Paul's (St.) Sacrista - Paulshead Court

A Dictionary of London. Originally published by H Jenkins LTD, London, 1918.

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Paul's (St.) Sacrista

" Sacrista Sancti Pauli. " Mentioned 31 Ed. I. (Lib. Cust. I. 230)

The Sacrist held office under the Treasurer of St. Paul's (Dugdale).

Paul's (St.) School

Formerly on the eastern side of St. Paul's Churchyard, west of Old Change, in Farringdon Ward Within (O.S. 1880).

First mention: Grammar-house or messuage lately called "Poules Scole" and four shops under the same near Seint Austen's Gate, mentioned in will of John Colet, 1514 (Ct. H.W. II. 640).

Stow says the School was new built and endowed by John Collet, Dean for 153 children in 1512, and left to the Mercers Company (S. 332).

Burnt in the Fire and rebuilt, and again rebuilt 1823.

School removed to West Kensington in 1880. Removal mentioned by Pepys in his Diary, so long previously as 1667.

Old site occupied by warehouses.

Paul's (St.) Stump

At the south-east corner of St. Paul's Churchyard, marking one of the boundaries of the parish of St. Gregory, at the junction of Old Change and Watling Street (P.C. 1732, and Strype, 1720 and 1755).

Paul's (St.) Walk

The middle aisle of Old St. Paul's was vulgarly so called when desecrated by being used as a meeting-place and place of business by the citizens in the 16th and 17th centuries.

Paul's (St.), Chapels in Old

These were very numerous and consisted of the followmg: Chapels of Our Lady, of St. Dunstan and St. George, at the east end of the church (Dugdale, 16, 21, 39, 50, and H. MSS. Com. 9th Rep. 27). New fabric of St. Mary's adjoining St. Paul's, 1310 (H. MSS. Com. 9th Rep. 33). The chapel of t}ie Bishop in his house (q.v.). The chapel in Pardon Churchhawe. Chapel of St. James on the south side of the Cross (H. MSS. Com. 9th Rep. 68). Chapel at the north door of St. Paul's, founded by Walter Sherrington temp. H. VI. (S. 330). Chapel of the Holy Ghost on the north side of the church, founded 1400 (ib.). Chapel of St. Ann in the crypt, 45 Ed. III. (H. IMSS. Com. 9th Rep. 27). St. John's Chapel (ib.), perhaps the same as St. John Baptist or Poultney's Chapel mentioned by Stow (338). Chapel of the Holy Trinity on the north side, 1489 (S. 339).

Paul's Alley

South out of Paternoster Row, at No.50, to St. Paul's Churchyard (P.O. Directory). In Castle Baynard Ward and Farringdon Ward Within.

First mention : O. and M. 1677.

Paul's Alley

West out of Red Cross Street, at No.13, to Australian Avenue (P.O. Directory). In Cripplegate Ward Without.

First mention : 1670-1 (Ct. H.W. II. 775).

In Strype, Ed. 1720 (I. iii. 94), it is said to run into Aldersgate Street by the Half Moon Tavern, but in the maps it only extends to the western boundary of Cripplegate Ward.

Paul's Alley

West out of Wood Street, in Cripplegate Ward Within (Strype, Ed. 1720-Boyle, 1799).

The site seems to be occupied by" Coach and Horses Court" (q.v.) in O. and M. 1677. Removed for the widening of Gresham Street West (now Gresham Street), which occupies the site.

Paul's Backhouse

See Paul's (St.) Bakehouse.

Paul's Bakehouse Court

West out of Godliman Street at No.6, in Castle Baynard Ward (P.O. Directory).

First mention : O. and M. 1677.

Other names: " Paul's bakers court " (P.C. 1732). " Bakehouse Court" (Rocque, 1746-Boyle, 1799).

On the site of St. Paul's Bakehouse (q.v.), from whence the name is derived.

Paul's Chain

North out of Carter Lane to St. Paul's Churchyard. In Castle Baynard Ward (O.S.1880).

First mention : " Poules-cheyne," 1444 (Ct. H.W. II. 503).

In the 17th century it extended further south to Knightrider Street, and is described by Strype as large and open, well built and inhabited (Ed. 1720, I. iii. 230).

So called from a chain or barrier drawn across the carriage-way of the Churchyard during the hours of public worship.

Name abolished 1890 and the whole street called Godliman Street" (q.v.).

Paul's Court

In Fenchurch Street (W. Stow, 1722). Paul's Alley" (Strype, Ed. 1755-Boyle, 1799).

Not named in the maps.

Paul's Court

South out of Huggin Lane at No.4, near Wood Street (P.O. Directory). In Cripplegate Ward Within, near Gutter Lane.

First mention : 1 Chas. I. 1625 (L.C.C. Deeds, Harben Bequest, 1600-1700. No.53).

Called" Pav'd Court" (O. and M. 1677).

The difference in name may possibly be due to an error in transcription, "v" being substituted for " u," and " d " for " l".

Paul's Court

In Whitefriars (W. Stow, 1722).

Not named in the maps.

Paul's Head

A hostel so called near " Poulescheyae" in parish of St. Gregory, in Castle Baynard Ward (Strype, Ed. 1720).

First mention : " Pouleshede," 1444 (Ct. H.W. II. 503).

Opposite the bakehouse assigned to Master William Raddiff, Canon Residentiary. 1456 (H. MSS. Com. 9th Rep. 27).

Formerly called "Powles Brewhouse" (q.v.) (S. 370).

Not mentioned in Maitland, 1775.

Paul's Stairs

At the southern end of Paul's Wharf, in Castle Baynard Ward (O.S. 1880).

First mention : "A common stayre upon the River of Thames at Paul's Wharf" (S. 366). "Paul's wharf stairs " in Lond. G. 1758.

Paul's Wharf Hill

. -South from Paul's chain to Thames Street and Paul's Wharf (S. 366).

First mention : " Pawles wharfes hill," 1587 (Lond. I. p.m. 111.108).

See Bennet's Hill.

Paul's Wharf Stairs

See Paul's Stairs.

Paul's Wharf, Paul's Pier Wharf

South out of Upper Thames Street, at No.23, to the Thames (P.O. Directory).

First mention : " St. Paul's Wharf," 1276 (Cal. L. Bk. A. p. 5).

Forms of name: " Quay of St. Paul's," 12 Ed. III.1338 (Cal. Cl. R. 1337-9, p.571). "Pauliswharf," 1353 (Ct. H.W. I. 682). " Pouleswharf," 1345 (ib. 482). " Pauleswharf," 1366-7 (ib. 11.100). "Powyls Wharffe alias Sondayes Wharife," 3 Eliz. (Lond. I. p.m. I. 220).

In 9 H. VI. William Estfield the Mayor granted to the Dean and Chapter of St. Paul's the City's deserted wharf in parish of St. Benedict near to the wharf belonging to the Dean and Chapter for a term of 99 years, with a view to the wharves being rebuilt with a free course for water descending to the river (Cal. L. Bk. K. 120).

So named as belonging to the Dean and Chapter of St. Paul's.

Paulshead Court

In Cateaton Street (Lockie, 1816).

Not named in the maps.

Paulshead Court

North out of Fenchurch Street at No. 154 nearly opposite Rood Lane. In Langbourne Ward (Rocque, 1746-Elmes, 1831).

Former names: "St. Paul's Court" (O. and M. 1677). " St. Paul's Alley" (Strype, 1720-P.C. 1732). " Paul's Court " (W. Stow, 1722).

The site is now occupied by chambers and offices-" Colonial House," etc.