Adbryght Lane - Alam (Alarm) Yard, Crutched Friars

A Dictionary of London. Originally published by H Jenkins LTD, London, 1918.

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'Adbryght Lane - Alam (Alarm) Yard, Crutched Friars', in A Dictionary of London, (London, 1918) pp. . British History Online [accessed 25 April 2024]

In this section

Adbryght Lane

" Tenement in parish of Aldermanbury being the 18th of twenty, counting from the Church of Aldermanburye to Adbryght Lane," 36, H. VIII. (H. MSS. Com. 9th Rep. p.17).

In Cripplegate Ward Within. Perhaps identical with Addle Street, but possibly lying further north.


See Addle Street.

Addle Hill

South out of Carter Lane at No. 51 to Knightrider Street in Castle Baynard Ward (P.O. Directory).

First mention: 1649 (L. and P. Commonw. 1.523).

Former names: "Adling Hill," 16oo, "Shoemakers' Holiday," printed there, 1648 {L.C.C. Deeds, Harben Bequest, 1600 -1700, No.132). "Adlestreete" (S. 365). " Adlingstreat," 1585-7, in parish of St. Andrew in "le Wardroppe ,' (London, I. p.m. III.105). "Adlyns Street," at the further end of the street called Knightrider Street, 12 Eliz. (ib. II.125).

The earlier forms are : " Athelstrete," 1392 (Cal. P.R. Ric. II. 1391-6, p. 185). Athelestrete," 1334 (Ct. H.W. I. 399). " Athelingestreet," 1283-5 (MS. D. and C. St. Paul's, Press A. Box 4, 109). " Adhelingestrate," in parochia sancti Benedicti a la Huthe, 1244 (MS. D. and C. St. Paul's, Press A. Box 4, 688). " Athelingestrete" in parochia sancti Andr. de Castro baynardi, 1272-80 (ib. Box 2, 313). " Achelingestrete," 1349 (Ct. H.W. I.606). "Achelingestrete," 1285 (D. and C. St. Paul's Lib. L. f. 93).

In former times the street extended south to Upper Thames Street, so that some portion of the eastern side lay in the parish of St. Benet, Paul's Wharf. This southern end was demolished for the formation of Queen Victoria Street.

The earliest form of the name seems to be " Adhelingestrate" or " Athelingestrete," and it can easily be seen from the foregoing examples that the present name is a corruption from the earlier forms.

The name may have been derived from the old English "ethel" = home, dwelling. from "etheling " = noble, prince, or from the Saxon name "Athel," which seems to be the more probable derivation.

Addle Street

West out of Aldermanbury to Wood Street at No.43 and to Silver Street (P.O. Directory). In Cripplegate Ward Within.

First mention : " Addlestreete " (S. ed. 1598, p.231). Earlier names and forms : " Adelane " or " Adeistrete," 1556 (Ct. H.W. II. 66o). ,"Addelane," 33 Ed. I. (Anc. Deeds, A. 2451).

Described elsewhere in deeds relating to the same property as" The lane leading from Aldermanburi," 31 Ed. III. (Anc. Deeds, A. 2457 and 2459).

"Adelane," 4 Ed. III. (ib. 2452). "Adellane," 34 Ed. III. (ib. 2455). "Athelane," 1367 (Ct. H.W. II. 105). "Adlyngstrete," 1400 (Cal. P.R. H. IV. 1399-1401, p.193).

It seems probable from the description of the property at the last-named reference, as situated "between the church of St. Mary at the end of Stanynglane end and Adlyngstrete," that this latter street is to be identified with Addle Street.

Adlane," alias " Adellane," 2 Eliz. (1560). (Lond. I. p.m. I.202). "Adlestreete," 1611 (Ct. H.W. II.734). " Adle Street," Leake, 1666.

Stow says he does not know the origin of the name.

Inhabited by Joiners (Strype, ed. 1720, I. iii. 90).

In 1633 ed. of Stow's Survey it is suggested that the name is derived from King Adelstane, who is said to have had a house with an entrance in Adel Street, and that in evidences the street is called " King Adel Street." There do not appear, however, to be any records giving this form of the name. The Saxon word" Atheling "means" noble," the word" ethel "=home, dwelling, etc. The earlier forms set out above suggest the derivation from the personal names "Ade," "Adel," or " Æthel," " Adda," all of which occur in early records.

Adelaide Buildings

In Adelaide Place, London Bridge (P.O. Directory). A block of buildings adjoining London Bridge. Named after Adelaide Place.

Adelaide Place

South from King William Street at No.40 to London Bridge (P.O. Directory). In Bridge Ward Within. Erected about 1835 as part of the scheme for the formation of the approaches to the New London Bridge, opened in 1831. Named after Queen Adelaide, consort to William IV. The site is occupied in the maps of the 17th and 18th centuries by small courts and alleys, " Churchyard Alley," " Red Cross Allev," Graves' Wharf," " Gulley Hole," etc. Contains " Adelaide Buildings," the houses adjoining London Bridge.

Adelaide Place

See Silk Street, Cripplegate.

Adelane (Adel Lane)

See Addle Street.

Adelburga (St.)

See Ethelburga (St.).


See Addle Hill.

Adle Streete

See Addle Hill and Addle Street.

Adling Hill

See Addle Hill.


See Addle Hill.

Adlyngstrete, Adlyns Street

See Addle Street and Addle Hill.

Aernselde (or Berneselde)

A tenement so called in possession of William de Wynton in parish of St. Peter de Wodestrete in Westchepe, 1349 (Ct. H.W. I.555).

In 1380 it was in possession of Richard de Kyllyngworth (ib. II.216).

Not further identified. See article on " Selds."

Africa House

On the south side of Leadenhall Street, Nos. 44 to 46, east of Billiter Street. In Aldgate Ward.

First mention: " African House" (O. and M. 1677). Part of the site was then occupied by Whitchurch House. Strype calls it" Royal African House" (ed. 1720 and 1755).

Originally the offices of the Royal African Company, a trading Company formally established by Act of Parliament, 23 George II. The Company seems to have been formed as early as 1588, and before coming to Leadenhall Street, they had their offices in Warnford Court, in Broad Street Ward (L. and P. Chas. II.1672, D.S. XII. p.87). The original Company got into debt and surrendered their Charter to the Crown, assigning their estates to a new company incorporated in 1672 as the Royal African Company. The house in Leadenhall Street was pulled down in the 18th century to enlarge the East India Warehouse in Billiter Lane and in 1766 the offices were in Cooper's Court, Cornhill, being removed later to 3 Suffolk Lane, Cannon Street. The Charter was recalled in 1821 and the Company's possessions on the west coast of Africa incorporated into the colony of Sierra Leone. Strype says that Sir Nicholas Throgmorton lodged in the house in Leadenhall Street before the Company went to it (Strype, ed. 1720, I. ii. 54). Now occupied as warehouses, etc.

African House

See Africa House.

Aggate, Aggat's passage

See Borer's Passage.

Agnes (St.)

In Aldersgate Ward. It seems at any rate in later times to have been identified with the church of St. Anne (q.v.) and to have been calied sometimes "St. Agnes," sometimes " St. Anne," and sometimes " St. Anne and St. Agnes."

First mention: "St. Agnes de Aldredesgate," 1 Rich. I. (H. MSS. Com. 9. Rep. p.2).

Other forms : " St. Agnes," 52 H. III. (Anc. Deeds, A. 1515). " St. Agnes" by Aldrethes-gate," 54 H. III. (ib. A. 1530). " St. Agnes near Aldresgate," 1281 (Ct. H.W. I.52). " St. Agnes infra Aldresgate," 1291 (Anc. Deeds, A. 9528 and 10,412). Latest mention: "St. Agnes within Aldrichesgate," 6 Rich. II. (ib. B. 2007). Patrons:

Dean of St. Martin le Grand, 31 Ed. I. (Lib. Cust. I.235). See St. Anne and St. Agnes.

Alam (Alarm) Yard, Crutched Friars

. See Allum Yard.