Edenstow, Thoresby, and Carberton

Pages 342-346

Thoroton's History of Nottinghamshire: Volume 3, Republished With Large Additions By John Throsby. Originally published by J Throsby, Nottingham, 1796.

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Of the kings great manor of Maunesfeild, there was in Edenestow, one car. ad geld. The land two car. (fn. 1) There was a church a priest, and a berue, four bord, had one car. pasture wood half a leu. long, and half a leu. broad. In Carberton two car. In Turesbye six bovats.

(fn. 2) The men of Edenstowe 9 H. 3, had the pasture and hays of the king Billehag and Bircland. The men Edenestowe 14 H. 3, (fn. 3) make fine with the king for having the kings pasture there, which nevertheless they could not have, because it was to the hurt (or nusance) of the forest. In the Nom. Vill. 9 E. 2, (fn. 4) Edenstow and Carberton answered for a whole villa, whereof the king was lord. There was licence granted 1 E. 3, (fn. 5) to H. E. that he might take away houses in the town of Edenstowe, within the forest of Shirewood, and carry the timber thereof out of the forest, without hindrance from the foresters.

(fn. 6) The dean and chapter of the church of St. Mary of Lincolne, 3 E. 3, said that they were parsons of the churches of Edenestow and Orston, and by reason of the rectory of the said churches had divers tenants within those towns belonging to their parsonages, and whereof they said that they and all their predecessors time out of mind, had had view of frank-pledge in Edenstow, and amends of the assize of bread and ale broken of their tenants in the said town, and likewise of their tenants in Orston.

Hen. de Edenstow, clark, and Rob. his brother, gave their manor of North Muscam, to the priory of Newstede, (as in those places is shown:) and the said Henry about 14 E. 3, (fn. 7) was also given one mess. and one bovat of land, with the appurtenances in Edenestowe, to two chaplains in the church of the blessed Mary of Edenestow, which mess. and bovat were held of the church of Lincolne, for 14d. per ann. and there remained over to the said Henry ten pounds lands in Burton and Stretton, held of the church of York, by the service of 6d. per annum.

(fn. 8) The town of Edenstow, within the forest of Shirewode, 4 H. 4, had confirmation of a fair there to last every year for two days, and likewise in 13 H. 6.

(fn. 9) The hospitals of St. Leonard in Chesterfeld, 12 H. 3, were to have two oakes delivered in the kings wood of Carberton, towards the repair of their chapel.

(fn. 10) The men of Carberton complained against the abbat of Welbek, said their town was ancient demesne, where no writ was current, except the kings small writ close, by which they could get no remedy against the said abbat, except by petition, which therefore they did exhibit in French, by the command of Wauter de Langeton, late treasurer of England, to the kings counsel at Northampton, within fifteen days of St. Michael, in the beginning of the reign of king E. 2, wherein it was shown, that the said abbat in Welbek had inclosed a certain parcel of land called Carberton Storth, of twenty-four acres of arable land, lying near the gate of the said abbey, in prejudice of the said town, because they were wont to have common therein, and to the disherison of the king, &c. and likewise the said abbat stop'd the course of the running water, by making dams and fitting it to his house, &c. and likewise inclosed two places of wood in Rumwood in the forest of Shirewood, where they also were wont to common, &c. The counsel ordered the parties to follow the suit in the kings bench, and the petitions were delivered to Roger le Brabazon and his fellow justices, before whom the abbat easily answered, the soyl was his own, &c.

The royalties and wasts of Edenstowe and Carberton, are the inheritance of his grace the duke of Newcastle by agreement, his servant captain John Mazine hath builded at Garberton, and Mr. — Moseley had a seat there, whose daughter and heir is married to Mr. — Flower.

Half of Thouresby went with Peverell Thorp, as in that place will be shown. Throsby was the earl of Kingstons, and is now one of the places of residence of the honourable William Pierpont, his second son.

(fn. 11) The vicarage of Edenstowe was 12l. 'Tis now 14l. value in the kings books, and and the patronage remains with the dean and chapter of Lincolne.

[Throsby] Edwinstow, or Edenstow.

The duke of Portland is lord of the manor here. It is a copyhold estate, and was owned, principally, by the late — Villeral, esq. open field. In this domain are now some very fine oak trees, of the Norway kind, belonging to the crown. Some of these trees retain the initials C. R. with which they were marked in the reign of Charles the first; but not very legible, as the marks, in some places, are almost barked over. They have been marked again lately by order of government.

The village may be considered as one of the decent sort. The church is dedicated to St. Mary; a vicarage, cum Cap. Carberton, Ollerton, and Palesthorpe.

Patron, dean and chapter of Lincoln, Propr. Incumbent, rev. Charles Gorden.— K. B. 14l. Yearly tenths 1l. 8s. Archiepisc. pro Syn. 6s. Archidiac. pro prox. 7s. 6d. Val. per ann. in mans. cum gleb. 10s. in dec. garb. fœn. lin. canab. &c.


The seat of Charles Pierrepont, esq. is seated near Ollerton, in Shirewood forest, in a park 13 miles round. The present edifice has no splendid attractions, at a distance, to fix the eye, alone, on that object. At best, brick buildings, as country mansions, are destitute of harmony and elegance: in them there is no sweet combination with water, foliage, or the earth's surface, in towns 'tis very different. Convenient as a bulky square may be for internal accommodation, when of brick, standing in a park, it give us no idea agreeable with granduer or what is noble. Near however, the magnitude of this seat, and the richness of the window-frames over laid with gold, glittering in the sun-shine, the deer, and numerous servants in gay liveries busied in their various offices, bespeak a dwelling of rank and dignity.

This house stands unadorned, near it, with groves and plantations; but there is a fine sheet of water, bearing vessels of no great burthen: but richly ornamental: their little streamers, wasted by the wind, have a pleasing effect. Hence, at a distance, all nature seems a pleasure garden, lawns and woody objects present themselves in pleasing succession, and as you travel they pass, as it were, in pleasing review. (fn. 12)

The subjoined view is not that of the present mansion, it is from that which was burnt down in 1745, Thursday, April the 4th, when nothing was saved from the ravages of that fire, but the writings, plate, and some little of the best furniture. I, in this case, as in that of the duke of Norfolk's, at Worksop Manor, have preferred giving an engraving of the old rather than of the new dwelling, partly on account of their being respectively destroyed by fire.

Thoresby is enriched with elegant furniture, and some paintings.

The present owner Charles Pierrepont. esq. is now one of the representatives in parliament for the county of Nottingham, and is a descendant of an ancient and honourable family, whose loyalty, or attachment to monarchy in the troubles of the last century, was sealed with blood. (fn. 13) May good kings and governors ever meet with such faithful servants and subjects, in support of authority and laws, constituted for reciprocal comfort and protection; willing, in dangerous times, to risk their fortunes, forego ease and domestic pleasures, and even to sacrifice life itself in opposition to external enemies, lawless internal ambition, insubordination and mob-like rebellious tyranny, which, while raging, is to be dreaded more than pestilence or famine. Unrestrained men, we know, have become ferocious as tygers, which the history of the present times too woefully will testify. Its government, that is the tyranny of an unbridled multitude, is that of evils uncalculated; its ravages are without extent; its dreadful human sacrifices have been neither limitted to sex, age, innocence, virtue, or talents; all, indiscriminately have purpled the earth, victims to political rage.

On my passing this place last summer, I learned that there had just been a review of the Nottinghamshire Gentlemen and Yeomanry Cavalry, in the park, whither the corps had been politely invited, by Mr. Pierrepont, to partake of a treat at Thoresby. It is well that such bodies of men, are noticed by those of rank and fortune; for some have asserted, in unqualified words, That they, under God, have been the Salvation of their country!


A small place of about three farm-houses only, owned by the duke of Portland, and parishes to Edwinstow.


  • 1. Lib. Dooms.
  • 2. Fin. 9 H. 3, m. 4.
  • 3. Lib, 14 H, 3, m. 2.
  • 4. Nom. Vill.
  • 5. Par. 1. pat. 1 E. 3, m. 18.
  • 6. Quo Wa,. 3 E. 3, rot. 1, in dorso.
  • 7. Esc. 14 E. 3, n. 43.
  • 8. Par. 2, pat. 4 H. 4. m. 29 & 13 H. 6, m. 14.
  • 9. Claus. 12 H. 3, m. 14.
  • 10. Ex Coll. Sa. Roper, Ar. Petitiones in princip. Regni E. 2, ad Consil. Regis.
  • 11. Mss. J. M.
  • 12. The present house was the residence of the celebrated Duchess of Kingston, who was tried for bigamy, April 15, 1776, and succeeding days 'till April 22d, following, when all the peers found her guilty, but one, the Duke of Newcastle, who said, erroneously but not intendedly guilty upon my honour. As the law of the land is lenient in such cases, to people of rank and condition, she was then discharged on paying her fees of office. The indictment set forth, that she as the wife of Agustus John Harvey, did, on the 3rd day of March, in the 9th year of George the Third, marry the late Evelyn Pierrepont, Duke of Kingston, her former husband being then living. Her plea as matter of record, was an authenticated copy of a sentence of the Ecclesiastical court in her favour, in the year 1768, previous to her marriage with the Duke of Kingston, deceased, which her counsel pronounced was a good plea in bar of the indictment.—She died 26th of August, 1788; her family name was Chudley.
  • 13. The first of this family we read of was ROBERT DE PERPOINT, of French extraction, who came first into England at the time of the conquest, by king William, and held lands in Sussex, under the famous William, earl Warren, one of the chief. of those nobles who accompanied William the conquerer on his expedition to this country. His descendants continued people of note as warriors, and as, possessing considerable property in England. In the reign of Edward the fourth, Henry PERPOINT we find, became famous for his faithful, loyal, and frequent services against the Lancastrians. George, his son and heir, upon the dissolution of religious houses, in the reign of Henry the eighth, purchased several large estates and manors, and received the honour of knighthood, the first year of Edward the sixth. He died in the sixth year of Elizabeth, being at that time inpossession of the manor of Holm Perpoint in this county, and nine others; besides other lands and advowsons of churches. HENRY, his son and heir, by Frances, eldest daughter of Sir William Cavendish, in the county of Derby, left issue ROBERT, not more distinguished for his fortune, which was ample, than for the endowment of his mind, was in the third year of Charles the first, advanced to the dignity of a baron, by the title of Lord Pierrepoint of Holm Perpoint, in the county of Nottingham, and Viscount Newark, and soon after Earl of Kingston. This noble peer, during the troubles of the unfortunate Charles the first, gave strong and powerful testimonies of his loyalty. He was commissioned to raise 1200 men, and was constituted Lieutenant-General of all the King's Forces within the counties of Lincoln, Rutland, Huntingdon, Cambridge, and Norfolk; but lost his life at Gainsborough. He left issue, by Gertrude his wife, daughter of the third son of George earl of Shrewsbury, five sons and two daughters. Henry his eldest son, who succeeded to the honours, attended his royal master in all his troubles, and was one of his privy counsellors, and in consequence of his eminent services was created Marquis of Dorchester in the 20th of Charles the first.— This noblemen had two wives,—the first was Cecilie, daughter of Paul, Viscount Banning,—the second Catherine, daughter to James earl of Derby. By the former he had two daughter, by the latter one son, who died an infant. This nobleman, in consequence, dying without male issue, was succeeded as Earl of Kingston, by ROBERT, grandson of his brother William, who had settled at Thoresby, and who married Elizabeth, daughter and coheir of Sir Thomas Harris of Tong-Castle, in com. Salop, bart. Robert, eldest son of William, of Thoresby, married Elizabeth, daughter and coheir to Sir John Elelyn of West-Dean, in com. of Wilts, knt. and died in his father's life-time, leaving Robert who succeeded the grandfather, Henry, William and Evelyn. This ROBERT earl of Kingston, died unmarried in 1682, to whom succeeded William his brother and heir, who married Anne, the eldest daughter of Robert lord Brooke. and sister to the countess of Manchester, by whom he left no issue, dying in the year 1690. He was succeeded in the title as Earl of Kingston by his brother and heir, EVELYN, who was created Marquis of Dorchester, in the fifth year of Queen Ann, 1706. EVELYN marquis of Dorchester, &c. married Mary, daughter of William Fielding, earl of Denbigh, by whom he had issue William lord Kingston, born in 1692, and some daughters. In 1715, he was created Duke of Kingston; besides other honours which were bestowed upon him by the crown, he was three times appointed one of the lord justices while the king went to Hanover. His second wife was lady Isabella Bentinck, sister to Henry duke of Portland. She died at Paris in 1727–8, and left two daughters. Evelyn the second duke of Kingston, whose grandfather Evelyn the first duke, died March 5, 1725–6, was son of William lord Kingston above-named, who died in 1713, at the age of 21, who had married Rachel, daughter to Thomas Baynton, esq. by whom he left Evelyn the second duke and Frances a daughter. His grace was elected Knight of the Garter in 1740–1, and promoted to the rank of Lieutenant in the army in 1759. His sister Frances married in 1734. Philip Meadows, esq. by whom he had issue Evelyn, Charles, William, Edward, and Thomas, also a daughter Frances. The title-became extinct on the death of the last duke of Kingston, at Bath, September 23, 1773. Charles Pierrepont, esq. the present owner of Thoresby, is sister's son to the late duke of Kingston. He married MissMills, daughter of William Mills, esq. of Richmond in Surry, by whom he has four sons and one daughter, Evelyn, Charles, Henry, Philip, and Frances. I have found the following different ways of spelling this family name: Pyrpount, Peerpont, Poripont, Perpoynt, Perpont, Fourpont, Perinpont, Porepont, and Pierrepont, the present orthography, most of them in Thoroton.