BHO

Whilton

Page 199

An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in the County of Northamptonshire, Volume 3, Archaeological Sites in North-West Northamptonshire. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1981.

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66 WHILTON

(OS 1: 10000 a SP 66 NW, b SP 66 sw)

The parish is roughly triangular and occupies little more than 400 hectares. Its W. boundary follows the A5 which at this point deviates from the usual straight alignment of Watling Street. Much of the N. boundary follows a S.W.-flowing tributary of the R. Nene, which then turns S. through the W. part of the parish. The higher ground in the W. and S., nowhere more than 135 m. above OD, is capped by glacial sands and gravels. Elsewhere streams have cut down through the Middle and Upper Lias Clay and Marlstone Rock and there are wide bands of alluvium in the valley bottom. In the W. of the parish lay part of the Roman town of Bannaventa (see Norton (4)).

Roman

b(1) Roman kiln (SP 61976439), said to have been discovered and destroyed during the construction of the M1, in the S.W. of the parish, on alluvium at 90 m. above OD. No details are known (NM Records; OS Record Cards).

For Roman Roads 17 and 1f, Watling Street, see Appendix.

Medieval and Later

b(2) Settlement remains (?) (SP 638647), lie at the E. end of the main street of the village on land sloping E. to a small stream, on Upper Lias Clay at 110 m. above OD. There is an area of very disturbed ground here, including some low banks and scarps, which may be the sites of former buildings.

(3) Cultivation remains. The common fields of Whilton were enclosed by an Act of Parliament in 1778. Ridge-and-furrow of these fields can be traced on the ground or on air photographs in the E. of the parish around the village and in a strip in the central part of the parish, arranged in interlocked and end-on furlongs. In the W. it has been almost entirely destroyed, except for some fragments beside the railway, canal and motorway (sp 615647; RAF VAP CPE/UK/1994, 2369–70, 2260–5, 4262–70, 4361–5).