Hog Lane, Whitechapel - Holborn Viaduct

A Dictionary of London. Originally published by H Jenkins LTD, London, 1918.

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Hog Lane, Whitechapel

See Royal Mint Street.

Hog Yard

East out of White's Yard, Rosemary Lane.

In East Smithfield (Strype, ed. 1755-Elmes, 1831).

Hog Yard

In Flemish Churchyard (Strype, ed. 1755-Boyle, 1799).

Not named in the maps.

Hogge Street

See Hog Lane, Whitechapel.

Hoggene Lane

See Huggin Lane.

Hoggynde (la)

"Terra de la Hoggynde" mentioned in old rental of the prebend of Holborn (MS. D. and C. St. Paul's, W.D. 20, f. 88 b).

In a later rental of the prebend, land of the same value is called "le hangynge."

Possibly the same land and the name wrongly transcribed.

Holborn (Borough)

One of the boroughs in the County of London, outside the City boundary, extending from Holborn Circus to Tottenham Court Road, north to St. Pancras parish, and south to the City of Westminster.

The history of the borough and of its early existence as a manor lies outside the scope of this work, but it may be interesting to note that it comprised one of the prebendal manors of St. Paul's, and the extensive possessions of the bishopric of Ely, known as Ely Place (q.v.).

The original houses of the Templars and of the Dominican or Black Friars were situated in Holborn.

The earliest reference to it is contained in Domesday : "Ad Holeburne habet rex ii cotarios."

A grant of the manor of Holborn temp. Rich. II. is set out in the Trans. of the Lond and M. Arch. Soc. I. 124 et seq.

The land now occupied by Nos. 57-80 (inclusive) Farringdon Street, on the west side, was included in the manor of Holborn 8 Jas. I. when it was given by the Earl of Dorset to St. Bride's parish (End. Ch. Rep. 1901, pp. 15 and 16).

Holborn (Street)

West from Holborn Circus to Holborn Bars, between High Holborn and Holborn Viaduct, in Farringdon Ward Without (P. O. Directory).

In former times it included the portion now occupied by Holborn Viaduct, formerly Snow Hill, extending into the parish of St Sepulchre.

First mention : "Holeburnstrete," 33 H III. (Cal L. and M. Ft. of Fines, I. 32).

Other forms : "The King's street," 1274 (Harl. MS. 4015, F. 124b.). "Vico de Holebourn," 31 Ed. I. (I. p.m. 167). The king's street which is called "Holeburne," 19 Ed. I. (Harl. MS. 4015, f. 126b). "Street of Holeburn," 16 Ed. II. (Cal. P.R. Ed. II. 1321-4, p. 180). "Holbornstrete," 1443 (Ct. H.W. II. 502). "Holborn Hill "(1587-O.S. 1848-51). "Holborn" in O. and M. 1677.

First paved 1535.

The street was named after the stream.

See Holeburne (The), Holborn Cross Street, and High Holborn.

Holborn Bars

Across Holborn, at its western end, at Gray's Inn Lane, being the western boundary of the City (Rocque, 1746).

First mention : "Bar of Holeburne," temp. H. III. (Anc. Deeds, B. 2386).

Other names : "Bar of the old Temple," 24 Ed. I. (Ch. I. p.m. 112). "Holeburne extra Barram Templi," 30 Ed. I. (Ch. I. p.m.). "Bar of Pourte Pole," 1328 (Ct. H.W. I. 340). "Holburnebarre," 1399 (ib. II. 341).

The bars were removed in the 18th century, but the name still survives and the site is marked by two granite obelisks, one at the end of Gray's Inn Road and the other near Staple Inn.

Holborn Bridge

At the east end of Holborn Hill and north end of Fleet Market over the Fleet, at its junction with the Holborn, when the streams flowed openly through the City.

Shown in maps : Leake, 1666-Strype, 1755.

First mention : "Bridge of Holeburne," 45 H. III. (Hust. Roll 2, No. 170). "Holeburne Bridge," 1291 (Ct. H.W. I. 97). "Holebournebregge," 1336 (ib. 416). "Portpulbrigg," 1380 (Cal. Pat. Rolls, Rich. II. 1377, p. 87). "Holborn Bridge," 1554 (Lond. I p.m. I. 132).

Rebuilt, 1674.

Built of stone before the Fire, now much enlarged and beautified (Strype, ed. 1720, I. iii. 280).

The river Fleet was covered over about 1737 and the bridge consequently disused.

Arch of the bridge disclosed at some depth below the roadway during the formation of Farringdon Street in the 19th century (Gent. Mag. Lib. XVI. 235 and 273).

Holborn Buildings

On the north side of Holborn at No. 146, west of Brooke Street (P.O. Directory).

First mention : O.S. 1875.

Holborn Circus

At the junction of Holborn, Holborn Viaduct, Hatton Garden, St. Andrew's Street and Charterhouse Street, in Farringdon Ward Without (P.O. Directory).

Constructed 1872, in connection with the approaches to Holborn Viaduct. Engineer, W. Hayward.

Holborn Conduit

At the junction of Cow Lane, Cock Lane and Snow Hill, in Farringdon Ward Without (Strype, ed. 1720).

Built 1498 (S. 387). Rebuilt by William Lamb, 1577 (ib. 388), called Lamb's Conduit (Strype, ed. 1720, I. iii. 283).

"Holbourn Conduit," 1580 (Ct. H.W. II. 702) and 1617 (ib. 741).

Taken down 1746.

Holborn Court

At Gray's Inn, 1671 (L. and P. Chas. II. XI. 187).

Not further identified.

Holborn Cross

Near the Conduit at Snow Hill, in parish of St. Sepulchre. (Stow 387).

First mention : "Holbourn Crouch," 1349 (Ct. H.W. I. 581).

Other forms : "Cross of Holeburn," 1371 (Harl. MS. 4015). "Holbourne Crosse," 1397 (Ct. H.W. II. 330).

Holborn Cross Street

"Tenements in Holbourne crosse streete" belonging to Wm. Nuttall, 1559 (Ct. H.W. II. 670).

Perhaps this was the street extending from Holborne crosse to "Horspole," as mentioned in a grant of pavage for the paving and repair of Holburn, 7 Rich. II. (Cal. P.R. Rich. II. 1384, p. 411, and Cal. L. Bk. H. p. 236).

Holborn Hall

In Shoe Lane, letten out into Tenements (S. 392).

Holborn Hill

West from Holborn Bridge at Fleet Market to Holborn at Hatton Garden and Middle Row (O.S. 1848-51). In Farringdon Ward Without.

First mention : 1587 (L. and P. Eliz. XII. p. 204).

Roman remains found at a depth of 18 ft. (Arch. XXIX. 146, note).

See Holborn.

Holborn Prebend

See Holborn (Borough of).

Holborn Viaduct

East from Holborn Circus to Newgate Street (P.O. Directory). In Farringdon Ward Without.

Improvements authorised 1864, opened 1869.

Site formerly occupied by Skinner Street, Snow Hill, and other smaller courts and alleys. The Viaduct was formed across the Fleet valley to continue the main thoroughfare at one level and so do away with the steep ascents of Holborn and Snow Hills, which so seriously interfered with vehicular traffic.

Carried on a series of cross arches, crossing Farringdon Road by an iron girder skew bridge, borne on granite piers. Archt., W. Haywood. Cost 21/2 millions.