611 Southcott v Gale

The Court of Chivalry 1634-1640.

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'611 Southcott v Gale', in The Court of Chivalry 1634-1640, (, ) pp. . British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/no-series/court-of-chivalry/611-southcott-gale [accessed 1 March 2024]

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Sir George Southcott of Shillingford, co. Devon, knt v Charles Gale of the University of Cambridge, M.A., clerk

No date


Southcott complained that the previous October Gale abused him during a public supper at an ordinary in London, saying 'he would make spur leathers of the petitioner's eares.' Southcott petitioned that Gale be brought to answer, but no further proceedings survive.

Initial proceedings

EM329, Petition

Southcott 'was lately vizt October last in the Citty of London at a publiq supper at an ordinary before 20 or 30 persons much abused by many scandalous words and speeches spoken of him by one Charles Gael of the University of Cambridge, Clarke, Mr of Arts. Charles amongst other disgraceful speeches saying that he would make spur leathers of the petitioners eares or to that effect.'

Petitioned that Gael be brought to answer for trying to provoke a duel.

No date.

No signatures.


Sir George Southcott was the eldest son of Thomas Southcott and his third wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Fitz William. He was a J.P. for the south division of Devon and died before November 1639.

F. T. Colby (ed.), The Visitation of the County of Devon in the year 1620 (Publications of the Harleian Society, 6, 1872), p. 266; M. Wolffe, Gentry Leaders in Peace and War: The Gentry Governors of Devon in the Early Seventeenth Century (University of Exeter Press, 1997), p. 31.

George Southcott was appointed to the commission of the peace for Devon in February 1630.

J. Broadway, R. Cust and S. K. Roberts (eds.), A Calendar of the Docquets of Lord Keeper Coventry, 1625-40 (List and Index Society, special series, 34, 2004), part 1, p. 64.

Charles Gale attended Magdalene College, Cambridge and was awarded a B.A. in 1634-5 and a M.A. in 1638. Thereafter he became a fellow but was ejected in 1645.

J. and J. A. Venn (eds.), Alumni Cantabrigienses from the earliest times to 1751 (Cambridge, 1922), vol. 2, p. 188.


  • Initial proceedings
    • Petition: EM329 (no date)

People mentioned in the case

  • Fitz William, Elizabeth
  • Gale, Charles, clerk (also Gael)
  • Southcott, George, knight
  • Southcott, Elizabeth
  • Southcott, Thomas

Places mentioned in the case

  • Cambridgeshire
    • Cambridge, Magdalene College
  • Devon
    • Shillingford
  • London

Topics of the case

  • judicial maiming
  • justice of the peace
  • provocative of a duel
  • threatened violence
  • University of Cambridge