A Dictionary of London. Originally published by H Jenkins LTD, London, 1918.
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Burnt Yard, Crutched Friars
See French Horn Yard.
South-west out of Nightingale Lane to Lower East Smithfield at No 25 (P.O. Directory).
Earliest mention in W. Stow, 1722. Shown in Morden and Lee, 1682.
Burroughe (Lord of the)
Tenement in parish of St. Andrew at Castlebaynerd, near gate of the lord of the Borroughe, 23 Eliz. 1581 (Lond. I. p.m. III. 41).
There is no indication in the Inquisition as to the identity of the person so designated.
A name given to the Royal Exchange (q.v.), and the New Exchange in the Strand, afterwards called Exeter Change.
East out of St. Mary Axe, at No. 34 (P.O. Directory). In Aldgate Ward.
Earliest mention : "Berry Court" (Rocque, 1746).
So named as standing on a portion of the site of the property of the Abbots of Bury St. Edmunds, who had their own town house in Bevis Marks.
Bury Street, Bevis Marks
South out of Bevis Marks at No. 10. In Aldgate Ward (P.O. Directory).
Earliest mention : Messuage called the Taverne of the "Kyngeshedd" lying in a street called "Burye street," London, belonging to Sir Thomas Englefield, 24 H. VII. (Lond. I. p.m. 30 H. VIII. No. 71, L. and M. Arch. Soc. New Series I. App. p. 50).
It seems probable that this is a reference to Bury Street, Bevis Marks, although this street is not supposed to have been formed until after the suppression of the monasteries by H. VIII., and is not mentioned by Stow. But there is a street similarly situated shown in Agas, (G) map, and it may have been only rebuilt when Heneage Street and other streets in the neighbourhood were formed.
Other forms of name : "Berry Street" (O. and M. 1677). "Stable Yard" (Rocque, 1746), occupies part of the southern portion of the street.
Named after the Abbot of Bury, to whom Bevis Marks belonged.
South out of St. John's Court, Chick Lane, to Fox Court, in Farringdon Ward Without (Rocque, 1746).
See Bushie's Rents.
Bush Alley, Upper East Smithfield
See Brush Court.
South out of Cannon Street, at No. 86, to 157 Upper Thames St. (P.O. Directory). In Walbrook and Dowgate Wards.
First mention : "Busshelane," 1486 (Cal. P.R. H. VII.). "Bushe Lane," 1558 (Lond. I. pm. II. 130).
Other names : "Great Bush Lane" (Strype, ed. 1720, I. ii. 208).
At its southern end the lane has been diverted slightly further east for the erection of Cannon Street Station.
Name derived from the personal name "Busshe," which occurs in records of the 14th century.
Roman walls and pavements found (Arch XIX. 156, 404, and LXIII. 319). Opposite Scot's Yard a wall found crossing the street diagonally 29 ft. wide, at a depth of 6 ft., with a pavement upon it, and another wall in Scot's Yard at a depth of 8 ft., descending to 13 ft. where the pavements were found (Arch. XIX. 156-7), and another parallel with Chequer Yard. An extensive spring existed near the spot (R. Smith, 116).
In Lothbury (P.C. 1732-Boyle, 1799).
Not named in maps.
Made a place for landing special goods under Act of Parliament (Strype, ed. 1720, I. ii. 49).
No further reference.
South from St. John's Court to Fox Court, Cow Lane, in West Smithfield, in Farringdon Ward Without (L. Guide, 1758-Boyle, 1799).
Former name : "Busby's Rents" (Rocque, 1746).
Site now covered by Smithfield Market.
Butcher Hall Lane
See King Edward Street.
Butcher Row, Aldgate High Street
On the south side of Aldgate High Street, east from the Minories.
Butcher Row, East Smithfield
South-east from Upper East Smithfield to Lower East Smithfield (Lockie's Topog. 1810-Elmes' Topog. Dict. 1831).
Earliest mention : Hatton, 1708.
Site covered by the St. Katherine's Docks and adjacent warehouses 1827.
Possibly the street was originally occupied by the "foreign" butchers, who did not possess the freedom of the City and derived its name from this circumstance.
Elections to the Mistery of Butchers are recorded in 1328 (Cal. L. Bk. E. p. 233).
Fined in 1180 as an adulterine guild.
The butchers' quarters were Eastcheap and the Shambles at Newgate.
Foreign butchers were admitted to sell flesh in Leadenhall Market in 1533. Formerly they stood in Lime Street, and paid rent for their stalls to the householders. They were taken into Leadenhall to pay for their standing to the Chamber of London (S. 188 and 189).
The Fraternity of Butchers is mentioned in 1357 (Ct. H.W. I. 696).
Butchers (Street of)
Market of flesh and fish allowed still to be kept in "Vico Carnificum occidentalium in parochia Sancti Nicholai" after the erection of "les Stokkes," 17 Ed. II. (Cal. P.R. 1321-4, p. 425).
Later, in the time of Richard II., Butchers were not allowed to kill flesh except at Knightsbridge.
=Newgate Street (q.v.).
In Little Moorfields (W. Stow, 1722).
Not named in the maps.
On the west side of Bartholomew Close at Nos. 87 and 88 (P.O. Directory). In Farringdon Ward Within.
Erected here in 1884-5.
The first Hall was in Butcher Hall Lane in St. Nicholas Shambles, but was destroyed in the Great Fire 1666. Stow describes it as in Pentecost Lane.
The Hall was rebuilt in Pudding Lane on the east side at No. 34 (O. and M. 1677-O.S. 1880), and was again burnt in 1829, but rebuilt 1831. In consequence of the widening of Eastcheap and the considerable alterations made in that street, the Hall was removed to its present position in 1884-5.
Butchers' Hall Corner
High street in St. Nicholas Shambles by the small lane there leading to the gate at the Butchers Hall Corner, 42 Eliz. (Lond. I. p.m. III. 272).
Butchers' Hall stood in this parish until destroyed in the Fire 1666.