Loddon Hundred: Thwayt

An Essay Towards A Topographical History of the County of Norfolk: Volume 10. Originally published by W Miller, London, 1809.

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'Loddon Hundred: Thwayt', in An Essay Towards A Topographical History of the County of Norfolk: Volume 10, (London, 1809) pp. 182-184. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/topographical-hist-norfolk/vol10/pp182-184 [accessed 2 March 2024]

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I do not find this town mentioned in the book of Domesday, it being accounted for in other towns, whose lordships extended into this.

A principal part of it belonged to the abbot of Bury's manor of Loddon, and it is often called in old writings, Thwayt by Loddon.

This part and lordship was in the family of Charles, and held by Sir William Charles, in the 48th of Henry III. lord also of a manor in Loddon, of whom, and his descendants, see at large in Loddon. (fn. 1) About this time the abbot was lord, had a messuage, 140 acres of land, 16 of meadow, 8 of pasture, 60 of wood, with 80 acres among his villains, a windmill, freewarren, and several free tenants.

To this lordship belonged a right of presentation to the church, as the institutions will shew.

The Delapoles had a right of presentation, granted to them with the lordship in Sysland, by the Charles's, Sir Richard de la Pole presenting in 1332, and Sir William de la Pole, in 1351, and their right was conveyed to the Mowbrays Dukes of Norfolk

Another part of this town was a member of the manor of the Bygots Earls of Norfolk, lords of Pirnow, now included in Ditchingham, and held by the family of De Swillington, as may be there seen; and in 1305, Sir William de Swillington presented as lord.

From the Bigots it descended to the Mowbrays, and the Howards Dukes of Norfolk. Roger Bigod Earl of Norfolk had free warren in his demeans in the 15th of Edward I.

In the 10th of Edward II. Sir Adam de Swillington, brother and heir of William de Swillington, released to William Charles his right, in the alternate presentation of this church, by fine.

Sir Robert Charles appears by his will, dated in 1400, to have a lordship here, which he gives, on his wife's decease, to Edmund his son and his heirs. (fn. 2)

Another part of this town belonged to the Earl of Clare's manor of Charleton, or Carleton. In the 46th of Henry III. Thomas de Brom granted by fine to William Charles, 7 acres of land, and a mark rent, here, &c. with certain homages and services, &c. and Thomas, son of Richard de Brom, was lord in the reign of Edward I.

In the 9th of Edward II. the heirs of Oliver Wythe, and Roger de Brom, held here in Carleton and Ashby, a quarter of a fee, of the Earl of Gloucester, the capital lord; and in the 3d of Henry IV. the Earl of March possessed the same.

The tenths of this town were 1l. 10s.

John de Hedenham conveyed in the 50th of Hen. III. to Simon, abbot of Langley, a messuage and a carucate of land; and the temporalities of that abbey were valued in 1428, at 3l. 8s. 5d.

In the 25th of Henry III. Robert Bacun was petent in a fine, and Joan, prioress of Campsey in Suffolk, tenent, of 6s. and 9d. rent here and in Erevelton (Arwarton) in Suffolk, granted before by Roger Bacon, brother of Robert, to that priory, and now released. The prioress of Bungey had also lands.

The church is dedicated to St. Mary, and was a rectory. In the reign of Edward I. Sir James de Creyk and Richard Charles, presented to it alternately. The rector had a manse and 30 acres, valued at 6 marks. Peter-pence 9d. carvage 4d.


Walter le Parker occurs rectors rector in the 18th of Edward I.

1305, John de Sibeton, by Sir William de Swillington, hac vice.

In the 34th of Edward I. it was settled by fine, that Edward Charles and his heirs, should have 2 turns, William Swillington one turn, and afterwards to present alternately.

1307, William Miriel, by Sir Edward Charles.

1314, William de Scothow.

1316, John Scothow. Ditto.

1332, John de Holland, by Richard de la Pole, lord of Siseland and Thweyt.

Peter Aleyn, rector.

1351, John de Seton, by Sir William de la Pole.

1354, William Balle.

1361, Nicholas de Cambridge, by Alan, rector of Carleton.

1386, John de Middleton, by Sir Robert Charles, Knt.

1388, Walter de Tilney. Ditto.

1404, John Caldwell, by George Felbrigg, Esq. in right of the dower of the mother of Thomas Charles.

John Bettys.

1431, William Aleyn, by Alice, relict of Sir Thomas Charles.

1447, Robert Blakewell, Ditto.

1475, John Downyng, by John Duke of Norfolk.

1488, Richard Leffreson, by the Bishop a lapse.

Robert Fedam, rector.

1506, Sylvester Large, by the Bishop, a lapse.

1520, Richard Hodson. Ditto.

1532, Thomas Fuller, by the Duke of Norfolk

1554, Mr. John Seywell. Ditto.

1588, Richard Taylor, by the Bishop, a lapse.

1565, Thomas Lesburye, by Thomas Duke of Norfolk.

1569, Nicholas Millyner, by the Bishop, a lapse.

1574, Thomas Crosse, by William Dix and William Cantrell.

1581, Rob. Westco, by Philip Earl of Arundel; he returned in 1603, 33 communicants.

1615, John Morecroft, by John Griffith, Esq.

1623, John Rochford, by the Bishop, a lapse.

1628, Charles Ringye, by Thomas Earl of Arundel: on the 23d of May, 1644, he was sequestered, and Edward Barker was admitted rector, by the Earl of Manchester, but in 1660, he was restored, and succeeded by Robert Segeswick, who was presented by William Platers.

1690, Anthony Buxton, by John Buxton, and John Clapham.

1713, John Quinton, by Thomas, Duke of Norfolk.

1733, Frances Johnson, by John Anstis, Esq.

1760, John Bates, on Johnson's death, by Thomas Earl of Effingham.

In 1742, the Duke of Norfolk was patron and lord.

The present valor is 4l. and is discharged.

A marble stone, in the chancel,

In memory of Thomas Segiswicke, gent. late student and graduat of Caius College, Cambridge, son of Mr. William Segiswicke, vicar of Matsale, who died July 25, 1688,

The temporalities of the abbey of Langley, in 1428, were 3l. 8s. 5d. Thomas le Brom held it of the abbey in the 14th of Edward I.


  • 1. Reg. Pincebeck Bur. Abb.
  • 2. Regist. Harsyke Norw. fol. 269.