394 Lufkin v Large

The Court of Chivalry 1634-1640.

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Thomas Lufkin of Ardleigh, co. Essex, gent v Richard Large the younger of the same, husbandman

November 1639


Lufkin complained that, Large, a husbandman in his parish, had called him 'a base rogue, shag-hair'd rogue, blockheadly rogue, and a bastard'. Process was granted on 1 November 1639, but no further proceedings survive.

Initial proceedings

6/10, Petition

'Your petitioner is a gentleman of coate armour and of an ancient familie; and that one Richard Large the younger, husbandman, of the parish of Ardleigh, hath within these three monthes much abused your petitioner sayinge to his face that your petitioner was a base rogue, shag-hair'd rogue, blockheadly rogue, and a bastard, with other speeches both tending to his disparagement, and much provokinge him to duell'

Petitioned that Large be brought to answer.

Maltravers granted process on 1 November 1639.

6/11, Plaintiff's bond

4 November 1639

Bound to appear 'in the Court in the painted Chamber within the palace of Westminster'.

Signed by Thomas Lufkin.

Sealed, subscribed and delivered in the presence of John Watson.


No Thomas Lufkin of Ardleigh appears in the Visitations of Essex but there was a Thomas Lukyn of Mashbury, co. Essex, gent, and a Thomas Luckin of Great Waltham, co. Essex, gent.

W. C. Metcalfe (ed.), The Visitations of Essex, Part I (Publications of the Harleian Society, 13, 1878), pp. 237-9, pp. 437-8.


  • Initial proceedings
    • Petition: 6/10 (1 Nov 1639)
    • Plaintiff's bond: 6/11 (4 Nov 1639)

People mentioned in the case

  • Howard, Henry, baron Maltravers
  • Large, Richard the younger, husbandman
  • Lufkin, Thomas, gent
  • Luckin, Thomas, gent
  • Lukyn, Thomas, gent
  • Watson, John

Places mentioned in the case

  • Essex
    • Ardleigh
    • Great Waltham
    • Mashbury
  • Middlesex
    • Westminster

Topics of the case

  • allegation of illegitimacy
  • coat of arms
  • denial of gentility
  • provocative of a duel