Note on abbreviations

A History of the County of Essex: Volume 9, the Borough of Colchester. Originally published by Victoria County History, London, 1994.

This free content was digitised by double rekeying. All rights reserved.


A P Baggs. Beryl Board. Philip Crummy. Claude Dove. Shirley Durgan. N R Goose. R B Pugh. Pamela Studd. C C Thornton, 'Note on abbreviations', in A History of the County of Essex: Volume 9, the Borough of Colchester, (London, 1994) pp. xx-xxiv. British History Online [accessed 21 May 2024].

A P Baggs. Beryl Board. Philip Crummy. Claude Dove. Shirley Durgan. N R Goose. R B Pugh. Pamela Studd. C C Thornton. "Note on abbreviations", in A History of the County of Essex: Volume 9, the Borough of Colchester, (London, 1994) xx-xxiv. British History Online, accessed May 21, 2024,

Baggs, A P. Board, Beryl. Crummy, Philip. Dove, Claude. Durgan, Shirley. Goose, N R. Pugh, R B. Studd, Pamela. Thornton, C C. "Note on abbreviations", A History of the County of Essex: Volume 9, the Borough of Colchester, (London, 1994). xx-xxiv. British History Online. Web. 21 May 2024,


Among the abbreviations and short titles used are the following:

A.-S. Anglo-Saxon
Abbrev. Plac. Placitorum Abbreviatio (Record Commission, 1811)
Abbrev. Rot. Orig. Rotulorum Originalium Abbreviatio, temp. Hen. III, Edw. I (Record Commission, 1805)
acct. account
Acts of P.C. Acts of the Privy Council of England (H.M.S.O. 1890-1964)
Agric. Hist. Rev. Agricultural History Review
Alum. Cantab. to 1751; 1752-1900 Alumni Cantabrigienses, to 1751, 1752-1900, ed. J. Venn and J. A. Venn (Cambridge, 1922-7, 1940-54)
Alum. Oxon. 1500-1714; 1715-1886 Alumni Oxonienses, 1500-1714, 1715-1886, ed. J. Foster (Oxford, 1888-92)
Antiq. Antiquaries
App. Appendix
Arch. Archaeology, Archaeological
B.A.R. British Archaeological Reports
B.L. British Library
Bapt. Baptist
bd. board
biog. biographical
bk. book
Bk. of Fees The Book of Fees (H.M.S.O. 1920-31)
Bodl. Bodleian Library
Brit. Britain, British
Britnell, Growth and Decline R. H. Britnell, Growth and Decline in Colchester, 1300-1525 (1986)
Brown, Colch. 1815-1914 A. F. J. Brown, Colchester 1815-1914 (1980)
Bull. Inst. Hist. Res. Bulletin of the Institute of Historical Research
C.J. Journals of the House of Commons
Cal. Assize Rec. Essex, Eliz. I Calendar of Assize Records, Essex Indictments, Elizabeth I, ed. J. S. Cockburn (H.M.S.O. 1978)
Cal. Chart. R. Calendar of the Charter Rolls preserved in the Public Record Office (H.M.S.O. 1903-27)
Cal. Close Calendar of the Close Rolls preserved in the Public Record Office (H.M.S.O. 1892-1963)
Cal. Cttee. for Compounding Calendar of the Proceedings of the Committee for Compounding, etc. (H.M.S.O. 1889-92)
Cal. Cttee. for Advance of Money Calendar of the Committee for the Advance of Money, 1642-56 (H.M.S.O. 1888)
Cal. Doc. in France Calendar of Documents preserved in France (H.M.S.O. 1899)
Cal. Exch. Jews Plea Rolls of the Exchequer of the Jews (Jewish Historical Society of England, 1905-92)
Cal. Fine R. Calendar of the Fine Rolls preserved in the Public Record Office (H.M.S.O. 1911-62)
Cal. Inq. Misc. Calendar of Inquisitions Miscellaneous (Chancery) preserved in the Public Record Office (H.M.S.O. 1916-68)
Cal. Inq. p.m. Calendar of Inquisitions post mortem preserved in the Public Record Office (H.M.S.O. 1904-87)
Cal. Inq. p.m. Hen. VII Calendar of Inquisitions post mortem, Henry VII (H.M.S.O. 1898-1955)
Cal. Lib. Calendar of the Liberate Rolls preserved in the Public Record Office (H.M.S.O. 1917-64)
Cal. Mem. R. Calendar of Memoranda Rolls, 1326-7 (H.M.S.O. 1968)
Cal. Papal Reg. Calendar of the Papal Registers: Papal Letters (H.M.S.O. and Irish MSS. Com. 1891-1986)
Cal. Papal Pets. Calendar of Entries in the Papal Registers relating to Great Britain and Ireland, Petitions to the Pope, 1342-1419 (H.M.S.O. 1896)
Cal. Pat. Calendar of the Patent Rolls preserved in the Public Record Office (H.M.S.O. 1891-1982)
Cal. S.P. Dom. Calendar of State Papers, Domestic Series (H.M.S.O. 1856-1972)
Cal. S.P. Scot. Calendar of State Papers relating to Scotland (Edinburgh, 1898-1969)
Cal. S.P. Ven. Calendar of State Papers and Manuscripts relating to English Affairs in Venice and Northern Italy (H.M.S.O. 1864-1947)
Cal. Treas. Bks. Calendar of Treasury Books 1660-1718 (H.M.S.O. 1904-69)
Camd., Camd. Soc. Camden Series, Camden Society
Cart. Sax. ed. Birch Cartularium Saxonicum, ed. W. de Gray Birch (1883-99)
Cart. St. John of Jerusalem The Cartulary of the Knights of St. John of Jerusalem in England: Secunda Camera, Essex, ed. M. Gervers (Records of Social and Economic History, new series vi)
Cat. Anct. D. A Descriptive Catalogue of Ancient Deeds in the Public Record Office (H.M.S.O. 1890-1915)
ch. church
Ch. Bells Essex C. Deedes and H. B. Walters, The Church Bells of Essex (1909)
Ch. Plate Essex G. M. Benton, F. W. Galpin, and W. J. Pressey, The Church Plate of Essex (1926)
Char. Charity
chart. charter, charters
Chelm. Chelmsford
Chelm. Dioc. Yr. Bk. Diocese of Chelmsford, Year Book
Chron. Chronicle
Close R. Close Rolls of the Reign of Henry III preserved in the Public Record Office (H.M.S.O. 1902-75)
Colch. Colchester
Colch. Arch. Rep. P. Crummy, Colchester Archaeological Reports (Colchester Archaeological Trust, 1981-, in progress)
Colch. Cart. Cartularium Monasterii Sancti Johannis Baptiste de Colecestria, ed. S. A. Moore (Roxburghe Club, 2 vols. 1897)
Colch. Charters Charters of the Borough of Colchester, trans. W. G. Benham (Colchester Borough Council, 1904)
Colch. Gaz. Colchester Gazette (from 1970 Evening Gazette)
Colch. Expr. Colchester Express
Colch. Institute Colchester Institute, Sheepen Road, Colchester
Colch. Mus. Colchester Museums, Resource Centre, 14 Ryegate Road, Colchester
Coll. College
colln. collection(s)
Com. Commission, Commissioners
Complete Peerage G. E. C[ockayne] and others, The Complete Peerage (2nd edn. 1910-59)
Corp. Corporation
ct. court
Cur. Reg. R. Curia Regis Rolls preserved in the Public Record Office (H.M.S.O. 1922-79)
cttee. committee
D.N.B. Dictionary of National Biography
Davids, Nonconf. in Essex T. W. Davids, Annals of Evangelical Nonconformity in Essex from the time of Wycliffe to the Restoration (1863)
Dict. Dictionary
dioc. diocese
Dir. Directory
Dugdale, Mon. W. Dugdale, Monasticon Anglicanum, ed. J. Caley and others (6 vols. 1817-30)
E.A.T. Transactions of the Essex Archaeological Society (from 3rd series iv, 1972, Essex Archaeology and History)
E.C.L. Colch. Essex County Library, Local Studies Collection held at Colchester Library
E.C.S. Essex County Standard (Essex Standard 1831-92)
E.H.R. English Historical Review
E.J. Essex Journal
E.R. Essex Review
E.R.O. Essex Record Office
E.S.A.H. Essex Society for Archaeology and History (formerly Essex Archaeological Society)
eccl. ecclesiastical
Econ. H.R. Economic History Review
Educ. Education
Educ. Enq. Abstract Abstract of Answers and Returns relative to the State of Education in England, H.C. 62 (1835), xliii
Educ. of Poor Digest Digest of Returns to the Select Committee on the Education of the Poor, H.C. 224 (1819), ix (2)
Eng. England, English
enq. enquiry
Essex C.C. Essex County Council
Essex Map (1777) J. Chapman and P. André, Map of Essex from an actual survey taken in 1772, 1773, and 1774 (1777)
Essex Tel. Essex Telegraph (1858-1908), Essex County Telegraph (1908-1951)
Feet of F. Essex Feet of Fines for Essex (Essex Archaeological Society, 5 vols. 1899-1991)
Feud. Aids Inquisitions and Assessments relating to Feudal Aids preserved in the Public Record Office (H.M.S.O. 1899-1920)
G.L.R.O. Greater London Record Office
G.R.O. General Register Office, later Office of Population Censuses and Surveys
Gant, 'Hist. Berechurch' L. H. Gant, 'History of Berechurch', MS. in possession of the Friends of Colchester Museum
Gent. Mag. Gentleman's Magazine
Geol. Surv. Geological Survey
Guildhall London, Guildhall Library
H.C. House of Commons
H.L. House of Lords
H.M.S.O. Her (His) Majesty's Stationery Office
Hist. History, Historical
Hist. MSS. Com. Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts
Jnl. Journal
L.J. Journals of the House of Lords
L. & P. Hen. VIII Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, of the Reign of Henry VIII (H.M.S.O 1864-1932)
Lamb. Pal. Libr. Lambeth Palace Library
Lond. Gaz. London Gazette
man. manor, manorial
Min. Ministry
mins. minutes
Morant, Colch. P. Morant, The History and Antiquities of Colchester (1768 edn. in The History and Antiquities of Essex)
Morant, Essex P. Morant, The History and Antiquities of Essex (2 vols. 1768)
Mun. Muniments
mus. museum
Nat. National
Newcourt, Repertorium R. Newcourt, Repertorium Ecclesiasticum Parochiale Londinense (2 vols. 1710)
O.E.D. Oxford English Dictionary
O.S. Ordnance Survey
P.N. Elements A. H. Smith, English Place-Name Elements (English Place-Name Society, xxv, xxvi, 1956)
P.N. Essex P. H. Reaney, The Place-Names of Essex (English Place-Name Society, xii, 1935)
P.O. Dir. Essex The Post Office Directory of Essex
P.R.O. Public Record Office
P.R.S. Pipe Roll Society
par. parish
parl. parliament, parliamentary
Pat. R. Patent Rolls of the Reign of Henry III preserved in the Public Record Office (H.M.S.O. 1901-3)
Pevsner, Essex N. Pevsner, The Buildings of England, Essex (2nd edn. 1965)
Phillips, Ten Men A. Phillips, Ten Men and Colchester: Public Good and Private Profit in a Victorian Town (1985)
Pipe R. Pipe Rolls (Pipe Roll Society and other publications)
Poor Law Abstract, 1804 Abstract of Returns relative to the Expence and Maintenance of the Poor (printed by order of the House of Commons, 1804)
Poor Law Abstract, 1818 Abstract of Returns to Orders of the House of Commons relative to Assessments for Relief of the Poor, H.C. 82 (1818), xix
priv. print. privately printed
Proc. Proceedings
R.C.H.M. Essex Royal Commission on Historical Monuments (England), An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in Essex (4 vols. 1916-23)
R.O. Record Office
Rec. Records
Rec. Com. Record Commission
Reg. Baldock Registrum Radulphi Baldock, Gilberti Segrave, Ricardi Newport et Stephani Gravesend, episcoporum Londoniensium (Canterbury & York Society, 1911)
Reg. Regum Anglo-Norm. Regesta Regum Anglo-Normannorum, ed. H. W. C. Davies and others (1913-69)
Rep. Report
32nd Rep. Com. Char. 32nd Report of the Commissioners for Inquiring concerning Charities, H.C. 108 (1837), xxv
Rolls Ser. Rolls Series
Rot. de Ob. et Fin. Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus (Record Commission, 1835)
Rot. Hund. Rotuli Hundredorum temp. Hen. III & Edw. I (Record Commission, 1812-18)
Rot. Litt. Claus. Rotuli Litterarum Clausarum, 1204-27 (Record Commission, 1833-44)
Rot. Litt. Pat. Rotuli Litterarum Patentium, 1204-16 (Record Commission, 1835)
Rot. Parl. Rotuli Parliamentorum (1783, 1832)
sch. school
Sel. Select
Smith, Eccl. Hist. Essex H. Smith, The Ecclesiastical History of Essex under the Long Parliament and Commonwealth [c. 1931]
Tax. Eccl. Taxatio Ecclesiastica Angliae et Walliae auctoritate P. Nicholai IV circa A.D. 1291 (Record Commission, 1802)
Trans. R.H.S. Transactions of the Royal Historical Society
uncat. uncatalogued
V.C.H. Victoria County History
Valor Eccl. Valor Ecclesiasticus temp. Hen. VIII auctoritate regia institutus (Record Commission, 1810-34)
Westm. Abbey Mun. Westminster Abbey Muniments