Hangynge (le) - Harp Court

A Dictionary of London. Originally published by H Jenkins LTD, London, 1918.

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Hangynge (le)

-Land so called in rental of prebend of Holborn temp. of Henry de Idesworth (MS. D. and C. St. Paul's, W.D. 20, f. 88b.).

See "Hoggynde (la)."

Hanover Court

East out of Milton Street, at No. 74, to Moor Lane (P.O. Directory). In Cripplegate Ward Without.

First mention : W. Stow, 1722.

Hanover Court

South-west out of Houndsditch, at No. 3. In Portsoken Ward (P.O. Directory).

Former names : "Carpenter's Yard" (L. and P. Chas. II. Dom. S. 1666-7, p. 426-P.C. 1732). "Seven Star Alley" (Strype, ed. 1720, I. ii. 27). "Hannover Court" (Rocque, 1746).

It seems to have been called "Hanover Court" since 1732, in Parish Clerk's Survey.

Strype describes the houses as having gardens to them, and says there was a Calendar in the alley, shut off from the rest of the houses by great gates.

Perhaps so named in honour of the reigning sovereigns, Electors of Hanover.

Hanover Place

West out of Minories, at No. 108, to the Railway lines, London and Blackwall Railway, in Portsoken Ward (O.S. 1875).

Former name : "Hanover Court" (Dodsley, 1761-Lockie, 1810-Elmes, 1831).

Removed for the extension of the railway lines.

Hanse (The)

A company, society, or corporation of merchants belonging to certain cities in Germany, who had formed amongst themselves, c. 1140, the Hanseatic League for purposes of trade. The towns to which they belonged were known as the "Hanse towns" (Skeat).

The merchants of Almaine and the Easterlings, frequently referred to in London records, belonged to the Hanse.

The Almaines in London belonging to the Hanse were charged with the repair and safe-keeping of the upper part of Bishopsgate, 1282 (Cal. L. Bk. C. p. 41), and were freed from toll going in and out of the gate in consequence, 1305 (ib. p. 111).

The repair of the gate remained in their hands until 1324 (Cal. L. Bk. E. p. 84).

Hanson's Gains

See Hangman's Gains.

Harbour Lane

South out of Upper Thames Street to the Thames, west of Grantham's lane in the parish of St. Martin Vintry, in Vintry Ward (S. 241).

First mention : "Herbierlane," 32 Ed. III. (MSS. D. and C. St. Paul's, Press A. Box 15).

Other names : "Erberlane," 1439 (Ct. H.W. II. 487) and 1448 (ib. 516). "Herber lane," or "brikels lane" (S. 241), 1440 (End. Ch. All Hallows the Gt. p. 2). "Harbour Lane" to temp. Eliz. (Proc. in Chancery, I. 5).

In the will of John Brykles, dated 1440, a cellar in the lane is described as adjoining the tavern called the Emperor's Head, so that it would seem that Harbour Lane must be identical either with Brickhill Lane or Emperor's Head Lane, now Bell Wharf Lane. In spite of Stow's remark, it seems more likely to be identical with Emperor's Head Lane, because in John Brykel's Will it is referred to quite separately from Brickhill Lane, and no attempt is made in the will to identify the two lanes as would probably have been the case if they were one and the same.

See Bell Wharf Lane.

The lane may originally have taken its name from the mansion called "le Herber" (q.v.), but it is some distance from it.

Harcourt Buildings

On the east side of Middle Temple Lane, within the Temple precincts (P.O. Directory).

First mention : Rocque, 1746.


In the parish of St. Martin in the Vintry (Ct. H.W. II. 551, 1464).

The lane late of John Hardell is mentioned in a grant of lands by Edmund de Sutton to John de Stodeye in 1352, as forming the eastern boundary of the tenements included in the grant, the lane of John Cressyngham forming the western boundary (Grant in L. and M. Arch. Soc. Trans. III. p. 441). This would seem to identify Hardeleslane with the lane also known as Stodyeslane and Spitellane (q.v.).

There was a Ralph Hardel, Mayor in 1258, and the family held property in this parish in the reigns of Edward I. and Edward III. (MSS. D. and C. St. Paul's, Press A. Box 15). The lane was probably named after this family.

Hare Court

West out of Inner Temple Lane to Middle Temple Lane, west of the Temple Church, within the Temple precincts (P.O. Directory).

Named after Nicholas Hare, Master of the Rolls, died 1557. East side erected much later than the rest.

Hare Court

East out of Aldersgate Street at No. 62 (P.O. Directory). In Aldersgate and Cripplegate Wards Without.

First mention : Strype, ed. 1720.

Hare Court

Out of Little Knightriders Street (Strype, ed. 1755-Boyle, 1799).

Not named in the maps.

Hare Court Buildings

Within the Temple precincts, on the west side of the Temple Gardens (Strype, ed. 1755-Elmes, 1831).

Lockie says it turned west out of Middle Temple Lane.

Hare Place

South out of Fleet Street, at No. 46, to Mitre Court (P.O. Directory). In Farringdon Ward Without.

First mention: O.S. 1875.

Former names: "Ram Alley or Court" (Elmes, 1831). "Ram Court" (1565-6, Inner Temple Records, II. 8-Horwood, 1799). "Ram Alley" (Rocque, 1746, and Strype). "Ramme Alley", (13 Eliz. (Lond. I. p.m. II. 142). "Ram Alley", 1629 (H. MSS. Com, 7th Rep. 677).

Ram Alley was a place of sanctuary, and having become in consequence a resort of bad characters, was in the 17th century a constant source of annoyance to the inhabitants of the Temple precints. The privileges of the place were not entirely done away with until 9 George I., Although they had been formally abolished in 1624 (Inner Temple Records, xxv., etc.).

Named after "Hare House" in Ram Alley, an old house left to the parish in 1594 (End. Ch. Rep., St. Dunstan in the West, 1902, p. 2).

Harflete, Harflu Inn

See Six Clerks' Office.

Harman's Wharf

Mentioned in 1567 (Jupp's History of the Carpenters' Co. p. 137).

Not further identified.

Harp Alley

West out of Farringdon Street, at No. 82, to Bride Street (P.O. Directory). In Farringdon Ward Without.

First mention : "Harpe Alley," 1653-4 (Ct. H.W. II. 769).

It extended formerly to Shoe Lane, and is so represented in O.S. 1848-51. This western end was removed for the formation of St. Bride's Street.

Also called "Bugg Alley" in P.C. 1732.

Name probably derived from the sign.

Harp Alley

On the west side of Mincing Lane, used in 1656 as almshouses. The tenements so called, together with Lilly Alley and other messuages, seem to have formed part of William Sevenoak's property, known as Sevenoak's lands. William Sevenoak by his will 1426 gave an annuity of 10 marks charged on three tenements in Mincing Lane and one in Tower Street to St. Dunstan in the East Church, and afterwards the whole of the premises came into possession of the parish. Harp Alley and Lilly Alley no longer exist, but the site is now occupied by Nos. 12-16 Mincing Lane and 87 and 88 Great Tower Street, held by Trustees for the parish (Endowed Charities, St. Dunstan in the East parish, 1902, p. 2).

Harp Alley, Knightrider Street

See Harp Court.

Harp Court

East out of Grub Street, at No. 43, in Cripplegate Ward Without, to the City Police Station in Moor Lane (P.O. Directory).

First mention : "Harp Alley" and "Clun's Alley" (q.v.), O. and M. 1677. "Lunds Alley" (Strype, ed. 1720).

Called "Harp Court" first in Horwood, 1799.