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Dictionary of English Furniture Makers 1660-1840. Originally published by W.S. Maney and Son Limited, Leeds, 1986.

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Citation:

, 'W', in Dictionary of English Furniture Makers 1660-1840, (Leeds, 1986) pp. 930-1011. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/no-series/dict-english-furniture-makers/w [accessed 28 May 2024].

. "W", in Dictionary of English Furniture Makers 1660-1840, (Leeds, 1986) 930-1011. British History Online, accessed May 28, 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/no-series/dict-english-furniture-makers/w.

. "W", Dictionary of English Furniture Makers 1660-1840, (Leeds, 1986). 930-1011. British History Online. Web. 28 May 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/no-series/dict-english-furniture-makers/w.

W

Wacher (or Wacker), John, London, cm (1778–89). Believed to be of Flemish descent. Can possibly be identified with the John Wacker who took out insurance cover of £200 on his utensils and stock at Wells St in 1778. This low insurance cover does not altogether accord with the prestigious commissions that he undertook for the Prince of Wales and the nobility. It is also surprising that his name is absent from London trade directories. This might suggest a specialist craftsman working in association with established furniture makers. At Carlton House where he worked between 1783–89 he appears to have been under the supervision of Daguerre. Bills over this period amounted to £264. Much of the work charged was obviously of a high quality and in 1783–84 much of it was specified as in purple wood. In this period a large sideboard 12 ft in length and with tambour cylinder and folding doors was charged at £20, a library table with ten drawers, 6 ft long at £17 14s and a circular commode at £12 12s. He is also recorded working at Chatsworth in the 1770s. [H. Clifford Smith, Buckingham Palace, p. 109; Apollo, October 1972, p. 284; Burlington, June 1980, p. 413; Windsor Royal Archives, RA 25050, 25052]

Wachers (or Wackers), Thomas, Soho, London, u and cm (1830–39). Freeman of Canterbury. Living in Soho Sq. in July 1830 and from 1835 at 21 Greek St, Soho. [D; Canterbury poll bk]

Waddilove, James, Gumsford St, Blackfriars, London, upholder (1786). Son of J. Waddilove of the parish of Christ Church, ‘Surrey’, hatmaker. App. to Bartholomew Payne 4 September, 1776 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude 3 May 1786. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Waddingham & Co., 6 Midford Pl., Tottenham Ct Rd, London, veneer cutters (1821). [D]

Waddington, J., Melton Mowbray, Leics., cm (1791). [D]

Waddington, John, Cullingworth, near Keighley, Yorks., cm (1822–37). [D]

Waddington, W., Padiham, Whalley parish, Lancs., joiner and cm (1825). [D]

Waddington & Wood, Otley, Yorks., joiners/cm (1834). [D]

Waddle, B., Church St, Chelsea, London, u (1826). [D]

Waddy, Thomas Charles, Leeds, Yorks., u (1838). Bankruptcy announced, London Gazette, 3 July 1838.

Wade, Edward, Bayley, Calverley-cum-Farsley, Yorks., cm (1837). [D]

Wade, Frederick, Sheffield, Yorks., cm (1821–37). At Duke Lane in 1821 and 40 South St in 1837. [D]

Wade, George, Nantwich, Cheshire, u, cm, appraiser, auctioneer and undertaker (1819–26). ‘Successor to the late Mr. Owen’, possibly Richard Owen who is recorded in Nantwich, 1808–14. By February 1819 George Wade was well established at an address opposite the Hospital St End, High Town. Subsequent addresses are given as High Town in 1822 and also in the same year High St, but these designations may be identical. Apart from a wide range of fabrics, blankets, quilts etc., he stocked ‘Pier and swing looking glasses, Tea Caddies and Ladies Work Boxes, Chests of Drawers, Bedsteads and Bedsteps, Bidets, Chairs and every other article for furnishing of houses’. A daughter bapt. 6 February 1822 and two sons 28 March 1826. [D; PR (bapt.); Chester Guardian, 3 February 1819]

Wade, George, Shrewsbury, Salop, cm and u (1826–35). Free 1826 at which date he was at Castle Foregate. In 1835 at Wyle Cop. [D; freemen rolls]

Wade, James, Calverly-cum-Farsley, Yorks., cm (1830). [D]

Wade, John, Saffron Hill, London, carver (1775–81). In 1775 the address was given as near Peter St, Saffron Hill and in 1781 as 16 Saffron Hill. In both years insurance cover amounted to £200 of which £100 was for utensils and stock. In 1775 Sir James Ibbetson paid Wade, carver, £112 16s 10d for furniture supplied to Denton Park, Yorks. This John Wade may have been the craftsman involved but there was also a John Wade living at Potternewton near Leeds in 1782 who was also a carver. [GL, Sun MS vol. 244, p. 154; vol. 290, p. 172; vol. 304, p. 219; V&A archives] Possibly:

Wade, John, Potternewton, near Leeds, Yorks., carver (1782). In 1782 insured his house for £500. [GL, Sun MS vol. 304, p. 219]

Wade, John Wright, Norwich, chairmaker (1808). Son of Thomas Wade, baker. Free 19 November 1808. [Freemen reg.]

Wade, John, Norwich, cm (1812–30). Living in the parish of St John, Timberhill in October 1812 and the parish of St Stephen, 1818–30. [Poll bks]

Wade, John, Chichester, Sussex, turner and chairmaker (1823– 39). At Nag Lane in 1823, and Little London and Priory St in 1839. [D]

Wade, Nathaniel, Bristol, cm, u and undertaker (1827–40). At 13 Under the Bank in 1827; St Augustine's Parade, 1812–34; Orchard St facing Unity St in 1835, and 29 Denmark St facing Unity St, 1836–40. [D]

Wade, Thomas, Harewood, near Leeds, Yorks., cm (1822). [D]

Wade, Thomas, Spencer's Yd, Skipton, Yorks., joiner/cm (1834–37). [D]

Wade, William, Leadenhall St, London, carver and gilder (1784–1839). The number in Leadenhall St was 43 in 1784 but from the following year 86 and was situated on the corner of Cree Church Lane. The extended period of trading suggests that more than one William Wade was involved and it may be significant that by 1827 directory entries are in the name of William John Wade. Two versions of his trade card survive. These inform us that he was app. to John Overlove who traded at ‘The Golden Key’, 36 Leadenhall St, 1775–82. He was not however Overlove's successor. Wade was also a print seller and offered to frame pictures and needlework. He made and sold girandoles and looking-glass frames, cleaned, lined and restored paintings, re-gilded frames, painted seascapes and landscapes, supplied mouldings, composition ornaments for chimney-pieces and paper hangings and undertook furnerals. His trade label has been recorded on the back of a framed David Wilkie print. Insurance cover suggests a business of a substantial size with total cover rising from £400 in 1785 to £600 in 1793 and £1,000 in 1810. Of these, utensils and stock accounted for £350 in both 1785 and 1793, and £700 in 1810. [D; Heal; GL, Sun MS vol. 327, p. 207; vol. 392, p. 131; vol. 451, ref. 839659]

Wade, William, Staindrop, near Barnard Castle, Co. Durham, cm (1815–17). Three daughters bapt., 1815–17. [PR (bapt.)]

Wade, William, Church Lane, Thorne, Yorks., joiner and cm (1822–34). [D]

Wade, William, Somers Town, London, cm (1830). Freeman of Rochester, Kent. [Rochester poll bk]

Wade & Jackson, 40 South St, Sheffield, Yorks., cm (1833). [D]

Wadelton, Charles, 3 James St, Devonport, Devon, u and cm (1838). [D]

Wadsworth, Christopher, Hull, Yorks., cm (1774–84). [Poll bks]

Wadsworth, John, High St, Daventry, Northants., cm and u (1823–30). [D]

Wadsworth, Thomas Rawbone, High St, Warwick, cm (1831). [Poll bk]

Wadworth, P., Doncaster, Yorks., carver (1784). [D]

Wafford, John, 9 Prince's Row, Newport Mkt, London, carver (wood and cabinet etc.) (1839). [D]

Wager, Joseph, address unknown, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Wagg, David, 125 Norfolk St, King's Lynn, Norfolk, u and paperhanger (1836). [D]

Wagg, Frederick, 270 Whitechapel Rd, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Wagg, John, address unknown, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Wagner & Cottrell, Birmingham, cabinet, dressing case and portable desk makers (1818–39). At 9 Ann St, 1818–22 but at 14 between 1828–30. In Paradise St, 1835–39. [D]

Wagstaff, Anthony, Redcross St, Southwark, London, bed and mattress maker (1827). [D]

Wagstaff, Anthony, 1 Castle St, Long Acre, London, u (1835). An Elizabeth Wagstaff, furniture broker, is also shown in the directory trading at 1 and 6 Castle St in this year. [D]

Wagstaff, Anthony, 5 Waterloo Rd, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Wagstaff, Charles snr and jnr, Cambridge, cm, u and brokers (1802–24). Charles Wagstaff (snr) is first recorded in a poll bk of 1802. In an advertisement in the Cambridge Chronicle and Journal of 13 September 1806, he describes himself as a Broker ‘opposite Shoemaker Row’ (later renamed Market St), who had ‘new and second hand goods for sale’. An advertisement of 18 September 1812, states ‘Charles Wagstaff and Son, Cabinet makers, Upholsterers, Paper hangers, and Manufactures of Household furniture of every description, also Appraisers, Auctioneers and Undertakers’, with details of the furniture ‘of their own manufactury’. ‘Charles Wagstaff jun., (of the firm of Charles Wagstaff and Son)’, advertised that ‘he has commenced the business of Auctioneer and Appraiser’ on 20 January 1817. It was reported on 16 January 1818, that ‘Died yesterday after a long illness aged 55, Mr. Charles Wagstaff, Cabinet Maker and Upholsterer of this town’. The auction of ‘All the valuable well manufactured stock in trade of Mr. Charles Wagstaff … deceased’, was advertised on 13 March 1818. On the 26 April ‘Mrs. Wagstaff, widow of the late Charles Wagstaff’ announced that the business would be continued ‘by her and eldest son … the shop and Warehouse will be opened on Wednesday 29 April with new stock … The assortment made with the greatest care and attention to fashion and strength’. Charles Wagstaff of Sidney St is recorded in Pigot's directory, 1823–24. A mahogany D-ended dining table on turned legs has been noted with the inscription ‘C Wagstaff/Maker/ Cambridge/1813’ written in ink on the underside of the top. R.W.

Wagstaff, Thomas, Cambridge, cm, u and broker (1793–1812). The Cambridge Corporation day bks record various entries for Thomas Wagstaff between 1793–1810, during part of which time he was a common councillor. On 27 December 1810 his son Thomas James Wagstaff claimed his freedom of the Corporation as eldest son of ‘Mr. Thomas Wagstaff of this town, Broker and Cabinetmaker’. The sale by auction was advertised on 13 March 1812, of ‘All the valuable manufactured stock in Trade of Mr. Thomas Wagstaff, declining the Upholstery business in Sidney Street’, Wagstaff also announced that ‘he intends immediately entering into the Grocery Trade’. [Cambs. RO, Corp. records; Cambridge Chronicle and Journal] R.W.

Waid, —, address unknown, cm (1774–75). Paid £621 17s 9d in 1774–75 for work undertaken for the Earl of Egremont at Petworth House, Sussex. It is likely that this person's name was Wade but the details known, and the substantial nature of the commission make it difficult to locate the craftsman involved with certainty. [V&A archives]

Waight, George, Devizes, Wilts., cm and auctioneer (1793). [D]

Waight, John, ‘The Looking-Glass’, East Smithfield, parish of St Botolph without Aldgate, London, looking-glass maker (1714). In December 1714 insured goods and merchandise at his dwelling house. [GL, Sun MS vol. 4, ref. 4782]

Waight, Robert, Alresford, Hants., cm (1823–30). In 1830 at East St. [D]

Wain, Richard, Derby St, Leek, Staffs., chairmaker/turner (1834–35). [D]

Wainehouse, Thomas, 38 Hart St, Manchester, cm (1824). [D]

Waines, George, Helmsley, Yorks., joiner and cm (1840). [D]

Waineright, Robert, 175 White Cross St, Islington, London, carver and gilder (1837).

Wainhouse, Edward, Lancaster (1795–1800). Free 1795–96. Named in the Gillow records, 1795–96 and 1800. [Freemen rolls; Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow]

Wainhouse, John, Lancaster, joiner and cm (1783–99). Free 1783–84. Named in the Gillow records, 1784–87, 1789–91, 1793–95 and 1799. [Poll bk; freemen rolls; Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow]

Wainhouse, Thomas, Lancaster, cm (1811–12). [Lancaster freemen rolls]

Wainhouse, Thomas, Manchester, carver and gilder (1825–40). At 62 Hart St in 1825 and 45 Portland St, 1832–40. [D]

Wainwright, Alice, Windmill Yd, Manchester, u (1813). [D]

Wainwright, Charles, Hunslet, Leeds, Yorks., cm (1830–40). [D]

Wainwright, Duncan, 4 Naylor St, Liverpool, turner and rosewood stainer (1827). [D]

Wainwright, Edward, 2 Back Irwell St, Manchester, cm (1832). [D]

Wainwright, George, Stockport, Cheshire, cm (1790). App. to Charles Charles of Liverpool and petitioned freedom in 1790. [Liverpool freemen's committee bk]

Wainwright, James, Norfolk St, St James, Liverpool, cm (1800). At 36 Norfolk St in one directory of 1800 and 32 in another of the same year. [D]

Wainwright, James & Son, Liverpool, joiners and cm (1800–16). In 1800–03 occupied a shop at the botton of Prince's St, but from 1800–11 there was also a James Wainwright in the same trade living at Wavertree. By 1813 the business was referred to as James Wainwright & Co. and traded from 1 Tobin St. The addresses in 1816 were 15 Hasford St with a shop at 2 Tobin St. In 1822 a former app. Henry Ball petitioned for his freedom. He had been app. not only to James Wainwright but also to John Ward Turner. [D; freemen's committee bks]

Wainwright, John, 39 Drury Lane, London, cm and broker (1783–93). In 1783 took out insurance cover of £300 which included £100 for utensils and stock. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 317, p. 90]

Wainwright, John, Liverpool, cm and victualler (1781–1807). At 3 Lawton St in 1781 but from 1790 all the addresses are in Liver St. The number was 17 in 1790 and 1800, 16 in 1800– 05 and 61 in 1807. In July 1790 he insured his dwelling house for £100. Married a Mrs Edmundson at St Peter's Church in January 1797. Possibly the John Wainwright who subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 370, July 1790; Billinge's Liverpool Advertiser, 16 January 1797]

Wainwright, John, Park Lane, Liverpool, cm and victualler (1834–39). At 17 Park Lane, 1834–37 and 35 in 1839. [D]

Wainwright, Joseph, Sheffield, Yorks., cm (1763). In 1763 took app. named Gosling. [S of G, app. index]

Wainwright, Joshua, Law Flat, Midehope, Bolstertone, Yorks., cm (1837). [D]

Wainwright, Richard, Ormskirk, Lancs., cm (1751). In 1751 took app. named Moorcroft. [S of G, app. index]

Wainwright, William, Longworth, Liverpool, cm (1810–39). At 2 White St with a shop at 24 Cornwallis St, 1810–11. In 1839 a William Wainwright was shown at 17 Cockspur St. A William Wainwright was also living in Halewood in 1822 at which date he was aged 54. It is possible that there was more than one William Wainwright in this trade in Liverpool in the early 19th century. [D; Liverpool RO, CLE/CON/5/2]

Wainwright Brothers, 44 Conduit St, Bond St, London, looking-glass manufacturers, wholesale u and cm (1839). Their trade card [Landauer Coll., MMA, NY] indicates that they were also importers of ‘Mahogany & Every Other Description of Wood’. [D]

Wait, Henry, Bristol, cm (1832–36). At 7 Lower West St, 1832–35 and Eastern Rd in 1836. [D]

Waite, Ezra, Carlisle, Cumb., carver (1755). Freeman of Carlisle. In 1755 took app. named Patinson. By the mid 1760s he had emigrated to South Carolina where he was working on Miles Brewton House, 27 King St, Charleston, which he may have designed. Associated in Charleston with the English carvers Thomas Woodin and John Lord. [S of G, app. index]

Waite, Ezra, Well-bank St, London, carver (1764). Bankruptcy announced, Gents Mag., May 1764. Possibly the same craftsman who was trading in Carlisle in 1755 and emigrated to the United States. The bankruptcy may have provided the incentive to emigrate.

Waite, James, St Stephen St Norwich, cm and u (1821–30). Free 24 February 1821 and trading in Stephen St, 1822–30. [D; freemen rolls]

Waite, John, 170 Temple St, Bristol, joiner and cm (1775). [D]

Waite, John, Hull, Yorks. and London, cm (1790–99). Freeman of Beverley, Yorks. but living in Hull in 1790 and London in 1799. [Beverley poll bks]

Waite, John, 2 Bishop Gate, Manchester, cm (1813–17). [D]

Waite, Matthew, Merchants Row, Scarborough, Yorks., carver and gilder (1830). Son of John Waite, guard. App. to William Fawcett Dodgson of York on 29 March 1819, and trading in Scarborough in 1830. [D; York app. reg.]

Waite, William, Brown Cow Yd, Meadow Lane, Leeds, Yorks., cm (1822). [D]

Waite, William, 117 Northgate, Huddersfield, Yorks., cm and u (1828–37). [D]

Waithman & Co., 244 Regent St, corner of Little Argyle St, London, furniture printers, damask and carpet manufacturers and u (1830). In May 1830 supplied John Arkwright of Hampton Court, Leominster, Herefs. with carpets and fabrics to a value of £35 6s 9d. [Herefs. RO, Arkwright A63/161]

Wake, —, Long Acre, London, u (1730). [Heal]

Wake, Anthony, Bedale, Yorks., joiner and cm (1840). [D]

Wake, John, Boston, Lincs., chairmaker (1766–91). In October 1766 advertised for two journeymen chairmakers who could ‘turn, frame and bottom’ chairs. In July 1787 took out insurance cover of £300 on household goods, utensils and stock and four houses. In 1791 utensils and stock accounted for £50 only out of a total of £200 cover. [Cambridge Chronicle, 4 October 1766; GL, Sun MS vol. 345, p. 442; vol. 370]

Wake, John, Lofthouse, Yorks, joiner/cm/cartwright (1834). [D]

Wakefield, James, 9 Brokers Row, Moorfields, London, cm (1809). [D]

Wakefield, John, Lancaster, cm (1763–72). Free 1763–64. Took apps, in partnership with Henry Birkett, in October 1764 and January 1766. Other apps of John Wakefield were Robert Cowper, 19 July 1768 and Edward Binns 21 January 1772. [Freemen rolls; app. reg.; poll bk]

Wakefield, John, Lancaster, cm (1779–1804). Son of William Wakefield who was already dead in 1779–80 when John was made free. Took as apps William Swann 12 June 1786, Thomas Darwen 16 November 1789, Simon Bryham 23 February 1791, Edward Pye 9 May 1801 and William Maychell 4 January 1804. Bankrupt by January 1799 when a dividend on his estate and effects was declared. [Freemen rolls; app. reg.; Billinge's Liverpool Advertiser, 28 January 1799]

Wakefield, John, Manchester, cm (1800–25). At 5 Chins Lane 1800–04, 14 Thomas St, 1808–17, 13 Thomas St in 1818 and 5 Marshall St, 1824–25. In 1819 referred to also as a furniture broker. [D]

Wakefield, Richard, Fish St, Worcester, cm and u (1840). [D]

Wakefield, Thomas, Birmingham, u (1781–90). In 1781 took out insurance cover of £600 of which £500 was for utensils and stock. At Church St in May 1787 when he insured six houses, two brewhouses and four shops for £1,000. In 1790 his address was given as High St, but he insured a house and shops adjoining in Great Charles St for £500 and stables for £135. The total insurance cover in this year was once again £1,000. In 1800 at 20 High St. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 290, p. 469; vol. 345, p. 46; vol. 370]

Wakefield, Thomas, High St, Uttoxeter, Staffs., clock-case maker/cm (1828–35). [D]

Wakefield, Thomas, 19 Green St, Bath, Som., carver, gilder and looking-glass maker (1833). [D]

Wakefield, Thomas, Liverpool, cm (1835–39). In 1835 at Victory Pl., 8 Bottom St and in 1839 at 1 Bridport St. Possibly the Thomas Wakefield who was app. to Cattrall & Whittingham in 1830. [D; app. reg.]

Wakeford, W., London, carver and gilder (1837–39). At Percy Mews, Rathbone Pl. in 1837 and 34 Windmill St, Tottenham Ct Rd in 1839. [D]

Wakeham, James, 18 Fore St, Devonport, u and cm (1822–38). [D]

Wakelin, Daniel, ‘The Cabinet’, Knave's Acre, near Golden Sq., London, cm and u (1763). Known only from his trade card, copies of which are in the BM and GL. The latter is dated 1763. The card indicates that he made and sold ‘all sorts of Cabinets and Upholstery Work; sells Carpets, Blankets, Quilts, Rugs; and likewise buys and sells all sorts of Secondhand Furniture. Funerals performed’.

Wakelin, Henry, Hull, Yorks., cm, chairmaker and joiner (1810–16). Took as apps Charles Bray of Lissington, Lincs. in March 1810, William Bell of Market Rasen, Lincs. in July 1813, and Michael Stephenson of Louth, Lincs. in November 1816. [App. reg.]

Wakelin, Hugh, Dam St, Lichfield, Staffs., cm (1828–35). In 1834 trading at Butcher Row. [D; poll bk]

Wakelin, John, Peterborough, Northants., cm and chairmaker (1796). In June 1796 advertised for a cm. [Cambridge Chronicle, 25 June 1796]

Wakeling, Giles, 36 Gerard St, Soho, London, u and cm (1819– 39). Also shown at 29 Crown St as Wakeling & Son. His trade card [Heal Coll., BM] indicates that he was ‘Upholsterer to the Admiralty’ and also undertook funerals. Heal lists a Thomas Wakeling at this address, 1825–32, and Giles Wakeling, 1832–39, but no evidence has been seen to support the existence of Thomas Wakeling. [D; Heal]

Wakeman, Richard, Cambridge (?), chairmaker (?) (1660). Paid £8 18s by Trinity College in 1660 for chairs.

Wakeman, Thomas, St Mildred's Ct, Poultry, London, upholder (1798–1802). Son of Thomas Wakeman of St Mildreds Ct, Poultry. App. to Richard Jones and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 1798. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Walbancke, Edward, London, u and undertaker (1772–d. 1784). At 1 Rathbone Pl., Oxford Rd, 1772–82. The address is rendered as 24 Oxford St in 1783 but as the premises were on the corner of Rathbone Pl. and Oxford St this may not represent a change of address. In 1782 took out insurance cover of £1,200 of which £900 was for utensils and stock. By this date he was in partnership with a Benjamin Milward. Died March 1784 aged 52. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 303, p. 360; Gents Mag., March 1784]

Walbancke & Smith, 4 John St, Oxford St, London, upholders (1790–94). [Heal]

Walbridge, John, London, cm (1751). In May 1751 an auction sale was announced ‘next door to the Saracen's Head Inn, within Aldgate’ of the household furniture and part of the stock in trade of John Walbridge ‘lately gone abroad’. On offer were ‘four-post beadsteads, with Harrateen and other furniture, good beds and bedding, Pier Glasses and Sconces, with variety of colour work in Mahogany and Walnut-Tree, some China, Pictures, Turkey carpets, stoves etc. There is a very fine Mahogany Cloaths Chest with Drawers, a Chest upon Chest ditto, and a Dyer's Frame and Pan complete’. [General Advertiser, 9 May 1751]

Waldegrave, Samuel, ‘Bull Inn’, Bishopsgate St, London, upholder (1786). Son of Thomas Waldegrave of Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk, minister. App. to Thomas Savile in 1778 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 4 January 1786. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Waldron, E., Magdalene St, Exeter, Devon, rush chairmaker (1816–25). [D]

Waldron, Thomas, 231 Holborn, London, cm and upholder (1780–83). In 1780 the address was rendered as the corner of New Turnstile, Holborn. In this year he took out insurance cover of £800 of which £610 was for utensils and stock. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 285, p. 580] Possibly:

Waldron, Thomas, London, u (1784–1803). At 11 Catherine St, Strand, 1784–94. The business was of a substantial size. In 1791 insurance cover was £3,000 of which £1,500 was for stock and utensils in the Catherine St premises and a further £800 his timber stock in a yard in the Savoy. In common with other makers who established business in Catherine St, Waldron was interested in patent furniture. He took out a patent for such articles in 1785 and was able to offer ‘Patent bedsteads upon a new and elastic construction’. He subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793 and Cabinet Dictionary, 1803 and is recorded in the list of master cabinet makers in the latter publication. His bankruptcy was announced in November 1790 but he appears to have continued to trade. After 1794 he is no longer recorded in trade directories and by 1803, when Sheraton's Dictionary was published, Waldron was at Broad St, Carnaby Mkt. On 23 February 1791 he was paid £5 13s 3d by Edward, Lord Harewood probably for goods supplied to Harewood House, Yorks. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 373, ref. 584202; Heal; Derby Mercury, 18 November 1790; Williamson's Liverpool Advertiser, 22 November 1790, 17 January 1791, 4 November 1793; Leeds archives dept, Harewood MS 212]

Wale, George, 63 Mortimer St, Cavendish Sq., London, u (1825). [D]

Wale, William, Baxtergate, Loughborough, Leics., joiner/cm (1822). [D]

Wale, William, Aldgate St, Leicester, cm (1835). [D]

Wales, George Richard, London, u and cm (1821–35). At 63 Mortimer St, Cavendish Sq., 1821–28 though one directory of 1826 gives the address as 1 Mortimer St. By 1835 at 48 King St, Golden Sq. [D]

Walford, —, address unknown, u (1730–44). Undertook work in connection with the Earl of Leicester's London house but possibly also for Holkham Hall, Norfolk. Supplied a chair at 14s which was paid for in 1730. Paid for making curtains in 1737, a settee bed and another bed and curtains ‘for Mr. Jerravis room’ in 1740 and for repairing three beds in London in 1742. The sums involved are modest the largest being £22 18s in 1741 for cleaning and making up beds. A mattress for a couch bed and work on other beds in 1742 amounted to £11 19s and beds and two chairs in 1744, £6 9s. [V&A archives]

Walford, C., 93 Park St, Camden Town, London, chairmaker and cm (1838). [D]

Walford, Charles, Tonbridge St, Brunswick Sq., London, chairmaker (1826). [D]

Walford, Jn, 14 Nassau St, Middlx Hospital, London, buhl manufacturer (1822–27). [D]

Walford, Obadiah, 17 St James's Sq., Wolverhampton, Staffs., cm (1802). [Rate bk]

Walford, Samuel, 8 Rosomon St, Clerkenwell, London, u (1826). [D]

Walford, Timothy, Colchester, Essex, upholder, cm and appraiser (1768–1834). Timothy Walford snr traded from an address in the High St. He was trading here by 1784 and was still at this location in 1805. On 8 October 1776 he married Elizabeth Daniel at St Botolph's Church, Colchester. The business was, by provincial standards, of substantial size and utensils and stock were valued at £500 in 1775 and £600 in 1777. His son Timothy jnr was married to Mary Ann Moore in Colchester in 1809. He joined his father in the business which in 1822 was described as T. Walford & Son. At this date it was trading from 19 Head St. In the following year the business was named as Timothy jnr and this may be an indication that the father had retired from active participation. Timothy jnr died in 1828 but his father's death was not announced until 1834. In the early 19th century this business used a trade label to mark at least some of its production. A circular pedestal table of c. 1805–20 in Colchester Museum bears such a label inscribed ‘T. WALFORD/CABINET MAKER, UPHOLSTERER/AUCTIONEER & APPRAISER/ No 19 HEAD STREET, COLCHESTER/ Paper Hangings — Funerals Furnished’. [D; Colchester and Maldon poll bks; GL, Sun MS vol. 240, p. 625; vol. 261, p. 144; Essex RO, D/P 185/5/1; Wills at Chelmsford]

Walford, Thomas, Southgate St, Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk, cm (1830). [D]

Walker, —, Leadenhall St, London, u (1748). [Heal]

Walker, —, Cheapside, London, cm (1749). Partner to a person named Tantum. [A Complete Guide to … London, 1749]

Walker, Aaron, 33 Wellington Rd, Charleston, near Ashtonunder-Lyne, Lancs., joiner and cm (1834). [D]

Walker, Adam, High St, Putney, London, furniture broker and u (1832). [D]

Walker, Andrew, Whitburn St, Sunderland, Co. Durham, joiner and cm (1828). [D]

Walker, Anthony, Seaton, Hartlepool, Co. Durham, joiner and cm (1828). [D]

Walker, Benjamin, Furnival St, Sheffield, Yorks., cabinet case maker and cm (1822–38). Bankruptcy announced, Sussex Agricultural Express, 25 August 1838. [D]

Walker, Benjamin, Upper and Lower Wortley, near Leeds, Yorks., joiner and cm (1830). [D]

Walker, Benjamin, Horsforth, Leeds, Yorks., cm (1834). [D]

Walker, Charles, Leeds, Yorks., journeyman cm (1791). Name included in the list of journeymen assenting to the contents of the Leeds Cabinet and Chair Makers’ Book of Prices, 1791.

Walker, Charles, 12–14 King's Pl., Commercial Rd, London, u, cm and linen draper (1826–35). [D]

Walker, Charles, Bacon St, Lichfield, Staffs., cm (1826–35). [D; polls bks]

Walker, Charles & Beck, William, 46 Fish St Hill, London, looking-glass manufacturers (1780–1804). In 1780 took out insurance cover of £600 on utensils, stock and the house. In 1804 also ironmongers and hardwaremen. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 281, p. 58]

Walker, Christopher, Lancaster, joiner and cm (1751–55). In 1742 app. to John Lowther, joiner and free as a joiner, 1751– 52. Took app. named Hayward on 11 May 1752. Two further apps were taken in 1753 and one named Overend in 1755. [App. reg.; freemen rolls]

Walker, David, London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Walker, David, 3 Princess St, Westminster, London, u (1837). [D]

Walker, Edward, Chester, cm and joiner (1792–97). At Eastgate St in 1793 and John's Lane, 1795–97. [D]

Walker, Elizabeth, London, carver, gilder and print seller (1790–1807). In 1790 in partnership with Hannah Heath Abbot at 7 Cornhill. The insurance cover of £2,400 carried by this business was very substantial for this trade. In 1799 the enterprise was still at the Cornhill address, but Elizabeth was at this date in partnership with a William Walker, possibly her son. From 1800 William Walker is listed trading on his own account from 31 Old Bond St, but some directories of 1805– 06 shown him still in partnership with Elizabeth at the new address. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 370] See John Walker, Strand and Cornhill, London.

Walker, Elizabeth, Scale Lane and Saville St, Hull, Yorks., cm (1795–97). Widow of Thomas Walker whose business she continued with the assistance of her son, Robert. In 1795 paid £1 16s 5d for a ‘best Mahogany Arm'd Chair’ supplied to Burton Constable, Yorks. [Hull Packet, 16 December 1794; Humberside RO, Burton Constable vouchers] See Robert Walker of Hull

Walker, Frederick, Rockley, Notts., joiner and chairmaker (1832–40). Born 1793. Was an active member of the Rockley Methodist Society. Maintained a policy of marking his chairs which are stamped on the seat edge ‘F. WALKER/ROCKLEY’ (Fig. 2). Considerable numbers of Windsor chairs so marked have been recorded, including large matching sets made for Working Men's Clubs and Mechanics Institutes in Yorkshire. The quality of the chairs varies from those made elegantly in yew to inexpensive elm and beech models. He is first recorded in a trade directory in 1832 and at the time of the 1841 Census was one of five makers active in this hamlet. The long low brick workshop that he occupied adjoined the old chapel on the Retford road and survived until 1970. [D; Antique Collecting, February 1974]

Walker, G., 134 St John's Rd, Clerkenwell, London, cm and u (1830). [Heal]

Walker, George, London, upholder (1699–1725). Free of the Upholders’ Co., 7 June 1699. Took as apps Richard Tyte, 1712–19 and William Tyte, 1718–25. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Walker, George, 11 Charles St, Whitechapel, Liverpool, cm (1803). [D]

Walker, George, 7 Tower St, Seven Dials, London, cm (1805). [D]

Walker, George, 10 Ship St, Brighton, Sussex, cm and u (1833– 40). A daughter and two sons bapt., 1833–37. [D; poll bk; PR (bapt.)]

Walker, George, 6 and 7 Promenade, Clifton Rd, Bristol, carver and gilder (1840). [D]

Walker, George Benison, 20 Story St, Hull, Yorks., joiner and cm (1831). [D]

Walker, George Townsend, address unknown, cm (1784). A secretaire cabinet has been recorded with the signature of this maker and the date 7 April 1784. [Christie's, 27 July 1978, lot 162]

Walker, H., Lancaster, cm (1831). Bankruptcy announced, Chester Courant, 12 April 1831.

Walker, Henry, Mortimer St, Cavendish Sq., London, upholder and auctioneer (1797). Bankruptcy announced, Billinge's Liverpool Advertiser, 6 February 1797.

Walker, Henry, Lancaster, cm, joiner and u (1791–1831). A Henry Walker is named in the Gillow records 1791–97, 1799, 1803 and 1806 and may perhaps he identified with the person of the same name who set up in business ‘at the top of the New Road, in Church Street’ in June 1805. This Henry Walker must have prospered for in May 1813 he was able to announce a move to ‘commodious premises upon the Green Area, nearly opposite the end of Chapel Street, and adjoining Messrs. Brockbank's ship-yard’. Directories give this address as Cable St. These premises were described as ‘new built and commodious’. Free 1823–24 ‘on gift of the Bailiff of the Commons’. In March 1831 however he was declared bankrupt and his household goods and stock were auctioned for the benefit of his creditors in a three day sale. Also auctioned were his house and business premises. These were built on land leased from the Lancaster Corporation and consisted of 2 Chapel St, rented to a John Harrison, and 3 and 4 Cable St which Walker himself used, the former being described as a house and shop also fronting Chapel St and the latter as a house. He is however still recorded at Cable St in a directory of 1834. A number of pieces of furniture have been noted with an impressed mark ‘HENRY WALKER LANCASTER’ which correspond with this maker's period of trading. These include a ‘Gillow type’ table, a mahogany secretaire chest of drawers, a dressing mirror and an oak clock case. [D; Lancaster Gazette, 1 June 1805, 1 May 1813, 26 May 1831, 4 June 1831; Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow; freemen rolls]

Walker, Henry, Lancaster, cm (1827–28). Free as a cm 1827– 28. Listed as the son of Henry Walker of Lancaster, cm, probably the maker trading at Chapel & Cable St, Green Area at this date. [Freemen rolls]

Walker, J., Warwick Ct, London, carver and gilder (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Walker, J. K., 39–40 Drury Lane, London, u and cm (1826–39). [D]

Walker, J., Oriel Bar, Cheltenham, Glos., carver and gilder (1839). [D]

Walker, J. B., 6 Clarence Colonnade, Cheltenham, Glos., carver and gilder (1839). [D]

Walker, Jacob, 6 Gt Pulteney St, Golden Sq., London, chairmaker (1805). [D]

Walker, James, London, u, cm and undertaker (1794–1839). At 122 Jermyn St, 1794–1817; 2 Well St, St James's, 1822–27 and 115 Jermyn St in 1839. [D; Heal]

Walker, James, 76 Chapel St, Salford, Lancs., cm (1808). [D]

Walker, James, Lea Ct, Upper Milk St, Liverpool, cm (1813– 14). [D]

Walker, James, Sandwich, Kent, cm (1831–32). [Poll bks]

Walker, James, Hexham, Northumb., joiner/cm (1834). [D]

Walker, James, High St, Margate, Kent, cm (1839). [D]

Walker, Jane, York Rd, Westminster, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Walker, Jasper, 3 Asylum Pl., Newington Causeway, London, chair and sofa maker (1835–39). Described in 1835 as a japanner etc. [D]

Walker, John, ‘The White Lyon’, Little Old Bailey, London, u (1725). Took out insurance cover in March 1725 on a house and other buildings at Greenford, Middlx leased to a Joseph Harris and valued at £100. [GL, Sun MS vol. 21, ref. 38151]

Walker, John, Bristol, upholder (1734–39). Living in the parish of St Philip & St Jacob, 1734 and in the parish of St Peter in 1739. [Polls bks]

Walker, John, Chesterfield, Derbs., upholder (1743). Bankruptcy announced, Gents Mag., September 1743.

Walker, John, ‘The Angel’, Goodramgate, York, u (1745–48). Advertised sales of upholstery goods at ‘The Angel’, Goodramgate in May 1745, August 1746 and August 1748. Possibly an itinerant tradesman. [York Courant, 21 May 1745, 25 August 1746, 16 August 1748]

Walker, John, address unknown, cm (1725). Recorded as one of the cm employed in furnishing the Mansion House, London. [Conn., December 1952, p. 181]

Walker, John, Liverpool, cm (1745–80). Free 16 July 1745. Took as apps Thomas Foster (free 1767), Robert Kenyon (free 1767) and Edward Huddleston (free 1780). [Freemen rolls]

Walker, John, York and Harewood, Yorks., joiner (1766–75). App. to John Halsey, carver, in 1745 and Edward Griffiths, cm, in 1752. Free of York as a joiner, 1766. Involved in the supply of furniture to Harewood House, Yorks. 1771–75, though he was possibly employed at an even earlier date for there is an isolated bill of 1 August 1767 for cleaning and altering a settee at £1 4s 9d. An account of 25 September 1771 was for two commode chests of drawers at £4 4s and eighteen chairs charged at 4s or 6s each and totalling £4 1s. On 14 January 1774 four ‘Handsome Mahogany Tea Tables’ were supplied at £3 18s and two large chairs for the north front at £3 3s. Both of these were made to designs supplied to Edwin Lascelles by Thomas Chippendale. Between January 1774 and November 1775 Walker supplied two dressing chests at £2 10s, four mahogany stools at 12s and two ornamental garden chairs at £3 5s. Walker provided assistance on several ocassions to William Reid who was Thomas Chippendale's foreman at Harewood and Walker's plain furniture was enriched with carving by Christopher Theakstone, a decorative carver, employed by Edwin Lascelles. The local firm of Bottomley & Walker, joiners, were employed on joinery work at Harewood and it is likely that John Walker was a partner in this business. [York app. reg.; York freeman rolls; Leeds archives dept, Harewood MS 492, 247, 383, 492; Furn. Hist., 1965]

Walker, John, Lancaster and Liverpool, cm (1779–84). Freeman of Lancaster, 1779–80, but after freedom settled in Liverpool. [Lancaster freemen rolls; Lancaster poll bk]

Walker, John, Liverpool, cm (1780–1807). App. to John Eden and free 11 September 1780. Trading at 11 Charles St, 1790–1803; 55 Renshaw St in 1805; and 30 Lime St in 1807 though another directory of the same year gives 19 Cavendish St. His son William Longworth Walker, cm was made free by patrimony in 1806. John Walker was dead by 1812. [D; freemen reg.]

Walker, John, Hull, York., cm (1780–84). [Polls bks]

Walker, John, London, carver, gilder and printseller (1784–1802). At 148 Strand, 1784–88, but already by 1787 owned property at 7 Cornhill where household goods, utensils and stock to a value of £1,000 were kept. On 2 April 1788 made free of the Upholders’ Co. by redemption though he never traded as an u. In 1790 trading from 7 Cornhill and he appears to have used this address until 1802. An Elizabeth Walker in the same trade operated from the Cornhill address, 1790–1807. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 345, p. 55; GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Walker, John, London, carver, gilder and printseller (1786). His trade card [Banks Coll., BM] is dated 1786. This indicates that he was trading at 28 Haymarket but had moved from Parliament St.

Walker, John, Chester, joiner and cm (1784–d. 1804). Took as app. John Hall, 1787. In 1789 trading at Gen. Printing Office Yd. Died November 1804. At the time of his death he was described as ‘A man of the strictest integrity of conduct, of the most peaceable deportment & universally respected by his acquaintances’. [D; poll bk; app. bk; Liverpool Chronicle, 21 November 1804]

Walker, John, 246 Shoreditch, London, u and furniture warehouse (1789–93). In 1789 the business was described as a furniture warehouse and in 1793 as an u. [D]

Walker, John, Limekiln Lane, Bristol, carver (1795). [D]

Walker, John, 11 Quay St, Manchester cm (1804). [D]

Walker, John, Gateshead, Co. Durham, joiner and cm (1811). [D]

Walker, John, Hull, York., cm and u (1814–40). At 32 Savile St, 1814–23, though in 1823 shown at both Savile St and Blackfriargate. The number in Blackfriargate is shown as 24 in 1823; 25 in 1826–34; and 24 and 25 in 1835. From 1835 shown with a ‘mahogany yard’ on the north side of Old Dock. Also shown as paperhanger and in 1823 as agent for the Sheffield Fire Office. Joseph Walker, cm is shown at 25 Blackfriargate in 1821–22. [D]

Walker, John, Lower Temple St, Leeds, Yorks., cm (1822). [D]

Walker, John, Tunstall, Staffs., joiner and cm (1822). [D]

Walker, John, 32 Greek St, Soho, London, u, bed and mattress maker (1825–29). [D]

Walker, John, Dunkinfield, near Ashton-under-Lyne, Lancs., joiner and cm (1828). [D]

Walker, John, Brownhills, Staffs., cm, u, joiner and builder (1834–35). [D]

Walker, John, Driffield, Yorks., cm, u and wood turner (1834– 40). In 1834 in Middle St and in 1840 at Market Pl. [D]

Walker, John, 79 Newman St, Oxford St, London, u (1835). [D]

Walker, John, Middleham, Yorks., joiner/cm (1834). [D]

Walker, John, Otley, Yorks., joiner/cm (1834). [D]

Walker, John, Lofthouse, Yorks., joiner/cm/cartwright (1834). [D]

Walker, John, Hungate, Pickering, Yorks., joiner and cm (1840). [D]

Walker, John Smith, Snow Hill, Wolverhampton, Staffs., joiner, cm and builder (1818–38). At 27 Snow Hill in 1822 and 23 Snow Hill, 1830–34. [D]

Walker, Joseph, Liverpool, cm (1766–1800). Initially at Rosemary Lane, but by 1781 at 42 Atherton St. In Water St from 1790. The number was 28 in 1790 and 29, 1794–1800. The death of his wife was reported, Williamson's Liverpool Advertiser, 6 June 1791. [D]

Walker, Joseph, High Holborn, London, see Joshua and Joseph Walker.

Walker, Joseph, 25 Blackfriargate, Hull, Yorks., cm (1821–22). A John Walker, cm and u was trading from this address, 1826–35. [D]

Walker, Joshua, 28 Wigmore St, London, u and furniture broker (1829–35). Described as an u in 1829 and a furniture broker in 1835. [D]

Walker, Joshua & Joseph, London, u, bed and mattress makers (1820–39). At 8 Aldgate Within, 1820–22, but from 1822 in High Holborn. The number in High Holborn is shown as 60 and 96 in 1822, but in November of that year a fire broke out in their premises at 60 and thereafter only 96 is shown. In 1829 at 109 and in 1835 at 108 and 109. In 1839 the business was listed as Joshua & Joseph Walker & Co. [D; Times, 25 November 1822]

Walker, L. W., Ormskirk, Lancs., cm (1822). [D]

Walker, Lucy, 7 Boyces St, Brighton, Sussex, u (1824). [D]

Walker, Martin, 18 Pitfield St, Hoxton, London, cm (1817). [D] See Michael & Martin Walker.

Walker, Matthew, Skinner St, Snowhill, London, bed and mattress maker (1822–27). Trade directories give the number in Skinner St as 49 but his trade card [GL] states 48. This states that he sold his stock of beds, mattresses, counterpanes, blankets etc. for cash only, and he claimed that his prices were 10% lower than those of his rivals. He sought also wholesale and shipping trade. [D]

Walker, Michael, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (1818). Son bapt. 1818. [PR (bapt.)]

Walker, Michael & Martin, 18 Pitfield St, Old St Rd, London, cm (1813–20). [D]

Walker, Millicent & Mathew, 71 Fleet St, London, u (1789–1809). Included in the list of master cabinet makers in Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. In July 1808 insured utensils and stock for £100 out of a total cover of £300. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 443, ref. 819443]

Walker, Nicholas, Manchester, cm (1754). In 1754 took app. named Anderson. [S of G, app. index]

Walker, Peter, 57 Friargate, Preston, Lancs., cm (1825). [D]

Walker, R., Prince's St, Wolverhampton, Staffs., joiner and cm (1780). [D]

Walker, R. jnr, 6 Garden Row, Camberwell, London, cm (1835). [D]

Walker, Richard, Ditch Side, Fleet Mkt, London, chairmaker and upholder (1752–85). Father of Robert Walker. Richard Walker was made free of the Upholders’ Co. as a ‘love brother’, 16 November 1752. He was described as a ‘Citizen & Bricklayer’. Fined for declining parochial office in the parish of St Bride in 1758 and 1765 but held the offices of Collector for the Poor 1760, Sidesman 1761, Questman 1762 and Church Warden in 1770–71. Took as apps Richard Fowler, 1755–63; John B. Dutton, 1755–63; Thomas Watson to 1772; George Penfold to 1773; Robert Walker, 1771–78; Ralph Woollett, 1772–78; Andrew Pratt 1772–75; George Wilkins, 1779–81, and Robert Russell, 1782–85. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records; MS 6561, p. 98]

Walker, Richard, Manchester, cm (1771–1805). Also listed as a looking-glass manufacturer in 1781 and as an appraiser and auctioneer in 1788–1802. At 122 Deangate, 1771–81, but from 1788–1808 at 16 St Mary's Gate. An advertisement of August 1771 suggests that by this date the business was already well established. He had stocks of mahogany which he offered for sale. In November of the same year he featured in an advertisement a stock of mirrors which he had purchased in London ‘remarkably cheap’. This ‘large and elegant Assortment of Looking-Glasses, in the newest taste’ consisted of ‘ovals and Piers, in burnished Gold; ovals painted Green and the ornaments burnished gold; ovals painted white; variety of Japann'd Dressing-Glasses, Sconce-Glasses with Mahogany Frames and gilt Edges, &c.’. Although he was to claim in 1781 to be a looking-glass manufacturer it would seem likely that at this earlier date he had no facilities for his own manufacture. The business must have enjoyed a good reputation locally and attracted patrons of consequence. Commissions were undertaken for Dunham Massey, Cheshire, 1779–86. On 24 June 1779 £15 8s was paid for a bookcase and press and Venetian blinds. A further £16 12s 6d was paid on 3 November 1779 and £23 13s 6d on 18 September 1784. Mahogany timber was purchased by a payment of £1 14s on 29 July 1785 and £2 10s paid on 24 June 1786 was for glass bottles for a lady's dressing table. In 1788 Walker supplied sofas, carpets, window curtains and card tables for the Ball Room and Card Room of the Great Hotel, the Crescent, Buxton, his account being examined before payment by John Carr, the architect. Sir John Leicester of Tabley Hall, Cheshire, also patronised Walker. Between June 1794 and August 1798 three payments totalling £19 9s 9d were made for paint, repairs to Venetian blinds and mahogany stringing etc. [D; Prescott's Manchester Journal, 10 August 1771, 9 November 1771; John Rylands Lib., Manchester Univ., George Cooke's accounts; Chatsworth papers, 635; Chester RO, Leicester papers]

Walker, Richard, Workington, Cumb., joiner/cm (1811–34). At Washington St in 1811 but from 1828–34 at Cavendish St. [D]

Walker, Richard, Westgate, Dewsbury, Yorks., cm and joiner (1822–30). [D]

Walker, Richard, 20 Upper Marylebone St, London, cm and u (1827). [D]

Walker, Richard, 37 St Saviourgate, York, joiner and cm (1830). [D]

Walker, Richard, New St, Sandwich, Kent, cm (1831–38). [D; poll bks]

Walker, Richard, 1 Little Queen St, Lincoln's Inn Fields, London, carver and gilder (1835). [D]

Walker, Richard, 19 Queen St, Ramsgate, Kent, cm (1839). [D]

Walker, Richard jnr & Robert, 82 Margaret St, Cavendish Sq., London, cm and u (1837–39). [D]

Walker, Robert, Fleet Mkt, London, upholder (1778). Son of Richard Walker of Fleet Market, upholder. App. to his father on 1 May 1771 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 3 June 1778. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Walker, Robert, Hull, Yorks., cm (1795–1806). Son of Thomas Walker of Hull, cm. His father died in 1794 and he initially assisted his mother Elizabeth to continue the business. In 1795 at Scale Lane, 1798 at Bowlalley Lane and also shown from the late 1790s to 1806 at Salthouse Lane. Undertook commissions at Burton Constable, Yorks., 1796–98. An account dated 23 September 1795 for £24 17s 6d included a mahogany bookcase at £17 17s and sundry repairs. A further sum of £3 10s 9d for the period June to November of the following year was for sundries and an account dated 2 January 1798 for £14 17s 11d was for curtains. This is probably the Robert Walker, cm who in 1803 subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary. [D; Humberside RO, Burton Constable Steward's account bk] See Elizabeth Walker.

Walker, Robert, 3 Little Carter Lane, St Paul's, London, u (1805). [D]

Walker, Robert, 17 Bishops Walk, Lambeth, London, u (1809). [D]

Walker, Robert, Newfield, Sheffield, Yorks., cm (1821). [D]

Walker, Robert, Leicester, chairmaker (1834). [Lancaster freemen rolls]

Walker, Robert, Birch Row, New Radford, Nottingham, cm (1835). [D]

Walker, Roger, Whitechapel, London, upholder (d. 1750). Death at Hackney of this ‘Upholder of considerable Business in Whitechapel’ reported, General Advertiser, 7 May 1750.

Walker, Samuel, Aldgate, London, upholder (1763–74). In 1763 trading at ‘The Crown’ near ‘The Three Nunns Inn’, Aldgate Without. On 21 March of this year Nathanial Barrell, a New England merchant who had been residing in London, 1760–63, bought furniture from Walker. The total of his purchases was £22 11s and they included six mahogany chairs, the seats covered in crimson damask at £6 12s, a mahogany writing table at £4 4s and a large sconce glass at £4 4s. It is likely that when he returned to York, Maine in late 1763 he took these items with him. From 1770 the address is given as 17 Aldgate and in 1773 the business was trading as Walker & Saville. [D; Barrell papers, private ownership]

Walker, Samuel, Whites Yd, White Cross St, Cripplegate, London, cm (1791–1822). At 2 Whites Yd in February 1791, but by February 1813 at number 6 at which he was to continue. The business was of a very modest size with insurance cover totalling only £100 in 1791 and of this only £50 was in respect of utensils and stock. In the period 1813– 22 total cover was £1,000 or £1,100 with utensils and stock accounting for only £200. [GL, Sun MS vol. 374, ref. 580469; vol. 462, refs 891511–12; vol. 462, 28 February 1814; vol. 486, refs 983482–83; vol. 489, refs 989140–41]

Walker, Samuel, West Ardsley, near Wakefield, Yorks., cm (1822). [D]

Walker, T., 10 Hanover St, Long Acre, London, u (1829). [D]

Walker, T., Lancs., cm (1833). On 7 November 1833 was married at Melling, Lancs. to Sophia Grime, the youngest daughter of T. Grime of Wray, Lancs., cm. [Liverpool Mercury, 15 November 1833]

Walker, Thomas, Lancaster, cm (1725–d. 1758). Son of Henry Walker of Lancaster, cm. Free as a cm 1725–26 and between 1738–56 took six apps. In February 1749 living in China Lane where he had a house and shop with a cabinet maker's workshop behind. He was at this date trading as a cm and milliner. Total insurance cover came to £1,000 but of this only £200 was for stock-in-trade. A letter of Richard Gillow dated 14 January 1759 records his death ‘since this Christmas began’. [Freemen rolls; app. regs.; GL, Sun MS vol. 84, ref. 115337; Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow letter book 1748 p. 58]

Walker, Thomas, Scale Lane and Savile St, Hull, Yorks., cm (1765–94). App. to Charles Rawlins, cm of Beverley, Yorks.; free in 1765. On his death in 1794 the business was continued by his widow Elizabeth and his son Robert. Thomas Walker subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793. He must have moved from Beverley to Hull soon after receiving his freedom, for in December 1774 he was supplying mahogany work to the value of £31 16s 10d to Trinity House, Hull. He subsequently supplied furniture to Hull Corp. on a number of occasions from 1776–83. In 1776 four mahogany chairs were made at £1 5s each and six elm chairs at 7s each. A large mahogany wardrobe cost £7 10s in 1780 and a chest of drawers £6. In 1783–84 pieces of satinwood were supplied and also a satinwood table which was charged at £5 5s. He was also a regular supplier of furniture to Burton Constable, Yorks. In 1776 four mahogany arm chairs were supplied for £5 and in 1787 an invalid wheel chair at £15 15s and two years later one with smaller wheels at £10 10s. Numerous tables were made for the house in the early 1780s. Four tables were supplied in May 1782 to fit into niches in the Billiard Room and cost £12. A major item was an inlaid library table which when supplied in September 1782 cost £15 15s. Other items supplied included fire screens, night tables, candle stands, a bookcase, a bureau, a wardrobe, close stools and pedestals. Furniture supplied by Walker often utilised a form of handle of his own devising. This consisted of wrought iron wire encased in carved mahogany. [D; Beverley app. bk, freemen rolls, and poll bk; Humberside RO, DDCC/2, Burton Constable vouchers; Trinity House accounts bks; Municipal records; C. Life, 22 April 1982, p. 1117; vol. CLIX pp. 1476–80]

Walker, Thomas, 14 Cheapside, Liverpool, cm (1790). [D]

Walker, Thomas, Cartmel, Lancs., cm (1793). [D]

Walker, Thomas, Doncaster, Yorks., cm (1818–37). At Silver St in 1818, French Gate, 1822–28 and High St in 1837. [D]

Walker, Thomas, 141 Oxford St, London, cm (1820). In July 1820 took out insurance cover of £1,150 of which £1,000 was for stock and utensils kept in his dwelling house. [GL, Sun MS vol. 483, ref. 970001]

Walker, Thomas, 22 Montagu St, Portman Sq., London, upholder and appraiser (1821). In March 1821 took out insurance cover of £800 of which £700 was for stock and utensils kept at his dwelling house. [GL, Sun MS vol. 487, ref. 978275]

Walker, Thomas, 14 Guilford St, Foundling Hospital, London, u (1821). In October 1821 took out insurance cover of £1,000 of which £900 was for stock and utensils kept at his dwelling house. [GL, Sun MS vol. 484, ref. 983719]

Walker, Thomas, London, cm and u (1821–24). Insurance records give his address as 9 Lime St, 1821–22, and 41 Manchester St, Manchester Sq., 1823–24. He also used rooms above ‘The Cape of Good Hope’ public house which communicated with the Lime St premises in the period 1821– 23. Stock levels were substantial and were £900 out of a total cover of £1,000 in April 1821 and £750 out of £800 in August 1822. Other addresses recorded which appear to have been connected with the business were 3 Mark Lane in 1823, 30 Duke St, Manchester Sq. in April 1824 and 46 York St, Baker St in June 1824. [GL, Sun MS vol. 487, ref. 980301; vol. 490, ref. 995605; vol. 492, ref. 999787; vol. 494, ref. 1008294; vol. 495, ref. 1016444; vol. 495, ref. 1017514]

Walker, Thomas, Hereford, cm (1826). Free 16 June 1826. [Freemen rolls; poll bk]

Walker, Thomas, Liverpool, u (d. 1828). Died 30 January 1828 aged 42. [Liverpool Mercury, 8 February 1828]

Walker, Thomas jnr, Hospital St, Nantwich, Cheshire, cm (1838). Married 11 December 1838. [PR (marriage)]

Walker, Thomas & William, 22 Blake St, York, carvers and gilders (1816–30). In 1830 William Walker is shown as the sole proprietor. [D]

Walker, W., Savile St, Hull, Yorks., cm (1798). [D]

Walker, W., 74 Fleet Mkt, London, u and chair stuffer (1809). [D]

Walker, William, parish of St James, Westminster, London, upholder (1714–28). Son of William Walker of Ireland, Gent. App. to Richard Camfield, 2 October 1700 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 5 May 1714. Bankruptcy announced March 1728. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records; London Gazette, 19–23 March 1727/28]

Walker, William, Ashton-under-Lyne, Lancs., cm (1740–52). In 1740 took app. named Marther and in 1752, Swindells. [S of G, app. index]

Walker, William, James St, Covent Gdn, London, cm, u and turner (1774–1816). At 7 James St, but directories of 1809 indicate 31 though later ones revert to 7. To c. 1800 the trade is indicated as cm and turner (or brush maker) but in the early 19th century upholsterer is added. From 1795–1803 the business is named as Walker & Son before reverting once more in 1805 to William Walker. This might indicate the involvement of two William Walkers, father and son, the father ceasing to be active by 1805. The business was substantial with total insurance cover of £800 in 1776, £1,100 in 1792 and £1,800 in 1807. Of this utensils and stock amounted to £500 in 1776 and £600 in 1807. In August 1812 Walker took out insurance on a house at 1 Dufours Pl., Broad St, Carnaby Mkt in the tenure of a tailor. A murder was committed by one of his apps in 1773. [D; Westminster poll bk; GL, Sun MS vol. 249, p. 252; vol. 389, ref. 604216; vol. 440, ref. 802289; vol. 459, ref. 873339; Bristol Journal, 13 March 1773; GL trade card coll.]

Walker, William, 48 Albemarle St, London, carver and gilder (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793. A William Walker also subscribed to his Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Walker, William, Snowhill, Woverhampton, Staffs., cm (1798–1809). [D]

Walker, William, Liverpool, chairmaker (1804–07). Free 6 December 1804 after serving his apprenticeship under William Harper. He was said to have been formerly a sailor. Trading at 3 Chapel Lane, Brownlow Hill in 1804 though his address is also recorded as 15 Copeland Ct, Norfolk St. A directory of 1807 shows 7 Mary Ann St with a shop at 11 Chapel Lane. [D; freemen rolls]

Walker, William, 14 Bridge St, Westminster, London, cm and u (1822). In May 1822 took out insurance cover of £900 which included £600 for stock and utensils. The address is also rendered as 14 Little Bridge St, Westminster. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 493, ref. 991753]

Walker, William, London, glass and picture frame maker (1800–29). At 31 Old Bond St, 1800–01 and 37 Drury Lane, 1803–19. In 1803 described as a looking-glass maker. [D]

Walker, William, Richmond Yorks., cm (1814–27). At Frenchgate in 1823 and Market Pl. in 1827. [D; PR (bapt.)]

Walker, William, Haswell Lane, Louth, Lincs., chairmaker (1819). [D]

Walker, William, High-Town, near Dewsbury, Yorks., cm (1822). [D]

Walker, William, Tattershall Rd, Horncastle, Lincs., joiner/cm (1822). [D]

Walker, William, Northgate St, Chester, cm (1824). Free 21 October 1824. [Freemen rolls]

Walker, William, Style Barn, Ashton-under-Lyne, Lancs., cm and joiner (1824–34). [D]

Walker, William, St Mark's Lane, Lincoln, cm, u and turner (1828–35). [D]

Walker, William, Liversedge, Yorks., joiner and cm (1830). [D]

Walker, William, 22 Blake St, York, see Thomas & William Walker.

Walker, William, Hartlepool/Seaton, Co. Durham, cm/joiner (1834). [D]

Walker, William, Marylebone, London, cm, chairmaker and u (1835–39). In 1835 at 112 Marylebone High St and in 1839 at 4 Westmoreland St. [D]

Walker, William, 10 Gibraltar St, Sheffield, Yorks., cm and broker (1837). [D]

Walker, William, 21 Roupell St, Cornwall Rd, London, carver and gilder (1839). [D]

Walker, William Longworth, Liverpool and Lancaster, cm (1801–18). Son of John Walker, cm who traded in Liverpool 1780–1807. He trained however at Lancaster and was free 1801–02. Also free of Liverpool, by patrimony, 31 October 1806. In March 1807 announced the commencement of a business in Cornwallis St as a cm, bedstead maker and looking-glass manufacturer. In September of the same year he was married at Ormskirk, Lancs. to a Miss Riddiough. Took as apps Henry Corran, 1808–16, Josiah Tipping 1809–16 and Joseph Roberts 1807–18. A directory of 1807 gives addresses at Charles St with a shop at 24 Cornwallis St and also 14 Charlotte St with a shop at 26 Cornwallis St. [D; Lancaster freemen rolls; Liverpool freemen rolls; app. bks; Liverpool Chronicle, 25 March 1807, 16 September 1807]

Walker & Cooke's Repository, Ranelagh Pl., Leamington, Warks., carvers and gilders (1837). [D]

Walker & Gadsby, Derby, joiners and cm (late 18th century). Their trade card [Heal Coll., BM] illustrates a bureau bookcase, canopied day bed, a chair and a Pembroke table in a Sheraton style.

Walker & Jones, St James's St, Liverpool, cm (1835–39). The number in St James's St was 9 in 1835, 11 in 1837 and 23 in 1839. [D]

Walker & Knights, 3 Sweetings Alley, Cornhill, London, Printsellers and frame makers (1812). In November 1812 took out insurance cover of £1,000 which included £400 for stock and utensils kept at Sweetings Alley and a further £200 for similar items kept at 26 Windsor Terr., City Rd described as a dwelling house. [GL, Sun MS vol. 457, ref. 877051]

Walker & Saville, see Samuel Walker, Aldgate.

Walker, Salthouse & Butler, Preston, Lancs., cm and joiners (1828–34). In 1828 at 47 Fishergate. By 1834 the business was trading as Walker & Butler at 50 Mount St. [D]

Walker & Steffanoni, 140 Holborn Hill, London, cm and u (1835). A trade card [GL] of Walker & Co., Holborn Hill Bazaar may refer to this business at a later date. [D]

Walkey, William, Paul St, Exeter, Devon, carver and gilder (1829). Daughter Anne bapt. at St Paul's Church, 12 April 1829. [PR (bapt.)]

Walkington, John, London(?), cm (1754). Possibly the John Walkington who was app. to Richard Wood in York on 25 March 1736. In 1754 he subscribed to Chippendale's Director and was described as a cm. He may have been the Walkington involved in the business of Jennings & Walkington who traded at the Vine, Long Acre as upholders and cm.

Walkington, Robert, High Holborn, London, u, cm and chairmaker (1817–27). Variously shown at 214 or 215 High Holborn. A substantial business with insurance cover of £2,000 in May 1823. Of this £1,600 was for utensils and stock. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 497, ref. 1005212]

Walkington, Robert, 2 Charlotte St, Fitzroy Sq., London, cm and u (1835–37). [D]

Walkins, —, upholder (1809–14). Recorded receiving payments of £6 6s in 1809 and £27 5s in 1814 in connection with Longford Castle, Wilts. [V&A archives]

Walkins, Thomas, 39 Berwick St, Soho, London, (1822). [D]

Wall, Allen, London, japanner and varnish maker (1780–1801). At 3 Castle St, Leicester Fields in 1780 but from the following year in Long Acre. The number was 4 from 1781 to 1793 and 6 thereafter. The business was of a substantial size and in August 1785 insurance cover of £4,000 was taken out. The manufactory was covered for £100 but utensils and stock kept there for £400 further. The warehouse etc. was insured for £400 with stock and utensils at £3,100. Wall was paid £100 0s 6d on 10 October, 1789 for work undertaken for the Royal Household, and in the early 1790s described himself as ‘Japanner to Her Majesty and H.R.H. the Prince of Wales’. After 1790 the business traded as Allen Wall & Son. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 330, p. 472; BM, Banks D2 1348; Windsor Royal Archives, RA 88736]

Wall, John, Cambridge, upholder (d. 1758). [Univ. Lib., AR 3:46]

Wall, Thomas, address unknown, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Wall, William, 12 Melina Pl., Westminster Rd, London, chairmaker (1835). [D]

Wallace, Mr, London, ‘an eminent Cabinet-maker and Upholsterer in Piccadilly’ (d. 1768). Death at his house in Chelsea reported, Public Advertiser, 18 July 1768.

Wallace, Charles, Newcastle, cm etc. (1827–38). At Fighting Cocks Yd, 1827–33 but in 1838 at Marlborough St. [D]

Wallace, J., 41 Fenchurch St, London, carver, gilder and frame maker (1796–1804). [D]

Wallace, James, 57 Church Hill, Woolwich, London, bedstead maker (1839). [D]

Wallace, John, 5 Gt Poland St, London, u, cm and paperhanger (1802–25). Included in the list of master cabinet makers in Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. A cm named Wallace, living in London, was a subscriber to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793. [D]

Wallace, John, Durham, cm (1793). [D]

Wallace, William, Little Castle St, Oxford St, London, cm (1784). [D]

Wallace, William, Brampton, Carlisle, Cumb., joiner/cm (1829–34). In 1829 in Back St and in 1834 in Front St. [D]

Wallace, William, Hungate, Lincoln, cm and u (1835). [D]

Walle, Henry & Reilly, Peter, London, u, carver, gilder and cm (1768–86). The partners traded from an address in Gerrard St, Soho though in 1776 the address is given as Vine St. By 1786 Henry Walle was trading on his own behalf from ‘The Royal Pavilion’, 109 St Martin's Lane as an upholder, carver and gilder. The firm attracted patrons of consequence, and between 1 August 1768 and 17 February 1769 supplied items for Shelburne House, Berkeley Sq. to a value of £120 6s. They dealt in luxury items, some imported from overseas. In common with James Cullen of Greek St they were involved in a conspiracy with Baron Berlendinni, the Venetian Resident, to import furniture on a considerable scale under the protection of the Venetian diplomatic bag to avoid customs duty. The practice was so flagrant that London journeyman cm complained against the abuse and in July 1772 the customs raided a number of premises including those of Walle & Reilly. They seized ‘several hundred of chairs and sofas, near a ton of curled hair, a large quantity of brass nails, a great number of marble tables, some very rich slab frames, carved and gilt, silk lace, tapestry etc.’ In June 1771 the firm was declared bankrupt and in July 1772 dividends were issued on bankruptcy. There is no evidence of a suspension of trading however. In June 1773 Peter Reilley was negotiating for the supply of mirrors for the Glass Drawing Room at Northumberland House, London. A price of £1,465 was eventually agreed upon after some haggling and once more an attempt was made to smuggle the glass through the Venetian diplomatic bag. The ruse was detected by the customs and the Duke of Northumberland obliged to pay the 75% duty. Their name was included in a list of furniture makers compiled by the Duchess of Northumberland; c. 1776, and they supplied considerable amounts of furniture in 1768–69 to both Alnwick, Northumb. and Northumberland House, London. Items supplied included ‘A Bed a la Polonaise … carved and gilt’, a ‘Compleat Bedstead with its Imperial Dome carved and painted in natural flowers … £60 16s’ and ‘8 Cabrioles, carved and painted to match the Bedsted’ at £3 10s each. The ‘Compleat Bedstead’ may be the one at present exhibited in the state apartments at Alnwick. The partners are also recorded receiving a payment of £64 9s in connection with Longford Castle, Wilts. in 1772. [Bowood MS; Annual Register, 1772, pp. 100–13; Apollo, September 1970, pp. 206–09; Alnwick MS, U.I.42; Gents Mag., June 1771; Gilbert, Chippendale, p. 154; Musgrave, Adam and Hepplewhite Furniture, p. 128; BM, Banks D2 649; V&A archives; S of G, app. index]

Waller, John, Liverpool and Preston, Lancs., cm (1782). Freeman of Preston but living in Liverpool. Son of Richard Waller, cm of Liverpool but also a freeman of Preston. [Preston Guild records]

Waller, John, Liverpool, cm (1830). Born 26 March 1810. Son of Fred Walter Waller. Free in 1830 by patrimony. [Freemen's committee bk]

Waller, John, Cley, Norfolk, cm (1830–39). [D]

Waller, John, Printing-office Lane, Bungay, Suffolk, cm and u (1839). [D]

Waller, John, Wood St, Walthamstow, London, cm, u and furniture broker (1839). [D]

Waller, John, High Wycombe, Bucks., cm (1839). [D]

Waller, Richard, Preston, Lancs. and Liverpool, cm (1742–62). Freeman of Preston, but living in Liverpool. His brother Thomas, who lived in Preston, was a clockmaker. Also had a son named George and another brother named John. [Preston Guild records]

Waller, Richard, Liverpool, cm (1761). Free 28 January 1761. [Freemen reg.]

Waller, Samuel, Cley, Norfolk, cm and chairmaker (1822). [D]

Waller, William, Bartholomew St, Newbury, Berks., cm, joiner and appraiser (1770). In October 1770 announced that he had taken over the shop formerly occupied by Edward Hayes near the Church. He asked for the continued favour of the former customers of Mr Hayes and indicated that he could offer ‘All Sorts of Tunbridge Wares in the newest and Genteelest Taste from one of the most opulent Manufactories in London’. [Reading Mercury, 8 October 1770]

Waller, William, Liverpool, cm (1812–29). Son of John Waller, cooper. Free 5 October 1812 and at this date living at 11 Pleasant Buildings, Gt Horner St. Trading at 2 Chesney St in 1818, 27 Shelhome St in 1821 and 10 Pinnington St, 1827–29. [D; freemen reg.]

Wallet, Robert, Sudbury, Suffolk, cm (1768). Freeman of Colchester, Essex. [Colchester poll bk]

Walley, Samuel, Nantwich, Cheshire, u (1756). Daughter Sarah bapt. 18 August 1756. [PR (bapt.)]

Walley, Thomas, Paul St, Kingsdown, Bristol, u (1806–10). [D]

Walley, Thomas, Howell Croft, Bolton, Lancs., cm (1818). [D]

Wallin, Richard, at the shop of Mrs Bird, turner, Without Newgate, London, upholder, appraiser and undertaker (1747–54). Known from his trade card which states that he made and sold ‘all Sorts of Bedsteads and Furnitures, Feather Beds, Matrasses, Blankets, Quilts, Coverlids & Rugs, Carpets, Cabinet Work, Chairs, Looking Glasses &c.’ Also stocked a ‘Variety of Paper Hangings’. Heal dates the card to 1724 but in style it would seem to be from the mid 18th century. In 1747 trading in the parish of St Barnard, Paul's Wharf and a member of the Haberdashers’ Co. His son Richard jnr was app. to Charles Grange 6 August 1747 and free of the Upholders’ Co., 5 September 1754. [Heal; GL, Upholders’ Co. records] See also William Bird.

Wallin, Thomas, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (1821). Son bapt. 1821. [PR (bapt.)]

Walling, —, London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Walling, Henry, Lancaster, cm (1779–98). App. to H. Baines 1770 and free 1779–80. Named in the Gillow records 1786– 90, 1792, 1794, 1797–98. [App. reg.; freemen rolls; poll bk; Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow]

Walling, Thomas, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (1813–21). Daughter bapt. in 1813 and son in 1821. [PR (bapt.)]

Wallington & Exley, Chestergate, Stockport, Cheshire, cm (1825). [D] See William Exley.

Wallis, —, ‘the Elephant’, opposite the South Door, 66 St Paul's Churchyard, London, cm (1757). [Heal; Wheatley & Cunningham, London Past and Present, 1891, vol. 3, p. 54]

Wallis, Charles, ‘The Crown & Cushion’, New Bond St, London, upholder (1722). In November 1722 insured goods and merchandise in his dwelling house for £500. [GL, Sun MS vol. 14, ref. 26942]

Wallis, Christopher, London, cm (1749–c. 1760). At Dirty Lane (or Charles St) in 1749. His trade card of c. 1760 however gives the address as ‘the Blue Flower de Luce, next Drury Lane, Long Acre’. He claimed to make and sell ‘all Sorts of Cabinet Work’. He also undertook funerals, acted as an appraiser, dealt in secondhand household goods and had for sale mahogany in logs, planks and boards. [Westminster poll bk; Heal]

Wallis, James, James St, Westminster, London, carver (1749). [Poll bk]

Wallis, James, New St, Manchester, joiner and cm (1794–1802). At 4 New St, 1794–97 but by 1800 at 24 New St. [D]

Wallis, James, Queen St, Market Rasen, Lincs., joiner, cm and builder (1826). [D]

Wallis, James, Birmingham (1835–39). At Cross St, Suffolk St in 1835 and 43 Upper Gough St in 1839. [D]

Wallis, John, 19 St Paul's Churchyard, London, upholder and cm (1784). [D]

Wallis, John, Gt Queen St, 38 Lincoln's Inn Fields, London, upholder (1799). Son of Thomas Wallis of Norton Falgate, Liveryman. App. 2 May 1792 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude 5 June 1799. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Wallis, John, 15 Stanley St, Liverpool, cm (1816). [D]

Wallis, John, New St, Penzance, Cornwall, cm (1823–30). [D]

Wallis, Robert, corner of Little Russel St, in Duke St, Bloomsbury, London, cm (1775). In 1775 took out insurance cover of £200, but only £15 of this was for utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 239, p. 649]

Wallis, Samuel, Hull, Yorks., cm (1821–40). Also described as a shopkeeper or grocer 1821–22, 1835 and 1839–40. At Catherine St, 1821–22; Katharine Sq., 1823; 10 Wincolmlee 1826; New George St in 1831; 23 Sykes St in 1834; and 39 Sykes St, 1835–39. [D]

Wallis, Thomas, 64 Long Acre, London, cabinet and varnish maker (1789). [D]

Wallis, Thomas & Josh., Penzance, Cornwall, cm (1824–30). In North Parade in 1824 and South Parade in 1830. [D]

Wallis, Tim, 41 Gilbert St, Oxford St, London, u (1829). [D]

Walls, Joseph, York, cm (c. 1824–40). Son of Thomas Walls, cm. App. to his father 30 December 1817 as was also his brother John on 1 September 1820. Joseph Walls is recorded taking apps from 1846. [App. reg.]

Walls, Thomas, York, cm and u (1809–40). At 9 Peter Lane, 1816–40, but in 1838 the address is given as 9 Layerthorpe. Took as apps his sons Joseph 30 December 1817 and John 1 September 1820. Other apps were Frederick Mush, 2 January 1809; Nathaniel Fountain, 1 July 1812; William Groves, 14 February 1815; Robert Smithson, 19 February 1817; Joseph Smith, 1 January 1822; Robert Clayton, 15 September 1825; Thomas Linfoot, 28 October 1828; Henry Halliday, 18 December 1826; John Hunton, 27 September 1830; Henry Field (alias Fearby), 18 December 1833; George Hawksworth, 1 September 1833; William Howard, 12 August 1835 and Thomas Harrison, 2 August 1837. Apps continued to be taken until 1852. [D; app. reg.]

Walmesley, Benjamin, Lancaster (1767–68). [Lancaster freemen rolls]

Walmesley, Gilbert, Gresley Row, Lichfield, Staffs., cm (1835). [Poll bk]

Walmesley, William, Preston, Lancs., cm and joiner (1814–25). In Church St, the number being 68 in 1814–18 and 65 in 1825. One directory of 1818 gives Shire Hill however. [D]

Walmsley, James, Gloucester St, parish of St Andrew, Holborn, London, upholder (1727). In May 1727 took out insurance cover of £500 on household goods and stock in his dwelling house. [GL, Sun MS vol. 24, ref. 41586]

Walmsley, John, Marylebone St, Golden Sq., London, cm (1774). [Westminster poll bk]

Walmsley, Robert, 83 Shudehill, Manchester, chairmaker (1828). [D]

Walmsley & Bowerbank, Preston, Lancs., cm/chairmaker (1802). Signed the Preston Cabinet Makers’ and Chair Makers’ Book of Prices, 1802 on the behalf of the masters.

Waln, Robert, Paradise St, Liverpool, cabinet warehouse (1790). [D]

Walsh, John, 4 Clerkenwell Close, London, upholder (1784). Son of Richard Walsh of Gray's Inn Lane, attorney-at-law. App. to James Grange, 7 November 1770 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 3 November 1784. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Walsh, Lawrence William, Little Marlborough St, Westminster, London, carver and gilder (1774–75). Subscribed to Thomas Malton's Compleat Treatise on Perspective, 1775. [Poll bk] See also William Walsh.

Walsh, Robert, Wakefield, Yorks., cm and u (1828–34). At Wood St in 1828 and Sharp's Sq. in 1830. [D]

Walsh, Thomas, Blackburn, Lancs., joiner and cm (1824). [D]

Walsh, William, London, carver and gilder (c.1760). His trade card [Westminster Ref. Lib.] indicates that he worked in both wood and stone and offered ‘all different taste of Ornamt’ and ‘Hydraulic Figures for Gardens or Banquets’. Possibly the Lawrence William Walsh who was living in Little Marlborough St in 1774.

Walsh, William, Skipton, Yorks., cm (1834–35). [D; PR]

Walsh & Moody, 277 High Holborn, London, upholders and cm (1780–83). [D]

Walsham, William, Market Rasen, Lincs., chairmaker and wheelwright (1822–26). At Willingham St in 1826. [D]

Walshaw, John, Bowling Green Rd, Kennington, Stockwell, London, cm (1805). [D]

Walter, —, Kensington, London, u (1749). [Heal]

Walter, —, Strand, London, cm (1787). Death reported, Gents Mag., October 1787.

Walter, J., Chatham Row, Bath, Som., cm (1819). [D]

Walter, John, ‘The White Lyon’, Little Old Bailey, London, u (1724). [Heal]

Walter, John, Town's end, Kingston, Surrey, u and paperhanger (1826). [D]

Walter, John, 19 Chariot St, Hull, Yorks., cm etc. (1831). [D]

Walter, John, Chapel St, Bungay, Suffolk, chairmaker (1839). [D]

Walter, Joseph, Westgate St, Bath, Som., cm (1771–93). Advertised his stock in the Bath Journal, 2 September 1771 which included sedan chairs. Free 1778. Supplied c.1771 thirteen rout benches for the Assembly Rooms, and received payment of £240 10s for 16 settees. In 1792–93 he also supplied 6 mahogany Elbow chairs, 4 couches, 6 dressing tables, 6 folding horse firescreens, 4 oval dressing glasses and 4 round basin stands. [D; Bath freemen rolls; Bath City archives, minutes of the furnishing committee, 2 September and October 1771]

Walter, Mathias, Bath, Som., cm (1743–67). In 1743 took app. named Sandemore. Took other apps in 1755, 1760 and 1767. [S of G, app. index; Bath City archives, app. bk]

Walter, Matthew, Bath, Som., cm (1747). In 1747 took app. named Brown. [S of G, app. index]

Walter, Matthew, Keynsham, Som., cm (1755). In 1755 took app. named Harford. [S of G, app. index]

Walter, Michael, Hull, Yorks., fancy rush and cane chairmaker (1831). Traded at 19 Princes St, Mason St and had a residence at Grotto Sq. [D]

Walter, Robert, Town's-end, Kingston, Surrey, u and paperhanger (1822–38). Described as Robert Walter jnr, 1826–38. [D]

Walter, Thomas, Kensington, London, upholder (1776). [Heal]

Walter, William, Southwark, London, upholder (1712–21). In 1712 at the ‘White horse and Harr’, and in October 1714 in the parish of St George, Southwark. In the parish of St Saviour, 1718–21. Insured various properties in Three Falcons Ct and St Mary's Hill in the borough. [GL, Sun MS vol. 2, p. 25; Hand in Hand MS vol. 13, p. 453; vol. 19, p. 23; vol. 24, p. 182]

Walter, William, parish of St Mary Magdalen, Bermondsey, London, upholder (1720). Freeman of London. In September 1720 insured a house on the east side of Bermondsey St for £200. [GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 22, p. 232]

Walter, William, 46 Gt Peter St, Westminster, London, cm and u (1827). [D]

Walters, —, 71 New Compton St, Soho, London, carver and gilder (1835). [D]

Walters, David, Grosvenor's Mews, London, cm (1749–55). [Heal]

Walters, Edward, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (b.c. 1816–41). Aged 25 at the date of the 1841 Census.

Walters, George, Court House St, Hastings, Sussex, cm (1839). [D]

Walters, James jnr, 114 Powis St, Woolwich, London, u and fancy cm (1839). [D]

Walters, John, parish of St Stephen, Bristol, carver and gilder (1781–84). [Poll bks]

Walters, John, Flagon Row, Deptford, London, cm and furniture broker (1824–39). [D]

Walters, Jno., 29 Pancras Pl., King's Cross, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Walters, Miles, Berry St, Liverpool, carver and gilder (1835–39). Traded at 30 Berry St as Miles Walters & Son, 1835–37, but in 1839 at 7 Berry St and the business was refered to simply as Miles Walters. A William Miles Walters was app. to William Cashin of Liverpool, carver and gilder in 1831. [D; app. bk]

Walters, Thomas, Bristol, sign and furniture painter (1819–22). At 1 Lower College St, 1819–20, St John's Bridge 1821 and 2 Upper Maudlin St, 1822. [D]

Walters, Thomas, High St, Wednesbury, Staffs., u (1822). [D]

Walters, William, London(?), frame maker and gilder (1732–42). Recorded supplying furniture to Moulsham Hall, Essex, 1732–42. On 20 December 1732 £14 was paid for marble slabs for the Drawing Room and Bedchamber. A large looking-glass and gilt frame for the North-east Dining Room was charged at £34 1s and paid for on 16 June 1733. Further frames were provided in 1734–35 and 1741–42 and these included a large commission in 1735 which cost £75 alone. Other furniture included a fine mahogany table in 1734 at £8 5s, and sums in 1737 and 1741 for gilding chairs, settees and a large stool. Also paid in 1738 for gilding eight chairs, two settees and a large stool for the London house of the Earl of Leicester. [V&A archives; C. Life, 11 February, 1980, pp. 427–31]

Walters, William, Kidderminster, Worcs., u (1808–22). In Worcester St, 1818–22. [D]

Walthall, Hugh, Hanley, Staffs., chairmaker (1818–22). At Market Pl. in 1818 and George St in 1822. [D]

Waltham, B., address unknown, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Walton, —, address unknown, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Walton, Ann, see James Walton.

Walton, Edward, 180 Livery St, Birmingham, joiner and cm (1839). [D]

Walton, George, Lanchester, Co. Durham, joiner and cm (1828). [D]

Walton, Humphrey, London, cm (1776–78). In 1776 associated with William Potts but in the following year trading on his own behalf near ‘The Bull & Butcher’ in New Compton St, Soho. He took out insurance cover here for £600 of which £470 was for utensils and stock. By 1778 had moved and was trading as a victualler and cm at ‘The Bible’, Straw Lane. Here the total insurance cover was £500 and utensils and stock accounted for £280 of this. [GL, Sun MS vol. 257, p. 421; vol. 264, p. 489]

Walton, James, London, u (1776–1802). Free of the Upholders’ Co. by redemption, 3 July 1776. His address in this year was given as 106 Old St and this may be the same location as 106 Leadenhall St which was being used in 1777. In this year he was in partnership at the Leadenhall St address with Ann Walton and together they took out insurance cover of £1,000 of which £700 was for utensils and stock. The business continued here for a number of years with insurance cover rising to £1,200 in 1784 of which £900 was for utensils and stock. By this year James Walton was in sole charge. In 1794 however his address was given as Surrey side, Blackfriars Bridge and in 1802 as Clapton. [D; GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Sun MS vol. 256, p. 40; vol. 321, p. 323]

Walton, John, Silver St, Halifax, Yorks., cm (1816–18). [D]

Walton, John, Cresser's Yd, Micklegate, York, cm (1823). [D]

Walton, Jonathan, Alston, Cumb., joiner/cm (1834). [D]

Walton, Joseph, 5 Lisle St, Newcastle, cm (1787–1801). [D]

Walton, Peter, address unknown, framemaker (1692). Paid £19 5s by William 5th Earl of Bedford in November 1692 for repairing pictures and glueing and blacking frames. [Bedford Office, London]

Walton, Robert, Newcastle, u (1771). App. to William Charnley and free 31 October 1771. [Freemen reg.] Possibly:

Walton, Robert, Staindrop, Co. Durham, u (1774–80). Freeman of Newcastle. [Newcastle poll bks]

Walton, Thomas, Lancaster, cm (1801). Free 1801–02 but then living in Preston, Lancs. [Lancaster freemen rolls]

Walton, Thomas, Mill Wood, Stansfield township, Todmorden, Yorks., cm (1822–37). [D]

Walton, Thomas, Finkle St, Stockton, Co. Durham, joiner and cm (1827). [D]

Walton & Taylor, 110 Fenchurch St, London, u (1825). [D]

Wand, James, 4, opposite Church Lane, Commercial Rd, London, u and broker (1822). In November 1822 took out insurance cover for £800 but stock and utensils amounted to only £150. He maintained a stove for drying feathers and used a stable and loft over in Mulberry St for storage of utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 489, ref. 997636]

Wand, John, address unknown, u (1761). Paid £3 4s 9d on 24 January 1761 for silk and worsted damask, worsted lining for curtains and four days work putting up a bed at Gibside, Co. Durham. [Durham RO, Strathmore MS D/St/V. 994]

Wand, Samuel, 15 Little Queen St, Lincoln's Inn Fields, London, carver and gilder (1782). In 1782 took out insurance cover of £160 of which £100 was for utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 298, p. 371]

Wanes, George, Helmsley, Yorks., joiner/cm (1828–34). [D]

Wanless, George, Northumberland Pl., Sunderland, Co. Durham, joiner and cm (1828). [D]

Wanless, John, Stockbridge, Newcastle, joiner and cm (1827). [D]

Wannerton, John, Rosemary Lane, parish of St Botolph, Aldgate, London, cane chair man (1717). [GL, Sun MS vol. 7, 27 October 1717]

Wansell, John, 39 Berwick St, Soho, London, chairmaker (1805). [D]

Want, George S., 55 Skinner St, Snow Hill, London, cm, u and appraiser (1822–27). In December 1822 took out insurance cover of £700 of which £550 was for utensils and stock. The Skinner St property was described as a dwelling house and workshops in 1822 but as a warehouse and workshops in 1824. The insurance cover of £800 taken out in April 1824 on the buildings only was in the name of John Frederick Schilfer, probably the owner. Want was declared bankrupt in September 1824 but remained in London directories until 1827 which may suggest some subsequent trading. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 493, ref. 999018; vol. 496, ref. 1016542; Brighton Gazette, 2 September 1824]

Waples, Sam, 125 Wardour St, Soho, London, bedstead maker and turner (1805). [D]

Wapshott, Robert, Noutners(?), carver (1775). In 1775 took out insurance cover of £500 which included £340 for utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 238, p. 279]

Warbrick, Thomas, Lancaster, cm (1829–30). [Lancaster freemen rolls]

Warburton, Henry, High St, Honiton, Devon, cm (1830). [D]

Warburton, John, 20 Cable St, Liverpool, cm (1816). [D]

Warburton, Peter, Frodsham, Cheshire, cm/joiner (1834). [D]

Warburton, Thomas, Garratt Row, Manchester, cm (1839–40). [D]

Warburton, William, London, upholder (1770). Son of Thomas Warburton of the parish of St Andrew, Holborn, vintner. App. to James Thompson, draper, 21 April 1763, and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 3 October 1770. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Ward, Abraham, 30 Shudehill, Manchester, cm (1813). [D]

Ward, Benjamin, Hull, Yorks., cm and u (1823–31). Possibly the person of this name from Sculcoates, Hull who was app. to Thomas Robinson of Hull, cm in 1807. Benjamin Ward was trading at 28 Chariot St and had a residence at Syke St, 1823–31. A Benjamin Ward, paper hanging manufacturer at 33 Bond St, Hull, appears in an 1834 directory. [D; app. reg.] See Edward Ward at 28 Chariot St.

Ward, Benjamin, Brook St, Warwick, chairmaker (1835). [D]

Ward, Charles & Co., 3 and 4 Dean St, Soho, London, carver and gilder (c. 1800). [Heal]

Ward, Dymoke (or Dymock), Spilsby, Lincs., cm and joiner (1790–1835). In June 1790 advertised for a journeyman cm. [D; Lincoln, Rutland and Stamford Mercury, 11 June 1790]

Ward, Edward, 28 Chariot St, Hull, Yorks., cm (1821–22). Benjamin Ward succeeded him at this address in 1823. [D]

Ward, Edward, Beeston, Notts., carver, gilder and bookseller (1832–35). [D]

Ward, G., Nantwich, Cheshire, u (1818). On 2 June 1818 married a Miss Becket of Middlewich, Cheshire at Middlewich. [Chester Guardian, 20 June 1818]

Ward, George, Birmingham, cm (1828). Bankruptcy announced, Chester Chronicle, 16 May 1828.

Ward, George, South Town, Gt Yarmouth, Norfolk, cm (1830–36). [D]

Ward, George, George St, Market Rasen, Lincs., joiner, cm and builder. (1822–26). [D]

Ward, George, Birmingham, cm and u (1828–39). At 72 Dale End, 1828–30, where he is named as George R. Ward. Also shown at 82 Steelhouse Lane in 1830. In 1835 at 5 Snowhill. Still in Snowhill in 1839 and in this year is named as George A. Ward. [D]

Ward, J., address unknown, u (1778–81). Recorded in the accounts of the Duke of Northumberland. In 1778 he was paid £100 and in 1781 £6 18s for laying and taking up carpets, repairing tables, sofa, glasses. [V&A archives]

Ward, J. & R., 8 Old Bond St, London, upholders and cm (1825). [D]

Ward, James, Bishopsgate, London, carver, gilder and frame maker (1800–37). At 123 Bishopsgate Without, 1800–07; 83 Sun St, Bishopsgate, 1808; 170 Bishopsgate Without, 1816–17; 95 Bishopsgate Without, 1819–29; and 1 Half Moon St, Bishopsgate 1837. [D]

Ward, James, Tarrant St, Arundel, Sussex, cm, u, paperhanger, undertaker and turner (1823–40). Patronised by the Earl of Surrey for whom he supplied in July 1803 three stump bedsteads and various bedding at £21. In 1831 and January 1832 he supplied to the same patron black rush seat chairs, a Pembroke table and undertook repairs totalling £18 2s 11. A further account for £3 was submitted in December 1839. [D; Arundel Castle records, A1960, A2023, A2077]

Ward, James K., 66 King St, St Anne's, Soho, London, carver, gilder and picture frame maker (1777). His trade card [Heal Coll., BM] indicates that he repaired and cleaned pictures and re-gilded old frames. The accounts of Nathaniel Ryder, 1st Lord Harrowby of Sandon Hall, Staffs. record the payment on 14 July 1777 to ‘Ward Cabt Maker’ of £17 10s for an inlaid table. This commission may have been supplied through this James Ward. [Harrowby MS Trust, Notebooks]

Ward, John, London, upholder (1727–49). In 1727 at Red Lion Sq. and in 1749 at Crown Ct. In 1741 a creditor in bankruptcy proceedings against a person named Rooke. He claimed £6 for ‘a Chase Mare and furniture’. [Westminster poll bks; PRO, C108/19]

Ward, John, Oxford, upholder (1787–94). Eldest son of Richard Ward. Aged 22 when on 17 April 1787 he married Phebe Alexander at the church of St Peter le Bailey. [Bodleian index of Oxf. marriage bonds; Oxford RO, I/27]

Ward, John, Daventry, Northants., cm (1793). [D]

Ward, John, Nottingham, cm (1795–d. 1798). Will proved 4 September 1798. [Notts. RO, probate records]

Ward, John, York, cm (1801). Son of Luke Ward, yeoman. App. to John Barber, cm and turner, 1 August 1794 and free 1801. [York app. reg.; freemen rolls]

Ward, John, address unknown, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Ward, John, Walworth, London, u, cm, chairmaker, japanner and Venetian blind manufacturer (1809–39). At 11 Saville Row, Walworth in 1809 but in 1820 the number was 1. Between 1822 and 1826 moved to 24 Garden Row, London Rd. He remained at this address until 1839 when the number changed to 23 and he is shown additionally at 13 Manor Pl., Walworth. His specialism in japanning appears to have developed from the mid 1820s. The Saville Row property was described in February 1813 as a ‘dwelling house & warehouse & shop & shed’ and was valued at £400 with stock and utensils kept there a further £100 and similar items in an open yard additionally £50. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 457, ref. 879727]

Ward, John, 125 North St, Brighton, Sussex, u (1822). [D]

Ward, John, Church St, Dewsbury, Yorks., cm (1822–37). [D]

Ward, John, Selby, Yorks., joiner and cm (1828–34). At Broad St in 1828 and Gowthorpe in 1834. [D]

Ward, John, Main St, Kirby Lonsdale, Westmld, chairmaker (1829). [D]

Ward, John, Pocklington, Yorks., cm (1828–34). At Chapel St in 1828, New Pavement in 1831 and Market Pl. in 1834. [D]

Ward, John, East St, Bedminster, Bristol, chairmaker (1832–33). [D]

Ward, John, 1 Pilgrim St, Newcastle, cm, trunk maker and furniture broker (1833). [D]

Ward, Matthew, Lower Brook St, Chorlton-on-Medlock, Lancs., cm (1834). [D]

Ward, Nehemiah, Kirkgate, Wakefield, Yorks., cm (1814–37). [D]

Ward, Philip, parish of St Mary the Virgin, Oxford, u (1741– 68). In 1741 took app. named Leverett. Conducted the letting of Castle Mills in April 1762. [S of G, app. index; Jackson's Oxford Journal, 3 April 1762; poll bk]

Ward, Richard, Chorley, Lancs., cm (1762). In 1762 took app. named Latham. [S of G, app. index]

Ward, Richard, Kirkham, Lancs., joiner and cm (1824–34). At Preston St in 1824 and Back Lane, 1828–34. [D]

Ward, Sam., Nottingham, turner and chairmaker (1789). In 1789 took as app. Peter Green. [App. reg.]

Ward, Samuel, London, furniture broker and cm (1826–39). At 5 North St, Manchester Sq. in 1826 as a furniture broker and 14 Palace Row, New Road in 1835 in the same trade. Another directory of 1835 gives the number as 11 and describes him as a cm. In 1838 at 8 Palace Row. [D]

Ward, Samuel, Birstall, Yorks., joiner/cm (1837). [D]

Ward, Samuel, St Peter's St, Bedford, cm (1839). [D]

Ward, Stephen, 7 College St, Southampton, Hants., cm (1834– 39). [D]

Ward, Thomas, ‘The Boar's Head’, Cornhill, London, upholder (1690–1712). In July 1712 insured his dwelling house at ‘The Boar's Head’ for £450. [Heal; GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 10, ref. 23450]

Ward, Thomas, Liverpool, cm (1767). App. to Josiah Baxendale and free 10 September 1767. [Freemen reg.]

Ward, Thomas, 78 Margaret St, Cavendish Sq., London, cm and upholder (1773–80). A maker of considerable consequence although his name does not appear in London trade directories of the period. The business was also probably substantial in size though insurance records refer only to property. In 1779 he took out cover of £1,200 on houses and in 1781 £1,100. He attracted many patrons of note. On 27 November 1773 Sir Edward Knatchbull, of Mersham-le-Hatch, Kent paid Ward £56 10s. In the same year furniture was supplied to Sherborne Castle, Dorset for the Digby family. A payment of £41 2s was made to Ward for this in 1774. Very substantial commissions were undertaken at Petworth House, Sussex from January 1774 to December of the same year. Items supplied included mahogany commodes, dressing chairs, a sofa and a couch. The total cost came to £621 17s 5d. On 8 June 1775 Ward invoiced three giltwood window seats to the 5th Baron Langdale of Holme near York. These had scroll ends and French cabriole legs and were covered in damask. The cost including packing was £12 11s 1d and this was settled on 19 August. These seats and the original invoice were offered in Sotheby sales in March 1959 and July 1961. There is the possibility that Ward supplied furniture to the Duke of Northumberland as his name is included in a list of furniture makers compiled by the Duchess c. 1776. In October 1779 an inlaid sideboard cistern was supplied to Sir Richard Hoare at a cost of £15 11s 6d. [GL, Sun MS vol. 272, p. 462; vol. 275, p. 210; vol. 282, p. 99; Kent RO, U951 A 19/2; Digby family papers; V&A archives; Apollo, May 1977, p. 366; Sotheby's, 13 March 1959, lot 113, 14 July 1961, lot 125; Gilbert, Chippendale, p. 154; Hoare's Bank MS]

Ward, Thomas, Red Cross St, Mint, Southwark, London, cm (1786). Bankruptcy announced, Gents Mag., June 1786.

Ward, Thomas, Queen St, Sheffield, Yorks., joiner and cm (1787). [D]

Ward, Thomas, Stanley St, Liverpool, cm (1813–21). At 57 Stanley St in 1813 but in 1821 the number was 60. [D]

Ward, Thomas, Waterworks St, Hull, Yorks., carver and gilder (1814–40). The number in Waterworks St was 29 in 1814– 17, 30 in 1817–34 and 27 in 1835–40. Ward was also a victualler and his address was also ‘The Grapes Inn’. He trained under James Piotti, an Italian who traded in Hull, 1806–23. Piotti was the mentor of the Lincolnshire school of naturalistic carving. The carver Thomas Wilkinson Wallis (1821–1903) was app. to Ward and assisted him on work at Burton Constable, Yorks. Ward was active here from 1833 when he regilded sixteen cabriole chairs originally supplied by Thomas Chippendale. Ward charged £3 per chair for his work. The commissions undertaken in this house were substantial with payments of £84 2s 4d in 1837–38, £103 2s in 1839 and £152 10s 6d in 1840. [D; C. Life, 17 June 1976, pp. 1622–24; Furn. Hist., 1972; Humberside RO, Burton Constable vouchers]

Ward, Thomas, 67 Frith St, Soho Sq., London, draftsman, decorative painter, paper hanger and gilder (1819–36). Active at Nostell Priory, Yorks., 1819–36. In 1819 he supplied bronzed colza oil lamps on large circular marbled plinths for the Dining Room to replace the pedestals and vases designed by Robert Adam in 1773. He also painted the sideboards to resemble mahogany. Other work over the long period that he was active in the house included cleaning ormolu, repainting, varnishing, upholstery work, polishing, etching, marquetry work and French polishing. [D; Furn. Hist., 1974; Nostell Priory archive, C3/1/5/62/8, 9]

Ward, Thomas, Feather Hill, Kirkham, Lancs., joiner and cm (1834). [D]

Ward, Thomas, Ackworth, Yorks., joiner/cm (1837). [D]

Ward, William, Worcester, upholder (1740–71). App. to John Hames (or Harries) and free by servitude, 31 March 1740. In 1747 living in the parish of St Nicholas. Took as apps John Auster(?), free 1761; his own son William Ward jnr, free 1765; and John Huntback, 1762–1771. Patronised by the Lechmere family of Severn End, Hanley Castle, Worcs. in whose accounts a payment to ‘MR WARD Upholstere Nine Pounds or thereabouts’ is recorded. [Freemen rolls; poll bk; S of G, app. index; Worcs. RO, 1531/705:134/65]

Ward, William, Portsmouth, Hants., upholder (1744). In 1744 took app. named Whiteingstall. [S of G, app. index]

Ward, William, 33 Sun St, Bishopsgate St, London, carver and gilder (1809). A James Ward in the same trade is recorded at 83 Sun St in 1808. [D]

Ward, William, 9 Noel St, Soho, London, carver and gilder (1809). [D]

Ward, William, 29 Paradise St, Tabernacle Walk, London, cm (1814–39). In June 1814 took out insurance cover of £500 but utensils and stock were only covered for £20. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 462, ref. 895250]

Ward, William, 21 Amelia St, Walworth, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Ward, William, Braddon, Lostwithiel and Bodmin, Cornwall, cm (1806–45). In September 1809 living at Lostwithiel and aged 30. He had two sons William aged 3 and Henry aged 1. He was still in this town in 1817. In August 1845 he was occupying a dwelling house and shop in North Hill, Bodmin. A document of 1817 refers to him as a carpenter. [Cornwall RO, DD. SHM. 379; DD SHM 380]

Ward & Donald, London, u (1781). On 9 June 1781 supplied to the order of the Hon. Mrs Howard probably for Thorndon Hall, Essex, six cabriole chairs painted green and white for which £9 9s was charged. Covering with needlework cost an additional £2 5s and check covers £2 10s 6d extra. [Essex RO, D/DP A190]

Wardale, H., Newcastle, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Wardale, Robert, Hull, Yorks., cm (1838–40). Before taking up the trade of cm he appears to have been a grocer and flour dealer and is shown in an 1835 directory in this capacity. Trading as a cm at 13 St Mark's Sq., Edgar St in 1838 and as a cm and joiner at the same address in 1839. By 1840 had moved to 18 St James St. [D]

Wardell, Gilbert, Norwich, cm (1795). [Poll bk]

Wardell, John, Hull, Yorks., carver, gilder and looking-glass manufacturer (1816–40). At 5 Newgate in 1816 and 5 Lowgate, 1817–20. One directory of 1818 gives 7 Lowgate however. By 1831 at 8 Bowl Alley Lane which was used thereafter. [D]

Wardell, John, King St, The Quay, Bridlington, Yorks., cm and u (1823–34). [D]

Wardell, John, Gigs Hill, Thames Ditton, Surrey, carver and gilder (1838). [D]

Wardell, Matthew, Claypath, Durham, house carpenter, joiner and cm (1819). In December 1819 he advertised that he could construct ‘Gothic and Chinese work in the neatest style of workmanship, as also the newly invented self acting air tight doors etc’. [Durham County Advertiser, 4 December 1819]

Wardell, Thomas, Durham, cm (1793). [D]

Warden, Frederick & Judson, Farshall, Cecil Ct, St Martin's Lane, London, cm (1763). On 9 May 1763 took out insurance cover for £500 of which £340 was for the two brick houses that they used, household goods and stock. [GL, Sun MS p. 146, ref. 198884]

Warden, William, Silver St, Bedford, cm and u (1823). [D]

Warder, John, Hemmings Row, London, cm (1753). His house in Hemmings Row was mortgaged to a George Langdale, surgeon who insured it for £100. [GL, Sun MS vol. 103, ref. 137616]

Wardill, John, Market Pl., Malton, Yorks., u (1823). [D]

Wardlaw, George, Liverpool, cm (1834–39). At 64 Lord St with a shop at 45 Islington St in 1834–35, at 8 Commutation Row in 1837 and this latter address with a workshop at 1 Bridport St in 1839. [D]

Wardle, John, Pilgrim St, Newcastle, joiner and cm (1811). [D]

Wardle, John, Ashby Rd, Loughborough, Leics., cm (1835). [D]

Wardle, Ralph, Newcastle, joiner and cm (1782–98). Trading in partnership with Edward Smith at Westgate St, 1782–85, and in March 1785 the partnership was dissolved. Wardle moved to ‘the foot of Pilgrim-street opposite the Low Bridge’ and continued his business from there. [D; Newcastle Courant, 26 March 1785]

Wardle, Richard, 73 Newgate St, with a house at Elswick West Cottage, Newcastle, house, sign and furniture painter and glazier (1827). [D]

Wardley, Isaac, Liverpool, cm (1767). App. to Richard Wilcock and assigned later to Thomas Gatliff. Petitioned freedom in 1765 and was sworn free 2 December 1767. [Freemen bk]

Wardley, Isaac, corner of Orange St, in King St, Bloomsbury, London, cm and turner (1776). In 1776 took out insurance cover of £600 of which £290 was for utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 246, p. 614]

Ware, Charles, Tottenham High Cross, London, cm and bedstead and chairmaker (1826) [D]

Ware, James, address unknown, cm (1754). Subscribed to Chippendale's Director, 1754.

Ware, Robert, Leeds, Yorks., cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Ware, William, 32 Pitt St, Old Kent Rd, London, furniture japanner and painter (1839). [D]

Wareing, Thomas, Preston, Lancs., upholder (1742–62). Son of William Wareing of Preston, innkeeper. Free by 1742. [Freeman rolls]

Wareing, Thomas, 12 Cirencester Pl., Tottenham Ct Rd, London, carver and gilder (1826). [D]

Waren, Joseph, Oxford, cm (1814). Aged 21 when on 20 April 1814 he married Elizabeth Whitlock at the church of St Mary Magdalen. Both were stated to be of this parish. [Bodleian Index of Oxf. marriage bonds]

Wareup, William, 7 Broker's Row, Moorfields, London, u (1800). [D]

Warffe, Ambrose, 168 Ratcliff Highway, London, cm and u (1781–86). In 1781 took out insurance cover of £1,700 of which £500 was for utensils and stock. In October 1786 advertised for cabinetmakers but warned that ‘None belonging to the Society will be employed’. [GL, Sun MS vol. 297, p. 10; Daily Advertiser, 10 October 1786]

Warge, George, Ditch Side, St Bride's, London, upholder (1747–54). In 1747 fined for declining parochial office in the parish of St Bride, Fleet St. In 1751 served as the Scavenger, in 1753 as the Collector for the Poor and in 1754 as Sidesman. [GL, MS 6561 p. 81]

Warham, —, Coney St, York, carver and gilder (1805–08). [D]

Waring, Basil, next door but one to ‘The White Hart’ Brew House in King St, Bloomsbury, London, chairmaker and cm (1740). [Heal]

Waring, Ericus Gilchrist, London, carver and gilder (1800–20). At 68 Margaret St, Cavendish Sq., 1800–07 but in 1808 the number was 69 and in 1809 it was 70. At 20 and 41 Castle St East, Portman Sq., 1813–20. In May 1800 took out insurance cover of £400 on two houses jointly with Henry Hayward jnr of 13 George St, Portland Chapel. A further insurance policy for £400 was arranged in November 1800. In 1803 he subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book. His trade card [Banks Coll., BM] is stated to be of 1790. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 418, ref. 702730; vol. 419, ref. 709557] A Mary and a Thomas Waring are shown at 70 Margaret St in 1807 in the same trade.

Waring, James, 7 Lloyd St, Manchester, u (1817). The address was his house. [D]

Waring, James, 14 Dukes Ct, St Martin's Lane, London, u (1826). [D]

Waring, John, Liverpool, cm (1816–39). App. to John Mears 1806 and free 8 June 1816. At this date he was living at Randle Ct, Leeds St. In 1839 trading at Myrtle View, 76 Christian St with a shop at 16 Fontenoy St. [D; freemen bk]

Waring, Mary, 70 Margaret St, Cavendish Sq., London, carver and gilder (1807). In July 1807 took out insurance cover of £1,000 of which £400 was for utensils and stock. A Thomas Waring in the same trade was also shown at this address in 1807 and Ericus Waring was at this number in 1809. [GL, Sun MS vol. 440, ref. 804483]

Waring, Michael, Liverpool, carver (1761). App. to William Mercer and free by servitude 12 March 1761. [Freemen reg.]

Waring, Richard, Liverpool, carver (1761). Free 12 March 1761. [Freemen reg.]

Waring, Thomas, 70 Margaret St, Cavendish Sq., London, carver and gilder (1807). In July 1807 took out insurance cover of £1,000 of which utensils and stock accounted for £400. Identical insurance cover was also taken out by Mary Waring in July 1807 while Ericus Waring in the same trade was occupying this address in 1809. [GL, Sun MS vol. 440, ref. 804483]

Waring, William, 14 Fontenoy St, Liverpool, chairmaker (1824). [D]

Waring & Lansdale, 15 St Anne's St, Manchester, u and cm etc. (1813–17). [D]

Warland, Thomas, South St, Cambridge, cm (1840). [Poll bk]

Warlow, William, Liverpool, u and paperhanger (1829–35). At 9 Greetham St in 1829, 27 Lower Pitt St in 1830–31 and 20 Tarleton St in 1835. His showrooms at Lower Pitt St were stated to be on the corner of Greetham St and the 1829 and 1830 addresses may refer to the same premises. Warlow emphasised that he priced his stock ‘with a mere shade of profit’ and emphasised the keenness of his prices. He obtained his stock of wall papers from London and in April 1831 featured his ‘SATEN & PLAIN PAPER HANGINGS warranted of the first quality’. He could also offer ‘Cushion & Fast-seat Sofas, Hair Mattresses, Paillasses, Bedsteads etc.: constantly on sale & made to order’. [D; Liverpool Mercury, 28 May 1830, 1 April 1831]

Warlow, William, 8 Laurel St, Birkenhead, Cheshire, u (1839). Possibly the William Warlow who was trading in Liverpool 1829–35. [D]

Warlter, Thomas & Lovejoy, William, 84 Farringdon St, London, u, auctioneers and appraisers (1835). [D]

Warman, Henry, High St, Ramsgate, Kent, cm (1823–39). Freeman of Sandwich, Kent. At 54 High St in 1826 and 37 High St, 1832–39. [D; Sandwich poll bk]

Warman, John, 4 Great St, Thomas Apostle, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Warne, Henry, Mere St, Diss, Norfolk, cm and u (1822–30). [D]

Warne, John, 412 Strand, London, oval turner, carver, gilder and frame maker (1795–1825). In the period 1795–1800 traded as Warne & Vinson. [D]

Warner, Henry, parish of St Giles-in-the-Fields, London, upholder (1705–13). In October 1713 insured a house on the north side of Gilbert St, Bloomsbury and another on the south side of Gt Russell St, Bloomsbury over against the east part of Montague House. The cover was for £300. [Heal; GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 12, p. 179]

Warner, Henry & Ebenezer, 21 Maryport St, Bristol, basket, sieve and chair makers (1805–09). From 1810 Henry Warner traded at this address on his own account. [D]

Warner, Henry jnr, 21 Maryport St, Bristol, basket, seive and chair maker (1810–16). Formerly in partnership with Ebenezer Warner at this address, 1805–09. From 1815 the business is listed as ‘Warner's Basket, Seive & Chair Manufactory’. [D]

Warner, John, High St, Guildford, Surrey, cm and turner (1826). [D]

Warner, Joshua, 37 Brunswick St, Blackfriars, London, cm and undertaker (1820). [D]

Warner, R., 37 Charlotte St, Whitechapel, London, u (1826). Freeman of Maldon, Essex. [Maldon poll bk]

Warner, Richard, Moulsham near Chelmsford, Essex, cm and u (1826–39). Freeman of Maldon, Essex. [D; Maldon poll bk]

Warner, Samuel, address unknown, chairmaker (1756). In January 1756 provided one dozen chairs for John 4th Duke of Bedford at a cost of £1 16s. [Bedford Office London]

Warner, William, 22 Poland St, Oxford St, London, carver and gilder (1805). [D]

Warner, William, 36 Eastgate St, Gloucester, u (1839). [D]

Warner & Sudbury, Baxter Gate, Loughborough, Leics., cm (1835–40). [D]

Warnsley, John, 22 Shug Lane, London, cm (1790–93). [D]

Warr, John, London, upholder (1774–81). Freeman of Bristol. At Holywell St, St Clements in 1774 and Eagle St, St James's, Westminster in 1781. [Bristol poll bks]

Warr, John & Son, East St, Beaminster, Dorset, cm (1823–40). In 1830 recorded as John & Richard Warr. By 1840 Richard Warr was in sole charge and was listed as a cm and u. [D]

Warren, —, Palace St, Canterbury, Kent, cm (1809). [D]

Warren, Edward, ‘The Ship & Anchor’, Houndsditch, London, upholder (1712–17). Freeman of London. Took an app. in June 1712. In 1714 insured his ‘timber house’ for £150. This was stated to be on the west side of Houndsditch near St Botolph's Church. [S of G, app. index; GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 13, p. 242; Sun MS vol. 6, p. 147; vol. 33, ref. 53225]

Warren, Edward, ‘The Crown’, Wych St, London, u (1724–26). [Heal]

Warren, George, address unknown (1749–50). Between 16 September 1749 and 18 March 1750 undertook furniture repairs for Frederick, Prince of Wales at a cost of £7 9s. [Windsor Royal Archives, accounts]

Warren, George, 9 Prince St, Copperas Hill, Liverpool, cm (1837). [D]

Waren, I., 10 Braddons Row, Torquay, Devon, carver and gilder (1838). [D]

Warren, James, London, upholder (1705–14). Son of J. Warren of Norfolk, Gent. App. to Reuben Parke, 9 November 1705 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 7 July 1714. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Warren, John, London, upholder (1707–15). Son of Michael Warren of Bushey, Herts., yeoman. App. to Thomas Dawson 20 June 1707 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 6 April 1715. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Warren, John, 9 Tottenham St, London, chairmaker (1810). In April 1810 took out insurance cover of £150 which included £25 for utensils in the workshop of a chairmaker named George Patten behind 4 Rathbone Pl. [GL, Sun MS vol. 453, ref. 844500]

Warren, John, 22 Little Queen St, Lincoln's Inn Fields, London, upholder and cm (1822). In September 1822 took out insurance cover of £300 which included £170 for stock and utensils. [GL, Sun MS vol. 493, ref. 995702]

Warren, Philip, address unknown, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Warren, Richard, Southgate St, Leicester, cm and u (1835–40). [D]

Warren, Stephen, Warminster, Wilts., cm (1760). In 1760 took app. named Gerritt. [S of G, app. index]

Warren, Thomas, Gosport, Hants., turner, basket maker and chairmaker (1792–1823). At 20 High St in 1823. [D]

Warren, Thomas, London, upholder (1710–34). Only known from details of commissions in the Monson archives at the Lincoln RO. The commissions were however frequent and on an extensive scale. They commenced with the supply of ‘6 fine dutch chayers rush buttums’ in December 1710. These together with the repair of a feather bed only amounted to £1 18s. From 1722 however commissions are on a much more ambitious scale. On 20 October 1722 bedding, materials and furniture such as chairs and a table supplied to George and Charles Monson came to £44 11s 2d. A chest of drawers included in the items supplied was specified as ‘old’. A ‘stove grate compleat, & 2 chimney hooks’ were also among the items. A large account dated 6 September 1723 to ‘Madam Monson’ amounted to £37 8s 2d and she was also charged £53 11s 2d on 26 February 1724. In June 1725 an inventory of the Hon. Lady Monson's goods in her house in Pall Mall was drawn up. Goods supplied and work undertaken from June to December 1725 for the Hon. Sir John Monson came to £9 15s and a bill to ‘Madam Monson’ from December 1726 to May 1727 amounted to £15 16s 4d. Some of the items supplied to Sir John in April 1727 were specified as for his pew in Broxbourne Church, Herts., while a charge was made for fitting up a field bed in Conduit St. The largest sum expended was detailed on an invoice of 28 June 1729 and came to £100 10s 6d. Chairs and bedding were the main items of cost but two smaller sums were for destroying bed bugs. Important commissions continued until May 1734. [Lincoln RO, Monson 10/5/2, 11/8, 11/50, 12]

Warren, Thomas, Well Close Sq., London, carver (1774). Freeman of Bristol. [Bristol poll bk]

Warren, Thomas, 77 Oxford St, London, chair and sofa maker (1839). [D]

Warren, Thomas, 56 Vauxhall Walk, London, chair and sofa maker (1839). [D]

Warren, William, Bristol, upholder (1769). Bankruptcy announced, Gents Mag., April 1769.

Warren, William, 10 Lower Belgrave Pl., Pimlico, London, cm and u (1826–27). [D]

Warren, William, Holyrood St, Chard, Som., cm (1840). [D]

Warren & Co., London, warehouse for furniture, pictures, china etc., u (1763–1819). At Vine St, Piccadilly in 1763, 4 Coventry St, Piccadilly 1795–1800, 18 Clifford St, Bond St, 1808–10 and 15 Air St, Piccadilly, 1811–19. [D]

Warren & Randall, 18 Coventry St, Haymarket, London, u (1796). [Heal]

Warren & Venson, 9 New Round Ct, Strand, London, turners and carvers of oval frames (1796). [Heal]

Warrick, Joseph, Nottingham, joiner and cm (1756–82). Son of William Warrick, farmer of Arnold, Notts, and app. 1756. Took as apps Thomas Hutchinson 1769, Peter Housley 1770, Thomas Hutton 1775 and Isaac Swindale 1782. [App. reg.]

Warrimer, William, Mitcham, Surrey, picture frame maker (1839). [D]

Warriner, B., Lancaster (1799). Named in the Gillow records in 1799. [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow]

Warringer, William, London, looking-glass and picture frame maker (1829–39). At 6 Castle St East, Oxford St in 1829 and 39 Gt Castle St, Regent St in 1839. [D]

Warrington, John, Market Harborough, Leics., chairmaker and turner (1822). [D]

Warrington, Matthew, address unknown, cm (1815–16). Recorded in the tradesmen's accounts for South Durham Estates as the supplier of furniture to a value of £16 18s in 1815. The account was paid on 7 January 1817. [Durham RO, D/St/v612, D/St/200]

Warrock, —, 5 Jermyn St, London, joiner and cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Warwick, E., S. & A., 51 Fleet St, London, writing desk and dressing case makers (1829). [D]

Warwick, Orlando, Jermyn St, London, cm (1784). [Westminster poll bk]

Washington, Samuel, 2 Back Blackley St, Manchester, chairmaker (1808–17). [D]

Washington, Thomas, Leek, Staffs., chairmaker (1797). [D]

Wass, R., 76 Cornhill, London, work box and dressing case maker (c. 1810). A Regency red leather covered writing box of bowed sarcophagus shape is recorded with the trade label of this maker. He also sold copying machines. [Sotheby's, 19 October 1979, lot 136]

Wass & Oram, 39 St Paul's Churchyard, London, writing desk and dressing case makers (1819). [D]

Wassell, John, 3 Coldbath Sq., London, fancy cm and u (1835– 39). [D]

Wastell, Edward, Guildford, Surrey, u (1778–84). A substantial business with insurance cover of £1,000 in 1778 and £1,300 in 1781. Of these totals £950 and £750 respectively referred to utensils and stock. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 264, p. 279; vol. 290, p. 76]

Watchers, Thomas, 52 Dean St, Soho, London, u (1829). [D]

Watehouse (or Waterhouse), Joseph, York, cm (1818). Son of Francis Watehouse, wheelmaker, and app. to John Bellerby, cm and u, 12 August 1809. Free as a cm 1818. [App. reg.; freemen rolls]

Waterhouse, Solomon, Owston, Lincs., cm and joiner (1835). [D]

Water, David, Grosvenor Mews, Westminster, London, cm (1749). [Poll bk]

Waterer, James, Chertsey, Surrey, cm, u and furniture broker (1826–39). A small table with two drawers is recorded with an impressed mark on the drawer edges ‘I Waterer & Son, Chertsey’. In style the table is c. 1840. [D; V&A archives]

Waterfield, John, Cambridge (1779–80). App. to Edward Yorke and free 20 April 1779. [Freemen rolls; poll bk]

Waterhouse, —, address unknown, cm (1840–41). Mentioned in an account of Edward Bailey as being employed with five other craftsmen at Buckingham Palace, 1840–41. They were employed for a total of 182 days 5 hours, for which £65 7s 4d was charged. [Windsor Royal Archives, Lord Chamberlain's accounts]

Waterhouse, Henry, Tadcaster, Yorks., joiner and cm (1822–37). At New St in 1822 and Chapel St in 1837. [D]

Waterhouse, Joseph, Dean St, Soho, London, carver (1761). Member of the Joiners’ Co. In 1761 employed four nonfreemen for six weeks under licence. [GL, City Licence bks, vol. 3]

Waterhouse, Joseph, 12 Carey St, Temple Bar, London, cm (1809). [D]

Waterhouse, Joseph, 63 Chapel St, Pentonville, London, cm (1835–39). [D]

Waterhouse, Thomas, 38 Hart St, Manchester, cm (1825). [D]

Waterhouse, William, Morley, Yorks., joiner and cm (1830). [D]

Waterman, William, High St, Poole, Dorset, joiner and cm (1789–1840). At 112 High St in 1830. The long duration of this business would suggest that more than one William Waterhouse, possibly father and son, were involved. In 1789 took out insurance cover of £200 on ‘his House in three Tenements and Workshop adjoining’ and additionally £50 for utensils and stock kept there. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 362, p. 372]

Waters, David, address unknown, cm (1754). Subscribed to Chippendale's Director, 1754.

Waters, Hudson, Main St, Cockermouth, Cumb., joiner and cm (1829). [D]

Waters, James, Compton St, Westminster, London, carver (1784). [Poll bk]

Waters, John, address unknown, cm (1754). Subscribed to Chippendale's Director, 1754.

Waters, Samuel, Liverpool, cm (1830). App. to John Ward Turner and free by servitude, 17 November 1830. [Freemen reg.]

Waters, Thomas, Cranbrook, Kent, carver and gilder (1832–39). [D]

Waters, William, Southwark, London, upholder (1712). In 1712 took an app. [S of G, app. index]

Waters, William, London, frame maker and gilder (1729–42). Undertook work for Benjamin Mildmay, Earl Fitzwalter, 1729–39. Much of this work was for Moulsham Hall, Essex but at least one commission may have been for his London property, Schomberg House, Pall Mall. On 11 April 1729 he paid Waters £2 2s for a gilt frame ‘for a Head of the Mareschall Schomberg by Kneller wh. I bought at an auction’. On 20 December 1732 £4 10s was paid for two carved and gilt frames for marble slabs in the Drawing Room and Bedchamber at Moulsham and an oval frame and glass for the North East room ‘below-stairs’. On 16 June 1733 £34 1s was paid for a large looking-glass and gilt frame for the North East drawing room. A payment of £15 15s on account towards a total bill of £28 7s was made on 11 September 1735. The last recorded payment was on 20 April 1739 and was for a gilt frame for ‘the Pictures of Childers the running horse’. Waters is also recorded undertaking commissions for Charles Wyndham for Petworth House, Sussex. £10 1s 6d was paid for frames in 1735 and a further £16 4s in 1742. [A. C. Edwards, The Account Books of Benjamin Mildmay, Earl Fitzwalter, pp. 104–05, 188–90; C. Life, 25 September 1980, p. 1010]

Waters, William, 16 Holiday Yd, Cow Lane, Ludgate St, London, carver and gilder (1781). In 1781 insured a house for £100. [GL, Sun MS vol. 299, p. 13]

Waters, William, 71 New Compton St, Soho, London, carver and gilder (1817–37). [D]

Waterson, —, 13 Wells St, Oxford St, London, cm and chairmaker (1835). [D]

Waterson, Joseph, Wolverhampton St, Dudley, Staffs., cm (1835–40). [D]

Waterson, John, Norwich, cm and chairmaker (d. 1828). Will proved at Norwich in 1828. [Norwich Record Soc., index of wills]

Waterworth, Joseph, 12 Queen St, Liverpool, chairmaker (1818). [D]

Waterworth, Thomas, Doncaster, Yorks., carver and gilder (1793). [D]

Wates, James snr and jnr, 114 Powis St, Woolwich, London, cm and u (1832–38). In 1838 James jnr appears to have been the sole proprietor. [D]

Wathen, John, 102 Gt Portland St, London, cm and u (1808). [D]

Wathnall, Leonard, Morledge, Derby, cm (1829). [D]

Watkin, John, Fore St, Bodmin, Cornwall, u (1823–30). [D]

Watkin, John, Barnby Gate, Newark, Notts., carver and gilder (1828). [D]

Watkin, Robert Smart, High St, Putney, London, furniture broker, u and auctioneer (1832–38). The name is given as Watlin in 1838. [D]

Watkins, —, address unknown, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Watkins, Christopher, 2 Charlton Pl., Hotwells, Bristol, cm and billiard table manufacturer (1831–40). [D]

Watkins, E., Bridge St, Southwark, London, u (1835). [D]

Watkins, Ephraim, Hereford, chairmaker (1826). [Poll bk]

Watkins, Henry, London, upholder and auctioneer (1784–94). At 44 Fleet Mkt 1784 and 63 Holborn Hill, 1788–94. [D]

Watkins, James, London, upholder (1733). Son of Robert Watkins of Deptford, esquire. App. to Thomas Gardner on 3 February 1725 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 6 June 1733. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Watkins, James, London, cm, u and undertaker (1809–39). At 59 East St, Marylebone in 1809, 31 Crawford St, Montagu Sq., 1817–27, and 57 Lambs Conduit St, 1835–39. [D]

Watkins, John, Windsor, Berks., cm (1802–06). [Poll bks]

Watkins, John, Cambridge St, Westminster, London, cm (1784). [Poll bk]

Watkins, John, 12 and 14 Crown St, Soho, London, chairmaker and u (1822–35). [D]

Watkins, Joseph, Bull Ring, Kidderminster, Worcs., cm and u (1828–35). [D]

Watkins, Philip, 14 Crown St, Soho, London, chair and sofa maker (invalid and recumbent) (1839). [D]

Watkins, Samuel, Wray's St, Clerkenwell, London, cm (1784). Freeman of Bristol. [Bristol poll bk]

Watkins, Thomas, address unknown, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Watkins, Thomas, London, u and cm (1809–29). At 39 Berwick St, Soho, 1809–23, and thereafter at 23 Conduit St, Bond St. [D]

Watkins, Thomas, Hereford, cm and u (1822–35). At St John's St in 1822 and Packer's Lane in 1835. In 1835 was a producer of rustic chairs in addition to his other trades. [D]

Watkins, Thomas, 26 St Thomas St, Weymouth, Dorset, cm and u (1830). [D]

Watkins, Thomas James, 19 Devonshire St, Lisson Grove, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Watkins, William, Hereford, joiner, cm, u and wood carver (1780). App. to Philip Price of Hereford and in January 1780, on the death of his master, took over the business. [Hereford Journal, 27 January 1780]

Watkins, William, Cotton End St, Warwick, cm (1831). [Poll bk]

Watkinson, Henry jnr, Ormskirk, Lancs., cm (1784–98). [D]

Watkinson, John, Gainsborough, Lincs., cm (1792–1811). [D]

Watkinson, Thomas, Leicester, u and saddler (1735). App. to John Marston, saddler and u, and free 1735. [Freemen reg.]

Watkinson, William John, Redruth, Cornwall, cm (1830). [D]

Watkiss, Richard, Hills Lane, Shrewsbury, Salop, cm and u (1835). [D]

Watling, Thomas, London Rd, Swaffham, Norfolk, cm (1839). [D]

Watlington, Isaac, London, upholder (1737). Son of Isaac Watlington of Shoreditch, Gent. App. to John Mercer 6 May 1730 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude 6 July 1737. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Watmough, James, Wallgate, Wigan, Lancs., cm, appraiser and auctioneer (1814–34). [D]

Watmough, James, 4 Gt Ducie St, Manchester, cm and u (1834–40). [D]

Watmough, John, Gt Ducie St, Manchester, cm (1832–33). [D]

Watmough, John, Eccleshill, Bradford parish, Yorks., joiner/cm (1837). [D]

Watson, Mr, Fore St, London, cm (1748). Reported as knocked down and robbed of a watch and money ‘by two fellows under Cripplegate’. [London Evening Post, 15–17 November 1748]

Watson, Mr, Leadenhall St, London, cm (1752). [GL, Sun MS vol. 98, ref. 132724]

Watson, —, London, carver (1767). Payments were made in 1767 by Henry Knight of Tythegston Court, Glam. for picture frames. [C. Life, 5 October 1978, p. 1024]

Watson, —, London(?), u (1767). On 20 November 1767 paid £22 by Richard Hoare of Boreham House, Essex. [Essex RO, D/Du 649/2]

Watson, —, 21 Wardour St, Soho, London, cm (1803). Included in the list of master cabinet makers in Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary.

Watson, —, Greenwich Rd, London, (1805). [D]

Watson, —, 3 Holywell Rd, Shoreditch, London, cm (1826). [D]

Watson, Adam, London, cm, joiner and turner (1775–82). In 1775 at 208 High Holborn where he took out insurance cover for £300 of which £230 was for utensils and stock. In 1782 at 1 Princes St, Little Queen St but insurance cover was down to £200 with £90 for untensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 243, p. 9; vol. 301, p. 522]

Watson, Alfred, High St, Hemel Hempstead, Herts., u (1839). [D]

Watson, Amb., 208 Oxford St, London, cm (1784). [D]

Watson, Bingley, Liverpool, u and cm (1823–26). In March 1823 trading at 74 Church St as a carpet and blanket store. He was not the owner of the business but described himself agent ‘for the Yorkshire Manufacturers’. This must have referred to the stock of bedding and cloth. He could offer ‘Hearth rugs, Druggets, Blankets, Quilts, Morines, Fringes, Float & Orris Silk Laces, Hair Seatings & every other Article in the general Upholstery line’. He offered cloth wholesale and retail and Scotch, Kidderminster and Venetian carpets. In January 1825 he announced that he had given up this agency and was about to open a shop in Bold St ‘in a few weeks’. In the mean time he was trading from his residence at 46 Gloucester St. The shop opened at 96 Bold St but only traded for a short time, for by April 1826 Bingley Watson was dead and his widow Elizabeth offered his stock at reduced prices as ‘the period she has to remain on the premises’ was short. The residue of the stock was sold by auction in December. Apart from the carpeting and bedding this consisted of ‘Room Papers, Table Covering, Fringes etc.: excellent & handsome well made Mahogany & fancy Oak Articles, in a Winged Wardrobe, Circular & Elliptic Loo Tables, Circular Library Tables, Sofa, Pembroke, Card, Work & Snap Tables, Circular Library Tables, Sets of Chairs, Sofas in Hair Cloth & Morine, Hatstands, Supper Trays, Hall Chairs, Bedsteps etc. Rosewood framed Sofas, Painted Chamber Articles etc’. Bingley Watson's brother, G. Watson advertised his own business in the same trade in Lime St in April 1827 hoping to attract his brother's former customers. [Liverpool Mercury, 7 March 1823, 28 January 1825, 15 September 1826, 15 December 1826, 22 December 1826, 27 April 1827]

Watson, Charles, 107 Silver St, Hulme, Lancs., cm (1840). [D]

Watson, Christopher, 14 Clipston St, Fitzroy Sq., London, u (1820). [D]

Watson, David jnr, London, cm and u (1774–d. 1810). First recorded living in Westminster in 1774 and by 1777 was trading at 16 Little Bridge St. The business at this date was of modest size and insurance cover in 1781 came to only £200 of which £150 was for utensils and stock. By 1782 the address was 14 Bridge St, Westminster and the business was trading as David Watson & Son. In an insurance policy of 1785 however an address at King St, Westminster is mentioned. Cover on utensils and stock was then £1,000. From 1800 an address at 51 Parliament St, Westminster was in use and this is the one recorded by Thomas Sheraton in the list of master cabinet makers in the Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. David Watson died in 1810 and a receipt for a child's cot and bedding supplied to Georgina, Duchess of Bedford for her house at 2 Hamilton Pl., Piccadilly was given on behalf of ‘the Executors of the late David Watson’. His firm continued trading at the Parliament St address until about 1812. [D; poll bk; GL, Sun MS vol. 254, p. 319; vol. 257, p. 355; vol. 293, p. 461; vol. 333, p. 162; vol. 431, ref. 762532; Gents Mag., 1810, supplement, p. 660; Bedford Office, London]

Watson, Edward, High St, Boston, Lincs., carver and gilder (1819). [D]

Watson, Edward Dalby, 145 Warwick Rd, Leamington, Warks., cm and u (1826–37). App. to Benjamin Storer Chamberlain of Leicester and free 1826. By this date he had already moved to Leamington and is shown trading at Warwick Rd in 1837. [D; Leicester freemen rolls]

Watson, E. F., 49 Poland St, Oxford St, London, carver and gilder (1837). [D]

Watson, Edward, London, carver and gilder (1774–81). Established his business in Long Acre but in March 1774 declared bankrupt. The bankruptcy does not appear to have disrupted his business career seriously for by 1775 he was trading again from 21 Long Acre and was to remain at this address at least until 1778. Insurance cover at this address was £500 in 1775 with £300 of this for utensils and stock. The corresponding figures for 1778 are £700 and £300. A fire policy of 1777 however gives an address at 91 Long Acre and a much higher cover of £1,800 with £785 for utensils and stock. In 1781 at 219 Piccadilly with insurance cover of £2,000 and £1,500 for utensils and stock. In 1777 he was paid £2 2s by Alexander Wedderburn. [Sussex Weekly Advertiser, 21 March 1774; GL, Sun MS vol. 244, p. 55; vol. 246, p. 102; vol. 256, p. 184; vol. 269, p. 470; vol. 290, p. 553; Scottish RO, GD 184/Box 20/177/2–3]

Watson, Edward, Gt Yarmouth, Norfolk, cm (1780). Freeman of Gt Yarmouth. In 1780 his son Gilbert, also a cm but living in Norwich, was made free of Gt Yarmouth by patrimony. [Freemen rolls]

Watson, Elizabeth, London, embroideress (1696–1710). Although described as an embroideress she conducted business of a much wider scope. In 1706 she offered ‘wrought beds from £7 to £40 per bed, with all sorts of fine chain-stitch work’. In 1710 her stock included ‘wrought beds, curtains & quilts’. At the Corner House of Cherry Tree Alley on Bunhill by the new Artillery Ground in 1696; ‘The Wrought Bed’, Sword Bearers’ Alley, Chiswell St in 1706; and Crown Ct, Old Change near St Paul's in 1710. [Heal]

Watson, Emanuel, Harper's Yd, Kirkgate, Leeds, Yorks., cm, appraiser and auctioneer (1808–17). Claimed to have had a long experience ‘in the First Houses in London’. [D; Leeds Mercury, 13 February 1808, 20 February 1808]

Watson, G., Liverpool, cm and u (1824–27). At 15 Lime St in December 1824 when he offered for sale ‘elegant Four Post & Camp Beds & every other description of Cabinet & Upholstery Goods’. On 17 June of the following year he announced the opening of new showrooms at the Lime St address but indicated that he had formerly traded in Church St. His brother Bingley had maintained a warehouse in this street as the agent of Yorkshire manufacturers in 1823 and he may have assisted in this venture. At Lime St, G. Watson emphasised the attractiveness of his prices and in March 1826 featured ‘Silk Flocks for Beds & Mattresses at 6d per Lb & equal to Hair or Feathers & far more essential to health. Best Bristol Oil Cloths at 4s. 6d the square yard’. In April 1827 his special offers were ‘London Imitation Rosewood Chairs from 6s & upwards, Strong Kitchen Chairs from 3s. 6d each’. When his brother Bingley died in 1826 and his widow indicated that she had no intention of carrying on the business, G. Watson invited his brother's former customers to patronise him. [Liverpool Mercury, 24 December 1824, 17 June 1825, 17 March 1826, 27 April 1827]

Watson, George, Hull, Yorks., cm and broker (1792–1840). In 1792 at Blanket Row but from 1803 addresses are in Blackfriargate. In that year listed at Wrays Entry, Blackfriargate. Thereafter the numbers are 40 in 1806–10, 31 in 1814– 34 and 32 from 1835. No. 16 Blackfriargate appears to have been used additionally, 1826–31. In 1831 had a residence at 7 English St, and in 1823, 7 Castle Row is recorded which may also have been a house. The address 7 Wakefield St is listed in 1835. The business is referred to as Watson & Fox in 1805 and from 1834 entries are in the name of George Bielby Watson. [D]

Watson, George, Liverpool, carver and gilder (1804–37). At Limekiln Lane, Bevington Hill in 1804, 11 Richmond Row in 1821 and 43 Shaws Brow in 1823. From 1827 most recorded addresses are in Lime St, the number being 15 in 1827, 17 in 1829 and both 15 and 17, 1835–37. One directory of 1837 lists 139 Islington however. [D]

Watson, George, London, cm (1814–35). At 36 Fetter Lane, Holborn, 1814–20. His insurance cover in July 1814 was for £400 and of this utensils and stock accounted for £200, half in his dwelling house and half, probably timber, in an open yard. At 19 Mansell St, Goodman's Fields, 1819–35 and in 1835 additionally at 83 Charlotte St, Fitzroy Sq. [D]

Watson, George, 11 Newton St, Gt Ancoats St, Manchester, u (1817). [D]

Watson, George, London, cm (1813–30). Freeman of both Norwich and Gt Yarmouth, Norfolk. Living in Lambeth in 1830. [Norwich poll bk; Gt Yarmouth poll bk]

Watson, George, Sheffield, Yorks., cm (1821–22). In 1821 at 16 Castle Green but in the following year the address was rendered as 18 Castle Green. [D]

Watson, George, 63 Colston's St, Bristol, sign, house and furniture painter (1825). [D]

Watson, George, Hailgate, Howden, Yorks., joiner/cm (1823). [D]

Watson, George & J., 36 Bridge Rd, Lambeth, London, cm, u and furniture warehouse (1822–35). [D]

Watson, Gilbert, Norwich, cm (1780). Son of Edward Watson of Norwich, cm. Free by patrimony 1780. [Freemen rolls]

Watson, Gilbert, 1 Four Dove Ct, St Martin's-le-Grand, London, cm (1809). In July 1809 took out insurance cover of £300 but of this only £70 was for utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 446, ref. 832537]

Watson, Hanchett, 40 Dean St, Soho, London, u and cm (1820–29). [D]

Watson, Henry, address unknown, cm (?) (1754). Subscribed to Chippendale's Director, 1754.

Watson, Henry, London, u and cm (1803–37). Listed at 14 Bridge St, Westminster in the directory of master cabinet makers in Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. This address had formerly been used by David Watson who had moved to 51 Parliament St, Westminster. Henry was probably the son of David Watson and may have been in partnership with him during the period from 1782 when the business was trading as David Watson & Son. The insurance cover was substantial, amounting to £4,400 in April 1807 and £5,100 in April 1809. Of these sums £1,600 and £2,000 respectively were for utensils and stock. After 1820 the business traded as Watson & Walker and in 1837 the address was rendered as 33 Westminster Bridge Rd. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 440, ref. 800951; vol. 448, ref. 830404; vol. 453, ref. 850468; vol. 453, ref. 844641]

Watson, Henry, Swadforth St, Skipton, Yorks., joiner/cm (1830–37). [D; PR]

Watson, Henry, North Bar St Within, Beverley, Yorks., cm (1834–40). [D]

Watson, J., 14 Green St, Theobalds Rd, London, cm and upholder (1817). [Heal]

Watson, J., Elston, Notts., chairmaker (1832). [D]

Watson, James, Market Pl., Retford, Notts., chairmaker (1822). [D]

Watson, Jarvis (or Gervas), Market Pl., Retford, Notts., chairmaker (1822–35). [D]

Watson, John, ‘The Red Lyon’ over against the Royal Exchange, Cornhill, London, u (1689–d. 1722). [Heal]

Watson, John snr, London, upholder (1699–d. 1750). Free of the Upholders’ Co., 23 February 1698/99. At Wood St, 1727–30, and King St, 1734–49. Took as apps Richard Wilcox, 1719–29; Thomas Cason Jones, 1725–33; and his son John, 1732–43. John Watson snr was master of the Upholders’ Co., 1747. Notice in General Advertiser, 15 March 1749/50 reads: ‘On Tuesday last died Mr John Watson sen. an eminent Wholesale Upholsterer in Kingstreet, one of the Common Council of Cheap Ward; a Person of very fair Character, whose Death is greatly regretted by all his Acquaintance’. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Heal]

Watson, John jnr, London, upholder (1743–d. 1773). Son of John Watson snr and app. to his father, 5 April 1732. Free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 7 December 1743. Master of the Upholders’ Co., 1771 and died 1773. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Watson, John snr, Newcastle, cm and u (1778–1816). At Rosemary Lane, 1778–82 and Spital, Westgate St, 1787–1811. A Joseph Watson was trading in Westgate St in 1778 as an u and may be related. In April 1816 John Watson snr was in Collingwood St which was described as his house. He announced that he was giving up the manufacturing of furniture and his stock of new items was offered for sale by auction. The stock consisted of ‘a Secretary & bookcase, mahogany lobby & dressing chests, of drawers, dining & turn-over Tables, chairs, writing tables, night tables, celerets, wash stands, portable desks, chimney glass pier & dressing glasses, painted wash tables, rush-bottomed chairs etc.’. In 1811 John Watson supplied to Cuthbert Ellison of Hebburn Hall, Gateshead, Co. Durham two ‘sideboards, inlaid with brass banding, broad & narrow & black stain ditto’ at £24 10s. Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793. [D; Furn. Hist., 1976]

Watson, John, Sleaford, Lincs., chair turner (1798). [D]

Watson, John, London, cm and u (1803–11). At 10 Wardour St in 1803 and 20 Wardour St, 1805–11. [D]

Watson, John, 18 Kingsgate St, London, carpenter and cm (1809–10). In January 1809 insured his dwelling house and workshop for £200, his household goods for £100 and his utensils and stock for £200. In January 1810 the cover was raised by £100 to insure additional utensils and stock kept in a shop in Eagle St, Red Lion Sq. [GL, Sun MS vol. 448, ref. 825893; vol. 453, ref. 839463]

Watson, John, 43 Devonshire St, Queen's Sq., London, cm and u (1809–11). [D]

Watson, John jnr, Westgate St, Newcastle, cm and u (1811–28). Son of John Watson snr. In November 1812 he announced that he had taken into his service Joseph Watson, formerly foreman to Willcox & Son. In 1822–23 supplied window cord and fitted curtains for Cuthbert Ellison of Hebburn Hall, Gateshead, Co. Durham. [D; Newcastle Courant, 28 November 1812; Furn. Hist., 1976]

Watson, John, 5 Milton St, Liverpool, cm (1811). [D]

Watson, John, Beverley, Yorks., joiner and cm (1814–34). At Fleming Gate in 1814 and North Bar St Without, 1831–34. [D]

Watson, John, London, cm (1817–40). At 14 Green St, Theobalds Rd, 1817–20; 26 Bethnal Green Rd, 1820; 58 Exmouth St, Spitalfields, 1822; and 24–26 Wands Row, Bethnal Green Rd, 1827–40. In 1840 used additionally an address in Warwick Rd, Clapton. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 574, ref. 1341671]

Watson, John, Swadworth St, Skipton, Yorks., cm (1822–37). A Henry Watson, either a cm or a joiner was trading in this street, 1830–37. [D]

Watson, John, Witton-le-Wear, Co. Durham, joiner and cm (1828). One directory of 1828 records him in partnership with a William Watson. [D]

Watson, John, Houghton-le-Spring, Co. Durham, cm/joiner (1834). [D]

Watson, John, Brigg Rd, Barton-on-Humber, Lincs., joiner and cm (1835). [D]

Watson, John, 1 Hulme St, Manchester, cm (1836–40). [D]

Watson, Joseph, Westgate St, Newcastle, u (1778). John Watson snr was trading in this street as a cm from 1778. [D]

Watson, Joseph, High St, Rochester, Kent, cm (1823–29). At 47 High St in 1823 but in 1826–29 the number was 25. [D]

Watson, Joseph, Newland St, Kensington, London, cm (1838). [D]

Watson, Joshua & Joseph, 15 Gt Quebec St, London, cm and u (1835–39). [D]

Watson, Peter, Cowling, near Colne, Yorks., cm (1822). [D]

Watson, Ralph, 211 Piccadilly, London, u (1773–81). [D; Westminster poll bk]

Watson, Ralph E. F., London, carver and gilder (1835–39). At 49 Poland St, Oxford St, 1835–37 and 210 Piccadilly in 1839. [D]

Watson, Richard, Canterbury, Kent, cm (1797–1818). Free 1797. Living at Knott's Lane in June 1818. [Freemen rolls; poll bk]

Watson, Richard, Rawcliffe, near Goole, Yorks., joiner, cm and carpenter (1826–34). [D]

Watson, Robert, Butcher Row, Beverley, Yorks., cm (1826). [D]

Watson, Samuel, Heanor, Derbs., carver (1698–1715). Born at Heanor in 1663 and trained under Charles Okey, a carver of the parish of St Martin-in-the-Fields, London. Employed extensively at Chatsworth, Derbs. from 1698, where he undertook much of the wood carving. His carvings in lime in the Chapel are noteworthy, and he was also responsible for some of the furniture. In June 1704 he was paid for ‘2 large seats for the Chapel Gallery in peartree’ which may be those presently there. For details of his work in stone at Chatsworth see Gunnis. Undertook work at Melbourne Hall, Derbs. and may have been involved at Burghley, Northants. Often worked in association with other carvers such as the London craftsmen Lobb, Young and Davis who were all employed at Chatsworth. Sketches for his work are found in the Chatsworth archives, and the Bodleian and Derbyshire County Council possess a sketchbook by Watson. [V&A archives; Chatsworth account bks; C. Life, 25 April 1968, 6 November 1980, p. 1658; DEF; D. Green, Grinling Gibbons, 1967, p. 119; Gents Mag., July 1830; Gunnis; Beard, Georgian Craftsmen, p. 182]

Watson, Samuel, London, carver (1708). Subscribed to the Five Orders of Columns, by John James, 1708.

Watson, Samuel, 7 Duckworth St, Liverpool, cm (1839). [D]

Watson, Sarah, Burr St, Aldgate, London, upholder (1775). Daughter of Thomas Sutton(?). Free of the Upholders’ Co. by patrimony, 3 May 1775. She was described as a widow. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Watson, Thomas, Queen St, Westminster, London, cm (1749). [Poll bk]

Watson, Thomas, St Saviour, Southwark, London, cm (1759). In 1759 took app. named William Bines through Grinsell's Charity. [Westminster Ref. Lib., MS E 3559]

Watson, Thomas, London, upholder (1772). Son of Thomas Watson and app. to Richard Walker. Free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 4 March 1772. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Watson, Thomas & Rutherford, John, 11 Princes St, Leicester Fields, London, cm and u (1792–93). Trading in partnership. Declared bankrupt, July 1793. [GL, Sun MS vol. 382, ref. 594482; Williamson's Liverpool Advertiser, 29 July 1793, 23 June 1794]

Watson, Thomas, 18 Upper Rathbone Pl., London, house agent and u (1805–09). [D]

Watson, Thomas, Skipton, Yorks., cm and u (1822–34). At High St in 1822, Market Pl., 1828–30, but another directory of 1830 gives Sheep St. [D]

Watson, William, London, cm (1782–84). In 1782 at 2 Little Argyle St where insurance cover of £300 was taken out which included £70 for utensils and stock. In 1784 at Cannongate with insurance cover of £1,200 which included £600 for a shop, warehouse, sheds, utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 339, p. 157; vol. 324, p. 321]

Watson, William, Abbeygate St, Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk, cm (1824). [D]

Watson, William, High St, Belper, Derbs., joiner, cm and shopkeeper (1829–35). [D]

Watson, William, Liverpool, u and cm (1834–39). Shown in one directory of 1834 at 39 Knight St with a shop at 42 Berry St, but another gives 1 White Mill St. In 1835 at 32 Gloucester St and 38 Knight St, with a shop at 45 Berry St; in 1837 at 3 Sidney St East and 38 Knight St, with a shop at 45 Berry St; and in 1839 at 2 Jubilee St and 37 Berry St. [D]

Watson, William, Witton-le-Wear, Co. Durham, see John Watson.

Watson & Bruce, 39 Alfred Pl., Tottenham Ct Rd, London, cm and u (1816–17). [D]

Watson & Fox, see George Watson, Hull.

Watson & Martin, 12 Bartholomew Close, West Smithfield, London, cm and chairmakers (1789–93). [D; Heal]

Watson & Walker, see David Watson.

Watt, John, Liverpool, cm (1823–35). At 14 Peter's Lane in 1823 and 135 Park Lane in 1835. [D]

Watt, John, Warwick, near Carlisle, Cumb., cm/joiner (1828–34). [D]

Wattleworth, John, Liverpool, carver and gilder (1827–39). Born 8 May 1805. In 1826 petitioned for freedom by patrimony as the son of Charles Wattleworth, sailmaker and sworn free, 17 October 1827. At this date he was living at 20 White Mill St. In 1839 trading at 51 Walnut St. [D; freemen reg.]

Watton, James, 39–40 Aldgate High St, London, cm and u (1792). On 4 May 1792 insured the two houses for £200 and the utensils and stock kept there for a further £200. [GL, Sun MS p. 483, ref. 600014]

Watton, Thomas, Lancaster, cm (1820). Probably an employee of Gillows. A small mahogany table in the Abbot Hall Art Gallery, Kendal has the impressed mark ‘Gillow Lancaster’ on the drawer edge and a pencil inscription under the drawer ‘Thomas Watton, Lancaster 1820’. [V&A archives]

Watts, —, London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Watts, —, address unknown, cm (1809). Undertook work for Princess Elizabeth. [PRO, C13 661/29]

Watts, Allen, Bloomsbury, London, cm (1830). Freeman of Norwich. Free 3 May 1829 but in July 1830 living in London. [Freemen rolls; Norwich poll bk]

Watts, George, opposite ‘The Half Moon’, Broad St, Hereford, joiner and cm (1774). Advertised his commencement of trading in Broad St in August 1774. His eldest son George, a piano maker, was living in London in 1818. He was made a freeman of Hereford by patrimony in that year. By 1818 his father was dead. [Pugh's Hereford Journal, 1 September 1774; Hereford freemen rolls]

Watts, George Alexander, 6 Everitt St, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Watts, Henry, 30 Hoxton Sq., London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Watts, James, 3 Brokers Row, Moorfields, London, upholstery warehouse (1790–93). [D]

Watts, James, Brighton, Sussex, carpenter and joiner (1819–21). Undertook work in connection with the re-building and extension of the Royal Pavilion, Brighton. This was on an extensive scale and on 15 November 1821 £3,000 was due to him. He supplied furniture for the new kitchens in 1819 which included a strong kitchen table at £14 5s, a large table with four drawers on each side for the larder at £17 5s and an additional press for china at £65 18s 5d. [PRO, LC11/27; Windsor Royal Archives, RA 35545]

Watts, John, Compton St, Soho, London, cm and u (1764–79). App. to Ince & Mayhew in 1764, the premium being £105. By 1775 trading in Compton St where his insurance cover was £2,000 of which £1,520 was for utensils and stock. Bankruptcy announced November 1778. In February 1771 he supplied a mahogany exercising chair ‘with Gothick Back & Elbows’ to John Grimston which was charged at £6 6s with an additional 10s 6d for a deal packing case for its transport to York. In 1778 undertook work for the Earl of Egremont for Petworth House, Sussex. He altered the squab of a large sofa and supplied a new canvas cover at a cost of £3 10s. [Furn. Hist., 1974; GL, Sun MS vol. 239, p. 482; Gents Mag., November 1778; Ingram, Leaves from a Family Tree, p. 78; V&A archives]

Watts, John, Hull, Yorks., cm and broker (1803–40). In 1803 at Blackfriargate but from 1821–35 at 4 St Mark's Sq., Humber Bank. Residence given as 2 St Mark's Sq., 1831–39. [D]

Watts, John, Alfred St, Hull, Yorks., cm and joiner (1828–40). In 1840 in the number in Alfred St was 36. [D]

Watts, John, Head St, Toxteth Park, Liverpool, cm (1837). [D]

Watts, Samuel, Pottergate St, Norwich, cm and chairmaker (1822–30). Trading in Norwich from 1822 but not free of the city until 3 May 1825. This freedom was not granted by servitude. [D; freemen rolls]

Watts, Samuel Moses, Norwich, cm (1826–30). App. to John Brunning and free by servitude 19 June 1826. In July 1830 living at Heigham, Norwich. [Freemen reg.; poll bk]

Watts, Stephen, Gloucester, cm (1837). Child bapt. at St Michael's Church, 1837. [PR (bapt.)]

Watts, Thomas, Dean St, Soho, London, carver and gilder (1749–59). At Dean St in 1749. In 1753 a payment of £2 17s was made to ‘Watts frame maker’ in connection with Felbrigg Hall, Norfolk. Undertook work at Croome Court, Worcs. for which accounts dated 13 November 1758 and 25 May 1759 exist. The work included carving and gilding a pediment for a glass frame to match another, re-gilding picture frames and other similar work and cost £90 14s 2d. [Westminster poll bk; Norfolk RO, WKC 6/37; V&A archives]

Watts, Thomas, Temple St, Bristol, chairmaker (1799–1801). [D]

Watts, Thomas, Dale End, Birmingham, u (1816–18). [D]

Watts, Thomas, Broadway, Stratford, London, cm (1826–35). At Broadway in 1835. [D]

Watts, Thomas, St Clements, Oxford, cm and u (1830). [D]

Watts, William, 16 Union St, Lambeth, London, chair and sofa maker, undertaker (1826). [D]

Watts & Fox, 16 and 37 Blackfriargate, Hull, Yorks., cm and brokers (1803). Other directories record a Watson & Fox in this street in 1805 and also a John Watts in 1803. [D]

Wattson, John, London, upholder (1717). Son of Joseph Wattson of Keswick, Cumb., innholder. App. to George Friend 13 April 1709 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 6 February 1716/17. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Watty, Joseph, Colchester, Essex; Woodbridge and Ipswich, Suffolk, cm (1815–20). Freeman of Colchester, Essex. Living at Melton, Woodridge on 27 January 1815 when he married. In 1820 living in Ipswich, but at Colchester, 1830–31. [Colchester poll bks; Suffolk RO, FAA: 50/2/117]

Waud, John Chapman, York and Newcastle, u (1758). Son of John Waud, merchant tailor. Free of York as an u in 1758, and in December of that year living in Newcastle. [York freemen rolls; York poll bk]

Waugh, James, Bridge St, Workington, Cumb., joiner/cm (1811). [D]

Waugh, James & Co., Trinity House Lane, Hull, Yorks., cm and u (1823–35). At 8 Trinity House Lane in 1823–26 but in 1835 the number was 5. Listed as James Waugh & Co., 1823–26 but in 1835 simply James Waugh. See Robert Waugh trading as cm and u in Trinity House Lane in the same period. [D]

Waugh, Robert, Hull, Yorks., cm and u (c. 1809–40). App. to John Dickon of Hull in October 1802. At this date his address was given as Stoneferry, Hull. Took as apps Francis Wood of Hull (May 1811), Philip Brady (February 1812), James Hoare of Hull (May 1814), Edward Gaines (assigned from George Chapman deceased, 16 May 1816). Bethel Thorp of Hull (January 1817), Thomas Grime of Hull (August 1817), Daniel England (assigned from George Brook December 1817), James Hill jnr (assigned from George Chapman March 1818), William Geogan of Hull (June 1818), Michael Harrison of Hull (October 1818), William Holden (assigned from George Spenceley November 1818), John Worrell jnr of Hull (October 1819), William England of Drypool, Hull (June 1821) and William Wilkinson of Sculcoates, Hull (August 1823). This large number of apps would suggest a business of some size and it is probably significant that in 1818 the business was described as a wholesale cm and u. At 7 Trinity House Lane, 1817 and 1828–31, but the number was 5 in 1818, and 6 in 1821–22 and 1834–40. Also used an address at 10 King St, in 1838. In 1831 the business was referred to as Robert Waugh & Co. See James Waugh trading in Trinity House Lane, 1823–35 as a cm and u. [D; app. bks]

Waugh, William, Four-Lane-Ends, Manningham, Yorks., joiner/cm (1837). [D]

Wavell, Jonathan, High St, Newport, Isle of Wight, Hants., cm and u (1823). [D]

Wawen, Robert, St Martin-in-the-Fields, London, cm (d. 1686). [PCC Wills, vol. XI, p. 293]

Way, David, 6 Sun St, Bishopsgate, London, u (1839). [D]

Way, John, Bristol, frame maker (1756). In 1756 took an app. named Clement. [S of G, app. index]

Way, John, On-the-Foss, Dartmouth, Devon, cm (1823–35). Death reported March 1835. His second daughter married John Tozer of Exeter, gilder in May 1831 and his youngest daughter Mary a Mr W. Tozer of Charlotte St, Fitzroy Sq., London in September 1835. [D; The Alfred, 17 May 1831; Exeter Flying Post, 13 July 1826, 26 March 1835, 10 September 1835]

Way, John, Exeter, Devon, cm (1827–32). At Frienhay St in December 1827 when his son John was bapt. at St Olave's Church. At Hicks Ct in December 1832 when his daughters Harriet Susan and Mary Ann were bapt. at St Edmund's Church. [PR (bapt.)]

Way, Joseph, Market St, Dartmouth, Devon, cm and u (1838). Possibly the eldest son of John Way of Dartmouth who was the victim of a robbery in July 1826. [D; Exeter Flying Post, 13 July 1826]

Way, Thomas, 51 Redcross St, Southwark, London, carpenter and cm (1826). [D]

Way, William, Exeter, Devon, cm (b. c. 1777–d. 1825). Born c. 1777 and living in the parish of St Mary Major in 1803 when his name was included in a milita list. In Preston St, 1814–17, and the bapt. of his son George is recorded 13 November 1814 and his daughter Susannah 4 May 1817, both at the church of St Mary Major. By July 1819 living in Idol Lane where he had a four bedroom house with two attics over and a large stable and loft. Some of the property was sub-let. In July 1819 he tried to sell this property by private contract but may not have been successful for he was still at Idol Lane in March 1821. Whilst at this address he had his sons Edward and Henry bapt. at the Church of St George on 26 September 1819 and 29 March 1821 respectively. William Way died in April 1825 aged 48 ‘after a lingering illness’. [D; PR (bapt.); Exeter Flying Post, 29 July 1819, 28 April 1825]

Waylen, Robert, 23 Queen St, Golden Sq., London, cm (1835– 39). In 1839 also u. [D]

Waylett, John snr, London, upholder (1719–34). Freeman of London. Took as app. his son John Waylett, 1719–22. John jnr was free of the Upholders’ Co., 1733/34. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Waylett, John jnr, London, upholder (1734). Son of John Waylett snr, freeman and upholder of London. John jnr was app. to his father 1719–22 and then to Thomas Siwill freeman and draper, from 27 April 1722. Free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 6 March 1733–34. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Waylett, John, London, upholder (1762). Son of John Waylett jnr of the parish of St Luke, Middlx, upholder. App. to Joseph Fisher, a member of the Drapers’ Co. but trading as an upholder, 2 August 1753. John was made free of the Upholders’ Co. under the terms of the 1750 Upholders’ Act, 1 July 1762. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Wayte, Thomas, Westmoreland St, London, cm (1790). Freeman of Lincoln but living in London in June 1790. [Lincoln poll bk]

Waytin, Raphael, Carnaby Mkt, London, mattress maker (1769). Bankruptcy announced, Gents Mag., February 1769.

Weale, Daniel, London, upholder and auctioneer (1776–87). At 50 Snow Hill, 1776–79, and 38 Holborn and 23 Lower Holborn, 1780–87. Bankruptcy announced, Williamson's Liverpool Advertiser, 29 January 1787. [D]

Weale, James, 11 Edward St, Portman Sq., London, upholder and auctioneer (1792–1829). Also used a warehouse at Grays Yd, James St, Manchester Sq. and owned houses at 40 Manchester St and 32 Duke St, Manchester Sq. Stock and utensils at the Grays Yd warehouse were valued at £500 in July 1806 and total cover fluctuated between £1,000 in June 1792 and £400 in July 1810. The death of his wife was reported in February 1803. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 389, ref. 601784; vol. 437, ref. 790752; vol. 453, ref. 846267; Gents Mag., February 1803]

Wealing (or Whally), John, Liverpool, cm (1764). By 1764 had served as app. seven years and petitioned for freedom. [Freemen bk]

Wealy, Matthew, London, upholder (1734–41). Son of Matthew Wealy of Ipswich, ironmonger. App. to John Goodchild, 25 March 1734 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 1 July 1741. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Wean, George, Bondgate, Helmsley, Yorks., joiner/cm (1823). [D]

Wear, Hannah, 26 Mint St, Southwark, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Wear, John, 23 Alfred Pl., Newington Causeway, London, cm (1835–37). [D]

Wear, Richard, London, upholder (1737–54). Son of John Wear of Canterbury, hop planter. App. to Thomas Nickalls, 1 June 1737 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 4 July 1754. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Weare, Edward, Goodrich, Herefs., upholder (1739–54). [Bristol poll bks]

Weare, Robert, Leeds, Yorks., joiner and cm (1796–1816). His premises were taken over by his brother-in-law, W. Massey in 1816. [Leeds Intelligencer, 13 May 1796]

Weare, William, London, upholder (1739–53). Son of Aaron Weare of the parish of St Andrew Holborn, salesman. App. to Jonathan Fawconer, 18 December 1739 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 1 February 1753. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Wearg, Daniel, ‘The Three Tents’, Lamb and Horse Alley, parish of St Bride, London, u (1724–28). Son of George Wearg of London, turner. App. to James Rowe, 6 February 1716 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 5 August 1724. In October 1728 at the Lamb & Horse Alley address where he insured his household goods and stock in trade in his dwelling house for £250. Additional stock valued at £50 was kept in a warehouse in Vine Ct. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Sun MS vol. 27, ref. 45992]

Weatherall, John, London, u and cm (1774–1805). At 26 Haymarket, 1774–94. In 1794 moved to 52 Dean St, Soho where he remained until 1805. His total insurance cover in January 1791 was £1,100 and in June 1794 £1,300. Included in the list of master cabinet makers in Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. In November 1787 was paid £4 6s by Gertrude, Dowager Duchess of Bedford for eight mahogany India back elbow chairs (£4 4s) and a small kitchen table (2s). These were ordered for 49 Pall Mall. [D; Heal; GL, Sun MS vol. 373, ref. 579404; vol. 401, ref. 628770; Bedford Office, London]

Weatherall, John, Liverpool, cm (1811–21). At 11 Upper Harrington in 1811 and 2 Chapel Lane, Harrington in 1821. [D]

Weatherill, George, Flowergate, Whitby, Yorks., cm (1823). [D]

Weatherill, Joseph, Skinner St, Whitby, Yorks., cm (1823–34). [D]

Weatherill, Joseph, Eastbrook St, Bradford, Yorks., cm (1830). [D]

Weatherill, William, Whitby, Yorks., cm (1823–40). At Cliffe Lane in 1823, and Low St and Skinner St in 1840. A Joseph Weatherill, cm was trading in Skinner St, 1823–34. [D]

Weatherill, William, High St, Bishop Wearmouth, Sunderland, Co. Durham, cm (1827). [D]

Weatherspoon, Alex., 1 Orange Ct, Castle St, Leicester Sq., London, cm (1809). [D]

Weatherstone, Thomas, 90 Union St, Southwark, London, cm and u (1829–39). [D]

Weaver, Alfred, 1 Brompton Rd, London, carver and gilder (1835). [D]

Weaver, John, Bristol, carver and gilder (1774–84). Living in the parish of St James 1774 and 1784 but in 1781 in the parish of SS Philip and Jacob. [Poll bks]

Weaver, John, 45 High St, Guildford, Surrey, cm and u (1831– 39). [D; poll bks] See Weaver and Whitburn.

Weaver, Samuel, address unknown, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Weaver, William, 4 Worship St, Finsbury, London, carver (1826). [D]

Weaver & Whitburn, High St, Guildford, Surrey, cm and u (1822–32). The John Weaver who traded as a cm and u at 45 High St, 1831–39 may have been the successor and possibly a partner in this business. [D]

Webb, —, London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Webb, —, Robert St, Blackfriars Rd, London, cm (1809). [D]

Webb, —, 72 Margaret St, Cavendish Sq., London, cm (1832). The business of Baker and Webb traded from the same address. [D]

Webb, Alfred, Church St, Liverpool, u (1820–30). At 30 Church St in January 1820 but by July 1822 the number was 34. Directories of 1823 and 1824 show him additionally at 22 Pleasant St, possibly his dwelling house. He maintained a warehouse for the sale of upholstery items and also undertook the manufacture of a number of the lines that he stocked. In January 1820 his stock included ‘Orris Laces, Float Laces, Covered Laces, Bed Laces, Blind Lines, Carpets, Morines, Hearth Rugs, Oil Cloths, Bell Pulls, Tassels, London Qualities Ferrils, Carpet Bindings etc. & every other article in the Upholstery Business’. By July 1822 he had ‘commenced manufacturing MOREENS & HAIR SEATINGS in addition to that of FRINGES, GOLD LACE etc’. In May 1827 his advertisement featured his range of ‘Brussels, Kidderminster and other carpets’ and he claimed to have in stock a thousand pieces of Morines. By April 1830 he had extended his premises and claimed to have ‘one of the best selected & most extensive Stocks in the Kingdom’. [D; Liverpool Mercury, 21 January 1820, 5 July 1822, 18 May 1827, 26 March 1830]

Webb, Arthur, 19 Broker Row, Moorfields, London, cm and u (1822). [D]

Webb, Charles, parish of St Michael, Bristol, cm (1774–81). [Poll bks]

Webb, Charles, 39 St Martin-le-Grand, London, cm (1777). In 1777 took out insurance cover of £300 which included £150 for utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 260, p. 74]

Webb, Charles, 4 Aldersgate St Buildings, Aldersgate St, London, clock case maker and cm (1783). In 1783 insured his utensils and stock for £200. [GL, Sun MS vol. 313, p. 28]

Webb, Charles, Bath, Som., cm (1784). Freeman of Bristol. [Bristol poll bk]

Webb, Charles, 6 Beech St, Barbican, London, cm (1790–93). [D]

Webb, Charles, 8 Old Bond St, London, u and cm (1823). In December 1823 took out insurance cover of £8,000. The property at 8 Old Bond St was described as a ‘new dwelling house & warerooms communicating’. Stock and utensils kept here were valued at £3,400 and he also owned 7 Old Bond St which was let to a wine merchant and valued at £1,500. [GL, Sun MS vol. 499, ref. 1012011]

Webb, George, London, upholder and cm (1763–72). At St James St, Bedford Row, 1763–72, but one entry of 1772 gives St Andrew, Holborn. On 29 July 1772 took an app. Stephen Crouch at a premium of £20. The bankruptcy of George Webb was announced in Gents Mag., November 1772. [GL, Sun MS vol. 138, p. 245; S of G, app. index]

Webb, George, Bristol, chairmaker (1775–1819). At 8 Bedminster in 1775, Bedminster Causeway, 1793–95; Redcliffe Hill, 1799; Alfred Pl., 1801; Montague St, 1801–09; 58 Broad Quay, 1817 and 15 Upper Maudlin St, 1818–19. [D; poll bks]

Webb, George, 2 Mint St, Southwark, London, chairmaker (1835). [D]

Webb, Henry, Hammersmith, London, chairmaker (1763–91). Recorded in 1763 in connection with the furnishing of Alresford House, Hants. In 1767 supplied 24 forest stools painted white at £5 8s and 6 German stools similarly painted to Sir John Griffin Griffin at Audley End, Essex. The Croome Court, Worcs. accounts record the supply of a ten foot sofa and four German chairs painted green in July 1769 at a cost of £4 14s 6d. Osterley Park, Middlx received chairs from him in 1782 and 1789 and in 1791 he supplied to Lord Ducie ‘6 large Fluted back German chairs’ at 2s each. These commissions indicate that his main trade was in simple sturdy chairs painted and in the main intended for garden use. In 1775 he took out insurance cover of £400 on a house and shops. The business was continued by Martha Webb. [C. Life, 5 January 1978, p. 18; Essex RO, D/DBy/A25; V&A archives; GL, Sun MS vol. 238, p. 373]

Webb, James, Canterbury, Kent, cane chairmaker (1714). In 1714 took app. named Holness. [S of G, app. index]

Webb, James & M., 17 Old Bethlem, London, bedstead maker, cm and carver (1788–93). [D]

Webb, James, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (1825). Daughter bapt. 1825. [PR (bapt.)]

Webb, John, Berkeley, Glos., upholder (1754). Freeman of Bristol. [Bristol poll bk]

Webb, John, Newbury, Berks., upholder and cm (1781–98). In 1781 took out insurance cover of £500 of which £420 was for utensils, stock and a ‘storehouse’. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 294, p. 194]

Webb, John, Bedminster Causeway, Bristol, Windsor chairmaker (1792). Succeeded at this address by George Webb. [D]

Webb, John, 4 Wood St, Old St Rd, London, cm (1805). [D]

Webb, John, 15 Holywell Rd, Shoreditch, London, bedstead maker (1820). [D]

Webb, John, New St, Wellington, Salop, cm and chairmaker (1822–36). [D]

Webb, John, 175 Regent St, London, cm and u (1826–27). [D]

Webb, John, High St, Towcester, Northants., cm and u (1830). [D]

Webb, John, 15 Wellington Mart, Hull, Yorks., joiner and cm (1838–39). [D]

Webb, John, 8 Old Bond St, London, u and cm (1825–35). Successor to Charles Webb at this address. The business is listed as J. & R. Webb, 1825–39, and in one directory of 1835 at Webb & Cragg. [D]

Webb, Martha, Hammersmith, London, chairmaker (1800–32). Successor to Henry Webb and probably his widow. On 13 February 1800 issued a receipt for £6 5s 6d for garden chairs supplied to Lord Monson. By 1804 had taken a partner named Bunce and this enterprise continued to trade until 1832. On their trade card they claimed that their manufactory of park and garden furniture had been established ‘upwards of seventy years’. They stated that their products had been ‘Sanctioned by their Majesties, the Prince of Wales, the Dukes of Clarence, Cumberland, Sussex and Cambridge’. Products stocked included ‘Cove seats and Portable Chaises, Rustic Hermitages, Chairs, Tables, Bridges, Gates, Windsor Chairs for Kitchen, Studies &c., Camp stools, Chairs, Greecian and German Sofas, Chairs, Stools, Gothic Setees, Chairs &c., Chinese Seats, Pavilions, Awnings, Bath chairs, dog houses, pallings &c.’. In December 1811 insurance cover was for £1,300 of which £1,250 covered the dwelling house and workshop in King St and £50 a workshop at the Creek, Hammersmith. Their address was also rendered as ‘Corner of Webb's Lane, Hammersmith’ on their trade card and King's Rd, Chelsea and at Hammersmith in directories. By 1832 at Dorcas buildings, Hammersmith. In 1804 Webb & Bunce supplied rustic seats to the Heathcote family. [D; Heal; BM, Banks 132–123; GL, Sun MS vol. 459, ref. 864076; Lincoln RO, Monson 11/18; 3 ANC 6/380]

Webb, Robert, ‘The Queen's Head & Three Tents’, Bedford St, Covent Gdn, London, upholder (1712–45). Free of the Upholders’ Co., 5 November 1712. Took as apps Thomas Dobyns, 1722–30, and Harry Skinner, 1726–32. His own son Robert was free of the Upholders’ Co. by patrimony, 7 November 1745. [Heal; GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Sun MS vol. 3, ref. 3013]

Webb, Robert jnr, London, upholder (1745). Son of Robert Webb and free of the Upholders’ Co. by patrimony, 7 November 1745. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Webb, Tesdale, 29 Gracechurch St, London, wholesale u (1770–1800). Traded as Tesdale Webb & Co. to c. 1782 but from that year the business is known as Webb & Lawford. Probably the ‘Webb’ who supplied chairs to the proprietors of the Coal Exchange, Lower Thames St in 1781 at a cost of £18. [D; GL, Coal Exchange ledger, p. 4]

Webb, Thomas, address unknown (1720). On 4 June 1720 supplied a frame for a marble table top to Temple Newsam House, Leeds at a cost of 6s. [Furn. Hist., 1967]

Webb, Thomas, 6 Bermondsey New Rd, London, cm and u (1822–28). [D]

Webb, Thomas, Ware, Herts., cm and u (1832–39). At Water Row 1832–38 but in 1839 was in the High St. [D]

Webb, William, St George's, Bristol, upholder (1774–81). [Poll bks]

Webb, William, 45 Leman St, Goodman's Fields, London, cm (1783). In 1783 insured a house for £200. [GL, Sun MS vol. 314, p. 158]

Webb, William, near the Turnpike, Newington, London, Windsor and rustic chair maker (1779–1811). His trade card, which uses the same frame and engravings as those of Stubbs and Lock & Foulger, indicates that Webb made and sold ‘all sorts of Yew Tree, Gothic and Windsor Chairs, China and Rural Seats, Single and double Alcoves, garden machines & Children's chaises’. Member of the Joiners’ Co. Included in the list of master cabinet makers in Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. One trade directory of 1791 lists additionally an address in Mile End Rd. A Windsor chair is known with Webb's trade label affixed beneath the seat. In 1803 the firm is recorded as William & Richard Webb. It is possible that the proprietors of this business were related to the business operated in Hammersmith and Chelsea on the opposite bank of the Thames in the same line successively by Henry Webb, Martha Webb and the partnership of Webb & Bunce. [D; BM, Banks 28–148, 28–230; Furn. Hist., 1978]

Webb, William, St George (Bristol), Glos., upholder (1784). (Bristol poll bk]

Webb, William, 227 Strand, London, cm, u and undertaker (1789–97). [D]

Webb, William, Berkhampstead, Herts., chairmaker (1793). [D]

Webb, William, Westcroft Rd, Hammersmith, London, rustic and garden chairmaker (1826). [D]

Webb, William, Frankfort St, Plymouth, Devon, cm (1836). [D]

Webb & Sampson, London, wholesale u (1759–70). At Threadneedle St, 1759–66 but from 1767 the address is rendered as 1 George St, Mansion House. [D]

Webber, Benjamin, Brandon, Suffolk, cm (1793). [D]

Webber, Miss E., address unknown, u (1837). Married John Kerridge of Exeter in February 1837. [Exeter Flying Post, 23 February 1837]

Webber, Frances, Exeter, Devon, u (1825–40). In 1825 she was trading in High St but in 1827–34 at Paul St and 1836–40 at New Buildings. [D]

Webber, James, St James St, Taunton, Som., cm (1822–39). [D]

Webber, James, Dunster, Som., cm and u (1840). [D]

Webber, John, address unknown, cm (1769). On 27 November 1769 supplied to William Constable of Burton Constable, Yorks. a travelling bedstead which he took with him on the Grand Tour in 1770. The bedstead was described as ‘complete’ but cost the incredible sum of £79. [Humberside RO, Buston Constable vouchers]

Webber, John, London, cm (c. 1781–94). App. to Seddon 1774 and during the period of his apprenticeship lived with him. Became a member of the Joiners’ Co. Took as app. George Cottle and in November 1794 John Ball. The latter was described as the son of a victualler from Rotherhithe. The premiums were £5 5s and £15 respectively and both apps lived with Webber. [GL, Joiners’ Co. bindings, vol. 7, p. 190; vol. 8, p. 10]

Webber, John, London, cm and u (1794–96). At 21 Poland St, Oxford St, 1794–95 and Gt Portland St in 1796. [D; Heal]

Webber, John Thomas, 6 Bermondsey New Rd, Southwark, London, cm (1809–25). [D]

Webber, Joseph, Pithay, Bristol, cm, u and broker (1810–40). At 21 Pithay, 1810–15; 21 and 22 in 1816–17, and thereafter 22. In 1823 also bedstead maker. [D]

Webber, Peter, 19 Sun St, Bishopsgate, London, cm (1805). [D]

Webber, William, Church St, Camberwell, London, cm and u (1826). [D]

Webber, William jnr, Exeter, Devon, carver and gilder (1833– 36). At Gandy St in 1833, 246 High St in 1834 and Waterbeer in 1836. [D]

Webber & Sparrow, 20 Castle Ditch, opposite Lord St, Liverpool, u (1774). In May 1774 announced the opening of their ‘Upholstery, Carpet, Blanket & Paper Hanging Warehouse’ and indicated that they required an app. [D; Williamson's Liverpool Advertiser, 6 May 1774]

Webber & Taylor, East St, Horsham, Sussex, cm (1839). [D]

Webley, John Clouter, Bristol, cabinet and chair carver (1831– 40). At 4 Rosemary St, 1831–32, 3 Rosemary St, 1833–38 and 53 Milk St, 1839–40. In 1836 described as an ornamental carver. [D]

Webley, William, address not known, chair painter (1809). [D]

Webster, —, Dockhead, Hull, Yorks., broker and cm (1803). [D]

Webster, Barnabas, 20 Pump Yd, Ratcliffe, London, carpenter and cm (1822–23). In February 1822 insured his stock and utensils for £200. In February 1823 total insurance cover was £500 with stock and utensils kept in his house and in a shed behind £190. Total cover was increased in April of that year to £600 with stock and utensils at £200. In April also stated to be a bedstead maker. [GL, Sun MS vol. 489, ref. 989614; vol. 489, ref. 1003068; vol. 496, ref. 1003 569]

Webster, Christopher, Bedale, Yorks., cm, joiner and carpenter (1823). [D]

Webster, Edward, London, upholder (1714–45). Son of Samuel Webster of Abbots Bromley, Staffs., weaver. App. to Henry Turner 9 November 1705 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 3 March 1713/14. Took as apps Henry Weedon 1733/34–36, Stephen Lawrence Husson 1736–1743/44 and George Good 1743–45. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Webster, Edward, St Neots, Hunts., carpenter, joiner, cm and u (c. 1730). Known from a label affixed to a mirror of the William and Mary period. This indicates that he made and sold ‘tables, chest of drawers, and buroes, desk-book-cases, chairs, settees, or Tea boards, or Tea Chests either in Wallnut, Mahogany or Wainscot, &c. Also looking glasses of all sorts, in all kinds of frames: and frames for Pictures, with Italian floor-cloths and carpets, paper hangings for rooms, gilt trunks and great variety of maps and pictures. Likewise painting oils and varnishes with all curious and common colours ready prepar'd with brushes, coffin plates of brass or tin, Gilt or lacquer'd castors and all sorts of locks, drops’. He also offered to re-silver looking-glasses and reframe them and stated that he undertook house painting. [V&A archives]

Webster, Elizabeth, Newcastle, u (1768–74). In February 1768 announced that she had just moved from ‘Sandhill Corner, below the Cross to the House over Mr. Saint's shop in the Side’. Recently arrived stock included ‘a neat assortment of Moreens, Harrateens’. She traded at the sign of the Royal Tent. In November she entered into a partnership with Ralph Brown who had formerly been a journeyman employed by the fashionable London u, William France. Brown claimed to have ‘wrought at several of his Majesty's Palaces, and Noblemen's Houses’ during the ‘considerable Time’ that he was employed by France. A trade card issued at this period indicates that the partners made and sold ‘Beds of Damask, moreen, chintz’ and had ‘a compleat assortment of paper hangings, also … carpets, with other articles in the Upholstery Way’. The partnership was dissolved in February 1772 and on 16 July 1774 Elizabeth Webster announced that she had ‘engaged a journeyman capable to carry on the upholstery business’ and ‘intends to carry it on as usual’. [Newcastle Courant, 6 February 1768, 19 November 1768, 29 February 1772, 16 July 1774; V&A archives]

Webster, George, parish of St Simon & St Jude, Norwich, cm (1780). [Poll bk]

Webster, George, King St, Hammersmith, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Webster, J., 8 Charles St, Liverpool, joiner and cm (1774). [D]

Webster, J., Water Row, Ware, Herts., u and paper-hanger (1823). [D]

Webster, J. & T., London, furniture warehouse, u and auctioneer (1825–27). At 95, 114 and 147 Whitechapel Rd in 1825–26 but 227 High St, Shoreditch 1826–27. [D]

Webster, James, Hull, Yorks., cm and u (1803–26). At Mushroom Row, John St 1803, 37 St John St 1810–23 but one directory of 1817 gives the number as 38. In 1826 at 30 Dock St with a residence at 8 Grimston St. Described as a carpet and upholstery warehouse, 1814–22. [D]

Webster, James, Manchester and Liverpool, u (1814–34). In 1829 he claimed to have been in business in Manchester for fifteen years. By trade he was a manufacturer of upholsterer's trimmings, fringes, smallwares etc. and had his business at

17 Hanover St, Manchester. In December 1829 he advertised the opening of a manufactory at 12 Williamson Sq. It is possible that the Manchester premises were closed soon after as they are not mentioned in subsequent advertisements. Advertised for apps in December 1829 and January 1834 and in August 1831 indicated that he wanted a journeyman u. In 1834 in addition to his manufacturing of trimmings, fringes and coach lace, he claimed also to make ‘furniture’ and kept stock of ‘damask and morine’. [Liverpool Mercury, 11 December 1829, 5 August 1831, 30 January 1834]

Webster, James, Blackfriargate, Hull, Yorks., cm (1838–40). At 14 Blackfriargate in 1838 and 5 Holme's Ct, Blackfriargate in 1839. [D]

Webster, John, London, u (before 1767). In August 1767 resident in Arch St, near Second St, Philadelphia, USA. He claimed to have arrived from London and to have ‘had the honour of working with applause, for several of the nobility and gentry in England and Scotland’. He offered seating furniture, a service to hang walls with fabrics or paper, the manufacture of Venetian blinds and a fluid for destroying bed bugs. [Penn'a Journal, 20 August 1767]

Webster, John, 5 Mercer St, Long Acre, London, cm (1774–75). In 1775 took out insurance cover of £400 but only £60 of this was for utensils and stock. [Westminster poll bk; GL, Sun MS vol. 242, p. 519]

Webster, John, Charles St, Liverpool, joiner and cm (d. by 1776). By November 1776 John Webster was dead and an auction sale of his stock was announced for 5 December. On offer were a quantity of deal, oak and mahogany boards, utensils and implements and ‘some very neat Cabinet & Household Goods, mostly new’. The Charles St premises included a ‘shop & yard’ which in November 1776 were being used by John and William Webster, probably sons of the deceased. [Williamson's Liverpool Advertiser, 29 November 1776]

Webster, John, Lancaster and Cartmel, Lancs., chairmaker (1806). Free of Lancaster 1806–07 but by that date living at Cartmel. [Lancaster freemen rolls]

Webster, John, York, cm (1818). Son of Michael Webster, cordwainer of Flaxton, Yorks. App. to George Beal, cm, on 5 October 1811 and free by servitude, 1818. [App. reg.; freemen rolls]

Webster, John, Upper Hill St, Richmond, Surrey, cm etc. (1822–39). [D]

Webster, John, Warton, near Kirkham, Lancs., joiner and cm (1828). [D]

Webster, John, 5 St Ann's Terr., Liverpool, u (1823–37). App. to William Bickerstaff, 1823, and in 1837 trading at St Ann's Terr. [D; app. bk]

Webster, John & Richard, Bromsgrove, Worcs., manufacturers of coffin ornaments, picture frames and wholesale dealers in Birmingham hardware (1793). [D]

Webster, Mary, 2 Savile St, Hull, Yorks., cm and u (1826–28). [D]

Webster, Peter, Pellmell Ct, Broadley St, Hull, Yorks., cm (1831–39). The number in Pellmell Ct was 11 in 1831 and 10 in 1838. [D]

Webster, Robert, Newcastle, u (1684–1709). Free 1684. His son Thomas was free, 25 July 1701. Robert Webster took as apps John Robson, free 11 March 1702/03, and John Armstrong, free 12 April 1709. [Freemen rolls; app. bk]

Webster, Robert, Ware, Herts., cm and upholder (1784–1818). Freeman of Norwich. [D; Norwich poll bks]

Webster, Simon, Newcastle, u (1705–13). Free 1705. Took as app. Lawrance Quincey who was free 22 December 1713. [Freemen rolls]

Webster, Thomas, Newcastle, u (1701–09). Son of Robert Webster of Newcastle, u. Free 25 July 1701. Took as app. William Henderson, free 12 December 1709. [Freemen rolls]

Webster, Thomas, Ulverston, Lancs., cm (1784–98). [D]

Webster, Thomas, 34 Bridport St, Liverpool, u (1818–24). App. to Mathew Gregson in 1784 but when he petitioned freedom in 1818 this was not granted as his former master was not free when Webster was bound and the indenture was lost. Trading at Bridport St in 1824. [D; freemen's committee bk]

Webster, Thomas, Straight, Lincoln, cm (1819). [D]

Webster, Thomas, Grimsby, Lincs., joiner and cm (1822–31). At Loft St, 1822–31, but one directory of 1826 gives Upper Burgess St. [D]

Webster, Thomas, Derby Rd, Nottingham, cm (1835). [D]

Webster, Thomas, Kendal, Westmld, cm and u (1834). [D]

Webster, W., Horsepool St, Leicester, cm (1815). [D]

Webster, William, Kimbolton, Hunts. and Pontefract, Yorks., joiner (1719–59). Subscribed to Chippendale's Director, 1754. Took as apps Henry Desbrough, 1719, Jn Beasley, 1742 and Richard Thompson, 1759. [V&A archives]

Webster, William, Blackfriargate, Hull, Yorks., cm (1768–95). Retired 1795 and his former app. Thomas Staniland took over the business. [Poll bks; Hull Packet, 1795]

Webster, William, 7 Pulteney Ct, Windmill St, Golden Sq., London, cm and glass paper maker (1792). In March 1792 took out insurance cover of £700 but stock and utensils were only valued at £70. [GL, Sun MS vol. 382, ref. 597858]

Webster, William, 4 Castle St, Long Acre, London, cm and undertaker (1805). [D]

Webster, William, Banbury, Oxon., cm and u (1832–40). At Sheep St, 1832–35 but from 1837 at High St. [D]

Webster & Brown, see Elizabeth Webster.

Webster & Carter, 218 Scotland Rd, Liverpool, u and paperhangers (1837). [D]

Webster & Darling, St John St, Hull, Yorks., cm (1806). [D] See William Darling.

Webster & Witty, Blackfriargate, Hull, Yorks., cm (1790–99). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793. [D]

Wedd, John, 115 Long Acre, London, cm etc. (1820). [D]

Weddall, John, 292 Deansgate, Manchester, joiner, builder and cm (1825). [D]

Wedderal, William, High St, Sunderland, Co. Durham, cm (1828). [D]

Wedderspoon, A. & R., 1 Castle St, Leicester Sq., London, cm and u (1820–23). [D]

Wedgwood, Aaron, the Potteries, Staffs., carver and gilder (1818–34). In 1818 the address is given as ‘Near the Big House, the Potteries’. In 1834 it was New St, Burslem. [D]

Weedon, Henry, London, upholder (1726–50). Son of Joseph Weedon of London, a member of the Armourers’ Co. App. to William Shepard, 3 November 1726 and then to Edward Webster, 15 February 1733/34. Free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 1 December 1736. Took as app. William Henry Halford, 1737–44/45. Living in Wellclose Sq. in 1750. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records, Livery list, 1750]

Weeden, John, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (1826–28). Daughters bapt. in 1816 and 1828. [PR (bapt.)]

Weeks, —, 14 Pitt St, Fitzroy Sq., London, carver and gilder (1820). [D]

Weeks, John, address unknown, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Weeks, John, 23 Sutton St, Clerkenwell, London, clock case maker (1809–26). [D]

Weeks, John, Four-posts, Southampton, Hants., cm (1839). [D]

Weeks, Thomas, Southampton, Hants., cm, u, appraiser and auctioneer (1823–39). At 132 High St, 1823–30. Bankruptcy declared, January 1824, and a sale was held of his stock. Continued trading at this address however and in 1830 charged Lord Willoughby de Broke £1 16s 3d for putting new carpet on two cabin stools and five ‘mahogany turned pillows’ for berths in a yacht. In 1839 at West St. [D; Brighton Gazette, 22 January 1824; BM, Banks 28. 150]

Weighill, Christopher, Osmotherly, Yorks., joiner and cm (1840). [D]

Weight, John, London, cm and u (1786–1839). At Bridge St, Covent Gdn, 1786–87 where he insured utensils and stock for £550 in January 1786 and household goods, utensils and stock in a workshop and warehouse for £700 in January 1787. Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793. At Savoy Steps, Strand in 1796 but from 1804 addresses are in Long Acre. At 37 Long Acre 1804 onwards but in 1821 at 115 Long Acre. A rosewood drum table on a pillar support with four legs terminating in brass paw feet has been noted with the label of this maker inscribed ‘Weight, 37 Long Acre’. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 335, p. 342; vol. 342, ref. 526709; Heal; Conn., February 1969, p. xlvii]

Weight, R. M. jnr, 63 Upper Charlotte St, Fitzroy Sq., London, cm and u (1811–37). [D]

Weightman, Anthony, Micklegate, York, cm (1758). [Poll bk]

Weir, David, Silver Ct, Silver St, London, cm (1803). Included in the list of master cabinet makers in Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Weir, James, 9 Crown St, Soho, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Wel(l)beloved, Charles, Denmark St, parish of St Giles-in-theFields, London, frame maker (1766–73). His house in Denmark St which was the sixth house from Hog Lane on the north side was insured in 1766 for £300 and a similar amount in December 1773. In 1769 paid £3 4s 9d in connection with the framing in a carved and gilt frame of a picture of a lioness and her young for Burton Constable, Yorks. [GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 105, p. 104; Humberside RO, Burton Constable vouchers]

Welborn, Joseph, 131 St John St, Smithfield, London, cm (1835). [D]

Welch, —, St Paul's, London, chairmaker (1708–09). Supplied furniture to Felbrigg, Norfolk in 1708 for which £7 was paid and in May 1709 a further payment of £2 14s 6d was made to Welch. [Norfolk RO, Felbrigg WKC 6/23]

Welch, Caleb, London, horse hair weaver and cm (1782–91). At 51 Fleet Mkt in 1782 when he was associated with Richard Joyhnson and Henry Ladyman in an insurance policy for £2,200 of which £2,000 was for utensils and stock. In September 1791 at 119 Fleet St with the same insurance cover but only Caleb Welch is named in the insurance contract. [GL, Sun MS vol. 304, p. 278; vol. 379, p. 547]

Welch, Charles, Hospital St, Nantwich, Cheshire, couch maker (1822). A John Welch in the same trade is also shown in Hospital St in 1822. [D]

Welch, George, Whitchurch, Salop, see George Welsh.

Welch, James, behind ‘The Rose & Crown’, Broadway, Blackfriars, London, glass grinder and looking-glass maker (1724–56). At ‘The Rose & Crown’, Broadway in July 1724 when he advertised his ability to supply wholesale or retail a ‘great Variety of Peer, Chimney or Sconce Glasses, fine Dressing-Glasses, Coach, Chariot or Chair-Glasses, with Plate Sash-Glasses &c.’ He offered to clean and modernise old glasses. At the time of his death in March 1756 he was referred to as ‘James Welch Esq’ and was declared to be ‘the greatest manufacturer of the looking glass trade in the kingdom’. [Daily Courant, 29 July 1724; Gents Mag., March 1756]

Welch, James, Ludgate Hill, London, cm (1727–32). In 1727 served as Constable in the parish of St Bride, Fleet St, but in 1732 fined for declining parochial office. [GL, MS 6561, p. 48]

Welch, John, Chester, u (1784). Son of Samuel Welch of Chester, maltster. Free 3 April 1784 and in that year shown living at Further Northgate St and King St. [Freemen rolls; poll bk]

Welch, John, Nottingham, u (1798). [D]

Welch, John, Hospital St, Nantwich, Cheshire, couchmaker (1822). A Charles Welch in the same trade was also in Hospital St in 1822. [D]

Welch, Joseph, Holywell Lane, Shoreditch, London, upholder (1709–42). Free of the Upholders’ Co., 6 April 1709. Took as apps John Whistler, 1720–28, Benjamin Key, 1725–36 and James Day, 1735–42. His house in Holywell Lane which was insured for £150, was on the west side and flanked to the south by a property distinguished by the trade sign of ‘The Bricklayers’ Arms’. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Hand in Hand MS vol. 12, p. 623; vol. 23, p. 232; Heal]

Welch, Nathaniel, Holywell St, Shoreditch, upholder (1712). In January 1712 insured his house ‘situate on the east side of Holywell Street over against Holywell Lane’ for £150. [GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 9, p. 511]

Weldon, George, Bridgegate, Barnard Castle, Co. Durham, joiner and cm (1827). [D]

Wellard, William, Deal, Kent, cm (1831–37). Freeman of Sandwich, Kent. [Sandwich poll bks]

Wellcome, John, Portsmouth, Hants., joiner and cm (1748). In 1748 took app. named Gloven. [S of G, app. index]

Weller, Henry, Ringmer, Sussex, cm (1839). [D]

Weller, John, East St, Chichester, Sussex, cm, u, auctioneer and estate agent (1777–1826). Frequently advertised auction sales in Sussex Weekly Advertiser. In April 1777 the advertisement is in the name of John Weller, but from August 1779 they are in the name of John Weller jnr, suggesting the involvement of both a father and son of the same name in this business. [D; Sussex Weekly Advertiser, 14 April 1777, 23 August 1779]

Weller, John, High Wycombe, Bucks., carpenter and cm (b. c. 1804–41). Three daughters and two sons bapt., 1829– 40. Aged 37 at the time of the 1841 Census. [PR (bapt.)]

Weller, John, 10 Thomas St, Manchester, chairmaker (1832). [D]

Weller, Samuel, North St, Brighton, Sussex, cm, u and furniture broker (1832–40). At 134 North St, 1832 but by 1839 at 150 North St. [D; poll bk]

Weller, Stephen, Greenwall, Lewes, Sussex, journeyman cm (1826–30). [Poll bks]

Weller, T. & Son, Chichester, Sussex, upholders, u and cm (1793). [D]

Weller, Thomas, East Grinstead, Sussex, basket and chairmaker (1832). [D]

Weller, William, 150 North St, Brighton, Sussex, cm, u and furniture broker (1837–39). Samuel Weller in the same trade was also at 150 North St in August 1839. [D]

Weller & Jones, 8 Charles St, Middlx Hospital, London, upholstery warehouse (1821–23). [D]

Welleson, George, Water Lane, Maidstone, Kent, cm (1838). [D]

Wellings, Richard, 2 Lichfield St, Birmingham, cm (1800). [D]

Wellman, John, address unknown, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Wells, Alexander, Liverpool, carver and gilder (1839). Free 23 July 1839 on servitude to William James. Took as app. in 1839 Edward Berry. [Freemen reg.; app. bk]

Wells, Augustus F., 30 Grease St, Rathbone Pl., London, cm, u and furniture inlayer (1839). [D]

Wells, Edward, London, upholder (1725). Son of John Wells, freeman and member of the Upholders’ Co. Brother to James Wells. Free of the Upholders’ Co. by patrimony, 4 August 1725. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Wells, George, 3 Castle St, Long Acre, London, u (1790–93). [D]

Wells, George, Queen St, Hull, Yorks., fancy chairmaker, cane worker and wood turner (1823–35). The numbers in Queen St were 4 in 1823, 34 in 1826, 40 in 1831–34 and 62 in 1835. [D]

Wells, George, High St, Bedford, cm and u (1839). [D]

Wells, Gervase, 38 Piccadilly, London, carver and gilder (1769–91). Bankruptcy announced Gents Mag., November 1775 but continued to trade. The business was of substantial proportions and attracted influential patrons. Insurance cover was £1,500 in 1784 and £2,100 in 1787 but this appears to have been mainly for property, much of which was not utilised in the business. On 14 April 1769 supplied nine picture frames to Alscot Park, Warks. at a cost of £10 19s 6d. Two large frames were supplied to Burton Constable, Yorks. in 1771 for which an account for £16 18s was submitted. Gervase Wells is also recorded as a Venetian blind manufacturer. [Westminster poll bk; GL, Sun MS vol. 324, p. 613; vol. 342, ref. 527913; vol. 373, ref. 580074; V&A archives; Humberside RO, Burton Constable vouchers]

Wells, Henry, Chichester, Sussex, chairmaker (1782). In 1782 took out insurance cover in association with John Gregory, wheelwright, on some tenaments valued at £100. [GL, Sun MS vol. 303, p. 288]

Wells, Henry, 51 Limekiln Lane with a shop at Peter Lane, Liverpool, cm (1829). [D]

Wells, J., London, portable desk manufacturer and pocket book maker (1805–25). From 1815 the business traded as Wells & Lambe. At 34 Cockspur St, 1802–04, 44 New Bond St in 1815 and 29 Cockspur St, 1817–25. An Anglo-Indian engraved ivory writing box, the exterior decorated with flowers and a pastoral scene in floral borders is known with the trade label of this business. It names Wells & Lambe at 29 Cockspur St and indicates that they were makers to the Duke of Cumberland. [D; Sotheby's, 11 June 1976, lot 71]

Wells, James, Paternoster Row, London, upholder (1696–1727). Freeman and member of the Upholders’ Co. His house in Paternoster Row was insured for £400 in October 1703 and it was stated that it had been in his possession for seven years. Father of James Wells jnr and Edward Wells both free of the Upholders’ Co. in 1725. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Hand in Hand MS vol. 2, p. 615; Heal]

Wells, James jnr, London, upholder (1725–d. 1788). Son of James Wells and brother to Edward Wells. Free of the Upholders’ Co. by patrimony, 4 August 1725. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Wells, James, 19 Carlisle Pl., Lambeth, London, carver and gilder (1826). [D]

Wells, James, 9 Crown St, Soho, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Wells, Jeremiah, Long Acre, London, chairmaker (1749). [Westminster poll bk]

Wells, John, ‘The King's Head’, end of Fetter Lane, Fleet St, London, u (1685–89). In 1686 offered ‘Bed furniture’ for sale at the Exeter Change in the Strand. [Heal; Harris, Old English Furniture, p. 29]

Wells, John, 7 Freeman's Row, with a shop at 69 Paradise St, Liverpool, u (1823–24). In 1824 described as a feather bed and blanket dealer. [D]

Wells, John, Barnby gate, Newark, Notts., u (1828). [D]

Wells, John, Market Pl., Norwich, cm and u (1839). [D]

Wells, John, 210 Regent St, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Wells, Joseph, Plot St, Nottingham, joiner and cm (1832). [D]

Wells, Joseph, Stodman St, Newark, Notts., u (1835). [D]

Wells, Richard, Fareham, Hants., cm (1777–d. 1799). In 1777 insured his house for £200. Died intestate in 1799. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 254, p. 398; Hants. RO, probate records]

Wells, Richard, Fareham, Hants., cm and u (1811–30). Declared bankrupt March 1811, but trading in East St in 1830. [D; Sussex Weekly Advertiser, 4 March 1811]

Wells, Robert, 2 Watson Ct, Canning St, Hull, Yorks., chairmaker and cane worker (1838–39). [D]

Wells, Stephen, 8 Collingwood St, Blackfriars, London, cm (1809). In 1809 took app. named Tennant. [Westminster Ref. Lib., MS F4310]

Wells, Thomas, 66 Whitecross St, Chiswick, London, cm (1805). [D]

Wells, Thomas, St John St Rd, London, cm and broker (1809– 24). At 5 St John's St, Smithfield in 1809 but 1823–24 at 11 George Pl., St John St Rd. In November 1823 insured a dwelling house and warehouse for £700 but in January 1824 insurance cover was £1,600. This included £1,000 for stock and utensils. At this date he was also using a stable with loft over at 26 King St, Clerkenwell. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 495, ref. 101584; vol. 494, ref. 1012522]

Wells, Thomas, Queen's Pl., Greenwich, London, cm (1826). [D]

Wells, W. & Penn, J., 31 Richmond Row, Liverpool, u (1837– 38). In 1838 their partnership was dissolved. [D; Chester Courant, 9 January 1838]

Wells, William, Winchester, Hants., u (1729). Undertook upholstery work at the Duke of Montrose's house at Shawford, Hants. [Scottish RO, GD 220/6/1376/13]

Wells, William, Deansgate, Manchester, cm (d. by 1766). Dead by April 1766 when his stock in trade was disposed of at his shop at ‘The Rose & Crown’, Deansgate. On offer were ‘Dining Tables, Falling Tables, Chests of Drawers of different Sizes, Mahogany, Walnut and Oak Chairs of different Patterns, a Clock in a Mahogany Case, Corner Cupboards, &c.’. [Manchester Mercury, 1 April 1766]

Wells, William, Newark, Notts., cm, u and auctioneer (1805– 32). At Market Pl., 1805–08, Barnby gate in 1819 and Bargate in 1832. [D]

Wells, William, 4 Ridinghouse Lane, Gt Portland St, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Wells, William, 12 Hackney Rd Cresc., London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Wells, Wilson, Millstone St, Horncastle, Lincs., joiner and cm (1835). [D]

Wellsman, Henry, Norwich, carver (1830–36). At Surrey St in 1830 and 101 Pottergate St in 1836. [D]

Wellsman, John, Sidbury, Devon, cm (1758). In 1758 took app. named Collins. [S of G, app. index] See Nicholas Welsman.

Wellsman, John, 33 Wardour St, Soho, London, cm and chairmaker (1813–23). One directory of 1820 lists 53 Wardour St but this is probably an error. In February 1813 had also apartments in Berwick St, Soho and additional workshops at Portland Mews. Stock and utensils there and at Wardour St were valued at £950. In March 1821 when stock and utensils were insured for £1,200 workshops were maintained at 3 Hollen St, Soho and these were also mentioned in a policy of January 1822. In October 1823 although total cover was £3,600 only £500 of this was for utensils and stock. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 457, refs 879734–35; vol. 483, ref. 972642; vol. 483, ref. 972927; vol. 483, refs 974382, 974385; vol. 488, ref. 978149; vol. 493, ref. 987496; vol. 498, ref. 1008797]

Wellsman, Nicholas, 32 Newman St, Oxford St, London, cm and chair manufacturer (1820–27). In December 1820 took out insurance cover of £500 of which £450 was for utensils and stock. In January 1822 the figures were £700 and £650 respectively. [GL, Sun MS vol. 483, ref. 974359; vol. 493, ref. 987821]

Wellstead, John, 102 Mount St, Davies St, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Wellsted, H., 63 Edgware Rd and Molyneux St, London, upholder and decorator (1812). His trade card states that the business was established in 1812. [V&A archives]

Wellsted, James, Molyneux St, Bryanston Sq., London, cm and u (1820–39). The number in Molyneux St is given as either 39 or 12 and 13. From 1835 additional addresses at Sholdam St and Wellsted Yd, Seymour Pl. were used. In 1839 the address was given as 30 Sholdam St. [D]

Welsby, Jonathan, Eccleston St, Prescot, Lancs., joiner and cm (1828–34). [D]

Welsford, Joseph & Co., 139 Oxford St, London, u (1839). [D]

Welsh, George, High St, Whitchurch, Salop, cm and chairmaker (1828–32). At Bargates in 1828, High St, 1828–32 and Green End, 1835. Insolvent by November 1832. [D; Chester Courant, 19 March 1833]

Welsh, Hugh, Queen St, Whitehaven, Cumb., joiner/cm (1811). [D]

Welsh, Jacob, 13 Compton St, Soho, London, japanner (1789– 91). In 1789 japanned thirty splat back chairs with rush seats and six long stools for Lord Howard de Walden of Audley End, Essex, at a cost of £4 13s. These were for Lord Howard's London house in New Burlington St. These chairs were japanned black and in 1791 were renovated by Jacob Welsh and two further chairs finished in white and colours at a total cost of 18s. [D; Essex RO, D/DBy/A47/5, D/DBy/A49/3]

Welsh, Jacob, Bedminster Parade, Bristol, cm (1813–15). The number in Bedminster Parade was 13 in 1814–15. [D]

Welsh, John, Chester, joiner and cm (c. 1745–84). Son of John Welsh, yeoman. App. to Thomas Wrench, joiner, 19 March 1735. In 1753 took as app. Richard Barber. Living in Barn Lane in October 1771 and King's St in April 1784. [App. bks; poll bks]

Welsh, Paul, 4 Denzell St, Clare Mkt, London, cm, upholder and undertaker (1817–29). [D]

Welsman, George, Exeter, Devon, cm (1834–40). At Catherine St, 1834–38 and 247 High St, 1838–40. [D]

Welsman, Nicholas, Sidbury, Devon, cm (1796). See John Wellsman trading in this village. [Exeter Flying Post, 11 August 1796]

Welsman, Robert, Exeter, Devon, chairmaker (1816). [Poll bk]

Wenborn, Josiah, 131 St John St, West Smithfield, London, cm, u and undertaker (1839). [D]

Wendover, G., Havant St, Portsea, Portsmouth, Hants., cm and u (1839). [D]

Wenman, Joseph, 53 Theobalds Rd, London, cm (1805). [D]

Wenman, Joseph, 14 Webber Row, Blackfriars Rd, London, cm (1809). [D]

Wenman, Thomas, London, upholder (1716). Son of Thomas Wenman of Gt Yarmouth, Norfolk, Gent. App. to Thomas Wilcox, 1 October 1707 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 11 April 1716. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Wensley, Richard, Bristol, u and butcher (1822–40). At 136 Temple St in 1822, West St in 1825 and 1 Earl St, 1837– 40. [D]

Wenley, W., Moulsham, Chelmsford, Essex, cm (1826). Freeman of Maldon, Essex. [Maldon poll bk]

Wentworth, Daniel, Cambridge, cm and u (1792–d. 1822). Succeeded by: Wentworth, Joseph, cm, u, auctioneer, appraiser and undertaker (1817–1849). Daniel Wentworth is recorded at the corner of St John St, 1792 and in Bridge St, 1805–08. His label is recorded: ‘D. Wentworth, Cabinet Maker, St. John's Street, Cambridge’, printed on card and tacked to the back of a mahogany bow-fronted chest of drawers. Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793. The Cambridge Chronicle and Journal, 10 October 1817 carried the announcement ‘D. Wentworth, Upholsterer, corner of St. John's Street’ thanks his customers ‘for the liberal support he has been honoured with for upward of 30 years’ and that he was resigning the business to his son Joseph. The Wentworth family monument in Holy Sepulchre Church records Daniel's death in 1822. Joseph Wentworth ‘Upholsterer, Auctioneer, Appraiser’ followed his father's announcement in the paper that he has succeeded his father in the Businesses of Upholsterer, Undertaker … and every article in the Cabinet line made to order’. He became a freeman of the Corporation on 7 October 1818, paying a fee of ten guineas. He is listed in Pigot's Directories, 1823–24, 1830 and 1839. From 1832–49 regular payments are recorded in the accounts of Trinity College, that of 1840 listing for the Combination Room ‘New Chairs, New Tables etc.’, £269 2s 6d. The chairs communion rails and communion table in Holy Sepulchre Church were ‘furnished’ by Wentworth c. 1845. He seems to have covered a wide area in his work as an auctioneer, an example being the sale advertised on 14 October 1831 of the cabinet and upholstery stock of William Edwards in Stamford. Joseph Wentworth also acted as an estate agent and paper-hanger. Wentworth is recorded as taking one app., John Adams from 13 April 1825 for a fee of £15. [D; Furn. Hist., 1978; Cambs. RO, Corp. records; freemen rolls; app. bk; archives of Trinity College; City of Cambridge, Royal Commission on Historical Monuments, 1959] R. W.

Wentworth, John, Lechlade, Glos., u (1839). [D]

Wentworth, Joseph, Cambridge, see Daniel Wentworth.

Wercombe, William, Exeter, Devon, carver and gilder (1836–39). At Russell St in July 1836 when his daughter Mary Ann was bapt. at St Sidwell's Church, and at Adelaide Pl. in January 1830 when his son Charles Richard was bapt. at the same church. [PR (bapt.)]

Were, James, 13 Chapel St, East Stonehouse, Plymouth, Devon, cm (1838). [D]

Wescombe, —, Exeter, Devon, picture frame maker (1831). In April 1831 summoned for failing to maintain his wife from funds received from the Corporation as poor relief. [The Alfred, 12 April, 1831]

Wescome, William, Cullompton, Devon, cm (1823–25). In 1823 trading in Cullompton as a cm but by October 1825 insolvent and described as ‘late of Cullompton’. In October 1825 he was described additionally as a grocer, linen draper and shopkeeper. [D; The Alfred, 11 October 1825]

West, Mr, Duke St, near Lincoln's Inn Fields, London, frame maker (1748). [General Advertiser, 30 March, 1748]

West, Andrew, 24 Banna St, St Luke's, London, cm, u and undertaker (1839). [D]

West, Bryan, Newcastle, u (1747). [Newcastle freemen reg.]

West, C., Foulsham, Norfolk, cm (1839). [D]

West, Charles & Son, 35 Bucklersbury, London, upholstery warehouse (1790–1816). [D]

West, Coleman, Elsing, Norfolk, cm, u and paperhanger (1836). [D]

West, Daniel, 8 York St, Pentonville, London, carpenter and cm (1805). [D]

West, F., 19 South Row, New Rd, St Pancras, London, upholder (1835). [D]

West, George, Newcastle, u (1716–24). App. to John Robson, u, tinplate worker and stationer and free by servitude, 5 March 1716. In 1724 took app. named Pierson. [Freemen reg.; S of G, app. index]

West, George, The Side, Newcastle, u (1741–d. 1767). Took as app. Joseph Kidd in 1759 and he was free, 7 October 1765. Other apps were John Ridpeth, free 13 June 1766, and John Graham and William Rutledge, free 15 October 1774. The two latter apps must have completed their training under a new master, for the death of George West was announced in April 1767. The business was continued by Thomas Brown who was George West's son-in-law and had been engaged in the management of the business prior to 1767. [Poll bk; freemen reg.; S of G, app. index; Newcastle Courant, 18 April 1767]

West, George, address unknown, cm (1754). Subscribed to Chippendale's Director, 1754. Possibly the u who was trading in Newcastle, 1741–67.

West, George, Newcastle, cm (1811–27). At the Head of the Side in 1811 and Groat Mkt, 1824–27. [D]

West, George, Market Pl., Stoney Stratford, Bucks., cm (1839). [D]

West, Henry, King St, Gt Yarmouth, Norfolk, carver and gilder (1836). [D]

West, J. H., Wisbech, Cambs., carver and gilder (1824). [D]

West, James, Guinea St, Exeter, Devon, cm (1823). Son John bapt. at St Mary Major, 10 August 1823. [PR (bapt.)]

West, John, address unknown, frame maker (1732). Supplied ten pear tree frames, edges carved and gilt at a cost of £7 10s on 20 May 1732 to Edward Monnington of Sarnesfield Court, near Kington, Hererfs. The account was receipted on 4 December 1732. [Herefs. RO, P94/28]

West, John, Oxford, cm (1739). Married Elizabeth Hart at the church of St Peter in the East on 24 April 1739. At this date he was aged 26. [Bodleian index of Oxf. marriage bonds]

West, John, ‘The Cabinet’, King St, Covent Gdn, London, cm and u (1743–58). May have used the same property as Thomas Arne, father of the composer, in King St. Arne was murdered on 2 March 1730. If this is the case however West must have changed the trade sign, for that of Arne was ‘The Two Crowns & Cushion’. David Garrick lodged with John West in King St, 1743–48, and William Ince, later to partner John Mayhew, was West's app. On the death of John West in 1758 the business was taken over by the partnership of James Whittle and Samuel Norman. [Heal; GL, Sun MS vol. 81, ref. 110689]

A number of West's patrons have been identified and indicate his importance as a maker to the nobility and gentry of the period. He was working at Alscot Park, Warks. and supplying furniture to his patron James West for the house from 1745 until the year of his death in 1758. A set of mahogany chairs, carved and the seats ‘Cover'd with black leather and Nailed with brass Nails’ supplied in 1745 at £2 2s each may be the set presently in the Hall. The total commission came to £39 13s inclusive of other items. An account for £19 18s was submitted in June 1748, a smaller account for £4 11s 9d which included a neat mahogany breakfast table with fly feet in 1753 and a more substantial commission amounting to £62 4s 9d in March 1758. The major items of furniture in this latter order were a mahogany bedstead at £6 10s and a large mahogany sofa charged at the same amount. Much of the remainder was for fabrics. [West papers, Alscot Park; C. Life, 22 May 1958]

The Monson archives at the Lincoln RO indicate patronage on a considerable scale extending from 1745–53. A minor commission amounting to £3 6s in November 1745 was followed in March 1747 by the receipt of two ‘neat commode dressing tables of rosewood’ costing £15 15s. In May of the same year ten carved mahogany elbow chairs costing £23 10s were part of a much larger commission, mainly fabrics, which totalled £103 9s 6d. A minor commission for a dressing table in August 1747 and a mahogany table in January 1748 were followed by much more significant orders. In December 1752 an account for £68 18s 4d included a ‘Chimney in the Chinese taste’ £11 15s, ‘rich carv'd table frames in paint’ £30 and a ‘Pier glass neat carv'd Chinese frame in white & gold’ £16 10s. An account dated 24 December 1752 totalling £67 13s 6d was mainly for fabrics as were also commissions placed in the next year amounting to £28 11s 4d. The largest sum expended was however in November 1752 when an account for £263 13s 7½d was submitted to Holland Goddard. A set of twelve fan back chairs, six elbow chairs and two sofas were included as well as other chairs, tables, fabrics and carpets. [Lincoln RO, Monson 11/22/24, 11/22/25, 11/50, 12]

Other patrons are known. The Grimston family used John West 1753–54. The wallpapers specified by West came from Thomas Bromwich who traded as a ‘Leather Gilder & Paper Merchant at the Golden Lion, on Ludgate Hill’. Apart from these West provided a Turkey carpet at £34, ‘A neat Carv'd Ornament in paint to go over the Pier Glass’ £1 5s and ‘15 Yards of Cotton to match the Couch’. In November 1754 he received from Mr Grimston a complaint about a table that he had produced and West agreed to its return. ‘I would rather be two or three pounds a looser, than give the least cause of uneasiness to a Gentleman who has confer'd such great & infinite obligations’. At Woburn Abbey, Beds., furniture was supplied between May 1755 and the end of 1758 and the total cost of the commissions was £1,947 14s 9d. The upholstery work and furniture was for the new rooms created by Henry Flitcroft for John, 4th Duke of Bedford. Between April and July 1755 Greek damask hangings were provided for the Drawing Room and ten walnut elbow chairs and two sofas upholstered in green. Three pairs of window curtains in green damask were supplied also. Another set of chairs in walnut consisted of ten single and two elbow chairs with yellow laced seats. In August of the same year a number of gilt pier glasses, a mahogany bedstead and hangings and a large mahogany commode decorated with ormolu were provided. The final bill was not settled until January 1759 and the receipt was given by William Dutton, ‘Administrator to the late John West’. A payment of £80 was also made to West in 1756 by the executors of the 4th Duke of Beaufort. [Ingram, Leaves from a Family Tree, p. 48; Bedford Office, London; Badminton Muniment Room I/Shelf 2, No. 22] B.A.

West, John, London, upholder (1765). Son of Samuel West of the parish of St George, Hanover Sq., oilman. App. to Thomas Dobyns, 5 October 1758 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 5 December 1765. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

West, John, Lancaster, joiner and cm (1770–80). App. to W. Blackburn 1770 and free, 1779–80. [Freemen rolls]

West, John, Sidmouth, Devon, cm (1778–90). In 1778 took out insurance cover of £100 of which £60 was for utensils and stock. By July 1790 insurance cover had risen to £300. [GL, Sun MS vol. 264, p. 60; vol. 370, July 1790]

West, John, Horsemonger Lane, near the King's Bench, Newington, London, upholder (1775–82). Son of John West of Marylebone, butcher. App. to James Bolton, 1 February 1775 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 6 February 1782. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

West, John, Tufton St, Westminster, London, joiner and cm (1789–90). In 1789 submitted an estimate for £2,000 in connection with works for Carlton House. Carved the woodwork for the Chinese Drawing Room, Carlton House. Also engaged in work at Althorp, Northants., where he supplied timber etc. costing £227 0s 2½d. A receipt for £50 was given on 11 November 1790 and a further one for £227 on 28 November. [H. Clifford Smith, Buckingham Palace, p. 104; V&A archives]

West, John, 9 King's Bench Walk, Temple, London, upholder (1773–91). Son of John West of Goodman's Fields, Whitechapel, brewer. App. to Joseph Merryman, 3 March 1773 and then to Robert Bevan, a farrier, 6 August 1777. Free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 26 September 1791. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

West, John, 23 Charles St, Westminster, London, upholder (1806). On 1 September 1806 took out insurance cover of three houses in Gt College St, Westminster for £900. [GL, Sun MS vol. 437, ref. 792675]

West, John, St John's St, Newport Pagnall, Bucks., cm (1823– 39). [D]

West, Joseph, Newcastle, u (1740–41). Free 1740. [Freemen reg. poll bk]

West, Joseph, High St, March, Cambs., carver and gilder (1830). [D]

West, Joseph, 48 Groat Mkt, with a house at 22 Middle St, Newcastle, cm and furniture broker (1833–34). [D]

West, Joseph Henry, High St, King's Lynn, Norfolk, carver and gilder (1822). [D]

West, Martin, Fore St, Bodmin, Cornwall, u and cm (1823). [D]

West, Robert, High St, Shaftesbury, Dorset, cm and builder (1823). [D]

West, Sephrend (or Sophronia), parish of St Mary, Oxford, u (1724). In September 1724 Sophronia took out insurance cover of £500 on goods and merchandise in her dwelling house. In the insurance records she is described as a widow. In the same year Sephrend West took app. named Ward. [GL, Sun MS vol. 17, ref. 32540; S of G, app. index]

West, Stephen, ‘The Leopard’, corner of Blackamoor St, Drury Lane, London, upholder (1712–21). On 30 November 1721 was paid £14 3s for blankets and quilts supplied to Lady Bowes. [GL, Sun MS vol. 2, p. 90; Heal; Durham RO, Strathmore MS, D/St/352/2]

West, Thomas, King's Lynn, Norfolk, cm (1774–75). His app. James Speechly was declared free, 1774–75. [Freemen rolls]

West, Thomas, Stanningley, near Leeds, Yorks., cm and joiner (1830). [D]

West, William, Oxford, u (1712). In 1712 took app. named Munday. [S of G, app. index]

West, William, St Phillip's, Bristol, cm (1793). [D]

West, William snr, High St, Stoney Stratford, Bucks., cm and u (1830). [D]

Westacott, Samuel, Newport, Barnstaple, Devon, cm (1830). [D]

Westaway, Messrs, 41 Union St, East Stonehouse, Plymouth, Devon, cm and u (1838). [D]

Westbrook, William, at Mr Smith's, Fleet St, London, upholder (1745). [D]

Westbury, Daniel, 16 Pinnington St, Liverpool, cm (1811). The Pinnington St address was described as a shop. [D]

Westbury, Daniel, Princess Row, Coleshill St, Birmingham, cabinet case maker (1818). [D]

Westby, George August, 9 George St, Portman Sq., London, carver and gilder (1835–39). [D]

Westell, Thomas, parish of St James, Bristol, cm (1754–57). Bankruptcy declared, Gents Mag., May 1757. [Poll bk]

Wester, Thomas, address unknown, cm (1723). Paid £9 in 1723 by Sir Richard Hoare, 1st Bart. [Hoare's Bank MS]

Westerdale (or Westerdell), George, High St, Hull, Yorks., cm (1754–92). [D; poll bks]

Westerman, Joseph, Market Green, Cottingham, near Hull, Yorks., cm (1811–40). App. to Thomas Ross of Cottingham, June 1811. Trading at Market Green by 1831. [D; Hull app. bk]

Westerman, Samuel, Morley, near Leeds, Yorks., cm (1822). [D]

Westgarth, Thomas, Durham, cm (1827–34). At King's Arms Yd, Market Pl. in 1827 and Clay Path Gates, 1828–34. [D]

Westlake, William, High Wycombe, Bucks., cm (1816). Daughter bapt. 1816. [PR (bapt.)]

Westlake, William, Cornwall St, Plymouth, Devon, chairmaker (1836–38). [D]

Westley, John, Northampton, u (1784–98). At Horsemarket in 1784 and Abingdon St in 1790. [D; poll bks]

Westmoreland, Edward, Boar Lane, Leeds, Yorks., joiner and cm (1790). [D]

Westmorland, William, Boar Lane, Leeds, Yorks., joiner and cm (1786). In August 1786 advertised for ‘three or four journeymen cabinet-makers, one clock case maker and one chair-maker’. Edward Westmoreland was probably his successor. [Leeds Mercury, 29 August 1786]

Weston, Field, Nottingham, joiner and cm (1828). Was joint master of William Smith who was app. 1828. [App. bk]

Weston, George, Nottingham, joiner and cm (1828). Was joint master of William Smith who was app. 1828. [App. bk]

Weston, J., 42 Curzon St, Mayfair, London, u and cm (1808– 19). In 1811 supplied for the Prince of Wales at Windsor a rosewood ‘Ora’ table, four black and gold begère chairs with caned backs and seats and eight elbow chairs to match. The table was charged at £27 6s and the seating furniture at £194. [D; Windsor Royal Archives, RA 25335]

Weston, James, Watergate St, Ellesmere, Salop, cm (1798–1822). A William Weston, cm, was trading in Watergate St in 1840. [D]

Weston, John, Uttoxeter, Staffs., cm (1798). [D]

Weston, John, 6 Penn St, Bristol, u (1819). [D]

Weston, John R., Southampton, Hants., cm and u (1823–39). At 8 Bridge St in 1823, 6 St George's Terr. in 1830, Bernard St in 1834 and 8 Middle St in 1839. One directory of 1839 giving the Bernard St address lists the business as R. J. R. & A. H. Weston. [D]

Weston, John, 4 Nevills Ct, Fetter Lane, London, furniture japanner (1826). [D]

Weston, Jonathan, 3 Red Lion Ct, London Wall, London, cm (1782). In 1782 insured his house for £100. [GL, Sun MS vol. 301, p. 186]

Weston, Jonathan, 101 Golden Lane, London, chairmaker (1810). In December 1810 took out insurance cover of £600 of which £140 was for stock and utensils. [GL, Sun MS vol. 449, ref. 852186]

Weston, Joseph, King St, Belper, Derbs., cm (1835). [D]

Weston, Stephen, Weekday Cross, Nottingham, joiner and cm (1784–d. 1810). In 1791 signed the Nottingham Cabinet and Chair Makers’ Book of Prices on the behalf of the masters. Advertised for craftsmen in July 1784. Patronised by the Massingberd family and on 19 December 1794 £5 17s was paid to Weston for tables, two stands and a writing box. [D; Nottingham Journal, 31 July 1784; Lincoln RO, MM9/10; Notts. RO, probate records]

Weston, Thomas, Bristol, upholder (1781–1823). Living in the parish of St James in 1791. At Philadelphia St, 1794–1801 and 1 Old King St, 1805–23. [D; poll bks]

Weston, William, 22 Davies St, Berkeley Sq., London, carver (1821). In May 1821 took out insurance cover of £1,000. Half of this was for utensils and stock in a workshop behind 20 Chapel St, Grosvenor Sq. where he had formerly lived. He also had goods to the value of £30 in the dwelling house of Williment at 25 Green St, Grosvenor Sq. [GL, Sun MS vol. 488, ref. 980136]

Weston, William, Apple Mkt, Northwich, Cheshire, cm (1822). [D]

Weston, William, Bishops Waltham, Hants., cm, u and auctioneer. (1823–30). In 1830 in the High St. [D]

Weston, William, 6 Bridge St, Southampton, Hants., cm and u (1830). [D]

Weston, William, Watergate St, Ellesmere, Salop, cm (1840). James Weston was trading in this street as a cm, 1798–1822. [D]

Weston & Lodsley, Nottingham (1791). Signed the Nottingham Cabinet and Chair Makers’ Book of Prices, 1791, on behalf of the masters.

Westwick, William, West St, Middlesborough, Yorks., joiner and cm (1840). [D]

Westwood, Charles, London, upholder (1749–d. by 1785). Son of Thomas Westwood of Sawbridgeworth, Herts. and father of Thomas Westwood jnr. App. to John Shepherd, 1 February 1738 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 3 August 1749. Took as apps Edward Smith, 1757–65, and William Coxter, 1760–67. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Westwood, James & John, Jamaica Row, Birmingham, cabinet case makers (portable desks, dressing cases) (1822–39). At 9 Jamaica Row in 1822 and at 22 in 1828–30. The business was continued by John alone and in 1835 he was at 21 Jamaica Row and still in this street in 1839. [D]

Westwood, John, Harbone, Birmingham, cm (1816). [D]

Westwood, John, Jamaica Row, Birmingham, see James & John Westwood.

Westwood, Johnson, Watling St, London, upholder (1777–1802). Son of Samuel Westwood to whom he was app., 14 April 1767. Free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 1 October 1777. At Watling St, 1777–87 but 1794–1802 living in Hertfordshire. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Westwood, Marmaduke, London, u and cm (1793–1811). At 3 White Hart Ct, Lombard St, 1800–02. From 1803 at 32 Crooked Lane. In 1793 subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book and in 1803 was included in the list of master cabinet makers in his Cabinet Dictionary. [D]

Westwood, Obadiah, Camp Hill, Birmingham, manufacturer of coffin furniture, picture frames etc. (1803). [D]

Westwood, Samuel snr and jnr, London, upholder (1755–77). Samuel Westwood snr was an ironmonger formerly of Birmingham but by 1748 living in Watling St, London. He was also a member of the Upholders’ Co. by redemption from 4 August 1748. He took his son Samuel jnr as app. from 1748–55 and he was declared free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 23 September 1755. Either Samuel Westwood snr or jnr took as app. Johnson Westwood, 1767–77. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Westwood, Thomas, 7 Bedford Ct, Covent Gdn, London, upholder (1785). Son of Charles Westwood of Blackfriars. Free of the Upholders’ Co. by patrimony, 7 December 1785. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Westwood, Thomas, Bedminster, Bristol, nail and chairmaker (1818). [D]

Westwood & Smith, 8 Broadway, Blackfriars, London, u (1773). [D]

Wetdrill, Thomas, London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Wetherall, John, 26 Haymarket, London, u and cm (1777–84). In 1777 took out insurance cover for £1,000 of which £500 was for utensils and stock and £200 for workshops. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 254, p. 390]

We(a)therall, John, 52 Dean St, Soho, London, upholder (1804–05). In July 1804 took out insurance cover of £900 on household goods in a warehouse behind 52 Dean St. In September 1805 cover of £500 was taken on household goods at 2 Chapel Row, Little Chelsea. [GL, Sun MS vol. 431, ref. 762880; vol. 434, ref. 779481]

Wetherell, John, Liverpool, cm (1823). Died 6 November 1823 aged 45. [Liverpool Mercury, 7 November 1823]

Wetherell & Wilson, 64 Leadenhall St, London, carvers and gilders (1789–93). Wetherell's forename was John. [D]

Wetherley, Thomas, Dover, Kent, turner and chairmaker (1792–93). [D]

Wetherstone, Alexander, ‘The Painted Floor Cloth & Brush’, Portugal St, Lincoln's Inn Fields, London, carpenter, joiner and turner (1760–65). Although not strictly a furniture maker he did sell ‘Mahogany Cisterns with Brass Hoops, Dish & other Stands, Voiders, hand boards, Tea Boards, Tea Trays, Tea Chests, Back Gammon Tables & Draught Boards’ some at least of which he probably manufactured. [Heal]

Wetton, Richard, 32 Upper Seymour St, London, u (1839). [D]

Weyman & Smith, High St, Bewdley, Worcs., cm and u (1835). [D]

Weymouth, William Paul, Penzance, Cornwall, cm (1809). [Cornwall RO, DDX 573/70]

Weymouth, William, Bristol, chairmaker (1823–31). At Portwall Lane, 1823–25, Stoney Hill Cottage in 1826, Portwall Lane, 1827–29 and 73 St Thomas St, 1830–31. [D]

Whaite, Henry, Bridge St, Manchester, carver and gilder, looking-glass and picture frame maker (1828–40). At 75 Bridge St in 1828 but from 1832 the number was 4. [D]

Whaite, James jnr, Diss, Norfolk, cm (1784). There was also a James Whaite snr, carpenter, trading in Diss in 1784 who was probably his father. [D]

Whale, William, 11 Mint St, Southwark, London, bedstead maker (1805–09). [D]

Whaley, Henry, Aswell Lane, Louth, Lincs., cm and joiner (1826–40). [D]

Whaley, John, address unknown, u (1710–25). Payments to this maker are frequent in the accounts of Lady Mary Saunderson. Total payments 1710–25 amount to £173 16s 0½d. In only a few instances are the items concerned described, but mending a bed, making a quilt, altering window curtains, supplying a bed and bedding and supplying upholstery materials are specified as is also many hours of labour. Payments totalling £107 also appear in the account books of the Earl of Rockingham, 1715–22, but again details are lacking. [Lincoln RO, Monson 10 A/1, 10/1/A/16, 12]

Whaley, Matthew, Dukinfield, Staylybridge, Lancs., cm (1825). [D]

Whaley, Whiston, Fenchurch St, London, cm (1765). A member of the Armourers & Brazier's Co. but by trade a cm. In 1765 took out a licence to employ a non-freeman for six weeks. [GL, City Licence bks, vol. 4]

Whaller, Thomas, address unknown, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Whalley, Charles, London, upholder (1726–33). Son of George Whalley of Norton, Leics., Gent. App. to Bladwell Peyton, 5 October 1726 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 5 December 1733. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Whalley, John, Liverpool, cm (1767). Free 2 December 1767. [Freemen reg.]

Whalley, John, Poulton St, Kirkham, Lancs., joiner and cm (1815–34). On 29 May 1815 took George Woods, son of James Woods of Kirkham, hatter, as app. [D; Preston RO, DDPr. 1/58]

Whalley, Robert, 15 Marble St, Manchester, cm (1804). [D]

Whalley, Thomas, Rose St, Long Acre, London, cm (1774). [Heal]

Wharton, —, London, u (1767–68). From November 1767 to October 1768 supplied to Shelburne House, Berkeley Sq., London materials such as ‘Padua serge, green bays’ etc. to a value of £15 19s. [Bowood MS]

Wharton, Charles, ‘The Crown & Two Septres’, Queen St, Southwark, London, picture frame maker (c. 1750). Offered to supply picture frames ‘either in Gold, Lacquered or Black’. Also stocked a ‘great Choice of Maps & Prints Ready Framed and a variety of Paintings on Glass’. [Heal]

Wharton, George, Bargate, Richmond, Yorks., joiner and cm (1827). [D]

Wharton, George jnr, Northallerton, Yorks., cm (1840). [D]

Wharton, James, 7 Dickson St, Liverpool, cm (1818). [D]

Wharton, Jeremiah, Main St, Cockermouth, Cumb., cooper/ turner/chairmaker (1829). [D]

Wharton, John, Sand Lane, Cockermouth, Cumb., cooper/ turner/chairmaker (1829). [D]

Wharton, Robert, Chapel Lane, Hull, Yorks., chair bottomer (1803). [D]

Wharton, Robert & Gee, Richard, Oxford, upholders (1823). In 1823 took as app. Eldridge Fields. [Oxford RO, Misc. Coventry I/1]

Wharton, Robert, Le Gendre Pl. and 208 Chapel St, Salford, Lancs., joiner, builder and cm (1825). [D]

Wharton, Thomas, St Mary Magdalen, Oxford, cm (1802). [Poll bk]

Whatley & Barker, 26 Philip Lane, London, bed and mattress maker (1827). [D]

Whatson, Samuel, Wright's Yd, Leeds, Yorks., cm (1818). [D]

Whatton, James, North St, South Shields, Co. Durham, cm (1827–28). [D]

Whatton, William, Liverpool, joiner and cm (1837–39). At 83 Fontenoy St with a shop at 255 Scotland Rd in 1837 and 34 Fontenoy St with a shop at 2 Ormond St in 1839. [D]

Whayt, Charles, King's Lynn, Norfolk, u (1670–71). Free by patrimony 1670–71. [Freemen rolls]

Wheatland, William, Retford and Rockley, Notts., chairmaker (1821–30). In 1821–22 trading at Beardsall Row, Retford as a joiner and chairmaker. He was an important Methodist, and when he moved to the new village of Rockley soon after, he was concerned to see that a chapel was opened there. To this end he presented in 1827 a small piece of land on which it could be built. Wheatland traded in Rockley as a joiner, wheelwright and chairmaker but in February 1830 was declared bankrupt. A number of Windsor chairs are known stamped on the seat edge or rear of seat ‘WHEATLAND ROCKLEY’, a child's chair of this type being in the Bradford Museum. Chairmaking was subsequently to become an important local industry and c. 1840 five of the thirteen cottages in Mill Lane were inhabited by chairmakers, four of these being Methodists. [D; Furn. Hist., 1978; Antique Collecting, February 1974; Retford Lib., Rockley Methodist Chapel Centenary Souvenir; Chester Courant, 23 February 1830]

Wheatley, Edward, Mile End Green, Stepney, London, turner and chairmaker (1726). In October 1726 took out insurance cover of £100. [GL, Sun MS vol. 22, p. 420]

Wheatley, Joseph, Exeter, Devon, u (1740). In 1740 took an app. named Hardy. [S of G, app. index]

Wheatley, Joseph, Liverpool, cm (1835–39). In 1835 at 13 Vine St and in 1837 at 36 Falkener St where he was also listed as a ‘Beer shop’. By 1839 the number in Falkener St had changed to 188. [D]

Wheatley, Thomas, Manchester, cm and furniture broker (1828–40). In 1828 listed at 8 Thomas St as a cm, and 85 Shudehill as a furniture broker. Continued in Shudehill, and the number was 52 in 1834 when his trade was again furniture broker, and 50 from 1836–40 when his trade was once more given as cm. [D]

Wheatley, Thomas, 2 Edge St, Oak St, Manchester, cm and u (1836). [D]

Wheatley, William, Nottingham, cm (1791). In 1791 signed the Nottingham Cabinet and Chair Makers’ Book of Prices on behalf of the masters.

Wheatley & Ridsdales, 25 Clement Lane, Lombard St, London, wholesale u (1759–78). Their trade sign appears to have been ‘The Lamb’. In 1768 the firm is listed as Wheatley, Risdales & Bell. Trade card in Banks Coll., BM. [D]

Wheawell, John, Workington, Cumb., joiner/cm (1828–29). At Pow St in 1828 and Priestgate in 1829. [D]

Wheeldon, Benjamin, Manchester, cm and u (1811–33). At 1 Chatham St, 1811–18 but by 1821–29 at 58 King St and by 1832 at 34 King St. Supplied furniture to Sir John Leicester at Tabley House, Cheshire. On 5 January 1824 a pair of mahogany fire screen stands were provided at £2 15s and on 28 January 1825 a mahogany folding fire screen at £2 10s. Bankruptcy declared September 1827. [D; Chester RO, Tabley papers DLT; Liverpool Mercury, 5 October 1827]

Wheeldon, William, 28 Tib Lane, Manchester, cm and u (1834). [D]

Wheele, Richard, 30 Snowfields, London, cm (1789). [D]

Wheeler, B., 4 Peter St, Cow Cross St, London, u (1820). [D]

Wheeler, Benjamin, 5 Taylor's Rd, Islington Rd, London, cm (1805). [D]

Wheeler, C., King St, Melksham, Wilts., chairmaker (1839). [D]

Wheeler, Charles, Belmont Village, Birmingham, cm, u and broker (1828–30). [D]

Wheeler, Constable, London, upholder (1703–11). Insured various properties in the Strand, Rose St, and Maiden Lane, a number of which were tenanted. He may possibly have traded at the sign of ‘The Dolphin & Crown’ in the Strand. [GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 5, p. 697; vol. 4, p. 107; vol. 6, ref. 17715; vol. 9, p. 162]

Wheeler, Daniel, Calne, Wilts., Havant, Hants., and Winchester, chairmaker (1777). Born 1744. Son of Thomas Wheeler. Lived at Calne, Wilts. from where his father moved to Havant leaving Daniel and his mother. Daniel followed when he was aged 19. In 1777 he was living in the parish of St John-in-theSoke, Winchester with a wife Mary, three daughters aged 2 to 5 and a 5 month old son. [S of G, St John-in-the-Soke settlement papers]

Wheeler, Emanuel, Cross St, Ryde, Isle of Wight, Hants., cm and u (1830–39). [D]

Wheeler, Felstead, 73 Old Broad St, London, u (1768–70). [D]

Wheeler, George, Gloucester, cm (1784). Freeman of Bristol. [Bristol poll bk]

Wheeler, James, London, upholder (1705). Free of the Upholders’ Co., 1 August 1705. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Wheeler, James, parish of St Lawrence, Norwich, u (1743–61). Free 21 September 1743 but not by apprenticeship. Living in the parish of St Lawrence, March 1716. [Freemen rolls; poll bk]

Wheeler, James, 1 Lambs Conduit Passage, Red Lion Sq., London, carver and gilder (1809). [D]

Wheeler, James, Upper Mill St, Birmingham, carver and gilder (1830). [D]

Wheeler, James, Bridge St, Greenwich, London, cm and u (1838–39). [D]

Wheeler, John, Dorchester, joiner and cm (1784). In 1784 insured a house for £100. [GL, Sun MS vol. 324, p. 364]

Wheeler, John, address unknown, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Wheeler, John, Wimborne, Dorset, u and cm (1840). [D]

Wheeler, Joseph, Barton St, Tewkesbury, Glos., cm (1816). Child bapt. 1816. [PR (bapt.)]

Wheeler, Joseph, 14 Compton St, Soho, London, carver, gilder and looking-glass merchant (1835–37). [D]

Wheeler, Mark, 8 Newton St, Holborn, London, chair and sofa maker (1839). [D]

Wheeler, Michael, 28 Kemp St, Southwark, London, chair manufacturer (1817). [D]

Wheeler, Richard, London, upholder (1770–1800). Son of John Wheeler of Albrighton, Salop, miller. App. to William Jellicoe, skinner, 2 February 1762 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 3 October 1770. Trading at 26 Ivy Lane by 1780 when he took out insurance cover of £1,200 of which £800 was for utensils and stock. By 1782 these figures had risen to £1,600 and £1,200 respectively. At 151 Fleet St, 1785–94 but by the latter year was insolvent and his move to 1 Bolt Ct, Fleet St is probably related to this. At 1 Bolt Ct, 1795–1800. [D; GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Sun MS vol. 284, p. 105; vol. 303, p. 305; Williamson's Liverpool Advertiser, 5 May 1794, 25 May 1795, 7 March 1796, 21 March 1796]

Wheeler, Richard, Bideford, Devon, cm (1793). [D]

Wheeler, Thomas, Little Bell Alley, London, carver (1761). Member of the Joiners’ Co. In 1761 obtained a licence to employ a non-freeman for three months. [GL, City Licence bks, vol. 2]

Wheeler, Thomas, Havant, Hants., chairmaker (1763–87). Originally lived at Calne, Wilts. Moved to Havant and was joined there in 1763 by his son Daniel, then aged 19. In 1775 took out insurance cover of £300 of which £10 was for his workshop. In April 1787 the insurance cover was still £300 and this was in respect of his workshop and five dwellings. [S of G, St John-in-the-Soke, Winchester settlement papers; GL, Sun MS vol. 239, p. 188; vol. 344, p. 372]

Wheeler, William, nearly opposite ‘The Bell’ at Battlebridge, Gray's Inn Lane, London, carver (1782). In 1782 took out insurance cover of £200 which included £20 for his utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 300, p. 566]

Wheeler, William, 20 Daniel St, Bath, Som., cm (1833). [D]

Wheeler, William, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (b. c. 1791–1841). Aged 50 at the date of the 1841 Census.

Wheelhouse, W., Hebden Bridge, Yorks., cm and wheelwright (1837). [D]

Whelpton, John, Gainsborough, Lincs., chairmaker (1826–31). At Church Lane in 1826 and Beastmarket in 1831. [D]

Wheway, James, Nuneaton, Warks., cm and turner (1822). [D]

Whible, T., 18 Brownlow St, Holborn, London, carver and gilder (1835). [D]

Whilbourne, John, 29 Park St, Dorset Sq., London, chair and sofa maker (1839). [D]

Whildon, Joseph, Sheffield, Yorks., joiner and cm (1784). In 1784 took out insurance cover of £300 of which £75 was for his workshop, utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 321, p. 466]

Whindley, J., 5 Wellington St, Gt Surrey St, Blackfriars Rd, London, picture and looking-glass frame maker (1835–59). [D]

Whinfield, Joshua, 26 Bridge St, Hull, Yorks., cm (1838–39). [D]

Whinray, Thomas, Lancaster, cm (1817–18). [Lancaster freemen rolls]

Whipp, John, Rochdale, Lancs., cm and chairmaker (1828–34). At Drake St in 1828 and Yorkshire St in 1834. [D]

Whisker, William, Little Port St, King's Lynn, Norfolk, cm and u (1822). [D]

Whistler, John, London, upholder (1728). Son of William Whistler of Hoxton, stocking frame knitter. App. to Joseph Welsh on 4 May 1720 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 8 May 1728. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Whitaker, —, 26 Worcester St, Southwark, London, (1805). [D]

Whitaker, Ann, 19 Castle St, Leicester Fields, London, u (1794). [Heal]

Whitaker, George, Hurdsfield, Macclesfield, Cheshire, cm (1828). [D]

Whitaker, James, Drake St, Rochdale, Lancs., chairmaker (1834). [D]

Whitaker, John, Doncaster, Yorks., cm (1753–56). In 1753 took app. named Oxley and in 1756, Boswell. [S of G, app. index]

Whitaker, John, Noble St, Foster Lane, London, upholder (1778). Son of Robert Whitaker of Bromley, Middlx, distiller. App. to John Evans, 2 May 1766 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 4 February 1778. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Whitaker, John, 24 Cleveland St, Fitzroy Sq., London, broker and cm (1806). In July 1806 took out insurance cover of £500 which included £100 for the workshop behind 24 Cleveland St and £370 for stock and utensils. [GL, Sun MS vol. 437, ref. 792307]

Whitaker, John, 149 Deansgate, Bolton, Lancs., cm and u (1824–34). [D]

Whitaker, Joseph, London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Whitaker, Joseph, 1 Union St, Southwark, London, bedstead maker (1835). [D]

Whitaker, Samuel, Liverpool, cm (1812). App. to Edward Lowe 1802 and free by servitude, 9 October 1812. [Freemen reg.]

Whitaker, Samuel, 11 Skinner St, Bishopsgate, London, cm (1820). [D]

Whitaker, Thomas, Retford, Notts., cm (1795–d. 1804). Supplied small items of furniture valued at £17 15s in 1795 to G. Wentworth of Woolley Hall, Yorks. [YAS, Wentworth MD 272/2; Notts. RO, probate records]

Whitaker, William, Yorkshire St, Rochdale, Lancs., cm (1828– 34). [D]

Whitbread, George, opposite St George's Chapel, Portsea, Portsmouth, Hants., cm (1787–98). In 1787 in partnership with Thomas Eastman. Jointly they took out insurance cover of £1,100 which included household goods, utensils and stock and a house in Butcher St. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 345, p. 413]

Whitbread, W. E., Edward St, Birmingham, chair and Venetian blind maker (1818). [D]

Whitburn, Thomas, High St, Guildford, Surrey, u, cm and auctioneer (1830–40). The number in High St was 47 in 1838 and 45 in 1840. [D; poll bks]

Whitby, James, Nottingham, u (1697). [Nottingham freemen rolls]

Whitby, John, London, joiner (1660–67). Although described as a joiner he appears to have specialised in chair making and was a frequent supplier to the Royal family in the early years of Charles II's reign. The Royal accounts for the year 1660– 61 include items for ‘18 French Chair frames’ for which £7 16s was charged, a ‘large french bed stead’ which cost £2 10s and a number of other chairs, ‘back chairs’ and a foot stool. Most items were for Windsor though a ‘French chair frame for grene damask’ was for Hampton Court. Other furniture of a like nature was supplied to Whitehall, the House of Commons, Camden House and the Royal yachts. A ‘Chair of state with 2 formes, 2 chairs & six folding stools’ were specified as for ‘our dearest consort the Queen’. [Conn., January 1934, pp. 19–20; C. Life, 5 April 1962, p. 790; 9 June 1977, p. 1620; PRO, LC5/39, 40]

Whitby, John, Nottingham, u (1685–d. 1686). [Notts. RO, probate records]

Whitby, John, Mount St, London, u and cm (1741–57). Recorded in the Holkham Hall, Norfolk accounts, 1741–45. In 1741 supplied two card tables of ‘pigeon wood’ at £12 12s. For the period 1742–43 twenty chairs were supplied for the ‘old House at Holkham’ at £16, and four leather chairs at £1 19s each. Further chairs and a table were charged at £19 10s. In 1744 the main items supplied were 24 Windsor chairs ‘and 2 Large ones’ at £4 6s and twelve rush bottom chairs at £3 12s. A large mahogany dining table cost £4 5s in 1745 and a long table £2 5s. Alterations to three picture frames and re-gilding was undertaken in this year also. Joinery and carpentry work was also specified. The most interesting of Whitby's known commissions is that undertaken in 1756 for the 4th Baron Langdale of Holme Hall, Yorks. This was for six back stools in mahogany with finely carved cabriole legs and a large settee. The back stools survive and are upholstered in contemporary gros and petit embroidery with scenes from Ovid's Metamorphoses. The seating furniture was invoiced on 14 August 1756 and cost including carriage £18 0s 3d. The five chairs that survive were sold by Christie's, 25 June 1981. Whitby was also employed by Thomas Foley of Stoke Edith near Hereford 1756–57. In November 1756 he compiled an inventory of the contents of Mrs Foley's house in Lower Grosvenor St and from June 1756 to January 1757 undertook repairs and alterations and supplied some minor furnishings for Thomas Foley. The total cost amounted to £50 1s 3d. [Westminster poll bk; V&A archives; Christie's, 25 June 1981, lot 50; Herefs. RO, Foley 18/309; 18/126]

Whitby, John, Liverpool, joiner and cm (1790). App. to Richard Chadwick and in 1790 petitioned for his freedom. [Freemen's committee bk]

Whitby, Joseph, Wolverhampton, Staffs., u (1827–34). In Mitre Walk in 1830, Horsley-Fields in 1833 and Oxford St in 1834. [D]

Whitby, Samuel, Sparling St, Liverpool, u (1787). [D]

Whitby, Samuel, Liverpool, u (1818–29). App. to Solomon Whitby and free by servitude, 13 June 1818. Shown at 14 Drayton Sq. but from 1821–29 trading at 10 Thurlow St. [D; freemen reg.]

Whitby, Solomon, Liverpool, upholder (1780–1818). Free 13 September 1780 and by 1803 trading at Redmund Pl., Circus St. The number in Redmund Pl. was 16 in 1803–04, 14 in 1807, 4 in 1811 and 9 in 1813–14. In 1818 at Thurlow St, but died before 1820. His former app. Samuel Whitby was trading from the Thurlow St address, 1821–29. [D; freemen reg.]

Whitby, Stephen, Nottingham, u (1697). [Nottingham freemen rolls]

Whitby, Thomas, London, cm (1808–09). At 3 Peters Ct, St Martin's Lane in October 1808 when he took out insurance cover of £100 on his household goods and £50 on his utensils and stock. In July 1809 insured household goods valued at £200 at 11 Little Andrew St. [GL, Sun MS vol. 445, ref. 823028; vol. 448, ref. 832669]

Whitby, Thomas, London, cm (1816–26). At 29 John St, Tottenham Ct Rd in 1816, Fitzroy Sq. in 1820 and 90 Charlotte St, Rathbone Sq. in 1826. [D]

Whitcher, W., Butchers Row, Southampton, Hants., carver and gilder (1829). [Southampton Advertiser, 25 April 1829]

Whitcomb, John, ‘The Crown & Cushion’, Prince's St, Soho, London, cm and upholder (1759–84). First recorded in 1759 at Marshall St, Carnaby Mkt, but otherwise the Prince's St address was always used. When the street was numbered his premises were known as 1 Prince's St. He offered a wide range of cabinet and upholstery goods which included bedding, window blinds and wallpapers. Funerals were arranged and goods appraised. In 1780 total insurance cover was £900 of which goods and utensils accounted for £500 but at this point the trading activity may have been in decline for by 1784 these figures had fallen to £200 and £100 respectively. Earlier however much more substantial cover had been taken out on other properties. In 1777 he insured a house and shop at 141 Fleet St jointly with George Blackiston, a grocer, for £800 and two years later 30 Harley St for £1,200. Only one patron of this maker is known. He was William Drake of Shardeloes, Amersham, Bucks. who on 8 April 1776 purchased four post bedsteads and bedding costing around £23. [Heal; Westminster poll bk; GL, Sun MS vol. 258, p. 60; vol. 278, p. 334; vol. 281, p. 510; vol. 322, p. 305; Bucks. RO, D/DR/5/109; Public Advertiser, 13 January 1759]

Whitcombe, Arthur, 23 Coventry St, Haymarket, London, carver and gilder (1839). [D]

White, Alexander, 10 Duke St, Portland Pl., London, u (1815– 19). [D]

White, Ann, 34 New Montague St, Spitalfields, London, u and undertaker (1805). [D]

White, Benjamin, Butcher Row, Exeter, Devon, cm (1822–25). [D]

White, Bylis, Houndsditch, London, cm (1740–d. 1751). In 1740 trading as White & Hickman. Died May 1751 at his house at Woodford Row. He was stated to be an ‘eminent Cabinetmaker … Who had acquired a genteel Fortune and retir'd from Business’. [Heal; London Evening Post, 14–16 May 1751]

White, Charles, address unknown, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

White, Daniel, 8 Merchant's Row, Scarborough, Yorks., cm and u (1823–40). [D]

White, David, Bishops Hull, Som., cm (1780). Bankruptcy announced, Leicester Journal, 19 February 1780.

White, David, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (b. c. 1801–41). Three sons and a daughter bapt. 1819–28. Aged 40 at the time of the 1841 Census. [PR (bapt.)]

White, David, Golden Hill, Wiveliscombe, Som., cm and joiner (1839). [D]

White, Dean, Norwich, u (c. 1746–52). Son of Edward White of Norwich, u and app. to his father. Free by servitude, 3 May 1746. Took app. named Elliot in 1752. [Freemen rolls; S of G, app. index]

White, Edward, London, upholder (1721). Son of Thomas White of Berks. App. to William Sedwell, 8 September 1713 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 1 March 1720/ 21. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

White, Edward, parish of St Andrew, Norwich, u (1725–51). Free of Norwich, 24 February 1725 but not by app. Took as app. his son Dean who was free by servitude, 3 May 1746. Also took as app. Obadiah Silcock, free 3 May 1753. Silcock could not however had completed his apprenticeship with White as his master's will was proved 1751 at Norwich. [Freemen rolls; poll bks; Norwich Record Soc., index of wills]

White, Edward, High St, Arundel, Sussex, cm, u, paperhanger and auctioneer (1823–40). Successor to White & Son who were trading in Arundel in 1811. Edward White was probably the son mentioned. In July 1836 undertook work for the Earl of Surrey at Arundel Castle and Surrey House, Littlehampton, Sussex. This involved cleaning, repairing and polishing furniture, upholstery work, laying carpets and making blinds. The total cost of this work was £48 16s 6d. [D; Arundel Castle archives, A1960]

White, Edwin, 59 and 69 Old St, St Luke's, London, bedstead maker and carver (1829–37). [D]

White, Francis, Cartmel, Lancs., chairmaker (1824). [D]

White, Francis, Lower Bridge, Ulverston, Lancs., chairmaker (1829). Possibly the maker who was at Cartmel in 1824. [D]

White, Frederick, St James's St, Brighton, Sussex, Tunbridgeware manufacturer (1822–24). [D]

White, George, Driffield, Yorks., cm (1823–34). At Burlington St, 1823–28, New Rd in 1831 and Bridlington St, 1834. [D]

White, George, Lord's-mill St, Chesterfield, Derbs., cm (1822). [D]

White, George, Primrose Hill, Liverpool, cm (1835–39). At 14 Primrose Hill, 1835–37 though in 1837 additionally at 1 Villar's Pl. In 1839 at 35 Primrose Hill, Fontenoy St. [D]

White, George Morris, Curtain Rd, Shoreditch, London, upholder (1790–1802). Son of George Morris White of Moorfields, merchant. App. to George Gibson, 2 June 1790 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 1 December 1802. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

White, Henry, ‘The Hand & Crown’, St Paul's Churchyard, London, chairmaker (1715–20). Freeman of the Joiners’ Co. His premises were on the east side of St Paul's Churchyard abutting north on St Paul's Schools. In May 1715 this property was insured for £250. In January 1718 he was described as a cane chairmaker and had an additional warehouse in Thames St, near Baynards Castle. Probably the chairmaker who on 26 March 1720 was paid £10 in settlement for chairs supplied to Benjamin and Henry Hoare. [GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 14, p. 364; Sun MS vol. 7, 25 January 1718; Hoare's Bank, private ledger, Benjamin & Henry Hoare, 1719–25, p. 58]

White, Henry, Sloplatch, Shrewsbury, Salop, cm and u (1822). [D]

White, Henry, 75 Bridge St, Manchester, carver, gilder, looking-glass and picture frame maker (1829). [D]

White, Henry, Town's End, Stroud, Glos., cm (1830). [D]

White, Henry, Market Pl., Faversham, Kent, cm and u (1838). [D]

White, Henry, 4 Bridge St, Manchester, carver and gilder (1840). [D]

White, Henry D., 15 Rotherhithe St, London, carver (1826). [D]

White, Hougham, Harbledown, Kent, cm (1796). Freeman of Canterbury. [Canterbury poll bk]

White, J., 22 Magdalene St, Exeter, Devon, cm (1834–40). [D]

White, J. & Fitsal, 1 Camberwell Row, London, upholders and cm (1805–09). [D]

White, James, London, u (before 1754). In July 1754 he advertised his recent arrival in Philadelphia, USA from London. He claimed to make ‘all sorts of furniture for beds, window curtains, either festoon or plain, all sorts of chairs, either French or India backs, sofa's, settees or settee-beds, feather beds, mattrasses, and all other sorts of household furniture, after the newest taste, either in the Chinese or Venetian’. He was trading at ‘Mrs Bedford's opposite Mr. Tenant's new Church in Third-street’. In 1754 he subscribed to Chippendale's Director and his was probably the earliest copy of this work to reach America. [Penn'a Gazette, 4 July 1754]

White, James, Canterbury, Kent, turner, cm and u (1778–1809). In 1778 living in the parish of St Alphege and 1784 at Palace St. In 1805 the business is recorded as James White & Sons and was at Sun St and in 1809 White & Co. was in St George's St. Succeeded by Samuel White. In 1778 took out insurance cover of £900 of which £500 was for utensils and stock. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 264, p. 67]

White, James, Kennington Lane, London, u (1826). [D]

White, James, High St, Taunton, Som., cm and u (1822–30). Bankruptcy announced, Liverpool Mercury, 5 March 1830. [D]

White, James, 48 St Thomas St, Weymouth, Dorset, cm and u (1830). [D]

White, James, Birmingham, cabinet case maker (1830–39). At 75 Bartholomew St in 1830 and 5 Little Charles St in 1835. Still trading in Little Charles St in 1839. [D]

White, James, Norwood, Beverley, Yorks., cm and u (1834–40). [D]

White, James, 15 Vere St, Clare Mkt, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

White, James, 11 Prescot St, Low Hill, Liverpool, cm (1839). [D]

White, Jeremiah, 12 Wardour St, Soho, London, cm, u and undertaker (1781–93). In 1781 took out insurance cover for £900 of which £680 was for utensils and stock. Trade card in Banks Coll., BM. Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 295, p. 585]

White, John, address unknown, chairmaker (1723). Recorded in the Monson accounts as a supplier of ‘6 wallnutt matted chairs’ at 9s 6d each, ‘6 Spanish leather chairs’ at £1 each and ‘2 elbow chairs ditto’ at £1 5s each. The invoice for £11 7s was dated 30 September 1723. [Lincoln RO, Monson 12]

White, John, Preston, Lancs., u (1732–42). Freeman of Preston and recorded paying poor rates in 1732. In 1740 took app. named Amery. In 1742 his son Henry was also free of Preston as was his brother Henry, a sea captain. [Harris Museum, Regulation of poor tax; S of G, app. index; Preston Guild records]

White, John, London, cm and u (1748–55). His address was given as Long Acre in 1748 but subsequently as near Slaughter's Coffee House in St Martin's Lane. Subscribed to the second edition of Chippendale's Director, 1755. [Daily Advertiser, 12 March 1748; Westminster poll bk]

White, John, Fleet Mkt, London, bedstead maker (1763–78). Member of the Joiners’ Co. In both 1762 and 1763 took out licences to employ three non-freemen for three months and four for three months. In 1778 took out a licence to use two for three months. [GL, City Licence bks, vols 3 and 9]

White, John, Bennet St, Westminster, London, upholder (1774). [Poll bk]

White, John, London, upholder and auctioneer (1782–1827). In 1782 at the corner of Gt Queen St, Dartmouth St, Westminster where he insured his utensils and stock for £1,000 out of a total cover of £1,200. Shown at Queen St until 1789 though one directory of 1788 states Princess St. In 1790 moved to 4 Storey's Gate, Westminster though the list of master cabinet makers in Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803 states 3 Story's Gate. In 1811 at 12 Poland St and from 1813 at Princes St. From 1820 84 Margaret St, Cavendish Sq. was used additionally. From 1820 cm was used in trade description. [D; Heal; GL, Sun MS vol. 302, p. 181]

White, John & Son, Chichester, Sussex, cm, u and auctioneer (1792–1840). At East St, 1792–1802 where the business traded as John White. A number of pieces of furniture with trade labels attached give this address. Items include a mahogany secretaire chest, a mahogany chest of drawers and two clothes presses. One of these is in mahogany and satinwood, the doors painted with oval rustic scenes and with Neo-classical sprandrel ornaments and a Gothic drip cornice. By 1804 in North St, trading as John White & Son. [D; Furn. Hist., 1976; Christie's, 7 July 1983, lot 100]

White, John, Coventry, Warks., chairmaker and turner (1793). [D]

White, John, Cartmel, Lancs., chairmaker (1793–1829). A Francis White, chairmaker, was in Cartmel in 1824. [D]

White, John, Wyle Cop, Shrewsbury, Salop, u and cm (1819– 33). Bankruptcy announced, Liverpool Mercury, 28 June 1833. [D]

White, John, London, bedstead maker and cm (1820–29). At 17 Snowfields Rd, Bermondsey in 1820 and 4 Cross St, Newington in 1829. In December 1820 took out insurance cover of £300 of which £90 was in respect of utensils and stock and also covered a store in the yard behind the house. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 487, ref. 974422]

White, John, 5 St Mary St, Weymouth, Dorset, cm and u (1823). [D]

White, John, 17 London St, Reading, Berks., cm and u (1826– 40). Successor to Joseph White. [D; poll bks]

White, John, 16 Castle St, Leicester Sq., London, cm and u (1827). [D]

White, John, 21 Kennington Lane, London, cm and u (1827). [D]

White, John, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (1830). [D]

White, John, 38 High St, Stonehouse, Plymouth, Devon, cm (1830). [D]

White, John, Exeter, Devon, cm (1833–38). At Bedford St in October 1822 when his son Alfred John was bapt. at St Stephen's Church. By December 1836 at Magdalen St when another son, Frank, was bapt. at Holy Trinity Church. Trading in Magdalen St in 1838. [D; PR (bapt.)]

White, John, Tamworth, Staffs., clock case maker (1834). [D]

White, John, Cock Yd, Swaffham, Norfolk, cm (1836). [D]

White, John, Villars St, Liverpool, u (1837). [D]

White, John, Bridge St, Buckingham, cm (1839). [D]

White, John, Wells St, Buckingham, u (1839). [D]

White, John, 19 St James St, King's Lynn, Norfolk, cm and u (1839). [D]

White, John, New Rd, Driffield, Yorks., cm (1840). [D]

White, John Albin, Clyst Hydon, Devon, cm (1831). In July 1831 married Elizabeth Jane Ladd, only daughter of the late Mr Ladd, perfumer of London. [Exeter Flying Post, 7 July 1831]

White, Jonadab, Garden St, Wakefield, Yorks., cm and u (1814–30). [D]

White, Jonadab, Kirkburton, near Huddersfield, Yorks., cm (1822–34). [D]

White, Joseph, Bristol, cm (1739). [Poll bk]

White, Joseph, 17 London St, Reading, Berks., cm (1823). Succeeded by John White. [D]

White, Matthew, Garden St, Wakefield, Yorks., joiner and cm (1830). A Jonadab White was trading as a cm and u in this street, 1814–30. [D]

White, Nathaniel, Holborn, London, cm (1748–50). Known from his trade card c. 1750 which gives the address as ‘The Desk & Bookshelf, corner of Thavies Inn Gate, Holborn’. This states that he made ‘all sorts of Cabinet Work with Sconces, Pier and Chimney-Glasses, Mahogany and other Tables, Chairs of all Sorts … Blinds for Windows, Painted on Canvas, Silk or Wire’. The White, cm, who was trading from an address ‘next door to the Cross Keys Tavern, in Holborn’ in 1748 is probably the same person. [Heal; Banks Coll., BM]

White, Nicholas, Preston, Lancs., chairmaker (1818–34). At 15 Spring Gdns in 1818 and 3 Pole St in 1834. [D]

White, Peter, 26 Broad St, Golden Sq., London, billiard table and backgammon board maker (1832–39). [D]

White, Ralph, address unknown, chairmaker (1767–68). Supplied a junior garden chair to Cassiobury, Herts, at a cost of £2. [Herts. RO, 8742/11]

White, Richard, 63 Fleet St, London, upholder (1786). Son of Benjamin White of Fleet St, bookseller. App. to Joseph Graham, 3 June 1778 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 1 February 1786. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

White, Richard, 76 Oxford St, London, cm and u (1788–95). Possibly the Richard White who was declared free of the Upholders’ Co. in 1786. [D]

White, Richard, Fore St, Taunton, Som., joiner and cm (1791– 98). In May 1791 took out insurance cover of £200. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 377, p. 390]

White, Richard, 125 Brick Lane, Spitalfields, London, cm and broker (1809). In February 1809 took out insurance cover of £200 of which £120 was for utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 446, ref. 825941]

White, Richard, 48 Worcester St, Birmingham, cm (1835). [D]

White, Richard, High Wycombe, chairmaker (b. c. 1806–41). Aged 35 at the time of the 1841 Census.

White, Robert, Bristol, cm (1745). Subscribed to John Wood's A Description of the Exchange at Bristol (Bath 1745).

White, Robert, Market Pl., Faversham, Kent, cm and u (1784– 1839). In 1803–07 described as an upholder etc. but from 1811 as a cm. In 1824 named as Robert White & Sons. [D]

White, Robert, 55 Upper Marylebone St, London, cm (1826). [D]

White, Ross, 28 North St, Dale St, Liverpool, chairmaker (1796). [D]

White, S., 13 Frederick Pl., Borough Rd, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

White, Samuel, 8 St George's St, Canterbury, Kent, cm and furniture broker (1826–39). [D] See White & Goulden.

White, Samuel, Stockwellgate, Mansfield, Notts., joiner, cm and u (1832). [D]

White, Samuel, Egerton St, Chester, cm (1839). Free 23 July 1839. [Freemen rolls]

White, Simon, 4 Peter St, Saffron Hill, London, cm, u and broker (1758–77). In 1758 took app. named Nuttal. At this date living in the parish of St Bartholomew-the-Great. In 1777 insured his house at Peter St for £300. [S of G, app. index; GL, Sun MS vol. 257, p. 459]

White, Stephen, Liverpool, u (1811–16). At 12 Derby St in 1811 but by 1813 the number was 11. In 1816 at 2 Silver St with a shop at 20 Paradise St. In December 1816 he was declared bankrupt and in January of the following year his stock was disposed of by auction for the benefit of his creditors. On offer was a ‘large assortment of modern Brussels, Venetian, Kidderminster & Patent Carpeting, Hearth Rugs, handsome figured Oil Cloths of various widths, a great variety of Paper Hangings with rich Flock & Plain Borders of the newest Patterns, Morines, Chintz Furnitures, Trimmings, Bed Ticks, Mattings etc: & excellent Mahogany Articles in Dining, & Drawing-room Chairs, Secretaire & Bookcase with glazed Doors, Wardrobes, Chests of Drawers, Sideboard, Dining, Loo, Library, Pembroke, Card, Work & Snap Tables, Bed Steps, Night Chairs, Sandwich Trays, Hat Stands, Music Stools, Guardevins, Cribs, Brassbound Portable Desks, Tea Chests, Caddies, Shaving Cases, Backgammon Boxes etc: Couches, Sofas & Lounging Chairs in black Hair Cloth, Chamber Articles in Japanned Chairs, Tables & Washstands, Mirrors, Pier & Dressing Glasses’. Supplies of horsehair, upholstery materials, mahogany, rosewood and deal, brass work and seven work benches were also on offer. In May 1817 a first dividend of 8s in the £ was declared. [D; Liverpool Mercury, 20 and 27 December 1816,17 January 1817,2 May 1817]

White, Stephen, Warrington, Lancs., cm and u (1825–28). At School Lane in 1825 and Dolmans Lane in 1828. [D]

White, T., St James St, King's Lynn, Norfolk, cm (1839). A John White, cm and u was trading at 19 St James St in 1839. [D]

White, Thomas, Canterbury, Kent cm/u (1797). [Poll bk]

White, Thomas, Petworth, Sussex, cm (1819–21). Probably the Thomas White who was bapt. at Godalming, Surrey, 18 September 1796. Married the daughter of George Knight of Petworth, cm and innkeeper and living in this town in August 1819 and March 1821 when two of his children were bapt. By May 1823 however he was trading in Godalming as a victualler and was subsequently to become landlord of ‘The Ship’ at Artington, Surrey (1833) and ‘The Three Pigeons’ in High St, Guildford (1841 onwards). [PR (bapt.); Census 1841]

White, Thomas, 2 Sun St, Bishopsgate, London, cm and u (1827). [D]

White, Thomas, Bread St, Alresford, Hants., cm (1830). [D]

White, Thomas, Middle St, Driffield, Yorks., cm (1834–40). [D]

White, Thomas, 109 Richmond Row, Liverpool, u and cm (1837–39). [D]

White, Thomas, 28 Store St, Bedford Sq., London, u (1839). [D]

White, Timothy, Wyle Cop, Shrewsbury, Salop, cm (1830–35). [D]

White, W., Claypath, Durham, cm (1825). In October 1825 advertised for ‘TWO or THREE clever workmen’ and also two or three apps. [Durham Country Advertiser, 8 October 1825]

White, William, London, upholder (1768–81). Son of James White of the parish of St Mary, Whitechapel, publican. App. to John Boulton, 2 April 1768, and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 4 May 1768. At Mile End, 1775–78 and Princess St, Mansion House in 1781. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

White, William, Bristol, cm (1793–95). Living in the parish of St Philip, 1793–94 and in 1795 at Stapleton Rd. [D]

White, William, Worship St, Moorfields, London, cm (1797). Bankruptcy declared February 1797. [Billinge's Liverpool Advertiser, 13 February 1797]

White, William, Swanage, Dorset, cm (1798). [D]

White, William, London, cm (1805–09). At 12 Poland St, Oxford St 1805, but in 1809 at 18 Great Warren St. [D]

White, William, Jacob St, Bristol, carver and gilder (1815–16). [D]

White, William, Birmingham, cm and u (1800–30). At 11 Dudley St, in 1800; Old Meeting Pl., 1816; Moor St, 1818; and 83 Smallbrook St, 1830. [D]

White, William jnr, New Meeting St, Birmingham, cm (1816). [D]

White, William, 64 Old Market St, Bristol, cm (1817–31). [D]

White, William, 41 Duke St, Spitalfields, London, painter, carver etc. (1820). [D]

White, William, Chapel Walk, 6 Queen St, Sheffield, Yorks., cm (1821–25). [D]

White, William, High St, Lane End, Staffs., joiner and cm (1822). [D]

White, William, Waterloo St, Wells, Norfolk, cm and joiner (1822–30). [D]

White, William, Hull, Yorks., joiner and cm (1826–40). At Hanover Sq. with a residence at Bolton Sq., Manor Alley, 1826–31, and in 1834 shown at 12 Manor Alley. In 1835 shown at 3 Manor Alley with a residence at 7 Neptune St. For 1838 two entries are shown. William White is listed at 6 Neptune St, and William White jnr, a joiner at 3 Manor Alley and a residence at 6 Boulton Sq. Subsequent entries are for William White jnr only at the same address as in 1838 but his trade is indicated as architect and joiner or architect and builder. [D]

White, William, Sadler St, Durham, cm (1826–28). In February 1826 advertised that he had commenced trading on his own account and had opened ‘a SHOW ROOM OF FASHIONABLE FURNITURE’ in Sadler St. [D; Durham County Advertiser, 11 February 1826]

White, William, Horse Mkt, Barnard Castle, Co. Durham, joiner and cm (1827–28). [D]

White, William, Birmingham, chair and sofa maker (1828–35). At Woodcock St in 1828 and Lawley St in 1835. [D]

White, William, Long Lane, Easingwold, Yorks., joiner and cm (1828–34). [D]

White, William, Radford, Worksop, Notts., cm, u and builder (1828–35). [D]

White, William, 29 Horatio St, Liverpool, u (1829). [D]

White, William, 11 Gyde's Terr., Cheltenham, Glos., cm and u (1830). [D]

White, William, Green, Devizes, Wilts., cm and u (1830–39). [D]

White, William, Swanage, Dorset, cm (1830–40). There was a William White trading in Swanage as a cm in 1798, possibly the father of this maker. [D]

White, William, Leamington, Warks., u (1831). Bankruptcy announced, Chester Courant, 8 February 1831.

White, William, Potter St, Worksop, Notts., cm and u (1832). [D]

White, William, 33 Essex St, London, carver, gilder and looking-glass maker (1837). [D]

White, William & Sons, Woodcock St, Birmingham, chairmakers (1830). [D]

White & Goulden, St George's St and Sun St, Canterbury, Kent, cm and furniture brokers (1826–39). [D] See Samuel White.

White & Son, Arundel, Sussex, u and auctioneers (1811). Succeeded by Edward White. [D]

Whiteacre, Stephen, Widcombe, Som., chairmaker (1730). In 1730 took app. named Wornell. [S of G, app. index]

Whitefield, Francis, 13 Quay St, Salford, Lancs., cm (1804–08). [D]

Whitefield, James, Bristol, u and cm (1781–84). In December 1784 his stock in trade and household furniture were sold off. [Poll bks; Bonner and Middleton's Bristol Journal, 4 December 1784]

Whitefield, John, 10 Faberswall Walk, London, portable desk, dressing case, work box and cabinet case maker (1839). [D]

Whitefoot, Phineas, Warwick St, Golden Sq., London, u (1733). [Heal]

Whitehair, Benjamin Hollister, Clifton, Bristol, cm (1774–81). [Poll bks]

Whitehair, H., 1 Hillgrove St, Bristol, u (1809). [D]

Whitehead, Francis, Stamford, Lincs., u (1801–d. by 1835). App. to Samuel Hill on 19 November 1801 for seven years. Free of Stamford 1815 but probably dead by 1835. [Freemen rolls]

Whitehead, John, Manchester, carver and gilder (1797–1811). At New Jerusalem Pl. in 1797 but at 74 Water St, 1800–11. [D]

Whitehead, John, Osmaston St, Derby, carver and gilder (1822). [D]

Whitehead, John, Scot Lane, Doncaster, Yorks., cm and u (1834–37). [D]

Whitehead, Jos., 4 Court, Shadwell St, Birmingham, cm (1835). [D]

Whitehead, Joseph, Cheapside, Liverpool, joiner and cm (1824–29). At 3 Cheapside in 1824. In partnership with a Thomas Whitehead at 2 Cheapside in 1827 and 3 Cheapside in 1829. A Thomas Whitehead was at 2 Cheapside in 1823. [D]

Whitehead, Robert, Cartmel, Lancs., chairmaker (1828–34). [D]

Whitehead, Susannah, Albion St, Leicester, u and paper hanger (1835). [D]

Whitehead, Thomas, Wakefield Yorks., joiner and cm (1798). [D]

Whitehead, Thomas, 39 and 43 Aldermanbury, London, u (1808–27). Shown as cm and u 1820–27. [D]

Whitehead, Thomas, 2 Cheapside, Liverpool, joiner and cm (1823). A Thomas Whitehead was in partnership with Joseph Whitehead at 2 Cheapside in 1827 and 3 Cheapside in 1829. [D]

Whitehead, Thomas, Salford, Lancs. and Manchester, carver, gilder, looking-glass and picture frame maker (1825–39). At 27 Queen St, Salford in 1825 but from 1828 at Bridge St, Manchester. The number in Bridge St was 27, 1828–29 and 1836–39 but between 1832–34 it was 61. [D]

Whitehead, William, 2 Upper Spring St, Portman Sq., London, cm and u (1826–27). [D]

Whitehead, William, Etherington, Birmingham, cm, u and chairmaker (1822–39). At Edmund Row in 1822 but from 1828 at 12 Easy Row. In May 1828 declared insolvent but trading again in 1830. [D; Chester Chronicle, 2 May 1828]

Whitehead & Priestley, Northgate, Wakefield, Yorks., cm (1814). [D]

Whitehorne, Richard, ‘The Royal Bed’, Holborn Bridge, London, u (d. 1740). Late partner of J. Nash and E. Hall. [Heal]

Whitehorne, William, London, cm (1740). A sale of his stock was advertised in 1740. In this he is referred to as ‘well known for his curious Workmanship in Mahogany and WalnutTree’. [Heal]

Whitehouse, George, Waddams Poole, Dudley, Staffs., cm (1820). A John Whitehouse & Son was trading in Dudley as cm and u in 1838. [D]

Whitehouse, John, London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Whitehouse, John & Sons, Dudley, Staffs., cm and u (1838). A George Whitehouse was trading in Dudley as a cm, 1820. [D]

Whitehouse, Joseph, 23 High Green, Wolverhampton, Staffs., u (1802). [Rate bk]

Whitehouse, Joseph, High St, Newport, Salop, cm and u (1822–28). [D]

Whitehouse, Robert Bland, York, cm and u (1823–30). At Coffee Yd, Stonegate in 1823 and 17 St Andrewgate in 1828–30. [D]

Whitehouse, Samuel, Farnham, Surrey, cm (1736). In 1736 took app. named Cook. [S of G, app. index]

Whitehouse, Thomas, North St, Ripon, Yorks., joiner/cm (1837). [D]

Whitelaw, Joseph, 1 Walton Ct, Cheapside, Liverpool, joiner and cm (1821). [D]

Whitelaw, S., 7 Sussex St, Bedford Sq., London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Whiteley, Eward, New Dock Walls, Hull, Yorks., carver and gilder (1821–22). [D]

Whiteley, Edward, 64 Manchester Rd, Huddersfield, Yorks., carver and gilder (1837). [D]

Whiteley, James, Back of 34 Spinning Field, Manchester, chairmaker (1813). [D]

Whiteley, Robert, Top of Town, Huddersfield, Yorks., cm (1814–19). [D]

Whiteley, Thomas, 20 Spinning Field, Manchester, chairmaker (1813–17). [D]

Whiteley, William, Manchester, chairmaker (1813–25). At 4 Marsdens Buildings, Bootle St in 1813, 6 Hall's Buildings, Windmill St in 1817 and 32 Spinning Fields in 1825. [D]

Whitelock, Robert, High Gate, Beverley, Yorks., cm (1790–1831). [D; poll bks]

Whitelock, William, 5 Wellington Pl., Wandsworth Rd, London, cm and u (1826–27). [D]

Whiteman, Joseph, London(?), u (1717). The account book of Rebecca Tufnell records the payment of £3 16s to ‘Joseph Whiteman upholsterr’ for making ten cushions. The entry is dated 1 January 1717. [Essex RO, D/DTu 278]

Whiteside, Edward, Church St, Lancaster, and Oxford St, London, cm (1797–1840). App. to Gillows, 23 December 1797 and named in the Gillow records, 1797–1801, 1803– 09, 1828–29 and 1832–40. In Bentham's Directory, 1805, listed as ‘Redmayne, Whiteside & Ferguson (late Gillow & Co.)’ and in 1816 this firm was recorded at the top of Church St. The lack of entries in the Gillow records might suggest a period of independent trading covering the 1810s and most of the 20s. In 1822 his newphew Thomas was app. to Leonard Redmayne and at this date Edward Whiteside was living in Oxford St, London. He must have returned to Lancaster by the late 1820s unless his employment was with the Oxford St side of the Gillow business. [D; app. reg.; Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow]

Whiteside, Henry, Poulton-le-Fylde, Lancs., cm and joiner (1828–34). Son of John Whiteside of Plumpton in Kirkham, Lancs. husbandman. App. to Richard Gillow, Robert Gillow snr and jnr and George Gillow of Lancaster and Oxford St, London on 25 March 1795. Named in the Gillow records 1798 and 1800–01. In 1828–34 trading at Poulton-le-Fylde. [D; Preston RO, DDX 1122/1/2; Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow]

Whiteside, James, Lancaster (1822–25). Named in the Gillow records, 1822–25. [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow]

Whiteside, John, 176 Oxford St, London, cm (1840). [GL, Sun MS ref. 1339076]

Whiteside, Thomas, Lancaster (1818–23). Named in the Gillow records, 1818–23. [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow]

Whitewood, Arthur, Leicester, cm and u (1827–40). At Haymarket in 1827 but by the following year had moved to Belgrave Gate where he remained until 1840. [D]

Whitfield, Mrs, Hull, Yorks., u (1765–66). Paid £18 18s in connection with a bed supplied to Burton Constable, Yorks. [Humberside RO, Burton Constable vouchers]

Whitfield, David, Wetherby, Yorks., joiner/cm (1837). [D]

Whitfield, James, Wetherby, Yorks., joiner/cm (1837). [D]

Whitfield, Lewis, Claypath, Durham, cm/joiner (1834). [D]

Whitford, John, St Columb, Cornwall, painter, carver and gilder (1798). [D]

Whitford, W., King St, Devonport, Devon, cm (1814). [D]

Whitford, W., 8 King St, Truro, Cornwall, ‘Burnish gilder &c’ (1819). In January 1819 advertised that he had provided specimens of picture frame mouldings to James & Penberthy of Helston, Best of St Columb, Bennett of St Austell and West Bodmin, all cm who acted as his agents for commissions. Also advertised a transparent varnish for protecting prints and drawings. [Royal Cornwall Gazette 23 January 1819]

Witham, Lawrence, Liverpool, joiner and cm (1815). Married to Miss Susannah Parkinson at Everton, May 1815. [Liverpool Mercury, 12 May 1815]

Whithorne, Lawrence, London, upholder (1719–30). Son of Lawrence Whithorne of Gloucester, silversmith. App. to Richard Say, 10 August 1719 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 11 November 1730. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Whiting, Richard, Hastings, Sussex, cm and carpenter (1794). [D]

Whiting, Richard, 27 Chain St, Reading, Berks., cm and u (1840). [D]

Whiting, Samuel, London, upholder (1735–60). Son of Noel Whiting of London, merchant. App. to George Friend, 8 August 1728 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 1 October, 1735. Took as app. Robert Jennings, 1747–60. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Whiting, Samuel, Watling St, London, u (d. 1748). [Heal]

Whiting, Samuel Stewart, 140 and 143 Houndsditch, London, cm, u, window blind maker and undertaker (1817–28). In December 1820 took out insurance of £300 on 140 Houndsditch of which £200 was for utensils and stock. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 484, ref. 974513]

Whiting, Thomas, Reading, Berks., u (1754–80). [Poll bks]

Whitlam, Benjamin, Churchgate (or Church St), Retford, Notts., cm and u (1828–35). [D]

Whitlee, Charles, Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk, cm (1742). In 1742 took app. named Raffe. [S of G, app. index]

Whitley, David, 34 Lane St, Southwark, London, chair and sofa maker (1839). [D]

Whitley, John, London, upholder (1662). Supplied a French bedstead, chairs and stools to Hampton Court in 1662. [V&A archives]

Whitley, Solomon, Thurlow St, Liverpool, u (d.1818). Died 6 December 1818 ‘after an illness of several years which he bore with resignation’. [Liverpool Mercury, 1 January 1819]

Whitley, Thomas, 29 John St, Tottenham Ct Rd, London, cm and u (1817). [D]

Whitley, William, Stamford, Lincs., u (late 17th century). Freeman of Stamford by purchase. [Freemen rolls]

Whitlock, Robert, Old Gravel Lane, London, cm (1791–1804). At 10 Mount Pleasant, Old Gravel Lane in March 1791 when he took out insurance cover of £300. Of this £90 was for utensils and stock in open sheds and a yard. By March 1804 at 156 Old Gravel Lane with the same total insurance cover but £150 was now allocated to utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 376, p. 66; vol. 430, ref. 760299]

Whitmarsh, Charles, 36 Charles St, Tottenham Ct Rd, London, carver (1807). On 6 April 1807 took out insurance cover of £150 of which £25 was for utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 440, ref. 800997]

Whitmore, John, London, upholder (1699). Free of the Upholders’ Co., 8 February 1698/99. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Whitmore, Thomas, Saffron Walden, Essex (?), u (?) (1765). Recorded working at Audley End, in 1765 and submitted various accounts for day work ‘making up Furniture etc’ for Sir John Griffin Griffin. [Essex RO, D/DBy/A23/10]

Whitmore, William, Brackey, Northants., joiner and cm (1793). [D]

Whitney, Abraham, address unknown, u (1761). On 23 October 1761 charged £6 1s for ‘2 easy chairs compleat’ supplied to Temple Newsam, Leeds. [Furn. Hist., 1967]

Whitroe, Abraham, Peter St, Westminster, London, chairmaker (1749–74). [Poll bks]

Whitrow, George, Westminster, London, chairmaker (1774–1829). Living in Pye St in 1774. From 1805 trading in Gt Peter St the number being 25, though insurance records to 1821 give 20. Insurance cover reached £1,300 in November 1820 but of this £800 covered a dwelling house and stock and utensils was £300 and a workshop behind £200. The business appears to have specialised in japanned and painted chairs and by 1829 were also producing sofas. It also acted as a general furniture japanner. From 1805–29 the business is recorded in directories as a partnership between George & John Whitrow and the 20 Gt Peter St address may have been largely the dwelling house of George Whitrow. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 448, ref. 834625; vol. 453, ref. 848841; vol. 483, ref. 972636; vol. 488, ref. 980702; vol. 498, ref. 1010030]

Whitrow, John, see George Whitrow.

Whittaker, Ann, Kirkgate, Wakefield, Yorks., carver and gilder (1822). Successor to J. Whittaker at this address and possibly his widow. [D]

Whittaker, Dinah, 8 Arthur St, Hulme, Manchester, cm and u (1840). [D]

Whittaker, J., Kirkgate, Wakefield, Yorks., carver and gilder (1818). An Ann Whittaker, possibly his widow, was trading at this address in 1822. [D]

Whittaker, James, Burnley, Lancs., cm and chairmaker (1816–28). In Yorkshire St, 1816–24 but by 1828 had moved to Basket St. [D]

Whittaker, James, Millgate, Bury, Lancs., cm and u (1824). [D]

Whittaker, John, Church St, Clitheroe, Lancs., joiner, cm and house builder etc. (1824). [D]

Whittaker, Josiah, 24 Gt Newton St, Manchester, joiner and cm (1813). [D]

Whittaker, R., 8 Little Chester St, Grosvenor Pl., London, u (1839). [D]

Whittaker, William, Durham Yd, Strand, London, u (1714). On 11 May 1714 took out insurance cover ‘for his Goods in his Warehouse adjoining to Souther's Coast in the said yard’. [GL, Sun MS vol. 3, ref. 3939]

Whittaker, William, Manchester, cm (1804–38). At 36 Shudehill 1804–11, 16 Thomas St, 1825–33, 37 Thomas St, 1836 and 5 Brook St, John St in 1838. [D]

Whittall, James, Chester, u (1826–37). Free 1826 when he was living in Brook St. In 1837 in St Anne's St. [Freemen rolls; poll bk]

Whittall, Joseph, Powell St, Lancaster St, Birmingham, joiner and cm (1800). [D]

Whittall, Thomas, Birmingham, cm and cabinet case maker (1816–35). At 23 Temple St, 1816–18 but from 1830–35 at back of 33 Newhall St. In 1835 listed also as a billiard table maker. [D]

Whittam, John, Retford, Notts., joiner and cm (1777–79). In 1777 took out insurance cover of £250 of which £50 was for utensils and stock. In 1779 the utensils and stock were insured for the same figure but the total insurance cover was reduced to £150. [GL, Sun MS vol. 254, p. 284; vol. 276, p. 507]

Whittam, John, Stanningley, near Leeds, Yorks., cm and joiner (1830). [D]

Whittindale, John, Home Market, Westmld, joiner/cm (1829). [D]

Whittingdale, John, Kirkby Lonsdale, Westmld, joiner/cm (1829–34). At Tarn Side in 1829. [D]

Whittingdale, Thomas, Lancaster and Kirkby Lonsdale, Westmld, cm (1766–1806). App. to H. Baines of Lancaster 1759 and free, 1766–67. Living at Kirkby Lonsdale, 1768– 84. Named in the Gillow records 1788 and 1806. [Lancaster app. reg.; Lancaster poll bks; Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow vol. 344/99, p. 1780]

Whittingham, James, Chester, u, cm and appraiser (1829–40). Son of ‘Mr. Whittingham of Flookersbrook Iron Foundary’. He possibly trained in London and was employed for two years by Morel & Seddon and then four years by Dowbiggin & Co. before setting up on his own account in Chester in 1829. When working for Dowbiggin he claimed to have been employed in ‘the management of furnishing the houses of different noblemen and gentlemen, both in England and most parts of Scotland, and some in this part of the country’. In Chester he took over the business previously operated by Samuel Davies in Foregate St which he obtained from his widow. It is not clear if he actually traded from Foregate St, and certainly from March 1830 he was established at the corner of New St and Upper Bridge St which from 1833 was recorded as 1 Grosvenor St. He was primarily an u and in 1829 claimed ‘a perfect knowledge of the spring stuffing upon the latest improved principle in Easy Chairs, Sofas, Dining Room Chairs, Pillows, Bolsters, Beds, mattrasses etc.’ In both 1833 and 1834 he advertised that he had travelled to London and had returned with stocks of the most fashionable paper hangings, upholstery materials and carpets. In 1829 he advertised for an app. [D; Chester Chronicle, 28 August 1829, 1 May 1840; Chester Chronicle, 9 February 1830, 16 March 1830, 26 March 1833, 8 April 1834]

Whittingham, Thomas, Liverpool, cm (1824–39). At 2 Duckworth in 1824; 5 Clayton St, 1829; 7 Clayton St, 1829–34; 30 Islington in 1837 and 65 Islington in 1839. [D]

Whittingham & Cattrall, Liverpool, cm (1823–35). At 2 Marble St 1823 but at 5 Marble St in 1827. In 1829 the address was 17 Gt Charlotte St and in 1835 21 Gt Charlotte St. [D]

Whittle, James, London, carver and gilder (1731–59). Whittle took three apps in the 1730s: James Griffith in 1731 for £10, Christopher Jackson in 1734 for £5 5s and Peter South in 1738 for £15 15s. [PRO, IRI/12, 14, 15] He took app. named Thomas Ashley for £31 10s in 1743 [IRI/17], a year after he supplied a carved and gilt chimney glass frame in the French taste for £11. [Account bk, Earl of Cardigan] Nothing else is known about him until his work for the Duke of Bedford at Woburn Abbey between 1752–55. This included ‘a large glass and frame by a design of Mr. Kents Gilt all over like Mr. Brands …’ at a cost of £44 15s and another large Chinese style frame and glass for £43. [Bedford Office, London]

From some time in 1752 until May 1755 James Whittle was in partnership with his only son Thomas. Although working with his father, Thomas subscribed independently to Chippendale's Director, 1754. During the partnership, Whittle snr and jnr were responsible for carved stone work at Woburn Abbey, the bill for 1755 amounting to £697 11s 4d. Other work undertaken by the partnership included that at Petworth House. There are payments by the 2nd Earl of Egremont to James Whittle between 1753–59. In June 1753 Whittle was paid £88 9s for gilt frames, and a pier glass exists at Petworth House which is very similar in form to a pair at Holkham attributed to Whittle by Matthew Brettingham. [Jackson-Stops, 1980, fig. 9] The remaining payments totalled £1,332 15s.

Thomas Whittle died on 27 March 1755 and within a month James Whittle had a new partner and son-in-law, Samuel Norman. [Kirkham, 1969]

It was only after the death of James Whittle's only son that William Hallett, friend and fellow furniture maker, wrote to Whittle to ask if his nephew, Samuel Norman, could call on Whittle's daughter Ann with a view to marriage. Norman had pressed his uncle to do this on earlier occasions but Hallett had thought it unwise to do so because Norman was in the same business as Whittle and his son. However, when Whittle lost his son and his business was ‘in a state of fateague’ Hallett recommended his nephew as an ideal son-in-law and business partner. [PRO, C112/194 PT 11] Norman and Whittle's articles of co-partnership reflect the family tie: Norman was guaranteed half of the stock and goods-in-trade of Whittle and, if Norman's wife should have a child living at her father's death, then one half of Whittle's estate should pass to Samuel Norman. [Kirkham, 1969]

Business appears to have picked up after Norman joined Whittle. From November 1755 they subcontracted carving and gilding work to William Long of Long Acre who probably worked on some of their major commissions. [Kirkham, 1969] A full schedule of Long's work for the firm survives. [PRO, C 1287/20] The partners enjoyed the continuing patronage of the Duke of Bedford and the Earl of Egremont. Whittle and Norman were responsible for carving all the mouldings, door cases, screens of columns and other items of interior woodwork at Woburn Abbey which had not been done by the firm of Linnell. They received £1,065 1s 11d for carved work in 1755 and two years later work began on the gilding which, at times, occupied twelve gilders. Two magnificent carved and gilt oval frames with glasses which hang in the saloon at Woburn today were billed in January 1757. Whittle and Norman continued to work at Woburn until Whittle died in late 1759. After Whittle's death Norman submitted a bill for work done in 1759 which included an ‘exceedingly large and grand oval frame with eagles’ at £97 10s and a ‘grand state bed’, the furnishings of which cost £123 9s 7d and the frame £52 13s. [Bedford Office, London]

Lord Egremont paid James Whittle £1,332 15s between 1754–59. There are no surviving bills, but the firms of Whittle and Whittle and later Whittle and Norman clearly supplied a great deal of the carved furniture with which Petworth House was re-furnished, including pier tables and candlestands (which resemble work at Holkham) and the magnificent state bed. [Jackson-Stops, 1977 and 1982; Rococo Exhib., V&A, 1984, L49] The frame for the pier glass in the ante-room at Holkham is believed to have been supplied by Whittle's firm in 1759 [Brettingham], although Lady Leicester ordered extra ornaments from the house carpenter and supplied the old glass which was used. [Cornforth and Schmidt, 1980]

Whittle and Norman also worked for the Earl of Holderness from 1755. In May 1758 he gave Whittle a bond for £250 which was not finally honoured by the Earl until nine years after Whittle's death. [PRO, C12 1299/11] They also supplied items totalling £73 14s including a pair of girandoles at £30 for James West in 1758 which were probably for his house in Covent Gdn. The bill was annotated ‘dear’, ‘very dear’ by West but was paid in full. [Warwick RO, Alscot Park MS, Box 42]

In 1759 the partners subscribed to William Chambers’ A Treatise of Civil Architecture, giving their trade as ‘Carvers and Gilders’. The firm of Whittle and Norman specialised in carving and gilding, particularly frames, but from September 1758 expanded into cabinet making and upholstery. [PRO, C12 1299/11] In November of that year they moved from Gt St Andrews St, Soho, and took over the premises of the late John West, cm of King St. They were joined briefly by John Mayhew who was probably brought in to help with the expansion into furniture making proper. Mayhew did not stay long, however, because by 1759 he was in partnership with William Ince who was formerly app. to John West. At the time of the move, an app. William Jackson, was taken on and recorded as bound to James Whittle, ‘Citizen and Joiner’, for £44. [PRO, IRI/21]

The partnership between Whittle and Norman lasted until Whittle's death on 10 December 1759. Whittle left half of his estate to Ann Norman, presumably because there was no heir, and the other half was put in trust for his grandson, John (son of the late Thomas) then a minor [PRO, Wills, Prob. 11/1759, 851 folio 424] Norman, however, was granted the use of John Whittle's half share of the firm's stock, goods-in-trade and book debts ‘at an Appraised value’. [Kirkham, 1969]

Only thirteen days after Whittle's death the King St premises were consumed by a fire from which Samuel and Ann Norman were lucky to escape with their lives. The fire occurred before Richard Evatt and Robert Hyde had completed their inventory and valuation of Whittle and Norman's stock and goods in trade. This, together with the fact that most of the firm's records were destroyed in the fire, meant that it proved very difficult to sort out affairs between Norman and those who represented Whittle's grandson John. Norman was left with virtually no stock but, with the continued patronage of Egremont and others, he managed to re-build the business. [GCM; Heal; DEF; M. Brettingham, The Plans, Elevations and Sections of Holkham House in Norfolk, 1761, p. 3; G. Scott Thomson, Family Background, 1949; Burlington, December 1975; Apollo, February 1964; J. Cornforth and L. Schmidt, ‘Holkham Hall, Norfolk, IV’, C. Life, February 1980; G. Jackson-Stops, ‘Furniture at Petworth House’, Apollo, May 1977; G. Jackson-Stops, ‘Rococo Masterpiece Restored: The Petworth State Bed’, C. Life, 14 June 1984; P. Kirkham, ‘Samuel Norman: a study of an eighteenth century craftsman’, Burlington, August 1969]
4th EARL OF CARDIGAN. 1742: James Whittle supplied a carved and gilt chimney glass frame in the French taste costing £11. [MS Account bk, Earl of Cardigan, Deene Park, Northants.]
WOBURN ABBEY (4th Duke of Bedford). James and Thomas Whittle, 1752–55. [Bedford Office, London]
PETWORTH HOUSE (2nd Earl of Egremont). James and Thomas Whittle, 1753–55. [W. Sussex RO, Petworth archives]
WOBURN ABBEY (4th Duke of Bedford). James Whittle and Samuel Norman, 1755–59. [Bedford Office, London]
PETWORTH HOUSE (2nd Earl of Egremont). James Whittle and Samuel Norman, 1755–59. [Petworth archives]
HOLKHAM HALL (1st Earl of Leicester). James Whittle and Samuel Norman, c. 1759. [Brettingham, 1761]
4th EARL OF HOLDERNESS, probably for Hornby Castle, Yorks. James Whittle and Samuel Norman, 1755–59. [PRO, C12, 1299/11 and BM, Egerton MS 3497]
JAMES WEST, probably for his house in Covent Gdn. James Whittle and Samuel Norman, 1758. [Warwick RO, Alscot Park MS, Box 42] See Samuel Norman. P. K.

Whittle, Peter, 30 Whittaker Row, Preston, Lancs., chairman (1818). [D]

Whittle, R., High St, Barnstaple, Devon, cm and u (1838). [D]

Whittle, Robert, Nantwich, Cheshire, u (d. 1818). [PR (burial)]

Whittle, Robert, London, u (1830–35). Previous to June 1830 he was in partnership with Benjamin Merriman Nias jnr and Whittle's address was given as Berners St, Middlx Hospital. From June 1830 he formed a new partnership with William Jones of Wigmore St, Cavendish Sq., auctioneer and appraiser. Whittle appears to have contributed no capital to the partnership. [PRO, C13/556]

Whittle, Thomas, London, carver (1752–d. 1755). In partnership with his father James Whittle, 1722–25. Admitted a member of the Joiners’ Co. by consent 11 June 1754. In the same year subscribed to Chippendale's Director. See James Whittle.

Whittle, Thomas, St Paul, Covent Gdn, London, u (1767). In 1767 insured property in Mill St, parish of St Mary Magdalen, Bermondsey for £200. [GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 106, ref. 22477]

Whittle, Thomas, Preston, Lancs. and London, cm (1802–22). Son of John Whittle, shoemaker. A freeman of Preston by 1802. One directory of 1818 gives his address as 10 Minsprit Weind and another as Tithebarn St and 15 Friargate. By 1822 he was living in London. His son John, also a freeman of Preston, was a portrait painter. [D; Preston Guild records]

Whittroe, William, Bullhead Ct, parish of St Sepulchre, London, chairmaker (1785). In 1785 took as app. James Smith. [Westminster Ref. Lib., MS F4309]

Whitton, Mr, St Margaret's Hill, London, u (1742). In September 1742 his marriage to the widow of Mr Pearman, u, was announced. Whitton was described as ‘a reputable upholsterer’. [Daily Post, 6 September 1742]

Whitwell, Charles, 17 John St, Meadow Lane and Fisher's Yd, Leeds, Yorks., cm and joiner (1817–30). [D]

Whitworth, Benjamin, 65 Shudehill, Manchester, joiner and cm (1788–1800). In 1804 the business was being conducted by Mary Whitworth, possibly his widow. [D]

Whitworth, George, Market Pl., Bingham, Notts., joiner and cm (1832). [D]

Whitworth, John, Gamston, Notts., chairmaker (2nd quarter of 19th century). Windsor chairs are known stamped ‘WHITWORTH GAMSTON’. [Furn. Hist., 1978]

Whitworth, John, Nottingham, joiner and cm (1834). Named as joint master of app. Edward James in 1834. [Nottingham app. bk]

Whitworth, John, see James Yates.

Whitworth, John, Manchester, cm and u (1832–40). At 275 Oxford St, Chorlton Row, 1832–33 but in 1834 the number is shown as 274. In 1836 at 12 Oxford St but by 1840 the business was trading as John Whitworth & Co. at 16 Oxford St. [D]

Whitworth, Mary, 65 Shudehill, Manchester, joiner and cm (1804). Possibly the widow of Benjamin Whitworth who traded at this address 1788–1800. [D]

Whitworth, Thomas, London, upholder (1744). Son of Thomas Whitworth, freeman and clothworker. App. to George Friend on 20 March 1735 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, May 1744. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records.]

Whitworth & Greasley, Canal St, Nottingham, cm (1835). [D]

Wholler, Benjamin, address unknown, cm (1776). A mahogany wardrobe, the top enclosed by panelled doors and the lower part consisting of two short and two long drawers is known with the top part containing a description of how to take the wardrobe to pieces for transit. This is signed ‘Benjm. Wholler Maker 1776’. This piece of furniture was formerly the property of Admiral Hardy of Portesham House, Dorset. [Sotheby's, 26 May 1961, lot 304]

Whormby, William, Lancaster (1827). [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow records]

Whyatt, W. G., Liverpool, carver and gilder (d. 1809). Death aged 60 announced, Liverpool Courier, 13 December 1809.

Whytall, T., Upper St, Islington, London, upholder (1839). [D]

Whytall, Thomas, 6 Sun St, Bishopsgate, Cripplegate, London, cm and u (1820–27). [D]

Wiblin, Henry, London (1752). The maker of a fine marquetry table. ‘In the Centre is the Son situated with a double Glory, round the Glory is a Circumference of Stars consisting of 1344 Pieces; the upper Corner on the Right-hand is a Representation of the Moon; on the upper Corner of the left hand is the Eye of Providence; on the lower Corner on the Right Hand, is a Rainbow in an Octagon, on the lower Corner on the left hand, it forms again in a Smaller Circumference, hanging in an equilateral Triange, both cut in Geometry; with several other Curiosities; the whole being composed of 4978 Pieces of curious Wood’. In February 1752 it was announced that this table had been purchased by Mr Joseph Wright at ‘The Three Cranes’, Mile End. Henry Wiblin was said to be the son of the late John Wiblin. [General Advertiser, 13 February 1752]

Wick, Cullum, Bishopsgate St, London, upholder (1716–30). Son of James Wicks of Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk. App. to Thomas Paine of London, 29 September 1708 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 7 March 1715/16. Living in Bishopsgate St in 1727. Took as app. John Finch, 1722–30. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Westminster poll bk]

Wicker, Nicholas, Exeter, Devon, cm (1803–14). Living in the parish of St Mary Major in 1803 when his name was included in a militia list. At Guinea St in December 1814 when his daughter Elizabeth was bapt. [PR (bapt.)]

Wickes, Thomas, Old Kent Rd, London, cm, u, appraiser and furniture broker (1820–39). At 1 Cumberland Pl. in 1826 and 16 Sussex Pl. in 1839. In 1839 described as a furniture broker only. [D]

Wickes, William, Dover, Kent, cm (1828–35). At 13 Townwall St in 1832 but in 1835 the address was given as Above Wall. [D; poll bks]

Wickham, J. H., 21 Wardour St, Soho, London, carver, gilder and picture dealer (c. 1840). Known only from undated trade cards in the Landauer Coll., MMA, NY. These indicate that he carried on a varied trade. He offered to buy or sell on commission ‘Old Paintings, Carved Picture Frames, Antique Furniture, Pier Tables, Brackets, Bronzes, Ancient Books, Armour, China &c.’ He attended sales in both London and the provinces and was prepared to bid for items on commission and also offered to clear ‘Lumber or Store Rooms’.

Wicking, —, Edger Terr., Tunbridge Wells, Kent, carver and gilder (1839). [D]

Wicking (or Wickens), Benjamin, 3 Cumberland St, Curtain Rd, Shoreditch, London, cm, u and musical instrument maker (1823–27). In November 1823 took out insurance cover of £300 of which £200 was for stock and utensils. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 494, ref. 1010422]

Wicks, Charles, ‘The Ship’, Snow Hill, London, u (1711–13). In June 1711 insured a house on the corner of Greville St and Brooke St for £300 and in August 1713 insured houses in Beare Alley and Sea Coal Lane for £250. [Heal; GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 9, p. 49; vol. 12, pp. 6–7]

Wickstead, G., Middlx, cm (1826). Bankruptcy announced, Liverpool Mercury, 27 October 1826.

Wickstead, William, Liverpool, u (1840). Son of William Wickstead, cooper. Free 24 July 1840. [Freemen reg.]

Wicksted, John, London, upholder and cm (1754–68). Freeman of Bristol but living in London in 1754. In September 1768 quoted for furniture for William Drake of Shardeloes near Amersham, Bucks., his prices representing a 20% discount on those of John Linnell. [Bristol poll bk; Bucks. RO, Shardeloes papers]

Wicksteed, Edward, Nelson St, Deptford, London, carver and gilder (1839). [D]

Wicksteed, George, London, cm and bedstead maker (1816–39). At 10 Broad St, Golden Sq. 1816–27 but in 1835 at 31 Berwick St, Soho and in 1837–39 at 123 Wardour St. [D]

Widdal, Samuel, Knutsford, Cheshire, joiner and cm (1790). [D]

Widdicombe, M., Bristol, u (1834–c. 1840). At 9 Culver St in 1834, 48 College St, 1836–37, and from 1838 at 12 College St. [D]

Widdowson, Benjamin, Wood St, Ashby-de-la-Zouch, Leics., cm and u (1835). [D]

Widdowson, Thomas, Church St, Bingham, Notts., joiner and cm (1832). [D]

Widgington, Samuel, St Mary St, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (1839–41). Aged 30 at the time of the 1841 Census. [D]

Widgington, Thomas, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (b.c. 1776–1841). Bapt. September 1771 and in 1798 when his name was included in a milita return he gave his trade as chairmaker. In 1805 employed in the winter months by a farmer named Treacher to teach his labourers to assemble chairs from components made by local bodgers. Treacher clearly felt that farm work was insufficient in itself to fully employ them in the slack winter months. In 1809 Widgington took as app. John Briggs, a ‘charity boy’ of Great Missenden, Bucks. Widgington's son, Thomas jnr was bapt. 1814. At the time of the 1841 Census he declared his age to be 65 and stated his trade as timber merchant. [D; L. J. Mayes, The History of Chairmaking in High Wycombe, 1960, p. 25; PR (bapt.); Joy, English Furniture 1800–1851, p. 236]

Widgington, William, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (1798–1819). Included in a militia return in 1798. Sons bapt., 1816–19. [PR (bapt.)]

Wier, Hugh, Windsor, Berks., cm (1796–1804). [Poll bks]

Wierne (or Wiormo?), John Peter, address unknown, cm and frame maker (1736–42). Took as app. James Lynham but in July 1742 he applied for his discharge. He stated that he had been an app. of Wierne for five years and nine months and during this period he had been employed the entire time making picture frames. He had however been app. to learn the trade of cm. He further complained that for several meals in the week he received only bread and water. [Winterthur, Delaware, Symonds papers, 75×69.29]

Wife, Richard, Colchester, Essex and London, chairmaker (1784). Freeman of Colchester but in July 1784 living in London. [Colchester poll bk]

Wifeman & Yolland, 111 Tottenham Ct Rd, London, u (1819). [D]

Wiggan, Richard, Silver St, Golden Sq., London, cm (1749–51). Canaletto lodged at Wiggan's house and exhibited pictures there in 1749 and 1751. [Heal; Westminster poll bk]

Wiggens, John, Linen Hall St, Chester, cm (1826). Free 20 May 1826. [Freemen rolls; poll bk]

Wiggin, Jane, Goalgate St, Stafford, cm and u (1828). [D]

Wiggins, William, 21 Grove St, Commercial Rd, London, bed and bedstead maker (1813). [D]

Wiggins, William, Friar St, Reading, Berks., cm (1837). [Poll bk]

Wigglesworth, Robert & William, 8 King St, Blackburn, Lancs., cm and joiner (1816–34). [D]

Wigham, Richard, Dog-bank, Newcastle, cm and furniture broker (1824–33). [D]

Wight, Timothy, Buckingham St, York Buildings, London, u (1735–55). [London Daily Post and General Advertiser]

Wightman, Joseph, London, upholder (1705–29). Son of Joseph Wightman of Lindley, Leics., Gent. App. to Humphrey Skelton, 2 March 1704/05 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 3 September 1729. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Wightman, Ralph, Newcastle, u (1777). App. to John Hudson and free 25 February 1777. [Freemen rolls]

Wightman, Samuel, Framlingham, Suffolk, cm (1822). A letter survives from Lord Henniker to this cm dated November 1822. [East Anglian Daily Times, 2 December 1981]

Wigley, Benjamin, Chapel Hill, Belper, Derbs., cm (1829). [D]

Wightman, Thomas, High St, Doncaster, Yorks., carver and gilder (1830–37). [D]

Wightman (or Weightman), William, Nottingham, cm (1795). Son of William Wightman of Oxton, Notts., farmer. Free 1795. [App. bk; freemen rolls]

Wignell, John, ‘The Three Crowns’, Cannon St, London, upholder (1709–12). Free 2 March 1708/09 and in July 1712 took out insurance cover on goods at the Cannon St address. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Sun MS vol. 2, 20 July 1712]

Wike, Hougham, Canterbury, Kent and London, cm (1768). Freeman of Canterbury but living in London in 1768. [Freemen rolls]

Wikeley, Benjamin, 13 St Saviourgate, York, joiner and cm (1823–30). One directory of 1830 shows a William Wikeley at this address. [D]

Wilbee, William, Maryport St, Devizes, Wilts., cm and u (1822–39). [D]

Wilby, Samuel, Kirkgate, Wakefield, Yorks., cm (1814). [D]

Wilcke, Friedrich, address unknown, (1765–70). Employed by Sir John Griffin Griffin at Audley End, Essex on making furniture 1765–67 and 1770. Details of the work undertaken are not given apart from a reference to ‘an organ barrel & setting twelve tunes upon it’. Payment appears to have been made regularly between 1765 and 1767 and in 1770 a further £11 12s was given to him for miscellaneous work. He appears to have been of German origin but his surname was anglicised as Wilke and Wilkie on some documents. [Essex RO, D/DBy/ A26/1, D/DBy/A28/4]

Wilcock, Crs., Lancaster (1837–39). Named in the Gillow records in 1837 and 1839. [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow]

Wilcock, Edward, Thornhill, near Dewsbury, Yorks., chairmaker (1822). [D]

Wilcock, James, Lancaster (1786–1840). Named in the Gillow records in 1786, 1799, 1815, 1819, 1821, 1827, 1829, 1833 and 1838–40. His son was named in 1834 and 1836. [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow]

Wilcock, James, Menwith, near Settle, Yorks., cm (1822). [D]

Wilcock, James, Bentham Low, near Ingleton, Yorks., cm and victualler (1822). [D]

Wilcock, John, Lancaster (1826–33). Named in the Gillow records 1826–29 and 1831–33. [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow]

Wilcock, Joseph, Lancaster (1806–40). Named in the Gillow records 1806, 1826, 1829–30, 1839–40. [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow]

Wilcock, Joseph, Lancaster, cm (1838). App. to L. Redmayne in 1830 and free 27 October 1838. [App. reg.]

Wilcock, Richard, Liverpool, cm (1756–65). His apps Isaac Wardley and William Fairclough petitioned freedom in 1765. [Freemen committee bk; S of G, app. index]

Wilcock, Richard, Lancaster (1806–17). Named in the Gillow records 1806–13 and 1815–17. [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow]

Wilcock, Robert, Thornhill, near Dewsbury, Yorks., chairmaker (1822). [D]

Wilcock, Robert, Lancaster, cm (1839). App. to L. Redmayne 1832 and free 27 July 1839. [App. reg.]

Wilcock, Samuel, Below Stockgill, Ambleside, Westmld, cm (1829). [D]

Wilcock, Thomas, York(?), chairmaker (1729). The York city accounts for 13 January 1729 show a charge due to this maker for 18 chairs at 8s and 6 oak chairs at 3s 6d ‘to Walmgate Bar’.

Wilcock, Thomas, Lancaster, cm (1830–40). App. to L. Redmayne in 1830 and free 28 October 1837. Named in the Gillow records 1832, 1835–36 and 1840. [App. reg.; Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow]

Wilcocks, J., Bridge St, Chester, cm (1833). In February 1833 his stock and household furniture was auctioned for the benefit of his creditors. This included ‘a handsome zebra wood circular table, pair of handsome zebra wood card tables, zebra wood pier table, painted dressing tables and wash stands, sets of mahogany chairs, several hearth rugs and carpet covers, a few sets of papers and borders, three platform dressing glasses, two sofas, a mahogany Bergère chair, four cabinet making benches nearly new.’ [Chester Courant, 19 February 1833]

Wilcocks, Thomas, Gloucester, upholder (1723–46). In April 1723 it was reported that Wilcocks and two others had been set upon by Dragoons of Honeywood Regiment. He was declared bankrupt, Gents Mag., November 1746. [Gloucester Journal, 26 April 1723]

Wilcocks, Bath, Som., cm (1823). Bankruptcy announced, Liverpool Mercury, 21 December 1832.

Wilcocks, William, Uttoxeter, Staffs., cm (1798). [D]

Wilcocks & Co., 176 Fore St, Exeter, Devon, cm and u (1838). [D]

Wilcockson, Joseph, Louth, Lincs., cm and joiner (1780–87). In 1780 took out insurance cover of £300 which included £240 for his house and workshop. A payment of 16s in the Massingberd account book for March 1787 is recorded for Wilcockson for eight kitchen chairs. [GL, Sun MS vol. 284, p. 109; Lincoln RO, MM9/10]

Wilcox, Edward, Shepton Mallet, Som., cm (1740). In 1740 took app. named Gibson. [S of G, app. index]

Wilcox, Humphrey, Below the Conduit, Exeter, Devon, u (1724–31). In October 1724 he advertised that he had taken over the business previously conducted by Anne Alden. In 1725 he took app. named Davie but Wilcox was declared bankrupt, Gents Mag., April 1731. [The Post Master, 23 October 1724; S of G, app. index]

Wilcox, James Morris, Chapel St, Warwick (1834–40). An accomplished carver who undertook a number of major commissions for George Lucy of Charlecote Park, Warks. in the late 1830s. A carved sideboard was charged at £1,600 in 1837 and the total account for the period 1834–37 for woodwork in the library and dining room including mouldings and edges for the bookshelves amounted to £4,982 18s. A receipted bill dated 17 January 1840 exists for completing the library shelves and making an oak table for the dining room. [V&A archives; Warwick RO, L6/1118]

Wilcox, Leonard James, 15 Stacey St, Soho, London, carver (1822–23). Took out insurance cover of £300 in September 1822 and £400 in November 1823 but in both years utensils and stock were valued at £50. [GL, Sun MS vol. 490, ref. 995700; vol. 495, ref. 1010540]

Wilcox, Richard, London, upholder (1729). Son of Robert Wilcox of London distiller. App. to John Weston, 3 March 1719 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 2 April 1729. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Wilcox, Thomas, London, upholder (1710). In 1710 took out insurance cover of £400 each on two houses, one in Duck Lane and the other in St Bartholomew's Close, both in West Smithfield. [GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 8, refs 20615–16]

Wilcoxon, Harding, Owen & Stanton, London, cm and looking-glass makers (1815–39). At 58 Lombard St, 1815–37 but in 1839 at 1 Monument Lane. Declared their trade as wholesale looking-glass and cabinet manufacturers, 1820–25. [D]

Wild, Daniel, ‘The Golden Ball’, south-east corner of St Paul's Churchyard, London, cm (c. 1725). Known only from his trade labels affixed to furniture. A walnut table on cabriole legs terminating in pad feet is recorded with his label, as is also a walnut tallboy with secretaire drawer and sunburst in the recessed centre of the lowest drawer. [Heal; Christie's, 19 June 1980, lot 91, 27 January 1983, lot 156]

Wild, Jacob, Hanging Ditch, Manchester, chairmaker (1773–1804). At 52 Hanging Ditch in 1797 but the number was 25 in 1800. [D]

Wild, Jacob, Tib Lane, Manchester, picture frame maker (1773–94). On 17 September 1773 paid £1 11s for fourteen frames for prints supplied to Dunham Massey, Cheshire. In 1794 his number in Tib Lane was 6. [D; John Rylands Lib., Manchester Univ., George Cooke's accounts]

Wild, James, Wharf St, Dukinfield, near Ashton-under-Lyne, Lancs., joiner and cm (1834). [D]

Wild, John, Manchester, u and auctioneer (1794–1833). In 1794 at Cateaton St but from 1797 at 8 Hunt's Bank. [D]

Wild, John, 12 Ranelagh St, Liverpool, carver, gilder and looking-glass manufacturer (1827). [D]

Wild (or Wylde), Nathaniel, Nottingham, u (1692–d. 1731). Recorded in the list of freemen 1692 and 1712. Will dated 4 January 1731 was proved 20 December 1731. [Freemen rolls; Notts. RO, probate records]

Wild (or Wylde), Richard, London, upholder (1773–94). Son of James Wylde of Shepperton, Middlx, farmer. App. to Isaac Solly of London, 7 February and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 6 October 1773. From 1776–81 at 1 Budge Row; in 1786 at 53 Gracechurch St, and from 1792–94 at 57 Bishopsgate St. In November 1792 he took out insurance cover of £200 on goods and a house rented from Wrench, a watchmaker. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Sun MS vol. 391, p. 415]

Wild, Thomas, Union St, Salford, Lancs., cm (1800–04). At 9 Union St, 1800–02 but in 1804 the number was 10. [D]

Wild, Thomas, 2 Paradise St, Manchester, u (1817). [D]

Wild, William, 25 Red Bank, Manchester, cm (1804). [D]

Wild, William, 53 Cannon St Rd, St George's-in-the-East, London, cm, u and undertaker (1820–35). [D]

Wild, William, Weekday Cross, Nottingham, u (1822–34). [D]

Wild, William, Nottingham, cm (1820–28). At Bridlesmithgate in 1820 and Middle Pavement in 1828. [D; poll bk]

Wilde, James, address unknown, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Wilde, Joseph, Manchester, cm and u (1829–40). At 9 Bond St in 1829, 10 Bond St, 1832–34 and 21 Bond St, 1836–39. In 1838–39 trading additionally from an address in Faulkner St which was numbered 67 in 1838 and 157 in 1839. In 1840 at 100 Grosvenor St, Chorlton-on-Medlock. [D]

Wilde, Thomas, Manchester, cm and u (1825–29). At 11 Rutland St, Chorlton Row in 1825 and 5 King St, 1828– 29. [D]

Wilde, Walter, 1 Moor Pl., Liverpool, cm (1837). [D]

Wilder, Leonard, Wantage, Berks., cm (1761). In 1761 took app. named Belsher. [S of G, app. index]

Wildey, John, Pelham St, Nottingham, u (1840). [D]

Wildey, Thomas & H., Berwick St, Soho, London, bedstead and cornice makers (1816–39). The number in Berwick St was 25 but from 1820 no. 34 was also used. In 1820 insurance cover of £600 was taken out on 25 Berwick St by Thomas Wildey. Of this £350 covered stock and utensils and a further £100 open workshops and an open yard behind no. 25. A further £300 cover was taken out later in that year in respect of stock and utensils in a stable and lofts over it behind 34 Berwick St. By July 1822 the insurance cover on 25 Berwick St had fallen to £300 of which half was for utensils and stock and £50 on the open workshops and yard. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 483, refs 970083, 974380; vol. 493, ref. 993859]

Wildgoose, John, North Audley St, Grosvenor Sq., cm (1745). [Heal]

Wildgoose, Joseph, London, upholder (1802). Freeman of Oxford. [Oxford poll bk]

Wildgoose, Joseph, Heaton Lane, Stockport, Cheshire, cm (1825). [D]

Wildin, James, 27 London Rd, Manchester, cm (1834–36). [D]

Wilding, Benjamin, Manchester, cm (1804–08). At 62 Little Lever St in 1804 and 76 London Rd in 1808. [D]

Wilding, Robert, Liverpool, cm (1761). App. to Nicholas Cross and free 13 March 1761. [Freemen rolls]

Wilding, Thomas, Liverpool, cm (1806). In July 1806 married at St Anne's Church to a Miss L. Baldock of Liverpool. [Liverpool Chronicle, 23 July 1806]

Wilding, Thomas, Liverpool, cm (1812). App. to Edward Lowe and free 5 October 1812. [Freemen rolls]

Wilding, Thomas, 49 Vernon St, Liverpool, cm (1813–18). [D]

Wildman, Mr, London, joiner or carver (1694). On 26 June 1694 signed a petition as a member of the ‘Company of Joyners Carvers’ that was presented by that Company to the City of London. [Furn. Hist., 1974]

Wildman, John, Hotwell Rd, Bristol, picture frame maker (1801). [D]

Wildman, Thomas, London, upholder (1681–90). In March 1681 supplied to William 5th Earl of Bedford 10 varnished back chairs at 9s each and 3 armchairs at 13s each. The receipt was signed by Richard Linnell, probably an employee of Wildman. In 1688–90 supplied chairs and stools to the Royal Hospital, Chelsea amounting to £46 15s. [Bedford Office, London; Wren Soc., vol. XIX, p. 85]

Wildridge, John, 6 Matthew St, Liverpool, joiner and cm (1790). [D]

Wildsmith, Benjamin & Riley, 99 High Holborn, London, u and cm (1786–88). By January 1788 in financial difficulties and on the 13th a dividend was advertised for his creditors. A demi-lune card table is known bearing their trade label. [D; Williamson's Liverpool Advertiser, 28 January 1788]

Wildsmith, John, near St James's Church, Piccadilly, London, mason and carver (1757–82). His work appears to have been in the main with stone. He did however in July 1759 supply for a pier table in the Tapestry Room at Croome Court, Worcs. a black marble top inset with 176 squares of coloured stones which was charged at £42 10s. He was made bankrupt in 1769 and on 31 July and 1 August of that year a sale was held of the contents of his yard in Piccadilly. He may however have recommenced trading, for in December 1782 a dividend was advertised to the creditors of John Wildsmith of St James, Westminster, carver. [Gunnis; V&A archives; Leicester Journal, 28 December 1782]

Wildsmith, William, Worcester St, Bromsgrove, Worcs., chairmaker (1835). [D]

Wiles, John, near King's Stairs, Rotherhithe, London, carver (1733). In October 1733 insured his household goods, utensils and stock for £300. [GL, Sun MS vol. 38, ref. 62088]

Wiles, Samuel, King St, Norwich, cm and u (1830–36). [D]

Wilkerson, John, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (1815–24). Three sons and a daughter bapt. 1815–24. [PR (bapt.)]

Wilkerson, Thomas, Burnham, Norfolk, carver (1757). In 1757 took app. named Witherson. [S of G, app. index]

Wilkes, George, London(?), u (before 1737). In March 1737 his widow, said to be ‘a lady of about £6,000 fortune’, married Richard Browgh, a ‘very eminent farmer in Middlesex’, at St Mary-hill Church. George Wilkes was said to have been ‘an eminent upholsterer’. [Daily Journal, 15 March 1737]

Wilkes, John, 7 Pembroke St, Liverpool, cm (1837). [D]

Wilkes, Thomas, Worcester, joiner and cm (1773). App. to William Reding and free 11 January 1773. [Freemen rolls]

Wilkes, Thomas, Lancaster, gilder (1795). [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow records]

Wilkes, Thomas, 13 Smithfield St, Liverpool, cm (1818). [D]

Wilkes, Thomas, Broad St, Hereford, chairmaker and turner (1822–35). [D]

Wilkie, Alexander, 10 Duke St, Portland Sq., London, upholder and undertaker (1817–29). [D]

Wilkie, John, see Wilkie & Cochran.

Wilkie, William, London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Wilkie, William, 91 Percy St, Newcastle, cm and joiner (1838). [D]

Wilkie & Cochran, London, cm and chairmaker (1817–40). In 1817–18 John Wilkie was trading on his own account from 1 Norfolk St, Fitzroy Sq. but by 1820 he was in partnership with William Cochran at 20 Nassau St, Middlx Hospital. Insurance valuations at this period suggest a business of substantial size. These totalled £2,450 in May 1820, £1,900 in April 1822 and £2,100 in April 1823, the majority being for utensils and stock. Workshops were maintained behind the Nassau St premises. The partnership was still operating in 1840. A Regency bergère chair in rosewood is recorded stamped ‘WILKIE AND COCHRAN’. A set of ten single chairs and two armchairs are also recorded marked with the name of John Wilkie. Also known is a trade label of John Wilkie from the 20 Nassau St address endorsed ‘LATE WILKIE & COCHRAN’. This would seem to represent a post 1840 situation. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 483, refs 966639–40; vol. 493, ref. 991422; vol. 498, ref. 1003754; Phillips’, 22 March 1983, lot 92; V&A archives]

Wilkin, John, 5 Percy St, Liverpool, cm (1829). [D]

Wilkin (or Wilkins), W. & A., Hope Chapel Hill, Bristol, u (1835–36). [D]

Wilkins, Charles, Robertson's Pl., Stockwell, London, carver and gilder (1839). [D]

Wilkins, George, London, upholder (1773–81). Son of George Wilkins. App. to John Dunn, 1 December 1773 and then to Richard Walker, 3 September 1779. Free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 2 May 1781. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Wilkins, George, London, upholder (1719). Living at 3 Bride Lane, Fleet St, but by January 1791 mention is made of his new dwelling house in Bear Alley. Insurance cover on the contents of his house amounted to only £100. [GL, Sun MS vol. 327, p. 27]

Wilkins, George, 255 Bermondsey St, London, upholder (1809). In March 1809 took out insurance cover of £150 on household goods. [GL, Sun MS vol. 444, ref. 828283]

Wilkins, John, Palmer St, Frome, Som., cm and u (1839–40). [D]

Wilkins, Robert, Oxford (1765). Described as the carpenter of Christchurch, Oxford. In 1764 Thomas Chippendale supplied a number of stools for the College Library and in the following year Wilkins made a number of additional ones which, together with tables, he charged at £40 7s 6d. [C. Life, 5 January 1945]

Wilkins, Thomas, 9 and 10 Broker Row, London, cm and u (1822). [D]

Wilkins, William, 20 Edward St, Cavendish Sq., London, cm and u (1805–11). [D]

Wilkinson, —, Preston, Lancs., see Tyrer & Wilkinson.

Wilkinson, —, Oxford St, London (1833). According to Loudon had ‘extensive collections of Elizabethan and Dutch furniture and carvings, from which a judicious compiler of exteriors might clothe skeleton frames, so as to produce objects of curiousity and interest, at a very triffling expense’. Also mentioned as one of a number of London firms who collected ‘curious and ancient furniture, including fragments of fittings-up of rooms, altars and religious houses; and rearrange these curious specimens, and adapt them to modern uses’. [Loudon, Encyclopaedia, pp. 1039, 1101]

Wilkinson, Alexander, Skipton, Yorks., cm (1839). [PR]

Wilkinson, Caleb, Nottingham, cm (d. 1719). Probate granted on his will 13 May 1719. [Notts. RO, probate records]

Wilkinson, Charles, 21 St Paul's Churchyard, London, cm, u and chairmaker (1748–93). His marriage to Miss Angelica Parnell, sister to Captain Parnell of Limehouse was announced on 6 January 1748. The marriage took place at Enfield, Middlx. The bride was described as ‘a very agreeable Lady of Good Fortune’ and the groom as ‘an eminent Cabinet Maker in St. Paul's Churchyard’. Wilkinson was a member of the Joiners’ Co. and between 1751 and 1774 took out a number of licences to employ non-freemen. The number so employed was substantial, from 1763 amounting to twelve on one occasion and averaging about seven to eight. From 1790 the business traded as Wilkinson & Turner [D; General Advertiser, 6 January 1748; GL, Joiners’ Co. records, Livery list 1750; City Licence bks, vols 1, 3–8, 11]

Wilkinson, Edward, Thursday Mkt, York, cm (1758). [Poll bk]

Wilkinson, Edward, Peterborough, Northants., u and cm (1766–98). His marriage to a Miss Bates was announced in October 1766 and he was described as ‘an eminent upholsterer and cabinet maker’. By March 1777 he was bankrupt but must have resumed business again almost immediately for in the following year he insured utensils and stock for £160 out of a total cover of £200. The total cover was unchanged in 1782 but stock and utensils were only valued at £100. In April 1790 he advertised himself as an upholder and auctioneer and indicated that he stocked both secondhand and new furniture. He offered ‘Dining, Tea, Pembroke, and Dressing Tables; Bureaus, Commodes, and Dressing Chests of Drawers; Night Tables; Bason Stands; Knife Cases; Dinner Trays, Tea Boards, Caddies &c.; Sofas, Chairs with Hair Seats; several sorts of Chamber Ditto; Windsor Chairs, &c.; some very Handsome Pier Glasses; also Toilet and Dressing ditto; likewise every article in the Upholstery Line for fitting up beds and Window Curtains in the best Manner; a great variety of Carpets, of the newest Patterns, and best Quality, both for Floors and Staircases; also a fresh Assortment of the most fashionable Spring Patterns of Paper Hangings, with a great Variety of elegant Fancy Borders to them’. He also had on offer a collection of paintings and prints ‘by eminent Masters’. His name appears in trade directories as late as 1798 but in July 1802 when the death of his son was announced he was described as the ‘son of the late Mr. Wilkinson, Upholder’. [D; Cambridge Chronicle, 18 October 1766; Gents Mag., March 1777, July 1802; GL, Sun MS vol. 267, p. 561; vol. 303, p. 513; Lincoln, Rutland and Stamford Mercury, 2 April 1790]

Wilkinson, Edward, Colne, Lancs., joiner and cm (1824–34). At Market St, 1824–28 but in 1834 the address was given as Newhouse Backside. [D]

Wilkinson, George, Nantwich, Cheshire, chairmaker (1812–14). A son John was bapt on 29 April 1812 and a daughter Sarah on 20 July 1814. [PR (bapt.)]

Wilkinson, George, Haslingden, Lancs., cm/joiner (1822–34). At Higher Lane in 1823, High St in 1824 and Queen St in 1834. [D]

Wilkinson, George, Market Pl., Settle, Yorks., joiner and cm (1822–37). [D]

Wilkinson, George, Salford, Lancs., carver, gilder, looking-glass and picture frame maker (1822–36). At 94 Chapel St, 1822– 28, but in the following year the number was 93. At 73 Bridge St, 1832–36. [D]

Wilkinson, George snr, Boroughgate, Appleby, Westmld, cm (1828–29). [D]

Wilkinson, George jnr, Boroughgate, Appleby, Westmld, cm (1829–34). [D]

Wilkinson, Henry, High St, Watford, Herts., cm and u (1838– 39). [D]

Wilkinson, J., 10 Crawford Passage, London, bedstead manufacturer (1835). [D]

Wilkinson, J., 4 East St, Finsbury, London, cm (1839). [D]

Wilkinson, James, Market St, Bradford, Yorks., cm and u (1793–1830). In 1830 the number in Market St was 61. On 2 January 1801 insured his workshops for £100. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 37, ref. 713358]

Wilkinson, James, Union Warehouse Yd, Hilton St, Manchester, joiner and cm (1804–08). [D]

Wilkinson, James, Nantwich, Cheshire, chairmaker (1831–40). Married 18 April 1831 and a son James was bapt. 23 April 1834. [D; PR (bapt. and marriage)]

Wilkinson, John, Newcastle, u (1700). Son of Gawin Wilkinson, mariner. Free by patrimony, 17 June 1700. [Freemen rolls]

Wilkinson, John, Nottingham, cm (1713). [Freemen rolls]

Wilkinson, John, London, upholder (1724). Son of Thomas Wilkinson, freeman and member of the Upholders’ Co. John Wilkinson jnr was admitted to the Company by patrimony, 16 April 1724. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Wilkinson, John, Tarporley, Cheshire (?), chairmaker (1773–74). In 1773–74 made two dozen common chairs, a pair of arm chairs and the President's chair for the Tarporley Hunt Club. He appears to have been a local craftsman. The chairs are still in the possession of the Club. [Minute bks]

Wilkinson, John, Market Pl., Leicester, cm and u (1786). In September 1786 came from London to take over the business of the late James James. [Leicester Journal, 9 September 1786]

Wilkinson, John, Highgate Hill, London, upholder and cm (1790). Death announced, Gents Mag., 1790, p. 1154.

Wilkinson, John, 48 Marylebone Lane, London, cm and furniture broker (1826–29). [D]

Wilkinson, John, Thomas St, Manchester, cm, u and furniture broker (1829–40). At 18 Thomas St, 1829–33 but from 1836 the number was 41. [D]

Wilkinson, John, 12 Gt Barlow St, Marylebone, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Wilkinson, John-Henry, London, wholesale u and cm (1794–99). At 25 Budge Row, 1794–97 and 49 Gracechurch St, 1798–99. [D]

Wilkinson, Joseph snr, Watergate St, Chester, cm (1741–71). Free 1741. Took apps named Prestbury in 1742 and James Habbot in 1752. [Freemen rolls; poll bks; S of G, app. index; app. bk]

Wilkinson, Joseph jnr, Chester, cm (1767–1812). Son of Joseph Wilkinson snr and free 12 December 1767. At Watergate St in 1771, Lower Lane in 1784 and Linenhall St in 1812. [Freemen rolls; poll bks]

Wilkinson, Joseph, London, cm and u (1780–84). Associated with Joshua Wilkinson snr and jnr in the business of Wilkinson & Sons which operated a cabinet and upholstery warehouse in the City and Moorfields area. This business was established by 1778 at 24 Change Alley but a fire at this address forced them to re-locate at 107 Cheapside opposite the Church of St Mary-le-Bow by the following year. A trade bill [GL] indicates the nature of the business. They advertised themselves as a ‘Cabinet, Upholstery, Carpet & Looking Glass Warehouse’ and indicated that their stock included down, goose and other feather beds; Turkey, Brussels, Wilton, Kidderminster and Scotch carpets; library, writing, ladies’ dressing, Pembroke card and tea tables; cabroile, japanned and Windsor chairs etc.’. By 1784 the business had moved again to 7 Lower Moorfields which is also rendered as 7 Brokers Row, Moorfields. Stock and utensils were valued at £300 out of a total insurance cover of £1,500 in 1778 but one policy of 1782 was for £2,100 with stock and utensils £1,400 of this. These figures suggest a substantial enterprise. No references to Joseph Wilkinson have been found subsequent to 1784 and by 1790 the business appears to have been operated by William and Thomas Wilkinson in partnership. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 270, p. 318; vol. 287, p. 190; vol. 299, p. 341; vol. 300, p. 9]

Wilkinson, Joshua snr, London, upholder, cm and broker (1778–80). Associated with his son Joshua and with Joseph Wilkinson in the business of Wilkinson & Sons (see entry for Joseph Wilkinson). Joshua Wilkinson snr was a member of the Goldsmiths’ Co. He is recorded at Change Alley in 1778 in which year he took out a licence to employ twenty nonfreemen for three months. A further licence was issued in 1780 to employ the same number of six months. The address then given was Cheapside. These licences might suggest an extensive manufacturing side to the business. His son Joshua jnr was made free of the Upholders’ Co. in 1781. [D; GL, City Licence bks, vols 9, 10; Upholders’ Co. records]

Wilkinson, Joshua jnr, London, upholder, cm and broker (1781–85). Son of Joshua Wilkinson snr and free of the Upholders’ Co. under the terms of the 1750 Upholders’ Act, 5 September 1781. His addresses are shown at 107 Cheapside, 1781–84 and 7 Brokers Row, Moorfields in 1785 clearly indicating his involvement in the business of Wilkinson & Sons (for details see entry for Joseph Wilkinson). [D; Heal; GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Wilkinson, Joshua, Leicester, u (1791). In 1791 moved from Market Pl. to Cornwall. [D]

Wilkinson, Lawrence, Bolton St, Chorley, Lancs., cm (1818). [D]

Wilkinson, Lawrence, 18 Peter Lane, Liverpool, cm (1827–39). [D]

Wilkinson, Matthew, Coppergate, York, cm (1784). [Poll bk]

Wilkinson, Matthew, Top of Nile St, Preston, Lancs., cm (1818). [D]

Wilkinson, Peter, address unknown, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Wilkinson, Richard, address unknown, cm and u (1750). Paid £2 8s 6d by Mrs Bowes for a mahogany chest of drawers on 26 May 1750. On 29 September of the same year paid a further £1 3s ‘for a mahogany and damask chair for the child’. A bill also exists made out to George Bowes and dated 26 May 1750 ‘for a mahogany dressing-table and packing’, £2 8s. [Durham RO, D/St/V1488–90, D/St/327c]

Wilkinson, Richard, 1 Cross St, Hatton Gdn, London, cm (1781). In 1781 insured his house for £200. [GL, Sun MS vol. 295, p. 356]

Wilkinson, Richard, 2 Goodge St, Tottenham Ct Rd, London, cm and broker (1786). In August 1786 took out insurance cover of £500 which included £350 for utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 338, p. 560]

Wilkinson, Richard, Thomas St, Wrangling, Blackburn, Lancs., cm (1818). [D]

Wilkinson, Richard, Toll House Hill, Nottingham, joiner and cm (1799). [D]

Wilkinson, Richard, Broadmarsh, Nottingham, turner and chairmaker (1832–40). In 1824 app. to Aaron Boot. Trading at Broadmarsh by 1831 when his trade was declared as chairmaker. [D; app. reg.]

Wilkinson, Robert, 67 Newman St, London, upholder (1780). In 1780 insured a house for £1,000. [GL, Sun MS vol. 286, p. 9]

Wilkinson, Samuel, Nottingham, cm (1722). Freeman of Nottingham. [Freemen rolls]

Wilkinson, Samuel, 3 Christopher St, Hatton Wall, London, cm (1820). [D]

Wilkinson, Stephen, York, joiner (1703–29). Free 1703. On 26 November 1729 charged £6 for ‘six oak bedsteads and saking booms to them all got up in my lord Mayor hous beside the common hall’. [Freemen rolls; York City archives]

Wilkinson, Stephen, Bywardle, Nottingham, cm (1720–54). Included in freemen list, 1720. [Freemen rolls; poll bk]

Wilkinson, Thomas, London, upholder (1724). A freeman and member of the Upholders’ Co. His son John Wilkinson was made free of this Company in 1724. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Wilkinson, Thomas, Lancaster, cm (1754–68). App. to J. Wright in 1754 and free 1761–62. [App. reg.; poll bk]

Wilkinson, Thomas, Stonecutter St, near Fleet Ditch, London, looking-glass maker (1725). [Heal]

Wilkinson, Thomas, Newcastle, joiner and cm (1760). In 1760 took app. named Hedley. [S of G, app. index]

Wilkinson, Thomas, Padon, Newcastle, cm and carpenter (1778). [D]

Wilkinson, Thomas & Co., London, cm and u (1812–28). At 9 Brokers Row, Moorfields, 1814–17, and 7–10 Brokers Row and 1 Finsbury Sq., 1823–28. Successor to William & Thomas Wilkinson. [D; Heal]

Wilkinson, Thomas, Hull, Yorks., cm, u and chairmaker (1823–26). At Stubb's Ct in 1823 when he was described as a cm. In 1826 at Stubb's Buildings, West St and his trade was given as chairmaker and u. [D]

Wilkinson, Thomas, St Margaret's Bank, Rochester, Kent, cm (1824). [D]

Wilkinson, Thomas, Gt Aycliffe, near Darlington, Co. Durham, joiner and cm (1828). [D]

Wilkinson, Thomas, George St, Wakefield, Yorks., u (1830). [D]

Wilkinson, Thomas, Gt Ayton, Durham, joiner/cm (1834). Possibly a directory error and the person recorded was the Thomas Wilkinson shown in another directory working at Aycliffe, Co. Durham in 1828. [D]

Wilkinson, Thomas, Bromyard, Herefs., cm (1835). [D]

Wilkinson, Thomas Jowett, 60 Market St, Bradford, Yorks., cm (1834). [D]

Wilkinson, W., 28 Rood Lane, London, cm etc. (1801). [D]

Wilkinson, W., 20 Somerset St, Aldgate, London, cm (1825). [D]

Wilkinson, W. A., 17 Clifford's Inn, London, u (1829). [D]

Wilkinson, W. & C., Ludgate Hill, London, see William Wilkinson.

Wilkinson, William, Newcastle, u (1750). Free 1750. His son Fenwick was made free by patrimony 6 March 1777. [Freemen rolls]

Wilkinson, William, Liverpool, cm (1760). App. to William Boardman and petitioned for his freedom in 1760. [Freemen's committee bk]

Wilkinson, William, 32 New George St, St George's Rd, London, cm and broker (1779). In 1779 took out insurance cover for £300 of which half was for utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 271, p. 311]

Wilkinson, William & Thomas, 9 and 10 Broker Row, Moorfields, London, cm (1790–1811). Successors to Wilkinson & Sons and succeeded by Thomas Wilkinson & Co. Their particular specialism was extending tables and in 1807 they were advertising tables covered ‘by the King's patent’ and ‘absolutely original in their Construction’. They claimed that their dining table occupied when closed ‘a space considerable smaller than is necessary for the standing of any other dining table now in use’. It could however ‘with utmost facility, be extended to any required length’. Also offered were a ‘breakfast Table, of the most desirable dimensions, forms a complete set of Dining Tables for sixteen or eighteen persons; and in firmness, convenience and elegance, cannot possibly be exceeded. The Patent Card Table is equally remarkable for its ornamental effect, and for the singularity of the principles on which it is made’. They claimed to be the sole sellers of such tables, which could be obtained from their manufactory and warerooms at ‘No, 10 North side of Moorfields near Finsbury Square’. A number of dining tables made by this manufacturer have been noted. One extending on the ‘lazy tongs’ principle bears the patent number 523 and another is marked ‘PATENT 284 MOORFIELD, WILKINSON, LONDON’. [D; Brighton Herald, 3 January 1807; V&A archives; Sotheby's, Rainbow, Torquay, 30 September/1 October 1981, lot 772A]

Wilkinson, William, 18 Charlotte St, Hull, Yorks., cm and joiner (1814–26). Directory listings from 1822 suggest that at this stage he was largely engaged on joinery work. [D]

Wilkinson, William, Leeds, Yorks., cm and u (1814–30). At 31 Upperhead Row (or Upper Row), 1814–17, 90 Kirkgate in 1826 and 15 Kirkgate, 1828–30. [D]

Wilkinson, William, Market St, Chorley, Lancs., cm and joiner (1818). [D]

Wilkinson, William, 14 Ludgate Hill, London, cm and u (1808–40). William Wilkinson had formerly been a partner with Thomas Wilkinson at Brokers Row, Moorfields but the partnership broke up soon after 1807 and by 1808 William was trading on his own account at Ludgate Hill. Thomas continued the business in Moorfields. At the Moorfields address the partners had shown an interest in patent furniture and especially tables. William clearly saw commercial advantage in promoting patent furniture at his new address and in October 1812 advertised patent bedsteads ‘which for their utter utility, firmness, and simplicity, surpass everything of the kind ever presented to the public: they effectually exclude vermin, and may be fixed and unfixed in five minutes’. He claimed to have several such beds in his showrooms where also were to be found ‘portable mahogany chairs, japanned chairs and portable dining tables and every other article made solid and warranted for any climate’. From its commencement the business was of substantial size and insurance cover in March 1808 was £2,000. In November 1824 Wilkinson was unfortunate to have a fire at the Ludgate Hill premises, possibly in a part used for manufacturing, as the address was given as Evangelist Ct, Ludgate Hill. William Wilkinson had a house at Highbury Grove at the time of his death, aged 70, on 29 May 1833. The business had traded from c. 1820 as William Wilkinson & Sons and after the death of their father the sons changed the trading style to William & Charles Wilkinson. Important commissions were received. In 1829 they were commissioned by the architect John Rennie to make a table which he presented to the Earl of Lonsdale at Lowther Castle. From 1833–34 they made furniture for the new Goldsmiths’ Hall in London to the designs of the architect Philip Hardwick. Much of this survives in the building. The furniture produced for the Court Room and the Court Dining-Room was of carved mahogany in the Grecian style but the Drawing Room furniture reflected the fact that this was a venue for pleasure with ladies present and the recently revived Rococo was used, the furniture being painted white with the detail gilt. The location of this firm in the City made them an obvious contender for patronage by the City Companies and in 1840 they were invited to tender for furniture and upholstery for the Armourers and Brasiers’ Co. In 1826 William Wilkinson & Sons signed the prefatory recommendation to P. & M. A. Nicholson's Practical Cabinet Maker.

The firm appear to have adopted a policy of stamping their products and a wide range of furniture in the Regency styles has been noted with this identification. Items so stamped include sofa tables, breakfast tables, extending dining tables, sets of tables, secrétaire bookcases, cabinets, chiffoniers, Davenports, chests of drawers, dining chairs, sideboards, wash stands and music or reading stands. Amongst these items is furniture in the Egyptian taste. Furniture was stamped ‘WILKINSON, LUDGATE HILL’ to c. 1820 then ‘WILKINSON & SONS 14 LUDGATE HILL’ to c. 1830 and ‘W & C WILKINSON, 14 LUDGATE HILL’ thereafter. Some furniture also had a serial number stamped after the name and numbers so far recorded range from 6585 to 19562. One extending dining table was stamped ‘WILKINSON, LATE KAY, 14 LUDGATE HILL, LONDON’. The premises in Ludgate Hill had been occupied by Quintin Kay from 1754 to 1807 and Wilkinson took them over very soon after Kay's death in July 1807. Pieces so stamped almost certainly date from the years immediately following the commencement of Wilkinson's business. [D; Times, 1 October 1812, 16 November 1824; GL, Sun MS vol. 441, ref. 814543; Gents Mag., 1824, p. 462, June 1833, p. 571; V&A archives; Joy, English Furniture 1800–1851, pp. 77, 151; Antiques, April 1952, p. 314; Collectors’ Guide, November 1947, p. 24; Sotheby's, 24 April ’64, lot 195, 10 June ’66, lot 195, 24 May ’68, lot 128, 19 July ’68, lot 161, 30 July ’71, lot 203, 29 September ’78, lot 142; Parke-Bernet NY, 1 February ’69, lot 99; Sotheby's Torquay, 30 September ’81; Christie's, 16 April ’81, lot 120, 16 July ’81, lot 128, 25 February ’82, lot 38; Phillips’, 27 November ’62, lot 103, 17 August ’82, lot 21; Bonham's, 21 April ’83, lot 127]

Wilkinson & Co., 27 Southampton Buildings, London, u (1819). [D]

Wilkinson & Pearson, 25 Clements Lane, London, wholesale upholders (1786–87). [D]

Wilkinson & Rayson, Hungate, York, joiners and cm (1816–18). [D]

Wilkinson & Turner, see Charles Wilkinson.

Wilks, J., Lancaster, furniture painter (1793). [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow records]

Wilks, John, 26 Pembroke St, Liverpool, cm (1839). [D]

Wilks, Thomas, Paradise St, Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffs., joiner and cm (1822). [D]

Wilks, W., London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Wilkson, Macclesfield, Cheshire, cm (1762). In 1762 took app. named Sutton. [S of G, app. index]

Willan, William, Mitchellgate, Kirkby Lonsdale, Westmld, chairmaker (1829). [D]

Willatt, Anthony, Lower Rushall St, Walsall, Staffs., cm (1830–34). [D]

Willcocks, Thomas, Old King St, Bristol, cm, u and auctioneer (1833). [D]

Willcox,—, Under the Bank, Bristol, cabinet carver (1821–23). [D]

Willcox, Elizabeth & Son, Newcastle, u (1803–13). When Bartholomew Kent died in January 1803 his business at the foot of Dean St (also referred to as the Side) was continued by his niece Elizabeth Willcox. Initially she tried to dispose of the business which she described as ‘respectable as any House in that line out of the Metropolis’. Either no buyer was forthcoming or Elizabeth Willcox changed her mind for the business continued to trade under her direction. In March 1806 she advertised a stock which included paper hangings, japanned and other chairs, carpeting and Marseilles quilts. In May of the following year her son B. Kent Willcox was taken into partnership. It was claimed that he had just returned from London ‘where he has been for some time in one of the first houses in the Metropolis in the Upholstery & Cabinet lines and has made a collection of New and Elegant Drawings’. The partners offered chintzes, fringes and cabinet work and stated that ‘Funerals attended at any Distance, with Feathers if required’. The son was used to obtain new stock in London because of his knowledge of the trade there. In May 1809 it was stated that he had recently returned from such a buying trip with ‘an entire new assortment of every article’. A journeyman and an app. were advertised for. By January 1813 the business had ceased trading and the premises were taken over by William Preston, a furniture broker of Dog Bank. Amongst the customers of Elizabeth Willcox & Son was Cuthbert Ellison of Hebburn Hall, Gateshead, Co. Durham. [D; Newcastle Courant, 5 March 1803, 2 March 1806, 23 May 1807, 27 May 1809; Newcastle Chronicle, 2 January 1813; Furn. Hist., 1976]

Willcox, Richard, Liverpool, cm (1761). In 1761 took app. named Prenton. [S of G, app. index]

Willcox & Son, 1 Somserset Buildings, Bath, Som., chair and sofa manufacturer (1819). [D]

Willer, William, St James's, Westminster, London, upholder (1776). Bankruptcy announced, Leicester Journal, February 1776.

Willers & Warner, Leicester Sq., London, wholesale upholders (1790–93). [D]

Willerton, Robert, Eastgate, Louth, Lincs., cm and joiner (1835). [D]

Willerton & Roberts, corner of Conduit St, in Old Bond St, London, turner and toyman (1768–75). Turners to the Dukes of Gloucester and Cumberland and Toymakers to the Prince of Wales. They supplied a Backgammon table to Croome Court and other sundries, their account dated 27 September 1769 amounting to £2 19s 6d. For the Duke of Atholl of Blair Castle they supplied a small organ in the same year and in an account dated 4 January 1775 charged £14 10s 6d for an assortment of goods which included a Tunbridge workbox, complete at £1 11s 6d, cutlery, toys and games. [Heal; V&A archives]

Wiles, T. H., King St, Woolwich, London, carver and gilder (1826). [D]

Willett, Anthony, Lower Rushall St, Walsall, Staffs., cm and u (1834–35). [D]

Willet, B., see Willett & Blandford.

Willet, James, Beam St, Nantwich, Cheshire, cm (1826–34). Three sons and a daughter bapt. 1826–34. [D; PR (bapt.)]

Willet, James jnr, Beam St, Nantwich, Cheshire, cm (1839). Married on 7 October 1839. [PR (marriage)]

Willet, John Lucas, London, cm, joiner, carver and bedstead maker (1759–73). A freeman of the Clothworkers’ Co. Took out licences to employ non-freemen 1759–65 the number rising to ten throughout the year from 1762 to 65. Bankrupt, Gents Mag., 1766. At this period he was trading from an address at Old Bethlem. By 1772 he had recommenced business as a bedstead maker and in that year and the following one took out further licences to employ three nonfreemen. His address was now Redcross St. [GL, City Licence bks, vols 2–4, 8]

Willett & Blandford, London, carvers and gilders (1821–37). In 1820 a B. Willett was trading from 2 West St, Smithfield as a carver and gilder. He must have been one of the partners in the firm of Willett & Blandford who were at the King's Arms Yd, West St, West Smithfield in the following year. The firm remained at this address until at least 1826 but by 1829 had moved to 29 Bouverie St, Fleet St. In addition to being carvers and gilders they also advertised themselves as looking-glass and picture frame makers and oval turners. They catered for the wholesale trade. [D]

Willett & Bonnett, 10 Water St, Arundel St, Strand, London, carvers and gilders (1839). Possibly successors to Willett & Blandford. Their trade card [Landauer Coll., MMA, NY] indicates that they also made picture and looking-glass frames and window cornices. Another card in the same collection gives the address of this firm as Middle Row, Holborn but this may be of post 1840 date. [D]

Willey, Abraham John, Exeter, Devon, cm (1819–40). At Paris St, 1819–29 and then from 1830 in Spiller's Lane. Seven Sons and four daughters bapt., 1819–40 at St Sidwell's Church. [PR (bapt.)]

Willey, John, parish of St Sidwell, Exeter, Devon, cm (1803–16). Included in a militia list of 1803. Two daughters bapt. at Sidwell's Church, 1813 and 1816. [PR (bapt.)]

Willey, John, Elvet Bridge, Durham, cm (1828–34). [D]

Willey, Joseph, St Michael's Hill, Bristol, cm (1815–35). The number in St Michael's Hill was 47 in 1822–25, and 46 and 48 in 1826–35. In 1835 described as a cm, u and undertaker. His successor at this address was Mary Willey, possibly his widow. [D]

Willey, Joseph jnr, 62 Park St, Bristol, cm, u and undertaker (1834–40). [D]

Willey, Mary, 46 and 48 St Michael's Hill, Bristol, cm, u and undertaker (1836–37). Successor to Joseph Willey at this address. [D]

Willey, Richard, New St, Retford, Notts., chairmaker (1828). [D]

Willey, Samuel, Chancery Lane, London, u (1754). Common Council man for the Ward of Farringdon Without. Described as an ‘eminent upholsterer’. [Public Advertiser, 23 December 1754]

Willey & Hughes, 30 Quay, two doors from Clare St, Bristol, cm, u and undertakers (1832–33). [D]

William, John, High St, Stamford, Lincs., cm and u (1838). Also a paper hanger, auctioneer and appraiser. On 1 November 1838 charged the churchwardens of St Michael's Church £1 18s for making and fixing crimson moreen curtains to the south window of the Church. [Stamford Town Hall Lib., T22]

Williams, —, Glass House Yd, Aldersgate Bars, London, cm (1747). [Heal]

Williams, —, Lancaster, carver (1784–1824). Named in the Gillow records 1784–87, 1791, 1800, 1822–24. [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow]

Williams, —, Ipswich, Suffolk, chairmaker (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Williams, —, 12 Cumberland St, Middlx Hospital, London, carver and gilder (1809). [D]

Williams, —, Market Pl., Plymouth, Devon, cm and u (1814). [D]

Williams, Benjamin, Corbridge, Staffs., joiner, cm and grocer (1822). [D]

Williams, Charles, London, upholder (1709–27). In Leicester Sq. area 1709–13. In March 1713 his address was given as ‘next my Lord Sommers in Leicester Fields’ and in May of the same year as ‘east side of Leicester Square … and 4th house northward from Green St’. The latter address valued at £500 had a workshop at the rear. On 26 February 1713 he took an app. By 1717 however he had moved and in July of that year he insured a house described as his dwelling, west side, first passage westwards from Red Lyon St, south side of Ormond St. In 1727 the address was rendered as Red Lion St. [Heal; GL, Sun MS vol. 2, p. 209; vol. 11, p. 580; Hand in Hand MS vol. 17, p. 200; S of G, app. index]

Williams, Charles, Bristol, u (1773–75). Bankruptcy announced Gents Mag., February 1773 and in the following year living in the parish of St Peter. Trading at 6 Dolphin St, 1775. [D; poll bk]

Williams, Charles, Preston St, Exeter, Devon, cm (1821). Son bapt. St Mary Major, 28 January 1821. [PR (bapt.)]

Williams, Charles, Park Row, Stockton-on-Tees, Co. Durham, u (1827). [D]

Williams, Charles, Eign St, Hereford, cm (1832–37). [Poll bks]

Williams, David George, London, upholder (1809–25). One directory shows him at 4 Duke St, Manchester Sq. in 1811 but others give addresses in Gt Marylebone St. The number indicated was 41 from 1809 but one directory of 1814 states 11 while another of the following year lists 44. These may be errors. In 1820 claimed to be u to the Royal Family. [D]

Williams, E., Bristol, u (1814–15). In Clare St in 1814 but in the following year at 42 Wine St. [D]

Williams, Edward, Comus St, Liverpool, u (1818–21). The number in Comus St was 14 in 1818 and 12 in 1821. [D]

Williams, Edward, Frankwell, Shrewsbury, Salop, cm (1838). [Shrewsbury freemen rolls]

Williams, Elijah, Bristol, cm and u (1807–18). At 57 Broad Quay, 1807–10, but in 1812 the number was 77. In 1818 an Elijah Williams, u was trading at 11 Hillgrove St. [D]

Williams, Ellis, Chester, cm (1824–26). Free 1824 and in this year his address was recorded as Love St. In 1826 living in Brook St. [Freemen rolls; poll bk]

Williams, G., 10 Little Rider St, St James's, London, cm and chairmaker (1820). [D]

Williams, George, Adderbury, Oxon., carver (1757). On 27 April 1757 married Elizabeth Harris of Adderbury in that village. He was aged 22. [Bodleian index of Oxf. marriage bonds]

Williams, George, Market St, Devonport, Plymouth, Devon, u (1788–1802). In May 1802 his stock in trade was sold off. This consisted of mahogany chairs, sofas, circular end and other dining tables, pier and swing glasses and a handsome secretaire. [D; Williamson's Liverpool Advertiser, 23 February 1789; Exeter Flying Post, 27 May 1802]

Williams, George, Mint St, Southwark, London, horsehair manufactory (1804). [D]

Williams, George, 69 King St, Golden Sq., London, cm and u (1805–18). [D]

Williams, George, Lower Lane, Chester, cm (1812). [Poll bk]

Williams, George, 6 Midghall St, Liverpool, cm (1816). [D]

Williams, George C., Manchester, carver and gilder (1826–40). At 3 Princess St in 1836 and 73 Bridge St, 1838–40. [D]

Williams, George, London, cm and u (1805–35). At 9 King St, Golden Sq., 1805–07, 41 Gt Marylebone St, Cavendish Sq., 1809–12, 69 King St in 1817 and 10 Little Ryder St, St James's from 1820. Also recorded as I. & David Williams. [D]

Williams, Griffith, Chester, u (1730). Son of Hugh Williams of Caernarfon, Gwynedd, Gent. and app. to Joseph Parker of Chester, u. Free 25 April 1730. [Freemen rolls]

Williams, H., East St, Southampton, Hants., carver and gilder (1839). [D]

Williams, Harry (or Henry), London, cm, u and undertaker (1817–39). From 1817–27 at 5 York St, Covent Gdn, where in February 1821 he took out insurance cover of £1,000 which included £600 for stock and utensils. At 26 Berners St, 1835–39. Supplied to Dunham Massey, Altrincham, Cheshire on 20 June 1838 a mahogany writing table at £6 6s, a writing chair at £9 9s and twelve ‘Japanese bamboo chairs’ for which £7 16s was charged. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 488, ref. 976100; John Rylands Lib., Manchester Univ., Dunham Massey accounts]

Williams, Henry, Long Acre, London, joiner and chairmaker (1717–58). In 1717 he was occupying a brick house and workshop on the south side of Long Acre, abutting the east side of Bagnio Walk. This property he insured for £250. His trade was given as ‘joyner’ but it is clear that from an early stage he was strongly involved in furniture making. In 1749 his address was simply rendered as Long Acre but his trade was then stated to be chairmaker. A reference of 1737 names him as cm.

He was the successor to Richard Roberts as chairmaker to the Royal Family and his name frequently appears in the Lord Chamberlain's accounts as a regular supplier both of seating furniture and cabinet work. He was also extensively patronised by Frederick, Prince of Wales. Furniture was supplied to Windsor Castle, Somerset House, Kensington Palace, Hampton Court and the Houses of Parliament. For Hampton Court he supplied in 1731 a wainscot bedframe for the State Bedchamber though the upholstery work was undertaken by Sarah Gilbert. In 1736–37 he supplied seating furniture for the Queen's Withdrawing Room at Hampton Court. This included 2 large armchair frames and 24 square stool frames en suite at £192. Also provided at the same time were four large settee frames, richly carved and gilt and eighteen square stool frames similarly finished all for the Queen's Gallery. The settee frames were charged at £60 and the stool frames a further £99. These items can perhaps be identified with two arm chairs now at Windsor Castle and existing sets of stools (see GCM). Apart from such expensive and rich furniture for state apartments, Williams supplied more mundane items and furniture for servants’ rooms. In 1752 a wainscot chest of drawers was supplied ‘for the New Page’. He also repaired furniture for the Royal Household and in the case of a set of nine walnut chairs he declared them to be ‘much out of Repair’ and charged for ‘taking them all to pieces, New Jointing them, mending, Scraping and polishing’.

For Frederick, Prince of Wales he supplied in 1729 ‘a very neat Mahogany Windsor Chair’ for the Library at St James's Palace and charged £4 for this. Two further chairs of a similar type were supplied for the Blue room. These latter Windsor chairs were said to be ‘richly carved’ but were charged at the same rate of £4 each. Williams also made a set of six mahogany ‘Forest Chairs carved with scrolls &c’ for the Royal establishment at Swinley Lodge in 1739–40. In the household accounts of Prince Frederick are payments to Williams of £16 9s 6d in 1731 and £20 17s in 1732, the latter being for stools, chairs, a wainscot bedstead and a wainscot press. One of the most expensive items of furniture supplied to the Prince of Wales must have been the cradle made in preparation for the christening of his daughter Augusta in August 1737. ‘The Inside is white Satin, lac'd with Silver Lace, as are the Curtains. The Covering is Crimson Velvet, with Gold Lace, Fringes and Tassels. The Feet that support it are four Lions, finely carv'd and gilt’. This cradle was said to be valued at £500. In 1757 Princess Caroline was supplied at St James's Palace with ‘a Turkey walnut tree easy chair frame with very large brass socket castors’ costing £4 15s. This must have been one of the last of Williams’ commissions for from 1759 Catherine Naish becomes the main supplier of chairs and upholstery work to the Crown.

Williams’ name appears in connection with commissions for a number of members of the aristocracy and gentry. In 1728 he supplied Sir Paul Methuen with a chair and a large mahogany frame for a marble table top. He is probably the ‘Mr. Williams’ who on 24 March 1727 charged Sir John Dutton of Sherborne House, Glos. £25 for a large lookingglass with a carved frame for his drawing room. In 1729 a further large glass with a gilt tabernacle frame was supplied costing £30. It is also likely that he was the ‘Williams’ who supplied a set of eighteen walnut framed leather covered chairs costing £19 11s 6d to Holkham Hall, Norfolk in 1720. In 1738 twelve leather chairs for the Steward's room were supplied but only £2 14s appears to have been charged for these. A Mr ‘Williams’ from London is recorded supplying the Lodge at St John's College, Cambridge with a gilt leather screen in 1748 at £6 13s. [GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 17, p. 99; Westminster poll bk; GCM; DEF; PRO, LC9/288–92; Old Furniture, vol. 2 (1927) pp. 183, 185; Household accounts, Frederick, Prince of Wales, Duchy of Cornwall, vol. 1(2) p. 507, vol. 111, pp. 242, 248; C. Life, 24 May 1962, p. 1242; Furn. Hist., 1979; Gents Mag., August 1737; Winterthur, Delaware, Symonds papers 75×69.15, p. 87; Glos. RO, Sherborne D678, account 1790; V&A archives; St John's College account bks] B.A.

Williams, Henry, Wood St, Walthamstow, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Williams, Henry, 53 Union St, Southwark, London, chair and sofa maker (1839). [D]

Williams, Hugh, 33 Park Lane, Liverpool, cm (1839). [D]

Williams, I. B., 129 Strand, London, dressing case manufacturer, stationer etc. (1837). [D]

Williams, Isaac, Aldersgate St, London, cm (d. 1804). This business does not appear to have been listed in London trade directories. Isaac Williams was however regarded as a sufficiently important craftsman for his death aged 85 at Walham Green near Fulham to be reported in the Gents Mag., January 1804.

Williams, J., Bristol(?), cm (d. 1806). Death at Hotwells, Bristol, reported, Gents Mag., December 1806.

Williams, J., 124 Thomas St, Bristol, cm and furniture broker (1821). [D]

Williams, J., Union St, Portsea, Portsmouth, Hants., chairmaker (1839). [D]

Williams, James, Canterbury, Kent, u (1680). [Canterbury freemen rolls]

Williams, James, London, upholder (1769). Son of Benjamin Williams of Coate, Oxon., farmer, and brother to Thomas Williams. App. to Thomas Ridgeway, a member of the Skinners’ Co. but by trade an u. Free of the Upholders’ Co. under the 1750 Upholders’ Act, 6 December 1769. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Williams, James & Thomas, 12 Ivy Lane, Newgate St, London, upholders, cm, appraisers, auctioneers, undertakers (1770). In January 1770 advertised the opening of a shop in Ivy Lane. [Public Advertiser, 17 January 1770]

Williams, James, Hull, Yorks., cm (1801). Father of the James Williams who was app. to William Jarratt in March 1801. [App. reg.]

Williams, James, Nantwich, Cheshire, chairmaker (1803). Married at Nantwich, 21 February 1803. [PR (marriage)]

Williams, James, 1 Bedford's Ct, Long Millgate, Manchester, cm (1817). [D]

Williams, James, Market Pl., Preston, Lancs., chairmaker (1818–25). [D]

Williams, James, 16 Theobalds Rd, London, cm and u (1826– 27). [D]

Williams, James, St John's Pl., Hereford, cm and u (1830–40). A bill dated 3 July 1830 for twelve rush seated chairs at 7s 3d each made out to a Capt. Pateshall survives. [D; Herefs. RO, F60/205]

Williams, James, 8 Morford St, Bath, Som., cm (1833). [D]

Williams, James, Market Pl., Chippenham, Wilts., cm (1839). [D]

Williams, James, Madeley, Salop, cm (1840). [D]

Williams, Job, Orange Grove, Bath, Som., upholder and fancy chairmaker (1805). [D]

Williams, Job, 8 Hall's Buildings, Windmill St, Manchester, cm (1817). [D]

Williams, John, Oxford, u (1681–1718). On 3 November 1681 married to Jane Darton of Walcot at the Southampton Chapel, Charlbury. In 1692 supplied a set of twelve oak chairs covered with russia leather to Christ Church, Oxford for £6 with a tall backed armchair for which 15s was charged. Both survive, the leather covered chairs now being in the Chapter House. In 1718 took app. named Whitfield. [Bodleian index of Oxf. marriage bonds; W. G. Hiscock, Christ Church Miscellany; S of G, app. index; C. Life, 8 December 1944, p. 991]

Williams, John, Chester, cm (1742). Son of Thomas Williams of Preston, Lancs., sailor. Freeman of Preston but in 1742 living in Chester. [Preston freemen records]

Williams, John, Bristol, u (1754–75). In Gents Mag., September 1754 his bankruptcy was announced. In this year he was living in the parish of Christchurch. In 1775 trading at 27 Castle Green. [D; poll bks]

Williams, John, Bristol, carver and gilder (1786–99). In 1787 at Square Lane and on 14 June insured his household goods for £900. A trade card of 1788 [BM, print dept] gives the address as ‘opposite the Floating Dock, Hot Well Road’. An address in Hotwell Rd is also recorded 1792–93. In 1795 at St Augustine's Back, and 1799 at 17 Trinity St. In December 1786 he insured two houses in the city of Gloucester and two shops for £200. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 341, p. 393; vol. 346, p. 120]

Williams, John, 91 Fenchurch St, London, upholder (1788–1802). Son of Samuel Williams of Colebrook, Radnor, Gent. Free of the Upholders’ Co., 9 January 1788 and living at 91 Fenchurch St, 1788–1802. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Williams, John, 13 Little Bardy Leg Walk, Southwark, London, upholder (1783–92). Son of Joseph Williams of Little Bardy Leg Walk, Southwark, carpenter. App. to Edward Richardson, 2 April 1783 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 6 June 1792. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Williams, John, Preston, Lancs., cm (1802–22). Son of John Williams of Bristol, clockmaker. John Williams snr was a freeman of Preston. John Williams jnr was trading in Preston in 1802 and in that year signed the Preston Cabinet Makers’ and Chair Makers’ Book of Prices, 1802. John jnr was also a Preston freeman. In 1822 he was recorded as ‘formerly of Preston’ and his three sons were also listed as freemen in that year. [Preston Guild records]

Williams, John, Bristol, cm (1809–20). At Gloucester Rd in 1809, Counterslip in 1813 and 62 Redcliffe St in 1820. [D]

Williams, John, Bristol, cm (1810–31). At Christmas Steps 1810–15; 19 Milk St, 1819–26; 6 Horse Fair 1827–30 and Bridewell Lane in 1831. [D]

Williams, John snr, parish of St Mary Major, Exeter, Devon, cm (1812). His son John jnr was made free 1812. [Freemen rolls]

Williams, John jnr, parish of St Mary Major, Exeter, Devon, cm, (1812–19). Son of John Williams snr and free 1812 by succession. Died in May 1819 aged 38 ‘after a few days illness’. [Freemen rolls; Exeter Flying Post, 20 May 1819]

Williams, John, 232 Whitechapel Rd, London, cm (1813). [D]

Williams, John, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (1814). Son bapt. 1814. [PR (bapt.)]

Williams, John, Duddeston St, Birmingham, cm (1818). [D]

Williams, John, East St, Horncastle, Lincs., joiner and cm (1819–35). [D]

Williams, John, Sittingbourne, Kent, cm and turner (1839). [D]

Williams, John Powell, Lower Maudlin St, Bristol, carver and gilder (1821). [D]

Williams, Joseph, London, upholder (1712–37). Free of the Upholders’ Co., 22 October 1712. Took as app. Sarah Chapman, 1716–37. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Williams, Jos., opposite Beaufort Buildings, Strand, London, cm (d. 1760). In 1760 his late dwelling house at Beaufort Buildings was offered for sale. [Harris, Old English Furniture, p. 29]

Williams, Joseph, Ker St, Devonport, Devon, cm (1838). [D]

Williams, Joseph, 4 Dartmouth St, Birmingham, bedstead maker and chairmaker (1839). [D]

Williams, Joseph, Cook St, Chester, u (1839). Free 3 June 1839. [Freemen rolls]

Williams, M., Bodmin and Truro, Cornwall, u and cm (1804– 10). In January 1804 he announced his move from Bodmin to premises in Lemon St, Truro. Here he stocked ‘tables & chairs of all descriptions, Drawers, Pier & other looking glasses, beds, bedding, mattresses, paper hanging etc.’. He offered to hang bells and to take old items in part-exchange. An app. was advertised for and it was indicated that a premium would be expected. By March 1810 Williams had decided to give up the trade and offered his stock at reduced prices for ready money. He also offered to lease his shop and dwelling house for a term of fourteen years. This property was in Lemon St near the back entrance of the New Market place. That stock not already disposed of was advertised for sale by auction in May. On offer were ‘several setts of Mahogany chairs, a handsome Pier looking glass, Box & Swing ditto, a large Easy chair, a large Glass Case, also a writing desk & several articles of kitchen furniture’. [Royal Cornwall Gazette, 7 January 1804; 24 March 1810, 5 May 1810, 19 May 1810]

Williams, Mary, High St, Bridgwater, Som., cm (1840). [D]

Williams, Morgan, King St, Covent Gdn, London, joiner (1803). Included in the list of master cabinet makers in Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Williams, Nathaniel jnr, Bristol, cm (1784–1824). Living in the parish of St James in 1784. In 1817 at 62 Redcliff St and in 1824 at Cathay. [D; poll bk]

Williams, Nicholas, South Gate St, Exeter, Devon, joiner (1716). In May 1716 he offered for sale ‘all sorts of Chests of Drawers, Hanging Presses, Clock cases, Cabinets, Scrutores, Commode Tables, Desks, Book cases and Looking glasses of the newest fashion and best Fineer'd work in Walnut tree, also Japan'd work with variety of other Household Furniture by wholesale or Retail’. Also offered rooms to let furnished or unfurnished. [Protestant Mercury or the Exeter Post Boy, 18 May 1716]

Williams, Nicholas, Penryn, Cornwall, cm (1788). Bankruptcy announced June 1788 and a dividend was offered to creditors in May 1791. [Exeter Flying Post, 5 June 1788, 24 July 1788, 26 May 1791]

Williams, Peter, Foregate St, Chester, cm (1812–31). Free 1812. Took his son Thomas as app. in 1831. [Freemen rolls; poll bks; app. reg.]

Williams, Richard, Cucumber Ct, Shipyard, by ‘The Ship Tavern’, Strand, London, cm and sedan chairmaker (1749). [Westminster poll bk]

Williams, Richrd snr, Liverpool, carver and gilder (1790–96). At 53 Paradise St in 1790 but 18 Dale St in 1794 and 13 Dale St in 1796. In the latter year he also conducted a confectioner's shop at 12 Dale St. [D]

Williams, Richard jnr, Carson's Ct, Vernon St, Liverpool, cm (1801–12). App. 1801 and in 1812 petitioned for freedom from Edward Lowe. Free 14 October 1812. [Freemen rolls]

Williams, Richard, Irish Lane, Leytonstone, London (1831–40). [Census]

Williams, Robert, London, upholder and cm (1774–93). At Bow St, Covent Gdn, 1774–77. In 1777 he moved to King St, Covent Gdn and was at 28 till 1789 and then 40 from 1790– 93. In 1777 he took out two insurance policies with the Sun Office, one was for £2,000 which included stock and utensils valued at £1,000. This was for the 28 King St address. He appears to have been using the Bow St address also in this year for he insured a further £300 value of stock and utensils there. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 261, pp. 29–30]

Williams, Robert snr, 8 Pitt St, Liverpool, cm (1781). [D]

Williams, Robert jnr, Liverpool, cm (1818–29). App. to Nathan Newall and free 11 June 1818. Dead by 1832. [Freemen reg.]

Williams, Samuel, ‘The Golden Lion & Ball’, St Paul's Churchyard, London, leather gilder (1709–36). Shown at the St Paul's Churchyard address 1720–36 which was described as his dwelling house. He specialised in the supply of leather covered furniture. In 1709 he sold a six leaf screen ‘with Indian figures on a black Japan ground’ and a four leaf screen with a black ground to the Duke of Montrose for £6 8s. On 4 June 1718 Richard Towneley of Towneley Hall, Lancs. was invoiced for four gilt leather elbow dressing chairs, a couch bed and gilt leather for a window seat, the whole amounting to £13 18s. He was promptly paid on 6 June. St John's College, Oxford purchased from Williams on 15 April 1736 ‘twenty black Spanish leather chairs, walnut tree frames’ at 14s 6d each with a charge of 5s for packing. These were for the Common Room. [GL, Sun MS vol. 10, ref. 16618; Scottish RO, GD 220/6/1129/8; Preston RO, Towneley DDTO Q/10/4; St John's College, Common Room file]

Williams, Samuel, Hadleigh, Suffolk, cm (1824). [D]

Williams, Samuel, Bristol, cm (1775–94). Shown at 12 Castle Mill St 1775 and Castle Green, 1794. [D]

Williams, Sarah, Gloucester Lane, Bristol, cm (1795). [D]

Williams, Sarah, Pithay, Bristol, cm (1826). [D]

Williams, T., 17 Clarence St, Cheltenham, Glos., cm and u (1839). [D]

Williams, Thomas, Stone Cutter St, St Bride's, London, chairmaker (1734–46). Fined for refusing parochial office in the parish of St Bride, Fleet St, 1734, 1739, 1744 and 1746. [GL, MS 6561, p. 55]

Williams, Thomas, London, cm and u (1756–75). At Bow St, Covent Gdn, 1763, Hermitage Bridge, 1767–68 and 8 Gt Tower St, 1769–75. His trade card giving the Bow St address is Rococo in character and uses engravings of a chair and a cabinet in this style. In 1756 provided furniture to a value of £61 5s 6d to Peter Du Cane for his house, Braxted Park, Essex. The payment of £73 for furniture supplied to Sherborne Castle in 1773 to a ‘Mr. Williams’ probably refers to this maker. An invoice dated 1770 from Thomas Williams to a T. Thornhill is in the collection of the V&A. [D; Heal; Essex RO, D/DDC/A13 folio 59; Digby family papers]

Williams, Thomas, Aldersgate St, London, carver (1767). A freeman and member of the Joiners’ Co. In 1767 took out a licence to employ three non-freemen for three months. [GL, City Licence bks, vol. 5]

Williams, Thomas, London, upholder (1761–86). Son of John Williams of Coate, Oxon., farmer and brother to James Williams. App. to William Cope and Nicholas Parkes, a draper, 11 September 1761. Free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 5 April 1769. At Bennett St, Rathbone Pl. 1778, Maddox St, Hanover Sq. 1781 and Duke St, Manchester Sq. 1786. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Williams, Thomas, Ivy Lane, London, u (1773). Bankruptcy announced, Gents Mag., October 1773.

Williams, Thomas, Dudley, Staffs., joiner and cm (1793). [D]

Williams, Thomas, address unknown, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Williams, Thomas, 23 New Compton St, St Giles, London, carver and gilder (1809). [D]

Williams, Thomas, Duddeston St, Birmingham, chairmaker (1818). See also John Williams in this street, 1818. [D]

Williams, Thomas, Cheltenham, Glos., auctioneer and u (1827). Bankruptcy announced, Liverpool Mercury, 30 March 1827. A T. Williams trading as a cm and u was in business at 17 Clarence St in 1839. [D]

Williams, Thomas, Coffee-house Lane, Bridgwater, Som., cm and u (1830). [D]

Williams, Thomas, 13 Silver St, Liverpool, cm (1839). [D]

Williams, Thomas, Excise Passage, Exeter, Devon, cm (1839). Daughter bapt. at the Church of All Hallows, Goldsmith St, 27 June 1839. [PR (bapt.)]

Williams, Thomas Stephen, 161 Snargate St, Dover, Kent, cm and u (1839). [D]

Williams, William, Crown Ct, Long Acre, London, chairmaker (1749). [Westminster poll bk]

Williams, William, St Martin's Lane, London, u (1749–55). Subscribed to Chippendale's Director, 1754. [Westminster poll bk]

Williams, William, parish of St James, Bristol, carver and gilder (1754–85). In 1775 at 30–31 St James's Churchyard. In January 1785 his stock-in-trade and household furniture was offered for sale following on his death. The St James's Churchyard address was described as a dwelling house and the goods on offer from his stock included ‘a very neat Assortment of Pier and Swing Glasses, in Gilt and Mahogany Frames, with Girandoles to match; Quantity of Prints and Paintings, with a variety of Glass and Print Frames, with many other Articles in the above Business’. [D; poll bks; Bonner and Middleton's Bristol Journal, 8 January 1785]

Williams, William, Bristol, cm (1793–1815). At Thomas St in 1793 and Stoney Hill in 1815. [D]

Williams, William, Gerrard St, Soho, London, paper hanger, carver and gilder (1776). Bankruptcy announced, Williamson's Liverpool Advertiser, 27 December 1776.

Williams, William, London, upholder (1778–86). Son of William Williams snr of Deptford, London. App. to William Rhodes 18 April 1778 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 6 May 1778. At this date he was at 66 Paternoster Row and at this address took out insurance cover of £300 of which £250 was for utensils and stock. At 22 Ludgate Hill, 1784–86. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Sun MS vol. 267, p. 69]

Williams, William, 5 Kirkman's Buildings, Tottenham Ct Rd, London, cm (1786). In October 1786 insured his house and one adjoining in John St for £400. [GL, Sun MS vol. 341, p. 56]

Williams, William, London, upholder and cm (1790–93). At 13 Berwick St, Soho but in 1793 used also an address at 4 Chapel St, Spitalfields. [D]

Williams, William, 29 Barbican, London, upholder and furniture, bedding and carpet warehouse (1801–20). Son of Richard Williams of the county of Salop, Gent. Free of the Upholders’ Co. by redemption, 7 October 1801. Possibly the William Williams who subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. [D; GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Williams, William, Pontack Lane, Liverpool, cm (1812). App. to Mathew Gardner and free 5 October 1812. [Freemen rolls]

Williams, William, Newington Butts, London, upholder and undertaker (1817). [D]

Williams, William, Cheltenham, Glos., cm (1818). Freeman of Evesham, Worcs. but living in Cheltenham in June 1818. [Evesham poll bk]

Williams, William, Wyebridge Gate, Hereford, cm and joiner (1822). [D]

Williams, William, 12 Marchmont St, Burton Cresc., London, cm (1829). [D]

Williams, William, Marlborough St, Faringdon, Oxon., cm and u (1830–40). [D]

Williams, William, 11 Leece St and 2 Deane St, Liverpool, cm (1839). [D]

Williams, William, 18 Camden St, Islington Green, London, carver and gilder (1839). [D]

Williams & Gibton, 39 Stafford St, (London?), cm (c. 1830). Maker's label or impressed mark recorded on a mahogany Wellington Chest and a Davenport of c. 1830–40 in style. [Phillips’, Greenham Ct, Newbury, sale 3 August 1967]

Williams & James, New Bridge St, Exeter, Devon, cm and u (1816–39). The business is recorded in Williams’ name only in 1816 and he is described as a cm. The partnership is recorded in a directory of 1839. [D]

Williams & Needin(?), address unknown (1758–59). Name recorded on an account of 19 March 1758 to Lord Monson for £17 9s 4½d. The work carried out included the repair of a japanned dressing glass frame and the fitting of a glass plate to it for which 18s was charged. The account was paid 25 April 1759 and received by a Richard Harper. [Lincoln RO, Monson 12]

Williams & Woodin, opposite Beauford Buildings, Strand, London, u (1759). Advertised the sale of Chaillot work, Gobelins work, carpets etc. [Public Advertiser, 24 December 1759]

Williamson, Ann, Market Pl., Boston, Lincs., cm (1835). [D]

Williamson, Edward, 41 Pembroke Pl., Liverpool, u (1834). [D]

Williamson, G., address unknown (1821). A penwork tripod table is known decorated with a chess board, one square of which is signed ‘G … Williamson, 25th May 1821’. [Sotheby's, 1 March 1974, lot 120]

Williamson, George, York, cm (1796). Said to be of the parish of All Saints, North St when he was app. on 21 September 1789 to Peter Davies, cm of the parish of St Michael-le-Belfry. Free 1796. [App. bk; freemen rolls]

Williamson, George, Rochdale, Lancs., cm and u (1798–1828). At Cheetham St, 1798–1825 but in 1828 at Roach Pl. [D]

Williamson, George, address unknown, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Williamson, Henry, Chapel St, Salford, Lancs., cm (1811–13). At 111 Chapel St in 1811 but in 1813 at 112 Chapel St. [D]

Williamson, James, King St, London, cm (1779). Bankruptcy announced, Gents Mag., August 1779.

Williamson, John, Vernon St, Liverpool, chair japanner (1790). [D]

Williamson, John, Bedford Ct, Covent Gdn, London, cm and u (1790–93). In 1793 subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book. [Heal]

Williamson, John, Market Pl., Boston, Lincs., cm and u (1819– 26). [D]

Williamson, Joseph, Darley St, Bradford, Yorks., cm (1822–29). [D]

Williamson, Joseph, Liquorpond St, Boston, Lincs., cm (1835). [D]

Williamson, Martin, Chester-le-Street, Co. Durham, cm and joiner (1828). [D]

Williamson, Nicholas, Nantwich, Cheshire, cm (1839). Daughter bapt. 11 March 1839. [PR (bapt.)]

Williamson, Reuben, York and Hull, u (1793–1811). Son of Henry Williamson, yeoman. App. to Matthew Browne of York, 1 April 1793. Free of York 1811 but at this date living in Hull and recorded trading at 7 Lowgate in 1810. [D; York app. bk and freemen rolls]

Williamson, Reuben, 9 Finsbury Terr., City Rd, London, cm and u (1827). [D]

Williamson, Richard, Nottingham, cm (1813). Will dated 8 September 1813 proved 20 May 1814. [Notts. RO, probate records]

Williamson, Richard, 1 Chatham St, Piccadilly, Manchester, u (1825). [D]

Williamson, Robert, Burnham Market, Norfolk, joiner, cm and u (1822–39). [D]

Williamson, Thomas, Stamford, Lincs., u (1745–d. 1769). App. to Henry Wright, u and free 1745. At the time of his death in 1769 he was trading at the corner of Ironmonger St. His business was taken over in May 1769 by Wortley & William Searson. [Freemen rolls; Cambridge Chronicle, 20 May 1769]

Williamson, William, 70 Wells St, London, cm (1780). In 1780 insured a house for £100. [GL, Sun MS vol. 289, p. 181]

Williamson, William, Newark, Notts., chair turner (1790). [Poll bk]

Williamson, William & Sons, Guildford, Surrey, cm and u (1790–1840). At Black Horse Lane, 1790–96 and Chapel St, 1822–40. The number in Chapel St was 16 in 1839 and 13, 14 and 16 in 1840. A considerable number of pieces of furniture of good quality have been noted with their impressed stamp reading ‘FROM W. WILLIAMSON & SONS, GUILDFORD’. Amongst the items so stamped that have been recorded are Pembroke tables, one being in satinwood, a rosewood cross-banded sofa table, writing tables, one in tambour form, a chest of drawers, commodes, cabinets, secretaires, a secretaire bookcase and bow-fronted and serpentine-fronted sideboards. All are in late George III or Regency form. [D; poll bks; Christie's, 18 October 1973, 26 January 1984, lot 100; Sotheby's, 6 March 1964, lot 156; 3 July 1964, lot 184; 10 February 1967, lot 165; 10 March 1972, lot 135; 19 April 1974, lot 69; 14 November 1975, lot 75; 13 January 1978, lots 83, 107; 14 November 1980, lot 67; 4 March 1983, lot 46]

Willingham, John, Burgate, Barton-on-Humber, Lincs., joiner and cm (1819–35). [D]

Willins, John, Smith St, Warwick, u (1831). [Poll bk]

Willis, —, address unknown, u (1724). On 3 November 1724 paid £4 10s for work above the Divinity Schools, Cambridge. [Univ. of Cambridge Lib., Univ. audit bk, 1660–1740, p. 545]

Willis, —, near Fleet Mkt, London, cm (1752). On 2 October 1752 it was reported that one of his servants had fallen from the top of a cartload of furniture near Fulham as he was returning to London and had broken his leg. It is possible that the maker referred to was John Willis of St Paul's Churchyard. [London Daily Advertiser, 2 October 1752]

Willis, Benjamin, address unknown, cm (1760). In August 1760 supplied to John, 4th Duke of Bedford a mahogany dining table and a mahogany stand which together with some repairs cost £15 10s. [Bedford Office, London]

Willis, James, St Clements, Oxford, cm (1802). [Poll bk]

Willis, John, St Paul's Churchyard, London, cm and u (1730– d. 1797). The length of operation of this business suggests that there were two John Willis's possibly father and son. In 1730 the address was at the sign of ‘The Elephant & Castle’, St Paul's Churchyard and insurance cover of £500 taken out on 7 December included £400 for household goods and stock-in-trade and £100 for glass. In 1754 subscribed to Chippendale's Director. The John Willis who in 1761 took out a licence to employ two non-freemen for three months was a member of the Joiners’ Co. In 1765 the business was trading at the sign of ‘The Feather & Ball’ and from 1768 the number 19 St Paul's Churchyard was used. At this period insurance cover was £600 though by 1791 this had risen to £1,000.

The commissions received by this business suggest that it was of some importance and reputation. In 1734 George Bowes of Gibside, Co. Durham paid for furniture received from this maker. A four seater and two three seater Windsor settees and eight single chairs were charged at £5 8s. These were despatched from London on the vessel Thomas & Francis and George Bowes records the payment of an additional 2s 6d for ‘waterage & drink money to the Ship's Crew’. This maker was probably the John Willis who in 1745 supplied 24 Virginia walnut leather covered chairs and two matching double chair back settees to Emmanuel College, Cambridge. They were covered with black Spanish leather and brass nailed. The chairs were charged at £1 2s each and the settees at £3 6s each and a 14s charge was recorded for carriage. The chairs less their original upholstery survive and are in the Gallery of the College. In 1752–53 John Willis was one of the craftsmen supplying furniture to the new Mansion House in London. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 33, ref. 52540; vol. 327, p. 500; vol. 375, p. 179; Hand in Hand MS vol. 102, p. 116; City Licence bk, vol. 2; Gents Mag., April 1797; Durham RO, D/St/V1390; Emmanual College archives, BUR. 0.8; Conn., December 1952, p. 181]

Willis, John, Hermitage Bridge, London, cm and u (1768). [Heal]

Willis, John, Bristol, cm, u and undertaker (1797–1840). App. to James Hingston 1797 and free 11 December 1804. By 1806 he was in partnership with a person named Sangar at 31 Broadmead. The firm of Willis & Sangar is last recorded in directories in 1812 and in the following year John Willis was trading on his own behalf from the same address. The reason for this change was no doubt associated with the bankruptcy of John Willis in 1812. He remained at 31 Broadmead until 1820 but from 1821–31 his address was under the Bank and from 1832–40 it was St Augustine's Back. A breakfront bookcase is known with the trade label of John Willis. [D; app. reg. freemen rolls; Exeter Flying Post, 31 December 1812]

Willis, John, 29 Rose & Crown Ct, Moorfields, London, u (1805). [D]

Willis, Thomas, 3 Naked Boy Ct, Ludgate Hill, London, upholder (1777). In 1777 insured his house for £100. [GL, Sun MS vol. 260, p. 75]

Willis, William, 40 Upper Shadwell St, London, carpenter and cm (1778). In 1778 took out insurance cover of £200 of which half was for utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 270, p. 318]

Willis, William, King St, Moorfields, London, glass grinder and looking-glass maker (1780). In 1780 took out insurance cover of £2,200 of which £430 was for stock and utensils. [GL, Sun MS vol. 281, p. 251]

Willison, Jno., Walton St, Aylesbury, Bucks., cm (1839). [D]

Willmore, Elizabeth, Market Pl., Buckingham, cm (1839). [D]

Willmore, James & Son, Market Pl., Buckingham, cm (1839). A bill exists dated 15–17 December 1839 recording furniture supplied to Stowe amounting to £52 2s 6d. Amongst the items delivered were 24 simulated rosewood chairs with cane seats at £7 4s, six pairs of circular fronted bed steps at £13 16s, 12 towel horses painted white at £3 6s, a rosewood coffee table £2 15s and dressing glasses. [D; Huntington Lib., California, Stowe MS Box 148]

Willmot, Joseph, 38 Church St, Mile End, London, cm (1838). [D]

Willmott, John, 21 Tib St, Manchester, u (1804). [D]

Willmott, John, 232 Whitechapel Rd, London, cm (1809). [D]

Willmott, John, Macclesfield, Cheshire, u and furniture dealer (1828). [D]

Willmott, John, Waterloo Rd, Burslem, Staffs., cm and u (1834). [D]

Willmott, John, 11 Redman's Row, Mile End, London, cm and u (1838–39). [D]

Willmott, Richard, Bartholomew Close, London, japanner (1735). Bankruptcy announced, General Evening Post, 24– 26 June 1735.

Willmott, Robert, 20 Vine Ct, Spitalfields, London, cm (1822). In November 1822 took out insurance cover of £300 of which half was for stock and utensils. [GL, Sun MS vol. 490, ref. 997863]

Willmott, W., 53 Blackman St, Southwark, London, cm (1794– 96). [Heal]

Willmott, William, Kinver, Staffs., chairmaker (1748). In 1748 took app. named Willmott. [S of G, app. index]

Willmott, William, College Pl., Bristol, cm (1819–40). At 4 College Pl., 1819–21 but the number was 3 in 1822–23, 9 in 1824–33 and 8 in 1834–40. [D]

Willmott, William, 47 Old Bailey, London, plate case maker (1839). [D]

Willmott & Son, All Saints St, Hastings, Sussex, u (1823). [D]

Willn, Richard, Atherstone, Warks., cm (1822–35). In 1828–35 the business was named as Richard Willn & Son. [D]

Willoughby, William, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (1814). Daughter bapt. 1814. [PR (bapt.)]

Willows, Thomas, 29 Compton St, London, upholder and carpet factor (1781–84). In 1781 took out insurance cover of £1,000 of which £800 was for utensils and stock. A Thomas Willows, carpet factor was trading at 59 Walting St in 1774. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 288, p. 455; Westminster poll bk]

Willows, Thomas jnr, Leicester Sq., London, upholder and carpet warehouseman (1800). In November took out insurance cover of £3,000. [GL, Sun MS vol. 419, refs 709579–80]

Wills, Mr, address unknown, frame maker (1772). On 31 October 1772 paid £1 11s 6d for making two frames for Sir Richard Hoare. The glass was supplied independently by a Mr Gapper. [Hoare's Bank MS]

Wills, Benjamin, Exeter, Devon, chairmaker (1723–28). In June 1723 insured goods and merchandise in his house in Exeter for £500. In 1728 took app. named Williams. In this year he was described as a rush chairmaker. [GL, Sun MS vol. 15, 8 June 1723; S of G, app. index]

Wills, F., South St, Southampton St, Pentonville, London, cm and u. [Heal]

Wills, James, Market Pl., Plymouth, Devon, cm (1784). [D]

Wills, James, Axminster, Devon, cm (1823–36). The sale of his warehouse, workshops and dwelling house was advertised in February 1836. [D; Exeter Flying Post, 25 February 1836]

Wills, Jasper, 81 South St, Exeter, Devon, cm and u (1816–25). At 81 South St in June 1825 when he advertised that he had recently returned from London with new stock. He claimed to keep in stock ‘Brussell's and other carpets, painted Floor Cloths, Blankets, Quilts and Counterpanes, Wardrobes, Chests of Drawers, pedistal Side Boards, sets of Mahogany Tables etc.’ and a ‘variety of Paper Hangings and Borders’. [D; poll bk; The Alfred, 21 June 1825] See William Wills.

Wills, John, ‘The Golden Ball by the Ditch-Side, Holbourn Bridge, London’ (mid 18th century). Trade label recorded on a mahogany bureau and also on a board from a drawer botton at Temple Newsam House, Leeds. [V&A archives]

Wills, John, Plymouth, Devon, cm and upholder (1781–d. 1826). In 1781 took out insurance cover of £1,000 on his utensils, stock and workshops which suggest a business of substantial proportions. Last recorded in trade directories 1805. His death occurred in January 1826. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 296, p. 455; The Alfred, 31 January 1826]

Wills, Richard, Fareham, Hants., upholder and cm (1784). [D]

Wills, Robert, Crescent, Bridgwater, Som., cm (1840). [D]

Wills (or Willis), William snr and jnr, 81 South St, Exeter, Devon (1779–1840). In 1779 William Wills snr insured his utensils and stock for £300 but in 1785 this cover had been reduced to £200. A fire occurred at his house in Southgate St in 1780. The address at 81 South St was first recorded in 1791 and was to continue in use throughout the existence of the business. William Wills snr died in 1813 aged 72 and the business was then carried on by Jasper Wills at this address until at least 1825. In 1830 the business was styled Willis & Son but was under the control of William Wills jnr. His marriage to Miss Mary Ann Warren was recorded in March 1826 and he already appears to have been in control of the business then. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 270, p. 426; vol. 333, p. 40; Exeter Flying Post, 29 September 1780, 4 March 1813, 16 March 1826, 30 July 1835; The Alfred, 21 March 1826]

Wills, William, Essex, cm (1780). Named with George Coryndon, Gent., as joint mortgagers on a house valued at £300. [GL, Sun MS vol. 285, p. 301]

Wills, William, Maidstone, Kent, chair japanner (1826–38). His trading address was 19 Church St but he was living in Stone St in 1834. [D; poll bk]

Wills, William, 16 Church St, Sheffield, Yorks., carver and gilder (1833). [D]

Wills, William, Cirencester, Glos., cm (1837). Child bapt. 1837. [PR (bapt.)]

Willshen, James, 31 Orchard St, Portman Sq., London, carver (1775–78). In 1775 insured a house for £700 and in 1778 a house in Seymour St for £500. [GL, Sun MS vol. 238, p. 394; vol. 263, p. 329]

Willshire, Leonard, 26 Grafton St, Soho, London, carver and gilder (1826–35). [D]

Willson, —, London, upholder, cm, appraiser and undertaker (c.1790). His trade card gives an address at 20 Aldersgate St, nearly opposite the Church and indicates that he had moved from Jewin St. He sold keyboard instruments and dealt in coal. Engravings used to illustrate the trade card are of an elegant cabinet chamber organ, a secretaire bookcase, a Pembroke table, a bed and a chair. [Heal]

Willson, —, 125 Tottenham Ct Rd, London, upholder and appraiser (1820). [D]

Willson, George, Water Lane, Maidstone, Kent, cm and u (1839). [D]

Willson, Joseph, 15 Newington Causeway, London, cm and u (1809). [D]

Willson, M. S. C. T., 68 Long Acre, London. Stamp recorded on a George III bow-fronted mahogany sideboard. [Sotheby's, 17 November 1978, lot 228]

Willson, Robert, Lucas St, Rotherhithe, London, cm, carpenter and joiner (1777–82). In 1777 took out insurance cover of £500 on his utensils and stock. In 1782 the total insurance had risen to £2,200 of which £820 was for utensils and stock and £300 for a warehouse, workshops and sawpits. [GL, Sun MS vol. 256, p. 229; vol. 302, p. 333]

Willson, Thomas, 68 Gt Queen St, London, furniture broker, etc. (1799–1854). The impressed mark ‘T. WILLSON 68 GREAT QUEEN STREET LONDON’ has been found stamped on some late 18th-/early-19th century furniture (Fig. 9). Directories have yielded the undermentioned information:

1799: Thomas Wilson, auctioneer, Little Queen St.

1802: Thomas Wilson, auctioneer and u, 28 Little Queen St.

1821: Thomas Willson, broker and appraiser, 68 Great Queen St.

Thomas Wilson, 28 Little Queen St.

1822: Thomas Wilson, auctioneer and appraiser, 68 Great Queen St.

1823–25: Thomas Wilson, auctioneer, 28 Little Queen St. 1826: Thomas Wilson, furniture broker, 68 Great Queen St. 1828: Thomas Wilson, furniture appraiser and broker, 68 Great Queen St.

1829: Thomas Wilson, furniture appraiser and broker, 68 Great Queen St.

1830–37: Mary Wilson & Son, 68 Great Queen St.

1838–54: Matthew Wilson/Willson, furniture warehouse/ furniture works/u, 68 Great Queen St.

1839: J. Willson, furniture broker, 34 Little Pulteney St, Golden Sq.

Compilers of directories vary in accuracy and there seems to have been a predictable confusion between the surnames Willson and the more familiar Wilson. Available material suggests that the Willsons were likely to have been dealers in good quality second-hand furniture (brokers). Although some of the 1838–54 entries refer to ‘Furniture Works’, the term may have been employed to described a repair workshop and not necessarily a manufactory. [Furn. Hist., 1974] Pieces of furniture bearing the distinctive stamp range in date over the years c.1780 to c.1840, and are of mahogany unless otherwise stated. They include:

Pembroke table, the top of serpentine outline and the supports of tapering turned form with brass cup castors. [Conn., August 1952, p. xxx, advert.]

Chest of drawers, serpentine, top crossbanded with ebonized border and inlaid stringing; four long drawers crossbanded with satinwood and the chamfered angles inlaid with pendent husks. [Christie's, 26 February 1970, lot 91]

Secretaire-chest, serpentine, top with gadrooned border, having three long drawers below a simulated pair that fall to reveal fitted secretaire, the canted angles carved with strapwork entwining foliage and flowers. [Sotheby's, 10 December 1965, lot 157]

Chest of drawers, bow-fronted, three small drawers above four long drawers all with satinwood bandings. [Sotheby's, 18 March 1966, lot 73]

Toilet table, banded in ebony and satinwood. Divided tray top enclosing compartments, with a drawer in the front and tapering legs. [Sotheby's, 18 March 1966, lot 74]

Sideboard, bow-fronted, two deep drawers flanking central shallow drawer over a tambour-fronted cupboard, the drawers cross-banded with satinwood and inlaid with fan ornament and the whole raised on square tapering legs with spade feet. [Antique Collector, June 1960, advert.]

Sideboard, Sheraton period, in the Dining Room at Wallington, Northumb.

Davenport, late Regency period. [Antique Collecting, August 1972, p. 20, advert.]

Wardrobe, c.1835 with two narrow hanging compartments flanking six drawers. [G. Wills, English Furniture 1760–1900] G. W.

Wilman, Stephen, Settle, Yorks., joiner/cm (1834–37). [D]

Wilmor, James, Market Pl., Buckingham, cm (1823). [D]

Wilmot, John, St George's Rd, Manchester, cm and u (1822). [D]

Wilmot, Thomas, parish of St James, Bristol, cm (1754). [Poll bk]

Wilmot, William, Bristol, u (1834–35). At Thornhill Pl., Upper Maudlin St in 1834 and Spring Hill, King Sq., in 1835. [D]

Wilmott, Thomas, 16 John St, Oxford St, London, cm, u and undertaker (1800–39). The business was already trading by April 1800 when he advertised a number of items of patent furniture, a line in which he took a particular interest in common with a number of his contemporaries. He offered ‘SOFA and CHAIR BEDS on an Improved principle, with a new-invented Brass Hinge’ and also ‘improved Dining-Tables which will form four different Tables in one minute and dine from 4 to 20 persons conveniently’. From its commencement the business was a substantial size and in March 1801 insurance cover was £2,050 of which £1,300 was for utensils and stock. No fewer than three insurance policies were taken out in 1804 and these refer to a store at 13 John St and further stock and utensils at ‘the Globe’ as well as his household goods at a dwelling house at 6 Crescent, Minories. He was included by Thomas Sheraton in the list of master cabinet makers appended to his Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Wilmott may have had an export trade to Scandinavia for a set of chairs at the Palace of Tullgarn in Sweden bear his trade label. These are of a common type with an X-form back below the cresting board and turned front legs. Wilmott adopted a policy of labelling his output and a number of items have been noted bearing his trade label. These include a reading and writing table, a sofa table, a drum table, a music Canterbury, and a birchwood chair. [D; Times, 2 April 1800; GL, Sun MS vol. 419, ref. 715599, vol. 431, refs 760755, 764394, 769093; DEF; Christie's, 20 September 1979, lot 51; 10 May 1984, lot 148; Sotheby's, 28 March 1969, lot 90; C. Life, 16 December 1976, supplement, p. 22]

Wilms, Henry, address unknown, (1791). In November 1791 supplied Gertrude, Dowager Duchess of Bedford with ‘two new fashionable fire screen stands of best mahogani’ for her London house at 112 Pall Mall. £2 2s was charged for these. [Bedford Office, London]

Wilsea, Samuel, Maddermarket St, Norwich, cm (1801–12). The number in Maddermarket St was given as 10 and 11 in 1801–02. In 1805 he was described as a cm and linen draper. [D; poll bks]

Wilshaw, John, 17 Tottenham Ct Rd, London, cm (1809). [D]

Wilshe, William, Wolverhampton, Staffs., cm (1838). [D]

Wilshed, Daniel, Windmill St, Westminster, London, chairmaker (1749). [Poll bk]

Wilsmore, Edward M., Sudbury, Suffolk, cm (1824). [D]

Wilson, —, Ave Maria Lane, London, cm (d. 1788). Died 24 March 1788. He was Clerk of St Martin's, Ludgate. [Gents Mag., September 1789]

Wilson, —, Laizenby Ct, Covent Gdn, London, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Wilson, —, Blyth, Notts., cm (1840–d. 1841). His will is dated 19 July 1840 and he died in the following year. [Notts. RO, probate records]

Wilson, A, address unknown, Windsor chairmaker (c. 1830–40). A chair at Temple Newsam House, Leeds bears the stamp of this maker.

Wilson, Alexander, 87 Queen St, Portsea, Portsmouth, Hants., cm and u (1823). [D]

Wilson, Andrew, 47 Wardour St, Soho, London, chairmaker and cm (1779). In 1779 took out insurance cover of £400 of which £275 was for stock and utensils. [GL, Sun MS vol. 271, p. 352]

Wilson, Andrew, King St, Seven Dials, London, bedstead maker (1782–86). In 1782 took out insurance cover of £300 of which £170 was for utensils and stock. In May 1786 total insurance cover was £500. [GL, Sun MS vol. 302, p. 492; vol. 336, p. 440]

Wilson, Ann, High Wycombe, Bucks., caner (b. c. 1800–41). Aged 41 at the date of the 1841 Census.

Wilson, Ann & Edward, Strand, London, see Edward Wilson.

Wilson, Anthony, Bath St, Bristol, bedstead maker (1801). [D]

Wilson, Anthony, Lancaster, cm (1811–12). [Lancaster freemen rolls]

Wilson, Arthur, 22 Fishergate, Preston, Lancs., u (1822). [D]

Wilson, Benjamin, 1 Broker's Row, Moorfields, London, upholder, undertaker and furniture warehouse (1784–1825). Free of the Upholders’ Co. under the terms of the 1750 Upholders’ Act, 7 January 1784. From this year he was in partnership with a person named Dawes and traded as Wilson & Dawes. The partnership lasted until 1790. From 1791 trading on his own behalf but in 1817 the business was described as B. Wilson & Son. Up to this date he had traded as an upholder but in 1825 the business was described as a furniture warehouse. Benjamin Wilson took as app. Robert Metcalf, 1787–95. [D; GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Wilson, Charles, London, upholder (1714). Son of Edward Wilson of Emswell, Notts. and father of Edward Wilson. Charles Wilson was app. to Edward Wood and was free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 13 January 1713/14. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Wilson, Charles G., Bondgate, Alnwick, Northumb., joiner, cm and u (1827–28). [D]

Wilson, Christopher, Hull, Yorks., cm and undertaker (1790–1823). At 89 Mytongate 1790–1818 and 5 Hope St, 1821–23. [D]

Wilson, Christopher, Settle, Yorks., joiner/cm (1834). [D]

Wilson, D., 18 Compton St, Clerkenwell, London, cm (1820). [D]

Wilson, Daniel, Market Pl., Carlisle, Cumb., joiner and cm (1810). [D]

Wilson, Edward, London, upholder (1740). Son of Charles Wilson of London, upholder. App. to Abraham Saunders, a member of the Skinners’ Co., 3 February 1729. Free of the Upholders’ Co. under the terms of the 1750 Upholders’ Act, 5 June 1760. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Wilson, Edward, 17 Mays Buildings, St Martin's Lane, London, cm (1780). In 1780 insured his house for £100. [GL, Sun MS vol. 281, p. 528]

Wilson, Edward, Strand, London, cm, u, appraiser and undertaker (1775–1824). Successor to and possibly the son of Walter Wilson. App. to M. Pennington of Lancaster 1775 and free 1783–84. Already by this date he was living in the Strand, London and no doubt active in the business of Walter Wilson which traded from 376 Strand. Although the business is referred to as Walter Wilson & Co. as late as 1803 it is possible that Edward took over its management from 1797 when a lease of 49¾ years was taken out on 128 Strand in the name of Edward & Ann Wilson. Ann appears to have been in partnership with Edward and their names are recorded jointly on an insurance policy as early as September 1792. Both 128 and 376 Strand were used by the business and Messrs. Wilson is included under both addresses in the list of master cabinet makers in Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. Trade cards of 1799 and 1810 are in the Banks Coll., BM, and these give only the 128 Strand address which was the showrooms. An insurance policy of October 1804 shows that both 128 and 129 were being used and utensils and stock here were valued at £3,000. Lofts, sheds and open yards behind 376 Strand were being utilised and cover here was a further £3,000. Walter may have had some continuing involvement, for directories to 1807 list A., E. & W. Wilson, but later only Ann & Edward are mentioned. Ann was still active as late as 1820. The high stock levels maintained in 1804 indicate an extensive business which must for many years have been profitable. In August 1823 Edward was living at Wellington St, Strand and in that month took out insurance cover of £16,300 on houses jointly with a William Wilson. He appears however to have extended credit to customers on a lavish scale and in January 1824 was declared bankrupt. Creditors of the business included Lord Lilburne who owed £25,442 7s 6d secured by a mortgage on the Mamhead estate in Devon. [D; Lancaster app. reg.; freemen rolls; Marylebone Lib., deeds 133/2, 133/3, GL, Sun MS vol. 389, ref. 605411; vol. 431, refs 764338, 767809; vol. 498, refs 1006733–36, 1008753; Brighton Gazette, 22 January 1824; PRO, B3/5264]

Wilson, Edward, Alphington Rd, Exeter, Devon, carver (1791). [D]

Wilson, Francis, Middle St, Gt Driffield, Yorks., cm etc. (1823– 28). [D]

Wilson, George, 32 Frythergate, Preston, Lancs., cm and u (1816–18). [D]

Wilson, George, Lancaster and London, u (1821–40). Son of George Wilson of Lancaster. App. to Edward Lodge, 7 March 1821. In 1847 recorded as an u in London. [App. reg.; Preston RO, DDX 1122]

Wilson, George, Greenwich, London, cm (1838–39). In 1838 at Royal Hill and in 1839 in South St. [D]

Wilson, George, 5 Bond St, Brighton, Sussex, cm and u (1839). [D]

Wilson, George, 30 Judd Pl. West, Somerstown, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Wilson, George, Silver St, Lincoln, cm and u (1835–40). The number in Silver St was 40 in 1841. [D]

Wilson, H., Exeter, Devon, cm (1816). [Poll bk]

Wilson, Henry, Lancaster and Kendal, joiner and cm (1779). Free of Lancaster 1779–80 but at this date living in Kendal. [Lancaster freemen rolls]

Wilson, Henry, 24 Ranelegh St, Liverpool, cm (1803). [D]

Wilson, Henry, Monk Wearmouthshore, Sunderland, Co. Durham, carver and ship's carver (1827). [D]

Wilson, Henry, Skipton, Yorks., cm (1829). [PR (Holy Trinity)]

Wilson, Henry, Skinnergate, Darlington, Co. Durham, cm/joiner (1834). [D]

Wilson, Henry, 28 North Audley St, London, carver and gilder (1839). [D]

Wilson, Isaac, Cabbage Lane, Halifax, Yorks., cm (1822). [D]

Wilson, Isabella, Liverpool, u (1817). In partnership with William May and Peter Sharp, and named with them in insolvency proceedings in January 1817. [Liverpool Mercury, 10 January 1817] See Peter Sharp.

Wilson, J. Weatherall, 64 Leadenhall St, London, carver and gilder (1784–93). [D]

Wilson, J., 3 Walkers Ct, Poultrey St, London, cm (1794). [Heal]

Wilson, J., 19 King St, Seven Dials, London, bedstead maker (1820). [D]

Wilson, Jacob, London, cm and u (1809–39). At 90 Charlotte St, Fitzroy Sq., 1809–16 at then at 6 Welbeck St, Cavendish Sq. until 1839. In 1816 the business was said to be situated on the corner of Welbeck St and Wigmore St, Cavendish Sq. In July 1816 Wilson advertised that he had ‘obtained a PATENT for improvements in BEDSTEADS and FURNITURE on an entire new principle, which combines elegance with great utility and convenience: and so constructed, as to suit either large or small rooms, offices, cabins or temporary bed-rooms, and may be put away into a very small space’. Beds constructed on this principle were to be seen displayed in his ware-rooms. His trade cards are in the Landauer Coll., MMA, NY, and the BM. [D; Times, 3 July 1816] See James Wilson of Wigmore St.

Wilson, James, Castle St, Westminster, London, cm (1749). [Poll bk]

Wilson, James, London, carver (before 1755). By June 1755 working from the Anthony Hay workshop in Virginia, USA. Claimed to be ‘from London’. [Virginia Gazette, 20 June 1755]

Wilson, James, London, (1772). In 1772 supplied ‘3 very neat Japan'd Card Racks’ at 4s each to Sir John Griffin Griffin for his London house. [Essex RO, D/D/By/A30/2]

Wilson, James, Angel St, St Margaret's, Westminster, London, u (1784). [Poll bk]

Wilson, James, East Side of High St, south of White Lion Entry, Hull, Yorks., cm (1793). [D]

Wilson, James, address unknown, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Wilson, James, 18a (or 19), Wigmore St, Cavendish Sq., London, cm (1817–39). A combined writing and games table of c. 1830 exists with a brass plate indicating the name of this maker at 18a Wigmore St. Another games table with a brass plate affixed gives the name Wilson & Son, Wigmore St and the words ‘Patent No. 189’. Heal suggests that there was a connection between this maker and Jacob Wilson of Welbeck St. and a trading relationship seems likely. [D; V&A archives; Joy, English Furniture 1800–1851, p. 198]

Wilson, James, 53 Duke St, Leeds, Yorks., joiner, builder and cm (1826). [D]

Wilson, James, Dam Side, Morpeth, Northumb., joiner and cm (1828–34). [D]

Wilson, James, 35 Bridge St, Sheffield, Yorks., cm (1833). [D]

Wilson, James, Huddersfield, Yorks., cm (1834). [D]

Wilson, Jasper, 7 Castle St, Long Acre, London, cm (1835). [D]

Wilson, Jasper, 17 Grosvenor Pl., Pimlico, London, u (1835). [D]

Wilson, Jekyl, High St, Boston, Lincs., cm, u and joiner (1822– 26). [D]

Wilson, John snr and jnr, Norwich, u (1710–14). Took apps named Bulwer in 1710, Robins in 1712 and Pitts and Clayton in 1714. [S of G, app. index]

Wilson, John, Hull, Yorks., cm (1747–84). [Poll bks]

Wilson, John, Lancaster, cm (1767–68). [Lancaster freemen rolls]

Wilson, John, Sidneys Alley, Leicester Fields, London, cm (1778). In 1778 took out insurance cover of £100 but only £20 of this was for utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 267, p. 361]

Wilson, John, Lancaster, cm (1770–87). App. to W. Bruce 1770 and free, 1779–80. Named in the Gillow records 1784 and 1786–87. [Freemen rolls; poll bk; Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow]

Wilson, John, Beverley, Yorks., cm (1780). Freeman of Hull but in 1780 living in Beverley. [Hull poll bk]

Wilson, John, St Martin's Churchyard, St Martin's Lane, London, cm (1791). On 3 January 1791 insured household goods for £100. [GL, Sun MS ref. 578336]

Wilson, John, London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Wilson, John, 26 Borough High St, Southwark, London, cm (1800–03). In March 1800 a Susanna Boswell complained that she was pregnant by John Wilson. A man by this name living in ‘Borough’ was a subscriber to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. [GL, P83/MRYI/870/46]

Wilson, John, 70 Gt Queen St, Lincoln's Inn Fields, London, upholder and cm (1805–13). In January 1805 took out insurance cover of £350 on utensils and stock kept at his dwelling house at Gt Queen St. He undertook no work here as he maintained a workshop at 41 Eagle St, Red Lion Sq. valued at £50 which contained utensils and stock valued at £250. No further reference is made to this workshop and subsequently the cover of £350 in 1808 and £400 in 1810 was for stock and utensils at Gt Queen St. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 431, ref. 769573; vol. 440, ref. 812774; vol. 453, ref. 839772]

Wilson, John, Lancaster, cm (1806–07). [Lancaster freemen rolls]

Wilson, John, London, cm (1806–09). At 20 New Round Ct in May 1806 when he took out insurance cover of £200 on his stock and utensils. In July 1809 at 7 Poland St where total cover was only £100 and of this £20 was specified for a chest of tools, the remainder being for household goods. [GL, Sun MS vol. 437, ref. 790221; vol. 448, ref. 832683]

Wilson, John, Liverpool, cm, u and looking-glass manufacturer (1814–34). In June 1814 announced the opening of his shop at 71 Lord St as the successor to R. Rossen. He claimed to have had experience ‘in the first Houses in London’. His stock consisted of ‘Elegant Beds, Drawing Room Curtains, Chairs etc. with every other article in the above line’. He also had for sale ‘Fine seasoned FEATHERS, by Patent Stoves’ and offered to alter ‘old Beds & Draperies … to the present mode’. An app. was also required. He obtained stock from London and in June 1819 claimed to have returned from there with ‘a variety of UPHOLSTERY & CABINET FURNITURE’. He also had a quantity of paper hangings at very reduced prices and five large mahogany bookcases that he thought suitable for a library of ‘a Professional Gentleman’. The number of his shop in Lord St was given as 51, by 1827 it was 71 and in 1829, 69. This may be a case of Post Office re-numbering rather than a move of location. By June 1827 he had decided to move to Clayton Sq. where his number is given as 17 though he appears to have occupied 15 and 16 also. It was his intention not to renew his lease at Lord St which expired on 3 October 1827 and the surplus stock kept here he put up for auction in August. On offer were ‘Brussels, Venetian & Kidderminster Room & Stair Carpets, Hearth Rugs, brown Lapland Rugs, White Sheep Skin Ditto, London Paper Hangings & Bordering, Dressing Glasses, real Rosewood French polished Card Tables, Silk & Worsted Fringes, Mahogany Portable Water-Closets & Lancaster Night Chairs, Mahogany Cribs etc.’. The move was unsuccessful and already by April 1829 he had determined to close the Clayton Sq. premises and move the business back to Lord St. It would seem likely that he never gave the Lord St premises up when he went to Clayton Sq. The move was however rather contracted and it was not until March 1832 that he announced the final closure of the Clayton Sq. address and the sale of the stock there ‘at extremely low prices (for cash) to make room for an entirely new stock at 69 Lord-Street’. His stock of wall papers were, he stated, ‘regularly supplied … from the first London Houses’. The move and the sale of stock were probably connected with financial difficulties for in May 1834 his bankruptcy was announced. One directory of 1834 shows a new address at 3 Devonshire Pl. Possibly the maker who supplied furniture to Erddig, Clwyd and was paid a balance of £106 19s 10½d on 2 May 1820. [D; Liverpool Mercury, 10 June 1814, 18 June 1819, 22 June 1827, 10 August 1827, 10 April 1829, 9 March 1832; Chester Courant 6 May 1834; V&A archives]

Wilson, John, Livery St, Birmingham, cm and u (1816–30). At 126 Livery St, 1828–30. [D]

Wilson, John, Stockport, Cheshire, cm and joiner (1816–28). At Hillgate in 1816, Mottram St in 1818, Bamford St in 1822 and Chestergate in 1828. [D]

Wilson, John, Manchester, cm and u (1817–40). In 1817 at 8 Garden St, Chorlton Row and in 1822 at 8 New Bailey St, but from 1824 activity was centred in King St. The number was 3 in 1824–25 but one directory of 1825 gives 8 King St and a home address at 8 George St, Windsor. In 1828 the number in King St was 8, in 1829 it was 48 and 1832–40 it was 36. [D]

Wilson, John, Hospital St, Nantwich, Cheshire, cm (1817–34). Four daughters and two sons bapt., 1817–32. [PR (bapt.)]

Wilson, John, 2 Dale St, Preston, Lancs., cm (1818). [D]

Wilson, John, 20 Ravald St, Salford, Lancs., carver and gilder (1825). [D]

Wilson, John, Grantham, Lincs., wood turner and chairmaker (1826–35). At Westgate in 1826 and Manford Rd in 1835. [D]

Wilson, John, 24 Turner St, Manchester, cm (1828). [D]

Wilson, John, Hungate, Pickering, Yorks., cm (1828–40). [D]

Wilson, John, Spencer's Yd, Skipton, Yorks., joiner/cm (1830– 37). [D]

Wilson, John, Exeter, Devon, cm (1832–40). Living in the parish of St Martin in 1832. His address is given as Cathedral Yd, 1836–38. [D; poll bk, Exeter Flying Post, 4 February 1836, 9 February 1843]

Wilson, John, Wellington Mart, Hull, Yorks., joiner and cm (1834). [D]

Wilson, John, 51 Duke St, Leeds, Yorks., cm and joiner (1834). [D]

Wilson, John, 1 Milk St, Manchester, cm and u (1836). [D]

Wilson, John, Wellington St, Woolwich, London, cm, u and furniture broker (1838–39). In 1838 at 31 Wellington St. [D]

Wilson, John, Liverpool St, Bishopsgate, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Wilson, John, High Wycombe, Bucks., caner (b. c. 1791–1841). Aged 50 at the date of the 1841 Census.

Wilson, John Wetherall, 64 Leadenhall St, London, carver and gilder (1783–84). In 1783 took out insurance cover of £400 of which £150 was for utensils and stock. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 314, p. 325]

Wilson, Jonathan, Liverpool, cm (1804–18). At 23 Havington St, Castle St in 1804 but in the following year at 21 School Lane with a shop in Ranelagh St. From 1807 to 1811 at 4 Clare St but from 1813–18 the address was once more shown as School Lane and Ranelagh St. [D]

Wilson, Joseph, Blackman St, Southwark, London, upholder and appraiser (1802–09). At 58 Blackman St in 1802 and 68 in 1805–09. In July 1802 took out insurance cover of £700 of which £550 was for utensils and stock. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 424, ref. 735160]

Wilson, Joseph, address unknown, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Wilson, Joseph, Leeds, Yorks., cm (1821–34). Shown at 3 Duke St in 1821 but the number was 4 from 1826–34. One directory of 1830 however gives an address at Garland's Fold, Timble Bridge. [D]

Wilson, Joseph, 8 Pennell's Yd, Nottingham, cm (1832). [D]

Wilson, Mary, 126 Livery St, Birmingham, u, bed and mattress maker (1828). [D]

Wilson, Mary, Fleece Lane (or Yd), Leeds, Yorks., u (1830–37). The number in Fleece Lane (or Yd) is given as 45 in 1834 and 46 in 1830 and 1837. [D]

Wilson, Mary, Minster Yd, Ripon, Yorks., joiner/cm (1837). [D] See Thomas Wilson of Minster Yd.

Wilson, Mathias, Soresby St, Chesterfield, Derbs., cm (1829–32). [D]

Wilson, Matthew, Hull, Yorks., joiner and cm (1823–39). At Johnson's Ct, 156 High St in 1823. This appears to have been his residence. From 1826–31 however he was trading from Stewart's Yd. In the period 1834–40 at 50 High St, Market Pl. [D]

Wilson, Nathaniel, Beverley, Yorks., cm (1774–91). In 1778 took out insurance cover of £400 on some houses. [GL, Sun MS vol. 266, p. 326]

Wilson, Newman, 13 Bridgewater St, Liverpool, cabinet turner (1824). [D]

Wilson, Peter, 25 Drury Lane, London, cm and broker (1792). In April 1792 took out insurance cover of £600 of which £500 was for utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 382, ref. 599080]

Wilson, Peter, Old Gdns, Shudehill, Manchester, chairmaker (1817). [D]

Wilson, Peter, 64 Exmouth St, Spitalfields, London, cm and u (1822). [D]

Wilson, Richard, Gray's Inn Lane, London, cm (1790–93). Heal records Richard & Robert Wilson at this address, 1790–93. [D]

Wilson, Richard, 182 Gt Ancoats St, Manchester, cm (1825). [D]

Wilson, Richard, 69 London Rd, Liverpool, cm (1827). [D]

Wilson, Robert, Gray's Inn Lane, London, cm and joiner (1783–93). At 7 Little James St, Gray's Inn Lane, 1783–87. In 1783 he took out insurance cover of £300 of which stock and utensils were valued at £112. In January 1787 insured a house in Drury Lane for £100. Directories show him at 93 Gray's Inn Lane, 1789–93. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 317, p. 35; vol. 340, p. 532] See Richard Wilson.

Wilson, Robert, Mount, Castle-garth, Newcastle, joiner and cm (1811). [D]

Wilson, Robert, Liverpool, cm and joiner (1823–39). In 1823 at 61 Fontenoy St and the following year at 67 Sawney Pope St. Directories of 1827 show either 31 Gerard St or 26 Park St. In 1829 at 23 Johnson St with a shop at 82 Gt Crosshall St. By 1834 at 9 Rose St with a shop at 238 Scotland Rd. The Rose St address is repeated in directories of 1835–37 but the number in Scotland Rd changed to 255. One directory of 1835 however lists a yard and shop at 1 Nash Grove. In 1839 his manufactory was at 11 St John Village. [D]

Wilson, Robert, Skinnergate, Darlington, Co. Durham, joiner and cm (1837). [D]

Wilson, Robert, Lancaster (1831–33). [Westminster Ref. Lib. Gillow records]

Wilson, S. W., Laytons Buildings, Southwark, London, u (1820). [D]

Wilson, Sam., London, (1725). In 1725 supplied to the Duke of Montrose a ‘pair of tables and men’ at £2 9s. These may have been chess boards and pieces. [Scottish RO, GD/220/6/1346/8]

Wilson, Samuel, Chesterfield, Derbs., cm, toyman and auctioneer (1793). [D]

Wilson, Samuel, Chesterfield, Derbs., cm (1818–22). At Market Pl. in 1818 and Sorsby St in 1822. [D]

Wilson, Samuel, 144 High St, Southwark, London, u and undertaker (1820–23). Heal lists Samuel & W. Wilson at this address. 1825–27. [D]

Wilson, Samuel, Radford, Notts., joiner, cm and chairmaker (1832–34). At Alfreton Rd in 1834 when he was described as a chairmaker. [D]

Wilson, Samuel & Sons, High St, Chesterfield, Derbs., u (1822). [D]

Wilson, T., North St, Exeter, Devon, cm (1816). A Thomas Wilson was trading at Cathedral Yd, 1823–32. [D; poll bk]

Wilson, Thomas, Lancaster, cm (1748–84). App. to A. Baines 1748 and free, 1766–67. [App. bk; freemen rolls; poll bks]

Wilson, Thomas, Furness area, Lancs., joiner (1673–76). Employed by the owners of Swarthwood Hall, Furness, Lancs. to make furniture. He is described in the household accounts as a ‘wright’. On 1 November 1673 paid 5s 10d for sawing a tree into boards. A payment made on 24 April 1675 was for five days work making a ‘firdale chair’ at 2s 4d, and on 11 March 1675/76 a further 2s 6d was paid for the five days work making a Trundle bedstead etc. [N. Penney, The Household Account Book of Sarah Fell of Swarthmoor Hall, 1920, pp. 11, 209, 251]

Wilson, Thomas, London(?) (1770). Charged Sir John Griffin Griffin of Audley End, Essex £4 17s 6d for a reading stand ‘of Pallemon wood Inlaid with Ebbinoy’ and fitted with castors. [Essex RO, D/DBy/A28 (3 or 4)]

Wilson, Thomas, 59 Castle St, Oxford Mkt, London, cm (1778). In 1778 insured a house for £200. [GL, Sun MS vol. 263, p. 325]

Wilson, Thomas, London, upholder (1771–1802). Son of William Wilson of St Margaret's, Westminster, victualler. App. to John Kent, 4 December 1771 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 1 September 1779. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Wilson, Thomas, Liverpool, u (1802). App. to Matthew Gregson and free 5 July 1802. [Freemen rolls]

Wilson, Thomas, Southwark, London, cm and u (1790–1805). Partner with a person named Reed and trading from 20 King St as Wilson & Reed, 1790–93. By 1794 the partners had moved to 102 Borough High St, at which address they operated until 1800. By 1804 however Thomas Wilson was back at 20 King St and trading on his own behalf as a cm. In the following year a Thomas Wilson, upholder was at 125 Tottenham Ct Rd, but it is not certain that this was the same man. [D]

Wilson, Thomas, 22 Cathedral Yd, Exeter, Devon, cm and u (1818–40). In April 1818 he advertised his business as a ‘FASHIONABLE UPHOLSTERY, CHAIR AND CABINET WARE-ROOMS’. He stocked Kidderminster, Brussels, Venetian and East India Hemp carpeting, paper hangings obtained from London sources, feathers and mahogany and fancy woods. The business was referred to as Wilson & Co. a style that was to be used throughout the trading life of the concern. The rooms for storing and cleaning feathers were said to have been ‘lately completed … on the same construction as the principal houses in London’. The cabinet furniture offered for sale in March 1819 was declared to be ‘of their own manufacture’. In March 1823 their stock was stated to be priced ‘suited to the present depressed state of manufacture’. Apart from the manufacture and sale of cabinet and upholstery goods they operated a ‘General Agency Office’ in the name of Wilson, Patey & Co., surveyors, auctioneers and appraisers. The sudden death of Thomas Wilson was announced on 17 January 1831 but Wilson & Co. continued to trade from the same address. [D; Exeter Flying Post, 16 April 1818, 11 March 1819, 19 March 1829; The Alfred, 25 March 1823, 17 January 1832]

Wilson, Thomas, 138 Snow Hill, Birmingham, cm and u (1828–30). [D]

Wilson, Thomas, Beddern Bank, Minster Yd, Ripon, Yorks., joiner and cm (1828–34). The Mary Wilson trading at Minster Yd in 1837 may have been his widow. [D]

Wilson, Thomas, Harrington, Workington, Cumb., joiner, cm and ironmonger (1811–34). [D]

Wilson, Thomas, Longtown, Carlisle, Cumb., joiner/cm (1829). [D]

Wilson, Thomas, Pickering, Yorks., cm (1834–40). [D]

Wilson, Thomas, 21 King St, Covent Gdn, London, u (1835). [D]

Wilson, Thomas, Liverpool, chairmaker (1840). Free 24 July 1840 by patrimony, being son of John Wilson, broker. [Freemen rolls]

Wilson, Walter, Lancaster and London, cm (1752–68). App. to G. Rawes in 1752 and free 1767–68. At the time of his freedom said to be living in London and still there in 1768. [App. reg.; freemen rolls; poll bk]

Wilson, Walter, Strand, London, cm and u (1767–c. 1797). The business originated in a partnership between Walter Wilson and William Brown. They traded from 405 Strand, 1767–77, but from 1779 until the termination of the partnership in c. 1782 the number was 376 Strand. The business traded as Wilson & Brown and was of substantial proportions. In 1775 the partners took out insurance cover of £2,500 of which £2,200 was for utensils and stock. The business attracted influential patrons who placed orders of substantial proportions. Payments for furniture supplied to Chiswick House amounted to £16 19s 6d in 1780, £382 8s in 1785 and £191 2s 8d in 1787. For Chatsworth, Derbs. a ‘Field Bedstead with Dome Tester’ was supplied complete with ‘choclate strip'd cotton furniture’. This was invoiced on 24 December 1785 and charged at £7 7s with an additional 3s 6d for packing. In 1788 white ground Wilton carpeting was supplied valued at £71 19s 8d and ‘16 very neat Matted Chairs with Taper feet & upright Splats and very richly Japan'd’ at £1 5s each. Two matching elbow chairs cost £3 3s. Between 1790 and 1797 furniture was supplied to Richard Arkwright for Willersley Castle, Cromford, Derbs. In 1791 goods to the value of £1,615 17s 11½d were recorded. A state bed, matching armchairs, chairs and canapés supplied in 1794–96 for this house are now in the Alfred Beit Collection at Russborough, Co. Wicklow. The cost of furnishings supplied in 1794 was £4,413 9s 9½d. The 1792–93 bills included work undertaken for Arkwright at 8 Adam St, London. From c. 1783 Walter Wilson was assisted in the business by Edward Wilson and later by Ann Wilson, probably his son and daughter. From c. 1797 they were responsible for the running of the business. In the 1790s the business is often named as Wilson & Co. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 240, p. 377; vol. 290, p. 522; vol. 298, p. 378; Chatsworth papers; Derbs. RO, Arkwright 978M/E3–6, 9–11; Russborough Guide]

Wilson, William, parish of St Mary, Newington, London, carver (1766–67). In 1766 insured several properties, the total cover being £2,800. [Heal; GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 105, pp. 95, 174]

Wilson, William, Little Windmill St, London, cm (1774). [Westminster poll bk]

Wilson, William, Hoxton Sq., London, upholder (1780–87). Son of William Wilson snr of Hoxton Sq., Gent. App. to Mark Dawes, 4 October 1780 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 5 August 1787. At this date living in Hoxton Sq. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Wilson, William, London, u (1789–1823). Connected with the enterprises of Walter Wilson and Edward Wilson who conducted important businesses as cm and u in the Strand. He was certainly related to these two entrepreneurs and was possibly a brother to Edward Wilson. Like Edward he was trained at Lancaster being app. to A. Bell of that town as an u in 1762. He was not however made free until 1789–90. At the date of his freedom he was stated to be ‘of the Strand, London’. In 1793 he subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book. By the first decade of the 19th century the business at 128 and 367 Strand was trading as Wilsons or Wilson & Co. with Edward and Ann Wilson the main partners. One directory of 1805 however lists the business as A. E. & W. Wilson and it is possible that William Wilson was a partner at this period. The death of William's wife was recorded in October 1810. William was said to be an u of the Strand but was living at Caroline St, Bedford Sq. In August 1823 he insured jointly with Edward Wilson houses valued at £16,300 but in that year was recorded independently trading as a cm and u from 2 Wellington St, Waterloo Bridge. When in the following year the bankruptcy of Edward Wilson was announced, William's name was not connected with these proceedings. [D; Lancaster app. reg.; Lancaster freemen rolls; Gents Mag., October 1810; GL, Sun MS vol. 498, refs 1006733–36, 1008753]

Wilson, William, parish of St Michael, Lincoln, cm (1971). In July 1791 took out insurance cover of £600. [GL, Sun MS vol. 379, p. 239]

Wilson, William, Norwich, cm (1780–1818). Living in the parish of St Laurence 1780, parish of St Peter Mancroft 1784, parish of St Michael at Plea, 1790–96, Hemblington, Norfolk 1799 and the parish of St Peter, Hungate, 1802–07. On 1 July 1812 his son Robert, a carpenter, was made free. [Poll bks; freemen rolls]

Wilson, William, Manchester, cm (1788–1808). At Rook St, 1788, 46 High St in 1797–1802; 29 Piccadilly in 1804 and 27 Piccadilly 1805–08. [D]

Wilson, William, Barton-on-Humber, Lincs., cm (1802). Freeman of Hedon, Yorks. [Hedon poll bk]

Wilson, William, 137 Dale St, Liverpool, u (1823–24). Leased his shop in Dale St from Liverpool Corporation. The shop had a frontage of 6 yds and a depth of 21 yds and was identical with its neighbouring property no. 136. Both properties were put up for sale by auction in February 1824. [D; Liverpool Mercury, 30 January 1824]

Wilson, William, Waterloo St, Ironmonger Row, Old St, London, clock case maker (1820–35). Shown at 14 Waterloo St in 1820 and 1835 but in 1824 shown at 14. In 1820 took out insurance cover of £600 which included £250 on stock and utensils ‘in shops adjoining & £15 in a small shop opposite’. By May 1824 the insurance cover had risen to £1,200 of which £1,125 was for stock and utensils. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 481, ref. 968046; vol. 497, ref. 1016784]

Wilson, William, Boroughgate, Appleby, Westmld, cm (1828–29). [D]

Wilson, William, Longtown, Carlisle, Cumb., joiner/cm (1828–29). [D]

Wilson, William, 11 Stonegate, York, cm (1830). Son of William Wilson snr who was a basketmaker of Malton, Yorks. The father was already dead by 24 January 1826 when his son was app. to John Ellison, cm. It would appear that William Wilson jnr did not complete his full apprenticeship, as by 1830 he was trading from 11 Stonegate. [D; app. reg.]

Wilson, William, Kirkburton, near Huddersfield, Yorks., joiner/cm (1834). [D]

Wilson, William, 7 Castle St, Hull, Yorks., cm and gilder (1835–40). [D]

Wilson & Bedford, Bawtry, Yorks., cm and joiners (1828–37). In 1828 at High St, but by 1837 trading additionally at Winter Rd and Church St. [D]

Wilson & Co., Exeter, Devon, see Thomas Wilson, Exeter.

Wilson & Co., Strand, London, see Edward, Walter and William Wilson of London.

Wilson & Dawes, see Benjamin Wilson.

Wilson & Popperwell, Hare St, Hull, Yorks., cm (c. 1770). A serpentine commode is known with the trade label of this maker affixed. [V&A archives]

Wilson & Read, Southwark, see Thomas Wilson, Southwark.

Wilson & Read, Prince's St, Leicester Sq., London, cm (1790– 93). [D]

Wilson & Son, Wigmore St, London, see J. Wilson, Wigmore St.

Wilson & Son, A., 18 Ogle St, Gt Titchfield St, London, cm and u (1831–39). Paid £24 10s in September 1831 by the 3rd Lord Barybrooke of Audley End, Essex. At 18 Ogle St, 1835–39. [D; Essex RO, D/DBy/A358]

Wilson & Wilkinson, Leeds, Yorks., cm (1816–82). At 42 or 43 Kirkgate in 1816 and in Duke St, 1818. A Joseph Wilson, cm was trading in Duke St, 1821–24. [D]

Withew & Wright, 40 Prince's St, Leicester Sq., London, u (1816). [D]

Wilton, Edward, Queen St, Portsea, Portsmouth, Hants., carver and gilder (1823–30). In 1830 at 56 Queen St. [D]

Wilton, J., London, picture frame maker (1774). Two payments are recorded in the Burton Constable accounts to this maker in August 1774. The first dated 6 August was for £7 7s and the second dated 13 August was for £3 13s 8d. [Humberside RO, Burton Constable vouchers]

Wilton, William, Hedge Lane, Charing Cross and Edward St, Cavendish Sq., London (late 18th century). The son of a plasterer. Imitated the French practice of making papiermâché ornaments for chimney-pieces and looking-glasses. His workshops were at Edward St. [Wills, Looking-Glasses]

Wiltshire, S. C., 1 Ball Alley, Lombard St, London, carver and gilder, paper hangings manufacturer (1820). [D]

Wiltshire, Thomas, London, upholder (1718). Son of Jeremiah Wiltshire of Hatfield Broadoaks, Essex, woolcomber. App. to Thomas Goldsmith, 7 December 1709 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 5 March 1717/18. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Wiltshire, Thomas, Upper Ryde, Ryde, Isle of Wight, Hants., cm (1830). [D]

Wilway, George, Broadmead, Bristol, cm and broker (1791–1801). In 1791–92 supplied furniture to the value of £52 2s for the house of John Pinney at 7 Gt George St, Bristol (now the Georgian House Museum). [D; Furn. Hist., 1796]

Wimble, William, 35 Horse Fair, Bristol, cm (1775). [D]

Wimble, William, Church St, Sculcoates, Hull, Yorks., cm (1834). [D]

Wimbles, William, Manchester, cm (1813–17). At 22 Cockgates in 1813 and 20 Queen St, Salford in 1817. [D]

Wimper, George, address unrecorded (1821). A Regency period japanned chinoiserie cabinet signed ‘Made by George Wimper in the employ of Mr Loudon Dec. 6th 1821’ sold Sotheby's, 15 November 1985, lot 136.

Wimpenny, William, London, upholder (1699–1714). Son of Thomas Wimpenny of the parish of St Clement Danes, cook. App. to Christopher Broughton, 2 August 1699 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 5 May 1714. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Winch, John, Priory St, Colchester, Essex, cm and u (1839). [D]

Winch, William, High Wycombe, Bucks., cm (1836). Daughter bapt. 1836. [PR (bapt.)]

Winchester, Daniel, West side of Fleet Ditch, London, upholder (1710–21). Both in September 1710 and October 1717 insured his house at Fleet Ditch for £550. In 1721 fined for declining parochial service in the parish of St Bride, Fleet St. [GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 8, ref. 20732; vol. 17, p. 299; MS 6561, p. 32]

Windale, Michael, Northgate, Darlington, Co. Durham, joiner and cm (1827–34). [D]

Winder, Edward, Lancaster and Liverpool, cm (1806–11). Free of Lancaster 1806–07 and already by this date living in Liverpool. Trading at 9 Robert St, 1811. [D; Lancaster freemen rolls]

Winder, George, Lancaster, cm (1778–86). App. to W. Bruce 1778 and free, 1785–86. [App. reg.; freemen rolls]

Winder, Robert, Duke St, Blackburn, Lancs., cm (1818). [D]

Winder, Thomas, Lancaster, cm (1806–20). Free 1806–07. Named in the Gillow records, 1813–20. [Freemen rolls; Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow]

Winder, Thomas, Lancaster, cm (1825–26). [Lancaster freemen rolls]

Winder, William, Lancaster, cm (1801–02). [Lancaster freemen rolls]

Winder & Johnson, Preston, Lancs., cm (1799–1802). Signed the Preston Cabinet Makers’ and Chair Makers’ Book of Prices, 1802, on behalf of the masters. See Bray & Winder, Preston.

Windgrave, G. H., address unknown, cm (c. 1840). Trade label noted on a rosewood chiffonier. [Sotheby's, 8 May 1981, lot 218, 11 September 1981, lot 125]

Windham, George, East St, Horsham, Sussex, chairmaker and turner (1832–40). [D]

Windle, James, Water St, Clitheroe, Lancs., chairmaker (1824–28). [D]

Windle, John & Joseph, Chipping, near Preston, Lancs., chairmakers (1834). [D]

Windle, Thomas, Bridgegate, Howden, Yorks., cm (1826–34). [D]

Window, William, parish of St. Catherine, Gloucester, cm (1816). Child bapt. 1816. [PR (bapt.)]

Windscheffell, Christian, London, bedstead manufacturer (1820–26). At 2 Leman St, Goodman's Fields in 1820 and 30 Catherine St, Commercial Rd in 1826. [D]

Windscheffell, D. & J., 10 Radcliffe Highway and 3 New Rd, St George's-in-the-East, London, u and bedstead manufacturer (1816–29). [D]

Windscheffell, W., Drury Lane, London, cm, chairmaker, u and bedstead maker (1820–39). At 54 Drury Lane but some directories show no. 134, 1829–35. [D]

Windsor, John, 5 Berkeley St, Clerkenwell, London, cm and firescreen manufacturer (1820). [D]

Windsor, Richard, 24 Gt Sutton St, London, firescreen manufacturer and cm (1820–39). [D]

Windspere, Edward, 30 Parliament St, Liverpool, cm and shopkeeper (1807). [D]

Winfield, James, Peaseholme Green, York, cm (1758). [Poll bk]

Winfield, R. W., Birmingham and London, metal furniture manufacturer (1839). Maintained showrooms at Cambridge St, Birmingham and his residence was ‘The Hawthorns’, Ladywood, Edgbaston. Also traded in London from addresses at 11 Belle Sauvage Yd, Ludgate Hill and 26 New Bond St. Manufactured a wide range of goods of iron and brass which included ‘metallic military bedsteads’ for which he claimed he was ‘proprietor of the original patent’. Also produced metal fire screen poles and hat and umbrella stands. His advertisement appears in Pigot's Directory, 1839.

Wing, —, Pontefract, Yorks., see Lowcock & Wing.

Wing, Matthew, London, u (1706–08). The maker of a bed including the tester, headboard, cornices and mouldings for the Earl of Salisbury for Dover House. The bed with its furnishings cost £142 10s 2d. [Hatfield House MS, bills 431]

Wingate, James, parish of St Catherine, Gloucester, cm and chairmaker (1813–20). Child bapt. 1813. [PR (bapt.)]

Wingate, William, Gloucester, cm, chairmaker, auctioneer and appraiser (1820–36). At Northgate St, 1820–23 and Lower Northgate St, 1830. A child was bapt. at St Aldgate Church in 1836 and he was then living at Bristol Rd. [D; PR (bapt.)]

Wingate & Whitehead, St Katherine St, Gloucester, chairmakers (1839–40). [D]

Wingfield, Henry, Hastings, Sussex, cm, u, auctioneer and appraiser (1823–40). At 42 High St, 1823–26. A trade card listing a High St address is in the Dept of Prints of the V&A. It is illustrated with engravings of a sabre-legged chair and a Grecian settee. In 1832 at West St and in 1839 at 1 George St. [D]

Wingnett, C., address unknown, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Wingyett, Charles, Bartholomew Yd, Exeter, Devon, cm (d. 1809). An inquest was held into the death of Charles Wingyett. On 1 June the verdict that he had cut his throat ‘in a fit of insanity’ was published. An auction of his stock and workshops was arranged for 3 July 1809. [Exeter Flying Post, 1 June 1809, 22 June 1809]

Winks, Henry, Bath St, Ashby-de-la-Zouch, Leics., cm (1829). [D]

Winks, William, Gainsborough, Lincs., cm, u and painter (1826–28). At Bridge St in 1826 and Sevenfoot Lane in 1828. [D]

Winmill, Charles, 6 Pleasant Row, Pentonville, London, cm (1835). [D]

Winn, John, Newark, Notts., cm, u and chairmaker (1793–1819). At Parish St, 1793–1808, but in 1819 at Guildhall St. [D]

Winn, John, Kirkgate, Leeds, Yorks., cm, u, appraiser and furniture broker (1815–28). At 82 Kirkgate 1815–22 but by 1828 the number was 19. [D; Leeds Intelligencer, 3 April 1815]

Winn, Matthew, 42 Lumber St, Liverpool, cm (1810). [D]

Winn, Robert, Singer's Hill, Suffolk St, Birmingham, cabinet case maker (1835). [D]

Winn, Thomas, Kemps Row, Chelsea, London, cm (1777). In 1777 took out insurance cover of £400 of which £200 was for utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 254, p. 230]

Winn, Thomas, Welbeck St, Cavendish Sq., London, upholder and auctioneer (d. 1785). Death on 19 September 1785 reported in Gents Mag., September 1785.

Winnall, Richard, Bromsgrove, Worcs., cm (1793). [D]

Winnard, William, Wigan and Preston, Lancs., u (1702–29). Admitted a freeman of Preston, Lancs. on payment of a fine of £3 in 1702. His address was given as Wigan. His aim in obtaining the freedom of Preston was to commence trading there. In 1722 he took app. named White and in 1729, Hargreave. He was trading in Preston on both of these dates. [Preston guild records; S of G, app. index]

Winnes, G., Daventry, Northants., joiner and cm (1793). [D]

Winning, John, 58 St Paul's Churchyard, London, u (1771). On 24 June 1771 invoiced to William Constable of Burton Constable, Yorks. a ‘fine Turkey carpet 24 feet 9 inches by 19 feet 8 £36’. The receipt was given by John Lowry on behalf of Winning. Lowry had formerly been app. on the Burton Constable Estate and had made Dining Room furniture there. [Humberside RO, Burton Constable vouchers]

Winnpenny, William, Compton St, Soho, London, upholder (1706–14). His house in Compton St was on the north side between Dean St and Frith St and on both 24 July 1706 and 1 March 1714 was insured for £250. [GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 4, ref. 11234; vol. 12, p. 556]

Winrow, Richard, Leicester, cm (1803–35). Free 1803 but described as a ‘stranger’. Directories of 1835 show him at either Southgate St or Regent St. [D; freemen rolls]

Winsby, Thomas, Leyburn, Yorks., cm (1840). [D]

Winscomb, William, 11 Frogmore St, Bristol, builder, carpenter, undertaker, cm and u (1830). [D]

Winskel, Benjamin, Circus St, Liverpool, carver and gilder (1835–39). At 47 Circus St 1835–37 but in 1839 the number was 54. [D]

Winskell, Thomas, 24 Baptist St, Liverpool, carver and gilder (1827–29). [D]

Winslade, William, High St, Guildford, Surrey, u and cm (1790–1807). [D; poll bks]

Winskell, William, 111 Brearley St, Birmingham, cm (1839). [D]

Winslade, William, High St, Guildford, Surrey, u cm and brokers (1784–1807). In 1784 the business was named as William & Hyde Winslade but from 1790 William Winslade appears to have been trading on his own behalf. In High St from 1790. [D; poll bks]

Winsor, John, High St, Gosport, Hants., cm and u (1830–39). At 56 High St in 1830 and 53 in 1839. [D]

Winstanley, John, Liverpool, cm (1740–41). In 1740 took app. named Johnson and in 1741, Marsh. [S of G, app. index]

Winstanley, John, Liverpool, cm (1790–d. by 1829). Free 24 June 1790. In that year trading from 33 Edmund St with a timber yard at 8 Rigby St. In 1796 only the Edmund St address is recorded. [D; freemen rolls]

Winstanley, Richard, London, auctioneer and upholder (1780–1816). Free of the Upholders’ Co. by an Order of the Court of Aldermen 5 January 1780. In the next year living in Cheapside and from 1784 at 10 Paternoster Row, Cheapside. [D; GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Winstanley, Robert, 13 Little Wild St, London, carver and gilder (1778). In 1778 insured a house for £100. [GL, Sun MS vol. 269, p. 163]

Winstanley, William snr, 34 Lord St, Liverpool, chimney piece and looking-glass maker (1789). In April 1789 advertised for six or eight journeymen joiners ‘for the Chimney piece business’. Only two months later on 22 June however he indicated that he was disposing of his stock as he had entered a partnership in London. He offered ‘a large assortment of Chimney Pieces of the newest taste, several thousand feet of Moulding; a large assortment of Looking Glasses, in burnished gold frames & Mahogany; Girandoles etc.’. He indicated however that he would continue to trade in Dutch and French glass as a wholesaler and also sell composition ornaments. [Williamson's Liverpool Advertiser, 16 April 1789, 22 June 1789]

Winstanley, William, Wallgate, Wigan, Lancs., coach and furniture painter (1825–28). [D]

Winstanley, William, Southgate St, Hartlepool, Co. Durham, joiner/cm (1834). [D]

Winston, Charles, Lancaster, cm (1806–27). App. to I. Greenwood 1806 and free 1817–18. Named in the Gillow records, 1827. A straight-fronted chest of drawers stamped ‘Gillows Lancaster’ is recorded with this maker's name on the bottoms of the two small drawers. [App. reg.; freemen rolls; Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow; V&A archives]

Winston, James, Lancaster, (1829–35). Free 1829–30 and named in the Gillow records 1833 and 1835. [Freemen rolls; Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow]

Winston, Sibill, address unknown, (1729(?)). A bill exists, undated, but with others of 1729, sent to Paul Foley of the Temple and Little Ormond St, London and Newport House, Almeley, Herefs. The total of £1 6s for items supplied includes £1 1s for a walnut frame and stand for a fire screen. [Herefs. RO, Foley F/AIII/55]

Winter, —, Bunnell Row (Bunhill Row, London?), (1768). Noted in Matthew Boulton's diary in 1768 as a ‘gilt chair maker’. [Birmingham Lib., archives dept, Boulton MS]

Winter, —, London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Winter, Benjamin, 143 Long Acre, London, cm, joiner, u and undertaker (1799). His trade card [BM] indicates his specialism in small items of furniture. He advertised ‘a Great Variety of Portable Reading & Writing Desks with secret Drawers, … Dressing Cases. Plate Chests, Ink stands, Tea Chests, Caddies … Fire & Candle screens, Frames for needlework, Portable Libraries, Work Tables, Desert frames, Flower stands & Book shelves’.

Winter, Benjamin, 6 Charlotte St, Rathbone Pl., London, u and appraiser (1816–19). [D]

Winter, Benjamin, Long St, Sherborne, Dorset, cm (1830). [D]

Winter, David, 24 Church St, Mile End Newtown, London, cm and u (1827–28). [D]

Winter, David, 112 Church St, Bethnal Green, London, carver and gilder (1839). [D]

Winter, George, Fakenham, Norfolk, cm (1836–39). At York St in 1836 and Tunn St in 1839. [D]

Winter, James, 101 Wardour St, Soho, London, furniture broker, appraiser and undertaker (1823–40). Included because of the large number of pieces marked ‘JAMES WINTER 101 WARDOUR ST’ or ‘JAMES WINTER & SONS/101 WARDOUR ST SOHO LONDON’. The business continued to trade to 1870 and it is unlikely that any of the furniture so marked was made by James Winter. His trade card indicated that he offered ‘A Liberal Price for Second hand Furniture in Large or Small quantities’. [D]

Winter, John, Kirk Deighton, near Wetherby, Yorks., joiner and cm (1822). [D]

Winter, John, 69 East St, Manchester Sq., London, cm and u (1827–28). [D]

Winter, John, Haltwhistle, Northumb., joiner and cm (1827–28). [D]

Winter, L., Bristol, u (1833–40). She traded at 2 Montague Hill in 1833, 4 Horse Fair in 1834–35 and 46 Milk St, 1836–40. [D]

Winter, Richard, Bawtry, Yorks., cm (1822–40). The address is given as Spittle, 1822–28, Top St in 1832 but by 1841 at High St. [D]

Winter, Samuel, Lichfield, Staffs., cm (1818–28). At Market St in 1818 but at Beacon St, 1822–28. [D]

Winter, Thomas, Huddersfield, Yorks., cm (1834). [D]

Winter, William, Grosvenor Mews, London, carver (1784). [Westminster poll bk]

Winter, William, Oxford, u (1802–08). In 1802 living in the parish of St Mary-the-Virgin. In 1805–08 trading in the High St. [D; poll bk]

Winter, William, Market St, Lichfield, Staffs., cm and u (1830). Possibly successor to Samuel Winter. [D]

Winterborn, James, London, bedstead maker (1829–39). At 66 Tottenham Ct Rd in 1829 and 48 Upper Rathbone Pl. in 1839. [D]

Winterbotham, George, Church St, Ashby-de-la-Zouch, Leics., cm, u and joiner (1829–35). [D]

Winterbottom, James Blundell, 20 Crosshall St, Liverpool, bedstead maker (1806). Free 31 October 1806. [Freemen rolls]

Winterbottom, James, 4 Gascoyne St, Liverpool, cm (1811–18). [D]

Winterbottom, Thomas, Liverpool, chairmaker (1827– d. 1828). Free 20 October 1827 but died 20 September 1828. [Freemen rolls]

Winterburn, John, Brentwood, Essex, upholder (1768). Freeman of Colchester, Essex but living at Brentwood in 1768. [Colchester poll bk]

Winteringham, William, Westgate, Bridlington, Yorks., cm and u (1793–1828). [D]

Winterton, John, 78 Fleet St, London, u (1765–75). Fellow of the Society of Arts 1766–67 and fined for declining parochial office in the parish of St Bride, Fleet St, 1769. [D; GL, MS 6561, p. 103]

Wintie, George, Hull, Yorks., cm, box and trunk maker (1831– 38). At 18 Broadley St in 1831, Jackson's Pl., Posterngate in 1835 and 6 Posterngate, 1838. Only referred to as cm in 1831. [D]

Winton, Henry, Essex House, Strand, London, upholder (d. 1740). [Heal]

Winwood, J., Cheapside, Birmingham, cm and chairmaker (1818). [D]

Wisdom, Phillip, Chipping Norton, Oxon., u (1675). In 1675 took out a 99 year lease on a cottage. [Oxford RO, Misc. Su XVIII/iii/i]

Wise, Christopher, ‘The Golden Ball’, Little Queen St, Golden Sq., London, upholder (1727–49). In October 1727 took out insurance cover of £600 which included £250 for utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 25, p. 282; Westminster poll bk]

Wise, George snr, High St, Tonbridge, Kent, Tunbridge-ware manufacturer (1746–84). Although claims have been advanced that George Wise was producing Tunbridge-wares as early as 1685 there is no foundation for such assertions. He appears to have established his business in Tonbridge in the mid 1740s and by 1784 had taken his son Thomas into partnership. The business did not solely produce Tunbridgeware and its mixed nature can be seen from a directory description of this year which states that the firm were ‘Turners, chair-makers, Dealers in medicenes, Tunbridge Ware, Haberdashers, Cutlery, Silver and divers other wares’. On the death of George Wise snr his widow Elizabeth appears to have taken charge, assisted by Thomas. Her death in 1793 left her son in sole charge. [D; Kent RO, P371/12/4] B.A.

Wise, George jnr, High St, Tonbridge, Kent, Tunbridge-ware manufacturer (1806–40). Had taken over the family business from his uncle Thomas by March 1806. Produced a wide range of work boxes, tea caddies, games and other boxes some of which were decorated with topographical prints which Wise himself published. The titling labels were often stuck inside the box concerned and identify it as a product of Wise's manufactory. Prints of Tunbridge Wells, Tonbridge, Brighton, Hastings, Worthing, Margate, Broadstairs and even Cheltenham are known so marked and indicate the extensive nature of George Wise's trade supplying libraries and fancy goods dealers in the rapidly expanding resort centres. Wise also supplied Rudolph Ackermann's Repository of Arts in the Strand, London and possibly obtained materials for decorating his products from this source. Penwork and gilt borders were used by Wise who was also adept at simulating various timbers on his whitewood boxes. In the 1830s he adopted the new techniques of decorative veneering pioneered in the Tunbridge-ware industry by James Burrows of Tunbridge Wells. By the later years of this decade Wise was using tessilated mosaics to produce topographical views of considerable complexity. He claimed to be a maker ‘to their Royal Highnesses the Duchess of Kent and the Princess Victoria’ and supplied the latter with items decorated with veneers depicting Windsor Castle.

To expand his sales further he opened a branch in Tunbridge Wells. Initially this was at 11 Calverley Promenade (now Calverley Park Cresc.), a new fashionable development of 1830–35. Wise was established here by 1832 but the shops did not attract the degree of popularity expected by the promotors of the scheme and by 1845 he had moved this branch to the Parade (the Pantiles). Wise never marked his veneered mosaic wares and items bearing the trade label of ‘George Wise Jun.’ refer to products made by his son from 1862. [D; Tunbridge Wells Museum; Wadmore, Some Details in the History of the Parish of Tonbridge, 1906; Ackermann account bks] B.A.

Wise, Isaac, Queen St, Green Sq., London, u (1784). [Westminster poll bk]

Wise, John, Bristol and London, upholder (1774–84). Living in the parish of Christ Church, Bristol in 1774 but in 1784 in St Martin's Lane, London. [Bristol poll bks]

Wise, John, 11 Wilson St, Finsbury, London, carver and gilder (1820). [D]

Wise, Richard, Oxford, u (1675–1702). His first wife was Elizabeth, probably the daughter or sister of Adrian Roberts, another Oxford u. By this marriage he had by 1675 two daughters, Francis and Katherine. He married his second wife Ann Wilmot of the parish of All Saints, Oxford on 8 February 1692/93. At this date he was living in the parish of All Saints. [Oxford RO, Talbot 111/i/1; CJ V/67; Bodleian index of Oxf. marriage bonds]

Wise, Richard, London, chairmaker (1760–84). Freeman of Colchester, Essex. [Colchester poll bks]

Wise, Thomas, High St, Tonbridge, Kent, Tunbridge-ware manufacturer, auctioneer and distributor of stamps (c. 1785–d. 1807). Born 1750. Produced wares such as the ‘post puzzle’ designed to appeal to travellers on the London to Hastings road who might change horses and seek refreshment in the town. He also sought to exploit the growing markets of Tunbridge Wells and Brighton and prints of both of these towns exist with his imprint and dated between 1800 and 1806. These prints could be used for box decoration. In 1804 he bought the premises just north of the Medway bridge which had formerly been leased. The frontage of these buildings is illustrated in a number of prints published by the Wises and used for box decoration. Thomas Wise died 1807 and the business was carried on by his nephew, the second George Wise (1779–1869). [Tunbridge Wells Museum, Sprange Coll.; Kent RO, CTR 371C, 371E] B.A.

Wise, Thomas, 40 Castle St East, Oxford Mkt, London, chairmaker and cm (1817–20). [D]

Wise, William, Hull Yorks., turner and carver (1838–39). At 3 Builder's Ct, Scale Lane in 1838 when his trade was listed as wood turner and carver. In 1839 at 5 Blue Bell Entry, High St and trading as a wood and ivory turner. [D]

Wiseman, —, address unknown (mid 1740s). Supplied furniture to Sir James Dashwood for Kirtlington Park, Oxon. in the mid 1740s. [Apollo, January 1980, p. 25]

Wiseman, George, 30 Marchmount St, Brunswick Sq., London, u (1820). [D]

Wiseman & Co., 23 Norton St, Fitzroy Sq., London, cm and u (1827–28). [D]

Wiseman & Yolland, 111 Tottenham Ct Rd, London, u (1805– 23). Richard Wiseman was one of the partners. [D]

Wisker, Daniel, London, upholder (1713–22). Son of Daniel Wisker snr a freeman of London and by trade an inn keeper. App. to Richard Say, 15 October 1713 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 4 April 1722. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Wisker, John, Drury Lane, London, cm (1774–84). Freeman of York but living in Drury Lane by 1774. [York poll bk; Westminster poll bk]

Wisker, Robert, York, cm (1823–38). At Coffee Yd in 1823, 100 Goodramgate in 1830 and 11 Goodramgate in 1838. [D]

Wison, Edward, Gibson's Ct, Marylebone, London, cm (1774). [Westminster poll bk]

Wists, George, address unknown, u (1732). Worked at Gibside, Co. Durham and on 12 February 1732 was paid £7 1s 6d ‘for a new Bed making and for mattings’. [Durham RO, Strathmore MS D/St/v. 986]

Withall, Caleb, London, upholder (1796–1802). Son of Caleb Withall snr of Butcher Row, Temple Bar, carpenter. App. to R. I. Thurgood, cutler and free of the Upholders’ Co., 2 March 1796. In that year his address was recorded as Thouse Yd(?) but in 1802 he was living at 3 Mincing Lane. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Withall, Joseph, parish of St Giles-in-the-Fields, London, upholder (1712–13). Free of the Upholders’ Co. 3 December 1712. Took an app. 16 March 1712/13. In November took out insurance cover of £250 on a house on the north side of Castle St and the west side of Queen St, Bloomsbury. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Hand in Hand MS vol. 12, p. 303; S of G, app. index]

Witham, Lawrence, Liverpool, cm (1816–23). In 1816 at 6 Jordan St with a shop at 5 Frederick St, St James’ but in 1823 at 50 Hill St, Harrington. [D]

Witham, Thomas, 5 St John's Sq., Clerkenwell, London, knifecase maker (1778). In 1778 took out insurance cover of £100 which included £30 for his utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 263, p. 607]

Witherall, John, Old Market St, Bristol, chair and bedstead maker (1839–40). In 1840 the number in Old Market St was 73. [D]

Witherington, Richard, Norwich and Walsingham, Norfolk, u (1714–34). Son of Nicholas Witherington, worsted weaver of Norwich. Free of Norwich, 17 November 1714, and in February of this year living in the parish of St George, Colgate. In 1734 at Walsingham. [Freemen rolls; Norwich poll bks]

Withers, Daniel, Broad St, parish of St Bennet, London, upholder (1717–23). The Broad St address was both his dwelling house and business address. In 1723 supplied furniture for Hicks Hall which at this date was being repaired and enlarged. He was paid £12 for twenty walnut chairs with a further balance of £2 to be paid when the the work was complete. [GL, Sun MS vol. 6, 3 April 1717, ref. 8204; vol. 8, 12 June 1718, ref. 11182; Winterthur, Delaware, Symonds papers, 75×69.29]

Withers, Henry, Norwich, upholder (1768–90). His app. Thomas Rogers was made free 3 May 1774 and further apps Edward Crane on 3 May 1775 and William Custance on 3 May 1788. In 1768 Withers was living in the parish of St Andrew, but in the parish of St John Maddermarket, 1780– 86, and in the parish of St Giles, 1790. In 1784 his address was recorded as 7 Little Cockey Lane. [D; freemen rolls; poll bks]

Withers, John, All Saints St, Bristol, carver and gilder (1830). [D]

Withers, Maria, Austin's Ct, Norwich, working u (1836). [D]

Withers, Thomas, London, upholder (1802–30). Freeman of Norwich but working in London. In July 1830 in Islington. [Norwich poll bks]

Withers, William, Cannon St, London, upholder and cm (1782–95). Son of Walter Withers of Norton Falgate, Middlx. App. to John Thurston Deeble on 1 May 1782 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 6 May 1789. Went into partnership with Deeble, presumably his app., and traded at 83 Cannon St as Withers & Deeble, 1790–91. By 1792 trading on his own account, the number in Cannon St being 85. He was still at this number in 1794 but in the following February his bankruptcy was announced. [D; GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Billinge's Liverpool Advertiser, 2 March 1795]

Withers, William, 7 Bishopsgate Within, London, u (1796–97). [D]

Withers, William, 4 Little Wild St, London, picture frame maker (1835). [D]

Withers, William, 3 Little Carter Lane, London, cm (1835). [D]

Withers, William Bell, 12 Lambeth Hill, London, cm (1824). In August 1824 took out insurance cover of £250. [GL, Sun MS vol. 497, ref. 1019480]

Withey, Samuel, 53 Leather Lane, Holborn, London, cm (1794). [Heal]

Withington, Samuel, 29 Bishop Lane, Hull, Yorks., cm (1838– 39). [D]

Withnell, Richard, Botany Bay, Chorley, Lancs., joiner and cm (1834). [D]

Withnell, William, Bolton St, Chorley, Lancs., cm (1822). [D]

Withy, Hilborne, Coleman St, London, upholder (1717–d. 1780). Son of Robert Withy of Ilchester, Som., baker. App. to Richard Chambers of London, 5 February 1717 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 8 June 1726. Living in Coleman St by 1750 and in 1775 the number was 69. In that year he insured houses valued at £1,300. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records and Livery list, 1750; Sun MS vol. 239, p. 577]

Withy, Susannah, 53 Leather Lane, Holborn, London, carpenter and u (1789). [D]

Witney, George, Windsor, Berks., u and cm (1796–1806). [Poll bks]

Witt, Christopher, 86 Charlotte St, Rathbone Pl., London, cm and u (1786). In January 1786 took out insurance cover of £100 on his utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 335, p. 137]

Witt, Isaac, address unknown, u (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Wittling, John, 56 Bethnal Green Rd, London, cm and u (1827–28). [D]

Witton, William, ‘The Royal Bed’, St Margaret's Hill, Southwark, London, upholder (1734–52). Son of Ralph Witton of the parish of St John, Southwark, Scrivener. App. to Ambrose Pearman, 1 May 1734 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 6 May 1741. His trade card of c. 1750 giving the St Margaret's Hill address states that he ‘Makes & Sells all Sorts of Upholstery Goods, Wholesale & Retail viz. Fashionable Standing Beds, Feather Beds, Quilts, Ruggs, Blankets, Coverlets, Flanders & English Ticking. Also Leather, Cane & Matted Chairs’. He took as app. William Birchall, 1746–52. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Heal]

Witworth, —, Gamston, near Rockley, Notts., chairmaker. A Windsor chair is known stamped ‘WHITWORTH GAMSTON’. [Furn. Hist., 1978]

Wix, William, Half Money Alley, Bishopsgate St, London, bedstead maker (1783). Free of the Upholders’ Co. by redemption, 2 April 1783. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Woakes, James, Hereford, cm and u (1817–22). Admitted freeman of Hereford ‘as a Foreigner’ 11 November 1817. Trading at Bye St in 1822. [D; freemen rolls]

Woburn, Nixon, address unknown, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Wolf, Isaac, Over, near Middlewich, Cheshire, cm (1834). [D]

Wolfe, James, London, upholder (1714–30). Son of Robert Wolfe, freeman and distiller of London. App. to John Mercer, 5 June 1714 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 24 April 1723. Took as app. Thomas Hart, 1723–30. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Wolfe, James, 3 Little John St, Spitalfields, London, chair and sofa maker (1839). [D]

Wolfe, John, Foregate St, Chester, cm (1769–77). Free 12 August 1769. In 1777 in Foregate St, where he took out insurance cover of £600 which included £100 for his utensils and stock. [Freemen rolls; GL, Sun MS vol. 256, p. 519]

Wolfe, Joseph, 331 Strand, London, u (1820). [D]

Wolfenden, John, 33 Port St, Piccadilly, Manchester, cm (1840). [D]

Wolland, John, parish of St Sidwell, Exeter, Devon, cm (1817– 19). Sons bapt.: William on 10 June 1817 and Samuel Thorn, 11 November 1819. [PR (bapt.)]

Wollard, Benjamin, 224 Whitechapel Rd, London, cm (1835–39). [D]

Wollard, William, Old St, St Lukes, London, cm and u (1826– 39). At 25 Old St only, 1826–27, but from 1839 also used 32 Old St. [D]

Wollaston, —, Long Acre, London, cm (c. 1690–1720). Said to be one of the earliest users of mahogany. It is stated that a Dr Gibbons ‘an eminent physician, at the latter end of the seventeenth century’ was given some mahogany by his brother who was a captain in the West Indies trade. The timber had been brought over as ballast. At that time Dr Gibbons was building a house in King St, Covent Gdn but his carpenters declined to use this timber declaring that it was too hard to work. Some time later he gave some of it to Wollaston to make him a candle box which was so much admired that the Duchess of Buckingham requested some of the timber and Wollaston was engaged to make a bureau for her. [Heal; The Book of English Trades and Library of the Useful Arts, 1823]

Wollen (or Woollen), William, Bristol, cm, u and undertaker (1820–23). At 3 King St, 1820–21 but in 1822 the address was rendered as ‘near the Theatre, King St., St. Nicholas’. In 1823 in Frogmore St. [D]

Wollett, Charles, 16 Redcross St, Southwark, London, cm and u (1826–27). [D]

Wollett, Ralph, Redcross St, Southwark, London, cm (1808–11). Took out insurance cover of £500 in March 1808 and £400 in September 1810 and November 1811. Stock and utensils were valued at £100 in 1808, and £200 in 1809 and 1811. A warehouse opposite his dwelling is mentioned as being used. [GL, Sun MS vol. 442, ref. 814639; vol. 451, ref. 848646; vol. 455, ref. 864211]

Wolley, Thomas, Pitt St, Chester, cm (1840). [D]

Wolstencroft, Joshua, Manchester, cm and victualler (1804–13). At 23 Edge St in 1804 but by 1808 the number had changed to 24. In 1813 at ‘The Bull's Head’, 244 Deansgate where he acted as a victualler in addition to his work as a cm. [D]

Wolstenholme, Francis, York, carver and gilder (1818–40). At 6 Bootham 1818–30 but in 1838 at 4 Clarence Pl., and in 1840 at 13 Lord Mayor's Walk. [D]

Wolstenholme, John, 4 Surrey St, Sheffield, Yorks., cm (1817–22). Also razor strop manufacturer. [D]

Wolstenholme, John, 12 Lord Mayor's Walk, York, carver and gilder (1837–40). [D]

Wolstenholme, Lawrence, Blackburn, Lancs., cm (1818–34). At Chapel St in 1818, 6A Northgate in 1824 and Cannon St, 1828–34. [D] See Wolstenholme & Vickard.

Wolstenholme, Thomas, Gillygate, York., carver and composition manufacturer (1809). [D]

Wolstenholme, William, King St, Blackburn, Lancs., cm, joiner and builder (1834). [D]

Wolstenholme & Vickard, Northgate, Blackburn, Lancs., cm (1834). A Lawrence Wolstenholme, cm, was trading in Northgate in 1824. [D]

Wolverton, Edward, Queen St, Norwich, cm (1810–31). Shown at Queen St, 1810–20. In the Norwich Local History Lib. is an invoice for goods and services supplied to a William Foster between 20 June 1819 and 13 May 1820. This invoice contains a number of items concerned with the repair of furniture but also includes a new set of dining tables at £23 and a large three fold screen at £5 10s. [D; poll bks]

Wombwell, Thomas, South Town, Gt Yarmouth, Norfolk, carver (1839). [D]

Wommels, William, Manchester, cm (1797–1813). At 7 Cock Gates in 1797, Higher Ardwick in 1802, 26 Cock Gates in 1804 and 5 Lever St in 1813. [D]

Wonfor, James, Cambridge, cm, u and furniture broker (1824– 39). At Magdalen St in 1824 when the trade was given as cm and u. In 1830 at Castle St as a furniture broker. [D]

Wonnacot, —, Lower Brook St, Tavistock, Devon, cm (1838). [D]

Wonter & Benson, St John St, Clerkenwell, London, japan manufacturers (1803–04). Papiér mâché trays stamped with the name of this maker are recorded. [D; Conn., August 1967, p. 254; Sotheby's, 21 March 1969, lot 68]

Wood, Mr, address unknown (1761). On 25 June 1761 paid £1 10s by Lord Monson for a close stool. [Lincoln RO, Monson 10 1/A/5]

Wood, —, Shrewsbury, Salop, cm (1798). [D]

Wood, Abel, 8 Hotwell Rd, Bristol, cm (1775). [D]

Wood, Alexander, ‘The Cabinet’, near St Olave's St, Southwark, London, looking-glass maker (1720–23). On 4 December 1723 the interest in a policy issued by the Sun Office became the sole property of Stephen Wood. Formerly Stephen and Alexander had jointly taken out insurance cover on goods and merchandise at this address, their policy being dated 3 April 1720. [GL, Sun MS vol. 11, p. 106] See Stephen Wood.

Wood, Benjamin, Halifax, Yorks., cm (1822–37). At Barum Top, 1822–34, the number being 3 in 1820. In 1837 at 20 Waterhouse St. [D]

Wood, Benjamin, 49 North St, Brighton, Sussex, carver and gilder (1837–39). A billhead in the Brighton Ref. Lib. indicates that he also traded as a plumber, decorative painter, glazier, looking-glass manufacturer and paper hanger. [D; Brighton Ref. Lib., Erredge 2]

Wood, Cary, Alford, Lincs., cm (1793). [D]

Wood, Catherine, London, upholder (1725). Daughter of Edward Wood, freeman and upholder of London. Free of the Upholders’ Co. by patrimony, 5 May 1725. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Wood, Daniel, Henrietta St, Cheltenham, Glos., cm (1839). [D]

Wood, Edward, London, upholder (1713–20). Freeman and member of the Upholders’ Co. His daughter Catherine was made free 1725, but by this date her father was dead. Edward Wood took as apps Charles Wilson, free, 1713/14, and Thomas Booden, 1713–20. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Wood, Edward, ‘The Royal Bed’, Shugg Lane, St James's, Westminster, London (1728–32). In 1728 took out insurance cover of £500 which included £100 for a shop and warehouse and £300 for his stock in trade. [Heal; GL, Sun MS vol. 27, ref. 45778]

Wood, Edward, York and London, u (1740–58). Son of David Wood, barber surgeon. Free 1740 but then moved from York to London where in 1741 he was living in College St, Westminster. By 1758 he had moved back to York and was living in Minster Yd. [Freeman rolls; York poll bks]

Wood, Edward, Norwich, cm (1807). App. to Thomas Norris of Norwich and free, 21 September 1807. [Freemen rolls]

Wood, Edward, Rochester, Kent, carver and gilder (1816–39). Shown at St Margaret's Bank, 1824–39. [D]

Wood, Edward, 23 Old Silver Rd, Old St, London, cm and chairmaker (1817). [D; Heal]

Wood, Elizabeth, 7 North Passage, Leeds, Yorks., working u (1834). [D]

Wood, Frederick, Brighton, Sussex, cm and u (1817–40). At New Steyne St in April 1818, Nile St, 1820–21 and Ship St Gdns, 1837–40. Three sons bapt., 1818–21. [PR (bapt.); poll bks]

Wood, George, 31 Sutton St, Clerkenwell, London, chair carver (1809). [D]

Wood, George, Leylands, Leeds, Yorks, cm (1822). [D]

Wood, George, 36 New Church Pl., Leeds, Yorks., cm (1837– 40). [D]

Wood, H. & Co., 5 Henrietta St, Covent Gdn, London, carvers (early 19th century). Traded as the Patent Wood Carving Co. Trade card in the Heal Coll., BM.

Wood, Henry, London, carver and gilder (1758–1801). At Little Stanhope St, Mayfair in 1775 when he insured a house for £100. In 1777 at New St, near ‘The Swan’, Knightsbridge, where he took out insurance cover of £1,200 on his house. From 1779 shown at Sloane St, Knightsbridge and in February 1792 at 26 Sloane Sq. In 1779 insurance cover was £600 on his house but by February 1792 the total insurance valuation had risen to £2,850. This included £500 for his utensils and stock and £100 for his workshop. Other houses covered by this policy included 4, 5 and 12 Sloane St, and some of these properties may have been used in connection with his business. Also insured was 3 North St in the tenure of a baker. In 1786 subscribed to George Richardson's Treatise on the Five Orders of Architecture. In 1758 a Henry Wood supplied three pieces of japanned work to Croome Court, Worcs. costing £38 12s. In 1781 three stools were provided and a price of £9 9s paid ‘as per agreement by valuation of Henry Holland Junr.’ It cannot be asserted with certainty that the men responsible for these two commissions were the same person and 1758 is a much earlier date than any other known commissions of Henry Wood. This craftsman is however very much associated with the architect Henry Holland. It was Holland who was responsible for the employment of Wood at Woburn Abbey, Beds. where extensive works were carried out for Francis, 5th Duke of Bedford. In 1792 he was paid £381 0s 8d for carving and gilding at Woburn and £191 for picture and mirror frames there. In the same year he produced a looking-glass frame, carved and gilt for the Drawing Room, Oakley House at £10 for John, Marquess of Tavistock. Four chimney pieces in the Breakfast Room and bedrooms there were carved at a cost of £9 16s 9½d. Payments of £438 11s 2d were made between March and July 1793 for work at Bedford House, London, and in the following year Wood was in receipt of £1,047 9s 8d for work undertaken as shown in Holland's accounts. As late as April 1800 Wood was being paid for gilding mouldings on picture frames in the Inner Library at Woburn. Apart from his work in wood, this maker also acted as a sculptor in stone. Gunnis records commissions for Lord Clive at Claremont, Surrey, 1771–72, Lord Craven at Benham 1775, Carlton House 1783–89, Cleveland House for the Duke of Bridgewater in 1796 and Mote Park, Maidstone for Lord Romney in 1801. [GL, Sun MS vol. 239, p. 269; vol. 262, p. 261; vol. 273, p. 297; vol. 382, ref. 596337; V&A archives; Bedford Office, London; Gunnis]

Wood, Henry, Grub St, Cripplegate, London, bestead maker (1820). [D]

Wood, Henry, Jermyn St, London, u (1831). Bankruptcy announced, Liverpool Mercury, 11 November 1831.

Wood, Henry, 28 King St, Holborn, London, cm (1839). [D]

Wood, Hugh, Tunstall, Staffs., cm (1818–22). [D]

Wood, J., 21 Holloway, Bath, Som., cm (1833). [D]

Wood, J., Holywell Hill, St Albans, Herts., chairmaker, sadler and harness maker (1838). [D]

Wood, James, Gloucester, cm, chairmaker and wood carver (1802–22). At Lower South St in 1802 and Hare Lane in 1822. [D]

Wood, James, Bristol, cm (1819–27). At Bridewell Bridge, 1819–27, but shown additionally at 1 Stoke's Croft in 1821 and 17 Upper Maudlin St, 1822–27. [D]

Wood, James, 50 Wellington St, Goswell St, London, wood carver (1826). [D]

Wood, James, St George's Pl., Cheltenham, Glos., cm (1830). [D]

Wood, James, West St, Warwick, chairmaker (1831). [Poll bk]

Wood, James, St Faith's St, Maidstone, Kent, u (1834–35). On 11 May 1834 his son James Robert Harrison was bapt. at Tonbridge, Kent. [PR (bapt.); poll bk]

Wood, Jeremiah, Bath Terr., Cheltenham, Glos., cm, u and carver (1822). [D]

Wood, John, London, upholder (1710). Free of the Upholders’ Co. 5 April 1710. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Wood, John, Shrewsbury, Salop, chairmaker (1721). [Shrewsbury freemen rolls]

Wood, John, parish of St Marylebone, London, joiner (1722– 24). His house may have been that situated on the north side of Tyburn Rd (Oxford St) a little to the east of the Market House. This he insured for £125 in March 1722 and £250 in December 1723. He also insured other houses in both years however. He was a freeman of London and by trade a joiner. He did however undertake work on furniture and on 25 February 1723/24 was paid 8s for a large leaf table for the Committee Room of the Society for Propagation of Christian Knowledge. [GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 27, refs 46222–23, 45023; vol. 28, refs 46222–23, 47698–99; SPCK, FT9/2]

Wood, John, Soho, London, upholder (1720–78). Son of Richard Wood of Notts., yeoman. App. to Charles Rowe of London, 7 December 1720 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 7 March 1732. At Crown Ct, Wardour St in 1749. In 1750 the address was rendered as ‘back of St. Anne's, Westminster’ and in 1778 as ‘St. Ann's, Soho’. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records, Livery list 1750; Westminster poll bk]

Wood, John, Oxford, u (1743–d. by 1780). On 21 October 1743 married Ann Stevens at the Church of St Mary the Virgin, Oxford. He was aged 26. In 1759 he took app. named Harper. Wood may at this date have been in the employ of the University. By January 1759 however he was trading on his own account. Apart from his work as an u he acted as an agent for the letting and sale of property and as an auctioneer. On 12 January 1765 he announced a move of premises from opposite St Mary's Church in the High St ‘to a more commodius house two doors above Horseman's coffee house, High St’. By August 1768 John Wood had taken into partnership his only son Thomas who had recently married Molly Langthorne, ‘daughter of an eminent London glass grinder’. From this date the business traded as Wood & Son. Thomas was active in local politics and filled a council vacancy in September 1769 and was chosen Chamberlain in September 1772. Between his marriage and 1777 Thomas had five children. These were left orphaned by his sudden death, ‘supposed of a fit’ in June 1777. John Wood had by this date taken a decision to retire from the business but this family tragedy forced him to take over the enterprise again. He advertised for a partner. By February 1780 John Wood was dead and his house was offered to let. [Bodleian index of Oxf. marriage bonds; S of G, app. index; Jackson's Oxford Journal, 6 January 1759, 12 January 1765, 6 August 1768, 30 September 1769, 23 December 1769, 11 August 1770, 30 September and 12 November 1772, 29 March 1774, 21 October 1776, 9 June 1777, 19 February 1780]

Wood, John, address unknown, cm (1748–50). On 8 July 1748 invoiced to James West a solid mahogany tea table at £1 15s with an additional 9s for a packing case. The receipt was signed in December 1750 by Daniel Guinn. [Warwick RO, Alscot Park MS]

Wood, John, Princess St, Westminster, London, upholder (1774). [Poll bk]

Wood, John, London, cm (1802–06). Freeman of Norwich but living in London, 1802–06. Possibly the cm who subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. [Norwich poll bks]

Wood, John, 92 Long Millgate, Manchester, chair bottomer (1817). [D]

Wood, John, Derby, cm and u (1828–35). At Derwent St, 1828–29 but by 1835 at 3 Silk Mill Lane. [D]

Wood, John, Haworth, Yorks., cm (1830). [D]

Wood, John, Clifford, parish of Bramham, Yorks., cm (1837). [D]

Wood, John, 16 Narrow Wine St, Bristol, cm, buhl and marquetry cutter (1835–40). Advertised that he repaired all sorts of inlaid furniture. [D]

Wood, John, 149 Minories, London, cm (1839). [D]

Wood, Joseph, Cocker Bridge, Cockermouth, Cumb., cooper/ turner/chairmaker (1829). [D]

Wood, Joseph, North Hill, Highgate, London, carver, gilder and paperhanger (1839). [D]

Wood, Michael, Horsforth, Yorks., joiner and cm (1830). [D]

Wood, P., 10 Portugal St, Lincoln's Inn Fields, London, writing desk and dressing case manufacturer (1829). [D]

Wood, P. & Co., 214 High Holborn, London, cm (1829). [D]

Wood, Philip, Norwich, upholder (1779–1806). At 8 Cockey Lane, Norwich 1780–86. The business was of a substantial size with utensils and stock valued at £500 in an insurance policy of 1779. By 1799 however he appears to have left Norwich and was living at Walsham le Willows, Suffolk. In 1802 he was living at Wattisfield, Suffolk and in 1806 at Suffield, Norfolk. [D; Norwich poll bks; GL, Sun MS vol. 279, p. 64]

Wood, Richard, ‘near the Bagnie in Long Acre’, London, upholder (1712). [GL, Sun MS vol. 2, p. 140]

Wood, Richard, Fleet Ditch, London, upholder (1713–30). App. to Francis Baron and Randolph Baron and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 2 December 1713. Living at Fleet Ditch 1724–27. Took apps named Morgan Jones, 1715–29/30, William Swayne, 1716–23, William Gamlyn, 1720–22 and William Pryce, 1726–29. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Heal]

Wood, Richard, York, carpenter, joiner and cm (1726–72). App. to Thomas Raper, carpenter of York for seven years on 18 October 1721. In 1726 he was admitted a freeman as a carpenter. He traded from an address at Spurriergate from 1738 but in 1759 also had property in the Shambles. Although in July 1738 he described himself as a cm he conducted a varied trade. In 1738 he was advertising for sale ‘All Sizes of Crown-Glass, all Sorts of Flint Glass and Glass Bottles … at the same Price as at the Glass-House’. Three years later he was offering for sale ‘Nails and Hinges, Cheap as from the Maker, Brass and Mortice Locks, Iron rim'd and Wood Stock-Locks, Brass Work, and Locks for Cabinet Work, and all other Sorts of Birmingham and Sheffield Goods’. He did however also mention ‘Mahogany and Walnut Tree Cabinet Work, Tables and Chairs of all Sorts &c &c.’ In 1754 he subscribed to eight copies of the Director. There are other connections between this maker and Thomas Chippendale. William Benson who was app. to Richard Wood in 1740 moved to London to become Chippendale's foreman while another app. John Walkington, who was bound to Wood in 1736, was a subscriber to the Director. Other apps of Richard Wood were John Lidgley in 1743, William Brown and George Hornley in 1752 and Samuel Proctor in 1753. In June 1772 his stock was advertised for sale following his death. [York Courant, 18 July 1738, 28 July 1741, 12 March 1745, 30 June 1772; app. reg.; freemen rolls; Gilbert, Chippendale, p. 4]

Wood, Richard, Carrierrls Inn, Shrewsbury, Salop, cm (c. 1796). [D]

Wood, Richard, Walmgate, York, joiner and cm (1816–18). [D]

Wood, Richard, 2 Fish St, Old Sq., Kirkgate, Leeds, Yorks., cm/ joiner (1826–30). [D]

Wood, Robert, address unknown, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Wood, Robert, Mill Hill, Leeds, Yorks., cm and u (1817–22). [D]

Wood, Robert, Dukenfield St, Liverpool, cm (1827). [D]

Wood, Sampson, ‘Rose & Crown’, Aberford, Yorks., victualler, cm and house carpenter (1822–37). [D]

Wood, Samuel, 6 South Molton St, London, u (1821). In November 1821 took out insurance cover of £100 which included £20 for stock and utensils. [GL, Sun MS vol. 488, ref. 985466]

Wood, Stephen, ‘The Cabinet’, near Bridge Foot, Southwark, London, cm (c.1725). Known only from his trade card which states that he ‘Makes and Sells, all Sorts of Cabinet work, Looking Glasses, Peer Glasses and Sconces’. He altered or repaired old glasses and sought wholesale trade with merchants and ‘Country Chapmen’. [Heal]

Wood, Thomas, Oxford, see John Wood.

Wood, Thomas, London(?), cm (1755–57). Supplied furniture to Charles Rogers of Laurence Pountney Lane, London. A payment of £15 was made on 9 July 1755 and £70 on 26 October 1757 for ‘two Amboina Cabinets and other work’. The collection of the Plymouth City Museum and Art Gallery contains three amboyna breakfront bookcases which may be the two made by Wood and a further one by Robert Tuson. [Apollo, December 1960, pp. 196–98]

Wood, Thomas, Prince's St, Leicester Fields, London, upholder (1780–83). In the period 1780–83 insured a house for £1,000. [GL, Sun MS vol. 289, p. 189; vol. 288, p. 465; vol. 313, p. 73]

Wood, Thomas, 122 Old St, St Luke's, London, bedstead maker (c.1790). Known only from his trade card. A William Wood in the same trade was at this address 1802–04. [D; Heal]

Wood, Thomas, 82 Fore St, Cripplegate, London, cm and broker (1798). [D]

Wood, Thomas, Brigg, Lincs., cm (1799). Freeman of Beverley, Yorks. living at Brigg in 1799. [Beverley poll bk]

Wood, Thomas, Balloon Ct, Nottingham, cm (1804–06). Free 1804 and living at Balloon Ct in 1806. [Freemen rolls; poll bk]

Wood, Thomas, 5 Woods Ct, Salford, Lancs., joiner and cm (1804). [D]

Wood, Thomas, 110 Goswell St, London, bedstead maker (1805–19). [D]

Wood, Thomas, Fazakerley St, Prescot, Lancs., cm (1816). [D]

Wood, Thomas, Hull, Yorks., cm (1817–40). At 5 New Dock St, 1817–22 with a residence at 1 Dagger Lane. In 1823–31 at Woolpack Entry, 35 Mytongate and from 1837–40 at 18 Trundle St. His residence from 1835–38 was 8 Paradise Pl. and in 1839 one directory gives an address at 13 Robinson Row. [D]

Wood, Thomas, Bristol, cm (1829–33). At 136 St Thomas St, 1829–30 and 46 Redcliffe St, 1831–33. [D]

Wood, Thomas, 3 Nile St, Brighton, Sussex, cm (1832). [D]

Wood, Thomas, Cheltenham, Glos., u and cm (1833). Bankruptcy announced, Liverpool Mercury, 26 April 1833.

Wood, William, London, upholder (1708–21). A member of the Girdlers’ Co. but by trade an upholder. Took as app. William Gough, 1708–21. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Wood, William, parish of St Stephen, Bristol, upholder (1754). [Poll bk]

Wood, William, Bristol, cm (1774). [Poll bk]

Wood, William, London, upholder (1770–1802). Son of John Wood snr of Botolph Aldegate, surveyor. App. to J. Evans, 19 April 1770 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 19 November 1777. In that year he was at 246 Shoreditch, in 1794 at Homerton and in 1802 at Curtain Rd. Took as app. John Durrant, 1790–98. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Wood, William, London, cm (c.1800). Known only from his trade card which has the same wording as that of William Webb. [Heal]

Wood, William, 122 Old St, London, bedstead maker (1802– 04). A Thomas Wood in the same trade was operating from this address c.1790. [D]

Wood, William, 153 High Holborn, London, carver and gilder (1805). [D]

Wood, William, 5 Denmark St, St Giles, London, carver and gilder (1805). [D]

Wood, William, Gaol Sq., Stafford, chairmaker (1818–22). [D]

Wood, William, 45 Goodge St, Tottenham Ct Rd, London, carver and gilder (1820). [D]

Wood, William, 9 Vicar Lane, Leeds, Yorks., cm and furniture warehouse (1826). [D]

Wood, William, Artillery Lane, London, cm (1830). Freemen of Rochester, Kent, living in London. [Rochester poll bk]

Wood, William, Otley, Yorks., joiner/cm (1834). [D]

Wood, William, Clerkenwell, London, japanner (1835–39). At 33 Gt Sutton St in 1835 and 39 Northampton St in 1839. [D]

Wood, William, 1 Bagshaw's Ct, Shudehill, Manchester, cm and u (1836). [D]

Wood, William, Haworth, Yorks., cm (1837). [D]

Wood, William & Son, Redcliffe St, Bristol, cm (1828–40). The number in Redcliffe St was 43, though one directory of 1830 states 42. From 1838 the business was listed simply as William Wood and in 1840 he was stated to be a ‘Cabinet, beer & spirit machine, dial & clock case maker’. [D]

Wood & Lockey, York(?), cm/joiner (1796). Supplied furniture for the Retreat, York, a Quaker asylum, in August, October and December 1796. In August forms and a table were charged at £1 13s 4d and in October and December the bills were for ward furniture. [Borthwick Inst., Retreat MS H/1]

Wood & Son, Oxford, see John Wood.

Wood and Sons, 31 Western Rd, Brighton, Sussex, cm (c.1840). Known from a labelled satinwood Davenport of c. 1840. [C. Life, 24 September 1964, supplement, p. 26]

Woodall, Edward, 2 Phoenix St, Somerstown, London, cm (1805). [D]

Woodall, John, Knutsford, Cheshire, cm and joiner (1782–1822). [D]

Woodall, Robert, Lancaster, (1784–88). Named in the Gillow records 1784 and 1786–88. [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow]

Woodberry, James, 29 Curtain Rd, London, cm (1832). Lease sold 1832. [Shoreditch archives, Rose Lipman Lib., MS M 3545, p. 39]

Woodberry, Richard, 5 Ellbroad St, Bristol, fancy and cane chairmaker (1840). [D]

Woodbin, Thomas, St Martin-in-the-Fields, London, upholder (1762), Bankruptcy announced, Gents Mag., August 1762.

Woodbridge, James, Edgar St, Liverpool, cm (1827–29). At 18 Edgar St in 1827 and 21 in 1829. [D]

Woodburn, Allen, 112 St Martin's Lane, London, gilder (1832–40). In 1832 paid £1 11s 6d for gilding the top rods of pictures for Panshanger, Herts. In 1834–35 supplied an ‘antique’ picture and carved and gilded an oak frame for it for Charlecote Park, Warks. The frame cost £7. [Herts. RO, Panshanger box 56; Warwick RO, L6/1118]

Woodburn, Christopher, Ambleside, Westmld, cm (1834). [D]

Woodburn, John, Above Stockdale, Ambleside, Westmld, cm (1829). [D]

Woodbury, James, 127 Curtain Rd, London, cm and u (1820– 29). [D]

Woodcock, William, Preston, Lancs., timber merchant, joiner, builder and cm (1805–27). At Woodcock's Ct, Fishergate with a home address in Charles St, 1816–18. Still trading in Fishergate 1825. On 20 December 1805 a fire occurred at his premises which did damage to the value of £2,400 of which only £1,500 was insured. His bankruptcy was declared, London Gazette, 17 July 1827. [D; Gents Mag., December 1805]

Woodcock, William, Lancaster and Preston, Lancs., joiner and cm (1810–11). Free 1810–11 but at this date living in Preston. [Lancaster freemen rolls]

Woodeson, Elizabeth, North St, Bristol, cm and upholder (1794–1800). Successor to Fane Woodeson at this address. [D]

Woodeson, Fane, Bristol, cm (1774–93). Living in the parish of St James, 1774–84. Trading in North St, 1792–93 and succeeded at this address by Elizabeth Woodeson. [D; poll bks]

Woodeson, Thomas, London, u (1813–29). At 20 Dover St, Piccadilly, 1813–19 and 14 Norris St, Haymarket 1820–29. [D]

Woodfield, Henry, Ludgate Hill, Birmingham, cabinet case and ebony inkstand maker (1818). [D]

Woodfield, Samuel, 28 Ludgate, Birmingham, cabinet case maker (1830). [D]

Woodfin, William, Chester, cm (1747). [Poll bk]

Woodfoff, Daniel, Oxenden St, London, upholder (1740). In June 1740 took out insurance cover of £400. [GL, Sun MS vol. 54, p. 589]

Woodford, George, Foregate St, Chester, carver and gilder (1839). Free 3 June 1839. [Freemen rolls]

Woodford, Henry, 26 New St Sq., Shoe Lane, London, cm (1805). [D]

Woodford, J. John, St Paul's Churchyard, London, u (1772). A chair is recorded with the frame inscribed ‘J. John Woodford, St. Paul's Churchyard, London, April 17th 1772’. [DEF]

Woodford, John, Back Lane, Nottingham, cm (1835). [D]

Woodford, William, High St, Taunton, Som., cm and u (1839). [D]

Woodgate, Joseph, London, upholder (1712). Free of the Upholders’ Co., 3 December 1712. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Woodgate, William, 29 Seymour St, Euston Sq., London, u (1835–39). [D]

Woodhall, John, Goosegate, Nottingham, joiner and cm (1832). [D]

Woodham (or Woodhams), John, High St, Hastings, Sussex, cm and u (1823–32). At 44 High St, 1823–26 but in 1832 was at 43. [D]

Woodham, Thomas, Tonbridge or Tunbridge Wells, Kent, cm (1837–39). Son, Thomas bapt., 12 May 1837 and a daughter Mary Anne, 22 March 1839. [PR (bapt.)]

Woodhams, George, Northgate, Canterbury, Kent, cm (1830). [Poll bk]

Woodhams, George, Sandwich, Kent, cm (1837). [Poll bk]

Woodhead, Joseph, Brunt St, Mansfield, Notts., joiner and cm (1832). [D]

Woodhead, William, Campo Lane, Sheffield, Yorks., cm and u (1828). [D]

Woodhouse, Hubert, 5 Court, Smallbrook St, Birmingham, cabinet case maker (1830). [D]

Woodhouse, Hubbard, Dudley St, Birmingham, cm (1816–22). [D]

Woodhouse, Humphrey, 117 Gt Charles St, Birmingham, cabinet case maker (1835–39). In 1835 described as a ‘fancy box, case & caddy maker’ and in 1839 as a ‘manufacturer of ivory & tortoiseshell boxes’. [D]

Woodhouse, I. A., Portsea, Portsmouth, Hants., cm (1830). Freeman of Gt Yarmouth living in Portsmouth in 1830. [Gt Yarmouth poll bk]

Woodhouse, James, Lancaster, u (1801–10). Free 1806–07. Named in the Gillow records in 1801 which might suggest that he was app. to this firm or one of their craftsmen. Subsequently named in the records, 1808–10. A set of four yoke back chairs with reeded front legs and back posts has been recorded, the underside of one seat rail inscribed in ink ‘J. Woodhouse 1810’. The signature of some of Gillow's craftsmen has been noted on furniture made by this business. [Freemen rolls; Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow; V&A archives]

Woodhouse, Richard, Lancaster (1829–31). Named in the Gillow records 1829 and 1831. [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow]

Woodin, Mark, address unknown (1736). Undertook ‘carpenters work’ for Lord Monson, and on 9 April 1736 submitted an account for 4s 6d which included a charge ‘for fixing a large table to dine upon’. [Lincoln RO, Monson 12]

Woodin (or Wooding), Thomas, St James's, Westminster, London carver and gilder (1746–c. 1760). In 1746 took as app. Samuel Norman who was subsequently to make his name as one of the leading furniture makers of the early years of George III's reign. Woodin emigrated to South Carolina with his wife Rebecca c. 1760. In June 1767 he advertised in South Carolina Gazette that he could teach ‘Drawing in all its Branches’ and had mahogany and bamboo furniture for sale. He undertook carving work at Charleston. On his death in July 1774 he left his tools to his son John. [Boyd's Index of IR app. regs, vol. 22, p. 4284; Museum of Early Decorative Arts, Winston Salem, biographical indices]

Woodins, Joseph jnr, York St, Chester, cm (1818). Free 17 June 1818. [Freemen rolls]

Woodison, Jane, Stokes Croft, Bristol, cm (1787). In January 1787 took out insurance cover of £300 on a dwelling and goods. [GL, Sun MS vol. 344, p. 29]

Woodland, James, Gt George St, Bristol, chairmaker (1794–95). [D]

Woodland, James, Fitzwilliam St, Cambridge, cm (1832–35). [Poll bk]

Woodland, Samuel, Market Pl., Mildenhall, Suffolk, cm (1830). [D]

Woodlitts & Co., 3 St Paul's Churchyard, London, u and appraisers (1821–28). [D]

Woodman, —, Hurst St, Liverpool, cm (d. 1774). [Williamson's Liverpool Advertiser, 22 July 1774]

Woodman, D., 8 Walcot Buildings, Bath, Som., cm and broker (1819). [D]

Woodman, Richard Horwell, 118 Jermyn St, St James's, London, carver and gilder (1840). [GL, Sun MS ref. 1341339]

Woodman, Robert, Fore St Hill, Exeter, Devon, cm (1816–22). [D]

Woodmancey, John, Gt Driffield, Yorks., cm and paper hanger (1831–40). At Market Pl. in 1831, Middle St in 1834 and Prospect Row in 1840. [D]

Woodnut & Butter, 18 Molyneux St, Bryanston Sq., London, cm (1826–27). [D]

Woodnutt, W., 32 Bown St, Bryanstone Sq., London, u (1835). [D]

Woodroffe, Daniel snr and jnr, ‘The Cross Keys’ over against Serjeant's Inn, Fleet St, London, upholders (1707–49). Daniel Woodroffe snr was a freeman of London and a member of the Upholders’ Co. He took as apps Thomas Money, 1707–23, John Brumwell, 1712–23, Robert Sparrow, 1720–31 and his son Daniel jnr, 1718–26. An insurance policy of December 1713 gives the address as ‘at the Cross between the Legg and the Horn Tavern in Fleet St’, and one of 1722 as ‘the north side of Fleet St. … being part over gateway into the Lyon Court’. In the latter year the insurance cover was £450. In October 1713 a Daniel Woodroffe took out policies on property in the St James's area of Westminster, this being insured for £1,800. His trade was given as upholder. If, as seems likely, this was the same person it would suggest that he was prosperous. A ‘Woodrolf’, probably this maker, furnished several rooms at Holkham Hall, Norfolk in 1719 and was paid £440. This also points to his importance in the London furnishing trades of the early years of the 18th century. Daniel Woodroffe snr died in 1724 and the business was carried on by his son.

Daniel Woodroffe jnr was not admitted a freeman of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude until 7 September 1726. He must have been responsible for Robert Sparrow after his father's death and took another app., Thomas Parker, 1739–49. Woodroffe died in Panton St in 1749, and the auction of his ‘valuable collection of rare Old China and Japan … removed … from his late Dwelling-house in Panton Street’, held on 3–5 May, was announced in General Advertiser, 3, 4 and 5 May 1749. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Sun MS vol. 3, ref. 3526; Hand in Hand MS vol. 12, p. 211; vol. 26, p. 250; Heal; V&A archives] See Woodrose, —.

Woodroffe, James, Gracechurch St, London, upholder, undertaker and appraiser (1761–66). Traded at ‘The Royal Bed & Blanket Warehouse’. His trade card indicates that his business premises were near ‘The Spread Eagle Inn’. Here he sold ‘all Sorts of Upholstery & Cabinet Goods, four post & other Bedsteads with Damasks, Harrateens, Cheneys, Linceys & Washing Furnitures, feather Beds, Blankets, Quilts, Cotton & Linen Counterpains, Ruggs, Coverlids, Turkey — English & other Carpets; paper Hangings, Mahogony & Wallnut-tree Chest of Draws, Dining Dressing & Card Tables, Mahogony & Wallnut Tree & other Chairs — Looking Glasses &c.’. The reverse of a copy of his trade card records the sale on 19 November 1764 of a number of furniture items including a Turkey carpet and eight elbow chairs at a cost of £7 7s. On 7 May he provided twelve chairs for the Committee Room of the Society for Propagation of Christian Knowledge in Hatton Gdn for £10 16s. A set of chairs of simplified Chippendale form were owned by the Society until their disposal in 1971 and may be the set referred to. He was declared bankrupt, Williamson's Liverpool Advertiser, 14 November 1766. In the bankruptcy proceedings he was described as a timber merchant and cm of Tufton St, Westminster. [D; Heal; DEF; V&A archives; SPCK cash bk, FT9/7

Woodroffe, John, Uttoxeter, Staffs., chairmaker (1798). [D]

Woodrose, —, ‘The Sun’, Fleet St, London, u (1702). Possibly Daniel Woodroffe though the trade sign is different from that which he was using in 1722. [The Post Man, 12 May 1707]

Woodruff, George, Cambridge, carver (1660–67). Employed by St John's College for carving, 1651–65, and Trinity College for similar work, 1660–67. [College records]

Woodruff, John, Mitre Alley, Portsea, Portsmouth, Hants., cm and u (1830). [D]

Woodruff, Richard, Cambridge, carver (1667). Employed by Trinity College for carving moulds for plaster work in 1667. [College records]

Woodruff, Thomas, Fighting Cocks Yd, Newcastle, joiner and cm (1833–34). In 1833 his house was in Bigg-market. [D]

Woodruffe, George snr and jnr, Lambeth, London, cm and u (1827–30). At 29 Upper Stamford St, Blackfriars in 1827 and 36 Waterloo Rd, Lambeth in 1829–30. Declared bankrupt February 1830 when their trade was stated to be wholesale cabinet manufacturers. [D; Chester Courant, 23 February 1830]

Woods, Henry, 1 Lawrence Pl., Lawrence St, Liverpool, joiner and cm (1835). [D]

Woods, I. T., 30 Upper George St, Portman Sq., London, u (1839). [D]

Woods, John, Penn St, Bristol, cm (1795). [D]

Woods, John, 123 Gt Portland St, London, cm (1809). [D]

Woods, John, Chester, chairmaker (1829). In August 1829 found intoxicated ‘during the hours of divine service’ and placed in the House of Correction. Subsequently fined 5s. [Chester Chronicle, 28 August 1829]

Woods, John, 1 Collingwood St, Liverpool, chairmaker (1837). [D]

Woods, Jonathan, Snug Lane, Prescot, Lancs., joiner and cm (1834). [D]

Woods, Joseph, Liverpool, u (1827–39). Son of Charles Woods, shipwright. Free 17 October 1827. In 1827 shown in one directory at 23 Campbell St and in another at Hurst St, though the freemen's roll states 5 Orthes St and directories of 1834– 39 also show this address. [D; freemen rolls]

Woods, T., 90 Broad St, Portsmouth, Hants., cm and u (1839). [D]

Woods, Thomas, Bristol, cm (1774–84). In 1784 living in the parish of St Augustine. [Poll bks]

Woods, Thomas, Prescot, Lancs., cm (1814–28). At Fazakerley St, 1814–16 but from 1818–28 in Market St. [D]

Woods, Thomas, Church Parade, Hounslow, Middlx, cm (1839). [D]

Woods, Thomas, 2 Westbourne Pl., Sloane Sq., London, cm (1839). [D]

Woods, William, Liverpool, upholder (1767). App. to Robinson Cooke and Edward Roberts and free by servitude, 8 December 1767. Dead by 1820. [Freemen rolls]

Woods, William, Host St, Bristol, cm (1794). [D]

Woods, William, Blackburn, Lancs., cm and joiner (1816–34). At White Bull Yd in 1816, Darwen St in 1818 and Ainsworth St in 1834. [D]

Woods, William, Gay St, Liverpool, joiner and cm (1821–24). In 1821 at 13 Gay St where he had his shop and yard and 1 and 2 Gay St. In 1824 the numbers were given as 1 Gay St with a house at 11 Gay St. [D]

Woodsend, John & William, Upper Richmond St and Mansfield Rd, Nottingham, cm (1840). [D]

Woodsend & Ellis, St James St, Nottingham, cm (1835). [D]

Woodsin, William, Chester, cm (1747). [Poll bk]

Woodstock, James, Salford, Lancs., cm (1800–13). At 5 Garden Lane, 1800–02, Blacklocks Bank 1804, Hope St 1808 and 9 Sherrat St 1813. [D]

Woodsworth, John, Foregate St, Chester, cm (1787). [Poll bk]

Woodsworth, Thomas, Northgate St, Chester, cm (1784). [Poll bk]

Woodtin, William, Chester, cm (1747). [Poll bk]

Woodward, Christopher, London and Tetbury, Glos., upholder (1772–1802). Son of Daniel Woodward of Bristol, wine merchant. App. to William Fassett, 3 June 1772 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 3 April 1782. In 1782 living at Chavenage, near Tetbury, Glos., and also noted at Tetbury 1794 and 1802. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Woodward, Daniel, 18 Green St, Leicester Sq., London, cm (1807). In September 1807 took out insurance cover of £1,100. [GL, Sun MS vol. 440, ref. 806638]

Woodward, Francis, Cambridge, carver (1701–d. 1710). Worked at Trinity College in 1701 and St John's College, 1703. Probate was granted on his will 1710. [College records; Univ. Lib., W.1710]

Woodward, Francis, Cambridge, carver (1711–14). Worked for St John's College in 1711 and Trinity College, 1714. Possibly the son of the Francis Woodward who worked for these Colleges, 1701–10. [College records]

Woodward, George Robert, London, turner, carver and gilder (1837–39). In 1839 described as a looking-glass manufacturer. [D]

Woodward, J., 121 Borough, Southwark, London, (1816–17). [D]

Woodward, James, Liverpool, joiner and cm (1794). Free 25 October 1794. [Freemen rolls]

Woodward, James, Liverpool, joiner and cm (1785–96). App. to John Horrocks 1785 and in 1796 petitioned for his freedom. [App. reg.; freemen's committee bk]

Woodward, John, London, joiner (1707–18). In October 1707 living at the sign of ‘The Cabinet’ in Aldermanbury and he insured this house for £300. In December 1718 at the sign of ‘The Blackamore's Head’, Gt Minories and the insurance cover had been reduced to £150. Possibly the John Woodward of London, cm, whose son John jnr was free of the Upholders’ Co. in 1729. [GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 5, ref. 14575; vol. 19, ref. 7171; Upholders’ Co. records]

Woodward, John, Cambridge, carver (1711–28). Employed by St John's College 1711, 1721 and 1723 and by the University, 1720–28. [College records; Gunnis]

Woodward, John, London, upholder (1721–29). Son of John Woodward of London, cm. App. to John Starr Fitchett, 9 November 1721 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 2 July 1729. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Woodward, John, address unknown, carver (1738–41). Paid substantial sums for carving work at Holkham Hall, Norfolk. In 1738 the amount was £37 13s 6d and in the following year £32 13s 1d. The sum for 1740 was £8 7s 3d and in 1741 £106 8s 3d. [V&A archives]

Woodward, John(?), Trumpington St, Cambridge, carver (1747–d. 1767). Worked for Trinity College 1747, 1757 and 1762. The death of a Mr Woodward, carver of Trumpington St was announced in February 1767. [College records; Cambridge Chronicle, 28 February 1767]

Woodward, John, Chester, cm (1747). [Poll bk]

Woodward, John, George St, Worcester, cm (1818–35). Free 1818. [Freemen rolls]

Woodward, Paul, Wooton Bassett, Wilts., cm (1792). In June 1792 took out insurance cover of £200 on his house and a further £100 on his goods and utensils. [GL, Sun MS vol. 388, p. 77]

Woodward, Samuel, Parliament St, Nottingham, cm (1779–91). In 1779 insured some houses for £600. In that year he was trading in Parliament St where his business was still being conducted in 1783. He had thought seriously of setting up business in America but by May 1783 had given up this idea and indicated in an advertisement his intention of carrying on his ‘Building, Joinery, and Cabinet Making Business’ in Nottingham. In July of the following year he advertised for craftsmen and in 1791 he was one of the masters who signed the Nottingham Cabinet and Chair Makers’ Book of Prices. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 279, p. 173; Nottingham Journal, 3 May 1783, 31 July 1784]

Woodward, Thomas, Cuppins Lane, Chester, cm (1792–93). [D]

Woodward, Thomas, Water St, Gloucester, cm and chairmaker (1802–22). [D]

Woodward, Thomas, Nottingham, joiner and cm (1813). Possibly the Thomas Woodward, son of Samuel Woodward of Nottingham, joiner, who was app. in 1805. Named as a master in 1813 with app. named James Brown. [App. reg.]

Woodward, Thomas, Blackheath Hill, Greenwich, London, u (1838). [D]

Woodward, William, ‘The Crown & Cushion’, near Old Bedlam, Moorfields, London, u and appraiser (1757). His trade card [BM] indicates that he was able to offer furniture in ‘Mohogany, Wallnutt-tree and Wainscott’ which included ‘settee and Bowroe Bedsteads’. In 1757 took out a licence to employ a non-freeman for six weeks. [Heal; GL, City Licence bk, vol. 1]

Woodward, William, London, u (1761). Discharged from Debtors’ Prison in 1761. His address was given as ‘late of London Bridge, St. Magnus’. [London Gazette, 25 August 1761]

Woodward, William, Sidbury, Worcester, cm and u (1822–40). A William Woodward of this address was made free in 1831 and may be the son of the tradesman who appears in Worcester directories 1822–40. [D; freemen rolls]

Woodward, William, 3 London Rd, London, cm (1839). [D]

Woodward, William, South St, Bridport, Dorset, cm (1840). [D]

Woodward & Miller, Mint St, Southwark, London, u (1820). [D]

Woodward & Johnsons, Half St, Gloucester, cm and u (1830). [D]

Woodworth, John, Chester, cm (1747). Son of John Woodworth, bricklayer. Free 11 July 1747. [Freemen rolls]

Woodworth, John jnr, Martins Ash, Chester, cm (1771). [Poll bk]

Woodworth, John, Foregate St, Chester, cm (1784). Free 2 April 1784. [Freemen rolls; poll bk]

Woodworth, John, Shudehill, Manchester, joiner and cm (1800–02). [D]

Woodworth, Thomas, Chester, cm (1749–72). App. to Joseph Burrowes, cm, 24 June 1749, and free 3 September 1757. Took as app. in 1772 George Thorpe but five years later he was assigned to John Johnson. [App. reg.; freemen rolls]

Wooff, Emanuel, London, cm and chairmaker (1811–29). At Hoxton, opposite Queens Rd in 1811 and 23 Old St Rd, 1813–29. [D]

Woolby, George, Gt Yarmouth, Norfolk, carver and gilder (1830–39). At Regent St, 1830–39 but one directory of 1830 shows St George St. [D; poll bks]

Woolby, John, George St, Gt Yarmouth, Norfolk, carver and gilder (1836). [D]

Woolcock, John, Camborne, Cornwall, cm (1830). [D]

Wooldridge, James, 13 Edgar St, Liverpool, joiner and cm (1835–37). [D]

Wooles, William, Bristol, carver (1799–1813). At Thomas St in 1799, Gloucester St in 1801, Cross St in 1805, Old Market St, 1806–13, the number being 97 in 1813. In 1812–13 described as carver, undertaker and ‘Surveyor to the Pitching & Paving’. [D]

Wooles & Bailey, Quay, Bristol, carver (1792–95). The Wooles may have been William Wooles who is shown trading as a carver on his own behalf in Bristol, 1799–1813. [D]

Woolf, Benjamin, Princess St, near Covent Gdn, London, cm (1688). [London Gazette, 14 June 1688]

Woolfall, Robert, King St, Blackburn, Lancs., cm and joiner (1814–34). In 1828 the directory entry is in the name of Esther Woolfall, joiner, and in 1834 Robert's trade was listed as joiner only. [D]

Woolfield, Henry, Ludgate Hill, Birmingham, cm, cabinet case and ebony inkstand maker (1818–23). [D]

Woolfield, Samuel, Birmingham, cabinet, dressing case and portable desk maker (1828–35). At 28 Ludgate Hill 1828 and still trading in this street in 1830. At 8 Bath Row in 1835. [D]

Woolfield, Thomas & John, 69 Church St, Liverpool, manufacturers of portable desks etc. (1827–28). The business commenced in October 1827 and manufactured ‘Ladies and Gentlemen's Portable Desks, Dressing Cases, Work Boxes, Bagatelle and Backgammon Boards, Tea Chests &c.’. In July 1828 they claimed to have in stock 3–400 writing desks and dressing cases ‘in Rosewood, Mahogany, Leather &c. price from 6 to 18 guineas each’. In addition they stocked French and English jewellery, chimney ornaments, bronzes, ivory chessmen, tortoiseshell combs, brushes, perfumes, travelling trunks and bags. They advertised their business as a ‘Fancy Bazar’. Some of the stock was obtained from London and in May 1828 Thomas Woolfield announced his intention of going there and also to Paris. He offered to transact business on the behalf of others on commission. The partners claimed a high degree of public patronage, so much so that in August 1828 they announced the opening of additional showrooms at their Church St premises. The engravings used in connection with their advertisements show writing slopes and brass bound dressing cases typical of the period. [Liverpool Mercury, 8 February 1828, 9 May 1828, 4 July 1828, 22 August 1828]

Woolfitt, John, 3 St Paul's Churchyard, London, u (1825). [D]

Woolfitt, John, 170 Fleet St, London, cm and u (1835–39). [D]

Woolford, J. John, St Paul's Churchyard, London, u (1772). [Heal]

Woolford, John, 12 Little Knightrider St, Doctors’ Commons, London, u (1775). In 1775 insured his house for £200. [GL, Sun MS vol. 244, p. 180]

Woolford, John, London, upholder (1778). Son of John Woolford of Ipswich, Suffolk, flax dresser. Free of the London Upholders’ Co., 4 March 1778. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Woolford, John, 5 Old Belton St, Long Acre, London, u (1805). [D]

Woolford, R., Fleur de Lis St, Norton Falgate, London, u (1829). [D]

Woolfryes, William, 18 Crooked Lane, London, cm (1776). In 1776 took out insurance cover of £300 on his house and goods. [GL, Sun MS vol. 246, p. 269]

Wooll, George, 5 High St, Hastings, Sussex, carver and gilder (1823–37). In 1833 also bookseller and stationer. Ceased trading early in 1837. W. Arundale claimed to be his successor. [D]

Woollatt, Joseph, 9 Irongate, Derby, cm and u (1834). [D]

Woolett, Henry, London, cm and u (1817–37). At 33 Fore St, Cripplegate, 1817–20, and 143 Aldersgate St, 1822–37. [D]

Woollett, Ralph, Southwark, London, cm and u (1770–1809). Son of William Woollett of the parish of St Saviour, Southwark, carman. App. to William Shuter, 4 October 1770 and transferred to Richard Walker, 3 June 1772. Free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 1 April 1778 and at this date living at Queen St Park, Southwark. In June 1809 living at Red Cross St, Southwark where he took out insurance cover of £300 which included £100 for stock and utensils and £200 on timber in a warehouse opposite. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Sun MS, 29 June 1809, ref. 832411]

Woollett, Thomas, Broker Row, Mint, Southwark, London, u (1825). [D]

Woolley, George Outram, Piccadilly, London, cm, u, undertaker and auctioneer (1783–1829). Son of John Woolley of Gravesend, Kent, tallow chandler. App. to Francis Pyner snr of London, 5 November 1783 and transferred to Francis Pyner jnr on 1 January 1786. Free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 17 November 1790. In 1793 subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book. Trading from an address at 196 Piccadilly by December 1800 when he took out insurance cover of £1,400 of which £600 was for utensils and stock. He was to remain at this address though the number 193 Piccadilly is given in two directories of the 1820s. The business he established was substantial and important. He is included in the list of master cabinet makers published by Sheraton in his Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. By January 1809 insurance cover had risen to £1,550 of which £800 was for stock and utensils. He was at this date using two houses in Piccadilly which had been inter-connected. On his billheads he described the business as a ‘Cabinet, Upholstery & Carpet Warehouse’ which would seem to imply a tendency to retail ready made goods of which a stock was maintained for immediate sale. Two accounts dated 1814–15 show however that he was prepared to undertake substantial commissions for the gentry. Chandos Leigh received from Woolley an account dated 18 October 1814 which included some goods delivered in the previous year and totalled £234 10s 6d. The largest sums concerned a mahogany octagon library table, the top covered in leather and fitted with eight drawer partitions for which £16 16s was charged and two folding dressing stands for which the same price was asked. A further bill in the following year mentioned an outstanding balance of £100 7s and totalled £132 15s 1d. Both invoices are made out to Chandos Leigh Esqr., London and may have been for a London house belonging to the Leigh family rather than Stoneleigh Abbey, Warks. [D; GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Sun MS vol. 419, ref. 712149; vol. 445, ref. 825515; Heal; Shakespeare Birthplace Trust, Leigh receipts, DR 18/5]

Woolley, Rowland, London, upholder (1706). Free of the Upholders’ Co., 7 August 1706. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Woolley, Samuel, Curzon St, Derby, cm and u (1835). [D]

Woolley, William, Smith St, Warwick, carver and gilder (1828). [D]

Woolnough, George, Beccles, Suffolk, cm (1839). One directory gives Northgate St but another New Market. [D]

Woolridge, James, 28 Edgar St, Liverpool, cm (1827). A James Woodbridge was trading in Edgar St, 1827–29. [D]

Woolsey, William, Beastmarket, Gainsborough, Lincs., cm (1819). [D]

Wooltorton, Edmund, Norwich, cm (1824). On 21 September 1824 his app. Richard Stewart was made free. [Freemen rolls]

Wooltorton, James Poston, Bethel St, St Giles, Norwich, cm (1836–39). [D]

Woolverton, E., Gt Yarmouth, Norfolk, cm (1807). [Poll bk]

Woolverton, Edmund, Gt Yarmouth, Norfolk, cm (1830). [Poll bk]

Woolverton, Edmund, Norwich, cm and u (1796–1836). First recorded in a Gt Yarmouth poll bk of October 1796 and at this date living in Norwich. Living at King St, Norwich, October 1812. Trading at Upper King St in 1830 and Calvert St, 1836. [D; Gt Yarmouth poll bk; Norwich poll bk]

Woolverton, Samuel, Gt Yarmouth and Norwich, Norfolk, cm (1777–96). At Gt Yarmouth in 1777 but living in Norwich, 1795–96. [Gt Yarmouth poll bks]

Wooster, Charles, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (b.c. 1801–41). Four sons and a daughter bapt., 1823–38. Aged 40 at the date of the 1841 Census. [PR (bapt.)]

Wooster, George, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (1821–40). A daughter bapt. in 1821 and a son in 1830. [PR (bapt.)]

Wooster, James, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (1817–40). Children bapt., 1817–19. [PR (bapt.)]

Wooster (or Worcester), James, Bradenham, High Wycombe, Bucks., chair manufacturer (1829–40). Two daughters and a son bapt., 1829. [D; PR (bapt.)]

Wooster, John, West Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (1798). [Militia Census]

Wooster, Timothy, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (1798). [Militia Census]

Wooten, Charles, 23 Hatton Gdn, Liverpool, joiner and cm (1829). [D]

Wootton, James, London, upholder (1762). Son of Thomas Wootton of Reading, Berks., coachmaker. App. to Charles Grange, 7 March 1754 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 6 March 1762. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Wooton, John, 5 Long Acre, London, carver and gilder (1790– 93). [D]

Wootton, John, Shorts Gdns, London, carver and gilder (1779). In 1779 took out insurance cover of £200 on his utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 276, p. 445]

Wootton, John, 19 Mercer St, Long Acre, London, carver and gilder (1816–20). [D]

Wootton, Thomas, 34 Gt Prescott St, London, cm (1809). [D]

Worboys, G. B., ‘The Civet Cat’, 62 Wine St, Bristol, cabinet case maker (1838–40). In addition traded as a perfumerer, jeweller, cutler and importer of foreign fancy merchandise. Agent for ‘Patent Plated Ware’. [D]

Worden, William, Barley Mkt, Tavistock, Devon, cm (1830). [D]

Worhall, Thurston & Fuller, 6 Catherine St, Strand, London, patent and improved cabinet and upholstery makers (1811–12). [D]

Workham, John, Romford, Essex, cm (1809). [D]

Workman, John, Dursley, Glos., cm (1826–40). Child bapt., 1826. Trading at Long St in 1839. [D; PR (bapt.)]

Worley, Frances, 15 Hackney Rd, London, cm and bedsteadmaker (1827–29). Described in 1827 as a cm and in 1829 as a bedstead maker. [D]

Worloch, William, Castle St, Long Acre, carver (1774). [Westminster poll bk]

Wormald, James, 159 High St, Poole, Dorset, carver and gilder (1830). [D]

Wormald, William, King's Arms Yd, Lowerhead Row, Leeds, Yorks., house, sign and furniture painter and gilder (1817– 22). Advertised that he was commencing on his own account in April 1817. [D; Leeds Mercury, 26 April 1817]

Wormell, Joseph, London, joiner (1718–37). In 1718 declared his trade to be joiner and he was then at ‘The Golden Hat’, the east end of St Paul's Church, parish of St Faith. His name associated with that of Benjamin Lane Wormell, his son, occurs in the Alscot Park archives, 1736–37, for work carried out to the West's London house in Covent Gdn. Much of the bill for £13 3s was for repair work to furniture but a large wainscot table bed was supplied at £1 12s and twelve chairs at £9 12s. [GL, Sun MS ref. 11697, 4 August 1718; V&A archives]

Wormald, James, George St, Gt Yarmouth, Norfolk, carver and gilder (1836). [D]

Worms, Henry, London, cm, u and furniture broker (1808–13). At 44–45 Nightingale Lane in July 1808 when he took out insurance cover of £550. Of this £300 was for stock and utensils. At 17 Wapping Dock St, 1811–13. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 446, ref. 819712]

Wormsley, —, Margate, Kent, upholder (1803–07). [D]

Worpell, Henry, Market St, Bishop's Stortford, Herts., cm and u (1832). [D]

Worpell, Henry, Turners Hill, Cheshunt, Herts., u and appraiser (1839). [D]

Worrall, Catherine, Cannon St, Manchester, u (1781). [D]

Worrall, William, Manchester, cm (1772–88). At Ackers Gate in 1772, Acres Ct in 1773 and Gravel Lane, Salford in 1788. [D]

Worrell (or Worrall), James, Warrington, Lancs., cm (1769–98). In 1769 married a Miss Stockley of Warrington. Trading at Horsemarket in 1787. [D; [Williamson's Liverpool Advertiser, 12 May 1769]

Worrell, John, 29 Ray St, Liverpool, cm (1818). [D]

Worrell & Holmes, 11 Sewer Lane, Hull, Yorks., turners, carvers and cm (1831). One of the partners was Edward Worrell, a wood turner who was resident at 11 Sewer Lane in 1831. [D]

Worrins, John, address unknown, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Worroll, Thomas, Bewdley, Worcs., chairmaker (1831). [Worcs. county poll bk]

Worseldine, John, 19 Rose Cresc., Cambridge, cm and u (1820–40). Three children bapt. in the parish of St Clement, 1826–31. At this period he was employed by Elliot Smith but in February 1832 he advertised that after twelve years with this maker he was establishing his own business at 19 Rose Cresc. In 1837 also undertaker, auctioneer and appraiser. [D; poll bks; Cambridge Chronicle, 3 February 1832]

Worsell, Richard, High St, Rye, Sussex, cm (1832–39). [D]

Worsfold, George, 1 Charing Cross, London, portable desk manufacturer and cutler (1820). [D]

Worsley, John, Lower Town, Altrincham, Cheshire, chairmaker (1828). [D]

Worsley, Micaiah, Altrincham, Cheshire, chairmaker (1793). [D]

Worsley, Thomas, Glass House St, London, cm (1790–93). [D]

Worsley, William, Hanging Ditch, Manchester, chairmaker (1772). [D]

Worster, John, 81 Leman St, Goodman's Fields, London, carver and gilder (1839). [D]

Worswick, Richard, Leeds, Yorks., cm and u (1791–1840). Included in the list of journeyman cm in basic sympathy with the Leeds Cabinet and Chair Makers’ Book of Prices, 1791. Shown trading on his own behalf from 1816. At Vicar Lane, 1816–20, 24 Lowerhead Row, 1821, 3 Barron's Yd, 1826 and Woodhouse Lane 1828 onwards. The number in Woodhouse Lane was 11 and 14 in 1830, 18 in 1834 and 9 from 1837. From 1821 the business traded as Richard Worswick & Son. In 1837 undertook the furnishing of the Oxford Pl. Methodist Chapel and submitted an account for £133 13s 4d in this connection. The invoice dated 15 December 1837 gives a trading address at 10 Woodhouse Lane and indicates that they also acted as appraisers and undertakers. [D; Leeds archives dept, OP/35]

Worth, A. C., 86 High St, Chatham, Kent, cm and chairmaker. A drum table of Sheraton period exists with the trade label of this maker. It indicates that the firm also acted as undertakers, appraisers and auctioneers. [V&A archives]

Worth, Henry, Rose Lane, Ipswich, Suffolk, carver and gilder (1830). [D]

Worth, William, 28 Treville St, Plymouth, Devon, cm and u (1838). [D]

Worthington, Joseph, London, upholder (1777–87). In 1777 at 6 Mercer St, Long Acre which he insured for £100. By 1784 at Litchfield St and in January 1787 at 2 Porter St where he insured household goods and stock for £300. On 1 January 1793 the Charleston City Gazette carried an advertisement of Worthington & Kirby, cm and u, who claimed to have been formerly of London. The Worthington may have been Joseph Worthington. [GL, Sun MS vol. 263, p. 34; vol. 342, ref. 526716; Westminster poll bk]

Worthy, John, Hemings Row, Westminster, London, cm (1749). [Poll bk]

Worthy, John, Southgate St, Hartlepool, Co. Durham, joiner/ cm (1834). [D]

Worthy, Joseph, Broad St, Canterbury, Kent, u (1818). [Poll bk]

Wortley, William, Whitechapel, London, cm (1774). [Heal]

Wortley, William, Stamford, Lincs., cm (late 17th century). Freeman by purchase. [Stamford Town Hall, box 6/1/1–6/4/2, No. 231]

Woster, Thomas, London, cm (1710–36). See John and G. Coxed & Thomas Woster.

Wotton, C., London(?), upholder (1672). In October 1672 charged for marking printed velvet hangings for the Wrought Bed at Wimbledon House and other items for which £24 18s was asked. The same source refers to work on a Red India Bed at Hatfield House, Herts. and £25 3s was expended on making the tester, head curtains and four large curtains. [Hatfield House MS, Bills 301]

Wouldhave, Michael, Market Pl., Barnard Castle, Co. Durham, joiner and cm (1827–28). [D]

Wrag, John, Greek St, Soho, London, carver (1784). [Westminster poll bk]

Wragg, John, Chesterfield, Derbs., chairmaker (1767). On 21 April 1767 mortgaged a cottage in Brampton to Anthony Gallimore to secure a loan of £15. [Derbs. RO, deeds 46/1]

Wragg, Zachariah, Melton Mowbray, Leics., cm (1826–35). App. to Thomas Burton of Leicester and free 1826. In 1835 trading at Factory Row. [D; freemen rolls]

Wragg & Wigfall, 19 Eyre St, Sheffield, Yorks., u (1837). [D]

Wraight, John, High St, Folkestone, Kent, cm (1789). Rented his house, which was valued for insurance at £300, from Robert Milton of Folkestone, Gent. [GL, Sun MS vol. 362, p. 665]

Wraith, Sarah, Kirkgate, Wakefield, Yorks., cm/u (1837). Successor to William Wraith at this address and possibly his widow. [D]

Wraith, William, Kirkgate, Wakefield, Yorks., cm and u (1816–34). Succeeded at this address by Sarah Wraith, possibly his widow. [D]

Wrapson, James, West St, Havant, Hants., cm and auctioneer (1823–30). [D]

Wrapson, William, Fareham, Hants., cm, u and builder (1823– 30). In 1830 in the High St. [D]

Wraughton, Mrs Ann, ‘The Blue & White Balls’, King St, Covent Gdn, London, (1694). In 1694 advertised for sale ‘Indian and Japanned Cabinets’. [Heal]

Wray, Benjamin, Lavender St, Reading, Berks., cm (1837). [Poll bk]

Wray, John, 1 Gibson's Yd, Carr Lane, Hull, Yorks., joiner and cm (1823). Still recorded at this address in 1826 but then described as a broker. [D]

Wray, Joseph, 59 Leonard St, Tabernacle Walk, London, cm (1839). [D]

Wray, Richard, 118 High St, Sunderland, Co. Durham, joiner and cm (1828). [D]

Wray, Thomas, London, chairmaker (1835–39). In 1835 at Darlington Pl., Bridge St, Southwark but in 1839 at 17 Darlington Pl. [D]

Wray, Thomas, Northgate, Market Weighton, Yorks., cm and joiner (1840). [D]

Wren, Thomas, 122 Fishergate, Preston, Lancs., cm (1834). [D]

Wren, Timothy, Preston, cm (1796–1818). Free 4 November 1796 and by 1802 was in partnership with a person named Corry and trading as Wren & Corry. In 1802 they endorsed the contents of the Preston Cabinet Makers’ and Chair Makers’ Book of Prices as masters and in 1803 subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary. Wren was trading on his own behalf from Theatre St, 1814–16, but by 1818 was once more in partnership, this time with a person named Ladyman. Wren & Ladyman used the Theatre St address and also 15 Fishergate. Wren also traded as a timber merchant and builder. [D]

Wrenshall (or Wrenshaw), Joseph, Lancaster and Liverpool, cm (1738–90). App. in Lancaster and free, 1783–84. Already by this time he had moved to Liverpool, and was trading at 7 Liver St in 1790. [D; Lancaster freemen rolls and poll bk]

Wride, Peter, 68 Curtain Rd, London, cm (1820–22). In March 1822 took out insurance cover of £400, half of which was for utensils and stock. Successor to William Wride at this address. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 489, ref. 989663]

Wride, William, 68 Curtain Rd, Shoreditch, London, cabinet manufacturer (1817). Succeeded at this address by Peter Wride. [D]

Wrigg, John, 15 John's Row, St Luke's, London, cm (1809). [D]

Wright, —, Cambridge, u (1688). Paid in 1688 by Trinity College for ‘printed stuff’. [College records]

Wright, Mrs, address unknown, u (1752–54). On 20 May 1754 paid £93 17s by the Earl of Ancaster for work carried out over the previous two years. [Lincoln RO, 2 ANC. 6/7]

Wright, —, London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Wright, —, Clerkenwell, London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Wright, A., 4 Grafton St, Fitzroy Sq., London, u (1835–39). [D]

Wright, Abel, 15 Kenton St, London, u (1829). [D]

Wright, Abel, 9 Wilson St, Finsbury, London, u (1829). [D]

Wright, Abraham (or Adam), 410 Oxford St, London, u (1790–1802). One London directory shows Adam Wright at this address, 1790–1802, while another lists Abraham Wright here, 1793–1800. This maker's trade card unfortunately does not assist as the name of the firm is stated simply as ‘Wright’. It states however that the firm were also cm and undertakers. The card is illustrated with a settee, two chairs and a commode. A ‘Wright’ u subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793 and may possibly be this maker. F. & W. Wright was the successor to this business at the Oxford St address. [D; Heal]

Wright, Adam, 51 and 55 Long Acre, London, u (1774–93). At 51 Long Acre by 1781 and in that year took out insurance cover of £800, half of which was for utensils and stock. Directories show him continuing to trade at this address until 1793 but a trade card [BM] gives the address as 55 Long Acre. Regularly supplied Lord Monson and £14 19s 10d was paid on 25 April 1785, £25 3s on 4 May 1786, £35 0s 6d on 30 April 1787, £18 6s on 5 May 1788, £15 17s on 16 May 1789 and £23 13s 5d on 26 April 1790. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 290, p. 575; Lincoln RO, Monson 10/1/A/6]

Wright, Ann, 4 Bell Alley, Goswell St, London, cm (1839). [D]

Wright, Benjamin, Belgrave Gate, Leicester, chairmaker (1818–40). [D]

Wright, Charles, 8 Broker's Row, Moorfields, London, u (1801–19). Son of Richard Wright of Moorfields, upholder. Free of the Upholders’ Co. by patrimony, 4 February 1801 and at this date living at the Moorfields address. Trading at this address on his own behalf 1806–19. [D; GL, Upholders’ Co. records] See J. Wright.

Wright, Charles, London, carver and gilder (1809–20). Trading at 11 Charles St, Soho Sq., 1809–16, and in 1820 at 28 Garden Row, London Rd. [D]

Wright, Charles, Northbrook St, Newbury, Berks., cm (1823–30). [D]

Wright, Charles, 28 Norfolk St, Fitzroy Sq., London, cm (1825). [D]

Wright, Charles Britannia, Portsea, Portsmouth, Hants., cm, u, paper hanger and undertaker (1830). In 1830 at 71 Hanover St. A mahogany work box is known with the trade label of this maker affixed to a drawer with an address at 68 Union St. [D]

Wright, Clayton, 18 Fennel St, Manchester, cm (1804). [D]

Wright, D., 72 Margaret St, Cavendish Sq., London, u (1816). [D]

Wright, Daniel, 383 Oxford St, London, cm and u (1804–05). [D]

Wright, Daniel, 74 Ayr St, Piccadilly, London, upholder (1826). [D]

Wright, Daniel, 20 Hanway St, London, u (1829). [D]

Wright, Daniel, 32 Greek St, Soho, London, u (1839). [D]

Wright, David, Church St, Lancaster, joiner and cm (1747–66). Acquired some deals from Robert Gillow in 1747 and again in 1753–54, paying for them with his own labour (an accepted form of barter amongst tradesmen in Lancaster at the time). [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow vol. 344/2] Obtained his freedom 2 June 1753 by redemption, for a fee of £6 6s. [Lancaster freemen rolls] In 1753 took Robert Carter of Stalwen as app. joiner and cm. In 1766 he was occupying a house in Church St. [Window tax returns] His son William was made free in 1767/68 as a joiner, but it is not known if he carried on his father's business. A mahogany kneehole desk in the V&A (No. W.8–1942) is inscribed on the botton of one of the drawers ‘Lancaster August 19th 1751 / David Wright / Fecit’. [DEF, 111, p. 376] D.H.

Wright, David, Leeds, Yorks., chairmaker (1826–39). At Wright's Yd, York St in 1826 but in 1828 the address was rendered as York Tavern Yd. By 1830 at 16 York St, but from 1834–39 at 10 Sykes St. [D]

Wright, Edmund, Cavendish St, Ashton-under-Lyne, Lancs., joiner and cm (1828–34). [D]

Wright, Edward, Cannon St, London, u (1755). In January 1755 advised by advertisement that he was contemplating retirement from the business because of his advanced years. He offered to dispose of his enterprise which was described as ‘a Shop of good Business & well situated’ to any person having a capital of £400 to £500. [Public Advertiser, 24 January 1755]

Wright, Edward, Sheaf St, Daventry, Northants., cm and u (1830). [D]

Wright, Elizabeth, Market Hill Brow, Wigton, Cumb., u (1834). [D]

Wright, Ellis, Reading, Berks., upholder (1754). [Poll bk]

Wright, Francis, 43 Rathbone Pl., London, u and undertaker (1809–19). [D]

Wright, Francis & William, 410 Oxford St, London, u and cm (1803–09). Successors to Adam (or Abraham) Wright at this address. Both of the partners were probably the sons of A. Wright and both subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793 giving this Oxford St address. They were included in the list of master cabinet makers in Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. They claimed to be ‘Cabinet Makers to H. M. Stamp Office’. Supplied furniture and undertook work to the value of £115 for the Earl of Jersey, the bill being signed by W. Wright in March 1805. In 1809 the partnership broke up with William Wright continuing to trade at 410 Oxford St and Francis setting up a separate business at 43 Rathbone Pl. nearby. [D; DEF; Heal]

Wright, George, Longtown, Cumb., joiner/cm (1811). [D]

Wright, George, Richmond, Yorks., cm (1816). [PR (bapt.)]

Wright, George, Sheffield, Yorks., chairmaker (1822–37). At 8 Cherry Tree Yd, 36 Gibraltar St in 1822, 64 Westbar Green in 1830 and 9 Workhouse Croft in 1837. [D]

Wright, George, 3 Carteret St, Westminster, London, cm and u (1827). [D] See John Wright at this address.

Wright, George, 31 Newton St, Birmingham, cm and u (1828– 30). [D]

Wright, George, 40 Seward St, Goswell St, London, cm (1839). [D]

Wright, George, 17 Dartmouth St, Westminster, London, cm (1839). [D]

Wright, Henry, Ironmonger St, Stamford, Lincs., u (1728–45). In 1728 announced that he could offer at his Ironmonger St premises ‘all sorts of Feather-Beds, Tickets, Blankets, Quilts, and all sorts of Bed-lace, and Easie Chairs, and other newfashion'd Wallnut-Tree Chairs from London’. He indicated that he was prepared ‘to work at any Gentlemen's House at a reasonable Rate’. In 1736 took app. named Williamson, and in 1745 Thomas Williamson. [Stamford Mercury, 18 April 1728; S of G, app. index]

Wright, Henry, Nottingham, u (d. 1767). Probate granted on his will 11 April 1767. [Notts RO, probate records]

Wright, Henry, London, upholder (1776–81). In 1776 living at Holborn Ct, Gray's Inn. Also at Gray's Inn in 1778 but in 1781 at Old Broad St. Free of the Upholders’ Co. by redemption, 3 January 1776. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Wright, Henry, Bristol, cm (1792–1812). At Thomas St, 1792– 93 and thereafter at 10 Bath St. [D]

Wright, Henry, Chichester, Sussex, cm (b.c. 1789–1840). Bapt. 17 January 1790 at Chichester. Married at St Martin's Church 16 August 1814 and from 1815 living in the parish of St Olave. In 1821 his address was given as East St and in 1830 as St Martin's Lane. From 1832 trading in South St as a cm, u, auctioneer and appraiser. [D; PR (bapt. and marriage)]

Wright, Henry, Church Gate, Leicester, chairmaker (1835). [D]

Wright, Henry, 7 Commercial Rd, London, cm (1826). [D]

Wright, I., 12 Hart St, Bloomsbury Sq., London, upholder and undertaker (1820). [D]

Wright, J., 8 Broker Row, Moorfields, London, u (1819). Successor to Charles Wright at this address. [D]

Wright, J., 50 South Molton St, London, u and cm (1823–29). [D]

Wright, James, address unknown, (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Wright, James, 6 Redcross St, Southwark, London, u (1826). [D]

Wright, James, Brotherton, Pontefract, Yorks., joiner/cm (1834). [D]

Wright, James, Saxmundham, Suffolk, cm (1839). [D]

Wright, Jeremiah, Birmingham, cm and u (1816–35). At Birchall St, 1816–18 and Bradford St, 1822–35, the number being 224 in 1830–35. [D]

Wright, Jesse, King St, Dudley, Staffs., cm, builder and surveyor (1820). [D]

Wright, John, Nantwich, Cheshire, u (1714). In 1714 took app. named Liversage. [S of G, app. index]

Wright, John, Lancaster, cm (1753–75). Became a freeman by redemption in October 1753 and between 1754–70 took on ten apps. He bought small quantities of deals from Gillows from time to time. Fire insurance records with the Royal Exchange record that his premises in the Green area were covered for £300 and the contents for £200. The same source indicates that in 1775 the building was assigned to Thomas Barrow, solicitor. [Window tax returns; freemen reg.; app. reg.; Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow records]

Wright, John snr and jnr, York, cm (1738–82). Both were probably Roman Catholics. John Wright snr is first recorded in 1738 when he took as app. Gerwas Swift of Penyfigston, York. In 1754 he subscribed to Chippendale's Director. John Wright jnr was probably the person who in May 1767 declared his age to be 37 and stated that he had lived in the parish of St Michael le Belfry for eleven years. Further apps were John Smith in 1760, George Hare on 24 October 1770, Robert Heneage on 10 December 1777 and William Wright, son of John Wright jnr on 12 August 1782. [Catholic Recusancy in York; app. reg.]

Wright, John, College Lane, Northampton, u (1768–84). [Poll bks]

Wright, John, Nottingham, cm (1770–86). Freeman of Nottingham. Took apps in 1770 and 1780 and in the latter year was living at Wheelergate. [Freemen rolls; app. reg.; poll bk]

Wright, John, Chatham, Kent, upholder (1778). Bankruptcy announced, Gents Mag., December 1778.

Wright, John, 40 Gt Russell St, Bloomsbury, London, u (1784– 1811). In 1794–97 the business traded as Wright & Snell before reverting once more to John Wright's sole direction. This business was included in the list of master cabinet makers in Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. [D]

Wright, John, 53 Stretton Ground, Westminster, London, cm (1792). In May 1792 took out insurance cover of £200. [GL, Sun MS vol. 389, ref. 600397]

Wright, John, 26 Leadenhall St, London, carver and gilder (1794–97). Bankruptcy announced, Billinge's Liverpool Advertiser, 27 March 1797. [Heal]

Wright, John, 3 Carteret St, Westminster, London, cm (1805–09). A George Wright, cm and u was trading at this address in 1827. [D]

Wright, John, 37 Long Acre, London, cm (1809). [D]

Wright, John, Bartholomew St, Birmingham, u and paper hanger (1816–28). At 16 Bartholomew St, 1816–22, but in 1828 the number was 49. [D]

Wright, John, Exeter Row, Birmingham, cabinet case maker (1816). [D]

Wright, John, 10 King St, Bloomsbury, London, upholder and undertaker (1816–17). [D]

Wright, John, 1 Bowling Green Lane, Clerkenwell, London, cabinet manufacturer (1817–20). [D]

Wright, John, 11 Smith St, Westminster, London, u and undertaker (1817). [D]

Wright, John, Horse Fair, Birmingham, joiner and cm (1818). [D]

Wright, John, Worcester St, Birmingham, cm, u, paper hanger and chairmaker (1818–35). At 16–17 Worcester St, 1828–30 and 16 only in 1835. In 1835 the business was trading as John Wright & Son. [D]

Wright, John, 3 Carpenter St, Grosvenor Sq., London, upholder (1820). In March 1820 took out insurance cover of £300 which included £100 for utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 483, ref. 962595]

Wright, John, Drapery, Northampton, upholder (1820–30). [D; poll bks]

Wright, John, Alton, Hants., cm (1823). [D]

Wright, John, 26 Cleveland St, Middlx Hospital, London, u (1826–39). [D]

Wright, John, Butcher Mkt, Louth, Lincs., cm and joiner (1826). [D]

Wright, John, Bilston, Staffs., cm, u, joiner and furniture warehouse (1830–35). At Church St in 1830 and High St, 1834–35. [D]

Wright, John, High St, Wednesbury, Staffs., cm and u (1830). [D]

Wright, John, 3 George St, Nottingham, joiner and cm (1832– 35). [D]

Wright, John, Worksop, Notts., cm, u, builder etc. (1832–35). At Leadhill in 1832 and White Hart Yd in 1835. [D]

Wright, John & Son, 1 Wellington St, Leamington, Warks., cm and u (1835). [D]

Wright, John, Dukinfield St, Liverpool, cm (1835–39). At 6 Duckinfield St, 1835–37 but in 1839 the number was 11. [D]

Wright, John, 3 Drummond St, Euston Sq., London, chair and sofa maker (1839). [D]

Wright, John, Lowestoft, Suffolk, cm (1839). [D]

Wright, John Jarvis, 83 Tichfield St, Cavendish Sq., London, chairmaker and cm (1802–39). Insurance cover rose from £500 in 1802 to £1,000, 1812–20. Stock and utensils in the dwelling house and an open shed, a warehouse and workshop behind in some years amounted to over half the sum insured. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 424, ref. 735454; vol. 437, ref. 792147; vol. 459, ref. 871691; vol. 480, ref. 946720; vol. 487, ref. 970108]

Wright, John Martingale, Carlisle, Cumb., cm (1798). In November 1798 a dividend was paid to the creditors of John Martingale Wright under an order in bankruptcy. [Billinge's Liverpool Advertiser, 15 October 1798]

Wright, Joseph, Brokers Row, Moorfields, London, upholder (1777–92). Second son of Richard Wright of Moorfields, London, upholder. Free of the Upholders’ Co. by patrimony, 3 September 1777 and then assisted his father in the family business in Moorfields. In 1792 the business was listed as Joseph & Richard Wright. For further details see Richard Wright & Co., Wakefield, Yorks. and Moorfields, London, [D; GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Wright, Joseph, 60 Margaret St, Cavendish Sq., London, cm (1782). In 1782 insured utensils and stock for £50 out of a total insurance cover of £200. Possibly the Joseph Wright who subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793 though this may also have been the Joseph Wright of Moorfields. [GL, Sun MS vol. 302, p. 197]

Wright, Joseph, Gateshead, Co. Durham, joiner and cm (1801–11). At Church St in 1801 and Pipewellgate in 1811. [D]

Wright, Joseph, Leeming St, Nottingham, joiner and cm (1832–40). Possibly the Joseph Wright who was app. as a joiner and cm in Nottingham in 1814. [D; app. reg.]

Wright, Joshua, Folly Lane, Liverpool, cm (1775–83). Free 9 May 1775 and trading in Folly Lane in 1783. [D; freemen rolls]

Wright, M., address unknown (1763). On 29 November 1763 Lord Leigh paid M. Wright £73 10s ‘for furniture’. [Shakespeare Birthplace Trust, Leigh receipts, DR 18/5]

Wright, M., 4 Bell Alley, Goswell St, London, cm (1835). [D]

Wright, Moses, Dudley, Staffs., cm (1809). [D]

Wright, Richard, Nantwich, Cheshire, u (1661–92). Two sons and three daughters bapt., 1661–74. The burial of Richard Wright occurred on 18 October 1692. [PR (bapt. and burial)]

Wright, Richard, ‘The White Lion’, Lower Moorfields, London, upholder and appraiser (1738–89). Son of Richard Wright, Caversham, Oxon., joiner; app. firstly to Francis Newberry on 1 February 1738 and secondly to William Powle, 7 May 1745; admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 3 December 1747 and appointed master of the Upholders’ Co., 1776. He took Benjamin Dell as app. in 1749, his own son William in 1766 and Thomas Burrell in 1755. In 1766 he took out insurance with the Hand in Hand Co. on a four storey brick house in Moorfields, renewed in 1773. Richard Wright's trade card ornamented with a lion rampant in a Rococo cartouche [Banks Coll. BM] states that he ‘Buys and Sells all Sorts of Household Goods As Standing Beds and Beding, Chest of Drawers, Desks & Bookcases, Bouroe Desks, Card, Dining, Breakfasting and Dressing Tables in Mahogany, Walnutt tree or Wainscot, Chairs of all Sorts, Settee and Bouroe Bedsteads, Sconces, Peir, Chimney & Dressing Glasses and Carpets with all Manner of Upholstery and Braisery Goods, New and Old’. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records; GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 105, p. 5; S of G, app. index] C. G. G.

Wright, Richard, Canterbury, Kent, cm (1744). In 1744 took app. named Smith. [S of G, app. index]

Wright, Richard & Elwick, Edward, Wakefield, Yorks., upholders (1745–1771); Elwick, Edward & Son (1771–d. 1787); Elwick, John & Robinson, John (1788–1816). Wright and Elwick of Wakefield became the pre-eminent firm of cm and u in Yorkshire during the second half of the 18th century, enjoying a dominance almost comparable to that achieved by Gillows in Lancashire. A small account sent to Charles Ingram of Temple Newsam House, Leeds in 1758 is written on the back of their only recorded and most informative trade card (Figs 39–40). It announced that ‘Wright & Elwick Upholders/from London’ were trading ‘At the Glass & Cabinet Ware House in Northgate/WAKEFIELD’; their premises in Gill's Yard are still standing. The text states they ‘Make & Sell all Sorts of Beds & Beding, Coach & Looking/Glasses, in Burnish or Oil Gold, Cabinet work of ye Newest Fashion,/Together with all sorts of Household Furniture./Mr Wright haveing been in ye direction of ye Greatest Tapestry/Manufactory in England for Upwards of Twenty Years,/UNDERTAKES/To Joyn, repair & Clean Tapestry, Persia, Turky, or any other/Carpets & to make all Carpets lye square & even, draws/for all Sorts of Needle Work for Carpets, Beds/Chairs, Fire Screens & c: Furnishes Ladies with/Printed Patterns and Shades of Silk and Worsted/for such Works in the best and pest/Manner/N.B. Old Glass cut Polished and Silver'd/and all the above perticulars Sold as cheap as in/LONDON’. Richard Wright, who may have directed the Soho tapestry factory before moving from London to Wakefield, is something of an enigma. It was clearly his expertise that enabled the firm to advertise such a wide range of services relating to tapestries, carpets and needlework. Wright subscribed (like his partner) to Chippendale's Director 1754, was elected Chief Constable of Wakefield in 1757 and was buried in the parish church on 6 July 1771. Three apps are known: Thompson (1755), Jn. Armitage (1759) and Chas. Hutton (1761). [S of G, app. index]

Edward, son of John Elwick, ‘merchant taylor’ of York was bapt. 12 January 1721/22. He may have been the Edward Elwick who acquired his freedom in 1758 on servitude to Robert Barker of York who unfortunately neglected to register the indenture. On 3 February 1759 Elwick was appointed one of the Chamberlains of the City for a year; he voted in the York elections of 1758 and 1774 as Edward Elwick, upholder of Wakefield and advertised in York Courant, 12 March 1745, 16 December 1746 and 25 July 1775. Fifteen letters written by Elwick to his patron John Grimston of Kilnwick Hall, Yorks. between 1770 and 1782 [Humberside RO, DDGR/42–43, pub. Furn. Hist., 1976] contain much of interest about his commerce and personal affairs. He obliged his client by taking on a local boy Edward Halls as an app. while his own son John was sent away from home on business for the first time to Kilnwick in 1772; furthermore, this archive includes an elegant group of furniture designs which Elwick sent on approval. His offer to ‘make some further sketches’ implies that he produced his own drawings. Other letters show that Elwick dealt in exotic wares. In 1770 he organised a subscription lottery to dispose of ‘fine India Goods’, the following year offered to procure ‘a Very fine set of Nankeen Table China’ and the year after wrote ‘I have Got a friend that is gon to China to pick up anything Curious’. On at least three occasions he purchased billiard tables from Gillows. [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow records, Waste Books 344/4, p. 135; 344/5, p. 287; 344/12/2539]

Like many provincial tradesmen Elwick was at pains to commend the ‘neat plainness’ of his furniture to patrons; he pointedly condemned some articles seen at Brancepeth Castle: ‘there was a Great deal of Inlaid Expensive work sent from London — but badly Designed the Taste Vulgar & Clumsy’. In 1775 Elwick advertised [York Courant, 25 July 1775] for an app. ‘in the upholstery Business’ at his upholstery and cabinet warehouse in Wakefield. A letter of 12 October 1775 to Charles Hotham of Dalton Hall, Yorks. illustrates how Elwick solicited commissions through personal recommendation. He informed his prospective patron ‘I have the Honour to serve most of the Nobility & Gentry in the West and North Rideing’ and claimed to have sent ‘about £3,000 of Furniture … into ye East Rideing … some Very Expensive’ by water. The emerging pattern of patronage confirms that Yorkshire (with small inroads into North Nottinghamshire and Co. Durham) provided nearly all the firm's commissions. So far only two groups of fully documented furniture have been traced: three ceremonial chairs made for the Masonic Lodge at Wakefield in 1768, and at Burton Constable, Yorks., several lavishly carved and gilt pier glasses, an impressive tester bed and some routine mahogany bedroom pieces all of 1772.

Bailey's British Directory, 1784 records Edward Elwick & Son, upholders, in Wakefield. Edward's death was reported in Leeds Intelligencier, 3 July 1787; his son John summoned a meeting of creditors on 13 July 1788 and in 1794 the firm was trading as ‘Elwick & Robinson’, who had jointly subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book the previous year. John Elwick and John Robinson received a major commission to furnish Woolley Hall, Yorks., between 1794 and 1801. John Elwick is a shadowy figure. He married Sally Wood of West Ardsley on 4 October 1781 and as ‘picture dealer and upholsterer’ was declared bankrupt in 1816. [Wakefield and Halifax Journal, 5 April] Robinson continued to trade as an u and cm on his own account in Northgate, Wakefield until on 11 June 1824 [W & H. J.] he advertised the sale of the business described as ‘one of the most genteel and flourishing Concerns in that line in the County of York’. John Robinson died aged 68 in August 1824, before the sale and in October [W. & H.J., 15 October] his widow declined the business in favour of Thomas Powell, u, the Corn Mkt, Wakefield who took her late husband's foreman William Marsden into partnership. [M. E. Ingram, Leaves from a Family Tree, 1951; Furn. Hist., 1976; 1. Hall, William Constable as Patron (Exhib. Cat), Hull, 1970]
WENTWORTH CASTLE, Yorks. (Earl of Strafford). 1746: Bill for sofas, chairs, etc. [excerpt transcribed in Symonds papers, Winterthur, Delaware] In her travel diary the Duchess of Northumberland recorded seeing ‘French chairs emb'd with flowers upon Brown by the famous Mr Wright’ at this house in 1760 [C. Life, 7 February 1974, p. 252] which may relate to a suite of tapestry chairs from Wentworth Castle, one of which is in the V&A (W. 36–1964).
WENTWORTH WOODHOUSE, Yorks. (Marquis of Rockingham). 1748–49: Bill for furniture, specialist upholstery work, India paper, etc. Total £117 15s 7½d. 1784 Giltwood table frame for drawing room pier. [Sheffield archives dept, Wentworth vouchers 1748 bundle & Steward's letters p. 6(111)85, May 17 1784]
OXFORD, Countess of. 1754–55: Paid two bills for unspecified work total £3 4s 9d. [Notts. RO, DD. 5P 14/2]
TEMPLE NEWSAM HOUSE, Yorks. (Viscount Irwin). 1758: Bill for close stools inscribed on back of firm's trade card, Total £2 13s 6d. [Leeds archives dept, TN, EA/12/5] 1761: Bill for brackets, carpets, etc. Total £4 4s 7d. [TN, EA/12/5] 1769: Bill for general household furniture. Total £129 5s 8d. [TN, A/12/6]
CUSWORTH HALL, Yorks. (John Battie). 1762–71: Various ledger payments for chairs, bed, wallpaper. Total £131 6s. [Leeds archives dept, Battie-Wrightson papers A/160, 179, 180]
CANNON HALL, Yorks. (John Spencer). Entries in John Spencer's diary between February 1766 and November 1768 reveal that ‘Messieurs Wright & Elwick’ were involved in furnishing the new drawing room. [Sheffield archives dept, Spencer-Stanhope MS, JS (3) 60633–19]
WORKSOP MANOR, Notts. (Duke of Norfolk). 1766: ‘bespoke of Mr Elwick of Wakefield 6 chairs for the staircase’ [Sheffield archives dept, Arundel Castle papers: ‘Worksop Manor/System/Proposal for Furnishing the/New Building/ May 1766, fol. 23 (unnumbered)]
NOSTELL PRIORY, Yorks. (Sir Rowland Winn). 1767: Chippendale's disparaging allusion to ‘the Ingenious Mr Elwick’ in his letter of 26 August implies he was employed at this house in some capacity. [Nostell archives C3/1/5/3/5]
MASONIC LODGE, Wakefield, Yorks. 1768: ‘To 3 Mahog. Elbow Chairs with high backs’, £8 9s 6d’. [Lodge records] All three survive in use at the Lodge; they have plain legs and openwork backs, styled with conventional Rococo carving, headed by glazed roundels featuring Masonic emblems in gold on a blue ground. [Furn Hist., 1976]
SERLBY HALL, Notts. (Viscount Galway). An undated document (c. 1770?) survives headed ‘Mr Elwick's Valuation of Furniture &c for East Wing’, the schedule amounts to £152 10s 4d. [Nottingham Univ. Lib., Galway MS, H. M1/1:12.702]
KILNWICK HALL, Yorks. (John & Thomas Grimston). 1770–82: Fifteen letters together with seven manuscript designs and two minor bills survive from this commission. [Humberside RO, DD. GR/38/15–42/22–43 and 44] Elwick was engaged to furnish new interiors designed by John Carr and there are records of payments to him amounting to £280 and £150 in 1773–74. The correspondence and four of the drawings were published in Furn. Hist., 1976.
BURTON CONSTABLE, Yorks. (William Constable). 1772: Elwick received a ‘considerable order’ amounting to £704 9s 8½d. [Hull University Lib., archives dept, Burton Constable papers, 1772 bundle] He fully equipped a bedroom and two dressing rooms: Ivan Hall has identified seven items listed in the account: a luxurious tester bed costing £125, a pair of oval pier glasses ‘in the Grecian Taste’, another carved and gilt ‘transitional’ pier glass, a mahogany dressing stool and two night tables. [Furn. Hist., 1976] Several articles which do not survive at the house were embellished ‘with wrote Brass gilt Furniture’ or ‘inlaid in the Grecian taste’.
CROWNEST, near Dewsbury, Yorks. (Samuel Buck). Elwick informed John Grimston in 1772 that he had been ‘given orders to furnish throughout’. [Furn. Hist., 1976]
SHELBROOK, near Doncaster, Yorks. (Councillor Perryin). Elwick informed John Grimston in 1772 that the owner had given him instructions for the house ‘to be fitted up’. [Furn. Hist., 1976]
WHITWORTH HALL, Co. Durham (Robert Shafto). Elwick told John Grimston in 1772 that he had received a commission from the owner. [Furn. Hist., 1976]
HOUSE AT EAST RETFORD, Notts. (Wharton Emerson). Elwick informed John Grimston in 1772 he had been ‘Given orders’. [Furn. Hist., 1976]
SWINTON PARK, Yorks. (William Danby). In 1775 Elwick informed Charles Hotham ‘I have just furnish'd … Mr Danby, Swinton’. [Furn. Hist., 1976]
NORTON CONYERS, Yorks. (Sir Bellingham Graham). In 1775 Elwick informed Charles Hotham ‘I have just furnish'd Sir Bell Graham’. [Furn. Hist., 1976]
RISE HALL, Yorks. (William Bethell). This large commission is mentioned in Elwick's letter of 1775 to Charles Hotham (q.v.) and a description of the furnishing scheme he contrived for the Drawing Room is supplied in his letter of 28 January 1779 to John Grimston of Kilnwick. [Furn. Hist., 1976]
NESWICK HALL, Yorks. (Robert Grimston). In 1775 Elwick wrote to Charles Hotham that examples of his work could be seen at this house. [Furn. Hist., 1976]
THORPE HALL, near Bridlington, Yorks. (Godfrey Bosvile). Mentioned in 1775 as an on-going commission in Elwick's letter to Charles Hotham. [Furn. Hist., 1976]
WELTON GRANGE, near Hull, Yorks. (John Williamson). Mentioned in 1775 as a current commission in Elwick's letter to Charles Hotham. [Furn. Hist., 1976]
DALTON HALL, Yorks. (Charles Hotham). In a letter dated 12 October 1775 Elwick offered ‘my best services in the Upholstery & Cabinet way’. [Hull University Lib., archives dept, Hotham papers, DD. HO./4/16/1] It is not known whether this unsolicited approach resulted in a commission, but Elwick named ten satisfied customers in the area.
GISBURN, Yorks. (Lord Ribblesdale). 1777: February, ‘To Mr Elwick of Wakefield, carver, 2 picture frames’, £5. 5s. [YAS, Gisburn papers, Ledger 1750–81 (unnumbered)]
BRANCEPETH CASTLE, Co. Durham (Mr Tempest). Elwick wrote to John Grimston in 1779 that he had taken orders for furnishing the Castle and another Tempest house near Hartlepool. [Furn. Hist., 1976]
CHATSWORTH (Duke of Devonshire). c. 1783: Arbitrated in a dispute between Carr and Gaubert over bills. [Burlington, June 1980, p. 410]
KIRKLEES HALL, Yorks. (Sir George Armitage). 1783: Account for chairs, sofa furnishings, etc. Total £212 16s 5d. [Halifax Antiquarian Soc. Trans., 1982, p. 36]
WOOLLEY HALL, Yorks. (Godfrey Wentworth). 1794–1801: Three substantial accounts from Elwick & Robinson survive totalling £919 0s 4d, £80 9s 11½d and £257 19s. [YAS, Wentworth papers, MD. 272/2] The partners were responsible for wallpapers, curtains, carpets, bedding, and alterations, besides supplying a very wide range of furniture. It was all dispersed in 1947. The following workmen are mentioned by name: John Houghs, Billy Middleton, James Robert, Tho. Todd, Geo. and John Whittam. C. G. G.

Wright, Richard, 63 Charlotte St, Fitzroy Sq., London, cabinet warehouse (1809–17). [D]

Wright, Richard, Castle Donnington, Leics., cm (1829). [D]

Wright, Richard, Brunswick Sq., Southampton, Hants., chairmaker (1830–39). [D]

Wright, Richard, 1 Bell Alley, Goswell St, London, cm (1839). An M. Wright, cm, was at 4 Bell Alley in 1835. [D]

Wright, Robert, 8 Little Britain, London, upholder (1791–98). Son of James Wright of Aldersgate St, sawyer. App. to Thomas Shackleton, 5 January 1791 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 1798 and in this year living at Little Britain. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Wright, Robert, Bond St, Hull, Yorks., cm, u and undertaker (1814–34). At 39 Bond St, 1814–1818 but from 1821 the address is given as 38–39 Bond St. [D]

Wright, Robert, Longtown, Carlisle, Cumb., joiner/cm (1828–29). [D]

Wright, Robert, Newcastle St, Nottingham, carver and gilder (1832). [D]

Wright, Robert, 6 John St, Leeds, Yorks., chairmaker (1834). [D]

Wright, Robert, Cox Lane, Ipswich, Suffolk, cm and u (1839). [D]

Wright, S., 388 Strand, London, carver, gilder and looking-glass manufacturer (c. 1830). His premises were on the corner of Southampton St. [Heal]

Wright, Samuel, ‘at Mr. Sharmans’, 6 Elder St, Spitalfields, London, upholder (1773–81). Son of Samuel Wright, mariner and app. to Samuel Swaine, 3 November 1773. Free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 14 November 1781. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records

Wright, Samuel, Rose Pl., Liverpool, joiner, cm and undertaker (1804–29). The number in Rose Pl. was 15–16 in 1805, 16 in 1807–10 and 1813, 13 in 1811, 28 in 1816, 15 in 1818, 17 in 1824–27 and 28 in 1829. [D]

Wright, Stephen, Apple Lane, Lincoln, cm (1790). [Poll bk]

Wright, T., 51 Wigmore St, Cavendish Sq., London, cm and paper hanger (1817–20). [D]

Wright, Thomas, Derby, carver (1710). In 1710 took app. named Whittaker. [S of G, app. index]

Wright, Thomas, Hibaldstow, Lincs., chairmaker (1756). In 1756 took app. named Pearson. [S of G, app. index]

Wright, Thomas, London, upholder (1770–78). Son of Gascoigne Wright of Kirby, Lincoln, Clerk. App. to William Chesson of London, freeman and haberdasher. Free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 3 October 1770 and set up business in Fenchurch St, the number being 157 in 1778. The business was not successful and in Gents Mag., June 1778 his bankruptcy was announced. It was in this year that he moved to Cannon St. [D; GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Wright, Thomas, 32 St Swithin's Lane, Cannon St, London, u and cm (1771–72). [D]

Wright, Thomas, Leek, Staffs., joiner and cm (1816–22). At Derby St 1816–22 but one directory of 1818 gives the address as Stockwell St. [D]

Wright, Thomas, 16 Broad Wall, Blackfriars, London, cm (1805). [D]

Wright, Thomas, Bristol, cm (1806–17). At 18 Milk St, 1806– 09, 10 Bath St, 1813–14 and 19 Milk St, 1816–17. [D]

Wright, Thomas, 24 Church St, Mile End New Town, London, chair japanner (1809). [D]

Wright, Thomas, South Molton St, London, u (1817–39). At 42 South Moulton St in 1817 and no. 47 in 1839. [D]

Wright, Thomas, 51 Wigmore St, London, u (1821–27). [D]

Wright, Thomas, High St, Garstang, Lancs., joiner and cm (1834). [D]

Wright, Thomas, Leeds, Yorks., cm and u (1834–40). At 2 Quebec St in 1834, 18 Guildford St in 1837 and in that year moved to 16 Briggate. In 1839 at 20 Briggate. [D]

Wright, Thomas, 25 Yardley St, Spitalfields, London, cm (1839). [D]

Wright, Timothy, London, upholder (1719–26). Son of Henry Wright, freeman of London and sadler. App. to Phineas Sale, 1 April 1719 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 8 June 1726. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Wright, Timothy, Duke St, Westminster, London, u (1749). [Poll bk]

Wright, Timothy, York Buildings, Buckingham St, Strand, London, u (1747–50). A freeman of the Upholders’ Co. [Heal; Westminster poll bk; freemen rolls]

Wright, Timothy, 24 Little Saffron Hill, London, looking-glass manufacturer (1839). [D]

Wright, W., Bishopsgate St, London, cm (1771). Bankruptcy announced, Gents Mag., 1771.

Wright, William, Bishop's St, London, cm (1770). A freeman of the Joiners’ Co.

Wright, William, Lancaster, cm (1767–68). [Lancaster freemen rolls]

Wright, William, Westgate, Peterborough, Northants., joiner, appraiser and u (1770). A mahogany Pembroke table of c. 1780 is recorded with the name ‘W. WRIGHT’ stamped on the top of each leg. [Cambridge Chronicle, 17 February 1770]

Wright, William, Moorfields, London, upholder (1773–81). Son of Richard Wright, freeman and member of the Upholders’ Co. App. to his father and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 7 July 1773. At Moorfields 1778–81. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Wright, William, Porter St, Newport Mkt, London, cm (1774– 93). He can possibly be identified with the William Wright, a freeman of Lancaster who was living in London in April 1784. [D; Heal; Westminster poll bk; Lancaster poll bk]

Wright, William, Seething Lane, London, cm and joiner (1789). Bankruptcy announced, Derby Mercury, 5 February 1789.

Wright, William, Gloucester Lane, Bristol, cm (1792–94). [D]

Wright, William, 410 Oxford St, London, u and cm (1809–25). In partnership with Francis Wright at this address, 1803–09, and carried on the business when the partnership was dissolved in 1809. [D]

Wright, William, 6 Norfolk St, Oxford St, London, carver and gilder (1809–25). [D]

Wright, William, 82 Titchfield St, Fitzroy Sq., London, cabinet and chair manufactory (1817–39). [D; Heal]

Wright, William, Fleet St, Coventry, Warks., chairmaker (1822). [D]

Wright, William, 9 Wilson St, Finsbury, London, u (1822–26). In September 1822 insured stock and utensils for £100. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 491, ref. 995839]

Wright, William, Thornton Watlass, Yorks., joiner and cm (1823). [D]

Wright, William, Westgate, Sleaford, Lincs., joiner, builder and cm (1826). [D]

Wright, William, Castle Hill, Richmond, Yorks., joiner and cm (1827). [D]

Wright, William, Rugby, Warks., u and paper hanger (1835). [D]

Wright, William, Windsor, Berks., u (1835). Named on a bill of Anna McBean, u under 15 May 1835. [Windsor Royal Archives, accounts 1835–40]

Wright, William, Dongate, Rotherham, Yorks., cm (1837). [D]

Wright, William, 38 London St, Fitzroy Sq., London, carver and gilder (1837). [D]

Wright, William, 2–3 Mount Row, New Kent Rd, London, u (1837). [D]

Wright, William, 9 Junction Dock St, Hull, Yorks., cm (1838– 39). [D]

Wright, William, Charlotte St, Gt Yarmouth, Norfolk, cm (1839). [D]

Wright, William, High St, Kimbolton, Hunts., cm (1839). [D]

Wright, William, 11 Palace Row, New Rd, London, cm (1839). [D]

Wright, William Hollands, Bicester, Oxon., joiner and cm (1793–1802). Freeman of Oxford. [D; Oxford poll bk]

Wright, William Thrale, 22 Wardour St, Soho, London, carver and gilder (1837–39). [D]

Wright & Son, 22 Lower Parade, Leamington, Warks., cm and u (1837). [D]

Wright & Stevens, 14 Gt Peter St, Westminster, London, furniture japanners (1835). [D]

Wrighten, Thomas, parish of St Michael, Bristol, cm (1784). [Poll bk]

Wrightson, William, Beverley, Yorks., chairmaker (1740s). Worked at Burton Constable, Yorks. and in the 1740s supplied to this house two dozen walnut chairs at £15 0s 6d. [C. Life, 3 June 1976, p. 1476]

Wrigley, Edmund snr, Toad Lane, Rochdale, Lancs., cm (1814–16). [D]

Wrigley, Edmund jnr & Robert, High St, Rochdale, Lancs., cm (1814). [D]

Wrigley, James, Middleton, near Manchester, chairmaker (1825–34). At Water St in 1825, Parkfield in 1828 and Long St, 1834. [D]

Wrigley, James, Dukinfield and Stalybridge, Lancs., joiner and cm (1828–34). At Dukinfield in 1828 and Stalybridge in 1834. [D]

Wrigley, Robert, Cheetham St, Rochdale, Lancs., cm (1816–18). In 1814 in partnership with Edmund Wrigley jnr at High St, but from 1816 trading on his own behalf. [D]

Wring, William, Golden Hill, Wiveliscombe, Som., cm (1839). [D]

Wroe, James, 4 Gray St, Oxford St, Manchester, u (1828). [D]

Wroe, John, Manchester, u (1817–29). At 2 Carpenters’ Lane in 1817, 6 James St, Thomas St in 1825 and 4 Gray St, Oxford St in 1829. [D]

Wroe, John, Hulme St, Little Bolton, Lancs., u (1816–1818). [D]

Wroe, Joseph, Manchester, u, paper hanger and smallware dealer (1825–33). At 1 Police St, Chorlton Row in 1825, 4 Gray St, Oxford St in 1829 and 6 Gray St, Chorlton Row, 1832–33. [D]

Wryde, Peter, 68 Curtain Rd, Shoreditch, London, cm and u (1822). [D]

Wyand, John, Debenham, Suffolk, cm and carpenter (1824). [D]

Wyat, Mrs, Wine Office Ct, Fleet St, London, u (1748). [Heal]

Wyate, Richard, Church Side, Macclesfield, Cheshire, cm (1816). [D]

Wyatt, Charles, High St, Maidenhead, Berks., cm and u (1840). [D]

Wyatt, Edward, 360 Oxford St, London, carver and gilder (1784–1840). Edward Wyatt was born 1757 and by 1784 was trading at the Oxford St address. His trade card dating from the early years of his business records his trade as carver, gilder and picture frame maker and he offered ‘Looking Glasses, Girandoles, Bordering for Rooms &c.’. Directories of 1803 and 1808 have been noted giving the address as 192 Oxford St. By 1820 he was claiming to be ‘Carver & Gilder to his Majesty’ and the considerable commissions that he carried out for the Royal Household and its members fully justifies this claim. He died in 1833 and was buried at Merton, Surrey where he owned property. The business continued to trade under his name into the 1840s. At this period the enterprise was probably being directed by his son Edward Wyatt jnr who is named in accounts with his father as early as April 1819. In 1822 the business was referred to as Edward Wyatt & Sons.

In his commissions for the Crown Wyatt undertook work at St James's Palace, Carlton House, Buckingham Palace, The Houses of Parliament and possibly the Royal Pavilion, Brighton. The earliest known commission for the Crown was in 1807 for carving at Carlton House. This involved frames with crowns for the Throne Room and other frames and repairs which amounted to £727 14s. Four panels with the orders of chivalry, carved and gilded, to be placed above the doors in the Throne Room were charged at £300. Further commissions are known in 1810–11 for Carlton House, involving the production of pier glass frames for the small blue Throne Room at £86 10s and twenty four emblematical door panels for the Throne Room at £584. In total work carried out in 1811 amounted to £756. Wyatt and other tradesmen working for the Prince Regent found that payment was often slow in arriving and Wyatt's name is included in a memorial requesting settlement for work at Carlton House drawn up in 1812. Additional frames and repairs and alterations were provided for a number of royal properties including Carlton House in the second and third decades of the 19th century. An entry for £3 11s on 5 April 1816 for repairs to the ‘Chinese chairs and sofas in the Bow Room’ may refer to the Royal Pavilion. Girandoles were restored for the House of Lords and in 1821 a richly carved mahogany shield provided for the Royal Model Repository at Woolwich which was charged at £64 16s. With the accession of Queen Victoria attention turned to alterations and additional carving work at Buckingham Palace, and bills delivered 1838–40 amounted to £1,614 7s 3d.

Work for other patrons was carried on in various parts of the country. In 1794 Thomas Anson paid Wyatt for work at his London house, Lichfield House, 15 St James's Sq. A large chimney glass frame, two carved and gilt table frames and carving ‘Reeds and Ribbons to form pilasters of frames round pannels’ were included in the work. The architect involved in this commission was James Wyatt and the family connection brought Edward Wyatt other work at Ashridge, Herts, where £200 was paid for carving in 1815. The 2nd Lord Braybrooke of Audley End paid Wyatt £17 14s 6s in 1803 possibly in connection with his London house; and Wyatt's name is mentioned in connection with carved Gothic chairs in oak and ‘laird blackwood’ supplied in 1810 through James Newton & Son of Wardour St for Taymouth Castle, Scotland. On 13 August 1814 a richly carved pier glass frame and a chimney glass frame together with the glass plates were invoiced to James Henry Leigh at Stoneleigh Abbey, Warks. The account for these together with carriage charges and the costs of workmen sent to install them came to £450 3s 4d. A Neo-classical stand with yellow marbling and carved enrichments resembling bronze is known made by Wyatt and is from Hinton House, Hinton St George, Som. This was supplied originally to Earl Poulet for this house. A late commission was the work carried out after Edward Wyatt snr's death for Scotney Castle, Kent. Furniture was produced for this house 1835–43 to the designs of the architect Anthony Salvin. A dresser which was carved for the house was charged at £97. The name of Edward Wyatt is also recorded in connection with Hackwood House, Hants. and the Church of St Dunstan-in-the-East, London. The main trade of the business was concerned with wood carving but work in stone was also undertaken by Edward Wyatt snr including carving the entrance gate to St James's Park ‘in six pannels, and nine lion-heads with a rich pattern of twenty-four flowers’ for which he was paid in 1808. [D; Westminster poll bk; Heal; C. Life, 25 October 1979, pp. 1404–06; DEF; PRO, LC1/5, LC11/18–21, LC11/27, LC11/30, LC11/44–74, LC11/80, LC11/95, LC11/104; Royal Works 5/114, 21/19; Windsor Royal Archives, RA 25233, 25298, 25340, 25384, 35554, Account Bk W, Box I, item 2; Essex RO, D/DBy/A357; Shakespeare Birthplace Trust, Leigh receipts, 18/5; Scottish RO, GD112/20/4/12/4] B.A.

Wyatt, Francis, parish of St Michael, Bristol, cm (1784). [Poll bk]

Wyatt, Frederick, West Cowes, Isle of Wight, Hants., u (1838). Bankruptcy announced, Sussex Agricultural Express, 2 June 1838.

Wyatt, G., London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Wyatt, J., 18 Kingsgate St, Holborn, London, u (1816). [D]

Wyatt, J., 325 High Holborn, Holborn Bars, London, upholder and cm (1817). [D]

Wyatt, James, 37 Eagle St, Red Lion Sq., Holborn, London, u and cm (c. 1800). Not recorded in London directories of the period. A cabinet veneered with mahogany, satinwood and rosewood, enriched with marquetry, mother-of-pearl and ormolu is known with the label of this maker and addressed to the Hon. Richard Ryder (1766–1832), son of the first Earl of Harrowby. A pair of painted and gilt Neo-classical torchere stands from Broome Park have also been attributed to this maker. [Heal; Sotheby's, 26 May 1967, lot 150; GCM; C. Life, 23 September 1976, supplement, p. 49]

Wyatt, James, parish of All Saints, Oxford, carver and gilder (1802). [Poll bk]

Wyatt, James, St John's St, Wolverhampton, Staffs., chairmaker (1822). [D]

Wyatt, James, High St, Oxford, printseller, carver and gilder (1830). [D]

Wyatt, James, 28 Bedford St, Plymouth, Devon, cm and u (1838). Successor to John Wyatt. [D]

Wyatt, John, Plymouth, u and cm (1805–36). At Broad St, 1805–08, Frankfort Pl., 1814–22, and Bedford St from 1823. The number in Bedford St was 27 in 1823–30 and 40 in 1830. [D]

Wyatt, John, East St, Warminster, Wilts., cm and u (1830). [D]

Wyatt, Joseph, High St, Lane End, Staffs., chairmaker (1822– 35). [D]

Wyatt, Matthew, address unknown, carver and gilder (?) (1827–32). In 1832 petitioned for payment for furniture supplied to Windsor Castle for George IV ‘nearly five years ago’. [PRO, LC1/1, 30 August 1832]

Wyatt, Samuel, Plymouth, Devon, cm (1824). In August 1824 married to Miss Ann Stevens at St Andrew's Church. [Exeter Flying Post, 12 August 1824]

Wyatt, Thomas, parish of St Mary the Virgin, Oxford, cm (1768). [Poll bk]

Wyatt, William, 1 Johnson St, Liverpool, carver and gilder (1810). [D]

Wyatt, William, Piccadilly, Shelton, Staffs., cm and u (1835). [D]

Wybrow & Barnard, ‘Queen's Arms’, Mount St, Grosvenor Sq., London (1767–70). Between June 1767 and August 1768 supplied carved picture frames to Shelburne House, Berkeley Sq. In 1770 the business was describing itself as Wybrow & Co. and trading from the Mount St address. It claimed to be ‘Frame makers & gilders to Her Majesty’. On 8 March 1770 charged David Garrick £5 5s for ‘2 Carlomarat, picture frames Carv'd of Gilt Burnish Gold by Order of Mr Zoffany’. [Bowood MS; V&A Lib., 86 NN 4(i)]

Wybrow, John, Lambeth, London, chair and sofa manufacturer (1820–29). In 1820 at 52 New cut; in 1823–25 at 14 Milner Pl., New Cut and from 1826–29 at 14 Lower Marsh. [D]

Wyburd & Terry, City Rd, London, japan chair manufactury (1802–04). Included in the list of master cabinet makers in Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. [D]

Wyburn, Job., Langport, Som., carpenter, joiner and cm (1830). [D]

Wyburn, Job., High St, Bridgwater, Som., cm and u (1840). [D]

Wyburn, John, Fore St, Bridgwater, Som., cm and u (1840). [D]

Wyburn, Robert, East St, Taunton, Som., cm and u (1839). [D]

Wye, Edward, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (b.c. 1796–1841). Aged 45 at the date of the 1841 Census.

Wyer, Robert, 372 Oxford St, off Wells St, London, cabinet case maker (c. 1820). Trade label noted on a brass bound writing box of c. 1820. The business was described as the ‘Original Military and Naval Trunk Manufacturers’.

Wyld, William, 53 Cannon St, St George's East, London, cm and u (1822). [D]

Wylde, Nathaniel, London, upholder (1701). Free of the Upholders’ Co. 9 July 1701. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Wyles, William, 2 Mount Row, New Kent Rd, London, u (1839). [D]

Wyman, James, Blackmoor St, near Clare Mkt, London, frame maker (c. 1760). His trade card indicates that he had for offer ‘All Sorts of Black Peartree or Deal Frames, for Paintings, after the Dutch, Italian or Common Method, with all Sorts of Carv'd & Gilt Ornaments and Frames for Pictures or Looking Glasses, also Prints neatly framed & Glaz'd’. Also stocked artists’ materials. [Heal]

Wyman, William, Bristol, carver, gilder and frame maker (1814–19). Traded from 1799, but up to 1813 advertised himself only as a composition ornament maker. At Frogmore St, 1814–19, the number being 6 from 1815. In 1819 moved to 4 Clare St and from 1820 took additional premises in College Pl. The number in College Pl. was 1 in 1820–22 but from 1824 was given as 18 College St. [D]

Wymark, James, Brighton, Sussex, cm, u and furniture broker (1837–39). At Clarence Pl. in July 1837 but by August 1839 had moved to 36 Western Rd. [D]

Wymot, Thomas, 1 Dorchester St, New North Rd, London, cm (1839). [D]

Wymp, George, 5 Frederick St, Liverpool, cm and victualler (1837) [D]

Wynde, James, Golden Lane, London, upholder (1710–34). Father of John Wynde who was free of the Upholders’ Co. in 1751 but traded as an apothecary. James was free of the Upholders’ Co., 1 February 1709/10 and in 1734 was living in Golden Lane. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Heal]

Wyndham, George, 38 Cavendish St, Brighton, Sussex, chairmaker (1826). [D]

Wynn, Francis, Kirkgate, Leeds, Yorks., cm and u (1830). Traded from 82 Kirkgate but also had a warehouse at 19 Kirkgate. [D]

Wynn, James, Wolverhampton, Staffs., chairmaker (1816–18). At St John St in 1816. [D]

Wynn, John, Newark, Notts., cm (1790). [Poll bk]

Wynn, John, 82 Kirkgate, Leeds, Yorks., cm and u (1814–30). Francis Wynn who was trading from 82 and 19 Kirkgate in 1830 was probably his successor. [D]

Wynne, —, London, cm (1767). Payments were made in 1767 to this maker by Henry Knight of Tythegston Court, Glam. [C. Life, 5 October 1978, p. 1024]

Wynne, George, Goss St, Chester, cm (1818). [Poll bk]

Wynne, Joseph, Gorst Stacks, Chester, cm (1818). Free 13 May 1818. [Freemen rolls]

Wyrill, Robert, Bradford, Yorks., cm (1784). Freeman of York but living in Bradford in 1784. [D; York poll bk]