Edward II: April 1314

Parliament Rolls of Medieval England. Originally published by Boydell, Woodbridge, 2005.

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'Edward II: April 1314', in Parliament Rolls of Medieval England, (Woodbridge, 2005) pp. . British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/no-series/parliament-rolls-medieval/april-1314 [accessed 22 April 2024]

In this section

1314 April

Introduction April 1314

Westminster

The parliament was not held (see also the Introduction to the Parliament of September 1314).

For the writs of summons see PW, II, ii, 119-25. This parliamentary summons is not noted in Handbook of British Chronology .

The summons was cancelled on 24 March 1314 because of Robert Bruce's capture of the king's towns and castles in Scotland and in the March, and his threat to besiege Berwick-on-Tweed. The parliamentary summons was replaced by a military summons to be at Newcastle on 28 April.

The writs of summons were issued at Westminster on 26 November 1313 for a parliament to meet at Westminster on 21 April 1314. The writs say that the king has proposed the holding of a parliament, 'God willing'. A marginal note on the Close Roll also describes the meeting as a parliament.

Writs of summons were sent to the archbishop of York, the keeper of the archdiocese of Canterbury, 'sede vacante', sixteen bishops (including three Welsh bishops), forty-one abbots, and four priors; to ten earls (Norfolk, Lancaster, Gloucester, Surrey, Pembroke, Richmond, Hereford, Warwick, Arundel, Oxford) and eighty-eight barons; and for the election of representatives of the knights of the shire and burgesses, and of the lower clergy. There is no mention of royal judges and clerks being summoned on this occasion.

The writs of summons issued on 26 November gave the purpose of the parliament as 'various affairs touching the king and the state of the kingdom.'