16 Audley v Maleing

The Court of Chivalry 1634-1640.

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Robert Audley of Clavering, co. Essex, gent v Nicholas Maleing and Thomas Maleing, both of Langley Upper Green, co. Essex

June 1640


Audley alleged that in Langley in May 1640, the Maleings said in the presence of several people that 'he lyed and was a base lowsie rogue'. Process was granted in June 1640, but no further proceedings have survived.

Initial proceedings

5/67, Petition

'Your petitioner is a gent descended of a generous family of gentry bearing armes and that within a month last past Nicholas Maleing and Thomas Maleing of Langley in the countie of Essex, canier, told the petitioner before divers credible persons in Langley that he lyed and was a base lowsie rogue, thereby much provoking your petitioner to duell.'

Petitioned that the Maleings be brought to answer.

Maltravers granted process, 1 June 1640.

5/66, Plaintiff's bond

4 June 1640

Bound to 'appear in the Court in the Painted Chamber within the Pallace of Westminster'.

Signed by Robert Audley.

Sealed, subscribed and delivered in the presence of John Watson.


The plaintiff was possibly the Robert Audley, described as of Colchester in the Essex visitation of 1634, and son of Robert Audley of Berechurch, co. Essex, esq, and Catherine, daughter of Edward Windsor, baron Windsor of Bradenham. Clavering is very close to Langley Upper Green, but if Audley was of Colchester the Maleings may have been from nearby Langley Green, just west of the city.

W. C. Metcalfe (ed.), The Visitations of Essex, Part I (Publications of the Harleian Society, 13, 1878), p. 338.


  • Initial proceedings
    • Petition: 5/67 (1 Jun 1640)
    • Plaintiff's bond: 5/66 (4 Jun 1640)

People mentioned in the case

  • Audley, Robert, gent
  • Howard, Henry, baron Maltravers
  • Maleing, Nicholas
  • Maleing, Thomas
  • Watson, John
  • Windsor, Edward, baron Windsor

Places mentioned in the case

  • Essex
    • Berechurch
    • Bradenham
    • Clavering
    • Colchester
    • Langley Green
    • Langley Upper Green
  • Middlesex
    • Westminster

Topics of the case

  • denial of gentility
  • giving the lie
  • provocative of a duel