. 217.
  • 9. See 'Cal. Letter-Book F,' p. 180.
  • 10. Cf. 'Cal. Letter-Book G,' pp. 194-5.
  • 11. Sat from 7 Jan. to 2 March, 1390. Nota bene—this writ has no clause touching Sheriffs not being returned, as in former writs.
  • 12. Probably the tenement known as "Cold Harbour," near Dowgate, once the property of Sir John de Pulteney. See 'Cal. Letter-Book F,' p. 158n.
  • 13. The proceedings are set out in Riley's 'Memorials' (pp. 516-18), where the editor duly notes that "Wenlokesbarn" was a district lying without Cripplegate, and gave its name to one of the Prebends of St. Pauls.
  • 14. 'Cal. Letter-Book G,' p. 313 Cf. supra, pp. 21-2.
  • 15. This took place twice a year, viz., when the Mayor rode to Westminster to be sworn into office before the Barons of the Exchequer, and again at Whitsuntide. 'Liber Albus,' i. 35; 'Cal. Letter-Book G,' Introduction, pp. xxv-xxvi.
  • 16. Scavage, a toll or duty paid by merchant strangers for showage (demonstraunce) of merchandise, one half of which went to the Sheriffs and the other half to the hosts of the houses where such merchants were harboured 'Liber Albus,' i. 223.
  • 17. 'Memorials,' pp. 518-19.
  • 18. Referring to the ordinance recorded circa 1277. See 'Cal. Letter-Book A,' p. 217. The ordinance had been enforced against a Stratford carter in 1375. 'Pleas and Memo randa,' Roll A 20, membr. 8.
  • 19. 'Memorials,' pp. 519-20. Among their duties was that of making scru tiny not only of men, but of "women undertaking cures or practising the art of surgery."
  • 20. 'Statutes at Large' (ed. 1758), i. 398-406. It confirms (inter alia) the provisions made by the Pailiament at Cambridge touching wages.
  • 21. Ibid., i. 406-9. Its chief enactment was the confirmation of the Statute of Provisors of 1351.
  • 22. Printed in 'Statutes at Large' (i. 409-10) under the title "An Ordinance made at Westminster to prevent Maintenance in Judicial Proceedings, 13 Rich. II. st. 3a." This ordinance against maintenance, i.e., the undertaking to promote other men's quarrels in courts of justice unreasonably, also forbade the ancient custom of giving "livery of company' indiscriminately for the purpose of keeping up pompous retinues by those of high estate. Stubbs, 'Const. Hist.,' ii. 485.
  • 23. 'Memorials,' pp. 521-2. These jousts and tournaments, according to Higden (ix. 241), took place at Smithfield on the 10th Oct. and following days in the presence of many foreign nobles. Cf. Stow, 'Annales' (ed. 1592), p. 480.
  • 24. 'Memorials,' p. 521. This laying of conduit pipes by certain inhabitants of Farringdon Ward, at their own expense, appears to have been a distinct enterprise from that which occasioned the removal of the Broken Cross in Chepe. Vide supra, p. 343.