Norton Mandeville

An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in Essex, Volume 2, Central and South west. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1921.

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'Norton Mandeville', in An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in Essex, Volume 2, Central and South west, (London, 1921) pp. 199-200. British History Online [accessed 21 April 2024]

In this section


(O.S. 6 in. li. S.E.)

Norton Mandeville is a very small parish about 2½ m. N.E. of Chipping Ongar. The hamlet of Norton Heath is partly in this parish.


(1). Parish Church of All Saints stands near the middle of the parish. The walls are of flint-rubble mixed with some re-used freestone from the former building. The dressings are of limestone and the buttresses are repaired with red brick; the roofs are covered with tiles and the bell-turret with weather-boarding. The use of late 12th-century material in the walls and the date of the font indicate the existence of a church on the site in the 12th century. The Chancel and the Nave were entirely re-built in the first half of the 14th century. The bell-turret may be of the 14th or 15th century. The church was restored in the 19th century, when the South Porch was added.

Among the fittings the fragment of a late 12th-century pillar piscina is noteworthy.

The Church, Plan

Architectural Description—When not otherwise described all detail work is of the 14th century. The Chancel (19¼ ft. by 14 ft.) has in the E. wall a window all modern except the splays and chamfered, two-centred rear-arch. In the N. wall is a window of one cinque-foiled light in a two-centred head. In the S. wall are two windows; the eastern is uniform with that in the N. wall, but is modern, except for the splays and rear-arch; the western is a 'low-side' window of one square-headed light. There is no chancel-arch.

The Nave (38 ft. by 18½ ft.) has in the N. wall two windows both of two cinque-foiled lights with tracery in an almost semi-circular head; most of the external jambs and the labels are modern; further W. is the N. doorway with chamfered and moulded jambs, much restored, and a moulded semi-circular arch. In the S. wall are two windows uniform with the corresponding windows in the N. wall, but the tracery is blocked with plaster; further W. the S. doorway has jambs and two-centred arch of two orders, the outer chamfered, the inner moulded; the inner order may be of the 13th century, re-set. In the W. wall is a window formerly of two lights, but now fitted with a modern wooden frame.

The Roof of the chancel is modern, except for a chamfered tie-beam with a king-post and two-way struts, probably of the 15th century. The roof of the nave has two tie-beams and king-posts with moulded capitals and bases of the 14th century, partly restored. At the W. end of the nave is a tie-beam with a king-post and two uprights with struts, supporting the bell-cote.

Fittings—Communion Table: Of oak, with turned legs and moulded top with carved brackets, early 17th-century. Font: Of Barnack stone, square bowl with four attached shafts with moulded capitals and bases, staple in top, late 12th-century, stem modern. Glass: In nave—in tracery of N.E. window, two quarries with roses, early 16th-century. Hour-glass Stand: In nave—an E. jamb of S.E. window, wrought-iron, probably 17th-century. Locker: In nave—in N. wall, double with rebated jambs and square head, probably 14th-century. Piscinae: In chancel—with scalloped drain, 14th-century, rest modern. In nave— in S. wall, with moulded trefoiled head and moulded jambs with broach stops, 14th-century, no drain. Plate: Includes an early 17th-century cup and a paten and alms-dish, given in 1703 and without date-mark. Royal Arms: On brackets at W. end of nave, lion and unicorn holding escutcheons, carved and painted wood, early 18th-century. Screen: Between chancel and nave, modern, but incorporating eight cinque-foiled ogee traceried heads to lights, 15th-century. Seating: In nave—six open benches with roughly carved popeys on bench-ends, probably early 16th-century. Tiles: In nave—slip-tiles of various patterns, probably 14th-century. Miscellanea: In nave— part of pillar-piscina with moulded top and shaft with spiral flutings, late 12th-century. Built into walls, externally, various worked fragments, including circular shafting, stone with nail-head ornament, base of angle shaft, etc., late 12th-century.



(2). Norton Manor House, about 1½ m. E. of the church, is of two storeys with attics; the walls are timber-framed and plastered, and the roofs are tiled. It was built c. 1613, on a rectangular plan with a projecting staircase wing at the W. side. There are 18th-century and later additions on either side of the staircase wing. The central chimney-stack and that at the S. end have each three octagonal shafts with moulded bases; the S. stack has also two panels, one with the date 1613, and one with the initials E.S.A. The doorway at the S. end has an original door of nail-studded battens. At the N. end is the base of a third chimney-stack similar to the other two. Inside the building three rooms have original oak panelling, and there are several original doors with nail-studded rails and muntins and strap-hinges. The staircase has moulded rails and newels with turned tops, probably original.


(3). Ladyland, house about 1¾ m. E. of the church, is of two storeys, timber-framed and plastered; the roofs are tiled. It was built early in the 17th century, and has modern additions on two sides.

Condition—In course of restoration.

Parndon, see Great Parndon and Little Parndon.