Martin (St.) Somerset - Mary (St.) Aldermary Churchyard

A Dictionary of London. Originally published by H Jenkins LTD, London, 1918.

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Martin (St.) Somerset

A stable in parish of St. Martin Somerset between tenements of bishop of Hereford north, and Eton College south, mentioned 30 H. VIII. (L. and P.H.VIII. XIV. (1), p. 256).

Probably an error for St. Mary Somerset.

Martin (St.) the Less

=St. Martin Ludgate.

See also St. Martin Pomary.

Martin (St.) towards London Stone

Parr'. s' Mart'. vs lundeneston, 13th cent. (MSS. D. and C. St. Paul's, W.D. 12).

Qy.=St. Martin Orgar.

Martin (St.) Vintry

At the south-west corner of College Hill, in Vintry Ward (O. and M 1677).

First mention found in records : "Baermannecyrce," Charter of 1067 (Cott. Ch. VI. 3 B.M.). Probably a forgery, temp. H. I.

The church of St. Martin "que est super Thamisiam" was granted to the Monastery of St. Peter Gloucester, c.1100-7 (Cart. Mon. S. Petri Glouc. I. 392).

Other names and forms : "Sancti Martini 'ubi vina venditur,' "1200 (ib. III. p. 2). "St. Martin de barmannecherche," otherwise "sancti martini in vinetria," c. 1210-11 (Hari. Ch. 50, A. 29, 30, 31). "St. Martin of Baremannescherche apud coquinas vinetrie," 5 H. III. (Anc. Deeds, A. 1647). "Beremannechirche," 1242 (Cal. Charter Rolls, H. III. Vol. I. p. 269). "Baremannechurche," 1242 (Cal. Close R. H. III. 1237-42, p. 514). "St. Martin de Beremanescherche in the Vintry," 1257 (H. MSS. Com. 9th Rep. p. 16). "St. Martin in the Vintry," 1259 (Ct. H.W. I. 3). "St. Martin de Barmannescherche," 1277 (Ct. H.W. I. 28). "St. Martin by the Thames," 9 Ed. I. (Anc. Deeds, A. 2487). "St. Martin in the Vintry," 1288 (Cal. L. Bk. A. p. 110). "St. Martin Bermancherche," 27 Ed. I. 1298-9 (Cal. L. Bk. C. p. 35). "Sancti Martini in Vinetria," 31 Ed. I. (Lib. Cust. I. 229).

Parishes of St. James de Garlekhuthe, St. Martin de Garlekhuthe, and St. Martin of the Vintry, mentioned 4 Ed. III. (1330-1) (Cal. L. Bk. E. p. 246).

This appears to be the only record relating to "St. Martin de Garlekhuthe" and may be another name for St. Martin Vintry, unless there was a second parish of St. Martin in this neighbourhood, afterwards united to St. Martin Vintry.

There was a chapel "Sancti Thomae Martiris" in the church of St. Martin Vintry (Cartulary Mon. St. Peter's Glouc. I. 390).

New builded about 1399 by the executors of Matthew Columbars, a Bordeaux merchant, his arms being in the east window (S. 249-50). This is an error for 1299, Will proved 1282. It directed his houses to be sold for certain purposes not specified (Cal. Ct. H.W. I. 59).

He was King's Chamberlain and taker of wines throughout England, 1279 (Cal. L. Bk. B. 280).

Sir Ralph Austrie new roofed the church in the 15th century (S. 249-50).

Rebuilt, repaired and beautified 2 Jas. I. and again in 1632 (Strype, ed. 1720, I. iii. 9).

Burnt in the Fire and not rebuilt, the parish being united to St. Michael Paternoster Royal (ib. 6).

A Rectory. Patrons : Abbot and Convent of St. Peter, Gloucester, until the dissolution of the monasteries by Henry VIII. Edward VI. gave the advowson to the Bishop of Worcester.

The name "Baremannechurch" is derived from the O.E. "baerman"= carrier, porter, persons in this neighbourhood being largely employed in the wine trade. This seems to have been the earliest distinguishing appellation of the church, and it may have been erected in the first instance especially for the use of those employed in the great wine trade of the neighbourhood.

The other appellations "in the Vintry," "by the Thames," are merely indications of locality.

Martin's (St.) Court

South out of Ludgate Hill, at No. 49, to Pilgrim Street (P.O. Directory). In Farringdon Ward Without.

Former name : "Cock Court" (Hatton, 1708-Elmes, 1831).

In 1792, during some alterations in the Court, the remains of one of the barbican towers of the old City wall were discovered here (Treloar, p. 128).

Named after St. Martin's Ludgate.

Martin's (St.) Gate

At the upper end of Cheapside, 1580 (L. and P. Ed. VI. D. S. XII. p. 8).

No later mention.

Martin's (St.) Lane

See Martin (St.) le Grand (Street).

Martin's (St.) le Grand Court

A weekly Court of record for the Liberty, for the trial of all personal actions (Dodsley, 1761).

A court-house and prison there.

Not named in the maps.

Martin's (St.) Seld

A chest in St. Martin's seld near Soperlane given by Will of Robert de Meldeburn, 14 Ed. I. (Ct. H.W. I. 74).

So called from the church of St. Martin Pomery.

No later mention.

Martin's Chambers

At No. 28 Martin's Lane, on the east side. In Candlewick Ward.

Occupies the site of St. Martin Orgar Church (q.v.).

Martin's Court

North out of Chick Lane to St. Sepulchre's Churchyard, in Farringdon Ward Without (O. and M. 1677-Boyle, 1799).

The site is now covered by Charterhouse Street and Smithfield Market.

Martin's Lane

South out of Cannon Street, at No. 114, to Arthur Street West (P.O. Directory). In Candlewick Ward, and formerly in Bridge Ward Within.

Earliest mention : "Street of St. Martin Orgor," 3 Ed. I. (Rot. Hund. I. 421). "Lane of St. Martin Orgar," 1314-15 (Ct. H.W. I. 250).

Other names and forms : "St. Martin Orgar Lane," 1342 (ib. II. 66). "St. Martin's Lane" (S. 217-Elmes, 1831). "Martin's Lane " (O.S. 1848-51).

Until about 1831 the street extended south to Upper Thames Street, but at that time the southern end was removed for the formation of Arthur Street West, while some houses at the northern end have been demolished for the widening of Cannon Street.

Named after St. Martin Orgar Church.

Mary (St.) Abchurch

On the north-west side of Abchurch Lane at No. 17, north of Cannon Street (P.O. Directory). In Candlewick Ward. The parish extends into Lang-bourn and Walbrook Wards.

Earliest mention found in records : "St. Mary of Abechurch," c. 1198-9 (Anc. Deeds, A. 1614).

Other names and forms of name : "St. Mary de Abbecherche," 12 H. III. (Anc. Deeds, A. 1511). "St. Mary Abbechurch," 16 H. III. (ib. A. 1955). "St. Mary Abchurch," 1269 (ib. A. 1786). "Parish of Abbechurche," 1272-3 (Ct. H.W. I. 14). "Priest of Habechurche" (Anc. Deeds, A. 7821, 12th cent. Kingsford). "S. Mary de Apecherchelane," 1327 (Ct. H.W. I. 328). "St. Mary Apechirch," 1350-1 (ib. 642).

Chapels of St. Mary and St. Trinity in the church (Strype, ed. 1720, I. ii. 183-4).

Repaired and beautified 1611. Burnt in the Fire 1666 and rebuilt 1686 (ib.).

A Rectory. Patrons : Canons of St. Mary Overy, but afterwards 27 H. VI. the advowson passed into the hands of the master of Corpus Christi College or St. Laurence Pountney College by exchange with the Canons (ib. and Newcourt, I. 430).

Wilson, however, says that the College acquired the advowson from the Marquess of Suffolk (Hist. of St. Laurence Pountney, p. 45). The advowson was granted by Q. Elizabeth to the College of Corpus Christi, Cambridge (Newcourt, I. 430-1).

Stow says he has seen it called "Apechurch" or "Upchurch" as on rising ground (S. 220). But this is not the earliest form of the name, which appears to be Abe-, Abbe-church.

This prefix might be the Latin preposition "ab"="away from," "out of," to denote that the church had been originally erected on rising ground in a more or less open space, away from other buildings. But this is improbable, as in the earliest forms the preposition "de" occurs before the name, as "St. Mary de Abechurch," "de Abbecherche."

The use of this preposition suggests that the origin of the prefix "Abe," "Abbe," is to be found in the proper name "Aba," "Abba," "Abbo," all of which were personal names in use in early times, and that the designation commemorates a founder or rebuilder of the church.

These dedications to St. Mary are of course in honour of the Blessed Virgin Mary, the Mother of Our Lord.

Mary (St.) Abchurch Chnrchyard

See Abchurch Yard.

Described by Strype as a Churchyard enclosed by a Brick Wall and hath an open large Free Stone Pavement on the South side (Strype, ed. 1720, I. ii. 190).

Mary (St.) Abchurch, Lane of

See Abchurch Lane.

Mary (St.) Aldermanbary, Hospital

See Elsing Spital.

Mary (St.) Aldermanbury

On the west side of Aldermanbury at No. 64 (P.O. Directory). In Cripplegate Ward Within.

Earliest mention found in records : In Inquisition of 1181 (H. MSS. Com. 9th Rep. 68).

Forms of name : "Sancte Marie de Aldermannebirij," 1231, 16 H. III. (Cal. P.R. 1225-32, p. 509). "St. Mary of Aldermannesburi," temp. John (Ane. Deeds, A. 1976). "St. Mary of Aldemannebyry," 56 H. III. (Cal. Ch. Rolls II. 177). "St. Mary de Aldermannebury," 1275 (Ct. H.W. I. 23). "St. Mary de Aldmannebyri," 1280 (ib. 50). "St. Mary of Aldremannebery," 27 Ed. I. (Anc. Deeds, A. 1644). "St. Mary de Althermannebury," 1335 (Ct. H.W. I. 404). "St. Mary de Aldermygbure," 1353 (ib. 668).

Sir William Eastfield was a great benefactor to the Church. He built the steeple and changed the old bells into five tunable ones, and gave £100 to other works of the church (S.295).

Repaired and beautified 1633 (Strype, ed. 1720, I. iii. 71).

Burnt in the Fire. Rebuilt 1668. Archt., Sir C. Wren. Restored 1863.

A perpetual Curacy. Patrons : Canons of St. Paul's, 31 Ed. I. (Lib. Cust. I. 233).

Church appropriated to the Hospital of Elsing Spittle in 1331 but the patronage of both Church and Hospital vested in the Dean and Chapter of St. Paul's (Newcourt, I. 433).

The parishioners now appoint to the living.

Qy.=St. Mary Aldermannechurche (q.v.).

Scheme (1915) to unite the parish to St. Alphage.

Mary (St.) Aldermannechurche

Mentioned in Will of Wm. de Kingeston poulterer, 1273 (Ct. H.W. I. 15), and in will of Sir John le Blund, 1312-13 (ib. 236), etc.

Qy.=Mary (St.) Aldermanbury, or Mary (St.) Aldermary(church).

Mary (St.) Aldermary

On the east side of Bow Lane at No. 38a. (P.O. Directory). In Cordwainer Ward.

Earliest mention found in records : "Aldermarie church" given by Living the priest, temp. Wm. I. to Christchurch, Canterbury (Dugdale Mon. Ang. I. 109, and Litterae Cantuarienses, II. 175).

Other forms : "St. Mary de Eldemariechurche," 1272-3 (Ct. H.W. I. 13). "Alyermarie," 1275 (ib. 20). "Aldermariecherche," 1290 (ib. 91). "Sanctae Mariae de Eldemariechirche," 31 Ed. I. (Lib. Cust. I. 229). "Aldremaricherch," 1310 (Ct. H.W. I. 212). "S. Mary de Aldermaricherche," 1315-16 (ib. 258). "St. Mary Aldirmaricherche" (Ch. I. p.m. 41 Ed. III. 44). "St. Mary Aldermarychirch," 35 H. VI. (Anc. Deeds, C. 2394). "Aldemarie Church" (S. 255). "St. Mary Aldermary" (O. and M. 1677).

New built about 1511, Henry Keeble, the Mayor being a great benefactor to the work (ib.).

Repaired and beautified 1632, steeple rebuilt 1626 according to its old pattern for £1000 (Strype, ed. 1720, I. iii. 18).

Burnt in the Fire and rebuilt 1681, largely by the munificence of Henry Rogers, on the model of Sir Henry Kebyll's church, the parish of St. Thomas Apostles being united to it (ib. 24). Restored 1876-7.

A Rectory. One of the 13 peculiars of the City, under the jurisdiction of the Archbishop of Canterbury, who was patron.

So called, Stow says, because it was very old and elder than any Church of saint Marie in the Citie (S. 255).

Qy.=Mary (St.) Aldermannechurche (q.v.).

Mary (St.) Aldermary Churchyard

See Aldermary Churchyard.