Thoroton's History of Nottinghamshire: Volume 3, Republished With Large Additions By John Throsby. Originally published by J Throsby, Nottingham, 1796.
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EYKERING Dooms. ECHERING.
There was of the Soc of Maunsfeild the kings ancient demesne in Echering two car. which paid the geld for two bov. ½. Pasture wood six qu. long, four broad. And some little Soc to Laxton of Goissrid de Alselins fee, which paid the Dane geld but for half a bovat, and was waste. (fn. 1) Besides these parcels here were two manors of the fee of Gislebert de Gand, whereof before the conquest Ingulf had one, which paid the publick tax for six bov. The land of it being two car. There afterwards William the man (or tenant] of Gislebert had one car. three sochm. on three bov. of this land, and two vill. three bord. having two car. There was a church, and three acres of meadow, pasture wood six qu. long, four broad: In the Consessours time this was 20s. value, when the Conquerour made his survey 16s.— The other manor Echebrand had, which also desended itself for six bovats to the geld. The land likewise two car. This manor Echebrand held of Gislebert still, and had there one car and six sochm. on four bov. of land, and two vill. two bord. having two car. ½. There was three acres of meadow, and pasture wood six qu. long, and four broad, and value both before and after the conquest like the former, viz. 20s. before, and 16s. after.
(fn. 2) King William the Conquerour was uncle to this Gislebrict de Gaunt, who was succeeded by his son Walter de Gaunt, father of Gilbert the earl of Lincolne, and of Robert.
Earl Gilberts daughter and heir Alice the countess, was married to Simon de St. Liz, who had no issue.
(fn. 3) Gilbert de Gaunt gave to God and St. Mary of Rufford, and the monks there serving God, increase of his first donation, his whole demesne in Eikering.
Earl Simon gave to that monastery the right of patronage, of the mediety of the church of Etkryng.
Alice the countess, daughter of earl Gilbert de Gant, for the safety of her soul, and earl Simons her lord, confirmed to God, St. Mary, & the monks of Rufford, the whole right of advowson and patronage of half the church of Eykryng, which belonged to her fee, as free and quiet as ever Walter de Gant her grandfather, and Gilbert de Gant her father had it.
Robert de Gant certified that earl Gilbert his brother in his own court [disrationavit] cleared his demesne of Eikring of purpresture, and in the same court gave it all to the abby of Rufford.
(fn. 4) William de Aubani granted to Gilebert and William, sons of Wulsi, ten acres of land in the fields of Heicring, to be held of him and his heirs by them and theirs, by the yearly service of 12d. Mahuld de Sanliz, and William her son were witnesses (his own wife and son, as I suppose.) Gilbert de Scheigebi gave to the monks of Rufford ten acres, which his father held of William de Albani, for which he only took of them a mare and her progeny, and they were to receive him into their fraternity to sepulture when he made his end, if it could be done regularly. William de Aubeni confirmed this, and what they held of his fee, for which he was to be concerned in all the benefits of the house, and when he died to have service performed for him as for one of their own monks.
(fn. 5) Aeliz de Cundey, and Roger her son, gave to God and the church of St. Mary at Rufford two [Mansuras] dwellings, containing two acres, viz. that which was Arnewies, and that which was Turchil Prats in Eicring; the same also gave Hugh Barduls, and Hugh his heir.
(fn. 6) Wulsi, son of Wls de Eycring gave three acres to the monks of Rufford, which he held of them, which were of the demesne of Walter de Gaunt, and earl Gilbert de Gaunt his son, belonging to that part of the demesne of Rufford which the monks held, who for the love of God, and brotherly charity were to keep Godwin, son of the said Wulsi, till be should be of age, in their house, and there if he would be made a convert, he should be received in the order of converts, but if he would not they should keep the land.
Gaufr. de Eycring for the health of his soul, and his wifes, and for the health (or safety) and honour of Walter his brother, whom the monks of Rufford took into their congregation, gave them a certain parcel of land between the bounds of Eycring and of Cratele, called Else lands of Eicring: to his deed (whereto he affixed the seal of his lord Gilbert de Gaunt earl of Lincolne) his own son Henry de Eycring was a witness.
(fn. 7) Roger de Meinill, by the consent of Agnes his wife, who was the daughter of Hosbert de Capella, gave one acre, and one rode of land.
Robert de Bella aqua, and Dionysia his wife, gave two tosts, and Ranulf, son of Ranulf Heleweis, who held them, with his chattels and whole sequell, saving to them and their heirs, their other servants. William de Bella aqua, son of William de Bella aqua, released 2s. yearly, which he was wont to receive of the said monks for two tosts in Eycring: and so did Thomas, son of William de Bella aqua. (fn. 8)
Sibylla, the daughter of Richard le Angevin, confirmed all the land which her con sin William le Angevin, (whose heir she was) gave to the monastery of Rufford, with his body, viz. the homage and service of Alan de Wilgebi, 3s. of silver yearly, and one bovat which Roer de Lunde held, and the said Roger with his sequel, and one toft which Matildis de Camera held, with the said Matildis and hers, reserving to herself, and her heirs, a pound of cummin seed at Candlemas, and 12d. which ought to be paid to sir Richard Foliot and his heirs, for that bovat which Roger de Lunde held:— to her deed were witnesses Thomas de Bella aqua, Robert le Vavasor, William le Botilher, &c.
(fn. 9) Robert Scarlett, and Beatrix his wife, in the presence of their lord Roger de Hayra, and of their lady Mitildis de Hereford his wife, and in their hands, before the Alimot of Aicring by wood and wand [lignum & baculum] rendred and quit-claimed to the monks of Rufford those two bovats of land in Aicring, which sometime had been Ougrims, the forester of Walter de Gant, for which the monks gave him a she-goat, and his wife a cow, and granted them the tost for 4d. per annum, during both their lives: to their deed they also put to the seal of their said lord Roger de Hayra, Ceg de Karlaton was a witness.
(fn. 10) Raph de Hereford, son of William de Hereford, confirmed to the monks of Rufford all the land which they had of his fee, viz. nine bovats which were Angots, and aftetward Osbert de Capella's and his son Johns, and all the land called Brakynstort, and the land called Johns Wood, and a bovat and an half which was Herbert Scakells, and two bovats which they had of the gift of William Andegavensis, with the tost adjoining, which were sometimes Reginalds, the son of Wyot of Cratle, and a tost which was sometimes Hermers, and Wyots Wood which they had of the gift of Bete le Turner, daughter of Robert, son of Wyot, and the land which they had of the gift of Roger de la Haye, and of William Scakell, or of any other of his men of Eycring: Sir Robert de Lexington, and sir Henry his brother were witnesses.
Raph de Hereford in the presence of the court of earl Simon, recognised and rendered to the said monks the alms of earl Gilbert, in the hand of abbat Elias, whereof controversie had been between them. Robert, son of Raph de Hereford, was to hold some of those lands, during his life, by another agreement between him and the abbat.
(fn. 11) William, son of Richard Foliot, demised to Walter de Winkeburne 10l. land in Ekeringe, for term of his life, which Walter afterwards thereof infeoffed Hugh de Birne & his heirs, & afterwards the said William enseoffed thereof Walter de Stirkeley, and Alice his wife, and their heirs, who. 10 E. 1, recovered their sesin accordingly, the jury finding, as before is said, that Walter de Winkeburne had but estate for life.
(fn. 12) Henry de Eykring held a whole knights fee here. And the abbat of Rufford the fourth part of one. William de Sutton held the twentieth part of a fee of Gilbert de Gaunt in Eykring.
(fn. 13) There was an agreement made in the year 1242, the day before the Ides of May, between Gaufr. the abbat of Rufford and the covent on the one part, and William de Sutton, and Matilda his wife, on the other, upon a controversie concerning the common wood of Eykring, viz. the abbat and covent granted to the said William de Sutton, and Matilda and their heirs, all that essart which the said William had made on the west part of the wood called the common wood, and abutted on the essart towards the south which Raph de Hereforth gave to Rodland de Sutton, father of the said William, saving to the said monks common of pasture, after the corn and hay should be carried away; to whom the said William and his wife granted another portion of land, with the wood therein growing upon the like terms. But the whole wood between the said lands, with the land in which it stood, even to the bounds of Winkeburne, was to be equally common to the monastery, and the said William and Maud, and their heirs, and each party was to have their proper forester, and nothing to be taken without the consent and view of the other party, who was to have tree for tree, &c.
(fn. 14) Robert de Sutton, son of William, 2 E. 1. left his son Richard eight years old, his heir of this manor, Warsop, and in Tuxford, &c. as in Sutton is said. Richard de Sutton, 34 E. 1 (fn. 15) had free warren granted at Ekering.
(fn. 16) The jury, 16 E. 2, found that John de Somery held the manors of Warsop and Ekering, (except the advowson of the churches of the said towns) for term of life, of John de Sutton, (son of Richard) and that Margaret, then aged thirty years, wife of the said John de Sutton, and Joane aged twenty nine, the wife of Thomas Bottetourt were sisters and heirs of the said John de Somery (lord Dudley) who had lands in the several counties of Warwick, Stafford, Berks, Surry, Southampton, Worcester, Buckingham, Rutland, and Huntington.
(fn. 17) John, son of William de Ros of Hamlak, 3 E. 3. claimed free-warren in all his demesne lands at Eykring, which, 12 E. 3. (fn. 18) he left with Warsop to William de Roos his brother and heir.
This manor descended with Orston, Warsop, and Sutton upon Trent, to Roger earl of Rutland, who sold it, and so it was the possession of Robert earl of Kingston, and continues the inheritance of the right honourable the marquess of Dorchester his son.
That which the monastery had came with Rufford from the earl of Shrowsbury, by descent, to the present lord Hallifax.
(fn. 19) In the year 1612, here seemed to be many free-holders, viz. John Bristowe of Malebeck, Francis Bristowe of Morton, John Greaves of Beestrop, George Bilby, Richard Tomson, George Reasby, Richard Fostor, William Johnson, John Wright, Thomas Tomson, Randolph Cramme, William Bunbie, Richard Brimscall, Roland Birkett, William Wager, Raph Frith, Thomas Cooper.
(fn. 20) The rectory of Eykering was twenty marks when the lord Ros was patron:— 'Tis now 9l. 16s. 0d. ob. value in the kings books, and the lord viscount Hallifax patron.
Lordship is large. It is in several hands. Portions belong to the hon. Lumley Savile, Mr. Pierrepoint, and some resident freeholders. Some parts of it are enclosed, and others open field land.
The village consists of a number of stragling houses, nearly a mile in length.
The church has a tower with 3 bells, a nave and side aisles. The rector's house, which is near the church, stands on a desirable scite, is a handsome building, and adorned with extensive pleasure grounds and water. The present occupier, lately succeeded the Rev. Mr. Bower. It is an alternate patronage.
Patrons, the heirs of the duke of Kingston, and the heirs of sir George Savile, bart. alternately. Incumbent, John Henry Brown, R. K: B: 9l. 16s. 0d. ½.— Yearly tenths, 19s. 7d.½. Archiepisc. pro Syn. 4s. Prox: 6s: 8d: Val. per ann. in mans, cum. ter. gleb. 13s. 4d. in decim. garb. &c. sol. eccles. Ebor. 3s. 4d.