Freshfish Wharf - Fryar Alley, Milk Street

A Dictionary of London. Originally published by H Jenkins LTD, London, 1918.

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Freshfish Wharf

See Fresh Wharf.


Lands and tenements within the parish of St. Peter the Less in Themsestrete between the lane called "Fresshfisshlane" and the lane called "Kyngeslane" otherwise "Arouneslane," 1449 (Ct. H.W. II. 517).

The property referred to must be in Queenhithe Ward.

See Arounes lane.

Qy.=Lambeth Hill.


Tenement and wharf formerly of William Walworth, then of John Reynewell, called "Freyereswharff" and of old "Holirode wharff" to the west of "Wirehalelane," in the ward of Billingsgate in the parish of St. Mary at Hill, 1418. Mentioned in will of William Stafford, 1458, set out in Lappenberg's "Urkundliche Geschichte der Hansischen Stahlhofes zu London" (App. p. 96).

Qy.=Treiereswharf (q.v.).

Friar Street

South out of Carter Lane at No. 67 to Ireland Yard (P.O. Directory). In Farringdon Ward Within.

First mention : "Fryers Street" (O. and M. 1677). "Fryar street" (Hatton, 1708).

Called also "Friers Court" (Strype, ed. 1720, I. iii. 194).

Named from the Blackfriars, in which precinct it lay.


The friars had several houses in London, and the five orders were all represented there, viz. the Dominicans or Blackfriars ; the Franciscans or Greyfriars ; the Friars of the Holy Cross, Crossed or Crutched Friars ; the Augustinian, or Austin Friars, and the Carmelite or Whitefriars.

The dates of the establishment of their houses in London were as follows : Dominicans or Blackfriars, 1221 ; Franciscans or Greyfriars, 1223-4 ; Carmelite or Whitefriars, 1241 ; Augustinian or Austin Friars, 1253 ; Crossed or Crutched Friars, 1298.

Frequent bequests were made to the friars by the citizens of London in their wills, sometimes to a particular order, sometimes to the five orders, sometimes to the four orders of Friars in London.

In 1539 it was anticipated that the Friars churches would be converted into parish churches (L. and P.H. VIII. XIV. (1), p. 61).

Friar's Alley

Out of Wood Street, Cheapside (Strype, ed. 1755-Boyle, 1799).

Not named in the maps.

Friar's Alley

South out of Upper Thames Street at No. 81 to Greenwich Street (P.O. Directory). In Dowgate and Vintry Wards.

Earliest mention : "Fryers Lane," 1576 (Lond. I. p.m. II. 211). "Greenewitch lane" of olde time so called and now Frier lane (S. 233).

Other forms : "Fryer Lane" (O. and M. 1677). "Fryar Lane" (Hatton, 1708). "Fryers Lane" (Rocque, 1746). "Friar's Alley" (Lockie, 1810).

So called of such a signe there set up" (S. 233).

See Greenwich Street.

Friars Minors

See Greyfriars.

Friars of the Sack or Penance

See Penitentia (Fratres de).

Friday Street

South out of Cheapside across Watling Street and Cannon Street to Old Fish Street (P.O. Directory). In Bread Street Ward and Farrington Ward Within.

Earliest mention : "Fridei-strate," Henry II. (Anc. Deeds, A. 2176).

Other forms : "Frideie Strate," John (ib. A. 2180). "Fridai strate," 3 John (ib. A. 2182-3). "Frideestrete," 1275 (Ct. H.W. I. 25). "Frydaystrate," 1277 (Cal. L. Bk. B. p. 265). "Fridaystrete," 1305 (Cal. L. Bk. C. p. 144).

Friday streete so called of fishmongers dwelling there and serving Frydayes market (S. 352).

A very common name for a street in old times, and to be found even in quite small villages in England.

It seems most probable that the name is taken from the day of the week and not from any more remote origin.

Roman pavements, wells, etc. found here on the site of the old "Saracen's Head" Inn and St. Matthew's Church.


Tenements in Fridaystrete in the parish of All Hallows upon the Cellar mentioned in deed 1292, by which Salamon de Basingge covenanted to pay to Thomas de Basingge 40s. annually out of these tenements (Watney, p. 290 from Cartulary of the Mercers' Co.).

No further mention of such a street.

Friends' Meeting House, Houndsditch

On the north side of Houndsditch. In Bishopsgate Ward Without. In Sandwich Court (Rocque, 1746-O.S. 1880).

It occupies the site of the Dolphin Inn, and seems to extend north to the site of Mag-py Alley.


In the reign of Hen. VI. on the south side of Cornhill from Birchin Lane to the Stocks (S. 200).

Called also Phelipers (Riley's Mem. xii.).

A place called the "Pheliperie" is mentioned in Cal. L. Bk. D. p. 244, 1311, probably situated upon Cornhill from the market held there by the Phelipers or Fripperers.

"Frippery" ("Pheliperia"), 1 Ed. II. 1308 (Cal. L. Bk. C. p. 163).

The phelipers or fripperers were dealers in old clothes, furniture and household utensils, and these things were not allowed to be sold anywhere else but on Cornhill (Lib. Albus).

Later on, owing to abuses, they were not allowed to hold their market after Vespers rung (ib.).


See Fripperers.

Friscobaldi (Company of the)

A wealthy Company of Italian merchants and money-lenders (Cal. L. Bk. D. p. 268).


The Austin Friars had tenements in Froggemerestrete in St. Olave's Lane, 37 Ed. III. 1363 (Cal. P.R. 1361-4, p. 329).

Not identified.


See Margaret (St.) Fish Street Hill.

Frosh Wharf

See Fresh Wharf.

Fruyterers and Watermen's Hall

In Leake, south of Clarkes Hall, in Brode Lane.

Stow says it occupied part of the site of Worcester House (S. 243), the present Worcester place (q.v.).

Company incorporated 1605.

Fryar Alley, Milk Street

See Clement's Court.