An Essay Towards A Topographical History of the County of Norfolk: Volume 8. Originally published by W Miller, London, 1808.
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The principal lordship of this town was, in the reign of the Confessor, possessed by Godwin, (uncle of Ralph Waher Earl of Norfolk,) father of King Harold, who was deprived of it at the Conquest: at the survey it was in the Conqueror, and Godric farmed it, or took care of it for him. In Godwin's time there were 3 carucates of land, 7 villains, 6 borderers, &c. 2 servi, and 3 carucates in demean, 3 carucates belonging to the tenants, and 6 acres of meadow, &c. 2 beasts for burden and 10 cows, &c. and 9 socmen, and the moiety of another held 46 acres of land, and half an acre of meadow, with a carucate and an half; 6 freemen also had a carucate and half of land, and 6 borderers, with 6 acres of meadow; there were then 6 carucates valued at 4l. per ann. &c. at the survey 10l. quitrent, and 20s. by tale, as a present or free gift. It was one leuca long, and half a leuca broad, paid 6½d. to the King's gelt, whoever held it; the socmen belonged to the King's manor of Folsham. (fn. 1)
Took its name from its lords; the Nugouns, or Noiouns, were early infeoffed of it; Sir Ralph de Nugoun lived in the reign of King John, and was witness to Sir William de Gyney's foundation deed of the priory of Mountjoy in Haverland.
Sir Richard de Nugun was son of Sir Ralph, and living in the 41st of Henry III. by Joan his wife, he was father of Sir Ralph, lord of Batheley, in 1303, and patron. (fn. 2)
Sir John de Nougon was living in the 9th of Edward II.; Alice his wife, was daughter of Peter (sister and coheir of Roger) Fitz Osbert, in whose right he had part of Wightlingham in Norfolk, Somerleton, &c. in Suffolk, and died in the 18th of that King. Sir John, his son, died in the 14th of Edward III. and by Beatrice his wife, was father of another Sir John, who died seized of this lordship in the 22d of the said King, leaving John, his son, aged 4 years, who dying without issue in the 35th, John Jernegan was found his cousin, and heir to the Fitz-Osberts lands, being son of Peter, son of Walter, who married Isabel, the other sister and coheir of Roger Fitz Osbert.
In the 6th of Richard II. a fine was levied between John Gilbert, &c. querents, and John, son of Nicholas Spo, and Nicholaa his wife, deforciants of the third part of the manor of Nogouns; and in the 7th of Richard II. one between Nicholas de Blakeney, citizen of Norwich, and John Gilbert, querents, and John Attemore, citizen of Norwich, and Beatrix his wife, deforciants of this manor, with one messuage, a toft, &c. conveyed to Gilbert, from Beatrix and her heirs.
Thomas Brigg and John Melman were found in the 3d of Henry IV. to hold three parts of a fee of the Lord Morley.
Thomas Brigg of Salle, by his will dated May 6, 1444, was buried in the chapel of St. James, in the church of Salle, and was lord of this manor, Pensthorp, Wood-Dalling, Hardegrews, &c.; he appoints 3 chaplains to pray there for him, and a salary to each of 8 marks, per ann. names therein Margaret his wife, and John his son, who married, as I find, Alianere, daughter of Thomas Beaupre of Outwell, Esq. (fn. 3) and was descended from Ralph de Ponte or Brigg, who was living in the 3d of Edward I.
Thomas Brigg, Esq. was son of John, and by his will dated May 21, 1494, was buried in the church of the Friars Minors at Norwich; gives to the repair of Manington church 10l. to that of Wood-Dalling 100s. and to that of Salle 10l. to the priory of Bynham 100 marks, to pray perpetually for him and his parents.—To Margaret his wife all his utensils at Manington and elsewhere, with his silver vessels, and 40l. to Thomas Lomner, and Ann his wife, 53l. Elizabeth Lumnor 40l. John Lumnor 20l. Henry Lumnor 20l. and to Thomas Sefoul, Esq. 30l.— orders his executors to provide a priest to celebrate in the chapel of St. James in Salle, 10 years for him and his wife, and a marble stone for his tomb; one for his father John, in Salle; one for Alianore his mother, in the church of St. Peter, in the mercate at Norwich, and a stone for Matilda Mounsey, in the church of Wood-Dalling; gives his capital messuage in Salle, with all his lands there, in Heydon, Refham, and Kerdeston, late his father's, to Edward Briggs, his brother, and his heirs, on condition of paying to Margaret his sister 40 marks, and to Joan his sister 40 marks. (fn. 4) Margaret his wife to have Fretenham manor for life, remainder to Sir Henry Heydon, on condition of paying 400 marks, 200 to his executors, and 200 to William Lomner.
Margaret his wife was daughter and coheir of Thomas Monceaux of Wood-Dalling, Esq. and relict of William Lumnor of Mannington in Norfolk, Esq.
Edward Brigg, brother of Thomas, married Cecilia, daughter of Edmund More of Wolterton in Norfolk, Gent. and was father of John Brigg, who died May 25, in the third year of Edward VI. and left by Dorothy his wife, daughter of Thomas Quaplode, James, his son and heir, aged 18, who married Mary, daughter of Thomas Stotevill of Dalham in Suffolk, Esq.; he died on February 10, in the 6th of Edward VI. Mary, his only daughter and heir, was married to John Fountain, Esq. and in her right was lord of this manor, serjeant at law, and died in 1671, and was father of Brigg Fountaine, Esq. of Salle, who died in 1661, and had by Johanna his wife, daughter of Andrew Henley, Esq. of Taunton-Dean in Somersetshire, James, his eldest son and heir, who married Anne, daughter of — Slaney, of London, Gent. and dying November 2, 1690, was buried in this church, leaving Brigg Fountaine, Esq. his son and heir, who died without issue, at the Poppinjay in Norwich, in April 1729, and left his estate to his sister Dorothy, widow of John Repps, Esq. of Mateshall. See there, and in West Walton.
Of this family see in Narford: (fn. 5) I shall only add that Adam de La Funteyne, ancestor of this family, was living in the 41st of Henry III. and Jeffrey de Founteyn, who married Margery, 2d daughter and coheir of John, son of Walter Evernuth of Runham, who died (as appears from the eschaet rolls) in the 4th of Edward I. (fn. 6)
In the reign of Edward I. John Attehawe and his tenants held the 4th part of a fee of John de Bellamont, and he of the Earl-Marshal; Sarah, widow of John Attehawe, was found, in the 10th of Edward II. to die possessed of it, and William, son of John Attehaw, was lord, in the 21st of Edward III. Thomas Brigg had an interest in it at his death, in 1444, and Thomas Brigg in 1494.
Henry Calthorp of Boton in Norfolk, Esq. by his will, dated in March 1511, orders his manor of Haws to be sold by his executors.
In the reign of Edward II. William, parson of the church of Wolfreton, conveyed a moiety of this manor to Matthew Fitz-Herbert and Margaret his wife, with the manor of Wolfreton, and the said Matthew held it in the 13th of Edward III.
Nicholas Le Putten and Margaret his wife, John, son of William Chandught, and Elizabeth his wife, conveyed it by fine to William, son of Robert Clere, in the 34th of the said King; after this the family of the Boleyns are said to have had an interest herein, of whom see in Blickling.
In the 41st of Elizabeth, Sir Thomas Knevet had a præcipe to deliver it to Edmund Double, Gent. Sir Thomas had license to alien it, in the 9th of James I. to Sir John Hobart.
William Hunt, son of George Hunt of Salle, Gent. by Frances his wife, sister of Sir John Potts, Bart. died possessed of it, and unmarried, in June 1711, and Anne, his sister and coheir, married Nathaniel Pagrave, rector of Laringsete, by whom he had John Pagrave, rector of Whitwell, and Hackford, and North Barningham.
Walsingham Priory Manor.
In the 34th of Henry III. Almaric Pechc and Elizabeth his wife impleaded the prior on account of lands in this town, in right of his wife, and in the following year they came to an agreement, and 30 acres of land, 26s. rent here, were granted William, prior of Walsingham, by Robert Fitz Ralph, kinsman of the aforesaid Elizabeth, and the prior was found to hold the 4th part of a fee.
Alice, widow of Sir Richard Brews, gave leave with the consent of the rector of Salle, and the Bishop of Norwich, for an oratory here, in the reign of Edward I.
In the 15th of Edward I. the jury find that the prior had view of frank pledge, and the assise of bread and beer of his tenants: their temporalities, in 1428, were valued at 7l. 11s. 10d. ob.
At the Dissolution, King Henry VIII. granted March 22, in his 31st year, this lordship to Sir James Boleyn, in consideration of the lordship of Kemsing, &c. in Kent.
Sir John Clere was lord, and Edward his son and heir had livery of it, in the 4th and 5th of Philip and Mary; and in the 13th of Elizabeth, Sir Henry Cary Lord Hunsdon was lord of it.
This belonged (as it is said) to St. Peirs de Bassingham of Bassingham, in Norfolk, and came to the family of De Mauteby, on the marriage of Christian, daughter and heir of Sir Peter, with Sir Walter de Mauteby; in the 6th of Edward I. several messuages and lands here, and in Dalling, were settled by fine, on Sir Walter de Mauteby and Petronilla his wife: in the family aforesaid it remained, till Margaret, daughter and heir of Sir John de Mauteby, brought it by marriage to John Paston, Esq. in the reign of Henry VI. in which family it continued many years; in 1611, the annual rent was 7l. 18s 1d. and Sir William Paston, Bart. sold it, April 21, in the 18th of Charles I. to Erasmus Earl, Esq. with Briston, for 1620l. Aug. Earl, Esq. died lord, as in Stinton, &c. and William Wigget Bulwer, Esq. is the present lord.
There was an ancient family who had lands here, &c. and took their name from this town.
Warine De Salle was living in the 9th of Richard I. Everard de Salle, in the 14th of Henry III. Robert, son of Ralph de Salle, was a benefactor to Walsingham priory, as was Thomas, son of Warine de Salle, to the church of the Holy Trinity of Norwich.
Isabel Countess of Gloucester, &c. granted in her widowhood, to Roger, son of Ralph de Salle, lands to be held by the 4th part of a fee.
Sir Robert de Salle, who was murdered by the Norfolk rebels, in the reign of Richard II. was son of Edmund, son of Roger de Salle.
The prior of Ely had temporalites valued in 1428, at 27s.—Coxford priory at 17s.
The tenths were 7l.
Ralph de Beaufoe had also a lordship here, of which Odar, a freeman, was deprived; 30 acres of land, 8 borderers, with a carucate and an half, and an acre of meadow belonged to it, &c. and the fourth part of a mill, and was valued at the survey at 10s. this soon after seems to be annexed to the capital manor, as was one socman, held by Ralf, son of Hacon, who had also a lordship of which Wester, a freeman, was deprived, consisting of a carucate of land, one villain, and 10 borderers, one carucate in demean, and 2 carucates among the tenants, and an acre of meadow, the moiety of a mill, 4 cows, &c. valued at 20s. he was lord also of Kelling in Holt hundred, and Mundham in Loddon hundred.
The Church is a rectory dedicated to St. Peter and St. Paul, the ancient valor was 40 marks, and paid Peter-pence 10d.; the present valor is 12l. 19s. 7d. and pays first fruits and tenths.
The patronage was formerly in the lords of Stinton-hall, and now in Pembroke-hall in Cambridge, by the grant of Eras. Earl, Esq. who died in 1721.
Simon de Ellesworth, rector.
1316, Mr. John Bacoun, presented by Sir Edmund Bacoun, Knt.
Thomas de Bradefield occurs rector Ao. 8 of Edward III. 1334, as by a fine.
1349, William de Ludtheburgh, by Sir John de Brewes: by his will, dated in May 1370, (fn. 7) he requires to be buried in the chancel, gives to Sir John de Brews, one of his best horses, to the lady Eve his wife, 5 marks and a silver cup with a cover, to Sir John de Brews, junior, 40s. to Giles his brother, 40s. the lady Margaret, wife of Sir William de Wychingham, a silver cup with a cover; he was chancellor to the Bishop of Norwich.
1371, Adam de Hautboys Magna, by Sir John Brews.
1375, John Holwey. Ditto.
1401, William Shefield, by the assignees of Robert Brewes.
1428, William Wode, by Sir Simon Felbrigg.
1441, John Neketon, by Ela, relict of Sir Robert Brewse.
1460, Mr. Phil Lepeyate, by Thomas Brewse, Esq.
1478, William Roos, by Sir Thomas Brewse, Knt.
1495, Mr. Ralph Stanhope, by Eliz. Brewes, and William Yelverton.
1506, Robert Godfrey, in decret. bac. by Roger Townsend, and Anth. Hansard, Esq.
1523, Roger Townsend, by Sir Roger Townsend, Knt.
1538, William Warrison. Ditto.
1558, John Crane, S. T. B. by the King and Queen.
1565, John Thirston, by the assigns of Roger Townsend, Esq.
1587, Thomas Aldred. Ditto.
1590, Richard Wrathall. Ditto.
1628, Thomas King, A. M. by Sir Roger Townsend.
1637, Roger Howman. Ditto.
1670, Sam. Flack, by Frances Earle, widow of Martin Earle, and James Longe.
1708, John Snell, by Robert Snell, Gent.
1711, Robert Whitefoot, rector, by John Whitefoot, clerk, and Thomas Clayton, clerk.
Edward Lany, D.D. occurs rector 1724.
1725, William Sutton, by Pembroke-hall, Cambridge.
John Browning, 1731, on Sutton's death. Ditto,
1734, Thomas Brown. Ditto.
Lanc. Addison, D. D. the present rector, 1764.
The church is a stately pile, built chiefly of freestone, in form of a cathedral, consisting of a nave, a north and south isle with 2 cross isles, and a chancel covered with lead, and a lofty, strong, four-square tower at the west end, on which are carved the arms of St. Peter and St. Paul, of the crucifixion, &c. of Brews and Mauteby, Morley, Kerdeston, &c.; benefactors, no doubt, to this work, which was built in the reign of Henry VI.
Over the south porch, and on the battlements of the south cross isle, are the arms of Brigg, and in many parts on the church, those of Delapole Duke of Suffolk, and Wingfield, quarterly, who was, as I take it, principal benefactor or builder.
The chancel is 40 feet long; in the east window are the arms of Delapole and Wingfield, quarterly; and quarterly, gules and argent, in the first quarter, an eagle displayed, or, Phelips Lord Bardolf—and azure, 3 cinquefoils, or, in the 2d and 3d quarter, Bardolf Lord Bardolf.
On the pa ement lies a marble stone,
In memory of Roger Howman, M. D. and Howman's arms, gules, a rose, argent, and a chief, ermine, impaling Bulwer.
For Erasmus Howman, M. D. and one For Ellen Howman.
In the nave lie several gravestones,
Orate p. a'i'a. Margaretæ nup. uxor. Tho. Ryghtwys quæ obt. 10 Aug. 15.
Orate p. a'i'a. Margaretæ uxor. Edwardi Talke filiæ Johs. Walpole, armig'i. quæ obt. 20 Junij 1486.
In memory of Erasmus Earle, son of Edward Earle, fourth son of Erasmus Earle, serjeant at law, who died March 1, 1695, in his 28 year. — Here rests Elizabeth Earle, only daughter of Erasmus and Mary Earle, who died July 29, 1692; and the arms of Earle.
Orate p. a'i'a. Petri Crome et Margarete uxoris ejus.
Orate p. a'i'a. Hemici Hoddys qui obt. 1532.
Orate p. a'i'ab. Willi. Founteyn, et Margarete uxoris ejus, qui quidem Willi, obt. 1505.
Orate p. a'i'a. Katerine Curd.
Orate p. a'i'a. Simonis Boleyn, capellani, qui obt. 3 die mensis Augi. 1482.—Hic jacet Galfrid. Boleyn qui obt. 25 die mensis Martij 1440, et Alicie, uxor. ejus, et pueror. suorum, quorum a'i'ab; &c. On this gravestone are the portraitures of him and his wife, and of 5 sons at his feet, and 4 daughters at her feet; and over their heads on a label, Dominus propitius esto nobis peccatorib. This Geffrey was father of Sir Geffrey Boleyn, lord mayor of London, who was great grandfather to Queen Elizabeth.
Of this family was John de Boylene of Salle, who lived in 1283, probably son of Simon de Boleyne, who purchased lands by fine, in the 37th of Henry III. A large account of them may be found in Blomfield's History, under the town of Blickling; (fn. 8) the said Simon's mother was sister and heir of Robert Malet, and had lands in Walpole, Stalham, and Brunsted in Norfolk; and the family is said to have an interest in the manors of Hawes, and Morehall in this town.
In the north isle, on a gravestone, the portraiture of a man and woman, and several children:
Hic jacet Tho. Rouse, qui obt. 12, die mensis Octob. 1440, et Catherina uxor. ejus, quorum, &c.
Orate p. a'i'ab; Alani Breuse qui obt. 1 die mens. Aprilis 1483, et Johanne, uxoris ej. et pueror. eorundem, quorum, &c.
Orate p. a'i'a. Johs. Ryghtwys generosi qui obt. A. D. 1504.
In the north transept,
Orate p. a'i'a. Johs. Funteyn, qui obt. octavo decimo die mens. Febr. 1453, et p. a'i'ab; Alicie, Johanne et Agnetis uxor. ej. et p. quib; tene'. tur. A plate of this may be seen at Narford.
On a gravestone the arms of Man, azure, on a fess, counterembattled, between three goats, passant, argent, as many torleaux, impaling Fountain; also sable, on a chevron, between six crosses pattee fitchee, or, three de luces, azure, Smith, impaling Man.
In memory of Alice, daughter of George Smith, of North Nibley in Gloucestershire, and Dorothy his wife, daughter of Brigg Fountaine, of this parish, Esq. and Joanna his wife, daughter of Andrew Henley, Esq. of Taunton-Dean in Somersetshire, who died December 7, 1693.
On the east wall a mural monument of marble, with the arms of Fountayne,
Johannes Fountayne, serviens ad legem filius primogenitus Arthuri Fountayne de Dalling, in hoc comitatu, unius filiorum Arthuri Fountayne, de Salle, obt. 14 die Junij, 1671, atatis 70, et in hac insula jacet sepultus.
The south isle and transept seem to be built by the benefaction of John Brigg, Esq. who is here buried, and on the stone work of this isle and transept, may be observed the arms of Briggs; gules, three bars, gemelle, or, and a canton, argent: an account of this gentleman and his epitaph, and of the family, may be seen in Blomefield, Vol. iv. p. 218.
Here also are several gravestones,
Orate p. a'i'ab; Edwardi Briggs et Cecilie consortis sue, qui quidem. Edw. obt. 2. die mensis Apr. A. D. 1511.—Hic jacet Christiana Briggs nup. uxor. Johs.
On a stone the portraiture of a man between his 2 wives;
Pray for the soules of Thomas Briggs—and the two Margarets his wifes.
Orate p. a'i'ab; Simonis Grene qui obt. 16 die Januarij, 1431, et Helewysie uxor. ejus et pueror. eorund.
Here was the image of St. Mary in the chapel of St. James,—the chapel of St. Thomas; the guilds of St. Margaret, Holy Trinity, St. Mary, and St. John Baptist, and the altars of them; St. Thomas's light, Trinity, and the Virgin's light; in Mersegate, of Lyneton, and Steynwode, the plough light, in Mersegate Green.
In a window of the south transept, were the arms of Berney, impaling, checque, or and sable, a fess, argent, Winter; over the south door the arms of Briggs, and in the windows here, Beaupre and Calthorp, Calthorp and Briggs.
In the windows about the church, were also the arms of Brews, lords and patrons; gules, a lion rampant, and crusily of crosslets, or; with their crest, the head of an old man with a long beard, couped, and wreathed. Also Brews, impaling Shardelow;— Brews impaling Ufford;—Brews and Calthorp;—Brews, impaling, argent, a chevron, gules, between three cross crosslets fitchee, azure, Shardelow.
In a house, late Briggs's, in Salle, were these arms; Briggs impaling Beaupre, Briggs, impaling, quarterly, gules, on a chevron, argent, three cinquefoils, azure, in the first and fourth, and gules, a chevron, between three boars heads, couped, argent, White.
Most towns (I am persuaded) took their names from some stream or water near to them, the names of which streams, &c. now through length of time are lost and unknown, so that Salla may be derived from Sa or Sal, and A; thus Salisbury, Salford, Salton, &c. and Sala is a river's name in Germany.