Clavering Hundred: Winston

Pages 68-69

An Essay Towards A Topographical History of the County of Norfolk: Volume 8. Originally published by W Miller, London, 1808.

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This town is not mentioned in the book of Domesday, being accounted for in the lordship of Stockton, of which it was a part and member, and was granted with Stockton, by King Stephen, to Hugh Bigot Earl of Norfolk, and held by his descendants Earls of Norfolk, who enfeoffed a younger son, Sir Ralph Bigot, therein; by a daughter and heiress of that family, it came to the Garneys, the Delapoles, Earls, &c. of Suffolk. After this, coming to the Crown, William Roberts, attorney, town clerk of Yarmouth, farmed it of the Crown in the reign of Queen Elizabeth: his sister and heir brought it by marriage to Simon Smith, Esq. (fn. 1) whose son and heir, Thomas, married Margery, daughter of Nicholas Garnish of Redesham Hall in Suffolk; he died June 6, 1630, and was buried in the churchyard of Gillingham, All-Saints, being father of Simon Smith, Esq. who married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Edmund Mundeford, sister and heir to her brother, Sir Edmund of Feltwell in Norfolk. From the Smiths it came to the Fleetwood's, by Frances, daughter and heir of Thomas Smith, Esq. who married Charles Fleetwood, Esq. whose son, Smith Fleetwood, Esq. was lord in 1708.

The Church is dedicated to St. Andrew, and is a rectory. The rector, in the reign of Edward I. had 20 acres of land, valued at 20s. Peter-pence 12d. Carvage, 3d. ob. and Roger Earl of Norfolk, was patron.


In 1303, John de Honyng, presented by Roger Earl of Norfolk.

1303, Thomas de Mutford. Ditto.

1330, John Spare, by Thomas de Brotherton Earl of Norfolk.

1330, Thomas Reynald. Ditto.

1349, Hugh Ditchingham, by Sir Edward de Montacute.

1351, Reginald Bishop. Ditto.

1352, John Mareys. Ditto.

1355, William Bernard. Ditto.

1357, John de Bedwell. Ditto.

1365, John Styward, by William Ufford, Lord of Framlingham.

1366, William Kemp. Ditto.

1367, Robert Warrener. Ditto.

1367, John Markant. Ditto.

1384, Henry Gille, by Margaret Countess of Norfolk.

1385, John Slygh. Ditto.

1390, Robert Burney, by Margaret Countess of Norfolk.

1394, William Hebbe. Ditto.

1398, John Smith Ditto.

1402, John Spendlove, by the King, on the minority of Thomas Mowbray, son of Thomas, late Earl-Marshal.

1412, William Forster. by the Bishop, a lapse.

1437, William Bernsdale. Ditto.

On the 9th of February, 1440, the Bishop's vicar-general, by the consent of Thomas Duke of Norfolk, and the parishioners, united and consolidated this church to that of Gillingham, All-Saints; Thomas Wright, then rector of Gillingham, All-Saints, who was obliged to serve one Sunday at Winston, and the two following at Gillingham.

In the first year of Edward IV. John Mowbray Duke of Norfolk, died lord and patron; and aftewards the Howards Dukes of Norfolk; and on the attainder of the Duke in Queen Elizabeth's reign, it came to the Crown, but was granted by King James, in his first year, to Henry Howard Earl of Northampton.

Sir Nicholas Bacon, Bart. was patron, and gave it to his sixth son, Nicholas Bacon, Esq. who died August 17, anno 17th of Charles I. and it remained in the said family, in 1742; Sir Edmund Bacon, Bart. of Gillingham, then enjoylng it.

This rectory, with that of Windele, was valued at 5l. 6s. 8d. and discharged, and both united to Gillingham.

The tenths were 1l. 6s. Temporalities of Langley abbey, 2s.


  • 1. Of the family of Smith, see in Blomfield's History of Norfolk, vol. vi. in Irmingland.