Thoroton's History of Nottinghamshire: Volume 3, Republished With Large Additions By John Throsby. Originally published by J Throsby, Nottingham, 1796.

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Robert Thoroton, 'Hockerton', Thoroton's History of Nottinghamshire: Volume 3, Republished With Large Additions By John Throsby, (Nottingham, 1796), pp. 120-127. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/thoroton-notts/vol3/pp120-127 [accessed 16 June 2024].

Robert Thoroton. "Hockerton", in Thoroton's History of Nottinghamshire: Volume 3, Republished With Large Additions By John Throsby, (Nottingham, 1796) 120-127. British History Online, accessed June 16, 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/thoroton-notts/vol3/pp120-127.

Thoroton, Robert. "Hockerton", Thoroton's History of Nottinghamshire: Volume 3, Republished With Large Additions By John Throsby, (Nottingham, 1796). 120-127. British History Online. Web. 16 June 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/thoroton-notts/vol3/pp120-127.

In this section


There was a small parcel in Ocretone sok to Nortwell (which belonged to St. Mary of Sudwell) of the fee of the arch-bishop of York, which at the time of the Conquerours survey answered the geld for one bovat. There was then one villain, one bordar, and two acres of meadow. In Hocretune before the conquest U si and Turchill paid to the tax or geld for one plow land (or car.) for their manors, the land whereof was two car. and an half. (fn. 1) There afterwards Roger de Busli had in demesne two car. eleven villains, three bord. having four car. There was a meadow of twenty-six acres. There was a church. Pasture wood one leu. long, four qu. and four virg. broad In king Edward the Confessours time this was 4l. value, then in the Conquerours 3l. Another manor in this town before the Normans came Tori had, which paid for three bov. to the geld. The land was one car. There afterwards Walter de Aincurt (who succeeded Tori in all or most places,) had one car. five vill. five bord. having half a car. and sixteen acres of meadow, pasture wood one leu. long, one qu. ½ broad. In the Confessours time valued at 20s. in the Conquerours at 15s.

(fn. 2) A. (Ann) earl of Britan gave to Richard, son of Bostarne, a certain wood [Broccellam] called Rahag in see to him and his heirs, to increase a knights fee which he had there beyond Trent.

(fn. 3) Rocelin, son of Richard, for the remedy of his own soul, and his wives and childrens, and for the souls of his father and mother, brothers and sisters, gave the wood called Rahaghe to the monks of Rucford in pure alms.

Conan, duke of Britan and earl of Richmond, confirmed to God and the church of St. Mary at Ruford, the gift which Roseelin, son of Richard, and Raph his brother, gave to the said church, to wit, the wood called Rahage: To his deed dated at Wassingburc were witnesses Robert de Gant, Roger de Mumbrey, Hamon Botereux, Peter Boterexu, Baldwin de Gant, William de Vesci, Gaufr. de Gant, Raph, son of Richard, Wygan, son of Rad.

Joslenus, son of Roselinus de Roldeston, confirmed to the said monks all the land of his fee called Rahage, tilled and untilled, as his father had given it.

(fn. 4) Raph, son of Richard, in the presence of the chapter of Suell (now Southwell) faithfully engaged himself, that he would warrant the land of Rahage, as the almes of Roselin his brother to the brethren of Ruford, and make them have the charter of the earl of Richmond and confirmation gratis, as speedily as he could, receiving of them for the business two marks of silver.

(fn. 5) The chapter of Southwell likewise certified that Alured de Walur granted in their presence to the brethren of Ruford two bovats of land in Hocretun, with their proper dwelling houses, and other appurtenances, reserving 6s. per annum to himself and his heirs: and that this was done by the consent of Basilia, the wife of Gumbert, and Adelina his own wife their daughter.


(fn. 6) Adelina, wife of Alured le Walur of Newerc, daughter of Basilia de Hocurton, and Milo her son, confirmed to the said monks the said two bovats in Hokirton, which they held in the life time of the said Alured, and the monks should only pay 5s. per annum; for which concession they gave her 22s. and one cow, and one calf, and ten lambs, and released a tost in that town, which they held in her said husbands life time, for which they were to have 10d. of their yearly farm remitted; she and her son [Affidaverunt] did pass their credit in the hand of William le Tuke to observe this covenant without any deceit, and because they had not a seal of their own, put to the chapters seal of Southwell.

Adelizia and Margaret, daughters of Miles le Walur, in their widowhood and free power, released to the said monks the said 5s. per annum, for the said two bovats: The witnesses were Eustachius de Ludham then sheriff of Nott. William de Staunton, William le Butiler, Robert Vavassor, Robert de S. George, Thomas de Roleston, Peter de Kelum, Gaufr. the constable of Newerch, Alan Roald, Henry le Walur.

(fn. 7) In the year 1183, John, son of Alured le Walur, by the grant & good will of Miles his brother, granted the said monks eighteen acres of arable land lying not far from a wong of theirs on the east side of the town of Wodehus for ten years, and in the hand of Hugh Folenfant passed his credit, that they should enjoy the land: the pledges were Cog Battaile, and Robert, son of Brsilia, and Hugh de Osmundthorpe: amongst the witnesses were Robert de Furnewx, and Philip his brother, Hugh de Builli, Hugh Folenfant, Robert, son of Gumbert, Gerebert de Hodneskill, Richard Barete.

(fn. 8) Henry le Walur of Hokyrton confirmed the wong [culturam] which John le Walur his father gave.

(fn. 9) Raph de Hokerton (son of Thomas) by the consent of his son Roger, gave to the monks of Rufford all the land he had in Wudehus from the west part of the ditch which was about the chapel, for 8s. per annum, and two acres and an half in another place, viz. nigh Hokerton meadow on the east, and the common pasture of Hokerton; the witnesses were Roger le Grosse [crasso] Roger le Megre [macro] (canons of Southwell, who lived in the time of king Stephen) Malger the priest of Winkeburue, William the priest of Kelum, Maurice de Kelum, William de Tulcha, Hubert the clark of Winkeburne, Paulin de Osmentorp, Richard, son of Gumbert, Norman de Suella, Stori de Winkeburne, Ingeram the clark, Roger [monetario] the minter.

(fn. 10) Godfrey le Angevin, for the souls of his father Henry, & of his mother Aubery, gave to the said monks that wong in Hocreton, which he held of John, son of Adam, son of Griffin de Hocreton, in the west field, lying between a selion (or land) which they had of the land of Alfred le Walur, and five acres which they held of the land of John le Walur; the witnesses were Adam de Bella aqua, Robert his brother, William le Butiler of Hocreton, Robert, the clark of Winkeburne, John le Walur of Hocreton, Raph, son of Thomas, of the same town. This was confirmed by the said John, son of Adam de Hocreton; (fn. 11) to whose deed these were witnesses, viz. Gaufr. the parson of Hocreton, Gaufr. de Jorz, William Pincerna of Hocreton, Richard de Lesington, Robert his son, John le Walur of Hocrcton, Raph, son of Thomas, Remboud, son of John de Criche, Gilbert, son of Adam, Gilbert Pincerna.

(fn. 12) Hubert de Hokerton, son of Gilbert, gave and confirmed to God and St. Mary, and the monks of Rufford, four selions of land in the territory of Hokerton; which monks were of their charity to give him yearly, during his life, at the feast of St. Michael, a pair of shoes [sotularium] or 4d. And moreover granted him their brother-hood, and that after his death they would do for him as for a convert. And because he had not a seal, he caused the seal of the chapter of Suell, for a testimony to be hung at his chartel: The witnesses were William the canon of Muscham, Alan, the canon of Pickering, Matthew Barum, Ingeram, the chaplain, Henry Anselm, Alexander, chaplains, Gaufr. the parson of Hocreton, and the lady Matilda of the same town, who gave her consent, as witnessed also Raph de Suella, sisters son [sororio] of Hub. de Hocurton.

(fn. 13) William le Butiler of Hocreton sold to Robert, parson of Alreton, fer eight marks of silver, all the farm rent which the monks of Rufford were wont to pay him for the land which they held of his fee in Rahag wudehuse (viz. 8s.) which the said parson bestowed on the said monks, and the said William confirmed. Here were three successively of that name.

William Pincerna of Hokerton, 22 H. 2. (fn. 14) gave account of two marks of the sorest amercements. (fn. 15) William le Buttiler in the former part of the reign of Henry the third, paid for one knights fee in Hokerton two marks; and afterwards Hugh le Butiler is certified to hold a knights fee here of the countess of Ewe lady of Tikhill. (fn. 16)

John le Botiler, 6 E. 1. (fn. 17) impleaded William le Walur that he should do him service, and suit his court at Hokerton, and pay 2s. 9d. 0b. for two bovats which the said William acknowledged to hold of him, but paid only 2s. 8d. for all service.— (fn. 18) William le Walour had two sons, Walter and Henry, and a daughter Agatha. Walter had Henry.

In the year 1302, John le Buteler lord of Staynton settled his whole manor of Hokerton, with all its appurtenances, and with the villanages, villains, their chattels and sequels, and with all the services of the freeholders of the said manor, as well in Ke lum, as in Hokerton, together with wards, reliefs, escaets, suits of court, and the advowson of the church of Hokerton, so intirely as the said John or his ancestors held it, on Andrew his son, and Elena, daughter of Alexander de Holm, and the heirs of their bodies, reserving to himself, during his life, ten marks sterling yearly.


The jury, 18 E. 2. (fn. 19) found it not to the kings loss to grant Andrew le Botiler of Hokerton, that he should enfeoff William Ayremine, clark, of or in one mess. one car. of land, and 40s. rent, with the appurtenances in Hokerton, which were held of the king in capite, as of the honour of Tikhill, by the service of the tenth part of a knights fee.

The jury, 23 E. 3. (fn. 20) found it likewise not to the kings loss if be granted Rich. de Marnham to give to the prior and covent of Thurgarton one mess. one bovat, and fifteen acres of land, and two of meadow, held of John de Odingsells in Eperston, and there would remain at Hokerton and Rohagh one carucat of land held of John de Belewe.

(fn. 21) John Boteler of Hokyrton, 40 E. 3. granted to John Boteler his son, and Margaret his wife, during the life of the said John the father, one mess. and one car. of land called Marnham laud, with the appurtenances in Hokyrton, and also forty shillings rent yearly to be received, viz. 20s. out of the lands and tenements which Robert Roughshankes held, 13s. 4d. out of the lands and tenements of William, son of Thomas de Hokyrton, and 6s. 8d. out of those of Henry, son of John Boteler in the same town; and he likewise gave him eight acres of meadow in Hokyrton, and ten cart-loads of thorns out of his wood of Hokyrton yearly at their pleasure, with wards and relief, and other appurtenances.

John Stanhop of Rampton, eschaetor, 49 E. 3. (fn. 22) gave account concerning the lands and tenements which were lately John le Botilers of Hockerhon, 16 April that year.

(fn. 23) Robert Alford, 9 H. 7. one of the cousins and heirs of John Botiller, sometime of Hokerton, viz. son of Christian, daughter of Sara, (3 H. 6. wife of William Multon of Rowsby in Lincolnshire) daughter of Elizabeth (as I take it 16 R. 2, wife of John de Briggeforth) daughter of the said John Botiller, released to John Hunt, of Nottingham, merchant, in his possession, being all his right and claim in one mess. three bov. of land and meadow in Hokerton, sometimes the said John Botillers.

The manor of Hokerton, about Richard the seconds time, came to John de Bridgeford, and so to — Bowman, and — Alford, of whom sir John Dunham, knight, bought it, and in the partition of his lands it was allotted to Katherin his daughter, married to Henry Leigh of Rushall, esquire, whose son and heir Edward Leigh then esquire, after knight, sold it by parcels to John Boun, esquire, father of Gilbert Boun, serjeant at law, and to others.

(fn. 24) Thomas de Bella aqua, and Roger (Robert) de Cruche held half a knights fee in Hokerton, of the fee of Oliver Deyncurt.

Bellewes part lies near to Kirtlington, and is a great part of the demesnes used with Kirtelington house, and I suppose makes a good share of the park.

(fn. 25) The first of the family of Criche is John, father of Reinband, whom I have taken notice of; the next Gaufr. de Cruche, who gave to the monks of Rufford the ho mage and service of Beatrix, daughter of Reinbald his brother, and her heirs, with the farm of 40d. which she ought him yearly for two bovats of land which she held of him in Hokertont Robert de Cryche, son of Gaufr. de Cryche, passed a tost and some small parcel to John, son of John de Criche. (fn. 26) Richard de Cryche, son of Robert, in the year 1299, confirmed to Margery, Agnes, and Alice his sisters, some small parcels their father the said Robert gave them. (fn. 27)


(fn. 28) To this Robert de Criche and his heirs in the year 1296, did John le Botiler lord of Hokerton give and confirm Robert Gervays of Southwell, son of John, son of Sibyll de Hokerton his native (or villain) with all his goods moveable and immoveable, and all his chattels acquired, and to be acquired, with all his sequels; yet afterwards he gave him liberty to be promoted to the clergy, and receive ecclesiastical tonsure, and released him left he should suffer any repulse from the ordinaries by reason of his servitude. Christian, sometime wife of Richard de Criche of Hokerton in her widowhood, Jun. 7, 1328, released to Richard de Criche her son, all her claim in her said husbands lands. (fn. 29) Robert, son of Richard de Criche of Hokerton, and Hugh Gervays of the same, chaplains, 44 E. 3. conveyed to Richard de Criche of Hokerton, and Marjory his wife, and to John, son of the said Richard, and to Margaret his wife, and the heirs of the bodies of the said John and Margaret, the capital mess. and all lands, rents, farms, meadows, pastures, buildings, &c. and another mess. called Gervays place, which they had of the gift and feoffment of the said Richard de Criche, who, in 33 E. 3. settled two mess. on William de Criche his son, and Cicely his wife, who died without issue at Welbek, 12 H. 4. Richard, son and heir of John Criche, 1 H. 6, July 1, released to Robert Warsop, clark, and Robert Southwell, all his claim in 2s. rent issuing out of two mess. in Rohagh, and out of all the lands which John Lawrence sometimes held, and which Richard de Criche his grandfather, whose heir he then was, gave to John Coke of Maplebeck, and Alice his wife, and the heirs of their bodies, with remainder to himself and his heirs. (fn. 30) John, son of John Criche the elder of Hokerton, 14 H. 4. released to John Briggeford of Hokerton, Robert Warsop, parson of West-Retford, and Robert Southwell, all his right in all the lands in Hokerton, which they had of the gift and feossment of the said John Criche his father.

All Criches lands were purchased by John Hunt, merchant of the staple, whose brother Edmund Hunt was father of Thomas Hunt of Normanton by Southwell, who married Isabell, the daughter of Raph Marshall, and of Katherin his wife, daughter of Thomas Nevill of Rolleston, by whom he had Edmund Hunt, who upon his marriage with Dorothy, the daughter of William Clarkeson of Kirketon, esquire, 10 H. 8. intailed this manor to the heirs of their two bodies; for want of issue male, it descended to his three daughters and heirs, Isabell, the wife of Edward Boun; Katherin, of Robert Alvey; and Anne, of Henry Gonaston, whose daughter Anne was married to Thomas Mason, from whom Ed. Mason the present rector of Hokerton is descended but the said Henry, 3 E. 6. sold his part to the said Edward and Robert his parceners.


(fn. 31) Robert Alvey had a daughter named Anne, wife of Robert Goodhall of Hollewell in Lincolneshire, by this venter, and a son called Henry Alvey, doctor of divinity, and fellow of, and benefactor to St. John's colledge in Cambridge, and president of Trinity colledge in Dublin; but his eldest son by this match (I guess) was Edward Alvey, father of — the wife of — Bell, ancestors of that name in Linne: which Edward about 18 or 20 Eliz. sold his part also, so that all Hunts land became the inheritance and possession of the said John Boun, esq; from whom it descended to Gilbert. Boune, esq; his son, afterwards serjeant at law, my wifes father, who sold his interest here to John More, doctor of physick, whose nephew John More, lord also of Kirtlington, together with that, left the possession of this whole township to John More his son and heir, the doctor also having purchased a farm in this place held of the prebend of North Muskham, which is supposed to be that belonging to Southwell of the arch bishop of Yorkes fee, as 'tis like he did Rohagh, &c. belong ng to Rufford, and with it granted to the earl of Shrowsbury.

(fn. 32) The rectory of Hockerton was xl. when Mr. Wiat and Mr. H. Alford were patrons. 'Tis now 9l. 9s. 4d. value in the kings books, and Thomas Brereton, esquire, patron.

[Throsby] Hockerton,

A small village, with a small church, dedicated to St. Nicholas. Here is a good vicarage house.

The lordship is enclosed and is in the possession of Mrs. Whetham. Here live two eminent farmers, of the name of Milwad, who rent the greatest part of the land.

Patron, Mrs. Elizabeth Whetham. Incumbent, Benjamin Clay, R. K. B. 9l. 9s. 4d. ½. Yearly tenths, 18s. 11d. ½. Archiapisc. pro. Syn. 4s. Archidiac. pro prox. 6s. 8d. Val. per ann. in ter. gleb. 1l. 6s. 8d. in dec. garb. &c. Henry Newcombe, clerk, presented in 1721. John Whetham, esq; in 1750, and 1781.— Mrs. Elizabeth Whetham in 1784.


  • 1. Lib. Dooms.
  • 2. Regist. de Ruff. p. 50.
  • 3. Ib. 49.
  • 4. Ib. 51.
  • 5. Reg. Ruff. 51.
  • 6. Ib. 50. b.
  • 7. Reg. Ruff. 49.
  • 8. Ib. 53.
  • 9. Ib. 52 b.
  • 10. Ib.
  • 11. Ib.
  • 12. Ib. 50.
  • 13. Ib. 58.
  • 14. Pip. 22 H. 2.
  • 15. Test. de Nev.
  • 16. Ib.
  • 17. Pl. de Banc. Mic. 6 E. 1. ro. 11.
  • 18. Ex lipro cart. Joh. Boun, Arm. pen. meips. R. T. p. 35 & 37.
  • 19. Esc. 18 E. 2: n: 99.
  • 20. Esc. 23 E, 3. par. 2. n. 20.
  • 21. Ex Mss. prædict. Cartarum J. Boun, Ar p. 38.
  • 22. Gross. sin. 49 E. 3. m. 7.
  • 23. Mss: Cart: J: Boun, Ar: p: 31.
  • 24. Test; de Nev:
  • 25. Reg: Ruff: p: 50.
  • 26. Mss: J: B: p: 19.
  • 27. Ib. p. 21.
  • 28. Mss. J. B.
  • 29. Ib: 24.
  • 30. Mss: J: B: Ar.
  • 31. Fuller Eaclesiaft. Hist.
  • 32. Mss. J. M.