A Dictionary of London. Originally published by H Jenkins LTD, London, 1918.
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From Mansion House east to No. 1 Gracechurch Street (P.O. Directory). In Cornhill Ward.
One of the principal streets of the City.
Earliest mention : "Cornhilla," c. 1125-1130 (MSS. D. and C. St. Paul's, Hist. MSS. Com. 9th Rep. p. 61).
See Cornhill (Soke of).
Edward Hupcornehill was a burgess in 1115 (S. 123), in 1125 (Cal. L. Bk. C. p. 219) "Upcornehill."
In early times, and so late as the 16th century, Cornhill seems to have extended further east and to have included part of Leadenhall Street to Lime Street and St. Andrew Undershaft Church (S. 152), in which case it would have included both the eastern and western slopes of the "hill," whereas now the name is used to designate the western slope only.
The church of St. Andrew Undershaft for instance is referred to in early records as St. Andrew upon Cornhill (See Andrew (St.) Undershaft).
Foreign bakers were directed to stand in Cornhylle between the Conduit and Ledynhalle, 15 H. VI. (1437) (Cal. L. Bk. K. p. 45).
In the 14th century it was the only market allowed to be held after noon.
Stow says a corn market had been held here time out of mind (S. 188), and that in 1522 the Rippers of Rie and other places sold their fresh fish in Leadenhall Market, upon Cornhill, but forraine butchers were not admitted there to sell flesh till 1533 (ib.).
There are numerous references to the market held on Cornhill in Liber Albus, Liber Custumarum and the Letter Books.
The principal features of interest distinguishing the street were "The Weyhouse" (S. 193) ; The Standard ; The Tun (q.v.), and later the Royal Exchange.
Largely occupied by drapers (S. 82, 200).
Cornhill was one of the four ways forming "the Carfax" (q.v.) referred to in the City records.
Roman wall and pavement found between Bank Buildings and the Royal Exchange, apparently running in the direction of the Bank, 7 ft. thick, 14 ft. high, and 20 ft. deep from the bottom to the street level. Pottery also found (Arch. XXIX. 273). Roman walls also found at No. 50, at a depth of 12 ft. 7 in. (Arch. LX. 223).
Cornhill (Soke of)
A piece of land in the soke of the bishop "apud Cornhillam" given by Giraldus de Stratford to the Canons of St. Paul, 1125-30 (H. MSS. Com. 9th Rep. p. 61).
Martin, the priest in the soke of Cornhulle is mentioned 28 H. III.; Lib. Albus I. 85 ; and Strype, ed. 1720, I. ii. 141. Possibly the soke and the ward were identical.
One of the twenty-six wards of the City, lying north and south of the high street of Cornhill, from which it takes its name.
Earliest mention : "Ward of Cornhull." Mentioned in list of wards in 1285 in Letter book A. p. 209. See Wards.
Bounds set out in Stow (p. 188).
Identified as Ward of Walter le Poter in Hund. Rolls, 3 Ed. I. p. 409 (Beavan, 375).
Riley suggests that Cornhill Ward is to be identified with the ward referred to in Letter Book B p. 183, and Letter Book C. p. 57, as Ferthingward and Ferlingward (q.v.), but Sharpe says Ferthingward is identical with Lime Street Ward (Cal. L. Bk. C. p. 57 n.).
Parish Churches : St. Peter Cornhill ; St. Michael Cornhill. Public buildings : Royal Exchange.
Named after the principal street which intersects the ward from east to west.
In Queen Victoria Street (L.C.C. Lists, 1901 and 1912).
Cornwall Chapell belonged to the Friars Preachers, divine service performed there 1437 (Cal. P.R. H. VI. 1436-41, p. 55).
No later reference.
Coroner's, Corner's Court
Out of Cross Lane (Strype, ed. 1755-Boyle, 1799).
Not named in the maps.
Corpus Christi Chapel in the Poultry
See Mary (St.) de Coneyhope (Chapel of).
Corpus Christi Chapel, St. Lawrence Pountney
A chapel in the College of St. Laurence Pountney (S. 224).
Earliest mention : Master, Warden, and Chaplains of the Chapel of Corpus Christi and St. John Baptist, lately built by John de Pulteneye by the church of St. Lawrence in Candlewick Street, 1336 (H. MSS. Com. 9th Rep. App. p. 2).
Advowson belonged to Edmund de la Pole, Duke of Suffolk and on his attainder to the Crown. Granted 1506 to Ed. Duke of Buckingham, and on his attainder reverted to the Crown, 1521 (Lond. I. p.m. I. 76).
Surrendered temp. Edward VI. (S. 224).
The chapel seems to have been actually in the mansion house of Sir John de Pulteney, and was known afterwards as the Collegiate Chapel of Corpus Christi, or the College of St. Lawrence Pountney.
See Lawrence (St.) Pountney College.
Corpus Christi, Fraternity of
In the Chapel of St. Mary de Coneyhope (q.v.).
See Cordwainer Street.
See Cousin Lane.
Out of Skinner Street (Strype, ed. 1755-Boyle, 1799).
Not named in the maps.
North out of Shoemaker Row, in Farringdon Ward Within (O. and M. 1677).
Site now occupied by offices and business houses.
West out of Australian Avenue at No. 20 to Hare Court and Aldersgate Street (P.O. Directory). In Cripplegate Ward Without and Aldersgate Ward.
First mention: L.C.C. List, 1901.
The site was formerly occupied by smaller courts and alleys, as Granger's Rents, Young's Buildings, etc.
Council at London
Held in 833, at which were present the Bishops and "proceribus majoribus" of all England, to take counsel against the Danish Pirates who were constantly attacking the coasts of England (Dugdale, II. p. 109).
See Compter Alley.
Counting House Yard
South from the Town Ditch to Christ Church, on the east side of Christ's Hospital (Rocque, 1746). In Farringdon Ward Within.
Site now covered by new General Post Office buildings.
Court of Arches
The highest Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury, at one time held in the Church of St. Mary le Bow. See Doctors' Commons.
Court of Husting
See Husting (Court of).