Ancelyne (St.) - Andrew (St.) Castle Baynard

A Dictionary of London. Originally published by H Jenkins LTD, London, 1918.

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Ancelyne (St.)

See Antholin (St.), Budge Row.

Anchor (The)

A house so called near Aldermanbury given to the parish of St. Olave Jewry (Strype, ed. 1720, I. iii. 57). Not further identified.

Anchor Alley

South out of Upper Thames Street at No. 68 to Three Cranes, on the west side of Vintners' Hall (P.O. Directory). In Vintry Ward.

First mention : London Guide, 1758.

Former names : " Anchor Street," (Rocque, 1746). " Anchor Lane " (S. 243-Strype,1755). " Palmeres Lane," 1439 and 1448 (Ct. H.W. II. 487 and 516; and S. 243). Plumbers Hall in the lane (S. 243).

The lane seems to have been called " Cressyngham lane " (q.v.) in 1437.

Named after the sign (Dodsley, 1761).

The earlier designations " Palmeres Lane " and " Cressyngham Lane " must have denoted the names of respective owners.

Anchor and Harp Alley, Aldgate High Street

See Anchor and Hart Alley.

Anchor and Hart Alley

North out of Aldgate High Street, near the eastern boundary of Portsoken Ward and within the ward. "Anchor and Hart Alley" (O. and M. 1677). "Anchor and Harp Alley" (Strype, 1720 and 1755).

Site rebuilt and seems now covered by Nos. 36 and 38 Aldgate High Street.

Name derived from the sign, or perhaps from the union of two signs.

Anchor Inn

On the west side of Duck Lane, in Aldersgate Ward (Rocque, 1746-L. Guide, 1758).

The site is now occupied by some of the buildings belonging to St. Bartholomew's Hospital.

Anchor Lane, Castle Baynard Ward

See Anchor Wharf.

Anchor Lane, Street, Vintry Ward

See Anchor Alley.

Anchor Wharf

South out of Upper Thames Street at No.9 to the Thames, in Castle Baynard Ward, between Crown and Horseshoe Wharf and Horseshoe Wharf (P.O. Directory).

First mention : Lockie, 1816.

Former names : " Anderson's Wharf " (Horwood, 1799). " Timber Wharf " (Rocque, 1746).

In O. and M. 1677 the site is occupied by Baynard's Castle (q.v.), and See Baynard's Castle Wharf.

Wheatley says it was formerly called Anchor Lane, and this may have been the new street mentioned in the Deed of 1680. See Baynard's Castle Wharf.

See also Anchor Alley.


Bequest to the Anchorite at the church of St. Peter de Cornhulle and to every other Anchorite in London, in will of Henry de Causton, 1350 (Ct. H.W. I. 638).

Richard de Elmham, Canon of St. Martin's le Grand bequeathed to every anchorite in London a penny, 1228 (Arch. Journal, XXIV. 341).

These bequests are typical of many made by the London citizens to the various anchorites and anchoresses in London, recorded in the Ct. of Hustings Wills, etc.

These Anchorites formed a very numerous body throughout the 13th, 14th, and 15th centuries, and were held in high honour on account of the austerity and devotion of their lives.

The "Ancren Riwle," an English treatise of the 13th century, gives the most elaborate rules for the conduct of an anchoress and throws much light on their mode of life.

There is an interesting account of the Anchorites of London in the Churchwardens' Accounts of the parish of All Hallows, London Wall, by Charles Welch, published by the London and Middlesex Archeological Society.

See Ancris, Anchoress.

Ancris, Anchoress, by Bishopsgate

An Ancris (Anchoress) by Bishopsgate received 40s. the year of the Sheriffs of London (S. 165).

See Anchorites.

Anderson's Wharf

South out of Upper Thames Street to the Thames, west of Copper Wharf (Horwood, 1799).

See Horseshoe Wharf and Anchor Wharf.


In parish of St. John de Walebrok, 1277-8. Devised by Edward le Blund to his son John by the name of the " whole seld of Andover " (Ct. of Hust. W. I. 30).

Devised by Sir John le Blund to his son Edward, 1312-13 (ib. 236).

Granted to Simon Corpe, 9 Ed. II. by the name of " Andovrefeld " (Anc. Deeds, C. 586).

In the last reference the " f " is probably an error in transcription in the Calendar for " s." See Selds.

Andrew (St.)

In Edgar's Charter to Westminster dated 951, setting out the boundaries, occurs the following description : " to thaere ealde stoccene sce Andreas cyricean " on the " wide herestraet " (Kemble, Birch).

It seems probable that the church referred to as forming part of the eastern boundary, is St. Andrew Holborn, though possibly on a different site. The words of the charter imply that there was another and newer stone church of St. Andrew existing at the time, or it may be so described merely to distinguish it from the other churches of the same dedication in the City.

Andrew (St.) ad Sanctam Trinitatem

Early grants (12th cent.) of land and dwellings in the parish of St. Andrew made by the Prior and Convent of Holy Trinity. Endorsed " Sancti Andree ad Sanctam Trinitatem " (Anc. Deeds, A. 2338, 7284, 7285).

Qy. = St. Andrew Undershaft.

Andrew (St.) Aneknappe

See Andrew (St.) Undershaft.

Andrew (St.) Apud Turrim

Qy.=Andrew (St.) Hubbard.

Andrew (St.) by Aldgate

Apparently St. Andrew Undershaft (q.v.).

Andrew (St.) by the Wardrobe

On the east side of St. Andrew's Hill at No.35, on. the north side of Queen Victoria Street (P.O. Directory). In Castle Baynard Ward.

First mention : " Sci andree de Castello," c. 1244 (MS. D. and C. St. Paul's W.D. 9 f. 48b).

Other names : " St. Andrew in the ward of Castle Baynard," 1275 (Riley's Mem. 4) " St. Andrew at Castle Baynard," 1279-80 (Ct. H.W. I. 46). " St. Andrew Castle Baynard," 1284 (ib. 69). " Sancti Andreae de Castro Baynardi," 31 Ed. I. (Lib. Cust. I 228). " St. Andrew Baynard," 1307 (Ct. H.W. I. 191). " St. Andrew near Castle Baynard," 1344 (ib. 473). " St. Andrew in or near the Great Wardropp," 1656 (Ct. H.W. II. 771). "St. Andrew in le Wardroppe," 1585-7 (Lond. I. p.m. II. 125).

Repaired and beautified 1627 (Strype, ed. 1720, I. iii. 223).

Burnt in the Fire and rebuilt 1692, the parish of St. Ann Blackfriars being united to it. A Rectory. Patron : Robert Fitz Walter in 31 Ed. I. (Lib. Cust. I. 237). Afterwards in private hands. Later vested in the Crown, afterwards in the Mercers' Company, who present alternately with the parishioners of St. Ann's.

Designation indicates its locality.

Andrew (St.) Castle Baynard

See Andrew (St.) by the Wardrobe.