The Later Records Relating To North Westmorland Or the Barony of Appleby. Originally published by Titus Wilson and Son, Kendal, 1932.
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CLERKS OF THE PEACE.
For the County.
The Custos Rotulorum of the county has the appointment of the Clerk of the Peace. Whereas, by reason of sundry persons having been granted the office of the Clerkship of the Peace being not learned nor yet meet nor able for lack of knowledge and learning to occupy and exercise the office, many indictments as well of felony, murder and other offences and misdemeanors and the process awarded upon the same, have been made frustrate and void by negligent ingrossing, enrolment and keeping the same by the aforesaid Clerks to the great hindrance of Justice, etc. For reformation whereof be it enacted that every Custos Rotulorum for the time being shall at all times hereafter nominate, elect, appoint and assign such able persons who are instructed in the Laws of the Realm as shall be able to exercise and occupy the office, so that the said Clerk demean him in the said office justly and honourably. See Act 37 Henry VIII, c.1.
The title of "Clerk" originally belonged to the Holy Ministry of the Church as the monks were perhaps the only men in those times who could use a pen. And as such monks were at first appointed officers of the Courts of Law, we gain the second sense which denotes any person, whether clerical or lay, who practises his pen to record all things judicially done by the Justices in any court.
The following is a list of the Clerks of the Peace for Westmorland, going back as far as the Rolls of Quarter Sessions allow.
THE HIGH CONSTABLES.
For the East and West Wards.
In 1856 Cumberland and Westmorland joined together in appointing Mr. John Dunn as Chief Constable over the two counties. His salary was not to exceed £300 with £150 for all travelling expenses, and that Westmorland should not be called upon to pay more than one-fourth of such salary and expense.