710 Wilcocks v Cowland

The Court of Chivalry 1634-1640.

This free content was Born digital. CC-NC-BY.


Richard Cust. Andrew Hopper, '710 Wilcocks v Cowland', The Court of Chivalry 1634-1640, British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/no-series/court-of-chivalry/710-wilcocks-cowland [accessed 14 June 2024].

Richard Cust. Andrew Hopper. "710 Wilcocks v Cowland", in The Court of Chivalry 1634-1640, (, ) . British History Online, accessed June 14, 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/no-series/court-of-chivalry/710-wilcocks-cowland.

Cust, Richard. Hopper, Andrew. "710 Wilcocks v Cowland", The Court of Chivalry 1634-1640, (, ). . British History Online. Web. 14 June 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/no-series/court-of-chivalry/710-wilcocks-cowland.

In this section


Thomas Wilcocks of Tottenham High Cross, co. Middlesex, esq v Francis Cowland of Brightlingsea, co. Essex

June 1635

Figure 710:

Seventeenth-century Colchester. Witnesses were appointed to meet at the King's Head, just off the High Street (marked with an O) in January 1636 (From John Speed, The Theatre of Great Britain (1611))


Cowland was attached to appear in June 1635 at the suit of Wilcocks for scandalous words likely to provoke a duel. A commission headed by John Eldred, gent, was appointed to meet to examine witnesses at the King's Head in Colchester, Essex, from 7 to 9 January (probably 1635/6). But no further proceedings survive.

Initial proceedings

7/65, Appointment of commissioners

No date

John Eldred, gent, of Colchester

Stephen Nettles, clerk

Francis Wheeler of Brightlingsea, gent.

John Danett of Colchester gent.

To meet at the Kings Head at Colchester, on 7-9 January.

Summary of proceedings

On 9 June 1635 Francis Cowland was cited and attached to appear at the suit of Thomas Wilcocks to inquire into scandalous words provocative of a duel. The cause came before the Earl of Huntingdon, Lord Maltravers, Sir Henry Marten, Sir Francis Crane and Sir Henry Spelman on 20 June 1635.


Thomas Wilcocks of Brightlingsea, co. Essex was named in the 1634 Visitation of Essex as an esquire for the body of Charles I in 1634 was the eldest surviving son of Richard Wilcocks of London, gent (d.1624), and Alice, daughter of George Parkehurst of Ipswich, co. Suffolk. Thomas Wilcocks married Mary, the eldest daughter of John Wakering of Kelvedon, co. Essex, esq.

W. C. Metcalfe (ed.), The Visitations of Essex (Publications of the Harleian Society, 13, 1878), vol. 1, p. 523.


  • Initial proceedings
    • Appointment of commissioners: 7/65 (no date)
  • Proceedings
    • Proceedings before Arundel: 8/24 (9 Jun 1635)
    • Proceedings before Huntingdon: 8/25 (20 Jun 1635)
    • Undated proceedings: R.19, fos. 390-399 (c. Jun 1635?)

People mentioned in the case

  • Cowland, Francis
  • Crane, Francis, knight
  • Danett, John, gent
  • Eldred, John, gent
  • Hastings, Henry, earl of Huntingdon
  • Howard, Henry, baron Maltravers
  • Howard, Thomas, earl of Arundel and Surrey
  • Nettles, Stephen, clerk
  • Parkehurst, Alice
  • Parkehurst, George
  • Spelman, Henry, knight
  • Wakering, John, esq
  • Wakering, Mary
  • Wheeler, Francis, gent
  • Wilcocks, Alice
  • Wilcocks, Mary
  • Wilcocks, Richard, gent
  • Wilcocks, Thomas, esq

Places mentioned in the case

  • Essex
    • Brightlingsea
    • Colchester
    • Kelvedon
  • Middlesex
    • Tottenham High Cross
  • Suffolk
    • Ipswich

Topics of the case

  • provocative of a duel