A Dictionary of London. Originally published by H Jenkins LTD, London, 1918.
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Bartholomew (St.) without Bishopsgate
Parish mentioned 17 Ed. III. 1343 (Cal. P. R. Ed. III. 1343-5, p. 115) and temp. Rich. III. in L. and P. H. VIII. VII. 560.
Qy. an error for St. Botolph without Bishopsgate.
At 32 Little Britain, on the west, south and east sides of St. Bartholomew the Great (P.O. Directory). In Farringdon Ward Without.
In the grant to Sir Richard Riche in 1544 of the priory of St. Bartholomew, the boundaries of Greate Saynte Bartholomew Close are set out, and the Close said to be regarded as a parish by itself (L. and P. H. VIII. XIX. (1), p. 376).
It formed a precinct and the inhabitants enjoyed special privileges, such as freedom from arrest, etc., privileges originally granted to the ancient monastic foundation by Henry I.
Called "Great Bartholomew Close" (Strype, ed. 1720, I. iii. 284).
So called as forming the enclosed grounds or close of the ancient priory of St. Bartholomew.
Hatton, 1708, describes it as a kind of small, though irregular square, with several passages leading into it.
Bartholomew Court, Gravel Lane
North out of Gravel Lane, between Petticoat Lane and Gravel Lane (Rocque, 1746). In Portsoken Ward.
Apparently erected prior to 1677, as it is shown on Ogilby and Morgan's map of that date, but not named.
Removed for the erection of warehouses at the end of the 18th century.
Bartholomew Court, Little Britain
East out of Little Britain, near Bartholomew Close (Hatton, 1708 to P.C. 1732).
Not named in the maps.
Bartholomew Court, Throgmorton Street
See Throgmorton Court.
A celebrated fair held in West Smithfield at Bartholomewtide, lasting about 14 days. Described by Strype as held in a large tract of ground, with houses in rows in it, and greatly resorted to (ed. 1720, I. iii. 285).
Privilege of holding it confirmed by Henry I. to the Prior of St. Bartholomew's 1133, the duration to be three days. Afterwards granted to the Mayor and Sir Richard Rich. Occupied the site now known as Cloth Fair.
The Pie Powder Court was held here to regulate the laws of the Fair, etc.
Suppressed 1855 as a nuisance.
South out of Lothbury to Threadneedle Street at No.63, on the east side of the Bank of England. In Broad Street Ward.
First mention : S. ed. 1598, p.141.
In the 14th century, viz. in 1308, 1348 and 1366-7, it seems to have been called "St. Bartholomew the Less Lane" (q.v.).
Hatton, writing in 1708, describes it as a considerable street, 85 yards long. But at this time and until the latter end of the 18th century, it was quite a narrow lane. The northern end was taken down and widened during the enlargement of the Bank of England 1766-86, and the Bank now occupies the whole of the western side of the street. The southern end was not widened until towards the middle of the 19th century, about 1840, when the church of St. Bartholomew was taken down for the erection of the New Royal Exchange. Named after the church of St. Bartholomew by the Exchange, which stood at the south-east corner of the lane.
Tessellated pavement found here, 1841.
East out of Bartholomew Close at No.38 (P.O. Directory). In Farringdon Ward Without.
First mention : Lockie, 1810.
Bartholomew's (St.) Cloisters
On the south-west side of the hospital.
"The Cloysters," Horwood, 1799.
Described by Strype as occupied by rows of shops, and giving entrance to the Hospital buildings (ed. 1720, I. iii. 284).
Fell into decay and disappeared by 1850, the site having been rebuilt.
Bartholomew's (St.) Hospital
On the south side of West Smithfield (P.O. Directory). In Farringdon Ward Without.
Founded by Rahere as a cell to the Priory (q.v.) and subject to its jurisdiction (S. 376 and Ch. I. pm. 13 Ed. I. and 22 Ed. I. (121)). "Hospit' St. Barthi de Smythefeld," (22 Ed. I. Ch. I. p.m.).
Foundation confirmed by Edward III. to be governed by a Master, 8 brothers and 4 sisters under the Priory (S. 376).
Repaired by the Executors of Richard Whittington, 1423.
After the Dissolution, it was refounded 1544-47, and its revenues restored, the jurisdiction of the Mayor and Corporation being substituted for that of the Priory, by grant of the King (L. and P. H. VIII. XIX. (1), p. 501 and XXI. (2), p. 414).
It has been frequently repaired and enlarged during the 18th and 19th centuries, and within recent years, and is one of the wealthiest of the London hospitals.
The church within the site of the hospital was given to be a parish church called the church of St. Bartholomew the Little for all inhabitants within the site and close of the Hospital, 1547 (L. and P. H. VIII. XIX. (1), p. 501).
See Bartholomew (St.) the Less.
The recent extensions have involved the removal of the small courts and alleys on the east side of Giltspur Street, including Bull Court, or Ball Court, Bartholomew Court, etc.
Bartholomew's (St.) Priory
A priory of Augustinian canons founded by Rahere in 1123 in West Smithfield in Farringdon Ward Without (See Liber Bartilmew Cott. MS. Vesp. B. ix., being the Register book of the Priory referred to by Stow in his Survey of London).
The monastic buildings were extensive and covered a considerable area of ground, including the Hospital buildings and land which were under the jurisdiction of the Priory.
The monastery was possessed of large revenues and of numerous houses and rents in London and the suburbs.
It was restored and renewed about 1410, the cloister and chapter house having been rebuilt in 1409.
At the Dissolution of the Monasteries in temp. H. VIII. the site of the Priory, together with the close, were granted by H. VIII. to Sir Richard Riche, while the remains of the Priory church, were reconstructed to form a parish church to be called the parish church of St. Bartholomew the Great in Westsmythfelde, 1544 (L. and P. H. VIII. XIX. (1), p. 376).
The nave of the Priory church had been completely destroyed, and it was the choir and transepts of the Norman church that were converted into this parish church, forming the most beautiful and complete example existing in London of the architecture of that period.
The Hospital, which had always been annexed to and had been subject to the jurisdiction of the Priory, was granted in 1547 to the Mayor and Corporation of the City.
Among the many privileges conferred upon the Priors was that of holding a fair within the precincts of the Priory, known as Bartholomew Fair (q.v.).
For further particulars See separate articles:-
Bartholomew (St.) the Great.
Bartholomew (St.) the Less.
Bartholomew's (St.) Hospital.
There is an interesting account of the remains of the Priory church, cloisters, etc., in Trans. L. and M. Arch. Soc. N.S. II. (2), 211 et. seq. B>Bartholomew Place.-East out of Bartholomew Close at No.38 (P.O. Directory). In Farringdon Ward Without.
First mention : Lockie, 1810.
South out of Holborn between Bartlett's Buildings and Thavies Inn (Strype, 1720-Elmes, 1831).
In O. and M., 1677, it occupies the site also of Bartlett's Buildings.
First mention : 1615. Parish register of St. Andrew's Holborn.
Site now occupied by Bartlett's Buildings (q.v.).
A new street so called, forming part of Bartlett's Buildings, 1686 (L.C.C. Deeds, Harben bequest, 1600-1700, No.94).
Site now occupied by Bartlett's Buildings.
On the south side of Holborn Circus at Nos. 4, 5, and 6 (P.O. Directory.) In Farringdon Ward Without.
First mention : Hatton, 1708.
In O. and M. 1677 "Bartlet's Court." Occupies the site of both Bartlett's Buildings and Bartlett's Court of the later maps, and it is mentioned by this name in the parish registers as early as 1615. The buildings seem to have been rebuilt after the formation of Holborn Circus, when some of the houses were removed. Described by Hatton, 1708, as a pleasant square court, near against Hatton Street.
Thomas Bartlett, King's printer, 2 Ed. VI., possessed "the Plow" in Fetter Lane, and the buildings and Court were named after him or his descendants, who still held the property.
He also had a tenement and garden in Crokehorne Alley (q.v.) in 2 and 3 P. and M., which Alley adjoined Thavies Inn on the east, and therefore must have occupied the site or some part of the site of the present Bartlett's Buildings.
There is a stone tablet on No.28 with the date 1685, which is not the date of erection, but possibly indicated the date of a rebuilding (perhaps of Bartlett Street, q.v.). This tablet was originally on No. I, on the north-west side of the street at its junction with Holborn, but when that house was pulled down in 1866 the stone was given to the then owner of No.28 (H. Co. Mag. No.23, p. 244).
On the west side of Nightingale Lane in East Smithfield (Elmes, 1831), the first turning from Upper East Smithfield.
Site now occupied by warehouses, etc., belonging to the Docks.
West out of Bartlett's Buildings at No.9 to Fetter Lane (P.O. Directory).
First mention : Rocque, 1746.
Seems to be called "Dermers' Passage" in Lockie, 1810.
Named after Bartlett's Buildings or Court.
Out of Tower Street (W. Stow, 1722).
Not named in the maps.
Not further identified.
Near the Library of the Inner Temple, within the Temple precincts, 25 H. VIII. (Inner Temple Rec. I. 106).
No later reference.
Bas Court, Barbican
Houses with gardens called "La Bas Court" by Crypelgate, 5 Ed. III.1331 (Cal. P.R. Ed. III.1330-4, p. 106).
"Bas-court" in Rodecrouchestrete without Crypilgate, 1341 (ib. 1340-3, p. 201).
A tenement in "Redecruchestrate" lay between the garden called "le Baas Gardyn" on the north and Redecruchestrate on the south (MS. D. and C. St. Paul's, Press A. Box 10, 1015).
From this document it appears that "la Bas Court" lay to the north of Redcross Street.
Later, in 10 H. VIII. it is described as a messuage called "Barrecan," otherwise "Barbycane," otherwise "Bascourt," belonging to Lord Willughby d'Eresby (L. and M. Ft. of Fines, II. 25).
Described as "Willoughby House" or "Barbican" in will of Peregrine Bertie, 1601 (Kingsford's Stow, II. 340).
The site is shown in the O.S. 1875 on the north side of Barbican (Street), west of Golden Lane.
See Bassishaw and Blackwell Hall.