Mngenelane - Monument Square

A Dictionary of London. Originally published by H Jenkins LTD, London, 1918.

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Land of Richard son of Reiner, son of Berenger at the Head of Mngenelane, demised to Arnold the tailor (parmentarius) 12th cent. (Anc. Deeds, A. 5929).

Land 68 ft. long by 50 ft. broad.

Not identified.

Possibly =Mengenelane= Mincing Lane.

Modell Ally

See Middle Row, Newgate Street.

Modford, Modiford Court

South out of Fenchurch Street at No. 37 (P.O. Directory). In Langbourn Ward.

First mention : Strype, ed. 1720. He speaks of the houses as newly built at that date.

"Mediford Court" (Rocque, 1746). "Modford Court" (O.S. 1880).

Named after the owner or builder.

Moggewelle, Mogwelle Street

See Monkwell Street.

Moldmaker Row

See Mouldmaker's Row.

Molin's Rents

See Merlin's Rents.

Monechene Lane

See Mincing Lane.

Money Court

In St. Michael's Lane (P.C. 1732-Boyle, 1799).

Not named in the maps.

Monkwell Street

South from Hart Street, Cripplegate, to Silver Street at Nos. 13 and 29 Falcon Square (P.O. Directory). In Cripplegate and Farringdon Wards Within.

First mention : "Mukewellestrate," 12th cent. (H. MSS. Com. 9th Rep. 23).

Other forms : "Mogwellestrate," 1287 (Ct. H.W. I. 82). "Mugwellestrate," 1306-7 (ib. 183). "Moggewellestrete," 1310 (ib. 216). "Mugwelstrete," 1364 (ib. II. 84). "Mugglestreet," 1596 (Anc. Deeds, A. 5754). "Munkes well streete" (S. 293). "Mongwell street" (Leake. 1666). "Mugwell Street" (O. and M. 1677). "Monkwel street" or "Mugwel street" (Hatton, 1708).

Stow says the street was so named of a well at the north end, which belonged to the Abbot of Garendon, whose house or Cell was called "Seint James in the Wall," of which the monks were the Chaplains (S. 301).

Riley says this derivation is purely imaginary, and suggests that the earliest forms were Mogwell or Mugwell Street. This is, however, an error, for though the street was called by these names interchangeably from the 13th to the 18th centuries, the earliest form is, as shown above, "Mukwellestrate," and this may easily have been a contraction of "Munkwell," the "n" being omitted. This does not account for the "es " or "s" required to prove Stow's derivation.

On the other hand, it seems more probable that the name is derived from the family name "Muchewella," "Algarus de Muchewella" being mentioned in a deed of the early 12th century (H. MSS. Com. 9th Rep. 61). The family may have been named from the well.

There seems to have been a well in existence under the crypt of Lamb's Chapel in this street (Trans. L. and M. Arch. Soc. I. 345).

Monox Place

Occupied the site of messuages in Cross Lane and Suffolk Lane in or near the parish of St. Laurence Pountney (Wilson, p. 213).

3 messuages in Cannon Street in parish of St. Mary Abchurch, 3 messuages and a garden in Bush Lane in parish of St. Swithin were conveyed to George Monoux citizen and alderman of London, 6 H. VIII. (ib. 246).

Not mentioned elsewhere.

Montague Court

East out of Bishopsgate, in Bishopsgate Ward Without, at No. 290. No thoroughfare (P.O. Directory).

First mention : O. and M. 1677.

Formerly there was a passage from George and Katherine Wheel Yard into the court.

Named after the owner or builder.

Montague Court

North-east out of Little Britain at No. 33 (P.O. Directory). On the boundary of Aldersgate Ward and Farringdon Ward Without.

First mention : Horwood, 1799.

Former name : "Great Montagu Court" (Rocque, 1746, and Strype, ed. 1720).

Montague Court is shown south of the boundary in Strype's maps.

Montague Place

At the east end of Cox's Court leading to Cross Key Square, Little Britain. In Aldersgate Ward Without (O.S. 1848, to L.C.C. List, 1901.)

Name changed to "Cox's Court" July, 1899.

See Cox's Court, Little Britain.

Named after Lord Montague, whose mansion at one time occupied the whole of the east side of Little Britain.

Monte Jovis Inn

On the south side of Fenchurch Street, opposite the Pump and next to Northumberland Alley west (S. 151).

The site of the inn is shown on the O.S. 1875.

First mention : Land of brethren of Mountjoy (Monte Jovis), c. 1268 (Anc. Deeds, A. 7350), adjoining land in parish of Allhallows Colemanchirch west.

Later notice : "Montjeofysyn," within the gate of Algate belonging to convent of Mont Joux in Savoy, 14 Rich. II. 1391 (Cal. P.R. Rich. II. 1388-2, p. 417).

Stow says that this house belonged to the Prior of Monte Ioues or Monasterie Cornute in Essex, which was a cell to Monte Ioues, and that it was the Prior's Inn when he came to the City (S. 151), and we find from Dugdale that this Hornchurch Priory or Monasterium Cornutum was founded by Henry II. as a Cell to the Hospital de Monte Jovis on the Great St. Bernard (Dugdale, VI. 652-3).

If, therefore, the tenement of the Master of Hornchurch is to be identified with Monte Jovis Inn, the inn would appear to have adjoined the great garden of Colemanhawe, 2 Ed. II. (Anc. Deeds, A. 1495).

Dugdale says Richard II. granted the Priory to William of Wykeham for New College (VI. 652-3).

Dugdale says Richard II. granted the Priory to William of Wykeham for New College (VI. 652-3).

Montford's Court, Milk Street

See Mumford Court.


See Monte Jovis Inn.

Montjoye Place

See Doctors' Commons.

Monument (The)

On the east side of Fish street Hill at No.40 and in the centre of Monument Street (P.O. Directory). In Bridge Ward Within.

Erected 1671-7 from the design by Sir Christopher Wren, to commemorate the Great Fire of 1666.

In O. and M. 1677, it is designated " The Pillar where ye Fire began 1666," and is 130 feet from the site of the house in Pudding Lane, in which the Fire originated.

It is carefully described by Strype (Ed. 1720, I. ii. 180-1).

In 1673 there was a payment made of £5 5s. for tithe to the rector of St. Margaret Fish Street Hill in respect of the ground whereon the pillar for the fire was erected (L. and P. Chas. II. 1673-5, p.35).

Monument Buildings

On the north side of Monument Street at No. 11, adjoining Fish Street Hill (P.O. Directory).

First mention : L.C.C. List, 1901.

Monument Square

On the east side of Fish Street Hill, extending to Pudding Lane. In Billingsgate Ward and Bridge Ward Within.

First mention : O.S. 1894-6.

Former name: "Monument Yard" (O. and M. 1677-O.S. 1880).

It bas now been absorbed into Monument Street, viz. about 1911.

The Monument occupied the centre of the Square, which was erected on the site whereon previously stood the church of St. Margaret, Fish Street Hill.