Castle Street - Cateaten Street

A Dictionary of London. Originally published by H Jenkins LTD, London, 1918.

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'Castle Street - Cateaten Street', in A Dictionary of London, (London, 1918) pp. . British History Online [accessed 24 April 2024]

In this section

Castle Street

By Fleet Ditch (W. Stow, 1722).

Qy.=Newcastle Street.

Castle Street

See Newcastle Street, Farringdon Street ; also Furnival Street, Holborn.

Castle Street

South out of Upper Thames Street, in Castle Baynard Ward, west of Paul's Wharf (O. and M. 1677-O.S. 1848-50).

The site is now occupied by the Carron Company's Warehouses (q.v.).

Perhaps=Baynard's Castle Lane.

Castle Street

South out of Nicholl Square, to No. 7 Falcon Square, in Cripplegate Ward Without (P.O. Directory).

First mention : Horwood, 1799.

So named after the Castle and Faulcon Inn, which occupied the site of Falcon Square, as shown in Rocque, 1746.

Castle Street, Houndsditch

See Goring Street.

Castle Tavern

On the west side of Honey Lane Market and Milk Street, in Cripplegate Ward Within (Strype, 1720 and 1755).

No later reference.

Castle Tavern

On the east side of Shoe Lane, with a passage south to Fleet Street, in Farringdon Ward Without (Rocque, 1746).

Mentioned in 1432 (Strype, ed. 1720, I. iii. 265).

No later reference.

Castle Tavern

On the north side of Paternoster Row, between Eagle and Child Court and Lovels Alley (Strype, ed. 1720-Rocque, 1746).

First mention : "The Castell," 1602 (H. MSS. Com. Rutland MSS. IV. 452).

Castle Tavern Court

West out of Milk Street with a narrow passage into Wood Street (Strype, ed. 1720, I. iii, 90).

So named after the Castle Tavern.

Not named in the maps.

Castle Tavern, Whitechapel Bars

Mentioned in Strype's description of the bounds of Portsoken Ward, the bounds, after the Bars, crossing the highway of Aldgate High Street south, and going through a tavern called the Castle and thence to the Minories Wall (Strype, ed. 1720, I. ii. 26).

No later reference.

Castle Yard

See Furnival Street.

Castle Yard

South out of Upper Thames Street to the Thames at No. 34 (P.O. Directory). In Queenhithe Ward.

First mentioned : Lockie, 1810.

Former names : "Castle Alley" (Leake, 1666-O. and M. 1677). "Castle Lane" (Strype, ed. 1720-Horwood, 1799). "Castle Street" (Hatton, 1708).

Castle Yard, Houndsditch

See Goring Street.

Castle's New Court

See Castle Court, Budge Row ; also Newcastle Court, College Hill.

Cat Alley

North out of Long Lane, in Farringdon Ward Without (O. and M. 1677-Boyle, 1799). "Catt Alley" (Strype, 1720-55).

The site has been rebuilt.

Cat and Fiddle (The)

In the parish of St. Benet Sherehog, 1542 (L. and P. H. VIII. XVII. 393).

Earliest mention : "le Catfethele," 41 Ed. III. (Cal. L. Bk. G. p. 217).

Also called : " le Catfithele," 1374 (Ct. H.W. II. 161).

No later reference.

Cat and Fiddle (The) Cheap

A shop called the "Catt and Fiddell" in the parish of St. Peter in Chepe, 4 Ed. VI. (Lond. I. p.m. I. p. 81).

The "Catt and Fyddell" near Cheape Crosse, 36 H. VIII. 1544 (L. and P. H. VIII. XIX. Pt. 1, p. 501).

No later reference.

Cat and Wheel Alley, Bishopsgate

See Catherine Wheel Alley.

Cate Lane

Two houses in parish of St. George in the lane called "Cate lane," 1274 (H. MSS. Com. 9th Rep. 11a).

In the Hundred Rolls, 3 Ed. I., mention is made in the Ward of Wolmar de Essex, which has been identified with Billingsgate Ward, of a lane called "Cattene lane."

Not further identified.

Cateaten Street

West out of Old Jury to Milk Street at No. 16 (Elmes, 1831). In Cheap, Coleman Street and Cripplegate Within Wards.

Now forms part of Gresham Street (q.v.).

First mention : "Catteton streate," 30 Eliz. 1588 (Lond. I. p.m. III. 112).

Stow describes it as extending from Ironmonger Lane to St. Laurence Jury Church, not quite so far west as in the later maps. He speaks of it as "Catte street," corruptly called "Catteten streete" (S. 273).

Earlier forms : "Cattestret," 7 Ed. I. 1279 (Cal. Ch. Rolls, II. 215). "Catestrete," 1331 (Ct. H.W. I. 369). "Catton Lane," 1438 and 1453 (ib. II. 523). "Cattenelane," temp. Ed. I. (H. MSS. Com. 9th Rep. p. 25). "Ketton street," Agas (G), c. 1570. "Catling Street," temp. Eliz. (Proc. in Chanc. I. 13). "Cateaten streete," Ryther's map, 1608.

It has been suggested that the name is derived from Sampson le Chat, who held property in the neighbourhood in the time of King John, as appears from the Charter Roll, 16th. of his reign : Grant to Wm. de Warenn c Surr of the house formerly of Benedicti Judei Parvi and Ysaac his brother in the Jewry "q est inter terram q fuit Jose presbiteri" "versus occidentem & terra q fuit Sampson Le Chat versus orientem" (Cal. Ch. Rolls. II. 203).

In N. and Q. 8 S. VII. 206, the principal house of Sampson le Chat is said to have been at the corner, facing the church of St. Lawrence Jewry.

The original form of the name, as shown above, was "Catte strete," which occurs as a street name in Oxford and other towns.

"Cateaton Street" appears to have been a later and corrupt form. There is a Cateaton Street in Manchester. In the earlier forms the accent would have been on the first syllable.