Appendices

The Letters of William Freeman, London Merchant, 1678-1685.

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'Appendices', in The Letters of William Freeman, London Merchant, 1678-1685, (London, 2002) pp. li-lviii. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/london-record-soc/vol36/li-lviii [accessed 24 April 2024]

In this section

APPENDIX IA

Freeman Genealogy
Col. William Freeman (d. before December 1682)
Capt. William Freeman (1645–1707) m. Elizabeth Baxter (d. 1719)
William a.k.a. John (b. illegitimate 1706)
George Freeman
Henry Freeman (1662–1690)
Catharine Freeman (b. 1662) m. John Cooke, of Hackney & London
John (1689–1752)
Thomas
Stephen
Catharine
Mary
Frances Freeman m. Rev. John Milward (1654–1703), of Woolescote, Swinford, Worcester & of St. Christopher, 1678–1700
George Susanna m. Samuel Rope
Margaret Freeman m. Edmund Stapleton (d. 1680), Deputy Governor of Montserrat, 1671–1678
Rose Freeman
Sarah Freeman m. John Bedingfield, Sr. (d. 1682)
John, Jr.
Sarah m. Capt. John Pogson
Mary m. Edward Read
Frances m. — Garth

APPENDIX IB

Baxter Genealogy
William Baxter of Lisbon m. Mary —
William Baxter of Lisbon & London (d. 1686) m. Alice —
Dorothy Baxter m. — Skinner
Abigail Baxter m. — Tumbling
Martha Baxter m. — Proud
Mary Baxter m. Joseph Little of Montserrat & Aylesbury, Buckingham
John Baxter of London (d. 1662) m. Ann — (d. 1683)
Elizabeth Baxter (d. 1719) m. William Freeman (1645–1707)
Sarah Baxter (1655–1690) m. Robert Helme (1643–1685) of Gillingham, Dorset, & Nevis (fn. 1)
William Baxter of London (fn. 2) (d. before 1687) m. Jemima Hearne (d. 1685)
Elizabeth Baxter (b. 1678/9)
Ann Baxter (b. 1657)

APPENDIX IIA

Slaves Imported into Nevis Factory and Leeward Islands' Depots

Date Arrived Ship Name Captain Name Number of Slaves
1674 Charles Joseph Andrews 277
1674 Alpine (not known) 202
1675 Knowles Humphrey Polegreene 318
1675 Desire Benjamin Dale 109
1675 James James Cays 72
1676 Desire Benjamin Dale 292
1676 Hawke Steward Dawes; Richard Cowell 154
1676 John Alexander Samuel Reckord 215
1676 Morning Star John Mingham 100
1677 Dragon William Peacock 371
1677 Hawke Benjamin Thompson 154
1678 Betty William Rainey 186
1678 Charles Joseph Andrews unspecified
1678 Golden Lyon William Wilkins 307
1678 Margaret & Mary Joseph Croxall 197
1678/9.2.25 Welcome John Elliot 210
1678/9.3.1 Charles Joseph Andrews 171; Eltis 218
1679 Marigold Peachey 60
1679 Charles Debenham 105
1679 Astrea (not known) 0 (ship lost at sea)
1679.6 Hannah George Churchey 101
1679.7.20 Richard Daniel Robinson unspecified
1679.7 Hawke Benjamin Thompson 152
1679.9.23 Supply John Singleton 226
1679.11.14 Providence Grimble (10.12) 201
1679/80.1.8 Margaret & Mary John Croxall 216; Eltis 205
1680.4.14 Hannah George Churchey 141; Eltis 139
1680.5.24 Dragon William Morecock; William Helme 0–200 died; Eltis 416
1680.5.24 George & Betty William Cope 478; Eltis 471
1680 Four Brothers John May; — Nunne 33
1680? James Ashley unspecified
1680 —, an interloper Thornbury 80
1680 x 1681 St. George Humphrey Polegreene 84 or 77
1681 Blake unspecified
1681 Daniel unspecified
1681 Supply John Singleton 44
1681 Swallow Evan Seys 92
1681 Hannah George Churchey 91; Eltis 117
1681 Mary Hitchanie or Sealy 99
1681.12.24 George & Betty William Cope 415 or 397; Eltis 391
1681 x 1682 Alexander Andrew Branfield 315 (297–310); Eltis 294
1682 Blessing William Thornton at least 20
1682 Virgin Thomas Taylor unspecified
1682 Lyon Giles Lawrence 371
1682.5.29 Unity Pomeroy 232
1682.6.20 George & Betty William Cope (5.29) 30 (a prize)
1682.11.18 Swallow Welden 70
1682.11.18 Eaglet John Waugh 120
1682/3.1.16 Champion George Hayles 20
1683 John & Thomas William Maples 147 or 145
1683 Isabella (not known) unspecified
1684.7.14 Sarah Thomas Attwell 117
1684 x 1685 Friends' Adventure Robert Deane unspecified
1685 Virgin Thomas Taylor unspecified

Source: Eltis, 'The British Atlantic Slave Trade', Table 10–1, pp. 197–98; and Eltis et al., eds., W.E.B. DuBois Institute Dataset of Slaving Voyages (CD-Rom version) (New York, 1998).

APPENDIX IIB

Slaves Delivered to Nevis Factory and Leeward Islands' Depots

Year Eltis (fn. 3) Recorded Eltis (fn. 3) Recorded, Imputed & Estimated Davies (fn. 4) Hancock (fn. 5)
1674 479 786 469
1675 499 818 502
1676 777 1,248 571
1677 525 861 495
1678 929 1,678 627
1679 473 1,929 1,058 1,061
1680 1,388 1,406 1,033 835
1681 2,227 3,099 829 1,301
1682 2,466 3,041 383 829
1683 695 1,138 382 167
1684 153 153 128 117+
1685 319 889 127

APPENDIX III

Prices in London for Leeward Islands Sugar (shillings), 1678–1684

Year Range Quotations Average
low high
1678 21/6 25 16 24/2
1679 21/6 24 8 23/2
1680 23/6 24 2 24
1681 21/10 23 4 22/4
1682 18 21/6 5 19/10
1683 19 24 4 21/11
1684 18 25 16 21/3

APPENDIX IV

Freeman's Sugar and Provision Fleet, 1678–1685

Ship Captain/s Number of voyages
OWNED Abraham Terry; Rivett; Haynes 6
Adventure Clayton 7
Africa Helme 1
Batchelor Clayton 1
HIRED Christopher Bennett 1
Endeavour Rivett 1
Francis & Jane Sandwell 2
James Ashly 1
Katharine Durell 1
Lyon Compton 1
Parham Joseph Lawrence 1
Providence Estes 2
Richard Robinson 1
UNCERTAIN WHETHER OWNED OR HIRED Abigail Wood 2
Brother's Goodwill Winter 2
Content Deane 1
Dan ? 1
Dublin ? 1
Francis & Dorothy ? 1
Globe Sankee 1
Grenada Martin 1
Industry Pattison 1
John Parker 1
Leghorn Merchant ? 1
New England Merchant Plummer 1
Olive Branch Giles Lawrence 2
Richard & Samuel Clark 1
Samuel & Mary Bowrey 1
St. George Polegreene; Hazlewood 3
Thomas & Sarah Tiddeman 1
Unity Lister & Hare; Hutchison 3
Venetian Haddock 1
William & Anne North 1
William & Robert Brown 3

Footnotes

  • 1. Only child of Robert and Alice Helme of Gillingham, Dorset. Older half-brother of Thomas Helme of Gillingham, Dorset (b. 1644), who inherited the family's Dorset estates, of Mary Helme (b. 1646), Christopher Helme (b. 1648), of Christiana Frances Helme (b. 1653, m. 1690 Aaron Chapman of Nevis and secondly m. 1695 Philip Brome of Nevis, d. 1720), and of William Helme of Nevis (b. 1658, m. Mary Coltby, d. 1691 or 1692). In 1708, William Helme's only daughter Mary Helme (d. by 1734) married John Pinney of Nevis (1686–1720), whose father Azariah had been the attorney for Helme plantations during the widowhood of Mary Helme and the trustee for her children after her death.
  • 2. Partner of William Freeman, in London, 1675–1685.
  • 3. Eltis, 'The British Atlantic Slave Trade', Table 10–1, pp. 197–98; and Eltis et al., eds., W.E.B. DuBois Institute Dataset of Slaving Voyages (CD-Rom version) (New York, 1998).
  • 4. Davies, Royal African Company, Appendix III, p. 363. Davies combines statistics for 1682 & 1683 and 1684 & 1685. They are split here.
  • 5. Based on Letterbook and T 70.