BHO

Menial servants: Necessary women and watchmen

Pages 392-396

Office-Holders in Modern Britain: Volume 11 (Revised), Court Officers, 1660-1837. Originally published by University of London, London, 2006.

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Necessary Women 16851837

The necessary women were appointed by and under the direct supervision of the lord chamberlain. One necessary woman served at 91 5s until 1695; two until 1702; and three from 1702 to 1727. The first of these made 121 5s; the other two 3035. (fn. 1) In 1705 Anne Hickson was established as necessary woman to the ladies of the bedchamber at 20 per annum. (fn. 2) The establishment of 1727 names six such servants ranging in payment from 121 5s down to 23 per annum. A seventh was added in February 1728. (fn. 3) Under George III, as head necessary woman Augusta Brandenburg made 304 6s 4d prior to 1782; this was reduced to 200 per annum in that year. (fn. 4) The necessary woman to the great council chamber made 62; that to the ball room made 62; that to the German chancery 50 (reduced in 1782 to 32); to the king's pages at the Queen's House, 50; to the great drawing room 33; to the back stairs 32; to the guard chamber 36 4s; to dust and sweep ashes from Whitehall 40. (fn. 5) In 1825 those to the duke's gallery, backstairs and German chancery received an additional 30 per annum apiece in compensation for the loss of lodgings consequent upon renovations at St. James's Palace. (fn. 6) By 1836, the necessary woman to the king's private apartments made 45 10s per annum; that to the entrance hall and corridors at St. James's 30; to the guard chamber 32; to the ball room 54 12s, to the Drawing Room 55 plus 30 for lodgings and 20 in lieu of coals. (fn. 7)

Necessary Women 16851837

1685 29 Dec. Holmes, B.
1691 12 Nov. Verrt, J.
1696 10 Mar. Dewhurst, A.
1702 9 July Foiston, M.
1702 26 Nov. Whaley, A.
By 1703 Floyd, A. (at St. James's and Windsor)
By 1705 Hickson, A.
1714 28 Apr. Mitchell, S. (at Kensington)
By 1716 Chadwick, - (Backstairs Rms at St. James's)
By 1716 Habberly, A. (for the Great Drawing Rm at St. James's)
By 1716 Peach, S. (Old Council Chamber and Passage to Chapel Royal, St. James's)
1721 10 July Waplington, E.
1722 24 Sept. Habberly, J. (?Great Drawing Rm, St. James's)
By 1723 Mogg, M. (Backstairs Rms. at St. James's)
By 1723 Young, M. (Guard Chamber, St. James's)
By 1727 Rinckin, E.
1727 1 July Rowman, J.
1727 16 Oct. White, S.
1727 16 Oct. Pritchard, S. (at Kensington)
1727 27 Oct. Staynes, M. (Privy Lodgings)
1727 27 Oct. Ireland, S. (Queen's Private Lodgings)
1727 7 Nov. Lyster, J. (Drawing Rm. and Council Chamber)
By 1744 Cole, - (?[late] Queen's Apartments).
1746 1 Mar. Ellis, E.
1750 17 Nov. Pritchard, S. (at Kensington)
1751 4 July Palmer, R. (King's Backstairs at St. James's
1753 14 Feb. Laight, M.
1753 8 May Dufour, M.
1753 28 Dec. Whittendale, B.
1754 4 Feb. Smith, F. (lt. Queen's Apartments)
1755 15 Aug. Cocksedge, A. (lt. Queen's Apts., St. James's)
1755 1 Dec. Trucky, E. (Guard Chamber)
By 1759 Lloyd, S.
1760 21 Mar. Thompson, M.
1760 25 Oct. Jordan, E. (at Kensington)
By ?1761 Dinsdale, S. (from 1769 at Kensington)
1761 15 Jan. Brandenburgh, A. (King's Private Apts.)
1761 5 Apr. Heslop, M. (Bedchamber and Great Council Chamber)
1761 5 Apr. Naylor, E. (New Gallery at St. James's)
1761 5 Apr. Hamilton, S.
1762 5 July Bird, R. (lighting and airing the Gallery and Ballroom at St. James's)
By 1763 Pugh, M. (Dukes Gallery leading to Ballroom, St. James's)
By 1763 Couch, C. (Cabinet Council Apartments)
1763 13 Apr. Turner, E. (Council Chamber, Ball Room and Chapel Gallery at St. James's)
By 1772 Churchill, E. (Ballroom at St. James's)
1777 5 Sept. Hunter, J.
1779 15 Aug. Newell, S. (at Newmarket)
1782 15 Feb. Armstrong, M. (Backstairs)
1782 17 Mar. Caddy, J.
1783 Mar. Doggett, V. (Whitehall)
1784 5 Apr. Jarman, A.
1786 22 Oct. Bush, J. (Cabinet Council Chamber)
1790 11 Feb. Betty, J. (lighting and airing the Gallery and Ballroom at St. James's)
1791 5 Jan. Keet, E. (Guard Chamber)
1792 5 Aug. Macqueen, C. (Drawing Room, etc., St. James's)
1793 13 Dec. Orme, F. (Guard Chamber)
1795 6 Apr. Todd, E. (Whitehall)
1797 5 Jan. Groom, S. (lighting the Gallery leading to the Ballroom, St. James's)
1798 4 Sept. Goode, E. (Ballroom at St. James's
1801 4 July Strode, G. I (Ballroom at St. James's)
1802 5 Jan. Davies, R. (apts. of the Duke of Cambridge)
1803 16 Mar. Bourne, E. (to the King's pages at the Queen's [Buckingham] House)
1804 9 Oct. Baker, J. (apts. of the Duke of Cambridge)
1807 3 Nov. Pugh, M. (Duke's Gallery leading to Ballroom, St. James's)
1810 3 Feb. Falwaper, L. (King's Backstairs rooms).
1810 20 Apr. Farrell, S. F. (King's Private Apts.)
1812 15 Mar. De Bruyn, L. (King's Private Apts.)
1817 18 June Norton, S. (Drawing Room, St. James's)
1821 2 June Norton, S. (Drawing Room, St. James's)
1830 11 Oct. Brettell, M. (Entrance Hall and Corridors, St. James's)
1830 11 Oct. Brown, M. (Private Apts., St. James's)
1830 11 Oct. Parker G. (Ballroom, St. James's)
1830 11 Oct. Webb, S. (Guard Chamber)
1831 20 June Halse, C. (Private Apts., St. James's)

Necessary Woman to the German Chancery 1716?1837

By 1716 Spencer, J.
1737 23 Sept. Fisher, A..
1744 19 Mar. Thompson, C.
1774 Aug. Caldicot, E.
1782 27 Feb. Perry, S.
1784 5 Jan. Stokes, S.
1789 5 Jan. Macqueen, C.
1792 22 July Moore, A.
1808 10 Feb. White, A.

Watchmen at the Cockpit c. 1726?1815

There were as many as four watchmen at the cockpit, appointed by the lord chamberlain, at 20 per annum apiece. (fn. 8)

By 1726 Fido, J.
By 1726 Herbert, E.
1738 3 May Rock, J.
1739 1 Feb. Molloy, D.
1741 14 Apr. Wherrit, J.
By 1741 Charles, W.
1741 18 Dec. Charles, B.
By 1749 Flower, J.
1749 24 Nov. Hatch, R.
1753 16 Apr. Davenport, T.
1754 12 Aug. Ellis, C.
1773 Jan. Scammerdini, J.
1774 20 Jan. Luck, W.
1775 Ashford, J.
1777 22 July Byrne, M.
1777 20 Oct. Drew, J.
1780 1 Sept. Wilds, B.
1782 23 Mar. Pasquier, S.
1782 6 Jan. Perry, W.
1783 8 May Garroway, J.
1794 5 May Seymour, G.
1794 May Knight, J.
1802 7 Apr. Fox, R.
1814 6 Jan. Garroway, J.
1815 5 Jan. Phillips, J.

Footnotes

  • 1. LS 13/38; LC 3/5, f. 2; LS 13/257; LS 13/258; LC 3/7, f. 2; but cf. Miege [1703] III, 485 which lists two at 60 per annum apiece; LC 3/7, f. 2 also lists but two
  • 2. LS 13/258, f. 41.
  • 3. LC 3/11, ff. 2, 22; LC 3/13, f.
  • 4. LS 13/117, f. 72v
  • 5. 28 according to AO 1/427/1; LC 3/20; AO 1/427/1; 430/11; 431/14; 434/22; for the next reign see LC 3/21.
  • 6. LC 3/21.
  • 7. LC 3/72, pp. 240, 336, 360, 378.
  • 8. LC 3/65, pp.87, 121.