South Muskam and South Carleton

Thoroton's History of Nottinghamshire: Volume 3, Republished With Large Additions By John Throsby. Originally published by J Throsby, Nottingham, 1796.

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Robert Thoroton, 'South Muskam and South Carleton', in Thoroton's History of Nottinghamshire: Volume 3, Republished With Large Additions By John Throsby, ed. John Throsby( Nottingham, 1796), British History Online [accessed 25 July 2024].

Robert Thoroton, 'South Muskam and South Carleton', in Thoroton's History of Nottinghamshire: Volume 3, Republished With Large Additions By John Throsby. Edited by John Throsby( Nottingham, 1796), British History Online, accessed July 25, 2024,

Robert Thoroton. "South Muskam and South Carleton". Thoroton's History of Nottinghamshire: Volume 3, Republished With Large Additions By John Throsby. Ed. John Throsby(Nottingham, 1796), , British History Online. Web. 25 July 2024.

In this section


In Muscham and Carletun, a manor belonging to St. Mary of Sudwell, before the conquest, answered the publick geld or tax, as four carucats and five bovats. The land was then returned sufficient for nine plows and an half, or nine car. ½. There archbishop Thomas, whose fee it was, had two car. in demesne, twenty sochm. seven vill, sixteen bord. having six car. there was a mill 2s. and sixty six acres of meadow, and fourscore acres of small wood. In the Confessours time it was valued at 15s. (fn. 1) In the Conquerours, when the survey was taken, at 10s. Here was another manor of the land of the Taynes which Sortebrand had before the Normans came, and for it paid the geld as six bov. The land being one car. ½ Sericus held it of king William, and had there one sochm. two bord. with two oxen in plow, and twelve acres of meadow, pasture wood one qu. long, and one broad. In king Edward the Confessours time this was also rated at 16s. but in king Williams at 5s.

There is a descent in the Monasticon vol. 1. p. 963, which is also in the register of Beauvale (the latter part whereof is erroneous) that Robert de Muskam, senescal of Gislebert de Gaunt, was father of Hugh de Muskam, who was a benefactor to Rufford, (fn. 2) whose gifts king Stephen confirmed.

(fn. 3) This Hugh in the presence, and by the consent of his lord Henry (Murdac) archbishop of Yorke, who lived in that kings time, gave to that monastery all that part of the land of his fee of Muscam, which on the west side of his park was shut in with the bounds of three villages, viz. Kelum, Winkeburne, and Thorpe (now Middlethorp) and the seat of a grange in his park (which with what was noted in Kelum, made the hamlet or grange called Parkelathes) and the land on the south side of his park, where the house of Fulc stood, and a wong of his demesne, near his park on the east side called Geniwode; which last gift he made, when he rendered himself to the fellowship of the monks, and by the hand of Mat. the abbat; all which and sundry others, Rob. de Muschamp his son and heir confirmed. as he did also what his father gave in Shipley in Darbyshire, adding to the new work of the church of Rufford, (fn. 4) and after the finishing thereof to the light of that church, for the souls of his father and mother, his own and his wives, and for the soul of Fulco de Castilon, the brother of his wife, half a mark of silver of the farm, which Rob. de Sipley was to pay the said monks for ever. To this deed of Robert, son of Hugh de Muscamp, were witnesses, Roger the prior of Rufford, John the celerer, Roger de Novavilla, Ernisius the monk, Joslenus de Novavilla, and others.

Robert de Sipley, and William, his son and heir, swore upon the holy gospels in the presence of their lord Robert de Muscam, that they and their heirs would yearly at Pentecost owe half a mark of silver to the monks of Rufford, for what the said monks had in Sipley, The witnesses were Robert de Muscam, Hugh his brother, Hugh and Robert, sons of the said Robert, Walter de Scekebi, Adam the clark of Muscam, William de Derby, G. Parvo, (small or little) the cellerer of Rufford.

Likewise Gilbert, son of Fulco de Kelum, in the presence of his lord Robert de Muscham, and in his court quit-claimed to the monks of Rufford, (fn. 5) the toft of Fulc his father called Brunecroft, in the territory of Muscam, in pure alms free and quiet, as the chartels of Hugh de Muscham, and Robert his son testified; and over and above gave them two acres and an half of arable land, lying on the south part of the way which leads from the corner of the park of Muscham towards Carleton, which Richard his brother gave them, and all that wong in the territory of Karleton, which Robert de Muscham gave to the said monks, with Robert his son buried at Ruford. The said Gilbert gave also eleven acres and an half in the territory of Kelum, &c. The witnesses were William de Muscam arch-deacon of Derbi. William Botiler of Hokerton, Walter FitzPagan of Newerc, and Gaufr. his brother, Yvo le Walur, William, son of Warin de Newerc, Peter Beauwaleth, and Alan his brother, Henry, son of William de Kelum, Henry Ormal, Richard, son of Robert de Kelum, Peter de Kelum, Hugh the clark of Calnadton, Raph, son of Thomas de Hokerton.

(fn. 6) It appears that the sons of Robert de Muschamp died without issue. Hugh, eldest son of Robert de Muschamp, by Idonea his wife had no heirs, neither had his brother Robert by Agnes, the sister of Almeric de Gassi, knight, nor their brother Andrew, because Raph de Greseley 15 Joh. (fn. 7) (as in Greseley is shown) made fine to the king of five hundred marks for having the land which was Robert de Muschamp's, father of Isabella, wife of the said Raph, and that he might marry Agnes his daughter, to Robert Lupus (Love:) which marriage either came not to perfection, or Rob. Lupus died without issue; for Hugh Fitz-Raph, and Agnes his wife, daughter and heir of Raph de Greseley, in 12 H. 3. (fn. 8) gave account of 15l. for their relief of three knights fees, which the said Raph de Gresele, held of the honour of Peverell, Nott. viz. two in Claindon, and one in Gresele, with the appurtenances.

(fn. 9) Hugh Fitz-Raph for the safety (or health) of his own soul, and the souls of his two wives, and of Raph and Hugh his sons, and all his ancestors and successours, gave to the monks of Ruford, a certain part of his wood of Muschamp, near the grange, with the land in which the wood stood, and certain arable land, viz. that part of wood and land which lay on the south and west part of the new ditch, which the monks made from the corner of Bugwong, (named in Kellum) Raph Fitz-Nicolas, and Hugh FitzRaph, (fn. 10) gave account of the gift of the prelates granted to the king to marry, &c.— Hugh Fitz-Raph held in Muschampe and Carleton, one fee of the arch-bishop of York, of the old feoffment.

(fn. 11) Hugh de Muscham in the time of H. 2. held two fees of Roger arch-bishop of York of the old feoffment, that is, whereof his ancestor was enfeoffed before the death of king Henry the first.

This Hugh Fitz-Raph left no son to succeed him, but the inheritance went to Eustachia, daughter of his son Raph, who was first married to Nicolas de Cantelup, and after his death to William de Ros of Ingmanthorp.

(fn. 12) Raph Fitz-William lord of Grymesthorpe, for a release which sir William de Ros of Ingmanthorp, and Eustachia his wife, made for themselves and their heirs to the said Raph, concerning lands and tenements which they had in Nesham and Morton upon Swale, gave to William de Ros, son of the said William and Eustachia, all his manor of South Muscham and Carleton in the year 1286, whereof a fine was levied in 15 E. 1. (fn. 13)

William de Ros of Ingmanthorp, knight, by his indenture, 16 E. 2. (fn. 14) granted to Galfr. le Scrop, and Ivetta his wife, during their lives, the manor of South Muskham, and of Karleton, and afterwards, 17 E. 2. (fn. 15) released; which Isabell, wife of William de Ros also did, and so did Robert de Ros of Ingmonthorp, knight, to Henry le Scrop, knight, 25 E. 3. (fn. 16)

(fn. 17) King Edward the third settled by act of parliament on Galfr. le Scrop and his heirs two hundred marks per annum, to maintain the state of a banneret, which the said Galfr. took by the kings precept. He was a great judge in the reigns of Edward the second, and Edward the third; (fn. 18) he died about 14 E. 3. (fn. 19) seised of this manor, and left Henry le Scrop his son and heir, who was lord Scrop of Masham, who had a sister Ivetta married to John, son of John Hotham of Bondeby, son of Peter, brother of the great John Hotham, bishop of Ely, and two sisters more, Constance, wife of Galfr. and Beatrix, wife of Andrew Lutterell, and a brother Galfr. Scrop.


Henry le Scrop about 16 R. 2. (fn. 20) left this manor to Stephen le Scrope his son and heir, who, about 7 H. 4. (fn. 21) left it to his son Henry, who died without issue, as did Galfr. and Stephen his brothers, so that it came to his brother John lord Scrope of Masham, the fourth son of the said Stephen, (fn. 22) which John married Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Chaworth, named in East Bridgeford, whom he left a widow, (fn. 23) Thomas being then his son and heir, who was father of Thomas, father of Elizabeth, wife of Henry le Scrope, 12 H. 7. as in Bridgeford is noted.

John Savage, clark, and William Holgyll, clark, 24 H. 8. (fn. 24) claimed against Humfr. Coton, gent. and William Strelley the manors of South Muskham and Carleton, &c. and called to warrant James Strangwayes, knight.

John Marshall, 34 H. 8. (fn. 25) claimed against William Poulet, knight, lord St. John, two parts of the manor of South Muskham divided into five.

(fn. 26) John Marshall, 4 & 5 Ph. and Mar. claimed against Christopher Wyvell, esq; the fifth part and a moyety of a fifth part of this manor. Hen. Marshall, esquire, 2 Eliz. claimed against Dorothy Esshe the fifth part of the fifth part of the manor of South Muskam, &c. with the appurtenances in South Carleton and Holme.—Nicolas Strelley was owner of the fourth part of the manor of South Muskam, 25 H. 8. It came after to the possession of Raph Marshall, a merchant of the staple at Lincolne, in whose family it continued till Raph Marshall in our times sold it (and all other the lands that belonged to the family, being a fair inheritance) to John Rotheram, a six clark of the chancery; and it was lately the inheritance of sir William Willoughby, baronet, descended from John Rotherams sister, as in Normanton on Sore, or Selston, may partly be seen; which sir William having no legitimate issue, for names sake, gave the lands he inherited here to Mr. Francis Willoughbies son of Woollaton, and his they now are.

South Carleton, heretofore the seat of the Marshalls, he bought of Willoughby Pond, and as I think gave it, with other purchased lands, to his natural issue, which were Richard Revell alias Willoughby, and Hugh Willoughby (who died 1675.)

Gernon or Garnon had a good freehold here (where the family hath continued above four hundred years) not very great or eminent, and so hath that of Scrimshire.

Richard Skrymsher, Thomas Skrymsher, Henry Sutton, esquire, William Skrymsher, clark, and Robert Hewes, 17 H. 8. (fn. 27) claimed against Reginald Fawcett, two mess. four tofts, one hundred acres of land, twenty of meadow, and twenty of pasture, with the appurtenances in South Muskam, and Carleton. William Skrymsher, esq; died the 20 Jan. 3 & 4 Ph. and Mar. (fn. 28) Maud the wife of Henry Marshall (named before) was his daughter and heir; he had lands in South Muskam, North Muskam, and Carleton.

The rectory is appropriated to the church of Southwell, and makes a prebend called South Muskam prebend, which Henry de Sewell, clark, augmented (in the time of Henry the third) (fn. 29) by the donation or gift of three tofts in the town of Suell, to Mr William de Marcham, canon of that church, and to his successours canons of the prebend of Suth Muschamp, &c. The witnesses to the chapters certificate of his deed were, Mr. William de Marcham, sir Robert de Lexington, Richard de Sutton, canon of Suell, Mr. Peter de Lexington, sir Henry de More, William the sacrist, Thomas de Barra, chaplains, John de Augir, Robert de Barra, John de Suwell, clark, and others.

(fn. 30) The owners or freeholders of South Muskham, and South Carleton in 1612, are said to be William Willoughby, knight, Raph Barton, esquire, Thomas Powdrell, esquire, the heirs of Thomas Greaves, Henry Garnon, Henry Saxton, Francis Wortley, three mess. three cottages, three pounds, and seventy seven acres of land.

Mr. William (son of William) Wolhouse, sold his lands at North Muskham very lately to Mr. William Welby, and hath since purchased Firbeck (com. Ebor) of sir Francis Fane.

(fn. 31) The vicarage of South Muskham was eight marks, but now is 4l. value in the kings books, the prebendary continueth patron.

In the East Window of the Chancel, Sable a Chevron between three Roses Arg.

There is the arms of the see of Canterbury impaling Arg. three Bores Heads erased and erected Sable, Booth, I doubt mistaken for the arms of York, as they are with arch-bishop Lee's again in the same window; and in the hall window of Newstede the see of Canterbury impales Savage, who was arch-bishop of York also, but not of Canterbury that I know of.

France and England quarterly.

Az. a Bend Or, Scroop.

And the same again with a Label of three poynts Arg. Lees is a Cross engrayled, quartering a Fesse and Billettee Or.

[Throsby] South Muskam.

The principal part of the property in this parish belongs to the Willoughby family, Lord Middleton. Mr. John Welby, and Mrs. Higgins, occupiers here, are people of note, the former as being a descendant of a respectable ancient family, and the latter for her exemplary industry and hospitality. This, with North Muskam, form a large village.

The church is dedicated to St. Wilfrid, it is a good tower with three bells.

The living is in the gift of the prebendary of Southwell. Incumbent, the Revd. R. Barrow. K. B. 4l. 0s. 0d. Clear yearly value in B. 38l. 15s. od. Syn. and Prox. null. Val. per ann. in mans. cum gardin 8s. In oblat. 1l. 7s. 4d. in decim. linc. canab, &c.


  • 1. Lib. Dooms.
  • 2. Regist. de Ruff. p. 1.
  • 3. Ib. 53.
  • 4. Ib. p. 30.
  • 5. Ib. 29.
  • 6. Regist. de Dale, p. 36.
  • 7. Fin: 15 Joh: par: 1: m: 11: &: m: 4.
  • 8. Rot: Pip: 12 H 3
  • 9. Regist: de Ruff: p: 53: b:
  • 10. Test: de Nev:
  • 11. Lib: Rubr: in Scacc:
  • 12. Ex libra Cartarum de Terris Scroporum pen: Rob: Cotton, mil: 1609, & in manibus Dom: Will: de Howard, 1615. fol: 29 Fn: lev:
  • 13. Trin: 15 E: 1:
  • 14. Ib: fol: 27:
  • 15. Ib: fol: 28:
  • 16. Ib: fol: 30:
  • 17. Claus; 30 H: 6: m: 21:
  • 18. Chron: series Will: Dugdale
  • 19. Esc: 14 E: 3: n: 35:
  • 20. Esc: 16 R: 2: n: 28: par: 1:
  • 21. Esc: 7 H: 4: n: 52:
  • 22. Inq: I H: 6:
  • 23. Esc: 34 H: 6:
  • 24. Mich: 24 H: 8: ro: 335:
  • 25. Trin: 38 H: 8: rot: 138:
  • 26. Mich: 4 & 5 Ph: & Mar: rot: 730:
  • 27. Trin: 17 H: 8: rot: 334.
  • 28. Lib: 2 seed: fol: 265
  • 29. Regist: de Ruff: p: 77:
  • 30. Lib: lib: tenent: pen: meips: R:T:
  • 31. Nss: J: M: