345 Kings Of Arms v Buckett

The Court of Chivalry 1634-1640.

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'345 Kings Of Arms v Buckett', in The Court of Chivalry 1634-1640, (, ) pp. . British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/no-series/court-of-chivalry/345-kings-of-arms-buckett [accessed 29 February 2024]

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Sir John Borough, knt, Garter King of Arms v Rowland Buckett of Aldersgate, London, gent

February 1637


The cause and result of Borough's complaint against Buckett remain unknown, but it was probably a continuation of the earlier case brought by the Kings of Arms against the Painter-Stainers' Company of London [see cause 348]. Buckett was a leading member of the company and defended its practices against the charge that it had breached earlier agreements with the heralds over the right to paint arms. Proceedings in this case survive from February 1637, but they give no indication of its outcome.

Summary of proceedings

No counsel was mentioned. Buckett was required to appear on 11 and 16 February 1637.


Sir John Borough was the son of John Borough of Sandwich, co. Kent. He was M.P. for Sandwich in 1621. When he was accused of accepting bribes, the earl of Arundel called upon him to attend the countess of Arundel in Europe. Borough became Arundel's secretary during the latter's post as ambassador to Venice. In 1634 Arundel appointed him Garter King of Arms and he served on Arundel's embassy to the Holy Roman Emperor in 1636. In 1639 Arundel convened an inquiry into charges of corruption brought by Borough against Norroy King of Arms and Somerset Herald. Arundel dismissed Norroy and Somerset soon after. Borough was a royalist during the civil war and he died at Oxford in October 1643.

S. A. Baron, 'Sir John Borough (d.1643)', Oxford DNB (Oxford, 2004).

Rowland Buckett was the son of Michael Buckett of London and Margaret, daughter of William Glover of co. Warwick. Rowland became alderman deputy for part of Aldersgate Ward, London, and married Margery, daughter of Mr Richardson of co. Wiltshire. Their eldest son was also named Rowland Buckett.

J. J. Howard and J. L. Chester (eds.), The Visitation of London in 1633, 1634, and 1635 (Publications of the Harleian Society, 15, 1880), vol. 1, p. 117; J. J. Howard (ed.), The Visitation of London in 1633, 1634, and 1635 (Publications of the Harleian Society, 17, 1883), vol. 2, p. 3.


  • Proceedings
    • Proceedings: College of Arms MS. 'Court of Chivalry' (act book, 1636-8) [pressmark R.R. 68C] (hereafter 68C), fos. 23r-36v (11 Feb 1637)
    • Proceedings: 68C, fos. 14r-20v (16 Feb 1637)

People mentioned in the case

  • Borough, John
  • Borough, John, knight (also Burrough)
  • Buckett, Margaret
  • Buckett, Michael
  • Buckett, Rowland, gent
  • Glover, Margaret
  • Glover, William
  • Habsburg, Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor
  • Howard, Alathea, countess of Arundel and Surrey
  • Howard, Thomas, earl of Arundel and Surrey
  • Richardson, Margery
  • Richardson, Mr

Places mentioned in the case

  • Kent
    • Sandwich
  • London
    • Aldersgate
  • Oxfordshire
    • Oxford
  • Venice
  • Warwickshire
  • Wiltshire

Topics of the case

  • cause of office
  • city company
  • civil war
  • heraldry
  • King of Arms
  • member of parliament
  • office-holding
  • painter stainers
  • royalist