A Dictionary of London. Originally published by H Jenkins LTD, London, 1918.
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In this section
- Fell Court
- Fell Street
- Fellowship Porters' Hall
- Feltmakers' Hall
- Fen Court
- Fen Court, Miles' Lane
- Fen Office
- Fenchurch Alley
- Fenchurch Avenue
- Fenchurch Buildings
- Fenchurch Station Chambers
- Fenchurch Street
- Fenchurch Street Station
- Fenton's Buildings
- Ferm of the City (King's)
- Fermes House
- Fern's Yard
See Philip Lane.
South out of Fell Street, in Cripplegate Ward Within (Boyle, 1799).
First mention : O. and M. 1677.
Site has been rebuilt.
West out of Wood Street, at No. 70, to No. 12 Monkwell Street (P.O. Directory). In Cripplegate Ward Within.
First mention : O. and M. 1677. Seems to have been called "Ship Yard" in the early part of the 17th century.
In Rocque, " Fel Street."
Named after an owner or builder.
Fellowship Porters' Hall
On the east side of Beer Lane at No. 22. In Tower Ward.
Formerly on the west side of St. Mary at Hill, at No. 17, north of Watermen's Hall in Billingsgate Ward (Lockie, 1816-O.S. 1880).
Hall, etc., sold (Builder, 9.2.07).
The tackle-porters and ticket-porters were united and constituted a fraternity in 1603. No livery. Ordinances made 1589 and 1620.
The Company of Porters exercised the rights of the Corporation for metage of salt, grain, fruit, etc., and were variously called Billingsgate Porters, Corn and Salt Porters, or Fellowship Porters. Regulated by orders made by the Court of Common Council.
Said to have existed from time Edward I.
The Governor of the Fellowship was the Alderman of Billingsgate Ward. Wore badges or tallies. One of the rulers of the Fellowship was in attendance at Porter's Key, another at Billingsgate.
Fellowship dissolved by Act of Common Council 1894.
Many of the ordinances are set out in a paper by Mr. Welch in M. and H. Notes and Queries I. 2, p. 46.
In Lime Street (Elmes, 1831).
Anciently a branch of the Haberdashers of hats (Dodsley, 1761).
Company incorporated 1604.
North out of Fenchurch Street at No. 124 (P.O. Directory). In Langbourne Ward.
First mention : Strype, ed. 1720.
Probably named after St. Gabriel Fenchurch, as it extended along the east side of the churchyard.
Qy. formerly called Murfyn's Alley (q.v.).
Fen Court, Miles' Lane
See Fann Court.
In Tanfield Court, Temple, at No. 3 on the south side (Lockie, 1810 and 1816).
No further reference.
There are frequent references to "Fancherche" and the parish of Fancherche or Fencherche in the early records, in descriptions of property, etc.
The name is given : "Fenchirche," c. 1170 (Anc. Deeds, A. 2184). "Fancherche" 1276 (Ct. H.W. I. 27). Messuage, etc., in Belieters lane and highway leading "versus Fancherche "ad portam" called Alegate, 12 Ed. II. (Anc. Deeds, A. 1993). Near "Fancherche" in ward of Langebourne, 15 Ed. III. 1341 (Cal. L. Bk. F. p. 256). Church called "Fanchurche," 23 Ed. III. 1349 (Cal. P.R. Ed. III. 1348-50, p. 266). "Vanchirche," 1376 (Ct. H.W. II. 191).
There seems little doubt that the church so designated was St. Gabriel Fenchurch, which was also dedicated to St. Mary and All Saints (q.v.).
The derivation of the name is treated of under Fenchurch Street (q.v.).
See Tabernacle Alley.
East out of Lime Street, at No. 40, to Billiter Square at No. 7 (P.O. Directory). In Aldgate Ward.
Site formerly occupied by "Ball Alley" (Hatton, 1708-Elmes, 1831).
It seems to be called "Axe Yard" in Strype.
North out of Fenchurch Street at No. 107 (P.O. Directory). In Aldgate Ward.
Former street on site, "Sugarloaf Alley" (O. and M. 1677 to Strype, 1720).
Fenchurch Station Chambers
At 66 Fenchurch Street, on the south side (P.O. Directory).
First mention : "Fenchurch Chambers" (Lockie, 1810).
West from Aldgate at No. 1 to No. 65 Gracechurch Street (P.O. Directory). In Aldgate, Langbourne, and Bridge Wards.
Earliest mention found in records : "Street of Fanchurche," 1337 (Ct. H.W. I. 424).
Other forms : "Fancherch Street," 1348-9 (ib. 520). "Fancherchstrete," 1369 (ib. II. 131). "Fanchirchestrate," 1372-3 (ib. 152). "Vanchyrche Strett," 1547 (Hist. Carp. Co. 386). "Fenne Church streete" (S. 201).
In 1408 it seems to be referred to as "Colmanstrete," as mention is made in a Will of that date of "St. Katherine Colman near Colmanstrete otherwise called Fanchirchestrete" (Ct. H.W. II. 378).
Stow says it took the name of "Fennie" or moorish ground through which the stream of "Langbourn" ran, but he adds that some people thought the name came from "faenum" of the hay sold at Gracechurch Market (S. 201).
This second derivation certainly seems the more probable of the two, as there are no records to prove the existence of the mythical "Langbourne" stream, nor to support the theory that the locality was low-lying or marsh land, while the present levels certainly indicate the contrary. It must be remembered that the street actually took its name from the church of "Fenchurch," viz. St. Gabriel Fenchurch, which stood in the middle of the street until destroyed by the Great Fire of 1666 and not rebuilt. The site of the church was on the higher ground of the City.
Roman remains found at a depth of 16 ft. The Roman level was at a depth of 12-14 ft. (Arch. XIX. 153). At No. 37, opposite to Cullum Street, a tessellated pavement found at a depth of 11 ft. 6 in. (R. Smith, 58). Walls found from Lime Street to Cullum Street.
Burial ground found under the western end of the street, but no traces of the "bourne" (Arch. LX. 230). The ground rises 3 ft. from Mincing Lane to Gracechurch Street and the ancient surface at a depth of 17 ft. has the same inclination (Tite, Xviii.).
Fenchurch Street Station
From Railway Place south-east to Crutched Friars (O.S.).
The London and Blackwall Railway terminus.
Erected 1882 by the Great Eastern Railway Co. (Povah, p. 298).
Covers the site of New Court, French Ordinary Court and Hylords Court.
In Bartholomew Close, in Farringdon Ward Without (L.C.C. List, 1912).
In existence 1915.
Ferm of the City (King's)
Mentioned in will of John de Pulteneye, 1349 (Ct. H.W. I. 610).
The fee farm rent paid to the Crown for the Sheriffwick of Middlesex from the time of Henry I. amounted to £300, but the Crown lands within the City and liberties may be referred to here.
A messuage so called in parish of St. Sepulchre, 31, Eliz. 1583 (Lond. I. p.m. III. 345).
Not further identified.
East out of Whitecross Street, in Cripplegate Ward Without (Strype, 1720 and 1755, and Rocque, 1746).
A place only for refining of lead (Strype, ed. 1720 I. iii. 93).
In O. and M. 1677 "White Rose Alley" occupies the site of this yard.
Site now occupied by Whitbread's Brewery.