A Dictionary of London. Originally published by H Jenkins LTD, London, 1918.
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See Cate Lane, Billingsgate and Cateaton Street.
North out of Houndsditch into Devonshire Street, at No. 90 (P.O. Directory). In Bishopsgate Ward Without.
First mention : Strype, ed. 1720.
Other name : "Sandwich Court" (Rocque, 1746).
It seems to be shown in O. and M. 1677, as a passage leading up to Devonshire House.
Strype calls it "Candish Court" (q.v.).
Named after the Earls of Devonshire, who occupied Devonshire House for some years, the family name being Cavendish.
East of Warwick Lane and parallel to it, in the parish of St. Faith.
Mentioned in numerous deeds amongst the St. Paul's MSS. in which the boundaries are variously described as follows : Tenements bounded by "Venella Veteris Decani," otherwise "Eldedeneslane" west, and by "Cecilies Lane de la Tur-" east (temp. H. III. H.MSS. Com. 9th Rep. 9 and 10)./Land lying between "venellam Cecilie de Turri" east and "venellam Veteris Decani" west, and "vicum regium ex opposito curie Episcopi London versus austrum," and the land of Geoffrey de Cycestre, canon of St. Paul's north, 1246.
Tenement opposite the Greyfriars church between tenement formerly of Reg. le Baker east, "venellam vocatam Cecilie turn versus occidentem, tenementam ecclesie sancti Pauli" south, and "latam viam regiam que ducit de Macellis usque Newgate" north, 21 Ed. III. (MS. D. and C. St. Paul's, Press A. Box 9, 384).
First mention : "Ces-cille lane," 1213 (H. MSS. Com. 9th Rep. 8).
Other forms : "Cecilies Lane de la Tur-." "Cecille Lane de Turri." "Venella domine Cecilie de Turri" temp. H. III. (ib. 9 and 10). "Cecilie Turri," 23 Ed. III. (ib.). "Cecilie Turry," Ed. II. and III. (ib. 23).
From a careful comparison of these deeds and from the description of the boundaries of property set forth in them, it would seem that this lane is identical with Diceres Lane (q.v.).
Central Criminal Court
On the east side of the Old Bailey at the corner of Newgate Street (P.O. Directory).
On the site of Newgate Prison. Prior to the removal of the Prison, the Court stood further north on the same side of the street. The site was called "Sessions House Yard in O. and M. 1677.
In Stow's time it was called the "Sessions hal" (S. 391), and it was rebuilt 1785-6.
Erected on the present site and opened 1905.
Chain Alley, Cooper's Row, Aldgate
See Gould Square.
Collected the rents of the City and the customs, for which he had to account at the Exchequer, together with duties on tonnage, etc. Elected by the Common Council.
At one period in the City there appear to have been two Chamberlains-one styled "Chamberlain of Our Lord the King," the other "Chamberlain of the Guildhall."
Riley says that in 1275 the Mayor united in his person the offices of Chamberlain and Coroner of the City (Mem. p. 3).
The office of Chamberlain was in existence at a very early period, William the Chamberlain is mentioned in the Domesday Book, as holding property in the suburbs of the City in Holeburn, and it is thought that the "Chamberlain Gate" may have been named after him.
The Chamberlain's Oath is set out in Liber Albus, I. 309.
Land of Simon fab' in parish of St. Andrew Holborn extending from "fossatum quod vocatur" Chanceleres dich "versus ecclesiam conversorum." south, to Symon's house north, 31 perches in length, a perch being 161/2 ft. (Malmesbury Chartulary, Cott. MS. Faust, B. VIII.).
Seems to be called "Doge brook" in 1232 (q.v.).
Probably occupied part of the site of or was adjacent to Chancery Lane (q.v.).
South out of High Holborn at 310 to 192 Fleet Street. The southern end only is in Farringdon Ward Without, the northern portion lying outside the City boundary in the Borough of Holborn and the City of Westminster (P.O. Directory).
First mention : "Chauncery lane," 32 H. VI. 1454 (Cal. P.R. H. VI. 1452-61, p. 153).
Former names and forms : "Newstrate," 1227 (Cal. Ch. Rolls, I. 51). "Neustrate," 1231 (ib. 143). "Newestret," 1235 (ib. 199). "Vico conversorum," Convers lane," 1278 (Ct. H.W. I. 36-9). "Nova Strata," 10 Ed. I (Hust. Roll, 13, No. 80). In "nouo vico," called in English "Newstrete," 1232 (Ely Epis. Rec. G. 3 f. 225d). "Converslone," 1338 (Cal. P.R. Ed. III. 1338-40, p. 61). "Chauncelleres lane," 13 Ed. III. (Cal. P.R. Ed. III. 1338-40, p. 305). "le Chaunceler lane," 7 Rich. II. (Cott. MS. Nero, E. VI. f. 31). "Chauncler Lane," 11th H. VIII. (L. and P. H. VIII. III. (1), p. 126). "Channsler Lane," 6 H. VIII. (ib. I. p. 814).
The original name "Neustrate" commemorates its erection, the second name, "vico conversorum," commemorates the House of Converts which stood in the lane, See Converts (House of), while the name seems to have been altered to "Chauncellereslane" in the time of Ed. III., probably when the House of Converts was made use of as a Rolls Office for the security of the records (S. p. 396).
In the course of excavations in 1898 for a new building on the site of No. 89 the gravel was reached at a depth of 12 ft.
See Chandler's Rents.
See Tallow Chandlers' Hall.
West out of Addle Hill, at No. 7, opposite Knightrider street to St. Andrew Wardrobe Church, and St. Andrew's Hill Castle Baynard Ward (Hatton, 1708-Elmes, 1831).
Former name : "Chandellors Rents" (O. and M. 1677).
Hatton calls it "Church Hill," or "Chandlers Rents."
In Rocque it runs north and south, and the street running east and west is called Church Hill (q.v.).
South out of Cornhill at Nos. 23 and 28 to Lombard Street, with a passage east to Birchin Lane (P.O. Directory). In Cornhill and Langbourne Wards.
First mention : Lockie, 1810.
Former name : "Exchange Alley" (1666, Leake).
Garaway's, Jonathan's, and other celebrated coffee houses were in this Alley.
After the Fire, it was enlarged and rebuilt out of a house belonging to Alderman Backwell.
The Canal Office was at No. 9 in 1810 (Lockie).
So called, being opposite to the Royal Exchange. The present name is of course merely an abbreviation of the original name "Exchange."
On the boundary of Tower Ward, 1720 (Strype, ed. 1720, I. ii. 37).
First mention : Candle to be lighted and hung out at night at the end of Chapel Alley, next Tower Street, 1678 (Maskell's All Hallows Barking, p. 170) (End. Ch. Rep. 1902, p. 6).
Not identified on the maps.
Qy.=Barking Yard or Alley (q.v.).
West out of Jewry Street, Aldgate (Lockie, 1816-Elmes, 1831).
Not named in the maps.
Forms the western continuation of Hart Street, Cripplegate.
See Wood Street Square.
Chapel in Bartholomew Hospital
See Bartholomew (St.) the Less.
Chapel in Dunstan (St.) in the East Churchyard
There was a chapel "upon the charnell in the chirch haue of Seint Dunstan in the Est," mentioned in Arnold's Chronicle, p. 255.
See Dunstan (St.) in the East, Churchyard.
Chapel In Pardon Churchyard
The chapell of Seint Thomas in Pardon chirchawe, 1500-1521 (Arnold's Chronicle, p. 254).
A Chapell standynge in Pardon Church yarde within Poulis, 1516 (Fabyan's Chronicle p. 297).
Chapel in cemetery of St. Paul's called "Pardonchirchehawe," in honour of St. Anne and St. Thomas the Martyr, 1415 (Cal. P.R. H. V. 1413-15, p. 365).
Thomas More first builder or benefactor, temp. H. V. (S. 329).
Walls ornamented with famous paintings "Dance of Death."
Pulled down 1549 (ib.).
Chapel in the Charnel at St. Mary Spitall
See Edmond (St.) the Bishop and Marie Magdalen.