Office-Holders in Modern Britain: Volume 11 (Revised), Court Officers, 1660-1837. Originally published by University of London, London, 2006.
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The physicians to the person and the physicians to the household were both appointed by lord chamberlain's warrant. During the reign of Charles II their appointments were embodied in letters patent under the great seal.
Usually there were four physicians to the person. In 1685 they were ranked by number and given graduated salaries of £400, £300, £250 and £219 (later £200). (fn. 1) This arrangement continued in principle until the death of Anne in 1714. On the accession of George I in that year only one physician, Shadwell, was appointed who was nevertheless designated first physician and accorded a salary of £400. (fn. 2) In due course two more physicians were appointed during the reign. On the accession of George II in 1727 the number was again fixed at four each with a salary of £300. (fn. 3) Early in the period, physicians were also allowed riding wages and, often, lodgings.
It was the practice for extra physicians to the person to be appointed.
Two physicians to the household served from 1660 to 1667 and one thereafter except during the years 1702–16 when the office was left vacant. The salary was £200. (fn. 4)