Appendix: Account of the Reynwell Estate, 1565-66

Pages 131-133

Chamber Accounts of the Sixteenth Century. Originally published by London Record Society for the Corporation of London, London, 1984.

This free content was digitised by double rekeying and sponsored by London Record Society. All rights reserved.



[f.204v] The account of the chamberlain for the lands of Mr John Raynewell sometime mayor of this city

323. The Charge [Receipts]

a. Arrearages due by this accountant upon his last account, £233.3s.4½d.

b. Receipts of the rents of Mr Raynewell, vacations and desperates allowed, as by the renter appears, £123.16s.8d.

c. Of Thomas Sares haberdasher for the fine of a lease of the Black Hoop being a brewhouse wherein he dwells in Lime Street in the parish of St Andrew Undershaft for 21 years beginning at Michaelmas 1565, £20.0s.0d.

d. Summa totalis £377.0s.0½d.

324. The Discharge [Payments] (fn. 5)

a. To William Fermer to the use of the petty canons of St Paul's for Foliat's chantry, £1.0s.0d.

b. To the chamber of London for quitrent out of the vestry of St Botolph Billingsgate charged in the rental of the general lands in the title of Tower Street and Bridge Street, £1.0s.0d.

c. [f.205] To Agnes Kelley widow for quitrent out of Holy Rood Alley near Billingsgate sometime paid to Giles Polyver, (fn. 1) 10s.0d.

d. To the comptroller of the chamber for overseeing this account, £2.0s.0d.

e. To the renter for gathering the rents and potation money, £6.13s.4d.

f. To him for his liveries this year, £2.13s.4d.

g. To Mr John Ryvers and Mr James Hawes aldermen late sheriffs [1565–66] in discharge of the toll of London Bridge for this year, £8.0s.0d.

h. To James Lorde attorney, accountant in the exchequer at Westminster, to the use of the queen for the fee farm of Southwark ended at Michaelmas last past, £10.0s.0d.

i. (fn. 2) To Thomas Canata, Venetian, by order of court 11 July [1566, Rep.16, f.81b] for attending upon the same court and offering his service for the devising of means and ways for the cleansing the shelves of the river of Thames, £2.0s.0d. (fn. 3)

j. To Richard Sampson blacksmith for an iron cart or instrument devised by George Thorneton for the removing of the shelves in the river of Thames, £14.1s.8d. (fn. 4) and more to him for ironwork bestowed in the repairing the lands of Mr Raynewell 22s.10d., summa £15.2s.6d. [sic]

k. To George Thorneton for so much by him paid for the hire of 2 lighters to be occupied at divers times for the trial of the said instrument before the lord mayor and aldermen and for the reward and wages of divers persons labouring in the lighters with the instrument to show a trial thereof to the lord mayor and aldermen, £2.8s.11½d.

l. For timber, boards, quarters, lathes, hard stone, paving stone, bricks, tiles, lime, sand, paving work, night work, nails of sundry sorts and other necessaries spent about the reparations of the lands, £18.19s.7d.

m. [f.205v] For the wages of masons, carpenters, tilers, bricklayers, plasterers and labourers working about as well the necessary reparations of the lands and tenements as also in cleansing and removing the shelves in the river of Thames this year as by 8 bills called weeks' bills appears, £22.6s.10d.

n. Summa totalis of all the discharge £92.14.6½d.

325. And so due upon this account £284 5s. 6d.


  • 1. Sic. Pollibere in 1535–36, see 295 d.
  • 2. The remaining items are written in a different hand. This and the next three items are lettered in the margin A, C, B, D, respectively, presumably indicating the order of entry in the final account.
  • 3. Under Reynwell's will the residue of the profits from his estate, after payment of specific trusts, could in part be used for the removal of sandbanks and other obstructions in the Thames (HR 207(31)). The Reynwell account for 1564–65 contains a payment of 40s. to Thomas Camata [sic], Venetian, for making an instrument for cleansing the Thames, the aldermen having agreed on 30 Aug. 1565 to make use of his lesser instrument for cleansing rivers from 'shelves and other risings of sand and earth' and to talk with him further about his greater instrument (Chamber Accounts 1, f.142v; Rep.15, f.462b). In 1572 Thomas Canata, Venetian, sought licence of the queen to export 200 tons of beer on condition of his making known to her certain inventions useful for the defence of the realm (Cal. SPD 1547–80, 453).
  • 4. George Thorneton ironmonger, governor of Bridewell, was ordered in Jan. 1566 to devise an instrument for cleansing the Thames and presented an estimate (no details given) in March 1566. Vagabonds from Bridewell were employed on the work (Rep.15, f.516; Rep.16, ff.29b, 137b, 148, 153).
  • 5. For the first eight of these payments, cf. 132a–b, d–h.