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Dictionary of English Furniture Makers 1660-1840. Originally published by W.S. Maney and Son Limited, Leeds, 1986.

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Citation:

'R', Dictionary of English Furniture Makers 1660-1840, (Leeds, 1986), pp. 725-774. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/no-series/dict-english-furniture-makers/r [accessed 24 June 2024].

. "R", in Dictionary of English Furniture Makers 1660-1840, (Leeds, 1986) 725-774. British History Online, accessed June 24, 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/no-series/dict-english-furniture-makers/r.

. "R", Dictionary of English Furniture Makers 1660-1840, (Leeds, 1986). 725-774. British History Online. Web. 24 June 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/no-series/dict-english-furniture-makers/r.

R

Rabbit, —, next door to the coachmaker's in Bishopsgate St, London, u (1703). [Harris, Old English Furniture]

Rabett, Edward, London, upholder (1699–1714). Recorded at the sign of ‘The Blackmoor's Head’, Paternoster Row, St Michael's in 1709. Admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. on 12 March 1699/1700. Took app. named William Ventris, 1704–14. Took out a Hand in Hand Insurance policy on 20 September 1709 for £200 on his house. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records; GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 7, ref. 4914]

Rabjohns, William, bottom of Butcher's Row, Exeter, Devon, carver and gilder (1829). Son William bapt. at St George's on 23 August 1829. [PR (bapt.)]

Rabner, Matthias, Leeds, Yorks., cm, joiner and u (1791–1822). One of the journeymen who signed the Leeds Cabinet and Chair Makers’ Book of Prices, 1791. Trading on his own account at St James's St, 1814–22. [D]

Race, William, 24 New St, Whitehaven, Cumb., u (1834). [D]

Racey, Joseph, at ‘The Crown & Cushion’, Milk St, Bristol, cm (1820–23). [D]

Rackell, James, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (b. c. 1806–41). Aged 35 at the time of the 1841 Census.

Rackham, Edward, Bungay, Suffolk, cm (1784–93). [D]

Rackham, James, Norwich, cm (1826). App. to Henry Huggins and admitted freeman on 3 May 1826. [Norwich freemen reg.]

Rackham, John, Heigham, Norwich, cm (1830). [Poll bk]

Rackham, John, White Horse Plain, Gt Yarmouth, Norfolk, u (1830–41). Polled at Norwich in 1830 and Gt Yarmouth in 1841.

Rackstraw, James, Wardour St, Soho, London, cm (1749). [Poll bk]

Rackstraw (or Rackshaw), Philip, Tottenham Ct Rd, London, u and cm (1806–08). [D]

Rackstrow (or Rackstraw), Benjamin, London, cm, sculptor and picture frame maker (c.1720–d.1772). Trade card, c.1720, shows early-Georgian mirror, and gives address at ‘The Crown & Looking-Glass’, the lower end of the paved stones in St Martin's Lane, and states that Rackstrow ‘Makes and Sells all sorts of Cabinet Work, Looking-Glasses, Coachglasses, Window-Blinds, Picture-frames &c. after the newest fashion and at the most Reasonable Rates. He likewise cleans and repairs all sorts of Cabinet work, Exchanges New Glasses for Old ones and makes Old ones fashionable. NB. He also cleans Pictures in the best manner and takes off Busto's, Basso Releivs and Figures of any Size, in Wax, Metal, or Plaister of Paris’. A second address, at ‘Sir Isaac Newton's Head’, the corner of Crane Ct, Fleet St, is on a Rococo trade card dated 1738, and signed by the engraver and furniture designer, Henry Copland. It is worded similarly to the preceding card. Rackstrow announced in Daily Advertiser, 5 May 1747 that he had ‘found out and completed an Apparatus to exhibit that Grand Experiment the Chair of Beatification…’. On 14 April 1739 Benjamin Rackstrow submitted a bill to Sir R. Hoare for ‘mahogany top to table’, costing £1 5s, for Barn Elms House. The London Magazine reported the death of Benjamin Rackstrow on 29 May 1772. It is possible that two men, perhaps father and son, have been confused here. [Banks Coll., BM; Heal; Wills, Looking-Glasses; C. Life, 7 May 1759, p. 1031; V&A Lib., English Manuscripts, tradesmen's bills to Sir R. Hoare]

Radcliff, Joseph, Notts., carver (1757–60). Recorded at Nottingham in 1757, when he took app. named Bullemer; and at Trentbridge in 1760, when he took another app. [S of G, app. index]

Radcliffe, Albert, 238 High Holborn, London, u (1839). [D]

Radcliffe (or Radclyffe), Edward, London, carver and gilder (1814–39). Addresses given at 49 Brewer St, Golden Sq., 1814–17; and 237 High Holborn, near Little Turnstile from Brewer St, Golden Sq., 1817–39. Three trade cards recorded, one with address in Brewer St, and two with address in High Holborn. Declared bankrupt, Brighton Gazette, 11 November 1824. [D; Banks Coll., BM]

Raddon, John, Gattey's Ct, Exeter, Devon, carver and gilder (1838). Daughter Jane bapt. at St Sidwell's on 2 December 1838. [PR (bapt.)]

Radford, John, near the Exe-Bridge, Tiverton, Devon, u, cm and chair manufacturer (1815–38). Recorded at Angel Hill in 1838. Parquetry inlaid mahogany occasional table recorded, with central column with pineapple decoration, and platform base on four scroll feet. Trade label underneath reads: ‘J. RADFORD, UPHOLSTERER, Cabinet and Chair Manufacturer NEAR THE EXE-BRIDGE, TIVERTON. London Paper Hangings, Carpet Warehouse, Floor Cloths &c.’, with the date, ‘March 29th 1822’ written by hand. Radford appears in a list of creditors of John Shuckburgh, clerk, of Sampford Peverel in Exeter Flying Post, 9 March 1815. Submitted a bill to Thomas Clarke on 5 April 1815 for paper, borders and fixing, including ‘satin Paper for two Parlors’; and for repairing ‘Venetian Blinds to front Parlor’, totalling £28 8s ½d. Notice in Exeter Flying Post, 11 December 1834 read: ‘Samuel Dearing, an apprentice to Mr. John Radford, cabinet-maker, Tiverton, was a few days since, so burnt, from the bursting and ignition of the contents of a jar, in which he was preparing polish, as to occasion death.’ [D; V&A archives]

Radford, Joseph, Birmingham, cm, joiner and upholder (1767– 77). Trading at 23 Bull St, 1767–70; as Radford & Field at 43 Edmund St in 1770; and at 14 St Thomas's St in 1777. [D]

Radford, Joseph F., Chard, Som., builder and cm (1793). [D]

Radford, Joseph, 5 Lower Vale Pl., Hammersmith, London, cm (1832). [D]

Radley, Jarvis, address unrecorded. Named in the Chatsworth vouchers in 1786 supplying white serge covers for the Music Room costing £13 12s; and in 1788, 147½ yards of 36″ wide carpeting, costing £26 13s.

Radley, Joseph, Queen St, St Ann's, Manchester, u (1781–88). [D]

Rae, John, Bedford St, North Shields, Northumb., cm and joiner (1827). [D]

Rae, R., 11 Castle St, Long Acre, London, broker and u (1808). [D]

Rafe, Thomas, Bristol, cm (1781). [Poll bk]

Ragge, James, parish of St Mary, Guildford, Surrey, u (1790– 94). [D; poll bk]

Ragsdale, Richard, Tothill Fields, London, cm (1749). [Poll bk]

Railton, Joseph, Kendal, Westmld, cm and u (1780). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1780 for £400 of which £50 accounted for his workshop. [GL, Sun MS vol. 280, p. 262]

Railton, Thomas, Waterloo Vale, South Shields, Co. Durham, cm and joiner (1828–29). [D]

Railton, William, Leeds, Yorks., journeyman cm (1791). Named in the Leeds Cabinet and Chair Makers’ Book of Prices, 1791 with other journeymen in basic sympathy with its contents.

Rainer, Thomas, St Gregory, Norwich, chairmaker (1761). [Poll bk]

Rainer, Thomas, Norwich, chairmaker (1818). [Poll bk] See Thomas Rayner.

Rainey, Edward, Spilsby, Lincs., cm, surveyor and auctioneer (1822). [D]

Rainey, J., 13 Southgate St, Bath, Som., cm and broker (1833). [D]

Rainford, —, 4 Haymarket, Liverpool, cm and bedstead manufacturer (1804). Notice in Liverpool Chronicle, 22 February 1804, concerned the resignation of Joseph Bennet, cm, in favour of Thomas Sharples & Rainford. Rainford & Sharples, joiners and cm, were trading in the Haymarket in 1804. [D] See Sharples & Rainford.

Rainford, Thomas, Liverpool, cm (b. c. 1786–d. 1833). Addresses given at Gellings Pl., Duckenfield St in 1806; 16 William St in 1810; no. 17 in 1811; 3 Nash St, 1813–14; 10 Scotland Rd in 1818; and 11 William St in 1821. Admitted freeman on servitude to Thomas Dutton on 5 November 1806. Death aged 47 reported in Liverpool Mercury, 26 April 1833. [D; Liverpool freemen reg.] Possibly two tradesmen of the same name.

Rainford, William, 6 Milton St, Liverpool, cm (1805). [D] Presumably the William Rainford of Liverpool who signed the supplement to the Liverpool Cabinet and Chair Prices, 1805, on behalf of the masters.

Rainford, William, Liverpool, u (1830–39). Addresses given at 8 Ryley Gdns in 1830; Kirkdale Village, near Liverpool in 1834; 63 Lord St, 1835–37; and 25 Devonshire Pl. in 1839. Admitted freeman on 15 November 1830 as son of Thomas Rainford. [D; Liverpool freemen reg.] Probably of:

Rainford, Stretch & Co., 54 Lord St, Liverpool, cm and u (1839). [D]

Rainy, Edward, Spilsby, Lincs., joiner and cm (1826). [D]

Rairs, A. & D., 70 Gracechurch St, London, u and cm (1808– 11). [D]

Raliegh (or Rayley), John, Hull, Yorks., cm (1774–84). [Poll bks]

Ralph, Daniel, Ipswich, Suffolk, cm (1754). Took app. named Cook in 1754. [S of G, app. index]

Ralphs, John, ‘Red Lion’, Wellow, Notts., chairmaker and victualler ((1832–35). [D]

Ram, —, cm (1791). See John Jackson.

Ram, John, 5 Queen's Buildings, Knightsbridge, London, u and cm (1835–39). [D]

Ramet (Ramé), Isaac, London, ‘tourneur en bois’ (1681). Registered at Threadneedle St for relief on 12 October 1681. [Hogarth Soc., 1949, p. 163]

Ramm, Edward, Marshall St, Carnaby Mkt, London, cm (1784). [D]

Ramm, John, Swan Yd, London, cm (1774). [Poll bk]

Ramm, William, White Lyon Ct, White St, London, cm (1778). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1778 for £600 of which £500 accounted for utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 266, p. 215]

Ramm, William, 14 Brownlow St, Holborn, London, cm and u (1783–99). [D]

Ramsay, John, address unrecorded, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Ramsay, Robert, 20 Wells St, Oxford St, London, cm (c.1786). Took out a Sun Insurance policy, c.1786, for £100, including £60 on household goods. [GL, Sun MS vol. 339, p. 377]

Ramsay (or Ramsey), Robert, Sheffield, Yorks., carver and gilder (1787–1808). Recorded at Back Lane in 1787, 42 High St in 1797, and High St, 1808. [D]

Ramsay, T. G., Church St, Ampthill, Beds, cm (1839). [D]

Ramsay, William, Cockermouth, Cumb., joiner and cm (1793). [D]

Ramsden, Ann, French Gate, Doncaster, Yorks., cm and/or u (1837). [D]

Ramsden, Benjamin, Hull, Yorks., cm (b. c. 1812–d.1901). [1841 Census; V&A archives]

Ramsden, John, Doncaster, Yorks., cm and u (1834). [D]

Ramsey, —, 37 Assembly Row, Mile End Rd and 83 Poplar, London, cm, u and undertaker (c.1830). Mahogany drop-leaf sewing table with turned legs, c.1830, recorded bearing stencilled name, trade and address inside drawers.

Ramsey, Isaac & Son, 83 High St, Poplar, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Ramsey, J. & E., Poplar, London, u (1811). [D] See Ramsey & Carter, and Ramsey & Co.

Ramsey, John, High St, Huntingdon, carver and gilder (1839). [D]

Ramsey, Nathan, Chester-le-Street, Co. Durham, cm and/or joiner (1834). [D]

Ramsey, Peter, Bishop's Stortford, Herts., upholder, shopkeeper and dealer in plate (1778). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1778 for £2,300 including £850 on utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 267, p. 171]

Ramsey, William, Whiting St, Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk, u, cm and chairmaker (1795). Announced in Bury and Norwich Post, 14 October 1795 that he had ‘taken out a licence for exercising the business of an AUCTIONEER …’.

Ramsey & Carter, 83 High St, Poplar, London, cm, upholders, undertakers, auctioneers and appraisers (1813–28). [D]

Ramsey & Company's Old Established Manufactory of No. 83 High St, Poplar, London, ‘Solid Mahogany Furniture on the Newest Principals’. Label recorded on desk, c.1800, with rising top for reading and in reverse adjustable mirror and holes for wash bowl and container; reeded edge to top; three drawers and cupboard. Probably for campaigning. See Ramsey, —, Isaac Ramsey & Son, and J. & E. Ramsey.

Ramshaw, John, East and Middle Herrington, Houghton-leSpring, Co. Durham, victualler, joiner and cm (1827–28). [D]

Ramshaw, William, Bishop Auckland, Co. Durham, cm (1805–34). Trading in Market Pl., 1827–34. Advertised for two journeyman cm in Newcastle Courant, 27 July 1805. [D]

Ramuz, Alexander, 17 Frith St, Soho, London, cm, u, undertaker and billiard table maker (1826–46). Named in the Lord Chamberlain's Royal Accounts in 1846. [D]

Ramuz, Henry, 17 Frith St, Soho, London, cm and u (1827–28). [D]

Rance, Richard, King St, Chelmsford, Essex, cm (1838). Named in the Essex jurors’ book for Chelmsford Hundred in 1838. [Essex RO, Q/RJ/2/1]

Rand, Charles & Sandell (or Tandell), Samuel, London, upholders (1776–83). Recorded as Rand & Sandell at 1 Compton St, Soho, 1779–80 and 101 New Bond St, 1781–83. Charles Rand and Samuel Tandell at the corner of Greek St in Compton St took out Sun Insurance policies in 1776 for £900 including £500 on utensils, stock and goods; and in 1780 for £4,500, £2,500 on utensils, stock and goods, and £500 on warehouse. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 246, p. 540; vol. 286, p. 542]

Rand, William, Maidstone, Kent, upholder (1712–19). Took apps named Post in 1712 and Argles in 1719. [S of G, app. index]

Rand, William, Battle, Sussex, u, tallow chandler and soap boiler (1759). Sale on 17 September of the stock in trade and utensils of William Rand ‘he having left the trade’, announced in Sussex Weekly Advertiser, 10 September 1759.

Randall, Edward, St Paul's Sq., Bedford, cm and u (1830–39). Listed at Stonehouse Lane in 1830 and St Paul's Sq. in 1839. [D]

Randall, G., 12 Francis St, Bedford Sq., London, u (1812). [D]

Randall, George, Cranbourn Alley, Leicester Sq., London, cm (1804–08). Randall of no. 6 took out a Sun Insurance policy on 14 May 1804 for £700 on a house belonging to Daniel Woodward. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 431, ref. 762284]

Randall, George, 2 Chapel St, Bedford Row, London, cm and u (1820–28). [D]

Randall, George, Park St, Cambridge, cm (1837–39). [Poll bks]

Randall, Gladman, 55 The Corner of Talbot Ct, Gracechurch St, London, trunk and plate case makers. 18th-century trade card with delicate Rococo border shows knife-case, small chests, leather jug and bucket, and states that Randall ‘Makes & Sells all Sorts of Hair & Black Leather Trunks, Hair & Gilt Leather Nests of Trunks for EXPORTATION. With an Assortment of all Kinds of Travelling and Campaign Trunks … Cases for Plate, China and Glass. Likewise all Sorts of Leather Ware …’. [MMA, NY]

Randall, James, Wardour St, London, upholder (1774). [Poll bk]

Randall, James, King St, Golden Sq., London, upholder and cm (1790–93). Recorded at no. 5 when he took out a Sun Insurance policy on 30 August 1792 for £1,200, including £100 on workshop behind with utensils and stock; and £100 on a house in Naylors Yd, Silver St, in tenure of Marley, coachmaker. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 389, ref. 604256]

Randall, James, 171 Piccadilly, London, u (1796–1808). Named in Sheraton's list of master cabinet makers, 1803. [D]

Randall, James, 52 Dean St, Soho, London, cm (1807–11). [D]

Randall, John, parish of St Luke, London, cm (1768). Took app. named Elizabeth Harding in 1768. [Westminster Ref. Lib., St Martin-in-the-Fields PR, MS 4309, p. 5]

Randall, John, 112 Marylebone High St, London, cm (1809–11). [D]

Randall, John, 14 Merchant St, Bristol, fancy chair and cm, broker (1840). [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 268, ref. 1334076]

Randal(l), Mat(t)hew, London, freeman merchant tailor, upholder and cm (1763–84). Addresses given at Lothbury, 1763–66; Old Broad St, 1767–70; Bishopsgate St, 1774–76; Cullum St, 1777–78; 34 Lime St, 1779–81; and 13 Fenchurch St, 1782–84. Admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. on 7 November 1765. Employed one non-freeman for three months in 1763; four for six weeks in 1766; six for three months in 1767; and four for three months in both 1770 and 1777. Declared bankrupt, Gents Mag., December 1774, and Sussex Weekly Advertiser, 12 February 1776. Took out Sun Insurance policies in 1779 for £500, of which utensils, stock and goods accounted for £300; and in 1781 with Richard Philp for £100 on utensils and stock in warehouse at 2 Ingram Ct, Fenchurch St. [D; GL, Upholders’ Co. records; GL, City Licence bks, vols 5, 6 and 9; GL, Sun MS vol. 276, p. 90; vol. 289, p. 304] Possibly two tradesmen of the same name.

Randall, Robert, 42 Market Pl., Poole, Dorset, cm and furniture broker (1830). [D]

Randall, Thomas, Eagle & Child Alley, Fleetmarket, London, freeman joiner, cm (1760). Employed two non-freemen for three months and six weeks in 1760. [GL, City Licence bks, vol. 2]

Randall, William, 38 Broad St, Soho, London, cm, joiner and u (1809–17). Recorded at Carnaby Mkt in 1811. [D]

Randall, William, Market St, Poole, Dorset, cm, carpenter and joiner (1823–30). [D]

Randall, William, 48 Long Alley, Finsbury, London, bedstead maker and cm (1829). [D]

Randall, William, Broad St, Ely, Cambs., turner and chairmaker (1830). [D]

Randall & Blaxlan, 73 Old Bond St, London, u (1773). [D]

Randall & Hay, 49 Skinner St, Snow Hill, London, u and cm (1814–16). [D]

Randel, —, Thame, Oxon., chairmaker (1836). A van-load of chairs made by Randel was transported in 1836 by Benjamin North, the first recorded pioneer in the business of exporting Wycombe chairs from the locality. [Joy, English Furniture, 1800–1850, p. 240]

Randell, John, North Walsham, Norfolk, cm, u and iromonger (1822–30). Trading at Market Pl. in 1830. [D]

Randle, Charles, Nuneaton, Warks., cm, chairmaker and turner (1822–28). [D]

Randle & Williams, Plymouth, Devon, u (1808). [D]

Randles, George, Chester, cm (1780). Admitted freeman on 10 June 1780. [Chester freemen rolls]

Ran(s)ford, John, Walbrook, London, u (1768). Declared bankrupt, Gents Mag., October 1768.

Rangecroft, John, Gt Minster St, Winchester, Hants., carver (1839). [D]

Ranger, Charles, address unrecorded, upholder (1773). Son of Solomon Ranger, Gent., of Edmonton, Middlx; app. to Andrew Parker, and admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude in 1773. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Rankin, John, Newcastle, cm and chairmaker (1754–82). Addresses given adjoining Mr Steel's, Big-market in 1764; and near ‘The Black-horse’, White-cross, 1778–82. Possibly the John Ranken, cm, who subscribed to Chippendale's Director, 1754. Advertised a long list of goods for sale in Newcastle Courant, 1 February 1764. [D]

Rankin, Richard, 5 Dickinson St, Liverpool, u (1839). [D]

Rannie, James, St Martin's Lane, London, upholder and cm (1754–d.1766). He was Thomas Chippendale's first partner and put up capital to finance an expansion of the business following publication of the Director in 1754. They signed a joint lease on spacious premises in St Martin's Lane in August 1754 and issued a trade card [Westminster City Libraries] about this time. In the subscription list to Chippendale's Director he is described as ‘cabinet-maker’ and in his will [PRO, Prob. 11/915 c/7021, p. 255] referred to himself as ‘upholder and cabinet-maker’, but his contribution was probably mainly as a financier and accountant, there being little evidence that he possessed practical knowledge of furniture crafts. In 1758 ‘Rannie & Co. Upholders’ received a premium of £42 for taking John Burrows as app. for 7 years. He owned property in East Lothian and was related to the wine dealers Bell & Rannie of Leith, while his brother Thomas (with whom he owned a share in the ship John & James) was a prosperous Edinburgh merchant — these contacts doubtless explain the firm's early success in attracting Scottish customers. He died in 1766 and was buried in St Martin's Church. His widow was left £200 p.a. for life and small legacies included £100 ‘to my Book-Keeper Thomas Haig’. Rannie's estate took at least 5 years to wind up and the dissolution of the partnership brought Chippendale to the verge of bankruptcy. [Gilbert, Chippendale] C.G.G.

Ransford (or Ranceford), Charles, Oxford, carver (d.1737). Probate will granted on 26 September 1737. [Bodleian index of Oxford wills]

Ranshall, John, address unrecorded, upholder (1771–78). Son of John Ranshall, weaver of Christchurch. App. to John Evans, cook and working upholder, on 4 July 1771, and admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude on 4 November 1778. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Ranshall, John, Bishopsgate Without, London, upholder (1783–96). Recorded at no. 86, 1783–84; no. 83, 1786–96; and also as an auctioneer in 1789. Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 13 July 1786 including £100 on household goods, and £530 on utensils etc. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 339, p. 77]

Ranshall, John, 48 Shoreditch, London, u (1799–1816). [D]

Ranson, Henry, South St, Eastbourne, Sussex, turner and chairmaker (1823). [D]

Raper, Henry, East Witton, Middleham, Yorks., joiner and/or cm (1834). [D]

Raper, James, Spennithorne, Harnby, Yorks., cm (1823). [D]

Raper, James, 23 Curtain Rd, London, picture frame maker (1826–27). [D]

Raper, John, York, joiner and cm (1816–38). Trading at Feasegate, 1816–17; Starcourt Lane in 1830; and 11 Davygate in 1838. [D]

Raper, Thomas, York, cm (1836). Son of Thomas Raper, stage coachman; app. to John Milner and Thomas Harland, cm, on 9 February 1836. [York app. reg.]

Raper, Thomas, 27 Cross St, Hatton Gdn, London, carver and gilder, looking-glass manufacturer (1835–37). [D]

Rasbury, Stephen, Standish St, Liverpool, carver and gilder (1810–11). Trading at no. 40 in 1811. [D]

Rasbury, Thomas, 114 Tottenham Ct Rd, London, carver and gilder (1808). [D]

Raseigh, John, Redruth, Cornwall, cm (1830). [D]

Rason, Henry, Tunbridge Wells Kent, chairmaker (1832–34). [D]

Ratcliff, John, Stowell St, Newcastle, cm (1833–38). Listed at no. 48, 1833–34, and no. 47 in 1838. [D]

Ratcliff, Thomas, 15 Castle St, Long Acre, London, cm (1808– 10). Took out Sun Insurance policies on 4 March 1808 for £150 on his house and goods; and on 14 April 1810 for £300, £200 accounting for stock, utensils and goods in trust. [GL, Sun MS vol. 445, ref. 814461; vol. 453, ref. 844488]

Ratcliffe, Edward, 49 Brewer St, London, carver and gilder (1811–12). [D]

Ratcliffe, John, York, cm (1740–67). Recorded at Coney St in 1740; Low Ousegate in 1743; ‘next Door to the Sign of the Blue Anchor upon Ouse Bridge’ in 1746; and in St Helen's parish, 1759–67. Advertised in York Courant, 12 August 1740 as ‘John RATCLIFFE from Amsterdam, now living in Coney Street, York, Makes all Sorts of Cabinet-Work after the newest English, French and Dutch Fashions; Likewise Glass and Picture Frames; Pictures clean'd and refresh'd; also all Sorts of English and Dutch Varnish, and Lacquer made and sold by him.’ Advertised again on 9 August 1743 as a framemaker in Low Ousegate, who ‘Makes all Sorts of gilded or black Frames for Pictures or Prints’; and on 4 March 1746, announced sale at his shop on Ouse Bridge, ‘on Wednesday in the Assize week’ of ‘all Sorts of CABINET WORK … viz desks with Brass Mountings all other Sorts of Desks, Glasses, Tables and Chairs, &c.…’. Probably the JR, cm aged 50, recorded as having been resident for eight years in St Helen's parish in the 1767 Census of Roman Catholics. [Catholic Recusancy in York]

Ratcliffe, John, Liverpool, joiner and cm (1799). Admitted freeman on servitude to Robert Tyrer on 3 December 1799. [Liverpool freemen reg.]

Ratcliffe, John, Chester, cm (1812–37). Trading in Foregate St, 1812–19; Britain's Entry in 1826; and Brook St in 1837. Admitted freeman on 10 October 1812. [Chester freemen rolls and poll bks] Notice in Chester Chronicle, Cheshire and North Wales Advertiser, 6 November 1829, concerned the ‘violent Assault’ by Ratcliffe on Mathias Rowlands, when Ratcliffe visited Rowlands's sister ‘to demand some clothes which she had taken off his child's back’. Rowlands had attempted to throttle him, and Ratcliffe ‘was obliged to cut at them with a large hinge’. The case was settled by Ratcliffe agreeing never to molest Rowlands in future, and paying all expences, including the surgeon's bill.

Ratcliffe, John, Spa Fields, London, corn chandler and cm (1822). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 20 November 1822 for £500, £400 on his house, and £100 on warehouse, workshop, stock, utensils and goods in trust. [GL, Sun MS vol. 490, ref. 997860]

Ratcliffe, John, Rosemary Lane, Ashton-under-Lyne, Lancs., joiner and cm (1828). [D]

Ratcliff(e), M., New Brentford, Middlx, u and furniture broker (1838). [D]

Ratcliffe, Thomas, Richmond St, Liverpool, cm and merchant (1781–83). [D]

Ratenbury, William, Spilsby, Lincs., cm and joiner (1835). [D]

Rathbone, Charles, 95 Old St, London, carver (1791). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 18 April 1791 for £100, including £5 on utensils in the workshops adjoining Mr Seddon, cm, in Aldersgate St. [GL, Sun MS vol. 376, p. 227]

Rathbone, John, 24 Linal St, Liverpool, cm (1794). [D]

Rathbone, Phillip, 29 Lowdon St, Ratcliff, London, cm (1775). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1775 or £500 of which £350 accounted for utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 238, p. 593]

Rathbone, Richard, 3 Dufours Ct, Broad St, Golden Sq., London, carver and gilder (1794–1800). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 9 July 1794 for £600 on his house, contents and utensils. Recorded at 3 Dufours Pl. in the account books of Edward, Lord Harewood, 1st Earl, and Edward, Lord Lascelles, relating to Harewood House, Yorks., and Harewood House, Hanover Sq., London. Between 19 June 1795 and 25 May 1799 Rathbone was paid a total of £361 4s for unspecified work. On 23 June 1797 he supplied ‘a frame for Mrs. Chaloner’, costing £4 19s; on 27 October 1798, a picture frame costing £7 2s; and on 14 June 1800 he was paid 12s 6d ‘for taking down the great Lanthorn’. [GL, Sun MS vol. 401, ref. 630179; Leeds archives dept, Harewood MS 211–12 and 189–92]

Rathell, Samuel, 8 Devonshire St, Queen Sq., London, upholder (1788–99). [D]

Rathnell, Samuel, 37 Queen Sq., Bloomsbury, London, u (1808). [D]

Rattenbury, William, Spilsby, Lincs., joiner and cm (1826). [D]

Rause, Richard, Oxford, cm (1780). Insured his house and stock for £300 in 1780. [GL, Sun MS vol. 283, p. 262]

Ravald, Ann & Abbott, William, 16 Bedford St, Covent Gdn, London, u (1791). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 12 March 1791 for £500. [GL, Sun MS vol. 374, ref. 580963] See Ravald & Abbat, and Ravald & Holmes.

Ravald, John, Lancaster and London, u (1767–68). Admitted freeman of Lancaster, 1767–68, when stated of Gt Queen St, London. [Lancaster freemen rolls] Probably:

Ravald (or Ravauld), John, at the Blanket Warehouse, Prince's St, Leicester Fields, London, cm and upholder (1778–84). Took out Sun Insurance policies in 1778 for £600 on his house; and in 1783 with John Morland for £1,500 on utensils, stock and goods. Named with his son, John, in the Preston Guild record of burgesses in 1782 of Princess’ St, Soho. Polled at Westminster in 1784. [GL, Sun MS vol. 266, p. 608; vol. 313, p. 365] See Ravald & Morland.

Ravald & Abbat, 16 Bedford St, Covent Gdn, London, upholders (1791–95). [D] See Ann Ravald.

Ravald & Holmes, 16 Bedford St, Covent Gdn, London, upholders (1793–94). Recorded also as Ravald & Co. at this address in 1793. [D] See Ann Ravald.

Ravald & Morland, London, upholders and cm (1779–93). Recorded at 13 Prince's St, Soho, 1780–93. Submitted a bill to Sir John Griffin Griffin of Audley End, Essex, dated 19 January 1779 and totalling £64 7s 9d for items supplied to Sir John's London house in New Burlington St. Items included ‘A Set of Carved Cornishes made to your Laths with honeysuckle middles …’; ‘Covering the above cornishes with your furniture stripe’; thirty-six ‘splat back rout Chairs with shaped Matted seats neatly Japand to Match your Stripe’; Wilton carpeting for the ante-room, dressing-room and stairs; and ‘2 Neat pole stands with turnd Ivory tops for your Screens a Moulding round Ditto and japand to match the rout Chairs’. In 1780–81 Ravald & Morland were paid 4s for repairing a ‘Japan Rout Chair’ and ‘Japan Pole Fire Screen’. The firm was employed at Carlton House, 1783–86, submitting a bill of £513 15s 3d for upholstery work. On 10 August 1784 they charged the Prince of Wales £33 18s for a large mahogany secretaire, the lower part consisting of a desk drawer and three drawers with folding doors, the upper part with a variety of drawers and sliding shelves; a carved scroll pediment, octagonal glazed doors, and two silk curtains which cost an extra £1 12s. Ravald & Morland also provided a mahogany library stool ‘stufed & covered w. plain satin haircloth and finished w. best brass nails’, costing £3. Bills at Osterley Park, London, include one from Ravald & Morland for £5 10s 8d dated 6 December 1784 to Mrs Child, for cleaning and repairing furniture, hangings, ornaments and pictures throughout the house. Further repairs were carried out in 1787. A receipt for £92 11s dated 1788 is signed by John Morland for furniture delivered ‘for self and the Representative of Mr. Ravald Deceased.’ [D; Essex RO, D/ DBy/A37/4; A39/5; A210–2; RA, 25069; H. Clifford Smith, Buckingham Palace; Fastnedge, Sheraton Furniture] See John Ravald.

Raven, Edward, Thornton Lane, Leicester, u (1827). [D]

Raven, John jnr, address unrecorded. In 1730 he was paid £1 19s for a chest of drawers and a folding bed supplied to James, Duke of Montrose, for his house at Cley. [Scottish RO, GD 220/6/31/P602]

Raven, John, Wharf St, Leicester, cm (1828). [D]

Raven(s), Thomas, Goswell St, London, cm and bedstead maker (1829–39). Recorded at no. 110, 1820–35, and no. 135, 1837–39. [D]

Ravenhill, George, St Paul's Churchyard, London, upholder and cm (1776–89). Recorded at no. 22, 1782–89. Admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. on 7 February 1776. Named in Bailey's list of bankrupts, 1788. [D; GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Ravenhill, James, 22 St Paul's Churchyard, London, freeman joiner, cm (1769–83). Employed six non-freemen for three months in 1770; four for three months in 1771; six for six weeks in 1772; and six for six months in 1773. Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1777 for £1,000 of which £500 accounted for utensils and stock. Trade label recorded on privately owned mahogany card table, datable by style c.1750–60. Label reads: ‘James Ravenhill, at the Golden Key against the South door of St. Paul's Church, London: Makers and sellers of coach and looking glasses, chairs and cabinets working at the lowest prices, N.B. merchants may be furnished … and other chairs to take to pieces.’ [D; GL, City Licence bks, vols 7 and 8; GL, Sun MS vol. 262, p. 120] See Thomas Ravenhill.

Ravenhill, Richard, 44 London Wall, London, cm and u (1822–23). [D]

Ravenhill, Thomas, St Paul's Churchyard, London, cm and upholder (1789). Dividends on bankruptcy announced in Williamson's Liverpool Advertiser, 23 November 1789. See James Ravenhill.

Ravenhill, William, 10 North St, City Rd, London, chairmaker (1808). [D]

Ravenhill & Sparrow, 87 Bartholomew Close, London, cm (1790–93). [D]

Ravens, T., 24 New Church St, Edgware Rd, London, cm (1835). [D]

Ravenscroft, James, Nantwich, Cheshire, chairmaker (1810–d.1812). Daughter Mary by wife Ellen bapt. on 14 March 1810. Ravenscroft was buried on 31 January 1812. [Chester RO, PR]

Ravenscroft, John jnr, Nantwich, Cheshire, chairmaker (1788). Married on 4 February 1788. [Chester RO, PR]

Ravenscroft, Samuel, address unrecorded, u (1640–d.1664). Named in the List of Principal Inhabitants of the City of London in 1640 as Alderman of Vintry Ward. Died in 1664. [Heal]

Ravis, Nathaniel, London, upholder and cm (1807–09). Trading at Three King Ct, Lombard St, 1807–08, no. 6 in 1807; and as Ravis & Rickman at 11 High St, Southwark in 1809. [D]

Ravner, William, 2 Broker's Row, Moorfields, London, upholder, broker and undertaker (1784). [D]

Raw, Christopher, Northallerton, Yorks., cm (1828–29). [D]

Rawbone, Thomas, Snowhill, London, upholder (1773–74). Son of William Rawbone of All Hallows, London Wall; admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. on 7 April 1773. Declared bankrupt, Gents Mag., January 1774; as Rawhone in February 1774. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Rawbone & Rainper, Snowhill, London, upholstery warehouse (1773). [D]

Rawden, Christopher jnr, York, cm (1807–23). Trading at Barker Hill in 1823. Son of Christopher Rawden, brushmaker; app. to William Fawbert, cm, on 18 January 1807. Admitted freeman in 1820. [D; York app. reg. and freemen rolls]

Rawes, Christopher, Lancaster, u (1767–68). [Lancaster freemen rolls]

Rawes, Gerrard, Lancaster, joiner and cm (1738–68). App. to George Haresnape in 1738. Took apps on 22 January 1749, 1 January 1752, 26 January 1756; and 1 December 1762. His son, Christopher, admitted freeman u, 1767–68. [Lancaster app. reg. and freemen rolls]

Rawley, Charles, Beverley, Yorks., cm (1754). Took app. named Walker in 1754. [S of G, app. index] Probably Charles Rawling.

Rawlin, James, Chepping Wycombe Borough, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (1798). [Militia Census]

Rawling (or Rawlins), Charles, Beverley, Yorks., cm (1756–61). Took apps named Andrew in 1756, Stokes in 1760 and Hunsley in 1761. Named in the Burton Constable vouchers on 6 September 1761 providing ‘A Fret Rim Put Round a Large Meogney Board’ costing £1.1s. Took app. named Thomas Walker of Hull. [S of G, app. index; C. Life, 3 June 1976, p. 1476–80] Probably Charles Rawley.

Rawlings, Ann, Wood St, Walthamstow, London, cm (1826–32). Trading as cm and u in 1832. [D] See George Rawlings.

Rawling(s), Edward, 17 Mount St, London, cm, upholder and broker (1790–93). Took out Sun Insurance policies on 7 December 1790 for £600 including £420 on stock and goods in trust; and on 27 December 1790 for £200 on his warehouse and workshops over stables in North Bruton Mews. [D; GL, Sun MS refs 576726 and 577554]

Rawlings, Edward, 21 Drury Ct, Strand, London, cabinet inlayer (1836). [D]

Rawlings, Francis, High St, Cheltenham, Glos., cm and u (1820–40). Trading at 22 High St in 1820; as cm, u, building surveyor and paper hanger in 1822; and at 76 High St, 1830– 39, in 1839 as Rawlings & Son. [D]

Rawlings, George, Wood St, Walthamstow, London, cm (1809–11). [D] See Ann Rawlings.

Rawlings, George, Long St, Sherborne, Dorset, cm and u (1840). [D]

Rawlings, John E., 170 Tottenham Ct, London, u and cm (1829–39). [D]

Rawlings, Philip, 173 Drury Lane, London, turner (1792–93). In partnership with John Smart, as turners and bedstead makers, took out a Sun Insurance policy on 8 October 1792 for £600 of which £300 accounted for goods and stock in trust in their workshop. A Rawlins subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793. [GL, Sun MS vol. 389, ref. 605989] See Robert Rawlings and P. & W. Rawlins.

Rawlings, Robert, London, cm and bedstead maker (1775–1823). Addresses given new Holborn, Drury Lane in 1775; 187 Drury Lane in 1783; in Heal as R. Rawlings of Theobalds Rd in 1794, and in directories at no. 50, 1806–23; and at 26 Red Lion Sq., 1826–27. Took out Sun Insurance policies in 1775 for £700, and in 1783 for £500, utensils, stock and goods accounting for £450 and £250 respectively. Probably the Rawlins, bedstead manufacturer of Theobald's Rd who subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 239, p. 482; vol. 313, p. 582] See Philip Rawlings & John Smart, and P. & W. Rawlins.

Rawlings, Thomas, 170 Tottenham Ct Rd, London, cm and chairmaker (1817–28). [D]

Rawlin(g)s (or Rawling or Rawlens), William, London, cm, upholder, appraiser and undertaker (1770–1802). Recorded at 93 Fleet Mkt in 1778; 91 Street Mkt in 1779; Moorfields, 1781–86; 11 Broker Row in 1790; as a member of the Upholders’ Co. in Old Bethlem, 1792–94; and as Sir William Rawlins, Knight and Sheriff in Old Bethlem in 1802. Trade card [BM] states: ‘Rawlins Cabinet Maker Upholder Appraiser & Undertaker. The Royal Bed & Star No. 12 Broker Row Opposite Bedlam Walk, Moorfields London. Genteel Furniture New & Second hand in great variety.’ Son of Simon Rawlins, farmer of Bridgcombe, Berks. App. to Thomas Harris, weaver, on 6 August 1770, and to Samuel Swaine on 25 March 1773. Admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude on 6 May 1778. Took app. named John Price, 1781–88. William Rawlins, u and cm of 91 Street Mkt took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1779 for £800 of which £670 accounted for utensils, stock and goods. Successor to Pitt & Chessey at 12 Broker's Row, and formerly James Rodwell. [D; GL, Upholders’ Co. records; GL, Sun MS vol. 278, p. 422; Heal]

Rawlins, James, Duke St, Trowbridge, Wilts., cm etc. (1839). [D]

Rawlins, P. & W., 26 Red Lion Sq., London, bedstead manufactory (1802–04). [D] See Robert Rawlings.

Rawlins, Thomas, Westgate, Grantham, Lincs., joiner and cm (1790). Sale of Rawlins's wood and stock in trade on his declining business advertised in Lincoln, Rutland and Stamford Mercury, 5 March 1790. Stock consisted of mahogany, walnut, elm and other wood; and ‘The Whole of his CABINET STOCK ready made; consisting of a handsome Mahogany Wardrobe; a Desk; Four Sets of Drawers; Five Dining Tables; Three Pembroke Tables; Four Tea Tables; Two Night Tables; Eight Bason Stands; a Number of Tea, Glass and Butlers’ Trays; a Wainscot Desk; Two Sets of Drawers; Two Tea Tables, with several Card and Dressing Tables; Twenty Pier and Swing Glasses; Kitchen Chairs; a Number of other Articles in the above Branches entirely new. The above Furniture is worth the Attention of the Public, being finished in a Workmanlike Manner out of fine oldseasoned wood.’

Rawlinson, Anne, Warrington, Lancs., u (1789). [D]

Rawlinson, James, New Rd, Whitechapel Rd, London, u (1780). Insured his house for £100 in 1780. [GL, Sun MS vol. 282, p. 603]

Rawlinson, James, 120 Rosemary Lane, London, u (1780–82). Took out Sun Insurance policies in 1780 for £100, £50 accounting for utensils, stock and goods; and in 1782 for £300, £200 on utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 284, p. 264; vol. 303, p. 92]

Rawlinson, James, Artillery St, Wisbech, Cambs., cm and u (1824). [D]

Rawlinson, Stephen, Newmarket, Suffolk, cm or u (1796). Son of William Rawlinson, coachman of Newmarket; app. to Edward and Thomas York of Cambridge, u and cm, for £21 on 26 March 1796. [Cambs. RO, Corp. day bk]

Rawlsham, Richard, Liverpool, cm (1755). Took app. named Hill in 1755. [S of G, app. index]

Raworth, Thomas, 43 Hill St, Newfoundland St, Bristol, cm (1834). [D]

Rawson, Gervas, Watson's Yd, Leylands, Leeds, Yorks., chairmaker (1822). [D]

Rawson, John, Ripon, Yorks., cm and victualler (1798). [D]

Rawson, John, Sheffield, Yorks., cm (1816–34). Trading at Westbarr in 1816 and Woodgrove in 1822. [D]

Rawson, John & Son, Hill Foot, Penistone Rd, Sheffield, Yorks., cm and joiners (1825–33). [D]

Rawson, John, Chapel St, Tadcaster, Yorks., joiner and/or cm (1834–37). [D]

Rawson, Thomas, Manchester, cm (1828–33). Trading at 31 Port St in 1828; 172 and/or 472 Oldham Rd in 1829; and no. 64, 1832–33. [D]

Rawson, Thomas, 15 West St, Leeds, Yorks., u (1837). [D]

Ray, Andrew, Stone Bridgegate, Ripon, Yorks., joiner and cm (1828–29). [D] Possibly Andrew Roy.

Ray, J., Atherstone, Warks., hair and chair seating manufacturer (1796). [D]

Ray, John, 6 Robert St, Liverpool, cm (1811). [D]

Ray, Robert, Linacre Marsh, Liverpool, cm (1839). [D]

Ray, Thomas, address unrecorded, upholder (1710–19). Son of John Ray, Gent. of Gomersal, Yorks.; app. to Thomas Dixon in 1710, and admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude on 9 September 1719. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Ray, Thomas, Bartholomew Close, Little Britain, London, upholder (1724–34). [D; poll bk]

Ray & Co., Thomas, Raquet Ct, Fleet St, London, upholders (1727). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 17 May 1727 for £1,200 on stock in house in Raquet Ct occupied by Richard Say. [GL, Sun MS vol. 24, ref. 41759]

Ray, Uriah, Market Drayton, Salop, chairmaker (1822–28). Trading at Horse Mkt in 1822 and Cheshire St in 1828. [D]

Ray, William, Lancaster. Named in the Gillow Records in 1786. [Westminster Ref. Lib.]

Raybold, Richard, St Botolph, Bishopsgate, London, carver (1772). Declared bankrupt, Gents Mag., June 1772.

Rayer, Moses, Worcester, upholder (1798). App. to Abraham Fluke, upholder, and admitted freeman on 1 October 1798. [Worcester freemen rolls]

Rayley, Joseph, Beverley, Yorks., cm and u (1774–99). [D; poll bks]

Rayment, Jeremiah Joseph, The Wash, Hertford, carver, gilder and printseller (1839). [D]

Rayment, William, 137 High Holborn, London, upholder (1790–93). [D]

Raymond, Ann & Co., 48 Wine St, Bristol, upholders (1775). [D]

Raymond, Christopher, Bristol, upholder (1729–39). Polled of Christ Church parish, 1734 and 1739. Took app. named Witchell in 1729. [S of G, app. index]

Raymond, James, 11 Manchester Mews South, London, chair and sofa manufacturer (1829). [D]

Raymond, Mary, 34 Primrose Hill, Liverpool, furniture painter (1839). [D]

Rayner, —, address unrecorded, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Rayner, George Thomas, Ramsgate, Kent, cm (1832–39). Addresses given at 9 Plains of Waterloo, 1832–34, and Bellevue Hill, 1838–39. Polled at Sandwich in 1831 and 1832; and as Thomas George Rayner in 1837. [D].

Rayner, Henry, 41 Gt Marylebone St, Cavendish Sq., London, cm (1808). [D]

Rayner (or Raynar), Joseph, Wakefield, Yorks., cm, u and joiner (1814–37). Recorded at Kirkgate, 1814–20, and Westgate, 1822–37. [D]

Rayner, Philip, corner of Brook(e) St, Holborn, London, cm and u (d.1745). Sale of stock in trade on his death advertised in London Evening Post, 2–4 May 1745. Stock consisted of ‘Mahogany Buroes and Dressing Tables, Chairs ditto, Tables ditto, Walnut Chairs, Leather Easy Chairs and other Chairs, double Chest of Drawers, Sconces and Chimney Glasses, Settee Beds, Four Posted, worsted Damask Curtains … N.B. Two India Cabinets and an Eight Day Clock.’ Sale announced again in Daily Advertiser, 9 May 1745.

Rayner, Thomas snr, Norwich and Cambridge, chairmaker (1757–1830). Thomas Rayner, was app. to William Rayner, chairmaker of Norwich on 3 May 1757. He is recorded in the Norwich poll bks between 1768–1830 as Thomas Rayner, chairmaker of Cambridge and the later references may be to Thomas jnr. As no record of his having a business in Cambridge can be found he presumably remained a journeyman working for one of the firms in Cambridge. With this in mind it is interesting to note that his son, Thomas Rayner jnr was employed by Elliot Smith of Cambridge, so it is quite possible that Rayner snr was employed in the same workshop. The idea is strengthened by the fact that in 1820, Elliot Smith supplied a set of 28 dining chairs to Trinity College, eight of the set being stamped with the chairmaker's initials ‘T.R.’ (Fig. 38). [Norwich app. reg.; Furn. Hist., 1976] R.W.

Rayner, Thomas jnr, Cambridge, chairmaker (1816–30). The Cambridge Chronicle and Journal reported on 19 April 1816, that ‘On Wednesday last Thomas Rayner jun., was committed to the town goal by John Purchas Esq., charged with stealing 6 chairs from a warehouse belonging to his employer Mr. Elliot Smith’. On 25 April he was sent to prison ‘for stealing six rush bottom chairs valued at eighteen shillings from his employer’. He is recorded as living in Cambridge in the Norwich poll bk of 1830. [Cambs. RO, Cambridge sessions records, 1808–18] R.W.

Rayner, Thomas III, Norwich, chairmaker (1812). Son of Thomas Rayner, chairmaker; admitted freeman on 13 June 1812. [Norwich freemen reg.]

Rayner, Thomas, Acre Lane, Clapham, London, carver and gilder (1822–32). [D]

Rayner, W., High St, Newport, Isle of Wight, Hants., chairmaker and turner (1823). [D] See William Rayner of Newport.

Rayner, William, Norwich and London, chairmaker (1735–61). Admitted freeman of Norwich on 3 May 1735, not by apprenticeship. Former app., Thomas Raynor, chairmaker, admitted on 3 May 1757. Of London, polled at Norwich in 1761. [Norwich freemen reg.]

Rayner, William, address unrecorded, cm (1756). Carried out cabinet-makers work for Peter Du Cane snr at Braxted Park, Essex, for which he was paid £4 4s on 31 August 1756. [Essex RO, D/DDc A13, folio 59]

Rayner, William, Moorfields, London, upholder, broker and undertaker (1775–87). Recorded at 2 Broker's Row, 1777– 87. App. to Cecil Pitt(?), and admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude on 5 April 1775. Trade card gives address at 2, the corner of Old Bethlem and Moorfields, and states Rayner was successor to Henry Shakespear. [D; GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Banks Coll., BM; Beavan's Aldermen of the City of London, 1908]

Rayner, William, Newport, Isle of Wight, Hants., chairmaker and turner (1777). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1777 for £200 of which utensils and stock accounted for £150. [GL, Sun MS vol. 255, p. 552] See W. Rayner of Newport.

Rayner, William, Ferrybridge, Yorks., cm, house carpenter, wheelwright and timber merchant (1822–34). [D]

Raynerd, John, 53 Leather Lane, Holborn, London, carpenter and cm (1808). [D]

Raynes, Francis, the corner of the street, City Rd, London, cm (1791). Took out Sun Insurance policies on 1 January 1791 for £600; and on 18 April 1791 for £1,000 including £400 on his house, and £600 on two adjoining houses in City Rd. [GL, Sun MS vol. 375, p. 88; vol. 376, p. 221]

Raynes, Henry, 11 Lamb's Pl., Kingsland Rd, London, carver and gilder (1837). [D]

Raynes, John Smith, Dorking, Surrey, cm (1839). [D]

Rayns, Robert, near Market Cross, Blandford, Dorset, upholder (1733). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 6 December 1733 for £300 including £150 on household goods and goods in trust in his house and shop; and £150 on a house mortgaged in Salisbury St, occupied by Robert Taylor, joiner. [GL, Sun MS vol. 38, ref. 62571]

Rayson, —, 14 Gresse St, Rathbone Pl., London, cm (1808). [D]

Rayson, George, York, cm (1739–d. by 1774). Polled in 1758 of Micklegate. Son of Matthew Rayson, joiner; admitted freeman in 1739. [York freemen rolls]

Rayson, Henry, Micklegate, York, cm (1774–84). Son of George Rayson, deceased; admitted freeman in 1774. [York freemen rolls and poll bks]

Rays(t)on, James, Newcastle and London, upholder (1771–77). App. to William Charnley, and admitted freeman of Newcastle on 23 February 1771. Polled at Newcastle of London in 1774 and 1777. [Newcastle freemen rolls]

Rayson, Thomas, 41 Keppel St, Russell Sq., London, carver and gilder (1839). [D]

Rea, John, Worcester, joiner, carpenter and u (1741–49). Took app. named Thomas Price in 1741, admitted freeman on 6 March 1748/49. [S of G, app. index; Worcester freemen rolls]

Rea, John, 26 Gresse St, Rathbone Pl., London, cm (1809–11). [D]

Rea, Thomas, Johnson's Entry, High St, Hull, Yorks., cm (1838–39). [D]

Rea, William, Liverpool, cm (1780). Petitioned freedom on servitude to Richard Hones in 1780, paying 6s 8d. [Liverpool freemen's committee bk]

Reach, Christian, 11 New St, near Broad St, Carnaby Mkt, London, cm (1786). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 18 March 1786 for £200 including £30 on utensils etc. [GL, Sun MS vol. 335, p. 634]

Read, —, London, u (1787–88). Named in the accounts of C. Blunt, u, in 1787–88, receiving £17 10s. [PRO, C114/164, pt. 1]

Read, Charles, Berwick St, London, cm (1774). [Poll bk]

Read, Charles, Liverpool, cm (1802–d.1830). Admitted freeman as son of Roger Read, cm, on 7 July 1802. Died in February 1830. [Liverpool freemen reg.]

Read, Georgie, Knutsford, Cheshire, joiner and cm (1790). [D]

Read, George, Cheapside, Oldham, Lancs., cm and u (1825). [D]

Read, J., Upper West St, Gloucester, u and auctioneer (1802). [D]

Read, James, Birmingham, carver, gilder, picture frame and looking-glass manufacturer (1816–30). Trading at Bull St, 1816–18, no. 28 in 1816; and 4 Ann St, 1828–30. [D]

Read, James, 43 Worcester St, Birmingham, cm (1839). [D]

Read, John, West St, Oldham, Lancs., cm (1825). [D]

Read, John Parish, Ipswich St, Stowmarket, Suffolk, cm (1839). [D]

Read, Joseph, London (?) and Ely, Cambs., upholder (1759–1802). Recorded at Cannon St, London (?) in 1773, and Ely, 1774–1802. Son of William Read, farmer of the Isle of Ely. App. to Francis Say on 12 June 1759, and admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude on 6 April 1768. A Joseph Read took app. named John Southwell, 1778–85. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Read, Joseph, London, chairmaker, u and freeman merchant tailor (1771–85?). Receipt dated 11 July 1771 gives address at ‘No. 78, Facing the DIAL, FLEET-MARKET’, and displays the sign of ‘The Chair & Crown’. The receipt was for ‘2 Compting House Stools from Hors Hair’, costing 14s, supplied to a Mr Graham, and signed for Read by John Smith. Read was admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. on 6 February 1771. Took apps named George Gibson, 1770– 74, and possibly John Southwell, 1778–85. [V&A archives; GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Read(e) (Reed or Riade), Joseph, Kuntsford, Cheshire, cm and joiner (1782–1841). Recorded at King St, 1822–41. [D]

Read (or Reed), Robert, Liverpool, chairmaker (1816–d.1830). Son of John Reed, tobacconist; admitted freeman on 10 June 1816. Died on 16 March 1830, and buried at St John's [Liverpool freemen reg.] Possibly Robert Reid.

Read (Reed or Reid), Roger, Liverpool, joiner and cm (1760– 1818). Addresses given at 31 Frog Lane, 1769–74; 37 Whitechapel, 1781–84; no. 42 in 1790; no. 37 in 1794; no. 45 in 1796; no. 41, 1800–04; nos 31 and 42 in 1805; no. 49, 1807–10; no. 46 in 1811; no. 48, 1813–14; and no. 49 in 1818. In 1760 as a joiner he petitioned freedom on servitude of seven years to Richard Copeland, joiner and cm; admitted freeman in 1761. Former apps petitioned freedom: James Atherton in 1780; Roger Corles in 1784; and James Ashton in 1812, taken as app. in 1804. His son, Charles Read, cm, born in 1778, petitioned freedom on birthright in 1802, paying 3s 4d. [D; Liverpool freemen's committee bk] Probably two generations of tradesmen of the same name.

Read, Thomas, Penzance, Cornwall, joiner and cm (1777). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1777 for £400, of which £100 accounted for workshop, utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 254, p. 110]

Read (or Reed), Thomas, Grimsby, Lincs., joiner, cm, u and paper hanger (1819–35). Addresses given at Bull Ring, 1819–22, and High St, 1826–35. [D]

Read, Thomas, 13 Punderson Pl., Bethnal Green, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Read, William, Chester, u, cm, painted and stained chair manufacturer (1819–34). Addresses given at Northgate St in 1819; Bridge St Row, 1826–34; and 51 Bridge St in 1829. Admitted freeman on 20 October 1819. Notices regarding his bankruptcy appeared in Chester Courant and Anglo-Welsh Gazette, on 20 March 1827 concerning dividends; on 11 December concerning his discharge; and on 18 December concerning the deed of assignment to pay off his debts. In Chester Chronicle and North Wales Advertiser, 1 May 1829 Read advertised ‘DESIRABLE LODGINGS In BRIDGE STREET directly opposite to the opening of NEW BRIDGE. TO BE LET for the RACE WEEK, or a longer period … Apply to W. Read, upholsterer, Painted and Stained Chair Manufacturer, 51 Bridge-street, Chester.’ [D; Chester freemen rolls and poll bks]

Reader, Henry, Liverpool, cm (1790–1827). Addresses given at 4 Davies St, 1790–96; 7 Pepper St in 1818; 14 and 16 Mansfield St in 1827. [D]

Reader, John, Oxford St, London, u (1784). [Poll bk] See Edward, Joseph and Richard Reeder.

Reader, John, Skipton, Yorks., cm (1840). [Holy Trinity PR]

Reader, Thomas, 2 Walton Ct, Cheapside, Liverpool, chairmaker (1821). [D]

Reader (or Reeder) & Doyle, Bridgewater St, Liverpool, u (1821–39). Trading at no. 68, 1821–29; no. 75 in 1835; no. 73 in 1837; and no. 14 in 1839. [D] See Reede & Doyle.

Reading, J. S., 5 Love St, Bristol, cm and undertaker (1834). [D]

Reading, John, Chepping Wycombe Borough, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (1798). [Militia Census]

Reading, Thomas, Wakefield, Yorks., chairmaker (1814–37). Trading in Northgate, 1818–20, and Kirkgate, 1822–37. [D]

Reading, Thomas, 1 North Mews, Gray's Inn Lane, London, cm (1820). [D]

Re(a)dwin, John jnr, Holt, Norfolk, joiner and cm (1784). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1784 for £200 of which £70 accounted for utensils and stock. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 324, p. 422]

Readwin, Robert, Burnham Mkt, Norfolk, cm and joiner (1830–39). [D]

Ready, John, next the ‘Ship & Mermaid’, Snowfield, London, cm and broker (1781). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1781 for £200, utensils, stock and goods accounting for £130. [GL, Sun MS vol. 289, p. 273]

Ready, John, 1 Cullum St, Fenchurch St, London, cm (1790– 93). [D]

Ream, G., 9 and/or 10 Queen St, Seven Dials, London, cm (1804). With Papworth, sawmaker, rented the above properties from Susanna Walmsley, widow, who insured them for £99 on 18 June 1804. [GL, Sun MS vol. 431, ref. 762573]

Reany, Robert, High St, Huntingdon, carver and gilder (1839). [D]

Reany, William & Adam, 5 Todd St, Manchester, cm and u (1834). [D]

Reardon, John, 19 Cannon St Rd, London, chair and sofa maker (1839). [D]

Reason, Thomas, Moor's Yd, St Martin's Lane, London, u (1709). [Westminster Ref. Lib., St Martin's poor rate bks]

Reason, Thomas, Frith St, Soho, London, u (1713). Named in contemporary newspapers. [Heal]

Reason, Thomas Filmer, Sittingbourne, Kent, cm and u (1790– 1839). Recorded in High St, 1838–39. Polled at Canterbury in 1790, 1796 and 1818. [D]

Reason, William, London, upholder (1736–54). Recorded at St Martin-in-the-Fields in 1736 when he took app. named Jeffries. Polled at Westminster of Long Acre in 1749. Named in the Royal Household accounts in partnership with Sarah Gilbert, 1736–41; with Sarah Lowys, 1742–44; and alone, 1745–54. Frequently employed in the Royal palaces towards the end of George II's reign. In 1752–53 he re-covered a fourleaved screen with harateen and trimmed it with silk garnished with brass nails ‘for Mr. Schroider, the King's Page’; and in the same year there is an item of £66 17s in his bills for Princess Amelia's drawing-room ‘hung all over down to the surbase first with fine Linnen then with White Paper over Do Linnen, India Paper over that, neatly finished with Pictures over the Doors & Chimney with Bordering Compleat …’. The Royal accounts show him providing carpets, curtains and bedding, and covering the King's chair and stools at the palaces of St James, Kensington, Hampton Court and Richmond. Reason was appointed Royal u to George II, but dismissed from his post on account of dishonest practices. [PRO, LC9/289–91; S of G, app. index; DEF; GCM]

Reay, George, Turnpike Rd, North Shields, Northumb., cm and joiner (1827–33). Declared bankrupt, London Gazette, 8 October 1833. [D]

Reay, Robert, Low St, Sunderland, Co. Durham, joiner and cm (1827). [D]

Reay, Thomas, Church Way, North Shields, Northumb., furniture broker and cm (1827). [D]

Reckard, William & John, Church St, Doncaster, Yorks., cm (1818). [D]

Reckards, Ezechiel, King St, St Giles-in-the-Fields, London, upholder (1701–09). Took out Hand in Hand Insurance policies on 11 September 1701 for £100 on his house, and £100 on the house next door. Both policies are endorsed ‘Ren'd Do Reckards 31 March 1709’. [GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 2, refs 2076–77]

Record, John, Norwich and Lakenham, Norfolk chairmaker (1790–1830). Polled at Norwich of All Saints’ parish, 1790– 1818, and of Lakenham in 1830. John Record, cm, also polled in 1818.

Redding, Arthur, High St, Amersham, Bucks., Windsor chairmaker (1830). [D]

Redding, Edward, Worcester, cm (1780). App. to Richard Morton, cm, and admitted freeman on 15 September 1780. [Worcester freemen rolls]

Redding, Samuel, Worcester, cm (1802). Former app., Henry Mountford, admitted freeman on 12 July 1802. [Worcester freemen rolls]

Reddish, James, George St, Gt Yarmouth, Norfolk, cm and chairmaker (1830–41). [D; poll bks]

Red(d)ish, John, Leeds St, Liverpool, cm (1821–27). Trading at no. 33 in 1821 and no. 38 in 1827. [D]

Redfarn, Daniel, St Giles, Cambridge, cm (b. c. 1755–d.1848). Died aged 93 in 1848.

Redfarn (or Redfarm), William Robert, Christopher Alley, Shoreditch, London, chairmaker (b.1785–d.1859). On 27 December 1808 took app. named Lawrence Wright, son of Lawrence Wright, yeoman of Lower East Smithfield, for seven years, full-board. The £5 charge was ‘Charity Money paid by ye Trustees of Sir Jn° Cap's Charity’. [Private archive]

Redfearn(e), John, Liverpool, cm (1777–84). Recorded at 2 Brooks Sq. in 1777; no. 9, with cabinet shop at 9 Cooper's Row in 1781; and 9 Brook's St in 1784. [D]

Redfearn, John Samuel, Hull, Yorks., cm (1819–39). Trading at Edward St in 1839. App. to John Dickon in July 1819. [D; Hull app. reg.]

Redfearn & Cary, Jury St, Warwick, u (1822). [D]

Redfern, Charles, Jury St, Warwick, cm and u (1828–35). [D; poll bk]

Redfern, Samuel, Nursery, Sheffield, Yorks., cm (1816–20). [D]

Redford, —, London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Redford, Burdus, Dog-bank, Newcastle, joiner and cm (1775–1801). Insured his house for £100 in 1775. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 237, p. 295]

Redford, Robert, Pilgrim St, Newcastle, cm, joiner and chairmaker (1793–1801). Advertised in Newcastle Courant, 21 December 1793, that he had ‘commenced business at the SHOP, lately occupied by Mr. Rayne, Surgeon, foot of Pilgrim-street.’ [D]

Redhead, William, Lancaster. Named in the Gillow records, 1825–33. [Westminster Ref. Lib.]

Redhope, John, Manor-chaire, Newcastle, chairmaker (1811). [D]

Reding, William, Worcester, joiner, carpenter and cm (1760–73). Former apps admitted freemen: Michael Pratt in 1760; Richard Morton in 1768, and Thomas Wilkes in 1773. [Worcester freemen rolls]

Redknap, Christopher, London, freeman upholder (1723). His son, William Redknap, admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. by patrimony in 1723. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records] Probably Christopher Rednapp.

Redknap, William, London, upholder (1723). Son of Christopher Redknap, upholder of London; admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. by patrimony on 15 May 1723. Took app. named Edward Grice, 1723–30. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Redman, Christopher, Kirby, Kendal, Westmld, upholder etc. (1741). Took apps named Barrow and Pedder in 1741. [S of G, app. index]

Redmayne, Leonard, Lancaster and London, cm, u, bookkeeper and later Director of Gillow & Co. (b.1781–d.1869). Son of Joseph Redmayne, house joiner of Lancaster. App. to Richard Gillow, Robert Gillow the elder and younger, and George Gillow on 6 May 1796 as an u. Admitted freeman of Lancaster with Joseph Redmayne, victualler, by invitation, 1799–1800. Marriage on 18 December 1802 to Miss Treasure, daughter of Captain Treasure, reported in Billinge's Liverpool Advertiser, 20 December. Leonard Redmayne, book-keeper, acted as witness to the indentures of Thomas Leeming in 1809. In 1816 he was elected a Common Councillor of Lancaster. In the same year his testmonial was used on a circular by James Carter Moon, who was app. to him on 14 August 1817 as a cm. Directories list Redmayne, Whitesides & Ferguson (late Gillow) top of Church St, cm, 1814–17; also Redmayne & Co., u, Castle Hill, 1814–25, and Church St, 1834. Redmayne was elected Mayor of Lancaster in 1824, and in 1826 became Chairman of the Directors of Lancaster Joint Stock Bank. Redmayne lived for many years at Madix Hall, near London, supervising the London end of Gillow & Co. business. Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 176 Oxford St, London, in 1840. He retired from Gillows in 1862, dying seven years later. [D; Preston RO, app. indentures and freemen rolls; GL, Sun MS ref. 1339076]

Redmond, Mrs, address unrecorded. In June 1784 she was named in the Massingberd account books receiving £5 9s for a portrait and frame. [Lincoln RO, MM 9/10]

Rednapp, Christopher, at ‘The Cock’, Wych St, London, u (1697). Named in contemporary newspapers. [Heal] Probably Christopher Redknap.

Redpath, J., Greenwich, London, u (1804). [D]

Redpath, J., Deptford Bridge, London, u (1808–11). [D]

Redpath, James, Woolwich, London, upholder (1802–03). Trading at High St in 1802. [D]

Redsdale, Benjamin, address unrecorded. Label with name and the date, 7 April 1779, found on a carved mahogany sidetable with male mask in centre of apron. [Christie's, 22 November 1974]

Redshaw, George, London, cm and u (1776–1809). Recorded at Sanday St, Bishopsgate St in 1783, and 4 Sandys St, Widegate St, London, 1807–09. Son of William Redshaw, farmer of Skipsea, Yorks. App. to John Phillips on 7 February 1776, and admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude on 5 March 1783. Took out Sun Insurance policies on 2 October 1807 including £350 on utensils and goods in trust and workshop; and on 23 October 1809 for £800 of which £450 accounted for stock, utensils and goods in trust and in workshop. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records; GL, Sun MS vol. 442, ref. 806903; vol. 443, ref. 836171]

Redshaw, John, Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffs., cm (1792). [Poll bk]

Redshaw, Jos., London, u and cm (1820–39). Trading at 41 Warren St, Fitzroy Sq. in 1820, and 23 Frederick St, Regent's Park in 1835. [D]

Redshaw, Thomas, Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffs., u (1790–92). Declared bankrupt, Williamson's Liverpool Advertiser, 25 June 1792. [Poll bks]

Redshaw, William, 6 Riding House Lane, Gt Portland St, London, upholder (1809). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 1 March 1809 for £300, including £250 on household goods in the house of a carpenter, and £50 on stock and utensils. [GL, Sun MS vol. 448, ref. 828516]

Redstone, Jane, Waterloo St, Richmond, Yorks., u (1823–27). [D]

Redward, —, Penton St, Walworth, London, upholder (1808). [D]

Reeby, James, Plymouth, Devon, cm and u (1830–36). Trading at 1 Park St in 1830 and Frankfort St in 1836. [D]

Reed, Andrew, address unrecorded, cm (1754). Subscribed to Chippendale's Director, 1754.

Reed, Charles, address unrecorded, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Reed, Charles, Sidbury, Worcester, cm and u (1835–40). Listed at Sidbury St in 1840. [D] See Thomas Reed.

Reed, Henry, Newcastle, u (1740–84). Admitted freeman in 1740. Former apps admitted: John Gibson on 3 May 1769; Robert Turnbull on 6 September 1780; and William Donaldson on 20 April 1784. [Newcastle freemen reg. and poll bks]

Reed, Henry, Wickham, Northumb., u (1780). [Newcastle poll bk]

Reed, James, Warren St, Liverpool, cm (1816–18). Recorded at no. 8 in 1816 and no. 10 in 1818. [D]

Reed, John, Newcastle, cm and looking-glass maker (1773–87). Recorded at Silver St, 1776–78 and Pilgrim St in 1782. Advertised in Newcastle Courant, 19 June 1773 that he, ‘having begun the business of grinding, polishing & silvering plate glass, proposes to serve his friends … with the produce of the new Plate Glass Manufactory, at Howdon Pans … with looking glasses, jamb dowels, chimney glasses, seeing glasses, sconces &c &c, likewise old glasses silvered and framed with mahogany, white burnish gold or Japan frames …’. Announced in the same paper on 18 May 1776 that he was declining business ‘on account of his bad state of health’, and that he had assigned his estate and effects to Joshua Henzell. His freehold messuages or tenements, warehouses and workshops in Silver St, and his stock of cabinet goods were to be ‘disposed of’. Sale of his stock by Thomas Shene, u and appraiser, advertised in Newcastle Courant, 1 June 1776. Stock consisted of ‘mahogany & beach chairs; mahogany dining, turn-over, card, skreen & dressing tables, drawers, beaureau desks, beds, tea chests, bason stands, and hand boards; a mangle and a large assortment of pier, dressing and other looking glasses, in fashionable white, burnished gold, and mahogany frames.’ Reed was still listed at Silver St in 1778. [D] See Robert Reed in Pilgrim St.

Reed, John, Amersham, Bucks., chair and brush block maker (1793). [D]

Reed, John, Prudhoe St and Leazes Lane, Newcastle, cm (1833–38). Recorded at Prudhoe St and Leazes Lane, 1833– 34; 33 Prudhose St in 1834; and Stamfordham Pl., 1838. [D]

Reed, John, 9 Fox Lane, Whitehaven, Cumb., cm and joiner (1834). [D]

Reed, John, Newport St, Barton-on-Humber, Lincs., joiner and cm (1835). [D]

Reed, Joseph, Newcastle, u (1729). Admitted freeman by apprenticeship on 18 July 1729. [Newcastle freemen reg.]

Reed, Mat(t)hias, Louth, Lincs., cm and joiner (1826–41). Trading at Kidgate, 1826–28; Aswell Lane, 1831–35; and Walkergate in 1841. [D]

Reed, Ralph, Haydon Bridge, Northumb., joiner and cm (1828–29). [D]

Reed, Richard, Chertsey, Surrey, cm (1793). [D]

Reed, Robert, Pilgrim St, Newcastle, cm (1790–98). [D] Possibly successor to John Reed.

Reed, Robert, Hull, Yorks., cm (1799). [Beverley poll bk]

Reed, Shakespear(e) & Wainwright, George & Charles, Upper East Smithfield, London, plate glass manufacturers, cm, carvers and gilders, frame makers (1821–22). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 3 December 1821 for £19,450 including £7,000 on glass house at Whites Yd, £1,000 on stock and utensils therein, and £1,400 on glass stock in two private houses. On 29 April 1822 they took out insurance for £1,350 including £350 on their arched warehouse, £650 on glass stock and utensils therein; £120 on gasometer house and apparatus therein; £100 on the smith and millwright shop; £80 on stock and utensils, and £50 on the porter's lodge. A further policy dated 30 December 1822 totalled £20,900, including £1,400 on counting house, warehouses, strawpacking and silvering rooms above arched warehouses; £100 on stock and utensils, and £1,000 on glass stock therein; £350 on the arched warehouse and £650 on glass stock therein; £200 on a private house; £600 on silvering and emery rooms with storeroom, workshops and smoothing shops; £200 on stock and utensils therein; £600 on house, offices and cabinet maker's shop above; £200 on books and plate; and £3,800 on steam engine house and machinery. [GL, Sun MS vol. 489, ref. 985918; vol. 491, refs 991570 and 999503]

Reed, Thomas, Market Pl., South Shields, Co. Durham, u (1802). Announced that he was setting up business in Newcastle Courant, 23 January 1802.

Reed, Thomas, Bristol, cm and clock-case maker (1813–30). Addresses given at Lower Montague St, 1813–15; 17 Merchant St in 1817; 95 Old Market St in 1819; 17 Merchant St, 1824–30, also no. 47 in 1825. [D]

Reed (or Read), Thomas, Sidbury, Worcester, cm, u and undertaker (1820–30). Listed at ‘28 Sidbury’ in 1822. Submitted bill dated 14 September 1821 to J. S. Russell of Powick Court, near Worcester, totalling £3 3s 10d for cotton materials and the making of sofa covers. The engraved heading gives address at Sidbury St, and reads: ‘T. REED’ with ‘& SON’ deleted. Heading shows pedestal sofa table, sabre-legged chair, bow-fronted chest of drawers, library steps and a sofa. [D; Worcs. RO, 2309/705: 380/55 (i)] See Charles Reed of Sidbury.

Reed, Thompson, Whitehaven, Cumb., cm (1834). [D] Probably Thompson Reep.

Reed, William, Harrington St, Liverpool, painter and gilder (1774–81). Trading at no. 45, 1774–77, and no. 41 in 1781. [D]

Reed, William, Castle St, Saffron Walden, Essex, cm (1811). [Population Census]

Reed, William, 90 London Rd, Southwark, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Reed & Son, 24 Queen St, Whitehaven, Cumb., joiners and/or cm (1829). [D]

Reed & Wilson, 22 Prince's St, Leicester Sq., London, cm (1789–93). [D]

Reede, Henry, 11 Vauxhall Rd, Liverpool, chairmaker (1803). [D]

Reede & Doyle, 11 Bridgewater St, Liverpool, u (1834). [D]

Reeder, —, 392 Oxford St, London, cm and chairmaker (c.1780–1803). Trade card, c.1780, has inscription on fine Neo-classical urn. Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793, and named in the list of master cabinet makers, 1803. Stamp of ‘REEDER PATENT OXFORD STREET’ recorded on Regency patent extending mahogany dining table with moulded semicircular ends and two leaves, raised on plain central pillar with four reeded well-splayed legs. [Banks Coll., BM; Sotheby's, 17 June 1983, lot 112] See Edward, Joseph and Richard Reeder; and John Reader.

Reeder, Mrs, Lime St, Liverpool, u (1816). [D]

Reeder (or Reider), Edward, 392 Oxford St, London, cm and u (1803–08). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. [D] See Reeder, —; and Joseph and Richard Reeder and John Reader.

Reeder, Henry, 3 Clifford St, Liverpool, cm (1835). [D]

Reeder, Joseph, 392 Oxford St, London, upholder (1788–1803). Named in Sheraton's list of master cabinet makers, 1803. [D] See Reeder, —; and Edward and Richard Reeder; and John Reader.

Reeder (or Reader), Richard, 392 Oxford St, London, upholder and cm (1781–1811). Named in Sheraton's list of master cabinet makers, 1803. [D] See Reeder, —; and Edward and Joseph Reeder; and John Reader.

Reeder, Richmond, London, cm (1784). [Lancaster poll bk]

Reefe, G. C., 13 Charles St, Queen's Elm, London, carver, gilder, etc. (1820). [D] Possibly George Cornelius Reeper.

Reeks, William, Poole, Dorset, cm and joiner (1744–65). Took apps named Verren in 1744, Drew in 1759 and John Trim some time between 1760–65 for seven years. Reeks is recorded in the settlement examination for Trim. [S of G, app. index; Dorset RO, P22/OV21]

Reely, George, 10 Renshaw St, Liverpool, carver and gilder (1796). [D] See George Ryley.

Reep, Thompson, 18 Queen St, Whitehaven, Cumb., cm and joiner (1834). [D] Probably Thompson Reed.

Reeper, George Cornelius, 3 Brindsey Pl., Bridge St, Southwark, London, carver, gilder and paper hanger (1832–34). [D] Possibly G. C. Reefe.

Rees, T., Bristol, carver, gilder and picture frame maker (1835– 40). Trading at Bridewell Lane in 1835 and 15 St Augustin's Back, 1836–40. [D]

Reeve, —, Exeter, Devon, cm (1792). Marriage to Miss Clarissa Drusilla Macey of Exeter reported in Exeter Flying Post, 8 November 1792.

Reeve, —, Church St, Hackney, London, cm (1808). [D]

Reeve, —, Marlborough and Devizes, Wilts., from London, upholder, auctioneer and undertaker (c.1830). Label recorded in a mahogany dwarf bookcase, c.1830, with one drawer, reeded shelves and side pilasters. Possibly J. Reeve of Marlborough.

Reeve, Ann, Ashford, Kent, cm and distributor of stamps (1823–29). [D] See Lewis Ambrose Reeve(s), and Reeve & Son.

Reeve, Charlotte, 72 High St, King's Lynn, Norfolk, cm and u (1830). [D] See James Reeve.

Reeve, Edmund, 4 Wilmot St, Brunswick Sq., London, u and cm (1820). [D]

Reeve(s), Ham(b)den (or Hampden), Strand, London, u (1704– d.1714). Recorded in rate bks as Hambden in the Strand, 1709; and as Hamden Reeves in 1712 when he took out a Hand in Hand Insurance policy on 19 April for £600 on his house at the sign of ‘The Lamb & Lyon’, Strand, St Martin-in-the-Fields. Named in the Royal Household accounts, 1704–13, supplying furnishings for the Royal residences and the Houses of Parliament. On Lady Day 1705 he provided ‘for Her Majties Bedchamber at Kensington … a large fine Dimity Bed tick and Bolster covered with White Satin and filled with Seasoned Swans Downe containing ninety pounds of Down in them £18.10.0.’ In 1704–05 he supplied forty-eight turkeywork chairs to the House of Commons, three large turkeywork arm chairs and a carpet to the House of Lords, and twenty-four turkeywork chairs for the Lobby at St James's Palace. In 1709–10 he provided a further twelve for the Court of Wards at Westminster. In 1713–14 he was responsible for Queen Anne's bed at Windsor, and upholstered eight matching walnut stools and an elbow chair made by Richard Roberts. Named in newspapers in 1712, and his death was reported in 1714. [GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 10, ref. 7931; PRO, LC9/282–85; Winterthur, Delaware, Symonds papers, 75×69, 14, p. 13; Old Furniture, vol. 2, 1927, p. 80; Conn., vol. 127, 1951, p. 12; Conn., June 1977, p. 141]

Reeve, J., High St, Marlborough, Wilts., cm and u (1839). [D] Possibly Reeve, —, of Marlborough.

Reeve(s), James, High St, King's Lynn, Norfolk, cm and u (1784–d.1829). Will proved at Norwich in 1829. [D; Norfolk Record Soc., index of wills] See Charlotte Reeve.

Reeve, John, address unrecorded, u (1660–69). Provided items for William, 5th Earl of Bedford: on 23 March 1660 ‘One dove colour cloth bed with cases for the chairs and stools all at £48.0.0.’, in the ‘new style’; on 17 May 1660, ‘Two pieces of fine ten foot drepe hangings — £50.0.0.’; and on 6 July 1669, ‘One gold colour damask bed with bedstead, chairs and all things complete to it… £100.0.0.’ [Bedford Office, London]

Reeve, John, London, looking-glass manufacturer, carver and gilder (1825–39). Recorded at 163 Drury Lane, 1825–29, and 53 High Holborn in 1835. [D] See Richard Reeve.

Reeve, Jonah, High St, Swindon, Wilts., auctioneer, appraiser, cm and u (1830). [D]

Reeve(s), Lewis Ambrose, High St, Ashford, Kent, cm, u, paper hanger and sub-distributor of stamps (1838–39). [D] See Ann Reeve, and Reeve & Son.

Reeve, Richard, Drury Lane, London, carver and gilder, looking-glass manufacturer (1813–25). Recorded at no. 163, 1813–20; no. 169 in 1820; and as Richard & Son at no. 163, 1817–25. [D] See John Reeve.

Reeve, Samuel, Norwich, u (1677–92). App. to William Mason, and admitted freeman on 11 January 1677. Former app., William Edwardes, admitted on 24 February 1692. [Norwich freemen reg.]

Reeve, Sarah, Hadleigh, Suffolk, u and cm (1830–39). Trading at High St in 1830. [D]

Reeve, Thomas, 45 Green St, Bethnal Green, London, carver and gilder (1839). [D]

Reeve(s), William, Poole, Dorset, joiner, cm and u (1793–1840). Recorded at 5 New St in 1830 and Market St in 1840. [D]

Reeve & Son, Ashford, Kent, cm and sub-distributor of stamps (1832–34). [D] See Ann and Lewis Ambrose Reeve.

Reeves, —, Long Lane, London, u (1668–87). The entry in Samuel Pepys's Diary, [1976 edition] 15 October 1668 reads: ‘After dinner my wife & I & Deb. out by coach to the Upholster's in Long Lane, Alderman Reeves and then to Alderman Crow's, to see variety of Hangings; and were mightily pleased therewith and spent the whole afternoon thereupon; and at last I think we shall pitch upon the best suit of Apostles, where three pieces for my room which come to almost 80£.’. On 16 October Pepys bought ‘his second suit of Apostles, the whole suit, which comes to 83£.’ These hangings may have been either second hand or imitation tapestries made of painted or stained cloth. The ‘Acts of the Apostles’ was a favourite design based on cartoons by Raphael and manufactured at Mortlake. A MS survey of London dated 14 March 1686–87 made by Oliver Mills, twenty years after the Great Fire reads ‘I sett out a foundation for Mr. Reeves in Long Lane as described below.’ [Heal]

Reeves, —, address unrecorded, turner (1768). On 24 May 1768 he was paid £2 13s for six chairs supplied to Nathaniel Ryder, 1st Lord Harrowby, for Sandon Hall, Staffs. [Harrowby MS Trust, Notebooks]

Reeves, —. See Thomas Russell, clockcase maker, who took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1784 on property sub-let to Reeves.

Reeves, Benjamin, 1 Upsdell Row, Kingsland Rd, London, cm and undertaker (1822–27). [D]

Reeves, C. Edward, address unrecorded. On 25 July 1754 he submitted a bill to the ‘Hon. Miss Lee’ for items including ‘A Large Chest with a Lock & Hinges’, which cost 16s. [Shakespeare Birthplace Trust, Leigh receipts, DR 18/5]

Reev(e)s, Henry, Devizes, Wilts., cm (1756–59). Took app. named Robert Keevil(l) on 28 October 1756 by indenture for £33; and Nicholas Reevs on 2 February 1759 for £5. [Wilts. Apps and their Masters; S of G, app. index]

Reeves, J., Well St, Hackney, London, cm (1808). [D]

Reeves, J., 25 New Union St, Little Moorfields, London, u (1839). [D]

Reeves, Joseph, address unrecorded, upholder (1708). Admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. on 7 April 1708. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Reeves, Richard, London, clock-case maker (1808). Late 18thcentury trade label gives address at ‘11 Little Bandy-LegWalk, Southwark’, and states that he ‘MAKES all Sorts of CLOCK CASES in the neatest Manner, and the … Terms, and shortest Notice. N.B. Country Orders carefully executed.’ Directories record him at 52 Henry St, Old St in 1808. [A. Smith, The Guinness Book of Clocks, 1984, p. 82]

Reeves, Thomas, High Wycombe, Bucks., caner (b. c. 1811–41). Aged 30 at the time of the 1841 Census.

Reeve(s), William A., Maidstone, Kent, cm (1820–30). [Poll bks]

Reeves, William Alexander, High St, Cranbrook, Kent, cm and furniture broker (1831–39). Polled at Maidstone in 1831. [D]

Reevs, Nicholas, Devizes, Wilts., cm (1759). App. to Henry Reev(e)s, cm of Devizes, on 2 February 1759 by indenture for £5. [Wilts. Apps and their Masters]

Regnart, Philip, 18 Old Cavendish St, Cavendish Sq., London, carver and gilder (1803–08). [D]

Regnier, —, London (?), billiard table maker (1743). [Daily Advertiser, 1 July 1743]

Reich, Christian, Meards Ct, Dean St, Soho, London, cm (1780). Insured his house for £100 in 1780. [GL, Sun MS vol. 281, p. 414]

Reid, Charles, London, later Leith, cm (1785). Described as ‘late cabinet-maker in London, thereafter residing in Leith’ on 3 August 1785. [Scottish Record Soc., Registers of Testaments, Commissariot of Edinburgh, 1701–1800]

Reid, James, 38 Windmill St, London, cm (1778–d.1800). Wrote his will on 11 December 1799. It was proved on 6 March 1800, and mentioned his wife, Mary, son Thomas, chairmaker, and ‘all my real estate in North Britain …’. His executors were Joseph Parker, timber merchant of Tottenham Ct Rd, and Archibald Currie, cm, of Denmark St. [Holborn Lib., rate bks]

Reid, James, Little Castle St, Oxford St, London, cm (1784). [D]

Reid, James, 6 Wells St, Oxford St, London, cm (1786). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 3 August 1786 for £800, including £60 on utensils, stock etc., and £600 on two houses in Marylebone. [GL, Sun MS vol. 338, p. 566]

Reid, James, 53 Goodge St, Tottenham Ct Rd, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Reid, John, William, George, Ann(e) & James, 53 Goodge St, London, cm (1781–1856). John Reid first paid rates on 53 Goodge St in 1781, and died in February 1803. From 1813– 23 George Reid is named as the occupier; and in 1824, Anne Reid. After 1824 it is either George or Ann; in 1838, Ann and William Reid; and from 1840–56, James Reid. William and John are named amongst the vouchers for Burton Constable, Yorks. In 1782 they received £34 7s 11½d; and between April and May 1783 they charged £45 10s 2d for dyeing and making up fabrics, and providing ‘a neat 3–6 field bed stained Mahogany’, £2. In 1784 Reid's supplied for Mrs Constable's Dressing Room and Family Bedchamber ‘24 sheets of fine India paper White ground Trees & birds at 18/-’, for £21 12s; and ‘10½ doz. of borders “Reed and Ribbon” at 5/-’, for £2 16s 3d. The firm's commissions for Mrs Constable's Sitting Room, Breakfast Room and best Apartments totalled a cost of £177 1s 2d. The wallpaper in the Family Bedchamber is still there. Further payments were made in 1794 for £33 16s 2d for decorating and upholstery work; and on 6 December 1788, £34 0s 10d for furnishings. In 1787 the firm supplied Wilton carpets costing £49 7s 10½d and in May 1789 received a further payment of £83 18s 7d. [Holborn Lib., rate bks; Humberside RO, Burton Constable papers]

Reid, John, London, cm (1784–86). Carried out work at Mount Stewart, N. Ireland, receiving £6 12s 4d on 8 October 1784; and £18 7s 5d on 17 December 1786. [Mount Stewart papers, D654/H1/1, pp. 59 and 103]

Reid, John, Liverpool, cm (1790–1811). Addresses given at Kent St in 1790; 29 Cable St, 1805–10; and no. 30 in 1811. [D]

Reid, Joseph, High St, Bideford, Devon, cm (1823–24). [D]

Reid, R., 71 John St, Tottenham Ct Rd, London, u and undertaker (1813). [D]

Reid, Richard, 42 High St, Marylebone, London, cm, u and undertaker (1817–27). [D] See William Reid.

Reid, Robert, St James's, London, cm (1764–d.1765). Will written on 2 April 1764, and proved on 22 February 1765, left his money, plate, household goods and working tools to his wife and executrix, Ann. [PRO, wills]

Reid, Robert, 48 Whitechapel, Liverpool, cm (1821). [D] Possibly Robert Read.

Reid, Thomas, Moorfields, London, cm (1779). [Heal citing reg. of unclaimed dividends of bank stock]

Reid, Thomas, Windmill St, London, chairmaker (1799–1800). Son of James, cm, and Mary Reid of 38 Windmill St. Mentioned in his father's will, 1799. Paid rates on 6 Windmill St in 1800. [Holborn Lib., rate bks]

Reid, Thomas, 38 Theobalds Rd, London, u (1829). [D]

Reid, William, London, u (1770). Employed by Thomas Chippendale and spent many weeks at Harewood House, Newby Hall and Nostell Priory, Yorks., erecting beds, putting up furniture, and general jobbing. In the summer of 1770 Samuel Popelwell, the Steward at Harewood, recorded in his Day Work Book payments to William Reid for stuffing the chairs in the Billiard Room. These are presumably the upholstered settee and open armchairs referred to in the accounts; and the ‘6 Mahogany Armed Chairs covered with Red Leather’ and ‘One Sofa with 2 Bolsters’ in that room at the time of the 1795 inventory. The sofa may be identified as the George III mahogany settee sold at Christie's, 1 April 1976, lot 42. [Leeds archives dept, Harewood MS 18/3: M3248; L756]

Reid, William, Orange St, London, cm (1774). [Poll bk]

Reid, William, 13 Castle St, Bloomsbury, London, cm etc. (1820). [D]

Reid, William, 67 Mortimer St, Cavendish Sq., London, cm and upholder (1824–28). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 15 March 1824 for £350 on workshop behind his house, including £150 on stock and utensils. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 499, ref. 1014462]

Reid, William, 42 High St, Marylebone, London, cm and upholder (1827–28). [D] See Richard Reid.

Reid, William, 23 Charlotte St, Fitzroy Sq., London, cm (b.c. 1779–d.1838). His will, written on 3 April 1838 and proved on 12 June, mentioned no relatives, but referred to workmen, George Newton and William Draper. He also expressed a desire to be buried at St Mary Newington, which he was on 11 April 1838, aged 59. [D]

Reid & Brockbank, New St, Whitehaven, Cumb., joiner and/or cm (1811). [D]

Reid & Caukill, Commercial Ct, Briggate, Leeds, Yorks., cm (1834). [D]

Reiky, John, 71 Long Acre, London, upholder and exchange broker (1792). [D] Probably John Riley.

Reilly, Henry, Gerrard St, Soho, London, u (c. 1773). Carried out work in the Glass Drawing Room at Northumberland House, now at the V&A Museum. [Apollo, September 1970, pp. 206–09]

Reilly (or Riley), Peter, Gerrard (or Sherrard) St, Golden Sq., London, upholder, dealer and chapman (1771–77). As Riley, polled at Westminster in 1774. Declared bankrupt with Henry Walle, Gents Mag., June 1771; and alone, April and May 1776. Supplied drawing room mirrors at Northumberland House, costing a total of £1,465, c.1773. [D; V&A archives]

Reill(e)y, William, Ironmonger St, St Luke's, London, cm, u, Tunbridge-ware and portable desk manufacturer (1832–51). Trading at no. 15, 1832–40; also no. 16, 1839–40; and 8 Finsbury Terr., City Rd in 1844. [D]

Relph, J., address unrecorded, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Relph, John, 9 Rupert St, Haymarket, London, cm, u and chairmaker (1823–39). Took out Sun Insurance policies on 2 October 1823 for £1,200; and on 1 December 1823 for £1,000 on goods in his new house, including £900 on stock and utensils in his house and adjoining workshop. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 498, ref. 1008434; vol. 499, ref. 1010725]

Remington, George, Bloomsbury Sq., London. In 1807 he filed a patent (no. 3090) for enlarging tables and improving couches. [Fastnedge, Sheraton Furniture, p. 59]

Remington, Thomas, 138 Bradford St, Birmingham, carver and gilder (1835). [D]

Remington, William, Richmond, Surrey, cm (1798). [D]

Remington & Rew, London, cm and u (1826–35). Trading at 7 Gt Eastcheap, 1826–27, and 1 Gt St Thomas Apostle in 1835. [D]

Remington & Son, 1 Gt St Thomas Apostle, London, u and feather merchants (1839–40). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1840. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 574, ref. 1333988]

Remmington, Alexander, Rugeley, Staffs., cm and u (1828–35). Listed at Horsefair, 1834–35, in 1835 as cm and original spring mattress manufacturer. [D]

Remus, I., 74 Piccadilly, London. Stamp found on a small marquetry commode of Louis XV design, the serpentine front with three drawers, the top, front and sides inlaid with scrolling flowers and leaves, on a walnut ground cross-banded with satinwood. [Christie's, 6 November 1969]

Ren, William, Liverpool, cm (1757–65). App. to Richard Hayhurst on 3 May 1757 for 10s 6d, and petitioned freedom on servitude in 1765. [Liverpool freemen's committee bk]

Renald, William, address unrecorded. Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. Probably William Reynolds of 28 Aldermanbury, London.

Render, John, 26 Kirkgate, Leeds, Yorks., cm and joiner (1837). [D]

Rendle, Henry, Plymouth, Devon, cm (1798). [D]

Renno, T., 41 Parker St, Drury Lane, London, iron bedstead maker (1835). [D]

Renshall, John, 86 Bishopgate St Without, London, u (1780–81). Took out Sun Insurance policies in 1780 for £600 including £400 on utensils, stock and goods; and in 1781 for £500 on his house. [GL, Sun MS vol. 285, p. 313; vol. 291, p. 384]

Renshaw, James, Manchester, cm (1816–33). Addresses given at 24 Byrom St, 1816–17; 21 Lower Byrom St in 1817; and 5 Broughton St, Cheetham, 1832–33. [D]

Rentchall (or Reutchall), Jonathan, Chester, joiner, carver and gilder (1688). Took app. named Thomas Shearar in 1688. [Chester app. bks]

Renton, George, St Benedict's, Norwich, u (1768). [Poll bk]

Renton, George, Huddleston St, Sunderland, Co. Durham, joiner and cm (1828–29). [D]

Renwick, Robert jnr, Newcastle, cm, u, joiner and furniture broker (1824–40). Recorded at Dog-bank and Pilgrim St, 1824–34, nos 9 and 50 respectively in 1834; and 79 Pilgrim St, 1838–40. Notice in the Durham Advertiser, 8 May 1840 offered thanks for the ‘kind favoures’ Renwick had received ‘during the many years he has been in business’. He stated that ‘he continues to manufacture every article connected with his trade of the very best material, & that he has always on hand an assortment of Dining & Drawing Room Furniture, Wardrobes, Bedsteads, with or without hangings, Chamber furniture & Kitchen Requisites of the best workmanship, which he can with confidence recommend, as they are manufactured under his own immediate inspection. R.R. begs further to draw attention to a Sick Table of the most approved principle. EXCELLANT FEATHERS FURNITURE EXCHANGED.’ [D]

Requier, —, at ‘The Golden Ball’, Newport St, Long Acre, London. Rococo trade label states that he sold prints, portraits, paintings, statues, vases, drawing books, ‘& all sorts of ornaments as Compartments, Mask Faces, Trophies, Ceilings, Chimneys, Patterns of Alters, Organs, Pulpits, Clocks, Looking Glass Frames, Sconces, Tables &c.’ as well as artist's materials, and varnish for japanning. [GL, trade card coll.]

Resbury, Stephen, 5 Young St, Manchester, carver and gilder (1808). [D]

Revall, Champ., Mardol, Shrewsbury, Salop, chairmaker (1835). [D]

Revely, Cuthbert, Newcastle, joiner and cm (1760). Took app. named Wardle in 1760. [S of G, app. index]

Reville, George, Southwell, Notts., joiner and cm (1832). [D]

Rew, Charles, London, cm (1787). Subscribed to George Richardson's A Treatise on the Five Orders of Architecture, 1787.

Rex, William, St Sidwell's, Exeter, Devon, carver (1837). Daughter Harriet bapt. at St Sidwell's on 14 July 1837. [PR (bapt.)]

Reynell, Charles, 19 Castle St, Oxford St, London, carver and gilder (1820). [D]

Reynell, Richard, 19 Castle St East, London, carver and gilder (1820–27). [D]

Reyner, John, 404 Oxford St, London, cm (1781–83). [D] Probably John Reynor.

Reynier, Charles, address unrecorded, carver (1755–77). On 5 May 1755 he charged Lady Ann Conolly £6 10s 6d for ‘a chimney piece carved in wood’ at Stretton Hall. [V&A Lib., English Manuscripts, Box II, 86. KK] In 1777 he was paid £20 is for ‘carving shutters, architrave, mahogany doors, chimney pieces’ at Shugborough, Staffs. [Staffs. RO, Anson papers, D615 E(H)/2/6]

Reynolds, —, address unrecorded, u (1685). Named in the account books for Gorhambury, St Albans, Herts., in December 1685 receiving £90. [Herts. RO, XI 22]

Reynolds, —, address unrecorded, cm and u (1775). Subscribed to Thomas Malton's A Compleat Treatise on Perspective, 1775.

Reynolds, —, address unrecorded, chairman (1805). Named in the account books for Gorhambury, St Albans, Herts., on 9 March 1805 receiving £2 4s 6d. [Herts. RO, XI 77]

Reynolds, —, Collumpton, Devon, cm (1817). Notice in Exeter Flying Post, 14 August 1817 concerned sale of a house in Collumpton, to be viewed on application to Mr Reynolds. Possibly James or John Reynolds.

Reynolds, —, 15 Ivy Lane, Hoxton, London, cm and u (1827– 28). [D] Possibly Henry Reynolds.

Reynolds, Charles, Coombe St, Exeter, Devon, cm (1820–22). Daughter Mary bapt. at St Mary Major on 24 December 1820, and son Charles on 21 July 1822. [PR (bapt.)]

Reynolds, Francis, London, cm (1749–54). Polled at Westminster of Wych St in 1749. Declared bankrupt, of Holborn, in Gents Mag., December 1754.

Reynolds, George, Oxford Rd, near Dean St, Soho Sq., London, cm, appraiser and undertaker etc. (1754). Subscribed to Chippendale's Director, 1754. Trade card bears inscription within cartouche of Rococo scrolls, drapes, putto, flower chains and musical instruments. It states: ‘Estates and all Sorts of Household Furniture bought or sold by Commission in TOWN and COUNTRY.’ [V&A print dept, trade cards]

Reynolds, Henry, 132 Hoxton, London, bedstead maker, cm and broker (1823–28). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 30 June 1823 for £450 of which £270 accounted for utensils and stock. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 497, ref. 1005826]

Reynolds, Henry, 15 Haberdashers Walk, London, u (1835). [D]

Reynolds, James, Collumpton, Devon, cm (1793). [D]

Reynolds, James, High St, Shifnal, Salop, cm and u (1822–28). [D]

Reynolds, James, Silver St, Lincoln, cm (1828). [D]

Reynolds, John, at ‘The Crown & Fox’, Fleet St, London, u (1692). [Hilton Price, Signs of Old London]

Reynolds, John, address unrecorded, upholder (1760). Son of John Reynolds, Gent. of Atherstone, Warks.; app. to Joseph Forfeit, apothecary, and J. Phipps, apothecary. Admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. on 7 February 1760. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Reynolds, John, St Thomas's, Oxford, formerly of London, carver (1778–80). Named in Jackson's Oxford Journal, 13 June 1778, in list of prisoners at the Castle intending to take advantage of the Insolvent Debtor's Act. On 7 October 1780 in the same paper he was reported as a runaway, leaving his family chargeable to incorporated Oxford parishes.

Reynolds, John, 2 Smiths Rents, St John's St, London, cm (1783). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1783 for £100 of which utensils and stock accounted for £20. [GL, Sun MS vol. 319, p. 39]

Reynolds, John, Bungay, Suffolk, upholder (1784–1802). [D; Norwich poll bks]

Reynolds, John, Norwich, u (1792). App. to John Marks, and admitted freeman on 17 March 1792. [Norwich freemen reg.]

Reynolds, John, Redcross St, London, cm (1792). [D]

Reynolds, John, Chepping Wycombe Borough, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (1798). [Militia Census]

Reynolds, John, Hull, Yorks., house, ship, sign and furniture painter (1821–26). Residing at 3 Gt Passage St, with shop at Smith Alley, Castle St in 1821. Recorded at 3 Gt Passage St as master mariner in 1822, and as Gent. in 1823. John Reynolds, painter, is also recorded at Cockpit Yd, 6 Castle St in 1823. John Reynolds jnr, painter, was trading at Smith's Pl., Castle St, with house at 9 Upper Union St in 1826. [D]

Reynolds, John George, Cross Church St, Huddersfield, Yorks., cm (1822). [D]

Reynolds, John, Fore St, Collumpton, Devon, cm (1830). [D] See Reynolds, — of Collumpton.

Reynolds, John, Manchester St, Liverpool, joiner and cm (1835–39). Recorded at no. 16 in 1835, no. 46 in 1837, and no. 31 in 1839. [D]

Reynolds, Joseph Hisock, Shaftesbury, Dorset, cm and joiner (1790). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1790 for £500 including £50 on utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 370]

Reynolds, Joseph, Upper Harrington St, Liverpool, cm (1827–29). Trading at no. 12 in 1827, and no. 18 in 1829. [D]

Reynolds, R., Manchester, cm (1838). Declared bankrupt, Sussex Agricultural Express, 5 May 1838. Possibly Robert Reynolds.

Reynolds, Ralph, Friar's Lane, Shrewsbury, Salop, cm (1796). [Shrewsbury burgess roll]

Reynolds, Richard, parish of Christ Church, Bristol, upholder (1734). [Poll bk]

Reynolds, Robert, King St, Manchester, cm and u (1822–38). Recorded at no. 10, 1822–39, with house at Hope Cottage, Broomhouse Lane, Pendleton in 1825; and 31 King St, 1834–38. Declared bankrupt, London Gazette, 30 October 1832. [D] See R. Reynolds, and Reynolds & Gregory.

Reynolds, Robert, Paris St, Exeter, Devon, cm and u (1837–40). Daughter Betsy Anna bapt. at St Sidwell's on 24 September 1837. Named in the Exeter Pocket Journal, 1840. [D; PR (bapt.)]

Reynolds, Samuel, St Martin-in-the-Fields, London, cm (1751–76). On 5 August 1751 the Earl of Burlington ‘Paid Mr. Willm Hallett by Saml Reynolds the sum of £8.5.0. for Machine Chair etc.’ The entry in the Earl's account book, kept by John Ferrett, is signed by Samuel Reynolds for William Hallett. [Chatsworth, Burlington papers] Reynolds was a signatory to the will, made in 1763, of William Vile, who left him a legacy of £20. [Conn., April 1938] On 13 June 1769 S. Reynolds signed a receipt on behalf of John Cobb for £73 6s paid by the Earl of Coventry, Croome Court, near Worcester. [Worcs. RO, 4025/970.5: 73] In 1776 he insured house and goods ‘at W. Cobbs, St. Martin's Lane’ for £300. [GL, Sun MS vol. 244, p. 498]

Reynolds, Thomas, St Mary, Bungay, Suffolk, cm (1790–93). Named in the calendar of marriage licence bonds on 11 January 1790. [D; Suffolk RO, FAA: 50/2/108]

Reynolds, Thomas, Dover, Kent, carpenter and cm (1793). [D]

Reynolds, Thomas, address unrecorded, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Reynolds, Thomas, Grosvenor Sq., London, painter and gilder (1809). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 7 June 1809 for £1,300 of which £100 accounted for his workshop, and £200 for stock and utensils. [GL, Sun MS vol. 448, ref. 832369]

Reynolds, Thomas, Chapel St, Pentonville, London, cm (1811– 20). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in association with Samuel Pullin on 1 December 1811 for £300 on his house, warehouse, and workshop at 79 Chapel St. Recorded at no. 82 in 1820. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 449, ref. 854448]

Reynolds, Thomas, Cambridge, chairmaker (1818). [Norwich poll bk]

Reynolds, Thomas, 88 St John's St Rd, London, cm (1826–28). [D]

Reynolds, Thomas, Walsall, Staffs., chairmaker (1839). [D]

Reynolds, Thomas, Conduit St, Bedford, cm and u (1839). [D]

Re(y)nolds, William, 28 Aldermanbury, London, cm and undertaker (1776–99). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1776 for £300 of which £80 accounted for utensils, stock and goods. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 246, p. 169]

Reynolds, William, back of 22 North St, Dale St, Liverpool, chairmaker (1796). [D]

Reynolds, William, High St, Uppingham, Rutland, chairmaker and turner (1835). [D]

Reynolds & Gregory, 10 King St, Manchester, u (1818–21). [D] See Robert Reynolds.

Reynoldson, George, York, u (1695–d.1764). George Reynoldson was one of the most eminent u and cm in York during the 18th century. He was a Catholic and this largely dictated both the path his life followed and, to an extent, the commissions he was given. He had a business in Stonegate and a woodyard on Manor Shore. He was presented as a Papist in St Helen's parish, 1733–35 and 1745 [York City archives, House Book XLI f. 170] but moved to St Michael le Belfrey parish c.1743– 44. He was a friend of Francis Drake and subscribed to his Eboracum, 1736. He is acknowledged in the preface as supplying information about the ‘Trade and Navigation of The City’. He married Mary, daughter of Richard Brigham, a wool draper of York and she, too, was a Papist. She was related to many of the country gentry Papist families. They had eight children (although there is speculation that they may not all have been by the same woman). Reynoldson took the freedom of York as an u by redemption, paying £35 in 1715/16. [York City archives, House Book XLI f.170 and Surtees Soc., vol. 102, p. 212] He subscribed to Thomas Gent's History of York, 1730 and in the same year was Chamberlain of York. However, he was fined £70 in 1741 for avoiding the Sheriffdom, which he probably did on religious grounds. [York City archives, House Book XLIII f.61v] His stock in trade was insured for £300 on 29 September 1728. [GL, Sun MS vol. 26, p. 430] There are no records or accounts of business ventures before 1729. A Mr George Reynoldson, of the City of York was referred to in the Yorkshire Herald, 26 October 1731 for having invented a ‘Hydrographical Machine’ — to do with navigation.
In 1754 Reynoldson subscribed to Chippendale's Director. He advertised himself from his Stonegate premises variously as an u, undertaker and appraiser, but never as a cm. On 1 October 1734 he advertised in the York Courant as follows: ‘George Reynoldson upholsterer, undertaker and sworn appraiser, in Stonegate, York. Makes all sorts of looking glasses and scones, in gilt Mahogany or walnut frames and coach glasses, by wholesale or retail, at the London prices; where old glasses are cut, polished and silvered, very reasonably. He also makes and sells all sorts of Beds, of Mohair, Silk and worsted Damasks, Camblets, Harrateers, cheneys and printed stuffs; Feather Beds, Mattresses, Blankets, Quilts, Rugs and Coverlets, Flanders and English Ticks, Paper Hangings, imbosed, damasked or plain, Tapestry Hangings, Silk, Worsted Bed-Lace, Turkey, Muscate, Persian and French carpets, List, Hair or Painted Floor Cloths, Dutch and Floor Matts, Wax Candles, Flambeaux, single or double Brass Arms, Gallery Hall or Door Glasses and Lamps, Mahogany and Walnut Desks and Book Cases, Breakfast and Dining Tables, Chamber and Card Tables, Cases of Drawers, scaloped and round Tea Boards, shaving Stands, Night stools, Chairs of all prices, Folding and Fire Screens, gilt or plain etc. He also undertakes Funerals at reasonable rates and in decent manner will perform them to any part of Great Britain, when required’.
He advertised in the York Courant on various other occasions, often acting as agent for the sale of the contents of houses. Another advertisement in the York Courant on 25 December 1750 reads: ‘Since the 11th of December instant, there has been taken out of my wood-yard on the Manor Shore one (or more) dry Mahogany Boards ten feet six inches long and eighteen inches broad. If any such Board or Boards, is or shall be offered for sale, please stop them and give Notice thereof to George Reynoldson, in Blake Street, York, who will pay one Guinea on conviction of the offender; or if any person concerned will give information of his Accomplice, or who bought the same, he shall receive the same Reward, as above.’
Between 1718 and 1762, Reynoldson took ten apps: John Fowler, 25 March 1718; Richard Farrer, 7 November 1722; Martin Sandys, 5 April 1727; Henry Reynoldson, 18 June 1731; John Yates, 26 November 1733; Henry Smith, 29 September 1734; Nicholas Brigham, 7 February 1739; John Glenton, 6 November 1749; Joseph Northouse, 5 November 1755; Michael Dunn, 7 December 1762. [York app. reg.] Richard Farrar also subscribed to Chippendale's Director and there are many cases in which it has not yet, in practice, proved possible to separate the work of the pupil from that of his master. A case in point was some of the furniture supplied to William Constable of Burton Constable, Yorks. In William Constable as patron 1721 to 1791, Exhib. Cat., Hull, 1970, a walnut armchair and a mahogany chair are ascribed to either one or other cm. However, Reynoldson is known to have supplied various mirrors, gilt candlesticks and a variety of chairs (mostly in walnut) between 1747 and 1763.
There are many accounts which indicate that Reynoldson was patronised by the Yorkshire gentry and evidence shows that the majority of his clients shared his Catholic faith. He also undertook Catholic funerals — of Lady Hungate and the Fairfax children, among others. There is correspondence between himself and the Grimston family of Kilnwick Hall for whom he arranged a funeral. He is presumed to have been paid £20 for this in August 1748. On 22 November 1752, Reynoldson wrote to John Grimston for instruction regarding the wallpapering and curtain making for the drawing room and principal bedrooms of Kilnwick. Between 1729 and 1730 he worked for York Corporation supplying a good deal of furniture to the City House, now the Mansion House, St Helen's Square. No doubt his being Chamberlain in 1730 was instrumental in securing this commission. Reynoldson and another u, Robert Barker, supplied furnishings to the York Assembly Rooms. [York Assembly Rooms, Directors’ minute book, 1730–58].
There is no mention of George Reynoldson in the 1758 poll bk and the York Courant of 27 September 1764 announced his death. Reynoldson's will dated 5 October 1764, formed a trust ‘for the use of my children and grandchildren’ [Borthwick Institute of Historical Research, York, Wills 1765, p. 205], and among his trustees were his wife and Thomas Lupton, his ‘faithful servant’. His widow received £50 ‘for mourning’ and his gold watch.
Of Reynoldson's children, Henry, Thomas, Joseph and Rowland carried on, for a proportion of their lives, a similar trade to their father. Henry was app. to his father as an u. Joseph, the youngest son, born about 1743, joined his mother to carry on the business when his father died. He was listed as a Papist being resident in St Michael le Belfrey parish in 1767. His house and ware rooms were insured for £1,200 in 1777 [GL, Sun MS vol. 259, p. 111], but in August of the same year the York Chronicle mentioned that he gave up his shop and business in Blake St. His name is mentioned in the accounts of Lord Fairfax, but these are mainly for various supplies rather than construction and craftwork. Thomas was an u and took the freedom of York in 1758. He voted in the 1758 poll. His name does not appear in the 1767 census of Papists. It is possible that he turned out badly for in the York Courant 24 December 1754, his father announced that he would not be responsible for debts incurred by his son.
On 11 December 1764, the York Courant announced that Reynoldson's widow, Mary, was continuing the business which she did with her son, Joseph and two faithful servants, Thomas Lupton and Henry Smith. The accounts, however, suggest a declining business. Mary's death, aged 88, was announced in York Courant, 4 March 1788 and Joseph sold his stock to Thomas Allanson, u of Blake St in 1777. [M. E. Ingram, Leaves from a Family Tree, 1951; J. H. Aveling, Catholic Recusancy in the City of York, 1558–1791, 1970; C. Hutchinson, ‘George Reynoldson, Upholsterer of York, fl. 1716–1764’, Furn. Hist., 1976; I. Hall, ‘New Light on Yorkshire Craftsmen: Furniture’, C. Life, 3 October 1974; I. Hall, William Constable as Patron 1721–1791 (Exhib. cat.), Hull, 1970]
TOWNELEY HALL, Lancs. (Richard Towneley). There is an extensive bill dated 25 November 1719 for mending beds, hanging and altering bed curtains and window curtains, covering three chairs, paper hanging, making valances etc. The bill totalled £5 1s 4¾d. [Preston RO, Towneley papers, DDTO Q/10/2]
ALDBY PARK, Yorks. (Henry Darley). Brief account of furniture supplied. [Furn. Hist., 1976]
NEWBY PARK, Yorks. (William Robinson). A household inventory compiled by Reynoldson in June 1762. [Leeds archives dept, Newby Papers: 2789]
GILLING CASTLE, Yorks. (Fairfax family). Reynoldson's name occurs spasmodically during the 1740s to 1760s for trifling amounts. Large bill for £153 2s 4d dated between 1763 and 1764 for 74 items, mainly soft furnishings. [Furn. Hist., 1976]
BRANDSBY HALL, Yorks. (Francis Cholmeley). Between 1745 and 1748 he supplied furniture and furnishings to the value of £113 17s 8½d. Over 80 items including curtains, papers, chairs. A conspicuous absence of cabinet furniture. [Furn. Hist., 1976]
KILNWICK HALL, Yorks. (John Grimston). Reynoldson was paid £20 in August 1748 for arranging funeral. Reynoldson wrote on 22 November 1752 regarding instructions for decorating drawing room and principal bedrooms. [Ingram, op. cit.]
YORK ASSEMBLY ROOMS. Reynoldson supplied numerous items between 1730 and 1758 including ‘a glass 30 inches by 27 inches in a gilt frame with two double branches’, ‘two dozen of chairs … with Spanish leather bottoms the seat 21 inches by 10 inches, with brass nailes’ and ‘four Mahogany card tables … at one pound fourteen shillings each’. [York City archives, Assembly Rooms, Directors’ minute book, 1730–58]
BURTON CONSTABLE, Yorks. (William Constable). Various mirrors, candlesticks and chairs, mostly walnut, supplied e.g.: ‘1741 September 24, paid Mr George Reynoldson for 3 swing glasses No 1393 £1.6.6’ and ‘1757 July 27, 6 Walnut chairs, cushion backs and seats … £6.0.6’. Also walnut armchair and three mahogany chairs described in a manner typical of Reynoldson's (and Farrer's) terseness and thus in some doubt as to authorship. [Hall, op. cit.]
MANSION HOUSE, York. Bill for £17 8s in 1729 including ‘12 Walnut matted bottom chairs 13/6 … £8 2s; 12 Oake chairs 8/- … £4. 16s’ etc. Bill for £40 12s 3d in same year includes rugs, bankets, curtains, quilts and ‘one bed of broad grean cheany,… an oak foulding bed with curtains sack bottom… 2 close stools … one large oak Buroe’ etc. In 1736 ‘One Wallnutt framed setee bed with green furniture’ at £5 5s was ordered by the Lord Mayor. [York City archives, Mansion House bills] V.W.
Reynoldson, Henry, Joseph and Thomas, See George Reynoldson.

Reynor, John, Oxford St, London, cm (1784). [Poll bk] Probably John Reyner.

Rhodes, Charles, Fleet St, London, u (1732). Served at St Bride's as Scavenger ‘part of the year and then failed’. [GL, MS 6561, p. 55]

Rhodes, Francis, Hull, Yorks., cm and furniture broker (1822– 26). Listed as a cm at 92 Mytongate in 1823; but only as a broker, 1822 and 1826; at 13 Castle St in 1826. [D]

Rhodes, George, Harrison Lane, Halifax, Yorks., cm and joiner (1830). [D]

Rhodes, Henry, York, cm (1828). Son of Elizabeth Rhodes, widow of Clifton; app. to George Beal, cm and u, on 31 July 1828. [York app. reg.]

Rhodes, J., 6 Queen St, Hoxton, London, ebony inkstand manufacturer to His Majesty's Stationery Office (1820). [D] See Thomas Rhodes & Sons.

Rhodes, James, 19 Guildford St, Leeds, Yorks., cm (1837). [D]

Rhodes, John, Woodhouse Lane, Leeds, Yorks., cm (1818). [D]

Rhodes, John, Adwalton, near Birstall, Yorks., cm (1822). [D]

Rhodes, John, 3 King St, Westminster, London, cm and u (1827–28). [D]

Rhodes, John, Knaresborough, Yorks., joiner and/or cm (1834). [D]

Rhodes, Joseph, Drighlington, near Bradford, Yorks., cm (1822). [D]

Rhodes, Joseph, 9 Greek St, Leeds, Yorks., cm (1837). [D]

Rhodes, Joseph, 14 Eldon St, London Wall, London, u (1839). [D]

Rhodes, Richard, Back Lane, Otley, Yorks., cm (1822–37). [D]

Rhodes, Robert, Hampton, Middlx, gilder (1833). During the quarter ending 30 June 1833 he carried out work at Hampton Court at the Stud House, repairing picture and looking-glass frames. [PRO, LC11/80]

Rhodes, Thomas, York St, St James's Sq., London, frame maker (1774). [Poll bk]

Rhodes, Thomas & Sons, 1 Vine St, America Sq., London, ebony inkstand manufacturer to His Majesty's Stationery Office (1837). [D] See J. Rhodes.

Rhodes, William, London, u and cm (1754–1804). Addresses given at Knight St in 1768; Ivy Lane in 1771; 127 Holborn, opposite Fetter Lane, 1777–1800; no. 27 in 1778; and Warwick Ct in 1802, no. 7 in 1803. Son of William Rhodes, victualler of Greenwich. App. to Richard Farmer and Nicholas Parkes, draper, on 27 May 1754. Admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude on 7 April 1763, and master in 1794. Took app. named William Williams, 1771– 78. In 1768 he employed one non-freeman for six weeks. Named in Sheraton's list of master cabinet makers, 1803. Employed to decorate Drayton House, Northants. when it was inherited by Lord George Sackville in 1769. The decoration was done in 1773–74. In 1771 Rhodes also supplied a pair of painted and carved side tables with marble tops costing £72 for either end of the Dining Room, and the chimney piece, costing £130. Possibly the William Rhodes whose death, aged 76, was reported in Gents Mag., November 1816. [D; GL, Upholders’ Co. records; GL, City Licence bks, vol. 6; C. Life, 3 June 1965, p. 1349; C. Musgrave, Adam and Hepplewhite Furniture, p. 125]

Rhodes, William, Berwick St, London, cm (1784). [Poll bk]

Rhodes, William, 27 Southampton Buildings, Chancery Lane, London, upholder, appraiser and undertaker (1808–17). [D]

Rhodes, William, Barton St, Tewkesbury, Glos., cm (1822). [PR (bapt.)]

Rhodes & Goodman, 13 Clerkenwell Close, London, cm (1801–11). Trading as looking-glass manufacturers in 1804. [D]

Riade, Joseph, King St, Knutsford, Cheshire, cm and joiner (1822). [D]

Ribbins, Mary, 276 Strand, London, u (1826–27). [D]

Riccall, William, Beverley, Yorks., cm (1774). [Poll bk]

Rice, Charles, North Walsham, Norfolk, upholder and cm (1775–86). In May 1775 Rice, u of North Walsham, valued furniture for the Rev. James Woodforde, Rector of Weston Longville. Charles Rice's marriage at Oulton to Mrs Boutell, widow of the late Charles Boutell of Swaffham, Gent., reported in Norfolk Chronicle, 3 May 1783. Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 1 September 1786 for £400, including £100 on utensils etc. [The Diary of James Woodforde, ed. R. L. Winstanley, p. 193; GL, Sun MS vol. 338, p. 394]

Rice, Henry, Uckfield, Sussex, cm and turner (1839). [D] Possibly Henry Rich of East Hoathly.

Rice, James & Richard, Bradford St, Birmingham, cm, dressing case and portable desk maker (1828–30). [D]

Rice, John, Basingstoke, Hants., u (1762–93). Took app. named Spencer in 1762. [D; S of G, app. index]

Rice, Joseph, St Albans, Wood St, London, upholder (1695). Married Mary Osmond at Holy Trinity Church in 1695. [Westminster Ref. Lib., PR]

Rice, Richard, Ship Alley, Wellclose Sq., London, carver and gilder (1790–93). [D] See William Rice.

Rice, Richard, Hull, Yorks., carver and gilder (1803–10). Trading at Saville St in 1803 and St John's St, 1806–10. [D]

Rice, Richard, Liverpool, cm (1834–39). Addresses given at 4 Brook St, Harrington St in 1834; 1 Clarke St, Toxteth Park in 1835; no. 20 in 1837; and 11 Blair St, Toxteth Park in 1839. [D]

Rice, William, Ship Alley, Wellclose Sq., London, carver and gilder (1790–93). [D] See Richard Rice.

Rice, Zachariah, Norwich, cm (1818–30). Recorded in the parish of St Lawrence in 1818, and Heigham in 1830. [Poll bks]

Rich, Ann, Lincoln's Inn Fields, London, clock-case maker (1808). [D]

Rich, Henry, East Hoathly, Sussex, turner and chairmaker (1839). [D] Possibly Henry Rice of Uckfield.

Rich, Henry, Chapel Rd, Worthing, Sussex, u (1839). [D]

Rich, John, Crown St, Diss, Norfolk, cm and u (1822–39). [D]

Rich, Joseph, address unrecorded, u (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Rich, Joseph, 6 Macclesfield St, Soho, London, u (1809–11). [D]

Rich, Philip, 26 Bishopsgate Within, London, u and cm (1793). [D]

Rich, Timothy, Northfield Terr., Cheltenham, Glos., cm and u (1830). [D]

Richard, John, Chapel St, London, cm (1774). [Poll bk]

Richard, Samuel, High St, Tottenham High Cross, London, cm etc. (1823–26). [D] Possibly Samuel Richards.

Richard(s), William, 125 Wardour St, four doors from Oxford St, London, cm and chairmaker (1774–93). Polled at Westminster in 1774 and 1784. Trade card recorded with fine illustration of Chinese Chippendale-style glazed cabinet. Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1778 for £600 of which £420 accounted for utensils, stock, goods and shop. [D; Banks Coll., BM; GL, Sun MS vol. 267, p. 291]

Richardby, James jnr, Durham, joiner and cm (1805). Declared bankrupt, Leeds Intelligencer, 29 July 1805.

Richardby, James, Hall Ings, Bradford, Yorks., cm (1822). [D]

Richardby, Thomas, Durham, joiner and cm (1803–16). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. Notice in Durham County Advertiser, 16 March 1816 read: ‘THOMAS RICHARDBY of the City of Durham who had carried on the business of joiner, cabinet maker, builder etc. in that city & its vicinity for more than 40 years, & until within the last seven, when he declined on the prospect of other objects; but circumstances of late having turned out adverse to his expectations, he finds it necessary to resume his former occupations, of which he takes the opportunity of acquainting his friends & the public, & trusting that from his former long experience he will be able to give satisfaction to those who may please to honour him with their commands which it will be his study to do.’

Richards, —, address unrecorded, u and cm. Several payments to Richards in the 1750s are recorded in Henry Hoare's account book of 1749–70. [Wilts. RO, MS 383/6]

Richards, Benjamin, St Giles, Oxford, cm (1802). [Poll bk]

Richards, Benjamin Tapley, Liverpool, cm (1840). Son of Samuel Richards, soapmaker; admitted freeman on 24 July 1840. [Liverpool freemen reg.]

Richards, C. F., 93 Redcliffe St, Bristol, carver and gilder (1825–27). [D]

Richards, Charles, address unrecorded, upholder (1771). Son of Rev. George Richards of West Peckham, Kent. App. to Richard Hearne, and admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude on 3 April 1771. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Richards, Charles, 2 Myrtle St, Hoxton, London, carver and gilder (1808–20). [D]

Richards, Charles, High St, Hoxton, London, carver and gilder (1815). On 9 June 1815 Maria Gregory is recorded as having had an illegitimate child by Richards. [GL, P83/MPY1/873/(140)]

Richards, Charles, 64 Barbican, London, looking-glass manufacturer (1820). [D]

Richards, Charles, 38 Union Row, New Kent Rd, London, carver and gilder (1832–34). [D]

Richards, Emanuel, Church St, Staines, Middlx, cm/carpenter (1823). [D]

Richards, Frederick, 17 Woodscock St, Oxford St, London, portable desk, dressing case, work box and cabinet case maker (1835–39). [D]

Richards, George, 3 Featherstone St, Bunhill Row Watch, London, chairmaker (1777). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1777 for £200 of which utensils and stock accounted for £50. [GL, Sun MS vol. 258, p. 254]

Richards, George, 1 Old Bailey, London, looking-glass manufacturer (1826–27). [D]

Richards, H., 11 Peter St, Bath, Som., cm and broker (1819). [D]

Richards, Hugh, 279 Strand, London, carver, gilder and glass grinder (1784–1827). Trade card reads: ‘Richards, Carver & Gilder, at Apollo's Head, No. 279 Strand (Opposite Norfolk Street) Great choice of the most elegant & fashionable Looking Glasses, Girandoles, Picture Frames, Borders and various other Ornaments, for Rooms of exquisite Workmanship, also Paintings, Prints & Variety of all sorts for Exportation and at the lowest Prices. Pictures, Prints & Needle-work framed and Glazed.’ A pair of elbow chairs at Brighton Pavilion, c.1800, of carved and gilt beech, with sabre legs, are stamped ‘H.R. at Pavilion’. They are similar to chairs at Hartwell House designed by Henry Holland. [D; Landauer Coll., MMA, NY; Royal Pavilion Catalogue, 1966]

Richards, Hugh, Duke St, Chester, cm (b.1772–d.1833). Death aged 61 on 25 July 1833 reported in Chester Courant and Advertiser for North Wales, 27 August 1833.

Richards, I. (or J.), London (?), cm (1746). Mahogany corner cabinet recorded, styled with a richly carved cornice above double glazed doors with enriched mouldings, the cupboard below enclosed by panelled double doors, with carved ogee bracket feet. The carcase is impressed ‘I. RICHARDS 1746’ Fig. 1). The same stamp without a date recorded beneath a secretaire cabinet of c.1755.

Richards, Jacob, 122 High Holborn, London, cm, u, undertaker and dealer in piano fortes (1817–39). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 13 February 1822 for £2,200 on his house, £500 on household goods, £100 on china and glass, and £1,200 on utensils and stock in house, shed and open yard. Submitted a bill dated 22 June 1822 to ‘Wilson Esq.’ totalling £4 7s 6d for ‘A Curricle Bugeir Chair staind Rose Wood Carved back & Seat & Cushion to do’, and ‘An Extra cushion covered with purple Morocco leather’. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 490, ref. 989259; GL, trade card coll.]

Richards, James, London, Master Sculptor & Carver in Wood, Office of Works (1721–67). Carried out carving work at Kew for Frederick, Prince of Wales, receiving £60 3s in 1731, £150 in 1732, and £130 in 1733. A further payment in 1733, totalling £467 13s 5¾d included carving settees, chairs and frames, chimneypieces and architraves. In 1732 Richards was paid £150 16s 6d for carving work done on the Royal Barge, designed by William Kent, and Kent later employed Richards for carving at the Horse Guards and at Lord Pelham's house at 17 Arlington St. The overmantel in the King's Gallery at Kensington Palace is said to be by Richards to Kent's design of 1726. Colen Campbell, also employed Richards at Burlington House. Richards and his men were employed at Compton Pl., Eastbourne, until 1731, when he received the balance of his bill for £290. The carved work in the Gallery, Dining Room, Library and Great Staircase is all presumably his. [Duchy of Cornwall, Royal Household accounts of Frederick, Prince of Wales, vol. 2, pp. 218, 256–57, 289–91; vol. 3, pp. 261–66; vol. 4, pp. 222, 237–42; Beard, Georgian Craftsmen, p. 31; C. Life, 1926, C37, and 20 October 1960, p. 791; G. Beard, ‘18th Century English Woodcarvers’, C. Life Annual, 1965; Conn., June 1981, pp. 143–44; Burlington, December 1975] James Richards worked as a carver at Cleveland House, London, in 1752. [V&A archives] Richards, carver, is recorded in several notable country house archives of the period, and is most probably James Richards. Some of these commissions are noted in Burlington, October 1985. In November 1722 he is named in the accounts of Sir John Chester ‘for carving ye Tabernacle & ye Frontispiece for ye Hall’ at Chicheley Hall, Bucks. This was a niche in the Hall, built to house a painted statue made by William Kent, and described in a letter from Sir John Chester to Massingberd on 29 February 1723/24. [Bucks. RO, D/C/2/36 iii; C. Life, 16 May 1936; J. Tanner, ‘The Building of Chicheley Hall’, Bucks. Journal, 1964] The account books of Sir John Dutton of Sherborne House, Glos., refer to Richards, probably of London, on 2 November 1731, being paid £19 for carving, painting and gilding two table frames made by James Moore jnr for a garden banqueting house at Sherborne. He also received £53 8s 6d for supplying six carved and fluted Corinthian columns. [Glos. RO, Sherborne House MS, D678, acc.1790; Burlington, March 1969, pp. 148–49] Richards also worked for Earl Fitzwalter of Moulsham Hall, Chelmsford. On 6 March 1740 ‘Mr. Richards, carver in wood’ was paid £12 2s for carving the chimneypiece in the drawing room above stairs in the Earl's Pall Mall house. On 11 December 1749 he received £56 19s, the last payment of his bill for £106 19s. [A. C. Edwards, The Accounts of Benjamin Mildmay, Earl Fitzwalter, pp. 76 and 112] Possibly the Richards, carver of London, who in 1767 supplied picture frames to Henry Knight of Tythegston Court, Glam. [C. Life, 5 October 1978, p. 1024]

Richards, James, Green St, London, carver (1749). [Poll bk]

Richards, James, Shrewsbury, Salop, chairmaker and turner (1796–1828). Named in the Shrewsbury burgess roll in 1796 at Castlegate(s), and listed in directories there, 1822–28. Trading at Barker St in 1828. [D] See Thomas Richards of Shrewsbury.

Richards, James, 58 Cherry Garden St, Devonport, Devon, bedstead manufacturer etc. (1830). [D]

Richards, Job, 27 Milk St, Bristol, cm (1838–40). [D]

Richards, John, Shrewsbury, Salop, cm and clock-case maker (1730). Inscription ‘JOHN RICHARDS — 1730 — SALOP’ recorded on a handsomely grained walnut cabinet of exceptionally small size, with central cupboards enclosed by two sham drawer fronts. His signature has also been noted on two long-case clocks. Richards was one of the few recorded cm then working in Shrewsbury. [C. Life, 14 June 1962, p. 1420]

Richards, John, Kensington Sq. and Piccadilly, London, cm (1760–d.1773). Took out a Hand in Hand Insurance policy in June 1760 for £300. Inscription ‘JOHN RICHARDS, KENSINGTON SQUARE’ noted on a piece of furniture reported to Sotheby's in 1970. [GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 94, p. 24; V&A archives]

Richards, John, 5 Westmorland Buildings, Aldersgate St, London, joiner and cm (1809–11). [D]

Richards, John, 79 Old St, St Luke's, London, cm and u (1827– 28). [D]

Richards, John, 83 London Rd, Manchester, cm and u (1829). [D]

Richards, John, Mary's Yd, Exeter, Devon, u (1832). [D]

Richards, Jonathan, Exeter, Devon, cm and u (1803–32). Advertised his removal from The Mint to 163 Fore St in Exeter Flying Post, 27 February 1812. Recorded in Fore St, 1812–19; and at no. 162, 1822–32. Notices in the above paper on 1 December 1803 concerned the charge against him by H. Hurford, wheelwright, of pickpocketing and stealing one pound; and on 30 September 1824, the dividends on his estate on bankruptcy. Advertised in The Alfred, 24 and 31 October 1820 for ‘three good workmen’. Named in the Exeter Pocket Journal, 1822–31, and in the Exeter list of voters of St Mary Major in 1832. [D; PR (bapt.)]

Richards, Joseph, 4 Tower St, Seven Dials, London, cm (1789). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1789 for £100 on household goods and wearing apparel in the house above of Coward, carver. [GL, Sun MS vol. 363, ref. 555671]

Richards, Joseph jnr, Cowes, Isle of Wight, Hants., cm and u (1823–39). Recorded at High St, 1830–39, and also Union Rd in 1839. Submitted a bill dated 24 February and 20 August 1832 for £2 3s 5½d to J. S. Pakington of High Park, Westwood, Droitwich, Worcs., for cabinet and upholstery work on board the yacht ‘Liberty’. Items included a ‘New holland blind’ and ‘Repairs to mahogany sideboard’. J. S. Pakington was earlier known as J. S. Russell of Powick, near Worcester, and later was knighted, eventually becoming 1st Lord Hampton. [D; Worcs. RO, 2309/705:380/56/iv]

Richards, Peachey, High St, Bognor, Sussex, cm (1839). [D]

Richards, Philip, Fore St, Brixham, Devon, cm (1823–30). [D]

Richards, Robert, at ‘The Lyon & Lamb’, near the Maypole, Strand, London, u (1675). Named in contemporary newspapers. [Heal]

Richard, Sam, Nottingham, joiner and cm (1832). [Nottingham app. list]

Richards, Samuel, Lower Ward, Tottenham, London, u and cm (1839). [D] Possibly Samuel Richard.

Richards, Simeon (or Simon), Hull, Yorks., cm and broker (1814–20). Recorded at 26 Queen St in 1814. [D]

Richards, T., Fore St, Exeter, Devon, u (1816). [Exeter Pocket Journal]

Richards, Thomas, Shrewsbury, Salop, cm and chairmaker (1822–35). Trading at Wyle Cop, as cm and fancy chairmaker in 1822; and at Baker St, 1828–35. [D] See James Richards of Shrewsbury.

Richards, Thomas, Church St, Bishops Castle, Salop, chairmaker (1840). [D]

Richards, Tirrell, Holton, chairmaker (1730). Took app. named Stannard in 1730. [S of G, app. index]

Richards, William, Penzance, Cornwall, cm (1758). Took app. named Young in 1758. [S of G, app. index]

Richards, William Richard, Mount St, London, u (1784). [Poll bk]

Richards, William, Coombe St, Exeter, Devon, cm (1827). His son George John bapt. at St Mary Major on 28 December 1827. [PR (bapt.)]

Richards & Macdonald, 3 Somerset St, Portman Sq., London, u and cm (c.1830). Trade card recorded. [Heal]

Richardson, —, Bedford St, Covent Gdn, London, u (1793). [D]

Richardson, —, London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Richardson, Anthony, 13 Clipstone St, Fitzroy Sq., London, carpenter and cm (1820). [D]

Richardson, Benjamin, London, joiner and u (b.1699–d.1750). Son of Samuel Richardson, joiner and cm; admitted freeman of the Joiners’ Co. by patrimony on 1 September 1724, when the witnesses included John James, joiner of Tower Hill, and John Johnson, joiner of Whitechapel. He was made a liveryman on 8 October 1734. Took apps named William Kiplin on 11 May 1725; John Gibson on 15 August 1727; Robert Dawson on 26 March 1744; and his own son, John, in 1749. Brother of William Richardson, u of St Botolph's, Aldgate.

Richardson, Charles, Crown Pitts, Godalming, Surrey, cm and u (1839). [D]

Richardson, Christopher, Cambridge, joiner (1708–23). In 1711 he supplied a ‘Walnutree Table’ costing 12s to St John's College. Possibly the Christopher Richardson of Cambridge who married Margaret Nelson in All Saints’ Church on 6 June 1708. Will dated 1723. [Univ. Lib., AR2:2S]

Richardson, Christopher, Doncaster, Yorks., carver in wood (c.1740–67). Took apps named Theakston in 1753, Halley in 1754 and Kidson in 1759. [S of G, app. index] Subscribed to James Paine's Noblemen's and Gentlemen's Seats, 1767. Worked under George Platt at Cusworth Hall, near Doncaster, c.1740, as a carver in wood and stone. J. Battie, the owner of Cusworth wrote to John Grimston regarding a picture frame maker: ‘his name is Richardson and he lives at Doncaster & is thought to be a very good workman, the round frames cost 5 guineas each and the square ones six’. He offered to have frames made for John, if he would ‘have a plan of them sent’. [M. E. Ingram, Leaves from a Family Tree, p. 51; Beard, Georgian Craftsmen, p. 61] On 12 August 1755 Richardson was paid £42 for six gilt sconces supplied to the Doncaster Mansion House, possibly after a design by James Paine, and all of which remain in situ. [Doncaster borough archives, credit bk, 1755–62] Worked for the Duke of Norfolk at Worksop Manor, Notts., during the rebuilding of 1763–67. His bill for carver's work, amongst James Paine's papers relating to Worksop Manor, totalled £336 1s 11½d. [Arundel Castle records, MD18, pt 2] Richardson is also recorded in the V&A archives as having worked at Burton Constable, Yorks.

Richardson, David, Saville Ct, Newcastle, carver and gilder (1795). [D]

Richardson, Edward, London, upholder (1769–1802). Recorded at Fore St in 1794 and Cripplegate in 1802. Son of Thomas Richardson, mason of St Thomas, Southwark. Admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. on 6 September 1769. Took apps named Jeremiah Bray, 1773–83, and John Williams, 1783–92. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Richardson, Edward, Cambridge, cm and u (1820). App. to Thomas Sharpe, cm and u of Cambridge, on 27 April 1820 for £29 18s. [Cambridge app. lists]

Richardson, Elizabeth, 13 Upper Temple St, Birmingham, cm and chairmaker (1835). [D]

Richardson, Francis, Newcastle, carver and gilder (1754–66). Subscribed to Chippendale's Director, 1754. Advertised in Newcastle Courant, 15 February 1766, that he, ‘… Having wrought for several Years with the most distinguish'd Artists in London … has opened a Shop in Pilgrim Street, opposite the Low Bridge End, Newcastle … executes carving, gilding, sculpture and glass grinding … marble chimney pieces, gerandoles … Now employs the most able Artists in the several branches abovenamed’.

Richardson, Francis, Long Acre, London, carver and gilder (1771–75). A memorandum at the end of the 1771 diary of Edward Morant of Brockenhurst Park, Hants., mentions ‘Francis Richardson Carver & Gilder in Long Acre 5th door above James Street makes the pillow [pillar?] for 10: a glass’. A memorandum at the end of the 1772 diary reads: ‘Francis Richardson, Carver & Gilder in Long Acre makes the pillow Glass for £100.’ [Owned by E. Morant, Hants.] Francis and John Richardson, carvers and gilders of 50 Long Acre, took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1775 for £500 of which £250 accounted for utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 244, p. 154]

Richardson, Francis, Old Round Ct, Strand, London, cm and u (1775). Rented a house from John Dawes of Canonbury House, Islington, who insured it for £400 on 9 January 1775. Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1775 for £600, including £490 on utensils, stock and goods. [GL, Sun MS vol. 236, ref. 348496; vol. 239, p. 512] See Jonathan Farlam and James Butler.

Richardson, George, Orange St, Bloomsbury, London, carver and stationer (1784–87). Recorded at ‘The Bible & Crown’ in 1784 when he took out a Sun Insurance policy for £600, £60 accounting for utensils and stock. On 6 January 1787 he insured three houses with goods and utensils for £1,500. [GL, Sun MS vol. 319, p. 569; vol. 340, p. 497]

Richardson, George, Ferryhill, Co. Durham, cm (1828). [D]

Richardson, George, Bondgate Without, Alnwick, Northumb., cm (1828–34). Recorded as cm and joiner in 1834. [D]

Richardson, George, Sandon Terr., Mill Lane, Shaw's Brow, Liverpool, carver (1834). [D]

Richardson, Harman Henry, 62 Skeldergate, York, cm (1837–40). [D]

Richardson, Henry, Jew Lane, Nottingham, cm (1812). [Poll bk]

Richardson, Henry, Manchester, cm and u (1822–29). Trading at 1 St Anne's Pl, 1822–25, and 1 Police St in 1829. [D]

Richardson, Henry, Ashford, Kent, cm, u and undertaker (1832–39). [D]

Richardson, J., 26 John St, Tottenham Ct Rd, London, carver (1829). [D] See Thomas Richardson.

Richardson, J. & R., Walsall, Staffs., furniture makers (1839). [D]

Richardson, James, Birchin Lane, Cornhill, London, cm and glass grinder (1748). Sale of household goods, stock and utensils of James Richardson, late of Birchin Lane, announced in General Advertiser, 10 February 1748. The Gents Mag., April 1748 lists Richardson amongst the ‘tenants burnt out by the late fire’, and carries an engraving showing his ruined premises. He is also listed among bankrupts in the same issue.

Richardson, James, Suffolk St, Birmingham, cm, u and broker (1828–30). Recorded at no. 50 in 1828. [D]

Richardson, James, Parkes Ct, Upper Temple St, Birmingham, cm and chairmaker (1830). [D]

Richardson, James Christopher, Verulam St, St Albans, Herts., cm and u (1839). [D]

Richardson, John, Durham, cm (1740–93). Recorded at NewHelvit in 1749 and at Ferryhill, 1756–62. Children bapt. at St Oswald's parish, 1740–48. Took apps named Peacock in 1743, Craggs in 1755, Gainford in 1756, Guderick in 1760 and Gainford in 1762. Report in General Advertiser, 17 April 1749, stated that he took Richard Taylor as app. under the Sons of the Clergy scheme for a premium of £10. On 2 February 1760 he was paid £7 10s for ‘two Mohogany Dressing Tables sent to Gibside’ for Mrs Bowes. [D; PR (bapt.); S of G, app. index; Durham RO, Strathmore MS, D/St/V 1488–90; V993]

Richardson, John, Newcastle, u (1747). [Newcastle freemen reg.] Possible confusion with:

Richardson, John, Newcastle and London, u (1773–80). App. to John Ridpath, and admitted freeman of Newcastle on 11 October 1773. Polled at Newcastle in 1780. [Newcastle freemen reg.] Possibly:

Richardson, John, Penrith, Cumb., u (1777–80). [Newcastle poll bks] See Nathaniel Richardson, possibly John's father.

Richardson, John, at ‘the Duke's Head’, Back Lane, Ratcliffe, London, cm (1793). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 30 December 1793 for £400 of which £200 accounted for utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 397, p. 250]

Richardson, John, Fulham, London, u and cm (1808). [D]

Richardson, John and Thomas, High-bridge, Newcastle, joiners and cm (1811). [D]

Richardson, John, High St, Tewkesbury, Glos., cm (1813–20). Trading at no. 30 in 1820 as a chairmaker. [D; PR (bapt.)]

Richardson, John, Retford, Notts., cm and u (1819–35). Trading at New St in 1819; at Carolgate in 1822 and 1835; Chapel Lane in 1830; and Spa Lane in 1832. [D]

Richardson, John, Nether End, Penrith, Cumb., joiner and/or cm, furniture warehouseman (1818–34). [D]

Richardson, John, Lancaster, chairmaker (1822–34). Trading at Church St, 1822–34. Submitted a bill to Charles Gibson of Quernmore Park, Lancs., for work done in March and November 1824, ‘repairing 8 satinwood chairs &c’ at a cost of £1, ‘lining the above & varnishing’, for £1 1s, and ‘making a stool & stuffing &c’ for 13s. [D; Preston RO, DDQ]

Richardson, John, 3 Bowling Alley, Cripplegate, London, cm (1829). [D]

Richardson, John, College St, Northampton, cm (1830). [D]

Richardson, John, Liverpool, carver and gilder (1831). App. to Henry Edward Cashin in 1831. [Liverpool app. enrolment bk]

Richardson, John, St Peter's, St Albans, Herts., cm and u (1832). [D]

Richardson, John, West St, Horsham, Sussex, cm (1839). [D]

Richardson, Jonathan, Market Pl., Otley, Yorks., cm (1822). [D]

Richardson, Joseph, at ‘The Unicorn & Sun’, near Paternoster Row, Cheapside, London, u (1687). Named in contemporary newspapers. [Heal].

Richardson, Joseph, Old Quay, Whitehaven, Cumb., joiner and/or cm (1811). [D]

Richardson, Joseph, Botchergate, Carlisle, Cumb., joiner and cm (1828–29). [D]

Richardson, Joseph, 23 Mill Hill, Leeds, Yorks., cm and u (1834–37). [D]

Richardson, Joseph, 19 Bowlalley Lane, Hull, Yorks., cm and u (1838–39). [D] See Richardson & Spencer.

Richardson, Joshua, 1 Wellington St, Leeds, Yorks., cm and u (1839). [D]

Richardson, K., Littlehampton, Sussex, cm, u, undertaker etc. (1832–33). Worked for the Earl of Surrey at Littlehampton in December 1832–33 supplying small items of furniture, and carrying out repairs and upholstery work, for which he charged a total of £127 4s 2d. [Arundel Castle records, A1996 and A1999]

Richardson, M., 29 North Audley St, Grosvenor Sq., London, u (1829). [D]

Richardson, Matthias, 31 Guildhall St, Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk, cm and u (1830). [D]

Richardson, Nathaniel, Newcastle and Penrith, Cumb., u (1727–77). Admitted freeman by apprenticeship on 5 September 1727. His son, John, was admitted by patrimony on 13 October 1774. Polled at Newcastle of Newcastle in 1741 and 1777; also of Penrith in 1777. [Newcastle freemen reg.] See John Richardson of Newcastle and Penrith.

Richardson, Richard, Lancaster. Named in the Gillow records, 1790–93. [Westminster Ref. Lib.]

Richardson, Richard, Foulford, Berwick-upon-Tweed, Northumb., cm and u (1827–34). Recorded at Bridge St in 1834. [D]

Richardson, Robert, Doncaster, Yorks., cm (1733–74). Son of John Richardson, fellmonger; admitted freeman of York in 1733. Polled at York of Doncaster in 1758 and 1774. Took app. named Barck in 1738. [York freemen rolls; S of G, app. index]

Richardson, Robert, Hull, Yorks., cm (1747). [Poll bk]

Richardson, Robert, Gt Union St, Hull, Yorks., chairmaker (1817). [D]

Richardson, Robert, Felton, Northumb., joiner, cm and stamp sub-distributor (1828–29). [D]

Richardson, Samuel, London and Derbyshire, joiner and cm (b.c.1650–d.c.1736). His son, the novelist, Samuel Richardson, stated in a letter of 2 June 1753 to Johannes Stinstra: ‘My Father's Business was that of a Joiner, then more distinct from that of a Carpenter, than now it is with us. He was a good Draughtsman, and understood Architecture. His Skill and Ingenuity, and an Understanding superior to his Business … made him personally beloved by several Persons of Rank, among whom were the Duke of Monmouth and the first Earl of Shaftesbury … Their known Favour for him, having, on the Duke's Attempt on the Crown, subjected him to be looked upon with a jealous Eye, notwithstanding he was noted for a quiet and inoffensive Man, he thought proper, on the Decollation of the first-named unhappy Gentleman, to quit his London Business and to retire to Derbyshire; tho’ to his great Detriment.’ The Universal Magazine, 1786, described Richardson as ‘… at first a Cabinet-maker, and afterwards a considerable importer of mahogany, in Aldersgate-Street. He had a genius superior to his business, and was, in particular, an excellent Architect.’ It is not stated when he was trading, but he was certainly in Aldersgate St, ‘next door to the Cock and Bottle, over against the George Inn’ in 1680, when he advertised in the London Gazette, 31 May to 3 June, as having ‘the best and choicest Cedar both for Colour and Scent.’ 1680 would be a very early date for Richardson to be a ‘considerable importer of mahogany’, so the article in the Universal Magazine may refer to the business after his return to London from Derbyshire, by 1699, although addresses other than Aldersgate St are then given. His son claimed that Richardson left London due to Monmouth's execution on 15 July 1685, but he appears to have been resident in the Aldersgate area, 1686–87, when his daughter Anne by wife Elizabeth, was bapt. at St Botolphs on 13 February. He had moved to Derbyshire by 1689, when his son Samuel, the novelist, was bapt. at All Saints’, Mackworth, near Derby, on 19 August; son William on 8 April 1691; and daughter Sara at St Alkmund's, Derby, on 5 December 1693. The Richardsons had returned to London by 1699 when their son, Benjamin, was bapt. at St Botolph's, Aldgate, on 4 October. Samuel Richardson's address is then given at Tower Hill. On 6 June 1700 he is recorded as residing in Mouse Alley in the scavenger's assessment list in rate bks of St Botolph's. His son's later correspondence suggests that Richardson was in business at the time of his death, c. 1735–36, apparently dealing in timber. The novelist wrote to Lady Bradshaigh on 15 December 1748: ‘A Father, an honest, a worthy Father, I lost by the Accident of a broken Thigh, snapt by a sudden Jirk, endeavouring to recover a Slip passing thro’ his own Yard.’ Other details of Richardson's career have been recorded. He was the son of William Richardson of Byfleet, Surrey, and app. to Thomas Turner, joiner, on 25 June 1667. Admitted freeman of the Joiners’ Co. by recommendation of Richard Rogers on 2 July 1678. Took apps named William Cambridge on 13 October 1679, and Humphry Sterling on 13 November 1683, turned over to John Meres, and admitted freeman on 4 April 1693. Richardson assigned Francis Storey from William Pritchard by 11 December 1688. In that year Richardson and his tenant, Charles Hodson, were recorded as in arrears of tax as inhabitant householders; in 1689 in the list of inhabitants and landlords, and in 1693 in the list of householders and stockholders, but no addresses are given. Hodson is recorded alone at Richardson's address, 1692–96, when the latter was in Derbyshire. In 1737–38 Samuel Richardson, ‘Householder’ is listed in the Joiners’ Co. quarterage records as owing 48 quarters, having paid last in 1724–25. Samuel Richardson's son, William, was an u in St Botolph's, Aldgate; and son Benjamin, joiner and u, was admitted freeman of the Joiners’ Co. by patrimony on 1 September 1724. A.E.

Richardson, Stephen, 260 Deansgate, Manchester, u (1832–33). [D]

Richardson, Thomas, Spilsby, Lincs., joiner and cm (1826–35). [D]

Richardson, Thomas, 26 John St, Fitzroy Sq., London, carver and modeller (1826–35). [D] See J. Richardson.

Richardson, Thomas, Lancaster. Named in the Gillow records in 1828. [Westminster Ref. Lib.]

Richardson, Thomas, Hull, Yorks., cm (1814–42). Addresses given at Tan House Lane, 1814–20; Castle St, 1817–22; 6 Cockpit Yd, Castle St in 1823; Smith's Pl., Castle St, 1828– 38; and as Thomas & Son, cm etc. at 34 Bond St, 1840–42. [D] See Richardson & Son.

Richardson, Thomas, Trueman St, Liverpool, cm (1821–35). Trading at no. 47, 1821–29; no. 17 in 1834; and no. 15 in 1835. [D]

Richardson, Tim., Thompson's Entry, Salthouse Lane, Hull, Yorks., cm (1838–39). [D]

Richardson, W., 7 Redcross Sq., Cripplegate, London, cm (1835). [D]

Richardson, William, at ‘The Star in the East’, on Tower Hill, St Botolph's, Aldgate, London, upholder (1716–35). Took out Hand in Hand Insurance policies on his house at ‘The Star’ in King St, on 29 August 1716 for £400, and on 28 August 1723 for £500. Named in newspapers in 1735. [GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 16, p. 205; vol. 27, p. 286; Heal] Possibly son of Samuel Richardson and brother of Benjamin.

Richardson, William, at W. Cobb's timbershop, Round Ct, London, cm (1776). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1776 for £100 of which utensils and stock accounted for £25. [GL, Sun MS vol. 244, p. 512]

Richardson, William, Wild St, London, cm (1778–80). Took out Sun Insurance policies in 1778 for £800 including £470 on utensils, stock and goods; and in 1780 for £400 on his house. [GL, Sun MS vol. 266, p. 207; vol. 281, p. 410]

Richardson, William, Stanhope St, Clare Mkt, London, cm (1782–87). Insured his house for £600 in 1782. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 301, p. 77]

Richardson, William, Wakefield, Yorks., upholder and coach maker (1784). [D]

Richardson, William, Newcastle St, Strand, London, cm and u (1789–96). Recorded at no. 10, 1789–91; no. 15, 1792–96; and in 1792 as cm to His Royal Highness the Duke of York. Declared bankrupt, Derby Mercury, 29 April 1790, and Bailey's list of bankrupts, 1793. [D]

Richardson, William, Maiden Lane, Covent Gdn, London, cm (1797). [D]

Richardson, William, 18 Mortimer St, London, cm (1799). [D]

Richardson, William, 44 Cannon St, Ratcliff, London, cm (1813). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 15 November 1813 for £700 on his house, household goods and musical instruments. [GL, Sun MS vol. 462, ref. 887842]

Richardson, William, 45 Stonegate, York, joiner, u and cm (1816–40). [D]

Richardson, William, New Pavement, Pocklington, Yorks., cm and u (1823). [D]

Richardson, William, 3 Bowling Alley, Whitecross St, London, cm and upholder (1827–28). [D]

Richardson & Lyon, Godalming, Surrey, u (1838). [D]

Richardson & Son, 34 Bond St, Hull, Yorks., u (1840). [D]. Richardson & Sons of Bond St supplied furniture costing £11,000 to Burton Constable, Yorks., including an amboyna and purplewood console cabinet. The commission ended in a Chancery suit. [C. Life, 17 June 1976, pp. 1622–24] See Thomas Richardson.

Richardson & Spence(r), 19 Bowlalley Lane, Hull, Yorks., cm and u (1840). [D] See Joseph Richardson.

Richars, William, Wisbech, Cambs., u (1729). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 2 April 1729 for £300 on a house, let. [GL, Sun MS vol. 29, ref. 47314]

Richdale, George, Greenhill, Lichfield, Staffs., cm (1835). [Poll bk]

Richerley, T., Durham, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Riches, Joseph, Market Pl., East Dereham, Norfolk, u (1839). [D]

Riches, Robert, Norwich, cm (1826–30). Recorded at Heigham in 1830. App. to Samuel Martin, and admitted freeman on 3 May 1826. [Norwich freemen reg. and poll bk]

Riches, Robert jnr, Norwich, cm (1829). App. to Thomas Larter, and admitted freeman on 24 February 1829. [Norwich freemen reg.]

Riches, Robert, Market Pl., Downham Mkt, Norfolk, cm and u (1830–39). [D]

Riches, Robert, Market Pl., East Dereham, Norfolk, cm and u (1836). [D]

Richiardi, J., 73 St Martin's Lane, London, carver and gilder (1826–27). [D]

Richlieu, Robert, Dovecot St, Stockton-upon-Tees, Co. Durham, joiner and cm (1827–29). [D]

Richlieu, Thomas, Stokesley, Yorks., cm and joiner (1828–29). [D]

Richman, John, 22 Greek St, Soho, London, carver and gilder (1791). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1791 for £900 including £350 on utensils, stock and glass. [GL, Sun MS vol. 370] See John Richmond.

Richman, John, Bow St, Covent Gdn, London, looking-glass manufacturer (1792). [D]

Richmond, Henry, Lancaster, cm (1784–85). [Lancaster freemen rolls]

Richmond, Henry, Liverpool, cm (1818–21). Trading at 12 Lionel St in 1818 and 2 Weale St in 1821. [D]

Richmond, James, Lancaster, chairmaker (1806–11). Son of James Richmond, late of Nether Wyresdale, now of Lancaster, labourer, deceased; admitted freeman, 1806–07. Took app. on 5 August 1811. [Lancaster freemen rolls and app. reg.]

Richmond, James, 7 Hormans(?) Buildings, St Luke's, London, cm (1809–11). [D]

Richmond, James, Chorley, Lancs., chairmaker, cm and broker (1816–34). Recorded at Market St, 1816–18, and Chapel St in 1834. [D]

Richmond, James, 10 Duncan St East, Liverpool, cm (1837). [D]

Richmond, John, 22 Greek St, Soho, London, carver and gilder (1789). [D] See John Richman.

Richmond, John, Gt Yarmouth, Norfolk, cm (1822–41). Recorded at Charlotte St in 1822 and Howard St, 1830–39. [D; poll bks]

Richmond, John, Thirsk, Yorks., cm and u (1823–40). Trading at Kirkgate in 1823; Market Pl., 1828–29; Chapel Lane, 1834–40; and Chapel St in 1840, as cm/chairmaker. [D]

Richmond, William, Liverpool, furniture painter (1818). Admitted freeman on 11 June 1818. [Liverpool freemen reg.]

Richmond, William, 73 St Martin's Lane, London, cm (1829). [D]

Rickaby, James, St Oswald's, Durham, spinning-wheel maker (1725). Marriage registered on 19 June 1725, and son's baptism on 10 October 1725. [PR]

Rickaby, Thomas, St Oswald's, Durham, spinning-wheel maker (d.1719). Burial registered on 23 January 1719. [PR]

Rickaby, Thomas, St Oswald's, Durham, spinning-wheel maker (1725–d.1729). Marriage registered on 30 November 1725, and death of Thomas Rickaby, wheelwright, on 20 November 1729. [PR]

Rickarby, John, Lancaster. Named in the Gillow records in 1800. [Westminster Ref. Lib.]

Rickard, George, Queen St, Derby, cm and u (1828–29). Listed at no. 36 in 1828. [D]

Rickard, John, Norwich, cm and chairmaker (1780–1802). Recorded at St Peter Hungate, 1780–86; and All Saints’ parish, 1796–1802. [Poll bks]

Rickard(s), Ezechiel, London, upholder (1709–15). Recorded at King St, St Martin's parish in 1709; at ‘The Golden Fleece’, near Bromley St End, Drury Lane, St Giles-in-the-Fields in 1813; and King St, St Giles-in-the-Fields in 1715. Took out a Hand in Hand Insurance policy on 31 March 1709 for £100 on his house and warehouse in King St; a Sun Insurance policy on 15 August 1713 on his goods; and a Hand in Hand policy on 15 March 1715 for £200 on two houses and workshop in King St, and £500 on two houses in Drury Lane. [GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 7, ref. 2076; vol. 15, p. 481; GL, Sun MS vol. 3, ref. 3274]

Rickard(s), George, Queen St, Derby, cm and u (1823–29). Trading at no. 36 in 1829. [D]

Rickards, Robert, Brownlow Buildings, Drury Lane, London, u (1691). Named in contemporary newspapers. [Heal]

Rickards, Samuel, 211 Oxford St, London, u (1822–35). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 26 December 1822 for £200 on utensils and stock. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 498, ref. 999413]

Rickerby, John, Baldock, Herts., cm and u (1838–39). Recorded at White Horse St, also as a paper hanger, in 1839. [D]

Rickett(s), Edward, London, upholder (1783–1815). Recorded at 19 Gt Trinity Lane, Cheapside in 1792; and as an upholstery warehouseman at 14 Brokers Row, Moorfields, 1802–15. Named in Sheraton's list of master cabinet makers, 1803. Probably the Rickett, upholder and cm of 14 Little Moorgate, Moorfields, whose trade card, c.1820, is recorded. [D; GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Heal]

Ricketts, J., Belgrave Gate, Leicester, u (1827). [D]

Ricketts, James, St Catherine St, Gloucester, chairmaker (1822–23). [D]

Ricketts, John, Gloucester, carver (1729). Took app. named Robins in 1729. [S of G, app. index]

Ricketts, John, Snow Hill, Birmingham, u (1828–30). Recorded at no. 16 in 1828; and in 1830 also traded as cm and broker. [D]

Rickman, John, 62 Greek St, Soho, London, carver and gilder (1790–93). [D]

Ricknoll (?), —, address unrecorded, u (1787). Named in the Longford Castle accounts in 1787 receiving £24. [V&A archives]

Ricks, William, Poole, Dorset, cm (1752). Took app. named Trim in 1752. [S of G, app. index]

Riddett, George, Union St, Ryde, Isle of Wight, u (1839). [D]

Riddiough, James, 3 Birkett St, Soho, Liverpool, cm (1829). [D]

Riddle, James & Thomas, 54 Wells St, Oxford St, London, cm, u and chairmakers (1826–40). [D]

Riddle, William, 16 Nottingham Pl., Whitechapel Rd, London, cm (1823). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 15 January 1823 for £200, including £30 on a chest of tools in Baynes's workshop in Wheatsheaf Yd, Fleet Mkt. [GL, Sun MS vol. 489, ref. 999880] See Matthew Lawther.

Riddles, William, Brighton, Sussex, cm, u and furniture broker (1822–39). Addresses given at Cumberland Pl. in 1822; High St, 1824–31, no. 34 in 1832; and 27 Cavendish Pl. in 1839. Children by wife Mary bapt.: Mary Ann on 22 February 1822; John Alfred on 25 December 1824; and Charles on 27 November 1831. [D; E. Sussex RO, PR (bapt.)]

Riddoch, David, 99 High Holborn, London, cm and upholder (1780). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1780 for £600 including £340 on utensils, stock and goods. [GL, Sun MS vol. 284, p. 451]

Riddock, David, corner of Gt Turnstile, Lincoln's Inn Fields, London, cm (1778). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1778 for £200 of which £100 accounted for utensils, stock and goods. [GL, Sun MS vol. 268, p. 453]

Riddout, J., 4 Kirkhams Buildings, Bath, Som., cm (1819). [D]

Ride, Thomas, Belper Lane, Belper, Derbs., joiner and cm (1835). [D]

Rider, Francis, Nottingham and Harewood, Yorks., cm (1758– 74). Polled at York of Nottingham in 1758, and of Harewood in 1774.

Rider, John, Exeter, Devon, cm (1777). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1777 for £200 of which £160 accounted for utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 256, p. 34]

Rider (or Ryder), Joseph, Plymouth, Devon, cm and u (1830– 38). Trading at 12 Basket St in 1830 and Raleigh St, 1836–38. [D]

Rider, Samuel, Stafford, cm (1801). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 28 March 1801 for £300 on his new dwelling house and front shop, and on stock in adjoining workshop, timber yard and stable. [GL, Sun MS vol. 39, ref. 716821]

Rider & Milner, 6 Red Lion St, Southwark, London, upholstery warehousemen (1768–72). [D]

Ridge(s), John, London, u (1682–85). In 1682 John Ridge supplied a bed for the Duke of Hamilton's rooms in Holyrood House, Edinburgh, charging £218 10s for ‘a crimson & gould velvett bett, loynd with satin with 8 chairs & velvet cases, a feather bed & bolster, quilts, Japanned glass & stands a footstool blankets …’. Payment was completed in June 1683 with a memorandum ‘That a sett of white feathers for the bed mentioned are to be returned or eight pound in Lieu of them — J. Ridge.’ In 1684 the inventory included ‘In my Lady's Bedchamber — One large bedstead with flowered Courtines of red & yellow with covervolet of taffetie three quilts … A Japan painted table & two stands with ane looking glass conforme … four armed chairs with four other chairs and a footstool all painted conforme to ye tables 9 stands …’. [Scottish RO, Duke of Hamilton's archives, 165/1/3, F1/490–1; F2/380/21; Furn. Hist., 1978] John Ridges, u, is recorded in the Royal Household accounts in 1683 providing beds, curtains, two walnut tables and stands, a large inlaid walnut table, and a looking-glass, costing £15. [PRO, LC9/ 277] John Ridge was named in newspapers in 1685.

Ridge, John, London, u (1754). Subscribed to Chippendale's Director, 1754.

Ridge, John, Newark-upon-Trent, Notts., bookseller and u (1796). Marriage to Miss Crafts of Nottingham reported in Cambridge Chronicle and Journal, 3 September 1796.

Ridge, Samuel, Market Pl., Newark, Notts., u (1822–35). Recorded as Samuel & John in 1822 and Samuel & Co. in 1835. [D]

Ridge, Timothy, London and Lewes, Sussex, upholder (1780–1802). Recorded at 71 Fleet St in 1791; Phoenix Fire Office in 1794; and Lewes in 1802. Son of Joseph Ridge, surgeon of Lewes. App. to Josiah Phipps on 5 July 1780, and later to William Marston. Admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude on 6 April 1791. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Ridges, John, near Watling St, London, chairmaker (1729). Named in contemporary newspapers. [Heal]

Ridgeway, Charles, Chester, cm (1789). App. to Samuel Gellion in 1789. [Chester app. bks]

Ridgeway, Hugh, St Julian's Friars, Shrewsbury, Salop, cm (1826). [Shrewsbury burgess roll]

Ridgeway, Thomas, London, upholder, cm, appraiser and auctioneer (1759–81). Trading at Houndsditch, 1759–65; Norton Falgate, 1767–72; as Ridgeway & Rolleston in 1768; and 168 Fenchurch St, 1773–81. Trade card, c.1760–65 gives address at the ‘Easy Chair near Gravel Lane in Houndsditch, London’ and states that he ‘Selleth four post & other Bedsteads & Furnitures ready made, Likewise Feather Beds, Blankets, Quilts, Ruggs Counterpanes & Coverlets, Mattresses, Flock Beds &c, Damasks Harriteens Cheneys, Linceys, Feathers & Flock ticking by y Yard or piece with all Sorts of Cabinet Goods. Chairs Tables, Glasses &c For Sea or Land; Also all Sorts of Paper Hangings, at the Lowest Prices. Funerals Furnishd.’ In 1763 he employed four non-freemen for three months when he was described as ‘citizen and skinner by trade an upholsterer’. Took app. named James Williams until 1769. Declared bankrupt, London Gazette, 13–20 October 1764. [D; Leverhulme Coll., MMA, NY; GL, City Licence bks, vol. 3; GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Ridgeway, William, Foregate St, Chester, u (1819). Admitted freeman on 20 October 1819. [Chester freemen rolls]

Ridgway, William, at the corner of St Dunstan's Hill, Tower St, London, u and appraiser (c.1760). Trade card states that he ‘Makes up & Sells all Sorts of Upholstery Goods, in the neatest Manner, & at the Lowest Prices.’ [Heal]

Ridgyard, William, 6 Upper Rathbone Pl., Fitzroy Sq., London, carver and gilder (1820). [D]

Riding, James, 22 Chestergate, Macclesfield, Cheshire, cm, u and chairmaker (1816–18). [D]

Riding, William, Preston, Lancs., joiner, cm and timber merchant (1795). Notice of dissolution of his partnership with Richard Salthouse on 11 September 1795 given in Billinge's Liverpool Advertiser, 19 October 1795.

Ridler, —, address unrecorded, upholder (1803–15). Named in the Longford Castle, Wilts. accounts receiving payments totalling £384 18s between 1803 and 1815. [V&A archives]

Ridley, S., 234 Strand, London, army furniture and coach trimming manufacturer (1804). [D]

Ridley, Samuel, 46–47 Newgate St, London, upholsterers’ warehouseman (1839). [D]

Ridley, William, 27 Ridinghouse Lane, Gt Portland St, London, chair and sofa maker (1839). [D]

Ridley & Son, Saxmundham, Suffolk, furnishers and ironmongers (1836). [Suffolk RO, ref. 50/22/4.118]

Ridpath, James, Deptford Bridge, London, cm and u (1813–19). [D]

Ridpeth (Ridpath), John, Newcastle, u (1766–73). App. to George West, u, and admitted freeman on 13 June 1766. Former app., John Richardson, admitted on 11 October 1773. [Newcastle freemen reg.]

Ridsdale, Benjamin, address unrecorded. Carved pine sideboard in the Dining Room at Rokeby Park, near Barnard Castle, Co. Durham is signed and dated 7 May 1793 in pencil. In the Neo-classical style, it has fluted, square tapering legs, fluted frieze with paterae at the junctions, and a marble top. Two tables carved with a mask of Hercules draped with the skin of the Nemean lion and bearing a label inscribed in ink: ‘Benjamin Ridsdale, April 7th 179–’ from the collection of John Aspinall, were sold at Christie's on 22 November 1973, lot 180. [Bowes Museum archive, Barnard Castle]

Ridsdale, Thomas, York, cm (1820). Son of Hannah Ridsdale, widow, of Grimston; app. to Robert Dugelby, cm, of St Peter the Little parish on 18 July 1820. [York app. reg.]

Ridsdales, Ryley & Pearson, 25 Clements Lane, Lombard St, London, wholesale u (1779–83). [D] See George Rigdale.

Rielly, George, 10 Renshaw St, Liverpool, carver and gilder (1800). [D]

Rielly, T., 14 Dean St, Soho, London, chair stainer and cane maker (1829). [D]

Rieusset(t), Peter, London, joiner (1706–16). Recorded at St Ann's, Westminster in 1716. Named in the Royal Household accounts in 1706 providing a wainscot desk for the Office of the Great Wardrobe costing £4 15s. [PRO, LC9/282] Took out a Hand in Hand Insurance policy on 30 December 1716 for £300 on a house in St Lawrence Lane, parish of St Lawrence Jewry. Ralph, Duke of Montagu owed Rieusset £4,860 16s 3½d on his death. [GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 15, p. 537; Boughton MS]

Rigby, —, Lancaster, carver (1793–1829). [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow records]

Rigby, Charles, Liverpool, cm (1780–d. by 1820). Admitted freeman on servitude to George Parker on 12 September 1780. [Liverpool freemen reg.]

Rigby, Charles, Warrington, Lancs., cm (1798). [D]

Rigby, Henry, 5 Reed Ct, Pool Lane, Liverpool, cm (1827). [D]

Rigby, James, Lichfield, Staffs., cm (1753). Took app. named Harrison in 1753. [S of G, app. index]

Rigby, James, Lancaster. Named in the Gillow records in 1797. [Westminster Ref. Lib.]

Rigby, James, Commerce St, Lane End, Staffs., chairmaker (1818). [D]

Rigby, John, 3 Crown Ct, Dean St, Soho, London, cm (1809– 11). [D]

Rigby, Michael, Market St, Lancaster, carver (1825). [D]

Rigby, Peter, Mersey St, Liverpool, joiner, cm and victualler (1803–14). Addresses given at no. 6, with joiner's shop at Ridgewater St and Hackins Hey in 1803; 7 Mersey St, 1805– 10; no. 5 in 1811; and no. 7, 1813–14. [D]

Rigby, Samuel, Liverpool, cm (1710–d. by 1780). Admitted freeman on 6 December 1710. Took apps named Winstanley in 1718 and Lea in 1720. Samuell Rigby of Liverpool supplied items of glassware to Nicholas Blundell of Crosby Hall, 1720–26, including on 13 February 1720 ‘a Glass for my little Chariot’; in 1722 a ‘Peer Glass & Chimney Glass’ costing £7; and on both 23 June and 11 August 1722 ‘a pair of Glass Scances’. On 18 December 1725 Blundell ‘gave Rigby orders to make me a Looking Glass’, and in 1726 bought from him other looking-glasses including a dressing-glass for his daughter at £3. [Liverpool freemen reg.; S of G, app. index; The Great Diurnal of Nicholas Blundell, vol. 3, ed. Frank Tyrer; Nicholas Blundell's Disbursement Bk, 1702–36, at Crosby Hall]

Rigby, Thomas, Liverpool, cm (1747–d. by 1763). Recorded at Atherton St on 18 September 1747 when he took out a Sun Insurance policy for £300 on various properties including a house in tenure of Catherine Linecar, bread-baker in Phoenix St. Took app. named Becket in 1757. Former app., James Holmes, petitioned freedom in 1760, and Robert Kenyon in 1767. Sale of stock on his death reported in Williamson's Liverpool Advertiser, 14 January 1763. Stock consisted of ‘Sundry Kinds of seasoned WOOD, for the use of Cabinet makers & Joiners …’ to be sold on 20 January at Mr Ingram's warehouse in Pool Lane. On 2 February the sale of Rigby's stock of ‘Several Kinds of neat HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE of the Newest Fashion’ was to take place. Rigby's widow, Mary, intended to carry on the business. [GL, Sun MS vol. 81, ref. 109492; S of G, app. index; Liverpool freemen's committee bk]

Rigby, William, Liverpool, cm (1761). Admitted freeman on servitude to Nicholas Cross on 28 January 1761. [Liverpool freemen reg.]

Rigby, William, Runcorn, Cheshire, cm and builder (1822–28). [D]

Rigdale, George, Clements Lane, London, u (1780). [Heal citing registers of unclaimed dividends of bank stock] See Ridsdale, Ryley & Pearson in Clements Lane.

Rigg, Edward, Liverpool, cm (1750–d.1765). On 21 March 1749–50 the house he occupied in Water St was insured by Thomas Liversley, apothecary, for £250. Took apps named Whitby in 1754 and Mohun in 1761. Advertised in Williamson's Liverpool Advertiser, 14 December 1759 as a cm in New-market, near St George's Church, who ‘has provided the best Workmen for Grinding, Polishing etc: Looking, Coach, & Chariot Glasses, with a variety of Glass Frames Gilt & Burnished by the best Hands in London, with all sorts of Looking-Glasses, suitable for the African & WestIndian Trade. Mahogany Tubs & Cisterns for Table service made by the best workmen in England; Japanned Toilet Frames; Neat Brass Sconces Chased & Lacquer'd of several sorts; Chamber Lamps, Cut Glass & silver-top Castors, Plain ditto; Backgammon Men & Boxes with or without Tables; Mahogany Tea Chests at 5s per; [sic] Best Leaf Gold 3 Inches & one quarter 6s per 100; Coffin Furniture Gilt & Silver'd by the best Maker in London at as low a Price as the common sorts; Emery … & Putty for Glass-grinders & Marble Polishers; Quicksilver & Tin Foyle, variety of Cabinet works in the newest Taste, as well in the Common way, as after the new Designs of Chippendale (now publishing) & the best Masters in London. Merchants, Gentlemen, etc: may be supplied with the above at the lowest Prices, by their most Humble Servant, EDWARD RIGG. N.B. Shopkeepers in Town or Country may be furnished with Looking Glasses, of all sizes, Framed or Plates Silver'd: Old Looking Glasses Silver'd. Any ingenious Cabinet or Chair-makers (several being wanted) may meet with suitable Encouragement & Constant Employ; none but good workman need offer, as no other will be continued. An Apprentice wanted.’ Edward Rigg's widow, Ellen, announced in Williamson's Liverpool Advertiser, 25 October 1765, her intention of continuing the business ‘in the same shop her late Husband did, proposing to enter in Partnership with John Eden, jun. who has been several Years in some of the principal Shops in London …’. She assured ‘Gentlemen & Others that have been her late husband's Customers, that she will take Care to accommodate them with the best Goods of all Sorts, & at the lowest Prices having a stock of well season'd wood fit for present use …’. [GL, Sun MS vol. 89, ref. 120437; S of G, app. index]

Rigg, Edward, Liverpool, cm (1761–d. by 1780). Admitted freeman on 15 October 1761. [Liverpool freemen reg.]

Rigg, Edward, Liverpool, cm (1784). His son, Edward Rigg, petitioned freedom on birthright in 1784. [Liverpool freemen's committee bk]

Rigg, John, London, carver and gilder (1835–39). Listed at 20 Earl St, Finsbury in 1835 and 111 London Wall in 1839. [D]

Rigg, R., High St, Wigton, Cumb., joiner and/or cm (1811). [D]

Rigg, Thomas, Fleet St, St Bride's, London, chairmaker (1734– 49). In 1734 he served as Constable at St Bride's; in 1740 as Questman and Collector for the Poor; in 1741 as Sidesman; in 1744 as Scavenger; and in 1749 as Church-warden. Trade card, dated 1749, records Thomas Rigg, cm of Peterborough Ct, near ‘The Globe Tavern’, Fleet St. [GL, MS 6561, p. 53; Heal]

Riggins, H. (?), Oxford or London, cm (1751). Supplied items to All Soul's College, Oxford. On 11 January 1751 he was paid £8 11s for three mahogany step ladders, which are probably the three seven-tread sets with pierced side rails which still survive. On 19 October 1751 he was paid £20 10s for tables, desks and steps, which may be the small reading desks each supported by a small pillar on tripod base, in the Codrington Library. [All Souls’ College MS DD, a.257]

Right, Thomas, Bristol, cm (1781). [Poll bk]

Righton, John, London, upholder (1704–25). Took his son, Richard Righton, as app. from 1713–25, when he was admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. Took app. named Abraham Smith, 1704–16. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Righton, Richard, London, upholder (1713–34). Recorded at ‘The Artichoke’, Gracechurch St, 1724–27. Son of John Righton, freeman upholder of London. App. to his father on 9 September 1713, and admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude on 3 November 1725. Took app. named John Hodges, 1730–34. Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 15 February for £500, of which £200 accounted for goods and merchandise in his house. Named in newspapers, c.1727. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records; GL, Sun MS vol. 19, ref. 34652; Heal]

Righton, Thomas, Bristol, cm (1792–1801). Recorded at St Michael's Churchyard, 1792–95, and St Michael's Hill, 1799–1801. [D]

Riland, —, Oxford St, London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Riley, —, address unrecorded, u (1755). Subscribed to Thomas Malton's A Compleat Treatise on Perspective in Theory and Practice, 1775.

Riley, —, Preston, Lancs., u (1804). In January 1804 he was commissioned by Charles Towneley of Towneley Hall, Lancs., to supply ‘Bed-posts for three old beds in the gallery —a new cornish to the bed in the last room — the bed head of the first room to be painted white and the linings of the vallance to be repaired with white callico. New and complete bedding for the old Ratcliff bed — a Carpet for that room and a complete dressing table — The Cotton for the curtains of the bed and the Window to be sent to Mr. Riley — Bed-posts for the old blue bed in the Kitchin chamber — and a small Commode with writing desk for the Window pier of that Room.’ [Preston RO, Towneley papers, DDTO] Possibly John Riley of Preston.

Riley, Edward, Bridge St, Bilston, Staffs., cm (1818–30). [D]

Riley, John, address unrecorded. Signed a chair, c.1770, at Stanmer Park, Sussex, and is recorded in the archives at Goodwood Park, Sussex, as having painted the ceiling of the Neo-classical library. [Conn., June 1969; C. Musgrave, Adam and Hepplewhite Furniture, p. 102]

Riley, John, Leeds, Yorks., u (1774–82). In 1774 he advertised stock at his shop near the Market Pl., Leeds, including upholstery fabrics, bedding, carpets, paper-hangings, looking-glasses and cabinet goods, and announced that he had replenished his stock from London. Similar advertisements in Leeds Mercury, 14 annd 28 June 1774, 25 May 1779, 21 May and 4 June 1782 gave addresses near Market Pl., or back of the Shambles, Leeds, and stated that he ‘Makes & sells all sorts of Beds, such as Damasks, Moreens, Harrateens, Cheneys, Cintzes, Stripe & check & Furniture ditto etc.… Paper Hangings … Likewise all sorts of Looking Glasses, Cabinet Goods …’. In 1775 he appeared as ‘John Riley, Upholsterer’, son of William Riley, yeoman of Flawith, in the York freemen rolls. Two bills from Riley in the Harewood accounts survive, one dated 1778 for bedside carpets, the other of 1780 for general upholstery materials. [Furn. Hist., 1965]

Riley, John, 71 Long Acre, London, upholder, cm, auctioneer and undertaker (1773–94). Took out Sun Insurance policies in 1778 for £3,700, £2,800 on utensils, stock, goods; in 1779 for £200 on his house, and £200 on a house in Park St, Grosvenor Sq.; in 1780 for £200 on a house; in 1781 for £2,500 on a house; in 1783 for £5,900, £3,100 on utensils, stock, goods, workshops and warehouse; and on 17 October 1792, as upholder at 70 Long Acre, for £5,000 on eleven houses and their contents. Recorded in 1791 concerning the assignment of a lease to Samuel Morsey. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 263, p. 189; vol. 276, p. 650; vol. 277, p. 130; vol. 284, p. 461; vol. 297, p. 451; vol. 306, p. 484; vol. 389, ref. 607011; Marylebone Lib., MS 154/1] Probably John Reiky.

Riley, John, Broad Ct, Drury Lane, London, upholder (1784). [D]

Riley, John, 1 Clifford St, Burlington Gdns, London, u and exchange broker (1795–99). [D]

Riley, John, Cork St, Burlington Gdns, London, u (1796–1815). Recorded at no. 1, 1796–97, and no. 25, 1801–03. Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 16 January 1801 for £800. Named in Sheraton's list of master cabinet makers, 1803. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 419, ref. 712715]

Riley (or Ryley), John, 125 Church St, Preston, Lancs., u (1798–1828). Trading as John & Son, 1818–28, at 121 Church St, 1825–28. [D] See Riley, —, of Preston.

Riley, John, Moxon's Yd, Leeds, Yorks., joiner, builder and cm (1830–34). [D]

Riley, Stephen, Oxford St, London, u, cabinet and carpet warehouseman (1785–1811). Recorded at no. 338, 1785–92; in partnership with Fowler there, 1787–96; alone at no. 331, 1809–11; at 77 Swallow St, 1800–08, with Fowler there in 1803; and alone at 333 Oxford St in 1811. Took out Sun Insurance policies on 19 December 1785 for £2,400; and on 8 June 1792 for £450 on household goods and printed books. Probably the S. Riley, u, who submitted a bill to John Gregory in 1804. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 333, p. 619; vol. 389, ref. 601207; V&A archives] See Riley & Fowler.

Riley, Thomas, York, cm (1740–48). As a master, took apps for seven years: James Wells in 1740, and George Marshe, carpenter and cm, in 1742. Sale by auction of all the household goods and stock in trade of Thomas Riley, cm, next door to ‘The Black Swan’, Coney St, advertised in York Courant, 16 February 1748. It was to take place from 23–26 February, and stock consisted of ‘Standing Beds, FeatherBeds, Blankets, Quilts, Chest of Drawers, Tables, Chairs, Looking Glasses, Sconces, and all Sorts of Goods in the Cabinet Trade. Likewise all Sorts of Kitchen Furniture as Pewter, Brass, Ironwork, and other useful Furniture.’ [York app. indentures]

Riley, Thomas, Leicester, carver and gilder (1815–42). Trading at Eastgate(s), 1815–28, and Haymarket, 1835–42. [D]

Riley and Batt, address unrecorded. A set of six Regency mahogany dining-chairs recorded, one impressed ‘Riley’, another, ‘Batt’. The chairs have curved panelled toprails carved with roundels, partly upholstered backs with baluster splats, and padded seats on sabre legs. [Christie's, 12 February 1981, lot 75]

Riley & Fowler, London, u and cm (1787–1803). Trading at 338 Oxford St, 1787–96, and at 77 Swallow St in 1803. Bill head dated 7 October 1787 shows Classical female figure by urn on pedestal, and gives address at 338 Oxford St. It states that the firm stocked ‘Great variety of Paper Hangings’, and furnished funerals. Trade card [Banks Coll., BM] is similar to that of Oakley. Two mahogany Gothic chairs in the Samaria Room, Dean's House, Westminster, bear painted labels, dated 1794. Named in Sheraton's list of master cabinet makers, 1803. [D; V&A archives]

Rim(m)ington, Edward, Liverpool, chairmaker and cm (1783–1810). Addresses given at 5 Haymarket in 1783; nos 4–5 in 1790; no. 6 in 1794; Rose Green, St Anne's with shop at 4 Haymarket, 1796–1801; 5 Haymarket, 1800–03; 16 Bean (or Beau) St in 1805; and 19 Haymarket, 1807–10. Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 29 December 1800 for £1,800 including £300 on house, shop and back buildings in Hays Mkt; £200 on stock and utensils; £500 on a house nearby; and £400 on a house at Everton. Notice from Rimmington's creditors in Liverpool Chronicle, 25 November 1807, concerned the payment of his debts. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 38, ref. 713206]

Rim(m)ington, Edward, Yorkshire St, Rochdale, Lancs., cm and chairmaker (1814–18). [D]

Rimington, Edward, Skinnergate, Darlington, Co. Durham, chairmaker (1828–29). [D]

Rimington, J. & W., Castle-gate, Penrith, Cumb., chairmakers (1811). [D]

Rimington, William, Castle-gate, Penrith, Cumb., chairmaker and/or turner (1829). [D]

Rimmer, George, Jones St, Salford, Lancs., cm (1808). [D]

Rimmer, Henry, Liverpool, cm (1774–1807). Addresses given at 11 Charles St in 1774; 3 Wood St in 1777; 14 St Thomas Buildings, with shop at back of 20 Peter St in 1790; Peter St, 1792–94; 63 Peter St, Whitechapel in 1804; and 21 Pitt St, 1805–07. Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 23 October 1792 for £200 on utensils and stock in his shop at Peter St. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 391, p. 196]

Rimmer, James, Liverpool, cm (1780). Petitioned freedom on servitude to Thomas Dobb in 1780. [Liverpool freemen's committee bk]

Rimmer, John, 1 Downe St, Liverpool, cm (1834–35). [D]

Rimmer, Joseph, Liverpool, cm (1796–1823). Admitted freeman as son of Timothy Rimmer, roper, on 25 May 1796. Trading at 39 Gerard St in 1823. [D; Liverpool freemen reg.] Possible confusion with:

Rimmer, Joseph jnr, Liverpool, cm (1830–39). Recorded at 27 Jordan St and Down St in 1830, and 17 Springfield St in 1839. Admitted freeman on 15 November 1830 as son of Joseph Rimmer, cm. Marriage to Miss Ann Lobley of Kirkdale at St Phillip's Church reported in Liverpool Mercury, 21 February 1834. [D; Liverpool freemen reg.]

Rimmer, Thomas, Liverpool, cm (1780). Admitted freeman on 11 September 1780. [Liverpool freemen reg.]

Rimmer, William, Woodstock St and Collingwood St, Liverpool, cm (1812). Admitted freeman on servitude to John Mears on 7 October 1812. [Liverpool freemen reg.]

Rimmington, John, Liverpool, chairmaker and grocer (1790–1807). Addresses given at 157 Dale St in 1790; 12 Hunter St in 1794; 4 Vernon St in 1796; nos 3 and 4 in 1800; Richmond Row, St Anne's, 1803–04; no. 25 in 1805; no. 37 and also 93 Dale St in 1807. [D]

Rindell, Nicholas, Queen St, London, u (1784). [Poll bk]

Ring, John, 43 St Paul's Churchyard, London, cm (1769–73). [D]

Ring, John, Basingstoke, Hants., cm, auctioneer, joiner and u (1784–93). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 25 March 1792 for £1,800 including £700 on his house and adjacent warehouse in Church St, and £800 on utensils and stock. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 386, p. 160]

Ring, Peter, London, cm (1775–84). Recorded at Cavendish St in 1775, when he took out a Sun Insurance policy for £400 of which £200 accounted for utensils and stock. Trade card of 1781 gives address at 98 Gt Portland St, near Portland Chapel; and another of 1784, at 97 Jermyn St, shows several different pieces of up-to-date furniture, and gives trade as cm, u and inlayer. Directories record him at 97 Gt Portland St in 1784. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 238, p. 387; Banks Coll., BM]

Ring, Stephen, 128 St John St, London, carver and gilder (1835–39). [D]

Ringer, Mrs Elizabeth, Rampant Horse St, Norwich, cm and u (1839–42). [D] Possibly widow of:

Ringer, James, Norwich, cm and chairmaker (1808–d.1837). Recorded at Rampant Horse St in 1836. Admitted freeman, not by apprenticeship, on 21 September 1808. Former app., James Lancaster, admitted on 24 January 1824. Will proved in 1837. [D; Norwich freemen reg. and poll bks; Norfolk Record Soc., index of wills]

Ringer, James, Ber St, Norwich, cm and chairmaker (1839). [D]

Ringsell, George, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (1813–15). Sons bapt. in 1813 and 1815. [PR (bapt.)]

Ringsell, Samuel, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (1837). Son bapt. in 1837. [PR (bapt.)]

Ringshill, Henry, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (b. c.1819–41). Aged 22 at the time of the 1841 Census.

Ringwell, Samuel, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (b. c.1816–41). Aged 25 at the time of the 1841 Census.

Riorto, James, London, cm (1718–31). Recorded at St Giles-inthe-Fields in 1718 when he took app. named Abraham Delamere. In 1727 he supplied the Duchess of Montrose with a fire-screen, ‘finely carved & gilt’, costing £6 6s. Named in the Royal Household accounts of Frederick, Prince of Wales, Duchy of Cornwall, in 1731, receiving £139 1s for preparing a six leaf screen, varnishing a room and gilding the plaster cornice and ceiling. [Boyd's index of IR app. reg.; Scottish RO, GD 220/6/1362/53; Duchy of Cornwall vouchers, vol. 2, pp. 205 and 224]

Ripkey, John, 1 Coalyard, Drury Lane, London, bedstead maker (1839). [D]

Ripley, James, Lancaster, japanner and furniture painter (1784–88). [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow records]

Rippin, Richard, 10 Uppper East Smithfield, London, broker and cm (1779). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1779 for £200 of which utensils and stock accounted for £100. [GL, Sun MS vol. 272, p. 394]

Rippingale, Francis, Newark, Notts., cm (1828). [D]

Rippon, George Calvert, York, carver and gilder (1796–1830). Trading at Minster Yd in 1803, and 37 Stonegate, 1816–30. Son of John Rippon, carver and gilder; app. to Robert Tomlinson, carver and gilder, on 5 April 1796. Admitted freeman in 1803. [D; York app. reg. and freemen rolls]

Rippon, John, Nottingham, carver and gilder (1815–20). Named in the Nottingham burgess list in 1815, and polled of St James's Yd, Milton St in 1820.

Rippon, Reuben, 8 Tudor St, Sheffield, Yorks., joiner and cm (1822). [D]

Rishforth, Major, 7 Ogle St, Portland Chapel, London, cm (1783). Insured his house for £200 in 1783. [GL, Sun MS vol. 317, p. 435]

Rison, Jos., 14 Gresse St, Rathbone Pl., London, cm (1809–11). [D]

Ritchie, Allan, Main St, Cockermouth, Cumb., joiner and/or cm (1829–34). [D]

Ritchie, Hugh, 14 Brownlow St, Holborn, London, cm and u (1811–13). [D]

Ritson, John, Gt Richmond St, St Anne's, Liverpool, cm (1804). [D]

Ritson, Jonathan, address unrecorded, carver (1816–c. 1827). In 1816 he supplied picture frames, including one for his own portrait, in the style of Grinling Gibbons, to Petworth House, Arundel, Sussex, and also worked on the Carved Room there. Supplied further picture frames, c.1827. [C. Life, 25 September 1980, p. 1032; Nat. Trust guide to Petworth]

Ritson, Jonathan, Main St, Cockermouth, Cumb., cm and joiner (1834). [D]

Ritson, William, Parsonby, Maryport, Cumb., cm (1829). [D]

Rittener, Mrs, London. Recorded in the account book of Edward, Lord Lascelles, relating mainly to Harewood House, Hanover Sq., London, on 21 May 1798 receiving £26 5s for a pair of girandoles. [Leeds archives dept, Harewood MS 191]

Rittener, E., address unrecorded. In February 1794 Rittener provided a pair of girandoles for Francis, 5th Duke of Bedford, at a cost of £19 1s. This may have been part of the furnishing of the south rooms at Woburn Abbey which had been remodelled a few years earlier by Henry Holland for the Duke. [Bedford Office, London]

Rivers, G., Middlx, u (1826). Declared bankrupt, London Gazette, 29 April 1826.

Rivers, George, London, cm and u (1822–39). Trading at 32 Judd St, Brunswick Sq., 1822–23; as George Rivers & Co., 1826–27; at 1 Orchard St, Portman Sq., 1827–28; and at London Rd, Twickenham, 1832–39. [D]

Rivers, Joseph, West St, Middlesbrough, Yorks., joiner and cm (1840). [D]

Rivers, Wm, 7 Westgate Buildings, Bath, Som., cm (1833). [D]

Rivett, J., 5 Crown St, Moorfields, London, cm (1816–25). [D] See Samuel and W. Rivett.

Rivett, John, Gt Yarmouth, Norfolk, chairmaker (1777). [Poll bk]

Rivett, Samuel, Crown St, Middle Moorfields, Finsbury, London, cm and bedstead maker (1787–1800). Recorded as Samuel & Son at no. 50 in 1800. On 2 February 1787 his wife Elizabeth, insured their new unfurnished house for £200. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 343, p. 68] See J. and W. Rivett.

Rivett, W., Crown St, Finsbury, London, cm, bedstead maker and joiner (1807–39). Trading at nos 3 and 4 in 1807, no. 5 in 1820, and no. 50 in 1823. [D] See J. and Samuel Rivett.

Rivett, William, Shipdham, East Dereham, Norfolk, cm (1839). [D]

Rivolta, Anthony, 32 Brook St, Holborn, London, lookingglass, barometer and thermometer maker (1819–45). [D; Goodison, Barometers]

Rix, George, Snettisham, Norfolk, cm (1830). [D]

Rix, James, Crown Ct, High St, Southwark, London, cm (1784). [Bristol poll bk]

Rix, Mary, Gaol St, Gt Yarmouth, Norfolk, u (1830). [D]

Roach, Charles, Crown St, Halifax, Yorks., carver and gilder (1818–20). [D]

Roach, Charles, Kirkgate, Wakefield, Yorks., carver and gilder (1822). [D]

Roach, Francis (?), London, cm (c. 1790–1824). An inlaid and carved satinwood cabinet for gem casts, of superb quality and designed by James Wyatt, bears an ivory plate inscribed ‘Roach, Cabinet-Maker, London’. This, and another cabinet attributed to Roach, are in the Hermitage Museum, Leningrad. [Inv. Nos 342 and 344] He might be Francis Roach, who emigrated to America and was active in Baltimore in 1824.

Roach, John, Bristol, chairmaker (1799–1812). Addresses given at Castle Ditch, 1799–1800, Old King St, 1801–10, and Lower Castle St in 1812. [D]

Roads, James, High St, Tewkesbury, Glos., chairmaker (1818– 25). [PR (bapt.)]

Roake, Joseph, 20 Gloucester St, Bloomsbury, London, cm and u (1771–72). [D]

Roake, Samuel, 20 Gloucester St, Bloomsbury, London, cm and u (1772). [D]

Roasway, John, Margate, Kent, cm (1794). [D] See John Roffway of Margate.

Robarts, Martin, Shortmead St, Biggleswade, Beds., cm and u (1830–39). [D]

Robarts, Martha, Short Mead St, Biggleswade, Beds., u (1839). [D]

Robarts, Wm. & Jh., 13 Fenchurch St, London, upholders etc. (1788–1800). Trade card, c.1800, recorded. [D; Heal]

Robb, John, Liverpool, cm (1797–1806). App. to Edward Lowe in 1797, and petitioned freedom on servitude in 1806, but application rejected. [Liverpool freemen's committee bk]

Robbins, —, 8 Bridge St, Bristol, cm (1785). Sale of stock on ‘leaving off the Shop he now occupies in Bridge Street’ reported in Bonner and Middleton's Bristol Journal, 24 September 1785. Stock consisted of ‘a great Variety of handsome Mahogany Chairs, covered over the Rail with Hair seating and Brass nailed; fine Wardrobes, Chests of Drawers; Dining, Pier, Pembroke, Pillar and Dressing Tables; Bason-stands; exceeding good Clock Cases; Pier and swing LookingGlasses; Four-post Bedsteads, with Mahogany oak post; Dressing Chairs, Windsor ditto; and every Article in the Cabinet Business, the whole of which are made in the best wood …’. [Furn. Hist., 1979]

Robbins, —, Abbey Hill, Kenilworth, Warks., builder, cm, u and paper hanger. Probably early 19th-century trade card shows Kenilworth Castle, a bed, bookcase, and Regency chair and sofa. [Heal Coll., BM]

Robbins, Edwin, 19 Stangate St, Lambeth, London, carver and gilder (1839). [D]

Robbins, James, Milk St, Bristol, cm (1792–93). [D]

Robbins, John, London. In 1792 he made a set of four painted and gilt torchères on triangular pedestals in the hall at Sledmere House, Yorks., and a suite of gilt seat furniture in the drawing room. [Sledmere Guide Book]

Robbins, Joseph, Norwich, u (1667–92). Admitted freeman on 17 July 1667. Former app., Timothy Ganinge, admitted on 21 September 1692. [Norwich freemen reg.]

Robbins, William, Snow Hill, London, u (1781–94). Recorded at no. 2, 1790–93. Son of William Robbins, Gent. of Grosvenor St. App. to Samuel Braithwaite on 5 September 1781, and admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude on 6 December 1788. Marriage recorded in Gents Mag., January 1781. Declared bankrupt, Derby Mercury, 30 September 1790. [D; GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Robbs, James, 105 Goswell St Rd, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Robbs, John, Liverpool, cm (1812). Admitted freeman on servitude to Edward Lowe on 5 October 1812. [Liverpool freemen reg.]

Roberts, Adrian, Oxford, u (1666–1702). Married Bridget Goddard at St Cross, Oxford, on 24 July 1666. In 1675 he is recorded concerning a 99-year counterpart lease for a messuage in Wendlebury, made to Richard Wise, u of Oxon., his wife Elizabeth, and daughters Francis and Katherine. In 1702 Adrian Roberts of Worton, parish of Cassington, sold a copyhold messuage and land for £100 to Richard Wise. [Bodleian index of Oxf. marriage bonds; Oxford RO, Talbot III/i/1; CJ.v/67]

Roberts, Archibald, 5 Kent Sq., with shop at 12 Cornhill, Liverpool, carver and blockmaker (1834). [D]

Roberts, Christopher jnr, The Parade, Tunbridge Wells, Kent, Tunbridge-ware manufacturer (1792). Named in the poor rate for Speldhurst parish. Took app. named William Japp of Speldhurst on 7 May 1792. [Kent RO, P344/11/1; P334/14/23]

Roberts, D., Uttoxeter Heath, Uttoxeter, Staffs., cm (1818). [D]

Roberts, Edward, Liverpool, u (1759–73). Trading in Dale St, 1766–73. Petitioned freedom on servitude to Thomas Hales 1759, paying 6s 8d. Admitted freeman on 18 September 1760, in which year he took app. named Sandbank. [D; Liverpool freemen reg. and committee bk; S of G, app. index]

Roberts, Edward, 147 Hoxton Old Town, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Roberts, Edward, Egerton St, Chester, u (1840). [D]

Roberts, George, Chester, cm (1818–26). Recorded at Gorst Stacks in 1812, Frodsham St, 1818–19, and Pitt St in 1826. [Poll bks]

Roberts, H., 83 Tottenham Ct Rd, London, cm etc. (1820). [D]

Roberts, Henry, 17 Horseferry Rd, Westminster, London, cm and u (1827–28). [D]

Roberts, Henry, 4 Spitalfields, Liverpool, cm (1837). [D]

Roberts, I. & T., Back Pool Fold, Manchester, cm (1817). [D]

Roberts, J., Frodsham St, Chester, cm (1819). [Poll bk]

Roberts, J. & T., Farnley, Leeds, Yorks., cm (1822). [D]

Roberts, James, 17 Pavement, London, upholder (1801–02). Son of John Roberts, u, of Moorfields. Admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. by patrimony on 7 October 1801. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Roberts, James, Chester, cm (1801–40). Recorded at Gorst Stacks in 1819, and King St in 1840. On 28 February 1801 James Roberts, son of Ann Roberts, widow of Chester, was assigned over from Matthew Holland, cm, to William Faulkener, cm, for three years, the residue of his original term of seven years. [D; poll bk; Chester app. indentures]

Roberts, James, Lancaster, u and cm (1759–d. by 1805). Warerooms recorded ‘under the Assembly Room’ in 1804; and trading at Market St at his death in 1805. Admitted freeman, 1759–60. The Gillows Ledger, 1763–68, shows a large account with Roberts. Took apps on 14 November 1760, 13 November 1765, 24 February 1773, 5 July 1785, 31 May 1796 and 22 June 1802. Advertised that he was selling off his cabinet stock, but ‘means to carry on in the Upholstery business, as usual’, in Lancaster Gazette, 28 January 1804. Stock consisted of ‘High and low wardrobes; Ladies secretaries with bookcase tops; Ladies Writing Tables with nests of drawers; Ditto Dressing Tables, with glass, drawers and boxes; Oval and square card tables, Pembroke tables; Lobby Chests; Commode and Plain Dressing Chests; Gardivines; Night Chairs; Bidets, various forms; Portable Desks; Backgammon Boxes; Sophas; Chairs, brass nailed and loose bottoms; Camp Bedsteads, with white lawn hangings; A Billiard Table, of the first make, 12 feet long by 6 feet wide, compleat…’. Sale of his upholstery stock, shop fixtures and workroom on his death advertised in Lancaster Gazette, 29 June 1805. [D; poll bks; Lancaster app. reg. and freemen rolls]

Roberts, James, Leeds, Yorks., u (1834–37). Recorded at 127 West St as a ‘working’ u in 1834; and at 33 Templars St in 1837. [D]

Roberts, James, 35 Platt Terr., Somerstown, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Roberts, John, address unrecorded. Submitted a bill dated 28 August 1725 to Sir John Heathcote for ‘2 Wainscot Chests of Drawers with 5 locks each & Brass Works’, costing £2 4s. The bill was receipted on 3 September 1725. [Lincoln RO, 2 ANC 12/D/15]

Roberts, John, address unrecorded, cm (1754). Subscribed to Chippendale's Director, 1754.

Roberts, John, St Giles, London, cm (1755). Took app. named Jos. Clarkson for £10 in 1755. [V&A archives]

Roberts, John, address unrecorded, upholder (1772). Son of Richard Roberts, and possibly father of James Roberts. App. to Samuel Swain, and admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude on 1 April 1772. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Roberts, John, Cross Lane, Long Acre, London, cm (1774). [Poll bk]

Roberts, John, Chester, cm (1784). Son of Thomas Roberts; app. to Samuel Mercer, cm, 2–4 February 1784. [Chester app. bks]

Roberts, John, near the Silk Mill, Chesterfield, Derbs., cm (1828–29). [D]

Roberts, John, Liverpool, cm (1823–24). Addresses given at 26 St James's St in 1823 and 3 Marshall St in 1824. Took app. named Joseph Quick in 1824. [D; Liverpool app. enrolment bk]

Roberts, John William, Liverpool, cm and u (1827–37). Recorded at 20 Castle Ditch, with house at 20 Torbock St in 1827; Hawke St, with shop at 54 Church St in 1835; and at 4 Hawke St, shop as before, in 1837. [D]

Roberts, John, Cheapside, Birmingham, cabinet, dressing case and portable desk maker (1830). [D]

Roberts, John, 9 Military Rd, Chatham, Kent, carver and gilder (1832–39). [D]

Roberts, John, Liverpool, carver and gilder (1834–39). Trading at 1 Spencer Buildings, Christian St, 1834–35, and at 4 Washington St, Everton, 1837–39. [D]

Roberts, John, 122 West St, Leeds, Yorks., carver, gilder and beer house owner (1837). [D]

Roberts, John, Scotland St, Ellesmere, Salop, cm (1840). [D]

Robert(s), Joseph & John, Falmouth, Cornwall, u (1805–30). Recorded as J. & J. Roberts in 1805, and listed at Market St, also as cm, in 1830. [D]

Roberts, Joseph, Liverpool, cm (1818–39). Trading at 54 Greenland St in 1818 and 69 Stanley St in 1839. Admitted freeman on 12 June 1818, on servitude to William Longworth Walker. Took app. named Joseph Broadbent jnr in 1822. [D; Liverpool freemen reg. and app. enrolment bk]

Roberts, Josiah, London, u (1776–1808). Trading at 13 Fenchurch St in 1784; Bishopsgate St, 1794–97; City Rd in 1802; and no. 9 in 1808. Son of Josiah Roberts, coal merchant of Mile End. App. to John Jenning on 4 September 1776, and admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude on 5 May 1784. Declared bankrupt, Billinge's Liverpool Advertiser, 13 March 1797. [D; GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Roberts, Josiah, Snow Hill, Birmingham, cm (1777–80). [D]

Roberts, Lawrence, Park St, Chester, cm (1819–26). Admitted freeman in 1819 and polled in 1826.

Roberts, Rice, 16 Bedford St, Harrington, Liverpool, cm (1839). [D]

Roberts, Richard, at ‘The Royal Chair’, Marylebone St, London, see Thomas Roberts.

Roberts, Richard, Norwich, chairmaker (1741). Admitted freeman, not by apprenticeship, on 15 June 1741, in which year he took app. named Smith. [Norwich freemen rolls; S of G, app. index]

Roberts, Richard, Gorst Stacks, Chester, cm (1812–26). Admitted freeman on 5 October 1812. [Chester freemen rolls and poll bks]

Roberts, Robert, Chester, turner and carver (1752). Took app. named William Collier, turner, in 1752. [Chester app. bks]

Roberts, Robert P., Liverpool, cm (1802–d.1811). Admitted freeman on servitude to Edward Myers, on 7 July 1802. Died on 9 December 1811. [Liverpool freemen reg.]

Roberts, Samuel, Nantwich, Cheshire, cm (1773). Marriage registered on 21 September 1773. [Chester RO, PR]

Roberts, Sarah, Brewer St, London, mantuamaker and upholder (1779). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1779 for £100 including £10 on utensils, stock and goods. [GL, Sun MS vol. 274, p. 224]

Roberts, Thomas (1685–1714) and Richard (1714–1729), at ‘The Royal Chair’, Marylebone St, London, joiners, chairmakers and carvers. Thomas Roberts was a carver and joiner, who succeeded Richard Price as the chief supplier of bed frames, seat furniture and fire-screens to the Royal Household in 1686, and who held this important position throughout the reigns of James II, William and Mary, and Anne. His name has become almost synonymous with the elaborate walnut chairs and stools of the period, carved with ‘festoons and flowers’ or ‘mouldings and foldings’, as they are often described in the accounts. Their scrolling arms and stretchers, also referred to in the documents as ‘horsebone’, seem to derive from Flemish and Dutch prototypes in the so-called auricular style, but Roberts was also influenced by contemporary French design. The gilded caryatid frames of the seat furniture in the Venetian Ambassador's Room at Knole, supplied en suite with a state bed for James II only a few months before his flight and exile, may have been directly influenced by similar sets sent over from Paris by the carver Peyrard and the u Delobel towards the end of Charles II's reign. [C. Life, 9 June 1977] Many references to ‘French tables’ and ‘French beds’ are found in his later bills of the 1690s, and the description of that made for ‘his Majesty's great Bedchamber at Windsor Castle’ in 1697, 16 feet high, with ‘a large moulding Ovall Tester and headboard, and ironworks to support the tester and cornices’ as well as ‘rich carved work’ on the tester, cornices, headboard, vases and feet, makes it very likely that he was carrying out the elaborate designs of Daniel Marot, William III's Huguenot architect and ornemaniste.
To judge by the vast amount of routine furniture which Roberts made for the use of ambassadors, court officials and military officers, as well as more elaborate items for the sovereigns themselves, he must have had one of the biggest workshops of any London furniture-maker of the period. Like his contemporary, the cm Gerrit Jensen, he is recorded as making models of proposed furniture for William III's own use — for instance ‘two Pattern chairs and two stooles made to show the King’, and intended for Windsor Castle, in 1697. His bills for ‘saffaws’ or sofas made for Chatsworth, as well as for the royal palaces, are among the earliest recorded references to this form of furniture, and as well as carved and gilded pieces he could produce exotic finishes such as the ‘blue and white Japan’ frames for twelve round stools with caned seats sent to Hampton Court in 1693, at a cost of £52 15s.
Thomas Roberts’ premises at the sign of ‘The Royal Chair’, were in Marylebone St, Westminster, as recorded in a policy taken out with the Sun Insurance Co. on 7 November 1713 [GL, Sun MS vol. 3, p. 75] and he was succeeded here by Richard Roberts, almost certainly his son, who also took over as carver and joiner to the Royal Household in 1714. Richard appears in the Sun Insurance Co. records at the same address in 1723 [GL, Sun MS vol. 17, p. 49], when the goods and merchandise in his dwelling house were valued at £150, those in his warehouse at £150, and those in the yard at £200. However, he had moved to Air St, Piccadilly by 1728 when the London Journal, 19 October recorded that ‘on Wednesday Night some Rogues attempted to break into the Kitchen Windows of Mr. Robert's house, Chairmaker to His Majesty, in Air Street by Piccadilly; but were disturbed by a Maid Servant, who happen'd to be up a Washing; so that the Villains were obliged to make off before they had compleated their Design’. The younger Roberts continued to supply bed frames, firescreens, chairs and stools to the Royal Household until 1729, though with ‘bended backs’ to the chairs, cabriole legs and hoof feet, showing that he kept up with the latest fashions. The very large debt owed by Sir Robert Walpole to ‘Thomas Roberts’ for furniture at Houghton in 1729 is puzzling, unless Richard had just died (quite likely in view of his disappearance from the Household Accounts at this time) and the business had been taken over by his brother or son, a second Thomas. To confuse matters still further a ‘Mr. Roberts’ of St Bartholomew's Close in the City provided chairs for Moulsham Hall in 1730, and there may well have been other London furniture-makers of the same name.
[Conn., vol. 57, 1920, pp. 89–92; C. Life, 15 January 1921; Old Furniture, vol. 2, 1927, pp. 16, 32, 79, 82–83, 181; Conn., June 1933, August 1933, October 1933, October 1935; Burlington, September 1967; C. Life, 9 June 1977; Conn., June 1977]
ROYAL PALACES. 1686–1729: Thomas Roberts held the royal warrant as joiner to the Royal Household, providing beds, chairs and firescreens for Whitehall, Kensington, Hampton Court, Windsor Castle, the Treasury, the Great Wardrobe, royal yachts such as the William and Mary and the Charlotte, as well as furniture for coronations, funerals, embassies and other state occasions from 1686 until 1714. One of his earliest commissions was to supply caned chairs for James II's tent on Hounslow Heath, while in 1687 he provided Mary of Modena with ‘20 leaves of cedar skreenes to Stand round the bed (in the Queen's Dressing Room at Whitehall) all hinged together and wyred with gold & silver wyre’. Occasionally Roberts seems to have made carcase pieces such as ‘a large Cedar Table to fall doune with two drawers in it’ (1686) and ‘a glass case with shelves in it made of right wainscott to hold books’ (1697), but on the whole he was responsible for the moveable pieces, called in France the courant, as opposed to the meublant, which came within the province of the royal cm Gerrit Jensen. One of the most elaborate of all the items in the accounts is a ‘large rich fire skreene, the top piece carved both sides into leaves and cyphers, the pillows (i.e. pillars) into festoons and flowers and two firepotts on top, the two claws into Lyons …’, made for Windsor in 1697. In the same year he made another screen and set of stools for the long gallery at Kensington Palace.
Among the surviving pieces which can be firmly attributed to Roberts are the bed and matching chairs and stools in the Venetian Ambassador's Room at Knole, upholstered by Jean Poitevin, and made for James II only a few months before he fled to France in 1688, and other chairs in the Brown Gallery and Cartoon Gallery at Knole (also acquired as perquisites by the 6th Earl of Dorset) which closely match descriptions in the royal accounts — e.g. ‘chaires of state carved all over very rich with scrowles and leaves and figures in the forefeet and crownes and sceptres in the fore rayles and … on the top of the backs’, supplied in 1689. For the funeral of Mary II in 1695 he made a state bed of oak, the tester ‘with 4 great shields in the 4 corners and 4 crowns’, and for the coronation of Queen Anne in 1702 a ‘rich Chaire of state the Top of the back carved with a Lyon and Unicorne and Shields Cypher and Crowne and scepters’. This throne and its accompanying footstool was acquired as a perquisite by the 5th Earl of Salisbury and is still at Hatfield. [Burlington, September 1967, p. 66] Three years later Roberts also made for the Queen's use at St James's Palace a ‘wallnuttree gout chair frame & footstool to run on wheels, & ironwork fixed to the feet to turn with handles’. [Symonds papers, Winterthur, Delaware, 75x69 pp. 14, 17]
Richard Roberts succeeded Thomas as the chief joiner to the Royal Household in 1714, supplying a bed to Queen Anne at Windsor a few months before her death, and another for the Prince of Wales at Hampton Court in 1716, together with window cornices, eighteen walnut stools, a firescreen and two armchairs en suite, all with upholstery by Phill and Fletcher. [Old Furniture, vol. 2, 1927, pp. 82–83] Peter Thornton [Conn., June 1977] has associated this account with a surviving bed at Hampton Court, and another set of eighteen walnut chairs with ‘India backs … bended … for H.M.'s eating room at Hampton Court’ have also been identified with the remainder of a set still at the palace. [DEF, III, p. 41] Roberts’ name appears in the Lord Chamberlain's accounts for the last time in 1729.
PENSHURST PLACE, Kent (Earl of Leicester). c.1700–01: An elaborate day-bed and matching suite of chairs and stools have been attributed to Roberts because of their similarities with a pair of stools at Hampton Court made by him in 1700–01. [DEF, III, p. 41] The Penshurst set, upholstered to match some remarkable wall-hangings in the style of Daniel Marot, may in fact have royal origins, and could well have been acquired as a perquisite by the 5th or 6th Earl of Leicester some time after William III's death.
MOOR PARK, Herts. (Duchess of Monmouth). 1701: Work amounting to £103 19s 5d and including two ‘saffaws’ (or sofas) with carved frames, and a ‘twisted walnuttree foot for a bed’, is recorded in account books among the Buccleuch Collection at the Scottish RO. [GD 224/Box 29] Some of the furniture from Moor Park, including chairs in the style associated with Roberts, may well be among the contents of Boughton House, Northants., a seat of the present Duke of Buccleuch.
CHATSWORTH, Derbs. (1st Duke of Devonshire). 1702: From an account of ‘Goods bought at London, June 2 1702’ in ‘Mr Whildon's Account Book’ it appears that Thomas Roberts was paid a total of £34 for a variety of items including ‘14 chair frames Carv'd and Japan'd black for a dineing roome’, ‘8 large Armed Chairs of wallnuttree for a Bedchamber’, ‘6 Banketts of wallnuttree all carved with Mouldings round the seats’, and ‘9 large packing Cases to pack up a Rich Bed and furniture, and all the Chaires and Banketts’. [Chatsworth papers] Roberts may also have made the frame for the earlier state bed at Chatsworth, upholstered by Francis Lapierre in 1697 — whose tester survives as a canopy in the Long Gallery at Hardwick. A pair of armchairs with matching stools in the same room, upholstered with red velvet embroidered with silver thread, also seem to parallel descriptions in Roberts’ contemporary Royal Household accounts (e.g. ‘a large Chaire of State made to spread out at Top’) and may have been acquired by the Duke of Devonshire as perquisites at a later date.
BOUGHTON HOUSE, Northants. (1st Duke of Montagu). 1703: Thomas Roberts supplied ‘a feild Bedstead of Walnuttree with 4 posts made to ffold up altogether with ironwork and Springs’ at a cost of £14. [MS account book at Boughton] (See also under Moor Park).
WESTMINSTER ABBEY 1727: Richard Roberts supplied four new lions for St Edward's Throne and ‘a rich carved and gilt Footstool Frame for Do’ in preparation for George II's Coronation. [Conn., vol. 133 (1954), pp. 80–81]
HOUGHTON HALL, Norfolk (Sir Robert Walpole). 1729: Furniture to a value of £1,420 8s 7½d ‘less £200 by cash’ is recorded as being owed to Thomas Roberts in Walpole's accounts. [Cambridge Univ. Lib. MS]
MOULSHAM HALL, Essex (Earl Fitzwalter). 1730: A bill of March 10 ‘To Mr Roberts of Bartolomew Close for 6 Dutch Chairs & packing sent to Moulsham £2’. [A. C. Edwards, The Accounts of Benjamin Mildmay, Early Fitzwalter, p. 101]
HARDWICK HALL, Derbs. (see Chatsworth)
HATFIELD HOUSE, Herts. (see Royal Palaces)
KNOLE, Kent. (see Royal Palaces) G.J.-S.

Roberts, Thomas, address unrecorded, upholder (1716–27). Son of Edward Roberts, yeoman of Mimms, Middlx. App. to John Howard on 4 July 1716, and admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude on 2 August 1727. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Roberts, Thomas, Chester, cm (1767–1818). Recorded at Northgate St in 1784, and Gorst Stacks, 1812–18. Son of Thomas Roberts; app. to Philip Presbury, cm of Chester, 1 August 1767–13 September 1768. Admitted freeman on 31 March 1784. [Chester app. bks, freemen rolls and poll bks]

Roberts, Thomas, Chester, cm (1790–91). Son of Thomas Roberts; app. to William Henderson, cm, 25 March 1790–21 May 1791. [Chester app. bks]

Roberts, Thomas, Bristol, cm (1793–1809). Trading at Merchant St, 1793–1801; as T. Roberts snr at 4 Bridge St, 1805–07; and Narrow Wine St in 1809. [D]

Roberts, Thomas jnr, Bristol, cm, broker, auctioneer and appraiser (1805–07). Trading at 29 Bath St in 1805 and St James's Back, 1806–07. [D]

Roberts, Thomas, Harper's Hill, Birmingham, cm (1800). [D]

Roberts, Thomas, Manchester, cabinet and chair warehouseman (1804–17). Addresses given at 20 Gt Newton St in 1804 and 19 Oldham Rd in 1817. [D]

Roberts, Thomas, Abelwell St, Walsall, Staffs., cm and u (1818). [D]

Roberts, Thomas, Bridge St, Northampton, cm (1820). [Poll bk]

Roberts, Thomas, Chester, carver and gilder (1824–37). Addresses given at Botany St in 1824; Pitt St in 1826; City Walls, Northgate, 1828–34; and Northgate St Row in 1837. Admitted freeman on 12 October 1824. [D; Chester freemen rolls and poll bks]

Roberts, Thomas, Liverpool, carver (1821–31). Recorded at 23 Pellew St in 1831. App. to John Summer in 1821. Petitioned freedom in 1830, paying 6s 8d, and admitted freeman on 29 April 1831. [Liverpool freemen reg. and committee bk]

Roberts, Thomas, Liverpool, cm (1829–35). Addresses given at 12 Upper Mann St in 1829, no. 20 in 1834; and 5 Warwick St in 1835. [D]

Roberts, Timothy, Duckingpond Alley, Clerkenwell, London, cm (1749–54). Polled at Westminster in 1749. Probably the Timothy Roberts, cm, who subscribed to Chippendale's Director, 1754.

Roberts, Timothy, Todmorden, Lancs., cm (1828–37). Trading at Church St, 1828–34, and Market Pl. in 1837. [D]

Roberts, William, Chester, joiner, carver and turner (1702–21). Son of Thomas Roberts, labourer; app. to William Bolland, joiner, carver and turner, 5 March 1702–17 November 1703. Granted a portion of Sir Thomas White's money in 1716. In 1721 he protested to the Co. of Joiners, Carvers & Turners regarding the election of John Brixton who had not served seven years as app. [Chester app. bks. and freemen rolls]

Roberts, William, Chester, cm (1732). [Chester freemen rolls]

Roberts, William, London, u (1735). Son of Ric. of St James West; app. to William Bradshaw, u, of St Ann's for £35 in 1735. [V&A archives]

Roberts, William, address unrecorded, carver (1741–43). Named in the Holkham accounts in 1741 receiving £25 14s 10d, and in 1742, £23 1s 6d for carving frames, £2 9s 3d ‘for assisting Mr. Sutton’, and £22 9s 6d for carving six picture frames. In 1743 he charged £3 3s for ‘carving 3 picture frames for ye Rustick parlour’, £1 1s for ‘carving festoons etc. for My Lords dressing room’, £7 7s for a further three picture frames, and £1 3s 6d for other carving work. [V&A archives]

Roberts, William, Alnwick, Northumb., u and stuccoist (1753). Advertised in Newcastle Courant, 10 February 1753, his ‘Large & curious assortment of Paper Hangings from London … Flock or Velvet Paper, Landskip, Stucco or Chintz Patterns of any Sort. Likewise performs the new fashion'd Ceilings & Stair Cases (after the Manner of Stucco Carvings) consisting of large or small circles and Panneling, with Fret Work etc. etc.’

Roberts, William, address unrecorded, picture frame maker (1761). Named in the Raby Castle MS supplying picture frames to Cleveland House, London, in 1761. [V&A archives]

Roberts, William, Liverpool, u (1774). Former app., John Potter, petitioned freedom in 1774. [Liverpool freemen's committee bk]

Roberts, William, address unrecorded, cm (1797). Mahogany secretary with tulipwood banding recorded bearing label which reads: ‘This Secretary was finished 3rd August 1797. William Roberts.’ Secretary has three secret drawers and a circular watercolour inset in the style of Angelica Kauffmann. [V&A archives]

Roberts, William, Westgate, Wakefield, Yorks., cm (1814–20). [D]

Roberts, William, Bristol, coach, cabinet, chair and ornamental carver (1814–31). Addresses given at Limekiln Lane, 1814– 21; 19 College St, 1822–23; Lamb St, near College St, 1825– 29; and Lamb St and 5 College St, 1830–31. [D]

Roberts, William John, Liverpool, cm (1816–40). Addresses given at 2 Hawke St in 1816; 22 Torbock St in 1821; 55 Church St and 22 Torbrook St with shop at 9 Clayton Sq. in 1827; 23 Torbrook St with shop at 53 Church St in 1829; 1 Hawke St with shop at 53 Church St in 1834; and 62 Church St in 1839. Admitted freeman as son of John Roberts, blockmaker, on 8 June 1816. Took app. named John Meineke in 1816, admitted freeman in 1829. Took apps named William Maddock Knowles in 1819; John Townson jnr in 1825; Robert Barton Boyd in 1826; David Hawkins in 1827; Henry Molyneux in 1828; Richard Echlers in 1830; Peter Dixon in 1831; William Mills in 1832; Hugh Martin in 1833; William Kermode and Thomas Howarth in 1834; Edward William Whinfield Taylor in 1835; William Mathews in 1836; Thomas Taylor, Edward Howard and John Kelly in 1838; Mark Gardner in 1839; and Francis Livesey in 1840. [D; Liverpool freemen reg., committee bk and app. enrolment bk]

Roberts, William, 13 Phillips Lane, London, cm (?) (1822–23). [D] Possibly:

Roberts, William, 110 Aldersgate St, London, cm (1826–28). [D]

Roberts, William, Ackworth, Yorks., joiner, cm and wheelwright (1837). [D]

Roberts, William, Waterloo Cottage, Exeter, Devon, cm (1837–40). Children bapt. at St David's Church, Exeter: son Joseph on 8 March 1837; James John on 8 August 1838; and daughter Maryanne on 17 September 1840. [PR (bapt.)]

Roberts, William, West St, Southampton, Hants., cm and chairmaker (1839). [D]

Robertson, Adam, 15 Side, Newcastle, carver, gilder, house and ship carver and picture frame maker (1834). [D]

Robertson, Alexander, 393 Strand, London, cm (1780–81). Took out Sun Insurance policies in 1780 for £1,000 of which £800 accounted for utensils, stock and goods; and in 1781 for £600, £410 on utensils, stock, goods and workshop. [GL, Sun MS vol. 286, p. 375; vol. 290, p. 566]

Robertson, Archibald, Liverpool, ship carver and gilder (1823– 37). Trading at 6 Vincent with shop at 16 Cornhill in 1823 and 13 Cornhill, 1835–37. [D]

Robertson, Charles, London, u and undertaker (1808–27). Recorded at 15 Hollen St, Soho in 1808; 34 Gt Marlborough St, Oxford St, in 1811; and no. 54, 1813–15. Carried out work at Taymouth Castle, Scotland, for the Earl of Bredalbane, 1813–15. The accounts of 1813 list items supplied, including ‘4 prs. of curtains, Scarlet cloth Richly ornamented with broad gold silk lace’ costing £330 12s; ‘2 Large Turkish Couches, Black Velvet Fringed’, £43 17s; ‘A Satinwood Grecian Couch with Eliptic Ends’, £24; ‘An elegant ebony frame for your glass with Rich Gothic pillars & Gothic leaves’, costing £79 12s; and ‘2 Rich chimney glasses with frames to correspond’, £261 15s. In 1815 Robertson charged £105 7s 10d for ‘Men's time making 9 Gothic Heads 15 Columns, 15 Caps. & 3 Dome Tops for Tops of bookcases.’ [D; Scottish RO, GD112/20/4/12/11, 13 and 14] See S. Robertson.

Robertson (or Robinson), George Valentine, Liverpool, cm (1823–24). Recorded at 13 Russel St in 1823 as Robertson, with house at 37 Seymour St in 1824 as Robinson. [D]

Robertson, George, 14 Ship St, Brighton, Sussex, cm and u (1826–28). Advertised in Brighton Herald, 30 December 1826 as ‘ROBERTSON (From Wilkinson's Ludgate Hill) Appraiser and Commission Agent, at his new and secondhand Furniture Ware rooms, 15 Ship-street, Brighton. A large assortment of well-manufactured Furniture always ready. Second-hand furniture, bought, sold, exchanged or let on hire.’ Announcement in the same paper, 7 June 1828 offered a large assortment of household furniture plus a Broadwood piano, to be sold by ‘GEO. ROBERTSON Agent, 15 Ship St.’ [D]

Robertson, J. & D., 20 Brownlow Hill, Liverpool, cm (1839). [D]

Robertson, James, parish of St James, Bristol, chairmaker (1774–81). [Poll bks]

Robertson, James, Hawkesbury, Glos., chairmaker (1784). [Bristol poll bk]

Robertson, James, All Saints’ parish, Stamford, Lincs., cm (1809–31). [Poll bks]

Robertson, John, 11 Wells St, London, cm (1779). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1779 for £100, including £20 on his chest of tools in a timber workshop behind the dwelling house of Messrs. Chipchase & Co., upholders in Beak St. [GL, Sun MS vol. 273, p. 105]

Robertson, John, 7 Rathbone Pl., Oxford St, London, upholder and cabinet manufacturer (1820). [D]

Robertson, Josiah, London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Robertson, M. A., 21 Russell Sq., Brighton, Sussex, ‘from London’, upholsteress (1825). Advertised in Brighton Gazette, 8 September 1825 stock of ‘French and drapery bed Furniture; dining and drawing room window curtains; chair, cushion, and sofa covers, made up, or altered, in the most fashionable manner.’

Robertson, S., 54 Gt Marlborough St, London, u (1829). [D] See Charles Robertson at this address.

Robertson, Samuel, John St, Dale St, Liverpool, cm (1803). [D]

Robertson, Thomas, Argyle Building(s), London, cm (1774–75). Polled at Westminster in 1774. Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 8 February 1775 for £300 on his house. [GL, Sun MS vol. 236, p. 249]

Robertson, Thomas, 19 Judd St, Brunswick Sq., London, upholder and undertaker (1817). [D]

Robertson, Thomas, 10 Narrowgate, Alnwick, Northumb., cm, u and joiner (1834). [D]

Robertson, William, London, furniture-maker (1769). Advertised in Aberdeen Journal, 29 May 1769, that he was visiting that city.

Robertson, William, Richmond, Surrey, cm etc. (1809–38). Recorded at Lower George St in 1822, and George St in 1826 also as a chairmaker. [D]

Robertson, William, South Shields, Co. Durham, cm and/or joiner (1834). [D]

Robertson, & Landbeck, 21–22 Broker Row, Moorfields, London, furniture warehousemen (1807–11). [D]

Robeshaw, Levi, St Sepulchre Gate, Doncaster, Yorks., cm (1822–37). [D]

Robillion, Jan Baptiste, Westminster, London, carver (1752). Declared bankrupt, Gents Mag., January 1752.

Robins, —, address unrecorded, cm and u (1775). Subscribed to Thomas Malton's Compleat Treatise on Perspective, 1775.

Robins, —, address unrecorded, cm (1809). The account book of Sir John Geers Cotterell, Bart of Hertford St, London, and Garnons, near Hereford, records payment ‘To ROBINS for Furniture in Hertford St.’ costing £815 13s, on 30 August 1809. [Herefs. RO, Garnons papers, W69/III/182]

Robins, Charles, Bristol, cm (1775–1807). Addresses given at 24 Milk St in 1775; 12 Bridge St, 1792–93; 25 Milk St, 1793–94; Broad Mead, 1799–1807, and also Milk St in 1801. [D]

Robins, Henry, Gt Piazza, Covent Gdn, London, upholder (1788–94). Trading with John Robins in 1790, and listed as upholder and auctioneer in 1793. [D]

Robins, Henry, St Pancras, Chichester, Sussex, cm and u (1832–39). [D]

Robins, I., Warwick St, Golden Sq., London, u (1802–04). [D] Probably John or Joseph at this address.

Robins, J., Chancery Lane, London, cm (1793–1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793, and Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. Probably either John or Joseph Robins.

Robins, James, 2 Hotwells Cresc., Bristol, cm, carpenter, builder and undertaker (1815–16). [D]

Robins, John, parish of St John Maddermarket, Norwich, upholder (1714). [Poll bk]

Rob(b)ins, John, London, u, auctioneer, warehouseman and cm (1776–1828). Addresses given at 28 Chancery Lane, 1776–94, and Warwick House, Beak St, Golden Sq., 1793– 1828. He is also listed at 170 Regent St, 1825–28. Took out Sun Insurance policies in 1776 for £1,200 including £200 on shop, utensils and goods; on 9 January 1786 for £400 on a house in Oxford St; on 6 September 1792 for £3,000 on house and offices at 34 Harley St, and coach houses and stables adjoining; on 23 April 1793 for £1,300, including £450 on warerooms and workshops; on 30 November 1800, 9 August 1809 and 30 November 1809 for £5,000 including £1,000 on house, merchandise and workshops, and £4,000 on stock and utensils. A further policy of 9 August 1809 was for £5,400 on various properties; and another of 30 November 1809 was for £3,600 on houses including £350 on 5 Northumberland St, Marylebone; £450 on 25 Beak (or Northumberland) St; £300 on one in tenure; £500 on one at the corner of Oxford St; £400 on one in Titchbourn (or Titchfield) St in tenure; £100 on a house behind; £500 on 8 Weymouth St, and £1,000 on 50 Wimpole St. The same properties were insured on 25 June 1812, with the addition of £1,000 on his house, warehouse and warerooms, and £4,000 on stock and utensils, giving a total of £8,600. Robins was recorded in the ‘Liberty of the Rolls, Chancery Lane’, when admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. by redemption on 2 April 1788. Took app. named George Perring, 1789–1803. Named in Sheraton's list of master cabinet makers, 1803, and is probably the John Robins snr, cm, who subscribed to the Cabinet Dictionary. His son's death was reported in Gents Mag., February 1806. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 246, p. 104; vol. 334, p. 261; vol. 387, p. 561; vol. 395, p. 91; vol. 443, ref. 836762; vol. 446, refs 834248–49; vol. 443, refs 836762–63; vol. 457, ref. 871532; GL, Upholders’ Co. records] He is probably the John Robins named in the accounts for Croome Court, Worcs. on 27 February 1777 charging £12 10s for ‘The use of sett of tables fitted to the parlours with forms to do and the Ball Room coverd with green baze, japaned chairs tables candelstands etc.’ [V&A archives] A friend of Sir John Soane, Robins supplied him with a library table and other pieces in 1804, and in 1828 a set of eight mahogany trellis-back chairs costing 24 guineas. He also provided two sideboards and a writing table for the Bank of England, designed by Soane. The table, which cost £32 8s, is fitted with a rising desk in the centre, with antique lion masks with ring handles at the angles, fluted, tapering legs and lion-paw feet. In 1827 Robins made for the Bank ‘A large Partner's Chair with high back and sides round stuffed and covered with black Spanish leather tuffed and finished with brass nails for Lobby’ costing £9 9s. [Soane Museum, London, Bank of England Bill Bk no. 13; R. A. Woods, English Furniture in the Bank of England, 1972, pl. 26; Fastnedge, Sheraton Furniture, p. 87, pl. 13; C. Life, 3 October 1947; V&A archives] John Robins submitted a bill to J. H. Leigh of Stoneleigh, Warks., dated 13–30 May 1818, totalling £30 15s 6d and receipted by J. Nash. Robins supplied a ‘Mahogany enclosed washstand with hinged top in centre rising Glass, Drawers & Door in front fitted up with Wedgwood Ware & Glass tumbler’; ‘A High Musicstand formed of East India rosewood three heights of Shelves with a Drawer underneath, turned legs brass knobs socket castors’; and a ‘Mahogany Childs Crib with turned stump feet framed Walls strained with ticken lath bottom on brass socket Castors’. Bedding for the crib included ‘A Bordered white Irish Mattress filled with Wool & hair tufted’; ‘A fine white Swandown Pillow’; ‘A white Irish upper Mattress filled with wool & hair tufted’; ‘A Pair of fine flannel Blankets bound with white Silk Lace’; and a ‘white cotton Marseilles Quilt’. [Shakespeare Birthplace Trust, Leigh receipts, DR 18/5] A late George III mahogany library bookcase recorded, with a dentil cornice and a pair of fifteen-panel glazed doors enclosing adjustable shelves; the projecting lower part with a pair of panelled cupboard doors also enclosing adjustable shelves. The underside of the cornice bears the printed label of ‘John Robins cabinet and upholstery manufactory, Warwick House, Regent Street, London’, which is addressed to the ‘Rt. Hon. Lord Heniker, Mojor House, Stonham, Suffolk’. [Sotheby's, 28 October 1977, lot 114] See I. and Joseph Robins.

Robins, Joseph, London, upholder (1770–1802). Addresses given at Chancery Lane, 1780–94, and Warwick St, Golden Sq. in 1802. Son of William Robins of Gray's Inn Lane. App. to Samuel Braithwaite on 7 November 1770, and admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude on 3 May 1780. Took app. named William Fassett, 1787–88. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Robins, T., address unrecorded, picture frame maker (1785). Named in the accounts of the Hon. H. Fane on 3 March 1785 receiving £2 0s 6d for picture frames. [Lincoln RO, Fane 7/1, 1783–85, p. 118]

Robins, William, Snow Hill, London, u (1790–93). Notices concerning certificate and dividends on bankruptcy appeared in Williamson's Liverpool Advertiser, 27 December 1790, 9 May 1791, and 18 March 1793.

Robins, William, Tabernacle, Blandford, Dorset, cm (1840). [D]

Robins, —, address unrecorded, carver (1752). Carried out carving work, including a chimney-piece, at Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge in 1752. [C. Life, 25 February 1960, p. 382]

Robinson, —, 7 St Anne's Ct, near Wardour St, Soho, London, carver and gilder (1794). Trade card recorded, hand-coloured and of simple design. [Banks Coll., BM] Probably:

Robinson, —, address unrecorded, frame maker (1797–99). Employed at Southill, Beds., supplying frames for which he was paid £6 11s on 26 August 1797, and a further £18 12s 6d in the same year. Payments to Robinson amounted to £20 16s in 1798, and £10 14s in 1799. Charpentier and Goyer also provided frames. [Southill, A Regency House, 1951, p. 46; Rep. Gainsborough Exhib., 46 Park Lane (1936), illus. souvenir, p. 67]

Robinson, —, Brigg, Lincs. Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. Possibly Francis Robinson.

Robinson, —, Birmingham, carver and gilder (1821). Notice in Liverpool Mercury, 2 March 1821 concerned the sale of a ‘Genuine Collection of valuable pictures By Mr. Winstanley … Catalogues may be had of Mr. Robinson, Carver & Gilder, Birmingham …’. Possibly I.B. or Thomas Robinson.

Robinson, —, Gt Queen St, Lincoln's Inn Fields, London, cm (1829). Fire at premises listed in Palmer's Indexes of the Times, 6 August 1829. Possibly George, or R. Robinson & Son.

Robinson, Anthony, King St, Derby, cm (1829). [D]

Robinson, Archibald, 5 Kent Sq. with shop at 15 Cornhill, Liverpool, carver (1829). [D]

Robinson, Benjamin, London, upholder (1712–49). Son of Benjamin Robinson, clerk of London; app. to Thomas Swaine on 25 July 1712. Admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude on 11 December 1721, and master in 1749. Took app. named John Huggett, 1725–36. Polled in 1724. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Heal]

Robinson, Benjamin, Freckleton, Lancs., joiner and cm (1828). [D]

Robinson, C., Lancaster. Named in the Gillow records in 1787. [Westminster Ref. Lib.]

Robinson, Charles, 76 High St, Marylebone, London, u (1802– 27). Named in Sheraton's list of master cabinet makers, 1803. [D] See Elizabeth Robinson.

Robinson, Christopher, address unrecorded, upholder (1710–17). Son of John Robinson, yeoman of Lancaster. App. to Richard Bradshaw on 6 September 1710, and admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude on 2 October 1717. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Robinson, Christopher, Union St, Leeds, Yorks., cm (1791). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 11 January 1791 for £200 of which £150 accounted for goods in trust in Land's Lane. [GL, Sun MS vol. 375, p. 152]

Robinson, Christopher, Newgate St, Morpeth, Northumb., joiner and cm (1827–34). [D]

Robinson, Cuthbert, Newcastle, cm (1714). Took app. named Colvill in 1714. [S of G, app. index]

Robinson, Eleanor, 32 Bridge St, Manchester, cm and u (1836). [D]

Robinson, Elizabeth, 76 High St, Marylebone, London, u (1809–25). Trading with John Robinson, 1809–11, and listed as u and undertaker in 1817. [D] See Charles Robinson at this address.

Robinson, Francis (or Frank), Bigby St, Brigg, Lincs., cm and u (1819–35). [D] Possibly Robinson, — of Brigg.

Robinson, George, address unrecorded, upholder (1719–24). Son of Henry Robinson, innholder of Carlisle, Cumb. Admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. by redemption by order of the Court of Aldermen, on 4 March 1718/19. Took app. named John Marsh, 1721–24. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Robinson, George, 21 Bridge St, Westminster, with workshop at 30 King St, Westminster, London, cm (1792). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 2 July 1792 for £100. [GL, Sun MS vol. 389, ref. 602254] Probably:

Robinson, George, London, upholder and cm (1805–11). Trading at 10 Union St, Westminster, 1805–08, and 3 Cannon Row, Westminster, 1809–11. Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 26 July 1805 for £1,000 including £300 on utensils and stock, £180 on goods in trust, and £200 on utensils, stock and goods in trust in workshop over stable and coach-houses in Boar's Head Yd, King St, Westminster. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 434, ref. 777975]

Robinson, George, London, u (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Robinson, George, London, upholder, cm and undertaker (1793–1837). Trading at 29 Little Queen St, Lincoln's Inn Fields, 1793–1803; at 2 Gt Queen St, Holborn in 1811; and as George & Son in 1826. Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 8 June 1793 for £1,000 of which utensils and stock accounted for £500. Named in Sheraton's list of master cabinet makers, 1803. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 395, p. 284] See Bruce & Robinson at this address.

Robinson, George, Liverpool, joiner and cm (1767–95). Addresses given at Cropper St, near Ranelagh Gdns in 1767; 43 Hurst St in 1775; and 35 Park Lane in 1795. Advertised periodically between 1767–95 his methods of destroying upholstery bugs. In Williamson's Liverpool Advertiser, 3 July 1767, he claimed ‘THAT he is possessed of an Infallible Remedy for the killing & destroying of BUGS which is quite free from any disagreeable smell … He likewise dresses new Bedstocks for 3s. 6d. which will stand good for Sixty Years. … N.B. Beware of having your Bedstocks dressed with Liquids, for as soon as the Liquid is dried up its Virtue is gone.’ Advertised similarly in the same paper on 2 June 1775 and 9 May 1791; and in Billinge's Liverpool Advertiser, 11 May 1795.

Robinson, George, Liverpool, cm and chairmaker (1772–1807). Addresses given at Hale's St, 1772–73; 14 Fontenoy St in 1796; Paradise St in 1802 no. 14, 1803–05; also 23 Rainfords Gdns, Whitechapel, in 1804; 5 Rainfords Gdns, 1807–10, and also 18 Paradise St in 1807. Announcement in Billinge's Liverpool Advertiser, 24 May 1802 read: ‘GEORGE ROBINSON, CHAIR MAKER etc: (late partner with John & Joseph Robinson) MOST respectfully informs his friends & the Public that he has taken & entered on a large & commodious SHOP, in PARADISE-STREET, next door to the STAR & GARTER TAVERN, where he has ON SALE, STAINED, PAINTED, & WINDSOR CHAIRS, CABINET GOODS, LOOKING GLASSES etc. etc. … N.B. Ten Journeymen Chair-Makers Wanted.’ Notice to the creditors of George Robinson of Paradise St regarding dividends and payment of debts, presumably on bankruptcy, given in Liverpool Chronicle, 2 September 1807. [D]

Robinson, George, Dale St, Liverpool, furnishing iromonger, cabinet founder, cutler etc. (1821). Advertised in Liverpool Mercury, 13 April 1821, that he had started business, and that his stock included ‘Iron Book-cases & chests’.

Robinson, George, 70 High St, Ramsgate, Kent, cm (1826–29). [D]

Robinson, George, Foulford, Berwick-on-Tweed, Northumb., joiner and cm (1834). [D]

Robinson, George, Market Pl., Cockermouth, Cumb., cm and/ or joiner (1834). [D]

Robinson, George, Northgate, Darlington, Co. Durham, cm and/or joiner (1834). [D]

Robinson, George, Battle Barrow, Westmld, joiner and/or cm (1834). [D]

Robinson, George, 7 Temple Row, Keighley, Yorks., joiner and/or cm (1837). [D]

Robinson, H., 38 Moorgate St, London, carver and gilder (1839). [D]

Robinson, Henry Sacheverell, 37 Sea Coal Lane, Snow Hill, London, knife casemaker (1781). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1781 for £100 of which £20 accounted for utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 291, p. 275] Possibly:

Robinson, Henry, 11 Angel Ct, Snow Hill, removed to 18 Cow Lane, London, maker of shagreen and mahogany knife cases, tea caddies etc. (1802). Trade card recorded. [Heal]

Robinson, Henry, Liverpool, cm (1816–35). Addresses given at 8 Thomas’ Pl., Hill St in 1816; 13 Warren St in 1821; no. 36, 1823–24; 25–26 Clayton St in 1827; and 24 Hill St, Copperas Hill in 1835. [D]

Robinson, Henry, 37 Clifton St, Finsbury, London, carver and gilder (1826–37). [D]

Robinson, I. B., Bull St, Birmingham, carver and gilder (1805– 08). [D] See Robinson, — of Birmingham.

Robinson, Isaac, London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Robinson, Isaac, Lancaster. Named in the Gillow records, 1787–1824. [Westminster Ref. Lib.]

Robinson, Isaac jnr, Lancaster. Named in the Gillow records, 1825–35. [Westminster Ref. Lib.]

Robinson, J., 13 Ratcliff Highway, near Wellclose Sq., London, ‘Bedstead Manufactory, CARPET BEDDING & FURNITURE WAREHOUSE’. Trade card, c.1790, reads as above and shows tallboy, bureau-bookcase, ‘lit a la Polonaise’, and two square-backed chairs. [Heal]

Robinson, J., 27 Oxford St and 56 Rathbone Pl., London, ‘Decorator and Furnisher a l'Antique, IMPORTER OF AND DEALER IN Ancient Furniture, Pictures, Bronzes, Sculpture, Armour, Carvings, Books, China, CURIOSITIES, &c.’ (1837?). Submitted a bill to G. Lucy 1837(?), totalling £91 15s and including a library table at £47 5s. Billhead gives address and trade as above and continues: ‘N.B. PART OR WHOLE COLLECTIONS CLEANED, REPAIRED, ARRANGED AND VALUED, BOUGHT, SOLD AND EXCHANGED. Commissions carefully attended to.’ [Warwick RO, L6/1114 and 1118]

Robinson, J. S., 122 Old St, London, cabinet and chair manufacturer (1835). [D]

Robinson, J., Dudley, Worcs., cm (1839). [D]

Robinson, James, address unrecorded, upholder (1739). Son of Richard Robinson, farmer, of Enfield, Middlx. App. to William Kemp, and admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude on 3 May 1739. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Robinson, James, address unrecorded, upholder (1746–54). Son of James Robinson, tinplate worker of Middlx. App. to Carill Pitts, freeman fishmonger, by trade upholder, on 16 March 1746. Admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. by redemption tn 9 April 1754. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Robinson, James, Liverpool, cm (1765–80). Took app. named Dewhurst in 1756, presumably the John Dewhurst, cm, who petitioned freedom as former app. of James Robinson, joiner of Liverpool, in 1767. Other former apps petitioned freedom: John Howell in 1761 and Edward Taylor in 1780. [S of G, app. index: Liverpool freemen's committee bk]

Robinson, James, Lancaster, joiner and cm (1762–95). App. to R. Thorney in 1762, and admitted freeman, 1779–80, when stated ‘of Poulton in the Fylde’. Marriage to Miss Slater, eldest daughter of Mr Thomas Slater, clerk of Lancaster Parish Church, reported in Billinge's Liverpool Advertiser, 14 December 1795. [Lancaster app. reg. and freemen rolls]

Robinson, James, Bath, Som., cm (1774–84). Listed at Walcot in 1784. [Bristol poll bks]

Robinson, James, Sawick (?), cm (1784). [Lancaster poll bk]

Robinson, James, Liverpool, cm (1823–29). Addresses given at 22 Beany (?) St, 1823–24, with house at Fleet St in 1824; 8 Bold St with shop at 28 Tarleton St in 1827; and 36 Stanley St in 1829. [D]

Robinson, Jane, 15 Prince William St, Harrington, Liverpool, u (1835). [D]

Robinson, John, Northgate, Wakefield, Yorks., cm (1816–24). See Richard Wright & Edward Elwick.

Robinson, John, Leeds, Yorks., cm (1740). Took app. named Brown in 1740. [S of G, app. index]

Robinson, John, Bear St, London, cm (1749). [Poll bk]

Robinson, John, Hull, Yorks., cm (1774). [Poll bk]

Robinson, John, Barbican, London, cm (1779–93). Recorded at 1 New Ct when he insured his house for £100 in 1779. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 273, p. 352]

Robinson, John & William, Sheffield, Yorks., chairmakers (1787–97). Trading at New St in 1787 and 14 West Bar in 1797. [D]

Robinson, John, Saffron St, Saffron Hill, London, cm (1787–1813). Recorded at no. 7 on 5 June 1787 when he insured household goods for £300, and at no. 5 in 1813. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 346, p. 76] See John Rolinson at this address.

Robinson, John, London, Tunbridge-ware manufacturer (1797–1818). Addresses given at 34 Duke St, St James in 1797; next to York House, Piccadilly in 1798; 53 Piccadilly in 1799; and 51 Piccadilly, 5 Margaret St, Cavendish Sq., date unspecified. Trade cards in Banks Coll., BM; and Sprange Coll., Tunbridge Wells Museum. [D; E. Pinto, Tunbridge and Scottish Souvenir Woodware, 1970, p. 43]

Robinson, John, Liverpool, chairmaker (1794–1814). Recorded at 23 Mount Pleasant in 1794; 7 Gerard St, Byrom St in 1800; Pleasant St, 1803–04; no. 16 in 1805; no. 17, 1807–14; and no. 18 in 1811. [D] A John Robinson, chairmaker of Liverpool, is recorded in the accounts of lives in leases granted by the Corp. of Liverpool as aged 61 in 1821, and dying before 1833. He is presumably either this maker or:

Robinson, John, Liverpool, cm (1796–1829). Addresses given at 22 Johnson St in 1796; 13 New Fontenoy St in 1811; 2 Scotland Rd in 1816; 21 Crosshall St in 1818; no. 24 in 1821; 108 London Rd in 1827; and 140 London Rd with shop in Commutation Pl. in 1829. [D]

Robinson, John & Joseph, Liverpool, chairmakers and cm (1796–1818). Recorded in partnership with George Robinson at 43 Whitechapel in 1796; as brothers John & Joseph at no. 42 in 1804; and at 43 Whitechapel and 50 Dale St in 1805; at various numbers in Whitechapel and Dale St, 1803– 16; and at Statham's Buildings, Lord St in 1818. Advertisement in Liverpool Chronicle, 22 May 1805 read: ‘TO JOURNEYMEN CHAIR MAKERS WANTED several good workmen, at the different branches of the business, also a BEDSTEAD MAKER, who will have constant employ :likewise a FOREMAN to the concern — an active, steady man, who perfectly understands the business, to whom a liberal salary will be paid, & may be accommodated with a House to live in, near the Works, at a moderate rent. Apply at J. & J. Robinson's Manufactory, Dale-street, or at their warehouse, Whitechapel.’ Dissolution of the partnership between John and Joseph reported in Liverpool Mercury, 5 December 1817. [D] See Joseph Robinson, chairmaker and cm of Liverpool.

Robinson, John, address unrecorded, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Robinson, John, & Burton, William, 203 Oxford St, near Orchard St, London, japanned chair and sofa manufacturers, cabinet and upholstery warehousemen (1804–19). Trade card of 1804 recorded in Heal. Took out Sun Insurance policies on 31 January 1805 for £600 of which £400 accounted for utensils, stock and goods in trust; John alone on 13 April 1807 for £800, £400 on utensils and stock; John and William on 18 April 1809 for £1,200 including £850 on stock and utensils in their house and painting room, £150 on Robinson's household goods, and £200 on Burton's goods at 26 Adam St, East Portman Sq. A policy for the same amounts of 14 April 1810 gave Robinson's home address as 2 Jews Harp Fields, Marylebone. On 8 July 1807 Robinson & Burton were paid £11 for chairs supplied to Sir John Geers Cotterell, Bart of Garnons, near Hereford, and Hertford St, London. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 431, ref. 772347; vol. 440, ref. 802413; vol. 448, ref. 830680; vol. 453, ref. 844406; Herefs. RO, Garnons papers, W69/III/182]

Robinson, John, Preston, Lancs., chair and bedstead maker (1816–42). Trading at Friargate in 1816, 42 Lord St in 1818, and no. 44, 1825–42. [D]

Robinson, John, 33 Wilderness Row, Goswell St, Clerkenwell, London, cm and chairmaker (1817). [D] See Joseph Robinson of Clerkenwell.

Robinson, John, Mile End Rd, Whitechapel, London, cm and chairmaker (1817). [D]

Robinson, John Thomas, 49 Curzon St, Mayfair, London, upholder and cm (1817–39). [D]

Robinson, John, 50 Bunhill Row, Chiswell St, London, cm (1820). [D] See John Rolinson at this address.

Robinson, John, Baildon, Yorks., cm (1822). [D]

Robinson, John, Norton Priory, near Doncaster, Yorks., joiner and cm (1822). [D]

Robinson, John, 30 North St, Brighton, Sussex, Tunbridge-ware manufacturer and perfumer (1822). [D]

Robinson, John, Richmond, Surrey, cm etc. (1822–26). Recorded at Upper Hill St in 1822 and Hill St in 1826, when listed as cm/chairmaker. [D]

Robinson, John, Lartington, near Romaldkirk, Yorks., cm (1823). [D]

Robinson, John, High St, Colne, Lancs., joiner and cm (1824). [D]

Robinson, John, 64 Broad St, Reading, Berks., cm (1826). [D]

Robinson, John, 12 Dorrington St, Cold Bath Sq., London, cm (1826–29). [D]

Robinson, John, High St, Bishop Wearmouth, Sunderland, Co. Durham, u (1827). [D]

Robinson, John, 10 Northumberland St, Strand, London, cm and u (1827–28). [D]

Robinson, John Edwin, 37 Old Gravel Lane, Wapping, London, cm and upholder (1827–28). [D]

Robinson, John, Liverpool, u (1826–34). Addresses given at Rupert St, 21 Matthew St in 1827; 9 Rupert St in 1834; and as turner and furniture broker at 39 Stanley St and 21 Matthew St, with turner's shop at 21 Cumberland St in 1837. Marriage at St Thomas's Church to Miss Anne Tate, sixth daughter of Mr Isaac Tate of HM Customs, reported in Liverpool Mercury, 30 June 1826. Admitted freeman as son of Thomas Robinson, brushmaker, on 16 October 1827. [D; Liverpool freemen reg.]

Robinson, John, High Wind, Appleby, Westmld, cm (1828–34). [D]

Robinson, John, 10 St Mary's Gate, Derby, chairmaker and turner in wood and metal (1829). [D]

Robinson, John, Hayton and Melay, Aspatria, Cumb., joiner and/or cm (1829). [D]

Robinson, John, Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffs., cm (1830–39). Trading at Wilmots Row in 1832, and no. 7, 1838–39. [D; poll bks]

Robinson, John, Richmond, Yorks., cm (1833). Child bapt. on 9 August 1833. [PR (bapt.)]

Robinson, John Kendrick, 22 Bath St, Leamington, Warks., carver, gilder and looking-glass manufacturer (1835). [D]

Robinson, Jos., Wolsingham, Co. Durham, joiner and cm (1828–29). [D]

Robinson, Joseph, Cambridge, carver (1732–54). Recorded in the St Edward's parish rate bk carrying out carved work in the Church on 12 August 1732, and 29 January 1732/33. In 1742 he was paid £10 10s for picture frames supplied to Trinity College. Two wills are recorded for Joseph Robinson, carver, one for St Edward's parish dated 1753, the other dated 1754. [Cambs. RO, P28/4/1; AR3:38 and 40]

Robinson, Joseph, Liverpool, chairmaker and cm (1790–1832). Addresses given at 39 Gerrard St in 1794; 30 Lionel St, off Gerrard St in 1796; Dale St and Whitechapel in 1800; 14 Fontenoy St, Dale St, 1803–04; Richmond Row, opposite Comus St in 1805; 77 Richmond Row, 1807–10; no. 79 in 1811; no. 76, 1813–14; no. 82 in 1816; no. 81 in 1818; warehouse at 43 Whitechapel, 1817–21; no. 55, 1824–27, with premises also at 81 Richmond Row in 1824, and 7 Stafford St in 1827. Retired from business at Whitechapel in 1832. Joseph Robinson, letter-case maker of Liverpool was admitted freeman on 24 June 1790. Notice of termination of the partnership with his brother, John Robinson, given in Liverpool Mercury, 5 December 1817. Joseph announced that he would continue the business on his own account, and had on sale at his warehouse, 43 Whitechapel, an elegant & complete assortment of Chairs, Sofas, & Grecian Couches, of the most approved & fashionable London Patterns; also Cabinet Furniture, in fine Mahogany, Rosewood, etc. elegant Four Post & Camp Bedsteads, of the best workmanship, & on the most reasonable terms. N.B. Merchants & Captains of ships supplied on liberal terms, & at the shortest notice.’ Death of his eldest son, George Robinson, aged 28, on 18 October 1823 ‘at Southwood Lodge, near Nachez’, reported in Liverpool Mercury, 19 December. Notice regarding the sale of stock of ‘CABINET FURNITURE of a VERY SUPERIOR MANUFACTURE’ on Joseph Robinson's retirement given in the same paper, 9 November 1832. Stock consisted of ‘Bookcase with Glazed Doors, Wardrobes, Chests of Drawers, modern Pedestal Sideboards, several sets of Chairs & sofas in black hair cloth, Pembroke, Loo, Sofa, & Elliptic Pillar Card Tables, Dressing Glasses, Portable Desks, Tea Chests, Caddies etc. in Mahogany, Rosewood etc. A set of Imitation Rosewood Chairs, & a Couch in Canvass, with other Articles. The well-known excellence of Mr. Robinson's Manufacture, as well as the goodness of material & the modern fashion, render these articles well worth the attention of the Public.’ [D; Liverpool freemen reg.] See John & Joseph Robinson.

Robinson, Joseph, Liverpool, cm (1809). Admitted freeman on 7 February 1809. [Liverpool freemen reg.]

Robinson, Joseph, Liverpool, cm (1812). Admitted freeman on servitude to William Harvey on 6 October 1812. [Liverpool freemen reg.]

Robinson, Joseph, Preston, Lancs, cm (1799–1802). Signed the Preston Cabinet Makers’ and Chair Makers’ Book of Prices, 1799, on behalf of the masters and also the 1802 edition. Named with his brother John in the Preston Guild record of burgesses in 1802.

Robinson, Joseph, Lancaster, cm (1799–1833). Named in the Gillow records, 1799–1833, as the brother of Isaac. App. to J. Addison in 1806 and admitted freeman, 1806–07. [Westminster Ref. Lib.; Lancaster app. reg. and freemen rolls] Possibly two tradesmen of the same name.

Robinson, Joseph, Clerkenwell, London, cm, chairmaker, auctioneer, appraiser, u, undertaker and bed-pillar carver (1823–39). Recorded at 33 Wilderness Row, Goswell St, 1823–29; and as J. Robinson at 154 Goswell St in 1835. [D] See John Robinson at 33 Wilderness Row, Goswell St.

Robinson, Joshua, Grimshaw St, Preston, Lancs., joiner and cm (1814–18). [D]

Robinson, Leonard, York, cm (1745–66). On 11 October 1745 it was recorded that as a Papist he was required not to travel more than five miles from his house without a licence. Listed in 1766 as a Papist in St John del Pike parish. [York City archives, quarter sessions bk; York Minster Lib., C/IIIa]

Robinson, Mark, Coney St, York, cm and joiner (1776). Advertised in York Courant, 4 June 1776, offering thanks for past support, and recommending Christopher Sedgwick, his late servant, who was taking over the business.

Robinson, Nicholas, Hedon, near Hull, Yorks., carpenter, cm and joiner (1826–29). [D]

Robinson, Peter, Leeds, Yorks., journeyman cm (1791). Named in the Leeds Cabinet and Chair Makers’ Book of Prices, 1791, with other journeymen in basic sympathy with its contents.

Robinson, R. & Son, Gt Queen St, London, trunk and platecase maker, writing and dressing case manufacturer (1819–37). Recorded at no. 54 in 1819, and no. 53 in 1837. [D] See Robinson, —.

Robinson, R. snr and jnr, Barnoldswick, Yorks., cm (1822). [D]

Robinson, Ralph, Lench St, Birmingham, cm (1800). [D]

Robinson, Ralph, New Elvet, Durham, cm and looking-glass silverer (c. 1820–d.1880). Recorded at 85 New Elvet, date unspecified; and in the City Almanac, 1861. Retired in 1865, and died on 21 March 1880, when his obituary declared that he had ‘commenced his business nearly 60 years ago’. Recorded as the maker of a circular oak table on pillar and base, c.1850. [D; Aldridge's, Bath, 8 November 1983, lot 131; Bowes Museum archive, Barnard Castle]

Robinson, Richard, at ‘The Flower Pot’, Beaufort St, Strand, London, looking-glass maker (1697–1711). Recorded in newspapers in 1697. [Heal] Advertised in London Gazette, 14–17 November 1698, his ‘Engine for Grinding, Pollishing and Cutting Looking-Glass Plates (for which a Patent is granted by His Majesty) by which Glass is truly ground and pollished with the best black pollish: and also the borders cut most curiously hollow, and with a better lustre than any heretofore done … There are also sold the new-invented Frames for Coach-Glass Plates, or for windows, of ¾ inch broad, made of metal of a Gold colour.’ Robinson supplied looking-glasses to Drayton House, Northants.: in October 1700, a ‘great glass’ costing 37 guineas; from September 1701 to July 1702 items totalling £46, and including a ‘mould frame & a glass head’ at £15; and from May to September 1707 items totalling £215, including a ‘glass in a carved frame’, £35. In partnership with Thomas Howcraft, Robinson supplied looking-glasses to the Earl of Nottingham for Burley-on-the-Hill in 1711. In the previous year he had advertised in the Tatler, 19 April, that the ‘Engine Looking Glass Wharehouse’ was leaving off trade, with ‘no more of the Engine-Work to be had after this sale’. The glasses sent to the Earl of Nottingham were probably made prior to this event. [Wills, Looking-Glasses; DEF; The Antique Collector, November–December 1947; C. Life, 15 February 1930; V&A archives]

Robinson, Richard, St Giles, Cripplegate, London, cm (1718). Named in contemporary newspapers. [Heal]

Robinson, Richard, York, cm (1788–1802). Son of Joshua Robinson, joiner; app. to William Stables, cm on 9 July 1788. Admitted freeman of York in 1802, when stated of Manchester. [York app. reg. and freemen rolls]

Robinson, Richard S., 7 Bold St, Liverpool, u and cm (1825–35). Advertised in Liverpool Mercury, 1 April 1825 the opening of his ‘NEW UPHOLSTERY & CABINET WAREHOUSE, N° 7, BOLD-STREET (opposite Jowett's London-house)’ where ‘he trusts several years’ practical experience which he has had in some of the first houses in London (since his apprenticeship here) will ensure him a part of their patronage. He now submits to their notice an entire new Stock of Cabinet Furniture, Carpets, Floor Cloths, London Papers, etc: all of which he will warrant to be of the best quality & as reasonable as any house in the trade. N.B. A FOREMAN wanted to the Cabinet Business’. Marriage at St Anne's Church to Agnes, third daughter of Mr Paton, brewer, of Seel St reported in Liverpool Mercury, 6 February 1829. [D]

Robinson, Richard, 59 Barr St, Birmingham, fancy box, case and caddy maker (1835). [D]

Robinson, Robert, St Oswald's parish, Durham, spinning-wheel maker (1725–29). Marriage at Simondburn (Simonburn, Northumb.?) registered on 21 October 1725. Daughter bapt. on 16 September 1726. Death of son registered on 10 January 1729. [PR]

Robinson, Robert, address unrecorded, carver (1762). Executed carved work according to designs by Robert Adam for Sir Nathaniel Curzon at Kedleston Hall, Derbs. in 1762. For the breakfast room Robinson carved a pair of giltwood window seats, with turned fluted legs and scalloped aprons ornamented with acanthus leaves; and for the same room, a pair of mahogany tables, their frames with flute and acanthus leaf decoration supported on spiral twist legs. Their scagliola slabs bearing the coat of arms of Sir Nathaniel and Lady Caroline Curzon among a spray of oak leaves, were probably supplied from Florence by L. C. Gori. [Conn., July 1978, pp. 200–01, illus.]

Robinson, Robert, Tamworth, Staffs., cm (1784–98). [D]

Robinson, Robert, North Bar St (Within), Beverley, Yorks., cm (1831–40). [D]

Robinson, S., 18 and 19 Phoenix St, Soho, London, frame maker (1837). [D]

Robinson, Samuel, at ‘The Royal Tent’, Red Cross St, Southwark, London, bedstead and cm, sworn appraiser and auctioneer (1780). Trade card in Banks Coll., BM, and also on a mahogany chest-on-chest in private ownership. [V&A archives]

Robinson, Samuel, 27 Prince's St, Dale St, Liverpool, cm (1800). [D]

Robinson, Samuel, Prescot, Lancs., cm (1832). Death of his wife, Lydia, aged 72, reported in Liverpool Mercury, 6 July 1832.

Robinson, T., London, u (1827). Declared bankrupt, Chester Chronicle and North Wales Advertiser, 12 January 1827.

Robinson, Thomas, address unrecorded, upholder (1771). Son of Richard Robinson; app. to Benjamin Dell, and admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude on 6 November 1771. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Robinson, Thomas, Hosier Lane, Smithfield, London, bedstead maker (1784). [D]

Robinson, Thomas, London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Robinson, Thomas, Liverpool, cm (1780). Admitted freeman on servitude to Joseph Baxendale on 13 September 1780. [Liverpool freemen reg.]

Robinson, Thomas, Liverpool, cm (1790). Admitted freeman on servitude to Edward Lowe on 21 June 1790. [Liverpool freemen reg.]

Robinson, Thomas, Liverpool, cm (1790–96). Addresses given at 10 Haymarket in 1790; 27 Paradise St in 1794; and 35 Lionel St in 1796. [D]

Robinson, Thomas, 7 or 18 Richmond Row, Liverpool, cm (1816). Admitted freeman as son of Charles Robinson, cooper, on 8 June 1816. [Liverpool freemen reg.]

Robinson, Thomas, Liverpool, cm (1819). Marriage at St Anne's Church to Alice Howard, daughter of John Howard, wheelwright, of Gt Crosby, Lancs., reported in Liverpool Mercury, 28 May 1819.

Robinson, Thomas, 6 Lower Thurlow St, Liverpool, cm (1823–29). [D]

Robinson, Thomas Baker, Birmingham, carver, gilder, glass grinder, polisher and picture frame maker (1800–35). Recorded at High St in 1800; 64 Bull St in 1803; Temple Row in 1805; at 61 Bull St, 1816–22, and at 64 Bull St, 1828–35, also as a looking-glass manufacturer and restorer of old paintings. [D]

Robinson, Thomas, Hull, Yorks., cm (1803–39). Addresses given at Dock St and Clarence Ct, Princes St in 1803; North St in 1806; Southend, High St in 1810; Cogan St in 1834; Mytongate in 1838; and 3 Daltry's Ct, Mytongate, and William's Pl., Cogan St in 1839. Took apps named William Porter of Hull in September 1804; William Oliver of Owstwick in November 1804; Benjamin Ward of Sculcoates in December 1807; and Benjamin Matson of Sculcoates in June 1808. [D; Hull app. reg.] Possibly two tradesmen of the same name. See William Robinson at William's Pl., Coggan St.

Robinson, Thomas, Salford and Manchester, u (1813–34). Recorded at 18 Gravel Lane, Salford, in 1813; 22 Cable St, Salford, in 1817; 85 Greengate, Manchester in 1825; and 32 Bridge St, Manchester, 1832–34 as cm and u. [D]

Robinson, Thomas, Altofts, near Normanton, Yorks., cm (1822). [D]

Robinson, Thomas Wilkinson, Ironmonger St, Stamford, Lincs., carver and gilder (1828). [D]

Robinson, Thomas, Staindrop, Co. Durham, u, cm and/or joiner (1831–34). Daughter bapt. on 17 August 1831. [D; PR (bapt.)]

Robinson, Thomas, South Shields, Co. Durham, cm and/or joiner (1834). [D]

Robinson, Thomas, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (b.c. 1811–41). Aged 30 at the time of the 1841 Census.

Robinson, William, Lancaster, joiner and cm (1763–80). App. to R. Thorney in 1763, and admitted freeman, 1779–80, when stated ‘of Preston’. [Lancaster app. reg. and freemen rolls]

Robinson, William, address unrecorded. In 1780 he was named in the accounts of Sir John Griffin Griffin of Audley End, Essex, for daywork and materials for repairs to a dressing table and small mahogany flower stand, for which he was paid £2 0s 4d. [Essex RO, D/DBy/A38/3]

Robinson, William, Oxford, upholder (1780–1808). Polled of St Mary the Virgin parish in 1802, and trading at High St, 1805–08. Notice given in Jackson's Oxford Journal, 1 April 1780, that John Wood, upholder, had taken William Robinson as partner. Robinson took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1783 for £500 including £400 on utensils and stock. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 306, p. 667]

Robinson, William, Ribchester, Lancs., cm (1784). [Lancaster poll bk]

Robinson, William, 11 Preston St, Liverpool, cm (1790). [D]

Robinson, William, Hull, Yorks., cm and chairmaker (1806–35). Recorded at Witham, 1806–14, with residence at 1 Prospect Pl., Drypool in 1826; and William's Pl., Coggan St in 1835. [D] See Thomas Robinson of Hull.

Robinson, William, 14 North St, City Rd, London, cm and joiner (1808). [D]

Robinson, William, Gainsborough, Lincs., joiner, cm and u (1816). App. to William Rollett of Gainsborough, Lincs., in March 1816. [Hull app. reg.]

Robinson, William, 2 Leece St, Liverpool, u (1821). [D]

Robinson, William, Bold St, Liverpool, u (1817–24). Addresses given at no. 68 from 1817, with general upholstery warehouse at no. 71 from February 1818; nos 68 and 71 from May 1818; and as William Robinson & Co., general u, at no. 85 in 1821. Advertised the opening of his shop at 68 Bold St in Liverpool Mercury, 4 April 1817, ‘for the Sale of Feather Beds, Blankets, Carpets, Paper Hangings etc. & having selected an entirely new & elegant assortment of the best articles, now ready for inspection, & which he is enabled to offer on the most moderate terms …’. Announced in the same paper on 13 February 1818 that, ‘for the greater advantage of carrying on his trade, he has connected himself with a house of the first respectability, & has removed from no. 68 to 71, three doors lower, where business will, in future, be carried on by himself & company. From having laid in an extensive stock of Carpets before the recent advance; importing & preparing their own Feathers; selecting their stock of Paper Hangings from the best London Manufacturers; & have personally opened a communication with the principal houses in Paris, in the trade, the Public may rely on being supplied with a greater variety & on more reasonable terms, than by any other house in the trade. From these considerations, W.R. & Co. hope to merit a Continuance of that preference which the house has hitherto so amply experienced. W.R. & Co. have just received, direct from Paris, the following beautiful decorations, which, from execution & richness of colouring, exceed anything hitherto exhibited:- Cupid & Psyche, Telemachus in the Island of Calypso, Views of the Monuments & Public Buildings in Paris, Views from Captain Cook's Voyages to Otaheita, Views of a Turkish Seraglio, from the shores of the Bosphorus etc: with Suitable Gold & Flock Borders.’ Reopening of the shop at 68 Bold St announced in Liverpool Mercury, 1 May 1818 ‘for the Sale of Paper Hangings only’. The firm also sold ‘Feathers, Bedding, Carpets, & every article in the Upholstery Business’. Death of William Robinson's second daughter, Ellen, aged 3, reported in the same paper on 21 March 1823. W. Robinson, u of Liverpool, was declared bankrupt, London Gazette, 6 July 1824. [D]

Robinson, William H., 3 Cleaver St, Kennington Cross, London, carver and gilder (1826). [D]

Robinson, William, Catton Village, Allendale, Northumb., joiner and cm (1827). [D]

Robinson, William, 7 Clifton Pl., Bristol, carpenter and cm (1829–30). [D]

Robinson, William Stevinson, Northallerton, Yorks., cm, u and undertaker (1830–40). Trade card shows a typical range of Late Regency furniture beneath flamboyantly arranged curtains. [D; Leeds City Lib., local history dept]

Robinson, William, Market Pl., Pocklington, Yorks., cm (1831–34). [D]

Robinson, William, Hatfield, near Doncaster, Yorks., joiner and cm (1834). [D]

Robinson, William, Thorne, Yorks., joiner and/or cm (1834). [D]

Robinson, William, 4 Green St, Blackfriars Rd, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Robinson, Wilson, King St, Hammersmith, London, cm (1826). [D]

Robinson, Woodhall (or Wodhull), corner of Red Lyon Ct, Fleet St, St Dunstan's in the West, London, cm and joiner (1714–18). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 9 October 1714 on goods and merchandise in his house; and a Hand in Hand policy in November 1715 for £450 on his house. Robinson, cm at this address, was named in newspapers in 1718. [GL, Sun MS vol. 4, p. 97; GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 15, p. 266; Heal]

Robinson & Robson, Welbeck St, London, upholder and cm (1837–39). Recorded at no. 68 in 1837 and no. 63 in 1839. [D]

Robotham, —, address unrecorded. In 1791–92 supplied items to Baron Grey de Wilton, formerly Sir Thomas Egerton, Bart, later 1st Earl of Wilton, for Heaton Hall, Manchester. On 26 November 1791 he received £2 16s for two firescreens; and on 9 July 1792, £7 5s for a music stand and a writing desk. [Preston RO, DDEg]

Robshaw, Levi, Doncaster, Yorks., cm (1834). [D]

Robson, Anthony, Newcastle, u (1741–62). Son Joseph admitted freeman by patrimony on 11 January 1762. [Poll bk; Newcastle freemen reg.]

Robson, Benjamin, Newcastle, joiner, cm, furniture broker and joiner (1811–38). Trading at Scotch Arms Yd, Nun's-gate, 1811–24; and 48 Groat Mkt, 1833–38, also 9 St John's Lane in 1833. [D]

Robson, Christopher, Newcastle, u (1755). [Newcastle freemen reg.]

Robson, David, Castle Yd, Newcastle, cm and carpenter (1778). [D]

Robson, Dawson, Newcastle, joiner and cm (1759). Took app. named Newton in 1759. [S of G, app. index]

Robson, Edward, Lincoln's Inn Fields, London, cm (1780–82). Recorded at Newmans Row in 1780, when he insured stock and utensils for £600 with the Sun Co. Declared bankrupt, Gents Mag., March 1782. [GL, Sun MS vol. 289, p. 77]

Robson, Edward, Blackwellgate, Darlington, Co. Durham, cm and/or joiner (1834). [D]

Robson, James, Blackfriars St, Carlisle, Cumb., cm and/or joiner (1834). [D]

Robson, John, Newcastle, u (1702–41). App. to Robert Webster and admitted freeman on 11 March 1702/03. Notice in London Gazette, 26 May 1707 read: ‘Whereas the Rt. Hon. the Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain hath referred the Certificate of John Robson, late of Newcastle upon Tine, Upholsterer, unto the Lord Chief Baron Ward and Mr. Justice Powis, in order for them to confirm the same.’ Polled in 1741. [Newcastle freemen reg.]

Robson, John, Battle Hill, Hexham, Northumb., joiner and cm (1834). [D]

Robson, John, South Shields, Co. Durham, cm and/or joiner (1834). [D]

Robson, Joseph, Lincoln, carver (1746). [Lincoln RO, subject index—Careers, DAW1/42]

Robson, Joseph, London, u (1774–77). [Newcastle poll bks]

Robson, Matthew, Execution Dock, Newcastle, cm and carpenter (1778). [D]

Robson, Philip, Front St, Brampton, Cumb., joiner and/or cm (1829–34). [D]

Robson, Robert, 64 Northumberland St, Newcastle, cm and u (1838). [D]

Robson, Thomas, London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Robson, Thomas, Patrington, Yorks., cm (1798). [D]

Robson, Thomas, Liverpool, joiner and cm, carver and gilder (1835–39). Addresses given at 35 with shop at 38 Parliament St in 1835, and 58 Stanhope St in 1839. [D]

Robson, Timothy, Newcastle, u (1726). Admitted freeman on 22 November 1726. [Newcastle freemen reg.]

Robson, William, Allendale, Northumb., joiner and/or cm (1827–34). [D]

Robson & Hale, London, paper hangers (1833–40). Carried out mostly jobbing work at Kensington, St James's and Buckingham Palaces, including re-gilding of mouldings, and supplying eighteen ‘honeysuckle corners for the angles, in old gold’, for the King's Closet at St James's. [PRO, LC11/80–110] Supplied furniture to Mount Stewart, Co. Down. [C. Life, 13 March 1980, p. 755]

Robson & Spark, Manors, Newcastle, cm (1838). [D]

Roby, Moses, address unrecorded, upholder (1709–10). Admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. on 1 February 1709/10. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Roby, Richard, Chester, cm (1834). His only daughter, Jane's marriage at Trinity Church to Edward Roberts, book-keeper, reported in Liverpool Mercury, 23 May 1834.

Roby, Thomas, address unrecorded, upholder (1715–25). Son of Thomas Roby, yeoman of Tamworth, Staffs.; app. to John Houseman on 3 October 1715 and admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude on 2 June 1725. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Rock, Edward, 28 Moor St, Birmingham, cm (1770). [D]

Rock, John, Charles Ct, Charing Cross, London, upholder (1727). Named in contemporary newspapers. [Heal] See John Rocke.

Rock, Thomas, Canterbury, Kent, cm (1756–d.1780/81). Took apps named Kidder in 1756, Wike in 1759 and Walter in 1762. Death reported in Gents Mag., January 1781. [S of G, app. index]

Rocke, John, address unrecorded, upholder (1713–20). Son of John Rocke, Gent. of Somerset. App. to Henry Lowth on 29 September 1713 and admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude on 7 October 1720. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records] See John Rock.

Rockliff, Henry, Tadcaster, Yorks., joiner and/or cm (1834). [D]

Rockliff, Thomas, East Tadcaster, Yorks., joiner and/or cm (1837). [D]

Rodbart, Thomas, 9 Curriers Row, Bristow St, Water Lane, Blackfriars, London, cm (1812). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 26 August 1812 for £150 on household goods and wearing apparel. [GL, Sun MS vol. 455, ref. 873479]

Rodd, H., 17 Air St, Piccadilly, London, carver and gilder (1826–27). [D]

Rodd, John, Topsham, Devon, cm (1797). [D]

Rodd, William, Broad Wall, Southwark, London, cm (1779). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1779 for £100 of which utensils, stock and goods accounted for £40. [GL, Sun MS vol. 273, p. 207]

Rodda, Thomas, Launceston, Cornwall, cm, u and glass silverer (1766–67). Announced in Sherborne Mercury, 5 and 12 January 1767, that he ‘Intends to leave off Business. Any Person inclinable to take the Stock and Fixtures, may have them on reasonable Terms. There is good Beach Benches, a good Stone for silvering on, and every Conveniency for carrying on the three Branches. And there is a good Trade established. There is no other of the Branch here, or within many miles of this Place. There are six Market Towns that have most of their Furniture from here. Who this may suit, may be instructed in Glass silvering and gilding — Letters (Post Paid) punctually answered. N.B. A good Chest of Tools to be sold, Launceston, Dec. 17 1766.’

Roddam, Thomas, Staithes, Yorks., joiner, cm and/or cartwright (1834). [D]

Roddis, John, Wood Hill, Northampton, u (1774). [Poll bk]

Rodds, John, Fore St, Upper Edmonton, London, cm (1838–39). [D]

Roden, Samuel, Hodnet, Market Drayton, Salop, cm (1840). [D]

Rodger, William, Saltergate, Chesterfield, Derbs., cm (1828–35). [D]

Rodgers, Robert, Sheffield, Yorks., cm (1805–22). Trading at Norfolk St, 1805–08, High St in 1817 and West Bar, 1818– 22. [D]

Rodgers, Thomas, 24 Campo Lane, Sheffield, Yorks., chairmaker (1797). [D]

Rodick, John, 3 Templer Terr., 11 George St, Liverpool, cm (1837). [D]

Rodman, Richmond, Sign of ‘The Crown’, Guard House Passage, Maryport St, Bristol, cm (1820–21). [D]

Rodway, John, Edgbaston St, Birmingham, cm, auctioneer, appraiser and importer of goose feathers (1816–18). [D]

Rodwell, James, ‘At the Royal Bed & Star the 2nd Door from the Corner of New Broad Street, faceing Bedlam Walk in Moorfields’, London, u and sworn appraiser (1743–62). Trade card [MMA, NY] shows a ‘lit a la duchesse’ within an ornate surround of heavy Baroque acanthus scrolls. Card states that Rodwell ‘Buys, Sells & Appraises all manner of Household Goods, New & Old, as Standing Beds & Bedding, Chests of Drawers, Desk & Book-Cases, Bueroe [sic] Desks, Card, Dining, Breakfast & Dressing Tables, (in Mahogany, Walnuttree or Wainscot) Chairs of all Sorts, Settee & Bueroe Bedsteads, Sconces, Pier, Chimney & Dressing Glasses, with all other Sorts of Upholstery, Cabinet & Braizery Goods &c.’ A later and more elaborate card [BM] is in the RococoChinoiserie style and shows a mid 18th-century bed chamber with a ‘lit d'ange’. Card gives same address and details of stock, with the addition of ‘All Sorts of Paper Hangings for Rooms, Stair Cases &c. of the Newest Patterns.’ Card has a bill on the back for ‘a fine Mahogany double chest of drawers with a table in it’ and is dated 1756. Rodwell was still in business in 1762 when an app. was bound to him. A receipt dated 1743 [GL], is signed by James Rodwell for the business of William Tomkins, whose trade card is very similar. Rodwell appears to have taken over Tomkins's business by August 1760, and to have been succeeded by John Brown. [Heal; V&A archives]

Rodwell, James, Leeds, Yorks., journeyman cm (1791). Named in the Leeds Cabinet and Chair Makers’ Book of Prices, 1791, with other journeymen in basic sympathy with its contents.

Rodwell, John, Kirkgate, Tadcaster, Yorks., joiner and/or cm (1837). [D]

Rodwell, William, at ‘The Walnut Tree’ south side of St Paul's Churchyard, London, window blind and frame maker (1726–32). Heal records him in newspapers of 1726. William Rodwell, near Ludgate, supplied Earl Fitzwalter of Moulsham Hall with ‘Two Window Blinds of Canvas, Mosaic Gilt’, for which he was paid £4 3s on 9 February 1732. [A. C. Edwards, The Accounts of Benjamin Mildmay, Earl Fitzwalter, p. 103]

Roe (or Row), Benjamin Hambling, Norwich, u and paper hanger (1810–42). Addresses given at Colegate St in 1810, St George's Colegate, 1812–22 and St George's Plain, 1830–42. Former app. of Charles Martin and Benjamin Row, George Arnold, upholder, admitted freeman on 27 September 1817. Former app. of Benjamin Hambling Roe, Robert Hare, u, admitted freeman on 3 May 1833. [D; Norwich freemen reg. and poll bks]

Roe (or Rowe), George, Mardol, Shrewsbury, Salop, cm (1835). [Shrewsbury burgess roll]

Roe, Roger, Fillingley, Northants., cm (1754–61). Subscribed to Chippendale's Director, 1754. Took app. named James Coleman in 1761 for £10 10s. [V&A archives]

Roe, William, Dursley, Glos., cm (1825). [PR (bapt.)]

Roefe, Samuel, address unrecorded, u (c.1680). Paid £1 5s 6d by Threadneedle St Relief. [Hogarth Soc., 1949, p. 16]

Roentgen, Abraham, cm (b.1711–d.1793) working in London c.1733–38. A celebrated German cm, born at Mühlheim on the Rhine, who learned his trade from Gottfried, his father. He left home in 1731 to work with masters at the Hague, Rotterdam and Amsterdam. About 1733 he moved to London where, according to a private family chronicle, he specialised in ‘engraving, making mosaics in wood and producing mechanical devices and was sought after by the most expert masters’ one of whom was ‘Master Gern at Newcastle House, St. John's Square, Clerkenwell’ — clearly a garbled reference to the furniture maker William Gomm of that address. About 1765 he despatched one of his own workmen Michael Rummer ‘to stay a year’ with his old master. While in London, Abraham joined the Moravian Brotherhood before returning to Germany in 1738. Nothing definite is known about Abraham's London products, but the Anglo-Germanic character of some brass inlaid furniture attributed to the Channon workshop has fuelled speculation that he was associated with this firm. About 1752 Abraham founded a workshop at Neuwied, near Coblenz, which established a European reputation for prodigy furniture. His son, David, who styled himself ‘Englischer Kabinettmacher’ was the premier continental ébéniste of his generation. The workshop closed down about 1795. [H. Huth, Roentgen Furniture, 1974; J. M. Greber, Abraham und David Roentgen, 2 vols, Starnberg, 1980; Burlington, June 1980, p. 395] C.G.G.

Rofe, Thomas, Liverpool, u and cm (1835–39). Recorded at 120 Mount Pleasant in 1835; no. 124 and also 31 Vauxhall Rd in 1837; and 52 St Anne St in 1839. [D]

Roffway, James, Charlotte Pl., Maidstone, Kent, cm (1839). [D]

Roffway, John snr, All Saints, Canterbury, Kent, cm (1790–93). [D; poll bk]

Roffway, John jnr, Margate, Kent, cm (1818). [Canterbury poll bk]

Rofs, D., 98 Gt Portland St, London, carver and gilder (1814). [D]

Roger, —, address unrecorded, upholder (1792). Named in the Longford Castle, Wilts. accounts in 1792 receiving £4 8s 6d. [V&A archives]

Rogers, —, address unrecorded, u (1710). Named in the accounts for Felbrigg, Norfolk, in June 1710, receiving payments of £45 and £12 8s. [Norfolk RO Felbrigg papers, WKC 6/23, index of payments, 1707–12]

R-gers, —, Houndsditch, London, cm (1770). Notice in Gents Mag., June 1770 read: ‘Sunday 27 May. Mr. Venables, a respectable butcher in Whitechapel and Mr. R-gers, an eminent cabinet maker in Houndsditch, were both shot dead by villains who attempted to rob them but were resisted.’

Rogers, —, address unrecorded. In 1783 received payment of £31 11s 6d for a large library bookcase supplied to Brandsby Hall, Yorks. [C. Life, 9 January 1769]

Rogers, Andrew, Nantwich, Cheshire, chairmaker (1806). Daughter Mary Ann by wife Jane bapt. on 16 September 1806. [Chester RO, PR (bapt.)]

Rogers, Charles, Clifton, Bristol, cm, joiner and house carpenter (1819). App. to his father, Daniel Rogers, on 6 September 1819.

Rogers, Daniel, King's Lynn, Norfolk, joiner and cm (1711). Took apps named Cufaud and Giles in 1711. [S of G, app. index]

Rogers, Daniel, Clifton, Bristol, house carpenter, joiner and cm (1819). Took his son, Charles, as app. on 6 September 1819.

Rogers, Francis & Daniel, Love St, Hotwells, Bristol, cm, carpenters and undertakers (1824–26). [D]

Rogers, George, Docks, Gloucester, chairmaker (1839–40). [D]

Ro(d)gers, Isaac, Crosland, near Huddersfield, Yorks., joiner and/or cm (1822–30). [D]

Rogers, James, Sherborne, Dorset, cm (1793). Mentioned as a cm in deeds printed in Dorset Nat. Hist. and Arch. Proceedings, vol. LIII, p. 192.

Rogers, James Sampson, Mardyke, Hotwells, Bristol, cm (1817–24). Recorded at 54 Mardyke, 1819–24. [D]

Rogers, John, address unrecorded, u (1725). On 26 March 1725 Rogers was paid 1s. for ‘takeing down the Yellow China bed’ at Erddig, Denbighshire. This is possibly the state bed delivered in 1720, and still at Erddig. Since no carriage was paid, Rogers was probably a local u. [V&A archives]

Roger(s), John, Hereford, u (1734). [Bristol poll bk]

Rogers, John, Stock's Yd, Mill St, Leeds, Yorks., cm (1822). [D]

Ro(d)gers, Margaret, Liverpool, u (1827–37). Addresses given at 1 and/or 11 Craven St in 1827, no. 25 in 1829; and 10 Greek St, 1834–37. [D]

Rogers, Marmaduke, Gee-Cross, Hyde, near Stockport, Lancs., cm (1825). [D]

Rogers, Richard, near Gt Turnstile, Holborn, London, upholder (1725). Named in contemporary newspapers. [Heal]

Rogers, Richard, Stratford, Essex, carver and gilder (1835–37). [D]

Rogers, Richard, Preston St, Faversham, Kent, cm (1838–39). [D]

Rogers, Robert, Chester, cm (1708–d.1757). Admitted freeman in December 1708. Chosen as almsman to Richard Bird, merchant, 1749–50. [Chester RO]

Rogers, Robert, Preston, Lancs., cm (1732). [Chester poll bk]

Rogers, Robert, Weaverham, Cheshire, cm (1747). [Chester poll bk]

Rogers, Robert, Castle St, Long Acre, London, broker and cm (1804–07). Recorded at the corner of Belton St in 1804 and at the corner of Hanover St in 1807. Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 28 April 1804 for £1,000 including £500 on utensils and stock, and £400 on those in his shop on the south side of Castle St. On 12 January 1807 he insured stock and utensils for £750, and £400 on houses in tenure of a cm and a broker. [GL, Sun MS vol. 431, ref. 762227; vol. 437, ref. 798736]

Rogers, Robert, Plymouth, Devon, carver and gilder (1823–36). Addresses given at 5 Frankfort St, 1823–24; Treville St and Whimple St in 1830; and Lockyer Terr. in 1836. [D]

Rogers, Robert, 73 French St, Southampton, Hants., carver and gilder (1839). [D]

Rogers, Samuel, Sign of ‘The Funeral in Procession’, George St, near St George's Fields, London, cm (1775). Insured his house for £100 in 1775. [GL, Sun MS vol. 240, p. 406]

Rogers, Samuel, York Buildings, Bridgwater, Som., cm and u (1830). [D]

Rogers, Thomas, at ‘The Blew Boar’, next door to ‘The White Horse Inn’, Fleet St, London, u (1675–d.1687). Heal records him in contemporary newspapers. Notice in London Gazette, 14 April 1687 reads: ‘At the Blew-Boar next door to the White Horse Inn in Fleet Street will be exposed to Sale, the Household Goods of Mr. Thomas Rogers, Upholsterer, lately deceased, viz. Tapistry Hangings, Carpets, and Printed Stuffs, Damask Beds, Mahair Beds and Camblet Beds, lined or unlined, Feather Beds, Rugs, Blankets, pewter and Brass etc. and a collection of Italian and other Pictures. The Sale will begin on Wednesday the 20th Instant.’

Rogers, Thomas, address unrecorded, upholder (1710–18). Admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. on 5 July 1710. Took app. named Benjamin Adams, 1710/11–1717/18. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Rogers, Thomas & Goodwin, Richard, The corner house of Queen St, Bartholomew Close, London, upholders (1713). Insured goods on 14 January 1713. [GL, Sun MS vol. 2, p. 164]

Rogers, Thomas, Brook St, Ipswich, Suffolk, ‘from London’, upholder and sworn appraiser (1728). Advertised in Ipswich Journal, 27 January 1728 that he had ‘taken a Ware House the next Door to the Coach House, in Brookstreet, Ipswich, all Gentlemen, Ladies and Others, may be supply'd with the best of Goods, and have all Sorts of Beds, Window Curtains, Hangings, Chairs, &c. made up and compleatly fixed in the neatest and newest Fashion. N.B. Letters and Parcels are desired to be directed for Thomas Rogers at Mr. Samuel Debnam at the Coach House In Ipswich.’

Rogers, Thomas, Norwich, u (1774). App. to Henry Withers and admitted freeman on 3 May 1774. [Norwich freemen reg.]

Rogers, Thomas, Strand, London. On 7 November 1786 a patent (no. 1568) was granted to Thomas Rogers for ‘A new method of ornamenting looking glasses, picture frames & other kinds of furniture, with carved & moulded glass in relief plain or coloured — applicable to many other purposes.’ [Wills, Looking-Glasses]

Rogers, Thomas, London, upholder (1806–30). Recorded at Paddington in 1830. [Norwich poll bks]

Rogers, Thomas, Ironbridge, Salop, cm (1828). [D]

Rogers, Thomas, Angel Lane, Penrith, Cumb., joiner and/or cm (1828–29). Recorded also at Burrow Gate in 1829. [D]

Rogers, Walter, at ‘The White Lyon’, Basinghall St, London, cm (d.1738). Sale of stock on his death advertised in contemporary newspapers. [Heal]

Rogers, William, London, upholder and cm (1745–74). Trading at 1 Budge Row, 1765–74, as Rogers & Solly, 1765–70. Son of Richard Rogers, carpenter of Woodford, Essex. App. to Daniel Demee on 4 April 1745, and admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude on 13 January 1761. A William Rogers took app. named Robert Brooke, 1765–71. In 1770 he employed seven non-freemen for three months; in 1771, three for six months; and in 1772 one for three months. [D; GL, Upholders’ Co. records; GL, City Licence bks, vol. 7]

Rogers, William, London, upholder (1753–1802). Addresses given at Watling St, 1769–72; Bromwell Heath, Harford Bridge, Hants. in 1786; and Old Bethlem, 1794–1802. Son of William Rogers, Gent. of Hackfield, Hants. App. to Michael Bradshaw on 1 March 1753, and admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude on 4 March 1762. A William Rogers took app. named Robert Brooke, 1765–71. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Rogers, William, parish of St Nicholas, Bristol, cm (1774–81). [Poll bks]

Rogers, William, Swallow St, London, upholder (1785–93). Recorded at no. 30 in 1785 and no. 39, 1790–93. Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 18 June 1785 for £80 on household goods. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 329, p. 506]

Rogers, William, 23 Gt Pulteney St, London, upholder and undertaker (1791–1819). Took out Sun Insurance policies on 23 June 1791 for £200 of which utensils and stock accounted for £50; and on 6 June 1809 for £300, £100 on stock and utensils. [D; GL, Sun MS ref. 585513; vol. 448, ref. 832638]

Rogers, William, 3 Husband St, Broad St, Carnaby Mkt, London, chairmaker (1809–11). [D]

Rogers, William, Eastgate St, Stafford, cm (1818–22). [D]

Rogers, William, Birmingham, chairmaker (1818–35). Addresses given at Woodcock st, 1816–18; Love Lane in 1822; and 25 Duddeston Rd, 1828–35, in 1835 trading as a ‘fancy chairmaker’. [D]

Rogers, William Gibbs, 13 Church St, Soho, London, ornamental carver and collector of antique carvings (1835–39). [D]

Rogers, William, Green Dragon Yd, Finsbury, London, chair and sofa maker (1839). [D]

Rogers, William, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (b. c. 1811–41). Aged 30 at the time of the 1841 Census.

Rogers & Shimmeld, High St, Sheffield, Yorks., cm (1814). [D]

Rogerson, Edward, 1 Bury St, Manchester or Salford, u (1813). [D]

Rogerson, George, 5 Millgate, Bury, Lancs., cm and u (1824). [D]

Rogerson, John, Ewarts Buildings, 48 Gt Homer St, Liverpool, cm (1835). [D]

Rohleder, George, 158 Kingsland Rd, London, bed and mattress maker (1827–28). [D]

Rokes, George, 247 Half Moon Lane, Southwark, London, upholder and undertaker (1817). [D]

Roles, —, address unrecorded, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Roles, Henry, Queen St, Oxford Rd, London, carver (1774). [Poll bks]

Rolf, Samuel, address unrecorded, u (1680–83). In 1680 he was paid £3 for work at St Stephen's, Walbrook, and in 1681–82, £3 18s. In 1683 he received £5 ‘in full for painting, gilding &c. of the Dial only, for the use of my mother, Mrs. Dorcas, Year.’ [Wren Soc., vol. X, pp. 113 and 115; vol. XIX, p. 56]

Rolfe, George, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (1813–21). Daughters bapt. in 1813 and 1821; twins in 1815; and sons in 1817 and 1819. [PR (bapt.)]

Rolfe, John, West Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (b.c. 1801–41). Aged 40 at the time of the 1841 Census.

Rolfe, Joseph, Bream's Buildings, Chancery Lane, London, cm (1796). Declared bankrupt, Billinge's Liverpool Advertiser, 6 June 1796.

Rolfe, Robert, West Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (b. c. 1818–41). Aged 23 at the time of the 1841 Census.

Rolin(g), Edward, Berwick St, Soho, London, carver and gilder (1808–09). Recorded at no. 83 in 1808 and no. 74 in 1809. Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 2 October 1809 for £430 on household goods, and £70 on stock, utensils and goods in trust. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 448, ref. 834671]

Rolinson, John, 5 Saffron St, Saffron Hill, London, cm (1816– 25). [D] See John Robinson at this address.

Rolinson, John, 50 Bunhill Row, Chiswell St, London, portable desk manufacturer (1820). [D] See John Robinson at this address.

Rollas(t)on (or Rollison), William, Edmund St, Birmingham, fancy chairmaker (1828–35). Recorded at no. 71 in 1828–30; and no. 17 in 1835, as a Windsor chairmaker. [D]

Rollett, William, Gainsborough, Lincs., joiner, cm, u, chairmaker and builder (1815–41). Trading at Market Pl., 1819– 41, as William Rollett & Son in 1841; and also listed at Church St in 1835. Took apps named William Maugham of West Halton, Lincs. in March 1815; James Tall and William Robinson of Gainsborough in March 1816; Thomas Tarrey of Market Rasen, Lincs., in August 1817; Samuel Bass of Gainsborough in August 1818; H. Sleight of Kirton-inLindsay, Lincs. in August 1819; George Torry of Market Rasen in June 1821; Albert Norman in January 1822; and James Benson of Gainsborough in February 1823. [D; Hull app. reg.]

Rollinson, Richard, Cross Green, Otley, Yorks., cm (1822). [D]

Rollit, Richard, Gt Union St, Hull, Yorks., cm (1834). [D]

Rollo(s), Andrew, London, cm and chairmaker (1809–24). Recorded as Andrew Rollos, cm and bedstead manufactory, 42 Leman St, Goodman's Fields, 1809–11; and as Andrew Rollo at Castle St, City Rd, 1816–24, and 3 Sandys Row, Bishopsgate in 1820. Declared bankrupt, Brighton Gazette, 1 April 1824. [D]

Rolls, James, Kennington Lane (late Old Kent Rd), London, furniture japanner and painter (1839). [D]

Rome, David, Liverpool, cm (1800–18). Addresses given at 82 Pitt St, 1800–03; 6 Greetham St, Park Lane in 1804; 26 Pitt St, 1805–10; 7 Greetham St in 1811; no. 21, 1813–14; 21 Cleveland Sq. in 1816; and 17 Pitt St in 1818. [D]

Rome & Turner, Upper Frederick St, Liverpool, cm (1803). [D]

Romney, George, Lancaster, cm (1794–1840). Son of Thomas Romney. App. to Gillows in 1794 and admitted freeman, 1801–02. Named in the Gillow records, 1795–1840. [Lancaster app. reg. and freemen rolls; Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow]

Romney, Robert, London, u (1777). [Newcastle poll bk] Possibly Robert Rumney, Newcastle, 1774.

Romney, Thomas, Lancaster, carver (1788–1816). Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow records]

Romsey, —, address unrecorded. In January 1831 received £1 for a table supplied to 3rd Lord Braybrooke for Audley End, Essex, Billingbear, Berks., or his London house. [Essex RO, D/DBy/A361] See William Rumsey.

Ron, John, London, upholder (1708). Took out a Hand in Hand Insurance policy on 20 April 1708 for £100 on a house, east side of Butcher Hall Lane, Christchurch parish. [GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 6, ref. 15988]

Ronalds, John, Hythe, Kent, cm etc. (1823–24). [D]

Ronchetti, Joseph, 29 Balloon St, Manchester, barometer and looking-glass manufacturer (1817). [D]

Ronchetti, Joshua, Manchester, barometer and looking-glass manufacturer, mathematical, philosophical and chymical instrument maker (1829–40). Addresses given at 4 Cateaton St in 1829, 1 St Anne's St in 1834 and 43 Market St in 1840. Son of Baptist Roncheti [sic], weatherglass manufacturer at Warwick St, Oldham St, Manchester, 1802. [D]

Rood, Heal & Co., 28 and 29 Old Compton St and Maiden Lane, Battle Bridge, London, bed and mattress maker (1822– 35). [D]

Rooe, John, Stamford, Lincs., cm (1806–d. by 1835). Admitted freeman in 1806 and polled in 1809. John Rooe, paper hanger, polled in 1830. [Stamford freemen rolls and poll bks]

Rook, —, London, cm (1754). Notice given in Public Advertiser, 30 March 1754 of ‘Auction by Mr. Heath At the Corner of Queen Street, near Storey's Gate Westminster. All the general stock in Trade of a Cabinetmaker, going intirely into another Business, consisting of Mahogany Desk and Book Cases, Buroes, Dining, Dressing, Card and Claw Tables, Picture and Dressing glasses, with variety of Chairs and Sundry sorts of Furniture …’. Notice in same paper, 13 April 1754, gives name as Rook.

Rook, J., 10 Crown St, Soho, London, cm (1819). [D]

Rooker, Thomas, Manchester, cm, auctioneer, sworn appraiser and victualler (1797–1802). Trading at 54 Oldham St in 1797; and at ‘The White Hart’, Gt Ancoats St in 1800. [D]

Rookes, William, Exeter, Devon, cm (c.1821–32). Recorded at 2 Back Lane, c.1821–26, and Prospect Pl. in 1832. Children bapt. at St Mary Major: Jane on 2 October 1821; Edmund John on 30 March 1823; Elizabeth Ann on 12 February 1825; Ellen on 12 November 1826; and Eliza Catherine on 9 September 1832. [PR (bapt.)]

Rookledge, Francis, Easingwold, Yorks., joiner and cm (1834). [D]

Rooklidge, William, Long St, Easingwold, Yorks., joiner and cm (1828–29). [D]

Room, I., 1 Knightsbridge, London, u and broker (1820). [D]

Roome, Samuel, South St, London, carver (1749–74). [Poll bks]

Roome, Thomas, Bristol, upholder (1781). [Poll bk]

Roope, James, Norwich, cm (1801–03). Recorded at 6 Timberhill St, 1801–02, and 6 Timberland Hill in 1803. [D]

Root, John jnr, Colchester, Essex, cm (1820–31). [Poll bks]

Root, William, Hull, Yorks., cm (1807). App. to Samuel Gear in April 1807. [Hull app. reg.]

Rope, Robert, London, cm (1786). Subscribed to George Richardson's A Treatise on the Five Orders of Architecture, 1787.

Roper, —, Deptford, London, turner and chairmaker (1791–93). [D]

Roper, Edwin, Mary St, Bridgwater, Som., carver and gilder (1840). [D]

Roper, Henry, Blackboy Rd, Exeter, Devon, cm (1837). Daughter Maria bapt. at St Sidwell's on 1 October 1837. [PR (bapt.)]

Roper, John, Preston, Lancs., chairmaker (1818–22). Recorded at 18 Shambles in 1818; and in the Preston Guild record of burgesses in 1822 as son of Thomas, deceased. [D]

Roper, John, Haworth, near Keighley, Yorks., cm (1822). [D]

Roper, William, Cambridge, cm and u (1734–d.1783). William Roper is first recorded in the rate bk of St Edward's parish on 12 February 1733/34 with a property in Trumpington St (now no. 14 King's Parade). From 21 February 1750/51 a property in St Edward's Lane is also listed in his name, both these being held until 16 September 1773 when he appears to have retired and moved into the parish of St Mary's the Less. A hand bill of Roper's has survived glued inside the lid of a panelled oak chest in the Cambridge and County Folk Museum, recording his address ‘Near the Corner of Saint Edwards Lane, Trumpington Street, Cambridge’ with a detailed list of the type of furniture and upholstery that he sold. Edward Yorke, a cm and u, had opened a shop next door to Roper in 1753 and when in 1773 he retired, Yorke took over his premises and occupied both for some years. The Cambridge Chronicle and Journal, 1 October 1783 records that ‘Yesterday died Mr. William Roper, formerly a cabinet maker of considerable eminence in this town who had retired from business some years’. In his will he left over £1,000 divided between his nieces with a small bequest for his servant and the poor of the parish. [St Edward's parish records, Cambs. RO, P28/4/1; Will WR15:262, University Lib.; Furn. Hist., 1978]

R.W.

Roper, William, 2 Gt Queen St, Lincoln's Inn Fields, London, frame maker, metal border ornaments and saddlers’ ironmaker (1780–83). [D]

Rorrs, R. & D., 70 Gracechurch St, London, u (1809–11). [D]

Roschone, John, London, looking-glass manufacturer, carver and gilder (1835–39). [D]

Rose, —, Sheerness, Kent, u (1807). [D]

Rose, Charles, 59 Judd St, Brunswick Sq., London, u (1826–29). [D]

Rose, Charles, Gainsborough, Lincs., cm and u (1831–41). Trading at Silver St in 1831 and Caskgate St in 1841. [D]

Rose, Charles, 2 King St, Holborn, London, cm (1835–39). [D]

Rose, Henry, 1 New North St, Red Lion Sq., London, broker, cm and u (1784). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1784 for £300 of which £200 accounted for utensils, stock and goods. [GL, Sun MS vol. 322, p. 477]

Rose (or Rowe(s)), Isaac, Stanley St, Liverpool, cm and household broker (1810–14). Trading at no. 15 in 1810, no. 17 in 1811, and no. 18, 1813–14. [D]

Rose, J., Shipyard, Gainsborough, Lincs., cm and u (1835). [D] See William Rose of Gainsborough.

Rose, John, address unrecorded, upholder (1704–12). Son of William Rose, freeman cooper of London. App. to Thomas Wilcox on 1 December 1704, and admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude on 26 August 1712. Took app. on 26 September 1712. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records; PRO, app. reg.]

Rose, John, Sheffield, Yorks., cm and u (1821–37). Addresses given at Smith St in 1821; 9 Church St in 1822; Orchard Pl. in 1825; and Anson St in 1837. [D]

Rose, John, 3 Newton's Entry, Salthouse Lane, Hull, Yorks., carver and gilder (1838–39). [D]

Rose, John, 55 High St, Poplar, London, cm, u and undertaker (1839). [D]

Rose, Joseph, Queen Anne St, London, plasterer and frame maker (c. 1723–80). Named in Mrs Bowes's accounts on 4 April 1763 receiving £42 2s for four papier mâché frames for glasses intended for Gibside, Co. Durham, and made in 1758. Also worked on ornament for cove in the Drawing Room at Gibside. [Durham RO, Strathmore MS, D/St/Box 199]

Rose, Joseph, St Andrew, Holborn, London, cm (1776). Declared bankrupt, General Mag., February 1776, and Gents Mag., March 1776.

Rose, Josh., Bartlett's Buildings, Holborn, London, freeman joiner, cm (1768–74). In 1768 he employed six non-freemen for three months, and in 1774, six for six weeks. [GL, City Licence bks, vols 6 and 8]

Rose, Robert, High St, Newport Pagnell, Bucks., cm and u (1823–30). [D]

Rose, Robert, St James Sq., Thirsk, Yorks., cm/chairmaker (1840). [D]

Rose, S., 29 Hog Lane, Shoreditch, London, looking-glass maker (c.1790). [Wills, Looking-Glasses]

Rose, Thomas, parish of St Thomas, Bristol, cm (1784). [Poll bk]

Rose, Thomas, Liverpool, upholder (1823–30). App. to Henry Lace in 1823 and assigned to Bartholomew Tyrer in 1824. Admitted freeman in 1830. [Liverpool app. enrolment bk and freemen's committee bk]

Rose, W. H., 3 City Rd, London, u (1826–27). [D]

Rose, William, address unrecorded, upholder (1706–23). Son of George Rose, yeoman of Gadoden Magna, Hertford. App. to Joseph Howard on 5 March 1706, and admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude on 2 May 1722. Took app. named David Langton in 1723. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Rose, William, Hampstead, London, upholder (1734). [Poll bk]

Rose, William, Cambridge. On 11 June 1768 the Cambridge Chronicle and Journal reported that Rose had eloped from his master, William Rush, cm in Cambridge.

Rose, William, 6 Fontenoy St, Dale St, Liverpool, cm (1800–03). [D]

Rose, William H., London, looking-glass and cm, u and undertaker (1813–29). Trade card, c.1800 [Heal Coll., BM], gives address at 12 Old St. Directories list him there, 1813–19, and at no. 74 in 1820. Recorded at 12, the corner of Golden Lane, Old St in 12 April 1810, when he took out a Sun Insurance policy for £1,300 including £100 on house and workshop, £600 on household goods and utensils, and £600 on stock and utensils at the back of 13 Old St. [GL, Sun MS vol. 451, ref. 844058]

Rose, William, Preston, Lancs., cm (1802–18). Signed the Preston Cabinet Makers’ and Chair Makers’ Book of Prices, 1802, on behalf of the masters. Recorded at 39 Duke St in 1818. [D]

Rose, William, 33 Ironmonger Row, Old St, London, lookingglass frame maker (1803). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 1 July 1803 for £500 of which £300 accounted for utensils and stock. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 426, ref. 750152]

Rose, William, 3 Gt Pulteney St, Golden Sq., London, carver and gilder (1808). [D]

Rose, William, Gainsborough, Lincs., cm (1819–41). Trading at Shipyard, 1819–26, and Silver St, 1822–41. [D] See J. Rose of Shipyard, Gainsborough.

Rose, William, 29 Windmill St, Finsbury, London, cm and upholder (1827–28). [D]

Rose, William, 5 Angel Pl., Islington, London, u (1829). [D]

Rose, William, 6 Regent St, Leamington, Warks., cm and u (1835–37). [D]

Rosedon, John, Hexham, Northumb., u (1780). [Newcastle poll bk]

Rosedon, Joseph, Newcastle, u (1755–79). Admitted freeman in 1755; his son, John, by patrimony on 29 July 1779. [Newcastle freemen reg.]

Rosenburgh, Fred., Rose St, Soho and Stafford Pl., London, carver and gilder (1820). [D]

Rosewassa, Thomas, Richmond, Yorks., cm (1825). [PR (bapt.)]

Rosier, —, address unrecorded. Tradesman employed by Morel & Seddon who signed the frame of a dining chair supplied to Windsor Castle in 1828. [Gilbert, Leeds Furn. Cat., vol. 1, pp. 101–02]

Rosilin, Hugh, Boston, Lincs., chairmaker (1741). Took app. named Burrows in 1741. [S of G, app. index]

Roskell, James, late of Bridgewater St, Liverpool, cm and victualler (1829). Declared bankrupt, Liverpool Mercury, 23 January 1829.

Roskell, John, 34 Pool Fold, Manchester, cm (1838–39). [D]

Roskill, Gilbert, Berry St, London Rd, Manchester, cm (1817). [D]

Roskilly, John, Market St, Falmouth, Cornwall, cm (1840). [GL, Sun MS ref. 1334910]

Ross, Alex, 14 Gt Quebec St, Portman Sq., London, cm (1808). [D]

Ross, Charles, address unrecorded, carver (c.1759). Charles Ross supplied the tables and benches for the premises of the Society of Arts. Designs by William Chambers were approved by the Society on 14 November 1759, and ordered ‘to be forthwith made’. They no longer survive. [Journal of the Royal Society of Arts, April 1966, pp. 430–32]

Ross, David, Gt Portland St, London, joiner and composition man, carver and gilder (1786–1815). Recorded at 96 Portland St in 1786, 98 Gt Portland St, 1790–1815, and no. 113, 1790–93. Pretty Neo-classical trade card [Banks Coll., BM] reads: ‘ROSS, JOINER, CARVER, GILDER & PICTURE FRAME MAKER At his Composition Ornament MANUFACTORY, No.113 Great Portland Street, PORTLAND CHAPEL’. Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 4 July 1794 for £1,000 on his house, goods, books and workshop. In 1786 he charged Lord Howard of Audley End, Essex, £1 1s ‘To Makeing two pedestals Ornamented with Composition for Standing on Terms.’ Ross was paid in 1792. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 401, ref. 630117; Essex RO, D/DBy/A50/6] See James Ross.

Ross, David, 6 Marble St, Manchester, u (1797). [D]

Ross, David, 40 Charles St, Hampstead Rd, London, u and cm (1809–11). [D]

Ross, David, 48 Crosshall St, Liverpool, u (1811). [D]

Ross, Francis, Cottingham, near Hull, Yorks., cm and chairmaker (1804–31). Trading at Hallgate in 1826. App. to Thomas Ross of Cottingham in June 1804. Took app. named John Deggitt in September 1821. [D; Hull app. reg.]

Ross, James, London, carver and gilder (1816–35). Recorded at 98 Gt Portland St, Marylebone, 1816–27, and 35 Charles St, Middlx Hospital in 1835 as James N. Ross. [D] See David Ross of Gt Portland St.

Ross, John, London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Ross, Joseph, Hull, Yorks., cm (1768). [Poll bk]

Ross, Joshua, Bath, Som., gilder and frame maker (1745–c.1765). Subscribed to John Wood's A Description of the Exchange at Bristol, published at Bath in 1745. A printed trade card in Bath Ref. Lib. states that ‘Joshua Ross, frame carver and gilder from Mr Pascall's in Long Acre, London’ had taken up residence with Thomas Ross, painter in Bath and that he ‘Makes and Sells all Sorts of Gold, Silver and Laquer'd Black Pear-Tree and Deal FRAMES; Looking-Glass Frames, Gold & lacquer'd … N.B. The above shall be performed as well and as cheap as in LONDON’. Mr Pascall was presumably James Pascall, carver and gilder, author of the Temple Newsam long gallery suite.

Ross, Mary, Cottingham, near Hull, Yorks., cm (1823). [D]

Ross, Thomas, address unrecorded, carver (mid 18th century). At Little Haugh Hall, Suffolk, house of the antiquary, CoxMacro (1683–1767), the carving round the dining room fireplace, and that of both the chimney piece and doorcase in the tapestry room is probably the work of Thomas Ross. [C. Life, 5 June 1958, figs 7, 8 and 9]

Ross, Thomas, Cottingham, near Hull, Yorks., cm and chairmaker (1804–19). Took app. named Francis, son of James Ross, in June 1804; Joseph Carter of Cottingham in February 1806; John Teal in December 1807; of Cottingham, Richard Todd in August 1810, Joseph Westerman in June 1811, and Nicholas Sipling in June 1812; and George Stephenson of Lincs. in August 1819. [Hull app. reg.]

Ross, Thomas, 6 Castle St, Hastings, Sussex, carver and gilder (1839). Trading also as Ross & Mann at this address, and at 34 High St. In 1845 Thomas Mann, carver and gilder, and Thomas Ross, bookseller, stationer and print seller, were listed at 34 High St. [D]

Ross, William, Frith St, London, cm (1784). [Poll bk]

Ross, William, Buross St, Commercial Rd, London, cm, carpenter and wheelwright (1824). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 8 July 1824 for £600, including £480 on stock and utensils in workshops, open yard, sheds and sawpits. [GL, Sun MS vol. 494, ref. 1017935]

Rossall, Thomas, Liverpool, cm (1835–39). Trading at 14 Basnett St in 1835, 8 Duncan St East in 1837 and 17 Hotham St in 1839. [D]

Rossall & Gradwell, 14 Basnett St, Liverpool, cm (1837). [D] See Russell & Gradwell.

Rossi, George, St Lawrence, Norwich, looking-glass maker (1822–30). [D; Goodison, Barometers]

Rossiter, Henry, Broad St, South Molton, Devon, cm (1830–38). [D]

Rosson, Andrew, Liverpool, u, appraiser and auctioneer (1766–1810). Addresses given at Chapel St, 1766–71; Harrington St in 1769; 1 Dale St in 1772; warehouse at 34 School Lane in 1781; no. 35 in 1787; 62 Oldham St and 42 Chapel St in 1790; at 5 Castle St as Andrew Rosson & Son, 1796–1803; at 46 Chapel St, 1796–1800; and Dale St in 1803; 50 Lord St in 1804; no. 59, 1805–10; no. 52 in 1807; and 9 Christian St in 1810. Notice given in Williamson's Liverpool Advertiser, 26 July 1781, of sale of a client's property in Rosson's capacity as an auctioneeer, and sale of his own wares as an u, consisting of ‘Wilton & Kidderminster carpeting, damasks, morines, cheneys, great variety of fringes, & other articles in the upholstery branch …’. Andrew Rosson, presumably jnr and the ‘Son’ of Andrew Rosson & Son, petitioned freedom on servitude to Lloyd Baxendale in 1792, and was admitted freeman on 10 January 1793. Took app. named James Rosson in 1794, who petitioned freedom in 1806; and Thomas Kirkham in 1805, petitioned in 1812. Probable confusion between Andrew Rosson, snr and jnr. [D; Liverpool freemen's committee bk and reg.]

Rosson, James, Liverpool, u (1806–11). Recorded at 10 Beau St in 1806 and 9 Christian St, 1810–11. Admitted freeman on servitude to Andrew Rosson on 7 November 1806. Described in 1829 as ‘now soap boiler’. [D; Liverpool freemen reg.]

Rosson, Richard, Liverpool, upholder (1799–1814). Trading at 8 Earle St, St Paul's in 1800; no. 16, 1803–04; as R. & Son, u and auctioneers at Castle St in 1805; 9 Christian St in 1807; 59 Lord St in 1810; as Richard & James, upholders, appraisers and auctioneers at no. 60 in 1811; and as Richard only at 71 Lord St, 1813–14. Marriage to Miss A. Bushell, daughter of the late Mr J. Bushell, tobacconist, at St Nicholas's Church, reported in Billinge's Liverpool Advertiser, 29 April 1799. Sale of remaining stock in trade of R. Rosson, u and cm in Lord St advertised in Liverpool Mercury, 13 May 1814. Stock consisted of ‘a variety of Kidderminster, Venetian & Brussels Carpeting, Oil Cloths, Blankets, Paper Hangings, Chintz Furnitures, Superb Loo & Sofa Tables, elegant Grecian Couches, Sofas in Hair Seating, Cabinets, an upright grand Piano Forte by Clementi, Dining, Card, Pembroke & Quartetto Tables, Wardrobes, Drawers, Chairs etc. etc. Also a quantity of Hair Seatings, Curled Hair, Diaper Web, Brass Work, Bindings etc.’ [D] See John Wilson, u, cm and looking-glass manufacturer.

Rostill, William, 90 Hill St, Birmingham, fancy box, case and caddy maker (1835). [D]

Roswell, Samuel, Stall St, Bath, Som., cm and milliner (1733). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 30 August 1733 for £300 on his house and out houses. [GL, Sun MS vol. 38, ref. 61691]

Rothera, John, Drury Lane, London, cm and upholder (1817– 23). Trading at no. 29 in 1817 and no. 25 in 1820. [D]

Rothera, William, address unrecorded, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Rothera, William, 5 and 6 Brokers Alley, Long Acre, London, cm etc. (1820). [D]

Rotherel, James (?), Stockport, Cheshire, u (1781). [D]

Rothery, —, London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Rothery, Joseph, Christiane Alley, Moorfields, London, cm (1801–02). In 1801 Rothery arranged for Abraham Bellamy of Gt Cheverell, Wilts., to borrow money from Samuel Jones, merchant of Limehouse. Bill of 1802 recorded. [PRO, C13, 599/20]

Rothery, John, Lancaster, cm (1788–1802). App. to R. Mashiter in 1788 and admitted freeman, 1801–02. [Lancaster app. reg. and freemen rolls]

Rothwell, —, Manchester, cm and u (1803). Bill for a tent bed for £30 8s 11d noted by Charles Towneley of Towneley Hall, Lancs., in November 1803. [Preston RO, Towneley papers DDTO] Possibly James or John Rothwell.

Rothwell, Mrs, Chapel Walks, Manchester or Salford, u (1808). [D]

Rothwell, Daniel, Liverpool, painter and furniture japanner (1810–14). Addresses given at 5 Gt Crosshall St, 1810–11 and 10 Oxford St, Bevington Bush, 1813–14. [D]

Rothwell, James, Queen St, St Anne's, Manchester, upholder (1773–84). Recorded at no. 12 in 1773. [D] See John Rothwell, and Rothwell & Marsden.

Rothwell, James, St Anne's St, Manchester, u and cm (1815). [D]

Rothwell, James, 15 Bedford Sq. Rd, Brighton, Sussex, cm and u (1839). [D]

Rothwell, John, Manchester, u (1772–1804). Trading at Back Sq. in 1772 and Queen St, St Anne's in 1788. [D] See James Rothwell, and Rothwell & Marsden.

Rothwell, Lydia, 1 Pool Fold and St Anne's St, Manchester, cm and u (1813–16). [D]

Rothwell (or Rotherel), Richard, Stockport, Cheshire, u (1781–1807). Recorded at Little Underbank in 1784 and Underbank, 1805–07. [D]

Rothwell, Thomas, High Wycombe, Bucks., cm (1773). [PR (marriage)]

Rothwell & Marsden, Manchester, u (1800–02). Recorded at 3 Queen St, St Anne's in 1800. [D] See James and John Rothwell.

Rottenbury, Peter, Falmouth, Cornwall, cm (1737). Took app. named Grenfield in 1737. [S of G, app. index]

Roughey, William, Newtown, Whitchurch, Salop, cm (1840). [D]

Roughley, Mary, Butter Mkt St, Warrington, Lancs., u (1834). [D]

Roughton, Henry, High St, Lincoln, chairmaker (1826). [D]

Roughton, William, Pinchbeck St, Spalding, Lincs., woodturner and chairmaker (1826). [D]

Rounce, —, Southwold, Suffolk, ‘Carver, Gilder, Looking-Glass & Picture-Frame manufacturer, Plumber, Glazier, House, Sign & Ship Painter, Paper Hanger, etc… Imitator of Woods & Marbles’. [Trade card at Grosvenor Antiques Fair, 1985]

Rounce, Thomas, Queen St, Halesworth, Suffolk, carver and gilder, paper hanger (1830–39). [D]

Round, Thomas, Reading, Berks., cm (1826–37). Trading at Upper Friar St in 1826 and Chatham St in 1837. [Poll bks]

Rourke, Patrick, Court, 90 Northgate, Huddersfield, Yorks., cm and/or u (1837). [D]

Rouse, Joseph, 22 Compton St, Clerkenwell, London, cm (1802). [Oxford poll bk]

Rouse, Joseph, 21 Union St, Lambeth, London, cm (1802). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 9 November 1802 for £400 of which £100 accounted for utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 426, ref. 740152]

Rouse, Joseph, Leicester, cm (1826). App. to Arnold Porter, a stranger who bought his freedom in 1801. Admitted freeman in 1826. [Leicester freemen rolls]

Rouse, Richard, Oxford, cm and joiner (1751–1802). In 1751 or 1752 Rouse, cm, was paid £1 0s 10d by All Soul's, Oxford. Announced in Jackson's Oxford Journal, 6 June 1767, that he had moved from Eastgate to Carfax, but still kept his workshop in Long Wall. Polled of St Martin's parish in 1768. Of St Peter-in-the-East, took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1775 for £500 including £150 on utensils and stock. Polled at St Thomas's parish in 1802. [GL, Sun MS vol. 239, p. 585]

Rouse, Robert, Summer-Town, Oxford, cm (1830). [D]

Rouse, William, Wickham Mkt, Suffolk, cm (1839). [D]

Rouseau, —, London, upholder (?) (1675). In June 1675 he was paid £60 7s 6d for crimson and white fringe for the Queen's ‘crimson figured velvet Bed’, at Whitehall, and ‘white lace for the cupps and four spriggs for the corners of the bed.’ [PRO, LC5/41]

Rousset, Samuel, at the corner of Angel Ct, Long Acre, London, carver (1723). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 19 July 1723 for £500 on goods and merchandise in his house. [GL, Sun MS vol. 15, ref. 29327]

Rout, William, East St, Gt Coggeshall, Essex, cm (1838–39). Listed in the Essex jurors’ bk for Lexden Hundred in 1838. [D; Essex RO, A/RJ/2/1]

Routh, James, Bristol, cm (1792–1805). Addresses given at Christmas St, 1792–94; Christmas St and Thomas St in 1795; 1 Thomas St, 1799–1800, and no. 2 in 1805. [D]

Rouths, James, 12 Scotland Rd, Liverpool, cm (1807). [D]

Routledge (or Rutledge), Christopher, Romsey, Hants., cm (1797). Supplier of furniture to Broadlands, Hants. [C. Life, 29 January 1981, p. 288; 5 February 1981]

Routledge, Charles, Romsey, Hants., cm and auctioneer (1792–98). [D]

Routledge, Thomas, Romsey, Hants., cm and auctioneer (1792–93). [D]

Row, Charles John, Little Bridge St, Blackfriars, London, carver and gilder (1839). [D]

Row, James, Petworth, Sussex, cm and u (1798–1826). [D]

Row, John B., Fighting Cock's Yd, with house at Rosemary Lane, Newcastle, joiner and cm (1833). [D]

Rowe, William, Croydon, Surrey, cm (1809–11). [D]

Rowbotham, Richard, Whipp's Ct, Carr Lane, Hull, Yorks., cm (1839). [D]

Rowden, John, Gattey's Ct, Exeter, Devon, carver and gilder (1835). Son John William Burkit bapt. at St Sidwell's on 23 August 1835. [PR (bapt.)]

Rowdon, John, Harcot, Moretonhampstead, Devon, later Exeter, cm (d. by 1818). Notice in Exeter Flying Post, 10 September 1818 read: ‘On Thursday last, at Harcot, in Moretonhampstead, aged 32 died Mr. W.m Rowdon, youngest son of the late Mr John Rowdon of that place, and late of this city, cabinet-maker.’

Row(e), Charles, London, upholder (1704–34). Recorded at ‘The Bed’, Knave's Acre, St James's, Westminster in 1714, and St Anne's, Westminster in 1722. Son of Charles Rowe, cook of St Anne's. App. to John Howne (Horne?) on 2 August 1704, and admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude on 2 August 1711. Took app. named John Wood, 1720–32. Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 1 January 1714. Declared bankrupt, London Gazette, May 1722. Possibly the Charles Rowe of Prince's St, Leicester Sq. recorded by Heal in contemporary newspapers in 1734. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records; GL, Sun MS vol. 3, pp. 91, 190 and 221]

Rowe, Charles, 61 Mount St, Davies St, London, cm and upholder (1835–39). [D]

Rowe, Hugh, 3 and 4 Edward St, Gt Surrey St, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Rowe, James snr, London, upholder (1716–d. by 1736). Took app. named Daniel Wearg, 1716–24. Polled of Broad St, Westminster in 1727. His son, James Rowe jnr, admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. in 1736. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Rowe, James jnr, London, upholder (1718–44). Son of James Rowe snr, upholder of London. Admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. by patrimony on 1 December 1736. James Rowe, probably both snr and jnr, took app. named William Goff, 1718–44. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Rowe, James, Exeter, Devon, cm and u (1814–34). Recorded as a cm at Okehampton St, St Thomas, 1814–17, Alphington St in 1821, and as an u in Sun Lane, 1834. Sons bapt. at St Thomas's Church: William on 20 February 1814, William Matthias on 18 May 1817, and Henry William on 22 April 1821. Daughter Mary Ann bapt. at St Mary Major on 4 June 1834. [PR (bapt.)]

Row(e), John, St Bride's, London, upholder (1715–27). Recorded at Ditch Side in 1715, and at ‘The Angel’, Fleet Ditch, in 1727. Fined for non-service at St Bride's in 1715. Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 23 September 1727 for £500 on goods and merchandise in warehouse at Kent St, Southwark, belonging to Mr Stone, near ‘The White Bear’ in Kent St. [GL, MS 6561, p. 1; GL, Sun MS vol. 25, ref. 42584]

Rowe, John, Winwick St, Warrington, Lancs., cm (1834). [D]

Rowe, Robert, Upper Olland St, Bungay, Suffolk, cm and u (1830). [D]

Rowe, T. B., Thorverton, Devon, cm (1832). [Exeter voters list]

Rowe, Thomas, 34 Duke St, Grosvenor Sq., London, cm (1790). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 19 November 1790 for £300 including £120 on stock in trust. [GL, Sun MS ref. 576129]

Rowe, Thomas, address unrecorded, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Rowe, Thomas, Knightsbridge, London, bedstead maker (1837–39). Trading at 13 High Rd in 1837 and 13 Trevor Terr., 1839. [D]

Rowe, William, Medbourne, Leics., chairmaker (1840). [D]

Rowell, George Auguste, Alfred St, Oxford, cm and u (1830). [D]

Rowell, John, 40 James St, Oxford St, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Rowen, I., 110 Goswell St, London, cabinet manufacturer (1820). [D]

Rower, Thomas, 79 Edgware Rd, Paddington, London, cm (1820). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 2 August 1820 for £1,300 of which £50 accounted for a chest of tools in workshop of Ferguson & Co., Providence Ct, North Audley St. [GL, Sun MS vol. 483, ref. 970327]

Rowland, David, 43 Shouldham St, Bryanston Sq., London, cm and u (1826–28). [D]

Rowland(s), Edward, Liverpool, u and paper hanger (1821–37). Addresses given at 12 Tessary Pl. in 1821; 21 Bispham St in 1823; 123 Duke St in 1827; 15 Scotland Rd in 1829; 43 School Lane, 1834–35; and 31 Vauxhall Rd with shop at 21 Arcade in 1837. [D]

Rowland, James, 34 Church Rd, St George's East, London, cm, u and undertaker (1839). [D]

Rowland, John, Leeds, Yorks., cm (1834–39). Trading at 44 Mason St in 1837 and 20 Moxon's Yd, Kirkgate in 1839. [D]

Rowland, John, 48 Cornwall Rd, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Rowland, Joseph, 8 St Mary Ave, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Rowland, Thomas, parish of St James, Bristol, carver (1784). [Poll bk]

Rowland, Thomas, Richmond, Surrey, carver and gilder (1826–39). Trading at Hill St in 1826, and at Ormond Row, 1838–39, as carver and gilder to Her Majesty in 1839. [D]

Rowland, William, 13 Grenada Terr., Commercial Rd, London, cm, u and undertaker (1829–39). [D]

Rowland, William, Newport, Salop, cm (1836). Child bapt. at St Mary's Church in 1836. [PR (bapt.)]

Rowley, Edward, London, upholder (1765–d.1789). Recorded at 41 Newgate St, 1768–84, as Rowley & Jennings, 1783–84; ‘near the Asylum’, 1778–86; and 15 Newgate St in 1784. Trade card [Stone Coll., GL] c.1780, gives address at ‘the Corner of Queens head Alley, Newgate Street’, and trade as u, cm, appraiser and undertaker, who ‘Makes & Sells all Kinds of Household Furniture in the Neatest Manner and at the Most Reasonable rates.’ Son of William Rowley, farrier of Walham [sic] Green, Middlx. Admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. by redemption on 9 July 1765. Took app. named James Blissatt, 1766–74. Insured his house at 41 Newgate St in 1776 with the Sun Co. [D; GL, Upholders’ Co. records; GL, Sun MS vol. 249, p. 294] Possibly two tradesmen of the same name, or confusion with:

Rowley, Edward, 9 Hercules Buildings, Lambeth, London, upholder (1776). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1776 for £500 of which £100 accounted for utensils, stock and goods. [GL, Sun MS vol. 253, p. 622]

Rowley, Francis, 28 Snow Hill, Birmingham, cm and joiner (1767). [D]

Rowley, Joseph, Willenhall, Staffs., cm (1838–39). [D]

Rowley & Jennings, 15 Newgate St, London, upholders (1783– 84). [D] See Edward Rowley.

Rowlings, Robert, 26 Red Lion Sq., London, upholder (1808). [D]

Rowling(s), Thomas, Strand, London, carver, gilder and printseller (1779–1820). Recorded at no. 460 in 1779; no. 464, 1784–1820; as frame maker to the Princesses in 1790; and as Rowling & Brown, ‘Carvers & Gilders to their R.H. Princess Royal, Augusta and Elizabeth’ in 1817. Trade card [Banks Coll., BM] bears the Royal Arms, and reads: ‘ROWLING, 464 Strand, London, Carver, Gilder and Frame Maker to T.R.H. the Princess Royal, Princess Augusta, Princess Elizabeth.’ Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1779 for £500 of which utensils, stock and goods accounted for £200. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 278, p. 486]

Roworth, —, address unrecorded. ‘ROWORTH’ is clearly marked under the seats of two of a set of dining chairs, c. 1805, with turned legs, a satinwood panel in the back and loose seats; in private ownership. [V&A archives]

Rowsell, Henry, Taunton, Som., cm (1757–61). Took apps named Rowsell in 1757 and Taylor in 1761. [S of G, app. index]

Rowsell, Thomas, adjoining St Stephen's Row, Exeter, Devon, cm (1772). Sale of his house, shop and appurtenances advertised in Exeter Flying Post, 25 September 1772.

Rowson, Thomas, Smith St, Marygate, Grimsby, Lincs., joiner/ cm (1822). [D]

Rowton, Henry, High St, Lincoln, chairmaker (1822). [D]

Rowton, William, Spalding, Lincs., chairmaker (1797). [D]

Roy, Andrew, St Mary's Gate, Ripon, Yorks., cm (1822–37). [D] Possibly Andrew Ray.

Roy, William, Burnham Mkt, Norfolk, cm and joiner (1830). [D]

Royal, John, High St, Weymouth, Dorset, cm and u (1830). [D]

Royale, G., 78 Newgate St, 13 Bull-head Ct, London, u, appraiser, auctioneer, undertaker, cm and paper hanger. Trade card continues: ‘Estates and Effects sold by Auction or Private Contract. Elegant Fashionable Paper hangings and Ornamental Borders … Rout Chairs. Card Tables Let by the Night.’ [V&A archives]

Royale, William, High St, Manchester, joiner and picture framer (1788). [D]

Royall, Peter, Filby, Norfolk, cm (1838). [Gt Yarmouth poll bk]

Roybold, —, address unrecorded, chairmaker (1709). Named in the Felbrigg papers in January 1709 receiving £6, and on 12 August 1709, £6 8s. [Norfolk RO, Felbrigg papers, WKC 6/23, index of payments, 1707–12]

Roybould, Edward, London, turner (1714–45). Addresses given ‘at the Catherine Wheel, Corner of Richmond Street on the backside of St. Ann's’, Westminster, in 1714; the north side of Richmond St, west side of Princes St, St James's, Westminster in 1722; and St James, Westminster and Princes St, St Ann's in 1745. Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 27 March 1714 on his goods; and a Hand in Hand policy in 1722 for £600 on his house. Declared bankrupt, Gents Mag., April 1745. Sale of stock in trade and household furniture of ‘Mr. Edward Roybould, a Bankrupt, at his late Dwelling-House, in Prince's Street, St. Ann's’ announced in Daily Advertiser, 28 June 1745. Stock consisted of ‘all sorts of Upholder's and Cabinet Goods’. [GL, Sun MS vol. 3, ref. 3803; GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 26, p. 334]

Royboult, Richard, Peter St, Bishopsgate, London, freeman innholder, carver and chairmaker (1771–72). Employed twenty non-freemen for three months in 1771; and thirty for three months in 1772. [GL, City Licence bks, vol. 7]

Royde, George, 78 Newgate St, London, u, auctioneer, appraiser and undertaker (1806–20). Trade card of 1810 gives this address, and also 13 Bull Head Ct. [D; Banks Coll., BM]

Roylance, Ellen, late of Stockport, Cheshire, chairmaker (1825–27). Notice in Chester Chronicle and North Wales Advertiser, 8 June 1827 concerned the case of Ellen Roylance in the Court of Relief of Insolvent Debtors. [D]

Roylance, John, 7 Bamford St, Stockport, Cheshire, chairmaker (1834). [D] Possibly son of:

Roylance, P., Stockport, Cheshire, chairmaker (1816–20). At Bamford St in 1816 and Mealhouse Brow, 1818–20. [D]

Royle, James, 51A Oldfield Rd, Salford, Lancs., cm (1836). [D]

Royle, John, Manchester, cm (1773–87). Trading at Turner St in 1773 and Church St in 1781. Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 15 June 1787 for £200 on utensils and stock. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 346, p. 113]

Royle, John, 53 Stanley St, Liverpool, u and broker (1821). [D]

Royle, William, High St, Manchester, joiner and picture framer (1788). [D]

Ruckman, J., London, chair manufacturer (1807–15). Trading at 26 Red Cross St, Southwark, 1807–12, and 30 Mint St in 1815. [D]

Ruckman & Winter, 26 Red Cross St, Southwark, London, chair manufactory (1803–04). Named in Sheraton's list of master cabinet makers, 1803. [D]

Rudd, —, England, later Bruges, Belgium, cm (c.1788). Left Engand and settled in Bruges, where his son, Jean Baptiste Rudd, was born in 1792 and became the city architect. Table by Rudd described in Hepplewhite's Guide, 1788. [C. Life, 2 June 1966, p. 1409]

Rudd, Francis, Calvert St, Norwich, cm, u, carver and gilder (1830). [D]

Rudd, John, St Sidwell's, Exeter, Devon, chairmaker (1803). [Militia list]

Rudd, John, Norwich, cm (1830–31). Named on 26 June 1830 as being admitted freeman; also on 2 June 1831, as app. to Joseph Pigg. [Norwich freemen reg.]

Rudd, Thomas, Calvert St, Norwich, carver and gilder (1836–39). [D]

Rudd, William snr, Norwich, cm (1795–1812). Recorded in St Stephen's parish in 1812. Admitted freeman, not by apprenticeship, on 24 February 1795. [Norwich freemen reg. and poll bk] Possible confusion with:

Rudd, William jnr, Norwich, cm (1829–30). Recorded in St Clement's parish in 1830. Admitted freeman on 24 February 1829. [Norwich freemen rolls and poll bk]

Rudd, William, 149 Norfolk St, King's Lynn, Norfolk, carver and gilder (1839). [D]

Rudder, Edmund, Dursley, Glos., cm (1823–25). [PR (bapt.)]

Ruddock, William, Market Pl., Shepton Mallet, Som., cm (1830). [D]

Rudge, Benjamin Johnson, Eastgate St, Gloucester, cm and u (1830). [D]

Rudge, James, Oxbody Lane, Gloucester, cm and chairmaker (1774–1820). [D; Bristol poll bks]

Rudge, John, Stroud, Glos., cm (1827–39). [PR (bapt.)]

Rudge, Thomas, address unrecorded, upholder (1704–12). Son of Thomas Rudge, grocer of Eversham, Worcs. App. to Jonathan Hatley on 14 March 1704, and admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude on 1 October 1712. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Rudge, Thomas, London, upholder (1727–34). Recorded at Houndsditch in 1727 and Hackney in 1734. [Poll bks]

Rudledge, William, 1 Mount St, Grosvenor Sq., London, cm (1809–11). [D]

Rudyard, Lawrence, London, upholder (1733–58). Son of John Rudyard, Gent. of Winchfield, Southampton. App. to John Hodson on 14 December 1733, and admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude on 3 October 1745. Laurence Rudyard, cm of St Anne's, Westminster, declared bankrupt with John Hudson in 1747; and Lawrence Rudyeard, u and cm of Thrift St, St Ann, with Hodson in London Gazette, 21– 25 November 1758. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records] See John Hudson & Lawrence Rudyard.

Rudyerd, Launcelot, St Anne's, Soho, London, u (1745). Heal records him amongst children app. by the sons of the clergy.

Ruffel(l), John, London, cm to His Majesty (1777–84). Trading at 11 New Bird St, Oxford Rd in 1777, and Moorfields in 1784. [D] See John Russell of 11 New Bird St.

Ruffel & Co., 67 St Martin's Lane, Charing Cross, London, cm and u (1814). [D]

Ruffell, John, 21 Church St, Soho London, carver and gilder (1839). [D]

Ruffle, Robert, 17 Princes St, Drury Lane, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Rule, James, Workington, Cumb., joiner and/or cm (1828–34). Trading at Washington St, 1828–29, and Jane St, 1829–34. [D]

Rullidge, Charles, Norwich and Ipswich, chairmaker (1802–07). Son of William Rullidge, chairmaker; admitted freeman of Norwich on 3 July 1802. Polled at Norwich of Ipswich in 1807. [Norwich freemen reg.]

Rullidge (or Rullege), William, Norwich and London, chairmaker (1780–1802). Polled at Norwich of St Margaret's parish in 1780, and of St Giles in 1784. Former app., Jos. Downing, chairmaker, admitted freeman of Norwich on 3 May 1787; and his son, Charles Rullidge, chairmaker, on 3 July 1802. Polled at Norwich of London, in 1786, 1799 and 1802. [Norwich freemen reg.]

Rumball, Charles, London, u (1781–93). Recorded at 66 Leather Lane, Holborn in 1781, and Islington in 1793. Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1781 for £400 on utensils and stock. Declared bankrupt, Williamson's Liverpool Advertiser, 10 June 1793. [GL, Sun MS vol. 290, p. 194]

Rumball, Charles, Cheshunt, Herts., cm (1826). [D]

Rumball, Charles Wilson, Brighton, Sussex, cm and u (1837– 39). Trading at Grenville Pl. in 1837 and 20 Western Rd in 1839. [D]

Rumbal(l), Thomas, London, cm (1773–1817). Recorded at 29 Minories, 1773–86, and 36 Wood St, Cheapside, 1789–1817. Took out Sun Insurance policies on 28 January 1775 for £2,800, £800 on utensils and stock at warehouses in Shepherd Yd, Minories; in 1776 for £3,700, £400 on utensils and stock; in 1779 for £600 on houses; and in 1780 for £4,800, £600 on utensils and stock. Thomas Rumball jnr, upholder of 29 Minories took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1782 for £1,300, £920 on utensils and stock. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 236, p. 262; vol. 247, p. 262; vol. 279, p. 598; vol. 284, p. 601; vol. 300, p. 471]

Rumball, Thomas, 3 Long Alley, Moorfields, London, bedstead-maker (1782). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1782 for £300 of which £100 accounted for shop, utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 303, p. 553]

Rumble, William, Windmill St, Finsbury Sq., London, cm, chairmaker, furniture broker and bedsteadmaker (1817–39). Recorded at no. 29, 1817–20, no. 28½, 1826–27, and no. 20 in 1829. [D]

Rumble, William jnr, London, cm and u (1823–29). Recorded at 7 Ballicourt Pl., St John St Rd, 1823–24; 134 St John St Rd, 1826–27; and 53 Myddleton St, St John's Rd, 1829. Took out Sun Insurance policies on 26 February 1823 for £100 on workshop behind his house, with stock and utensils; and on 18 February 1824 for £700, including £200 on stock and utensils in his house, £150 on those in open yard behind, and £200 on those in workshop behind 7 Wood St, Spa Fields. [D; GL, Sun MS ref. 1001815; vol. 495, ref. 1014377]

Rumfitt, William, Clementhorp, York, joiner and cm (1830). [D]

Rumford, C., Arthur's Hill, Newcastle, u (1838). [D] Probably:

Rumford, Cuthbert, 106 Pilgrim St, Newcastle, u, paper hanger and undertaker (1833). [D]

Rumming, William, Calne, Wilts., cm (1830–39). Trading at Wood St in 1830 and High St in 1839. [D]

Rumney, Robert, Newcastle, u (1774). App. to William Charnley and admitted freeman on 4 October 1774. [Newcastle freemen reg. and poll bk] Possibly Robert Romney of London, polled at Newcastle, 1777.

Rumsey, William, address unrecorded. In June 1833 named in the account book of 3rd Lord Braybrooke of Audley End, Essex, receiving £16 for making a wardrobe. [Essex RO, D/ DBy/A230]. See Romsey, —.

Runciman, Robert, London, cm (1778–91). Recorded at 58 Silver St, Golden Sq. in 1778, and also as a broker at 19 Berwick St in 1791. Took out Sun Insurance policies in 1778 for £300, £170 on utensils and stock; and on 3 December 1791 for £1,000, including £100 on house, rooms and workshop, and £550 on utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 265, p. 540; vol. 382, ref. 392747]

Runnage, William, St Gregory, Norwich, chairmaker (1768). [Poll bk]

Rusbridge(r), Richard, 8 Crown St, Moorfields, London, bedstead and chairmaker (1808–16). [D]

Rusby, U., Micklegate, York, cm and u (1818–20). [D]

Ruse, James, Fore St, Hertford, carver and gilder (1826). [D]

Ruse, James, Crouch St, Colchester, Essex, carver and gilder (1832). [D]

Ruse, James, King St, Chelmsford, Essex, carver and gilder (1839). [D]

Rush, Thomas, Wardour St, London, cm (1749). [Poll bk]

Rush, William, St Clement's, Cambridge, cm and joiner (1768– 80). Notice given in Cambridge Chronicle and Journal, 11 June 1768, of elopement of his app., William Rose. Will dated 1780. Death of his widow reported in Gents Mag., 1790. [Univ. Lib., Will, WR1S:192]

Rusher, Benjamin Gilson, Chelmsford, Essex, cm (b.1785–1815). Named in the Essex freeholders’ bk for Chelmsford Hundred in 1815, aged 30. [Essex RO, Q/RJ1/ 12]

Rushforth, Isaac, Market Pl., Louth, Lincs., cm and joiner (1835). [D]

Rushforth, Major, London, cm (1784). [York poll bk]

Rushforth, William, Union St, Rochdale, Lancs., cm (1825–34). Recorded also in Cheetham St, 1828–34. [D]

Rushton, John, Red Sq., Jewin St, London, freeman haberdasher, looking-glass frame maker (1762–68). Employed one non-freeman for six months in 1762 and one for three months in 1768. [GL, City Licence Bks, vols 3 and 6]

Rushton, John & Son, 122 Church St, Preston, Lancs., u (1818). [D]

Rushton, Joseph, 13 Northampton Pl., Old Kent Rd, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Rushton, Samuel, 5 Water St, Preston, Lancs., u (1818). [D]

Rushton, Samuel, Bow St, Lichfield, Staffs., chairmaker (1818). [D]

Rushworth, —, 51 George St, Blackfriars Rd, London, cm and u (c.1790). Trade card recorded. [Heal] See W. Rushworth.

Rushworth, Constantine, Wakefield, Yorks., carver (1798). [D]

Rushworth, James, Manchester, cm and u (1817–40). Recorded at 7 Hanover St, 1817–32; with William Rushworth at 74 Hanover St, 1832–34 and also 52 Long Millgate in 1834; together at 52 and/or 59 Long Millgate in 1836; and James only there, 1836–40. [D] See William Rushworth of 7 Hanover St.

Rushworth, John, Lockwood, Yorks., cm, joiner and carpenter (1828–29). [D]

Rushworth, Thomas, 2 Sloane Sq., Chelsea, London, cm (1826–27). [D] See William Rushworth at this address.

Rushworth, W., North St, Sloane St, London, cm (1820). [D]

Rushworth, W., 51 George St, Blackfriars Rd, London, cm (1835). [D] See Rushworth, —.

Rushworth, W., 1 Wellington Terr., Waterloo Rd, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Rushworth, William, Cheapside, Halifax, Yorks., cm (1814). [D]

Rushworth, William, 7 Hanover St, Manchester, cm and joiner (1825). [D] See James Rushworth of Manchester.

Rushworth, William, 2 Sloane Sq., Chelsea, London, cm and u (1826). [D] See Thomas Rushworth at this address.

Rushworth, William, New Lenton, Nottingham, chairmaker (1835). [D]

Russ, Robert, 62 Redcliffe St, Bristol, cm (1792–93). [D]

Russel, James, Marsh, Newcastle, Staffs., joiner and cm (1822– 23). [D]

Russel, John, Bristol, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Russel, Seaton (or Sitton), Windsor, Berks., cm (1794–1824). Trading at Park St in 1824. [D; poll bks]

Russell, —, Upper Moorfields, London, cm (1751). Notice in General Advertiser, 5 August 1751 read: ‘(Friday) night about 9 o'clock Mr. Russell, a Cabinet maker in Upper Moorfields, was attacked by three fellows at the end of Chiswell Street, & robb'd of a gold ring, one guinea & some silver.’

Russell, Alexander, address unrecorded, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Russell, Benjamin, Stone Cutter's St, St Bride's, London, cm (1743). Fined for non-service at St Bride's in 1743.

Russell, Charles & Thomas, 18 Barbican, Aldersgate St, London, clockcase makers (1775–1817). Charles recorded alone at 4 Paul's Alley, Red Cross St, Cripplegate on 13 June 1785 when he insured utensils, stock and goods in trust for £40 with the Sun Co.; also alone at Jacobs Well Passage, Barbican on 26 November 1801 when he took out insurance for £300; and at 18 Barbican on 15 November 1810 for £1,300, including £500 on two houses and offices at 11 and 12 Barbican in tenure of Smith, a chinaman, £300 on warehouse over sawpits there, and £50 on stock and utensils there. Charles and Thomas together took out Sun Insurance policies on 9 May 1811 and 20 April 1813 for £400 on four houses in tenure at 5, 7, 8 and 9 Silver St, Charles St, Bridgewater Sq. Heal records trade card of Charles & Thomas Russell, 18 Barbican. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 329, p. 437; vol. 424, ref. 725308; vol. 449, ref. 850600; vol. 452, ref. 858056; vol. 461; F. J. Britten, Old Clocks and Watches, 1922] See Thomas Russell.

Russell, Edward, 9 Old St Rd, London, chair and sofa maker (1839). [D]

Russell, Francis, at ‘The Queen's Head’, corner of Phoenix Alley, Long Acre, London, cm and glass seller (1727). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 7 December 1727 for £800 including £600 on household goods, utensils, stock and glass in trade in his front house; and £200 on those in his back house. [GL, Sun MS vol. 24, ref. 43332]

Russell, G., 29 Claverton St, Bath, Som., u (1819). [D]

Russel(l), George, Abington St, Northampton, upholder (1820–26). [D; poll bks]

Russell, George, 14 Goswell Rd, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Russell, Henry, 89 Golden Lane, London, cm (1790). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 26 August 1790 for £100. [GL, Sun MS ref. 572938, p. 512]

Russell, Henry, 12 Old St Sq., London, cm and dealer in cloth (1791–94). Took out Sun Insurance policies on 16 July 1791 for £700, £380 accounting for utensils and goods in trust; and on 21 April 1794 for £400. [GL, Sun MS vol. 379, p. 129; vol. 397, p. 494]

Russell, Henry, London, cm, u and undertaker (1801–28). Recorded at 17 North St, City Rd, 1801–13; as Henry Russell & Bruce there in 1812, and at 67 St Martin's Lane in 1817; as Henry Russell & Co. at 67 St Martin's Lane, 1813–23; and 21 Paul St, Finsbury in 1826. Took out Sun Insurance policies on 14 October 1807 for £900 on utensils and stock; on 2 February and 15 November 1813 for £1,000 on stock, utensils and goods in trust in warehouses, open yard and workshop; also on 15 November 1813, £300 on household goods; on 1 May 1820 for £3,000 on stock, utensils and goods in trust or on commission in workshops; on 19 December 1821 for £300 on household goods; on 21 October 1822 on stock and utensils in house, offices and workshops; and on 15 December 1823 for £300 on the same. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 441, ref. 809040; vol. 462, refs 889945 and 887818–19; vol. 481, ref. 966585; vol. 491, ref. 987275; vol. 490, ref. 997222; vol. 494, ref. 1010988]

Russell, Henry, Cathedral Yd, Canterbury, Kent, carver and gilder (1838). [D]

Russell, Henry, 120 Curtain Rd, London, cm (1840). [GL, Sun MS vol. 576, ref. 1333576]

Russell, Isaac, Long Acre, London, cm (1749–70). Polled at Westminster in 1749. Heal records him in registers of unclaimed dividends of bank stock, 1770.

Russell, Isaac, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (1839). [PR (bapt.)]

Russell, Jabez, Whittlesey, Isle of Ely, Cambs., cm and joiner (1779). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1779 for £200 of which £40 accounted for utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 275, p. 591]

Russell, James, London, cm and chairmaker (1811–27). Trading at 136 St Johns St, 1811–13, and 10 Goswell St Rd, Goswell St in 1817. [D]

Russell, James, Alnwick, Northumb., joiner, cm and u (1828– 29). [D]

Russell, James, 8 Marchmont St, Brunswick Sq., London, u (1839). [D]

Russell, James, East St, Chichester, Sussex, cm (1839–40). [D]

Russell, John, Market Harborough, Leics., chairmaker (1729). Took app. named Stains in 1729. [S of G, app. index]

Russell, John, Bedford, cm (1730). Took app. named Towyer in 1730. [S of G, app. index]

Russell, John, New Bond St, London, cm and chairmaker (1773–1810). Heal records him in contemporary newspapers.

Russell, John, Panton St, London, cm (1774). [Poll bk]

Russel(l), John, opposite New Broad St, Moorfields, London, u and cm (1775–79). Took out Sun Insurance policies in 1775 for £200 on houses; in 1776 for £1,100, £800 on utensils and stock; in 1778 for £2,000, £1,600 on utensils and stock; and in 1779 for £2,100, £1,700 on utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 240, p. 293; vol. 244, p. 538; vol. 271, p. 100; vol. 276, p. 501]

Russell, John, 11 New Bird St, Oxford Rd, London, chairmaker to His Majesty (1775–93). [D] See John Ruffel(l).

Russell, John, Moorfields, London, cm and upholstery warehouseman (1782–99). Trading at 17 and 28 Lower Moorfields, c.1782–93; and 11 and 12 Broker's Row, Moorfields, c.1794–99. [D]

Russell, John, Gt Portand St, Oxford Rd, London, chairmaker (1796). [D] A John Russell, carpenter, at no. 121 took out a Sun Insurance policy on 8 July 1794 for £2,000 on house, contents, workshops and stores. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 401, ref. 630163]

Russell, John, London, chairmaker, joiner, u and cm (c.1773–1822). Employed by the Crown between 1773 and 1822, and was chairmaker to the King. In 1773 Russell supplied ‘for his Majesty's House at Kew’ a set of carved mahogany forms which are now in the Royal Collection. [H. Clifford Smith, Buckingham Palace] In 1780 he provided for the Prince of Wales's apartment in the Queen's House, St James's Park, ‘2 large cabriole sophas with compass tops and ends moulded on the edges, carved elbows & fluted stumps; the feet termed, turned & fluted … with oval carved pateras on top of the feet’, costing £6 6s each. In 1784 Russell was apparently in partnership with Benjamin Parran, and in that year they sent in a bill together for ‘a wainscot Basin stand’ for His Majesty's House at Newmarket, and for a writing-table supplied to the Council Office, Whitehall. In 1784 Russell also provided a state canopy, chairs and footstools for the Duke of Dorset, Ambassador to the Court of France; and equipped the funerals of HRH Princess Amelia in 1786, and the Duke of Cumberland in 1790. In 1791 he supplied ‘twelve fancy back chairs, very neatly drawn with flowers, painted and japan'd blue, green and white’ for the Princesses Mary and Sophia. [BM, Add. MS 33, 342] In 1800 ‘6 mahogany chair-frames with carved vase and feather backs, moulded feet to match’ were obtained from him for St James's Palace at a cost of £9 18s. In 1807 he equipped the Speaker's new Gothic rooms at the Houses of Parliament with ‘26 large elbow chair frames with back frames for stuffing, caned seats, 4 Gothic sofas to match, 30 Gothic chairs without elbows’. In 1808 he provided the Prince Regent with ‘a double-headed couch bedstead richly carved with figures and ornaments, Egyptian heads, gilt leaves, chased honey-suckeles, lyres’, for which he charged £209 10s. [Burlington, November 1915] Russell continued to supply furniture to the Royal Palaces of St James, Kensington, Hampton Court, Westminster and Whitehall, 1813–18, including on 10 October 1814 a ‘rising state canopy’, £16 10s; ‘1 large Grecian elbow state chair frame’, £6; and ‘2 Grecian square stool frames’, £7 10s for Lord Stewart, Ambassador to the Emperor of Austria. On 5 January 1815 Russell provided state furniture for George Canning, Ambassador to Portugal, and on 5 January 1818 to the Ambassador to the Netherlands. In 1819 the firm became John Russell, J. Vallance & Sam. Evans, joiners and cm, and appear in the Royal accounts, 1819–22, supplying mainly chairs. [DEF; GCM; PRO, LC9/320–339; LC11/1–37] Several tradesmen of the same name are recorded at this time, and there is probably confusion in their identities. The one named in the Royal accounts is most likely, however, to be John Russell of 11 Bird St, since he is specified in directories as ‘chairmaker to His Majesty’.

Russell, John, at ‘The Ship’, 28, the corner of Bethlem Walk, Moorfields, London, cm, upholder and undertaker (1792–1803). Trade card [Leverhulme Coll., MMA, NY] states that Russell ‘Buys & Sells all sorts of Household Furniture, such as Bedsteads & Curtains, Feather Beds, Blankets & Quilts, Scotch, Wilton & other Carpets, Cabinet & Chair Work in general in the newest Taste. All kinds of Looking Glasses in rich carv'd & gilt, or Mahogany & other Frames. All sorts of Braziery & Iron Work …’. [D]

Russell, John, 6 Cross Ct, Drury Lane (or Russell Ct), Covent Gdn, cm and broker (1823–28). Took out Sun Insurance policies on 16 July 1823 for £600 and £500 of which £350 accounted for utensils and stock. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 498, refs 1005988–89]

Russell, John, Mardyke, Bristol, cm (1835–40). [D]

Russell, John, Old Market Pl., Kirkby Lonsdale, Westmld, joiner and/or cm (1828–34). [D]

Russell, John, West Bromwich, Staffs., joiner and/or cm (1834). [D]

Russell, Joseph snr (?), Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffs., cm (1790–1802). [D; poll bks]

Russell, Joseph jnr (?), Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffs., cm (1823–37). Recorded at Bow St in 1832. [Poll bks]

Russell, Jos., 57 Hatton Gdn, London, looking-glass manufacturer (1803). [D]

Russell, Nathaniel, address unrecorded, upholder (1704–30). Son of Richard Russell of Dollington [Dallington], Sussex. App. to Phillip Merwyn on 30 March 1704, and admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude on 4 March 1729/30. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Russell, Richard, Nottingham, joiner and cm (1782). Son of John Russell, husbandman of Tollston. Taken as app. in 1782. [Nottingham app. list]

Russell, Robert, Lancaster, cm (1765–84). App. to Blackburn, Bateman & Forrest in 1765, and admitted freeman, 1771–72. Polled at Lancaster, of London, in 1784. [Lancaster app. reg. and freemen rolls]

Russell, Robert, London, upholder (1782–89). Trading at 71 Fleet Mkt in 1789. Son of Robert Russell, Gent. of Greenwich Hospital. App. to Richard Walker on 5 June 1782, and Millicent Walker on 28 January 1785. Admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude on 7 October 1789. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Russell, Robert, London, upholder (1777–93). Trading at 83 Fleet Mkt, 1787–93. Son of William Russell, shoemaker of Lancaster. App. to J. Russell on 5 September 1777, and admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude on 19 December 1787. [D; GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Russell, Robert, 17 Chancery Lane, London, cm (1809–16). [D]

Russell, Robert, 26 Bow St, Covent Gdn, London, upholder and undertaker (1817–28). [D]

Russell, Robert, Lancaster, u (1816–18). App. to L. Redmayne in 1816 and admitted freeman, 1817–18. [Lancaster app. reg. and freemen rolls]

Russell, Robert, Market Pl., Kingston, Surrey, u (1838). [D]

Russell, Robert, Cathedral Yd, Canterbury, Kent, carver and gilder (1839). [D]

Russell, Samuel, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (1816–23). Sons bapt. in 1816 and 1823, daughter in 1819. [PR (bapt.)]

Russell, Stephen, at ‘The Cabinet’, Langley St, near Long Acre, London, cm (1716). Insured goods and merchandise in his house on 17 December 1716. [GL, Sun MS vol. 6, p. 88]

Russell, Thomas, Queen St, St Saviour's, Southwark, London, upholder (1767). Took out a Hand in Hand Insurance policy in 1767 for £50, plus £75 on timber. [GL, Hand in Hand MS, vol. 106, p. 134)

Russell, Thomas, 18 Barbican, London, freeman joiner and clockcase maker (1762–1815). Recorded in partnership with Charles Russell throughout this period, but also alone. Employed several non-freemen each year between 1762–87, and as many as thirty throughout 1780. Took out Sun Insurance policies on houses in 1779 and 1780 for £400; and in 1781 for £300. In 1784 insured utensils and stock in warehouse for £400, and houses in tenure of Reeves, cm, for £200; and on 23 October 1809, two houses in tenure at 10 and 11 Little Trinity Lane for £300. On 15 November 1810 took out insurance totalling £700 including £300 on 10 and 11 Little Trinity Lane, and £400 on house and workshop at 54 Barbican in tenure of Cole, silversmith. [GL, City Licence bks, vols 3–6, 9 and 10; GL, Sun MS vol. 277, p. 518; vol. 283, p. 339; vol. 291, p. 510; vol. 321, p. 476; vol. 443, ref. 836117; vol. 449, ref. 850580] See Charles Russell.

Russell, Thomas, Chapel Allerton, Leeds, Yorks., cm (1822). [D]

Russell, Thomas, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (b.c.1806–41). Daughters bapt. in 1827 and 1839, son in 1836. Aged 35 at the time of the 1841 Census. [PR (bapt.)]

Russell, W. & I, Bridge St, Southampton, Hants., u and cm (1829–31). Recorded in Hampshire Advertiser and Royal Yacht Club Gazette, 25 April 1829, and March 1831.

Russell, Walter, Strand, London, upholder (1774). [Poll bk]

Russell, William, address unrecorded, cm and chairmaker (1728–29). Heal records notice of sale of stock in newspapers of 1728. Harris & Son in The English Chair, p. 176, mention that William Russell advertised in October 1728 and January 1729 sale of ‘several sorts of chairs in the newest fashion covered with Spanish leather, silk damask, mohair or worsted damask, or uncovered with walnut tree or beech-matted bottom'd chairs from 1s. a peice to 40s. and several easy chairs, dressing chairs, close-stool chairs.’ Presumably:

Russell, William, Soho Sq., St Anne's, Westminster, London, cm and chairmaker (1729). Notice in Daily Journal, 26 June 1729 read: ‘To be sold … at the Two Houses on the East Side of Soho Square … all the Goods in Trade of Mr. William Russell … consisting of new Walnut Tree desks … Mahogany desks … several fine tables carved and gilt with gold … several sorts of fine new Walnut Tree Chairs of the newest Fashion … with Walnut Tree or Beech matted Bottom'd Chairs from 1 shilling a piece to 40 … Bedding, Quilts, Blankets … Eight Day Clocks, Pictures … N.B. Lately imported, a large parcel of Turkey, Muscovite and other Fine Carpets.’

Russell, William, address unrecorded, upholder (1751–58). Son of Robert Russell, gardener of Wimbledon. App. to Richard Farmer and Richard Walker Tayler on 5 September 1751. Admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude on 2 November 1758. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Russell, William, Fetter Lane, London, turner and cm (1754–c.1770). Notice in Public Advertiser, 8 February 1754 read: ‘Whereas John Clay, about 20, and James West, about 18 years of age, Apprentices to Mr. William Russell of Fetter Lane, Turner and Cabinetmaker, did on Sunday last absent themselves from their said Master's Service, and as it is they are supposed they are entered, or about to enter on board some Ship, this is to caution all Captains and Masters of Ships, not to pay them any wages, as their Masters will be legally entitled to receive the same …’. Trade card, c.1770, reads: ‘William Russell, Mahogany Turner & Cabinet Maker, Makes & Sells all sorts of Turners & Cabinet Work at the Lowest Prices, Wholesale & Retail, at his Shop in Bonds Stables, Or his House in Fetter Lane, London.’ Card illustrates various items of furniture including three-tiered and fall-front tripod tables, a bureau chest of drawers, and a fourteen-scallop tea board. [Heal; C. Life, 2 May 1957, pp. 865–66]

Russel(l), William, Strand, London, upholder (1789–96). Trading at no. 70 in 1789, and no. 75, 1790–c.1796. [D]

Russell, William, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (b.c.1794–1841). Son bapt. in 1819, daughter in 1824. Aged 47 at the time of the 1841 Census. [PR (bapt.)]

Russell, William & John, Bridge St, Southampton, Hants., cm and u (1830). [D] See W. & I. Russell.

Russell & Gradwell, 25 Basnett St, Liverpool, cm (1839). [D] See Rossall & Gradwell.

Rustland, William, Boston, Lincs., chairmaker (1742). Took app. named Burnett in 1742. [S of G, app. index]

Rutherford, John, 11 Prince's St, Leicester Fields, London, cm and upholder (1792). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 6 January 1792 for £900 including £500 on utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 382, ref. 594482] See Thomas Watson.

Rutherford, Michael Frederick, London, carver and gilder (1808–27). Trading at 5 Little St Andrew St, Seven Dials in 1808, and 21 Greek St, Soho, 1826–27. [D]

Rutherford, Robert, Sewer Lane, Hull, Yorks., cm (1790–99). [D] Probably the Rutherford, cm of Hull, who subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Rutherford, William, Newcastle, joiner and cm (1811–27). Trading at Foot of the Side in 1811 and 27 Butcher Bank in 1827. [D]

Rutherford, William, Queen St, Derby, carver and gilder (1818–24). [D]

Rutherford & Watson, Broad St, St Giles, London, cm (1790– 93). [D]

Rutledge, Christopher, Romsey, Hants., carpenter, joiner and cm (1784). [D]

Rut(t)ledge, William, Newcastle and London, u and cm (1774– 1807). App. to George West, and admitted freeman of Newcastle as an u on 15 October 1774. Polled at Newcastle, of London in 1774 and 1777. Trading at Conduit St, Hanover Sq., London, 1781–c.1786, and Mount St, Grosvenor Sq. in 1790. Of 1 Mount St, took out a Sun Insurance policy on 16 April 1807 for £400, £100 on utensils and stock in trust. [D; Newcastle freemen reg.; GL, Sun MS vol. 440, ref. 802466]

Rutley, —, London (?), cm (1669). In April 1669 Rutley supplied a ‘Cabbinet’ costing 7s to Giles Moore, Rector of Horsted Keynes, Sussex. Since Moore visited London on 20 April Rutley could be a London craftsman. [R. Bird, The Journal of Giles Moore, Sussex Record Soc. (1971), p. 333]

Rutley, R. & Lewis, John, 5 Gt Newport St, Long Acre, London, carvers and gilders (1835–39). [D] Label of ‘R. Rutley, Carver & gilder, Great Newport Street, Long Acre’ recorded on a large George II-style giltwood pier glass. [V&A archives]

Rutt, Thomas, London, u (1758–1802). Son of Edward Rutt, Mile End, London. App. to Charles Greenwood on 5 August 1772. Admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude on September 1779. In partnership about this time with William Elliott at 2 Clements Lane, Lombard St. Noted in 1802 at Dalston or ‘King's Arms’, Cornhill. [D; GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Rutter, Edward, Dover, Kent, cm and auctioneer (1784–93). Trading at Bench St, 1784–89. Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1789 for £200 on his house, workshops and storehouses, £50 on household goods, and £200 on utensils and stock in house and yard. [D; Sun MS vol. 362, p. 637]

Rutter, Gascoigne, Norwich, u (1704). App. to Timothy Ganning and admitted freeman on 9 October 1704. [Norwich freemen reg.]

Rutter & Jinnings, Sandwich, Kent, cm (1784–98). [D]

Ryall, Joseph, 57 Red Cross St, Cripplegate, London, cm (1787). Insured household goods for £100 on 3 July 1787. [GL, Sun MS vol. 345, p. 271]

Ryan, Richard, 40 Leeds St, Liverpool, cm (1811). [D]

Ryan, Thomas, 2 New John St, Hull, Yorks., cm (1826–29). [D]

Ryan, Thomas, Stanley St, Sheffield, Yorks., chairmaker (1837). [D]

Rycroft, John, Liverpool, cm (1780–1812). Petitioned freedom on servitude to John Mears in 1780, he was admitted ‘on the same terms as R. Fairclough’, paying 6s 8d. Recorded separately as being admitted freeman in 1784. His son, John Rycroft jnr, joiner, born 7 August 1787, was admitted freeman on birthright in 1812. [Liverpool freemen's committee bk]

Ryder, Francis, Norwich, cm (1828–30). Polled of the parish of St George Tombland in 1830. App. to Henry Huggins and admitted freeman on 4 December 1828. [Norwich freemen reg.]

Ryder, Herbert, Holsworthy, Devon, cm (1838). [D]

Ryder, J. E., 56 Whitehorse St, Commercial Rd, London, cm (1820). [D]

Rylance, John, St Clement Danes, London, cm (1717). App. to John Berselaer of St Clement Danes on 4 July 1717. [PRO, IRI/5, No. 14]

Ryland, A., address unrecorded. Charged £72 for ‘covering a chair, footstool and cushion set on ye throne in Westminster Abbey — for 8 yds. of wich gold and blue brocard at £9.’ [V&A archives]

Ryley, —, address unrecorded, cm (c.1775). Supplied furniture to Denton Park, Yorks., totalling £9, c.1775. [Furn. Hist., 1968]

Ryley, George, 10 Renshaw St, Liverpool, carver and gilder (1795). [D]. See George Reely.

Ryley, John, 5 Church St, Clements Lane, Lombard St, London, u (1778). Insured his house for £300 in 1778. [GL, Sun MS vol. 265, p. 78]

Ryley, John, 21 Moorfields, Liverpool, cm and victualler (1810). [D]

Ryley, John & Son, Church St, Preston, Lancs., u (1822). [D]

Ryley, Peter, Gerrard St, London, upholder (1776). Named in Bailey's list of bankrupts, 1776.

Ryley, Robert, Jubbergate, York, cm (1784). [Poll bk]

Ryley, William, Birmingham, cm and u (1800–28). Trading at Union St in 1800 also as a fancy chairmaker; Cherry St, 1805–08; and Union St, 1809–28, no. 28 in 1828. Small advertising pamphlet of William Ryley, cm and u, Union St, Birmingham, survives in Landauer Coll., MMA, NY. [D]

Ryman, James, High St, Oxford, printseller, carver and gilder (1830). [D]

Rymell, Thomas, address unrecorded, cm (1694–1709). Submitted a bill to the Duchess of Norfolk for Drayton House, Northants., dated April to November 1694, and totalling £80. Items included ‘a prince wood press’, £10; ‘mending a mother of perle tea table and making a brass rim to it & lacquering both’, £2 5s; and ‘making a table & stand of japan’, £3. A further bill of 1696 totalled £81 6s; and one of 1701, £28 6s 6d, including ‘a large glass in a marvel [sic] frame over the chimney’ at £18. [V&A archives] Possibly the supplier of tables, stands and firescreen ‘for Her Majties Service’, 1708–09. [Symonds papers, Winterthur, Delaware, 75x64, 155. 18.6. p. 53]

Rymer, George, 1 Jones's St, Salford, Lancs., cm (1813). [D]

Rymes, William, Wardour St, London, cm (1749). [Poll bk]

Ryton & Walton, Wolverhampton, Staffs., papier mâché makers (c.1810). Stamp of ‘Ryton & Walton, Wolverhampton’ recorded on a set of four rectangular papier mâché trays each decorated with a vase of crimson and white irises on a maroon ground, the borders with gilt bunches of grapes. [Sotheby's, 20 January 1967, lot 77] William and Obadiah Ryton who were brothers took over the firm of japanners Taylor & Jones which had been established in 1770, and used their premises at Old Hall Works. Initially they were japanners and decorators of metal domestic wares. Obadiah died in 1810 and William Ryton took as partner Benjamin Walton and the production of papier mâché products commenced. Their main lines were tea trays but they also produced caskets, workboxes, hand screens and inkwells. Did not produce large pieces of furniture. Used artists of quality who had previously been decorating their tin wares. [J. Toller, Papier Mâché in Great Britain and America, 1962, p. 38]