Brown's Yard, Angel Alley, Bishopsgate - Bull Court

A Dictionary of London. Originally published by H Jenkins LTD, London, 1918.

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Henry A Harben, 'Brown's Yard, Angel Alley, Bishopsgate - Bull Court', in A Dictionary of London, (London, 1918) pp. . British History Online [accessed 21 May 2024].

Henry A Harben. "Brown's Yard, Angel Alley, Bishopsgate - Bull Court", in A Dictionary of London, (London, 1918) . British History Online, accessed May 21, 2024,

Harben, Henry A. "Brown's Yard, Angel Alley, Bishopsgate - Bull Court", A Dictionary of London, (London, 1918). . British History Online. Web. 21 May 2024,

In this section

Brown's Yard, Angel Alley, Bishopsgate

See Brown's Court.

Brown's Yard, Minories

See Peacock Place or Court.


Grant by Hugh de Nevill to Edithe Lodham of "Messagium meum in 'Bruestrete' juxta terra qua Galfridus piscator de me, ten scilicet quicquid in illo mesagio habui in profunditate et latitudine et rebus cunctis" (Harl. Ch. 54, B. 13), N.d.

Endorsed "paroch sancti Magni Lon."

The form "Bruestrete" may well have been a contraction of "Brugestrete," a common form for "Bridge Street" (q.v.) in early times.

The endorsement is almost certainly later than the deed, so that too much importance must not be attached to it.


A shop held of the "Brugeshusee" is mentioned in the Will of John Cros, 1294 (Ct. H.W. I. 114).

Qy.=Bridge House (q.v.).

Brush Court

South out of Upper East Smithfield, the second turning east from St. Katherine's Lane (Horwood, 1799).

Earliest mention : "Brush Yard," (Hatton, 1708).

It is described in Strype's maps, 1720 and 1755, as "Bush Alley."

Removed for the construction of St. Katherine's Docks and the adjoining warehouses, 1827.

Brushfield Street

East out of Bishopsgate, at No. 238 (P.O. Directory). The western end only of the street is in Bishopsgate Ward Without, the greater part of it lying in Stepney, outside the City boundary.

First named : February 25th, 1870 (L.C.C. List, 1901).

Former name : "Union Street" (Horwood, 1799).

The Black Horse Inn stood on this site in earlier times (Rocque, 1746).

Bucker's Gardens

See Sussex Place.

Buckingham House

On the west side of College Hill, in Vintry Ward (O. and M. 1677-Strype, ed. 1720).

So called as being bought by the late Duke of Buckingham, and where he sometimes resided...a very large and graceful building, late the seat of Sir John Lethulier, an eminent merchant ; sometime Sheriff and Alderman of London (Strype, ed. 1720, I. iii. 13).

Duke of Buckingham came there 1672 (N. and Q. Feb. 13th, 1897, p. 129).

It seems probable that the stables and garden of this house extended to the east side of the street, now occupied by No. 21 with a fine gateway giving entrance to it (N. and Q. Feb. 13th, 1897, p. 129).

See Newcastle Court.

Buckle Court

Out of Houndsditch. In Bishopsgate Street Without (Strype, ed 1720, I. ii. 109).

No further reference.


South-east out of Cheapside, at No. 80, to Walbrook (P.O. Directory). In Walbrook and Cheap Wards.

Earliest mention : "Bokerelesbury," 1275 (Ct. H.W. I. 26).

Other names and forms : "Bokerelesberi," 6 Ed. I. (ib. 29). "Bokerellesbiry," 1307 (Cal. L. Bk. B. p. 197). "Bokerellesbury," 1336 (Ct. H.W. I. 415). "Bokelersbury," 23 Ed. III. (Anc. Deeds, C. 905). "Bokerelesbury Street," 24 Ed. III. 1350 (Cal. Close R. Ed. III. 1349-54, p. 277). "Bukleresbury," 41 Ed. III. 1367 (Cal. L. Bk. G. p. 220). "Bokeleresbury," 1414 (Ct. H.W. II. 402). "Boclersbury," 1499 (ib. 599). "Buklersbury," 1516 (ib. 622). "Bucklersbury," 1529 (L. and P. H. VIII. IV. Pt. 3, p. 2547).

In the earlier references above cited, it is the estate and tenement of Bucklersbury that are referred to and not the street. The earliest mention of the street appears to be about the 23 or 24 Ed. III., so that it may have been formed early in the 14th century.

Stow is under a misapprehension in stating that the estate or manor (as he calls it) and tenements belonged to one Buckle, as this is not the original form of the name. It is much more likely that the owners of the property were the well-known family of Bokerel or Bukerel, who took an active interest in municipal affairs, throughout the 13th century.

In 41 Ed. III. it was ordained that all exchanges of gold and silver were to be located in Bucklersbury, 31 Ed. III. 1367 (Cal. L. Bk. G. p. 220).

In later times the street was occupied by the Pepperers and Grocers (S. 82 and 262), and afterwards by Drugsters and Furriers (Strype, ed. 1720, I. iii. 50).

Buck's Head Court

South out of Great Distaff Lane, in Bread Street Ward (O. and M. 1677-Elmes, 1831).

Removed for the western extension of Cannon Street, 1853-4.

Budge Row

South-east from Watling Street to Cannon Street (P.O. Directory). In Walbrook and Cordwainer Wards.

Earliest mention found in records : "Bogerowe," 1356 (Ct. H.W. II. 35).

It is mentioned as early as the 54 H. III. (Anc. Deeds, C. 1172), and described as "the street running from Sandewystrate beyond Walbrook to St. Paul's," but is not named, and was probably known as "Atheling" Street (q.v.) at that time.

Other forms : "Bugge Row," 1528 (L. and P. H. VIII. IV. (2), p. 1789). "Budgrowe," 1560 (Lond. I. p.m. I. 211).

So called, says Stow, "of Budge, Furre and of Skinners Dwelling there" (S. 252). The word occurs as "boge" in Statutes of the Realm, I. 380, under the date 1363.

In the N.E.D. the etymology is said to be obscure and no satisfactory derivation of the word is given. The first definition is "lambskin with the wool dressed outwards," as defined by Halliwell, s.v.

Bugge Row

See Budge Row.

Bukerel (Ward of)

See Broad Street Ward.

Bull Alley

In Nicholas Lane, Lombard Street (P.C. 1732-Boyle, 1799).

Not named in maps.

Bull Alley

East out of Broad Street to Bishopsgate in Broad Street Ward (O. and M. 1677-Boyle, 1799).

The site is now occupied by Palmerston House.

Bull and Mouth Inn

On the south side of Bull and Mouth Street, in Aldersgate Ward (O. and M. 1677-Elmes, 1831).

Burnt in the Fire and rebuilt.

Rebuilt about 1830-1 as the Queen's Hotel. Archt., Savage : demolished 1887.

The inn is said to have derived its name from the sign of the Boulogne mouth or harbour, of which the present form is a corruption.

The site is now occupied by some of the new General Post Office Buildings, erected 1890-5.

Bull and Mouth Street

West out of St. Martin le Grand to King Edward Street, in Farringdon Ward Within and Aldersgate Ward (O.S. 1880).

First mention : O. and M. 1677.

Removed for the erection of the new General Post Office Buildings. So named from the Bull and Mouth Inn there (q.v.). See Stewksley's Street.

Bull Court

North out of Dunnings Alley. In Bishopsgate Ward Without (Rocque, 1746).

Also called : "Bull Yard" (Lond. Guide, 1758-Boyle, 1799).

The site is now occupied by Liverpool Street Station, etc.

Bull Court

In Milton Street, Cripplegate Without (Elmes, 1831).

Not named in the maps.

Bull Court

East out of Giltspur Street, at No. 15. In Farringdon Ward Without (Lockie, 1810-Elmes, 1831).

See Ball Court, Giltspur Street.

Removed for the extension of St. Bartholomew's Hospital.