Dictionary of English Furniture Makers 1660-1840. Originally published by W.S. Maney and Son Limited, Leeds, 1986.

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'P', in Dictionary of English Furniture Makers 1660-1840, (Leeds, 1986) pp. 669-723. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/no-series/dict-english-furniture-makers/p [accessed 12 April 2024]


Pace, James, Angel Ct, Strand, London, cm (1777). In 1777 took out insurance cover for £200 but only £10 of this was in respect of utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 259, p. 348]

Packer, J. O., Southgate St, Gloucester, cm and u (1839). [D]

Packer, John, Southgate St, Gloucester, cm and u (1830). [D]

Packer, Thomas, address unknown, chairmaker (1729–30). On 20 December 1729 invoiced to Edward Monnington of Sarnesfield Court, near Kington, Herefs. ‘12 Handsome Chairs Compass backs & seats wth fine Cain £18’ with two matching elbow chairs and another elbow chair ‘for a Close stool Chair the seat Cov'rd wth red morrocco Leather’. The cost of the commission totalled £25 2s. [Herefs. RO, P 94/26]

Pachon, George, Liverpool, cm (1760). In 1760 his app. John Highfield petitioned freedom. [Freemen's committee bk]

Padbury, Jon., address unknown, chairmaker (1723). On 26 July 1723 receipted an account paid by Paul Foley of Little Ormond St and the Temple, London, and Newport House, Almeley, Herefs. The items supplied included a chair. [Herefs. RO, Foley MS, F/AIII/55]

Padbury, William, Gloucester St, Cirencester, Glos., cm and u (1830–39). [D]

Paddon, Cornelius, Stepcote Hill, Exeter, Devon cm (1818–20). A daughter bapt. 1818 and a son 1820 at St George's Church. [PR (bapt.)]

Paddon, George, Gate St, Lincoln's Inn Fields, London, cm (1808). [D]

Paddon, Robert, London, looking-glass manufacturer (1819–29). At 243 Whitechapel Rd, 1819–25, but in 1829 the business was listed as Paddon & Son at 4 Cambridge Rd, Mile End Rd. [D]

Paddon, Simon, 51 Charles St, Drury Lane, London, cm (1806– 07). In May 1806 took out insurance cover of £200 on his household goods and £80 on utensils and stock ‘behind’. By July 1807 the address was shown as 51 Lewkness Lane and the cover was £300. [GL, Sun MS vol. 437, ref. 790735; vol. 440, ref. 804775]

Paddy, Thomas, 64 Granby St, Devonport, Devon, cm and u (1830). [D]

Padget, George, address unknown, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Padget, John, Lancaster, cm (1759–68). App. to John Lowther joiner and cm in 1746 and free by servitude, 1759–60. Took apps in 1761, 1765, 1767 and 1768. [Freemen rolls; app. reg.; poll bk]

Padget, Richard, Lancaster, cm (1761–68). App. to John Padget in 1761 and free by servitude, 1767–68. [App. reg. and freemen rolls]

Padget, William, Highgate, Beverley, Yorks., cm and joiner (1799–1834). [D; poll bk]

Padle, John, 1 Midford Pl., Tottenham Ct Rd, London, bedstead and cornice maker (1820–26). In 1826 described as a furniture broker. [D]

Padman, John, parish of St Oswald, Durham, u (1730). Son buried 19 December 1730. [PR (burial)]

Page, —, address unknown, upholder and carpenter (1796). Payment of £16 10s 6d in the Longford Castle, Wilts. accounts. [V&A archives]

Page, —, 62 Tabernacle Walk, Finsbury, London, cm (1826). [D]

Page, Francis, New St, Wellington, Salop, chairmaker and wood turner (1840). [D]

Page, George, Old Bridge, Exeter, Devon, cm (1815). Two daughters bapt. at St Edmund's Church on 2 February 1815. [PR (bapt.)]

Page, Henry, Silver St, Gainsborough, Lincs., cm and u (1819– 22). [D]

Page, John, 1 Doughty St, Foundling Hospital, London, picture frame maker (1820). [D]

Page, John, Brighton, Sussex, cm (1832–37). At 53 Kings St in 1832 and North Lane in 1837. [D; poll bk]

Page, Joseph, Nantwich, Cheshire, u (1801). A son and a daughter bapt. 18 January 1801. [PR (bapt.)]

Page, Mathew, Liverpool, cm (1761). App. to Thomas Griffiths and free by servitude on 14 March 1761. [Freemen reg.]

Page, Nathanial Ingate, Gt Yarmouth, Norfolk, cm (1818–38). [Poll bks]

Page, Thomas, parish of St Andrew's, Norwich, u (1732–68). App. to John Pennington and free by servitude on 24 February 1732. [Freemen rolls; poll bks]

Page, Thomas Osborn, parish of St George, Bloomsbury, London, cm (1796). Leased ‘The Bell’ public house at Kedington, Essex for a year from 5 December 1796. [Suffolk RO(Bury), 464/4, 464/5]

Page, Thomas, London, cabinet and knifecase manufacturer (1808–20). At 63 St John's St in 1808 and 5 Prince's St, Barbican, 1816–20. In 1820 described as a ‘cabinet & plate chest maker and portable desk manufacturer’. [D]

Page, Thomas, Church St, Hackney, London, carver, gilder and paper hanger (1823–26). [D]

Page, Thomas, 4 Norfolk St, Prospect Pl., Southwark, London, bedstead maker (1826–29). [D]

Page, William, Chapel Pl., Kentish Town, London, cm and undertaker (1808). [D]

Page, William, 15 Short's Building, Clerkenwell, London, carver and gilder (1808). [D]

Page, William, East Rudham, Norfolk, cm (1836). [D]

Paget, William, 1 Clerkenwell Green, London, furniture japanner (1829). [D]

Pagett, Thomas, Sheep St Lane, Cirencester, Glos., cm (1820). [D]

Paice, George & William, Winchester St, Basingstoke, Hants., cm and u (1830). [D]

Paice, William, Basingstoke, Hants., cm and u (1823–39). Listed at Winchester St, 1839. [D]

Pailey, —, address unknown, carver (1812). Employed by Edward, Lord Lascelles probably at Harewood House, Hanover Sq., London and paid on 27 January 1812 £8 7s. [Leeds archives dept, Harewood MS 192]

Paillet, George, Bishopgate St, London upholder (1766–73). Son of Clement Paillet of Deptford, malt distiller. Brother of Melchior Paillet. Free of the Upholders’ Co. by redemption under the terms of the 1750 Upholders’ Act, 3 April 1766. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Paillet, Jaques, parish of St Giles-in-the-Fields, London, cm (c.1706–d. 1765). Son of Daniel Paillet of the province of Saintonge, France. Entered the French Protestant Hospital, London, 1758–59, as he had lost the use of his hands and could not work. Died there, 13 April 1765, aged 59. [Huguenot Soc., vol. LIII (1977)]

Paillet, Melchior, London, and Market Harborough, Leics., upholder (1766–81). Son of Clement Paillet of Deptford, malt distiller. Brother of George Paillet. Free of the Upholders’ Co. by redemption under the terms of the 1750 Upholders’ Act on 3 April 1766, the same day as his brother. At Bishopsgate St in 1773 but from 1788–81 at Shewell, near Market Harborough, Leics. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Pailthorpe, G., 29 Long Lane, Smithfield, London, mattress and bedding manufacturer (1813). [D]

Pailthorp(e), William, Baxtergate, Grimsby, Lincs., joiner, cm and builder (1826–40). [D]

Pain, J., 14 Little Chapel St, Soho, London, carver (1829). [D]

Pain, James, address unknown, chair carver (c.1788). Married the sister of Francis Place, the reformer. Described in Place's autobiography as ‘a journeyman, a good workman and remarkably swift, he could earn full four pounds a week all the year round, and never need have wanted work, chairs and other small articles of furniture which were to be carved were sent to his own workshop, and he always had much more than he could do.’ [BM, Add MS 35,142]

Pain, James, Green St, Milton, Kent, cm (1838–39). [D]

Pain, John, ‘The Star’, Lombard St, London, cm (d.1714). [Heal]

Pain, John, Banbury, Oxon., timber merchant, builder and cm (1783). In 1783 insured his warehouse, workshop and their stock for £210 out of a total cover of £700. [GL, Sun MS vol. 313, p. 229]

Pain, John H., Clare, Suffolk, cm (1830–39). [D]

Pain, William, 7 Hickman's Folly, Dockhead, London, cm (1809). [D]

Paine, Abel, Westgate St, Gloucester, auctioneer, appraiser, u and cm (1815–30). Children bapt. in 1815, 1817, 1818 at St Michael's Church. [D; PR (bapt.)]

Paine, John, Bristol, u (1713–54). In 1713 took app. named Stringer; in 1718, Anneley; and in 1721 Watkins. Both Stringer and Watkins were taken jointly by John Paine and his wife Elizabeth. Living in the parish of St Augustine, 1722–34, the parish of St Nicholas in 1739 and the parish of St James, 1739–54. [S of G, app. index; poll bks]

Paine, John, Gloucester St, Cirencester, Glos., cm (1820–38). [D]

Paine, Joseph, Russell Ct, Westminster, London, upholder (1774). [Poll bk]

Paine, Joseph, Catherine St, Strand, London, cm and upholder (1776–84). In 1776 took out insurance cover of £1,000 of which £760 was in respect of utensils and stock. Bankruptcy announced, Gents Mag., May 1784. [GL, Sun MS vol. 247, p. 74]

Paine, Joseph, 17 New St, Birmingham, upholder (1800). [D]

Paine, Joseph, Newport, Salop, chairmaker (1831). [D]

Paine, Peter, St Ann's-in-Liberty, London, cm (1712). In 1712 took an app. [S of G, app. index]

Paine, Sampson, Camberwell, London, joiner/carver and gilder (1718–d.1731). In 1718 his trade was listed as a joiner and he occupied a house with associated brew house and stables ‘on the East side of the road leading from Kent St to New Cross, Camberwell’. In this year he took out insurance cover on his dwelling house for £400 and for another rented house £200. At the time of his death in 1731 he was said to be a carver and gilder and ‘dwelling in the halfway house in the road to Deptford’. [GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 19, p. 148; Harris, Old English Furniture, p. 26]

Paine, Thomas, Birmingham, cm and upholder (1767–1800). At 15 Steelhouse Lane, 1767–70; 14 New St, 1777–93; and 15 New St in 1800. [D]

Painter, Daniel, Bristol, cm etc. (1810–26). At Gloucester St, 1810–14, but by 1815 in ‘Back’. The number here was 7 in 1816, 9 in 1817–19 and 22 in 1820–23. From 1825–26 at King St, St Nicholas. [D]

Painter, Francis & Co., 32 Finsbury Pl. South, London, cm and u (1839). Included in the Banks’ Coll., BM is the trade card of Painter & Co., Finsbury Sq., London which would appear to be the same concern. The card is illustrated with an engraving of an early 19th-century shop front inscribed ‘late Lackington's’ and ‘Established upwards of a century’. [D]

Painter, George & Co., 67 London Wall, London, cm (1835). [D]

Painter, Isaac, Bristol, upholder (1774–95). In the parish of St Augustine in 1774, and in the following year at 9 Stoney Hill. From 1784 in St Augustine's Back, the number being 13 in 1792–93. From 1793 to 1795 the business traded as Painter & Huggins. [D; poll bks]

Painter, J., Hoxton Town, London, cm and chairmaker (1789– 93). [D]

Painter, John, Liverpool, cm (1757). In 1757 took app. named Painter. [S of G, app. index]

Painter, Thomas, parish of St James, Bristol, cm (1784). [Poll bk]

Painter, William, Bristol, cm (1774–1809). At 23 Bridewell St in 1775 but from 1792–1809 at ‘Back’. [D; poll bk]

Paish, Charles, Gloucester St, Cirencester, Glos., cm (1820). [D]

Paiten, —, address unknown, u (1717). On 22 December 1717 Admiral Edward Russell, Earl of Orford of Chippenham, Cambs. paid Paiten £49. [Cambs. RO, R74/43]

Paley, John, 63 Mortimer St, Cavendish Sq., London, carver and gilder (1835–37). [D]

Paley, Thomas, 19 Gt Castle St, Oxford Mkt, London, carver and gilder (1817). [D]

Paley, William, 42 Margaret St, Cavendish Sq., London, carver and gilder (1820). [D]

Palfreman, Thomas, Powis St, Woolwich, London, cm, u and furniture broker (1832–39). [D]

Palfrey, Richard, Chapel Hill, Exmouth, Devon, cm, chairmaker, u and undertaker (1830–38). An Ellen Palfrey was trading from this address in the same trades by 1844. [D]

Palfrey, Robert, ‘The North Country Sailor Inn’, Exmouth, Devon, cm and innholder (1823–d.1827). Also acted as an agent for the sale of properties. His death was announced early in January 1827. [D; The Alfred, 23 August 1825, 2 January 1827]

Palfryman, John, Thursday Mkt, York, cm (1767–74). Son of John Palfryman, chandler. Free as a cm in 1767. [Freemen rolls; poll bk]

Palk, William, Swings Lane, Exeter, Devon, cm (1829). Daughter bapt. on 25 October 1829 at the Church of St Mary Steps. [PR (bapt.)]

Pallant, James, St James's Walk, Clerkenwell, London, cm (1790–1809). [D]

Palleday, William, ‘The Crown’, Aldermanbury, London, cm (1713). A number of walnut and oak bureaus by this maker are known with trade labels pasted on drawer interiors. These all have characteristics which would date them to the Queen Anne period. The only documented commission known, however, is one for Lady Heathcote for which payment of £1 14s 6d was received on 15 December 1713. A 13-inch glass in a walnut frame, and a square ‘falling’ table were supplied and repairs carried out to a chest of drawers. [V&A archives; Sotheby's, 5 October 1945, lot 82; 1 March 1974, lot 38A; Lincoln RO, 2 ANC 12/D/7]

Pallentine, W., 66 Gt Queen St, Lincoln's Inn Fields, London, carver and gilder (1837). [D]

Pallett & Smith, 13 Little Pancras St, Tottenham Ct Rd, London, chair and sofa makers (1839). [D]

Pallin, Elias, Bristol, cm (1795). In 1795 at Peter St. From 1799–1801 shown at ‘The Rose & Crown’, Narrow plain, but there is no indication that he carried on his trade as cm from there. [D]

Pallin, Elias, Merchant St, Bristol, cm, u, appraiser and furniture broker (1818–31). At 6 Merchant St, 1818–19, and nos 5 and 6 from 1820–31. [D]

Pallin, Elizabeth, Merchant St, Bristol, cm and broker (1801). [D]

Pallin (Palling or Pallings), Henry, Bristol, cm (1793–1800). In 1793–94 at Newgate St, but does not feature again in trade directories until 1799–1800 when he was in Merchant St. In the following year the directories show Elizabeth Pallin at this address in the same trade. [D]

Palliser, Joseph, address unknown, cm and joiner (1741). Paid 16s 3d for making a clothes press for ‘Mr. Leaton’, the entry in the cash book of the Gibside estate, Co. Durham being dated 1 August 1741. Several generations of the Palliser family were estate joiners at Gibside and estate records frequently mention furniture repairs and the occasional making of new furniture by them. [Durham RO, Strathmore MS, D/St/V988]

Palliser, William, Long Lane, Moorfields, London, upholder and cm (1771–81). Son of George Paliser, vintner. Free of the Upholders’ Co. by order of the Court of Aldermen, 3 July 1771. Went into partnership with James Paul and the partners were declared bankrupt in 1781. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Bailey's list of bankrupts]

Pallison, Joseph, St Botolph, Aldersgate, London, upholder (1767). Took out insurance cover of £50 in December 1767. [GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 106, p. 329]

Pal(l)ister & Barkas, 16 High Friar St, Newcastle, cm (1834). [D]

Palmer, Mr, Masham St, Westminster, London, cm (d.1746). Death reported, General Advertiser, 10 June 1746.

Palmer, Mr, Queen St, Cheapside, London, upholder (1748). Supplied catalogues for Robert Heath, auctioneer. [General Advertiser, 1 November 1748] Possibly John Palmer of Queen St.

Palmer, B. & Son, Piccadilly, London, cm and u (1822–29). At 25 Piccadilly in 1822 but from the next year the number changed to 175. [D]

Palmer, Benjamin, parish of St Swithin, Norwich, cm (1796). [Poll bk]

Palmer, Edward, Hertford St, Coventry, Warks., u (1828). [D]

Palmer, Edward, Old Bond St, Leicester, cm (1835). Described as the only surviving son of William Palmer, cm, who was the second son of Thomas Palmer, cm. [D; freemen reg.]

Palmer, Francis, 23 St John's Lane, Clerkenwell, London, cm (1780). In 1780 insured his house for £100. [GL, Sun MS vol. 280, p. 33]

Palmer, George, 1 St James's St, Piccadilly, London, writing desk and dressing case maker (1829–35). By 1834 advertising himself as ‘Cutler & Dressing Case Manufacturer to His Majesty & the Royal Family’. His billhead shows that he sold ‘Razors & fine Cutlery, Dressing Cases, Shaving Pouches, Writing Desks’. [D; Arundel Castle records, A2111]

Palmer, Gilbert, Exeter, Devon, carver and gilder (1833). In 1833 at Bartholomew St and in 1836 at Mary Arches’ St. Daughter bapt. on 24 March 1833 and a son on 31 July 1836 at St Olave's Church. [PR (bapt.)]

Palmer, J., 2 Philip St, Bath, Som., cm (1819–24). [D]

Palmer, James, Leicester, cm (1767). Third son of Thomas Palmer, joiner and turner. Free 1767. [Freemen rolls]

Palmer, James, Portsea, Portsmouth, Hants., cm (1792–98). [D]

Palmer, John, near ‘The Feathers Tavern’, Queen St, Cheapside, London, upholder (1719–53). In 1719 his house in Queen St was said to be let to a T. Carter of Witney, Oxon. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 9, p. 315; Heal] Possibly Mr Palmer of Queen St.

Palmer, John, ‘The Cabinet & Star’, facing Lawrence Pountney Lane, Cannon St, London, cm and u (1765). His trade card [GL] was used as a receipt dated 18 April 1765. The card is embellished with an engraving of a cabinet on stand surrounded by an elaborate Rococo frame. The text states that he made and sold ‘all sorts of Cabinet & Upholstery Goods, Chairs Tables and Looking Glasses in Carv'd Gilt or Painted Frames’. He dealt both retail and wholesale, appraised goods and arranged funerals.

Palmer, John, Canterbury, Kent, u (1796–1818). At St Mary Bredin in 1796 and Dover Lane, 1818. [Poll bks]

Palmer, John, Sheldon, Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffs., cm and iromonger (1798). [D]

Palmer, John, 3 Staining Lane, Wood St and 9 Little Knightrider St, London, u (1809–16).[D]

Palmer, John, Bristol, carver and gilder (1819–31). At Somerset St, Redcliffe in 1819; 3 St James's Barton (or 3 Barton Alley) 1823–25; 23 Upper Arcade 1826–30; and near ‘The Black Swan’, Stapleton Rd, 1831. [D]

Palmer, John, Market St, Lane End, Staffs., u and cm (1818–22). [D]

Palmer, Jno., 5 Warwick Ct, Holborn, London, carver and gilder (1835). [D]

Palmer, Matt., parish of St Giles-in-the-Fields, London, u (1711–12). Took an app., 1711–12. [S of G, app. index]

Palmer, Matthew, High Holborn, London, u (1708). In November 1708 declared bankrupt and ordered to surrender himself to the Commissioners in Bankruptcy. [London Gazette, 29 November 1708]

Palmer, Michael, London, upholder (1784–1808). At Duke St, Grosvenor Sq., 1784–93. In 1808 at 227 Oxford St and auctioneer in addition to upholder. [D; Westminster poll bk]

Palmer, R. O., 54 Gloucester St, Red Lion Sq., London, u (1829). [D]

Palmer, Robert, Fleshmarket, Newcastle, auctioneer and cm (1801–04). On 17 May 1803 supplied to the order of the Earl of Strathmore a four post bedstead for his gardener at a cost of £1 10s. The account was paid 21 May 1804. [D; Durham RO, Strathmore MS, D/St/Box 206]

Palmer, T., 22 Warwick St, Golden Sq., London, cabinet buhl and ormolu manufacturer (1819–25). [D]

Palmer, William, ‘The Cabinet’, Fenchurch St, London, cm (1730–50). On 24 December 1730 took out insurance cover of £500 and of this £300 was for trade stock and £200 for a stock of glass. Palmer was a member of the Joiners’ Co. in 1750. From 1768 another William Palmer was trading from 50 Fenchurch St as a cm and u and is probably related. [GL, Sun MS vol. 32, ref. 52781; GL, Joiners’ Co. records, Livery lists]

Palmer, William, Leicester, cm (1767). Second son of Thomas Palmer, turner and joiner. Free 1767. [Freemen rolls]

Palmer, William, 50 Fenchurch St, London, cm and u (1768– 81). Probably related to the William Palmer, cm, who was trading at ‘The Cabinet’, Fenchurch St, 1730–50. [D]

Palmer, William, Strand, London, carver, gilder and printseller (1780–90). At 159 Strand (‘Facing the New Church’) 1780– 88, but from 1789 the number was 163. In 1780 took out insurance cover of £300 of which £200 was in respect of utensils and stock. In partnership with Thomas Fielding, an engraver, c.1788, and possibly the successor to William Wynne Ryland, the celebrated engraver and printseller who was executed for forgery. In 1790 advertised himself as ‘printseller to Her Majesty’. Palmer's trade label has been recorded on the back of a pair of stipple engravings, after Angelica Kauffmann. [D; Sun MS vol. 280, p. 296; Christie's, S. Kensington, 5 December 1983, lot 84]

Palmer, William, St John's Lane, Newcastle, cm, carpenter and auctioneer (1790–95). [D]

Palmer, William, 43 Wardour St, Soho, London, japan chair etc. manufacturer (1806). [D]

Palmer, William, 4 Chapel Ct, Bath, Som., cm (1826). [D]

Palmer, William, Canterbury, Kent, chairmaker (1826–30). At King St, 1826–29, but in 1830 at Mill Lane. [D; poll bks]

Palmer, William, parish of St Gregory, Norwich, cm (1830). [Poll bk]

Palmer, William, 125 Crawford St, Portman Sq., London, carver and gilder (1839). [D]

Palmer, William, Cheap St, Newbury, Berks., chairmaker (1840). [D]

Panner, —, Knave's Acre, Golden Sq., Westminster, London, u (1749). [Poll bk]

Pannett, Marmaduke, Tadcaster, Yorks., joiner/cm (1834–37). At Chapel St in 1837. [D]

Panting, —, 6 Charlotte St, Rathbone Pl., London, cabinet and upholstery manufacturer (1820). [D]

Panting, Thomas, Liverpool, cm and u (1827–35). At 21 Renshaw St, 1827–29, but in 1835 at 6 Fletcher St, Toxteth Park with a shop at 6 Leese St. [D]

Panton, John, London, turner (1768–70). Supplied goods to Shelburne House, Berkeley Sq. between April 1768 and 29 September 1770 costing £94 12s 7d. Amongst the items supplied were ‘Common Chairs & Tables’. [Bowood MS]

Pape, Isaac, 181 Walmgate, York, cm and u (1828–34). [D]

Pape, J., 8 Helmet Row, Old St, London, cm (1820). [D] See William Pape.

Pape, James, Market Hill, Wigton, Cumb., joiner/cm (1811). [D]

Pape, William, 12 Helmet Row, Old St, London, clock-case maker (1840). [D] See J. Pape.

Parbery, Thomas, Abingdon St, Northampton, u (1784–98). [D; poll bks]

Pardoe, John, London, cm and u (1717–48). His trade card of c. 1720 indicates that he was originally established ‘against St. Clements Church’ but had recently moved to ‘The Cabinet & Chair’, next Temple Bar, Strand. He made and sold ‘all sorts of Looking Glasses, Coach Glasses, Cabinet Work & Chairs, Beds & Bedding wth all other sorts of Goods in the Cabinet & Upholsterers way’. He also sought export orders. The trade card is illustrated with engravings of a cabinet with carved cresting on a stand decorated with a Baroque mask and a cabriole legged chair with a central vertical splat and curvilinear back (Fig. 24). In 1745 he was fined for declining parochial office in the parish of St Bride's, Fleet St. The business appears to have traded successfully until March 1748 when he advertised that he had ‘left off trade’ and offered his stock for disposal. [Heal; GL, MS 6561, p. 78; Daily Advertiser, 12 March 1749]
John Pardoe attracted wealthy and influential patrons. He was employed in the furnishing of Erddig, Clwyd, N. Wales 1717–23 mainly for the supply of mirrors and sconces. He is referred to in the Erddig accounts as ‘Mr Pardors ye Glassman’. On 20 March 1716/17 Pardoe invoiced a large walnut ‘writing desk & bookcase with looking glass doors’ at £9 and in September and October 1720 supplied a number of looking-glasses and carried out restoration work on others. A pair of ‘large looking glass sconces in carved and gold frame with double glass branches’ were charged at £12 10s. These are still in the house. [V&A archives; C. Life, 13 April 1978, pp. 971–72; Apollo, July 1978, pp. 49–54] For Lord Leigh of Stoneleigh, Warks. items were provided in 1738. These included ‘a neat carv'd & gild chimney glass’ charged at £4 4s, a ‘large mahogany Dining Table’ which cost £2 12s 6d, and a ‘mahogany voider ornamented & inlaid in brass’ which was £2. [Shakespeare's Birthplace Trust, Leigh receipts, DR18/5] Another patron was Alderman Hoare who for his house at Barn Elms, Barnes, London purchased in June 1740 a mahogany desk and tea board for which the bill totalled £3 14s. [V&A, 86 NN 3] In common with a number of other London makers of this period Pardoe affixed his trade bill to drawer interiors of pieces of furniture he supplied. A number of examples have been noted including a mahogany chest of drawers with brushing slide, a walnut kneehole writing table, a mahogany dressing chest with slide and four graduated long drawers and a mahogany bureau. In the case of the bureau the label had written on it the date of supply, 3 March 1743, and the cost £3 13s 6d. [C. Life, 10 June 1965, p. 1421; Sotheby's, 23 May 1980, lots 129, 154] B.A.

Pardoes, William, New St, Worcester, cm, u, springbeds &c. (1840). [D]

Pardon, James, St Peter's St, Canterbury, Kent, carver and gilder (1823–29). [D]

Pardon, John, ‘The Looking Glass’, the corner of Gerrard St, London, cm (1718). On 24 February 1718 insured his goods and merchandise. It is possible that this is the well-known maker John Pardoe. [GL, Sun MS vol. 2]

Pare, John, Birmingham, cm and upholder (1816–22). Listed at 2 Steelhouse Lane in 1816; Dale End and Colmore Row in 1818; and 1 Colmore Row in 1822. [D]

Parfit, Owen, Bristol, cm (1774–75). Shown at Castle Precincts in 1774 and 53 Castle St, 1775. [D; poll bk]

Parfitt, Thomas, Wells, Som., joiner and cm (1719). In 1719 took app. named Notley. A person of the same surname trading in Wells as a cm in 1762, who appraised in the goods of the late Samuel Woodforde, Canon Residentiary and Treasurer of the Cathedral on 27 April, was probably related. [S of G, app. index; R. L. Winstanley (ed.), The Ansford Diary of James Woodforde, 1, p. 29]

Parfitt, Thomas, Bristol, cm (1781–1816). Probably related to Owen Parfit. Shown at Castle Precincts, 1781–84, and from 1792–1801, at Redcliffe Hill. Subsequent addresses are 7 Wine St in 1805, Redcliffe Hill, 1806–07 and 74 Redcliffe Hill in 1809, 24 Bath St, 1810–12, and 59 Baldwin St, 1813– 16. [D; poll bk]

Parfitt, Thomas, Bristol, cm and u (1820–32). At 56 Castle St, 1820–22, and in 1822 referred to as a salt refiner. The number changed to 54 in the period 1825–28 and the trade is shown as cm and mahogany dealer. In 1829–30 at 57 Broadmead and from 1831–32 at 5 Redcross St where in addition to trading as a cm and u he also made Venetian blinds. His bankruptcy was announced, Brighton Gazette, 26 May 1825, but this does not appear to have seriously dislocated his business activities. [D]

Pargiter, George, London, chair and sofa manufacturer (1826– 39). At 4 Bacon St, Spitalfields in 1826 and 16 Storship St, Finsbury in 1839. [D]

Paris, Robert, Peterborough Ct, Fleet St, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Parisels, Marie, London(?), u(?) (1709). The account books of Boughton, Northants. include the following entry for 24 March 1709: ‘Billet de Marie Parisels pour ouvrage jaite par de My Lord Duc de Montagu le 24 Mars 1709. Mt Lord Duc ayant commede et facit le marche pour l'ouvrage de douze chaises a la maniere de la chine a six guinnees per chaise desquelles six ont etc livres et la ditte Marie Parisel a Recu de Monsr Anthony la somme de £30 sur £38. 14s Reste diu … 08:14:00. Pour avoir faite du changement a un Ecrand et pour y avoir facit une bordure de broderie sur da sattin blanc pour le quel le Duc de Montague fit marche de payer 1:5:0’. [Boughton, account bk 2]

Parish, Charles, Gloucester St, Cirencester, Glos., cm (1820). [D]

Parish, John, Little Chapel St, Westminster, London, upholder (1774). [Poll bk]

Parish, Joseph, High St, Braintree, Essex, cm ad u (1832). [D]

Park, —, Halifax, Yorks., cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Park, Edward, Coronation St, Sunderland, Co. Durham, joiner and cm (1828). [D]

Park, James, Longtown, Cumb., joiner/cm (1811–29). [D]

Park, John, Bird-in-Hand, Princes St, Warminster, Wilts., cm (1728). In August 1728 took out insurance cover of £500 on his dwelling house, household goods and trade stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 26, p. 373]

Park, John, 9 Kennington Lane, London, cm (1820). [D]

Park, Mark, Salisbury St, Blandford, Dorset, auctioneer, cm and u (1830). [D]

Park, Thomas, Back St, Maryport, Cumb., joiner/cm (1811). [D]

Park, Walter Archibald, 13 Old Park, Bristol, cm (1834). [D]

Park, William, 13 Old Park, Bristol, cm (1833). [D]

Parke, James, London(?), u (1694). [YAS, Duke of Leeds papers, DDS Box XIII, No. 23]

Parke, James, Pitt St, Tottenham Ct Rd, London, cm (1772–82). At 16 Pitt St in 1775 when he was referred to as a carver. In 1782 at 18 Pitt St. He was a signatory in 1772 to ‘The Real State of the Complaints of the CABINET MAKERS, as published & signed by their Committee’. Insured his house for £100 in 1775 and in 1782 took out cover of £250 on his utensils and stock. [Gents Mag., June 1772; GL, Sun MS vol. 236, p. 415; vol. 300, p. 311]

Parke, John, 32 Edward St, Liverpool, cm and victualler (1800– 03). [D]

Parke, Jonathan, 75 Market St, Manchester, carver and gilder (1794–1802). [D]

Parke, Joseph, Liverpool, cm (1780). His app. John Blackley petitioned for freedom in 1780. [Freemen's committee bk]

Parke, Luke, 9 Little Cockey Lane, Norwich, carver and gilder (1801–08). [D]

Parke, Reuben, London, upholder (1710–20). At Arundel St, Strand, 1710–17, and in both 1710 and 1717 this property was insured for £1,000. In January 1717 moved to Richbald Ct, Red Lion Sq. next to ‘The Hoop & Flask Tavern’, and in December 1718 moved once again to Hind Ct, Fleet St. The reason for this last move appears to have been the termination of his trading activities as an upholder. [Heal; GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 7, ref. 4002; vol. 17, ref. 4002; Sun MS vol. 4, ref. 4727]

Parke, Richard, 108 Richmond Row, Liverpool, carver and gilder (1834). [D]

Parke, Samuel, 20 Piccadilly, London, cm and u (1774–84). Bankruptcy announced, Gents Mag., 1782. Recorded from 1781–82 trading in partnership under the style Parke & Henning. [D; Heal]

Parke, Thomas, Castlegate, Pickering, Yorks., joiner and cm (1840). [D]

Parker, Mrs, the Lines, Wigmore St, Hereford (1728). Account dated 15 June 1728 sent to Edward Monnington of Sarnesfield Court, near Kington, Herefs. for £1 1s for ‘a ovell table … made of Dutch oak’. [Herefs. RO, P94/25]

Parker, Arthur, Chester, u (1747). Son of Richard Parker, innholder. Free 13 July 1747. [Freemen rolls; poll bk]

Parker, Arthur, Brick Lane, Spitalfields, London, cm and chairmaker (1800–09). At 25 Fashion St, Brick Lane 1800 and John St, Osborne Pl., Brick Lane in 1807. Total insurance cover on his house, contents and stock only came to £200 in April 1800, but by April 1807 this had risen to £1,650 of which £350 was for a workshop behind his house and £400 for stock and utensils there, in an open yard and in a sawpit. [D; Sun MS vol. 418, ref. 702400; vol. 438, ref. 802738]

Parker, Charles, High Holborn, London, upholder and carpet and upholstery warehouse (1776–93). At 124 High Holborn until 1778, but from 1781 at 123. Married in January 1783. A bill dated 11 June 1785 made out to a Mr Thomas Lucas for a number of items of bedding exists in the V&A Library. [D; Gents Mag., January 1783; V&A Box II, 86 22 No. 15]

Parker, Charles, 19 Exmouth St, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Parker, Edmund, 7 Duke St, Liverpool, u (1811–13). [D]

Parker, Edward, Liverpool, u (1814–39). First recorded at 7 Duke St in 1814. In 1821 the number was 8. By 1839 at 12 Seel St. [D] See Edmund and Edwin Parker.

Parker, Edward, Newcastle, chairmaker (1824–38). At Old Butcher Mkt in 1824 and 14 Cloth Mkt, 1833–38, with a house at Dean Ct in 1833. [D]

Parker, Edwin, Seel St, Liverpool, cm and victualler (1835–37). At 71 Seel St in 1835 when the trade was indicated as cm and beer shop. In 1837 the number was 74. [D] See Edward Parker of Liverpool.

Parker, Francis, St Martin-in-the-Fields(?), London, carver (d.c.1744). App. to his uncle, Mr Stone of Cook's Alley, Bedfordbury, St Martin-in-the-Fields, until Stone's death. [Westminster Ref. Lib., F/5037/]

Parker, George, 44 Castle St, Liverpool, cm, auctioneer and toymaker (1740–81). At the Castle St address as early as 1764 and continued to trade there until at least 1781. Father of Thomas Parker, cm who was app. to his father and free 1761. Also took apps named Pellin in 1740 and Moss in 1753. Other apps who petitioned freedom were Thomas Clarke in 1764, James Clegg in 1777, Charles Rigby in 1780 and John Houghton who was app. 1762 but did not petition until 1780. As early as 1746 Parker worked with Thomas Hales as a valuer of the goods of George Harrison. He also regularly auctioned goods and in April 1766 was responsible for the sale of the household goods ‘of the Rt. Hon. Richard, the late Lord Viscount Molyneux and the R. Hon. the Viscountess Molyneux’. The exact date of his death is not known but was between 1781, when he is last recorded trading, and May 1794 when his widow died. [D; S of G, app. index; freemen's committee bk; Liverpool RO, 920 GRE 3/1 5; Manchester Mercury, 15 April 1766; Williamson's Liverpool Advertiser, 16 November 1764, 6 November 1767, 12 May 1794]

Parker, George, Holywell St, Chesterfield, Derbs., cm (1818–22). [D]

Parker, George Wall, London, cm (1818–30). In June 1818 at Piccadilly and in July 1830 at Marlborough St. He was a freeman of Canterbury. [Canterbury poll bks]

Parker, H. A., 22 Pall Mall, London, cm (b. c. 1801–d.1833). Foreman to France, Banting & Co., upholders, Pall Mall. Died aged 32 on 31 January 1833. [Liverpool Mercury, 8 February 1833]

Parker, Henry, Canterbury, Kent, u (1720). [Freemen rolls]

Parker, Henry, London, cm (1830). Freemen of Norwich. [Poll bk]

Parker, Henry, Hull, Yorks., cm (1834–35). At Charlotte St Mews in 1834 and 24 Worship St in 1835. [D]

Parker, Henry, 15 New Inn Yd, Shoreditch, London, carver, cm etc. (1839). [D]

Parker, James, Salisbury, Wilts., upholder (1722). On 21 June 1722 took as app. John Madgwick, son of Edward Madgwick of Bodenham, Wilts. at a premium of £10. [Wilts. Apps and their Masters]

Parker, James, Bristol, carver and gilder (1799–1810). At Barrs St, 1799–1800, Broad St in 1801 and Dove St, 1805–10. [D]

Parker, James, Bristol, carver and gilder (1817–28). From 1824 also glass polisher. At Eugene St, 1817–18, 18 Upper Maudlin St, 1821–22, 3 Upper Maudlin St, 1823, 8 St James's Churchyard 1824–26 and once again in Upper Maudlin St, 1828. [D]

Parker, James, Eton, Bucks., turner (1836–40). In June 1836 supplied paterae, knobs, chair rails, table feet and legs for furniture for use in the Royal Household. [Windsor Royal Archives, account bk P]

Parker, James, 97 Sparling St, Liverpool, cm (1837). Possibly the James Parker who was in partnership with John Parker as cm at Green Lane, Pleasant St in 1827. [D]

Parker, James, 2 Earl St, London Rd, Southwark, London, chair and sofa maker (1839). [D]

Parker, James, 52 Bromsgrove St, Birmingham, chairmaker (1839). [D]

Parker, Jane, Butcher's Row, Lichfield, Staffs., working u (1834). [D]

Parker, John, ‘The Crown & Key’, corner of White Hart Lane, Drury Lane, London, u (1716). On 4 December 1716 took out insurance cover on the goods and merchandise in his dwelling house. [GL, Sun MS vol. 6, p. 69]

Parker, John, Chesterfield, Derbs., cm (1753). In 1753 took app. named Parker, probably Thomas Parker. [S of G, app. index]

Parker, John, Shackleton, Yorks., upholder (1763). Bankruptcy announced, Gents Mag., December 1763.

Parker, John, parish of St James, Bristol, cm (1781–84). [Poll bks]

Parker, John, Bristol, cm and chairmaker (1799–1840). From 1799–1813 described as ‘Windsor & Fancy Chair Maker’. At Old King St, 1799–1837, the number being 1 in 1807–09. In the period 1838–40 at 23 Upper Maudlin St. [D]

Parker, John, Liverpool, cm and victualler (1796–1824). At 6 Edmund St in 1796 but from 1821–24 at 14 Derby St, Whitechapel. [D]

Parker, John, Lower St, Deal, Kent, cm and u (1800–29). Freeman of Canterbury. In Deal by 1800, and in 1803 subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary. [D; Canterbury poll bks]

Parker, John, Bond St, Hull, Yorks., u (1803). Another directory issued in this year describes his trade as paper stainer. [D]

Parker, John, parish of St John the Baptist Hereford, joiner and cm (1806). App. to William Parker, joiner and cm of the parish of St John the Baptist, Hereford, and free 31 July 1806. [Freemen rolls]

Parker, John, Back Lane, Brampton, Cumb, cm (1811–34). [D]

Parker, John, Low St, St Peter's, Leeds, Yorks., cm (1824). [D]

Parker, John, 8 Hodgsons Yd with a house at 20 Fox St, Preston, Lancs., cm (1825). [D]

Parker, John & James, Green Lane, Pleasant St, Liverpool, cm (1827). A James Parker, possibly the same man, was trading as a cm from 97 Sparling St in 1837. [D]

Parker, John, Thompson's Entry, 14 Cloth Mkt, Newcastle, chairmaker (1834). [D]

Parker, John, Cock St, Diss, Norfolk, cm and u (1836–39). [D]

Parker, John, 163 Piccadilly, opposite Bond St, London, carpet and floor cloth manufacturer and furnishing u etc. (1837). [D]

Parker, John & Co., 261 Oxford St, London, u (1839). [D]

Parker, Jonathan, Swan Lane, Bawtry, Yorks., cm (1822). [D]

Parker, Joseph, Chester, u (1712–30). Son of John Parker of Barton, Cheshire and app. to Randall Bingley of Chester, u. Free 23 May 1712. Took apps named Lee in 1713 and Joseph in 1719. Another app. was Griffiths Williams, free in 1730. [Freemen rolls; S of G, app. index]

Parker, Joseph, Gt Wire St, Colchester, Essex, chairmaker (1805–08). [D]

Parker, Joseph, Scawby St, Brigg, Lincs., cm and u (1835). [D]

Parker, Philip Joseph, Hereford and London, chairmaker (1826). In the 1826 poll bk for Hereford shown in London as a chairmaker and also in Hereford as a rustic chairmaker. [Hereford poll bk]

Parker, Reuben, London, upholder (1698–1714). App. to Andrew Dandy and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude 23 August 1698. Took as app. James Warren, 1705–14. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Parker, Richard, Bromsgrove, Worcs., wood turner and chairmaker (1793). [D]

Parker, Richard & Thomas, Beauty Bank, Stourbridge, Worcs., chairmakers (1828–30). [D]

Parker, Richard, 112 Richmond Row, Liverpool, carver and gilder (1835). [D]

Parker, Robert, London, carver (1754–82). In 1754 in the parish of St Martin-in-the-Fields and in 1756 shown at King St, Soho. His address in 1760 was given as St James's, Westminster and in 1780 he was at 19 Tottenham St, Tottenham Ct Rd. In 1754 subscribed to Chippendale's Director and also took as app. James Burnett. In 1780 took out insurance cover of £200 but only £60 of this was for utensils and stock. Said to have worked on a Neo-classical commode for the print room at Woodhall House, Herts. in 1782. [GL, Sun MS vol. 287, p. 565; C. Life, 31 January 1925, pp. 202–03; C. Musgrave, Adam and Hepplewhite Furniture, p. 129]

Parker, Robinson, Wapping New Stairs, London, u and cm (1767–68). [D]

Parker, Thomas, Hemmings Row, St Martin's Lane, London, carver and cm (1748–54). Free of the Joiners’ Co., 6 September 1748 by patrimony. His father was Edward Parker. In 1754 subscribed to Chippendale's Director. [GL, Joiners’ Co. records; Westminster poll bk]

Parker, Thomas, 32 Cheapside, Dale St, Liverpool, cm (1761– 96). App. to his father George Parker and free by servitude in 1761. Not recorded in any directory until 1796, probably an indication that he was employed in his fathers’ business for some considerable time between these dates. [D; freemen's committee bk]

Parker, Thomas, Chesterfield, Derbs., cm and victualler (1793). [D]

Parker, Thomas, Broad St, Canterbury, Kent, cm (1796). [Poll bk]

Parker, Thomas, London, cm and buhl manufacturer (1805–30). At 19 Air St, Piccadilly from 1808–17 but by 1820 in Warwick St, Golden Sq., where the number was 22 to 1827 but 32 in 1829–30. The business attracted Royal patronage at an early stage and from 1805–09 was supplying Princess Elizabeth. By 1817, however, the firm numbered the Prince Regent amongst its customers and proudly advertised themselves as ‘Cabinet & Buhl Manufacturer to H.R.H. the Prince Regent & Royal Family’. They included in their stock ‘Ink Stands, Portfolios, Work Boxes, Chess & Backgammon Men & Boards’ and offered to clean and repair ‘India Japan, Or Molu, Bronzes &c’.

In 1817 the Prince Regent was supplied with ‘A pair of Buhl coffers with stands richly ornamented with chased brass mouldings’ which cost £210, and ‘two round buhl tables with Boys chased heads Mouldings with drawer £210’ and ‘A pair of rich Buhl stands to hold light with carved & gilt ornaments £105’. Another patron was the 6th Duke of Bedford who in October 1815 purchased two buhl inkstands for £16 and in 1821 ‘2 black Pedestals with gilt ornaments’ for £29 and further inkstands, some in ebony with brass mouldings. The Hon. Mrs Leigh for her London house made purchases between 1817–30. No less than £160 10s was spent in 1817 mostly on a pair of black ebony cabinets and a circular inlaid table both ornamented with ormolu. In August 1821 two further cabinets were invoiced utilising lacquer panels and costing together with two papier mâché trays £93 14s 1d. Her last known patronage was in 1830 when the main item was a satinwood miniature cabinet, mounted with ormolu which with some other minor items cost £20 11s 6d. [D; PRO, C13/ 661/29; Burlington, June 1980, p. 416; V&A archives; Bedford Office, London; V&A, GG65 E128–9 1943; Shakespeare's Birthplace Trust, Leigh receipts, DR 18/5]

Parker, Thomas, Judd St, Brunswick Sq., London, upholder, cm and undertaker (1817–27). At 22 Judd St in 1817 but from 1820–27 at no. 41. In some years listed as Parker & Turpin. [D]

Parker, Thomas, Newcastle, cm (1827–34). Had a house at 4 New Pandon St in 1827; but in 1833 trading at 187 Pilgrim St and in 1834 at no. 188. [D] See Parker & Amry.

Parker, William, Little St Andrew's St, London, clock case maker (d.1752). [Heal]

Parker, William, Hereford, joiner and cm (1771–96). On 20 June 1771 informed the public that he had ‘taken over the house, Stock, and Timber-Yard, late in the Possession of Mr. Moore, in the King's Ditch’. From here he intended to carry on the trade of joiner and cm and offered to supply ‘Building Timber, either squared or scantled’. He indicated that he had available for immediate offer oak, ash and elm floorboarding. On 11 February 1779 he advertised his move from King's Ditch to premises opposite ‘The New Inn’ in Widemarsh St. On 11 April 1796, however, his bankruptcy was announced. His son John Parker was app. to him and declared free in 1806. [Pugh's Hereford Journal, 20 June 1771, 11 February 1779; Billinge's Liverpool Advertiser, 11 April 1796, 4 July 1796; freemen rolls]

Parker, William, parish of St Peter in the East, Oxford, upholder (1793). Married on 17 September 1793 at St Peter's Church to Ann Smith of the same parish. [Bodleian index of Oxf. marriage bonds]

Parker, William, Lancaster (1799–1823). Named in the Gillow records in 1799–1801, 1808, 1810, 1819, 1821 and 1823. [Westminster Ref. Lib.]

Parker, William, Manchester, joiner and cm (1804–13). At 3 Clowes St, 1804–08 and 20 Faulkner St, 1811–13. See Parker & Wragg at 20 Falkner St in 1808. [D]

Parker, William, 5 Seymour St with a shop at Shaw's Brow, Liverpool, turner and cm (1823–34). [D]

Parker, William, London, backgammon and billiard table maker (1825–39). In 1825 at 14 Hooper St, Goswell St but by 1826 had moved to 3 Marlins Pl., Spa Fields, Islington. In 1832 at 76 Hoxton Old Town and in 1839 at 10 Wilmot Sq., Bethnal Green where he traded as a billiard table maker only. [D]

Parker, William, 5 Queen St, Finsbury, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Parker & Amry, Dog Bank and 187 Pilgrim St, Newcastle, cm (1827). The Parker was probably Thomas Parker who had a house at Pandon St in 1827 and by 1833 was trading on his own account from 187 Pilgrim St. [D]

Parker & Cluley, Sheffield, Yorks., makers of patent bedsteads (1811). Their Liverpool agent was Chew & Sons, Lord St. [Liverpool Mercury, 22 November 1811]

Parker, & Harris, opposite the New Church, Strand, London and Bond St, Bath, Som., carvers (1776). Advertised their ability to supply statues, bas-reliefs and busts. Their trade card [Heal Coll., BM] was used as an invoice to the Earl of Winterton for busts of Virgil and Dryden for which £1 12s was charged.

Parker & Turpin, see Thomas Parker, Judd St, London.

Parker & Wragg, 20 Falkner St, Manchester, joiners and cm (1808). One of the partners was William Parker who is recorded trading on his own behalf from 3 Clowes St, 1804– 08 and also from 20 Falkner St, 1811–13. [D]

Parkes, Edwin, Bromsgrove St, Birmingham, carver and gilder (1835–39). Recorded at no. 16 in 1835 and no. 13 in 1839. [D]

Parkes, John snr and jnr, Welsh Row, Nantwich, Cheshire, cm (1799–1834). John Parkes snr is recorded as early as 1799 when his daughter Elizabeth was bapt. His son John was married to Mary Latham on 22 July 1828. She was described as the eldest daughter of Samuel Latham of ‘The Swan Inn’, Nantwich. [D; PR (bapt., marriage); Chester Chronicle, 1 August 1828] See William Parkes at this address.

Parkes, Joseph & Wells, Thomas, 19 Pierpont Row, Islington, London, u (1824). Took out insurance cover of £150 in February 1824 but of this only £90 covered utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 495, ref. 1014381]

Parkes, Nicholas, Paternoster Row, London, u (1726–31). [Heal].

Parkes, Nicholas, 27 Ivey Lane, Newgate St, London, u (1767– 72). [D]

Parkes, Samuel, ‘The Golden Spread Eagle’, Paternoster Row, London, u (1701–28). Between 26 July 1721 and 28 April 1722 Parkes undertook work, including cleaning beds, for Sir Gilbert Heathcote. The bill for his services came to £35 6s 2d. A Nicholas Parkes was trading from an address in Paternoster Row as an u, 1726–31. [Heal; Lincoln RO, 2 ANC 12.D. 12]

Parkes, Thomas, ‘The Golden Lion’, Fleet Ditch, London, upholder (1716–d.1757). Son of Thomas Parkes of Holborn, blacksmith. App. to Thomas Ward 21 September 1703 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude 6 February 1716. By 1722 trading from the address in Fleet Ditch and the business was already of a substantial size with £1,000 insurance cover being maintained on trade goods and household property. In 1724 fined for declining parochial office in the parish of St Bride, Fleet St, but in 1728 served as Collector for the Poor and in 1737 as Questman and Scavenger. Took as app. William Frith, 1743–52, and in 1752 was made master of the Upholders’ Co. [Upholders’ Co. records; MS 6561 p. 40; Sun MS vol. 14, ref. 25549; vol. 24, ref. 42908]

Parkes, William, Welsh Row, Nantwich, Cheshire, cm (1828–d.1835). Buried 9 November 1835. [D; PR (burial)]. See John Parkes snr and jnr at this address.

Parkey, Arthur, 8 Ropemaker St, Lower Moorfields, London, chairmaker (1820). [D]

Parkin, George, Richmond, Yorks., cm (1840). [PR (bapt.)]

Parkin, James, Hull, Yorks., joiner and cm (1826–40). At 18 Princess St with a residence at 24 Sykes St in 1826. All subsequent addresses are in Sykes St where the number was 12 in 1828 and 1834, 28 in 1831, 13 in 1835 and 42, 1838–40. In 1838 listed in one directory as a grocer and flour dealer. [D]

Parkin, John, 8 Bow St, Bloomsbury, London, upholder and auctioneer (1817). [D]

Parkin, Joseph, 25 Addington St, Manchester, cabinet turner (1825). [D]

Parkin, William, 440 West Strand, London, cutler and dressing case maker (1835). In 1835 claimed to be Cutler and Dressing Case Maker to the King and the Royal Family. [D]

Parkinson, Charles, Humber Bank, Hull, Yorks., cm and u (1840). [D]

Parkinson, James, Lancaster, u (1765–80). App. to J. Roberts 1765 and free by servitude 1779–80. Then moved to Liverpool. [App. reg.; freemen rolls]

Parkinson, James, Liverpool, upholder (1790–1818). Possibly the James Parkinson who became a freeman of Lancaster 1779–80. At 12 Edmund St, 1790–94, and subsequently in Harford St until 1811. The number in Harford St, Mount Pleasant St was 7 in 1796–1804, 11 in 1805–10 and 10 in 1811. In 1818 at 2 Walker St. [D]

Parkinson, John, Church St, Blackburn, Lancs., cm (1828–34). [D]

Parkinson, John, Bury, Lancs., cm (1828–34). At Bolton St and Union Sq., in 1828 but in 1834 at Bolton St only. [D].

Parkinson, Joshua, New Rd, Newcastle, cm and joiner (1838). [D]

Parkinson, Nathaniel, Stonegate, York, coach, house, sign and furniture painter (1823). Also dealer in oils, paints and colours. [D]

Parkinson, Richard, Lancaster, cm (1817–18). [Freemen rolls]

Parkinson, Richard, 45 Bold St, with shop at 20 Lime St, Liverpool, cm (1818–20). Bankruptcy announced, April 1820. [D; Liverpool Mercury, 21 April 1820]

Parkinson, Robert jnr, Scorton, near Lancaster, joiner and cm (1834). [D]

Parkinson, Stanfield, Little Pulteney St, Westminster, London, cm (1774). [Poll bk]

Parkinson, T. & R., Ratcliffe St, Preston, Lancs., joiners and cm (1814). [D]

Parkinson, Thomas & John, 59 Queen St, Cheapside, London, wholesale u (1773–83). [D]

Parkinson, Thomas, 27 Ray St, Clerkenwell, London, bed and mattress maker (1822–27). [D]

Parkinson, Thomas, Richmond, Yorks., cm (1824–40). In Castle Hill in 1828 and Newbiggin in 1840. [D; PR (bapt.)]

Parkinson, Thomas, Liverpool, cm and turner (1828–39). On 26 October 1828 married at St Nicholas's Church to Mary Ann, eldest daughter of Robert Wood, cm of Douglas, Isle of Man. At 2 Spenser Buildings, Hunter St in 1829, 21 Mount St in 1835, 43 Islington in 1837 and 283 Scotland Rd, in 1839. [D; Liverpool Mercury, 7 November 1828]

Parkinson, William, Liverpool, cm (1804–27). At 102 Dale St in 1804 but by 1814 the number had changed to 104. In 1821 at 5 Seymour St, in 1824 at 14 Shaw's Brow and in 1827 at Moore Pl. [D]

Parkinson, William, 54 Greek St, Soho, London, looking-glass and picture frame manufacturer (1825–26). [D]

Parkinson, William jnr, Liverpool, cm (1825–39). Married May 1825 at St Phillip's Church to Mary only daughter of John Grimshaw, Sir Thomas Buildings. In 1827 at 22 Shaw's Brow and in 1829 at 5 Seymour St with a shop at 15 Shaw's Brow. The shop at 15 Shaw's Brow was still in use 1834–35 but in 1834 5 Shaw's Brow was also used and in 1835 the number was 23. By 1837 the addresses were 4 Seymour St with a shop at 13 Shaw's Brow and in 1839 both 47 and 31 Shaw's Brow are shown. This William Parkinson was probably related and is possibly the son of the William Parkinson who was trading in Liverpool 1804–27. [D; Liverpool Mercury, 18 May 1825]

Parkinson, William, Newcastle, cm and furniture broker (1827–34). At 30 Middle St with a house at High Bridge in 1827. In 1828 at Great Mkt, and in 1833–34 at New Rd. [D]

Parkinson, William, Humber Dock St, Hull, Yorks., cm and furniture broker (1831–40). The number in Humber Dock St was 19 from 1831–34 but from 1835 it was 22. [D]

Parks, James, Sea Houses, Eastbourne, Sussex, turner and chair and basket maker (1832–40). [D]

Parks, James & Co., 1 Temple Pl., Blackfriars Rd, London, cm and brokers (1820). [D]

Parks, Thomas, 2 High St, Maidstone, Kent, turner and chairmaker (1839). [D]

Parlby, —, London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Parlior, Thomas, Liverpool, cm (1761). Free 13 March 1761. [Freemen reg.]

Parman, Charles, London, carver and gilder (1789–1837). At 2 Bedford St, Bedford Sq. in 1789 but by 1790 had moved to 21 Bedford Row, Bloomsbury at which address he continued trading until 1837. Also a print seller and a dealer in lookingglasses. In 1808 took out insurance cover of £500 of which £150 was in respect of utensils and stock. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 441, ref. 814249]

Parman, James, 66 Old St, St Luke's, London, cm (1835). Another James Parman is shown as a furniture broker at 1 Martin St, City Rd in 1835 and 68 Old St in 1839. [D]

Parman, William, London, Windsor chairmaker (1813–39). At 88 Old St, 1813–26, but in 1829 shown at this address and also 61 Paul St, Finsbury. In 1835 at 67 Old St and in 1839 at 18 Featherstone Rd, City Rd. [D]

Parmee, Jno., 78 Lisson Grove North, Paddington, London, japanner and gilder (1826). [D]

Parmer, William, 16 Cranbourn St, Brighton, Sussex, cm and u (1832). [D]

Parnell, Jane, see T. & J. Parnell.

Parnell, John, St George's St, Canterbury, Kent, u (1785–1805). Free 1785. [D; poll bks]

Parnell, John, High St, Marylebone, London, see T. & J. Parnell.

Parnell, Joseph, The Close, Norwich, cm (1784–90). [Poll bks]

Parnell, T. & J., 39 High St, Marylebone, London, cm and u (1816–39). In 1823 the business is shown as John Parnell and in 1839 as Jane Parnell. A Regency rosewood ‘duet’ music stand inlaid with brass by T. Parnell has been recorded. [D; C. Life, 23 April 1981 supplement, p. 53]

Parnell, Thomas, High St, Canterbury, Kent, upholder (1784). [Poll bk]

Parot, James, Norwich, chairmaker (1783). His app. Nicholas Hardingham free by servitude, 21 September 1783. [Freemen reg.]

Parr, Henry, Preston, Lancs., chairmaker (1802). [Freemen rolls]

Parr, Jonathan, Southwell, Notts., joiner and cm (1832). [D]

Parr, Mary, 52 Pall Mall, London, print seller and frame maker (1796–1812). Shown as M. Parr, 1796–1801, and Mary Parr in 1812. [D]

Parr, Richard, Bath St, Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffs., joiner and cm (1818). [D] Possibly related to:

Parr, Thomas, Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffs., cm (1774– 1822). In 1822 at Bath St. [D]

Parr, William, 13 Shaw's Brow, Liverpool, cm (1823). [D]

Parr, William, Blackpool, Lancs., joiner and cm (1828–34). [D]

Parran, Benjamin, at the ‘Golden Spread Eagle in Long Acre, London’, cm and u (1741–84). In 1741 Benjamin Parran was app. to his uncle, Benjamin Goodison, of St Martin-in-theFields. [PRO, 16/49] He was among the subscribers to Chippendale's Director, 1754. At the death of his uncle in 1767 Parran continued the business and began to supply the Royal Household. A 1769 account [BM] for furniture supplied to the Duke of Newcastle by Messrs Goodison and Parran indicates that he was for a time in partnership with Benjamin Goodison jnr. The 1774 Westminster poll bk registers Parran at Long Acre. He was evidently bankrupt in 1776 when his Royal Household payments were received by a John Dubourg, assignee in a commission of bankruptcy. [PRO, LC9/322–23] The Sun Insurance Co. insured his household utensils, goods and stock at 81 Long Acre for £200 in 1778 and at 133 Drury Lane for £400 in 1780. [GL, Sun MS vol. 264, p. 650 and vol. 284, p. 388] Royal Household accounts show an association with William Gates in 1783, and John Russell in 1784.
Parran is recorded in the Royal Household accounts from 1757–84. He continued the Goodison tradition of providing pier glasses (which Goodison had ‘inherited’ from his master James Moore), supplying in 1768 an ‘oval pier glass in an elegant carved frame and high festoon ornaments, painted three times in flake white’ for the Whitehall office of the Earl of Hillsborough, Secretary of State for American Affairs. However, much of his work for the apartments and offices at St James's, Hampton Court and the Houses of Commons and of Peers was inexpensive tables and bookcases, in addition to repairs and cleaning. In 1784 Parran and John Russell sent in bills together for a ‘wainscot basinstand’ supplied for the King's House at Newmarket, and for a writing table ordered for the Council Office, Whitehall. L.K.

Parratt, Eustace Phillip, High St, Boston, Lincs., cm and u (1826–35). Recorded also at Market Pl. in 1835. [D]

Parrey, Jacob, Berwick St, Westminster, London, cm (1749). [Poll bk]

Parritt, William, London, bedstead maker (1829–39). At 3 Henrietta St, Manchester Sq. in 1829 and 17 Castle St, St Martin's Lane in 1839. [D]

Parrock, John, Oxford St, London, upholder (1779). [Bailey's list of bankrupts]

Parrot, Nathan, 24 Parkers Row, Bermondsey, London, chair and sofa maker (1826). [D]

Parrott, John, St Peter's St, Derby, u (1838). [D]

Parrott, Richard, 3 Charles St, St George's, London, chair and sofa maker (1839). [D]

Parrott, Thomas, 32 Eagle St, Spitalfields, London, chair and sofa maker (1839). [D]

Parry, Ann, Lower Church St, Ross-on-Wye, Herefs., u (1830). [D]

Parry, Charles, 194 Oxford St, London, see William Parry.

Parry, E., Victoria Pl., Cheltenham, Glos., cabinet turner (1839). [D]

Parry, George, South St, Westminster, London, carver (1774). [Poll bk]

Parry, George, 15 Prescot St, Goodman's Fields, London, carver (1782). In 1782 took out insurance cover of £200 but only £20 of this was in respect of utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 300, p. 377]

Parry, Henry, Brackby St, Golden Lane, London, cm (1779). In 1779 took out insurance cover of £100 of which £20 was for utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 276, p. 213]

Parry, Henry, Liverpool, cm (1790–96). At Queen's Ct, Dale St in 1790 and 9 Byrom St in 1796. [D]

Parry, Henry, Liverpool, cm (1840). Free 27 July 1840. John Parry of Liverpool, cm was free on the same day. [Freemen reg.]

Parry, J., Crane St, Chester, cm (1819). [Poll bk]

Parry, James, Liverpool, cm (1802). Free 5 July 1802. [Freemen reg.]

Parry, John, address unknown, frame maker (1769). In 1769 received payment of £3 10s for a picture frame for a full length portrait. [Lincoln RO, Monson 10/1/A/3]

Parry, John, Liverpool, cm (1780–1835). App. to Thomas Dobb and free by servitude, 11 September 1780. At 8 Church Alley, St Peters in 1790 but by 1794 had moved to 23 Atherton St. At 48 Lord St in 1803, 14 Basnett St with a shop at 2 Benn's Garden in 1805, 12 Trueman St in 1818 and 9 Tenterden St in 1835. His apps were Richard Seddon Tate, 1787–96; William Brown, 1792–1802; James Browless, 1797–1812; and Charles Hinton McCormack, 1805–12. [D; freemen reg.; freemen's committee bks]

Parry, John, Bailey St, Oswestry, Salop. (1828). [D] See Joseph Parry of Bailey St.

Parry, John, Liverpool, cm (1840). Free 27 July 1840. Henry Parry of Liverpool, cm was also free on the same day. [Freemen reg.]

Parry, Joseph, Chester, cm (1812–34). In 1812 in Northgate St, but from 1818 trading in Foregate St where he is shown as a cm, except in 1837 when his trade was furniture broker. In October 1829 he advertised requesting his debtors to pay the sums due immediately, and for his creditors to submit details of the amounts that he owed. The reason for this is not known. [D; poll bks; Chester Chronicle, 2 October 1829]

Parry, Joseph, Bailey St, Oswestry, Salop, cm and joiner (1828). [D] See John Parry of Bailey St.

Parry, Matthew, ‘The Three Pillows’, Watling St, London, u (1725–28). In January 1725 took out insurance cover of £500 on goods and merchandise in his dwelling house. Bankruptcy announced, London Gazette, 6–9 July 1728. [GL, Sun MS vol. 20, ref. 376690]

Parry, Samuel, Liverpool, cm (1778–1834). App. in 1778, but on 5 July 1802 when his freedom was granted it was by patrimony as the son of Samuel Parry, shipwright. At Atherton St in 1802, the number being 18 from 1813–14 and 1821–29, but shown as 19 in 1816. At 30 Tenterden St in 1834. His wife Hannah died on 6 August 1833. [D; freemen reg. and committe bk; Liverpool Mercury, 23 August 1833]

Parry, Thomas, 1 Broad St, Soho, London, u and broker (1789–93). [D]

Parry, Thomas, 2 Eldon Pl., Liverpool, cm (1829). [D]

Parry, William, 194 Oxford St, London, u, auctioneer and house agent (1821–27). In February 1821 took out insurance cover for £600 of which £500 covered household goods in his dwelling and workshop. By 1824 the cover had been raised to £1,700 with £800 for utensils and stock. One directory of 1825 shows a Charles Parry at this address but this is probably an error. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 488, ref. 976499; vol. 499, ref. 1012650]

Parry, William, London, cm and u (1826–37). At 11 Northampton St, Clerkenwell 1826–27, 108 Goswell St in 1829 and 127 Goswell St, 1835–37. In 1837 shown as a cm and bedstead maker. [D]

Parslow, Henry, Gray's Inn Passage, Holborn, London, upholder (1698–1709). Free of the Upholders’ Co., 17 August 1698. In February 1709 took out insurance cover of £150 on his house in Gray's Inn Passage. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records, Hand in Hand MS vol. 6, ref. 17888]

Parson, William, Postern, Newcastle, cm (1834). [D]

Parsonage, Joseph, London, furniture broker and u (1826–39). At 14 Queen St, Bryanston Sq., 1826–35 as a furniture broker, but at 8 Davies St, Oxford St as an u in 1839. [D]

Parsons, —, 4 St George's Pl., Bath, Som., cm (1833). [D]

Parsons, John, 10 Henry St, Pentonville, London, cm and u (1822). [D]

Parsons, John, Chelsea, London, u (1828). Bankruptcy announced May 1828. [Chester Chronicle, 9 May 1828] Probably:

Parsons, John, Fulham Rd, London, u (1826–31). Recorded as cm and u at Pond Pl., Fulham Rd in 1826. Bankrutpcy announced July 1831. [Chester Chronicle, 2 August 1831]

Parsons, Samuel jnr, London, upholder and cm (1782–87). At 9 Shug Lane, 1782–84. In 1782 took out insurance cover of £400 of which half was in respect of utensils and stock. In 1784 insured a house for £300. Bankruptcy announced, Williamson's Liverpool Advertiser, 24 September 1787 at which date he was living in Whitcomb St. [GL, Sun MS vol. 304, p. 550; vol. 324, p. 591]

Parsons, Sophia, King St, Plymouth, Devon, u (1836). [D]

Parsons, Thomas, Old Town, Wotton-under-Edge, Glos., cm, u and undertaker (1820–39). [D]

Parsons, Thomas, Wokingham, Berks., cm and u (1823–40). At Market St and Peach St in 1840. [D]

Parsons, Thomas, Steyning, Sussex, chairmaker and turner (1823–40). [D]

Parsons, W., London, slate billiard table maker (1835–39). At 358 Strand in 1835 and Tavistock St, Covent Gdn in 1839. [D]

Parsons, William, Hackney, London, cm (1830). Freeman of Rochester, Kent. W. Parsons jnr is shown in the May 1807 poll bk, but his location is not indicated. [Rochester poll bks]

Parsons, William, Fleet Ditch, London, upholder (1740–49). Fined in 1740 for declining parochial office in the parish of St Bride, Fleet St. In 1743, however, he served as Questman, in 1745 as Collector for the Poor, in 1746 as Sidesman and in 1749 as Scavenger. [GL, MS 6561]

Parth, John, Kennington Lane, London, cm (1820). [D]

Partington, John, 107 Market St Lane, Manchester, cm (1778– 84). His trade card [Johnson Coll., Bodleian Lib., Oxford] indicates that looking-glasses were included in his stock. In 1778 he insured his utensils and stock for £300. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 269, p. 423]

Partington, Joseph, Altrincham, Cheshire, cm (1786–93). In November 1786 was paid £3 14s for two small mahogany tables supplied to Dunham Massey House, Cheshire. On 16 May of the following year a further £1 1s was paid for altering a dressing table. [D; John Rylands Lib., Manchester Univ., George Cooke's accounts]

Partington, Robert, Millgate, Stockport, Cheshire, cm (1816–22). Recorded as R. & T. Partington in 1822. [D]

Partington, Thomas, Little Underbank, Stockport, Cheshire, cm (1784–98). [D]

Parton, Daniel, Shelton or Hanley, Staffs., chairmaker (1818–35). Listed at Miles Bank, 1818–34, and Stafford Row in 1835. [D]

Parton, David, Stafford Row, Shelton, Staffs., chairmaker (1828). [D]

Partridge, F., 11 Sussex St, Bedford Sq., London, cm (1835). [D]

Partridge, Francis, 21 King St, Upper Bloomsbury, London, upholder (1817–29). Described also as an appraiser in 1817 and cm in 1823 and 1827. One directory records the number in 1826 as 19. [D] In February 1823 took out insurance cover of £1,200 on his house and workshop and £600 on their contents, including utensils and trade stock. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 492, refs 1001240–41]

Partridge, John, 49 New Bond St, London, camp furniture, trunk and plate case maker (1780–82). [D]

Partridge, John, London, cm (1792–1827). In 1792 at Davies St, Oxford St but by 1803 at 9 Rupert St, Haymarket. He subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793, and Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. At the Rupert St address until 1820, but by April 1821 this was being used by a William Partridge. From 1823–27 at 10 Charlotte Terr., Gt Charlotte St, St George's Rd as a cm and broker. In October 1823 took out insurance cover of £500; utensils and stock accounting for £420 of this. [D; Heal; GL, Sun MS vol. 498, ref. 1008449]

Partridge, Nathaniel, Norwich, cm (1818). App. to William Norris and free by servitude, 7 December 1818. [Freemen reg.]

Partridge, Thomas, 25 Stoke's Croft, Bristol, cm (1825). [D]

Partridge, William, Banbury, Oxon., cm (1754–71). In July 1754 announced the opening of a shop near ‘The White Lion’ where he offered ‘the most fashionable furniture in the cabinet way: as chairs, drawers, Tables, bureau's, glasses, stands, waiters &c.’ He also offered his services as a carpenter, joiner and carver and stated that he could produce ‘brackets, umbrella, temples, pavilions, pallisadoes, fences, garden seats, windsor and forrest chairs and stools in the modern gothic and chinese taste, and all other things made in wood that are not to be had in this part of the country of any person but himself’. At this date he also had a house in Adderbury. In April 1760 he advertised for information about his app. John Rimill who had absconded and later in this year moved to Bodicote. A further move of address occurred between this date and 1771 when in October a ‘New house … in Oxford Bar late occupied by William Partridge cabinetmaker deceased’ was put up for sale. [Jackson's Oxford Journal, 13 July 1754, 1 April 1760, 9 August 1760, 5 October 1771]

Partridge, William, London, carver and gilder (1804–15). At 15 The Cloisters, West Smithfield 1804–09 though in 1809 had additional premises at 12 City Rd. From 1811 only the City Rd address was featured. In August 1804 took out insurance cover of £400, stock accounting for £150 of this. By November 1808 total cover had been increased to £500 of which half was utensils and stock. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 430, ref. 764577; vol. 441, ref. 823579] See Partridge & Co.

Partridge, William, 9 Rupert St, Haymarket, London, cm (1821–23). A John Partridge was trading from this address as a cm, 1803–20. In 1821 William Partridge took out insurance cover of £1,000 on a house and a workshop behind. Utensils and stock came in total to a further £800. By 1823 these figures had been adjusted to £1,200 and £500 respectively. [GL, Sun MS vol. 488, refs 978793, 981138; vol. 498, refs 1003442, 1008434]

Partridge, William, Teignmouth, Devon, cm (1823–38). At 2 Northumberland Pl. in 1823 and 6 Wellington Row in 1838. [D]

Partridge & Co., 11 Orange St, Red Lion Sq., London, carvers and gilders (1817–20). In 1820 stated to be a looking-glass manufacturer. May be the successor or associated with a William Partridge who traded as a carver and gilder from addresses at 15 The Cloisters, West Smithfield and 12 City Rd, 1804–15. [D]

Pascall, James & Ann, at ‘The Golden Head’, Long Acre, London, carvers, gilders and picture frame makers (1733–54). A payment of £10 10s to ‘James Pascal, Frame maker’ is recorded under 7 April 1733 in Sir Richard Hoare's private account at Hoare's bank, while the Stourhead papers provide an entry on 24 June 1743 ‘Mr Pascall the carver and gilder in full £30’. James Pascall died in 1746–47 and his widow Ann carried on the business, being paid small amounts by the Hoare family for picture framing and gilding between June 1747 and February 1754. The firm's only major documented commission concerns furnishing the newlydecorated gallery at Temple Newsam, Yorks. for Henry 7th Viscount Irwin in 1745–47. Pascall supplied a carved and gilt suite of 20 chairs, 4 sofas and a daybed, 8 candlestands, a pair of girandoles, a pair of console tables, a pair of side tables and a firescreen for a total cost of £376 17s 9d. All this furniture survives, mostly in its original setting and is generally regarded as the finest ensemble of early Rococo furniture in any English country house. The two bills are accompanied by a letter which states that everything was made in Pascall's own workshop. An advertisement in the Daily Post, 21 February 1738 announced the publication of ‘Gribelin's Engravings of Raphael Cartoons, Ceiling of the Banqueting House, etc. A Book of Ornament of Twelve Leaves, invented and engrav'd by him: useful to all Learners and Lovers of Drawings. Mr Pascall, Picture Frame-maker, at the Golden Head, over against Hanover Street in Long Acre‘. The Bedford Estate papers include a survey of the Long Acre estate [GL, E/BER/ CG/L/104] which show James Pascall, carver, to have occupied two houses in Long Acre and Bow St. The survey includes a diagram of one of these houses showing Pascall's workshop in the centre, with an open yard underneath.

About 1750 Joshua Ross, who set up as a frame carver and gilder in Bath, stated in a trade notice that he was ‘From Mr Pascall's in Long Acre, London’. [Bath Ref. Lib.; Furn. Hist. 1981; The Quiet Conquest: The Huguenots 1685–1985 (exhib. cat.), Museum of London, 1985 (289–90)] C.G.G.

Pasco, Edward, Chichester, upholder and auctioneer (1789–93). Bankruptcy announced Gents Mag., April 1789, but still trading in 1793. [D]

Pasco, Thomas, 194 High St, Chatham, Kent, cm and u (1832). [D]

Pasco, William, Brighton, Sussex, cm, u and paper hanger (1818–25). At John St in April 1818 but from March 1821 at 17 Richmond Hill. A daughter and two sons bapt., 1818–25. [D; PR (bapt)]

Pascoe, William, Chapel St, Penzance, Cornwall, joiner and cm (d. 1819). Probate granted on his will dated 23 March 1819. [Cornwall RO, DD CF 4245]

Pascoe, William, 10 Cornwall St, Plymouth, Devon, carver and gilder (1830). [D]

Paskell, John, Mistley, Essex, cm (1839). [D]

Pass, William, 18 Swan St, Minories, London, carver, gilder and preserver of birds &c. (1820–26). [D]

Passavant, Claude, address unknown, upholder (1761). Supplied John, 4th Duke of Bedford with a bed carpet ‘in fine Chaillot’ and six seats, backs and elbows for chairs in the same material. His bill dated October 1761 was for £128 2s. [Bedford Office, London]

Passley, Wm, North St, Martock, Som., cm (1840). [D]

Pastor, James, High St, Bloomsbury, London, chair and sofa manufacturer (1826–29). [D]

Patch, Jno., Budleigh, Devon, cm (1838). [D]

Patch, William, 2 Finsbury St, London, cm etc. (1820). [D]

Patch, Wm, West St, Ilminster, Som., cm and agent to the County Fire Office (1839–40). [D]

Patches, Thomas, 112 Bishopgate Without, London, carver and gilder (1808). [D]

Patching, Henry, 65 West St, Brighton, Sussex, u (1822). [D]

Patching, James, Brighton, Sussex, cm and u (1815–40). At Church St, 1815–17, 1819 and 1821 but in October 1817 and March 1820 shown in Duke St. By 1822 trading at 65 West St but later in this year went into partnership as Patching & Wood, and the business moved to 12 Ship St and 3 Nile St. It was probably at this point that Henry Patching took over the business premises in West St. By 1826 only the Ship St address is recorded and by 1839 the number had been changed to 11. A directory of 1837 lists James Patching once more as sole proprietor but others of 1839 and 1843 still lists the partnership. Baptisms of four sons and four daughters recorded, 1817–27, and in 1840 a daughter Sarah married Francis Fort an u of 33 Cambridge St, and a son Edward Patching was listed as a paper-hanger living at 44 Wood St. [D; PR (bapt. and marriage)]

Pate, John, St Werbergh's Lane, Chester, u (1784). App. to Thomas Powell of Chester, u and free by servitude 5 April 1784. [Freemen rolls; poll bk]

Pate, Thomas, Commonhall St, Chester, cm (1812–18). Free 6 October 1812 and living in Commonhall St by 1818. [Freemen rolls; poll bk]

Pate, William, Black Brook St, Chester, cm (1824). Free on 12 October 1824. [Freemen rolls]

Patefield, Jonathan, Lancaster, cm (1789). App. to M. Moore 1781 and free by servitude, 1789–90. Moved at this time to Manchester. [App. reg.; freemen rolls]

Patefield, Lydia, Hurdsfield, Macclesfield, Cheshire, joiner and cm (1828). [D]

Patent Wood Carving Co., See H. Wood & Co.

Pater, George, Bristol, u and cm (1799–1807). At 77 Quay, 1799–1806, but in 1807 at 13 Broad Wear as a wholesale u. [D]

Pater, Henry jnr, Bristol, upholder (1793–95). In 1793–94 at Wine St and 4 Bath St, but one directory of 1794 shows Temple St. In 1795 at Corn St. [D]

Paternoster, Jonathan, Bancroft St, Bucklesbury, Hitchin, Herts., cm and u (1823–39). [D]

Paterson, James, 15 Rupert St, Haymarket, London, cm and u (1835–39). [D]

Paterson, John, address unknown, cm (1754). Subscribed to Chippendale's Director, 1754.

Pates, W. A., 32 Gloucester St, Red Lion Sq., London, carver (1829). [D]

Paton, Alexander, 28 King St, Liverpool, cm (1805). [D]

Patrick, —, address unknown, frame maker (1765). In an inventory of Okeover Hall, Staffs. is listed a frame to a pier glass by ‘Patrick’. [PRO, C110–163]

Patrick, John, Ship Ct, Old Bailey, London, barometer maker (1704–10). One of the earliest makers of the Diagonal Yard Arm or Signpost type of barometer which had been invented in 1670 by Sir Samuel Morland. Incorporated barometers of this type and thermometers in mirrors and in 1704 Patrick claimed that ‘Ladies and gentlemen at the same time they dress may accommodate their habit to the weather — an invention not only curious but also profitable and pleasant’. [Wills, Looking-Glasses]

Patrick, John, South St, North Shields, Northumb., cm and joiner (1827–28). [D]

Patrick, Nicholas, Greek St, Soho, London, upholder (1715). In April 1715 insured a house for £200. [GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 14, p. 246]

Patten, George, 4 Upper Rathbone Pl., London, chairmaker (1803–09). In 1803 subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary. [D]

Patten, John, parish of St Martin-in-the-Fields, London, cm (1745). In September 1745 took out insurance of £400 of which £250 covered his dwelling house, and wareroom and stock. The trade stock was valued at £100. [GL, Sun MS vol. 74, ref. 103299]

Patten, Robert, 26 Oxenden St, Haymarket, London, cm and u (1820–22). [D]

Patten, William, Liverpool, cm (1803–10). At 21 Marsh St, Queen St, 1803–04; 22 Prussia St in 1805; 21 Prussia St in 1807 and 25 Highfield St in 1810. [D]

Patten, William, Farnworth, Widnes, Lancs., joiner/cm (1825). [D]

Pattenden, Jeremiah, Lambeth and Brixton, London, chairmaker (1801–32). At 3 Union St, Lambeth 1801–12, and in May 1801 took out insurance cover of £300 on this address. From 1807 also at 19 Oxford St, London which was presumably used to display and sell the fashionable japanned chairs which were by this date being produced. From this year Pattenden was in partnership as Pattenden & Brown, trading under this style until at least 1812. The Oxford St premises were last mentioned in 1809 and probably closed in this year. After 1812 not recorded again until 1832 when a Jeremiah Pattenden was trading from Foxley Lane, Brixton. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 419, ref. 718398]

Patterson, —, address unknown, chairmaker (1722–24). In 1722 paid £2 11s for six Dutch chairs supplied to Chicheley Hall, Bucks. A similar sum was paid in January 1724 for a further six chairs of the same description. [V&A archives; Bucks. RO, D/C/2/3 (ii)]

Patterson, —, corner of Spring Gdn, Charing Cross, London, cm (1766). [Heal]

Patterson, Alexander, High St, Berwick-on-Tweed, Northumb., cm (1806). [D]

Patterson, Alexander, 1 Gt Hermitage St, London, cm (1808). James Patterson, cm is shown at this address, 1791–1803. [D]

Patterson, Amy, 7 Little Queen St, Lincoln's Inn Fields, London, upholder (1821). In June 1821 took out insurance cover of £150 of which only £45 was in respect of utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 484, ref. 981083]

Patterson, Andrew, Air St, London, upholder (1779). In 1779 took out insurance cover of £500 of which £200 was for utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 279, p. 578]

Patterson (or Pattison), Edmund, 11 Bull Ring, Birmingham, u (1770–80). Recorded as ‘Edmund Wace Patterson’ in 1770. [D]

Patterson, Edward, 11 Bull Ring, Birmingham, upholder (1767). [D]

Patterson, James, parish of St George the Martyr, London, turner, dealer and chapman (1747–64). Bankruptcy announced, London Gazette, 18–25 September 1764. He was probably the James Patterson who supplied goods to Gibside, Co. Durham, and the London house of the Bowes family. The furniture items included a ‘fine Nursing Chair’ on 1 March 1748 at 6s 6d; ‘a neat fine Square Cradle’ on 6 March 1748 at £1 11s 6d; and ‘three matted chairs’ at 10s 6d, ‘a Peruke block and stand’ at 5s and ‘4 chairs’ at 16s in 1755–56. [Durham RO, D/St/239, D/St/V. 1488–90, D/St/326/a, D/St/339/5]

Patterson, James, London, cm (1787–1803). In 1787 at 4 Worship Ct, Worship St with workshops at Sampson's Gdns, Hermitage St and together with James Camper Harris took out insurance cover on utensils, stock and household goods of £400. No further mention of Harris is recorded and by January 1791 Patterson was at 1 Gt Hermitage St but retaining the Sampson's Gdn workshops. He took out insurance cover for £500 of which £175 was for stock in his workshops and £175 for items in an open yard and sawpit. By January 1803 the total cover had been raised to £950 and the workshops had moved to Princes St, Ratcliffe Highway and stock and utensils here were covered for £400. [GL, Sun MS vol. 345, ref. 530971; vol. 374; ref. 578060; vol. 427, ref. 743361] See Alexander Patterson at 1 Gt Hermitage St.

Patterson, James, 145 High Holborn, London, upholder and cm (1808). In December 1808 took out insurance cover of £1,550 which included £400 for utensils and stock in a workshop behind his house. [GL, Sun MS vol. 445, ref. 823759]

Patterson, James, London, u (1808–14). At 49 Red Lion Sq., Holborn in 1808 and 45 Hart St, Bloomsbury in 1814. [D] See James & William Patterson.

Patterson, James, 10 Vernon Pl., Bloomsbury Sq., London, upholder, undertaker, cm and appraiser (1817–23). In October 1822 took out insurance cover of £450 which included £196 for utensils and stock. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 489, ref. 997187]

Patterson, James & William, London, upholders and cm (1794–1804). At 9 Little Wild St in 1794 and 49 Red Lion St, Holborn in 1804. In 1794 the total insurance cover came to only £400 of which £140 covered the workshop, sawpit and yard. By 1804, however, the cover was much more extensive suggesting a considerable increase in business. Utensils and stock in their dwelling house were covered for £400, similar items in the workshop behind for £1,000 while further sums of £280 and £50 covered buildings in which their trade was conducted. By 1808 the partnership had ended and James Patterson was carrying on the business alone from the Red Lion St address. W. T. Patterson operating from 7 Little Queen St, Holborn in 1820 may be his ex-partner. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 401, ref. 628048; vol. 431, ref. 762007]

Patterson, Joseph, ‘The Crown’, New Bond St, London, turner (c.1730). His trade card [Heal Coll., BM] indicates that he sold mahogany tables, ‘round Tea boards’, ‘Dutch Matted & Wooden Chairs’ and cradles. [Heal]

Patterson, Samuel, High St, Manchester, cm (1788). [D]

Patterson, W. T., 7 Little Queen St, Holborn, London, cm and u (1820). [D] Possibly of James & William Patterson.

Pattinson, Hugh, Alston, Cumb., joiner and cm (1834). [D]

Pattinson, John, Botchergate, Carlisle, Cumb., joiner/cm (1811). [D]

Pattinson, Thomas, Hetton-le-Hole, Co. Durham, cm and joiner (1828). [D]

Pattison, —, Vine St, London, cm (1774). [Heal]

Pattison, James, Gt Newport St, St Ann's, Westminster, u (1715–23). In July 1723 insured goods and merchandise in his dewelling house for £500. [GL, Sun MS vol. 4, ref. 5039; vol. 15, ref. 29194]

Pattison, James, Bread St, Westminster, London, upholder (1749). On 25 October 1749 paid £12 2s 2½ in connection with goods and work for Felbrigg, Norfolk. [Poll bk; Norfolk RO, Felbrigg papers, WKC 6/23]

Pattison, John, 64 Close, Newcastle, cm (1833). [D]

Pattison, Joseph, Hatton Gdn, near Holborn, London, cm (1756). [Heal]

Pattison, Joseph, at Mr Foster's, Grocer, Aldersgate Bars, London, u (1767–72). [D]

Pattison, Robert, Old Flesh-market, Newcastle, joiner and cm (1801–11). [D]

Pattison, Thomas, North Shore, Newcastle, house and ship joiner and cm (1824). [D]

Pattison, Thomas, Clarence St, Newcastle, cm and joiner (1838). [D]

Pattison, William Henry, 24 Bowling St, College St, Westminster, London, carver and gilder (1840). [GL, Sun MS ref. 1339941]

Pattison & Hesp, 60 Walmgate, York, joiners and cm (1830). [D]

Pattisson, I. K. B., Maldon, Essex, cm (1826). [Poll bk]

Patty, Paul, Silver St, Westminster, London, carver (1749). [Poll bk]

Paty, James, Bristol, carver and gilder (1775–1806). In 1775 shown at 32 Broad St. By 1792 the address is given as Broadmead, and he remained here until 1806. [D]

Paty, Thomas, parish of St Augustine, Bristol, carver and architect (b. 1713–d. 1789). A member of the noted Bristol family of sculptors which also included James Paty the Elder (fl.1721–46) and James Paty the Younger (b. c. 1746). Thomas Paty was noted for his work in stone and also as an architect. There is, however, also information about the commissions that he carried out for carved woodwork. Between 1741–43 he undertook woodcarvings for the Redland Chapel, Bristol and in 1743 was working on the new Royal Exchange building which had been designed by John Wood the Elder of Bath. His reputation was such that in 1755 he was described by John Cossins, the patron and builder of the Redland Chapel as ‘generally esteemed one of the best carvers in England, either in wood or stone, by whom all the rest of ye ornaments in the Chapel were designed and carved’. A payment of £106 8s was made to him in 1743 for ‘the ornaments of the chancel and pulpit in limetree’ for this Chapel, ‘the standard of workmanship of which is in every way equal to that of the best London craftsmen’. He took apps named Stringer in 1752, Walter in 1759 and Stephens in 1761. His son William, who was active in his father's business from the late 1770s and took over after his death, was also concerned with wood carving. [Poll bk; S of G, app. index; V&A archives; Gunnis]

Paty, William, Bristol, carver and architect (b.1758–d.1800). Son of Thomas Paty and active in his business from the late 1770s. Took over the business on the death of his father in 1789. He entered the Royal Academy Architectural Schools in 1775, and was subsequently responsible for an impressive output of sculptural work, which is listed in Gunnis. In the 1790s he undertook work at Christ Church, Bristol and was paid £105 for a new altar piece ‘including Carpenter Work Painting & Carving the ornaments & gilding’. [Gunnis; Furn. Hist., 1976]

Paudevin, John, Pall Mall, London, upholder (1677–88). Upholder to Charles II and James II. Of French extraction and his surname is variously spelt Bodovine, Potvin, Popevine, Podvine, Potevine, Poictevine and Vaudvine by English clerks and officials. On 22 December 1677 supplied a sleeping chair for the Queen's Bedchamber ‘neately carved and the irons all gilt’ for which £6 was charged. It has been suggested that the sleeping chairs at Ham House, Surrey were also by Paudevin in view of the close connection with the Royal court and government of the 1st Earl of Lauderdale. Very substantial commissions were given to Paudevin by his Royal patrons in the 1680s for beds, chairs of estate, turkey work chairs, Barbary and Portugal mats and curtains. The King's residences at Whitehall, Windsor and Newmarket all received new furnishings. The total for furnishings from this maker for the year 1677 came to £785 19s 9d, in 1678 to £1,371 8s 1d, in 1679 to £557 13s 1d, in 1680 to £487 5s 3d, in 1681 to £206 6s, in 1682 to £847 19s 2d and by the year 1686–87 had reached £2,461 12s.

In addition to supplying furniture for sale Paudevin also hired fine furnishings when special requirements arose. A crimson damask bed, bedding and six caned chairs were provided for six months for the lodgings of the ambassador of Savoy, and for this £36 was paid. He was also employed in 1687 for the funeral of the Duchess of Modena, and submitted a bill for £303 6s for this service. For the year 1681–82 a ‘Nicholas Baudovin’ upholsterer is recorded in the Royal accounts engaged to finish ‘a bed of crimson velvet begun by the Aforesaid John Poctovin’. The rich furnishings provided for the Crown set the style to be followed by those in Court circles who employed the same craftsmen when available. It is thus not surprising to find Paudevin's name connected with commissions for the nobility. In 1688 he supplied the 1st Duke of Hamilton for Hamilton Palace, Scotland with a crimson mohair bed and suites of chairs and seating furniture which cost in excess of £326. He is also recorded in connection with furnishings at Petworth House, Sussex and Boughton House, Northants. [PRO, LC2/12, LC5/41, LC9/121–22, 275–76; Conn., vol. 93, pp. 225–26; vol. 127, p. 84; Rosalind K. Marshall, The Days of Duchess Anne, 1973, pp. 156–57; Apollo, May 1977, p. 360; Furn. Hist., 1978]

Paudevin, Nicholas, see John Paudevin.

Paul, Charles & Reuben, London, cm and u (1812–19). At Castle Yd, Castle St, Holborn in February 1812 when they took out insurance cover of £200, utensils and stock accounting for £150 of this. By 1817 at 48 Upper Marylebone St, Gt Portland St. The partnership was dissolved in 1819 with Reuben retaining the Upper Marylebone address and Charles moving to 44 Newman St and 37 Duke St. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 459, ref. 867289]

Paul, Charles, London, cm and u (1819–25). Directories show Charles Paul at 44 Newman St, Oxford St and 37 Duke St, Manchester Sq. from 1819 when the partnership with Reuben Paul was dissolved until 1825. In February 1820, however, he took out insurance cover of £400 on utensils and stock at a workshop in Edwards Mews, Edward St, Cavendish Sq. and his own address was shown as 141 Oxford St. From April 1822 insurance records show the Duke St address but in addition record workshops elsewhere. In April 1822 a workshop behind 44 Newman St is mentioned but it was rented to a cm named Souton. Charles Paul covered his own utensils and stock at Duke St for £850 out of a total cover of £1,100. In 1823 only £500 cover was paid for, half being for utensils and stock but in the following year cover on trade stock and tools had risen to £700 and his workshops were at 8 Blandford Mews, Blandford St, Manchester Sq. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 483, ref. 962812; vol. 493, ref. 989766; vol. 498, ref. 1003716; vol. 499, ref. 1012309]

Paul, George, Exeter, Devon, cm (1810–16). In 1810 at New Bridge St and in March of that year he advertised for sale 2,000 ft of prime mahogany in planks, boards and veneers. By 1813 he had moved to Fore St Hill and he was still at this address in 1816. A daughter was bapt. at the church of St Mary Steps on 10 January 1813. [D; Exeter Flying Post, 8 March 1810; PR (bapt.)]

Paul, George, London, cm, u and chairmaker (1822–39). Initially at 4 Berners St, Rathbone Pl. but subsequently moved to 1 Charles St, Middlx Hospital and finally to 5 Upper Rathbone Pl. [D]

Paul, James, Swallow St, London, cm and u (1775). In February 1775 in partnership with Harry Sanderson. The partners took out insurance cover for £580, of which £390 was in respect of utensils and stock in the house and ware room communicating with it. [GL, Sun MS vol. 236, ref. 349489]

Paul, James, 27 King St, Soho, London, upholder (1784–93). [Westminster poll bks]

Paul, James Edward, Exeter St, Sloane Sq., London, cm (1817– 26). At 23 Exeter St, 1817–20, but in 1826 at 3. [D]

Paul, John, Strand, London, cm (1771). [Heal]

Paul, John, Liverpool, cm (1802). Free 6 July 1802. [Freemen reg.]

Paul, John, 3 Cleveland St, Fitzroy Sq., London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Paul, Nicholas, address unknown, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Paul, Peter, 4 Silver St, London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Paul, Reuben, 48 Upper Marylebone St, Gt Portland St, London, cm (1820–35). Formerly in partnership with Charles Paul at Castle St in 1812 and at 48 Upper Marylebone St, 1817–19. [D]

Paul, Robert, Market Pl., Saffron Walden, Essex, cm, u and ironmonger (1805–39). The nearness to Audley End house, Essex resulted in patronage by the 2nd and 3rd Lords Braybrooke. The first instance of this was in 1805. Paul's billhead stated his trade as ‘Ironmonger, Brazier, Tin-Plate Worker & Upholsterer’. Small sums were paid by Lord Braybrooke for upholstery work of a modest character. [D; Essex RO, D/DBy/A63/10, A361, A376]

Paul, Thomas, 71 St John St, Clerkenwell, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Paul, Thomas & Co., 10 Mansion House St, London, cm and u (1837–40). [D]

Paul, William, Hull, Yorks., cm (1747–54). [Poll bks]

Paul, William, North Walsham, Norfolk, upholder (1798). [D]

Paul, William, Bath, Som., cm (c. 1801–40). Married at Bath Abbey on 26 September 1805. [PR (marriage)]

Paul, William, 4 Oldham St, Manchester, u and paper hanging manufacturer (1814–25). Trading as cm and u in 1815. [D]

Paul, William, parish of St Peter Mancroft, Norwich, upholder (1818). [Poll bk]

Paul & Co., address unknown (1823–24). Supplied furniture to the 3rd Marquess of Londonderry for Wynyard Park, Co. Durham, then being built by Philip Wm Wyatt (Colvin). [Durham RO, D/LO/E 492]

Paul & Sanderson, see James Paul, Swallow St, London.

Paulin, —, near Gray's Inn Gate, Holborn, London, u (1747). [Heal]

Paulins & Coates, address unknown, u (1773). Supplier of a lace ‘toylette’ to Burton Constable, Yorks. [Burton Constable, Exhibition, Ferens Art Gallery, Hull, 1970]

Pavie, Jacob, Berwick St, Soho, London, cm (1749). [Westminster poll bk]

Pavie, Peter, London, cm (1690–1727). Probably of French Huguenot extraction and one of a number of such craftsmen supplying furnishings to the Royal Household in the last years of the 17th and the early decades of the 18th century. In 1690–91 supplied furniture to Queen Mary which included ‘a fine cabonett, a looking glass frame, a Table & Stands Suitable’ for which £38 was charged on 21 August 1690. In 1696 he was paid £1 17s for ‘making and gilding 4 drawers in his Graces Cabinet to put bookes in and some other work’. This commission was for the Duke of Northumberland for Northumberland House in the Strand, London, but Pavie was also employed at Petworth House, Sussex another of the Earl's properties. A ‘Monsieur Passie’ shown in the Chatsworth, Derbs. records as the supplier of a clock case in March 1695 is probably this maker. In 1712 he took as app. Thomas Turner, the son of the late rector of Claypole, Lincs. and received the substantial premium of £75, indicating his status in the furniture trades. A Pavie, cm, is recorded at Compton St, Soho in 1727 and may be this maker. [Symonds, Furniture Making in 17th and 18th Century England, p. 108; John Bowen's disbursements, Petworth 174; Chatsworth, account bk V; S of G, app. index; Heal; Apollo, May 1977, p. 361]

Paviour, John, parish of St Aldates, Oxford, chairmaker (1768). [Frowde, Survey of Oxford in 1768]

Pawsey & Smith, Magdalen St, Norwich, cm and u (1830). [D]

Pawson, Thomas jnr, Cranbrook, Kent, u (1811). [D]

Paxon, George, High St, Hampstead, London, upholder, auctioneer and undertaker (1808–14). In 1814 claimed to be the inventor of ‘the Patent Bed Frame or Bedstead for the Relief of the Bed-Ridden’. [D]

Paxton, Joseph, High St, St Neots, Hunts., cm and gunmaker (1839). [D]

Payle, —, Berwick St, Soho, London, cm (1743). The house in which he was living in July 1743 was advertised for sale ‘cheap’. [Daily Advertiser, 4 July 1743]

Payler, Thornton, 13 Drydens Entry, 14 Salt House Lane, Hull, Yorks., joiner and cm (1823–26). In 1826 shown as joiner only. [D]

Payne, —, ‘The Crown and Cushion’, near Hatton Gdn, Holborn, u (1747). [Heal]

Payne, Bartholomew, London, upholder (1772–92). Son of Bartholomew Payne snr, and app. to Francis Pyner. Free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 7 October 1772. From 1774–81 in Southwark where his address is given as either Gravel Lane or opposite the church in St George's Rd, Blackfriars Bridge. In 1777 he insured a shop and a shed for £100 and two years later utensils and stock for £300. By 1786, however, he was trading from Tottenham Ct Rd and was still there in 1792. He took as app. James Waddilove, 1776–86. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Sun MS vol. 261, p. 33; vol. 272, p. 44; Heal]

Payne, Benjamin, Leicester, cm, u, auctioneer and appraiser (1827–28). At Granby St in 1827 but his trade card and directories of 1828 record Gallowtree Gate, London Rd. The trade card shows that Payne was able to supply plate glass, paper hangings, carpets and feather beds. He acted as agent for the sale of estates and also canal and gas company shares. He indicated that he was in attendance at Lutterworth, Leics. every Thursday from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. [D]

Payne, Francis, Coventry St, Stourbridge, Worcs., chairmaker (1828–30). [D]

Payne, George, Ipswich, Suffolk, cm (1820). Freeman of Colchester, Essex. [Poll bk]

Payne, Isaac, parish of St Michael, Bristol, cm (1817). Baptism of a child recorded in the parish register of Wotton-underEdge, Glos.

Payne, James, Butter Mkt, Stowmarket, Suffolk, cm (1839). [D]

Payne, John, 3 Smarts Buildings, Holborn, London, cm (1784). Insured his house for £100. [GL, Sun MS vol. 321, p. 260]

Payne, John, All Saints, Oxford, cm (1798–1803). Possibly the John Payne, cm who subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803 [D; poll bk] See Mary Payne.

Payne, John, Southgate, Sleaford, Lincs., joiner builder and cm (1826). [D]

Payne, John, Seahouse St, Maryport, Cumb., joiner and cm (1828). [D]

Payne, Joseph, Birmingham, u (1802). Bankrutpcy announced, Billinge's Liverpool Advertiser, 29 November 1802, and described as ‘now, or late of Birmingham’.

Payne, Joseph, Market Pl., King's Lynn, Norfolk, cm (1805–08). [D]

Payne, Mary, High St, Oxford, u and cm (1805–08). A John Payne was trading at All Saints, Oxford 1798–1803. [D]

Payne, Simon, Tavern St, Ipswich, Suffolk, cm, u and auctioneer (1805–32). [D]

Payne, Thomas, 15 Steelhouse Lane, Birmingham, cm and upholder (1770). [D]

Payne, Thomas, Coventry St, Stourbridge, Worcs., chairmaker (1820). [D]

Payne, William, Nuneaton, Warks., chairmaker and turner (1822–35). [D]

Payne, William, Sleaford, Lincs., joiner, cm and u (1822). [D]

Payne, William, High St, Oxford, u and cm (1823–30). His trade card, c.1820, survives. [Leverhulme Coll., MMA, NY] He also acted as auctioneer and appraiser. [D]

Payne, William, 10 Holywell Lane, Shoreditch, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Payten, William, 3 Addle St, Wood St, London, cm and clock case maker (1789). [D]

Payton, Edmund, 6 Merchant St, Bristol, cm and broker (1831– 32). [D]

Payton, James, High St, Stourbridge, Worcs., cm and u (1828– 30). [D]

Payton, Joseph, Dudley, Worcs., carver and gilder (1809–40). Shown in High St, 1818–30, and Market Pl., 1840. [D]

Payton, Nathaniel, Bewdley, Worcs., cm (1793–1822). Listed at High St in 1822. [D]

Payton, Thomas, 55 Broad Quay, Bristol, cm and u (1799–1829). From 1822 also listed as undertaker and appraiser. [D]

Peace, Thomas, Bristol, cm (1752). In 1752 took app. named Willway. [S of G, app. index]

Peace, Thomas, Castle Green, Bristol, cm (1799–1800). [D]

Peacey, Thomas, Cock Lane, London, cm (1749). [Heal]

Peach, —, Lower North St, Gloucester, cm (1802). [D]

Peach, John, address unknown, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Peach, William, 40 Wood St, Manchester, cm (1808). [D]

Peachey, Thomas, Charterhouse St, Long Lane, Smithfield, London, upholder (1764–78). Son of John Peachey of the parish of St Bartholomew-the-less, London, yeoman. App. to Joseph Hamilton, draper, 11 December 1753 and made free of the Upholders’ Co. under the terms of the 1750 Upholders’ Act on 14 December 1764. In 1778 at Charterhouse St. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Peacock, —, Sittingbourne, Kent, cm (1793). In May married Miss Mary Watts. [Gents Mag., May 1793]

Peacock, Edmund, Sidney Pl., Cambridge, cm (1840). [Poll bk]

Peacock, Francis, Bridge End, Stockton, Co. Durham, joiner and cm (1827). [D]

Peacock, Henry, Tipton, Staffs., cm/u (1838). [D]

Peacock, James, 148 High St, Winchester, Hants., cm and u (1830). [D]

Peacock, James, Commercial St, Skipton, Yorks., joiner/cm (1837). [D] See John Peacock of Skipton.

Peacock, John, Godalming, Surrey, u and cm (1781–98). In 1781 took out insurance cover of £600 of which £240 was in respect of utensils and stock. By 1791 these figures had risen to £1,200 and £300 respectively. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 289, p. 619; vol. 381, p. 220]

Peacock, John, London, cm and u (1827–39). At 2 Naval Row, East India Docks in 1827 and 212 High St, Poplar in 1839. [D]

Peacock, John, Skipton, Yorks., joiner/cm (1830–37). In Keighley Rd in 1830 and Commercial St in 1837. [D] See James Peacock of Skipton.

Peacock, Joseph, Burnt Yates, near Harrogate, Yorks., joiner (1771). On 31 December 1771 the Trustees of Admiral Long's School at Burnt Yates paid Joseph Peacock, joiner and tenant farmer, £15 12s for making a large pedimented oak book cupboard in two stages enclosed by panelled doors. This piece of furniture is still at the School. [Temple Newsam House, Leeds, Exhib. Cat., Town and Country Furniture, frontispiece]

Peacock, Josiah, London, upholder (1772–1802). Son of Josiah Peacock snr of Taunton, Som., linen draper. Free of the Upholders’ Co. by redemption, 3 June 1772. In 1773 in Gutter Lane and in the following year he took Joseph Stacey app. (free 1790). At Princes St, Lothbury, 1778–86; London Wall in 1792; Islington in 1794 and Paddington in 1802. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Heal]

Peacock, Robert, Strand, London, cabinet and upholstery warehouse (1763–76). Established in the Strand by 1763 and in that year his premises suffered damage from a fire. This forced him to move to 150 Strand which was to remain in his hands until at least 1776. The new shop was a few yards to the east of his former premises. In 1764 he took over also 147 Strand but this was given up about 1768. Although declared bankrupt, Gents Mag., October 1772, he continued to trade from 150 Strand. He is recorded supplying a backgammon table to the 3rd Earl of Albemarle in 1769 at a cost of £1 12s. This commission is recorded in the Bagshot Park accounts. The notebook of Edward Knight of Wolverley House, Worcs. records under 7 May 1774 the supply of a ‘Commode Dr. Table’ at £21 1s 6d. [D; H. Phillips, Mid-Georgian London, pp. 173–74; Suffolk RO (Ipswich), HA67: 461/443; Kidderminster Lib., Knight MS]

Peacock, Robert & Parlby, George, Sittingbourne, Kent, u and cm (1795). Bankruptcy declared, Billinge's Liverpool Advertiser, 31 August 1795.

Peacock, Robert, Lamb Inn Yd, Broadmead, Bristol, cm, upholder and sworn appraiser (1799–1800). [D]

Peacock, Robert, French St, Southampton, Hants., cm, upholder etc. (1805–08). [D]

Peacock, Robert & Co., Waterworks St, Hull, Yorks., cm and furniture warehouse (1806). [D]

Peacock, Thomas, 11 Grove, Bath, Som., u (1826). [D]

Peacock, Thomas, 16 Chariot St, Hull, Yorks., cm (1835–40). [D]

Peacock, William, Market Pl., Thirsk, Yorks., cm (1823–40). Recorded as cm/chairmaker in 1840. [D]

Peacock, William, Bedale, Yorks., cm, joiner and carpenter (1823–28). [D]

Peacock, William, Hessle, near Hull, Yorks., cm (1840). [D]

Peadle, John, London, furniture broker and bedstead maker (1823–39). At 1 Midford Pl., Tottenham Ct Rd, 1823–35, and 28 Upper Cleveland St, 1837–39. In July 1823 took out insurance cover of £200. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 497, ref. 1006501]

Peak, Edward, 85 Goswell St, London, carver and gilder (1835–39). [D]

Peak, Robert, 4 City Rd, London, carver and gilder (1839). [D]

Peake, Henry, Dover, Kent, u (1823–37). At Fisherman's Row in 1832, Snargate St in 1835 and Seven Star St, 1837. [D; poll bks]

Peake, John, Kingston, cm (1745). In 1745 took app. named Rayley. [S of G, app. index]

Peake, Thomas, 2 Windsor Ct, Monkwell St, London, cm and plate case maker (1802–39). In March 1802 took out insurance cover of £300 of which £100 was for utensils and stock. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 424, ref. 730018]

Peapal, Thomas, High Wycombe, Bucks, chair caner (1838–40). Sons bapt. in 1838 and 1840. [PR (bapt.)]

Pearce, —, Ludgate St, London, u (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Pearce, —, Redruth, Cornwall, cm (1798). [D]

Pearce, Abraham, London, cm and carver (before 1768). By March 1768 in Charleston, South Carolina, USA. Claimed that he had arrived from London. [South Carolina Gazette, 14 March 1768]

Pearce, B., 39 West Smithfield, London, u (1797). [D]

Pearce, Earl, 18 Kirby St, Hatten St, London, u (1777). In 1777 took out insurance cover of £300 of which £100 was for utensils and stock [GL Sun MS vol. 258, p. 234]

Pearce, Edward, Shrewsbury, Salop, cm (1713–30). Free 1713. In 1730 took app. named Stephens. [Freemen rolls; S of G, app. index]

Pearce, Edward, Arundel St, Strand, London, carver (c. 1665–95). Son of Edward Pearce snr, painter-stainer (fl.1630–58). Possibly app. to Edward Bird, an artist, but unlike his father he does not appear to have followed this trade to any extent. His fame rests upon his work as a sculptor but he also undertook commissions as a wood carver. He is known to have worked for George Vernon at Sudbury, Derbs. (staircase carving, doors, etc., C. Life, 22 June 1935) and for Sir Charles Wolseley at Wolseley Hall, Staffs. In 1686 his work in the new dining-room at Wolseley was described by Robert Plot, Natural History of Staffordshire, as being inferior to none in the country. He undertook woodwork in Wren churches including that of St Lawrence Jewry and received £4 for ‘carving a wooden dragon for ye model for ye vane of copper of St. Mary-le-Bow’. He was also employed at Emmanuel College, Cambridge and by a number of City companies. He carved a wooden statue of Sir William Walworth for the Fishmonger's Company Hall. Buried at St Clement Danes, 1695. For full details of his life, and other commissions, see Wren Soc., vol. XX; Gunnis; Beard, Craftsmen and Interior Decoration in England, p. 274.

Pearce, Francis, Long Acre, London, upholder (1709). Free 7 September 1709. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Heal]

Pearce, George, High St, Ryde, Isle of Wight, Hants., cm and u (1839). [D]

Pearce, James, Newark, Notts., cm (1741–d.1747). In 1741 took app. named Jellis. Probate granted on will, 12 November 1747. [S of G, app. index; Notts. RO, probate records]

Pearce, John, near St Alkmund's Church, Derby, cm (c.1740). A newspaper cutting (whose source has not been identified), stated that his stock in trade and tools were to be sold off. The stock consisted of ‘Mahogany Boards, and Finears, Walnut Plank, and Finears, Pear-Tree Plank and Finears, Wainscot Boards, and several other Ware, Looking Glasses, and Frames, Brass Furniture, and Locks for Cabinet Work, all Materials for Silvering Glasses, and several other Things.’

Pearce, Joseph G., 9 Leek Lane, Bristol, house, sign and furniture painter and glazier (1830). [D]

Pearce, Michael, Penzance, Cornwall, cm (1737–61). In 1737 took app. named Milldram; in 1754, Row; and in 1761, Lake. [S of G, app. index]

Pearce, Thomas, Bristol, cm (1806–10). At 64 Old Market St, 1806–07 and Lower Castle St, 1809–10. [D]

Pearce, Thomas, 3 Adam St, Rotherhithe, London, cm (1809). [D]

Pearce, Walter, 112 Bunhill Row, Chiswell St, London, cabinet manufacturer (1820). [D]

Pearce, William, London, cm (1772). Stated that he saw 36 cases of smuggled furniture at ‘Mr Cullens’ (James Cullen) in Greek St. [Apollo, August 1965, p. 114]

Pearce, William, Lobster Lane, Norwich, cm and u (1818–22). App. to W. E. Earle of Norwich and free, 7 December 1818. At Lobster Lane in 1822. [D; freemen regs.]

Pearcey, —, parish of St Mary Magdalene, Taunton, Som., cm (c.1730). Father of Thomas Pearcey whom he took as app. [Dorset RO, P155/DV3]

Pearcey, John, Crewkerne, Som., cm (1750). Took as app. for three years Thomas Percey of Taunton who had previous to this been trained by his father. [Dorset RO, P 155/DV 3]

Pearcey, Thomas, Taunton, Bristol, London, Crewkerne, Som. and Sherborne, Dorset, cm (c. 1730–98). Born in Taunton, in the parish of St Mary Magdalene, and trained under his father who was a cm. He then worked as a journeyman in Bristol and London; and in 1749 when he polled in the Westminster byelection, he was living in Cook Lane. About 1750 he came to Crewkerne and was bound app. for three years to John Percey, cm, probably a relative. By 1758 he had moved to Sherborne, Dorset and married. A person of this name is listed in Sherborne as a cm in a directory of 1798 [D; Westminster poll bk; Dorset RO, P 155/DV 3]

Pearkes, Edward, 118 Edgware Rd, London, u (1835). [D]

Pearl, James Robert, Petty Cury, Cambridge, u (1835). [Poll bk]

Pearman, Ambrose, Southwark, London, upholder (1713–d. c.1742). Son of Nicholas Pearman, husbandman of the county of Staffs. App. to William Jones, 5 April 1713 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 4 December 1723. Took as apps Thomas Coleman, 1725–33; John Venables, 1732–70; William Witton, 1734–41; and Nathaniel Hewitt 1740–47. Pearman probably died c. 1742 and in that year was described as ‘late the most considerable Man of that Business in the whole Borough of Southwark’. His widow married ‘Mr. Whitton, a reputable upholsterer, St. Margarets Hill’ and this may well have been his former app. William Witton, free 1741. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Daily Post, 6 September 1742]

Pearman, Thomas, Coventry, Warks., cm (1828). Bankruptcy announced Liverpool Mercury, 1 February 1828.

Pears, Richard, 25 Holywell Lane, Shoreditch, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Pears, Thomas, parish of St Mary, Stamford, Lincs., cm (1832). (Poll bk]

Pearse, Samuel, 31 Conduit St, Bond St, London, carver and gilder (1832–37). Initially traded in partnership as Harris & Pearse but by March 1832 trading on his own account. He offered to clean, line and repair pictures. On 12 March 1832 he invoiced to J. S. Pakington (later 1st Lord Hampton) of Westwood, near Droitwich, Worcs. a gilt frame which together with packing and carriage came to £3 4s 6d. By 1835 he had formed another partnership and until at least 1837 traded as Pearse & Biggs. [D; Worcs. RO, 2309/705; 380/57/ ii]

Pearse & Child, 37 Ludgate St, London, cm (1792–96). [D]

Pearsey, John snr, 8 Hawkworth's Yd, High St, Sheffield, Yorks., u (1822). [D]

Pearson, —, Pitfield St, Hoxton, London, manufacturer of feather beds (1807). A fire was reported on 6 August 1807. His stock at this date was valued at £3,000. [Gents Mag., August 1807]

Pearson, Archer, Red Lion St, Boston, Lincs., cm (1835). [D]

Pearson, Benjamin, 96 Dale End, Birmingham, cm (1770–93). Listed at no. 93 in 1780. [D]

Pearson, Benjamin, Shrewsbury, Salop, u (1828–35). At Abbey Foregate in 1828 but in 1830 at Claremont Hill. At Princes St in 1835. [D] See J. Pearson of Claremont Hill.

Pearson, Christopher, 10 Rutland St, Chorlton Row, Manchester, cm (1825). [D]

Pearson, David, parish of St Martin at Palace, Norwich, chairmaker (1830). [Poll bk]

Pearson, Edward, 34 York St, Westminster, London, upholder and appraiser (1817). [D]

Pearson, Edward, Leeds, Yorks., carver and gilder (1827–37). Listed at 74 North St, 1828–34, and 6 Market St in 1837. [D]

Pearson, Hewland, Without the Bar, Scarborough, Yorks., cm (1834–40). [D]

Pearson, J., Claremont Hill, Shrewsbury, Salop, u (1828). [D] See Benjamin Pearson at this address.

Pearson, J., Lowe's Lane, Wigton, Cumb., joiner/cm (1811). [D]

Pearson, James, Gargrave, near Skipton, Yorks., cm (1822). [D]

Pearson, James, Liverpool, cm (1840). Free 20 July 1840. [Freemen reg.]

Pearson, Job, 14 Coleman St, London, cm (1779). In 1779 insured his house for £200. [GL, Sun MS vol. 270, p. 628]

Pearson, John, Bramham, Yorks., cm (1774–84). App. to John Herbert of York, cm, and free by servitude in 1774. In 1784 at Bramham. [York freemen rolls and poll bk]

Pearson, John, Lancaster, joiner (1786–1800). Named in the Gillow records as a joiner. [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow vol. 344/94, p. 429]

Pearson, John, Whitehaven, Cumb., cm (1800). [Cumbria RO, death duty reg. relating to wills 7.1.1808]

Pearson, John, Lincoln, cm (1806). [Poll bk]

Pearson, John, Clement's Lane, London, u (1803–08). Listed in Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803 as a master cm. The address was given as 25 Clement's Lane but in 1808 the number was 26. See Thomas Pearson in Clements Lane. [D]

Pearson, John, 30 Clerkenwell Green, London, cm and u (1808). [D]

Pearson, John, corner of King and Old St, Shoreditch, London, cm and chairmaker (1818–24). Signed a 21 year lease on his property in 1818 but in 1824 signed another 21 year lease for property in Old St Rd. [Shoreditch archives, Rose Lipman Lib., MS 2836, 2842]

Pearson, John, 27 Rathbone Pl., Oxford St, London, cm and u (1820–27). [D]

Pearson, John, 20 Old St Rd, London, u (1820–39). Recorded in some directories as an u and chair stuffer and in others as a chair and sofa manufacturer. [D]

Pearson, John, Boston, Lincs., cm and u (1822–35). At Bargate in 1822, Strait Bargate in 1826 and Market Pl. in 1835. [D]

Pearson, John, Great Broughton, Cockermouth, Cumb., joiner/cm (1829). [D]

Pearson, John, London, upholder (1830). Freeman of Norwich [Norwich poll bk]

Pearson, Joseph, Whitehaven, Cumb., cm (d. 1807). Probate granted on will, 4 May 1807.

Pearson, Joseph, Keswick, Cumb., joiner/cm (1828–29). [D]

Pearson, Oswald, Far Bondgate, Bishop Auckland, Co. Durham, joiner and cm (1827–34). [D]

Pearson, Peter, Stanley St, Liverpool, cm and furniture broker (1834–39). At 57 Stanley St, 1834–37, but in 1839 at 48. [D]

Pearson, Samuel, King's Lynn, Norfolk, cm (1810–26). App. to James Oldmeadow and free by servitude, 1810–11. [Freemen rolls; poll bks]

Pearson, Samuel, 48 Worcester St, Birmingham, cm and carpenter (1818–30). Trading at no. 48, 1828–30. Bankruptcy announced, February 1829, but two directories of 1830 show him trading in Worcester St. [D; Chester Chronicle, 13 February 1829]

Pearson, Samuel, Jamaica Row, Birmingham, cm (1822). [D]

Pearson, Samuel, High St, Bilston, Staffs., cm (1835). [D]

Pearson, Samuel, Walsall, Staffs., cm (1839). [D]

Pearson, Thomas, Berwick-upon-Tweed, Northumb., cm (1784–93). [D]

Pearson, Thomas, London, wholesale u (1788–1819). At 25 Clement's Lane, Lombard St, 1788–1803, but from 1806 at Haberdasher's House, Hoxton. In 1793 subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, and in 1803 included in the list of master cabinet makers in his Cabinet Dictionary. A John Pearson was listed at this address in 1808. [D; Heal]

Pearson, Thurston, New St, Boston, Lincs., cm (1819). [D]

Pearson, William, London, chairmaker (1720). In 1720 supplied 24 walnut chairs with Indian backs and matted seats to Temple Newsam House, Leeds, at a cost of £24. [Furn. Hist., 1967]

Pearson, William, Carpenters’ Hall, 67 London Wall and 343 Strand, London, cabinet, upholstery and patent seasoned bedding etc. manufacturer (1821–27). Successor to Kent & Luck at the London Wall address. An insurance policy effected on 5 November 1821 covering stock valued at £1,400 was jointly in the names of William Kent, Samuel Luck and William Pearson. By 1823, however, William Pearson was clearly trading on his own behalf. An amboyna work table with a circular top, crossbanded with rosewood, with this maker's label in the drawer, is recorded. This indicates that he was also an auctioneer and appraiser. [D; Christie's, 11 November 1982, lot 104]

Pearson, William, Liverpool, u (1821–30). App. to Bartholomew Tyrer in 1821 and petitioned for freedom in 1828. Free 1830. [Freemen's committee bk]

Pearson, William, Newcastle, cm (1834). [D]

Pearson, William, 42 Kennedy St, Manchester, cm and u (1836–39). [D]

Pearson & Metcalfe, Bridge St, Little Bolton, Lancs., cm and u (1834). [D]

Pearson & Son, New St, Boston, Lincs., cm (1822–26). [D]

Peart, John, London, upholder (1742–d.1797) Son of Henry Peart of Islington, London, Gent. App. to John Clarke, freeman and scrivener of London, 6 October 1742, and free of the Upholders’ Co. under the terms of the 1750 Upholders’ Act, 6 September 1750. In 1752 married at St Paul's Cathedral Betsy Savage, the daughter of an eminent woollen draper of Bishopsgate. Traded from 21 Queen St, Cheapside, 1773–83, but in 1778 shown living at the south side of Blackfriars Bridge, and in 1781 at Chapel St, Bedford Row. In 1786 in Fleet St. Master of the Upholders’ Co. in 1777. Heal suggests that the Peareth associated with the younger Thomas Chippendale in the rate books at 60 St Martin's Lane for 1795–96, is John Peart. [D; GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Heal] See John Peareth.

Peartshire, Richard, 2 Nicholas Croft, Manchester, u (1814–15). [D]

Pease, John, Pontefract, Yorks., joiner/cm (1834). [D]

Pease, Midgley, Pontefract, Yorks., joiner/cm (1834). [D]

Pease, William, Ropergate, Pontefract, Yorks., cm (1837). [D]

Peason, William, Skipton, Yorks., cm (1838). [PR]

Peat, George, Midhurst, Sussex, cm, auctioneer and u (1823–40). By 1845 the firm is listed as George Peat & Son. [D]

Peat, Joseph, Long St, Thirsk, Yorks., cm (1823). [D]

Peat, Richard, North St, Chichester, Sussex, cm (1839–40). A Samuel Peat, cm and u traded in North St until 1823. [D]

Peat, Samuel, North St, Chichester, Sussex, cm, upholder and auctioneer (1793–1823). In 1804–05 shown as Peat & Son. Succeeded by William, Henry & Richard Peat by 1826. [D]

Peat, William, Henry & Richard, North St, Chichester, Sussex, cm and u (1826–39). In 1826 shown as W. H. & J. & R. Peat, in 1832 as Peat & Co. and in 1839 as William & Henry Peat. In 1845 only Henry is recorded. Richard Peat is shown trading on his own behalf in North St in 1839. [D]

Peaty, Charles, 64 High St, Southampton, Hants., cm, u, auctioneer and undertaker (1823–39). [D; Southampton Herald, 27 October 1823]

Peareth, John, London (1774–96). A senior journeyman employed by Thomas Chippendale snr and jnr in their business. Receipted bills on behalf of the firm survive, in connection with a Temple Newsam House, Leeds commission in 1774, and items supplied to Sir John Nelthorpe in 1781. The rate bk for 60 St Martin's Lane is endorsed for the year 1795–96 in the names of Thomas Chippendale and John Peareth, suggesting that the latter might have become the Partner of Thomas Chippendale jnr following the retirement of Thomas Haig in 1795. Heal suggests that John Peareth is the same person as the John Peart who traded in London as a u, 1750–97. [Gilbert, Chippendale, p. 268; Heal]

Peck, John, Plymouth, Devon, joiner and cm (1782). In 1782 insured a house for £200. [GL, Sun MS vol. 299, p. 551]

Peck, John, Holbeach, Lincs., cm and chairmaker (1822). [D]

Peck, John, 23 Blackfriargate, Hull, Yorks., cm and broker (1831–40). Thomas Peck below is recorded at this address in the same trade 1810–26. [D]

Peck, Thomas, Hull, Yorks., cm, u, broker, auctioneer and appraiser (1793–1840). At 30 Blanket Row in 1793 where he took over the business formerly operated by Thomas Thornham. By 1803 had moved to 7 Butchery, and in this year subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary. His trade card [Landauer Coll., MMA, NY] also dates from this period. On it he advertised ‘Mahogany in Plank Board and Veneer, Feather Beds, Blankets, Carpeting &c.’ and offered to take old furniture in part exchange. By 1806 he had moved to Queen St and addresses in this road were to be maintained for many years. At 23 Blackfriargate by 1810, and this address continued to be used until 1826 after which a John Peck, working in the same trade, took it over. In 1823 and 1826 addresses at both 12 Queen St and 23 Blackfriargate were used, but in 1831 only the Queen St premises were listed. By this date the business was being listed as Thomas Peck & Son and Thomas Peck snr had a residence at 50 Prospect Hill. By 1835 the number in Queen St had changed to 24. From 1838 however the position is complicated by the appearance of another business established by a Thomas Peck, almost certainly the son. From 1838–40 there is therefore Thomas Peck & Son at 24 Queen St with additional premises at 62 (in 1840 at 61) Queen St; a residence for Thomas snr at 29 Kingston St, as well as the business of Thomas Peck jnr at 14 Kingston St. [D] A Pembroke table has been recorded stamped ‘T. PECK QUEEN ST HULL’.

Peck, William, London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Peck, William, Laurence St, Boston, Lincs., cm (1835). [D]

Peck & Palmer, Straight Bargate, Boston, Lincs., cm and u (1835). [D]

Pecquer, Louis & Son, 9 Paddington St, Marylebone, London, u (1826–39). Bankruptcy announced, March 1830. Patronised by the 3rd Lord Braybrooke of Audley End, Essex who also had properties in London and Billingbear, Berks. He paid them £22 13s in September 1833 and £3 10s in May 1837. [D; London Gazette, 23 March 1830; Essex RO, D/DBy/A363]

Pedder, Richard, Kirby (Kirkby, Westmld?), u (1750). In 1750 took app. named Cowell. [S of G, app. index]

Pedder, Richard, Kendal, Westmld, u (1759). In 1759 took app. named Starkie. [S of G, app. index]

Pedder, Richard, Kendal, Westmld, upholder (1782). Son of Philip Pedder of Kendal. Became a freeman of Preston, Lancs. 1782 and returned to Kendal. By this date his father was dead. [Preston freemen rolls]

Pedder, Thomas, Lancaster, cm (1817–25). Free 1817–18. Named in the Gillow records, 1825. [Freemen rolls; Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow]

Peddieson, —, London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Peddieson, William, London, u etc. (1807–29). At 46 Brewer St, 1807–13; St James's Pl., 1814–15; 5 George St, Adelphi in 1817 and 7 Arundel St, Strand 1826–29. [D]

Pedley, John, Southwark, London, cm, upholder and furniture broker (1827–35). At 38 London Rd in 1827 and 6 Broker Row in 1835. [D]

Pedretti, Peter, London, looking-glass and picture frame maker (1829–40). In 1829 at 15 Gt Warner St, Clerkenwell but from 1834 at 26 Bath St. Also barometer, thermometer and looking glass maker. [D; Goodison, Barometers]

Ped(d)uzzi, Anthony, Manchester, carver, gilder, barometer, looking-glass and picture frame maker (1815–40). At 20 Tib St in 1815; 19 Tib St in 1817, 31 Oldham St, 1818–25 and 33 Piccadilly 1832–40. [D]

Peduzzi, James, Manchester, carver, gilder, picture frame, barometer and looking-glass maker (1824–40). Addresses given at 13 Oak St in 1824; 49 Oldham St, 1829–33; and 97 Oldham St, 1836–40. [D]

Peebles, Charles, Kingston, Surrey, u and cm (1838–39). In 1838 at London Rd. By 1839 the business was trading as Peebles & Barnett from an address in Church St. [D]

Peel, Jeremiah, London, upholder (1712–46). Free of the Upholders’ Co., 12 March 1711/12. Took as apps Charles Collins, 1715–25, and Elias Taylor, 1725–46. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Peele, T., foot of Elvet Bridge, Durham, cm, gilder and picture frame maker (1840). Advertised the commencement of his business in March 1840, and stated that he required an app. [Durham Advertiser, 27 March 1840]

Peeling, Henry, 32 Lord St, Liverpool, carver and gilder (1805). [D]

Peell, Walter, Bromyard, Herefs., builder, surveyor and cm (1830). [D]

Peerce, Edward, 11 Portland St, Manchester, cm (1840). [D]

Peerman, Ambrose, St Margaret's Hill, Southwark, London, upholder (1734). [Heal]

Peers, George snr, Liverpool, cm (1812–35). App. to William Harvey and free by servitude, 5 October 1812. Trading at Mathew St, 1811–14 and 31 Preston St, 1834–35. [D; freemen reg.]

Peers, George jnr, Liverpool, cm (1839). Son of George Peers snr. Free 31 July 1839 by patrimony. [Freemen reg.]

Peers, James, Handbridge, Chester, cm (1784–91). Son of James Peers of Chester. Free 5 April 1784. His son John was indentured to his father as an app. in 1791 at which date he was living in St Michael's parish and stated to be a ‘poor boy’. [Freemen rolls; poll bk]

Peers, John, Foregate St, Chester, cm (1771). [Poll bk]

Peers, Thomas, Newcastle, carver and gilder (1787–95). At Gallowgate where he had a house in 1787. From 1790–95 at Fleshmarket. [D]

Peet, John, Bancroft Lane, Mansfield, Notts., joiner and cm (1832). [D]

Peet, William, Stanley St, Dale St, Liverpool, cm and broker (1794–1803). At 9 Stanley St in 1794, 21 in 1796 and 20 in 1800 and 1803, but another directory of 1800 shows no. 19. [D]

Peete, Richard, parish of St Andrew, Norwich, cm and chairmaker (1733–75). Free 21 September 1733 but not by apprenticeship. Listed as a chairmaker, 1733–59, but in 1768 as a cm in the parish of St Andrew. In 1753 took app. named Smith, in 1754 Fleming, and in 1759, Stone. [Freemen rolls; poll bk; S of G, app. index]

Peete, Robert, Norwich, chairmaker and cm (1761–84). In 1761 shown in the Cathedral Close, but in June 1776 trading from near the Red Well. In addition to his chair and cabinet goods he offered ‘many curious Articles, in Inlaying and Engraving, in ornamental and useful Pieces of Furniture, never before seen in Norwich, with various diversified Foreign and English Woods, in the present Taste in London’. He also stated that he had a stock of ‘elegant Looking-Glasses’ which as he was over-stocked with these he was offering at cost. He also required an app. By 1784 he was living at Diss, Norfolk. [Poll bks; Norfolk Chronicle, 8 June 1776]

Pegg, James, New Rookery, Mansfield, Notts., joiner and cm (1832). [D]

Pegg, John, Castle Donington, Leics., chairmaker (1835). [D]

Pegg, William, Mill St, Loughborough, Leics., turner and chairmaker (1835). A Joseph Pegg, turner was at Church Gate, Loughborough in 1835. [D]

Pegg, William, Castle Donington, Leics., chairmaker (1840). Possibly the craftsman who was at Loughborough in 1835. See John Pegg at Castle Donington. [D]

Pegram, James, Lancaster, cm (1749–68). App. to H. Baines in 1749 and free by servitude, 1762–63. [App. reg.; poll bk]

Peirce, Edward, London, carver and gilder (1804–35). At 5 Denmark Ct, Exeter St, Strand in October 1804 when he took out insurance cover of £300 which included £120 for utensils and stock. By April 1814 at 41 Fenchurch St which he was to continue to occupy until at least 1826. By 1835, however, the number had changed to 52. At 41 Fenchurch St total insurance cover was £800 in 1813 and 1814, falling to £700 by 1822 and £550 by 1824. The amount covering stock and utensils rose, however, from £200 in 1813–14 to £250 in 1822–24. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 431, ref. 767845; vol. 462, ref. 893032; vol. 462, 4 April 1814; vol. 490, ref. 991315; vol. 494, ref. 1017443]

Peirce, John Warwick, Castle Hill, Northampton, cm (1820). [Poll bk] See William Warwick Peirce.

Peirce, Joseph, 3 Gt St Andrews St, Seven Dials, London, cm (1787). Took on insurance cover on household goods, stock etc. for £200. [GL, Sun MS vol. 342, ref. 529313]

Peirce, Joseph, Northampton, inlayer, cm (1798). [D]

Peirce, William Warwick, Abington St, Northampton, cm (1820–26). [Poll bk] See John Warwick Peirce.

Peircey, Gabriel, Ship St, Brighton, Sussex, cm (1778–84). In November 1778 advertised for an app. u and cm. In 1792 listed in a directory as ‘Gent’. [D; Sussex Weekly Advertiser, 30 November 1778]

Peirson, John, Coppergate, York, cm (1774). [Poll bk]

Peirson, Martha, London, cm and u (1826–35). At 14 Cullum St, Fenchurch St, 1826–27. At this date Thomas Peirson was also conducting a similar business from this address, and the two were obviously related. Not recorded again until 1835, when Martha was at 1 Mitre Ct, Aldgate. [D]

Peirson, Samuel, 3 South St, Hammersmith, London, cm (1832). [D]

Peirson, Thomas, London, u and cm (1778–1835). Son of Robert Peirson of Kingston, Surrey, butcher. App. to John Constable on 5 August 1778 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 3 December 1794. In this year he was at 14 Cullum St, Fenchurch St and traded from this address until at least 1829. He was included in the list of master cabinet makers in Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. In 1826–27 a Martha Peirson is also shown trading at this address as a cm and u. Thomas Peirson had moved to 3 Jury St, Aldgate by 1835. [D; GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Heal]

Peirt (or Perit), Richard, 74 Shudehill, Manchester, u (1824–25). [D]

Pelham, 13 Stacey St, St Giles, London, u (1808). [D]

Pell, George, Walkergate, Louth, Lincs., cm/joiner (1822). [D]

Pell, Thomas, Wells Yd, Nottingham, joiner and cm (1799). [D]

Pelle, Jeremiah, London, upholder (1712). In 1712 took an app. [S of G, app. index]

Pelletier, John, London, carver and gilder (1690–1710). A craftsman of French extraction who carried out many commissions for the Crown in the reign of William III and Mary II. He is recorded working at Kensington Palace as early as February 1690, when he charged for gilding a frame for the chimney in the Queen's Closet and another in her Chambers at £6 each. In May of the following year he gilded a large frame to hang over the door of the Queen's Closet and a looking glass frame for the same room. For his work in 1690–91 he was paid £47. In 1699 a payment of £88 was made for gilding two tables, two pairs of stands and two looking glass frames for the bedrooms of William III and his late wife at Kensington Palace. His most ambitious commission was, however, at Hampton Court, Middlx. In 1699 he was paid £431 10s for frames, stands etc. for the Drawing Room, Privy Chamber and Gallery, and in 1701 a further £143 10s for further furniture for the Gallery. Two sets of stands at Hampton Court can be identified with items invoiced in the period, 1699–1701. One set of six pairs of stands was charged at £180, while the other for two pairs of large stands cost £70. These reflect the fashionable court taste of Louis XIV, with which Pelletier was clearly familiar. Fire screens with similar scrolled feet to the stands can also be attributed to Pelletier on stylistic grounds. Part of the work carried out 1698–99 was for the King's Privy Chamber at Windsor Castle, and this consisted of gilding a pair of stands, and a large frame for a marble table top.

He also worked at Montagu House for Ralph, 1st Duke of Montagu between 1701 and 1703. On 22 August 1701 he provided twelve ebony frames ‘for the small heads of Vandyke’ and supplied other frames, cornices and undertook gilding work. He probably also worked at Boughton House, Northants., another Montagu property at which Renée and Thomas Pelletier were employed between 1692 and 1708. [GCM; DEF; PRO, LC9/125, p. 46; LC9/280, pp. 27a, 44, 167a; LC11/5; V&A archives; Conn., LVII (1920), p. 89]

Pelletier, Renée, parish of St Martin-in-the-Fields, London, engraver (c.1692–1708). Probably the mother of John and Thomas Pelletier. Associated with Thomas Pelletier in the work at Boughton House, Northants. for Ralph, 1st Duke of Montagu, 1692–1708. [Beard, Craftsmen and Interior Decoration in England, p. 275]

Pelletier, Thomas, London, carver and gilder (1692–1723). Probably brother to John Pelletier. In August 1711 he was living in a house on the south side of Covent Gdn which he insured for £450. He also owned a house in Maiden Lane which was insured for £250. This latter property was still being insured in July 1723, but his own address was then being given as the parish of St Giles-in-the-Fields. Employed at Boughton House, Northants., 1692–1708, and at the time of the 1st Duke of Montagu's death £2,382 12s 6d was owed to the Pelletiers’ for work undertaken. This was claimed by Thomas as executrix for his mother in 1709, but not paid until 1712. One of the Pelletier family was active as late as 1727 when payment was received by a Mrs Pellitier, probably the wife of Thomas or John, for work undertaken for the Duke of Chandos at Cannons, Edgware, Middlx. The payment of £26 5s was for setting up a cartoon. Apart from his work as a carver and gilder Pelletier also supplied ordinary household furniture to Boughton including a pair of walnut elbow chairs at £1 10s, a walnut bureau and a folding table at £8 and a glass with a japanned frame at 16s. There is no evidence, however, to confirm that he made such items. [V&A archives; Beard, Craftsmen and Interior Decoration in England, p. 275; GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 9, p. 224; vol. 27, p. 206]

Pelliseur, Leon, address unknown (1792). Worked under the direction of Henry Holland at Woburn Abbey, Beds. for the 5th Duke of Bedford. On 24 December 1792 he was paid £27 5s 2d for ‘two benches at each end of the terrace South front’. [Bedford Office, London]

Pelvin, J., Shambles, Bradford-upon-Avon, Wilts., u and cm (1839). [D]

Pember, Joseph snr, Worcester, u (1741–66). App. to William Stone, u and free by servitude, 18 May 1741. Working at Shobdon Court, Leominster, Herefs., 1747–48 for the Bateman family. On 3 July 1747 Richard Bateman wrote to his agent, ‘I hope that the paperman has finished my Lds. bed Chamber and that Mr Pember has done his bed’. On 16 February 1748 Richard Bateman again wrote requesting his agent to forward Pember's design ‘for altering the velvet bed — a friend of mine Ld. Ilchester being very desirous of seeing it’. Joseph Pember's son, also named Joseph, was made free of Worcester 10 February 1766. [Freemen rolls; Herefs. RO, Bateman letters, G39/III/E/156, 208]

Pember, Joseph jnr, Worcester, u (1766). Eldest son of Joseph Pember snr and free 10 February 1766. [Freemen rolls]

Pember, Joseph, Newport, Salop, cm (1840). [PR (bapt.)]

Pemberton, Charles, Liverpool, cm (1796–1829). App. to Isaac Marsh and free by servitude 31 May 1796. At New Bird St, 1800–05, and 1807–10 occupied this address and additionally 27 Duncan St. At 9–11 London Rd, 1811–14, 29 Pellow St, 1816 and Brownlow Hill, 1827–29. Took as app. John Smith, 1811–21. His son David was born on 3 December 1815 and became a wood turner. He was free 1840. A Charles Pemberton signed the supplement to the Liverpool Cabinet and Chair Prices, 1805 on behalf of the journeymen. [D; freemen reg.]

Pemberton, John, Church St, Preston, Lancs., joiner and cm (1818). [D]

Pemberton, John, Liverpool, u (1827–39). Son of Peter Pemberton, cooper. Free 19 October 1827 and trading at 74 Upper Frederick St in that year. At White St, 1829–37 and 61 Cornwallis St in 1839. Took as apps William Ellis in 1827 and James Bell in 1831. A set of dining chairs and a table, thought to be of Liverpool origin, are known marked ‘J. Pemberton, Maker, 1835’. [D; freemen reg.; app. enrolment bk; V&A archives]

Pemberton, Richard, 16 Plants Ct, Preston, Lancs., carver (1825). [D]

Pembrook (or Pembroke), Christopher, London, upholder (1705–31). In 1705 at ‘The Bull’, near Half Moon St, Strand but in 1731 advertised that he had moved from ‘The Lyon & Bull’, against the New Exchange, Strand to York Buildings, Buckingham St. [Heal]

Penberthy, William, Church St, Helston, Cornwall, cm, carpenter, joiner and builder (1830). [D]

Pender, Charles, Blackheath Hill, Greenwich, London, cm etc. (1824). [D]

Pendered, Joseph, Square, Wellingborough, Northants., cm (1830). [D]

Pendleberry, John, 1 Fox Ct, Cow Lane, London, cm (1791). In March 1791 took out insurance cover of £100 for ‘utensils in workshops adjoining of Mr. Seddon, a cabinet maker in Aldersgate St.’. [GL, Sun MS vol. 375, p. 577]

Pendlebury, Collins, Liverpool, cm (1732). [Poll bk]

Pendlebury, Collins, Liverpool, cm (1734). Free 16 April 1734. [Freemen reg.]

Pendleton, John, Lancaster, cm (1767–68). App. to R. Thorney(?) 1757 and free by servitude, 1767–68. [App. reg.; poll bk]

Pendrill, Charles, 23 Knightsbridge, London, chair and sofa maker (1826). [D]

Pendrill, Richard, London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Penfold, George, London, upholder (1773). Son of Edward Penfold. App. to Richard Walker and free by servitude, 3 February 1773. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Penfold, George, Sun St, Lewes, Sussex, journeyman cm (1826– 30). [Poll bks]

Penfold, Noah, Cuckfield, Sussex, chairmaker and turner (1832–39). [D]

Peninston, Joseph, Wellgate, Rotherham, Yorks., cm (1837). [D]

Penison, Robert, London, cm (1802). Freeman of Oxford. [Oxford poll bk]

Penketh, John, St Helens, Lancs., cm (1818–34). At Market St in 1818 and Tontine St, 1828–34. [D]

Penketh, Thomas, 25 Fontenoy St, Liverpool, cm (1837). [D]

Penley, William, 33 Rathbone Pl., Oxford St, London, u and appraiser (1820–25). [D]

Penman, Jos., London, cm and u (1826–39). At 23 Widegate St, Bishopsgate, 1826–27 but in 1839 at 7 Oxford Pl., Hackney Rd. [D]

Penman, Robert, Lambeth Marsh, Lambeth, London, cm (1795). In 1795 took as app. Thomas Skeel. [Westminster Ref. Lib., MS F4309]

Penman, Sutton, 1 Old George St, London, cm (1808). In March 1808 took out insurance cover of £200, half of this being for utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 442, ref. 816689]

Penman, William, Kent St, Southwark, London, cm and u (1810–39). At 166 Kent Rd in 1810 but no. 177 from 1820– 39. Insurance records show that the business was only a small one with cover of £300 in 1810, half of which was for utensils and stock. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 449, ref. 846033]

Penman, William, 7 Queen's Sq., Scott's Sq., Humber St, Hull, Yorks., u (1838–39). [D]

Penn, John, Folkestone, Kent, cm (1818). Freeman of Canterbury. [Canterbury poll bk]

Penn, John, Canterbury, Kent, cm (1818–39). In 1818 shown at Burgate, and in 1838 Burgate St. By the following year the address was Iron Bar Lane. [D; poll bks]

Penn, John, Biggin St, Dover, Kent, cm (1830–39). [D; poll bks]

Penn, Joseph, Castle St, Warwick, u (1822). [D]

Penn, Joseph, Catherine St, Maryport, Cumb., joiner/cm (1829). [D]

Penn, Joseph, 38 Lawrence St, Liverpool, u (1839). [D]

Penn, Thomas, 7 Nile St, Brighton, Sussex, cm (1822–27). Living at West St in April 1826. [D; PR (bapt.); Brighton Gazette, 9 June 1825]

Penn, William, Burgate, Canterbury, Kent, cm (1826–39). [D; poll bk]

Pennack, Joshua, Holborn, London, picture frame maker (1760). In 1760 received a licence to employ a non-freeman for six weeks, and three non-freemen for three months. [GL, City Licence bks, vol. 2]

Pennell, Thomas, 36 Newington Causeway, London, dressing case maker (1800). [D]

Penner, John, Carfax, Horsham, Sussex, u (1839). [D]

Penney, Samuel, 23 Apple St, Leeds, Yorks., cabinet and clock case maker (1837). [D]

Penning, J., Blandford, Dorset, cm (1809–12). First recorded in 1809, when in partnership with a person called Charmbury he took over the business of Daniel Charmbury who had given up his trade in that year because of ill-health and soon after had died. The new business traded as Penning & Charmbury, builders, cm and u. By December 1812 when Penning was declared bankrupt he was trading on his own behalf. [Sherborne Mercury, 24 July 1809; Exeter Flying Post, 3 December 1812]

Penning, John, Eye, Suffolk, cooper (d.1781). Died in 1781 and the sale of his stock was advertised to take place on 3 and 4 December. This consisted of ‘every Article in the Coopering, Dishturning, and Chairmaking Branches, likewise Ash Timber, Oak Planks, Slabs, and other Boards of different Scantling’. [Norfolk Chronicle, 1 December 1781]

Penning, John, 6 Holles St, Cavendish Sq., London, cm and u (1818–30). Before setting up his business he was ‘late managing clerk at Messrs. Gillow & Co's’. Already established, with his own business, by June 1818, when he advertised that he could offer a wide range of furniture including that produced from ‘oak and other English woods’. He offered to take furniture in part exchange. By March 1820 the business was of a substantial size with insurance cover of £3,000 rising by May 1821 to £3,300. In 1821 a workshop was maintained at 22 North Harley Mews, but by the following year one behind 135 Oxford St was being used instead. Stock and utensils in Holles St were valued at £1,700 in both of these years, and similar items at the workshops at £500 in 1820 and £800 in 1822. His bankruptcy was announced in May 1830. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 483, ref. 964395; vol. 488, ref. 980410; Morning Chronicle, 4 June 1818; Chester Courant, 18 May 1830]

Penning, John, Briggate, Knaresborough, Yorks., joiner, cm and builder (1828). [D]

Penning, Robert, Eye, Suffolk, cm (1759). In 1759 took app. named Grey. [S of G, app. index]

Pennington, — jnr, 20 Plumstand Lane, Whitehaven, Cumb., cm/joiner (1834). [D]

Pennington, Christopher & Son, 10 Shaw's Brow, Liverpool, furniture painter and japanner (1805–10). [D]

Pennington, Edward James, Chester, u (1821). Free 22 September 1821. [Freemen rolls]

Pennington, Fras., Fartown, Huddersfield, Yorks., cm (1830). [D]

Pennington, Garnett, 9 Paradise St, Preston, Lancs., cm (1818). [D]

Pennington, John, Norwich, u (1732). Took as app. Thomas Page who was free by servitude on 24 February 1732. [Freemen rolls]

Pennington, John, address unknown, cm (1750). In July 1750 living at Annapolis, Maryland, USA, but advertised that he was ‘designing soon to leave this Province, and return to his native Country, England’. [Maryland Gazette, 18 July 1750]

Pennington, John, Lancaster, u (1789–90). Free 1789–90. The death of his son William in Trinidad at the age of 24 occurred on 13 April 1833. [Freemen rolls; Liverpool Mercury, 28 June 1833]

Pennington, John, Lancaster, u (1826–33). Free 1826–27. [Freemen rolls]

Pennington, John, Knaresborough, Yorks., joiner/cm (1834). [D]

Pennington, Joseph, Kendal, Westmld, cm/u (1829). [D]

Pennington, Lawrence, 4 Williamson Sq., Liverpool, furniture painter (1807). [D]

Pennington, Matthew, New Town, Huddersfield, cm (1830). Also had a house at Greenside. [D]

Pennington, Miles, Lancaster, u (1754–96). In 1754 app. to J. Helme and J. Fowler, u. Free by servitude, 1761–62, and himself took apps in 1770, 1775, 1780 and 1796. [D; freemen rolls; app. reg.]

Pennington, Miles, Lancaster, u (1817–18). [Freemen rolls]

Pennington, R. G., 42 Warren St, Fitzroy Sq., London, u (1829). [D]

Pennington, Seth, Everton, Liverpool, furniture painter (1807). [D]

Pennington, Thomas, Huddersfield, Yorks., cm and u (1818–37). At Goss Church St in 1818, Longroyd Bridge in 1828, and Longroyd Lane in 1830. Between 1834–37 the trading style of the business changed to Thomas Pennington & Sons and in 1837 they were at 21 Buxton Rd. [D]

Pennington, Thomas Matthew, Everton Terr., Liverpool, cm (1830). Son of John Pennington, artist. Free 20 November 1830. [Freemen rolls]

Pennington, William, Lancaster, u (1789–90). [Freemen rolls]

Pennington, William, Richmond, Surrey, cm (1798). [D]

Penniston, Thomas, Steander(?), Leeds, Yorks., cm (1817). [D]

Pennistone, —, Oakham, Rutland, cm (1791–98). [D]

Pennock, James, London, carver (1784). Freeman of Colchester, Essex. [Colchester poll bk]

Pennock, Joshua, White Lion St, Goodman's Fields, Whitechapel, London, cm (1790–93). [D]

Pennock, Josiah, address unknown, carver (1754). Subscribed to Chippendale's Director, 1754.

Penny, Philip, Banbury, Oxon., u (1716). In 1716 took app. named Whitefoot. [S of G, app. index]

Penny, Samuel, 10 Half Moon St, Bishopsgate Without, London, looking-glass maker (1804). In January 1804 took out insurance cover of £400 of which £300 was for utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 430, ref. 757691]

Penny, Samuel, 23 Apple St, York Rd, Leeds, Yorks., cm, clock case maker and joiner (1837–40). [D]

Penny, Thomas, 48 Berkeley St West, London, carver and gilder (1839). [D]

Penny, William, 56 Long Acre, London, japanner and varnish maker (1812). [D]

Penny, William, 21 Tavistock St, Covent Gdn, London, upholder and cm (1820). In March 1820 took out insurance cover on a house of £1,200 but the cover for its contents was only £300, half of this being for utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 483, ref. 964066]

Penny, William, Brentford End, Isleworth, Middlx, chairmaker (1839). [D]

Pennyfeather, Charles, Irish Lane, Leytonstone, London, cm (1808–39). [D]

Penrhyn, Thomas, Roushill, Shrewsbury, Salop, cm (1806). [Freemen rolls]

Penrith, John snr, East end of Sunderland, Co. Durham, cm (d.1786). Died in 1786 and business continued as a partnership of his son John with Richard Simpson. [Newcastle Courant, 9 December 1786]

Penrith, John jnr, East end of Sunderland, Co. Durham, cm (1786–98). On the death of his father John Penrith snr took over his business in partnership with Richard Simpson of Sunderland, who was described as a joiner and cm. They advertised themselves as joiners, cm and house carpenters. Amongst the stock taken over from the late John Penrith snr were tables, chairs, glasses, bedsteads and bureaus. [Newcastle Courant, 9 December 1786]

Penson, Stephen, ‘The Phoenix’, Leicester Fields, London, upholder (1704–13). Worked at Drayton House, Northants., and on 28 April 1704 was paid £10 ‘in part for upholders work’. On 30 November of the same year he charged £77 for additions to two pieces of hangings ‘contains 44 ells of worke weaved by me’. Also concerned with the funeral arrangements of the 8th Duchess of Norfolk. [Heal; Harris, Old English Furniture, p. 26; V&A archives]

Pensotti, Joseph, High St, Dudley, Staffs., carver and gilder (1818–22). [D]

Pentin, Charles, 29 Norfolk St, Goodge St, London, chair and sofa maker (1839). [D]

Pentith, Francis, 6 Paradise Pl., Hull, Yorks., cm (1839). [D]

Pentith, William, 78 Petergate, York, cm etc. (1840). [D]

Peote, James, Mr Damant's St, Strait-bargate, Boston, Lincs., looking-glass, barometer and scientific instrument maker (1792). In October 1792 announced that he had recently arrived in the town from London and had opened shop. He offered barometers, thermometers, telescopes, ‘Electrifying Machines, Camera Obscura's and Magic Lanthorns’. He claimed to make and sell all sorts and sizes of looking-glasses and to be able to grind and polish glass plates. He stocked gilt frames for mirrors and prints, ‘Tea Caddies, Gentlemen's Dressing Boxes, and Portable Desks’. He offered to supply ornamental work for builders, had a method of preventing rust in gun barrels, and made and sold fireworks. [Lincoln, Rutland and Stamford Mercury, 5 October 1792]

Pepall, Thomas, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker and caner (1821–36). Five sons and three daughters bapt. between 1821–36. [PR (bapt.)]

Pepall, William, High Wycombe, Bucks., chair caner (b. c. 1801–41). A son bapt. in 1836 and a daughter in 1838. Aged 40 at the time of the 1841 Census. [PR (bapt.)]

Pepper, Joseph, Royal Hill, Greenwich, London, cm and u (1832–39). [D]

Pepper, William, King St, Thorne, Yorks., joiner and cm (1828–34). [D]

Pepper, William, Brighton, Sussex, carver and gilder (1834–40). At John St, 1834–36 when a son and daughter were bapt. Trading at West St in August 1839 and in 1843 the number was listed as 38. He advertised himself as a ‘Practical Ornamental Carver on WOOD AND STONE, AND GILDER, PICTURE AND GLASS FRAME MANUFACTURER’. [D; PR (bapt.)]

Peppitt, Robert, 28 Bixteth St, Liverpool, (1830). App. to Thomas Croft Huxley and free 15 November 1830. [Freemen rolls]

Percival, Bosworth, Castle Donington, Leics., cm (1829). [D]

Percival, N., 2 New Bridge St, Newcastle, carver and gilder (1838). [D]

Percy, E., Blandford, Dorset, u, cm etc. (c. 1770–1809). In August 1809 advertised that for u and cm a ‘Desirable situation’ was on offer if they would like to contact him. He further stated that his business had been carried on for forty years. He appears to have been advertising for a successor who was prepared to purchase the business on his retirement. [Sherborne Mercury, 31 August 1809]

Percy, Joseph, Town's End, Sherborne, Dorset, cm (1823). [D]

Percy, Robert, 4 North Terr., Scarborough, Yorks., cm (1840). [D]

Percy, William Carter Stafford, Liverpool, cm (1830). Free 22 November 1830. [Freemen rolls]

Percy, William, Witton St, Northwich, Cheshire, cm/chairmaker (1834). [D]

Peream, Andrew, Axminster, Devon, cm (1743). His will dated 22 April 1743 stated that his working tools were to be distributed to his sons Andrew and Leonard.

Pereira, Richard, London, cm and u (1808–28). At 4 Hatton Wall, Hatton Gdn, 1808–20 and this address is also used in a directory of 1827. Other directories show 26 and 70 Burlington Arcade from 1820. It is unlikely that any manufacturing could have been carried on at this latter address and the Hatton Wall premises may have been retained. [D]

Perfetti, Joseph, St Marylebone, London, carver and gilder (1760–78). In 1760 took app. named Thomas Ledieu. Two years later employed at Lansdowne House, Berkeley Sq., gilding and painting stucco work. Employed by John Parker at Saltram, Devon 1771–78. On 29 January 1771 he was paid £41 1s ‘for table frames for the Great Room’ and on 31 March of the following year £41 for table frames for the Velvet Room. These were executed to a design by Robert Adam, and are still in the house. A payment of £8 17s for frames made on 5 February 1778 was to Mrs Perfetti. He was also patronised by Henry Knight of Tythegston Court, Glam., S. Wales. [Boyd's index to IR app. reg., vol. 4, p. 692; A. T. Bolton, Adam, 1922, II, p. 12; Musgrave, Adam Furniture, p. 124; E. Harris, Furniture of Robert Adam, p. 69, pls 21, 22; V&A archives; C. Life, 5 October 1978, p. 1024]

Periera, John, Gt Sutton St, Clerkenwell, London, knifecase maker (1785). In 1785 took app. named Samuel Cuningham. [Westminster Ref. Lib., MS F 4309]

Perinot, —, address unknown, cm (1740). An entry for £8 7s dated April 1740 is contained in the account for the expenses of Augusta, Princess of Wales at Windsor. [Windsor Royal Archives]

Perkins, —, address unknown, u (1769–78). Recorded in the accounts of Paul Methuen for Corsham Court, Wilts. An entry of 1769 is in the name of Cole jnr (George Cole?) and Perkins u, and was for £52 4s. Subsequent payments were in Perkins name only and he received £14 13s 6d on 7 January 1771, £7 2s on 11 February 1778 and £9 12s on 30 March 1778. [V&A archives]

Perkins, Mrs, Fourth St, Exeter, Devon upholder (1796). [D]

Perkins, Mr, South St, Exeter, Devon, cm (1816). In October 1816 a fire broke out at a building in South St, ‘the lower part of the premises occupied by Mr. Perkins, cabinet-maker’. It was extinguished by firemen for the West of England office before any great amount of damage had occurred. A William Parker, upholder, was at South St in 1791. [Exeter Flying Post(?), 17 October 1816]

Perkins, Charles, Ann St, Worthing, Sussex, cm (1832). [D]

Perkins, Christopher, Stockton, Co. Durham, joiner and cm (1778–84). In 1778 insured his workshop and stock for £400. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 264, p. 158]

Perkins, Francis, address unknown, chairmaker (1735). On 23 August 1735 submitted a bill to Paul Foley of the Temple, Little Ormond St, London, and Newport House, Almeley, Herefs. for £3 13s 10d. It was for two walnut stools and for making their covers. [Herefs. RO, Foley MS, F/AIII/55]

Perkins, John, Fenchurch St, London, u (1755). Bankruptcy announced, Gents Mag., December 1755.

Perkins, Joseph, Church Gate and Gallowtree Gate, Leicester, cm and u (1835–40). Recorded also at Rulland St as cm, u and paper hanger in 1835. [D]

Perkins, Lewes (or Lewis), 6 Groat Mkt, Newcastle, cm and furniture broker (1834). [D]

Perkins, R., 5 Old Fish St, London, fancy cm (1837–39). [D]

Perkins, Richard, Hereford, chairmaker (1754). In 1754 Edward Jones was made free. His qualification was stated to be his marriage to Elizabeth, only daughter of Richard Perkins, a freeman and chairmaker. [Freemen rolls]

Perkins, Richard H., High St, Southampton, Hants., cm and u (1823–39). At 61 High St in 1823; no. 60 in 1830; and 59, 1834–39. Advertisement in Southampton Directory, 1839, gives trade as u, cm, auctioneer and estate agent; also paper hanging, interior decoration, undertaker and agent for the Phoenix Fire Office and Palladium Life Co. [D]

Perkins, Richard, 21 Lambeth Hill, Doctors’ Commons, London, desk and dressing case maker (1835). [D]

Perkins, Richard, Islington, London, cm and u (1835–39). At 3 High St, Islington in 1835 but in 1839 at 85 Upper St. [D]

Perkins, Thomas, London, upholder (1708–50). Son of Thomas Perkins of Kilby, Leics., Gent. App. to William Brown on 1 May 1708 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 1 August 1722. By 1 October 1722 he had set up business at ‘The Key’ in Trinity, Minories where he took out insurance cover of £500 on goods and merchandise in his dwelling house. In 1737 he was living in Fenchurch St and was married in this year. His wife was the sister to a Mr Stillard, a druggist. In June 1739 her death was announced in childbirth and her husband was described as being a ‘wealthy upholsterer’. In 1750 his address was given as Little Minories. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records and Livery list, 1750; Sun MS vol. 14, ref. 26528; Heal; Read's Weekly Journal, 2 June 1739]

Perkins, Thomas, Bristol, upholder (1754). [Poll bk]

Perkins, Thomas, Castle St, Long Acre, London, upholder (1790–93). [D]

Perkins, Thomas, Hughes Ct, Johnson St, with a shop at Wacker Pl., Hatton Gdn, Liverpool, cm (1821–29). [D]

Perkins, Thomas, Manchester, looking-glass and picture frame maker (1825–40). At 61 Shudehill in 1825, 2 Jib St in 1828, 26 Cumberland St in 1829 and 22 Kennedy St in 1840. [D]

Perkins, Thomas, Bethnal Green, London, cm (1830). Freeman of Canterbury. [Canterbury poll bk]

Perkins, William, South St, Exeter, Devon, upholder (1791). Possibly the Mr Perkins, cm at South St in October 1816 when a fire broke out at his premises. [D]

Perkins, William, London, u (1808–25). At 12 Little Charlotte St, Rathbone St in 1808 and 36, Corner of Charlotte St, Tottenham Ct Rd, 1820–25. [D]

Perkins, William, 74 High St, King's Lynn, Norfolk, u (1830– 39). [D]

Perkinson, John, Halifax, Yorks., cm (1793). [Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793]

Perks, George, Madeley, Salop, cm and u (1822–35). [D]

Perks, John, Paradise St, Birmingham, cm (1777–80). In 1777 he took out insurance jointly with Elizabeth Mills, a widow, on a house. It was covered for £400. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 254, p. 282]

Perks, Thomas, Roland St, Birmingham, cm and u (1828–30). [D]

Perrey, —, against the Playhouse, Drury Lane, London, cm and u (1744). Advertised for sale in May 1744 ‘Mahogany Bedsteads, curiously contriv'd, in the form of Buroes, Chests of Drawers, etc, fit for any Hall, Room or Chamber, also Mezzotinto Prints, Bed Furniture, and Window-Curtains, with other Goods in the Cabinet Way’. [Daily Advertiser, 12 May 1744]

Perrin, Henry, London, cm and upholder (1724–37). At ‘The Japan'd Cabinet and Clock’, Fleet Ditch 1724–32. His trade card [Banks Coll., BM] shows his trade sign, with representations of a long case clock and japanned cabinet on an elaborate stand. It indicated that he bought, sold and appraised ‘all Sorts of Household Goods’. In 1729 and 1732 fined for declining parochial office in the parish of St Bride, Fleet St. In 1734 supplied twelve ‘leather bottomed chairs for the Steward's Room’ at Holkham, Norfolk at a cost of £3 5s. By 1737 he had moved to ‘The Great Mahogany Warehouse; Next the stone cutters near the Duke of Newcastle's, Lincoln's Inn Fields’. From this address he supplied to Blickling Hall, Norfolk twelve walnut chairs covered in Spanish leather which with sundries came to £7 13s. The bill dated 6 May 1737 made out to Messrs Townshend & Drury, London, has at its head an engraving of a low lacquer chest on stand surmounted by a large bracket clock. Despite the change in the name of his business premises, to accord with changing taste he appears to have stuck to his old trade sign. A further account of 1737 made out to Thomas Drury Esq. totalled £285 10s 10d, the main items being four Virginian walnut compass chairs at £16 16s, three bedsteads with blue ‘Cherry Furn.’ at £14 5s, ‘a currious Library case, sash Doores’ at £10 10s, two pairs of large mahogany chests of drawers at £10 10s and a fine mahogany frame at £14 14s. [Heal; V&A archives; Norfolk RO, NRS 21089 72 x 1]

Perrin, John, 16 Redcross St, Southwark, London, u (1826). [D]

Perrin, William, parish of St James, Bristol, cm (1781–84). [Poll bks]

Perrin, William, 6 Lower Castle St, Bristol, cm and broker (1822). [D]

Perring, George, 6 Garden Row, Old St Rd, London, upholder (1789–1803). Son of Henry Perring of Shepherds Bush, London, gardener. App. to John Robins on 28 January 1789 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 5 January 1803. [D; GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Perrott, Thomas, London, upholder (1730–50). Son of Thomas Perrott of Bell Hall, Worcs. Esquire. App. to John Underwood 4 November 1730 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude 1 March 1737/38. He took as app. John Malbone, 1739–50. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Perrott, Thomas, 12 Smiths Buildings, City Rd, London, Windsor chairmaker (1826). [D]

Perrott, Thomas, Old Brentford, Middlx, chairmaker (1823–39). Trading as a Windsor chairmaker in 1826 and fancy chairmaker in 1838. [D]

Perry, Mrs, Bristol, u (1833–40). At 59 Milk St, 1833–35 and 48 Milk St, 1838–40. In 1836, however, she is shown at 1 Hiran Pl., Alfred Hill. [D]

Perry, A., 5 Brewer St, Golden Sq., London, u (1825). [D]

Perry, Alexander, Great White House, King St, Bloomsbury, London, cm (1733). In March 1733 his stock in trade was offered for sale. This included ‘fine walnut-tree and mahogany chairs cover'd in the newest fashion, cover'd or uncover'd with Spanish Leather, Damask or Mohair; with other Chairs, from two shillings apiece to Forty; several fine Dressing Chairs, Shaving Chairs, Close-stool Chairs and Easy Chairs’. [Daily Post, 15 March 1733]

Perry, Charles, 35 Kingsmead St, Bath, Som., cm (1826). [D]

Perry, Edward, Exeter, Devon, cm (1823–26). At Exeter Barracks in 1823 when his daughter Ann was bapt. at St David's Church, and at Theatre Lane in 1826 when another daughter Catherine was bapt. at St Pancras Church. [PR (bapt.)]

Perry, Henry, Derby St, Liverpool, cm (1821–27). At 2 Derby St in 1821 but at 7 in 1823–24 and 8 in 1827. These addresses were shops, and in 1824 his house is listed as 40 Cumberland St. In 1827 the business was trading as Henry Perry & Son. [D]

Perry, Henry, Church St, Crewkerne, Som., cm (1840). [D]

Perry, James, Som., cm (1753). In 1753 took app. named Deverell. [S of G, app. index]

Perry, James, 10 Pipe Lane, Bristol, cm (1839–40). [D]

Perry, John, at the Harrow near the gate in Houndsditch, London, u (1714). [GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 4, ref. 4458]

Perry, John, at Mrs Lowe's, Basnett St, Liverpool, cm (c. 1786– d. 1806). Died in October 1806 at the age of 60. Said to have boarded with Mrs Lowe ‘upwards of 20 years’. [Liverpool Chronicle, 22 October 1806]

Perry, John, London Wall, London, u (1826–39). At 16 London Wall East in 1826 and 61 London Wall, 1835–39. [D]

Perry, John Robert, 37 Church St, Mile End, London, chair and sofa maker (1825). [D]

Perry, Jonathan, High St, Shrewsbury, Salop, u (1796). [D; freemen rolls]

Perry, Joshua, ‘The Royal Bed, and Star’, Bishopsgate Without, London, u (1727). In May 1727 took out insurance cover of £250 on his house and a similar cover on his household goods and stock in trade. [GL, Sun MS vol. 24, ref. 41635]

Perry, Joshua, 17 Bishopsgate Without, London, upholder and undertaker (1777–83). Heal states that a comparison of maps indicates that this address is identical with that of the Joshua Perry (above) who traded at the sign of ‘The Royal Bed and Star’. [D; Heal]

Perry, M. & I., Laurence St, Chelsea, London, cm and u (1823). [D]

Perry, Richard, 18 Gt Hermitage, London, cm (1808). [D]

Perry, Robert, 4 North Terr., Scarborough, Yorks., cm (1840). [D]

Perry, T., Bath, Som., cm, auctioneer and undertaker (1819–26). Listed at 14 Union St in 1819 and 10 Quiet St in 1826. [D]

Perry, William, Worship St, Moorfields, London, cm (1774). Freeman of Bristol. [Bristol poll bk]

Perry, William, 34 Beech Rd, Chiswell St, London, cm and u (1789–93). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793. His trade card [Heal Coll., BM] is embellished with engravings of a fire grate, bed, Pembroke table, shield-back chair and cylinder desk and bookcase. He sold both new and secondhand furniture and undertook funerals. [D; Heal]

Perry, William, Paul St, Taunton, Som., carver and gilder (1839). [D]

Perry & Phillips, Back Castle St, Bridgnorth, Salop, cm (1840). [D]

Perryman, Francis, London, carver and gilder (1804–39). At 53 St Martin's Lane, 1804–08. In both 1804 and 1807 he took out insurance cover for £300 of which only £50 was for utensils and stock. In addition to his trade as a carver and gilder he dealt in oysters. After 1808 there is a long gap until 1835 when he was at 52 Berwick St, Soho where he traded until at least 1839. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 431, ref. 769504; vol. 440, ref. 802958]

Peters, Charles, Northgate, Canterbury, Kent, cm (1830). [Poll bk]

Peters, George, London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Peters, George, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker and cane worker (b. c. 1796–1841). Daughter bapt. in 1823 and a son in 1826. Aged 45 at the time of the 1841 census. [PR (bapt.)]

Peters, Thomas, Cambridge, u (1682–88). Worked for Christ's College, 1682–88. He was paid for covering forms with leather and for upholstering the eighteen chairs supplied by William Billups. In 1687 had an app. named Thomas Moulder. St John's College paid Peters for upholstery work in 1688. [College records]

Peters, William, London, carver (1764–68). At Bishopsgate St in 1764 and Hounsditch in 1765–68. Member of the Joiners’ Co. Took out licences to employ two non-freemen, 1764–66, and one non-freeman in 1768. [GL, City licence bks, vols 4–6]

Pether, Robert, 170 Brick Lane, Spitalfields, London, bedstead maker (1829). [D]

Pether, Thomas, Berwick St, Soho, London, carver (1773). Thomas Pether published A Book of Ornaments, Suitable for Beginners, on 6 January 1773 consisting of a frontispiece and five plates. The title page records that he was a carver who owned a print shop in Berwick St, Soho. A catalogue issued by Taylor's Architectural Library, c. 1780 lists ‘A Book of Tablets done to full size commonly used for chimney-pieces, Designed and etched by T. Pether on six plates’. No copy is known. [Furn. Hist., 1975]

Pether, Thomas, Dean St, Newcastle, carver, gilder and ornamental manufacturer (1801). [D]

Pether, Thomas, 20/21 Ben Jonson St, Liverpool, carver, gilder and teacher of drawing (1810–13). [D; Gunnis]

Pethybridge, Joseph, College St, Bristol, coach and cabinet carver (1832–40). At Lamb St, College St, 1832–38 and 19 College St, 1839–40. [D]

Petman, John, 31 Thomas St, Brick Lane, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Petrie, Andrew, Prussian Island, London, cm (1790–93). [D]

Petrie, James, Salford, Lancs., u (1804–17). At 7 Harding's Buildings in 1804, 3 Thompson St in 1813 and 5 Thompson St in 1817. [D]

Petrie, William, 23 Drury Lane, London, cm (1780). Took out insurance cover of £100 of which £60 was for utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 282, p. 647]

Petrie & Walker, St Anne's St, Manchester, u (1818–21). Listed at no. 12, 1818–19, and no. 15 in 1821. [D]

Pett, —, Sevenoaks, Kent, chairmaker etc. (1803). [D]

Pett, Thomas, Maidstone, Kent, upholder (1734). [Poll bk]

Pettefor (or Pettefer or Pettif(e)ar), Robert, Wilson St, Newark, Notts., u (1822–35). Listed as R. Pettifear & Co. in 1822. [D]

Pettet, George Edward, Greenwich, London, cm etc. (1824–39). At Church St, 1824–26, and Lewisham Lane 1839. [D]

Pettfield, Christopher, 102 High St, Southampton, Hants., cm (1811). [Poll bk]

Pettifer, Edward, 8 Adam St West, Portman Sq., London, upholder (1808). [D]

Pettinger, Isaac Lyth, Leeds, Yorks., journeyman cm (1784–99). Freeman of Beverley, Yorks. In 1791 named in the list printed at the end of the Leeds Cabinet and Chair Makers’ Book of Prices of journeymen as in support of its contents. [Beverley poll bks]

Pettit, Joseph, Cock St, Wolverhampton, Staffs., cm and u (1818). [D]

Pettit, Paul, London, carver and gilder (1724–57). Living in the parish of St Giles-in-the-Fields in 1724, but by 1743 in the parish of St James, Westminster. In 1749 his address was given as Silver St. Took apps named Salter in 1724, Lidiard in 1743, Morgan in 1746 and Franquet in 1757. Carried out extensive work for Frederick, Prince of Wales. In 1732 he was paid £259 10s for double gilding and painting the carving on the Royal barge, designed by William Kent for the Prince. Regular commissions for the Prince continued from 1733–50 and in some years the amounts paid were very substantial. In 1739 £160 was expended and in the following year £137 8s 6d. The total for 1743 was £301 6s, while 1749 was to see expenditure reaching £739 16s 4d. Many of these payments appear to have been for picture frames of great elaboration. One supplied in 1749 was described as ‘richly carved with an eagle and septer at top, supporters with standards in their hands, trophies of war…’. Much of this work was for Cliveden, Bucks, which the Prince leased from Anne, Countess of Orkney from 1739 until his death in 1751. Smaller payments are recorded in the accounts of Augusta, Princess of Wales in April 1740 and January 1741. Pettit was also employed from 1732–33 at the London house of the Duke of Newcastle. He undertook work in the Best Parlour at a cost of £9 14s and on a gilt table frame which was charged at £6 6s. [Westminster poll bk; S of G, app. index; Duchy of Cornwall household accounts, vols ii–xvii; Burlington, August 1970; Windsor Royal Archives, RA 54961–62, 55229, 55425, 55428; BM, Add MS 33161 10 April 1732, 20 April 1733]

Pettit & Oliver, London, u (1819–25). At 12 Broker Row, Moorfields in 1819 but by the following year the number was 9. This address is also recorded as 9 Lower Moorfields. By 1822 had moved to 152 Houndsditch and by 1825 the number here was 30. [D]

Pettitt, George, Brewer St, Golden Sq., London, u and cm (1789–1839). Son of John Pettitt of Paddington, London, u. App. to Daniel Weale on 4 December 1782 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 11 October 1790. He married in 1788 and is recorded in London directories as early as 1789 at 47 Brewer St. After 1826 the number was changed to 48. He subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793, and Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. Three of his trade cards survive [Banks Coll., BM]; those dated 1808–09 record that he was ‘Upholsterer to Her Majesty and the Princess Elizabeth’. The long duration of his business would suggest that it was directed in its later years by another hand, possibly his son. [D; GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Gents Mag., 1788, p. 1124]

Pettitt, John, Paddington, London, u (1790). Father of George Pettit who traded at Brewer St, 1789–1839. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Petto, John, parish of St Augustine, Bristol, carver (1734). [Poll bk]

Petty, Ashley, Canal Terr., Southampton, Hants., cm and chairmaker (1839). [D]

Petty, Charwell, London, upholder (1698). Free of the Upholders’ Co., 19 June 1698. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Petty, Henry, 49 Greenfield St, Whitechapel, London, cm and upholder (1827). [D]

Pew, Benjamin, London, cm and chairmaker (1739). When his household goods and stock in trade were put up for sale in May 1739 he was described as the ingenious Mr. Benjamin Pew’. His stock consisted of ‘large Glass Sconces in carv'd and Gilt Frames, a large Quantity of Walnut-Tree, Mahogany and other work, as fine Desks and Bookcases with Glass Doors, Mahogany and Walnut-Tree Double Chests, with a Desk in them, or without: fine Dressing-Tables, as Walnut-Tree Mahogany and Quadrille Tables, Spring-Tables, Dining, Box Night, Corner, square and other Tables: a large Quantity of Mahogany and Walnut-Tree Chairs, cover'd or uncover'd… Easy Chairs, etc…’. [London Daily Post, 25 May 1739]

Pew, John, Cirencester, Glos., cm and chairmaker (1820–28). At Thomas St in 1820; Dollar St, 1822–23, and Thomas St, in 1824. Children bapt. in 1824 and 1828. [D; PR (bapt.)]

Pewlas, Robert, Myton St, Hull, Yorks., chairmaker (1806). [D]

Pewtner, Joseph, parish of St George-in-the-Fields, London, joiner and cm (1826). Eldest son of William Pewtner also of the same parish, carpenter. He was a freemen of Hereford and his son Joseph was also made free by patrimony 18 June 1826. [Hereford freemen rolls and poll bk]

Pexton, Alfred, 37 King St, Maidstone, Kent, carver and gilder (1832–39). [D]

Pexton, James, Gabriel's Hill, Maidstone, Kent, carver and gilder (1805–29). [D]

Pexton, William, Hull, Yorks, chairmaker and woodturner (1826–40). At Blackfriargate from 1826–34 and by the following year had moved to 6 Blanket Row. In 1840 described as ‘Cane & Windsor Chairmaker’. [D]

Peyrard, Jean, London, upholder (1671). Submitted his bill dated 18 December 1671 to the 5th Earl (later 1st Duke) of Bedford for ‘a green damask gold coloured bed (vizt) curtains & valence & counterpain with six chairs £75’. The commission was probably for Bedford House, London. [Bedford Office, London]

Peyton, Bladwell, ‘The Black Lyon’, Wytch St, parish of St Clement Danes, London, upholder (1713–33). Free of the Upholders’ Co., 6 May 1713, and by August of the following year in Wytch St. Took as apps John Cremer, 1714–1726/27 and Charles Whalley, 1726–33. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Sun MS vol. 4, ref. 4366]

Phelps, George, 19 Greek St, Soho, London, carver and gilder (1790–93). [D]

Phelps, Isaac, 3 Bristol back, Bristol, cm (1775). [D]

Phelps, Thomas, Yeovil, Som., cm (1733). [Poll bk]

Phelps, William, London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Phene, Nicholas, London, upholder and auctioneer (1775–1821). Probably the son of Samuel Phene, as the trading addresses are common, and both used the sign of ‘The Golden Plough’ on their trade cards. At 17 Broker's Row, Moorfields, 1775–79, but from 1780 at 18 and 19 Broker's Row. In 1789 took over also 80 London Wall close at hand, which he used in conjunction with the earlier premises by this time usually referred to as 18 and 19 Little Moorgate. By 1817 the business was trading as Phene & Son and in this year an address at 12 Broker Row is recorded in one directory. From 1819 the business is known as Phene & Sons. By 1821 new premises were being used at 20, 21, 22, New Broad St but the manufactory at London Wall was retained. Their trade card refers to the business as a carpet, cabinet and bedding warehouse. Utensils and stock were insured in 1781 for £300. After 1821 the business was continued as Phene & Williamson. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 292, p. 333]

Phene, Samuel, London, u and cm (1750–75). Member of the Stationers’ Co. Traded at the sign of ‘The Golden Plow’, Little Moorgate but c. 1767 this address was given the new designation of 17 Broker's Row, Moorfields. On 7 August 1750 took as app. Thomas Jones who was declared free of the Upholders’ Co., on 1 June 1758, under the terms of the 1750 Upholders’ Act. By January 1761 Jones was in partnership with Phene, and their trade card indicated that stock included ‘Standing Beds and Bedding, Chests of Drawers, Desks & Book Cases, Buroe desks, Card, Dining, Breakfast & Dressing Tables (in Mohogany Walnut-tree or Wainscot) Chairs of all Sorts, Settee and Buroe Bedsteads, Sconces, Pier Chimney and Dressing Glasses with all manner of Upholstery Cabinet & Brasiery Goods; new and old’. They also acted as appraisers and undertakers. Jones died on 8 October 1769, and Phene continued to trade until c.1775 when Nicholas Phene, probably his son, took over the business. Jones played a very active part in the business up to the time of his death. Two receipts are known signed by him and he was the person who took out licences to employ non-freemen, 1762–69. Phene himself took out a licence in 1762 to employ four nonfreemen for six weeks, but he took out no further ones until 1770. [D; GL, trade card coll.; City Licence bks, vols 3, 6–9]

Phene jnr & Rickett, 20, 21, 22 New Broad St and 20 Broker's Row, Moorfields, London, u (1807–14). The Phene involved was almost certainly the son of Nicholas Phene. This appears to have been a separate business from that of Phene's father through the close proximity of the Broker's Row premises suggests co-operation. Phene appears to have re-entered his father's business some time between 1814 and 1817, from which date they traded as Phene & Son, and in 1819 Phene & Sons. The New Broad St premises were being used by Nicholas Phene in 1821. The trade card of Phene & Rickett [Landauer Coll., MMA, NY] indicates that like most upholsterers they also acted as undertakers and appraisers. [D]

Phene & Williamson, 80 London Wall and 20, 21, 22 New Broad St, London, cm, u and auctioneers (1822–40). A continuation of the business operated by Nicholas Phene and from 1821 referred to as Phene & Sons. Their billhead [GL] indicates that they were also appraisers and undertakers, ‘sold Cabinet work for Exportation’ and stocked Turkey carpets and iron safes. They also described themselves as carpet manufacturers. They appear at times to have used their trade label to identify their manufactures, and a mahogany writing table (having a leather covered top and two drawers on either side, on ring turned legs), is known, bearing their label. The Phene business built up over many years was probably on an extensive scale as insurance cover taken out in January 1822 by Phene & Williamson on a dwelling house and offices at Brokers Row was for £4,000. [D; Christie's, 11 May 1978, lot 76; GL, Sun MS vol. 489, ref. 987568]

Phenix, James, Chester, cm (1776–84). App. to John Johnson, cm, 8 April 1776 and 30 January 1777. Free by servitude, 1 April 1784. [App. bk; freemen rolls] Possibly:

Phenix, James, Alport St, Manchester, cm (1794–97). At 2 Alport St in 1794 but by 1797 the number was 1. [D] Probably father of:

Phenix, James, Liverpool, cm (1819–20). In 1819 he married Miss Eliza Williams of Liverpool at St Anne's Church, but his wife died aged 22 on 26 May 1820 ‘after a protracted illness’. [Chester Guardian, 1 April 1819, 1 June 1820]

Philcox, George, the Cliffe, Lewes, Sussex, cm and u (1770– 1805). Claimed to be from London and was established in Lewes by December 1770 when he advertised that he had in stock ‘all sorts of Cabinet Furniture; also Looking Glasses, and Venetian Shades &c. &c.’ He appears to have been a person of some enterprise, and realising the growing prosperity of the rising sea-bathing resort of Brighton, he advertised in May 1773 that he had established a warehouse there stocked with his furniture and under the care of Thomas Philcox. He advertised also for an app. and a journeyman cm. In 1777 he took out insurance cover for £700, but of this only £240 was in respect of utensils and stock suggesting that the business was still of modest size. His trade card [Heal Coll., BM] dates from soon after the establishment of his business but still features furniture in the Chippendale style. [D; Sussex Weekly Advertiser, 24 December 1770, 10 May 1773, 26 December 1774; GL, Sun MS vol. 260, p. 617]

Philcox, Thomas, Brighton, see George Philcox, Lewes.

Philip, Richard, 3 George Ct, Bennetts Hill, Doctors Commons, London, cm (1777). In 1777 insured a house for £200. [GL, Sun MS vol. 257, p. 315]

Philip, Richard, London, cm, upholder, undertaker etc. (1778– 1810). At 26 Bishopsgate St Within, 1778–94. In 1778 he took out insurance cover of £400 at this address but only half was for utensils and stock. The corresponding figures for 1779 were £500 and £300. From 1795 at 12 Gt Helen's St. Included in the list of master cabinet makers in Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. Associated in an insurance policy with a Matthew Randall in 1781, and in 1808 the business was listed as Richard Philip & Son. In November 1810 when the bankruptcy of the enterprise was announced, the order was issued in the names of Richard Philip jnr and William Gosling. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 264, p. 176; vol. 274, p. 33; Sussex Weekly Advertiser, 12 November 1810]

Philip, Richard & Son, Horsham, Sussex, upholders (1811). Appear to have also traded at Brighton. [D]

Philip, Ward, Kirkgate, Bradford, Yorks., cm (1822). [D]

Philips, Charles, Worthing, Sussex, cm (1832–40). At High St in 1832 and in November 1839 at Park House, Warwick St. By 1845 had moved to 12 Bedford Row. [D]

Philips, J., Foulsham, Norfolk, cm (1796). Freeman of Norwich. [Norwich poll bk]

Philips, John, Bristol, cm (1781). [Poll bk]

Philips, John jnr, Norwich, cm (1794–1818). Living in the parish of St John Maddermarket in 1794, St Giles 1807 and 1818, and St Augustine, 1812. [Poll bks]

Philips, T. (or J.), 15 St John's Lane, London, carver and gilder (1808). [D]

Philips, William Philip, Doddington, Whitchurch, Salop, cm, u, auctioneer and appraiser (1833–36). Recorded as William Philip Phipps in 1835. His wife Maria died on 31 March 1833 at the age of 25 and his infant daughter Mary Ann Maria on 13 January of the following year. This double tragedy must have occurred at a time when he was planning to establish himself in the shop and premises at Doddington, the opening of which he announced in May 1834. He stated that he had just returned from London ‘with a choice assortment of carpeting and upholstery’ and intended setting aside a room ‘as a repository for the sale of Furniture etc.’. [D; Chester Courant, 6 April 1833, 21 January 1834, 13 May 1834]

Philipson, Elizabeth, Hull, Yorks., working u (1826–35). At 14 Leadenhall Sq. in 1826 and 28 King's St, Sculcoates in 1835 when her trade was listed as ‘Bed maker’. Still at this address in 1838 but no trade recorded. [D]

Philipson, Nicholas & Small, James, 190 Piccadilly, London, cm and upholders (1782). Insured their utensils, stock and goods for £800 in 1782. [GL, Sun MS vol. 306, p. 251] Probably:

Philipson, Nicholas, London, upholder (1786–87). In June 1786 he insured goods at a house in Arlington St in the tenure of Lord Herbert for £300. In June 1787 took out insurance cover on goods and property at 132 New Bond St for £1,000. [GL, Sun MS vol. 337, p. 520; vol. 342, ref. 531481]

Philipson, Thomas, 28 Gt Castle St, Oxford St, London, carver and gilder (1784). His trade card survives. [D; Banks Coll., BM]

Phill, Thomas, ‘The Three Golden Chairs’, Strand, London, u (1700–d.1728). Free of the Upholders’ Co., 23 September 1700. Took as app. Thomas Collins of St Ives, Hunts. 2 June 1709 and he was made free, 4 November 1719. In partnership with Jeremiah Fletcher, 1713–18. Died in 1728, and on 24 May an auction sale of his household goods and stock in trade was announced at ‘The Fountain Tavern’, near the Exeter Exchange, Strand. Phill was described as ‘upholsterer to Her late Majesty Queen Anne, to His late Majesty George I and to his present Majesty’. His extensive involvement as a supplier to the Crown is confirmed from archival sources. In 1713–14 he provided cases and cases curtains for furniture and a state bed at Windsor Castle, and in 1716 upholstered and provided bedding for a large state bed made by Richard Roberts, also for Windsor Castle. For the House of Lords Phill supplied 90 Turkey work chairs, four table carpets and two leather folding stools in 1718 and in the same year for the House of Commons 48 Turkey work chairs. Such extensive commissions resulted in large payments which in one quarter of 1719 peaked at £1,233. Further furniture of a similar nature was supplied to the Houses of Parliament in 1722. In 1727 he made a cushion for the Coronation Chair in Westminster Abbey and upholstered the footstool in preparation for the Coronation of George II. In 1724 he is recorded in connection with the furnishing of the Church of St Mary-le-Strand, one of the projects promoted by the Commissioners for Building Fifty New Churches in London and Westminster. His only known commission away from the London region was at Canons Ashby, Northants. Between June 1711 and February 1714 he was employed here by Edward Dryden. The only new furniture was supplied on 22 January and 12 February 1714 and consisted of a ‘walnuttree Arm'd Chair frame… cover'd with black Spanish Leather and Garnished with laqued pillor nailes’ and ‘6 wallnuttree back chaires frames of ye newest fashion stufft up in Lynnen & ye seats coverd a 2nd time’. The ‘Arm'd Chaire’ was charged at £2 15s and the ‘back chaires’ at £7 10s with an additional charge for fitting them with needlework covers. This upholstery suite which was sold in the 1930s to meet death duties has now been reacquired by the National Trust and restored to the house. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records; PRO, LC9/286–87; Harris, Old English Furniture, p. 26; Old Furniture, vol. 2 (1927), pp. 80, 83; Conn., June 1933, pp. 377–78, vol. 133 (1954), p. 81; C. Life, 11 February 1960; Winterthur, Delaware, Symonds 75 x 64.14, p. 115, 75 x 64. 155.18.6, p. 54; Lambeth Palace Lib., MS 2691, f. 264, item 10; Canons Ashby MS D(CA)129]

Phillip, H. T., The Shambles, Worcester, cm and u (1820). [D]

Phillip, James, 63 Shoreditch, London, u (1793). [D]

Phillips, —, 16 Dean St, Westminster, London, upholder (1808): [D]

Phillips, Mrs, 17 Cumberland St, Bristol, u (1837–38). [D]

Phillips, Benjamin, Bristol, cm (1754–84). In the parish of St Augustine, 1754, but the parish of St James, 1774–84. The address in 1779 was given as 4 North St. [D; poll bks]

Phillips, Benjamin, Bristol, cm and u (1809–33). At 17 Peter St, 1809–17. Declared bankrupt, November 1810. By 1833 at Clifton Hill, near Berkeley Pl. [D; Exeter Flying Post, 8 November 1810]

Phillips, Benjamin, Millgate, Aylsham, Norfolk, chairmaker (1830). [D]

Phillips, Cornelius, 5 Angel Pl., Pentonville, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Phillips, David, 8 Noad St and 6 Cambridge St, Golden Sq., London, u and cm (1808–09). [D]

Phillips, Edmund John, Thomas St, Bristol, cm and u (1826–35). At 127 Thomas St, 1826–31, but used additionally 24 in 1828–29 and 32 in 1830–31. The number changed to 126 in 1832–34 and 125 in 1835. [D]

Phillips, Edward, parish of St Mary, Whitechapel, London, looking-glass maker (1714–15). Freeman of London. In 1714 took out insurance cover of £25 on a house in Castle St and in June of the following year £100 cover on a house ‘with Shovell board room’ on Ratcliffe Highway. [GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 13, p. 101; vol. 14, p. 464]

Phillips, Edward, Narrow Bridge St, Peterborough, Northants., cm (1822). [D]

Phillips, Edward, Berkeley Pl., Bristol, u (1823). [D]

Phillips, George, parish of St James, Bristol, cm (1784). [Poll bk]

Phillips, George, 8 Freeman St, Birmingham, cabinet case and portable desk maker (1828–30). Listed at no. 3 in 1828 as a cm, and at no. 8 in 1830. [D]

Phillips, George Edward, 208 Tooley St, London, cm, u, auctioneer and appraiser (1822–27). [D]

Phillips, H. N., London, jewel case maker (1829–37). At 13 King St, Soho in 1829 and 29 Newman St, Oxford St in 1835–37. [D]

Phillips, Henry, London(?), carver (1662–93). Master carver to the Crown during the reign of Charles II. In 1663 provided a pair of stands which came with other items to £19. Also for the Crown employed at Whitehall in 1664 where for the Queen's Closet he provided a picture frame above the chimney piece. Worked in association with Grinling Gibbons at Windsor Castle. [Beard, Georgian Craftsmen, p. 180; PRO, E 351/3276; LC5/39; V&A archives; H. Colvin, ed. History of King's Works, v, 1976 refs cited]

Phillips, Henry, South Shields, Co. Durham, cm/joiner (1834). [D]

Phillips, J. W., Bristol, timber merchant and cabinet manufactory (1814–15). Shown at 3 Alfred Hill where he is described as a timber merchant, Lewin's Mead which is described as a timber yard and 56 Broadmead, a cabinet manufactory. [D]

Phillips, James, parish of Christchurch, Bristol, cm (1784). [Poll bk]

Phillips, James, 33 Little Earl St, London, cm (1787). In July 1787 insured goods to the value of £200. [GL, Sun MS vol. 342, ref. 532909]

Phillips, James, 33 Leominster, Herefs., cm (1820). [Poll bk]

Phillips, James, 2 Court, Cox St, Birmingham, cm (1835). [D]

Phillips, John, London, cm (1725–62). In May 1725 at ‘the corner of St Paul's Chain in St Paul's Churchyard’ where he took out insurance cover of £1,000 on goods and merchandise in his dwelling house. He traded at the sign of ‘The Cabinet’ and when in February 1732 he moved to premises against St Peter's church in Cornhill he used this sign at the new location also. Worked at Badminton House, Glos. for the 3rd Duke of Beaufort, 1728–33, and received £444 9s 6d. Part of the bill for two frames ‘richly carv'd & Guilt in Burnish'd Gold’ is endorsed ‘The R. Hon. the Lady Scudamore's Bill’. A narrow walnut bureau bookcase is known with a small circular label giving the St Paul's Churchyard address. He is also recorded as being a looking glass supplier. [Heal; GL, Sun MS vol. 20, ref. 35903; Daily Post, 3 February 1732; Wills, Looking-Glasses; Glos. RO, Badminton MS 304.11.1]

Phillips, John, London, upholder (1774–1812). His father who was a farmer lived at Glaesbury, Radnor, Wales. John Phillips was app. to Philip Morgan, spectacle maker, 13 February 1767 and was declared free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 5 October 1774. He was established at 55 Fenchurch St by 1776 when he took out insurance cover of £800 of which £700 was for utensils and stock. By the following year the total cover had risen to £1,000 and utensils and stock to £850, a substantial sum for a business still in its early years. From 1781 he used for trading purposes an address at 134 Fenchurch St but appears to have retained no. 55 at which he was shown living as late as 1802. Addresses at Cross St, Rathbone Pl. in 1781 and Sunday St, Bishopsgate St in 1783 are recorded but these may have been dwelling houses occupied on a short time basis. Took as apps Thomas Horner 1774–81, Hughes Howell 1775–79, George Redshaw 1776–83, James Flower 1778 and James Herring 1787–94. The business was described on his trade card [Heal Coll. BM] as a ‘Carpet, Upholstery, Cabinet and Paper Hanging Warehouse’, and items held in stock included ‘all sorts of Furniture, Bedsteads, Bedding &c., Turkey, Persia, Wilton, Kidderminster & Scotch Carpets’. He stated that he was also an ‘Exchange Broker, Appraiser and Auctioneer’. In 1802 he was involved in a Chancery action concerning land in Brecknockshire, South Wales.

Phillips described himself as ‘Upholder to the Honble City of London’ and in 1780 provided a fine carved and gilt arm chair of state incorporating the City arms for the Lord Mayor at a cost of £80. In that year the Lord Mayor was Sir Watkin Lewes. [D; GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Sun MS vol. 249, p. 404; vol. 259, p. 196; PRO, C13 360; Conn., December 1952, p. 181]

Phillips, John, York, cm (1799–1840). Recorded at 36 Fetter Lane, 1830–40. Took as apps Richard Carlton Phillips snr, 17 September 1799; Joseph Laycock, 14 January 1822; William Lawson, 8 November 1824; Richard Carlton Phillips jnr, 8 November 1824 and Charles Walker, 18 May 1831. At 36 Fetter Lane, 1823–38. [D; app. reg.]

Phillips, John, Bristol, cm and u (1809–33). At Beaufort Ct, 1809–19, the number being 7 from 1809–10 and 3 in 1816– 19. From 1820 to 1827 shown at Beaufort, Pl., Montague St and from 1828–33 at 5 Bridewell Lane. In 1825–27 described as sofa and mattress maker. [D]

Phillips, John, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (1813). Son bapt. 1813. [PR (bapt.)]

Phillips, John, 96 James St, Devonport, Devon, chairmaker (1830). [D]

Phillips, John, Silent St, Ipswich, Suffolk, cm (1839). [D]

Phillips, Joseph, Bristol, u (1816–21). At 3 Berkeley Pl. in 1816 and Clifton Wood in 1821. [D]

Phillips, Joseph Jackson, Northgate, St, Chester, cm (1819–25). Free 21 October 1819. Took as app. his brother Frederick, 27 July 1825. [Freemen rolls; app. reg.]

Phillips, Margaret, 1 Pomona St, Liverpool, u (1829). [D]

Phillips, Matthew, St Peter's in the East, Oxford, u (1802). [Poll bk]

Phillips, Nancy, Warrington, Lancs., chairmaker (1798). [D]

Phil(l)ips, Peter, Warrington, Lancs., chairmaker (1814–34). At Bridge St, 1814–28 but in 1822 and 1834 at Ship Yd, Bridge St. A Nancy Phillips, chairmaker was trading in Warrington in 1798. [D]

Phillips, Richard, Westbury-on-Trym, Glos., carver and gilder (1784). Freeman of Bristol. [Bristol poll bk]

Phillips, Richard, London, cm and gilder (1807–12). In January 1807 at 142 St John St, West Smithfield and took out insurance cover of £1,000. Of this £200 was for china and glass and £270 for stock and utensils. He also owned property at 5 and 6 St James Walk Clerkenwell. By 1809 he was using 6 (now renumbered 4) St James Walk and was to remain here until at least May 1812. In 1811–12 he was also using a workshop over a stable and coach house in Pear Tree Ct. Insurance cover in 1811 was £1,050 including £470 for utensils and stock and in 1812 the corresponding figures were £1,150 and £470. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 438, ref. 798815; vol. 449, ref. 854933; vol. 455, ref. 871280]

Phillips, Richard, 5 Marylebone St, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Phillips, Robert, Peterborough, Northants., cm (1806). [Poll bk]

Phillips, S., 11 Dighton St, Bristol, u (1839–40). [D]

Phillips, Somerset, Fenchurch St, Aldermanbury, London, cm (1767–74). Insured houses. [GL, MS 8674/106, p. 142]

Phillips, Thaddeus, 12 Upper Arcade, Bristol, carver and gilder (1838–40). [D]

Phillips, Thomas, Worcester, cm and upholder (1777). App. to Ely Crump and free by servitude, 23 June 1777. [Freemen rolls]

Phillips, Thomas, Shambles, Worcester, cm and u (1822). [D]

Phillips, Thomas, 37 Aylesbury St, Clerkenwell, London, carver and gilder (1820–26). [D]

Phillips, Thomas, 18 Finsbury Pl., South, London, cm and u (1837–39). An account dated 1839 survives for fixed bookcases of rosewood with brass trellis and lined with blue silk supplied for the Living Room at Sheringham Hall, Norfolk. The name of the supplier was T. Philips and it is possible that it was this maker. [D; C. Life, 7 February 1957, p. 239]

Phillips, William, Chester, carver (1718–25). Son of Robert Phillips of Chester, shoemaker. App. to John Tilston, carver and joiner on 25 March 1718 and free by servitude, 3 April 1725. [App. bk; freemen rolls]

Phillips, William, High St, Lambeth, London, cm, broker, milliner and haberdasher (1778). In 1778 took out insurance cover of £400 of which £300 was for utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 266, p. 380]

Phillips, William, Bourne, Lincs., u and tailor (1797). [D]

Phillips & Co., 3 Newgate St, London, looking-glass manufactory (c.1790). [Wills, Looking-Glasses]

Phillips & Elder, 34 Titchfield St, Fitzroy Sq., London, chairmakers (1803–08). [D]

Phillips & Small, Piccadilly, London, u (1773–86). [D] Phillips may be a mis-spelling of:

Phillipson, Nicholas, London, cm and u (1771–93). In 1775 subscribed to Thomas Malton's Treatise on Perspective. Trading in partnership with James Small, 1782–85. By 1784 living in Piccadilly but from 1788–93 at 132 New Bond St. In September 1771 supplied the Earl of Ancaster with a mahogany chest of drawers for £4 and in 1780 supplied a fly table to Lord Mahon, the son of the Earl of Stanhope, in Harley St which cost 12s. [D; Westminster poll bk; Lincoln RO, 2 ANC 6/15; Kent RO, U590 A61/8]

Phillmore, John, address unknown, joiner (1734–38). Undertook work for Paul Foley of the Temple, Little Ormond St, London and Newport House, Almeley, Herefs. 1734–38. This was mainly joinery work but did include the repair of furniture. On 17 July 1736 he supplied a large chest at £2 14s 2d. [Herefs. RO, Foley MS, F/AIII/55]

Philp, Richard, see Richard Philip.

Philpot, William, Wardour St, London, carver (1749). [Westminster poll bk]

Philpott, Stephen, Canterbury, Kent, u (1797). [Freemen rolls]

Phinn, Edward Thomas, London, cm (1807–31). Freeman of Gt Yarmouth, Norfolk. Living in London from May 1807 and in 1830 his address was given as Camberwell, London. [Poll bks]

Phipp, Josiah, see Samuel Holden.

Phipps, Edward, Narrow Bridge St, Peterborough, Northants., cm and u (1823–30). [D]

Phipps, James, Broadway, Westminster, London, upholder (1784). [D]

Phipps, John, Petty France, Westminster, London, u (1742–49). Son of John Phipps of Neston, Cheshire Gent. App. to Richard Manlove 3 July 1734 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude 3 February 1741/42. At Petty France in 1749. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records; poll bk]

Phipps, John, Stratford-on-Avon, Warks., cm and u (1828–35). Recorded at John St in 1828 and Sheep St in 1835. [D]

Phipps, John, King St, Southwell, Notts., cm (1835). [D]

Phipps, Joshua, London, upholder (1765). Son of Robert Phipps, upholder. Free of the Upholders’ Co. by patrimony under the terms of the 1750 Upholders’ Act, 18 July 1765. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Phipps, Josiah, London, upholder (1775–1802). Son of Abraham Phipps, freeman and Weaver of London. Free of the Upholders’ Co. by patrimony, 3 May 1775 at which date he was living in Whitechapel. Took as app. Timothy Ridge in 1780. Living at Copthall Ct, 1794–1802. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Phipps, Robert, 69 Leadenhall St, London, upholder (1723–75). Son of Robert Phipps, freeman and ‘Plaisterer’ of London. App. to Samuel How, 4 March 1723 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 7 July 1731. Took as apps George Miller, 1747–54; Richard Butterfield, 1752–60; John Austin, 1762–73; William Gramlick, 1767–74; and Anthony Batger, free 1775. Master of the Upholders’ Co. in 1759 and by this year already at the Leadenhall St address. His son Joshua was free of the Upholders’ Co. by patrimony on 18 July 1765, and by 1767 the business was trading as Robert Phipps & Son. They advertised for business in the Cambridge Chronicle, 19 January 1771. From 1773 traded as Phipps & Shepherd. In 1764–65 Robert Phipps insured a property in Broad St, St George's, and in 1767 properties in Holborn and Dyers Ct. [D; GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Hand in Hand MS vol. 102, p. 159; vol. 106, p. 249]

Phipps, Thomas, 81 Leadenhall St, London, u, cm and auctioneer (1757–84). Free of the Joiners’ Co. From the Leadenhall St address took out licences to employ nonfreemen in 1757, 1766 and 1767. William Chenery is also recorded trading at this address in 1781 and may have been his successor. A table bearing his trade label has been recorded in the collection of the National Museum, Warsaw. [D; GL, City Licence bks, vols 1 and 5; V&A archives]

Pic, Nicolas, London (1690–93). Associated with Peter Michon in the supply of four lanterns to Queen Mary for Kensington Palace, 1690–91, for which £48 12s was charged. In 1692–93 associated with James Catignou in connection with a much larger commission for Kensington Palace. This order included four pairs of glass lanterns, four pairs of gilt double candlesticks and three large glass lanterns and a bill for £512 8s was submitted. [PRO, LC9/127]

Pichford, Josiah, Linen Lane, Warwick, cm (1830). [D] See John Pickford at this address.

Pick, William, West Ham, London, cm (1777). Bankruptcy announced, Chester Chronicle, 21 November 1777.

Pick, William, Rebel Row, parish of St George, London, cm (1787). In 1787 took app. named Robert Penman. [Westminster Ref. Lib., MS F4309, p. 56]

Pickard, Charles, Hull, Yorks., cm (1780). [Poll bk]

Picard, Esther, Leeds, Yorks., u (1830–37). Addresses given at 4 Sandford St in 1830; 17 Albion Sq. as a ‘working’ u in 1834; and Court 5, Albion St in 1837. [D]

Pickard, Thomas, Holywell St, Chesterfield, Derbs., cm (1829). [D]

Pickard, Thomas, Leeds, Yorks., cm (1837–39). At Little Woodhouse in 1837 and 15 St James St, 1839. [D]

Pickard, William, Elliott St, Manchester, joiner and cm (1794). [D]

Pickeret (Piqueret), Charles, London, cm (1681–82). Arrived from Paris with his son Isaac late in July 1681. Both were allowed to settle in England and were so informed, 8 March 1681/82. [Huguenot Soc., 1949, p. 155]

Pickering, —, London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Pickering, Benjamin, 1 Southampton St, Pentonville, London, chairmaker (1808). [D]

Pickering, Henry & Pollard, William, 72 Hanover St, Liverpool, elastic bedding and easy chair manufacturers (1831). Bankrupt in September 1831 when their trade was described as u and cm. [Liverpool Mercury, 25 February 1831, 9 September 1831]

Pickering, Henry, 21 Bridge St, Lambeth, carver and gilder (1832–35). [D]

Pickering, James, New Brentford, Middlx, cm etc. (1826). [D]

Pickering, John, London, upholder (1778). Son of Richard Pickering and app. to Thomas Atkinson, joiner. Free of the Upholders’ Co. under the terms of the 1750 Upholders’ Act, 7 January 1778. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Pickering, Joseph, 77 Chester St, Birkenhead, Cheshire, cm (1837). [D]

Pickering, Joseph, St Mary St, Bedford, cm and u (1839). [D]

Pickering, Thomas, Bolebridge St, Tamworth, Staffs., chairmaker and turner (1822–35). [D]

Pickering, William, Red Lion Ct, Spitalfields, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Pickett, Jesse, Wiston and Horsham, Sussex, chairmaker and turner (1832–40). At Wiston in 1832 when he was described as a chair and pattern maker. At West St, Horhsam in 1839– 40 as a chairmaker and turner. [D]

Pickford, Adam, Shudehill, Manchester, cm and chairmaker (1824–40). At 26 Shudehill, 1824–25 but by 1832 at 51 and by 1840 the number had changed again to 18. An address at 18 Thomas St is also given in 1840. John, Thomas and Esther Pickford all used 26 Shudehill as a business address. [D]

Pickford, Esther, 26 Shudehill, Manchester, chairmaker (1821–29). [D]

Pickford, Hubert, 65 Myddleton St, Clerkenwell, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Pickford, John, Shudehill, Manchester, cm and chairmaker (1804–18). Also referred to as a ‘Fancy Chair Warehouseman’. At 86 Shudehill in 1804 but in 1811 at 62, in 1813 at 26 and in 1815–18 at 82. Adam, Esther and Thomas Pickford all traded from 26 Shudehill at various dates and are almost certainly related. [D]

Pickford, John, Linen St, Warwick, cm (1831). [Poll bk] See Josiah Pichford at this address.

Pickford, John, back of the Crescent, Clifton, Bristol, cm and undertaker (1840). [D]

Pickford, Josiah, Swan Lane, Warwick, cm (1822). [D]

Pickford, Thomas, 26 Shudehill, Manchester, chairmaker (1814–19). [D] See John Pickford, Adam Pickford and Esther Pickford at this address.

Pickles, William, Hebden Bridge, Yorks., joiner/cm (1834). [D]

Pickles, William, Haworth, Yorks., cm (1837). [D]

Pickop, Drage, London, upholder (1750–60). Son of Joseph Pickop of Clerkenwell Green, London, cheesemonger. App. to John King on 27 February 1750 and free of the Upholders’ Co. under the terms of the 1750 Upholders’ Act, 1 May 1760. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Pickstone, Thomas, London, u (1777–1811). Son of Thomas Pickstone of Reigate, Surrey, stationer. App. to Barnard Baker on 7 May 1777 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 4 August 1784. In 1784 he was living at 29 Ludgate Hill but by 1789 was trading at 38 King St, Covent Gdn at which address he remained until 1794. At 7 Newcastle St, Strand 1794–1808, but by April 1809 the number was 11. Directories continue to show him at this address until 1811 but insurance cover was taken out in April 1810 at an address at 15 Craven Buildings, Drury Lane. In 1809 insurance cover totalled £800 of which £700 was for utensils and stock. The figures for 1810 are lower at £600 and £450 respectively. Pickstone was included in the list of master cabinet makers in Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. [D; GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Sun MS vol. 448, ref. 830454; vol. 453, ref. 844478]

Pickthall, William, Broughton, Lancaster, cm (1824). Bankruptcy announced, Brighton Gazette, 5 August 1824.

Pickthall, William, Liverpool, cm (1821–35). Used a shop at 6 Brook's Alley, 1821–27, but also had a house at 12 Sidney St in 1824 and in 1827 had another address in Wood St which is given variously in the directories of that year as 8 or 7. In 1829 at 15 Sidney St, London Rd and 2 Livesley Pl., Shaw's Brow, and in 1835 as Hanover Pl., 22 Finch St. [D]

Pickup, James, Blackfriars St, Carlisle, Cumb., cm (1828–29). [D]

Pickup, John, Edenfield, Lancs., joiner and cm (1828). [D]

Pickup, Thomas, Northgate, Blackburn, Lancs., cm (1818). [D]

Pickworth, John, London, bookbinder and cabinet gilder (1821–26). At 116 Gray's Inn Lane in January 1821 when he took out insurance cover of £200 of which £140 was for utensils and stock. In 1826 at 43 Kirby St. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 486, ref. 976525]

Picquet, Charles, Hull, Yorks., cm (1784). [Poll bk]

Pidcock, William, Wheeling (or Wheeler Gate), Nottingham, cm and joiner (1770–89). Took as apps John Wright in 1770, William Inglesant in 1777, John Wright in 1780 and Richard Canham in 1789. [App. reg.; poll bks]

Piddell, Mrs S., Littlehampton, Sussex, u (1834). In October 1834 he was paid 3s 9d for upholstery work carried out at Surrey House, Littlehampton, for the Earl of Surrey. [Arundel Castle records A2001]

Pidding, James, 57 Hackney Rd, London, cm (1829). [D]

Pidding & Co., 1 Cornhill, London, writing desk and dressing case maker (1829). [D]

Piddison, William, 46 Brewer St, Golden Sq., London, u (1808). [D]

Piddock, Henry, Canterbury, Kent, c (1794–1809). At St Margaret's 1794–96, but in King St, 1805–09. [D; poll bks]

Piddock, John, St Paul's, Canterbury, Kent (1769–96). Free 1769. In 1781 he was paid by Sir Edward Knatchbull of Mersham-le-Hatch, Kent, £18 16s for ‘a new sett of Chairs for ye Bow Parlour’. [Freemen rolls; poll bks; Kent RO, U 951 A 19/2]

Pickover, Richard, St Martin's Ct, London, cm (1739–49). On five occasions between March 1739 and February 1745 he was paid small sums by Earl Fitzwalter of Moulsham Hall, Essex for the supply of new card tables or the repair of others. [A. C. Edwards, The Accounts of Benjamin Mildmay, Earl Fitzwalter, pp. 108–10; Westminster poll bk]

Pidgeon, S., Friars, Merchant St, Bristol, coach and cabinet caner (1836–40). [D]

Pidler, C., 53 Marylebone St, Cavendish Sq., London, upholder and undertaker (1817). [D]

Pidock, —, see Hallam & Pidock.

Pierce, —, Greenwich, London, u (1791). [D]

Pierce, James, Dychurch Lane, Northampton, cm (1830). [Poll bk]

Pierce, Joseph, Northampton, cm (1790–1820). In 1790 at South Quarter and in 1796, Bridge St. [Poll bks]

Pierce, Joseph, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (b. c. 1791–1841). Four sons and four daughters bapt. between 1815–35. Witness at son's marriage in 1837. Aged 50 at the time of the 1841 Census. [PR (bapt. and marriage)]

Pierce, Richard, High St, Stoney Stratford, Bucks., cm and u (1830–39). [D]

Pierce, Wm, Warwick, Abington St, Northampton, cm (1823–30). [D]

Piercy, Edward, London, picture dealer, carver and gilder (1808–37). At 5 Denmark St, Strand 1808, 17 Titchborne St, Piccadilly 1820–33, 3 Arthur St, Monument in 1835 and 39 Warwick St, 1837. Trade card [Banks Coll., BM] of Rococo design gives as address at 17 Titchborne St, Golden Sq. Another trade card of Neo-classical character [Landauer Coll., MMA, NY] lists an address at 2 Sherrard St, Golden Sq. Bankrupt February 1833. Edward Piercy was the successor to John Piercy at the Titchborne St address and may have been his son. One directory lists at this address John Piercy & Son still trading in 1825. [D; Liverpool Mercury, 1 March 1833]

Piercy, Gabriel, Brighton, Sussex, cm (1778–86). In 1778 took out insurance cover of £400 but only £100 was for utensils and stock. By July 1786 the cover had increased to £1,000 but utensils and stock were only £200. [GL, Sun MS vol. 265, p. 648; vol. 339, p. 73]

Piercy, John, 17 Titchborne St, Piccadilly, London, carver, gilder and picture frame maker (1804–25). In 1825 the business is listed as John Piercy & Son and the son was probably Edward Piercy who is shown trading independently at 5 Denmark St, Strand in 1808 and is recorded in directories 1820–33 at the Titchborne St address. John Piercy is almost certainly the ‘Percy’ recorded in the account books of Edward, Viscount Lascelles and who supplied goods to Harewood House, Hanover Sq., London. He is described as a frame maker and was paid £20 12s 6d on 5 July 1804 and £6 6s 6d on 18 February 1806. [D; Leeds archives dept, Harewood MS 190, 192]

Piercy, Thomas, Little St Martin's Lane, Westminster, London, cm (1751). Took out insurance cover of £200 on his stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 95, p. 310]

Pierpoint, J., Lindfield, Sussex, carpenter and chairmaker (1838). Offered his large workshop, yard and cottage to let in November 1830. Stated that the trades of carpenter and chairmaker had been conducted there. [Sussex Agricultural Express, 17 November 1838]

Pierson, William, Ingworth, Norfolk, cm (1790). Freeman of Norwich. [Norwich poll bk]

Pigg, Cuthbert, Groat-market, Newcastle, cm, carpenter and surveyor (1790–1801). In 1790 listed his trade as cm and carpenter but in 1795 and 1801 as surveyor. [D]

Pigg, John, 20 Wapping Wall, London, brush and cabinet maker (1807–15). In 1809 the business was trading as Thomas & John Pigg. John Pigg took out insurance cover of £300 in January 1807 of which utensils and stock accounted for £250. A workshop was maintained behind the dwelling house. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 438, ref. 798894]

Pigg, Joseph, Norwich, cm, u and mahogany merchant (1812– 31). In 1812 living in the parish of St Paul but 1822–30 shown trading at Bridge St, St George's. His apps were Joseph Harper (free 24 February 1818) James Howell (free 3 May 1826) and John Rudd (free 21 June 1831). [D; poll bk; freemen reg.]

Piggott, —, 34 John St, Fitzroy Sq., London, portable billiard table maker (1819). [D]

Piggott, Ed., Guildford, Surrey, cm and u (1818–33). At North St in 1818 and Park St, 1830–32. [D; Surrey RO (Guildford), BR/PAR/2/4–7c]

Piggott, Frederick, George St, Richmond, Surrey, cm, u and estate agent (1839). [D]

Piggott, James, Hill St, Richmond, Surrey, u (1798–1832). [D] See James Pigott snr. Succeeded by:

Pigott, James jnr, Richmond, Surrey, cm and u (1832–39). At Hill St, 1832–38 and 2 Castle Terr. in 1839. [D]

Pigott, John, 46 Judd St, Brunswick Sq., London, upholder etc. (1820). [D]

Piggott, William, 99 High St, Guildford, Surrey, cm and u (1839). [D]

Pigott, James snr, George St, Richmond, Surrey, u (1838). [D]

Pigott, Thomas, 12 Peter St, Manchester, u (1839–40). [D]

Pigou, Mark Anthony, London, upholder (1700–05). On 2 December 1700 married Hannah Casbeard, possibly the daughter of or related to John Casbert an upholder of French extraction working for the Crown 1660–76. Pigou was made free of the Upholders’ Co. by redemption, 18 October 1703. [GL, MS 10,091; Upholders’ Co. records]

Piguinett (or Piggunett), James, Portsmouth, Hants., upholder (1774–81). Freeman of Bristol. [Bristol poll bks]

Pike, John, ‘The Three Tents & Lamb’, corner of Bear St, Leicester Fields, London, u (1723–49). In August 1723 took out insurance cover of £500 on goods and merchandise in his dwelling house. [GL, Sun MS vol. 16, ref. 29623, vol. 26, p. 473; Westminster poll bk]

Pike, John, Stoke's Croft, Bristol, cm (1795). [D]

Pike, John & Clark, James, 20 Frith St, Soho Sq., London, cm and u (1829). Their trade card [Landauer Coll., MMA, NY] indicates that they were previously with the firm of Jeremy & Bragg who traded from an address at 28 Southampton St, Covent Garden, 1824–29. Pike & Clark stated that they were trading as ‘Damask Manufacturers, Furniture Printers, Cabinet Makers & Upholsterers’ and also undertook funerals. The business was probably short-lived, and the bankruptcy of the partners was announced, Liverpool Mercury, 12 June 1829.

Pike, Robert, 23 Mary St, Hampstead, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Pilbrow, J., 112 Stone St, Maidstone, Kent, cm, u, furniture broker and undertaker (1838–39). [D]

Pilcher, Thomas, High St, Hythe, Kent, cm and u (1839). [D]

Pilditch, Philip, 20 George St, East Stonehouse, Plymouth, Devon, cm (1838). [D]

Pile, James, 4 New St, Cloth Fair, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Pile, John Trevanion, Queen Elizabeth Sq., Dover, Kent, cm (1826–37). [Poll bks]

Pile, Michael, Sidmouth, Devon, u (1806–23). Probably acted also as an estate agent for he advertised property to let or for sale at Sidmouth and Budleigh Salterton, 1814–23. Bankruptcy announced, December 1822. [D; Exeter Flying Post, 17 March 1806, 17 March 1814, 17 October 1822, 19 December 1822, 13 March 1823]

Pile, Moses, near the New Cutt in Narrow St, Limehouse, London, cm and carpenter (1782). Took out insurance cover in 1782 for £400 but of this only £100 covered utensils, stock and a warehouse. [GL, Sun MS vol. 299, p. 335]

Pile, Robert, London, cm (1775–75). In 1775 at 1 Wethey Ct, White Cross St where he insured a house for £100, and in 1777 near St Agnes-le-Clare in Tabernacle Walk, Moorfields where a house was insured for £200. [GL, Sun MS vol. 243, p. 379; vol. 255, p. 264]

Pilgrem, J., Christchurch, Hants., joiner and cm (1792–93). [D]

Pilgrim, Thomas, Christchurch, Hants., joiner and cm (1777). In 1777 took out insurance cover of £200 of which £120 was for utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 255, p. 453]

Pilgrim, William, 58 Old St, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Pilltory, Thomas, address unknown, cm (1793). On 7 June 1793 received from Sir John Nelthorpe the sum of £6 6s for a large mahogany library table. [Lincoln RO, NEL 9/15/45]

Pilkell, —, George Ct, Adelphi, Strand, London, u (1808). [D]

Pilkington, —, London, u (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Pilkington, Aston, Liverpool, u (1835–39). At 9 Fletcher St, Toxteth Park in 1835 and 4 Mount Pleasant in 1839. [D]

Pilkington, Charles, Liverpool, chairmaker (1784). Free 2 April 1784. [Freemen reg.]

Pilkington, Charles, Liverpool, chairmaker (1790). Free 24 June 1790. Son of Charles Pilkington, wheelwright. [Freemen reg.]

Pilkington, Henry, Derby, cm (1790–1805). In October 1790 advertised that he had taken over the business of Mottershaw & Son. Pilkington had been employed previous to this for several years in the business of Seddon, Sons & Shackleton in London. In February 1791 he took out insurance cover of £1,400 of which £650 was for stock and utensils mainly in his house but also some in a yard and shed. In 1793 he subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book. In 1805–06 the firm of Pilkington & Co. were trading as u and cm from an address in Iron Gate, Derby, and Henry Pilkington was probably the principal of this business. [D; Derby Mercury, 21 October 1790; GL, Sun MS vol. 374, ref. 579543]

Pilkington, Henry, 9 Bedford St, Liverpool, u (1834). [D]

Pilkington, John, Bristol, carver and gilder (1822–40). At David St, St Philip's in 1822 but from 1823–29 shown at 3 David St, St Philip's. By 1830 had moved to 5 Parson Ct, Ellbroad St and remained here until 1837. From 1838 shown at Paron's Ct, Redcross Lane. [D]

Pilkington, Richard, 25 Darwen St, Blackburn, Lancs., cm, joiner and housebuilder (1824). [D]

Pill, Benjamin, Gloucester, cm (1826). Child bapt. at St Aldgate's Church in 1826. [PR (bapt.)]

Pilling, John, Booth Fold, near Haslingden, Whalley, Lancs., cm (1825). [D]

Pills, John, 5 Hunts Ct, Castle St, London, plate case and cabinet maker (1810). In November 1810 took out insurance cover for £500 of which £200 was for utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 453, ref. 850680]

Pilton, Thomas, Piccadilly, London, cm (1777–97). No address is recorded prior to 1789, although commissions are known from 1777. Between 1789–97 the address is variously given as either 213 or 214 Piccadilly. In 1777 supplied a writing table at a cost of £1 13s 6d to Edward Knight of Wolverley House, Worcs. and in 1785 supplied to Croome Court, Worcs. a mahogany folding table at £2 16s and a ‘Trou Madame’ table and stand for £3 7s. [D; Kidderminster Lib., Knight MS, notebook of Edward Knight, 13 June 1777; V&A archives]

Pilton, William, Piccadilly, London, see John Bullock.

Pim, Joseph & Co., 23 Brook St, Holborn, London, carver and gilder (1839). [D]

Pimm, William, 22 High St, Guildford, Surrey, cm and u (1837–40). From 1838 trading as Pimm & Holt. [D; Surrey RO (Guildford), BR/PAR/2/9b, 10a]

Pincent, Thomas, Exeter, Devon, cm (1723). In 1723 took app. named Fort. [S of G, app. index]

Pinckard, Bridget, ‘The Sun’, Hounsditch, London, u (1714). On 31 July 1714 insured goods in her ‘Back Warehouse near her Dwelling House’. Possibly the wife of Giles Pinckard. [GL, Sun MS vol. 4, ref. 4338]

Pinckhard, Giles Bly, Hounsditch, London, upholder (1707–24). Son of John Pinckhard a freeman and upholder. App. to his father, on 16 October 1707 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 9 February 1714/15. Took as app. Thomas Chewter, 1716/17–1724. In April 1720 insured his house and warehouse in Hounsditch for £200 and in March 1721 another house ‘North from Devonshire St.’ in the same parish for £300. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Hand in Hand MS vol. 22, p. 9; vol. 23, p. 175]

Pinckhard, John, London, Upholder (1707–15). Father of Giles Bly Pinckhard who was free of the Upholders’ Co., 9 February 1714/15 on the completion of an apprenticeship under his father. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Pinckney, William, London, u (1749–94). Son of Charles Pinckney of Gt Marlow, Bucks., Gent. App. to Thomas Humphrys, 7 December 1749 and then Charles Grange, 9 January 1755. Free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 2 October 1766. At 30 St Paul's Churchyard in 1770 but declared bankrupt in 1772. His business was operating from an address in King St, Golden Sq. in 1792 and by 1794 he was living in Dover St. [D; GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Bailey's list of bankrupts; Heal]

Pincombe, Abraham, 64 Cumberland St, Devonport, Devon, carver, gilder and ornithologist (1830). [D]

Pindar, John, Margate, Kent, cm (1794). [D]

Pindar, William Thornton, 33 Carr Lane, Hull, Yorks., cm (1834–35). In 1835 described as a shopkeeper. [D]

Pinder (or Pindar), James, Westgate, Louth, Lincs., cm and joiner (1826–35). [D]

Pinder, John, Lancaster, cm (1784–95). App. to T. Lister in 1784 and named in the Gillow records, 1788–90 and 1792– 95. [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow]

Pinder, Robert, Hunslet, Leeds, Yorks., cm (1817). [D]

Pinder, Thomas, Liverpool, cm (1760). His app. James Golding was declared free in 1760. [Freemen committee bk]

Pindergate, Daniel, 25 Bow St, Covent Gdn, London, upholder and cm (1790–93). [D]

Pine, Thomas, George St, Devonport, Devon, carver and gilder (1814). [D]

Pineh, John, 3 Holywell Lane, Shoreditch, chair and sofa maker (1839). [D]

Pingstone, John, Bristol, basket and chairmaker (1822–39). At Nicholas St, 1822–26, King St, Queen Sq. in 1827 and Back St near Crow Lane, 1828–39. [D]

Pinhorne, Charles, Shaftesbury, Dorset, upholder and cm (1740). In March 1740 took out insurance cover of £500. [GL, Sun MS vol. 54, p. 399]

Pini, Joseph, London, carver, gilder, looking glass and barometer maker (1835–40). At 1 Princes St, Bedford Row in 1835 but by the following year the number had changed to 3. In 1837 at Leather Lane, Holborn and from 1838 at 23 Brook St, Holborn. In 1839 listed as Joseph Pini & Co. [D; Goodison, Barometers]

Pink, Joseph, East St, Southampton, Hants., chairmaker and japanner (1811). [D]

Pinkard, R., Cambridge, u (1731). Paid by St John's College in 1731 for material and work on new curtains for the Lodge.

Pinkerd, John, Ratcliffe Cross, London, u (1729). In May 1729 insured a house and other buildings. [GL, Sun MS vol. 28, 8 May 1729]

Pinkey, Joseph, Middleton-in-Teesdale, Co. Durham, cm and joiner (1828). [D]

Pinks, William, 7 Cobham Row, Clerkenwell, London, carver and gilder (1835–39). [D]

Pinman, George, Braughin, Herts., cm (1839). [D]

Pinnagar, —, 1 Edgware Rd, London, japanner (1809). [D]

Pinner, Robert, Louth, Lincs., cm and u (1788–94). Advertised in May 1789 for two journeymen cm and a joiner, and similar advertisements also appeared in March 1790 and May 1791. His name appears in the Massingberd account bk for 9 April 1788 when he was paid £3 16s 6d for mattresses and children's stools. His bankruptcy was announced, Derby Mercury, 13 February 1794. [Lincoln, Rutland and Stamford Mercury, 8 May 1789, 12 March 1790, 13 May 1791; Lincoln RO, MM 9110]

Pinnock, John, Devizes, Wilts., cm, upholder, carver and gilder (1786). His trade card [Heal Coll., BM] is illustrated with engravings of a chair, an oval mirror and a serpentine-fronted chest of drawers. His bankruptcy was announced, Gents Mag., January 1786.

Pinnock, John, High St, Watford, Herts., cm and u (1838–39). [D]

Pinsent, Henry, 22 Guildford St, Russell Sq., London, carpenter and u (1820). [D]

Piotti, James, Hull, Yorks., carver, gilder and looking-glass maker (1806–23). At Queen St in 1806 and from 1814 the number is shown as 2. A directory of 1810, however gives an address at Myton Gate. Employed at Burton Constable, Yorks. as a carver. [D; C. Life, 17 June 1976, pp. 1622– 24]

Pipe, Edward, Loddon, Norfolk, turner and chairmaker (1839). [D]

Pipe, John, Bingay, Suffolk, cm (1824). [D]

Piper, Christopher, 26 High St, Marylebone, London, cm (1829). [D]

Piper, James, High St, Bewdley, Worcs., cm (1820). [D]

Piper, Philip, Hailsham, Sussex, cm (1839). [D]

Pippin, John, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (1836). Daughter bapt. in 1836. [PR (bapt.)]

Pirkin, Thomas, Liverpool, cm (1807). Married at St Ann's Church Miss Elizabeth Harrison. [Liverpool Chronicle, 4 November 1807] A Thomas Perkins was trading in Liverpool as a cm, 1821–29.

Pishot, John, 13 Upper Eaton Sq., Pimlico. London, carver and gilder (1808). [D]

Pistell, William, High St, Winchester, Hants., carver and gilder (1770). Advertised that he was from London. He claimed to be able to carve ‘in Wood or Stone all Sorts of Monuments, Tombs, Head-Stones and Chimney Pieces; and other Ornaments viz., Frames for Looking-Glasses, Pictures, Tables and Chairs; Brackets for Candlesticks, Girandoles etc. in the newest & most modern Taste’. [Reading Mercury, 9 July 1770]

Pistor, Thomas, ‘The Cabinet’, Ludgate Hill, London, joiner and cm (1694–d. by 1711). A member of the Joiners’ Co. and a signatory of a petition presented by that Company to the City of London in 1694. Insured property in Bell Ct, Moorfields on lease to various persons 1702–09. Dead by March 1711 when his stock in the Ludgate Hill premises was sold off. This consisted of ‘Three fine japan'd and walnut cabinetts, five walnut, one India scrutore, one wainscott Desk and Bookcase on Drawers, one japan'd Tortoiseshell and black plate case, and three fine Princewood strong Boxes India japan'd glass table … one japan'd chimney glass, some japan'd swing glasses’. A kingwood fall-front cabinet formerly in the collection of the Hon. Basil Ionides is inscribed in the interior ‘Mr. Thomas Pistor, Ludgate Hill, London’. [Furn. Hist, 1974; GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 2, refs 2995, 2995, 2996; Spectator, 21 March 1711; GCM]

Pitcher, Amos, Lime St, Axminster, Devon, cm (1830). [D]

Pitches, Thomas, London, carver and gilder (1800–35). At 112 Bishopsgate Without 1800–09, 208 Shoreditch 1811–25, 16 High St, Shoreditch 1829 and 10 Norton Folgate 1835. In 1820 and 1829 listed as looking-glass manufacturer. [D]

Pitchford, John, Shrewsbury, Salop, cm (1676). [Freemen rolls]

Pite, Thomas, parish of St Peter, Ipswich, Suffolk, cm (1820). Later parish of St Nicholas (?). Married on 19 September 1820. [Suffolk RO, FAA: 50/2/119]

Pitkins, Roger, Little Shear Lane, near Temple Bar, London, u (1702–19). Also owned another property in Little Shear Lane in 1702 and one in Bishopsgate Without in 1719. Both properties were leased out to others. [GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 2, ref. 2952; vol. 10, ref. 15881]

Pitman, Cuthbert, London, upholder (1728). Son of Robert Pitman, freemen and poulterer of London. Brother of Robert Pitman, upholder. Cuthbert Pitman was made free of the Upholders’ Co. by redemption 5 June 1728. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Pitman, John, Sherborne, Dorset, cm (1722). In 1722 took app. named Bonnall. [S of G, app. index]

Pitman, Robert, London, upholder (1705–14). Son of Robert Pitman, freeman and poulterer of London. Brother of Cuthbert Pitman. App. to Thomas Nicoll on 5 December 1705 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, March 1713/14. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Pitt, —, ‘The Venetian Curtain’, about the middle of London Bridge, facing the Chapel House, London, u (1747–49). [Heal] Possibly Cecil Pitt.

Pitt, Benjamin, Gloucester, cm (1821). Child bapt. at the Church of St Catherine. [PR (bapt.)]

Pitt, Cecil, London, u, appraiser and auctioneer (1754–95). It is possible that he was the Pitt who was trading as a u from an address on London Bridge, 1747–49. At ‘The Rising Sun & Fox’, five doors from the corner of New Broad St, Moorfields in 1754. A trade card from this period [Leverhulme Coll., MMA, NY] states that he bought and sold ‘all manner of Household Goods as Standing Beds & Bedding, Chests of Drawers, Desks & Book Cases, Buroe desks, Card, Dining, Breakfast & Dressing Tables (in Mahogany, Walnuttree or Wainscot) Chairs of all sorts, Sette, and Buroe Bedsteads, Sconces, Pair Chimney & dressing Glasses, with all manner of Upholstery Cabinet & Brasier Goods: new & Old’. The elaborate frame of this trade card is identical with that of Samuel Phene, who was trading in the same area of London at this period, and may suggest some degree of co-operation between the two makers. By the mid 1760s Pitt had changed his trade sign to that of ‘The Royal Tent’, and gave his address in Moorfields as ‘four doors from the corner of New Broad Street and almost facing Bedlam Walk’. When the streets were numbered this address became 10 Brookers Row, Moorfields and directories show him at this location, 1767–75. The number changed to 11 (1775–81), 13 (1782–88), 23 (1790– 91) and back to 13 (1792–95). From 1769 the business traded as Pitt & Chessey (late Rodwell). By the mid 1770s there was more than one member of the Pitt family involved and in 1775 the business was known as Pitt, Pitt & Chessey and in 1777 as Pitt, Chessey & Pitt. Cecil Pitt took apps between 1754–75. His trade card [Heal Coll., BM] giving ‘The Royal Tent’, Moorfields address, states that he dealt generally in household goods, new and secondhand, and made bed furniture and curtains.

Many members of this family were in the upholstery trade in London. A John Pitt, possibly his father, traded at ‘The Rising Sun’, Moorfields, 1714–26. Another John Pitt was at 25 New Broad St, 1781–84; and a James Pitt traded in the area, c.1760 and 1808–37; and a Pitt & Son, 1813–19. [D; Heal]

Pitt, Cobbett & Son, London(?), japanners (1833). At the Stud House, Hampton Court, Middlx, undertook the japanning of 43 washstands and dressing tables, painted a press in imitation of mahogany, and stained and varnished a large Gothic sideboard. Their bill, dated 30 June 1833, amounted to £25 16s 9d. [Windsor Royal Archives, account bk 1833, 41–P]

Pitt, Francis, Dudley St, Kidderminster, Worcs., cm and u (1835). [D]

Pitt, James, ‘The Easy Chair’, near Bethlem Walk, between New Broad St and Old Bethlem, no. 7 Old Moor Fields, London, cm and upholder (c.1760). Only known from his trade card [Banks Coll., BM] Appears to have been related to Cecil Pitt and other makers of the same surname in this area of London at this period.

Pitt, James, Moorfields, London, u and cm (1808–37). At 10 Brokers Row, Moorfields, 1808–15, and 25 New Broad St, 1820–37. A John Pitt occupied the New Broad St address 1781–84, and several other members of the family in the area were in the furniture industry. [D]

Pitt, James Thomas, Lower North Gate St, Gloucester, turner and chairmaker (1822–30). [D]

Pitt, John, ‘The Rising Sun’, Moorfields, London, u (1714–26). Possibly the father of Cecil Pitt, who was trading at the sign of ‘The Rising Sun & Fox’, Moorfields by 1754. Probably also related to James and John Pitt trading in the same area and in the same trade. [Heal]

Pitt, John, Slough, Bucks., wheelwright and chairmaker (d.1759). His trade label is recorded beneath the seat of a Windsor chair. The address can only be deciphered in part and reads ‘… LOU … DSO’. Parish records of Upton cum Chalvey (Slough) record his death on 13 January 1759. [Furn. Hist., 1978, 1979]

Pitt, John, 25 New Broad St, Moorfields, London, upholder (1781–84). [D] James Pitt traded from this address 1820–37. Probably related to Cecil Pitt.

Pitt, Paul, Slough, Bucks., chairmaker (1798). [D] See John Pitt of Slough.

Pitt, Richard, London, upholder, cm, undertaker, later carver and gilder (1778–1809). In 1778 at 5 Princes St, Coventry St, Leicester Fields where he was trading as an upholder, cm and undertaker. He was clearly operating a substantial business for in that year he took out insurance cover of £1,500 of which £1,050 was for utensils and stock. By January 1780 he was, however, bankrupt. Apart from the Princes St address the bankruptcy notice also added ‘late of St. Albans-St., Westminster’. By 1784 he had recommenced trading, but possibly lacking the capital to re-enter his old trade, he took up that of carver and gilder. He used the Princes St address in 1784, but then moved to 80 Berwick St where he insured goods for £200. At 20 Gerrard St, Soho, 1790–93, and was at 86 Wardour St, Soho in 1809. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 262, p. 525; vol. 342, ref. 530335; Sussex Weekly Advertiser, 31 January 1780]

Pitt, Richard, Haymarket, London, upholder (1782). [Bailey's list of bankrupts]

Pitt, Richard, London, Looking glass and picture frame maker (1820–29). At 3 Francis St, Brewer St in 1820 and 4 Saville Pl., Lambeth in 1829. [D]

Pitt, Robert, London, cm etc. (1808–28). At Green Walk, Blackfriars as a broker and cm in 1808, and 87 Broad Walk, Blackfriars Rd, 1827. [D]

Pitt, Samuel, Dudley Staffs., carver, gilder, u and bell hanger (1818–30). Trading at High St, 1818–28, and Hall St in 1820. [D]

Pitt, Saul, Dudley, Staffs., cm/u (1822). [D]

Pitt, Thomas, London, upholder and auctioneer (1772–94). Son of George Pitt of East Cheap, Cannon St, London. Free of the Upholders’ Co. by redemption, 5 May 1772. Living in Southwark, 1772–78, but by 1778–79 trading at 26 Addle St, Aldermanbury. By 1780 had moved to 26 Red Cross St, Cripplegate, an address at which he was to continue until at least 1794. [D; GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Pitt, Thomas, Egham, Surrey, chairmaker (1794). [D]

Pitt, William, 14 Webber St, Blackfriars Rd, New Cut, cm (1829–39). In 1829 listed as cm but in 1839 as furniture broker. [D]

Pitt & Son, 5 and 6 Broker's Row, Moorfields, London, u and undertaker (1813–19). A substantial enterprise with insurance cover of £1,800 in 1813–14 of which £1,600 was for stock at 6 and £200 for stock at 5 Broker's Row. A James Pitt, probably another member of the family traded at 10 Broker's Row, 1808–15. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 462, 7 April 1814, ref. 893056] See Cecil Pitt.

Pittaway, John, 47 Baldwins Gdns, London, cm and hardwareman (1803–08). In 1803 took out insurance cover of £900 of which £800 was for utensils and stock. The corresponding figures for 1808 are £1,000 and £600. [GL, Sun MS vol. 427, ref. 747440; vol. 446, ref. 816326]

Pitterd, Samuel, 63 Aldersgate St, London, carver (1775). In 1775 insured his house for £100. [GL, Sun MS vol. 238, p. 238]

Pitts, Carill, London, upholder (1746–54). Member of the Fishmongers’ Co. but by trade an upholder. Took as app. James Robinson, 1746–54. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Pitts, Ebenezer, Drapery, Northampton, carver and gilder (1830). [D]

Pitts, John, London, plate case maker and cm (1810–20). In 1810 at 5 Hunts Ct, Castle St where he took out insurance cover of £500 which included £200 for utensils and stock. By January 1820 at 3 Upper Castle St, Leicester Sq. Total insurance cover was now £1,600 but of this only £100 covered his workshop behind the dwelling house and £150 utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 453, ref. 850680; vol. 483, refs 962578, 96279]

Pitts, John, Cable St, Oldham Rd, Manchester, cm (1836). [D]

Pitts, Joseph, address unknown (1784). Supplied Sir John Griffin Griffin of Audley End, Essex with a ‘strong Iron Bound Wainst. Chest Lind with green Baise’ which was charged at £3 3s. [Essex RO, D/DBy/S42/4]

Pittway, John, London, cm (1803–39). At 47 Baldwins Gdns, 1803–11. In 1811 described as ‘mahogany & inlaid case maker’. In 1803 insurance cover was £900 of which £800 was for utensils and stock. The corresponding figures for 1808 are £1,000 and £600. No further references occur to this maker until 1839 when he was at 4 Kirby St, Hatton Gdn, as a cm and u. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 427, ref. 747440; vol. 446, ref. 816326]

Pivett, Christopher, York, carver and gilder (d.1796). Died on 8 August 1796 at the age of 93. Referred to as ‘the well known Mr. Christopher Pivett’ and the fact that his death was recorded in a Liverpool newspaper might suggest a more than local reputation, though whether this was for his workmanship or advanced age span is not known. [Billinge's Liverpool Advertiser, 22 August 1796]

Pixley, Samuel, 2 Upton Pl., Commercial Rd, Stepney, London, cm and u (1826–28). [D]

Pizzala, Joseph, 84 Leather Lane, Holborn, London, lookingglass manufacturer (1813–39). The directory entry for 1837 is M. Pizzala & Son. [D]

Pizzey, Thomas, London, cm, blind manufacturer and u (1822–40). At 4 Chapel St, Curtain St or Holywell Mkt, 1822–27, but by 1832 at 81 Old St Rd, an address that continued to be used until at least 1840. [D; Shoreditch archives, Rose Lipman Lib., MS 3545, p. 31; GL, Sun MS vol. 575, ref. 1339355]

Pizzie, Alexander, London, upholder and cm (1777–1811). Son of Caleb Pizzie of Albourne, Wilts., farmer. App. to Daniel Hutchinson of the Skinners’ Co., 1 April 1777 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 7 September 1785. At 13 Fenchurch St by July 1786 when he took out insurance cover of £1,000 of which half was for utensils and stock. At this address until 1802 and in that year moved to 2 Cullum St at which he was to continue until 1811. Included in the list of master cabinet makers in Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 339, p. 100; Upholders’ Co. records]

Pizzie, Thomas, 6 Bath St, Bath, Som., cm, undertaker and auctioneer (1826). [D]

Pizzotti, John, 36 Spear St, Manchester, carver and gilder (1834–40). [D]

Place, Mary, Bedale, Yorks., cm (1823). [D]

Plain, James, Redenhall, Norfolk, cm (1757). In 1757 took app. named Hinchley. [S of G, app. index]

Planner, John, London, u (1768–87). At 61 Bartholomew Close, 1768–1784; 11 Bedford St, Strand in 1784 and Castle St, 1787. Bankrupt 1787. [D; Bailey's list of bankrupts]

Plant, George, ‘The Crown & Cushion’ in Princes St, opposite the end of Gerrard St, Soho, London, upholder (d.1747). [Heal]

Plant, James, Chesterfield, Derbs., cm and joiner (1793–1822). Recorded at Playhouse Yd, 1818–22. [D]

Plant, James, Pitt St, Manchester, cm (1804). [D]

Plant, James, Templar St, Leeds, Yorks., cm (1822). [D]

Plant, John, 4 Briercliffe Buildings, Salford, Lancs., cm (1804– 17). [D]

Plant, Joseph, Liverpool, cm (1827–37). At Elizabeth Ct, Carlton St in 1827 and 2 Springfield St in 1837. [D]

Plant, Thomas, Mill St, Congleton, Cheshire, cm (1818–22). [D]

Plant, William, Baker St, Wolverhampton, Staffs., cm (1770). [D]

Planta, John, Fulneck, near Leeds, Yorks., cm (1764–c. 1825). John Planta, born in Jamaica on 16 November 1764, was received into the Moravian community at Fulneck in 1798, where he worked as a cm, the latest Directory entry being Baines, 1822, although it may allude to his son, another John (b. 1802) who was trained in the same trade. Planta specialized in making refined mahogany flax spinning-wheels, often enhanced with crossbanding and ivory fitments; a little drawer below the platform usually contains a printed label: ‘Made by JOHN PLANTA, | AT | FULNECK, near LEEDS’. (Fig. 14). Planta's wheels all conform to a distinctive pattern, although he produced utility, standard and de luxe versions, sometimes with extra attachments such as an articulated candle-arm, a cup for holding water or a turned stump to assist in making thread up into hanks. Planta's wheels incorporate an automatic bobbin traverse to ensure even winding, a sophisticated mechanism invented in 1793 by John Antes, a fellow Moravian from Fulneck. Planta received internal payments for various small articles such as bellows, embroidery frames, firescreens, tea-caddies, work-boxes, writing desks, etc., but his label has never been noted on such items. An elegant wheel made by Planta about 1801 for Mrs Rhodes of Armley House, Leeds is now at Temple Newsam; other labelled examples are preserved at the V&A; Cannon Hall, Yorks.; Heath Hall, Manchester and Colonial Williamsburg; over twenty models have been recorded. [Archives at the Church of the United Brethren and the Boys’ School, Fulneck; C. G. Gilbert, ‘John Planta of Fulneck’, Furn. Hist., 1970] C.G.G.

Plasket, John, Liverpool, cm (1823–37). At 10 Slater St with a shop at 9 Seel St, 1823–29, but from 1834–37 at 52 Duke St. [D]

Plasket, Robert, Newcastle, cm (d. 1801). Will proved on 3 December 1801. [Probate records]

Platt, Edmund, address unrecorded, carver and gilder (1775). Subscribed to Thomas Malton's Compleat Treatise on Perspective, 1775.

Platt, John, London, cabinet and chair maker, u (1749–70). In King St in 1749 but his trade card of c. 1760 gives the address as Bedford Ct, Covent Gdn. Probably the ‘Mr. Platts’ who in 1754 subscribed to Chippendale's Director. The furniture illustrated on his trade card is very much in the Chippendale tradition. Illustrated are a fine ribband back chair and an elaborate cabinet on stand in the Chinese style. The fine Rococo frame which surrounds the text also supports two Chinese figures. It is no surprise to find that the engravers of this card were Darly & Edwards. One copy of the card is in the Heal Coll., BM, and another amongst the Grimston Papers at the Humberside RO. He may thus have supplied furniture to Kilnwick House, Yorks. and it has been suggested that the Chinese bed at Sledmere might be his work. He was certainly supplying furniture to the 3rd Duke of Ancaster on an extensive scale from 1763. For the period 1763–65 payments amounted to £254 18s and in June 1770 the balance of a bill for £175 for furniture supplied to Richmond House was settled. In June 1771 £410 10s was paid for furniture supplied to the Duke for Grimsthorpe, Lincs, and for his London house in Berkeley Sq. between May 1768 and May 1770. Platt must have died c.1770, for a payment on 3 June 1771 was to his executors Thomas Hearnden and a Mr Middleton. A balance of £108 9s was settled in 1772. [Heal; Westminster poll bk; V&A archives; Lincoln RO, 2 ANC 6/8, pp. 152, 203, 249, 2 ANC 6/13–15]

Platt, Joseph, Leeds, Yorks., journeyman cm (1791). Included in the list of journeymen cm approving of the contents of the Leeds Cabinet and Chair Makers Book of Prices, 1791.

Platt, Joseph, Stockwellgate, Mansfield, Notts., cm and joiner (1822). [D]

Platt, Joseph, Priestpopple, Hexham, Northumb., joiner and cm (1827). [D]

Platt, Samuel, Hale, Lancs., cm (1831). In January 1831 the overseers of the poor of the parish of Hale advertised for the apprehension of Platt who had deserted his family and left three children chargeable to the parish. He was said to be about 30 years of age. [Liverpool Mercury, 21 January 1831]

Platt, Thomas, 9 Groves Ct, Bolton St, Liverpool, cm (1790). Son of Ralph Platt, shoemaker. Free 20 June 1790. [Freemen reg.]

Platt, Thomas, High St, Wisbech, Cambs., carver and gilder (1839). [D]

Platts, Luke, Chester Rd, Birkenhead, Cheshire, joiner and cm (1834–35). At 70 Chester Rd in 1834 but in 1835 the number was 72. [D]

Plaw, William, Kings Rd, Fulham, London, builder, carpenter and rustic chair maker (1839). [D]

Plaxton, William, Hog Lane, Covent Gdn, London, cm (1749). [Westminster poll bk]

Player, James, Gloucester, cm (1824). Child bapt. in 1824, parish of St John the Baptist. [PR (bapt.)]

Player, Samuel, 9 Artillery Lane, Bishopsgate, London, carver and gilder (1839). [D]

Player, Timothy, Woodmancote, Dursley, Glos., u (1820). [D]

Player, William, Gloucester, cm (1826). Child bapt. in 1826 at St Aldgate's Church. [PR (bapt.)]

Playford, Thomas, Walsingham, Norfolk, cm, chairmaker and joiner (1822–39). [D]

Playle, Richard, Fetter Lane, London, picture frame maker (1768). A freeman of the Merchant Taylors’ Co. Licenced in 1768 to employ a non-freeman for three months. [GL, City Licence bk, vol. 6]

Playsted, —, London, u (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Playstick, Thomas, Cutlers Hall, London, upholder (1781). Free of the Upholders’ Co. on 6 June 1781 under the terms of the 1750 Upholders’ Act. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Pleasant, Stephen, Easthope, Southwell, Notts., cm (1828). [D]

Pleasants, Robert, parish of St Peter Mancroft, Norwich, u (1675–1714). Son of Robert Pleasants snr, and free, 3 July 1675. [Freemen reg.; poll bks]

Pletts, James, St Mary's Chare, Hexham, Northumb., turner and bed post carver (1827). [D]

Plomer, Peter, Canterbury, Kent, cm (1731). [Freemen rolls]

Plowman, George Aram, High St, Wells, Norfolk, cm and joiner (1822–39). [D]

Plowman, Henry, Surrey St, Croydon, Surrey, cm and u (1839). [D]

Plowman, J., 181 High St, Shadwell, London, chair stuffer (1826). [D]

Plowman, M., 5 Gloucester Pl., Commercial Rd, London, cm (1814–20). [D]

Plucknett, John, 21 Mint St, Southwark, London, chair and sofa maker (1826). [D]

Pluckrose, Joseph, ‘The Rising Sun’, Fleet Ditch, St Brides, London, u (1714–32). Free of the Upholders’ Co., 9 February 1714. Took as app. James Burley, 1717–23. In February 1724 insured his goods and merchandise at the Fleet Ditch address, which was his dwelling house, for £1,000. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Sun MS vol. 19, ref. 34824; Heal]

Pluckrose, Robert, ‘The Sun and Half Moon’, Fleet Ditch, London, u (1718–20). Free of the Upholders’ Co., 3 September 1718. In 1720 a fire broke out at his warehouse and he tried to claim for the destruction caused. There was, however, a suspicion that he had caused the fire deliberately. He had insurance cover for £1,000 on the contents of the warehouse, but it was alleged their true value was only £300. He was summoned to appear before the Lord Mayor. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Weekly Journal, 4 and 11 June 1720]

Plukenett, Thomas, High Holborn, London, cm (1750–63). Regularly supplied furniture to the 4th Duke of Bedford for Bedford House, London, Woburn Abbey and the Duke's house at Streatham, London. The furniture appears to have been simple functional items which included wainscot dressing tables, matted chairs, mahogany card tables, chests of drawers and dressing glasses etc. The total cost for the period 1750–59 only amounted to about £300. [D; Bedford Office, London; Apollo, January 1956, p. 10]

Plumer, John, Butcher Row, Horsham, Sussex, u and auctioneer (1811–32). [D]

Plumer, Thomas, Horsham, Sussex, upholder (1753–86). In 1753 took app. named Thomas. In 1780 advertised for a further app. At this date Plumer was also trading as a tallow chandler and soap boiler. [D; S of G, app. index; Sussex Weekly Advertiser, 20 March 1780]

Plummer, George, Reading, Berks., upholder (1754). [Poll bk]

Plummer, Thomas, address unknown, cm (early 18th century). A cabinet with many drawers is recorded in a private collection with the inscription ‘Thomas Plummer me perfeci primo die Decembris 1704’. [V&A archives]

Plumpton, John, 48 Newington Causeway, London, writing desk and dressing case maker (1829). [D]

Plumridge, James, West Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (b. c. 1784–1841). Aged 57 at the date of the 1841 Census.

Plumridge, John, West Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (b. c. 1818–41). Aged 23 at the date of the 1841 Census.

Plumridge, William, West Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (b. c. 1819–41). Aged 22 at the date of the 1841 Census.

Plumtree, George, Hundleby, Lincs., cm and joiner (1835). [D]

Plunkett, Elizabeth, Steep Hill, Lincoln, working u (1826). [D]

Plunkett, Luke, Simpson St, Liverpool, cm (1816). Free 16 June 1816. Freemen rolls]

Plunkett, William, High Holborn, London, cm and broker (1745). On 6 March 1745 married widow Horne at the Church of St George, Bloomsbury. He was described as ‘wealthy’ and she as ‘a gentlewoman of great accomplishments and a very handsome fortune’. A Thomas Plukenett was trading as a cm in High Holborn, 1750–63, and may well have been related. [General Advertiser, 8 March 1745]

Pluriet, Clem, Bradford-on-Avon, Wilts., cm (1760). In 1760 took app. named Hunt. [S of G, app. index]

Plush, William, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Pluva, John, Queen St, Bath, Som., upholder (1784). [D]

Pochaine, John, Newcastle, barometer and thermometer, looking-glass and picture frame maker (1804). In July 1804 announced his move from the foot of Side to the west side of Dean St. [Newcastle Courant, 21 July 1804]

Pocock, A., address unknown, cm (1809–14). Payments to this maker totalling £105 3s were made in 1809, 1812 and 1814 by Nicholas Pearse of Loughton, Essex and London. [Essex RO, D/DHt A1/3, A1/4]

Pocock, John, Hungerford, Berks., cm (1745–59). Took apps named Hoare in 1743, Lynch in 1744 and Heath in 1759. [S of G, app. index]

Pocock, John Wright, 26 Southampton St, London, see William Pocock.

Pocock, L., Ottery St Mary, Devon, cm, chairmaker and auctioneer (1829). Took out a licence as an auctioneer, 10 February 1829. [Exeter Flying Post, 12 February 1829]

Pocock, Obadiah, London, cm and u (1808–27). At 43 Eagle St, Red Lion Sq. in 1808 and 80 Charlton St, Somers Town in 1827. [D]

Pocock, W., Leyton, London, cm (1824). Bankruptcy announced, Brighton Gazette, 9 December 1824.

Pocock, William, London, cm and u (b.1750–1825). Initially practised the trade of carpenter in London. He was made a member of the Carpenters’ Co. by redemption in 1782. By 1786 he was operating a flourishing building business in Essex and it was through this connection that he first became interested in the cabinetmaking trade. From 1801–25 he had showrooms at 26 Southampton St, Strand and the business is described in directories up to 1808 as a cabinet and upholstery warehouse. Later descriptions call the business a patent mattress warehouse. He was joined by his son John by 1809 and the business traded as Pocock & Son 1809–11, and Pocock & Co., 1819–20. Mis-management by the son appears to have contributed to the bankruptcy of the business in February 1825. Only John is cited in the bankruptcy proceedings, and his father may by this date have had no part in its management.
Pocock appears to have had an ingenious mind and the business acumen to satisfy the public interest in furniture displaying novelty or involved mechanical devices. This could be marketed as ‘patent furniture’ and Pocock did in fact take out a patent in 1805 for an extending dining table, and a number of these tables were sold under the title ‘Patent Sympathetic and Self-acting Dining Table’. An engraved brass plate with this description is known on a number of existing examples. The important feature of this table was the ease with which it could be expanded. If one side of the table was pulled towards one the other side automatically receded and a leaf rose from the centre to fill the space. A single person could without assistance effect the expansion or reduction of the table. Trade cards [Banks Coll., BM] show that he had an interest in extending tables from the commencement of the business, and that he also offered library tables with rising tops, to suit both a sitting and standing posture. An example of one of these is known with a label describing it as ‘Pocock's Patent Office or Library Table’. A two page advertisement listing an extensive range of such furniture has been located in the Foreign Office papers relating to Spain for 1814. [PRO, FO 185/50] Such patent furniture may have been thought suitable for military personnel posted to the Peninsular. His ‘Patent Sofa Beds … suitable either for Camp or Barracks or on Board a Ship’ were said to be ‘highly approved by distinguished Officers of the Army and Navy’. Pocock also made a particular feature of invalid furniture which included ‘The Patent Boethema or Rising Matress’ to aid persons to sit up in bed, ‘Go to Bed Chairs’ to assist infirm persons to get into and out of bed, ‘Cradle Beds’ which enabled bed linen to be changed without disturbing patients and even ‘Invalid Vibrating Pendulem Beds’ to give gentle exercise to the bedridden or lull them to sleep. Merlin's reading and gouty chairs were also featured. In February 1813 Pocock's ‘Reclining Patent Chair’ was illustrated in Ackermann's Repository of Arts. This item featured an adjustable back, a double footstool which could be extended into a couch, and an adjustable reading desk bedecked with carved classical ornament in the antique taste. ‘Treble Reflecting Looking Glasses’ were another of the lines that he offered.
In addition to these patent items William Pocock offered ‘every article of Cabinet or Upholstery Furniture, from the plain and useful to the most costly and magnificent’. The only recorded patron of Pocock was the 2nd Earl of Rosslyn who in connection with his London house in St James's Sq. settled an account for £33 in 1809. There can be little doubt that the trade was of an extensive nature however. In February 1823 William Pocock took out insurance cover for £3,000, jointly with his son John. [D; Joy, English Furniture 1800–51, pp. 206–10; GL, Sun MS vol. 498, ref. 1001603; Brighton Gazette, 24 February 1825; Scottish RO, GD 164/Box 41/ 291/1; Conn., April 1970, p. 68; September 1978, p. 31; Phillips’, 15 September 1964, lot 17, 15 June 1971, lot 71; Sotheby's, 19 August 1974, lot 84] B.A.

Pocock, William, 2 Ship St, Brighton, Sussex, cm and u (1814– 40). A son and two daughters bapt. at St Nicholas Church, 1814–22. [D; PR (bapt.)]

Podmore, George, Eastgate St, Chester, u and cm (1824–34). Free 16 October 1824. In March 1833 advertised that he was selling off the entire stock of Podmore & Morris ‘at prime cost’ from the shop at Hotel Row, Eastgate St from which they had traded before the business ceased. He had on offer ‘Cabinet Furniture of every description, looking glasses, carpets, druggets, hearth rugs etc’. His involvement in the sale of this trade stock suggests that he was related to William Podmore, one of the partners in Podmore & Morris. [D; freemen rolls; Chester Courant, 26 March 1833]

Podmore, James, Bridge St Row, Chester, cm and u (1831–40). Free on 20 April 1831. At Bridge St Row in 1840. [D; freemen rolls]

Podmore, Joseph, Chester, carver and gilder (1827–40). In August 1827 married Miss Mary Gough of Chester. At St Werburgh St in 1828 but in Watergate Row, 1834–40. [D; Chester Chronicle, 24 August 1827, 1 May 1840]

Podmore, William, Eastgate St, Chester, u and cm (b.1779–d.1832). Free on 9 December 1809. Claimed to have been employed by Joseph Powell for twenty years in his business in Eastgate St, Chester and to have been for eight years his ‘foreman and prime superintendent’. No Joseph Powell has been traced, but a John Powell was active as an u in Eastgate St at this period, and the incorrect Christian name may have been used. When Powell, his employer, ceased trading in 1815 he set up on his own as a working u and subsequently took three apps: John Simcock in 1820, Samuel Dale in 1827 and Edward Maddocks in 1830. In 1818 he was trading from an address in Eastgate St where in that year he was described as an u but by 1822 the business was an u and cabinet warehouse. His wife Ann died on 21 January 1827 aged 44 leaving a large family, and on 12 April of the same year his youngest daughter Elizabeth also died, aged 12. By this year, however, the business was in a phase of expansion. William Podmore had entered into a partnership with Edward Frodsham Powell and Thomas Powell and they were trading under the style Podmore & Powells. This business was sufficiently respected to be one of the places inspected by the 9th Duke and Duchess of St Albans when they visited the city. Chester Courant, 2 October 1829 reported the visit, stating that they inspected in the premises ‘a magnificent sideboard exquisitely carved and manufactured’ which was being produced to an order from Mr Leche of Carden. This item so impressed the Duke, who had married in 1827, that he placed an order for a similar item promising to forward the dimensions of the recess that it was intended to fit, and a drawing of the family arms to be carved in the centre. Only a month later the partners were advertising for a carver for the business. This enterprise did not endure for long, however, and on 26 June 1829 it was announced that the partnership was dissolved and in September of the same year a sale of the stock was advertised. Powell immediately set up another partnership with a man named Morris, trading as Podmore & Morris from the same address at Hotel Row, Eastgate St. By 21 August 1829 they were advertising their services which included ‘Modern and Antique CARVING and GILDING to any pattern by the best workmen in each branch and men sent to any part of the country.’ A further partner, George Podmore, possibly William's son was taken into partnership in 1832 and the firm then styled itself as Podmore, Morris & Podmore. They also announced their intention of adding auctioneering and appraising to their activities. On 23 June 1832 William Podmore died after a short illness, aged 53. [D; freemen rolls; app. bks; Chester Chronicle, 2 June 1815, 27 April 1827, 1 May 1829, 26 June 1829, 28 August 1829, 28 September 1829; Chester Courant, 23 January 1827, 2 October 1827, 26 June 1832; Liverpool Mercury, 9 November 1827]

Poile, Samuel, Upper George St, Greenwich, London, carver and gilder (1838–39). [D]

Point, John, Stoke's Croft, Bristol, cm (1793–99). [D]

Pointer, William, Leeds, Yorks., journeyman cm (1791–93). Included in the list of journeyman cm assenting to piece rates laid down in the Leeds Cabinet and Chair Makers Book of Prices, 1791. In 1793 subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book.

Pointon, William, High St, Shifnal, Salop, cm (1840). [D]

Polding, Henry, London, u and cm (1820–25). At 33 Albemarle St, Piccadilly, 1820–23, but in 1825 shown in one directory at 28. Another directory of 1825 lists the address as 26 Duke St, Grosvenor Sq. [D]

Polhill, Edward, 7 Watling St, London, upholder (1756–78). Son of John Polhill of Lydd, Kent, riding officer. App. to David Langton on 27 February 1747 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 3 June 1756. At Watling St, 1763–78. Succeeded at this address by Lucy Polhill, possibly his widow. [D; GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Polhill, John, Ashford, Kent, upholder (1734). Freeman of Maidstone. [Maidstone poll bk]

Polhill, Lucy, 7 Watling St, London, upholder (1781–83). Successor to Edward Polhill at this address and possibly his widow. [D]

Poll, J. C., Town Green, Wymondham, Norfolk, cm (1839). [D]

Pollard, Austen, Smithy-stale, Halifax, Yorks., cm (1818). [D]

Pollard, Esther & Son, 20 George St, Halifax, Yorks., cm (1837). [D]

Pollard, J. A., London, chair and sofa manufacturer (1817–25). At 36 Castle St East, Oxford Mkt, 1817–19, and 25 Upper Marylebone St, 1825. [D]

Pollard, James, King St, Golden Sq., London, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Pollard, James, 3 Howland St, Fitzroy Sq., London, cm, u and chair maker (1825–29). Possibly the J. A. Pollard, chair and sofa maker recorded in Castle St and Upper Marylebone St, 1817–25. [D]

Pollard, James, Chapel Rd, Southampton, Hants., cm (1839). [D]

Pollard, John, parish of St James, Bristol (1774–84). [Poll bks]

Pollard, John, Skeldergate, York, joiner, cm, u and shopkeeper (1823). [D]

Pollard, John, Halifax, Yorks., cm (1818–30). At Silver St, 1818–29, but in 1830 at 2 George St. [D]

Pollard, John, Prospect Pl., Exeter, Devon, cm (1823). Daughter Frances bapt. at St Mary Major, 18 September 1823. [PR (bapt.)]

Pollard, Samuel, Debenham, Suffolk, cm, wood turner and builder (1830). [D]

Pollard, William, 55 Hotwell, Bristol, cm and u (1820–25). [D]

Pollard, William, Oxenhope, near Keighley, Yorks., cm (1822). [D]

Pollard, William, 2 Black Swan Passage, Halifax, Yorks., cm and u (1830). [D]

Pollard, Zaccheus, parish of St Mary, Stamford, Lincs., joiner and cm (1832). [Poll bk]

Pollexfen, James, London, upholder (1707). Free of the Upholders’ Co., 2 July 1707. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Polly, Richard, Lancaster, cm (1814–16). Named in the Gillow records in connection with a bookcase. [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow vol. 344/100, p. 2023]

Polti, Jno., 31 Central Mkt, Leeds, Yorks., carver, gilder and barometer etc. maker (1828). [D]

Polti, Joseph, Kirkgate, Leeds, Yorks., looking-glass and barometer maker (1822–34). At 7 Kirkgate in 1822 but from 1830–34 the number was 72, when he is listed as carver and gilder. [D; Goodison, Barometers]

Polti, L., Bristol, picture frame and looking-glass manufacturer (1826–30). At 16 Broad St, 1826–27 and St John's Steps, 1828–30. Bankruptcy announced, Exeter Flying Post, 11 March 1830. [D]

Pomeroy, George, Exeter, Devon, carver and gilder (1823–39). At Stepcote Hill in 1823, Pancras Lane in 1827 and Goldsmith St in 1829. A son and two daughters bapt., 1823– 29. [PR (bapt.)]

Pomeroy, John, parish of St Sidwell, Exeter, Devon, cm (1821– 28). Three sons bapt., 1821–28. [PR (bapt.)]

Poncia, John, 13 St Catherine's Sq., London, picture and looking-glass frame maker (1820). [D]

Pond, Samuel, Colchester and Chelmsford, Essex, u (1820–31). Recorded in the Colchester poll bks in 1820 and 1830–31 and in the Malden poll bk in 1826. Living in Colchester 1820 but in Chelmsford, 1826–31. [Poll bks]

Pond, Uriah, South St, Wincanton, Som., cm and u (1830). [D]

Ponder, Charles, Blackheath Hill, London, cm (1826). [D]

Ponett, William, St Paul and Bradninch, Exeter, Devon, cm (1803). [Militia Census]

Ponking, Francis, Fish St, Wallingford, Oxon., cm and u (1830–40). [D]

Ponsford, William, Exeter, Devon, cm (1816–24). At Fore St Hill, 1816–20 during which period three sons were bapt. at St John's Church. In January 1824 at North St when a further son was bapt. at St Paul's Church. [PR (bapt.)]

Ponsonby, Thomas, London, carver, gilder and glass grinder (1794–1840). Recorded by Heal at 33 Poultney St, Golden Sq. in 1794. At 17 Piccadilly from 1802–19, and then moved to Regent St where the number was 1 from 1820–27 and no. 32 from 1827. From 1806 advertised himself as an English and French plate glass warehouse and in 1825 as ‘British plate glass warehouse and carver & gilder to His Majesty, and T.R.H. the Duchess of Gloucester, Princess Augusta & Princess Sophia of Gloucester’. By 1835 the business was trading as T. Ponsonby & Son. The firm used labels to identify some of their manufactures, and items noted include a pier glass in a Queen Anne style, and a small gilt octagonal top table with a painted top, c.1800, which was at Syon House, Brentford.
Their claims to royal patronage are amply documented. In 1807 a chimney glass was supplied for ‘Her Majesty's Chinese Drawing Room at Frogmore’ which had an enriched gilt frame and cost £170 5s. From 1838 considerable work was undertaken at Buckingham Palace, which included composition mouldings and tablets to picture frames, many new large gilt picture frames, console pier tables and other work. In total the sums were substantial and in December 1839 an account for £1,492 7s 1½d was submitted. Other patrons included Chandos Leigh Esq. who bought frames in 1815–16, costing £29 12s and the 3rd Marquess of Londonderry who used his services in 1820 in connection with the furnishing of Wynyard Hall, Co. Durham. [D; V&A 50–G–6 (1929); Windsor Royal Archives, 25249; Account bk, 1833–41, Box I, item 2; PRO, LC11/100–01, 110; Shakespeare Birthplace Trust, Leigh receipts, DR 18/5; Durham RO, D/LO/E 484]

Pont, Charles & Son, High St, Canterbury, Kent, cm and broker (1824). [D]

Pont, John, 6 High St, Canterbury, Kent, cm and u (1838). [D]

Pontin, Daniel, Devizes, Wilts., cm and u (1822–30). Recorded at Leg of Mutton St in 1822 and Sidmouth St in 1830. [D]

Ponzini, James, 74 Leather Lane, Holborn, London, carver, gilder and looking-glass manufacturer (1839). [D]

Ponzini, John, Leather Lane, Holborn, London, looking-glass manufacturer (1835–39). At 73 Leather Lane in 1835 but the number was 74 from 1837. [D]

Pool, N., Lancaster (1840). [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow records]

Pool, Richard, Norwich, chairmaker (1755). On 3 May 1755 his son Richard was declared free on servitude to his father. [Freemen reg.]

Pool, Robert, Haswell Lane, Louth, Lincs., cm/joiner (1822). [D]

Pool, Thomas, Southgate, Market Weighton, Yorks., cm (1830). [D]

Pool, William, Friar Gate and St Mary's Gate, Derby, cm and u (1835). [D]

Pool & Boswell, Brewer St, North Goswell Rd, London, chair and sofa manufacturer (1835). [D]

Poole, George, 6 Charlotte St, St Paul's Bristol, cm (1818). [D]

Poole, George, North St, Leighton Buzzard, Beds., cm and u (1839). [D]

Poole, Henry, 182 High St, Hoxton, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Poole, Hugh, 10 Birdcage Walk, Hackney Rd, London, looking-glass manufacturer (1826–39). In 1826–28 the address is given as 10 London St, but this is probably a case of the renaming of a road. In 1839 the business was trading as Poole & Son. [D]

Poole, Jacob, London, carver (1760–66). At Beech Lane in 1760 and Barbican, 1765–66. Freeman of the Joiners’ Co. Took out licences to employ two or three non-freemen for periods extending to three months in 1760 and 1765–66. [GL, City Licence bks, vols 2, 4 and 5]

Poole, James, How End, Kirbymoorside, Yorks., cm and joiner (1830–34). In 1834 his son was also active in the business. [D]

Poole, James, Gloucester, carver and gilder (1830–39). Listed at College St in 1830 and College Green in 1839. [D]

Poole, Jeremiah, London, upholder (1715). On 17 August 1715 he took as app. Charles Collins, son of John Collins of London, yeoman. [V&A archives]

Poole, John, Little Poultney St, London, upholder (1774). [Westminster poll bk]

Poole, John, near Crown Ct, Chapel St, Soho, London, carver (1778). In 1778 insured a house at 18 Pitt St for £400. [GL, Sun MS vol. 265, p. 190]

Poole, John, Harp Lane, Ludlow, Salop, cm and u (1835). [D]

Poole, Richard, Bromsgrove, Worcs., cm (1793). [D]

Poole, Robert, 3a Cooper St, Manchester, cm and u (1840). [D]

Poole, Thomas, Hoxton, London, cm and u (1826–39). In 1826 at 3 Hoxton Market as a cm, but from 1835–39 at 4 James Pl., Hoxton, as a cm and u. [D]

Poole, Thomas, Broseley, Salop, cm (1835–36). [D]

Poole, William, Liverpool, carver and gilder (1834). Married in May 1834 Miss Mary Lancaster at St Nicholas's Church. [Liverpool Mercury, 16 May 1834]

Poole & Jeffs, Nottingham, carvers (1834). Dissolution of partnership announced, Chester Courant, 13 May 1834.

Pooley, John, parish of St Julian, Norwich, cm (1830). [Poll bk]

Poolman, James, Market Pl., Frome, Som., cm and u (1839–40). [D]

Poor, W., St James Sq., Newport, Isle of Wight, Hants., cm and u (1839). [D]

Poore, John, Upper St James St, Newport, Isle of Wight, Hants., cm and u (1823). [D]

Pope, Benjamin, 4 Cross Land, Long Acre, London, u (1839). [D]

Pope, Henry, King's Lynn, Norfolk, u (1667–75). His son Henry who was his app. was declared free, 1674–75. He also took as app. Thomas Donne who was free by servitude, 1667–68. [Freemen rolls]

Pope, Henry, 44 Tidy St, Brighton, Sussex, cm and u (1839–40). [D]

Pope, J., 9 Gt Blond St, Gt Dover Rd, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Pope, John, Maidstone, Kent, upholder (1734–61). In 1735 took app. named Calverley and in 1752, Bartram. [Poll bks; S of G, app. index]

Pope, John, Bristol, cm (1778). Bankruptcy announced, Sussex Weekly Advertiser, 28 December 1778.

Pope, John, Blandford, Dorset, cm (1784). Freeman of Bristol. [Bristol poll bk]

Pope, John, Charlotte St, Gt Yarmouth, Norfolk, cm, chairmaker and u (1822–36). In 1832 recorded as John Pope jnr. Bankruptcy announced, London Gazette, 23 February 1830. [D; poll bk]

Pope, John, Waterloo Rd, London, writing desk manufacturer (1835). [D]

Pope, Joseph, 26 Dean St, Soho, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Pope, Joshua, Bristol, cm (1781). [Poll bk]

Pope, Samuel, Liverpool, cm (1840). App. to John O'Neill and free by servitude, 27 July 1840. [Freemen reg.]

Pope, Thomas, Norwich, upholder (1761). Re-admitted a freeman of Norwich on 25 August 1761. [Freemen reg.]

Pope & Maclellan, ‘The Pope's Head’, corner of Harvey Ct, near Half Moon St, Strand, London, upholstery and paper hanging warehouse (c.1760). His trade card survives [Heal Coll., BM] advertising a ‘Great Variety of Paper Hangings and Painted Floor Cloths by the Makers’. The Craftsman of 1734 contains an advertisement for Samuel Pope's ‘Patent Marbled Papers’. In 1767 Half Moon St became part of Bedford St. [Heal]

Poppleton, Thomas, Low Skellgate, Ripon, Yorks., joiner/cm (1834–37). [D]

Poppleton, William, Skellgate, Ripon, Yorks., cm (1822–37). [D]

Poquet, —, London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Porrett, Thomas, Whitehart St, Aylsham, Norfolk, cm and u (1822–30). [D]

Porri, Vecchio & Co., 17 Gt Queen St, Lincoln's Inn Fields, London, carvers, gilders and picture frame makers (1802). Their trade card survives. [D: Banks Coll., BM]

Portal, Gilharm, London, upholder(?) (1693–94). Supplied in 1693–94 large quantities of crimson and blue(?) and gold Genoa silk, also purple and gold Lucca silk for fifteen beds at Hampton Court at a cost of £324 6s 6d. [PRO, LC9/ 128/4]

Portbury, Edward, parish of Heavitree, Exeter, Devon, cm (1832). [Poll bk]

Portch, Ambrose, 1 All Saint's St, Bristol, carver and gilder (1816–18). In 1817–18 the business is listed as Portch & Davis. In 1818 they had additional premises at 27 College Green and 1817–18 made also swing-glasses. [D]

Porteous, George, 49 Lime St, Liverpool, carver and gilder (1835). Formerly in partnership with Henry Porteous to 1834. [D]

Porteous, George M. & Henry J., Liverpool, carvers and cm (1829–34). At 60 Gloucester St with a shop at 1 School Lane in 1829. The partnership was dissolved in October 1834. Despite this, one directory still lists Henry & George Porteous at 39 Lime St in 1837 and it is possible that they had once again arranged to conduct their business in partnership. [D; Chester Courant, 14 October 1834]

Porteous, Henry, Liverpool, cm, carver and gilder (1835–39). In partnership with George Porteous to 1834, and in the following year trading on his own behalf at 37 Richmond Row. In 1839 at 68 Lime St. [D]

Porter, Alfred, London, cm and chairmaker (1826–29). In 1826 at Westminster Rd as a chair and sofa maker and in 1829 at 3 Hatfield Pl., Lambeth as a cm. [D]

Porter, Algernon, St Mary Arches’ St, Exeter, Devon, cm (1838). Daughter bapt. at St Olave's Church, 13 October 1838. [PR (bapt.)]

Porter, Mrs Ann, Exeter, Devon, u (1830–33). Widow of Samuel Porter who died in 1830. In that year she moved from St Martin's Lane to more convenient premises in Castle St. [D; Exeter Flying Post, 25 November 1830, 26 July 1832]

Porter, Arnold, Leicester, cm (1801). In 1801 bought his freedom as a ‘stranger’. Took as app. Joseph Rouse. [Freemen rolls]

Porter, David John, Manchester, chairmaker and broker (1832–39). At 3 Shepley St in 1832 as a chairmaker but from 1836–39 at 20 London Rd. as a furniture broker. [D]

Porter, Edward, Leicester, cm (1832). Free 1832. 4th son of Arnold Porter. [Freemen rolls]

Porter, James, 3 Little St, St Thomas the Apostle, London, upholder (1786–99). Son of Adam Porter of Trowbridge, Wilts. App. to William Cope on 2 April 1761 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 4 October 1786. Took as app. Henry Dobson, 1790–99. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Porter, James, London, cm and u (1825–39). At 19 Stephens St, Tottenham Ct Rd as an u in 1825; and High St, Camden Town, 1838–39, as a cm and u, no. 166 High St in 1839. [D]

Porter, John, Manchester, cm (1803–25). At 56 Tib St, 1804–06 and 3 Oldham Rd, 1825. Probably the John Porter who subscribed in 1803 to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary. [D]

Porter, John, High St, Honiton, Devon, cm (1823–38). [D]

Porter, John, London, cm and u (1827–39). At 25 Welbeck St, Cavendish Sq., 1827–29 and 5 Bartholomew Pl., Hertford Rd in 1839. In 1829 the business was described as Porter & Co. invalid chair etc., maker. [D]

Porter, John, Leicester, cm (1827–40). In 1827 at Townhall Lane, and in 1828 at Market Pl. From 1835–39, in High St, where he described himself as an u, cm and paper hanger. [D]

Porter, John Barrick, Cambridge, cm (1834–37). At East Rd, 1834–35 and Eden Terr. in 1837. [Poll bks]

Porter, John, 82 Upper Thames St and Dowgate Dock, London, iron bedstead maker (1839). [D]

Porter, John, Sheridan St, Nottingham, chairmaker (1840). [D]

Porter, Joseph, Chester and Liverpool, u (1747). App. to Griffith Briggins of Chester and free, 14 July 1747. Very shortly afterwards he moved to Liverpool. [Freemen rolls; Chester poll bk]

Porter, Joseph, Brunswick St, Macclesfield, Cheshire, u (1828). [D]

Porter, Lewis, Congleton, Cheshire, cm (1822–34). At Swan Bank from 1822–28 and High St, 1834. [D]

Porter, Samuel, Exeter, Devon, u (b.1789–d.1830). In August 1815 when he married Ann Way at St Mary Major he was foreman in the upholstery branch of Carter & Son. In April 1817, however, he set up his own business from his home in Friernhay St as a working u and stated that ‘Paper hangings, Prints, Fringes and other Materials required in furnishing he will shortly be enabled to offer on most reasonable terms by Agency, from the best London Manufacturers’. By 1823 he was trading from 206 High St and in addition to his work as an u he acted as a house and property agent and auctioneer. In April 1828 his bankruptcy was announced and he moved to Martins Lane where he died in 1830 aged 41. His widow Ann continued the business from premises in Castle St. [D; Exeter Flying Post, 16 November 1826, 6 August 1829; The Alfred, 11 October 1825; 22 April 1828]

Porter, Sarah, High St, St Mary's, Lincoln, cm and u (1828). [D]

Porter, Thomas, London, upholder and cm (1749–68). Son of Thomas Porter of St James, Clerkenwell, Gent. App. to Daniel Woodroffe on 2 January 1739 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 23 May 1749. His trade card [Heal Coll., BM and Landauer Coll., MMA, NY] gives an address at ‘The King's Arms’, New Round Ct, Strand, and states that he appraised goods and performed funerals. The style of the chair and pole screen illustrated and the general Rococo character of the frame would suggest that the card probably dates from the 1750s or 60s. It also bears an engraving of the Royal coat of arms, but the significance of this is unclear. From the Strand address he appears to have moved to a property at St Alban's St, Pall Mall, a house held on a Crown lease of fifty years at a rental of £2.50 per annum. In 1768 he announced his intention to quit ‘Shop-keeping’ and his stock was auctioned by James Christie. Apart from the usual cabinet and upholstery lines it also included ‘Useful and Ornamental China, Fire Arma, Plated, Japanned and Pontepool Goods, Marble, Stone and Plaster Busts and Vases, an Eight-day Chime-Clock, a table ditto and Variety of Cutlery and other Articles’. The catalogue lists papier mâché items, ‘India dressing boxes’, Nankeen ’basons’, shagreened knife cases and tortoiseshell items. Porter's new address was given as the corner of Charles St, near Parliament St, Westminster. The only known patron of Thomas Porter is the 4th Duke of Bedford who, between February 1761 and the following year, purchased a number of modest items of furniture which included ‘slatt back chairs with matt seats’, a wainscot desk and bookcase and a walnut chair. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Christie's, 14 December 1768; Bedford Office, London]

Porter, Thomas, 7 Beavoir Pl., Kingsland Rd, London, chair and sofa maker (1835–39). [D]

Porter, William, High St, Lincoln, cm and u (1790–1826). [D; poll bks]

Porter, William, 69 Thomas St, Manchester, cm (1825). [D]

Porter, William, London, carver and gilder (1832–35). At Redcross St, Lambeth from 1832–34 and 9 Brokers Row, Southwark in 1835. [D]

Porter, William, Bear St, Exeter, Devon, cm and u (1838–40). [D]

Porter & Radford, Claverton St, Bath, Som., japaners and ornamental painters (1793). [D]

Porters, Thomas, Newington Rd, Dalston, London, chairmaker (1826). [D]

Portovine, John, Nantwich, Cheshire, chairmaker (1803–04). Son John bapt. on 9 July 1803 but died in the April following. [PR (bapt. and burial)]

Portti, James, 2 Queen St, Hull, Yorks., carver and gilder (1818). [D]

Portus, John, Blandford, Dorset, carver (1774). Freeman of Bristol. [Bristol poll bk]

Post, Walter, 14 Clare St, Bristol, carver, gilder and manufacturer of lustres (1809–15). Declared bankrupt May 1810. Also at St James's Pl. in 1810 and Lawrence Hill, 1814–15. [D; Exeter Flying Post, 31 May 1810]

Postan, Paul, London, cm and auctioneer (1773–92). In 1773 at 17 Aldersgate St as a u, but in March 1776 declared bankrupt, Gents Mag. His address at this date was Bluecoat Buildings, near Christ's Hospital and his trade was listed as cm. In 1792 at 142 Aldersgate St as an auctioneer. [D]

Postell, Andrew, Hull, Yorks., bedstead maker (1803–23). At Little Passage St, Nile St in 1803, 1 Providence St, 1806–10, and Little Passage St again, 1817–23. [D]

Postlethwaite, Isaac, High Hill, Keswick, Cumb., joiner/cm (1828–34). [D]

Postlethwaite, Thomas, Keswick, Cumb., cm/joiner and cartwright (1834). [D]

Postlethwaite, William, Wigan Lane, Lancs., cm (1825). [D]

Postlethwaite, William, Dalton, Westmld, cm (1829). [D]

Postlewhate, William, Whitehaven, Cumb., cm (1753). In 1753 took app. named Johnson. [S of G, app. index]

Potbury, George, Sidmouth, Devon, u (1812–14). In October 1814 were advertised for sale ‘five extremely beautiful china jars of very large dimensions which belonged to the Nabob of Arcot’. Interested persons were asked to enquire of George Potbury. [Exeter Flying Post, 21 May 1812, 27 October 1814]

Potbury, Gregory, Sidmouth, Devon, cm (1807–22). In June 1807 advertised for two or three workmen who were promised ‘constant employment’. Bankruptcy announced in January 1822, but still listed in an 1823 directory. [D; Exeter Flying Post, 18 June 1807, 10 January 1822]

Potbury, Gregory, 8 Hereford St, Lisson Grove, London, u (1839). [D]

Pott, Samuel, Buxton, Derbs., cm (1793). [D]

Pott, William, Sandwich, Kent, cm etc. (1784–1807). A partnership listed as Pott & Denne were trading in the town, 1823–29. [D]

Pott & Denne, Market Pl., Sandwich, Kent, cm and u (1823– 29). A William Pott was trading as a cm in the town, 1794– 1807. [D]

Pottage, Thomas, Northgate, Market Weighton, Yorks., cm (1840). [D]

Pottenger, John, Coombe St, Exeter, Devon, cm (1823). Daughter bapt. on 9 February 1823. [PR (bapt.)]

Potter, —, High Holborn, London, cm (1737). [Heal]

Potter, David, Dayson Lane, Derby, chairmaker and turner (1818–35). Addresses given at Friar Lane, 1818–22; Dayson Lane, 1828–29; and Curzon St, 1829–35. [D]

Potter, David J., 22 Old Inkleys, Birmingham, bedstead and fancy chairmaker and carpenter (1830). [D]

Potter, David John, Manchester, chairmaker (1832–40). Listed at 3 Shepley St, 1832–33; 20 London Rd, 1836–38; and 2 Britain St, Granby Row, 1840. [D]

Potter, Edward, Friar Gate, Derby, chairmaker and turner (1823–29). [D]

Potter, G. A., 10 Bakers Row, Walworth, London, u (1829). [D]

Potter, George, Market Pl., Kirkbymoorside, Yorks., joiner and cm (1823–40). [D]

Potter, Henry, London, cm and u (1826–35). At 11 Bridge St, Southwark, 1826–27 and 2 Hampton St, Walworth in 1835. [D]

Potter, James, London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Potter, John, Liverpool, u and auctioneer (1773–d.1791). There were possibly two craftsmen of the same name in Liverpool in this period. A John Potter was declared free on 3 November 1774 by servitude to William Roberts. It is unlikely that he can be identified with the John Potter who in February 1773 declared that he had taken over the business of his former master the late Edward Roberts. This John Potter apart from his service to Roberts also claimed to have been employed ‘in London for some Time, & had the pleasure to work in the most Capital Shops’. On 4 November 1774 his marriage to Miss Eaton was announced, and he is shown trading from 170 Dale St, 1774–77. He was probably related to Thomas Potter and in June 1782 announced the sale of the stock in trade of the late Thomas Potter and his partner George Cleator. John Potter may well have been the partner of a man named Irving trading from 5 Paradise St in 1790 as Potter & Irving. The death of John Potter was announced on 30 May 1791. [D; freemen reg.; Williamson's Liverpool Advertiser, 19 February 1773, 4 November 1774, 17 November 1775, 3 January 1782, 30 May 1791]

Potter, John, Chesham, Bucks., cm (1793). [D]

Potter, Joseph, Barton St, Tewkesbury, Glos., cm, u and chairmaker (1830–39). [D]

Potter, Joseph, High St, Croydon, Surrey, cm and u (1832). [D]

Potter, Richard, ‘The Hen & Chickens’, Aldersgate St, London, cane chairmaker (1725). On 28 February 1725 took out insurance cover of £500 of which £150 was for stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 22, p. 122]

Potter, Richard, Godalming, Surrey, u (1838). [D]

Potter, Robert, London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Potter, Samuel, Parliament St, Nottingham, cm (1835). [D]

Potter, Stephen, ‘The Looking-Glass’, Jewin St, Aldersgate St, London, carver, gilder and looking-glass maker (c.1760). His trade card [Banks Coll., BM] states that he made lookingglasses, pier glasses, sconces and dressing glasses.

Potter, Thomas, address unknown, cm (1735–38). On 10 May 1735 he was paid £19 by Sir Justinian Isham for a communion table for Lamport Church, Northants. Amongst the Stourhead, Wilts. bills is one dated 1738 receipted by Kelsey & Potter which was a partnership of this maker with a John Kelsey. [V&A archives]

Potter, Thomas, Liverpool, cm (1761–81). In 1761 petitioned for his freedom. He had served five years as an app. under Thomas Gerrard and had subsequently served Josiah Baxendale. In 1774–81 at 35 Union St, but also shown in partnership with George Cleator at Pool Lane, 1766–81. Thomas Potter probably died in 1781 and on 3 January 1782 the sale of the stock of the business was announced as George Cleator was retiring from the business and leaving Liverpool. Their stock consisted of ‘mahogany chairs, tables, desks, chests of drawers, bedsteads, a very good mahogany wardrobe, looking-glasses etc.’. Materials also sold off included ‘about seven hundred feet of mahogany in boards & plank & a quantity of very fine veneers; together with some walnut, oak, deal etc.’. At the date of Potter's death the business was trading from 47 Lord St. The business of Potter & Cleator is listed in a directory at this address as late as 1784. [D; freemen's committee bk; Williamson's Liverpool Advertiser, 3 January 1782, 10 January 1782]

Potter, Thomas, 1 Warwick Pl., Kingsland Rd, London, carver and gilder (1839). [D]

Potter, William, Lincoln, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Potter, William, Bath, Som., upholder (1802–05). Bankruptcy announced, Billinge's Liverpool Advertiser, 13 September 1802. A directory of 1805 lists him trading at Monmouth St, Bath however.

Potter, William, 2 Green St, Grosvenor Sq., London, u and cm (1820–29). [D]

Potter, William, West Auckland, Co. Durham, joiner and cm (1828). [D]

Potter, William, High St, Amersham, Bucks., chairmaker (1830). [D]

Potter & Irving, 5 Paradise St, Liverpool, cm (1790). Also referred to as Irving & Potter. The Potter involved may have been John Potter who traded from 1774 at 170 Dale St. [D]

Potters, John, parish of St Michael, Bath, Som., carver (1784). Freeman of Bristol. [Bristol poll bk]

Potti, Louis, Bristol, carver and gilder (1830). Bankruptcy announced Liverpool Mercury, 12 March 1830.

Pottinger, William, Lower Castle St, Bristol, cm (1824–40). At 14 Lower Castle St, 1824–40 but in 1830 the number was listed as 15. [D]

Potts, Benjamin, Nottingham Rd, Derby, chairmaker and turner (1835). [D]

Potts, George, Hendricks Pl., Chenies St, Bloomsbury, London, upholder and cm (1823). In February 1823 took out insurance cover of £700 on goods in trust. [GL, Sun MS vol. 498, ref. 1001378] See William Potts, snr and jnr.

Potts, George, London, cm and u (1826–39). At 5 Nassau St, Middlx Hospital, 1826–27 and 18 Montague St, Brick Lane in 1839. [D]

Potts, James, London, cm and looking-glass manufacturer (1804–29). At Back Hill, Hatton Gdns, 1804–08, as a looking-glass manufacturer. His trade card [archives dept, borough of Hackney] gives an address at 7 Gloucester St, Curtain Rd however. It advertises that he silvered and polished old glasses, and framed prints. By 1820 he was at 6 Clements Lane, Lombard St where his trade was stated to be cm; the same trade is indicated for the new address at 27 Bennet St, Gt Surrey St in 1826. In 1829 he was at the same address, but his trade was once more that of a looking-glass manufacturer. [D]

Potts, James, Liverpool, cm (1807–37). At 2 Gibralter St in 1807; 20 Cheapside, 1810–14; 7 Torbock St, 1818–27; and 42 Gerard St, 1835–37. [D]

Potts, John, Toddington, Beds. and London, upholder (1761–d.1800). In the 1760s and early 1770s appears to have traded from Toddington, Beds. He undertook the repair of furniture, the renewal of upholstery and the provision of wallpaper and curtains for Woburn Abbey, Beds. and also the parish church in Woburn. A four post painted beech bedstead was provided in 1763; and in August 1768 two wainscot chests of drawers, three wainscot dressing tables and one in mahogany were provided for Elizabeth, Marchioness of Tavistock for Houghton House, Beds. On the death of Francis, Marquis of Tavistock in March 1767, Potts was owed money and £4 10s was paid on 25 March of that year on this account. Potts was, however, more than merely a rural craftsman and for a time maintained a business in London at ‘The Black Spread Eagle’, Covent Gdn. His trade card from this address [Heal Coll., BM] has its text framed by a fashionable Rococo surround, and engravings of a cabinet, chair, a bed post and tea chest. This states that he also sold paper hangings and cabinet furniture and acted as an appraiser and undertaker. He died at Toddington in May 1800, but his address was listed as King St, Covent Gdn. [Heal; Cambridge Chronicle, 25 September 1773; Bedford Office, London; Gents Mag, May 1800]

Potts, John, Fore St, Hexham, Northumb., joiner and cm (1827–28). [D]

Potts, John, Norton, Stockton, Co. Durham, cm (1832). [D]

Potts, John, 23 Gt Passage St, Hull, Yorks., cm (1837). [D]

Potts, Joseph, Allendale, Northumb., joiner and cm (1827–34). [D]

Potts, Stephen, 44 Wynatt St, London, japanner (1839). [D]

Potts, Thomas, address unknown, u (1760). In 1760 he was paid £33 14s for a beech bedstead, hangings, pillow, blankets etc. for a bedchamber at Whitney House for John, 4th Duke of Bedford. May have been related to John Potts of Toddington, Beds. and London who was also supplying this family with similar items in the 1760s. [Bedford Office, London]

Potts, Thomas, Broughton, Lancs., cm (1784). [D]

Potts, Thomas, Morpeth, Northumb., cm (1784). [D]

Potts, Thomas, Whitehaven, Cumb., cm (1793–1807). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793. Probate granted on will, June 1807. [Deanery of Copeland, Cumb., probate records]

Potts, William, Compton St, Soho, London, cm (1776–93). Initially in partnership with Humphry Walton and in 1776 the partners were using not only premises at 11 Compton St (which were insured for £600, half of which was for utensils and stock) but also additional workshops at 4 Peter's Ct, St Martin's Lane, valued at £200 inclusive of utensils and stock. From the following year Potts was trading on his own behalf and only using the Compton St address. This was valued for insurance at £300 inclusive of utensils and stock at £180 in 1777, the corresponding figures for 1782 being £200 and £80 and 1792 £400 and £230. In July 1792 the address was recorded as 14 Old Compton St. He subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793. The only known patron was Mrs David Garrick who is recorded purchasing small items of furniture, 1786–87. These included a chimney board, a frame to hold hatboxes and two tea chests. Some repairs were carried out in addition. The total expended came to £5 6s which fits well the modest size of the supplier. [GL, Sun MS vol. 246, p. 436; vol. 248, p. 409; vol. 258, p. 342; vol. 302, p. 485; vol. 389, ref. 602634; Westminster poll bk; V&A Lib., 86.NN.4]

Pott(s), William snr and jnr, London, u and cm (1800–25). At 90 Wardour St, 1800–11, Gresse St, Rathbone Pl. in 1811 and Chenies St, Bedford Sq. from 1811. Initially the business traded as Potts & Son but by 1804 George Croyson Collinson had become a partner and they traded as Potts, Son & Collinson and numerous other variants. In 1803 Potts & Son were listed by Thomas Sheraton in his Cabinet Dictionary as one of the leading cm. Fire insurance records indicate that the business was carried on in a substantial manner. On 26 December 1800 took out a policy for £1,000 of which £500 was for utensils and stock. Cover taken out in May 1804 on the Wardour St premises came to £3,100, much of which was on utensils and stock. In 1808 cover was £2,300 and in the following year the same. By 1809, however, the additional premises at Kendricks Pl., Chenies St were also being used and cover here amounted to £3,000. The interest of the Potts family in the business appears to have ended in 1825 and from the following year the firm was trading as Collinson & Son. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 419, ref. 709893; vol. 431, refs 762272–73; vol. 445, ref. 819322; vol. 448, refs 825886–87] See George Potts of Chenies St and George Croyson Collinson.

Poulton, Charles, Market Pl., Reading, Berks., u (1777–98). Insurance records suggest that this business was substantial. In 1786 cover for £1,000 was taken out, and of this utensils and stock amounted to £720. Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793. [D; poll bks; GL, Sun MS vol. 279, p. 215; vol. 339, p. 219]

Poulton, George, Hull, Yorks., cm, turner and carver (1826–31). In 1826 living at Shield's Ct, Manor Alley and trading as a cm. In 1831, however, the trade was listed as turner and carver, and the Shield's Ct address is no longer given as a residence and may have been used solely as a workshop. His residence in 1831 was at Cook's Buildings. [D]

Poulton, Henry, Torquay, Devon, cm (1837). Bankruptcy announced, Sussex Agricultural Express, 22 April 1837.

Poulton, Robert, Chapel Lane, Hull, Yorks., cm and musical instrument repairer (1806–31). In 1806–22 listed in local directories as a cm, but from 1823–31 as a musical instrument repairer or maker. At Hospital Yd, Chapel Lane, 1826–31, but prior to this only Chapel Lane. [D]

Poulton, Roger, London, upholder (1723). Son of Roger Poulton of Overton, Wilts., yeoman. App. to Samuel Kempster on 2 June 1714 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 4 December 1723. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Pounder, Robert, Stokesley, Yorks., joiner and cm (1840). [D]

Pouney, Matthew, 25 Leather Lane, Holborn, London, cm (1781). In 1781 took out insurance cover of £200 of which £30 was in respect of utensils and tools. [GL, Sun MS vol. 296, p. 362]

Poupart, Aubin, London, ‘menuisier’ (1682). Recorded receiving charitable payments amounting to £2 15s from September to December 1682. [Huguenot Soc., 1949, p. 159]

Pout, Charles, Canterbury, Kent, u and cm (1789–1829). Free 1789. At Hawk's Lane in 1790, but by 1794 at 6 High St which continued to be used for the remainder of the firm's existence. In 1829 described as Charles Pout & Son. The son was John Pout who subsequently took over the business at this address. [D; poll bks; freemen rolls]

Pout, James, parish of St Mary Bredman, Canterbury, Kent, cm (1768–75). Free 1768. In 1775 took out insurance cover of £600, stock accounting for £450 of this. [Freemen rolls; GL, Sun MS vol. 237, p. 340]

Pout, John, High St, Canterbury, Kent, upholder (1784). [D]

Pout, John, 6 High St, Canterbury, Kent, cm, furniture broker and u (1826–39). Son of Charles Pout and assisting his father in the business by 1826. In 1829 the firm was trading as Charles Pout & Son, but by 1832 John Pout was in sole control and trading under his own name. [D; poll bks]

Pout, William, Canterbury, Kent, u (1760–1818). Free 1760. Shown in High St, 1790–94 and 1818; but in 1796 the address is given as the parish of St Mary Bredman. [Freemen rolls; poll bks]

Pout & Son, Canterbury, Kent, upholders (1793). [D]

Pouvreau, Francois, London, ‘menuisier’ (1682). Between 15 August and 26 September 1682 given six charitable grants totalling £1 10s. [Huguenot Soc., 1949, p. 159]

Povah (or Pover), Daniel, Liverpool, cm (1804–35). At 26 Russia St in 1804 but in the next year the number was 41. From 1807–35 at 12 Richmond Row. Marriage to Miss Peeling reported, Liverpool Mercury, 31 January 1812. [D]

Pover, Michael, 15 Ben Jonson St, Liverpool, cm (1827). [D]

Powell (or Powle), Mrs, Three Kings Ct, facing George Yd, Lombard St, London, upholder (c. 1753–65). The widow of William Powell who traded at this address. Francis Pyner succeeded her. [Heal]

Powell, —, 27 Winchester Row, Edgware Rd, London, cm (1809). [D]

Powell, Anthony, 341 Oxford St, London, trunk and plate case maker (1784). [D]

Powell, Barnard, London, upholder (1704). Free of the Upholders’ Co., 2 August 1704. Dead by 1748. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Powell, Benjamin, London, upholder (1713–32). Recorded taking an app. in 1713. In September 1715 his address was ‘The Crown’, New Southampton St, London in the parish of St Paul, Covent Gdn. From 1724–31 he traded from an address in Wardour St, and in 1732 was at ‘The Crown & Cushion’, Prince's St, facing Gerard St, Leicester Fields. [S of G, app. index; GL, Sun MS vol. 5, ref. 5852; Heal]

Powell, Charles, London, upholder (1730–56). In December 1730 took out insurance cover of £800 of which £450 was for household goods and stock and the remainder on his dwelling house. This was in Abchurch Lane, parish of St Mary Abchurch. By 1755–56 he was in Basinghall St. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 32, ref. 52646; Public Advertiser, 15 December 1756]

Powell, Charles, Hare Lane, Gloucester, cm and chairmaker (1820–21). Child bapt. in parish of St John the Baptist, 1821. [D; PR (bapt.)]

Powell, Charles, Bridge St, Northampton, chair turner (1830). Successor to John Powell at this address. [D; poll bk]

Powell, Edward, 4 Sparling St, Liverpool, u (1821). [D]

Powell, Edward Frodsham, Chester and Liverpool, u and cm (1824–35). Freeman of Chester, 23 October 1824. Entered into partnership with William Podmore and Thomas John Powell, trading in Chester as u until June 1829 when it was dissolved. In March 1829 Edward Powell was appointed agent to the Palladium Life and Fire Assurance Society of London but he may have continued to live and trade in Chester for a time. In 1835, however, he was in Liverpool trading as an u and cm from an address at 55 Bold St. In 1837 the number had changed to 60 and in 1839 he was at 172. [D; freemen rolls; Chester Chronicle, 27 March 1829, 26 June 1829] See William Podmore and Thomas Powell.

Powell, Edward & Thomas, Bridge St Row, Chester, u and cm (1829). A short-lived partnership between Edward Frodsham Powell and Thomas John Powell which traded between the dissolution of the partnership of Podmore & Powells in June 1829 and the disposal of the assets by auction in October 1829. Stock disposed of on 16 October included ‘handsome Sofas, Trafalgar Chairs, Sofa Tables, Sideboards handsomely carved, Card and Pembroke Tables, Mahogany Wardrobes, Secretaires, several Chests of Drawers of different sizes, Feather-Beds etc. etc. Likewise Two valuable Piano-fortes’. [Chester Chronicle, 2 and 16 October 1829]

Powell, George, 334 High St with workshop at 25 Amrose St, Cheltenham, Glos., cm and u (1839–40). [D; GL, Sun MS ref. 1332227]

Powell, Henry, parish of St John the Baptist, Hereford, cm (1835). [Freemen rolls]

Powell, Hopkin, 24 Castle Green, Bristol, cm (1775). [D]

Powell, James, West Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (1798). [Militia Census]

Powell, James, Lichfield St, Birmingham, cm and u (1822). [D]

Powell, James, 5 Chalcroft Terr., New Cut, London, cm (1829). [D]

Powell, James, Stroud Hill, Stroud, Glos., cm (1833). Child bapt. in 1833. [PR (bapt.)]

Powell, James, Kirkbymoorside, Yorks., cm/joiner (1834). [D]

Powell, James, Queen's Row, Pentonville, London, chairmaker (1835). [D]

Powell, John, Wisbech, Cambs., joiner and cm (1749–94). In 1749 took app. named Bourn. Advertised in June 1766 that he had walnut planks for sale and also required a house joiner and a cm. Announced his retirement from business in March 1794. A sale of stock followed. [S of G, app. index; Cambridge Chronicle, 7 June 1766, 22 March 1794]

Powell, John, Chelmsford, Essex, u (1778). Bankruptcy announced, Gents Mag., April 1778]

Powell, John, Eastgate Row, Chester, u (1792–1818). In 1792 took as app. John Price. At Eastgate Row in 1814 but by December 1818 was dead and the business wound up. Possibly the Powell who supplied furniture to Erddig, Clwyd, N. Wales, 1807–14 for Simon Yorke. On 20 March 1807 he was paid £200 with a further £100 on 11 April. A further account dated 22 July 1814 was for £75 16s 4½d. [D; app. bk; Chester Guardian, 19 December 1818; V&A archives]

Powell, John, Wardour St, Soho, London, chairmaker (1807). Made freeman of York in 1807, but working in London. [York freemen rolls]

Powell, John, Wellington St, Chester, cm (1820–40). Free 18 April 1820. Trading at Wellington St in 1840. [D; freemen rolls]

Powell, John, Bridge St, Northampton, chairmaker (1820–26). In 1826 described as a chair turner. A Charles Powell is recorded at this address in the same trade 1830. [Poll bks]

Powell, John, Harleston, Norfolk, carpenter and cm (1830). [D]

Powell, John, 4 High St, Guildford, Surrey, cm and broker (1838–40). [D]

Powell, John Henry, 38 Duke St, West Smithfield, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Powell, Joseph, Northampton, chairmaker and turner (1823–30). Listed at Bridge St in 1823 and Bearwood St in 1830. [D]

Powell, Joseph, Bristol, cm, u and undertaker (1824–40). At 3 Unity St, St Philip's, 1824–37, but in 1839 the number is shown as 28 and by 1840 he had moved to Orange St. From 1833–38 referred to as Joseph Powell jnr. [D]

Powell, Joseph, Belgrave Gate, Leicester, chairmaker (1828). [D]

Powell, Joseph, Hereford, carver and gilder (1828–35). At St Owen St in 1830 and Broad St in 1835. Supplied frames and glasses, and gold and bronze ornamental brackets to Capt. N. L. Pateshall, RN, of Hereford in April 1828 and July 1830, the bills amounting to £4 18s 6d and £4 8s respectively. [D; Herefs. RO, F60/105; 221]

Powell, Peter, Benson, Oxon., chairmaker (1774). In April 1774 married, at the age of 55, the 27 year old daughter of John Stevens of Watlington, Oxon. [Jackson's Oxford Journal, 16 April 1774]

Powell, Rees, Blandford, Dorset, cm (1771). Came from Wales to settle in Blandford. [Dorset RO, P70/OV12]

Powell, Richard, St Clements, Oxford, cm (1765–77). Born c.1740 and in 1765 took over the business of Richard Shepherd, a cm whose foreman he had been for a number of years. Married at Holywell, Oxford, on 23 April 1773. Fire insurance records suggest that the business was only of a modest size with total cover of £300 of which utensils and stock accounted for £200. His name does appear in connection with a number of Oxford Colleges for which he supplied furniture, and some of this survives. In 1766 he supplied a mahogany orrery case for Queen's College at a cost of £24, and a firescreen for the Common Room of the same College. In 1771 two mahogany tables were supplied to Jesus College. His best known work was, however, for Christ Church. Tables and stools were made for the Library in 1774 costing £16 7s 6d. Two stools made to match a set supplied by Thomas Chippendale in 1764 are believed to be of Powell's manufacture and compare well with those bought from the London maker. In 1773 he was also paid £15 12s for six chairs for the Audit House, and it is possible that these also survive. [Bodleian index of Oxf. marriage bonds; GL, Sun MS vol. 255, p. 182; C. Life, 5 January 1945; Jackson's Oxford Journal, October 1765]

Powell, Richard, 112 Chapel St, Salford, Lancs., cm (1814–16). [D]

Powell, Robert, Salisbury, Wilts., upholder (1749). In 1749 took app. named Batten. [S of G, app. index]

Powell, Robert, King's Head Yd, Kirkgate, Leeds, Yorks., cm (1817–22). [D]

Powell, T. N., near Deptford Bridge, Greenwich, London, u (1838). [D]

Powell, Thomas, Eastgate St, Chester, u, appraiser and auctioneer (1756–1808). App. to John Bridge of Chester, u and free on 18 April 1756. Shown trading on his own behalf in Eastgate St by 1781. He entered local politics at an early stage and in 1762 was elected a councilman. In 1788 he was elected Alderman and in 1790 became Mayor of the city. The auctioneering side of the business was of some importance, and sales were conducted not only in his own county, but also in north Shropshire. He had agents from whom sale catalogues could be obtained in Whitchurch, Salop, Wrexham, Clwyd and Neston, Cheshire. By 1796 his son had joined him in the business and from thence to 1808 it traded as Thomas Powell & Son. He supplied carpets in July 1796 to Sir John Leicester of Tabley Hall, Knutsford, Cheshire, amounting to £47 10s. [D; poll bks; freemen rolls; Chester RO, names index and Leicester papers; Chester Chronicle, 26 April 1782]

Powell, Thomas, 178 St John's St, London, cm and u (1808). [D]

Powell, Thomas jnr, Queen St, Wakefield, Yorks., cm and u (1822). [D]

Powell, Thomas John, Chester, u (1829). Partner with William Podmore and Edward Frodsham Powell in the firm of Podmore & Powells, u of Bridge St Row, Chester. The partnership was dissolved in June 1829. [Chester Chronicle, 26 June 1829] See William Podmore, Edward Frodsham Powell and Edward and Thomas Powell.

Powell, Thomas, 16 Slaney St, Birmingham, cm (1835). [D]

Powell, Thomas, 3 Low Ousegate, York, cm (1837). [D]

Powell, William, Three Kings Ct, facing George Yd, Lombard St, London, upholder (1738–d. 1753). A substantial business whose insurance cover in March 1750 amounted to £2,000 of which three quarters was for stock-in-trade and household goods. He died in May 1753 and was described as ‘an eminent upholder & cabinet maker’. His widow carried on the business from the same address and was still active in 1765. [Heal, GL, Sun MS vol. 89, ref. 120573; London Evening Post, 24–26 May 1753]

Powell, William, Gt Mays Buildings, London, carver and gilder (1775). In 1775 insured his utensils and stock for £300 out of a total cover of £500. [GL, Sun MS vol. 244, p. 55]

Powell, William, 16 Gt Earl St, Seven Dials, London, u and undertaker (1808). [D]

Powell, William, 7 Alfred Hill, Bristol, u (1825–31). [D]

Powell, William, Evelyn Pl., Deptford, London, cm (1823–26). [D]

Powell, William, London, bedstead maker (1826–39). At 2 Mint St, Southwark in 1826 and 3 Cumberland Pl., Newington in 1839. [D]

Powell, William George, Belgrave Gate, Leicester, chairmaker (1827–35). In 1835 listed as a chairmaker and cm. [D]

Powell, William John, Belgrave Gate, Leicester, u and paper hanger (1835). [D]

Powell & Reynolds, Silver St, Lincoln, cm and u (1826–28). [D]

Power, John, address unknown, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Power, Michael, 15 Ben Jonson St, Liverpool, cm (1827). [D]

Power & Pavey, Barrack St, Bridport, Dorset, cm (1840). [D]

Powers, Edmund, High St, Leicester, cm, chairmaker, joiner and turner (1746–52). Free 1746 on servitude to John Elliott. In 1752 took app. named Thickpenny. A double topped mahogany tea and games table on cabriole legs, with a frieze decorated with blind Chinese fret is recorded, with this maker's label pasted in the drawer. On this label he claimed to make and sell a wide range of cabinet furniture, tables, chairs, beds and other items applicable to his trade. [Freemen rolls; S of G, app. index; Sotheby's, 2 June 1967, lot 141]

Powers, Richard, Piccadilly, London, carver (1774). [Westminster poll bk]

Powis, William, London, carver and gilder, picture frame and looking-glass maker (1813–26). At 4 St James's Walk, Clerkenwell, 1813–23, but by February 1824 at 18 Arlington Pl., St John St, where he took out insurance cover of £500. At 94 St John St in 1826. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 497, ref. 1014091]

Powlay, Henry, Keswick, Cumb., joiner/cm (1828–34). [D]

Pownall, Thomas, Manchester, cm (1794–97). At 13 Thomas’ St in 1794, but shown in 1797 directories at either Hulme or China Lane. [D]

Pownall, Thomas, Lower Hillgate, Stockport, Cheshire cm (1825). [D]

Poyer, Richard, address unknown, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Poynton, Edward, Nottingham, carver (1722–d. 1737). One of the craftsmen patronised by the Warwick architect, Francis Smith. Recorded on the lead foundation plate (now lost) at Sutton Scarsdale House, Derbs. dated 1724 as a ‘gentleman carver’. He was responsible for the Oak Room of this house (now in the Philadelphia Museum of Art), and also for stone carving. He also worked at Chicheley House, Bucks., 1719– 21. In 1722 he undertook an ambitious memorial at West Stockwith, Notts. to William Huntingdon, a ‘ship carpenter’. In 1729 he took app. named Watson. He died in 1737, and his will survives (Notts. RO). [Gunnis; Records of Bucks, XVII, 1961, pt 1; C. Life, 8 June 1961, p. 1326; Beard, Craftsmen and Interior Decoration in England, p. 276; S of G, app. index]

Poyntz, William snr, Cannon St, London, upholder (d.1720). Freeman of the Upholders’ Co. and father of William Poyntz jnr. He died in 1720 and is buried at Battersea. His second wife was Jane, daughter of Stephen Monteage, a London merchant. Their grand-daughter, Georgiana Poyntz (1737–1814) married in 1755 John Spencer, 1st Earl Spencer of Althorp, Northants. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Sir John Maclean, Historical and Genealogical Memoir of the Family of Poyntz, (1886), pp. 208, 226]

Poyntz, William jnr, London, ‘upholder’ (1725). Son of William Poyntz snr, and free of the Upholders’ Co. by patrimony, 10 December 1725. He is referred to in the Company records as ‘esquire’ and the prosperous nature of the family might indicate that he did not practice the trade. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Pozzi, Charles, Paradise St, Liverpool, looking-glass and picture frame maker (1837–39). Shown in different directories at either 71 or 73 Paradise St in 1837. In 1839 the number was 14. Shown as a carver and gilder in both 1837 and 1839. [D]

Prandi, Francis, Sheffield, Yorks., carver, gilder and lookingglass maker (1822–25). At 11 High St in 1823 when the business is listed as F. Prandi & Co. In 1825 at 32 Church St. [D]

Prankard, John, ‘The Golden Ball’, Aldermanbury, London, cm (1720). [GL, Sun MS vol. 10, refs 16499–500]

Pratchett, Thomas, Nantwich, Cheshire, cm (1779). Married on 31 August 1779. [PR (marriage)]

Pratchett, Thomas, 49 Angel St, Manchester, cm (1817). [D]

Pratt, —, Kingston, Surrey, chairmaker (1796). On 28 May 1794 invoiced ‘6 Neat Cottage Chairs with rush seats, moulded japann'd Bamboo’ to Mrs Garrick at a cost of 10/each. [V&A Lib., 86 NN 4 (1)–10]

Pratt, Andrew James, London, upholder (1755). Son of William Pratt of Greenwich, ship carpenter. App. to John Forfar on 4 May 1768 and Richard Walker on 2 December 1772 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 2 August 1775. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Pratt, Benjamin & Attfield, Richard, 19 Lower Brook St, Grosvenor Sq., London, cm and u (1821–22). In November 1821 took out insurance cover of £3,000 but of this only £500 was in respect of utensils and stock. The corresponding figures for October 1822 are £2,000 and £500. [GL, Sun MS vol. 488, ref. 985155; vol. 493, ref. 997007]

Pratt, Charles Thomas, London, fancy cm (1816–39). At 9 Cold Bath Sq., Clerkenwell from 1816–27, and in December 1821 took out insurance cover of £500 at this address. Half of the sum insured was for utensils and stock. At 4 Vineyard Walk, Clerkenwell from 1829–39. Although in both 1829 and 1839 his trade is listed in directories as merely cm or cm and u he appears to have specialised in the manufacture of small items of case furniture such as writing and dressing cases. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 491, ref. 987214]

Pratt, George, Portsmouth, Hants., cm (1774–98). On 3 December 1774 took out insurance cover for £500 but of this only £100 was for utensils and stock. This policy also covered his house in Hannen St. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 235, ref. 346987]

Pratt, George, address unknown, u (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Pratt, George, Bengeworth, Evesham, Worcs., cm (1818–35). A Joseph Pratt, cm traded in Evesham, 1779–91. [D; poll bk]

Pratt, George, Clifton near Halifax, Yorks., cm (1822). A Joseph Pratt was trading as a joiner and cm from this address in 1834. [D]

Pratt, Henry, 18 Kennington Pl., London, turner and chairmaker (1808). [D]

Pratt, James, Keyford, Frome Som., cm and u (1840). [D]

Pratt, John, London, cm (1763–93). At Bedford Ct in 1763 and 4 Earl's Ct, Leicester Sq., 1790–93. [D]

Pratt, John, Chandos St(?), Grosvenor Sq., London, carver and picture frame maker (1804). Supplied picture frames and framed prints for Mrs Leigh and his account for this work dated 24 September 1804 amounted to £14 0s 6d. [Shakespeare Birthplace Trust, Leigh receipts, DR 18/5]

Pratt, John, Hailgate, Howden, Yorks., joiner and cm (1823– 28). [D]

Pratt, Joseph, Evesham, Worcs., cm (1779–91). In 1779 took out insurance cover of £1,700 of which £450 was in respect of utensils and stock. Total cover in March 1791 was, however, down to £500. [GL, Sun MS vol. 273, ref. 412167; vol. 374, ref. 581101] See George Pratt of Evesham.

Pratt, Joseph, Priestpopple St, Hexham, Northumb., joiner and cm (1828). [D]

Pratt, Joseph, Clifton, Brighouse, near Halifax, Yorks., joiner and cm (1834). A George Pratt cm was trading at this location in 1822. [D]

Pratt, Martha, St George's St, Canterbury, Kent, u (1805–09). [D]

Pratt, Michael, Worcester, joiner, carpenter and cm (1760). App. to William Reding, joiner, carpenter and cm and free, 29 December 1760. [Freemen rolls]

Pratt, Philip, Cawood, near Selby, Yorks., grocer and cm (1822–37). [D]

Pratt, Richard, London, cm (1790–1829). At 20 Kirby St, Hatton St, 1790–93 and 29 Greenhills Rents, St John's St, Smithfield 1809–29. In 1817 recorded also as an upholder and in 1827 also as a u. In 1829 listed as a cm, writing desk and dressing case maker. [D]

Pratt, Richard, Riccall, Yorks., cm (1823). [D]

Pratt, Samuel, New Bond St, London, u (1813–30). Supplied eighteen chairs for Kilniddery, Co. Wicklow, Ireland in 1813 at a cost of £75 12s. In April 1830 listed as an upholsterer in the Windsor Castle accounts and owed the sum of £151 6s. [C. Life, 21 July 1977; Windsor Royal Archives]

Pratt, Samuel & Henry, London, u, invalid furniture and camp equipage manufacturers (1833–40). Traded from 19 Cockspur St and 47 New Bond St, 1833–35 but may have later concentrated the business solely on the New Bond St address. Their billhead states that they were military equipage makers, upholsterers and writing and dressing case manufacturers to their Majesties. They also featured ‘Elastic Beds, Easy Chairs &c. Stuffed with Iron Wire’, ‘Patent folding Brass Camp Bedsteads’, ‘Patent Stuffed Recumbent Chairs’ and leather trunks and carrying cases of a wide range of different types. The Samuel Pratt, was probably the u recorded in New Bond St, 1813–30. In December 1833 they supplied a chaise longue to Lord Leigh of Stoneleigh Abbey, Warks. at £13 13s and in March 1834 a patent sofa seat at £7. John Arkwright of Hampton Court, Leominster, Herefs. in May and June 1834 purchased goods to the value of £10 which included a set of mahogany french polished drawers costing £6 15s. Furniture supplied for Stafford House, London in 1838 amounted to £228. By 1839 the type of trade carried on by the business may have changed considerably for in a directory of that year they are referred to as ‘Antique & Foreign Furniture Dealers’. Samuel Pratt is, however, recorded in the Lord Chamberlain's papers as a trunk maker 1832–45. [D; Shakespeare Birthplace Trust, Leigh receipts, DR 18/5; Herefs. RO, Arkwright papers, A63/161; Staffs. RO, D 593/R/1/26/8]

Pratt, Thomas, Leek, Staffs., cm (1744). In 1744 took app. named Morris. [S of G, app. index]

Pratt, Thomas, Jermyn St, London, cm (1774). [Westminster poll bk]

Pratt, Thomas, Priestpopple, Hexham, Northumb., joiner/cm (1834). [D]

Pratt, Thomas, Cullompton, Devon, cm (1838). [D]

Pratt, Walter, London, upholder (1708–17). Son of John Pratt of Tillington, Sussex, Gent. App. to Philip Mervin on 6 October 1708 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 1 May 1717. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Pratt, Walter jnr, Dover, Kent, u (1830). Freeman of Canterbury. [Canterbury poll bk]

Pratt, William, address unknown (1774). Freeman of Lincoln. [Lincoln poll bk]

Pratt, William, Hull, Yorks., cm (1774–80). [Poll bks]

Pratt, William, Gt Yarmouth and Harleston, Norfolk, cm (1812–39). Freeman of Norwich and living at Gt Yarmouth, 1812–18. Trading at Harleston in 1839. [D; Norwich poll bks]

Pratt, William, Church St, Warwick, cm and u (1822). [D]

Preamer, John, Strutton Ground, Westminster, London, carver (1774). [Westminster poll bk]

Prebble, J., 21 Crown Row, Walworth, London, cm (1829). [D]

Prebble, John, Rathbone Pl., Oxford St, London, u and cm (1830). Bankruptcy announced, London Gazette, 10 August 1830.

Prebble, Stephano, Liverpool, carver (1837–39). At 38 Devon St in 1837 and 1 Marble St in 1839. [D]

Predam, William, Lower St, Dartmouth, Devon, cm (1823–30). [D]

Predary, James, Manchester, carver, gilder, picture frame and looking-gass maker (1817–40). At 24 Church St, 1817–22; 13 Oak St, 1825–33; and 17 Oak St, 1838–40. [D]

Preddy, J., Taunton, Som., cm, chairmaker and u (c. 1810). Trade label recorded on a three pillar mahogany dining table of c. 1810.

Preddy, James, Taunton, Som., cm (1822–39). Listed at East St in 1822 and Upper High St, 1830–39. [D]

Preece, James, 9 Gt Stanhope St, Bath, Som., cm (1833). [D]

Prendergast, Daniel, 25 Bow St, Covent Gdn, London, u and cm (1784–99). In 1784 called in by Edward Gibbon to pack up and forward his belongings from Downing St. Gibbons refers to him as the ‘honest cabinet maker’. [D; Heal]

Prenson, Abraham, 5 Cleveland St, Liverpool, cm (1813–14). [D]

Prentice, Richard, 25 Ebury St, Pimlico, London, cm and u (1826–27). [D]

Prentice, Thomas, Little Wild St, Lincoln's Inn Fields, London, cm (1809). [D]

Prentice, William, 12 Little Wild St, Lincoln's Inn Fields, London, cm (1787–1817). A fire at his shop was reported in July 1787 and in 1793 he was declared bankrupt. His address at this period is not known and it is not until 1794 that he begins to be shown regularly in trade directories at the Little Wild St address. In 1793 he subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, and is included in the list of master cabinet makers in his Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. William Prentice had a son who joined him in the business and an early 19th-century mahogany Pembroke table, the top with rounded corners and reeded edge, on turned tapering legs is known with the trade label of Wm Prentice & Son. [D; Gents Mag., July 1787; Bailey's list of bankrupts; Phillips’, 24 August 1965]

Prenton, Thomas, Liverpool, cm (1761). Free 12 March 1761. [Freemen reg.]

Presbury, Philip, Bridge St Row (or Bridge St), Chester, cm and auctioneer (1750–95). Son of Samuel Presbury of Chester, wet glover. His father was dead by 9 March 1750 when Philip was made free. He took as apps John Cooke in 1750, James Green in 1752, Walter Griffith in 1753, John Linney in 1754, John Edwards in 1755, Robert Hooker in 1757, John Crimes in 1759, Thomas Roberts in 1767 and Robert Adams in 1773. In 1767 an application to extend the front of his property forward in line with the two adjacent buildings was granted. He appears to have traded from the first floor of the building and an application made at the same time to build a flight of steps directly from the street was refused. Despite the impressive number of apps taken in the 1750s, soon after the establishment of the business, it appears to have been only of modest size in 1780 with total insurance cover of £400 of which £150 was for utensils and stock. He advertised several auction sales in the period 1777–82 and may have scaled down his cabinet making to some extent to concentrate more on this side of the business. [D; poll bks; freemen rolls; Chester RO, AB/4; GL, Sun MS vol. 110, ref. 145963; vol. 282, ref. 427606; Chester Chronicle, 25 April 1777, 15 March 1782, 6 September 1782]

Prescott, James, Hull, Yorks., chairmaker (1814–40). App. in March 1814 to George Thornham, woodturner and chairmaker. At 5 Wincolmlee, 1837–40. [D; Hull app. reg.]

Prescott, Richard, Lord St, Liverpool, carver (1702–d. 1747). His wood carvings, of considerable quality, are only known to date within churches, particularly those at N. Meols Church, removed from St Peter, Liverpool. He acted as a joiner for wainscoting at Croxteth Hall (1702) and Woolton Hall (1709), both Lancs. [Preston RO, will (1747); Sir James Picton, Memorials of Liverpool, 1875, p. 46; P. Fleetwood-Hesketh, Lancashire, Architectural Guide, 1955, pls 84–85; Beard, Craftsmen and Interior Decoration in England, p. 277]

Prescott, Richard, Knight Ct, Knight St, Liverpool, cabinet turner (1830). Free 17 November 1820 by patrimony as the son of William Prescott, watch engraver. [Freemen reg.]

Presland, John, Brewer St, Golden Sq., Soho, London, u (1825– 26). At 44 Brewer St in 1825 but the following year the number was 46. In 1826 the business was listed as John Presland & Co. and the trade as u and warehousemen. [D]

Presswell, Henry, Exeter, Devon, cm (b.1806–d.1829). Died May 1829 aged 23. [Exeter Flying Post, 14 May 1829]

Presswell, Thomas, 5 Little Albany St, Regent's Park, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Presswell, William snr, Exeter, Devon, cm (1816–33). At Sidwell St in 1816 but by 1822 had moved to 188 Fore St, an address that he was to continue to occupy until his retirement in 1833. In December 1829 his daughter Sarah married R. Anning, grocer, at St John's Church. He also had a son William who traded independently of his father in Fore St from at least 1825. William Presswell snr announced his retirement in September 1833 and his stock was sold by auction on 16 September. This consisted of ‘handsome sets of mahogany, zebra and rosewood loo and card tables; sets of dining tables, in 1 set on pedestals, 11 ft. 3 by 4 ft. 8; a set of telescope, 9 ft. 10 by 4 ft. 2; and a set of pillar and claw ditto 6 ft. 6 by 4 ft. 6; sets of mahogany and rosewood dining room chairs; handsome mahogany sideboards, dwarf wardrobes; wash and dressing stands; dressing glasses; cheval glass plate 3 ft. 1 by 1 ft. 9; mahogany Pembroke tables; butlers’ trays; mahogany and other 4 — post bedsteads, feather beds, folding straw mattresses etc. etc. — Also several pairs of carved mahogany and other bed pillars; mahogany, rose, satin, and other woods in plank and veneers; working benches, tools, patterns etc.’. Debtors of the business were requested to settle their accounts with William Presswell jnr. [D; Exeter Flying Post, 31 December 1829, 12 September 1833]

Presswell, William jnr, Fore St, Exeter, Devon, cm, broker and u (1825–33). In November 1825 announced his move from 136 to 138 Fore St. An 1832 voters list shows him living in the parish of St David. At the time of the retirement of his father from the cabinet making trade in September 1822, William jnr was at 248 Fore St and his father's debtors were requested to settle their accounts with him. [The Alfred, 8 November 1825; Exeter Flying Post, 12 September 1833; poll bk]

Prestage, John, Savile Row, London, cm and auctioneer (1745– 48). In March 1745 supplied the Duke of Gordon with a mahogany table costing £1 7s. A further account for this patron is dated 2 March 1748 and totalled £9 7s. The largest item was two mahogany card tables which together cost £5 5s, the other items being two tea chests, nine tea boards and a dressing glass. Prestage was also paid £4 10s on 25 June 1746 for a mahogany writing table supplied to Benjamin Mildmay, Earl Fitzwalter at Moulsham Hall, Chelmsford, Essex. Prestage combined with William Vile in 1754 in compiling an inventory of furniture for Anthony Chute's house. The Vyne, Hampshire. [Hants. RO, 31M 57/646] He advertised as an auctioneer in General Advertiser, 29 March 1750. [Scottish RO, GD 44/51/299, GD 44/51/302; A. C. Edwards, The Account Books of Benjamin Mildmay, Earl Fitzwalter, p. 111]

Preston, —, address unknown, cm (1778–79). The Stanhope papers indicate the supply by this maker in the period 1778– 79 of ‘a pierced commode’ for which £4 9s was charged and a ‘cabriole couch’ which cost £4 4s. [Kent RO, U590 A61/8]

Preston, Charles, 53 Stanhope St, Clare Mkt, London, cm, u, undertaker and appraiser (1827). [D]

Preston, Charles, Emsworth, Hants., cm and u (1830). [D]

Preston, Daniel, parish of St Oswald, Durham, wood carver (1724). Son bapt. on 16 February 1724. Daniel Preston was recorded as ‘a stranger’. [PR (bapt.)]

Preston, Francis, 142 Sloane St, Chelsea, London, upholder and undertaker (1817). [D]

Preston, Francis, Nafferton, Yorks., cm (1823). [D]

Preston, Gawen, Newcastle, u (1664). Free 1664. His son Ralph was declared free, 24 November 1703. [Freemen reg.]

Preston, George, Sunderland St, Bishop Wearmouth, Sunderland, Co. Durham, cm (1827). [D]

Preston, James, 4 New Bridge St, Keighley, Yorks., joiner/cm (1828–37). [D]

Preston, John, address unknown, cm (1754). Subscribed to Chippendale's Director, 1754.

Preston, John, Liverpool, cm (1761). Son of Josiah Preston and free, 24 January 1761. [Freemen regs]

Preston, John, Lincoln, cm and u (1770–90). The name of this maker appears in the Massingberd accounts 1770–79. In 1770 he was paid £2 13s for a table and picture frame; in 1772 for a joiner's bill, bookcase and clothes press £18 8s; in 1774 for a book press, table etc. £3 12s 6d; and in 1776, 19s for picture frames. His name also appears in the Monson accounts in 1789 where he is described as an u. He was paid £17 3s 2d in December 1789 and £41 0s 9d a year later. [Lincoln RO, MM919, MM9110; Monson 10/1/A/6, pp. 101, 112] See Robert and Thomas Preston of Lincoln.

Preston, John, 349 Rotherhithe St, corner of Prince's St, London, u, undertaker and auctioneer (1781–1825). Son of Lewis Preston of Ludlow, Salop, shipwright. App. to Francis Pyner on 2 May 1781 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 1 October 1788. Insurance records show him at the Rotherhithe address by August 1782 and insuring properties at 4 and 5 King St, Scots Place, Islington for £300. He is included in the list of master cabinet makers in Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. Traded at the Rotherhithe address until at least 1825. [D; GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Sun MS vol. 387, p. 508]

Preston, John, Birmingham, cm (1831). [Worcs. poll bk]

Preston, John, Chapel Allerton, near Leeds, Yorks., joiner, builder and cm (1834). [D]

Preston, Joseph, Lancaster, cm (1785–86). Free 1785–86, when stated ‘of Kendal’. [Freemen rolls]

Preston, Matthew, Gainford, near Darlington, Co. Durham, joiner, cm and ironmonger (1828). [D]

Preston, Robert, Wisbech, Cambs., upholder (1716–23). Probably the Robert Preston who was app. to Thomas Preston of King's Lynn, Norfolk and free, 1708–09. In January 1720 insured a tenanted house at Upwell, Cambs. Took app. in 1723 named Day. [King's Lynn freemen rolls; GL, Sun MS vol. 5, 8 May 1716; vol. 10, 6 January 1720; S of G, app. index]

Preston, Robert, Lincoln, u (1788). On 22 December 1788 submitted to Lord Monson his account for £19 8s 8½d. [Lincoln RO, Monson 10/1/A/6] See John Preston on Lincoln.

Preston, Thomas snr, King's Lynn, Norfolk, u (c.1701–14). Master of Robert Preston, probably a relative, who was declared free, 1708–09. Also took as app. his son Thomas jnr who was free, 1714–15. [Freeman rolls]

Preston, Thomas jnr, King's Lynn, Norfolk, u (1714–50). App. to his father Thomas snr and free 1714–15. Took app. named Springold in 1719 and was also master to Asty Hardwick jnr, who was declared free 1743–44. Thomas Preston jnr's will was proved at Norwich 1750. [Freemen rolls; S of G, app. index; Norfolk Record Soc., index of wills]

Preston, Thomas, High St, Lincoln, u, joiner and cm (1778–93). In 1780 took out insurance cover of £1,000 of which utensils and stock accounted for £800. This would suggest a substantial business by provincial standards and he appears to have regularly supplied furniture to Lord Monson. On 21 January 1779 he received the sum of £44 13s 4d for items supplied from 1 June 1778. Much of this was for upholstery work, carpeting and wallpaper but included was a large sofa at £9 15s. In the year to January 1781 £15 6s was due for work undertaken, being mostly repairs and alterations, but also including a large deal wardrobe at £3 18s and a large marquee at £6 6s. For the following year the total cost was £19 12s 8½ the largest amount being £3 5s for a ‘small portable bedstead for Miss Monson’. Payment for the previous year appears to have been made in January of the each year and were for 1783, £14 2s; 1784, £27 0s 6d; 1785, £18 8s 10d; 1785, £43 14s; 1786, £34 10s; and 1787, £30 17s. In 1793 Preston subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book. His name is recorded stencilled on the sackcloth under a chair of late 18th-century date. [D; poll bk; GL, Sun MS vol. 282, p. 410; Lincoln RO, Monson 11/28, 11/50, 10/1/A/6; Antique Collector, February 1956 p. 108] See John and Robert Preston. Probably:

Preston, Thomas, Lancaster and Lincoln, u and cm (1758–86). App. to R. Thorney in 1758 and free, 1785–86. This extended period between the start of his apprenticeship and his freedom is noteworthy as is also the remark in the freemen roll ‘of the City of Lincoln’. [Lancaster freemen rolls]

Preston, Thomas, Harrison's Yd, Easingwold, Yorks., joiner and cm (1828–34). [D]

Preston, William, King's Lynn, Norfolk, u (1659–60). [Freemen rolls]

Preston, William, Lancaster and Louth, Lincs. cm (1767). Free 1767–68 and the freemen roll states ‘of Louth in Lincolnshire’. Recorded trading in Louth 1777 when he took out insurance cover of £500 which included £40 for his shop. [Lancaster freemen rolls; GL, Sun MS vol. 256, p. 163]

Preston, William snr and jnr, Tower St, Seven Dials, London, cms and brokers (1805–10). In February 1805 took out insurance cover of £500 of which £400 was in respect of utensils and stock. By April 1810 total cover had risen to £650 though stock remained at the same valuation. In 1810 mention is made of a warehouse behind 15 Tower St. [GL, Sun MS vol. 431, ref. 772657; vol. 453, ref. 844485]

Preston, William, Dog Bank, Newcastle, cm, u and furniture broker (1821). In an advertisement of May 1821 he claimed to have been established ‘many years’. He stated that he stocked ‘a large & elegant assortment of the following articles viz: sofas, couches, secretary desks and bookcases; sets of dining tables; card, pembroke, loo, library & turn-over tables; mahogany chairs, cane & bass bottomed ditto; mahogany & beech bedsteads; wardrobe, mahogoney & other press beds; pier, chimney piece & all sorts of dressing glasses; mirrors; wash stands; mahogony & wainscot case eight day & other clocks; mahogany circular & straightfronted lobby beds; prime goose feathers; feather beds & bedding; carpeting carpets; staircase & second hand ditto; hair & straw mattresses; chintz & all other descriptions of bed furniture made or in the web’. He stocked kitchen furniture and bought and exchanged second hand items. [Durham County Advertiser, 12 May 1821]

Preston, William, 16 Castle St, Long Acre, London, u (1829). [D]

Preswell, Joseph, Southernhay, Exeter, Devon, cm (1814). Son Joseph bapt. on 19 September 1814 at St David's Church. [PR (bapt.)]

Preswell, William, Precinct of Bedford, Exeter, Devon, cm (1803). [Militia Census]

Prett, Mrs, Canterbury, Kent, upholder (1803). [D]

Prett, Walter, Canterbury, Kent, u (1774–1830). The long period involved might suggest more than one maker of this name. [D; poll bks]

Prew, William, John, 7 Walworth Rd, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Price, Mr, Pall Mall, London, u (1747–48). Heal records him in contemporary newspapers of 1747 as ‘near St Alban's Street’. The General Advertiser, 28 October 1748, reported that three servants of this ‘eminent Upholsterer’ were committed for robbing him.

Price, Mr, Oxford Rd, London, cm (1749). His house was robbed in December 1749 and ‘Money and Goods to a considerable value’ taken. [Whitehall Evening Post, 2–5 December 1749]

Price, —, Whitchurch, Salop, chairmaker (1818). In June 1818 his son Joseph was married to Miss Martha Palin of Whitchurch. [Chester Guardian, 27 June 1818]

Price, Arthur, 7 Renshaw St, Ranelagh St, Liverpool, u (1804). [D]

Price, Charles, Craw St, Moorfields, London, bedstead maker (1793). [D]

Price, Charles, Red Cross St, Southwark, London, upholder and cm (1813–14). Took out insurance cover of £1,000 on a dwelling house, ‘being two houses with offices, Workshop, Horse wheel house, stable with lofts and feather warehouse’ and other property in Birdcage Walk Alley. [GL, Sun MS vol. 462, ref. 893049; vol. 462, 7 April 1814] See Thomas Price of Red Cross St.

Price, Charles, 29 New North St, Red Lion Sq., London, billiard table and backgammon board maker (1832). [D]

Price, Edward, Liverpool, cm (1802). App. to Isaac Marsh and free 8 July 1802. [Freemen reg.]

Price, Edward, College Lane, Ludlow, Salop, cm and u (1835). [D]

Price, Elizabeth, London, ‘joyner’ (1683–86). Widow of Richard Price who died in 1683. She continued his business as a supplier of furniture to the Crown. From 1685–86 supplied furniture for Whitehall and St James’ Palaces to the value of £43 6s. The items included three sets of walnut chairs. [PRO, LC9/21/121/28]

Price, Francis, Worcester, cm and joiner (1779). App. to James Twitty and free 10 May 1779. [Freemen rolls]

Price, George, London, cm (1818). Eldest son of Thomas Price of Hereford, joiner. Freeman of Hereford 18 June 1818. [Hereford freemen rolls]

Price, George, Cross St, Oswestry, Salop, cm (1835–36). Successor to Griffith Price at this address. [D]

Price, Giles, on the Bridge, Bristol, u (1715–18). In 1717 took app. named Naish. [Poll bk; S of G, app. index; GL, Sun MS vol. 8, ref. 11351]

Price, Griffith, Cross St, Oswestry, Salop, cm (1822). Succeeded at this address by 1836 by George Price. [D]

Price, Horatio, 3 Church Lane, Church St, Liverpool, carver and gilder (1837). [D]

Price, James, Five Pound Court House, Court St, Whitechapel Rd, London, cm (1802). In November 1802 took out insurance cover for £999 of which £770 was for stock and utensils. [GL, Sun MS vol. 426, ref. 740133]

Price, James, Castle St, Long Acre, London cm and buhl manufacturer (1817). William Lovett records working in the early 1820s in a small shop in Castle St, Oxford Mkt, where repairs to buhl-work, marquetry and antique furniture were carried out. It is very likely that this was the workshop of James Price. [Heal; Burlington, June 1980, p. 416]

Price, James, Bradford St, Birmingham, cabinet case maker (1820). [D]

Price, James, 18 Borough Rd, London, cm and u (1822). [D]

Price, James, 59 Cold St, St Lukes, London, cm (1825). [D]

Price, John, ‘The Three Chairs & Cabinet’, Catherine St, Strand, London, u, undertaker and appraiser (1726–58). Son of Petley Price of Wantage, Berks., Gent. App. to Thomas Money on 7 December 1726 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 3 March 1735/36. His trade card [Heal Coll., BM and Gardener Coll., Westminster Ref. Lib.] indicates that he made and sold a wide range of upholstery and cabinet goods. These included ‘All Sorts of Standing Beds, Feather Beds Mattresses Quilts Blankets Ruggs, Coverlids, Bed Ticks, Goods by the piece, viz. Silk & Worstead Damasks, Camblers Harrateens Chenys, Printed Stuffs and all Sorts of Silk & Worstead Lace Carpets, Tapestry Hangings, Chairs, Cabbinets, Desks, Book-cases, Chests of Drawers, Tea Chests. Mahogany and other Tables Peir and Chimney Glasses Large Gold and other Sconces with all sorts of goods necessary for Funerals’. John Price is recorded as a supplier of cushions, carpets and curtains for the House of Peers and the House of Commons and their Committee Rooms 1754–55. He was responsible for the supply of furniture to Lord Monson 1748–58. The first payment recorded was in February 1748 for £25 but from 1751 the sums were much more substantial. For making chairs, tables, stands and repairs and other work at Burton Hall, Lincoln, 1753–54, £413 8s 4d was charged; and £150 8s 4d was paid in 1751–53 for new furniture and repairs at Broxbournebury. The more substantial items included eight mahogany elbow chairs in June 1752 at £16 16s, twelve mahogany chairs in April 1753 at £18, a walnut sofa frame in March 1754 at £5 12s 5½d and a mahogany one in July at £6 10s. The most expensive item was, however, a ‘very large … Chinese carved and painted frame’ for which £23 was paid. The account for £413 8s 4d submitted in 1755 was not fully settled until February 1758. The Strathmore MS [Durham RO] indicates that George Bowes hired a furnished house from John Price, 1755–56. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records; PRO, LC9/291; Lincoln RO, Monson 10/3/13a, 10/3/13b, 11/50, 12; Durham RO, D/St/ 325]

Price, John, Liverpool, cm (1761). Free 12 March 1761. [Freemen reg.]

Price, John, Tothill St, London, upholder (1781–88). Son of John Price of Tothill St, Westminster, victualler, and app. to William Rawlins, 7 February 1781. Free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 5 March 1788 and at that date living at Mr Askey's in Tothill St. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Price, John, Chester, cm (1784–92). App. to John Croughton of Chester, cm and free by servitude, 16 April 1784. His son John Price jnr was app. to John Powell, u in August 1792. [Freemen rolls; app. bk]

Price, John, Southwark, London, looking-glass manufacturer (1804–20). At 1 Queens St in 1804 but by 1813 the number was 81. At 157 Union St, 1815–20. [D]

Price, John & Joseph, London, bedstead and cabinet makers (1804–39). At 4 Crown St, Finsbury 1804–25 an address which is also rendered as Crown Ct, Finsbury Sq. On 13 May 1805 a fire broke out in their premises. In 1825 moved to 59 Crown St, where the business stayed until 1839. In 1835 was listed as J. Price & Son and also in this year and in 1839 as simply Price & Son. In 1839 at Redman's Row, Mile End Rd. Another John Price is shown at 21 Brook St, Holborn in 1839. [D; Gents Mag., May 1805] See Joseph Price.

Price, John, Southgate St, Gloucester, cm and u (1822–30). [D]

Price, John, Liverpool, cm (1822). In 1822 took app. named William Roscoe Alcock. [App. enrolment bk]

Price, John, London, frame maker (1825–37). At 1 Chapter House Ct, St Paul's Churchyard in 1825 as a ‘miniature frame maker’ but by 1835 he had moved to 17 Ave Maria Lane. He was still at this address in 1837 but was then advertising his trade as a ‘miniature frame maker, glass & morocco case manufacturer’. [D]

Price, John, Stockport, Cheshire chairmaker (1834). On 9 January 1834 married Miss Mary Lee of Stockport ‘after a tedious courtship of three days’. [Chester Courant, 14 January 1834]

Price, John, Upper Church St, Oswestry, Salop, cm (1835–36). [D]

Price, John, 21 Brook St, Holborn Bars, London, bedstead maker (1839). [D] See John & Joseph Price above.

Price, John, Liverpool, u (1839). Free 29 July 1839 by patrimony as the son of David Price. [Freemen reg.]

Price, John, 147 Bromsgrove St, Birmingham, fancy chairmaker (1839). [D]

Price, John, Chester, chairmaker (1840). His only daughter Harriet was married on 3 September 1840 to Mr Thornton of Liverpool. [Chester Chronicle, 4 September 1840]

Price, Joseph, 4 Crown St, Finsbury Sq., London, bedstead, chair and cabinet maker (early 19th century). Trade card in Landauer Coll., MMA, NY. See John & Joseph Price at this address.

Price, Lewis, 5 Brewer St, Golden Sq., London, cm and u (1784–93). Listed in 1784 as a cm and 1790–93 as a u. [D]

Price, Martha, 59 Upper Frederick St, Liverpool, u (1837). [D]

Price, Philip, Broad Capuchin Lane, Hereford, joiner, cm etc. (1775–d.1779). In August 1775 advertised for a journeyman cm who understood chairmaking, and a joiner. Dead by January 1780, when William Watkins advertised himself as his successor. [Pugh's Hereford Journal, 3 August 1775, 27 January 1780]

Price, Philip, 2 Spa Pl., Bermondsey, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Price, Richard, St Martin's Lane, London, joiner and u (1670– d.1683). Supplied considerable quantities of furniture to the royal palaces during the reign of Charles II. In 1678 appointed joiner to the Crown, but most of the furniture supplied was in the upholstery branch. His work is often described as having features that are French or Dutch and this seems to indicate that he was familiar with the styles of those two countries, which were having a profound influence on the English furniture making trades at this time. A chair supplied in 1671 was described as ‘French turned all over’. Items provided for the Queen, 1671–73 included a ‘French Beddsted’, at £2 10s, ‘Two French folding stools turned all over’ at 10s, and for Somerset House a ‘large French Beddstead’ at £3 2s 6d. Part of the same commission included sixteen ‘French stooles turned all over’ which cost 5s each. In 1676 Price was at Windsor setting up a bedstead and carving four lion feet for it, and in November 1680 he was back there again ‘mending the great winding up Chair’ and another chair in the King's Bedchamber. A chair of estate and two French tables also received his attention and he supplied two walnut forms ‘wrought wth mouldings and scrowles with great bases on the ffeet and of the dutch form’. Numerous other beds, chairs, stools, tables etc. were supplied, and furniture was produced for Hampton Court, Whitehall and other locations. Richard Price died in 1683 and his wife Elizabeth continued to provide furniture until at least 1685. A caned walnut armchair carved with crowns at Temple Newsam House, Leeds, is stamped five times with the initials ‘RP’ and may be of his workmanship. [DEF; PRO, LC3/56, LC3/61; LC9/271–77; C. Life, 10 June 1954, p. 1917; Gilbert, Leeds Furn. Cat., vol. 11, p. 72]

Price, Richard, London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Price, Richard, 43 Union St, City Rd, London, cm (1812). In November 1812 took out insurance cover of £300 but of this £270 was cover for his dwelling house and only £30 for a chest of tools kept at 9 George Yd, Lombard St. [GL, Sun MS vol. 455, ref. 875727]

Price, Richard, 33 Wardour St, Soho, London, u (1829). [D]

Price, S., 41 Clerkenwell Close, London, chair japanner (1835). [D]

Price, Samuel, Chester, chairmaker (1814–40). At Bridge St Row, from 1814–22, and by 1828 at Watergate Row. In 1840 he was back in Bridge St Row and describing himself as a cm and furniture broker. Took as app. James Rowlands who proved to be an unsatisfactory worker and was accused of threatening his master, damaging his reputation by spreading false reports and eventually absconded. In May 1829 he was committed to the house of correction for a month. An S. Price, probably Samuel Price, is recorded in the account book of Josiah Hinckes of Tettenhall Wood near Wolverhampton, Staffs. and on 6 March 1819 was paid £1 0s 8d for mending a chair. [D; Chester Chronicle, 22 My 1829; Herefs. RO, Foxley papers, B47/540]

Price, Thomas, Worcester, joiner, carpenter and u (1748–49). Free 6 March 1748/49. [Freemen rolls]

Price, Thomas, Hereford, cm (1789). Free 1789. [Hereford City Lib., Hopton Coll. 3574]

Price, Thomas, Red Cross St, Southwark, London, cm and u (1790–1817). Described as a cm, 1790–1802, and from 1809 as an u. Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793 and included in the list of master cabinet makers in his Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. A Charles Price took out insurance cover on property in Red Cross St, which included workshops, 1813–14. A late 18th-century mahogany clothes press is also recorded bearing two labels of Price & Ball, Redcross St, Southwark. They were described as ‘Appraisers & Undertakers’ and maintained an ‘Upholstery & Cabinet Warehouse. [D]

Price, Thomas Henry, London, upholder and broker (1808–22). At Rosomon's Building, Islington in 1808 and 1 Castle St, Long Acre, 1820–22. On 14 January 1822 took out insurance cover of £400 on a house and shop at 13 Belmont Pl., Vauxhall which was let to an oilman. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 489, ref. 987594]

Price, Thomas, Gt Dover St, London. See William Pugh.

Price, Thomas, Worcester, carver and gilder (1828–40). Listed at Denmark Row, 1828–37, and St Paul's St in 1840. [D]

Price, Thomas, Brewood, Staffs., joiner/cm (1834). [D]

Price, Thomas, 1 Cumberland Pl., Newington Butts, London, bedstead maker (1835). [D]

Price, W., address unrecorded, cm (1713). A fine japanned bureau cabinet with mirror doors is inscribed on one of the dust-boards ‘W. Price, maker, 1713’. [C. Life, 13 February 1948]

Price, William, London(?), carver (1705). On 8 August 1708 paid £1 5s by Samuel Tufnell of the Middle Temple, London for carving two coats of arms. [Essex RO, D/DTu 276]

Price, William, Ipswich, Suffolk, u (1712). In 1712 took app. named Stannard. [S of G, app. index]

Price, William, Bilston, Staffs., cm, grocer and dealer in spiritous liquors (1793). [D]

Price, William, Smallbrook St, Birmingham, cm (1800). [D]

Price, William, Edgcumbe St, Stonehouse, Plymouth, Devon, u and cm (1822). [D]

Price, William, London, cm and furniture broker (1835–37). At 8 New Park St, Bloomsbury in 1835 and 6 Old St, 1835–39. [D]

Price & Ball, see Thomas Price.

Prichard, George, 4 Barrs St, Bristol, furniture broker and u (1833–34). [D]

Prichard, John, 23 Cleveland St, Fitzroy Sq., London, u (1829– 39). [D]

Prichard, Richard, St James's Churchyard, Bristol, u (1815–19). [D]

Prichard, Thomas, London, upholder (1704). Free of the Upholders’ Co., 24 June 1704. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Prichard & Priest, 11 Providence Rd, Finsbury, London, u (1839). [D]

Pricker & Henderson, New Bond St, London, u (1803). An action was brought against this firm by Bogle French Esq. concerning the furnishing of a villa at Dulwich. The plaintiffs were described as ‘upholsterers to the circle of fashion’. [Gents Mag., December 1803]

Pricket, Charles, 122 Aldersgate St, London, u and cm (1795– 1811). [D]

Prickett, Charles, Clerkenwell, London, cm (1768). Freeman of Oxford. [Oxford poll bk] Possibly:

Prickett, Charles, Foster Lane, London, cm (1793–1802). Freeman of Oxford. In 1793 subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book. [Oxford poll bk]

Prickett, Charles Richard, 1 St Ann's Lane, Aldersgate St, London, cm, chairmaker and undertaker (1781–1803). In 1781 took out insurance cover of £300 of which £100 was for utensils and tools. [D, GL, Sun MS vol. 297, p. 388]

Prickett, John, London Rd, Chesham, Bucks., chairmaker (1830). [D]

Pricket(t), John, Rickmansworth, Herts., chairmaker (1838–39). [D]

Prictor, William, 61 Whitehorse St, Stepney, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Pridham, William, 11 St Martin's Churchyard, London, cm (1808). [D]

Priest, David, Liverpool, carver (1827–39). At 5 Wood St in 1827, 33 Clayton St in 1829, 27 Stanley St, 1834–37 and 19 Stanley St in 1839. [D]

Priest, James, address unknown, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. A coromandel centre table of late 18th-century date has been recorded stamped ‘J.B. Priest’. [Antique Collecting, July 1968, p. 30]

Priest, John, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker and caner (b. c. 1791–1841). Six sons and two daughters bapt. between 1815–31. Aged 50 at the time of the 1841 Census. [PR (bapt.)]

Priest, Richard, Castle St, London, chairmaker (1749). [Westminster poll bk]

Priest, Robert, corner of Belton St in Castle St, London, broker and cm (1807). In October 1807 took out insurance cover of £300 of which £260 was for utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 440, ref. 806855]

Priest, W., London, auctioneer, appraiser and u (1837–40). A maker whose name is well-known from the large number of items surviving stamped with his name and address, or having his trade labels affixed. The business was trading at 23 Gt Charlotte St, and 17 and 24 Water St, Blackfriars, 1837–39. The Water St address is recorded on some furniture, but labels and stamps bearing the address 1 and 2 Tudor St, Blackfriars are not infrequently found. The date of the furniture so marked ranges from c.1790 to the mid Victorian period. The labels bearing the Tudor St address describe the business as a ‘Furniture Warehouse’ and it is probable that Priest was selling secondhand items which he marked before disposal. One form of his label states that he specialised in ‘Office & Library Furniture’. [D; V&A archives; Christie's, 23 May 1968, lot 101; Sotheby's, 28 June 1968, lot 123; 29 April 1983, lot 91; Phillips’, 15 October 1963, lot 84; Antique Collector, February 1955, p. x; Antique Collecting, November 1979, p. 68; C. Life, 10 October 1970, supplement, p. 40, 1 November 1979, supplement, p. 65; Conn., September 1975, p. 35, November 1979, p. 205]

Priest, William, St Mary St, Bridgwater, Som., cm and u (1822). [D]

Priest & Co., 43 Mill Lane, Shaw's Brow, Liverpool, cm (1839). [D]

Priestland, John, London, upholder (1773–81). Son of John Priestland of Old Broad St, London and app. to Henry Blaxland on 7 July 1773. Free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 4 April 1781. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Priestley, Joseph, Smithy-door, Manchester, cm (1815). [D]

Priestley, Peter, address unknown, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Priestley, Stephen, Northgate, Wakefield, Yorks., cm (1818). [D]

Priestly, William, Andrew's Hill, Doctors’ Commons, St Paul's, London, carver and gilder (1790–93). [D]

Priestman, Robert, High-bridge, Newcastle; chairmaker and turner (1833–38). Recorded at Dean(s) Yd, 1833–34. [D]

Prigg, Cooper, Cambridge, joiner and u (1752–58). Worked for Trinity College where he not only undertook joinery work but supplied blankets, repaired curtains, cushions and tables, supplied green silk lace for cushions and four new walnut chairs. [Trinity College records]

Prigg, Daniel, Ham Lane, Stratford, London, u (1777). In 1777 took out insurance cover of £1,100 on his house. [GL, Sun MS vol. 256, p. 630]

Prihorn, —, address unknown, u (1753–56). Supplier of furniture to Henry Hoare. In 1753 a payment of £74 was made in May and in August £200 was given on account. On 8 January 1754 £109 19s was paid in connection with Henry Hoare's house at Clapham and on 22 January £300 in part payment for furniture at Lincoln's Inn Fields. No further payments are recorded until 14 April 1756 when a part payment of £109 16s was made, followed on 24 April by a further £20 to complete it. [V&A archives].

Prime, George, Swine Mkt, Leicester, cm (1828–29). [D]

Prime, Samuel, London, cm and u (1827–39). At Skinner St in 1827 but at 34 Meredith St, St John's St, Clerkenwell, 1829– 39. [D]

Primrose, William Ashton, Bristol, cm (1831–33). At Lower Montague St in 1831 and 4 All Saints’ St, 1832–33. [D]

Prince, George, Westminster, London, cm (1749). [Poll bk]

Prince, Godwin, near Durham Yd, Strand, London, carver, gilder and undertaker (1749). His trade card [Heal Coll., BM] states that he also undertook ‘cabinet & Upholsterers Work in General’. He bought and appraised goods and sold items on commission. [Westminster poll bk; Conn., June 1981, p. 145]

Prince, John, Newbury, Berks., turner and chairmaker (1798). [D]

Prince, Richard, Nantwich, Cheshire, cm (1832–38). Three sons bapt. between 1832–39. [PR (bapt.)]

Prince, Thomas, Foregate St, Chester, u (1818). Free 13 June 1818. [Freemen rolls]

Prince, Thomas, 13 Leatherseller's Buildings, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Prince, William, Leeds, Yorks., cm (1822–37). At the back of Hope St in 1822 and at 77 Hope St in 1837. [D]

Prindle, John, Pentonville, London, cm (1798). [D]

Pring, William, parish of St Sidwell's, Exeter, Devon, u (1837). Daughter bapt. on 21 August 1837 [PR (bapt.)]

Pringle, John, 12 Old St Sq., Old St, London, cm (1792). On 5 July 1792 took out insurance cover of £100 on his household goods in his new dwelling house. [GL, Sun MS vol. 388, p. 171]

Pringle, John & Robert, London, u and cm (1784–1829). At 126 Wardour St, Soho, 1784–1825, and 232 Regent St, 1825–29. After moving to Regent St, the premises in Wardour St appear to have been retained. In 1829 the addresses shown are 232 Regent St and 46 Berners St. The business appears to have been mainly concerned with upholstery, although in 1807 the trade is listed as cm and inlayer, and cabinet making is mentioned also in 1820, 1827 and 1829. In 1793 ‘Pringle’ subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book where he is described as ‘Cabinet Maker & Upholsterer to the Duke of Clarence’. Also subscribed in 1803 to the Cabinet Dictionary and is included in the list of master cabinet makers contained in that publication. In June 1796 the bankruptcy of John Pringle was announced and a further bankruptcy occurred in November 1802. Robert Pringle is not mentioned in these proceedings. John Pringle snr died in 1816 and the John and Robert Pringle who carried on the business appear to have been his sons. As a Robert Pringle had been a partner in the business as early as its commencement in 1784 this would suggest that there was also a Robert Pringle snr and jnr. In July 1820 premises at 127 Wardour St appear to have been used in addition to those at 126 and were insured for £500 which included £300 for stock and utensils kept there. In August 1823 insurance cover of £1,500 was taken out on 128 Wardour St. The partners were signatories to the prefatory recommendation to P. & M. A. Nicholson's Practical Cabinet Maker, 1826. Some documents relating to this business including daybooks, accounts and deeds are preserved at Marylebone Library. In its later years the business is sometimes referred to as Pringle & Co.

Despite the long period of trading few of the firm's clients are known. Alexander Wedderburn made payments to John Pringle between 1784–92 and these were in most cases specified as for his London house. In certain years the sums were substantial with £100 being paid in 1784, £200 in 1785, £100 in 1787, £69 13s in 1788 and £157 4s 3d in 1790. The firm also supplied furniture for Government House, St Johns, Newfoundland in 1829. [D; Billinge's Liverpool Advertiser, 6 June 1796, 12 December 1796, 20 November 1797, 8 November 1802; Marylebone Lib., Pringle D Misc./153; GL, Sun MS vol. 483, ref. 970074; vol. 498, ref. 1006384; V&A archives; Scottish RO, GD 157/815, GD 164/Box 20/ 177/2–3]

Pringle, John, Sunderland, Co. Durham, cm (1832). [D]

Pringle, William, 40 Stephenson St, Newcastle, cm (1834). [D]

Pringle, William, North Shields, Northumb., cm (1834). [D]

Prior, Edwin, Chipping Sodbury, Glos., cm and u (1839). [D]

Prior, John, London, u (1707–14). Employed at St Mary's Church, Walthamstow, London in October 1714. [London Gazette, 17 July 1707; Guide to St Mary's, Walthamstow]

Prior, John & Robert, High St, Uxbridge, Middlx, rustic chairmakers and turners (1808–38). Directories show John Prior at the London end of Uxbridge High St in 1808, and a panorama of Uxbridge High St, drawn c.1810, shows at 101, on the south side, Prior & Son ‘Wind. Chair Manufactory’. Listed at Hillingdon End, 1823–38, as Windsor chairmaker in 1832. Robert was a member of the Providence Congregational Chapel and his son William was bapt. here on 13 March 1814. The billhead of J. & R. Prior used from 1818–20 describes the business of ‘Windsor Chair-Maker & Turner’ and is embellished with a fine engraving of a Windsor Chair. It states that they dealt ‘Wholesale, Retail & for Exportation’. They had trading links with London and in September 1818 a consignment of six yew arm chairs for the 3rd Lord Lyttelton's house, Hagley Hall, Stourbridge, Worcs. were first sent to Joseph Bury at ‘The Ram Inn’, West Smithfield, London. The Priors charged Bury £4 10s for these chairs, but his account to Mr Grove, Lord Lyttelton's agent at Hagley, was for £5 2s and carriage of £1 7s 6d in addition. Another bill of the Priors which survives and is dated 20 March 1820 is only for stakes, poles and pea sticks. A Windsor chair is known with the stamp ‘ROBERT PRIOR/MAKER/UXBRIDGE’ impressed. [D; Uxbridge Ref. Lib.; Temple Newsam House, Leeds, Exhib. Cat., Common Furniture, 1982; Worcs. RO, Lyttelton MS, 5467/705: 658/122(i)]

Prior, Samuel, Cricklewood, Kilburn, London, rustic chairmaker etc. (1839). [D]

Prior (or Pryor), William, Baker St, Enfield, Middlx, carver and gilder (1838–39). [D]

Prisk, Richard, 13 Edgware Rd, Paddington, London, cm (1803–23). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. In October 1823 at Edgware Rd, where he took out insurance cover of £300. [GL, Sun MS vol. 498, ref. 1010017]

Prissick, William, Hull, Yorks., cm and u (1816–40). At 46 Salthouse Lane in 1816 and referred to as William Prissick jnr. In 1817 at 21 Grotto Sq., Mason St; at 16 Worship St, 1823– 26; 15 Worship St, 1828–31; 8 Clarence Ct, Princess St; 1835–38, Charlotte St from 1838; and Charlotte St Mews in 1840. [D]

Pritchard, C., 12 Westage St, Bath, Som., auctioneer, appraiser and u to HM (1819). [D]

Pritchard, Edward, Liverpool, cm (d. by 1832). In September 1832 his daughter E. Pritchard was married at St David's Church to Stewart Bond of Armagh, Northern Ireland. The bride's father, Edward Pritchard was already dead by this date. [Liverpool Mercury, 21 September 1832]

Pritchard, James, 42 Sir Thomas Buildings, Liverpool, cane and whalebone worker (1823). [D]

Pritchard, John, Long Acre, London, u (1749). [Westminster poll bk]

Pritchard, John, Cross St, Oswestry, Salop, cm and joiner (1828). [D] Successor to Samuel Pritchard at this address.

Pritchard, John, 59 Chisenhale St, Liverpool, joiner and cm (1835). [D]

Pritchard, Richard, 120 Curtain Rd, Shoreditch, London, chair and sofa manufacturer (1826–37). [D]

Pritchard, Robert, Eastgate St Row, Chester, cm (1816–28). Listed in directories at this address in 1816 but admitted freeman on 12 May 1818. In 1822 advertised that he was cm to HRH the Duke of York. [D; freemen rolls]

Pritchard, Robert, Nantwich, Cheshire, carver and gilder (1830–31). Son George bapt. on 28 March 1830 and another, William, on 21 June 1831. [PR (bapt.)]

Pritchard, Samuel, Twickenham, Middlx, carver, gilder and plaisterer (1797–1809). [D]

Pritchard, Samuel, Cross St, Oswestry, Salop, cm and joiner (1822). [D] Succeeded by John Pritchard at this address by 1828.

Pritchard, William, Philip Lane, Aldermanbury, London, cm (c.1760). Known from trade labels on two pieces of furniture at Rousham House, Oxon. These are a mahogany bureau bookcase of c.1760, and a kneehole desk perhaps of slightly later date. Labels have also been noted in items of furniture elsewhere. [DEF]

Pritchard, William, Middle St, Brighton, Sussex, u (1837). [Poll bk]

Pritchard, William, 22 Dorset Cresc., New North Rd, London, carver and gilder (1837). [D]

Pritchett, William, London, cm, u and broker (1829–39). At 38 Drury Lane, 1820–29 and 204 High Holborn, 1839. [D]

Pritchitt, John, Worcester St, Birmingham, cm, u and broker (1828–30). Recorded at no. 33 in 1828. [D]

Pritt, Isaac, Cable St, Green Area, Lancaster, cm and u (1822– 34). [D]

Pritchard, James, 30 Fishergate, Preston, Lancs., u and paperhanger (b.1810–d.1833). Son of the keeper of the ‘King's Arms Inn’, Lancaster. Died on 15 November 1833 aged 23 though still listed in an 1834 directory. [D; Liverpool Mercury, 29 November 1833]

Pritt, John, Lancaster and Liverpool, cm (1817–18). Free 1817–18 when stated ‘of Liverpool’. [Freemen rolls]

Proctor, Christopher, Lancaster (1754–89). App. to J. Wright in 1754 and named in the Gillow records 1785–89. [App. reg.; Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow]

Proctor, Christopher, Lancaster and Skipton, Yorks., cm (1789–1814). App. to W. Bruce of Lancaster and free, 1789– 90 when stated ‘of Skipton’. Trading in Skipton, 1806–14, when he supplied furniture and undertook work at Broughton Hall near Skipton for Stephen Tempest. Four mahogany trunk stands supplied on 4 September 1813 at a cost of £3 4s (16s each) have been identified. Other minor furniture was supplied, jobbing work undertaken and in 1814 together with his son and an employee, John Hall, he carried out extensive alterations to library bookcases. The nine bills in the Tempest Papers for the period 1806–14 amount to £133 19s 10d. [Lancaster freemen rolls; Temple Newsam, Leeds, Exhib. Cat., Furniture from Broughton Hall, 1971, p. 24]

Proctor, Christopher, Lancaster, u (1826–38). App. to Edward Lodge in 1826 and free, 28 July 1838. [App. reg.; freemen rolls]

Proctor, George, Lancaster and Skipton, Yorks., cm (1806–22). Received the freedom of Lancaster, 1806–07, but appears to have immediately moved to Skipton where he was trading at Mount Pleasant in 1822. [D; Lancaster freemen rolls]

Proctor, George, 5 Old Bridge St, Keighley, Yorks. joiner/cm (1833–37). [D; PR]

Proctor, James, Lancaster, cm (1817–18). [Freemen rolls]

Proctor, John, Leeds, Yorks., cm (1752). In 1752 took app. named Howden. [S of G, app. index]

Proctor, John, 1 Pollard's Row, Bethnal Green, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Proctor, William Grosvenor, London, cm and u (1820–26). Initially probably the manager for Robert & Henry Chipchase but by 1809 had become a partner in the business which traded as Chipchase & Proctor from an address at 27 Albemarle St. The Chipchases had withdrawn from the business by 1818 when it was trading as Proctor & Chadley. William Proctor did not maintain this business connection for long, however, and by 9 October 1820 had broken away and was trading on his own behalf from an address at 29 Argyle St, Oxford St. The Albemarle St premises continued to be occupied by Robert & George Chadley. The move to Argyle St probably resulted in a scaling down in the size of the enterprise, for although Proctor took out insurance cover of £4,500 on the new premises only £1,000 was for utensils and stock. In October 1822 the corresponding figures were £5,900 and again £1,000. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 483, ref. 970952; vol. 493, ref. 997314]

Proctor & Chadley, 27 Albemarle St, London, cm and u (1818– 20). Successors to Chipchase & Proctor at this address. One of the partners was William Grosvenor Proctor, formerly the manager and then a partner with the Chipchases in the former business. There were possibly two persons by the name of Chadley involved, for from 1821 Robert & George Chadley were in possession of the Albemarle St business, then at no. 28. Proctor moved in October 1820 to 29 Argyle St, where he set up on his own in the same trade. Henry Leigh Esq. of Stoneleigh, Warks., whose family had previously patronised Chipchase & Proctor, bought furniture from the new partners in 1818. The major item supplied in February 1818 was a bookcase with ‘brass trellis work & rose colour'd silk curtains in the doors’ which was charged at £34 13s. Other items supplied from February to April 1818 increased the total to £90. The business was still of substantial size in January 1820 when insurance cover came to £4,000 of which £3,800 was for stock and utensils in the workshops, warerooms and in an open yard. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 483, ref. 962562; Shakespeare Birthplace Turst, Leigh receipts, DR 18/5]

Proffer, William, Bristol, cm (1774–81). [Poll bks]

Prola, Francis, 23 Cable St, Liverpool, gilder and picture frame maker (1796). [D]

Prosser, Frederick, Worcester, cm and u (1822–30). Addresses given at 2 Pump St in 1822, 36 Bridge St in 1828 and 36 Broad St in 1830. [D]

Prosser, James, Rossbottom St, Staylybridge, Lancs., cm (1825). [D]

Prosser, John, Holborn, London, japanner, painter and gilder (1781–93). At 7 Wharton's Ct, Holborn in 1781 when insurance cover of £300 was taken out of which £100 was for utensils and stock. By 1789 at 220 High Holborn and in the following year the business is shown as Prosser & Bassana. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 288, p. 413]

Prosser, William, Bristol, cm (1754–84). In 1754 the address is shown as the parish of St Augustine, but in 1775 at 13 Stoney Hill. [D; poll bks]

Proston(?), Sarah, Cambridge, u (1710–12). Worked for St John's College, 1710–12, and supplied new curtains, a quilt and blankets. [St John's College records]

Prother, Hugh, Oxford, cm and u (1693–97). Worked for Pembroke College and in 1693 supplied bedsteads, tables, shelves for two studies at a cost of £2 14s. In 1697 supplied three bedsteads, a table etc. at £13 2s, and in the same year bedding, chairs and a curtain for two chambers at £15. [Pembroke College records]

Prothero, William & Spraggon, City Rd, Moorfields, London, cm and upholders (1791). Bankrupt by September 1791. [Williamson's Liverpool Advertiser, 19 September 1791, 4 February 1793]

Proud, William, London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Proud, William, Far Bondgate, Bishop Auckland, Co. Durham, joiner and cm (1827). [D]

Proudman, John, London, upholder (1758–66). Son of John Proudman of Queen St in the Park, Southwark, distiller. App. to William Guidott on 16 November 1758 and then Edward Shipman on 6 May 1761. Free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 6 March 1766. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Prowse, William, 17 Chapel St, Devonport, Devon, carver and gilder (1830). [D]

Pruden, Elizabeth, 2 Western Rd, Brighton, Sussex, u and calenderer (1832). [D]

Prudie & Hinchcliff, 98 High Holborn, London, cm (1794). [Heal]

Prussurot, John, 7 Greese St, Rathbone Pl., London, carver and gilder (1783–90). Employed by order of Mr Garbert at Carlton House, London for the Prince of Wales, 1783–84. He was responsible for carving and gilding ‘6 girandoles representing an African Marygold flower with 3 branches to each supported by Baskets, Ribbons, Tassels etc.’ For this work £38 was charged with an additional £1 4s for putting them up in the Long Gallery. By 1790 Prussurot had undertaken work for the Prince of Wales to a value of £7,057 3s 7d and in that year £433 1s 7d in interest was added in respect of the £6,817 still outstanding. Prussurot was also employed by the 4th Lord Howard de Walden at Audley End, Essex. On 17 April 1785 he charged £6 10s for carving and gilding a large frame with an additional £2 2s for carving an imperial crown and gilding. The total of all work undertaken from 9 July 1785 to 12 January 1786 was £12 16s 6d, but a further account for £10 was submitted in 1786 for making, gilding and repairing frames. [Windsor Royal Archives, RA25054 RA25073, RA25075, RA25088; Essex RO, D/DBy/A44/2 and 10]

Prussurot, Thomas Francis, 7 Greese St, Rathbone Pl., London, carver and gilder (1781). Clearly related to John Prussurot who may have been his successor. In 1781 took out insurance cover of £400 of which half was for utensils, stock, goods and a timber shop. [GL, Sun MS vol. 294, p. 157]

Pryce, William snr, London, upholder (1726–d. by 1786). Son of William Pryce of Ipswich and father of William Pryce jnr. App. to Richard Wood on 20 September 1726 and William Jones on 19 June 1729. Free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 1 October 1735. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Pryce, William jnr, London, upholder (1768). Son of William Pryce snr, freeman of the Upholders’ Co. William Pryce jnr was admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. by redemption under the terms of the 1750 Upholders’ Act, 27 October 1768. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Pryer, Charles, London, cm and u (1789–1803). At 96 New Bond St in 1789 and then traded from 472 Strand, 1790– 1803. His trade card [Banks Coll., BM] states that he also had a manufactory at Paradise Row, Chelsea. He appears to have specialised in small cabinet furniture and his card is embellished with engravings of writing and medicine cases, a toilet mirror, a caddy, a backgammon board and a shell inlaid tea tray. He also stocked floor cloth, matting, ivory, Tunbridge-ware, brooms, brushes and turnery goods and undertook funerals. The turnery goods were produced at his own manufactory. [D] Possibly the ‘Son’ in:

Pryer & Son, opposite Craven St, Strand, London, cm and u (1784). [Heal]

Pryer, Steains & Mackenzie, 30 Brydges St, Covent Gdn, London, u and cm (1810–37). The Pryer appears to have been George Pryer who in 1803 subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary. George Pryer and James Steains were already established in Brydges St by 15 August 1810 when they took out insurance cover of £1,100 of which £800 was in respect of utensils and stock. Half of the value of these items was at Brydges St and the other half at a workshop that they used in Denham St, Little Drury Lane. By February 1812 they had been joined by John Mackenzie, and insurance cover had risen to £1,900 of which £1,200 covered utensils and stock at 30 Brydges St and two houses behind, also in Little Drury Lane. By 1817 James Steaines had withdrawn from the business and it traded from this date as Pryer & Mackenzie. By 1837 John Mackenzie had also ceased his involvement, and George Pryer was trading alone. As with a number of other makers in this part of London they were strongly involved in the making and marketing of ‘patent’ furniture. They could offer ‘Patent Brass Screw Bedsteads, Sofa & Chair Beds, Dining Tables, Sideboards &c.’. In common with other ‘patent’ furniture makers they labelled the furniture they produced. Two beds and a writing table have been recorded with labels. In April 1816 they supplied the 6th Duke of Bedford with six strongly made beech chairs for his stables at a cost of £2 5s. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. vol. 453, ref. 846979; vol. 459, ref. 867633; V&A archives; Bedford Office, London]

Pryner, John, Lombard St, London, u (1778). In 1778 took out insurance cover of £2,200 of which £1,550 covered utensils, stock and goods. [GL, Sun MS vol. 264, p. 580]

Prynn, William, Lichfield, Staffs., cm and u (1818–35). Listed at Butch Row in 1818, Butcher Row, 1826–35, and Dam St, 1828–35. [D; poll bks]

Prynn, William, Burton-on-Trent, Staffs., cm and u (1822–35). Listed at Butcher Row in 1822 and High St, 1834–35. [D]

Puckle, Thomas, London, cm (1692). Supplied William III at Whitehall Palace in 1692 with tablestands and a glass frame ‘Japan Lackro’ at £32 5s. [PRO, LC9/280]

Puckridge, William, Hosier Lane, West Smithfield, London, carver and gilder (1789–1839). At 24 Hosier Lane, 1789–1802, but the number was 26 from 1804–20 and 17 from 1829–39. In directories he is described from 1789–93 simply as a carver, and his trade card [Heal Coll., BM] confirms that his main interest was in the making of trade signs including ‘Bacchus's, Bunches of Grapes’. [D]

Pugh, —, address unknown, carver (1719–39). Employed at Holkham Hall, Norfolk where in 1719 he supplied a large pillar glass and three chimney glasses at a cost of £64. Small commissions in connection with a dressing glass, a walnut frame and re-silvering existing glasses occur in 1727 and 1733 totalling £3 but more substantial work was undertaken in 1739 for the new house at Holkham. Two glasses supplied in this year were charged at £42. He was also responsible for the supply of console tables for the Saloon at Holkham. [V&A archives; C. Life, 11 February 1980, pp. 427–31]

Pugh, Edward, Shrewsbury, Salop, u (1707–20). Free 1707. In 1720 took app. named Weden. [Freemen rolls; S of G, app. index]

Pugh, Ellis, address unknown, cm (1766). In February 1766 supplied Sir Gilbert Heathcote with an ebony frame and mended ‘a fine amber cabinet’. The total cost was £7 19s. [Lincoln RO, 2 ANC 12/D/27]

Pugh, John, Stroud, Glos., cm and u (1820–37). Trading at High St in 1822 and London Rd in 1830. Children bapt. in 1823, 1825 and 1837. [D; PR (bapt.)]

Pugh, Thomas, High St, Shrewsbury, Salop, carver and gilder, cm and u (1828–35). [D]

Pugh, Thomas B., 14 Gt Dover St, London, carver and gilder (1839). [D]

Pugh, William, Southwark, London, u and cm (1809–25). At 303 Kent St, 1809–19. On 10 October 1810 took out insurance cover of £550 of which £450 was for utensils and stock. In October 1812 total insurance cover had risen to £1,100 but utensils and stock rose only modestly to £500. By March 1814 Pugh had a partner, Thomas Price and they appear to have remained trading together until 1825. In 1817 they were at 10 Gt Dover St and in 1825 25 Gt Dover St. By August 1820 insurance cover had been raised to £1,600 with utensils and stock at £700 and a stock of glass additionally valued at £100. Some insurance records, 1821–24, are in the names of William & Charles Pugh but they do not concern business stock. Charles Pugh was, however, to enter a partnership with William from 1825. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 449, ref. 848972; vol. 457, ref. 875427; vol. 463, refs 891676–77; vol. 486, ref. 970655; vol. 489, ref. 995574]

Pugh, William & Charles, Blackman St, Southwark, London, u and cm (1825–39). William had successfully operated a similar business at 303 Kent Rd from 1809–14 before going into partnership with Thomas Price at the same address. The partnership lasted until 1825, but from 1817 addresses in Gt Dover St were used. Charles Pugh appears as the joint insurer of property with William, 1821–24, and was probably living at the Gt Dover St address. He may even have been William's son. When the partnership with Thomas Price broke up in 1825 William & Charles Pugh moved to 11 Blackman St and are shown there, 1825–28. By 1837, however, they were at 6 Blackman St and were still at this address in 1839. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 485, refs 981738, 981790; vol. 489, ref. 995575; vol. 497, ref. 1019484]

Pugh, William, 6 Lower Montague St, Bristol, cm, u, paper hanger and undertaker (1836–40). [D]

Pugh, William, 54 Ashley Cresc., City Rd, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Pugh & Co., 153 Borough High St, London, carver, gilder and looking-glass manufacturer (1812–15). [D]

Pugin, Augustus Welby Northmore, London, architect, designer and cm (b. 1812–d. 1852). Pugin's career as England's most celebrated Gothic Revival architect is too well known to detain us here; his little known foray into the realm of cabinet making however, is relevant. Pugin was from 1827–29 employed as the designer of a wide range of Gothic Revival furniture for Windsor Castle. This furniture was manufactured to his designs by Morel & Seddon and much of it still survives in situ.
In 1829 Pugin noted in his fragmentary autobiography ‘Novr. 23 began business for myself in the carving and joinery line at 12 Hart Street, Covent Garden. At this time I had only the upper loft’. [V & A Lib., L.5204–1969 f. 30] Hart St is now named Floral St. Pugin was also working at this time as a stageman at the nearby Covent Gdn Theatre. His business was a pioneering one for ‘In those days great difficulty was felt in finding artificers and carvers capable of doing justice to the execution of designs in the mediaeval style … young Pugin now proposed not only to undertake the delineation of working drawings, but also to superintend the execution of work which he designed’. [Ferrey, pp. 64–65]
No bills, accounts or other documents of the firm survive and Pugin's name does not appear in the rate bks, probably because he rented the premises. [Wainwright, p. 5] As shown below only four commissions are documented and only three of these are certainly for furniture. Pugin's firm manufactured carved details as well as furniture and ‘Would undertake to supply all the ornamental portions of a building which could possibly be executed apart from the structure and fixed afterwards’. [Ferrey, p. 65] Pugin certainly supplied carved details and possibly furniture to Murthly Castle in 1830 and 1831 [Macaulay, pp. 248–49] which was then being built to the designs of his friend the architect James Gillespie Graham. Pugin almost certainly also designed and possibly furnished the interiors at Murthly: ‘… I designed all the interior decoration of a large mansion for Mr Gillespie Graham … in the style of James I, the drawing room in the style of Louis 14th.’ [V & A Lib., L.5204–1969 f. 29]
The furniture manufactured by the firm was not only Gothic in the manner of Pugin's Windsor pieces, but Jacobean as at Murthly and at times Tudor also. A considerable number of furniture designs by Pugin survive from this period [Wedgwood, 1977]; how many were executed is unknown. A group of designs in the Gothic and Jacobean styles survive [Wedgwood, 1985] which were certainly executed for Mrs John Gough of Perry Hall. The Pugin letters which accompany them cover the period June 1830–September 1831 and provide more information concerning the activities of his firm than is available from any other source. None of this furniture is known to survive.
The firm was short lived, for in 1831 Pugin ‘… not being brought up as a man of business was incapable of estimating the sufficient profit he attached to labour and materials in order to secure a proper return on invested capital … he was sued for non-payment of rent and placed in a sponging house … he must have become bankrupt but for the final discharge of his liabilities by Miss Welby his aunt’. [Ferrey, pp. 66–68] In September he wrote to Mrs Gough ‘… I have at length determined to relinquish the execution of work myself altogether to confine myself entirely to my original profession of an architect and designer’. [V & A, Print Dept, E.65–1955] He never again ran a business, only working as an architect for the usual fees.
The history of this short-lived firm is important not only because of Pugin's fame as an architect, but also because of the advanced character of the carving and furniture which it produced. The pieces in the Jacobean and Tudor styles particularly were to be emulated in so many pieces made by other firms in the later 1830s and 1840s. Only two pieces made by this firm are known to survive, that mentioned below and a Tudor style oak table in the V & A which is stamped ‘A. PUGIN’. [Wainwright, p. 5] [B. Ferrey, Recollections of A. W. N. Pugin and his father Augustus Pugin, 1861; J. Macaulay, The Gothic Revival, 1745–1845, 1975; A. Wedgwood, Catalogue of the Drawings Collection of the Royal Institute of British Architects the Pugin Family, 1977; A. Wedgwood, Catalogues of Architectural Drawings in the Victoria and Albert Museum, A. W. N. Pugin and the Pugin Family, 1985; C. Wainwright, ‘A. W. N. Pugin's Early Furniture’, Conn., CXCI, no. 767, 3–11]
PERRY HALL, Warks. (Mrs John Gough). Furniture supplied 1830–31. [V & A]
MURTHLY CASTLE, Perthshire (Sir John Stewart of Grantully). 1830–31. Carved details and possibly furniture. [Macaulay]
WESTON HOUSE, Warks. (Sir George Philips) 1830–31. Furniture and possibly carvings. [Pugin letters noted by Warwick RO in 1932 as in house, now lost]
PRIORY CHURCH OF HOLY TRINITY, Christchurch, Hants. 1831. The altar table, which is still in situ, bears the inscription ‘This table was made and presented to this church by Augustus Welby Pugin AD 1831’. The design also exists. [Wedgwood, 1977, p. 43] C.W.

Pujola(i)s, Henry, Margaret St, Cavendish Sq., London, painter, gilder and carver (1761–63). Fellow of the Society of Arts 1761–63. Painted, varnished and gilded the state coach of King George III, c.1761. [D; J. Harris, Sir William Chambers, p. 220]

Puleston, Edward, 17 Green St, Plymouth, Devon, chairmaker (1836–38). [D]

Pulford, Charles, Harleston, Norfolk, cm (1808). Married in 1808. [Suffolk RO, 50/2/114, p. 67]

Pullan, Jos., Bond St, Hull, Yorks., cm (1803). [D]

Pullan, Thomas, Kettlewell, near Skipton, Yorks., cm (1822). [D]

Pullen, —, 26 Redcliff St, Bristol, cm (1831). [D]

Pullen, H. & R., Farnham, Surrey, chairmakers (1838). [D]

Pullen, James, 5 Charles St, Westminster, London, carver and gilder (1820). [D]

Pullen, John, White's Alley, Chancery Lane, London, cm (1784). Freeman of Bristol. [Bristol poll bk]

Pullen (or Pullan), John, London, billiard table and backgammon board maker (1822–39). In 1822 at Commercial Rd, but by 1832 at 195 Fleet St, and by 1839 at no. 197. [D]

Pullen, Joseph, Little Moorfields, London, upholder (1788–1802). Son of John Pullen of Little Moorfields, Gent. App. to Charles Burrell on 5 March 1788 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 1 April 1795. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Pullen, Robert, Hatfield, near Thorne, Yorks., auctioneer and cm (1822). [D]

Pullen, Robert, Paris St, Exeter, Devon, cm (1838–39). Daughter bapt. on 7 January 1838 and a son on 30 June 1839 at St Sidwell's Church. [PR (bapt.)]

Pullen, Thomas, Masham, Yorks., joiner and cm (1828). [D]

Pullen (or Pullan), Timothy, High Bridge, Knaresborough, Yorks., cm (1834–37). [D]

Puller, George, Cranbourn St, Leicester Fields, London, u (1766–68). Fellow of the Royal Society, 1766–68.

Puller, Isaac, ‘The Golden Plow’, South side of St Paul's Churchyard, London, chairmaker (1714). His trade card [Landauer Coll., MMA, NY] states that he made and sold ‘Cane-Chairs, Stools and Couches of all sorts: and also Easie Chair-Frames, Chair-Stool Frames both round and square, to cover: and sells Rattan-Canes, whole and split’.

Pullin, William, Atherstone, Warks., cm and chairmaker (1793–96). In November 1796 advertised for an app. [D; Leicester Journal, November 1796]

Pulling, William, Upper Main St, Totnes, Devon, cm (1823–38). [D; poll bk]

Pulsford, Robert, Knightsbridge, London, gilder and chaser (1749). [Westminster poll bk]

Punchard, Jeremiah, Norwich, u (1772). On 17 June 1772 his son Robert was made free of the London Upholders’ Co. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Punchard, Robert, London and Norwich, upholder and auctioneer (1772–d. 1798). Son of Jeremiah Punchard of Norwich, u. App. to Nathaniel Spurling in London and free of the London Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 17 June 1772. By September 1780 he had returned to Norwich and in 1784 was trading from an address at Elm-hill St. His will was proved at Norwich in 1798. [D; GL, Upholders’ Co. records; poll bks; Norfolk Record Soc., index of wills]

Punshon, John, Newcastle, u (1731–56). Free on 11 October 1731, and his son John was free by patrimony on 26 April 1756. He was employed at Gibside, Co. Durham in 1743–44. On 16 April 1744 he was paid £7 8s 3d for blankets and curtain material etc. supplied in the previous year, and on 4 October 1744 a further sum of £2 7s 6d for putting up hangings, matting and baskets etc. He was declared bankrupt, in Gents Mag., September 1746, but in May 1750 was mentioned as living at The Close in an advertisement of Leonard Backwith. [Freemen reg.; poll bk; Durham RO, Strathmore MS, D/St/V. 989; Newcastle Courant, 26 May 1750]

Purcell, John, Bristol, upholder (c.1755). Took as app. John Stephens who set up his own business in August 1756 claiming to be his ‘late Apprentice’. [Farley's Bristol Journal, 28 August-4 September 1756]

Purcell, John, Cross, Stroud, Glos., cm (1820–30). [D]

Purcell, Thomas, 165 Bristol St, Birmingham, cm (1835). [D]

Purchell, Thomas, Winchester, Hants., chairmaker (1730). In 1730 took app. named Peater. [S of G, app. index]

Purden, John, opposite Still Alley, Houndsditch, London, cm etc. (c.1770). [Heal]

Purden, William, Corn Mkt, Warwick, cm and u (1822–31). [D; poll bk]

Purdie, Andrew, London, cm (1785–1811). In 1785 at 2 Little Queen St, Lincoln's Inn Fields where he took out insurance cover of £100 on utensils, stock and goods in trust. By 1790 he had moved to 22 Queen St Holborn, an address previously occupied by a Henry Purdie; but in 1792 was at 98 High Holborn in partnership, trading as Purdie & Hinchcliff. The partnership lasted until 1799 but from 1800 Purdie was trading on his own behalf from the High Holborn address. In 1803 he was included in the list of master cabinet makers in Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 329, p. 524]

Purdie, Henry, 22 Little Queen St, Lincoln's Inn Fields, London, cm (1789). [D] By 1790 this address was occupied by Andrew Ourdie.

Purdom, Thomas, 54 John St, Holland St, Blackfriars, London, cabinet carver (1835–39). [D]

Purdy, John, 6 and 7 Greenland St, Gray's Inn Rd, London, bedstead maker (portable, brass and iron) (1839). [D]

Purdy, Richard, Norwich, u (1739). Son of John Purdy. Free 14 July 1739. [Freemen rolls]

Purdy, Robert, High St, New Walsingham, Norfolk, cm (1839). [D]

Purkis, C., Southampton, Hants., u (1834–39). At Bridge St in 1834 but at Pembroke Sq., 1836–39. An advertisement of 1836 states that he also acted as an auctioneer, appraiser, broker, undertaker, paperhanger and house and estate agent. [D] Probably:

Purkiss, Charles, Hanover Buildings, Southampton, Hants., cm (1823). [D]

Purkiss, Robert, 8 Newton St, Holborn, London, carver (1808). [D]

Purnell, James, Cross St, Ryde, Isle of Wight, Hants., cm and u (1839). [D]

Purnell, John, Bristol, cm and u (1817–29). At 5 Mill's Pl. in 1819 but from 1818–29 at 32 Milk St. In 1823 also a grocer. [D]

Purnell, John, Bath, Som., cm, u and appraiser (1819–33). Listed at 8 New King St in 1819 and 7 Chapel Row in 1813. [D]

Purnell, Thomas, Bristol, upholder (1739–54). [Poll bks]

Purnell & Lockier, Wine St, Bristol, u (1792). [D]

Purrier, Thomas, 13 Baldwin St, Bristol, cm (1775–81). [D; poll bk]

Purser, William, Birmingham, cm and u (1828–35). Recorded at 50 New St in 1828 and Paradise St, 1830–35, no. 50 in 1835. [D]

Pursseveill, J. R., 5 Lime St, Leadenhall St, London, frame maker, carver and gilder (1781–82). Claimed to have been app. to John Overlove who traded at ‘The Golden Key’, 36 Leadenhall St as a frame maker and gilder, 17775–82. Pursseveill's trade card [GL] states that he framed ‘Prints, Drawings & Needle-work’. [D]

Purver, James, 258 Tottenham Ct Rd, London, cm and u (1835–39). [D]

Purver & Johnson, 8 Gt Newton St, Soho, London, cm and u (1825–27). [D]

Purves, James, Wool Mkt, Berwick-on-Tweed, Northumb., cm and u (1834). [D]

Purvis, Edward Hutchinson, Bondgate St, Alnwick, Northumb., joiner, cm and u (1828–34). Recorded also at 5 Pottergate, as cm and joiner in 1834. [D]

Putt, —, address unknown, joiner (1662). In 1662 supplied to Salisbury House, London a half headed bedstead for Lord Cranborne's footman at a cost of £3 14s 8d. [Hatfield House MS bills 269]

Pyall, Robert, near ‘The Red Cow’, Dover, Kent, joiner and cm (1729). In August 1729 advertised that he imported and sold ‘all sorts of Deal Planks, Deals, Timber and Spars for Building. Likewise makes all sorts of Joyners or Cabinetmakers goods, as Buroes, Desks, Chests of Drawers, Tables &c. Also Buyes and Sells all sort of second-hand Household Goods.’ [Kentish Post, 6 August 1729]

Pyatt, Jos., Dudley, Staffs., cm and clock case maker (1838). [D]

Pyatt, Joseph, New Mill St, Dudley, Staffs., cm and u (1840). [D]

Pybus, William, Hull, Yorks., cm (1774–84). Freeman of York. [York poll bks]

Pycock, George, Market Pl., Malton, Yorks., joiner, cm and u (1834–40). [D]

Pye, Brian, Liverpool, joiner and cm (1772–96). In 1772 at Tythbarn St; in 1744 at 44 Lancelots Hey; in 1787 at Hackins Hey; in 1790 at 12 Lancelots Hey; and in 1796 at 39 Union St. In 1790 described as a household broker and in 1790 also had an auction room at 35 Lancelots Hey. [D]

Pye, Bryan, Liverpool, cm (1780). Son of John Pye, carter. Free 11 September 1780. [Freemen reg.]

Pye, Edward, Lancaster and Preston, Lancs., cm (1801–17). Free of Lancaster, 1801–02, but by this period living in Preston. Returned to Lancaster and is named in the Gillow records, 1804–06, 1808 and 1813–17. His name is signed in pencil under the drawer of a night table at Heveningham, Suffolk and other signed furniture exists at Tatton Park, Cheshire. His signature appears on a Gillow furniture drawing of c.1810. [Lancaster freemen rolls; Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow; V&A archives; C. Life, 8 June 1978, p. 1614]

Pye, Thomas, 16 Manor Row, Chelsea, London, cm and u (1823). [D]

Pyecroft, John, Ship St, Brighton, Sussex, u (1837). A Samuel Pyecroft was trading as a cm and u at 27 Ship St from 1839. [D]

Pyecroft, Samuel, 27 Ship St, Brighton, Sussex, cm and u (1839–40). A John Pyecroft was trading in Ship St as an u in 1837. [D]

Pyke, —, Cambridge, u (1688–91). In 1688 mended cushions and supplied matting to Trinity College and in 1691 charged 16s 3d ‘for fringe and worke done about ye covering of ye forms’ for St John's College. [Trinity and St John's College records]

Pyke, Michael, Coventry St, London, u (1709). [Heal]

Pyke, William, St Martin's Lane, London, u (1707–18). Free of the Upholders’ Co., 4 February 1707. By 1709 in St Martin's Lane and in August 1711 his house was said to be at the sign of ‘The Black Lyon’ on the south side of Cecil Ct, west side of St Martin's Lane. In 1709–11 supplied items to the Heathcote family which in the latter year amounted to £6 0s 4⅓ and were feathers and work on bedding. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Hand in Hand MS vol. 9, p. 214; vol. 8, 27 July 1718; Heal; Lincoln RO, 2 ANC 12/D/4–5]

Pyle, Henry William, Addington St, Margate, Kent, cm (1839). [D]

Pym, Joseph, Bridge St, Belper, Derbs., cm (1835). [D]

Pyman, John, Whitby, Yorks., cm (1798). [D]

Pymm, Hammond, Rochester, Kent, carver (1780). [Poll bk]

Pyner, Francis snr and jnr, Lombard St, London, upholder and cm (1764–93). Francis Pyner snr was app. to William Powle, freeman of the Clothworkers’ Co., and made free of the Upholders’ Co. under the terms of the 1750 Upholders’ Act on 1 November 1764. He is, however, shown taking apps as early as 1762 and may already have been trading at the time he was granted the freedom of the Upholders’ Co. This is further confirmed by his name being included in a directory of 1763. He traded from 37 Lombard St, near George Yd, but an early version of his trade card gives the address as ‘The Tent’ near George Yd, Lombard St. He took over the business of his former master William Powle. This business had been conducted since the death of William Powle in 1753 by his widow. The business operated by Pyner was not in the same premises, however, as his trade card states ‘Successor to Mrs Powle from three King Court’.

The items that Pyner claimed to make and sell included ‘bedsteads & Furnitures, Window Curtains, Goose & other Feather Beds, Quilts, Blankets, Counterpanes & Coverlids, Damasks, Harrateens, Cheneys & Bed Tickings, Easy Chairs, Wilton Turkey & other Carpets, Mahogany & Wallnut-tree Chairs, with Leather & Matted Seats, Looking Glasses in Carv'd Gilt or Painted Frames, Dressing Glasses in Mahogany or Wallnut-tree Frames, Mahogany or Wallt Book Cases, Chests of Drawers, Writing Tables, Cloaths Presses, Buroes & Dressing Tables, Dining Card & Claw Tables, Night Tables, China Tables, Tea Boards & Brackets with all Sorts of Tea Boards & Tea Chests, Spring Blinds, and all Sorts of Window Blinds’. He also bought and appraised household goods and performed funerals in ‘any Part of Town or Country’. From 1765–71 took out licences to employ non-freemen which included permission to employ two to four throughout the year in 1766 and two for the entire year in 1766–69. By 1786 the business was being described as Pyner & Son. The son was Francis Pyner jnr who was app. to his father, 1776–83, and admitted a freeman of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 2 April 1783. Other apps of Francis Pyner snr were William Burkmire (1762–79), Bartholomew Payne (free 1772), John Loader (1774), John Preston (1781–88) and George Woolley (1783–86). Francis Pyner jnr took over as app. George Wooley who completed his training in 1790. This would suggest that Francis Pyner snr either retired from the business or died in 1786. The firm continued to be listed in London directories until 1793 when the son seems to have given up the trade also. In the following year he is listed in the Upholders’ Co. records as F. Pyner Esq. of Cheshunt, Herts. [D; GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Heal; GL, City Licence bks, vols 4–6, 9]

Pyner, George, London, upholder, appraiser and undertaker (1749–68). At Little Poulteney St, Westminster in 1749 but by 1768 in Princes St, Soho where he maintained an establishment which he called ‘The Blanket Ware-house’. His hand-bill is amongst the accounts of Sir John Griffin Griffin (later 4th Lord Howard de Walden), of Audley End, Essex. On this Pyner listed the extensive range of items that he stocked. These included bedsteads, feather beds, blankets, bed-ticks, quilts, counterpanes, rugs and coverlets, mattresses, carpets and floor cloths. Next door to his upholstery and bedding warehouse, at the sign of ‘The Cock and Star’ he maintained a wareroom for cabinet furniture and chairs. As an impressive finale to this listing he stated he maintained ‘Un Magazin pour Toutes Sortes de Meubles’. [Poll bk; Essex RO, D/DBy/A26/9]

Pyner, George, James St, Westminster, London, chairmaker (1749). [Poll bk]

Pyner, James, Cow Lane, West Smithfield, London, upholder (1778). Free of the Upholders’ Co. under the terms of the 1750 Upholders’ Act, 2 December 1778. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Pynn, William, Butcher Row, Lichfield, Staffs., cm etc. (1834). [D]

Pythian, John, Eccleston, near St Helens, Lancs., joiner and cm (1834). [D]