K

Dictionary of English Furniture Makers 1660-1840. Originally published by W.S. Maney and Son Limited, Leeds, 1986.

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'K', in Dictionary of English Furniture Makers 1660-1840, (Leeds, 1986) pp. 500-520. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/no-series/dict-english-furniture-makers/k [accessed 13 April 2024]

K

Kain, Henry, Brook St, Chester, cm (1840). Free 30 August 1840. [Freemen rolls]

Kamp, Jacob, 68 Margaret St, Cavendish Sq., London, cm (1782–86). In 1782 took out insurance cover of £400 of which £300 was in respect of utensils and tools. In 1786 utensils and stock, including that kept in a workshop, were covered for £280. [GL, Sun MS vol. 302, p. 127; vol. 339, p. 151]

Kampf, Frederick, address unknown, cm (1805). In 1805 supplied to the Princess of Wales an ‘Antique circular table with Sphinx Egyptian Feet with inlaid brass and brass fret gallery’ at £52 10s. Also in the same year provided ‘12 Handsome Gothic Chairs in Bronze & Gold, cain'd seats’ at £66. This maker went bankrupt and payment was made to assignees John Gostling and John Appletree. [RA, 25192]

Karby, George, 2 Chambers St, Goodman's Yd, London, looking-glass frame maker (1820). [D]

Kashiere, Joseph, Compton St, Covent Gdn, London, cm (1749). [Westminster poll bk]

Kay, A. & Co., Cranberry Fold, Darwen (Over), Blackburn parish, Lancs., joiners, cm and machine makers (1825). [D]

Kay, George, 17 Hart St, Manchester, cm (1836). [D]

Kay, James, Bury, Lancs., u and cm (1787–95). Bankrupt November 1787. [Gents Mag., November 1787; Billinge's Liverpool Advertiser, 15 June 1795]

Kay, James, Liverpool, cm (1802). Free 5 July 1802. [Freemen reg.]

Kay, James, Newton Sq., Leigh, Lancs., chairmaker etc. (1825). [D]

Kay, John, Preston and Liverpool, chairmaker (1782–1802). Freeman of Preston, 1782. Described as grandson of ‘John the Baker’. In 1802 his son, Joseph, chairmaker was made free of Preston. At the time both Joseph and his father were working in Liverpool. John Kay snr had two other sons, James and John. [Preston freemen rolls]

Kay, John, Manchester, cm and u (1804–34). In 1804 at 72 Market St, but from 1814–18 the number is 74. By 1828 had moved to Fountain St, where the number was 86, but had changed to 38 by 1834. [D] See John and William Kaye.

Kay, John, Kirkburton, near Huddersfield, Yorks., joiner/cm (1834). [D]

Kay, Joseph, Preston and Liverpool, chairmaker (1802). Son of John Kay of Preston, working in Liverpool, 1802. Joseph Kay was free of Preston in 1802, but like his father working in Liverpool. He has two brothers, James and John jnr. [Preston freemen rolls]

Kay, Joseph, Kirkburton, near Huddersfield, Yorks., joiner/cm (1834). [D]

Kay, Joshua, Davies Mews, Oxford St, London, cm and u (1827). [D]

Kay, Peter, Liverpool, cm (1802). Free 5 July 1802. [Freemen reg.]

Kay, Quintin, 14 Ludgate Hill, London, u (1754–d. 1807). Son of John Kay of Doncaster, Yorks., Gent. Free of the London Upholders’ Co. by redemption under the terms of the 1750 Upholders’ Act, 16 November 1763. It is probable however that he already had an interest in the furniture trade before this date as his name is recorded in the list of subscribers to Chippendale's Director, 1754. In 1763 he entered into partnership with Frances Say and carried on the business after Say's death in 1778. Kay was probably in effective charge well before this as his name appears on documents dating from 1775 and Say died at ‘Hadley’ (Hadleigh, Suffolk?). He is recorded in 1778–79 obtaining a licence to employ one nonfreeman. The business was already by this date of a substantial size and in 1775 the insurance cover on utensils and stock amounted to £3,200. This had increased substantially by January 1787 when utensils, stock, a warehouse and a workshop in Peacock Ct, Bridge St, Blackfriars were insured for £5,100. This workshop was to remain the main centre of production for the business throughout its entire existence and in 1804 stock there accounted for £3,300 out of an entire insurance cover of £11,050. In that year his dwelling house, shops and warehouse in Ludgate Hill accounted for £4,100, the remaining cover being for five houses in tenure to others. In 1792–93 a house at 25 Hatton Gdn was insured and was being used either for manufacturing or displaying and storing goods. Included in the list of master cabinet makers in Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. Kay died in July 1807 after ‘more than half a century a respectable upholder’. Directory entries continue to 1811.

As the size of the business suggests that Quintin Kay was one of the largest of the London upholders at this period one would expect his patronage to be extensive and substantial. He is recorded in the Longford Castle, Wilts. accounts, 1780–81 and 1790. No details are known of the items supplied or work undertaken, but in 1780 he was paid £100; in 1781, £3111s 6d; and in 1790, £29 3s. In the period 1792–94 he supplied furniture to a value of £1,550 to Penrice Castle, Glam. which included pier glasses, a satinwood table and a fire screen. Between May and December 1798 he supplied goods and undertook work for Sir Thomas Baring of the Manor House, Lewisham, Kent. The main item was a cylinder writing desk which was charged at £16 16s but a pair of blankets and the repair of two boxes brought the total to £19 11s 6d. In the year of his death, 1807, he supplied furniture to Petworth House, Sussex. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 240, p. 421; vol. 340, p. 537; vol. 386, p. 553; vol. 392, p. 6; vol. 395, p. 381; vol. 430, ref. 757673; City Licence bks, vol. 9; Upholders’ Co. records; Gents Mag., July 1807; C. Life, 25 September 1975, pp. 755–56; Apollo, May 1977, p. 366; V & A archives; Heal] B.A.

Kay, Samuel, Nantwich, Cheshire, u (1815). On 21 February 1815 married Elizabeth Hesketh. Daughter Mary bapt. on 15 November of same year. [PR (bapt.)]

Kay, Samuel, Liverpool, cm (1840). Free 28 July 1840. A Samuel Kay was app. to Bartholomew Tyrer, u of Liverpool in 1828 and may be the same man. [App. bk; freemen reg.]

Kay, William, Fountain St, Manchester, carpenter, joiner and cm (1788). [D]

Kay, William, Salford, Lancs., cm and chairmaker (1804–40). In 1804 at 11 Brown's Cross St and from 1817–25 at 6 Johnson St. The latter address was his dwelling house and in 1825 he also had premises at 5 Kay's Ct. From 1832 in New Bailey St, the number being 5 or 6, 1832–33 and 8 from 1836–40. [D]

Kaye, Henry, Goodramgate, York, cm (1765–88). Son of Thomas Kaye, coppersmith. Free as cm in 1765. He offered timber for sale, 5 April 1774. His son Joseph was app. to William Ford, cm, on 7 September 1773, and another son, Robert was free as a cm in 1788. [D; poll bk; freemen rolls; York Courant, 5 April 1774]

Kaye, James, Liverpool, chairmaker (b. 1807–30). Born 30 October 1807, son of Thomas Kaye, freeman of Liverpool. Petitioned freedom by patrimony in 1828. Free 1830. [Freemen's committee bk]

Kaye, John, back of Crosshall St, Liverpool, chairmaker (1790–96). In 1790 at back of 75 Crosshall St but in 1796 at back of 36. [D]

Kaye, John, Manchester, cm and u (1803–40). Probably the John Kaye of Manchester who subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. By 1811 at 74 Market St and remained at this address until c. 1825. In this year he is shown with a house at Green Heys, Charlton Row. About 1825 moved to 38 Fountain St where he stayed until at least 1829. From 1832–40 at 86 Fountain St as an u, and also recorded at no 16 in 1832–33 as a cm. In 1825 supplied to Lord Leicester (later Lord de Tabley), at Tabley Hall, Knutsford, Cheshire, a Brussels carpet at a cost of £34 5s. The billhead gives an address at 1 Market St and indicates that apart from his work as a cm and u he maintained a carpet, paper and feather warehouse. [D; Chester RO, Tabley Hall vouchers]

Kaye, Joseph, Moorfields, Liverpool, cm (1796–1810). At 29 Moorfields in 1796 but in 1805 the number was 41 and from 1807–10 it was 39. [D]

Kaye, Richard, 40 Fazackerley St, Liverpool, cm (1796). [D]

Kaye, Robert, York, cm (1788). Son of Henry Kaye of Goodramgate, York, cm. Free 1788 as a cm. [Freemen rolls]

Kaye, Robert, London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Kaye, William, Liverpool, carver and gilder (1818–39). At 15 Skelhorne St in 1818 but thereafter in Lime St. Here he was at 55 in 1821–24, both 57 and 53 in 1827, 63 in 1829–35, 51 in 1837 and 48 in 1839. [D]

Kaye, William, 86 Fountain St, Manchester, cm and u (1836). The same address was occupied by John Kay(e) in 1836. [D]

Kayes, Michael snr, Long Row, Nottingham, joiner, cm and u (1756–d. 79). Took as apps James Bond (1756), John Shelton (1758, John Heydon (1759), George William Cartwright (1768), Joseph Kyte (1774) and Morgan Leeson (1775). [App. bks; Notts. RO, probate records; poll bk]

Kayes, Michael jnr, Long Row, Nottingham, joiner, cm and u (1779–83). Carried on his father's business after his death. Took as apps William Wylde (1781) and Lancelot Machin (1783). [App. bks; poll bk; Leicester Journal, 6 February 1779]

Kaygill, Daniel Mandevil, London, carver, gilder and lookingglass manufacturer (1791–1801). At 11 King St, Holborn in 1791, where he took out insurance cover of £300 which included £100 for utensils and stock. In 1800–01 at 494 Strand. [D; GL, Sun MS 22 August 1791, ref. 687665]

Kaygill, William, address unrecorded, cm (1754). Suscribed to Chippendale's Director, 1754.

Kayns, Ayliff(e), High St, Malmesbury, Wilts., cm, u and appraiser (1830–39). [D]

Kean, John, address unknown (c. 1796). Supplied furniture for Woburn Abbey, Beds. [C. Life, 8 July 1965, p. 102]

Kearney, James, Narrowgate, Alnwick, Northumb., carver and gilder (1827). [D]

Kearsley, James, King St, Wigan, Lancs., cm (1816). [D]

Kearsley, James, Manchester, carver and gilder (1822–29). At 1 China Lane in 1822, 12 Back Piccadilly in 1825 and 68 Port St in 1829. [D]

Kearsley, John, Millgate, Wigan, Lancs., cm (1818–25). [D]

Kearsley, John, Westgate, Ripon, Yorks., joiner/cm (1834–37). [D]

Kearsley, William, King St, Wigan, Lancs., cm (1814). Business continued by James Kearsley at this address. [D]

Kearsley, William, Salford and Manchester, Lancs., furniture broker and cm (1819–34). At Old Bridge, Salford in 1819; but in 1824–25 at Tib St, Stable St in one directory, and Stevenson Sq., Manchester with his house at 3 Bennet St in another. The address in Bennet St, Oldham (or Lever) St was used from 1825–29, but in 1832–33 an address at 32 Spear St is listed, and in 1834 Stevenson's Sq., Lever St. [D]

Keary, Daniel, Wells, Som., chairmaker (1798). [D]

Keasley, Ann, High St, Reigate, Surrey, u etc. (1838–39). [D]

Keasley, John, Reigate, Surrey, cm (1826–32). [D]

Keates, Joseph, Hartshead, Sheffield, Yorks., turner and chairmaker (1822). [D]

Keating, —, Grosvenor Mews, Grosvenor Sq., London, cm (1832–34). [D] See Ball & Keating at this address.

Keating, Daniel, 13 Prices St, Liverpool, cm (1823–d. 1828). Recorded at Prices St, 1823–24. Died 27 February 1828 in New York. [D; Liverpool Mercury, 2 May 1828]

Keating, David, Liverpool, cm (1818). Free 15 June 1818. [Freemen reg.]

Keating, William, 4 Portland St, Wardour St, Soho, London, cm and u (1821–39). In both 1821 and 1822 took out insurance cover of £750. Of this £500 was for the dwelling house but there were workshops behind, one of which was occupied by Bowman, cm. In 1822 the insurance policy was taken out in conjunction with William Harris. Keating does not appear in London directories until 1835. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 488, ref. 985449; vol. 493, ref. 993073]

Keating, William, Liverpool, cm (1835–39). In 1835 at 3 Dickson St, Hartington and in 1839 had a shop at 55 St James St. [D]

Keats, John, North St, Dorchester, Dorset, cm (1823–30). [D]

Keats, Joseph, 10 Hartshead, Sheffield, Yorks., chairmaker (1830). [D]

Kebbell, —, Beauvoirtown, Dalston, London, cm (1826). [D]

Kebblewhite, Thomas, Lidard Millicent, Wilts., turner and chairmaker (1782). Took out insurance cover of £100 of which half was in respect of utensils and stock in trade. [GL, Sun MS vol. 298, p. 436]

Kebe, —, address unknown, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Keck (or Keek), John, Moreton-in-Marsh, Glos., joiner, cm and mortgager (1782–84). Insured his house for £300. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 299, p. 598]

Keeble, Elizabeth, Nicholas St, Colchester, Essex, cm and u (1839). [D]

Keeble, Robert, Robert, Crow St, Stowmarket, Suffolk, cm (1830). [D]

Keeble, Samuel, 11 Old Change, Cheapside, London, joiner and carver (1781–1823). Mentioned in the app. records of the Goldsmiths’ Co., 2 May 1781. [D; PRO, C132/35]

Keegan, John, Paradise St, Rotherhithe, London, u (1826). [D]

Keel, William, parish of St Mary Magdalene, Oxford, cm (1768). [Poll bk]

Keele, Arthur, Oxford, cm (1745–d. 1771). In 1745 took app. named Ford. Dead by March 1771 when his stock of new furniture was sold off. [S of G, app. index; Jackson's Oxford Journal, 5 March 1771]

Keeler, Jabez, 1 Picton St, Bristol, cm (1833–35). [D]

Keeler, John, parish of St Alphage, Canterbury, Kent, cm (1795–96). Free 1795. [Freemen rolls; poll bk]

Keeler, Philip & Butler, Philip, opposite ‘The King's Head Tavern’, Middle Row, Holborn, London, cm (1752). Both partners were dead by 1752 when their stock was sold by auction. [General Advertiser, 11 May 1752]

Keeling, Ambrose, 39 Guildford Pl., Ken Lane, London, cm and u (1827). [D]

Keeling, Benjamin, Stafford, cm, u and maker of fancy chairs (1818–35). Trading at Salter St in 1818 and Goalgate St, 1822–35. [D]

Keeling, William, Chester, cm (1812–26). Free 6 October 1812. Shown in Princess St, 1812 and 1826, but in 1819 at George St. [Freemen rolls; poll bks]

Keen, D., 25 Hedge Row, Islington, London, cm etc. (1820). [D]

Keen, John, 59 Fleet Mkt, London, chairmaker, cm and broker (1775). Took out insurance of £1,000. Only £30 of this was in respect of utensils and stock kept at Fleet Mkt, but he had a manufactory at 29 Rosamund Row, Clerkenwell and utensils and stock here was valued at £225 with a similar sum in addition for stock in the yard. [GL, Sun MS vol. 244, p. 129]

Keen, John, 10 Northampton Row, Spitalfields, Clerkenwell, London, cm (1790). Took out insurance cover of £500 in 1790. Of this £300 was in respect of workshops, a wareroom, a counting house and a shed. [GL, Sun MS 22 June 1790, ref. 570731]

Keen, Joseph, West Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (b. c. 1805–41). Aged 36 at the time of the 1841 Census.

Keen, S., London, cm and upholder (1806–25). At 4 Upper North Pl., Gray's Inn Rd, 1806–16. In 1816 an address at 181 Piccadilly is also shown. By 1820 the number of the Upper North Pl. address was shown as 20. The S. Keen, cm at 6 Doughty St, Meckleburgh Sq. in 1825 is probably the same maker. [D]

Keen, Samuel, 5 Upper Marylebone St, London, cm, u and bedstead maker (1811–27). The business commenced as a partnership known as Keen & Durley. This lasted until 1823 when Samuel Keen commenced trading on his own behalf. [D]

Keenan, Nicholas, Horse Mkt, Warrington, Lancs., chairmaker (1814–34). [D]

Keene, David, 10 Gt Warner St, Cold Bath Fields, London, cm (1813). [D]

Keene, John, Oxford St, London, cm (c. 1820). Label recorded on a Regency rosewood breakfast table with brass inlay banding, supported on a circular pillar with a concave three sided base.

Keene, R., London, u (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Keene, Robert, Coventry, Warks., cm (1757–78). Supplied furniture to the Leigh family for Stoneleigh Abbey, Warks. In 1757 two pearwood frames ‘gilt & frosted’ were charged at £4. On 14 March 1764 two large linen presses were invoiced at £24 9s 6¼. These were of oak and the main craftsman employed in their making was Thomas Gordon who worked on them for twenty-six days. He was assisted in erecting them by two other employees, Samuel Phillips and John Binney. A further invoice was concerned with the supply of two mahogany knife boxes, four large mahogany dish trays, three mahogany glass trays, a mahogany cistern and stand and two mahogany pails. The total cost of these items was £15 6s 6d. The two accounts were settled on 12 October 1764 with a payment of £39 16s and a warning on the account against attempts to bribe servants in Lord Leigh's employment. The oak presses were in the Stoneleigh Abbey sale (Christie's, 15 October 1981, lots 155–56). Robert Keene was bankrupt, May 1778, but the notice of bankruptcy lists him as Robert Keene the Younger and it is possible that both father and son were involved in the business. [Shakespeare Birthplace Trust, Leigh receipts, DR/5; Gents Mag., May 1778]

Keene, Samuel, 356 Oxford St, London, cm, u and appraiser (1819–29). His premises were near the Pantheon. In 1821 he stated he made ‘card, dining and sofa tables on the most improved principles’ and ‘also ladies work tables, dressing cases, desks, tea chests’. [D; PRO, B3/1354]

Keep, Richard, Richmond, Surrey, cm (1798). [D]

Keep, Thomas, Harpsden, Oxon., u (1763). On 8 August 1763 married Mary Knight of Shiplake, Oxon. at Shiplake. [Bodleian index of Oxf. marriage bonds]

Keeton, John, Cuckney, Notts., cm and joiner (1832). [D]

Keighley, John, Birstal, Yorks., joiner and cm (1828–37). [D]

Keir, John, Milk Ct, Westminster, London, cm (1774). [Poll bk]

Keith, George, 16 Wardour St, Soho, London, upholder (1788). [D]

Keith, William, 11 Phipps St, Shoreditch, London, chairmaker (1808). [D]

Keith, William, 54 Burlington Arcade, London, portable desk, dressing case, work box and cabinet case maker (1839). [D]

Kelham, John, 5 Berwick St, Soho, London, cm (1823). Took out insurance cover of £300 on 7 May 1823. Of this £130 was for utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 498, ref. 1005001]

Kelk, William, Portland St, Newark, Notts., cm and u (1819– 28). [D]

Kellam, Richard, 1 Brazenose St, Manchester, chairmaker (1808). [D]

Keller, Phillip, address unknown, looking-glass maker (1708–09). Supplied a number of small looking-glasses in walnut or olive wood frames to the 2nd Duke of Bedford at a total cost of £3 19s 6d. [Bedford Office, London]

Kellett, John, 32 Chancery Lane, Higher Ardwick, Manchester, builder, joiner and cm (1825). [D]

Kellett, John Patrick, 14 Dean St, Soho, London, bedstead maker and u (1829–39). [D]

Kelley, William, Catherine-wheel Alley, London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Kelley, William, 21 Cleveland St, Marylebone, London, carver (1829). [D]

Kellow, Francis, London, upholder (1721–24). Son of William Kellow, member of the Skinners’ Co. of London. App. to John Houseman, 17 September 1712, and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 5 July 1721. Recorded working at Chicheley, Bucks., 1722–24. In 1722 he was paid £6 7s for a gilt ‘chair bed’; in December 1723, £6 0s 7d for a chair, quilt, blankets etc.; and in January 1724, £2 13s for a featherbed. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Bucks. RO, D/C/2/3 (ii); V & A archives]

Kelly, —, address unknown, picture frame maker (1781). On 12 December 1781 charged £4 14s 6d for a picture frame supplied to Sir George Cornewall of Moccas Court, near Hereford, and Stanhope St, London. [Herefs. RO, Moccas papers J56/IV/3]

Kelly, Charles, 12 Cambridge St, Golden Sq., London, cm (1816–29). [D]

Kelly, Charles, 51 Fontenoy St, Liverpool, cm (1827). [D]

Kelly, Henry, Chester, cm (1831–40). Free 21 April 1831 and on 8 September of the same year married at St Peter's Church, Liverpool. At Lower Bridge St, Chester in 1834 but in 1840 at Russell St. [D; freemen rolls; Chester Courant, 13 September 1831]

Kelly, James, Chester, cm (1818–19). In 1818 at Mill St but in 1819 at Thomas Buildings. [Poll bks]

Kelly, James, Newport, Salop, u (1833). [PR (bapt.)]

Kelly, John, 27 Dartmouth St, London, cm and case maker (1801). In February 1801 took out insurance cover of £500 of which £300 was for utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 419, ref. 715218]

Kelly, John, Mortimer St, London, chair and sofa maker (1822–27). At 10 Mortimer St in 1822 but by 1827 the number had changed to 59. [D]

Kelly, Martin, Liverpool, furniture painter (1824–37). At 2 Derby St, Whitechapel in 1824, 3 Brooker's Alley, Stanley St in 1835 and 3 Stanley Ct, Stanley St in 1837. [D]

Kelly, Matthew, London, chairmaker (1808–20). In 1808 at 18 Stephen St, Tottenham Ct Rd, but in 1820 the business is listed as Matthew Kelly & Son at 60 Mortimer St, Cavendish Sq. [D]

Kelly, Richard, Catherine Wheel Alley, Whitechapel, London, cm (1783). In 1783 insured his utensils and stock in trade for £500. [GL, Sun MS vol. 306, p. 515]

Kelly, Richard, East St, South Molton, Devon, cm (1823–30). [D]

Kelly, Robert, Rainsford's Gdns, Liverpool, chairmaker (1818–39). Shown at 16 Rainsford's Gdns in 1818 and 1834, 23 and 24 in 1821–24, 16 in 1834, 8 in 1835, 9 in 1837 and 12 and 14 in 1839. Additional addresses shown are 13 Bostock St in 1837 and 74 Stanley St in 1839. [D]

Kelly, Mrs Sarah, Bridge St, Chester, cm, u and furniture broker (1837–40). Address shown as Lower Bridge St in 1834 and Bridge St Row in 1840. [D]

Kelly, Thomas, 25 Thayer St, Manchester Sq., London, upholder 1808. [D]

Kelly, William, Newman St, Oxford St, London, carver and gilder (1817). [D]

Kelly, William, 15 Berners Mews, Castle St East, London, wood and cabinet carver (1839). [D]

Kelly & Co., 23 Wells St, Oxford St, London, cm (1823). [D]

Kelsall, Edward, 1 King St, Hulme, Manchester, cm (1834). [D]

Kelsall, Thomas, London, upholder (1710–36). Free of the Upholders’ Co., 1710. Recorded at St Mary Axe, 1724–34, and in St Lawrence Lane, 1736. Bankrupt August 1736. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Heal; Gents Mag., August 1736]

Kelsey, James, Lancaster, cm (1817–18). [Lancaster freemen rolls]

Kelsey, James snr, Hull, Yorks., cm, u and broker, (1814–31). At 13 Blackfriargate in 1823 but by 1826 at no. 28. In 1831 at 49 Dock St. [D]

Kelsey, James jnr, Blackfriargate, Hull, Yorks., cm, u and broker (1831–40). At 28 Blackfriargate in 1831 but from 1834–40 at no. 9. [D]

Kelsey, John, London, cm (1729–46). In May 1729 living in Leicester St, parish of St Ann, Westminster. He appears to have kept part of his stock here which together with household goods was valued at £150. The bulk of his stock valued at £250 was however kept in a shop that was next door to the ‘Red Lion’ in King St. In 1746 his address was ‘over against the Bull and Gate in Holborn’, and it is probable that he was at this address two years earlier when in June 1744 he was attacked in Holborn. He is said to have stopped trading in 1746. Between April and September 1738 he supplied to Sir Richard Hoare for Barn Elms House a mahogany bed table, a screen on pillars and claws, a fine mahogany bed enriched with carving and a table etc. for which £17s 15s 4d was charged. [GL, Sun MS vol. 29; Heal; General Advertiser, 16 June 1744; Harris, Old English Furniture, p. 24; V & A, 86 NN. 3]

Kelsey, John & Co., Paradise St, Liverpool, upholders (1787). [D]

Kelsey, John, 7 Grotto Sq., Mason St, Hull, Yorks., cm and shopkeeper (1817–34). In 1835–38 at the same address but shown only as a shopkeeper. In 1839 the trade is listed as grocer. [D]

Kelsey, John, Walker Sq., Hull, Yorks., joiner and cm (1823– 40). In 1823 the address is listed as Walker Sq., Paragon Pl.; in 1826–35 as Walker Sq., Sykes Pl. (or Sykes St); and from 1838 as 7 Walker's Sq. [D]

Kelsey, Thomas, London, cm (1831). Freeman of Sandwich, Kent. [Sandwich poll bk]

Kelshaw, J., Lancaster (1789–92). [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow records]

Kelshaw, James, Liverpool, cm (1753). In 1753 took app. named Bolton. [S of G, app. index]

Kelshaw, Jos., 5 Blackmoor St, Clare Mkt, London, carver and gilder (1809). [D]

Kelson, Chas., 10 Caroline Buildings, Bath, Som., cm (1826). [D]

Kelter, William, Lewes, Sussex, cm (before 1762). In 1762 or before, his shop was taken over by John Harley, cm. [Sussex Weekly Advertiser, 3 May 1762]

Kemble, Samuel, 11 Old Change, London, carver and gilder (1784). [D]

Kemm, William, Castle St, Salisbury, Wilts., carver and gilder (1839). [D]

Kemp, Ebenezer, London, upholder (1816). Son of Matthew Kemp, upholder. Admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co., 6 March 1816. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Kemp, George, Cornhill London, upholder, cm and glass grinder (1755–97). Son of George Kemp of Ramsgate, Kent, mariner. Father of Matthew Kemp and George Kemp jnr, both members of the Upholders’ Co. George Kemp snr was made free of the Upholders’ Co. by redemption under the terms of the 1750 Upholders’ Act on 28 August 1755. In 1788 he was master of the Co. He was already trading by 1757 and for the next ten years is recorded taking out licences to employ non-freemen. In 1765 and 1767 licences were granted for ten men for three months. He took as apps John Southeram, who was free 1765; John Joad from 1767–71; and his own son George, 1788–95. Early addresses are given as either Ball Ct, Cornhill, or the sign of the ‘Golden Ball’, Cornhill. His business premises were however later numbered 64 Cornhill. A trade card with a fine Rococo frame [Heal Coll., BM] describes the nature of his business. He made ‘all Sorts of Cabinets, Chairs, Upholstery, Glasses, Chests of Drawers, Desks, Book-cases, Bureau furnitures, Cabinet, Commode, Dressing, Dining, Pembroke & Breakfast TABLES; easy French Settee & Bed-Chairs, SOPHA'S, Camp, Tent, Field & Down Beds & Blankets of all Sorts. Floor Carpets made to Rooms of any Size. Sconce, Pier, Chimney, Swinging and Dressing Glasses in ye genteelest Taste’. He took out insurance cover for considerable sums but this was in the main on property in various parts of London. His utensils and stock were however valued at £400 in 1777 and a warehouse similarly valued in 1781. It is possible that he manufactured at other locations to that in Cornhill, since in November 1765 a fire in Bishopsgate St was said to have damaged the premises of many tradesmen including Kemp & Co., cm. This may well have been a correct designation for the business at this period, for directories in 1769–70 list the business as Kemp & Gould. George Kemp was a Fellow of the Society of Arts, 1762.

About 1785 he took his son Matthew into the business and it is from this date listed as George Kemp & Son. In the mid 1780s insurance cover amounted to £500 for utensils and stock and a further £500 specifically for glass. This reflected a growing interest in mirror production. In April 1794 George and Matthew Kemp petitioned the House of Commons regarding the Plate Glass Co. of Ravenhead. In 1790 this company had agreed to supply the Kemps with equipment to build a mill to polish and grind plate glass and to instruct them in their processes. In return the Kemps were to share their experience in plate glass polishing and grinding. A mirror of c. 1760 in style but later in date, is known with a trade label inscribed ‘George Kemp & Son, GLASS-GRINDERS, London’. [D; GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Sun MS vol. 259, p. 520; vol. 260, p. 29; vol. 261, p. 627; vol. 296, p. 27; vol. 299, p. 216; vol. 321, p. 586; vol. 334, p. 167; Hand in Hand MS vol. 105, p. 73; City Licence bks, vols 2–5 Gents Mag., November 1765, p. 535; Heal; Wills, Looking-Glasses, pp. 50, 154; Antiques, May 1968, p. 647] B.A.

Kemp, George jnr, 64 Cornhill, London, upholder (1795). Son of George Kemp snr and brother of Matthew Kemp. App. to George Kemp snr on 6 August 1788 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 2 September 1795. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Kemp, James, parish of St Stephen, Norwich, cm (1826–30). Son of Isaac Kemp, cordwainer. Admitted freeman, 16 December 1826. [Freemen reg.; poll bk]

Kemp, John, Gt Yarmouth, Norfolk, u (1787–98). App. to Robert Harley and William Seaman and free 1787. Trading at Gt Yarmouth in 1798. [D; freemen rolls; poll bks]

Kemp, John, 77 Mark Lane, London, upholder (1800). Son of Richard Kemp of Moorfields, Shoreditch, hosier. App. to Joseph Taylor on 4 June 1783 and Henry Blaxland on 2 February 1785. Free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 2 July 1800. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Kemp, Matthew, 64 Cornhill, London, cm and glass grinder (c. 1798–1816). Son of George Kemp snr and brother of George Kemp jnr. Father of Ebenezer Kemp. Free of the Upholders’ Co. by patrimony, 1 May 1782. Partner with his father in the business of George Kemp & Son, c. 1785–97. He then took over the business, though one directory still shows M. & G. Kemp as late as 1802. It is possible that as Matthew's initial is listed first that this might be George jnr rather than his father. In 1803 listed in Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary as a master cm. [D; GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Kemp, Matt., Mead Pl., Lambeth, London, cm and chairmaker (1827). [D]

Kemp, Richard, Richmond, Surrey, cm (1798). [D]

Kemp, Thomas, Norwich and London, cm (1789–1806). Son of David Kemp, weaver. Admitted freeman, 28 November 1789. A Thomas Kemp cm, working in London from 1799–1806, is probably the same craftsman. [Norwich freemen reg; poll bks]

Kemp, William, London, upholder (1711–47). Son of William Kemp of the parish of St Giles, Middlx., baker. App. to Ezra Doughty on 11 July 1711, and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 1 July 1724. Took as apps James Robinson, free 1739, and Thomas Bennett, 1726–1746/47. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Kempster, Samuel, ‘against the General Post Office, Broad St, London’, upholder (1713). Freeman of London. [GL, Sun MS vol. 3, p. 78]

Kendal, John, Lancaster (1823). Named in Gillow records in connection with making a dressing table. [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow vol. 344/101, p. 3247]

Kendal, John, Langwathby, Penrith, Cumb., joiner/cm (1829). [D]

Kendall, George Knipe, Lancaster, u (1837). App. to James Kendall of Lancaster, u and cm in 1830, and free, 1837–38. [Lancaster app. reg and freemen rolls]

Kendall, James, Bondgate, Otley, Yorks., cm (1798–1822). May be related to and associated in business with William Kendall of Otley, fl. 1798. [D]

Kendall, James, Lancaster, u and cm (1821–38). Recorded at Cheapside, 1834. [D] App. to H. T. Smith, u, in 1821, and free as an u, 1827–28. Between 1830–35 took three apps, one of whom was George Knipe Kendall, free 1837–38. Three further apps were taken, 1836–38. [Lancaster app. reg. and freemen rolls]

Kendall, John, ‘the Chest of Drawers and Sconce, near the Red Lyon’, Colchester, Essex, joiner and cm (1726–30). His trade card [Colchester Museum] states that ‘All Sorts of Joiners and cabinet maker's goods … all sorts of glasses … canes, maps and prints, all sorts of womens and childrens shoes, cloggs, pattens etc.’ were stocked. The card shows a tallboy and a sconce. In 1730 took app. named Trumble. [S of G, app. index]

Kendall, John, Union St, York, joiner and cm (1791). On 8 February 1791 took out insurance cover of £900. [GL, Sun MS vol. 374, ref. 579972]

Kendall, John, Marshall St, Liverpool, u (1794). [D]

Kendall, John, Liverpool, cm (1796–1807). App. to Robert Hardwick and free, 25 May 1796. In that year took app. named Robert Johnson, who may not have completed his apprenticeship, since in 1812, when he petitioned for freedom he was a book-keeper. John Kendall is shown trading at 5 Trueman St, Dale St in 1800 and 11 Crofton Ct in 1807. [D; freemen's committee bk]

Kendall, John, Bondgate, Otley, Yorks., cm, joiner and builder (1828). [D]

Kendall, Joseph, Ratcliffe Highway, London, carver and gilder (1776). In 1776 took out insurance cover for £200 of which £50 was for utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 249, ref. 369961]

Kendall, Joseph, Market Rasen, Lincs., joiner and cm (1780). Insured his house for £100 in 1780. [GL, Sun MS vol. 284, p. 109]

Kendall, Nathaniel, Otley, Yorks., joiner and cm (1759). In 1759 took app. named Strickland. [S of G, app. index]

Kendall, O., Salisbury St, Blandford Forum, Dorset, cm (1823). [D]

Kendall, Robert jnr, Colchester, Essex, upholder, hosier and draper (1775–84). In 1775 insured his stock for £1,900 out of a total cover of £2,000. [GL, Sun MS vol. 236, p. 605; poll bk]

Kendall, Robert, Harwich, Essex, cm (1781). Freeman of Colchester. [Colchester poll bk]

Kendall, Robert, Norwich, cm (1784). Freeman of Colchester. [Colchester poll bk]

Kendall, Robert, Harford St, Liverpool, cm (1818). On 1 February 1818 married Mary Parkinson at St Anne's Church. [D; Liverpool Mercury, 20 February 1818]

Kendall, Robert, 2 or 3 Back Falkner St, Manchester, cm and chairmaker (1834–40). [D]

Kendall, Thomas, parish of St Nicholas, Colchester, Essex, joiner and cm (1716–22). Took out insurance cover in 1716 and 1722. In October 1722 both Thomas Kendall snr and jnr are referred to. The dwelling house of the the latter was insured for £300. [GL, Sun MS vol. 5, ref. 6533; vol. 14, p. 388]

Kendall, William, Colchester, Essex, cm (1755–56). Peter Du Cane of Braxted Park, Essex paid Kendall £19 7s 6d on 18 November 1755 and £6 7s 6d on 16 October 1756. No details of the goods and work involved are listed. [Essex RO, D/DDC A13 folio 59]

Kendall, William, Norwich, cm (1757). In 1757 took app. named Lewis. [S of G, app. index]

Kendall, William, Otley, Yorks., cm (1798). May be related to or associated with James Kendall of Otley. [D]

Kendall, William, 117 Westgate, Bradford, Yorks., cm (1830–37). [D]

Kendall & Son(s), New St and Lombard St, Birmingham, cabinet, dressing case and portable desk makers (1830–35). Recorded at 17 New St with manufactory in 49 Lombard St in 1835. [D]

Kendall & Son, 447 West Strand and 1 Adelaide St, London, and 63 Wire St, Bristol, perfumers, jewellers, cabinet case makers and importers of foreign fancy merchandise to the Royal Family (1836–37). In 1838 succeeded by G. B. Worboys. [D]

Kendel, Thomas, Bowman Lane, Leeds, Yorks., cm (1814–16). [D]

Kendell, John, Leeds, Yorks., cm (1783–1840). An important Leeds maker whose business was eventually taken over in 1863 by the equally well known firm of Marsh & Jones. The earliest known reference occurs in 1783 when insurance cover of £700 was taken out of which £600 was for utensils, stock and sheds. By 8 March 1791, when the address was listed as Vicar Lane, the insurance cover had risen to £1,000 and in the following year to £1,400. The 1792 cover included a workshop and warehouse valued at £150, utensils and stock in a yard valued at £350 and three houses and three workshops in Vicar Lane ‘all under one roof’ valued at £150. In 1783 the business had been described as that of a ‘carpenter, cabinetmaker & merchant’, in 1791 as a ‘cabinet maker & joiner’ and in 1792 as a ‘timber merchant and cabinet maker’. In 1793 he subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book. Subsequent addresses for the firm are Mill Hill in 1798 and West Bar, Mill Hill from 1811. The number in West Bar was 44 in 1811, 55 in 1816, 7 in 1826–34 and 10 in 1837. Listed also at 55 Mill Hill in 1816–17. The premises taken over in 1811 were formerly occupied by Samuel Stead and were near the ‘Coloured Cloth Hall’. From 1816 the words ‘& Co.’ were added to the trading style, while in 1822 the increasing interest in seating furniture is reflected by the adoption of the words ‘hair seating & curled hair manufacturers’ to their trade description.

A number of patrons of the firm are known. Between 1818–22 they were employed by the Earl of Harewood at Harewood House, near Leeds. The amounts are fairly modest, that in 1818 amounting to £39 for instance. A much more substantial volume of work was carried out between 1827–30 for a Miss Currer totalling £1,000. Kendell also worked at Farnley Hall, Otley, Yorks., and for the period 1833–34 £62 0s 10d was paid to the firm. Kendell & Co. probably from the 1830s started to adopt a policy of labelling their furniture. The labels provided spaces for a serial number and the name of the craftsmen employed on the project. The lowest serial number so far noted is 66000 on a writing table sold as ‘William IV’ from the Rudding Park, Yorks. sale (Christie's 14 October 1972). A further pair of mahogany writing tables from the same sale bore the number 69295. Two library tables whose appearance suggests a date of c. 1830–40 bearing the numbers 67383 and 69294 were sold by Lawrence's of Crewkerne in March 1983. A rosewood portfolio stand described as ‘Regency’ was sold at Christie's (25 November 1976) but was numbered 85809 suggesting a later date than the other items mentioned. In the absence of the business records of the firm, dating can only be assessed by the style of the piece, but if the numbers run consecutively, as one would expect, they do provide a valuable relative dating guide between pieces so numbered. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 317, p. 488; vol. 375, p. 553; vol. 386, p. 83; Leeds Intelligencer, 28 October 1811; Furn. Hist., 1967; Joy, English Furniture 1800–1851, p. 235] B.A.

Kendell, Thomas, Quebec, Leeds, Yorks., cm (1765–93). By tradition the business was established c. 1760 and Thomas Kendell was an ex-employee of Gillows of Lancaster. For this assertion there is no documentary evidence. The business was however in existence by 1765 when it is mentioned in the Harewood House archives for work carried out at Gawthorp. On 3 April 1788 Thomas ‘Kendall’ leased a site ‘opposite Quebec in Leeds’ for 60 years at £10 per annum to erect a dwelling house. His former address is not known. In 1791 he signed the dedication of The Leeds Cabinet and Chair Makers’ Book of Prices on behalf of the master cabinet makers of Leeds, an indication of his status in the trade. On 15 June 1793 he took out insurance cover of £600 of which only £150 was in respect of utensils and tools. By this date he was elderly; the enterprise of John Kendell had been trading for a number of years and it is probable that he was running down his own business. [D; Leeds RO, Harewood MS and Leases; GL, Sun MS vol. 395, p. 300; Furn. Hist., 1967]

Kendrick, Edward, parish of St Michael, Bristol, carver (1734– 54). [Poll bks]

Kendrick, James, Liverpool, cm (1822). Married Miss Betsy Smith at St Paul's Church on 7 April 1822. [Liverpool Mercury, 19 April 1822]

Kendrick, John, Sankey St, Warrington, Lancs., u (1781–87). [D]

Kendrick, Peter, Warrington, Lancs., u (1798). [D]

Kengall, Charles, 5 David St, Marylebone, London, cm and u (1822). [D]

Keningale, Robert, Old Butter Mkt, Ipswich, Suffolk, u and appraiser (1806–39). Married in 1806 at the church of St Lawrence, Ipswich. Not recorded in directories until 1830 however. [D; Suffolk RO, FAA: 50/2/113, p. 34; poll bks]

Keninmore, John, 22 Featherstone St, near City Rd, London, cm (1820–29). His trade card [archives dept, Hackney Libraries] describes him as a ‘Fire Screen and Cabinet Maker’. He claimed to make and sell ‘Fire Screens, Ladies Work, Loo & Card Tables of Rose Wood, Mahogany Dining Tables of different descriptions ready made of fine wood’. He dealt in ‘Fine Veneers, Dining Table Wood’ and stated ‘Ladies Needle Work & Paintings Framed & Glazed for Fire Screens’ and ‘Dressing Glasses made to any size’. The card is illustrated with engravings of a cabinet, pole screen, games table and a four-fold screen. [D]

Kenna, James, Chester, u (1732). [Poll bk]

Kenneday, Anthony, Bedfordbury, London, chairmaker (1749). [Westminster poll bk]

Kennedy, Daniel, London, carver and gilder (1811–16). At New Lisle St, Leicester Fields in 1811 but from 1814–16 at 51 Rathbone Pl., Oxford St. In January 1816 advertised ‘Pier, Chimney and Dressing Glasses … manufactured on premises’ and ‘frames for artists, glasses re-silvered, old work regilt’. [D; Times, 4 January 1816]

Kennedy, James, 32 Earl St West, Lisson Grove, London, carver and gilder (1835). [D]

Kennedy, John, Windsor, Berks., chairmaker (1720). In 1720 eight ‘forrest chairs’ were supplied to Temple Newsam House, Leeds at a cost of 6s each. Carriage was charged in addition from Windsor. [Furn. Hist., 1967]

Kennedy, John, Bolton Yd, Tyne St, North Shields, Northumb., cm (1828–34). [D]

Kennedy, Josiah, Liverpool, joiner and cm (1824–39). In 1824 at 76 Hanover St; in 1837 at 6 Kent St; and in 1839 at 12 Kent St. [D]

Kennedy, Thomas, 19 Church Way, North Shields, Northumb., cm (1834). [D]

Kennedy, William, Liverpool, cm (1802–d. 1813). App. to Isaac Marsh 1802 but experienced some difficulty in being sworn free as his master died about a year before his term of servitude expired. He was however made free on 11 October 1812, but his active life as a trained cm was short, for he died on 7 February 1813. [Freemen's committee bk and reg.]

Kennell, Hugh, 21 Gilbert St, Liverpool, cm (1821). [D]

Kennett, Robert & Kidd, William, London, u (1766–95). Amongst the Chancery Masters’ Exhibits in the PRO is an account book of a furniture-making firm for 1792–95. [PRO, C 114/81] It is one of the few known ledgers of an 18th-century furniture-making firm and reveals an extensive trade. The firm was Robert Kennett & Co., later Kennett & Kidd. Kennett was almost certainly the person who was bound app. to the famous firm of Ince & Mayhew in 1766 for the extremely high sum of £157 10s. [PRO, IR 25/23] The Mr Kennett who supplied furniture to Lady Isabella Finch in 1759 and to the 4th Earl of Holderness in 1763 may have been his father or brother. Robert Kennett finished his apprenticeship in 1773 and by 1776 was in partnership with Thomas Vernon, working from premises near Air St, Piccadilly. In 1776 they insured their stock, utensils and goods for £1,000 [GL, Sun MS ref. 365936] and when Kennett set up on his own at 67 New Bond St in the following year he insured similar items for the same sum. [Ref. 391441] The new premises came into his possession after the death of his eldest brother, John, but the new venture ran into some financial difficulties. In 1783 he was taken to court by William Crawford, an auctioneer of Holborn, and John King of Soho, with whom he had been involved in some complicated financial dealings, and in 1785 was declared bankrupt. [PRO, B 4/22]

His business recovered and he supplied furniture to Lord Howard of Audley End, 1789–90. In 1791 the firm designed and made the carved and gilt Grand Master's Throne for the Prince of Wales who became Master of the Grand Lodge of the Free Masons in 1790. Kennett won an open competition for the throne and two warden's chairs which are in the French Louis Seize style admired by the Prince. [Conn., July 1965, figs 8 and 9] The account book of 1792–95 includes work for the ‘Grand Committee of Free Masons’, mainly for cleaning and preparing the furniture ready for meetings and putting on protective cases afterwards.

It may have been the success of this prestigious commission which encouraged Kennett to borrow £3,000 and buy a £4,000 property in Essex in 1791. He was also in debt to his clerk, William Kidd, who had worked for him since 1787 and with whom he entered an unofficial partnership in 1792. [PRO, C12 259/18, 680/34 and 1736/2] They agreed to divide the business and profits on a 4:1 ratio with Kennett retaining the major share. This arrangement was formalized in 1794 when Kennett and Kidd signed a seven-year partnership agreement dating back to 1792. The partnership reflected the former concerns of the two men: Kidd looked after the book keeping and administrative side while Kennett supervised manufacture. The firms of Kennett & Co. (1792–94) and Kennet & Kidd (1794–95) were referred to in directories as ‘Upholsterers’ but carried out a wide range of activities including cabinet making, chair making and paper hanging as well as services such as arranging funerals. House furnishings and letting was one of their specialities. During the partnership Kennett bought or took leases on several houses and the partners furnished them and let them at ‘considerably advanced rents’. They also acted as estate agents, letting houses, taking inventories and seeing to repairs, etc., for clients who were out of London. They also furnished entire houses or the principal rooms in a number of houses, mainly in Dublin and London, for which the owners became indebted to them for ‘considerable amounts of money’. These sums can be seen in the account book which reveals an extensive array of wealthy and titled customers.

The firm appears to have been a favourite with members of the Anglo-Irish aristocracy in the 1790s. The largest order in the book is that for the Earl of Ormonde, for his town house in Dublin and Kilkenny Castle, which totalled £7,096 12s 10d. Other large orders came from the Earl of Westmeath (£2,059 14s 9d); Lord Viscount Dillon (£1,837 19s 2d); — Dickinson Esq. (£1,455 10s 5d); George Templar of Somerset, who later acted as lawyer on behalf of the beneficiaries of Kennett's late father-in-law [PRO, C 13 160133] (£1,049 3s 6d) and Edward Wheeler (£1,020 8s 3d). Those who placed orders over £500 were: J. H. Casamajor; Dr Morton; Charles Floyer; Mr Davis; Augustus Floyer; Colonel Bridges; John Parlby; Mr Spencer (plasterer); Culling Smith; Lt John Charlton; William Anderson; Sir John Dalling; Christopher Hodgson; Thomas Carter; William Gill; Baron de Robech; Mrs Horne; Mr Davies; Major Lewis; Madam Herbert; W. Earle Welby; Earl of Montreath; David Digges La Touche jnr; Joseph Dimelo (carpenter); Montgomery Crothers (Dublin); Devall (stone mason); Charles Stanley; J. Rawlins; Thomas Oakes; Charles Knatchbull; George Stodart; Patrick Bride (Dublin); Hon. Hugh Howard (Dublin); Colonel Bridges; Lord Viscount Hawarden; Executors late Mrs Mary Clavell; Thomas Mann; Zachary Burton; Mrs Crofton; Rev. Mr Lowry; John Lyons; James Smart; Obadiah Standert; John Dechever; Robert Brent; Robert Brown and Henry Methol.
It is not possible to detail all the accounts, nor even that of the Earl of Ormonde, whose Dublin account of 1794–95 alone came to £6,321 12s 8d. It included wages and expenses for a cm who travelled from London and spent nine weeks in Dublin fixing up furniture with the assistance of a local cm. The furniture was mainly of satinwood and mahogany and a great deal was painted, japanned and inlaid. It was designed in the French style although the accounts simply refer to items as ‘French’ whether they were designed and made in France (as presumably was the case with three French clocks, one costing £84 and two £52 10s, and ‘a large French plate glass in white and gold with a beautiful painting of figures in a panel’, £90) or whether they were designed and made in London. The overall colour scheme was white and gold as was that of the elegant main drawing room at the Duke of Leinster's imposing home, Leinster House, which was already furnished in 1794 and which Ormonde may have been trying to emulate. There is a small order for Leinster House in the Kennett & Kidd account book but there is no evidence to suggest that they furnished Leinster House.
The main furniture supplied to Ormonde included three carved white and gold cornices with bronzed eagles in the centre, £56 14s (for the main drawing room); two small ‘French’ sofas, richly carved in gold and white with ‘very handsome’ painted tablets in the backs, £40; two magnificent tripods ‘beautifully designed and executed in the very first style of manufacture, richly carved and gilt in white and gold and elegantly ornamented … cut glass saucers with cut drops and gilt tassells for lights’, £189 and a ‘French’ cabinet richly inlaid and ornamented with flowers, with a marble top and brass galleries, £63. The Kilkenny Castle account totalled £774 11s 2d, of which £525 was spent on one item which Kennett and Kidd rather boastfully described as ‘A very Super Glass in Compartments to fill the whole end of Gallery at Kilkenny Castle with very magnificent ornaments, including your Coat of Arms … a beautiful painting of figures in Relief embrodered in a Tablet in the Centre … the whole forming the most Complete thing ever executed’. Many splendid Irish Georgian houses are now empty or bereft of their original furniture, as are large and small houses of the 1790s in England, and it has not yet proved possible to trace any of the furniture detailed in the account book, although research continues.
The partnership of Kennett and Kidd was not a happy one and was dissolved in October 1795. The entire stock and goods in trade were sold at a sale which lasted for seven days and raised over £3,850 while money and bills were received to the tune of £7,904. There were, however, outstanding debts, including one of £2,000 to Thomas Parlby, Kennett's father-in-law. The effects of the partnership were assigned to Trustees but, when no agreement was reached as to how to settle the partnership accounts, matters were referred to James Henderson, Upholsterer, Joseph Brown, Gentleman, and James Davidson, Accountant. When they finally decided that Kidd owed Kennett over £400, matters went to litigation. [PRO, C12 259/, 680/34 and 1736/2]
Although Kennett & Co. were listed in directories until 1799, the firm was dissolved in 1795, and there is no known work from Kennett after that date. He is listed in Holden's Triennial Directory, 1802–04 as an u at 4 Ranelagh Green, Chelsea, but in 1804 was referred to as a former u who was by then a tooth-ache curer! [London Gazette, 21–24 January 1804] He was declared bankrupt in 1804, with debts of over £3,000, mostly from when he worked as a furniture maker. His creditors were so convinced that he would not attempt to pay off his debts that in 1809 they threatened further litigation. Robert Kennett is last heard of in that year in litigation involving his son Henry, who had received money from the sale of his father's property but had not paid his creditors. Henry ended up in prison but refused to reveal his father's whereabouts lest he too be arrested.
The records of Kennett's bankruptcy case of 1803 indicate that he was indebted to persons who either worked for him or supplied him with goods for his trade. They included G. E. Woodhouse, Oxford St, linen draper; William Moore & Benjamin Millward, Oxford St, undertakers; Richard Ovey, Tavistock St, furniture printer; Cruis(?) Waring, Margaret St, carver and gilder; William Walker, Covent Gdn, cm; Alexander Cleland, Middlx Hospital, cm; Thomas Wakeman & Richard Jones, St Mildred's Ct, carpet manufacturers and Richard Dyer, Witney, Oxon., blanket weaver. [PRO, B3 2811A]
When William Kidd died in 1812 he was not in such dire circumstances as his former partner. One major creditor, namely Kennett's father-in-law, had refrained from harrassing Kidd during his lifetime in recognition of the part played by Kennett in his downfall. Kidd bought items from the partnership sale and continued to work as a furniture maker. He is listed in directories at 62 New Bond St until his death in 1812. He worked for Richard Griffin, 2nd Lord Braybrooke, at Audley End, Essex in 1801–02, and in 1803, the year in which he appeared in Sheraton's list of master cabinet makers, supplied a large amount of furniture to Castle Coole, Co. Fermanagh for the 1st Earl Belmore. He worked in partnership with his brother Joseph from about 1803–08 but by the latter date was in partnership with John Johnstone, whom he referred to as a partner when he made his will in 1808. After Kidd's death in 1812 [PRO, C13 160/33] Johnstone operated not from 62 New Bond St but from number 67, the former premises of Kennett & Kidd. [Chancery cases relating to Kennett & Kidd C114/18, C12 259/18, C12 680/34, C12 925/3, C12 1736/2, C12 160/33 and bankruptcy cases B3 522, B3 2811 A & B, B4/22]
BADMINTON HOUSE(?), Glos. (5th Duchess of Beaufort). 1781–82: Robert Kennett charged a total of £24 8s 9½d for 2 mahogany carved cabriole-leg chairs, 6 mahogany hall chairs with oval backs and crest and cypher, upholstery, etc. [Badminton archives, bills and receipts; the Duchess of Beaufort's red leather account bk]
AUDLEY END, Essex (Lord Howard de Walden). 1789–90: Robert Kennett's account for white and gold carved pole stands and frames totalled £10 5s. [Essex RO, D/DBy/A48/2]
GRAND LODGE OF FREEMASONS. 1791: Robert Kennett made the throne for the Prince of Wales and two Warden's Chairs at Freemasons Hall. [Conn., July 1965]
CLIENTS of Kennet & Co. who spent more than £500, see text. [1792–95 Account Book, PRO, C114/18]
AUDLEY END, Essex (2nd Lord Braybrooke) 1801–11: Kidd and Kidd & Co. are named in the account bks for bills for furniture, etc.: in 1801 (£28 2s 8d); 1802 (£26 15s 8d); 1802 (£270 1s 10d); 1810 (£28 2s 8d) and 1811 (£175 8s. 8d). [Essex RO, D/DBy/A357 and A375] P.K.

Kenning, W., James St, Devonport, Devon, cm (1814). [D]

Kenningham, Henry, Hull, Yorks., cm and u (1807–40). App. to William Robinson of Hull, cm, 1807. First listed in directories in 1826 at Dock Office Row with a Residence at Graham's Row, Drypool. Drypool was the address given on the app. indenture records. His business premises at Dock Office Row were occupied through to 1840, the number being listed as 2, 1834–40. One directory of 1831 however lists an address of Witham. [D; Hull app. reg.]

Kennington, William, Bridge St, Brigg, Lincs., u and cm (1826– 28). [D]

Kensell, Charles, 5 David St, Portman Sq., London, cm (1829). [D]

Kensett, E., 25 Nassau St, Soho, London, chair and sofa manufacturer (1822). [D]

Kensett, George, 102 Wardour St, London, chairmaker (1821). On 7 June 1821 took out insurance cover of £300, half of which covered stock and utensils in a workshop which contained a stove for drying feathers. [GL, Sun MS vol. 488]

Kensett, John, 25 Nassau St, Soho, London, chair and sofa manufacturer (1820). Succeeded by E. Kensett at this address. [D]

Kensett, T., 66 Mortimer St, Cavendish Sq., London, cm (1814). Succeeded by William Kensett at this address. [D]

Kensett, William, 66 Mortimer St, Cavendish Sq., London, chairmaker (1815–39). Later directory entries refer to him as a fancy chairmaker and in 1833 J. C. Loudon in his Encyclopaedia records him as having ‘some curious specimens both of Elizabethan and more ancient furniture’. In addition to the sale of these ‘antiques’ he made a ‘correct facsimilie of a chair taken from Tintern Abbey, and now in Troy House, Monmouthshire; and two other chairs from Glastonbury; one of which, called the abbot's chair, is of very elaborate workmanship’. He also maintained in Mortimer St a room fitted up with ‘Elizabethan fragments’ for client's inspection. [D]

Kent, Mrs, near the Conduit, Fore St, Exeter, Devon, cm and u (1766–80). Described as ‘widow Kent’ and probably the wife of Thomas Kent snr. Already trading by October 1766 when she was included in a list of persons from whom goods had been obtained by false pretences. Her stock in trade was sold by auction on 19 January 1780 and consisted of ‘Four-post Bedsteads, with Moreen and other furniture. Mahogany tables, chairs, chests of drawers, wardrobes, bureaus etc.’ [Exeter Flying Post, 17 October 1766, 12 December 1779]

Kent, Abbot, the Carpenters’ Hall, 65 and 67 London Wall, London, u and cm (1769–c. 1810). Son of William Kent of Braintree, Essex, peruke maker. He was the brother of John Kent and the father of William Kent, both London upholsterers. Abbot Kent was app. to William Kent on 3 July 1760 and to Samuel Luck, shipwright on 4 September 1762. He was made free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude on 5 April 1769. In 1778 his address was given as Whitechapel but from 1781 at London Wall. From 1779 the business was conducted as a partnership with Samuel Luck, the son of the man he was apprenticed to. This partnership traded as Kent & Luck. He took as app. his son William, 1788–96, and by 1810 he had also joined the partnership. Alternative trading styles noted in this period are Kent, Luck & Kent, Kent & Co. and Kent & Sons. They claimed to be sole agents for the sale of Axminster Carpets and carpet manufacturers to Her Royal Highness the Princess of Wales and to the Duke of Kent. They undertook funerals and conducted appraisements. William Kent is recorded as a subscriber to Sheraton's Drawing Book in 1793, and the Cabinet Dictionary 1803, and Kent & Luck are included in the list of master cabinet makers in the latter publication. The firm was employed under the direction of Sir John Soane to make furniture for the Bank of England, and supplied Sir Thomas Baring with six hearthrugs on 20 December 1798 at a cost of £7 7s. Lady Ann Connolly was a customer in 1810. The exact date when Abbot Kent relinquished his interest in the firm is unknown but from c. 1810 William Kent was probably the most active member of the family engaged in its affairs. [D; GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Museum of London A22547; Heal; R.A. Woods, English Furniture in the Bank of England, p. 1]

Kent, Bartholomew, Side, Newcastle, u (b. 1727–d. 1803). App. to William Smith of Newcastle whose daughter he later married. After receiving his freedom traded in London and Bath, Som. for seven years. In 1755 returned to Newcastle to take over the business of William Smith, his father-in-law, on his death. He used his experience of the London trade to buy stock in the capital for his business. In June 1757 he advertised that he had returned from London with an assortment of paper hangings and in 1760 in addition to fresh supplies of these he had ‘morines, harateens, cheneys, Turkey, Wilton and Scotch carpets, quilts, blankets’. By 1801 John Kent his nephew had joined him as a partner in the business but the arrangement was probably unsatisfactory as it was terminated by July of that year. Kent died in January 1803 aged 75 and the business was continued by his niece Elizabeth Willcox who was later partnered by her son, Bartholomew Kent Willcox. Bartholomew Kent took app. named Watson in 1761. Kent's name is recorded in the Strathmore papers, 1759–71, but the amounts paid out are very small, with the exception of an account for £9 3s in 1759. [D; Newcastle Courant, 7 June 1755, 18 June 1757, 25 July 1801, 29 January 1803; Newcastle Journal, 16–23 August 1760; Durham RO, D/ST/277, D/ST/v1510, D/ST/v995; S of G, app. index]

Kent, Edward, Gt Yarmouth, Norfolk, cm (1830). [Poll bk]

Kent, Gabriel, Exeter, Devon, cm (1760–61). In 1760 took apps named Bryant and King. In the following year took app. named Call. [S of G, app. index]

Kent, Jacob, Damgate St, Wymondham, Norfolk, cm and chairmaker (1830). [D]

Kent, John, Stoney Stratford, Bucks., chairmaker (1742). In 1742 took app. named Stephens. [S of G, app. index]

Kent, John, London, cm (1761–1802). Son of William Kent of Braintree, Essex, peruke maker. Brother of Abbot Kent. Free of the Upholders’ Co., 1 October 1761 by redemption under the terms of the 1750 Upholders’ Act. He appears to have followed the trade of cm however and from 1764–68 took out a series of licences to employ non-freemen. During this period the licences are continuous and involve permission for up to eight men. His address was given as Hounsditch, but in 1772 it was Whitechapel; from 1778–86 High St, Aldgate; in 1794 Freemans Ct, Cornhill and in 1802 Princess Sq. Took as apps George Brand, 1764–71, and Thomas Wilson, 1771–79. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records; City Licence bks, vols 4–6]

Kent, Richard, Knutsford, Cheshire, u and paper hanger (1782–91). Employed by the 5th Earl of Warrington at Dunham Massey, Cheshire, 1784–91. On 5 November 1784 he was paid £75 3s for goods and work; and payments of £15 9s 6d on 23 September 1785, £39 8s 11d on 21 October 1787, £17 3s 8d on 18 December 1789 and £45 7s on 16 September 1791 followed. [D; Apollo, July 1978, p. 22]

Kent, Richard, St Bartholomew St, Newbury, Berks., chairmaker (1840). [D]

Kent, Robert, Drypool Sq., Mason St, Hull, Yorks., cm (1823– 40). [D]

Kent, Samuel, 59 Westgate St, Newcastle, u, cm and furniture broker (1833–34). [D]

Kent, T., Knutsford, Cheshire, upholder (1782–84). [D]

Kent, Thomas snr, Exeter, Devon, cm (1716–66). In 1716 took app. named Laskey. Dead by 1766 when his widow was carrying on the business. [S of G, app. index; Exeter Flying Post, 17 October 1766] See Mrs Kent.

Kent, Thomas jnr, Fore St, Exeter, Devon, cm and u (1779–97). Kent had a substantial business, for as early as 1779 utensils and stock were insured for £850 and in December 1792 he was advertising for staff, requiring ‘sawyers in the cabinet and chair line’. In July 1796 he was obliged to move from the premises that he was occupying in Fore St and as a consequence offered his stock in trade at reduced prices. This consisted of ‘pier, swing glasses, mahogany dining, card & Pembroke tables, satinwood, mahogany and other chairs, inlaid sideboard tables’. He soon however re-established himself in Fore St and in September 1796 was advertising new and secondhand furniture. He, in common with others, always had secondhand goods available, and in June 1794 advertised a Kirkman harpsichord. The business was bankrupt by May 1797. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 273, p. 521; Exeter Flying Post, 27 December 1792, 19 June 1794, 14 July 1796, 29 September 1796, 4 May 1797]

Kent, Thomas, Dudley St, Wolverhampton, Staffs., u (1770). [D]

Kent, Thomas, 10 Albemarle St, Clerkenwell, London, lookingglass manufacturer (1820). [D]

Kent, Thomas, 28 Charles St, Middlx Hospital, London, cm, u and broker (1826–35). [D]

Kent, Thomas, Newcastle, u and cm (1824–27). In June 1824 announced that he had commenced trading from ‘the commodious WARE ROOMS lately occupied by MR. JOSEPH FELL, AUCTIONEER, FOOT OF DEAN STREET’. His stock consisted of ‘Brussels & Kidderminster Carpeting, Hearth Rugs, Oil Cloths, Moreen & Chintz Hangings, Fringes, Feathers, Bed Ticks & Paper Hangings; also a large variety of Cabinet Goods, of excellent patterns & workmanship, consisting of Sideboards, Sofas, Dining, Card & Loo Tables, Chests of Drawers, Pole & Camp Bedsteads, Chimney & Dressing Glasses etc.’ In 1834 shown at 89 Side with a house at Spital Tongue. [D; Durham County Advertiser, 19 June 1824]

Kent, William, Exeter, Devon, cm (b. 1704–d. 1785). Died in November 1785 aged 81. He had recently retired from the trade and was said to have been in business ‘more than fifty years’. The size of the business is difficult to ascertain but already in the late 1740s William Kent owned property in the city including houses tenanted to others. [Exeter Flying Post, 1 December 1785; GL, Sun MS vol. 76, ref. 105246; vol. 85, ref. 115855]

Kent, William, ‘The Black Lion & Tent’, opposite the Church wall in Hounsditch, London, upholder and cm (1760–61). Son of William Kent of Sussex, yeoman. App. to William Marston on 31 January 1752 and then to Thomas Ridgeway, a member of the Skinners’ Co., 6 January 1756. Free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 3 January 1760. Recorded in the next year employing a non-freeman for six months under licence. His trade card [Leverhulme Coll., MMA, NY] states that he made and sold ‘Four Post & other Bedsteads, with Damask Morine, Harrateen, and Washing Furnitures, Feather Beds, Blankets, Quilts & Counterpains, fine Turkey & English Carpets, Variety of Mohogany and Wallnut-Tree Chests of Drawers, Book Cases, Chairs, Tables and Looking Glasses &c’. He also acted as an undertaker, appraiser and estate agent. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records; City Licence bk, vol. 2]

Kent, William, Hull, Yorks., cm (1768–84). [Poll bks]

Kent, William, Carpenter's Hall, 67 London Wall, London, u and cm (c. 1810–21). Son of Abbot Kent and app. to him on 1 October 1788. Free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 6 July 1796 and probably entered the service of Kent & Luck immediately after. He was recognised as a partner by 1810 and from about this date took over his father's responsibilities in the firm. By 1820 however he is shown trading on his own behalf from the London Wall address in directories. An advertisement placed by William Kent in the Times in July 1821 however shows that this is misleading. He was in fact still in partnership with Samuel Luck, and also another brother who was probably Samuel. William Kent appears to have been responsible for the cabinet making and upholstery side of the business while Samuel Luck and Samuel Kent were responsible for the carpet warehouse which had always been an important feature of the firm's trade. In July 1821 William Kent made a decision to retire and as a consequence the stock of ‘mahogany and rosewood furniture, four post bedsteads with chintz and other hangings, best seasoned goose feathers &c.’ was sold off at reduced prices. The carpet warehouse was continued from the London Wall address and appears in subsequent directories. Despite the announcement of William Kent's retirement from the business the insurance effected on 5 November 1821 to cover stock valued at £1,400 was in the name of William Kent of Clapton, upholder. Associated with him in the policy was Samuel Luck described as of ‘Carpenters Hall’ and William Pearson of London Wall. No commissions of importance are recorded for this period though Kent & Luck are listed amongst the creditors of Zachariah Button Esq. deceased of Belmont Castle, Essex. The invoice in question was dated 1 November 1815 and was for £5 1s for carpets. [D; GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Times, 6 July 1821; PRO, C13 283/34]

Kent, Tomkins & Williams, 67 London Wall, London, carpet, upholstery and cabinet warehouse (1812–17). Listed by Heal. Would appear to have a connection with the partnership of William Kent and Samuel Luck who traded from this address between the same dates.

Kenton, John, Guys Ct, Westminster, London, chairmaker (1749). [Poll bk]

Kenwood, James, Gentle St, Frome, Som., cm (1830–39). [D]

Kenwood, John, Frome, Som., cm and u (1822–40). Trading at Bath St in 1822 and Gentle St in 1840. [D]

Kenwood, William, Silver St, Ottery St Mary, Devon, cm (1830). [D]

Kenworthy, J.B., 13 Dale St, Manchester, carver and gilder (1818). [D]

Kenworthy, Joseph Brook, Ellis St, Birmingham, carver and gilder (1828–30). Recorded at no. 22 in 1828. [D]

Kenyon, John, Liverpool, cm (1768). App. to Joseph Brown and petitioned freedom in 1768. [Freemen's committee bk]

Kenyon, William, Liverpool, carver and gilder (1827). App. to William Cashen and free 18 September 1827. Recorded at Ford Buildings, Rose Pl. and St George's Pl., Leece St. [Freemen reg.]

Kerbs, Christian, address unknown, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Kerby, —, 55 New Oxford St, London (early 19th century). Late Georgian simulated rosewood writing table stamped ‘Kerby 55 New Oxford St.’ included in Christie's sale, 24 November 1977, lot 51.

Kerby, Richard, Sackville St, London, cm and u (1756–66). In 1763 the lease for the building in Sackville St was taken jointly by Kerby and John Swale who may have been a partner at this date. Kerby supplied furniture to a number of influential patrons. In January 1756 he supplied Wilton carpeting and a mahogany night table to Dumfries House, Scotland, which, together with other items, came to £15 8s 6d. In the years 1758–59 he supplied an oval mahogany cistern, a black inkstand and undertook some gilding at Temple Newsam House, Leeds. A small sum of £1 16s 2d is recorded as being paid to this maker in August 1766 for mahogany used on work at Burlington House for the Duke of Portland. [D; Lincoln RO, NEL X 6/1; Furn. Hist., 1967; Notts. RO, DDSP 3/1]

Kerfoot, Daniel, Liverpool, cm (1761). Free 9 February 1761. [Freemen reg.]

Kerfoot, John, Chorley, Lancs., joiner and cm (1793). [D]

Kerfoot, Richard, Chorley, Lancs., joiner and cm (1793). [D]

Kerfoot, Richard, Liverpool, cm (1804–39). In 1804 shown at 9 Thurlow St, Richmond Row, and in the next year at 4 Shaw's Brow. He then moved to Shelhorne St where he was at no. 4 in 1807 and no. 8, 1810–11. In 1821 the address was 1 Duncan Pl., Duncan St East, and in 1824 2 Duncan Pl. is shown to be his house. He also had a shop at 8 Albion St, 1823–24. After 1827 all addresses given are in Christian St, the numbers being 61 in 1827, 67 in 1829, 65 in 1834–35 and 48 in 1839. [D]

Kerr, Benjamin, 28 Clifton St North, Finsbury, London, u (1835–39). [D]

Kerr, George, 14 Brownlow Hill, Liverpool, cm (1839). [D]

Kerr, J., Orford St, Norwich, cm, u and chairmaker (1822). [D]

Kerr, J., address unknown, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Kerr, James, Norwich, cm and u (1822–36). In St Giles in 1822 and Distillery St in 1836. [D]

Kerr, James, 20½ Clipstone St, Fitzroy Sq., London, chair and sofa manufacturer, glass and emery paper maker (1835). [D]

Kerr, John, 31 Pall Mall, London, cm and u (1790–1808). A subscriber to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793 and Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. A number of substantial commissions undertaken by this maker are known. On 5 April 1790 he was paid £400 on account for furniture supplied to the Royal Household, and a balance of £172 5s 3d on 5 July. On 10 October 1791 a further sum of £178 5s 3d was paid and this appears to have been for furniture supplied 1789–90. This consisted of a mahogany writing table with fifteen drawers and two cupboards charged at £22 1s and a satinwood one at £16 9s. A large mahogany table and a dining table were invoiced at £7 17s 6d each, and an elegant satinwood wardrobe added a further £25. Also included in this payment appears to have been a bill for £72 11s 6d for furniture supplied to Mrs Fitzherbert which Henry Holland, the Prince of Wales's architect, had an interest in. The Henry Holland connection is also represented in the furniture supplied to Woburn Abbey, Beds., and Oakley House for Francis, 5th Duke of Bedford between 1791–95. The furniture supplied to Woburn in the first two months of 1791 cost £83 8s and included five mahogany shaving tables, five night tables and a mahogany writing table of fifteen drawers and two cupboards possibly similar to that supplied in 1789 to the Royal Household. Between December 1791 and September 1792 two fire screens, two dining tables and six shaving tables went to Woburn and chairs, tables and curtains to Oakley. Payment passed through Holland for this commission was £148. In 1795 an extra large set of mahogany dining tables were delivered to Woburn at a cost of £52. Sir John Nelthorpe purchased a large mahogany table from Kerr in 1796 for £7 7s and in the next year a dining table at £10 10s, his existing one being taken in part exchange. Petworth House, Sussex was supplied with a set of dining chairs covered in red morocco leather in 1801 and these are now displayed in the Square Dining Room. [D; Windsor Royal Archives, RA 88751, 88756, 88798, 25091; Bedford Office, London; Lincoln RO, NEL 9/19/57,58, NEL 9/18/38; Nat. Trust Guide to Petworth] B.A.

Kerridge, John, Exeter, Devon, cm and u (1838–40). His trade address was North Bridge St but he had a residence at St David's Hill. His son John Webber was bapt. on 27 December 1838 and his daughter Elizabeth Frances on 27 October 1839. [D; PR(bapt.)]

Kerrington, Richard, London, upholder (1708–20). Son of Richard Kerrington of Glensford, Suffolk, clerk. Brother to Robert Kerrington, also a London upholder. Richard Kerrington was app. to James Gronous on 14 February 1708 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 3 August 1720. A maker by this surname working at ‘The Boar's Head’ within Aldgate in 1731 may be either Richard or Robert. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Heal]

Kerrington, Robert, London, upholder (1706–14). Son of Richard Kerrington of Suffolk and brother to Richard Kerrington, another London upholder. App. to Thomas S[?]holl, in trust for Samuel Parkes, draper on 21 June 1706 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 6 October 1714. A maker with the same surname working at ‘The Boar's Head’ within Aldgate in 1731 may be either Richard or Robert. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Heal]

Kerrison, Peter, 184 Wapping, London, cm (1781). In 1781 took out insurance cover of £500 of which £300 was in respect of utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 192, p. 528]

Kerry, —, Evesham, Worcs., chairmaker (early 19th century). A chair impressed ‘KERRY EVESHAM 1808’ has been recorded and another ladder back chair, [Temple Newsam House, Leeds] is impressed ‘KERRY’. Possibly:

Kerry, John, High St, Evesham, Worcs., cm, u and broker (1840). [D]

Kerry, John, Norwich, cm and chairmaker (1819–40). Free 1819 and in 1822 trading at Fishgate St. In 1830 the address was St Edmund St and from 1836 Lower Westwick St. On 20 June 1831 his app. cm, John Bailey jnr, was made free and on 3 May 1826 William Quilley, another app. cm who had served both C. Jones and John Kerry was made free. [D; freemen reg.]

Kershaw, Charles, Market Pl., Northampton, u (1830). [D]

Kershaw, Thomas, Egerton St, Hulme, Manchester, chairmaker (1817). [D]

Kerwmock, Alexander, address unknown, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Keston, William, Lewes, Sussex, cm (1758). Took app. in 1758 named Miles. [S of G, app. index]

Kett, Jacob, Damgate St, Wymondham, Norfolk, cm (1822–39). [D]

Ketterich, Thomas, Corner of Fleetbridge, parish of St Bride, London, u (1714). [GL, Sun MS vol. 3, ref. 3705]

Kettle, Henry, St Paul's Churchyard, London, cm, upholder and undertaker (c. 1773–97). A member of the Brewers’ Co. though there is no evidence that he practiced this trade. Partner with William Henshaw from c. 1770 and subsequently his successor trading at 18 St Paul's Churchyard. In 1774 took over the business of Philip Bell at 23 St Paul's Churchyard and thereafter appears to have centred his business at this address. Took out licences to employ nonfreemen 1778–81. In 1793 subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book.

Used his trade label to identify productions. The collection at Saltram House, Devon contains two items so marked. One is a mahogany secretaire bookcase with three long drawers beneath the secretaire drawer. Carved paterae and swags are featured on the frieze of the bookcase section. The other item is a fine Pembroke table in satinwood inlaid with kingwood and incorporating panels of mahogany. A further Pembroke table without a label also appears to be Kettle's work. The label in the drawer of the first Pembroke table gives the address at 18 St Paul's Churchyard and was probably produced in the early years of Kettle's sole control of the business. The bills of 1796–97 at Saltram are headed ‘Oakley & Kettle’ suggesting a short-lived partnership with George Oakley at this period. Other pieces of furniture noted with labels include a bureau bookcase, chests of drawers including ones with shaped fronts, a wardrobe, tables with drawers beneath, Pembroke tables and dwarf bookcase. These are mostly in mahogany, some with boxwood stringing and crossbanded but the use of satinwood was also a feature of some of his furniture.

Apart from the items at Saltram which were probably purchased new by the Parker family, other commissions for country landowners are known. The notebook of Edward Knight of Wolverley House, Worcs. records the payment of £3 13s 6d to Kettle on 6 July 1780 for a writing desk. On 18 July 1781 a bookcase was invoiced for Burton Constable, Yorks, costing £11 11s, while Ralph Leake of Longford Hall, Salop patronized the firm in 1793. [D; Heal; V&A archives; GL, City Licence bks, vols 9, 10; Nat. Trust, The Saltram Collection, p. 51; Furn. Hist., 1966; C. Life, 16 August 1962, p. 351; 7 November 1974, p. 163; Conn., April 1968; January 1976, pp. 25, 29; Christie's S. Kensington, 14 October 1982; Kidderminster Lib., Knight MS; Burton Constable vouchers] B.A.

Kettle, James, parish of St Julian, Norwich, cm (1806). [Poll bk]

Kettle, John, Chester, joiner, carver and turner (1660). [Freemen rolls]

Kew, George, ‘Royal Oak’, Catton, Norfolk, cm and victualler (1834–36). App. to Joseph Bexfield of Norwich and free, 3 May 1834. [D; freemen reg.]

Kew, John, Spring Gdns, Northampton, cm (1830). [D]

Kewley, John, Suffolk St, Liverpool, cm (1837–39). At 8 Suffolk St in 1837 and 15 in 1839. In the latter year he also had a shop at 11 Forest St. [D]

Kewley, John, 8 or 6 Angel St, St George's Rd, Manchester, cm (1840). [D]

Key, Benjamin, London, upholder (1725–36). Son of William Key of Hackney, London, mason. App. to Joseph Welsh 7 July 1725 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 3 November 1736. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Key, George, 74 Lower Grosvenor St, London, u etc. (1808–35). [D]

Key, James, address unknown, cm (1788). On 30 October 1788 George Cooke paid £15 19s to Key for writing desks supplied to Dunham Massey, Cheshire. In November of the same year payment of £21 8s 6d was made for ‘materials & work in Lord Greys appartment’. [John Rylands Lib., Manchester Univ., George Cooke's accounts]

Key, John, Chester, cm (1784). App. to John Croughton of Chester, cm and free 31 March 1784. [Freemen rolls]

Key, John, Lincoln, cm (d. 1799). Death announced, Gents Mag., September 1799. Said to have died ‘in the prime of life’.

Key, Joseph, 18 Lower Brook St, London, upholder and house agent (1825–39). [D]

Key, Thomas, Eynesbury, St Neots, Hunts., cm (1830). [D]

Key, William, 77 Marylebone High St, London, broker and cm (1810). On 9 January 1810 took out insurance cover for £2,000 of which £750 was for his dwelling house with work room and workshop and £1,100 for stock, utensils and goods in trust. [GL, Sun MS vol. 453]

Keybold, Edward, address unknown, chairmaker (1725). In 1725 he was paid £1 7s for chairs supplied to Stowe, Bucks. [Huntington Lib., California, Stowe MS ST 82 p. 184]

Keylock, John, 11 Hatton St, London, looking-glass manufacturer (1780–89). In 1780 insured a house for £300. [GL, Sun MS vol. 285, p. 126]

Keymer, Samuel, London, upholder (1706). Free of the Upholders’ Co., 15 October 1706. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Keynes, William, Salisbury, Wilts., cm and u (1822–39). Recorded at Castle St in 1822, St John St in 1830 and in 1839 as Keynes & Son. [D]

Keys, James, Chelmsford, Essex, u (1765). Bankruptcy announced in Gents Mag., May 1765.

Keys, John, Chelmsford, Essex, upholder (1768). [Essex RO, Q/SMg 20]

Keys, Michael, Long Row, Nottingham, u, cm and joiner (1781). In 1781 took out insurance cover of £1,300 of which £800 was in respect of utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 299, p. 41]

Keys, Philip, ‘The Golden Key’, opposite Berwick St, Oxford St, London, upholders and cm (1752–54). In both 1752 and 1754 took out insurance cover of £1,000. He had a timber store, warehouse and two workshops behind his dwelling house and also used the house immediately to the east of his dwelling for stock which was said to be mainly ‘Grocery & chandlery goods’. Most of the sum insured was for premises and stock used in his business. [GL, Sun MS vol. 95, ref. 129900; vol. 105, ref. 140289]

Keys, Richard, Hampstead, London, u (1724). Took out insurance cover of £500 on his dwelling house. [GL, Sun MS vol. 19, ref. 34143]

Ketye, John, Kidderminster, Worcs., builder and u (1802). Insolvent and dividend declared, Billinge's Liverpool Advertiser, 31 May 1802.

Keyte, Richard, Windsor St, Uxbridge, Middlx, Windsor chairmaker (1826). [D]

Keyte, William, Rugeley, Staffs., cm and u (1828–35). Recorded at Market St in 1834 and Market Pl. in 1835. [D]

Kibble, John, Liverpool, u (1785–d. 1794). In June 1785 announced the opening of his shop at 57 Castle St. He claimed to have been employed for many years by the leading shops in London and had worked at Carlton House and for the ‘Duke of Grafton, Duke of Queensborough and the Marquis of Lonsdale’ at this period. The business was probably of modest size, the utensils and stock being insured for £400 in June 1791. He died in 1794 and at that time was trading from Marshall St and 49 Lord St. Attempts were made to sell his stock as a whole in May 1794 but this was only partially successful and the residue was offered without reserve to the public for two weeks in August 1794. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 376, p. 638; Williamson's Liverpool Advertiser, 16 June 1785, 5 March 1794, 12 May 1794, 18 August 1794]

Kibblewhite, James, Goodramgate, York, cm (1779–84). Son of John Kibblewhite, cm, and free 1779. [Freemen rolls; poll bk]

Kibblewhite, John, York, cm (c. 1770). Father of James Kibblewhite who was free as a cm in 1779. [Freemen rolls]

Kiberd, George, 36 Skinner St, Bishopsgate, London, cm and chairmaker (1820). In May 1830 took out insurance cover of £350 which included £200 for stock and utensils. [GL, Sun MS vol. 484, ref. 968152]

Kibler, William, Castle St, Warwick, cm (1828–31). [D; poll bk]

Kidd, David, Mastyard (or Mart Yd), Gainsborough, Lincs., cm and u (1822). [D]

Kidd, Joseph, Newcastle, u (1765). App. to George West and free 7 October 1765. [Freemen reg.]

Kidd, William & Co., see Robert Kennett.

Kidder, Thomas, Canterbury, Kent, cm (1765). [Freemen rolls]

Kiddle, Charles, North Walsham, Norfolk, cm and u (1822). [D]

Kiddle, George, Market Pl., North Walsham, Norfolk, cm and u (1830). [D]

Kiddle, George, Castle Acre St, Swaffham, Norfolk, cm and u (1836–39). [D]

Kiddle, John, Puddletown, Dorset, cm (1820). His will dated 1820 left everything to his children John and Jane. John Kiddle snr may perhaps be identified with the person of that name who was app. to James Begbie, cm of Salisbury on 2 February 1757 for six years at a premium of £26 5s. [Dorset, RO, DA/W/1820/49; Wilts. Apps and their Masters]

Kidson, John, 47 Baldwin St, Bristol, cm (1774–81). At Baldwin St in 1775 and in 1781 in the parish of St James. [D; poll bks]

Kidson, John, Lamb St, Bristol, cm (c. 1760). The following label recorded on a longcase clock of about 1760 (the movement by Bilbie of Axbridge):

JOHN KIDSON,
CABINETMAKER
LIVING IN LAMB STREET,
at the sign of the
CLOCK-CASE & STAR, near THE WHITE HART,
WITHOUT LAWFORD'S GATE BRISTOL
makes and sells all sorts of
CABINET GOODS CHEAP.
FOR THE SAKE OF READY MONEY
There are none shall exceed me
For cheapness and Goodness of Goods.
Likewise
I will always keep them in order for any family, except any
Damage happen thro’ careless or wilful Abuse.
Any
Gentlemen, Merchants, Captains, Mates or Boatswains, or any other Persons, that have any
MAHOGANY or VIRGINIA WALNUT,
May have it made into any sort of Goods
To their advantage, or Exchanged for Goods.
☛ I will endeavour to give them such Satisfaction, that they will not have any Reason to say, it is Cheaper to buy out of the shops

Kidston, Charles, 5 Leadenhall St, London, u (1811–25). Thomas Kidson, u, is shown at this address in 1809 and one directory lists William Kidson in 1812. [D]

Kidston, James, 1 Slater St, Bethnel Green, London, cm (1804– 09). In November 1807 an address at 77 Brick Lane is shown in use. Insurance cover taken out was £700 in 1804 and 1807 but it was increased to £800 in the following year. A large proportion of this was in respect of property in Slater St and Brick Lane mostly in tenure. Cover for utensils and stock in trade was modest being £100 in 1807 and £150 in the following year. [D; GL Sun MS vol. 430, ref. 757654; vol. 442, ref. 809856; vol. 446, ref. 823668]

Kidston, James, Sidney St, Mile End, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Kidston, T., 77 Brick Lane, Spitalfields, London, cm (1808). This address appears to have been in use by James Kidston in the same period for he took out insurance on the property on 20 November 1807. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 442, ref. 809856]

Kidston, Thomas, 5 Leadenhall St, London, upholder, appraiser and cm (1809–35). One directory shows Charles Kidston at this address, 1811–25. [D]

Kidston, William, 5 Leadenhall St, London, u (1812–15). Charles Kidston and Thomas Kidston are also shown at this address in some London directories during this period. [D]

Kidwell, Cole, High St, Rochester, Kent, cm (1811–26). Robert Kidwell was at the same address in 1826. [D]

Kidwell, J., Rochester, Kent, cm (1807). A Rochester poll bk for August 1830 shows a John Kidwell, u, living in London. [Poll bk]

Kidwell, John, 88 Wimpole St, Cavendish Sq., London, upholder and cm (1778–92). In 1778 insured his house for £500 but no cover taken out for trade stock. His trade card [Banks Coll., BM, dated 1792, and Leverhulme Coll., MMA, NY], states that he made ‘Four Post Bedsteads, with Drapery & other Furniture, Desks & Book Cases, Chairs, Soffas, Tables, Glasses, Venetian & Spring Blinds &c.’. Household goods were bought, sold, appraised and exchanged, funerals undertaken and paper hangings stocked. [GL, Sun MS vol. 262, p. 482]

Kidwell, John, 427 Oxford St, London, cm, u and undertaker (1817–27). Shown using 428 Oxford St in addition in a directory of 1817. May be the John Kidwell, freeman of Rochester Kent, who is shown in that town in 1807 but by August 1830 was living in London. [D; Rochester poll bk]

Kidwell, Robert, Rochester, Kent, cm and furniture maker (1823–39). In 1823 at Free School Lane but from 1826 most directories list him in High St. One of 1832 however gives the address as Eastgate. [D]

Kier, John, St Giles Fields, London, cm (1754–60). Subscribed to Chippendale's Director, 1754. In 1756 took app. named Aaron Cross at a premium of £18 18s when his address was listed as Brownlow St. Took another app. in 1760. [S of G, app. index]

Kilberd, George, 82 Curtain Rd, London, chair and sofa maker (1827). [D]

Kilbourn, John, Sheep Mkt, Market Harborough, Leics., cm and u (1835). [D]

Kilburn, John, Kettinging Rd, Market Harborough, Leics., cm (1835). [D]

Kilburn, Thomas, 186 St John's St, Clerkenwell, London, cm and u (1763–89). On 7 December 1774 insured his dwelling house and business premises for £800. These were said to be ‘two houses laid into one & warehouse communicating’. [D; Heal; GL, Sun MS vol. 235, ref. 347213]

Kilgour, James, 13 Gt St Mary's Buildings, St Martin's Lane, London, u (1809). [D]

Kilham, Thomas, 4 Exeter St, London, carver (1784). In 1784 insured his house for £100. [GL, Sun MS vol. 322, p. 294]

Killeck, William, Guildford, Surrey, u, joiner and cm (1784–94). [D]

Killick, John, 32 King St, Smithfield, London, carver (1790). [D]

Killick, William, Dorking, Surrey, u (1811). [D]

Killingley, Edward, Nottingham, joiner and cm (1826). [Nottinham freemen rolls]

Killingley, James, 237 High Holborn, London, upholder and broker (1784). In 1784 took out insurance cover of £500 of which utensils, stock and goods in trust accounted for £400. [GL, Sun MS vol. 322 p. 453]

Killingley, Joseph, Nottingham, cm (1781–1803). Son of John W. Killingley, cordwainer of Castle Donnington, Leics. Taken as app. in 1781. Shown as a freeman of Nottingham in 1803. [Nottingham app. bk and freemen rolls]

Killingley, Thomas, parish of St Mary-le-Strand, London, upholder (1771). Son of Thomas Killingley of the parish of St Sepulchre, London, oilman. App. to Thomas Burnett of the Merchant Tailors’ Co. and admitted to the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 3 July 1771. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Killingworth, J., address unknown, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Kilminster, Matthew, Union Pl., Brighton, Sussex, cm (1839). [D]

Kilmister, Matthew, 3 Upper Maudlin St, Bristol, cm and Venetian blind maker (1832). [D]

Kilner, J. jnr, Lancaster, carver (1809–13). Named in Gillow records. The library bookcases at Tatton Park, Cheshire, were carved by Kilner. [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow, vol. 344/99, pp. 1866, 1933]

Kilner, John, Lancaster (1786–1825). Named in the Gillow records 1786–89, 1791–92, 1794, 1797–1805, 1812 and 1825. [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow]

Kilner, John, Preston, Lancs., cm (1828–34). At Paul St in 1828 and 121 Church St in 1834. [D] See William Kilner.

Kilner, Thomas, 11 Minsprit Wiend, Preston, Lancs., chairmaker (1818). [D]

Kilner, Thomas Earl, Lancaster, cm and carver (1818–27). App. to L. Redmayne in 1818 and free, 1824–25. Named in the Gillow records as a carver 1825 and 1827. [App. reg.; freemen reg.; Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow]

Kilner, W., 27 North Audley St, Grosvenor Sq., London, u (1835). [D]

Kilner, William, St John's St, Preston, Lancs., chairmaker (1816–34). At 13 St John's St, 1816–28, but in 1834 the number had changed to 15. Trading in partnership with John Kilner in 1822. [D]

Kiloh, —, 18 Air St, Golden Sq., London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Kilpin, Joseph, High St, St Mary's, Bedford, u, cm, appraiser and paper hanger (1823–30). Between 1823–28 submitted seven accounts to John Gibbard Esq., of Sharnbrook near Bedford for work undertaken, and goods supplied. Repairs to furniture and the supply of upholstery materials constitute the main items but some new furniture was supplied, such as on 5 October 1824 a ‘mahogany music stool covered with leather and French-stuffed’ at £2 12s. [D; Beds. RO, GA66]

Kilpin, William, Mark Lane, London, upholder (1725–d. 1762). Son of Charles Kilpin of Hardingstone, Northants., yeoman. App. to George Friend on 5 May 1725 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 6 March 1733/34. In 1754 undertook upholstery work for Lord Folkestone's Gallery, Longford Castle, Wilts. for which £125 was charged. Insolvent by November 1759 and died in 1762. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Heal; Williamson's Liverpool Advertiser, 2 November 1759]

Kilpin, William, Bedford, u and broker (1784–85). [D]

Kilrington, —, address unknown, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Kilshaw, James, Liverpool, cm (1749). Free 2 March 1749. [Freemen reg.]

Kilvington, Israel, 9 Newman Mews, Castle St East, Oxford Mkt and 102 Norton St, Marylebone, London, cm (1820). On 9 March 1820 took out insurance cover of £500 on utensils, stock and goods in trust in workshops at Newman's Mews. A new policy taken out in May raised this cover to £1,000 with an additional £100 cover for such items at his dwelling house in Norton St. Household goods at Norton St were insured for a mere £200. [GL, Sun MS vol. 483, refs 964084, 966658]

Kilvington, John & Sons, 102 Norton St, Portland Pl., London, cm (1820–39). Successors to Israel Kilvington at the same address. [D]

Kimberley, Jesse, Birmingham, cm, u and chairmaker (1828–39). Trading at 24 Worcester St in 1828 and 15 Hurst St, 1835–39. [D]

Kimberley, Joseph, Church St, Bilston, Staffs., cm and u (1830). [D]

Kimberley, William, Windsor, Berks., upholder, appraiser and auctioneer (1807). In 1810 indebted to Catherine Tidersley, widow, of Vine St, Westminster, for the proceeds of some furniture disposed of on her behalf in 1807. Said to be late of Windsor. [PRO, C13/122/31]

Kimmins, Thomas, 61 Pembroke St, Devonport, Devon, cm (1830). Successor to William Kimmins at this address. [D]

Kimmins, William, Devonport, Devon, cm (1822–30). Shown at Pembroke St in 1822 and at 62 Pembroke St in 1830, but one directory of 1823 gives his address as 19 George St. This may be a failure to correct an address following a move. Succeeded by Thomas Kimmins in 1830. [D]

Kimpton, Daniel, address unknown, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Kimpton, John Hanyan & Son, Fore St, Hertford, cm and u (1823–39). Trading at Fore St, 1826–39, in 1838 also as auctioneers and surveyors. [D]

Kimpton, William, Hertford(?), chairmaker (1792). In 1792 supplied two wood bottom chairs at 16s and twelve leather bottom chairs at £3 6s to Panshanger, Herts. [Herts. RO, Panshanger accounts, box 44 D/EP]

Kimpton, William, 41 London Rd, St George's Fields, London, cm (1817). [D]

Kinaston, —, Shrewsbury, Salop, carver (1798). [D]

Kincey, T., 42 Bishopsgate Within and 213 Whitechapel Rd, London, couch manufacturer etc. (1825). [D]

Kindell, John, Liverpool, cm (1787–1805). Traded at Marshall St, 1787–95, the number being given as 2 in 1790. In 1790 one directory gives an alternative address in Cable St. By June 1795 the business was insolvent and on 11 June a meeting of the creditors was called at the ‘Star and Garter Tavern’ in Paradise St. This resulted in a formal declaration of bankruptcy in November of the same year. By 1800 however he was back in business as a cm and victualler at Cooper's Row, Old Dock, the number being given as 3 in 1804. Kindell may have attained some status as spokesman for the Liverpool furniture makers, for in March 1805 he advertised in Liverpool Chronicle denouncing the demands of the journeymen of the city. They had not only produced a new Chair Book of Prices, but also wanted the adoption of a supplement to the cabinet prices. The employers estimated the advance in rates to be about 10% and these they rejected as being higher than those currently on offer in London. Kindell indicated that the employers were prepared to advance some rates to London levels, but rejected the demand as a whole. Public support for the employers’ stand was asked and Kindell indicated that ‘Men wanting employment will meet every encouragement at the above prices the Masters have offered, by application’ to himself. [D; Billinge's Liverpool Advertiser, 8 June 1795, 30 November 1795, 2 July 1798; Liverpool Chronicle, 27 March 1805]

Kindley, William, London, trunk, cabinet, case and portable desk maker (1776–1825). In 1776 at 30 Green Arbor Ct, Little Old Bailey where he took out insurance cover of £300 of which £200 was in respect of utensils and stock. By December 1785 he was at 78 Watling St and insurance cover had increased to £700 of which £500 was for utensils, stock and goods in trust. He was declared bankrupt in 1789 at which date he was at 28 Bridge Row, Cannon St. He was however soon back in business and in 1790 is shown at 3 Gt Carter Lane. From 1806 15 Horseshoe Ct, Ludgate Hill became the address of this maker, and in this year business is listed as William Kindley & Son. In the period 1809–11 the style Kinley & Slades was adopted. From 1819 the trade is simply given as cm. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 249, ref. 370491; vol. 335, p. 67; Bailey's list of bankrupts]

Kindon, G. & Co., Thomas St, Bristol, cm (1805–06). [D]

Kindon, Henry, Bristol, basket and chairmaker (1825–30). At 12 Redcliffe St in 1825 and 25 Peter St in 1830. [D]

Kindon, James, Market St, Leicester, u, appraiser and auctioneer (1775). In 1775 announced the opening of the business in Market St. [Leicester Journal, 8 April 1775]

Kindred, Phineas, Halesworth, Suffolk, cm (1794). Married in 1794. [Suffolk RO, FAA: 50/2/109]

King, —, ‘The Black Lyon’, Cambridge St, by Broad St, St James's, London, u (1727). [Heal]

King, —, ‘The King & Queen’, Bicester, Oxon., chair frame maker (1736). On 14 July 1736 Elizabeth Purefoy wrote to a Mr King of Bicester, ‘As I understand you make chairs of wallnut tree frames with 4 legs without Barrs for Mr. Vaux of Caversfield, if you do such I desire you will come over here in a week's time any morning but Wednesday. I shall want about 20 chairs’. [Eland, Purefoy Letters, vol. 1, no. 165]

King, —, Chapel St, Mayfair, London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

King, —, Norwich, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

King, —, Camomile St, Bishopsgate St, London, u (1838). Fire on his premises reported, Times, 16 August 1838.

King, Benjamin, address unknown, u (1755–61). Supplied textiles to Woburn Abbey, Beds. for the furnishing of some of the new rooms after the rebuilding. The materials were of the simpler kinds and included Scotch and Irish cloth, cotton cloth, chintz, green and white check cloth, blankets and ticking. The total cost was £80 6s 10d. [Bedford Office, London]

King, Benjamin, Warwick, carver and gilder (1756). Had an extensive business in the Midlands, working at Radway Grange, Arbury Hall, Packington Hall, Newnham Paddox, Warwick Castle, etc. He supplied picture frames and carved ornament to Edward Pytts of Kyre Park, Worcs. The total came to £28 15s 11d and was paid on 27 December 1756. King often worked to the supervision of the architect William Smith (1705–47). [Beard, Craftsmen and Interior Decoration, p. 267; Gunnis; Worcs. RO, 4958/899:432/6]

King, Benjamin, Old Market, Bristol, cm (1793–95). [D]

King, Charles, address unknown, cm and carver (1705–16). An English cm working from 1705–16 in Germany. Little is known about his life and work. Some good panelling by him exists at the Schloss Charlottenburg in a post-Gibbons tradition. Only one craftsman with the same name is recorded with an address in England at this period and he was a joiner with a house and workshop in Carter Lane, parish of St Gregory, by St Paul's, London. He took out insurance cover on his house of £100 on 16 April 1718. [V & A archives; Furn. Hist., 1973; GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 18, p. 270]

King, Charles, Bristol, cm (1806–19). In 1806 at Old Park but in the following year at 61 College St. From 1809–19 at 49 King St and in 1809 shown with additional premises at 13 Clarence Pl. Bankrupt 1812. [D; Exeter Flying Post, 17 December 1812]

King, Charles, High St, Shifnal, Salop, cm and u (1822–35). [D]

King, Charles, London, chair and sofa maker (1835–39). At Union St, Borough Rd in 1835 and 48 Belvedere Pl., Borough Rd in 1839. Also used 3 Broad Pl., New Inn Yd, Shoreditch. [D]

King, Daniel, Loughborough, Leics., turner and chairmaker (1791). [D]

King, Daniel, Ivegate, Bradford, Yorks., joiner and cm (1814– 18). [D]

King, Edward, High Wycombe Bucks., chairmaker (b.c. 1776–1841). Aged 65 at the date of the 1841 Census.

King, Edward, 47 Lant St, Southwark, London, picture frame maker (1835–37). [D]

King, Elizabeth H., St Augustine St, Norwich, working u (1836). [D]

King, Francis, Jury St, Warwick, cm and u (1822–35). Declared bankrupt 28 February 1824 but by 1828 once more in business. [D; Liverpool Mercury, 5 March 1824; poll bk]

King, George, Frome, Som., cm (1801). Declared bankrupt, Exeter Flying Post, 12 November 1801.

King, H., Austin St, King's Lynn, Norfolk, u and paper hanger (1822). [D]

King, James snr, York, upholder (1777–87). Free 1777. In 1784 at Petergate and in 1787 Feasgate. [D; freemen rolls; poll bk]

King, James jnr, York, u (1800–03). Son of James King snr and free 1800. Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. [Freemen rolls]

King, James, Court 9, Norfolk St, King's Lynn, Norfolk, cm and u (1818–36). [D; poll bks]

King, James, Southgate, Gloucester, u (1822). [D]

King, James, Newcastle, carver and gilder (1834–38). Recorded at High Friar St in 1834 and 22 Newgate St in 1838. [D]

King, James, 18 Beer Lane, Tower St, London, cm (1835–39). [D]

King, John, St Paul's Churchyard, London, chairmaker. Dead before April 1703. [The Postman, 22–24 April 1703]

King, John, Sherborne, Dorset, cm (1722–38). Took app. named Martin in 1722 and another of the same name in 1723. Later apps were Gorst (1725), Bound (1731) and Lester (1738). In 1729 insured his house stock and building for £300. [S of G, app. index; GL, Sun MS vol. 28]

King, John, Castle St, Long Acre, London, u and cm (1772–94). Attracted important clients and considerable patronage. For Audley End, Essex he supplied goods to the value of £241 9s 1d in 1772 and in 1787 further items were delivered amounting to £272 7s 3d. Active at Althorp, Northants. 1790–91, and possibly earlier. At this period Henry Holland was undertaking a scheme of redecoration in the house. In May 1790 King submitted an account for upholstery and cabinet work amounting to £1,029 5s 9d. This included a large mahogany sideboard for the dining room, and two angle sideboards which together cost £53. These are still in the house. Further sums of £200 on 12 April 1791 and £100 on 12 July 1791 are recorded. One of the items supplied in May of this year was a large set of mahogany library steps for which £45 was charged. Another commission in which he was associated with Henry Holland was the furnishing of the Drury Lane Theatre. He submitted estimates for sofas, chairs, canopies and curtains, and appears in the 1794 building accounts with a payment of £100. He also supplied furniture to Broadlands, Hants., another house where Henry Holland was working. In 1791 and the following year King supplied two portfolios in mahogany to Sir John Nelthorpe at a cost of £2 10s. In 1793 he subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book. [D; Heal; V & A archives; Apollo, October 1968, pp. 272, 277; Stroud, Henry Holland, pp. 101, 122; Booker, Face of Banking, 1979; C. Life, 29 January 1981, p. 290; Lincoln RO, NEL 9/13/49, NEL 9/14/16]

King, John, Shepherd St, Shepherd Mkt, Mayfair, London, u and cm (1784–1811). For a time in the 1780s in partnership with a Peter Debharms but this was dissolved in May 1787. A further partnership was formed by 1804 and endured till 1811 with a tradesman named Smith. In 1801 insurance cover of £2,000 was taken out, but of this only £100 appears to have been in respect of utensils and stock. [D; poll bk; Williamson's Liverpool Advertiser, 2 July 1787; GL, Sun MS vol. 419, ref. 715573]

King, John, Hull, Yorks., cm and broker (1803–26). At Blackfriargate in 1803, Queen St in 1806, Posterngate Walls in 1810, 14 New Dock St, 1814–23 and in 1826 at 16 New Dock St. [D]

King, John, 3 Little Essex St, Strand, London, cm (1808). [D]

King, John, York, u (1810–18). Son of Richard King, coal dealer, and app. to William Smith, u, 21 May 1810. Free 1818. [Freemen rolls]

King, John, 30 Sidney Pl., Commercial Rd, London, u (1829). [D]

King, John, Northgate, Bradford, Yorks., cm (1830). [D]

King, John & William, Friar Hill, Sudbury, Suffolk, cm (1830). [D]

King, John, Brook St, Ipswich, Suffolk, cm and u (1839). [Poll bk]

King, Joseph, parish of St Mary Keys, Ipswich, Suffolk, cm (1823). Married in 1823. [Suffolk RO, FAA: 50/2/120, p. 114]

King, Joseph, South St, Bishops Stortford, Herts., cm (1826). [D]

King, Peter, St Marylebone, London, cm (1783). In 1783 took app. named Francis Bower. [Westminster Ref. Lib., MS E3559]

King, Peter, parish of St James, Bristol, bed joiner (1784). [Poll bk]

King, Richard, 3 Prospect Pl., Kingsland Rd, London, chair and sofa maker (1839). [D]

King, Robert, Northgate, Bradford, Yorks., joiner and cm (1814–18). Successor of William King at this address. [D]

King, Susan, 2 Lant St, Southwark, London, u (1839). [D]

King, Thomas, Hereford, u (1697). Free August 1697. [Herefs. RO, Common Council Minutes, p. 50]

King, Thomas, Long Acre, London, cm and gilder (1742). In October 1742 his stock in trade was sold by auction. The items included ‘Crimson Velvet and Crimson and Blue Mohair Beds, Chairs, Setees and Couches; … Marble Sideboard Tables, a curious India Wood Chest, Mahogany Buroes and Booke cases, Walnut-Tree and Mahogany Chairs, Matted and Black Leather Chairs, Writing and Card Tables, fine Turkey and French Carpets, Mahogany, Oblong, Oval and Claw Tables’. The Long Acre address was said to be his ‘late Dwelling-House’. [Daily Advertiser, 13 October 1742]

King, Thomas, Swinegate, York, u (1806–16). Son of James King, u. Free 1806. [D; freemen rolls]

King, Thomas, 17 Gate St, Lincoln's Inn Fields, London, u and designer (1829–39). In the mid 1830s claimed to have had forty-five years experience with leading London makers. Between 1829–39 produced some fifteen furniture pattern books. [Joy, English Furniture 1800–1851, p. 149; Jervis Dictionary of Design, pp. 270–71]

King, Thomas William & Co., 12 Turn-again Lane, Snowhill, London, cabinet, knife-case and backgammon table maker (1790–93). [D] See William Henry King.

King, William, address unknown, picture frame maker (1727). In 1727 was paid £2 9s by John Henry, 1st Earl of Bristol, for a frame. [V & A archives]

King, William, St Paul's Churchyard, London, upholder (1766–74). Son of William King of St Albans, Herts., distiller. App. to Phillip Bell, upholder, 3 September 1766. Bell had his business in St Paul's Churchyard and was a freeman and member of the Vintners’ Co. King was made free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 6 April 1774. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

King, William, 1 Clarkes Buildings, Snow Hill, London, cm (1774). On 17 October 1774 insured goods for £100. [GL, Sun MS vol. 235]

King, William, Worcester, cm (1776). App. to Ely Crump and free 1776. [Freemen rolls]

King, William, Lancaster, joiner and cm (1788–90). Free 1789–90. Named in the Gillow records, 1788–90. [App. reg.; Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow]

King, William, Loughborough, Leics., turner and chairmaker (1791). [D]

King, William, Whitehaven, Cumb., cm and looking-glass maker (1793–1834). King, cm of Whitehaven, was a subscriber to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793. It was probably either William or Michael King, who were in partnership at King St, 1805–08 as cm and looking-glass manufacturers. William King was trading on his own behalf from an address in Lowther St in 1811 and by 1829 had moved to 13 Tangier St. In 1834 William Alkin King was trading from this address as a cm, carver, gilder and lookingglass manufacturer. [D]

King, William, Wardour St, London, u (1802). Freeman of Oxford. [Oxford poll bk]

King, William Henry, London, cm (1808–39). At 15 Fleet St, 1808–12, 40 Shoe Lane, 1820–26, but from 1829 at 48 Fetter Lane. In 1835, 55 Fetter Lane is also shown. Heal lists a maker of the same name at 12 Turn-again Lane, Snow Hill and 2 Bartlett's Buildings, Holborn, 1790–1827. See Thomas William King & Co. [D; Heal]

King, William, Northgate, Bradford, Yorks., joiner and cm (1814). Succeeded by Robert King at this address. [D]

King, William, Duke St, Bermondsey, London, u and paper hanger (1814–39). At 26 Duke St, 1814–25, but after 1829 at 31. [D]

King, William, 72 Ratcliffe Highway, East Smithfield, London, cm and appraiser (1817). [D]

King, William, 5 Rathbone Pl., Oxford St, London, u and cm (1820–21). [D]

King, William, London, cm and chairmaker (1820–39). At 25 Holywell Row, Chapel St, Shoreditch, 1820–26. On 4 December 1820 took out insurance cover of £800. Of this £300 was for his dwelling house and manufactory, £300 for the house adjoining and £100 for utensils, stock and goods in trust. In 1839 at 1 New North St, Finsbury, where he declared his trade to be chair and sofa maker. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 486, ref. 974270]

King, William Henry, London, cm (1820–39). At 40 Shoe Lane, 1820–26, but from 1829 at Fetter Lane. In 1835 55 Fetter Lane is also shown. [D]

King, William, Northumberland Rd, Commercial Rd, London, cm and u (1822–23). [D]

King, William, 41 Blackfriargate, Hull, Yorks., cm and broker (1826). [D]

King, William, Norwich, cm (1829). Son of Jeremy King, weaver. Free 16 May 1829. [Freemen rolls]

King, William, New St, Barnsley, Yorks., cm and u (1829–37). [D]

King, William, Ipswich St, Stowmarket, Suffolk, cm (1830–39). [D]

King, William, New St, Doncaster, Yorks., cm and u (1837). [D]

King, William, 8 Woodstock St, Oxford St, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

King & Co., 11 Somers Pl. West, New Rd, Pancras, London, u (1829). [D]

King & Debharms, see John King, Shepherd Mkt.

King & Lidbitter, Union St, Southwark, London, Windsor chairmakers (1829). [D]

King & Smith, Shepherd Mkt, London, see John King.

King & Smith, Friar St, Sudbury, Suffolk, u (1839). [D]

Kingdom, John, Bristol, cm (1802). Declared bankrupt, Exeter Flying Post, 11 March 1802.

Kingdon, Jane & Son, Fore St, Exeter, Devon, paper stainers and u (1832–38). Successors to T. M. Kingdon & Co. Manufactured wall hangings and maintained carpet and upholstery warerooms. Their billhead claimed ‘ROOMS decorated in a superior manner by the first Artists after the most tasteful designs. Fancy Painting in all the branches’. Their custom may not have been purely local for J. S. Pakington of Westwood, near Droitwich, Worcs. received goods from them in December 1832 and paid the sum of £4 5s 2½d which was due, on 8 March 1833. [D; Worcs. RO, 2309/705:380/56/v]

Kingdon, T.M. & Co., 180 Fore St, Exeter, Devon, paper stainers and u (1822–32). From 1832 the business continued as Jane Kingdon & Son. [D]

Kingham, —, Long Acre, London, frame maker (1763). Heal states that he was frame maker to George III.

Kingham, Thomas, 2 Long Acre, London, painter and gilder (1804–25). From 1809 the business is described as Thomas Kingham & Son. Framed the Raphael cartoons at Hampton Court for George IV at a cost of £500. In 1804 employed at Hatfield House, Herts., repairing and gilding fifty picture frames, mirror frames, the ornament to ‘Queen Elizabeth's frame’ and two large window cornices. This, with other items, totalled £155 10s 4d. [D; C. Life, 6 October 1950; Hatfield House MS Bills 613]

Kingley, Gabriel, Shrewsbury, Salop, u (1721). In 1721 took app. named Lloyd. [S of G, app. index]

Kingsbury, —(widow), New St Hand Alley, ‘The Three Crowns’ without Bishopsgate, London, u. Mid 18th-century trade card [Leverhulme Coll., MMA, NY] states that she sold ‘Upholders Goods, Feather Beds, Blankets and Quilts, Chairs, Tables, Glasses &c’ and also undertook the appraising of goods and the conduct of funerals.

Kingsford, Edmund, Folkestone, Kent, chairmaker (1794). [D]

Kingsman, Thomas, Bear St, Leicester Fields, London, upholder (1708–14). Insurance cover on his own house for £500 was taken out in 1708 and 1714 and in the latter year other houses in New St off St Martin's Lane were insured in addition for £425. [Heal; GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 14, p. 304; vol. 13, p. 578]

Kingsman, Thomas, the sign of ‘The Red Lamp’, Broad St, Golden Sq., London, upholder (1715–d. 1718). Free of the Upholders’ Co., 9 February 1714/15. [Heal; GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Kingsmill, Comfort, Middle St, Deal, Kent, cm and u (1803–29). [D]

Kingsnorth, John, 57 Friday St, London, upholder (1754–83). In 1754–67 the business was a partnership trading as Kingsnorth & Rowley. From 1759 however John Kingsnorth was trading on his own account from the same address. [D]

Kingston, James, Wellington St and Pocklington Walk, Leicester, cm and u (1822–40). [D]

Kingston, John, Scarborough, Yorks., cm (1798). [D]

Kingston, John, 41 Cirencester Pl., Fitzroy Sq., London, (c. 1840). Plaque on a music stand, dated as ‘William IV’. [Sotheby's, 21 April 1972, lot 93]

Kingston, Samuel, Spalding, Lincs., cm and u (1819–35). Recorded at Bridge St, 1819–22, and Church St in 1835. [D]

Kingston, Thomas, Durston, Som., cm (1744). In 1744 took app. named Hartnall. [S of G, app. index]

Kingston, Thomas, Bristol, cm (1834). Bankrupt September 1834. [Chester Courant, 7 October 1834]

Kingston, William, Clifton, Bristol, cm. (1816–26). At 9 Wellington Pl., 1816–17 and 14 Wellington Pl., 1818–21. By 1823–25 had moved to Royal York Cresc., and in 1826 to Meridian Pl. From 1823 listed as cm, u, undertaker, carpenter and builder. [D]

Kingwill, Joseph, Southampton, Hants., cm and u (1823–39). At 14 Upper East St, 1823–24, where apart from his work as an u and cm he offered to hang paper and sold china and class. At 124 High St in 1830 and from 1836–39 at 28 High St. [D; Southampton Herald, 26 April 1824]

Kinlock, James & William, London, cm (1777–1808). In 1777 the address was given as near Brewer St in Warwick St, Golden Sq. and in 1781 as yard behind 4 Warwick St. These are almost certainly the same property. In 1777 utensils and stock were insured for £400, but in 1781 when James Kinlock was solely responsible for the cover it was reduced to £200. The business continued in Warwick St until 1793 but the last mention of the partnership was in 1784 and after this date only James is named. William however probably set up on his own and in 1808 is recorded at 31 Swallow St, Picadilly. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 256, p. 616; vol. 296, p. 594]

Kinnebrook, David, Norwich, cm (1761–68). In 1761 in the parish of St Mary but in 1768 in both the parish of St Stephen and St Benedict. [Poll bks]

Kinnebrook, William, parish of St Peter Mancroft, Norwich, cm (1766–1818). Son of David Kinnebrook, joiner. Free 26 April 1766. [Freemen reg.; poll bk]

Kinsey, Matthew, 315 Oxford St, London, furniture printer and upholsterer's warehouseman (1825). [D]

Kinsman, Thomas, St Mary Arches St, Exeter, Devon, cm (1830–32). His son James Chapple was bapt. on 16 May 1830 at St Mary Arches. [PR (bapt.); poll bk]

Kippax, George, Carolgate, Retford, Notts., carver and gilder (1832). [D]

Kippin, William, London(?), cm (1752–53). Employed in the furnishing of the Mansion House, London, 1752–53. [Conn., December 1952, p. 181]

Kipping, J., Symondsbury, Bridport, Dorset, cm (1840). [D]

Kipps, Henry, Blisset St, Greenwich, London, cm etc. (1824–26). [D]

Kipps, Thomas, Sevenoaks, Kent, u (1776). Insured houses for £300 in 1776. [GL, Sun MS vol. 253, p. 403]

Kirby, —, address unknown, carpenter (1799–1806). On 31 August 1799 charged £2 8s for enlarging a dining table at Gorhambury House, St Albans, Herts. A more substantial commission for this house was invoiced on 11 December 1805, when a library table and cornice were charged at £30 2s. [Herts. RO, accounts bk XI 77]

Kirby, Edward, London, upholder (1773–1802). Free of the Upholders’ Co. by redemption by order of the Town Clerk, 7 July 1773. At Little Britain, 1773–94, but in 1802 at Portsmouth St. In 1773 may have been trading as a stationer. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Kirby, George, Market Pl., Pickering, Yorks., cm (1828–40). [D]

Kirby, Henry, Liverpool, chairmaker (1820). Married in June 1820 at Trinity Church. [Liverpool Mercury, 30 June 1820]

Kirby, James Harrison, 44 Leadenhall St, London, upholder (1787). Son of John Kirby of Nottingham, soap boiler. App. to Thomas Cathrow on 1 July 1778 and then to Mary Cathrow on 7 June 1782. Free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 14 November 1787. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Kirby, Joseph, Bedminster, Bristol, basket and chairmaker (1805–23). [D]

Kirby, Richard, Drury Lane, London, cm (1749–67). His nephew Joseph was app. to him in 1767. [Westminster poll bk; GL, P83/MR YI/867/90]

Kirby, Richard, address unknown, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Kirby, Robert, Backside, Beverley, Yorks., cm (1784–91). [D; poll bks]

Kirby, Thomas, Market Pl., Pickering, Yorks., joiner and cm (1823). [D]

Kirby, W., 29 Hart St, Bloomsbury, London, carver and gilder (1826). [D]

Kirby, W., 23 York St, Westminster, London, furniture broker and u (1835–39). [D]

Kirby, William, 5 Cannon St Rd, London, carver and gilder (1820–39). [D]

Kirby, William Henry, Finkle St, Stockton, Co. Durham, cm (1832). [D]

Kirk, —, Holborn, London, chairmaker (1743). [Heal]

Kirk, David, address unknown, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Kirk, Edward, 35 Black Church Lane, London, bedstead maker (1839). [D]

Kirk, J., Cambridge, cm and u (1824–26). In 1824 at Pembroke St but in 1826 shown in Trumpington St. [D; PR (bapt.)]

Kirk, John, London, u (1813–39). At Charles St, Middlx Hospital, 1813–20, though a directory of 1819 gives the number as 28. From 1826–27 at 119 Cromer St, Brunswick Sq. and in 1838–39 at Old Brentford, Middlx. [D]

Kirk, John, 27 Club Rd, Shoreditch, London, bedstead maker (1839). [D]

Kirk, Joseph Bustle, Northgate St, Gloucester, cm and u (1830). [D]

Kirk, Mary, Salisbury, Wilts., cm (1762). In 1762 took app. named Wilkie. [S of G, app. index]

Kirk, Nathaniel, 3 Sherrard St, Golden Sq., London, cm, blindmaker, auctioneer and undertaker (1808). [D]

Kirk, Paul, Bracebridge, Lincoln, chairmaker (1684–96(?)). [Lincoln RO, LCC, ADM 1684/96]

Kirk, Samuel, Woodhouse Lane, Leeds, Yorks., cm (1837). [D]

Kirk, Thomas, 48 Brewer St, London, cm (1791). See Thomas Fletcher.

Kirk, Thomas, King St, Derby, joiner, cm, appraiser, maltster and ‘plate licens'd auctioneer’ (1792). In March 1792 announced his move to King St ‘to the Premises of the late Thomas Lowe, deceased’. He also stated that he required ‘a good workman in the CABINET Branch’. [Derby Mercury, 15 March 1792]

Kirk, Thomas, 8 Rose St, London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Kirk, Thomas, 17 Greek St, Soho, London, cm (1794). [D]

Kirk, Thomas, Ward's End, Loughborough, Leics., joiner/cm (1822). [D]

Kirk, William, corner of Salisbury St and the Strand, London (1749). His trade card [Heal Coll., BM] states that he made and sold ‘all sorts of Cabinet Work, Chests of Drawers, Desks, Bookcases, Buroe Dining Card & Tea Tables, Sconces, Pier and Chimney Glasses &c. Feather Beds Blankets and Quilts &c. Blinds for Windows’. He also appraised goods and undertook funerals in ‘any Part of England’. [Heal]

Kirk, William, 78 Strand, London, cm (1749). [Poll bk]

Kirkbride, Isaac, King St, Whitehaven, Cumb., joiner/cm (1811). [D]

Kirkbride, J., Nether End, Penrith, Cumb., cm (1811). [D]

Kirkbride, John, Lancaster, (1790–92). [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow records]

Kirkbride, John, Monkwearmouth, Sunderland, Co. Durham, joiner and cm (1828). [D]

Kirkbride & Baty, Fisher St, Carlisle, Cumb., cm (1829). [D]

Kirkby, George, Car(r)olgate, Retford, Notts., joiner and cm (1819–22). [D]

Kirkby, Robert, Beverley, Yorks., cm (1793). [D]

Kirkby, Thomas, Maryport, Cumb., cm and joiner (1834). [D]

Kirkes, Hamnett, Chester, u (1678). [Freemen rolls]

Kirkes, Hamnett, Chester, u (1714–d. by 1747). Son of Samuel Kirkes of Chester, u, and free 7 January 1714. [Freemen rolls]

Kirkes, John, Chester, u (1731–47). Son of Samuel Kirkes of Chester, u, and free 30 April 1731. Took as apps John Joynes and James Leigh, both free 1747. [Freemen rolls; poll bk]

Kirkes, Samuel snr, Chester, u (1671–95). Free 26 December 1671. Took as apps his son Samuel and Peter Harefinch, both free 16 November 1695. [Freemen rolls]

Kirkes, Samuel jnr, Chester, u (1695). Son of Samuel Kirkes snr of Chester, u, and free 16 November 1695. [Freemen rolls]

Kirkes, Samuel, Chester, u (1732). Son of Samuel Kirkes jnr of Chester, u, and free 18 September 1732. [Freemen rolls; poll bk]

Kirkes, Samuel, Chester, u (1747). Son of Hamnett Kirkes of Chester, u, who was dead by the time his son was sworn free on 21 July 1747. [Freemen rolls]

Kirkes, Samuel, 64 Old Hall St, Liverpool, upholstery warehouse (1781–84). [D] This shop was being used 1792– 94 by Robert Smith in the same trade.

Kirkham, John, Blackheath, London, upholder (1772–1802). Son of Thomas Kirkham and app. to Francis Hamilton. Free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude on 3 June 1772 and from 1794 living at Blackheath. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Kirkham, John, West Smithfield, London, upholder (1793–1811). Son of Charles Kirkham of Clerkenwell, London, sawyer. App. to Milicent Walker on 9 March 1793 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 7 April 1802. Shown at 1 Cow Lane at this date but by 3 July was at 29 Long Lane, an address which he was to occupy until 1811. In 1802 took out insurance cover of £300 of which £130 was in respect of utensils and stock but in the following year the total was £500 with £330 for stock and utensils. [D; GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Sun MS vol. 423, ref. 732654; vol. 426, ref. 750478]

Kirkham, Jno., 4 Crown St, Finsbury, London, cm (1835). [D]

Kirkham, Thomas, Liverpool, u (b. 1792–d. 1834). Free 5 October 1812. At 25 Byrom St in 1818, 4 New Scotland Rd in 1821 and 44 Gerrard St, 1827–29. Died in April 1834 aged 42. [D; freemen reg.; Liverpool Mercury, 18 April 1834]

Kirkham, Thomas, 4 Wood St, Chorlton Row, Manchester, u (1825). [D]

Kirkham, William, Cow Lane, Nottingham, u (1780–1806). Son of Richard Kirkham of Nottingham, labourer. Free 1780. [D; freemen rolls; poll bks]

Kirkland, George, Pittville St, Cheltenham, Glos., carver and gilder (1839). [D]

Kirkland, William snr, Spondon, near Derby, cm and u (1828– 29). [D]

Kirkland, William jnr, Spondon, near Derby, cm and u (1828– 29). [D]

Kirkman, Thomas, ‘King's Head’, Aldermanbury, London, cm (1745). On 11 October 1745 took out insurance cover of £200 on his household goods and stock in trade. [GL, Sun MS vol. 74, ref. 103601]

Kirkpatrick, James, 24 Fleet St, Liverpool, cm (1827). [D]

Kirks, Samuel, Liverpool, u (1731–d. 1785). App. to Charles Aven in 1731. Also had a Chester connection for he is shown in the 1747 poll bk of that city even though he was at this date resident in Liverpool. Took as apps John Charleton (free 1767) and Thomas Ellison (free 1774). Established at 63 Old Hall St in 1766 and he was to remain in this street until his death in November 1785, though the number is given as 64 in 1781 and his upholstery warehouse as 2 in 1783. In November 1775 he subscribed £1 is to the Mayor of Liverpool's fund for the relief of soldiers and their dependants in the ‘American war’. Took as app. Thomas Moncas, free 1790. His death occasioned the need to sell off his stock in February 1786. This consisted of ‘Damasks, Morines, Cheneys, Bed Tickings of various qualities, with variety of Carpets, Paper Hangings, Looking Glasses of all sizes’. [D; app. bk; freemen's committee bk; Chester poll bk; Williamson's Liverpool Advertiser, 17 November 1775, 28 November 1785, 6 February 1786]

Kirkup, John, Church St, Monkwearmouth, Sunderland, Co. Durham, cm (1827). [D]

Kirkup, Simpson, Bishop St, Stockton, Co. Durham, cm and joiner (1828). [D]

Kirton, John, Lincoln, chair turner (1819–35). Recorded at Water Side, 1819–22, and Cornhill, 1835. [D]

Kirkwood, John, Heddon St, Westminster, London, cm (1749). [Poll bk]

Kirkwood, William, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Kirlew, Thomas, Stonegate, York, cm (1779–84). App. to John Sanderson, cm, and free in 1779. At Stonegate in 1784. [App. bk; poll bk]

Kirshaw, Charles, Swan Yd, Northampton, upholder (1826). [Poll bk]

Kirtland, John, parish of St Peter in the East, Oxford, cm (1802). [Poll bk]

Kirton, George, Post House Weind, Darlington, Co. Durham, turner, chairmaker and carver (1827–28). [D]

Kirton, James, address unknown, cm (1727). Supplied a card table costing £4 5s to Temple Newsam House, Leeds. [Furn. Hist., 1967]

Kirton, John, St Michael, Lincoln, chairmaker (1783–d. 1807). Employed by Lord Monson to repair chairs and possibly other work, 1783–90. The sums involved are small, the largest being £3 12s 6d in December 1785. Death reported in March 1807. [Poll bk; Lincoln RO, Monson 10/1/A/6, pp. 29, 59, 68, 80, 87, 101, 112; Gents Mag., March 1807]

Kirton, John, Waterside, Lincoln, chairmaker (1826). [D]

Kirton, John, Silver St, Stockton, Co. Durham, cm (1832). [D]

Kirton, Joseph, 4 Little Portland St, Cavendish Sq., London, cm (1780). In 1780 insured his house for £100. [GL, Sun MS vol. 287, p. 50]

Kishere, Joseph, ‘The Four Coffins’, Compton St, Westminster, London, cm and u (1749). On 20 October 1749 took out insurance cover of £400. [GL, Sun MS vol. 87, ref. 118192]

Kisling, Christian, London, u and cm (1803–19). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. At 43 Wigmore St, 1812–14, and 32 Dorset St, Portman Sq., 1817–19. [D]

Kitchen, David, Leeds, Yorks., chairmaker (1837–40). In 1837 at 12 York St, and in 1839 at 20 York Tavern Yd. [D]

Kitchen, George, Doncaster, Yorks., cm (1717). In 1717 took app. named Richardson. [S of G, app. index]

Kitchen, George, 22 Chester Rd, Hulme, Manchester, builder, joiner and cm (1825). [D]

Kitchen, Henry, Nantwich, Cheshire, cm (1798). [D]

Kitchen, James, Cable St, Lancaster, cm (1818–25). Shown in the Gillow records, 1818–24, but in 1825 trading on his own account at Cable St. [D; Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow]

Kitchen, Jonathan, Thorne, Yorks., joiner and cm (1826–31). At Stonegate, 1826–30, but in 1831 at Poorhouse Lane. [D]

Kitchen, Joseph, Liverpool, cm (1834–37). Maintained a shop at 7 St Ann's, Liverpool, 1834–37, but also shown at Richmond Row in 1834, 11 Beresford St, Everton in 1835 and 10 Beresford St in 1837. [D]

Kitchen, Joseph, Tinsley, Rotherham parish, Yorks., cm (1837). [D]

Kitchen, Kelita, Wetherby, Yorks., joiner/cm (1837). [D]

Kitchen, Richard, Nantwich, Cheshire, cm (1798). [D]

Kitchen, Robert, Tythbarn St, Liverpool, cm (1769–81). In 1777 the address is given as 12 Temple St and the trade auctioneer. [D]

Kitchen, William, Whitehaven, Cumb., cm (1798). [D]

Kitching, Mordecai J., Hull, Yorks., cm and u (1826–38). At Blanket Row, 1826 and 1834, but in 1831 shown at 13 Queen St. By 1838 at 21 Bridge St and in the next year at Humber Dock Walls. [D]

Kite, Ralph, address unknown, carver (c. 1730). Worked at Houghton, Norfolk for James Richards. [Conn., June 1981, p. 144]

Kite, Thomas, Hull, Yorks., cm (d. 1794). Death reported, Hull Packet, 10 November 1794.

Kitson, Joshua, Haslingden, Lancs., cm, u, joiner and house builder (1822–24). Trading at Higher Lane in 1824. [D]

Kitson, Thomas, 96 High St, Hoxton, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Kitson, William, 29 Montague St, London, cm (1826). Freeman of Maldon, Essex. [Maldon poll bk]

Kitten, John, Norwich, cm (1806). Son of Robert Kitten, grocer. Free 12 November 1806. [Freemen reg.]

Kittle, James, King St, St Anne's Lane, Norwich, cm and mahogany merchant (1802–12). [D; poll bks]

Kitty, Robert, Marlborough Mews, Westminster, London, chairmaker (1749). [Poll bk]

Knaggs, 15 Moor Lane, Fore St, London, cm and chairmaker (1790–93). [D; Heal]

Knapp, Alexander, Strand, London, cm (1774). [Westminster poll bk]

Knapp, F.A., 21 Lower Grosvenor St, London, u (1835). By 1837 succeeded by John & Henry Knapp at the same address. [D]

Knapp, George, 55 Hanover St, Portsea, Portsmouth, Hants., cm and u (1823). [D]

Knapp, James William, 21 Lower Grosvenor St, bedstead maker and u (1839). Successor to John & Henry Knapp at this address. [D]

Knapp, John, Guildford St, Chertsey, Surrey, cm (1822). [D]

Knapp, John, Portsea, Portsmouth, Hants., cm, u, and chairmaker (1830–39). Recorded at 174 Queen St in 1830 and 83 Queen St in 1839. [D]

Knapp, John & Henry, 40 Cirencester Pl., 54 Toley St, 21 Lower Grosvenor St, Cirencester Wharf, Regent's Canal, Augustor St, London, builders, statuaries, cm, u, house agents, general decorators, hydrostatic waterbed manufacturers (1837). F. A. Knapp occupied 21 Lower Grosvenor St in 1835 and James William Knapp the same address in 1839. [D]

Knapp, Thomas, Brighton, Sussex, cm and builder (1784–92). [D]

Knapton, Samuel, Gt Queen St, St Giles, London, looking-glass seller (b. 1673–d. 1720). Master of the Glass Sellers’ Co., 1712. Died on 12 December 1720 aged 47. [Wills, Looking-Glasses]

Knebworth, James, 7 Hanover St, Manchester, cm (1825). [D]

Knee, William, Round Stone St, Trowbridge, Wilts., cm (1839). [D]

Kneen, Ellen, 10 Stanley St, Liverpool, cm (1827). [D]

Kneen, Thomas, Stanley St, Liverpool, cm (1815–27). App. in 1815 and in 1822 petitioned freedom on servitude to William Harvey. Sworn free, 17 October 1827. At this date living at 9 Stanley St, but a directory of the same year gives 63 Stanley St. [D; freemen reg.]

Knibb, —, Oxford, upholder (d. by 1754). Dead before August 1754. Referred to as Alderman Knibb. [Jackson's Oxford Journal, 14 September 1754]

Knibb, George, Newport Pagnell, Bucks., joiner and cm (1780– 98). In 1780 took out insurance cover of £400 of which £140 was for utensils and stock. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 284, p. 267]

Knibbey, John, Peter St, Westminster, London, chairmaker (1749). [Poll bk]

Knife, John, London, upholder (1783–1802). Son of John Knife of St Luke's, handkerchief printer. App. to John Evans, cook, on 22 February 1776 and admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 2 July 1783. In 1783 Skinner St, but in 1802 Harp Alley, Fleet Mkt. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Knight, —, London, u (1689–90). In 1789–90 paid £1 5s by the church wardens of St Michael's, Crooked Lane. [Wren Soc., vol. XIX, p. 44]

Knight, —, address unknown, upholder (1768–73). Payments to ‘Upholder Knight’ recorded from Michaelmas 1768 by John Bragge of Sadborow, Thorncombe, Dorset. [Dorset RO, D104/F4]

Knight, —, Honiton, Devon, cm (1813). On 5 October 1813 Married at Honiton to Miss Crabb of Churchstanton. [Western Luminary, 1813–15]

Knight, C., London, u (1826–39). At 3 Portland St, Soho in 1826 but at 4 Gt Titchfield St, 1829–39. [D]

Knight, Charles John, London, cabinet inlayer (1813–25). At 2 Clerkenwell Green, 1813–15, when insurance cover of £400 was taken out of which £150 was in respect of utensils and stock. In 1822 shown at 12 Clerkenwell Green and the trade was listed as buhl manufacturer. He was soon however to move to Bleeding Hart Yd, Saffron Hill, Hatton Gdn. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 462, 26 June 1813; vol. 462, ref. 901705; GL, P83/MRYI/876/167]

Knight, Charles, Hill St, Poole, Dorset, cm and u (1840). [D]

Knight, Edward, 150 High St, Southampton, Hants., cm and u (1839). Advertised himself also as auctioneer, appraiser, house and estate agent and undertaker. Offered to fit up yachts and indicated that he held stocks of ‘Cabinet Household Furniture, Bedding, Floor Cloths, Paper-Hangings &c’. Undertook funerals. [D]

Knight, Elizabeth, Cornhill, Bridgwater, Som., cm and u (1830). [D]

Knight, Elizabeth, Nottingham, u and paper hanger (1834–40). Addresses given at Byard Lane in 1834–35 and Pepper St, 1840. [D]

Knight, F., 5 Charles St, Covent Gdn, London, looking-glass and picture maker (1829). [D]

Knight, Francis, 39 Booth St, Spitalfields, London, cm, u and chair japanner (1827). [D]

Knight, George, Back St, Petworth, Sussex, cm and victualler (b. c. 1773–1841). Born at Angmering, Sussex, c. 1773, and trading in Petworth by 1819 and possibly 1815. Apart from the cm side of his business he was the landlord of the ‘White Hart Inn’ in Back St. [1841 Census]

Knight, George, Upton, near Tewkesbury, Glos., cm (1813–26). [PR (bapt.)]

Knight, George, High St, Tewkesbury, Glos., cm, u, builder and chairmaker (1820–39). [D]

Knight, George, Cheap Side, Derby, cm and brooker (1823). [D]

Knight, George, Liverpool, carver (1835–39). At Richardson Pl., 14 Lambert St in 1835, 21 Lambert St in 1837 and 59 Peter St in 1839. In 1837 also maintained a beer shop. [D]

Knight, George, 11 Page's Walk, Bermondsey, London, picture and looking glass frame maker (1839). [D]

Knight, James, Long Acre, London, cm (1709). [Heal]

Knight, James, Queenhithe, London, u (1727). [Heal]

Knight, James, Shaftesbury, Dorset, cm (1782). In his will, dated 1782 he left everything to his wife. [Dorset RO, DA/W/1782/58]

Knight, James, London, (1791–1808). A James Knight undertook repairs and alterations for Gertrude, Dowager Duchess of Bedford, 1791–92, amounting to £5 17s 1d. At this period she was living at 112 Pall Mall. This cm is probably the Knight cm who subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793. There was also a James Knight recorded in a directory at 49 Welbeck St, Cavendish Sq. in 1808 who may well be the same person. [D; Bedford Office, London]

Knight, James, East St, Chichester, Sussex, cm, u and undertaker (1823–32). [D]

Knight, James, Hight St, Bridgwater, Som., cm and u (1830). [D]

Knight, James Thomas, Brittox, Devizes, Wilts., cm and u (1830). [D]

Knight, John, Hastings, Sussex, cm and carpenter (1794). [D]

Knight, John & James, Brittox, Devizes, Wilts., cm etc. (1822). [D]

Knight, John, London, bed and mattress maker (1822–35). At 40 Carnaby St in 1822 and 13 Little Compton St, Soho in 1835. [D]

Knight, John, Coombe St, Lyme Regis, Dorset, cm and builder (1823). [D]

Knight, John, 1 Lower College St, Bristol, cm (1825–28). [D]

Knight, John, Altrincham, Cheshire, cm (1828). [D]

Knight, John, 56 Poland St, London, u (1829). [D]

Knight, John, Market Pl., Ely, Cambs., turner and chairmaker (1830–39). [D]

Knight, John, 19 Wellington Mart, Hull, Yorks., turner and bed pole carver (1831–39). From 1834 listed merely as wood turner and in 1839 the address is given as ‘Summergang’. [D]

Knight, John, Nottingham, joiner and cm (1837). [Freemen rolls]

Knight, Joseph, London, upholder (1759). Son of Joseph Knight of St George's, Hanover Sq., vintner. App. to Thomas Dobyns on 2 November 1752 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 6 December 1759. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Knight, Joseph, Tunbridge Wells, Kent, Tunbridge-ware manufacturer (1786–94). Label recording him as ‘Tunbridge-Ware Maker to Her Majesty’ known on oval harewood tea caddy with marquetry of flowers and leaves. Knight is recorded paying poor rate in Tunbridge parish, 1786–94.

Knight, Joseph, 34 Alport Lane, Manchester, cm (1808). [D]

Knight, Philip, Bristol, u (1715–34). In 1719 took app. named Stokes. Living in the parish of St Peter in 1721 and Christchurch parish in 1734. [S of G, app. index; poll bks]

Knight, Philip, parish of St Philip and St Jacob, Bristol, u (1774). [Poll bk]

Knight, Richard, Devizes, Wilts., u and auctioneer (1793). [D]

Knight, Richard, Midhurst, Sussex, cm and clothes salesman (1823–39). [D]

Knight, Robert, Harwich, Essex, cm and auctioneer (1793). [D]

Knight, Samuel, ‘The Crown’, Noble St, London, u (1714). [GL, Sun MS vol. 4, 15 July 1714]

Knight, Samuel, 3 Sweetings Alley, Cornhill, London, print seller and frame maker (1821). On 22 February 1821 took out insurance cover of £800 of which £200 was for his shop and £300 for stock and utensils. [GL, Sun MS vol. 486, ref. 978037]

Knight, T. W., Speenhamland, Newbury, Berks., carver and gilder (1840). [D]

Knight, Thomas, London, upholder (1700–07). Free of the Upholders’ Co., 6 November 1700. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Knight, Thomas, Bread St, London, upholder (1747). [Heal]

Knight, Thomas, London, glass seller (c. 1772). He was paid £115 ‘for looking glasses’ in connection with the furnishing of The Pantheon (built 1769–72). [Survey of London, vol. 31, p. 271n]

Knight, Thomas, Lancaster, furniture painter and japanner (1787–90). Named in the Gillow records, 1787 and 1789–90. [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow]

Knight, Thomas, 22 Bentick St, Cavendish Sq., London, u (1808). [D]

Knight, Thomas, 15 Broad St, Bath, Som., cm, u, auctioneer and appraiser (1826). [D]

Knight, Thomas, Doldory (or Doldy), Worcester, cm and u (1822–30). [D]

Knight, Thomas, Jamaica Row, Birmingham, cabinet case etc. maker (1839). [D]

Knight, William, ‘The Crown’, Leadenhall St, London, u (1722–25). In 1722–23 supplied two pier glasses for the Great Dining Room at Hicks Hall, London for which he charged £20, though an abatement of £1 was later made. On 29 December 1725 took out insurance cover of £1,000 which included £450 on goods and merchandise in his dwelling house, £100 on ‘a back house’ and £50 on goods kept there. [Winterthur, Delaware, Symonds papers, 75×69.29; GL, Sun MS vol. 15, ref. 29060; vol. 20, ref. 37637]

Knight, William, London, upholder (1765). Son of Edward Knight of Essolt, Northants., baker. App. to Carill Pitt of the Fishmongers’ Co., 7 September 1758. Free of the Upholders’ Co. under the terms of the 1750 Upholders’ Act, 5 December 1765. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Knight, William, High St, Salisbury, Wilts., cm and u (1830). [D]

Knight, William, Cathedral Yd, Canterbury, Kent, carver and gilder (1832). [D]

Knight, William Jeffries, Cornhill, Bridgwater, Som., cm and u (1822–40). [D]

Knighton, George, Sutton-in-Ashfield, Notts., chairmaker (1828–35). Trading at High St in 1828. [D]

Knighton, William, Clumber St, Nottingham, fancy chairmaker (1814). [D]

Knights, Nathaniel, London, chairmaker (1818). Freeman of Norwich. [Norwich poll bk]

Knights, Samuel, 7 Cornhill, London, upholder (1803). Son of Thomas Knights of Pedlars Acre, London. App. to John Walker, 4 July 1792, and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 2 February 1803. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Knipe, John, Lancaster (1792). Named in the Gillow records in connection with making a table. [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow vol. 96, p. 843]

Knipe, William Garnet, Salford, Lancs., carver and gilder (1808–40). At 8 Palmer St in 1808 and 1 Palmer St in 1813. Thereafter the addresses are in Greengate, the number being 14 in 1814–21, 15 in 1824–29 and 16, 1832–36. Also recorded at no. 16 in 1822. [D]

Knipe & Mower, 208 Oxford St, London, upholder and cm (1803). [D]

Knott, Thomas, Wadsley, Sheffield, Yorks., cm (1834–37). In 1837 at the ‘Star Inn’, Wadsley. [D]

Knott, W., Lancaster (1809). Named in the Gillow records in connection with making a bookshelf. [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow vol. 344/99, p. 1870]

Knowles, Alexander, address unknown, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Knowles, Daniel, Canterbury, Kent, chairmaker (1793). [D]

Knowles, Edward, ‘The India Cabinet’, Fryar St, Reading, Berks., upholder. His mid 18th-century trade card [Leverhulme Coll., MMA, NY] indicates that he undertook both upholstery and cabinet making, bought, sold and appraised household goods and did work ‘by Designs and Designs given’.

Knowles, Mrs Elizabeth, Rotherhithe, London, upholder (1740). A widow. Took out insurance cover of £200. [GL, Sun MS vol. 54, p. 462]

Knowles, Henry Sidney, 107 Wardour St, Soho, London, u (1835–39). [D]

Knowles, James Spencer, Southwark, London, u and cm (1821–29). At 29 High St in 1821 but from the following year at 291. In both 1822 and 1823 took out insurance cover of £1,100 but only £300 of this was in respect of stock, utensils and goods in trust. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 490, ref. 989206; vol. 492, ref. 1003146]

Knowles, John, ‘The Cabinet and Four Coffins’, Tooley St, Southwark, London, joiner, cm, appraiser and undertaker (1729–47). On 16 October 1729 took out insurance cover amounting to £500 much of which was connected with his stock in trade. Apart from his dwelling house, in which some stock was kept, a timber warehouse is mentioned. His trade label has been recorded in a walnut chest of drawers of early 18th-century date. [Heal; GL, Sun MS vol. 29]

Knowles, John, Horsleydown, Southwark, London, cm (1750). Member of the Joiners’ Co. [GL, Joiners’ Co. records, Livery lists]

Knowles, John, King St, Leigh, Lancs., joiner and cm (1825–34). From 1828 the business traded as John & William Knowles. [D]

Knowles, John, High St, St Martin's, Lincoln, cm and u (1826– 28). [D]

Knowles, Richard, London, cm (1783–93). In 1783 at 8 Gt Earl St, Seven Dials where he took out insurance cover for £400 of which half was for utensils and stock. From 1789 at 27 Tottenham Ct Rd. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 317, p. 82]

Knowles, Richard, High St, St Peter's, Lincoln, cm and u (1819–28). [D]

Knowles, Robert, Liverpool, carver (1804–23). At 29 Brownlow Hill in 1804 and 63 Brownlow Hill in 1807. In 1810 at 14 Stanhope St and in the following year at 3 Gloucester St. By 1818 the address had changed to 5 Craven St and in 1821–23 it was 11 Bridport St. [D]

Knowles, Thomas, 51 Featherstone St, City Rd, London, chair and sofa maker (1839). [D]

Knowles, Thomas, Sittingbourne, Kent, carver, gilder, plumber and painter (1839). [D]

Knowles, William, Sun St, Canterbury, Kent, u (1805–09). [D]

Knowles, William, Liverpool, cm (1827). Son of R. Knowles, watchmaker. On 25 December 1827 married Miss Williams at St Anne's Church. [Liverpool Mercury, 4 January 1828]

Knowles, William Maddock, Liverpool, cm (1819–40). App. in 1819 to William John Roberts and free in 1840. [Freemen's committee bk]

Knox, James, Liverpool, carver and gilder (1805–24). In 1807 recorded in one directory at 6 Mount St, Elliott Hill but all others give addresses in Duncan St until 1818 and after that at Copperas Hill. In 1805 and 1810 8 Duncan St is listed, and in 1811 a shop at 4 Duncan St is also shown. In 1813 the number is 15, in 1816, 16, and in 1818, 21. The numbers in Copperas Hill are 65 in 1821, 82 in 1823 and 83 in the following year. [D]

Knox, John, 84 Fore St, Devonport, Devon, cm (1812–23). [D]

Knox, Michael, 11 Bedford Pl., Old Kent Rd, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Knox, William, London, carver and gilder (1808–20). In 1808 at 29 Joiner's Pl., St George's Fields, and in 1820 at 15 High St, Newington Butts. [D]

Knox, William Perry, 107 Jermyn St, St James's, London, cm and upholder (1839–40). [D; GL, Sun MS ref. 1339660]

Kowin, William, address unknown, carver and gilder (1776). He was paid £6 6s in August 1776 for ‘a very rich picture frame in burnish gold with a coronet & other enrichments of laurell leaves etc.’ This item which was invoiced a month earlier, was said to be for ‘Percy's portrait’ and for the ‘New Guild Hall’. [V & A archives]

Krampf, —, address unknown, upholder (1806–08). He was paid £117 2s 9d in 1806 and £43 9s in 1808 in connection with Longford Castle, Wilts. [V & A archives]

Kreyer, —, address unknown, u (c. 1757). Undertook work on upholstery and chair stuffing at Holkham Hall, Norfolk [C. Life, 14 February 1980, p. 427]

Kriege, Frederick, 11 Ormond Row, Chelsea, London, cm and u (1808–20). [D]

Kripe & Mower, Upper Oxford Rd, London, cm (1803). [Heal]

Kune, David, 11 Gt Warner St, Clerkenwell, London, cm etc. (1811–13). [D]