Page 78

An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in Essex, Volume 4, South east. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1923.

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44. INGRAVE. (B.c.)

(O.S. 6 in. (a)lxvii. N.E. (b)lxvii. S.E.)

Ingrave is a small parish 2 m. S.E. of Brentwood.


a(1). Parish Church of St. Nicholas was entirely re-built on a new site about 1734. The site of the old church is indicated by a depression in the ground S.W. of Ingrave Hall. The new church contains the following:—

Fittings—Brasses and Indents. Brasses: In chancel—(1) (Plate, p. 78) of [Margaret, daughter of Sir Lewis John, wife successively of Sir William Lucy and . . . Wake, 1466], figure of woman in butterfly head-dress, fragment of marginal inscription and four shields-of-arms—(a) a cheveron between three trefoils, for FitzLewes, impaling Montagu and Monthermer quarterly; (b) crusilly three luces, for Lucy impaling FitzLewes; (c) Wake impaling FitzLewes; (d) crusilly a cross, for Goshalm, impaling FitzLewes, indent of inscription and scroll; (2) (Plate, p. 78) of [Sir Richard FitzLewes, 1528, and his four wives (a) Alice (Harleston); (b) unknown; (c) Elizabeth (Sheldon); and (d) Joan (Hornby)], figure of man in plate-armour with tabard of arms, FitzLewes quartering Goshalm, head on crested helm, feet on dog, figures of four wives with pedimental head-dresses and (a), (c) and (d) with heraldic mantles—(a) a leaping goat for Bardwell quartering three roundels for Heath, quarterly for Pagenham, and a bend between two dancetty cotices with an ermine tail on the bend, for Clopton, all impaling FitzLewes; (c) FitzLewes impaling a cross for Sheldon; (d) FitzLewes impaling three bugle-horns for Hornby quartering ermine, indents of two groups of children. Both brasses formerly in the church of West Horndon (now destroyed). Indents: In front of S. doorway—defaced. Communion Table: In vestry— with turned legs, 17th-century. Font: Octagonal bowl with quatre-foiled panels, moulded edge and base, early 16th-century. Monument: In front of W. doorway—slab of former altar-tomb.



a(2). Barn and moat, at Ingrave Hall, nearly ¾ m. N. of the church. The Barn was built probably in the 16th century and is timber-framed and weather-boarded. It is of six bays, with a roof of queen-post type and a N. porch.

The Moat E. of the barn is well preserved.

Condition—Of barn, good.

a(3). Salmond's Farm, house, 160 yards N.E. of the church, is of two storeys, timber-framed and plastered; the roofs are tiled. It was built probably in the 15th century, with a central Hall and cross-wings at the N. and S. ends. The hall was divided into two storeys probably late in the 16th century, when the central chimney-stack was inserted. The upper storey projects at the W. end of the N. cross-wing and the main chimney-stack has two diagonal shafts. Inside the building some of the ceiling-beams are exposed and there are remains of the original roof-construction.