The household below stairs: Ewry 1660-1837

Office-Holders in Modern Britain: Volume 11 (Revised), Court Officers, 1660-1837. Originally published by University of London, London, 2006.

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Citation:

'The household below stairs: Ewry 1660-1837', in Office-Holders in Modern Britain: Volume 11 (Revised), Court Officers, 1660-1837, ed. R O Bucholz( London, 2006), British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/office-holders/vol11/pp453-458 [accessed 20 July 2024].

'The household below stairs: Ewry 1660-1837', in Office-Holders in Modern Britain: Volume 11 (Revised), Court Officers, 1660-1837. Edited by R O Bucholz( London, 2006), British History Online, accessed July 20, 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/office-holders/vol11/pp453-458.

"The household below stairs: Ewry 1660-1837". Office-Holders in Modern Britain: Volume 11 (Revised), Court Officers, 1660-1837. Ed. R O Bucholz(London, 2006), , British History Online. Web. 20 July 2024. https://www.british-history.ac.uk/office-holders/vol11/pp453-458.

In this section

Ewry 1660–1837

The ewry was responsible for the provision and storage of linen for the royal tables `and serve up water in the Silver Ewers after Dinner, whence the Office has its Name.' (fn. 1) In 1660 the establishment of the ewry consisted of a gentleman, appointed by royal warrant, and yeomen, grooms and a page, appointed by lord steward's warrant. A sergeant, appointed by royal warrant, appeared in 1661. In 1662 the remuneration of the sergeant was fixed at wages of £11 8s 1½d and board wages of £24 6s 8d. There were subsequent variations in the board wages. The office was abolished in 1685. (fn. 2)

In 1668 the remuneration of the gentleman was fixed at wages of £11 8s 1½d and board wages of £33 16s 9¼d. There were subsequent variations in the board wages. In 1685 the office was combined with that of yeoman with a salary of £60. It was left vacant between 1688 and 1691. In 1702 the remuneration was fixed at wages of £11 8s 1½d and board wages of £48 11s 10½d. The gentleman also received fees of honour (yielding £5 under George I), fees on all new tablecloths and napkins (worth about £15 per annum) and £50 per annum for providing rose water to the Household. In 1714 the title of the office reverted to that of gentleman of the ewry. In 1761 the salary was fixed at £200. In 1813 it was raised to £285 in compensation for the loss of allowances in kind. In 1830 it was fixed at £280. The office ceased to be filled on the departure of its incumbent in 1832. (fn. 3)

Two yeomen were appointed in 1660 with one becoming supernumerary in 1662. In 1664 the remuneration for the `Yeomen of the Pantry and Ewry' was fixed at wages of £5 and board wages of £50. There were subsequent variations in the board wages. In 1685 the position of one of the yeomen was subsumed into that of the gentleman of the ewry; the other was made supernumerary. Two yeomen were appointed in 1689 with wages of £5 and board wages of £45. The number of yeomen was reduced to one in 1699. The salary was fixed at £100 in 1761, fell to £98 in 1812 and was increased to £116 in 1813. (fn. 4)

Two grooms appear to have been appointed in 1660. In 1664, as `Grooms of the Pantry and Ewry', their remuneration was fixed at wages of £2 13s 4d and board wages of £40. For the remainder of the reign of Charles II there was considerable variation in the number and wages of the grooms. In 1685 one groom was appointed with a salary of £40. Two served from 1689 with wages of £2 13s 6d and board wages of £37 6s 8d. The number of grooms fell to one in 1702 but rose again to two in 1727. The offices were abolished in 1761. Supernumerary grooms were appointed between 1675 and 1698. (fn. 5)

A single page was appointed in 1660. He was reduced to supernumerary status in 1664 at £2 and £10 respectively. Restored to ordinary status in 1666, the 1668 Establishment reduced him to a supernumerary again at wages of £5 and board wages of £33 16s 9 1/4d. The office was finally abolished in 1675 on the promotion of its holder. (fn. 6)

The office of assistant was established in 1664 at £53 per annum. The position was abolished in 1815. (fn. 7)

The office of mistress or storekeeper was established in 1823. It paid £100 per annum from 1823 to 1828; £116 from 1828 to 1830, and £120 per annum thereafter. (fn. 8)

Sergeant 1661–1685

1661 25 Mar. Buck, J.
1662 15 Aug. Weldon, J.
1663 5 Feb. Heatley, T.
1669 12 Jan. Wynne, E.

Gentleman 1660–1832

1660 25 Oct. Calverley, H.
1680 24 Oct. Andrews, R.
1684 5 Dec. Poulter, J.
1685 13 Apr. Fenn, B.
1689 Office vacant
1691 14 July Pordage, B.
1698 Office vacant
1702 30 June Poulter, J.
1718 26 May Berry, P.
1727 6 Feb. Callmell, C.
1727 1 July Badneck, T.
1730 15 Dec. Blackmore, W.
1731 1 Sept. Beger, W.
1760 15 Dec. Jewest, W.
1765 5 May Tarris, J.
1779 6 Feb. Willis, H.N.
1789 4 Nov. Ramus, J.
1803 19 Apr. Jesse, E.

Yeomen 1660–1664; 1668–1837

1660 16 Aug. Williams, R.
1660 16 Aug. Godson, W.
1661 28 Mar. Andrews, R.
1662 27 Jan. Woodman, J.
1675 20 Apr. Littlemore, J.
1679 26 Sept. Mawr, R.
1680 24 Oct. Poulter, J.
1684 16 Feb. Upcott, R.
1684 5 Dec. Berry, P.
1689 26 Mar. Pordage, B.
1689 8 May Poulter, J.
1697 28 Dec. Berry, P.
1718 26 May Callmell, C.
1727 7 Feb. Munro, D.
1727 1 July Jenkinson, R.
1729 21 May Munro, D.
1730 2 Mar. Beger, W.
1731 1 Sept. Towers, J.
1757 3 Nov. Meredith, J.
1761 1 July Constant, E.
1774 5 Nov. Edge, T.
1776 22 Jan. Evans, D.
1812 20 July Woodward, J.
1828 13 Feb. Heale, Z.

Supernumerary Yeoman 1662–1668

1662 1 Dec. [?]*
1664 1 Oct. Andrews, R.
1686 1 Feb. Berry, P.

Grooms 1660–1761

1660 Arnold, J.
1660 19 Oct. Woodman, J.
1661 14 Feb. Wharton, J.
1662 27 Jan. Hollingsworth, G.
1666 26 Apr. Hayes, P.
1669 27 Jan. Littlemore, J.
1675 20 Apr. Mawr, R.
1678 18 Dec. Poulter, J.
1679 26 Sept. Langley, J.
1681 25 June Upcott, A.
1684 16 Feb. Berry, P.
1684 5 Dec. Astrey, R.
1685 22 Apr. Poulter, J.
1689 20 Apr. Reddish, E.
1689 13 May Berry, P.
1698 6 Jan. Roupel, C.
By 1705 Callmell, C.
1718 26 May Brown, W.
1723 13 June Munro, D.
1727 7 Feb. Poppelton, W.
1727 1 July Munro, D.
1727 1 July Cook, G.
1729 21 May Hudson, J.
1729 27 Oct. Towers, J.
1730 17 Mar. Smith, W.
1731 1 Sept. Meredith, J.
1744 19 May Rayner, J.
1757 3 Nov. Burton, J.
1758 16 Nov. Stephens, E.
1759 16 May Fotheringham, W.
1760 15 Dec. Constant, E.

Supernumerary Grooms

(1668–1678; 1679; 1684; 1686–1688; 1692; 1698–c. 1705)

1668 1 Oct. Hollingsworth, G.
1675 26 Apr. Poulter, J.
1679 1 Feb. Langley, J.
1684 4 Aug. Astrey, R.
1686 1 Feb. Astrey, R.
1692 9 Feb. Roupel, C. (in reversion)
1698 8 July Callmell, C.

Page 1660–1664

[1660 6 Sept.] Hollingsworth, G.
1662 7 Mar. Hayes, P.

Supernumerary Page 1664–1666

1664 1 Oct. Hayes, P.

Page 1666–1668

1666 26 Apr. Mawr, R.

Supernumerary 1668–1675

1668 1 Oct. Mawr, R.

Assistant 1764–1815

1764 1 Apr. Foreman, P.
1765 6 June Lewis, T.
1768 3 June Lewis, J.
1768 1 July Lewis, T.
1773 21 July Hook, J.
1780 9 Sept. Russ, A.
1792 8 Sept. Weaver, J.
1793 20 Apr. Woodward, J.
1812 20 July Fox, S.

Mistress (or Storekeeper) 1823–1837

1823 5 Jan. Cockett, M.

The Establishment of 1 December 1662 lists but does not name a supernumerary yeoman of the ewry: LS 13/31, f. 16v.

Footnotes

  • 1. PSBC, p. 10; see also Beattie, p. 90.
  • 2. LS 13/31, f. 12; LS 13/34, f. 11v; LS 13/35, f. 12; LS 13/253, f. 17; LS 13/37, f. 10v; LS 13/38.
  • 3. LS 13/35, f. 12; LS 13/36, f. 13v; LS 13/37, f. 10v; LS 13/38, f. 11v; LS 13/39, p. 19; LS 13/43, f. 12; LS 13/55; LS 13/69, p. 58; LS 13/184, p. 407; LS 2/58; Beattie, p. 214.
  • 4. LS 13/31, f. 12; LS 13/34, f. 11v; LS 13/35, f. 12; LS 13/36, f. 13v; LS 13/37–40, 55; LS 13/69, p. 58; LS 13/184, p. 407.
  • 5. LS 13/31, f. 12; LS 13/34, f. 11v; LS 13/35, f. 12; LS 13/36, f. 13v; LS 13/37; LS 13/38, f. 11v; LS 13/39, p. 19; LS 13/43, f. 12; LS 13/55.
  • 6. LS 13/31, f. 12; LS 13/34, f. 25; LS 13/35, f. 19v, but cf. f. 12; LS 13/254, f. 10; LS 13/7 f. 6; LS 13/254, f. 10.
  • 7. LS 13/180, f. 46v. LS 13/184, f. 134 gives a figure of £73 for 1783 and 1810; LS 2/41.
  • 8. LS 2/53; LS 2/54; LS 2/56.