Vine Street, Bishopsgate - Vyntre

A Dictionary of London. Originally published by H Jenkins LTD, London, 1918.

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Vine Street, Bishopsgate

See New Street.

Vine Yard

East out of Aldersgate Street at No.101 (P.O. Directory). In Aldersgate Ward Without.

First mention: O. and M. 1677.

In 1720 Strype describes it as having old houses and some part not built (I. iii. 122).

Vine Yard

See Vine Street, India Street, Minories.

Vinegar Yard

Near Three Crane Lane, Vintry (P.C. 1732-Boyle, 1799).

Not named in the maps.

Vinegar Yard

See New Buildings, Sun Yard, Nightingale Lane.


There was a lane of this name leading down to the Thames, 17 Edward III. to the bridge on the key which formerly belonged to John de Oxonia.

The lane was public property, and the bridge ought to be kept in repair by the Commonalty (Lib. Cust. II. 450).

No later mention.

Vintners' Alley

Out of Thames Street by Butoiph Wharf Gateway (P.C. 1732-Boyle, 1799).

Not named in the maps.

Vintners' Company

Incorporated 15 Hen. VI. 1436-7. Eleventh on the list of the Twelve Great Companies.

Included the Vinetarli, or wine importers, and the Tabernani, the Tavern-keepers, or retailers of wine.

Elections made to the mistery of the Vintners, 1328 (Cal. L. Bk. E. p.232).

Vintners of old called marchants Vintners of Gascoyne, as well Englishmen as strangers. Gascoyne wines sold at not above 4d. a gallon and Rhenish wines not above 6d. a gallon, temp. Edward III. (S. 242).

Stow says they were incorporated by the name of Wine-tunners by Edward III, confirmed by Hen. VI. (p.243).

Vintners' Hall

On the south side of Upper Thames Street at No.68 1/2, in Vintry Ward (P.O. Directory).

First mention : " Vinteners' Hall," 1560-1 (Ct. H.W. II. 675).

Stow says that the land upon which Vintners' Hall was erected was given to the Vintners by Sir John Stodie in 1357 (p.242). Whether at that date it was not possible for them to hold the property or to make use of it in a corporate capacity it is difficult to ascertain, but from the records in the possession of the Company it appears that the property left by Sir John Stodie was in the possession of his heirs in 1408 and that the Vintners only obtained it at a later date, under the Will of Guy Shuldham, 1446 (L. and M Arch. Soc. Trans. III. 446) and John Porter, vintner, 1496 (Ct. H.W. II. 596). No mention is made of this last-named will in the records of the Company as set out in the Transactions of the London and Middlesex Archæological Society, nor in Herbert's account of the Company, but from this will it is evident that the hall and other tenements devised under Guy Shuldham's will had not been previously taken over by the Company, nor converted to their uses, and it is therefore probable that the Hall was altered and the thirteen little tenements adapted for the almshouses as mentioned in the records in the early part of the 16th century.

The estate of Sir John Stodeye seems to have been situated between two lanes, having towards the east the tenements of the abbess of St. Clare, Aldgate, and late of John Hardell, and towards the west that of John Cressyngham (Trans. L. and M. Arch. Soc. III. 441), and these lanes may be identified with Anchor Alley west and Little Cheapside east, now incorporated in Queen Street, including the site of the present Vintners' Hall. Strype describes it as the Manor of the Vintrie (ed. 1720, I. iii. 2), but it was probably only the mansion house and garden of Sir John Stodeye, not a manor in the feudal sense of the term.

The original hall was not as large as the present building, part of the site being occupied prior to 1666 by the thirteen almshouses. But after the Fire in that year, the Hall was rebuilt on a larger scale and the almshouses re-erected in the Mile End Road (Herbert, II. 634).

The Hall was designed by Sir Christopher Wren after the Fire and again rebuilt in 1820-3.

Vintry (The).

-There seem to have been a district, a house, and a street all bearing this name in early times.

Stow describes the district as a part of the banke of the River of Thames, where the merchants of Bordeaux craned their wines out of Lighters and other vessels and then landed them and sold them. Afterwards they built houses for themselves and cellars in which to store their wines (S. 240). It seems to have extended into Dowgate Ward, 20 Rich. II. (Anc. Deeds, A. 2677).

The house is described by Stow as a large house built of stone and timber, with vaults for the stowage of wines. John Gisors dwelled there and Henry Picard, both Vintners (S. 241).

It probably stood between Three Cranes Lane and Church Lane, opposite St. Martin's. Church.

The street so named may well have been a part of Upper Thames Street, intersecting the ward from east to west, and extending into Dowgate Ward.

Earliest mention: Land in parish of St. James versus "vinitariam," 1170 (H. MSS Com. 9th Rep. p.13).

Other notice : " Vinetria," 31 Ed. I. (Lib. Cust. I. 229 and 238). " Vinetrie," 1347 (L. Bk. F. fo. 136 in Riley's Mem. p. liv). " le Vyntrye," 1402 (Ct. H.W. II. 366). Street called " la Vinetrie," 1345 (Cal. Close R. Ed. III. 1343-6, p.492). Street called The Vyntre" in parish of Alhallows the More, 4 Ed. VI. (Lond. I. p.m. I. 81). (This would be in Dowgate Ward.)

Vintry Ward

One of the twenty-six wards of the City to the west of the Walbrook on the bank of the Thames, extending north to Cordwainer Ward, and bounded on the east by Dowgate Ward and on the west by Queenhithe Ward.

First mention: 1285 (Cal. L. Bk. A. p.209).

Identified with Ward of Henry de Coventre, 1276 (ib. B. p.260).

In 1320 it was the second richest ward in the City, Dowgate being the richest, but in 1368 they had both given place in this respect to Cordwainer and Cheap Wards (Cal. L. Bk. E. p.197 and G. p.251).

In Stow's time it contained four parish churches: St. Martin Vintry; St. James Garlickhithe; St. Michael Paternoster Royal; St. Thomas Apostle.

Six Halls of Companies : Vintners' Hall ; Plumbers' Hall; Glasiers' Hall; Cutlers' Hall; Frewterers' Hall; Watermen's Hall. Also Tower Royal; Ipres Inn; and Gisors or Gerard's Hall.

There are now only two churches: St. James Garlickhithe, St. Michael Paternoster Royal.

One Hall: the Vintners' Hall. So called of Vintners and of the Vintrie (S. 240). See Wards.

Vintry Wharf

Between Hambro' Wharf east and Worcester Wharf west (O.S. 1880).

Virginia Court

See Dark Entry, Lower East Smithfield.


See Fish Wharf.


Houses in parish of St. Sepulchre without Newgate in Viterilane, 1294-5 (Ct. H.W. I. 119) "Viter' lane," 1298 (ib. 139). Sharpe suggests "Old Lane" as the translation.

Qy.: to be identified with "Fytrilane" (q.v.)

Vorestret (le)

See Fore Street.

Vulcan Wharf

South out of Upper Thames Street (O.S. 1848-L.C.C. List, 1901).

See Victoria Wharf.


See Vintry.