Carron wharf - Castle Alley

A Dictionary of London. Originally published by H Jenkins LTD, London, 1918.

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'Carron wharf - Castle Alley', in A Dictionary of London, (London, 1918) pp. . British History Online [accessed 23 April 2024]

In this section

Carron wharf

See Carron Company's Warehouses, and Carron and London and Continental Steam Wharves, Carron Co.

Cart Yard

West out of Harrow Alley, Aldgate High Street. In Portsoken Ward.

So called in Rocque's map, 1746, but in the other maps it is generally shown as a portion of Harrow Alley (q.v.).

The site is now covered by large stores.

Carter Court

North out of Barbican, in Cripplegate Ward Without (O.S. 1875-80).

Former names : "Garter Place" 5 Ed. VI. (Cal. L. and M. Ft. of Fines, II. 81). "Garter Court" (O. and M. 1677-Elmes, 1831). "Carter Court," otherwise "Carter-place," 31 Chas. II. 1679 (L.C.C. Deeds, Harben Bequest, 1600-1700, No. 18).

Stow says that in his time it was called "Garterhouse," and had been built by Sir Thomas Writhe or Writhesley, Garter King of Arms, with a chapel at the top dedicated by the name of "S. Trinitatis in Alto." It adjoined the Barbican or Base Court (S. 305).

Houses pulled down about 1881-2. Entrance still existed in 1882.

The site is now occupied by offices and business houses.

Carter Lane

West out of Old Change to Water Lane (P.O. Directory). In Castle Baynard Ward and Farringdon Ward Within.

First mention : "Carterstrete," 1295 (Ct. H.W. I. 122).

Other forms : "Cartereslane," 1349 (Ct. H.W. I. 587). "Carterslane," 20 Rich. II. (Anc. Deeds, C. 3055). "Carterelane," 1397 (Ct. H.W. II. 328). "Carterislane," I H. V. (ib. C. 3245). "Great Carter Lane" and "Little Carter Lane" (O. and M. 1677 to O.S. 1848-50).

Great Carter Lane extended from Creed Lane to Paul's Chain, forming the western end of the street, while Little Carter Lane extended to Old Change, forming the eastern end.

The western end from Creed Lane to Water Lane was called formerly : "Shoemaker Row," 1653 (L. and P. Common. V. 82-Elmes, 1831). "Shoemaker Lane" (O.S. 1848-50).

The names : "Great Carter Lane," "Little Carter Lane," and "Shoemaker Row, or Lane" were abolished in 1866 and the whole street named Carter Lane.

The early forms of the name suggest that it was intended to commemorate a former owner of property there.

Carter Lane

Stow says Chequer Yard used to be called Carter Lane, of carts and Carmen having stables there (S. 233).

See Chequer Yard, Dowgate.

Carter Street, Houndsditch

See Clothier Street.

Carter's Rents

At the north end of Little Minories (Lockie, 1816).

Not named in the maps.

Carter's Rents

At the north end of Little Minories (Lockie, 1816).

Not named in the maps.

Carthusian Street

West out of Aldersgate Street, at 129, to 2 Charterhouse Square, the southern side in Aldersgate Ward Without, on the northern boundary of the Ward (P.O. Directory).

The northern side of the street is in the Borough of Finsbury.

Built 1699 (W. Stow, 1722).

So called from the convent of Carthusian monks formerly residing in the Charterhouse.

"Cathus Street " in Strype.

Cartridge Street, Royal Mint Street

See Cartwright Street.

Cartwright Square

At the southern end of Cartwright Street, east of the Royal Mint (O.S. 25 in 1880 ed.).

Formerly known as "Crown Court" (Rocque, 1746). The square seems to have been erected towards the end of the 18th century.

Earliest mention in Horwood's map, 1799.

Site covered by artizans' dwellings, erected by the Metropolitan Industrial Dwellings' Co., Ltd., commenced in 1884, and called Alfred Buildings, Katherine Buildings, etc.

Cartwright Street

South out of Royal Mint Street, at 29, to Upper East Smithfield, at 31 (P.O. Directory).

Formerly (in O.S. 1880) extended only to Cartwright Square and Crown Court, but when these streets were removed for the erection of the industrial dwellings by the Metropolitan Industrial Dwellings' Co., Ltd., in 1884, Cartwright Street was prolonged into Upper East Smithfield.

Former names : "Churchyard Alley" (17 Chas. II. Midd. Sess. Rolls, III. 371-Rocque, 1746). "Cartridge street in rosemary lane," called also "Church-head street" (New Review, 1728, and W. Stow, 1722), and the two names seem to have been in use interchangeably until the end of the 18th century.

The name "Churchyard Alley" is interesting, as suggesting the proximity of the street in early days to the church of the convent of St. Mary Graces, the abbey of Eastminster, which stood on the site now occupied by the Royal Mint.

Cary Lane

See Carey Lane.

Castel (The)

Dinner at the Castell in fish strett 1497-8 (Records, St. Mary at Hill, 230). Presumably in Fish Street Hill.

Castell Aley

See Furnival Street.

Castle (The)

An inn called the Castle near the Bars of West Smithfield belonged to Wm. Creswick, 1390 and 1405 (Strype, ed. 1720, I. iii. 242, and ii. 62).

In St. John's Street, outside the Bars, in possession of Thomas Hyde, 13 Eliz. (Lond I. p.m. II. 153).

Castle (The)

An inn so called in Holborn 36 H. VIII. 1544, in parish of St. Andrew (L. and P. H. VIII. XIX. (I), p. 632).

No later reference.

Castle (The)

Messuage called the Castell in parish of St. Giles beyond Creplegate, 37 Eliz. 1595 (Lond. I. p.m. III. p. 220).

Not further identified.

Castle (The)

An inn so called in parish of St. Sepulchre without Newgate, 36 H. VIII 1544 (L. and P. H. VIII. XIX. (2), p. 187).

No later reference.

Castle Alley

See Castle Court, Birchin Lane.

Castle Alley

South out of Threadneedle Street to Cornhill, on the western side of the Royal Exchange. In Broad Street and Cornhill Wards (Stow, ed. 1598-Boyle, 1799).

Derivation of name : The alley passed through a large stone house called "the Castle" (S. 194), of which part was removed for the first Royal Exchange.

Site now occupied by the Royal Exchange.

Castle Alley

South out of Thames Street, near Lambeth Hill (Hatton, 1708-Boyle, 1799).

Not named in the maps, unless it is identical with Castle Yard (q.v.) at 34 Upper Thames Street.