Horseshoe Alley - Horshoe Court, Upper Thames Street

A Dictionary of London. Originally published by H Jenkins LTD, London, 1918.

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Horseshoe Alley

East out of Fetter Lane, opposite the White Horse Inn, in Farringdon Ward Without (Strype, ed. 1720, I. iii. 282).

Not named in the maps.

Horse-shoe Bridge

A bridge over the stream of the Walbrook by the church of St. John upon Walbrook (S. 27 and 230).

Earliest mention : "Horssobregge," 1277-8 (Ct. H.W. I. 33).

Other forms : "Horschobrigge," 1306-7 (ib. 182). "Horshobridge," 1307 (ib. 190). "Horsshobrigge," 1329 (ib. 346).

In Walbrook Ward. This bridge in common with others over the Walbrook was kept in repair by owners of property in the neighbourhood (Cal. L. Bk. A. p. 177 and L. Bk. C. p.71).

In 3 Ed. IV. (1462-3) it was ordained in the Common Council that the owners of land on each side of the ditch of Walbrook should clean their several portions and pave and vault the ditch up to the middle, and if anyone refused to comply with this ordinance it was provided that his land should pass to anyone prepared to carry the ordinance into effect (Cal. L. Bk. L. p. 22).

When the Walbrook was paved over in accordance with this ordinance, and ceased to be an open stream, the owners of property, who had formerly kept the bridges in repair, having now to make and keep the pavement in order, would not maintain the double burden, and the bridges having become superfluous gradually fell into disrepair and in process of time were removed. They had indeed ceased to exist in Stow's time, and are not shown in any of the maps prior to the date of his survey.

See Walbrook.

Horse-shoe Bridge Street

East out of Tower Royal to the church of St. John Walbrook (S. 230).

First mention : A lane leading from the street called "La Riole" to Horschobrigge, unnamed, 1320 (Cal. L. Bk. E. p. 117).

Stow says that Cutlers' Hall was in "Horshewbridge street," and this, with the description given above, serves to indicate that it occupied the site of the present Cloak Lane (q.v.).

Named after Horse-shoe Bridge (q.v.).

Horseshoe Court

Out of Giltspur Street, in Farringdon Ward Without (Strype ed. 1720, I. iii. 283-Boyle, 1799).

Called "Horseshoe Alley" by Strype.

Not named in the maps.

Horse-shoe Passage

In Foster Lane (Boyle, 1799).

Not named in the maps.

Horseshoe Wharf

South out of Upper Thames Street, at No. 10, to the Thames. In Castle Baynard Ward (P.O. Directory).

First mention : Lockie, 1810.

Former name : "Anderson's Wharf" (Horwood, 1799).

Horseshoe, Horshoe Alley, Bishopsgate Without

See Sweet Apple Court.

Horsey Alley

In Coleman Street in parish of St. Stephen.

It seems to have been on the east side of Coleman Street, as some gardens in that street are described as abutting north on a tenement in Swan Alley and south on Horsey Alley, 36 Eliz. 1594 (Lond. I. p.m. III. 187).

Probably the same as Horse Alley (q.v.).

Perhaps Horse Alley and Horsey Alley may be identified with White's Alley (q.v.), as in 1543 mention is made of a messuage of William White near Horse Alley in St. Stephen's parish (L. and P. H. VIII. XVIII. Pt. 1, 201), and it may easily have been renamed after him. If not identical with it, it was near to White's alley.

Horsheved (le)

Tenement so called within Ludgate (Cal. L. Bk. G. p. 286).

Not further identified.

"Heved," M.E.="head."

The sign was the "horse head."

Horsheved on the Hoop

Tenement so called in parish of St. Mary Colechurche near the Conduit, south of the Poultry, in Cheap Ward, 1 Rich. II. (Anc. Deeds, A. 7593).

Brew-house called "le Horsehed," 4 H. IV. (ib. A. 6869).

"Horse Head in Chepe," 28 H. VIII. 1536 (L. and P. H. VIII. XI. 557).

Not further identified.

The meaning of the expression "on the Hoop" is dealt with under "Hoop Yard" (q.v.).

Horshoe Alley

South out of Camomile Street. In Lime Street Ward (O. and M. 1677).

No later mention.

Site now occupied by offices and business houses.

Name derived from the sign.

Horshoe Alley

East out of White Cross Street, in Cripplegate Ward Without (O. and M. 1677-Strype, 1720).

Site now occupied by Chapel Street (q.v.).

Horshoe Alley

West out of Moor Lane, in Cripplegate Ward Without (O. and M. 1677).

The site is now occupied by the Metropolitan Railway lines.

Horshoe Alley

See Brite's Alley, St. Swithin's Lane.

Horshoe Alley

East out of Golden Lane, in Cripplegate Ward Without, near Red Cross Street (O. and M. 1677-Boyle, 1799).

The site is now occupied by the City Mortuary.

Horshoe Alley, Cock Lane

See Horshoe Court.

Horshoe Alley, Crutched Friars

See Boarded Entry.

Horshoe Alley, Threadneedle Street

See Spread Eagle Court.

Horshoe Court

South out of Cock Lane, in Farringdon Ward Without (O. and M. 1677-Boyle, 1799).

"Horshoe Alley" in Strype, or "Cock Court" in P.C. 1732.

Site occupied by offices and business houses.

Horshoe Court, Upper Thames Street

See Wilson's Yard.