Sweating's Passage - Sydes (Seint) Lane

A Dictionary of London. Originally published by H Jenkins LTD, London, 1918.

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Sweating's Passage

At the northern end of Moor Lane, running east and west, in Cripplegate Ward Without (Rocque, 1746-Boyle, 1799).

The site of the western portion is now occupied by Butler Street (q.v.).

There is a view of the old houses in the Passage in Smith's Ancient Topography of London.

Swedish Court

Adjoining the Lutheran Church, formerly Holy Trinity the Less, in Queenhithe Ward (Strype, ed. 1720, I. iii. 219).

See Sweeds' Court, Great Trinity Lane.

Sweedland Alley, Bishopsgate Street

See Sweedland Court.

Sweedland Court

East out of Bishopsgate Street, in Bishopsgate Ward Without (P.O. Directory).

First mention: Rocque, 1746.

Former name: "Sweedland, Swedeland, Alley" (O. and M. 1677-Strype, ed. 1720).

Sweedland Court

Out of Victualling Office Square, Tower Hill (O. and M. 1677).

Removed for the extension of Mansell Street to meet the Tower Bridge Approach, 1897.

Sweed's Court

North out of Moor Lane, leading to Butler's Alley and Grub Street (Lockie, 1810-Elmes, 1831).

Not named in the maps.

Sweeds' Court

South out of Great Trinity Lane adjoining the Lutheran Church to the east, formerly Holy Trinity the Less (Lond. Guide, 1758-Elmes, 1831).

Former name: "Swedish Court" (Strype, 1720 and 1755).

Site now occupied by the Mansion House Station.

Sweet Apple Court

West out of Bishopsgate, in Bishopsgate Ward Without (Hatton, I708-O.S. 1880).

Before its rebuilding early in the 18th century, the site was occupied by two courts, viz. Horshoe Alley or Yard and Soapers or Sopers Alley (Strype, ed. 1720, I. ii. 108). These two courts are shown on the site in O. and M. 1677.

The name Sweet Apple Court was derived from the owner Sir John Sweetapple, Goldsmith (Strype, ib.).

The site is now occupied by the Great Eastern Railway lines.

Sweeting's Alley, Rents

See Royal Exchange Buildings.

Swing Bridge, Hermitage Entrance

Over the Hermitage Entrance to the London Docks (O.S. 25 in. 1897).

Former name : " Hermitage Bridge " (P.C. 1732-Elmes, 1831).

The name" Hermitage "preserves the memory of the old hermitage, called the Swan's Nest (q.v.).

Swiss Bankverein

At the south-east corner of Tokenhouse Yard. In Broad Street Ward (P.O. Directory).

The site was occupied by the Bank of Scotland (O.S. 1880).

Swithin (St.), London Stone

On the north side of Cannon Street at No.113, at the south-west corner of St. Swithin's Lane (P.O. Directory). In Walbrook Ward.

Earliest mention found in records : " S. Swithun de Candelwryhttestrate," 1271-2 (Ct. H.W. I. 10).

Other names and forms of name: "S. Swithin of Kandelwricchestrate," 1283-5 (Anc. Deeds, A. 1674). " S. Swythun in Candlewikestrate," 1286-7 (Ct. H.W. I. 80). "Sancti Swithini," 31 Ed. I. (Lib. Cust. I. 230). " S. Swithin at London Stone," 1557 (Ct. H.W. II. 666).

Rebuilt by John Hinde (Mayor 1405) (S. 109), about 1420 (S. 225).

Church possessed cloisters and a chapel of SS. Katherine and Margaret (L. and M. Arch. Soc. I. 2, 192).

Repaired 1607-8 (Strype, ed. 1720, I. ii, 191).

There was a chapel to St. Katherine in the church (Strype, ed. 1720, I. ii. 191).

A parsonage house before the Fire, burnt down and rebuilt by H. Whisler, 1675 (ib. 193). Church burnt in the Fire and rebuilt by Sir C. Wren, 1678, the parish of St. Mary Bothaw being united to it (ib. 200). Restored 1869 and 1879.

A Rectory. Patrons: Rob. de Aguilon held the advowson with the capital messuage in the parish, 14 Ed. I. (Ch. I. p.m. (16)). By his will, c. 1285-6, he left his mansion with courtyard and garden and the patronage of S. Swythun in Candlewykestrate to the Priory of Tortington, who held the advowson, 31 Ed. I. (Lib. Cust. I. 238), and had his hostel in the parish, known afterwards as Oxford Place (q.v.).

From the earls of Oxford, the house and advowson passed through various hands to the Salters' Company, who purchased them both, the present Salters' Hall now occupying part of the site of the house and gardens.

In 1734 the Company sold the advowson to Mr. Matthew Beachcroft and it is now in private hands, the alternate presentation for St. Mary Bothaw being in the hands of the Dean and Chapter of Canterbury (L. and M. Arch. Soc. Trans. I. ii. p.197).

St. Swithin, to whom the church is dedicated, was born in 800 and was Prior of Winchester and afterwards Bishop of the diocese. He died in 862.

Swithing's Alley

See George Street, Tower Hill.

Swithin's (St.) Churchyard

North-west of the church, north of Oxford Court and west of Salters' Hall Court (O.S.).

Shown in O. and M. 1677.

Swithin's (St.) Lane

South out of King William Street, at No. I, to "3 Cannon Street (P.O. Directory). In Walbrook Ward.

Earliest mention : " St. Swithin lane," 1278 (Ct. H.W. I. 34).

Other names and forms: "Lane of St. Swythin," 1306-7 (ib. 184). " Swythunes lane," 1348-9 (ib. 513). " Seint Swithoneslane," 1410-11 (ib. ii. 387). " Venella de Swithini," 14 Ed. II. (West. Abbey MS. temp. Rich. II. 44 (12)). " Seintswythynes lane," 13 Rich. II. (Cal. L. Bk. H. p.366). " Sweetings (Swithens) Lane" (Strype, ed. 1720, I. ii. 188). 5. Swithens lane so called of St. Swithens a parish church by London Stone (S. 225).

Prior to the formation of King William Street, 1832, the lane extended into Langbourn Ward, but the northern end was demolished when that street was erected.

Swithin's Alley

See Sweeting's Alley.

Swithun's Rents

See Royal Exchange Buildings.


Gutter so called near St. Magnus Church discharged itself into the Thames at Ebgate alias Oystergate, 3 H. V. (Cal. L. Bk. I. p.138).

No further reference.

There must be some confusion here as Ebgate and Oystergate were not identical.

Sword and Buckler Court

North out of Ludgate Hill, in Farringdon Ward Without (O. and M. 1677-Boyle, 1799).

Afterwards " Horseshoe Court " (q.v.).

Name derived from the sign.

Sydes (Seint) Lane

See Size Lane.