687 Washbourne v Norton

The Court of Chivalry 1634-1640.

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'687 Washbourne v Norton', in The Court of Chivalry 1634-1640, (, ) pp. . British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/no-series/court-of-chivalry/687-washbourne-norton [accessed 4 March 2024]

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Herriot Washbourne of St Helen, London, gent v Hugh Norton of Westminster, co. Middlesex, victualler

November 1637


Washbourne complained that between June and August 1637 Norton had called him 'a knave, stinking knave, rascall and rascally knave'. Process was granted on 8 November 1637 and Washbourne's libel was delivered on 18 November; but there is no record of proceedings the end of the month.

Initial proceedings

3/109, Petition to Arundel

'One Hugh Neaughton, alias Norton, of Westminster hath spoken divers injurious and scandellous words of and against the petitioner, vizt. that the petitioner was a knave, stinking knave, rascall and rascally knave, and repeated the same with other base termes and addicons, diverse tymes, the cognizance whereof is proper for your honour's courte.'

Petitioned that Neaughton be brought to answer.

Duck approved the cause as fit for the court, 8 November 1637.

Signed by Arthur Duck.

12/1v, Citation

O'Neaughton to appear at the suit of Washborne for scandalous words provocative of a duel.

Dated: 8 November 1637

Introduced 18 November 1637

By special direction of Gilbert Dethick, registrar.

3/65, Plaintiff's bond

11 November 1637

Bound to appear 'in the Court in the painted Chamber within the Pallace of Westminster'.

Signed by Herriot Washbourne.

Sealed, subscribed and delivered in the presence of John Watson.

12/1c, Libel

Washbourne's family had been gentleman for up to 50 years. In June, July and August Norton had said that 'I, Washbourne, was a knave, a rascally knave' or words to that effect.

18 November 1637.

No signatures.

Summary of proceedings

Dr Duck acted as counsel for Washbourne and Dr Merrick for Norton. On 18 November 1637 Norton was required to appear in response to a summons. On 28 November a bond was mentioned to be delivered for the heralds and Washbourne's testimony was to be published.


Heriot Washborne of London, merchant, was entered under Bishopsgate in the 1633 visitation as the son of Robert Washborne of Wichingford, co. Worcester, and Mary, daughter of William Heriot of co. York. Heriot Washborne married Agnes, daughter of Thomas Tickeridge of London.

J. Jackson Howard (ed.), The Visitation of London, 1633, 1634 and, 1635, vol. II (Publications of the Harleian Society, 17, 1883), p. 328.


  • Initial proceedings
    • Petition to Arundel: 3/109 (8 Nov 1637)
    • Citation: 12/1v (8 Nov 1637)
    • Plaintiff's bond: 3/65 (11 Nov 1637)
    • Libel: 12/1c (18 Nov 1637)
  • Proceedings
    • Proceedings before Maltravers: 8/29 (18 Nov 1637)
    • Proceedings before Maltravers: 8/30 (28 Nov 1637)
    • Proceedings before Maltravers: 1/4 (28 Nov 1637)

People mentioned in the case

  • Dethick, Gilbert, registrar
  • Duck, Arthur, lawyer
  • Heriot, Mary (also Herriot)
  • Heriot, William (also Herriot)
  • Howard, Henry, baron Maltravers
  • Howard, Thomas, earl of Arundel and Surrey
  • Merrick, William, lawyer
  • Norton, Hugh, victualler (also Neaughton, O'Neaughton)
  • Tickeridge, Agnes
  • Tickeridge, Thomas
  • Washbourne, Agnes (also Washborne)
  • Washbourne, Herriot, gent (also Washborne)
  • Washbourne, Mary (also Washborne)
  • Washbourne, Robert (also Washborne)
  • Watson, John

Places mentioned in the case

  • London
    • Bishopsgate
    • St Helen
  • Middlesex
    • Westminster
  • Worcestershire
    • Wichingford
  • Yorkshire

Topics of the case

  • denial of gentility
  • Herald