Wollechirchehaw - Wool Exchange

A Dictionary of London. Originally published by H Jenkins LTD, London, 1918.

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In this section


See Mary (St.) Woolchurch.


See Wool Quay.

Wolsies Gate

A water gate in the roparie, in parish of All Hallows the Less, of later time called Wolfes Lane, but now out of use (S. 42).

"Wolsieslane "lay between the tenement of Sir John de Pulteneye and the tenement of Bartholomew Denmars and was a public way to the Thames. In 17 Ed. III. complaint was made that it had been stopped up (Lib. Cust. II. p.448).

From this description it would appear to have lain west of the lane called Cold Harbour, between that lane and Haywharf Lane.

Stow says the lower part of the lane was built on by the Earl of Shrewsbury and the other part stopped up and built on by the Chamberlain of London (S. 42).

First mention: "Wolsiesgate," 1300 (Lib. Horn. fol. 299 in R. Mem. xvii.).

Other forms : " Wolsislane," 1307 (Cal. L. Bk. C. p. 204). " Wolsieslane," 1317 (Ct. H.W. I. 273). "Wolseselane," 1372-3 (ib. II. 153). " Wolsyeslane," 1397 (Ct. H.W. II. 330). " Wolfyeslane," 26 H. VI. (Ano. Deeds, D. 1126). " Wolcylane," 1454-5 (Ct H.W. II. 527). "Wolsey Lane," 29 H. VIII. (Lond. I. p.m. I. 70).

There is a "Wolwicheslane" in the parishes of All Hallows upon the cellar and St. Laurence Est mentioned in a grant of 1276-7 (Watney, p.290).

Watney suggests that this=Wolsies lane.


See Wolsies Gate.

Wood and Co.'s Wharf

On the Thames at the south end of William Street, west of Chatham Place (Horwood, 1799).

Former names: "Woodmongers Wharfs " (Strype, ed. 1720, I. iii. 279). "Timber Wharf" (Rocque, 1746).

Site now covered by Royal Hotel (De Keyser's) Buildings, Victoria Embankment.

Wood Green Court

South-east out of Harrow Alley, Middlesex Street. In Portsoken Ward (Strype, ed. 1720, I. ii. 27-O.S.25 in. 1880).

Strype also calls it Woodgreen's Court. "Greenwood Court" in Rocque, 1746, but rebuilt later.

Removed 1884 for the erection of the City of London Artizans' Dwellings (q.v.).

Wood Street

North out of Cheapside, at No.122, to London Wall (P.O. Directory). In Farringdon Ward Within and Cripplegate Ward Within.

First mention: "Wodestrata," 1156-7 (Cal. Doc. in France, p.156).

Other forms : "Wude-strate," Rich. I .(Anc. Deeds, A. 2124). " Wdestrate," 5 John (ib. A. 2502). "Wodestrete," 24 H. III. (Ch. I. p.m.).

Afterwards called Great Wood Street and Little Wood Street (S. 292), and down to The 19th century.

Great Wood Street was the southern portion from Cheapside to Addle Street, and Little Wood Street the northern portion to London Wall.

Stow makes the following suggestion as to the origin of the name: first that the houses in this street had always been built of timber and not of stone. (This hardly seems a sufficient explanation when so many other houses must have been built of timber.) Secondly, that it was named after Thos. Wood Sheriff, 1491. But as shown above, the street received its name long before this date.

Kingsford suggests (ed. Stow II.338) that wood was sold here, and this is quite a possible explanation, other streets in the locality such as Milk Street, Honey Lane, being named after the commodities sold in them, or in the great market of Cheap to which they were adjacent.

Pavements of tesseræ were found here in 1843 and 1848, and fragments of Gaulish pottery beneath the foundations of the Old Crosskeys Inn in 1865. Roman bricks said to have been found in St. Alban's Church in 1632.

Wood Street Compter

On the east side of Wood Street, in Cripplegate Ward Within.

One of the Sheriffs' Prisons.

First mention: The Compter in Bread Street was removed to Wood Street in 1555 (S. 298) and Greyfriars' Chronicle (Cam. Soc.), p.96.

Burnt in the Fire and rebuilt.

Removed to Giltspur Street in 1791.

The office of Keeper was bought and sold prior to 1766, but the appointment was not purchased in that year.

See Compters.

Wood Street Square

West out of Hart Street at No.3 at its junction with Monkwell Street, in Farringdon Ward Within (P.O. Directory).

First mention: 1871.

Former names: "Chapel Court" (Horwood, 1799-Elmes, 1831). "Lambs Chapel Court" (Strype, ed. 1720-Lond. Guide, 1758). "Lamb's Court" (O. and M. 1677).

Wood Wharf

On the east and west sides of Trigg Lane, in Queenhithe Ward (O. and M. 1677, and Strype, 1720 and 1755).

Site partly occupied by Trig Wharf.

Wood Yard, Church Lane

At the north-east end of Church Lane. In Portsoken Ward (Strype, ed. 1720-Lond. Guide, 1753).

Seems to have been a carpenter's yard. Site rebuilt for business purposes.

Wood Yard, Gravel Lane

North-west out of Gravel Lane. In Portsoken Ward (Rocque, 1746-Lond. Guide, 1755).

Site now covered by the extension of Stoney Lane, etc.

Wooden World Court

North out of Bell Alley, east of Bridgewater Gardens on the northern boundary of Cripplegate Ward Without (Horwood, 1799-Lockie, 1816).

Woodmongers' Hall

In Duke's Place, Aldgate, called the Duke's Hall (Wheatley)

No other reference.

Woodmongers' Hall

On the east side of Paul's wharf hill (i.e. Bennet's Hill), in Castle Baynard Ward, between Paul's Wharf west and Ball Alley east (Leake, 1666).

First mention: A capital house called Woodmongers Hall at the west end of "Poore widowes alley" adjoining the College of Harrolds on the north, opening to Paul's wharf hill on the west with ingress and egress to St. Peter's Hill, 1587 (Lond. I p.m. III. 1o8).

Not rebuilt after the Fire (Maitland, 1775, 11.879).

Site occupied by No.14 St. Bennet's Hill (End. Ch. Rep.).

Woodmongers' Wharfs

See Wood and Co.'s Wharf.

Woodner Court

Out of Harrow Alley, Gravel Lane, Houndsditch (Lockie, 1810-Elmes, 1831).

Not named in the maps. Site has been rebuilt.

Woodruffe Lane

See Cooper's Row.


.On the Thames, in Castle Baynard Ward.

Earliest mention: "St. Benedict del Wodewharf," 29 Ed. I. (Anc. Deeds, A. 1656).

Later references : Tenement called "le Brewhous" with the "Wodehawe" and the alley towards the Thames, 4 Rich. II. (H. MSS. Com. 9th Rep. p.4). "Wodewarf," 14 Ed. II. (Plac. de. Quo. Warranto, 472). "Wodewharf," Rich. II. (Auc. Deeds, B. 2281).

Messuages and tenements called the "Cross Keys " and the "Woodwharfe," etc., near Pawlys Wharf in parish of St. Benet, 32 H. VII. 1540 (L. and P. H. VIII. XVI. 176).

Not shown in the maps and not definitely located. See Legates Inn.

Wool Exchange

On the east side of Basinghall Street at Nos. 24 and 26 (P.O.. Directory). In Bassishaw Ward.

Erected 1874.

Large offices, chambers, etc., occupying the site of what was formally Sambrook. Court, Basinghall Street (q.v.).