Hodsok with the Hamlets

Thoroton's History of Nottinghamshire: Volume 3, Republished With Large Additions By John Throsby. Originally published by J Throsby, Nottingham, 1796.

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'Hodsok with the Hamlets', in Thoroton's History of Nottinghamshire: Volume 3, Republished With Large Additions By John Throsby, (Nottingham, 1796) pp. 414-418. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/thoroton-notts/vol3/pp414-418 [accessed 25 April 2024]

In this section

Hodsok with the Hamlets.

In Ordesache Vlsi before the normans came had a manor for which he paid to the dane-geld for for two car. The land being then known to be sufficient for four plows (or four car.) (fn. 1) There afterwards Turold the man of Roger de Busli (whose see it then was become) had two car. and three sochm. on four bov. of this land, and twelve vill. having twelve car. There were two mills of 16s. 4d. and eight acres of meadow, pasture wood one leu. long, & a half one broad. The value in former time and then also was 3l. It had sok in Blyth of three sorts, as in that place will be noted.

That Turold the man of Roger I take to be Thorald de Lisoriis, brother of Fulc de Lisoriis, both witnesses to Roger de Busli's charter of foundation of the monastery of Blyth dated 1088. (fn. 2) and both concerned in this place, in which Fulco gave two bovats to that priory, and two which Roger Escossard held of him in Hodesak.

(fn. 3) Pagan, son of Cossard, granted the lands of Hodesac, which Fulco de Lisouriis gave to St. Mary of Blyth as alms, which land Cossard held of the said Fulco, &c. (fn. 4) Raph Cossard gave to that monastery six acres of his demesne in Cossardthorp, which his grand-father Roger gave, and three acres and a toft, which Walter Cossard his father gave. The sheriff, 6 R. 1, (fn. 5) accounted for 22s. 8d. of the chattels of Raph de Cossard-thorp sold, being one of the kings enemies. Raph Coshart 7 R. 1, (fn. 6) gave account of five marks for having seisin of his land of Cossardthorp, which was taken into the kings hands for his being with earl John. (fn. 7) Henry de Cossardthorp (called also Henry Cossard, son of Raph Cossard) gave to the prior and monks of Blith, Roger de Cossardthorp, son of Thorald, and Beatrix his mother, with her whole sequel, and their whole land in Cossard Thorp, paying him and his heirs 2s. per ann. This is an hamlet of Hodsac now called Costrop.

(fn. 8) But the next lord of Hodsac that I have found was Roger de Cressey, who gave to God, St. Mary, and the monks of Blyth, half a bove of land in Dulecotes, and the tythes of all his mills of the soc of Hodesac, and the monks granted him perpetually four masses in a week for himself, his ancestors and successours, as well living as dead. This gift the said Roger made upon the altar at Blyth before many witnesses, which was confirmed by his son William de Cressi.

(fn. 9) William de Cressi, 2 Joh. gave the king twenty marks, and one palfrey, that he might justly, and according to the custom of England, be brought off from the dower which Cecily, the daughter of Gervas de Clifton, claimed against him. Cecily, who had been wife of Roger de Cressi, 2 Joh. (fn. 10) gave the king forty marks, and one palfrey, for having her reasonable dower which concerned her of the freehold, which was the said Rogers in this county. William de Cressi, 3 Joh. (fn. 11) pleaded that Cecily was not the wife of Roger de Cressi, so the cause was transmitted to the arch-bishop of York, who signified she was lawfully married to him. But William said he signified his own will against right & ecclesiastical custom, & offered pledges to try it, &c. and had day given, &c. There was a fine at Clarendon the Monday after Midlent, 5 Joh. (fn. 12) between Cecily, who had been wife of Roger de Cressi, petent, and William de Cressi, tenant, concerning the reasonable dower of the said Cecily, which she claimed against the said William of the gift of her said husband Roger in Hoddishat, Gedling, Kelum, Weston, Rampton, and Mareham, all which she quit to the said William and his heirs for half a knights fee in Melton. and five acres of medow in Lokenges for her life.

(fn. 13) W. de Cressi gave to the monks of Blith the damms of his mills from the bridge of Gildenebridges unto the land of Suain Sarpesive to the same state they were Anno. Dom. 1225 and gave them free firmage [firmuram] of the damm of the mills of Westcroft in his land, paying out of that mill of Westcroft half a quarter of rye at Mich. yearly to him and his heirs. He released likewise to them 12d. yearly, which they paid him for land in Holm, &c (fn. 14) William, son and heir of Roger de Cressi, who was in ward of Alice, countess of Augi (in the former part of Henry the third) held of her the whole town of Hodsok, with the Soke by one knights fee. William de Cressi, son of Roger de Cressi, confirmed two bovats in Hoddesah, (fn. 15) with the appurtenances, which Fulc de Lisoriis gave to the almoner of St. Mary of Blyth, &c. and all the lands, rents, and possessions which the monks had acquired of him or his ancestors from the begining of the world till the feast of St. Martin, 1273.

(fn. 16) William de Cressi, knight, granted for himself and his heirs to the religious men, the abbat of St. Katherin of Roan, and the prior and covent of Blyth, and their successours, that from thenceforth they might hang thieves taken within their liberty of Blyth, who deserved hanging, on the gallows of Emmeslawe, without any contradiction or claim of him or his heirs, saving that he or his heirs should hang the thieves taken within their liberty of Hodisac. which should deserve hanging on the said gallows. And that if the said gallows should be thrown down, it might be lawful for the said prior and covent, and their successours to make new ones, or set up and repair the old ones as they should please.

(fn. 17) William de Cressi, son and heir of Sibylla de Cressi, 6 E. 1, made his fine before the treasurer and barons of the exchequer of 40s. for his relief of the lands which he had by inheritance of the said Sibyll his mother. She was it seems daughter and heir of John de Braytoft. (fn. 18)

(fn. 19) William, son of Roger de Cressi, 13 E. 2, made fine with the king of 40s. concerning his relief for certain lands and tenements which he held in Surflet of the king in fee farm, paying 40s. per annum, for all service, by pretext of a charter of king Richard the first, made to Walter de Braytost, ancestor of the said William de Cressi.


(fn. 20) Edmund de Cressy, knight, held this manor for his life, and in 3 E. 3, claimed the priviledges. Yet I find that Hugh de Cressy, son and heir of William, son of Roger de Cressey, 9 E. 3, (fn. 21) gave the king 40s. for his relief of the manor of Rysegate in the town of Surflete in Lincolneshire.

(fn. 22) There was also a certain Hugh de Cressy, who, 9 E. 2, had licence to give seven mess. and four bov. of land in Blyth and Hodesake to three chaplains in the chapel of St. John the Evangelist near Blyth, &c. because the said Hugh had committed felony.

(fn. 23) There was a fine, 21 E. 3, between John, son and heir of Hugh de Cressy of Rysgate chr. quer. by Raph de Quadryng his Guardian ad lucrandum, and Richard de Colishull, and Joane his wife, deforc. of the manor of Hodisak, with the appurtenances, which Edmund de Cressy chr. held for term of his life, of the inheritance of the said Joane, and which after his decease should have reverted to the said Richard and Joane, & the heirs of Joane, but by that fine was settled on the said John and his heirs. By another, 1 R. 2, (fn. 24) between John de Annesley chr. Peter de Dalton, clark, Robert de Morton, and John de Kyneton, clarks, quer. and John de Cressy chr. and Agnes his wife, deforc of the manor of Hodesak, &c. whereby it was settled on the said John and Agnes, and the heirs of John de Cressy.

(fn. 25) The jury, 7 R. 2, found that John de Cressy chr. died seized of this manor, and that Hugh de Cressy was his son and heir. And in 9 H. 4, (fn. 26) the jury said that Hugh, son of sir John de Cressy chr. when he died held in see tail the manner of Risgate, and the fourth part of the manor of Braytost, in Lincolneshire, and the manor of Hodsak, &c. and that Katherine, late wife of John de Clifton chr. and Robert Markham were his heirs.

(fn. 27) The partition was made at Retford, 10 H. 4, between sir John Markham (the elder judge) and Raph Makarell, who married Katherin the relict of sir John Clifton, as in Clifton may also be seen. The manors of Risegate, Braytost, and Exton in Lincolneshire (of which last Hugh de Cressy of Dulecotes held the moyety for his life) fell to the share of the judges posterity, and since sir Robert Markham of Cotham destroyed the family. Cressy Hall in Lincolneshire became the seat of sir Edward Heron, knight of the Bath, whose son sir Henry Heron now hath it, and all or most of these lands. Hodsak yet remains to the family of Clifton, and is now the inheritance of William Clifton under age, only son of sir Clifford Clifton, knight, son of sir Gervas Clifton, knight and baronet. (fn. 28) Raph Makarell, 7 H. 5, had on his seal within his name three fishes erected 2, and 1, I suppose Makarells. Sir John Markhams seal, 10 H. 4, is party per fesse, and on the upper part a demy lion rampant, and so are the arms in Sedgebrook hall in Lincolneshire set up by sir John Markham the lord chief justice (his son by another venter, as in Maplebec is said) who built the house, from whom it is descended to sir Robert Markham, baronet, only there is a border arg. for a difference, the upper part is or, the other azure, and the demy lion gules; but now they only make a chief of the upper half, like the seal of Richard de Furneux, mentioned in Carleton.

(fn. 29) In the year 1188, on the eve of St. James in the monastery of Blyth there was an agreement between R. de Pauliaco prior of Blyth, and Galfr. son of Richard de Hodesac, who confirmed to that priory all the land which Wlmer his grand-father gave, and the moyety of the meadow called Fleucesheng, which Richard his father gave, and engaged himself to pay yearly to the said priory 18d. whether with the aid or help of the prior and monks he could hold that land or not.


(fn. 30) Adam de Novomercato confirmed to Roger, son of Galfr. de Hodishoc the whole land of Wermeswrth, with the appurtenances, which Henry de Novomercato his brother sold him.

William de Cressy lord of Hoddesak, and Thomas, son of Roger de Hoddesak in the year 1272, agreed concerning the chapel of the town of Hoddishac, saving to the said Thomas his wife and heirs, free ingress to hear divine service; the rest he released to the community of the town of Hoddisac.

Thomas de Hoddesac, & William de Grendon, rector of Babworth, 31 E: 1, agreed that the said Thomas should give his whole manor of Wermundesworth, with the advowson of the church, &c. and whatsoever the said Thomas had in Hoddesok, Woodhouse, Holme, Blyth, and Flyrthorp, to Henry de Grendon, brother of the said William, and Custancia, daughter of John, son of the said Thomas and their heirs, and the said William was after forty daies to re-infeoff the said Thomas in the said manor, &c. for life, and to sustain the said Custance with meat and drink, &c. Henry de Grendon, and Isabell his wife, 18 E. 3, gave and conveyed to Custance de Grendon (his mother) and William her son 34s. 8d. yearly rent out of their lands in Blyth, together with the whole rent of Holme, and 5s. and one pound of cummin in Flirthorpe.

[Throsby] Hodsok,

A hamlet, with a few scattered houses. Leland makes this short remark of this place. "About a mile beyond Blythe I passed by a park called Hodsak, where master Clifton hath a fair house." A Mr. Spencer lives now at the lodge house.


  • 1. Lib. Dooms.
  • 2. Regist: de' Blid: p: 105 & 106.
  • 3. Ib. 88.
  • 4. Ib.
  • 5. Rot: pip: 6 R: 1.
  • 6. Pip: 7 R: 1.
  • 7. Regist de Blid: p: 87.
  • 8. Ib. p: 77.
  • 9. Obl. 2 Joh. m: 14.
  • 10. Ib. m 21.
  • 11. Mic. 3 Joh. ro 12 in dorso.
  • 12. Fin: 5 Joh.
  • 13. Reg: de Blid: p: 77:
  • 14. Test: de Nev:
  • 15. Reg: de Blid: p: 77:
  • 16. Ib:
  • 17. Fin: Pasch: 6 E. 1: fol: 286, b: Linc:
  • 18. Rot. pip. 10 E. 1, Linc.
  • 19. Fin. Pasch. 13 E. 2, fol. 291, Linc.
  • 20. Ex Ch. Autog. ap. Clifton.
  • 21. Fin. Pasch. 9 E. 3. fol. 294, b. Linc.
  • 22. Esc: 9 E. 2, n. 107. Par. 2, pat. 9 E. 2, m. 18.
  • 23. Fin: lev: Pasch: 21, E: 3.
  • 24. Fin: lev. Mich 1 R. 2.
  • 25. Esc: 7 R: 2, n: 26.
  • 26. Esc. 9 H. 4, p. 97.
  • 27. Ex Autog. ap. Clifton.
  • 28. Autog: ap: Clifton.
  • 29. Regist: de Blid: p: 103.
  • 30. Ex Chart. apud Clifton.